Waterfalls - Gouache Landscapes! | Shanan Subhan | Skillshare

Playback Speed

  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x

Waterfalls - Gouache Landscapes!

teacher avatar Shanan Subhan, Fine Artist | Art Educator

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      About the class


    • 3.

      Art supplies


    • 4.

      Waterfalls Project #1


    • 5.

      Waterfalls Project #2


    • 6.

      Waterfalls Project #3


  • --
  • Beginner level
  • Intermediate level
  • Advanced level
  • All levels

Community Generated

The level is determined by a majority opinion of students who have reviewed this class. The teacher's recommendation is shown until at least 5 student responses are collected.





About This Class

In this class, I will be teaching you to paint semi-realistic waterfall paintings.

 Along with waterfalls, we will also learn many other elements, tips & tricks that can be applied to other landscapes as well.

Applying the right technique in the right place is one of the key takeaways on the completion of this class. This session is also aimed to boost your confidence while attempting the paintings of your choice.

In this class, we will paint 3 waterfall landscapes, one at a time. (Next class projects will be posted on 16th and 18th Aug)

Lets get started :)



Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Shanan Subhan

Fine Artist | Art Educator


Hello, I'm Shanan Subhan, an Artist currently residing in Bangalore. I am a software engineer turned Artist.

Nature/landscapes are among my favorite subjects to paint. I thank nature and great photographs for inspiring and challenging me.

I started coloring at an early age, even before school taught me to read and write. Unaware of art and the theory of colors, I loved scribbling on papers, books, and walls! All I felt was colorful walls are merrier than monotonous ones.

Although I loved painting and coloring, because of studies and the competitiveness of day-to-day life, I somehow got disconnected from art a few years ago, but I always felt that emptiness in life. Back in the end of 2017, I felt the need to fill this gap so I gifted myself a basic... See full profile

Level: All Levels

Class Ratings

Expectations Met?
  • 0%
  • Yes
  • 0%
  • Somewhat
  • 0%
  • Not really
  • 0%

Why Join Skillshare?

Take award-winning Skillshare Original Classes

Each class has short lessons, hands-on projects

Your membership supports Skillshare teachers

Learn From Anywhere

Take classes on the go with the Skillshare app. Stream or download to watch on the plane, the subway, or wherever you learn best.


