Thumbnail Magic : 5 Days of Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain | Barbara Luel | Skillshare

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Thumbnail Magic : 5 Days of Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain

teacher avatar Barbara Luel, Architect, Author and Painter

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Class Project


    • 3.



    • 4.

      The Righ Side of our Brain


    • 5.

      The Perception of Edges


    • 6.

      Perception of Spaces


    • 7.

      The Perception of Relationships


    • 8.

      The Perception of Light and Shadow


    • 9.

      Perception of the Whole


    • 10.

      Shadows in Watercolor


    • 11.

      The Perception of Colors Part 1


    • 12.

      The Perception of Colors Part 2


    • 13.

      Thank You !


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About This Class

Capturing the essence of a place and facing a blank page can feel overwhelming.

In this class we will use the magic of thumbnail sketches ("miniature-sketches") and the method of "Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain" to boost our drawing skills, because a good drawing is essential to make a good painting !

Making several miniature drawings on one page is magic because it makes drawing less overwhelming and the overall page filled with several drawings will always look great!

These 2 things changed my creative journey: Making thumbnails and Drawing from the Right Side of the Brain!

I hope it takes away the fear of making a bad drawing, takes away the fear of not having talent. It makes learning to sketch and paint more fun.

You will exercise the 5 major perceptual skills based on Betty Edwards book "Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain", which helped me to improve my drawings:

  1. The Perception of Edges
  2. The Perception of Spaces
  3. The Perception of Relationships: Perspective and Proportion
  4. The Perception of Light and Shadow
  5. The Perception of the Whole

Applying these perceptual skills and discovering how the right side of my brain helps me to make a better drawing and make me enjoy drawing more, were like magic for me.

We will do this in the form of thumbnails, because Thumbnails are about play and fun. Making a thumbnail is less intimidating than making a big drawing.    

This is a class for all skill levels, either total beginner, or experienced artists wanting to get a new point of view and some new techniques.

You’ll need

  • To make the grid for your thumbnails: ruler or triangle, pencil and eraser and if you want to keep it clean: masking tape
  • A soft 2B pencil
  • A fine ballpoint pen or waterproof fineliner (or any pen with waterproof ink) if you like to draw in ink
  • Watercolours, (or gouache or acrylic paint) & brushes if you want to add color
  • Watercolour paper or a watercolour sketchbook (or drawing paper if you don’t want to paint), preferably A4 size

any other art supplies you want to try out (pastels, color markers,….) : surprise the class by testing special materials you find in the bottom of your closet ;)!

At the end of the class I will add color to my drawings, for those of you who prefer to paint !

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Barbara Luel

Architect, Author and Painter


Hello !

I'm Barbara

I am an architect, artist and philanthropist, still working as an architect every day restoring monuments as a living. In my free time I make art : drawings and paintings. I also volunteer in an art workshop in a rest home for people with dementia. I draw and paint with them and give them human connection and a way to express themselves.

But most of all I want to commit myself to share my love of making art with as many people as possible.

Being a child I always wanted to become an artist, but my parents pushed me into university and I became an architect...Studying architecture was a lot of fun, but by the time I started working, ink and paper made place for the computer and I lost my drawing skills quite quickly.