1. Introduction: Hello and welcome to my Skillshare class. I'm Simon, I'm an artist from India. From our previous interactions, you might already know how much I love painting landscapes and experimenting with various mediums. You can check out my artworks on Instagram. I go by the name water cools. Well, many of you won't get more sessions on karst landscapes. So here I am with the, another class. In this class, I'll be teaching you to pin this semi realistic waterfall beam things. Along with the waterfalls, you will also learn many other elements, tips and tricks that can be applied on other landscapes as well. Applying the right technique at right place is one of the key takeaways on completion of this class. This is also aimed to boost your confidence on attempting the semi realistic landscapes. Even though the paintings look complex, it is broken down into simpler and doable steps. So without any further delay, let's get started with the class. I cannot wait to see your class projects. 2. About the class: This class is going to cover all the minute details. It might seem a little lend the session, but will be fun and easy to follow along. The techniques in wall will be explained as we beamed along. I have previously posted another class on basics of gosh, if you are new to this medium, I suggest you to go through the beginner level class on my Skillshare profile. In the next chapter, we will have a look at the art supplies that we would need for the class. 3. Art supplies: So before we start the class, I'll walk you through all the supplies that I'll be using in the class. You need not have the same supplies. You can go with anything that you already have. So let us start with the papers first. I will be using Gross drove 250 GSM mixed media paper. It has a smooth texture which is ideal for wash paintings. Coming to paints, I'll be using Art Philosophy, gosh pins. It has eight in callosum it I'll also use a separate wide gosh 2k. Then we would need a mixing palette for mixing the colors. So I'll go with a piece of glass, mix the colors. This is from the old photo frame that I already had. A pencil for sketching and masking tape. I'm cardboard for taping down the people. You can even him down the paper on the table itself. Who does have one for cleaning the brushes? Here are the brushes that you would need for the class. You can go with any similar sizes. All right, so let's get started. 4. Waterfalls Project #1: Hello again. Welcome to the squash waterfall class. Let us have an overview of the painting. We have a beautiful bright sky with clouds that are a couple of birds flying in the sky. Then we have waterfalls as the main focal element that are darker clips on either side of the waterfalls and above the cliffs is the dense tree line. It is a bright sunny day, hence the trees are sunlit. There are water splashes created by the false, which in turn creates the ripples in the water. And then we have partly submerged rocks in the water pool. And some for me, ripples in the water. That's all about the overview. Today, let us paint the first painting in the waterfall CDs. We will begin with securing the paper tightly using masking tape. This is done to avoid waters the pin which might go lub-dub paper while painting. Alternatively, we can use paper block where all the sides are glued. Next, we will mark the composition of the painting using a pencil. So towards the middle of the paper, we will draw a slightly called line. This will be the footsteps of the waterfall. Right above this line, we will draw an inverted parallel code. So this will be the cliff. And in the center of this cliff, we will draw the structure of water boils. At the top of this area. They will paint the trees. For now, I'll roughly mark the formation. It is the pencil lines at the crest and the base of the waterfalls. We don't meet any pencil marks here, so just erase it off. I'll write. So let us get started with the painting. I will be explaining their techniques as we paint along. Begin else need not worry. You will be caught up as. And when we proceed with the class a later start painting the sky. We will pick ultramarine blue for the sky. So we will go with wet on wet technique. I'm applying clean water on the paper using my round brush. You can use a flat brush or any other large brush that you have. Note that the paper should not be too watery for this. Next, we will use diluted pins in the ratio two is 23. See parts of water and two parts of Spain's. Apply this mix on the wet surface. Now, wet-on-wet gives a nice soft background. Consciously leave some white patches in between to depict white clouds in the sky. Moving on, we will paint the cliffs surrounding the waterfall. So I'm choosing black as the base layer. Feel free to pick any darker shade as an alternative. That says wet on dry technique in wash, we will use medium consistent TPNs to block the area. To add further details on the cliff, the primary layer needs to be dry. If you're trying to add details while the paper is wet, you won't achieve the required results. So be mindful of that. Timing is an important factor while painting. Gap in the center, which later forms top waterfalls. Next we will paint the trees on the top of the glyphs. Use doping the trees you, or you can use any dark green that you have. If you have only mid-range green, then you can make black or Payne's gray to get her darker green shade. All right, so I'm going to dab my brush gently and make the shape of the trees. The trees and black paint to show some shadows. When the light falls on the canopy of the trees. Rest of the trees look darker. So for this canopy area, which is sunlit area, We've really makes a low, which gives us a lighter green color. So here we apply the Slido green on the piano to create our sunlit effect. We will let it dry for some time so that we can add more details later on. Next, let us go back to the cliff to add some additional details. Shade of brown or been Tiana, any brown color makes it went black or darker brown mix tiny lines on the cliff to create a texture. You can refer to the photos on internet and try different kinds of textures. I will also add some black lines for depth and shadows. If you observe that these lag the right contrast and drama, having the right balance of shadows and lights are so important. So if you miss out on that part, your painting might appear 2D. So here I'm adding the shadows under the canopy using black color. This will add a sense of depth and dimension that we are looking for. And the shadows on the top part as well. Next, trivial, add some highlights on the cliffs. So for this, they're quiet and mix it with brown. I'm using the brown that's already on my palette. So take this mix and paint lines on the cliff. So as of now, it might appear darker, but as it dries, it will show up a much lighter in color. Then I'll add some thin strokes using black to create the darker areas on the cliff. Next we're going to paint some more smaller grasses and shrubs on the cliffs using darker green color. You just have to jam the brush to achieve the impression of grasses. Now let us paint at the base of the pulse, the colors required, Persian blue, black, and white. Here I'm going with the wet on dry technique, meaning wet paint on dry paper. The right color by mixing blue and black. Color in this area needs to appear darker when compared to that of areas towards more to false. Trying to mix the right kind of blue here. So we will be painting the lighter areas, the dynamics of Prussian blue and white. Having different tonal values of ocean blue graded effect in the water. So if you observe the foreground, are the ADR towards the viewpoint appears darker. And the idea is, and the area towards what is lighter blue in color. So there is this graded effects from weight to darker blue. Next we will add a sense of depth in the waterfalls. We will go with lighter blue colored paint, some tiny lines on the waterfalls. When the pressure falls is more, the water looks more whitish in APRN. There is always splashing and sprinkling of water meander touchdown. So using white paint, we will sprinkle some droplets. Next we will add the ripples in the water using different tonal values of blue. Descending waterfall needs to have more dimension. So we will add gray paint on the edges of the waterfall to achieve the required effect. Let us begin the salt marsh drops and the boulders. We will use black paint. I still base layer. Then the shape of the rocks. In the meantime, let us fix those parts that made some improvement. Even though we have applied the darker colors earlier, this particular layer still looks brownish after drain. So luckily we can add multiple layers in gosh. So I will again apply black beans. Squash gives us the flexibility of both acrylics while maintaining the aesthetics of what the colors. So he ought, we will try to improve the elements that are already painted. Then we will paint some branches in between the foliage. Use a fine liner brush for painting the branches. Since this is a smaller sized painting. So it is good if you have a fine liner brush to paint the branches. You don't have to worry about creating the exact reshapes your some tiny lines in different directions will do the trick. Next, we will add some lighter leaves. You are in there randomly. So the base layer of the rocks looks dry already. Time to paint some highlights here. So we will add some lighter strokes on the rocks. The highlights depend on the direction of the light falling on this subject. So here we will assume that the light is falling from the upper part. So we will pin the upper area lighter in color, and then add the shadows in the bottom part. You can go in different colors for the rocks. So here you can create a gradient from light to dark. Upper area being the lighter and mortem area being the darkest. So in between you should have a mid-tone. So for the mid-tones, you can go with gray row number or burnt sienna on our mix of all these colors. I'm adding on top part of the rocks to depict the highlights. We will also have to add the reflection of the rocks in the water. So we will add some darker color. Add some tiny lines creating an impression of the shadows. We have. Spin the rocks, the water, the water in the water body around these ADR. We will have some kind of for me repulse. So we will pin that using white color. Just apply some tiny lines. Now on the crest of the waterfall that this top part, we will add some darker colors to create a separation between the sky and the water. So in Gosh, been beings or leader, initial layers will be painted using wet on wet technique. The later elements like details and adding highlights and shadows will be done using wet on dry technique itself. There could be numerous ways to paint it, but this is the technique that I follow. All right, so let me add some birds in the sky. This is purely optional. I always loved to purport though. Some boards admiring the view. Just like humans, nature belongs to them to rate. On a side note, I have an entire class teaching different poses of birds in flight. Feel free to check it out. At this point, I prefer seeing my painting from a distance and figured out the parts that needs to be fixed that need some correction. With my experience, I can tell you that no bending is complete without these touch ups. This painting seems complete. So let us now, satisfying lives in mood, the masking tape and y in this session, up. There you go. This is the final look of the painting. I hope you had fun learning session with me. So yeah, I will see you in my next class project. 5. Waterfalls Project #2: Hello and welcome to the second project of the class on waterfall theories. I have already mastered sides of the paper using masking tape. In our previous project, I have explained the masking process. You can refer to the same. Let us have an overview of the pin in and the top. We have a gloomy sky with fewer birds flying around under which we have a landmass with the old trees. In the middle portion, we have shallow water falls descending against the black rock structure. So here we have horizontal texture on the rocks. Further below. The water flows to form a narrow stream. The stream has a few partly, so most drugs on either side of the stream that is lush green for our late. Let us mark the composition of the painting with a pencil. We will draw horizontal lines in the top half of the paper. These lines represent the rock against which to waterfall flows. Next we will draw the outlines for the stream. It begins from the base of the waterfalls and extend towards the observer or the viewpoint. In the background. We will draw trees of different sizes. In the center, we will draw the outline of what a foil. Let us start with painting the rocks. So let me make some burnt umber with ultramarine blue and white to achieve warm grayish tone. Also add a hint of complement the moon we are trying to set in the painting. Feel free to add black if you want, or darker shade. Paint the rock with this mix should apply this color mix or lean side the parallel area. And avoid painting on the one area that we have resolved. Leave blank of vertical space in the middle to accommodate the waterfall. Alright, next we will paint the sky. So let us go with a very light color mix. So we'll make some yellow ocher and white. On this. I will add a bit to get us off based tool shed slide. This makes on the top part of the paper. I'm using my angular brush. You can even go with flat brush or a large round brush. Anything that you have required to spread the colors. That top part will be more saturated than the bottom part of the sky. So use water to give a nice gradient effect. So we have painted the base layer for the sky. So while the paper is wet, there's good time to add some clouds. Add a little amount of gray to the existing mix. And then when this, we will paint the clouds for some detail. Tiny clouds. I will switch to my size two round brush technique used for adding the clouds is wet on wet. Although this is not the focal element of the painting, so you can totally skip it. If you are not interested too. In the clouds. You can even have a flat wash Graded effect in the sky. That will also be enough. We will leave it to your and move on to our next element. Next, we will go ahead to pain the stream. Here we will be using wet on wet technique. Apply plain water between the boundaries of the stream. Applying water to follow wet on wet technique. This helps the colors spread really well on the paper. The color we will be using is a mixture of ultramarine blue or purple and some black for right only values. So I'll be using a very diluted mixture of this paint and apply on the edges, leaving behind the middle part of the stream empty so as to form the reflection of the sky above. But make it more dramatic, apply concentrated along the edges. Coming off the corners is men and the pain from the corner in order to create a ripple effect. Next, we will work on the green grasses on either side of the stream. For the base layer, prepare a mixture of black and the green. Add a tiny bit of yellow ocher to add a warm. The base layer need not be ticked. It could we diluted as well? Because we will be adding more details later on. Let us apply this on either side of the stream. Once it is done, we will let it dry. Further details on the rocks. Your brush gently to create an impression or sunglasses with a good amount of just black beans. Apply dotted lines along the rocks. So here I'm applying horizontal lines. So this rock has the horizontal texture to it. I like the one in the previous chapter where we had horizontal stripes in look left. Slide over the brush randomly. In order to achieve a random texture. Keeping in mind that the brushstrokes need to read them. If not Dre. This is basically dry brush technique. Feel free to check out the wash class where I have explained all the techniques in detail. We will have to create that texture on either side of the foils. All right. Okay, We will limit your for now and move on to painting the waterfalls. It is time to walk on the water volume itself. So apply thick white paint along the waterfalls. The direction of the brush stroke is very important here. I'm adding some extra white paint around the waterfalls. The trees in the background or rock. So first, the baseline for the trees using. Next we will mix black with the dim green. So here we will try to add a sense of dimension by dabbing the paint set random areas. Then we will paint trees of all kinds of shapes. I have a detailed class on just painting the trees. You can find your inspiration there. Hey, we'll paint the pine trees one at a time. All you have to do is apply zigzagging brush strokes to suggest the pine tree branches and the leaves. Also add some bare trees in between. We are painting whether it be of trees you are, so you can add in your favorite type of trees that you want. Since it is a smaller sized paper. So I will suggest you to go with a fine or smaller round brush to get a nice rest or three shapes. Now let us add the foliage is by dabbing the brush. I'm using a size two round brush. Here, I'm simply adding some black color in the corners. This will act as the fillers. You don't have to define initiate. Feel free to change the color of the foliage if you want. But be mindful of the moon, that colors method or the start. With the fine brush, it is easier to work on the I needed. We will leave it here for now and move on to being the grasses. So you can follow along with me as I paint these trees. For now, I want to paint addresses. The base layer has dried. So let us further details. Will be using darker green tiny strokes for the grasses. You can vary the brush strokes to achieve a combination of Tim. Tim does the base layer. Next, I'll mix some green. To this mix, we will apply grasp random areas. Let us paint the rocks and pebbles. String. Use black paints for color blocking. With color blocking, you get a better idea of the shape and size. The objects that are closer to the observer, IPOs in size. This is very helpful in separating the foreground from the background. Also, let us play some rocks in the middle of the rocks that are closer to the waterfalls appear smaller and the ones that are closer to the observer appears bigger in size. We can work on highlights and shadows. We will leave it for now and go back to the trees. So here we need a density orange for trees. So let us add some foliage at random medias to create a concentrated look like strategy except green and create the foliage. I will be mixing this with black and yellow ocher and pain, different tonal values of green so that we can have cool green and one green at the same time. You can add any color you want. Again, be mindful of the more that you're going to say. I will add some straight vertical lines in between these trees to suggest some bare, straight tree trunks. Here, I will add overlapping tree foliage to create a sense of depth. And apply some random taps on the trees to create the tree line. I'm dabbing my size two round brush to create an impression of the foliage, averaging different direction I'm trying to achieve and irregular effect on the trees. I'm going to take. There is already a law color on my palette. So I'll use these colors to paint the tree for the ages. Now if we make so scarlet red with sap green, we will get all maroon, red color. So with this color mix, I'm going to paint another binary. So let's have a lawful trees in the background. Then I will use a yellow ocher to paint a pine tree and use the same color to the foliage on the trees. Moving on, I will be creating for other textures on the ROC area using black color. Use thick black beans to gently create the texture using dry brush effect. So I'll gently slide my brush to create a darker texture. You need not focus on achieving exact same texture as mine. Since the brushstrokes are loosely controlled, you might end up with similar looking texture. For the gases, we will add some shadows using black color. So here again, we will repeat the same brush strokes. Here when I'm painting black colored grasses, it doesn't mean that the grasses are black. It just means that it is the shadows that is appearing as black in nature. Next, we will go ahead and add some darker colored trees along the baseline. This will represent the shadow at the bottom area, leaving a lighter and sunlit effect on the upper part of the trees. I will also add some black colored foliage on the trees. So in my gouache paintings, I usually revisit the elements of the painting and add darker and lighter colors to balance the composition and manage the contrast in the painting. Engaging your painting is a key factor to improve your paintings skills. This practice will be very helpful when you're painting on your own, like from the references or from your imagination. Now, let us add some highlights on the glasses. I'll be using light green. By mixing green and yellow. Use this color mix to lambda highlights. The grasses need not be off perfect shapes. Just creating impression of the grasses will be enough. Remember, the slate clean palette is going to dry much later than what it is occurring right now. You might think it is not bright enough. So you will end up adding more a load to it to make it lighter. But you have to transfer process and continue with the same color. I used to make the same mistake during my learning stage. I will add more ellos to the greens to make it more brighter. But when the paint, right. I would realize that it is much lighter than what I had expected it to be. Why she behaves differently with different themes. Some dry lighter and some dry darker in color. Next is the highlights on the rocks and the pebbles. Since we have painted the base layer for rocks, we need to paint the highlights too, right? So let's apply the highlights using different tonal values of gray. So I'll be mixing white to black color or you can even make so purple, blue, and red. So that will also give you a darker color. The tonal value of grade depends on how much white you add to the darker color. So based on that, we will apply. So based on that, we will apply lighter colors on the rocks. Also, the highlight on the rocks depend on the direction of the sunlight. Next, I'm going to add some highlight on the main drug using lighter gray color. Moving on, let us add white paint on the waterfalls. You stick white paint here. I'm going to fill up these empty spaces with white paint. You can do the same or leave it alone. It is up to you. I will also apply it on the edges of the water stream, creating a kind of sparkle. For me Effect. I'm applying the paint along the boundary of the water stream. Moving on, we will add the reflection of this part, Lisa, most drugs in the water and apply some lines so that it IPOs, like a desktop page reflection. Now it's time to improve the painting and make those corrections. So I add some darker color in between the grasses. Make some minor changes here and there. Let us add some birds in the sky. If you saw this coming. And being boards with basic shapes like could be an inverted V shape. So I have a detailed class on painting boards. You can take that out on my Skillshare profile. Next, trivial, add some pebbles in the stream. So we will be painting these smaller shapes. Pebbles in the stream. All right, We now have reached the completion of this painting. Remove the masking tape, let the artwork free. I hope you enjoyed watching this class. If you have painted along with me, go share your class projects under Projects gallery. I would love to see your recreations. There you go. This is the final look of the painting. I'll see you in the next class project. 6. Waterfalls Project #3: Before we start, let us have an overview of the pin in. These waterfalls can be classified as cascading waterfalls with two tiers. At the top we have the sky with a hint of candy sheet. Then we have Cliff surrounding the waterfalls. We see they are two tiered. And the distant background we have the first tier where the waterfalls are segmented into multiple teams, which then flows down to the foreground waterfall, which is the main subject here. And the base we have huge boulders. Now at the foot of the waterfalls that is a splashing of water around it. And this in turn creates a ripple in the pool. Covering this guy from either side we have trees on top of that leaf. Given the color of the sky. We're trying to bring a cool effect in the trees. Also, there are some partly submerged rocks in the water. Let us begin with the printing now. I have already matched the sides of the paper. In our previous project, I have explained the masking process. You can refer to the same. Okay, let us go to the sketching. First, we will draw the horizon line. Then we will draw the outline for the cliffs in a step manner. Marca, shorter horizon line further distant cliff. Next up some sketches for the trees that will cover the upper portion of the cliff. Mark lines along the cliff to distinguish, to sketch some rocks in the foreground and add some bulldoze closer to false. So this is a rough composition. We will add the details as we paint. All right, let us get started with the painting. I'll be explaining that techniques as we paint along with the nurse need not worry. You will be caught up as in when we proceed the class. So we will pick them some ultramarine blue for the sky. Here we will go with wet on wet technique. I'm applying clean water on the paper using my round brush. Next, we will use these diluted pins in random areas of the sky. Leave some blank space for the clear sky. Next, for the cliffs, let us use burnt umber as the base layer. Equal amount of paint and water to mix. Medium consistency paint. Use this medium mix to block the entire area of the PDF. You can go with horizontal or vertical brushstrokes. Let this area dry. Meanwhile, let us spin that this cliff by adding weight to the existing paint. This helps in achieving a lighter shade in their distance. Since this is only a base layer and I want it to be played. So I'm just running my brush over the wet surface to eliminate the uneven brush strokes. After the base layer, we're going to develop texture on the cliffs in black and mix it with brown for our darker shade of brown. Then this darker mix, we will paint the word victim dashed lines along the clef. Marker distinguisher between these. Dashed lines shouldn't cross the Dios. Also do not cross the boundaries of onboarded or below. At the bottom of the cliff. Around these boilers. This area has to appear darker and repeat the same on the other nucleophiles. Well, in addition to the dashed lines, you can also slide though, brush for a different kind of texture. The batch has to be done while the base layer is dry. This is called dry brush technique. Paying the areas darker around the boulders. So this area needs to be done. We follow the same method on the upper cliff as well, since there will be more trees, yeah. So we have to accommodate those shadows. Hence, I'll be using slightly darker mix of brown. May I didn't want black to it. The upper PR is further away from the observer, are the viewpoint. So the sliding brush strokes. So here we will add more darker colors when compared to the foreground. One. Extra. Glyphs. Achieve this by adding slightly darker lines. The idea is to avoid having flat and clean surfaces on the cliff. So keep adding these strokes wherever you feel necessary. Especially behind the boulders and at the bottom region. Having a combination of light and dark shades enhances the depth and dimension in though pimping. The district mountain looks plain comparatively. So let us add another layer of darker lines. Keep in mind that the same dark paint is not used for closer and distinct cliffs. We will be using lighter shade. You're moving on. We will pay in the boulders at the foot of the waterfalls are what Gabe's layer of these boulders. We will do a rough color blocking for the shadows and highlights. Achieving the right shadows and highlights in the rocks can be a little tricky. So this is just to get an idea of where we need to put the right colors. This step can be done using any darker color. So I'll go in brown. Once we are done with this, we will place the lighter and darker tones, a bond on board, and mix it with ultramarine blue to achieve a bluish-gray similar to Payne's gray shade. Now with this shade, we will create multiple tonal values. Let's say lighter gray, mid-tone gray, and narco gray for the highlights and shadows. Apply lighter tone on the empty area of the boulder. The pink, the highlight. We will get the lighter tone by adding white. But the next, add the midtone for us. Between the shadow and the highlight. In the bottom, darker shade. The AC will also work here. Next we're going to go back to the cliffs and I outlined some areas to create a separation. Then leave a large some horizontal lines for a sense of indentation in the cliff. Moving on. But the upper part of the cliff, we will add dense trees and foliage. We will be using deep green and black paints for this. On the inner areas of the trees. Closer to the cliff, there will be some shadows of the trees. Let us use black for the shadows. We may have to paint more layers, so we will come back to this later. Next, we will paint some patches of shadows on the cliff. We will later add the midtones on this. Here you can imagine that the trunk of the trees are covered by the bushes or it is out of the frame. So do not worry about creating perfect reshapes. We would have to consider it if the tree is where in the foreground are in the frame. The idea is to create the dense looking trees with the right balance of shadows and highlights. So I might sound repetitive, Albert, I feel these are the vital elements of the painting. Next, we will paint some branches in different directions. Use a fine tip brush to get a fine and clean than just add some trees and its branches around the corners of both the upper and lower cliffs. There is no fixed position. You can add them anywhere you want. Moving on to the upper areas, we will paint the pre-canned obese. Here we will go with mid and lighter tones of green. We're really makes white and green to get a lighter shade to paint the canopy of the trees. And also take a small amount of made a low or cadmium yellow. Note that this is different from lemon yellow. Mixed a tiny bit of cadmium yellow to achieve a sage green color in order to achieve a cooler effect in the foliage. Since this guy has settlers, the tree canopies should reflect the same, meaning. Sunlight, bright force should be avoided. These little things help us paint a natural looking landscape. Adaptive brush gently to create highlights on the foliage. And the inner radius, we relied mid tones of green because the light is comparatively less around you. We will also add some foliage on the lower cliff using dark and light. Dab your brush to create these tiny foliage. And once we have this foliage and the leaves, we need to connect them through the branches. Shrubs right above the bottom cliffs. We will leave it for now and move on to the other parts of doping being under distant cliffs. Let us add some prominent lines in round beam, which will be the color of the cliff. On the boulders, add some highlights and darker lines to avoid having a flat surface. You can search for images of rocks and boulders on the Internet to get a better understanding of shapes and perspectives. Right balance of highlights and shadows. We will be adding the highlights on the upper area and shadows on de Bordeaux media. Also, the highlights and shadows depends on the direction of the sunlight. Next we will paint the water pool. The approach will be similar to that of the previous chapters. Towards the viewpoint, the shared needs to be darker. So let us go with black paints at the bottom part. Next, with the mix of deep green and black. We've already painted about the black layer. The idea is lighter as we approach the false. So above this we will paint with Deep Dream alone. The area where the water touches the uplift line will be painted with lighter shade. So here we tried to achieve more widely shared by adding white paint. Now we have a graded effect on the water pool. And our new graduate, this painted area to create a nice blend. Next we will add green on the sides and blend them together. Blending gives a nice smooth graded. Next, we will go ahead and paint the waterfalls. Apply downward strokes using this lighter gray mix on the false. As we move towards the bottom. I don't know splashing effect at our own defaults, using white paint. Make sure to use white paint. Splashing water creates ripples in the water. With white and green. We can add some ripples in the hole. I think repulse can bring out a dynamic effect in the water. I'm adding dash should horizontal lines here use darker tonal values of green. As you move towards the viewpoint. Gradually increase the amount of black with green to get darker tonal values. Keep in mind that the colors usually looked after drying. So you might need to go back to the painting and add more details. If it is required. Back to boulders. Boulders are not so dark, so let us add darker shades in the same areas as before. Like I said earlier, some colors and dry. So you might have to go back and add the same colors again. Partly so most drugs in the water. The base layer first. We have already painted rocks in the previous projects. So by now, you must be already familiar with all the steps. Once database layer is almost dry, we will add the highlights using gray color. Next, I will add some details on the cliffs and on the foliage. Now foreground repulse will be darker, green and black for a darker shade. Again, let us go back to the waterfalls and add some details. Okay, dab some white paint and add on the boulders to create a white ripple effect in the water. So beta is flashing. You can add paint and then smudge it with your finger to create a beautiful effect. Also, we will add segmented waterfalls are not about the so it is very simple. Just add white paint and leave some spaces in between. Now around this area, we will add some brown lines to create a sense of depth and dimension. We are almost close to complete the painting. At this point, we will have a look at the painting domain, the improvement. So here we can develop some detailing by adding highlights on the trees using lighter green color. We will use this theme, sage green that we have on the ballot. Coming back to foil the plane while it looks flat. So we will add some details by painting some strokes with bluish gray on the foils. Use bold vertical strokes here. We are almost done. Let us remove the masking tape, okay, So we are done here. But there's one more thing I want to add, that street, I need glasses between their two videos of t, What? We will add them using green. So this is an optional step I just wanted to create. Distinguisher between two foils. You could go with smaller black rocks or grasses as well. Okay, so I can call it done now. I hope you had fun learning and painting waterfalls fed me. I'm eagerly waiting for your class projects in the projects gallery. Also, please share your reviews and feedback on my class that will help me improve the classes going forward. Thank you and happy.