Needing m... See full profile

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1. Introduction: Why is making an introduction video so difficult? I want to share with you to two things. Do you also fear the black page? I do, And I also fear making introduction videos, except when I make some falls in this class to make each other street, I want to share with you a combination of two things that changed my creative journey. It's the making of temp nails and it's the five perception skills for drawing on the right side of the brain, by Betty Edwards. I hope that these two things will also be change makers for you in your creative journey. I love them also so much that I make the second tumpnail class with a focus on drawing skills. Because usually when there's a problem in the painting, it's related to drawing skills. Hello, I'm Barbara. I'm an architect and artist, still working as an architect every day restoring monuments as a living. In my free time, I make art drawings and paintings, and I published three books. Two of my paintings in Japan and one about Brussels. I also volunteer in an art workshop in Rest Home for people with dementia, and I draw paint with them and give them human connection and a way to express themselves. But most of all, I want to commit myself in sharing my love of making art with as many people as possible. In this class, we will use the magic of Uber sketches to boost our drawing skills. We're going to do this day by day, over five days. I will give you a new prompt each day and show you how I approach them in my work class is inspired by Betty Edwards method, drawing on the right side of the brain. Applying these perceptual skills and discovering how the right side of my brain work help me to make better drawings and to enjoy drawing more. It works like magic for me. We will do this in the form of thumbnails, because thumbnails are about play and fun, and making a thumbnail is less intimidating than making a bad drawing than making a big drawing. For those of you who prefer to paint, at the end, I add watercolor and color pencil to the thumbnails. 2. Class Project: Welcome in the class, let's make a Tmp nail page together. I divided a four sized paper into five temp nails, but you can make more. Of course, if you have a smaller sketchbook, you can make a spread on two pages on the double page and make five or more temp nails on a double page. I want to show you drawing techniques. I have made larger temp Milton in my previous class. You can see it better, and we can draw some details. As a class project, I invite you to choose a subject in your surroundings for you to sketch. I have made my kitchen, but you can sketch anything you like. It can be the favorite places of your home, of your neighborhood. Or you can illustrate your holidays, your childhood, a book you're making. Anything that means something to you is a good subject. Draw something that means something to you and something that you like to draw. The purpose is to have fun and play. If you have fun while drawing, you will make better progress. If you draw something you don't like, you will be bored and it will show in your drawing. Think about what story do you want to tell. Your terminal page will tell a story about you a bit like a comic script. Please please share your work on the platform in the class projects. So everyone will level up by seeing and sharing the experience and who knows. Maybe you will discover some new tips from someone. Maybe you can help someone and motivate someone. I hope this class takes away the fear of making a bad drawing, takes away the fear not having talent, and will help you on your way to find your unique sketching style. My purpose is not to make you sketch like me, but to make you sketch like you. Let's get started. And don't forget to subscribe to my skillshare channel by clicking Follow here on the page. I can contact you if I have an announcement or a giveaway. If you tag me in your posts on Instagram with your class project, I can share your art with the whole world. In the next video, I will tell you about the art supplies we will use and also about our brain. 3. Materials: Welcome to the class, the materials I will use to draw, of course, my Skacebook. Then I will draw with soft graphite pencil. Don't take two hard graphite pencil like HB or H, or two H, because if you take a two firm hard graphite, it's difficult to erase. I have an eraser, this is a plastic eraser, or you can use a needable eraser. Also, be sure to take an eraser that doesn't damage your page. I pencil sharpener, I will use a lot because I like real pencils and not mechanical pencils. Because when I do the shadowing or when I press hard on it because it's soft graphite, I like to press hard on the pencil and make really black lines. With a mechanical pencil, it's a bit difficult, but you can use a mechanical pencil and make your shadows by cross hatching. Of course, that's also very beautiful. You can also of course, draw in ink if you prefer to draw in, in, at the end, in the last video, I will make a watercolor. I will color the nails because I love watercolor so much. A lot of you do as well. So I will add some water color to the um, nails and some color pencils. Feel free to color in any other way you like with garage or color pencil or don't color. That's also perfect. You can also just make the shadows with crosstchingor ink. Have funds here in class and please feel free to ask me any questions you like. I also have materials list in the resources step and also there's texts and tips in the resources step for you to download. 4. The Righ Side of our Brain: This is our brain. Let me give you a quick explanation about how our brain functions and how to get in a beautiful drawing state. Also, an overview about the five perceptual skills we will train. The drawing method I want to show you is based on the five perceptual skills developed by Betty Edwards in her fabulous book, Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain. If you haven't read it yet, I want to encourage you to do so. Betty Edwards has worked together with neuroscientists to write book, The Key to Improve Our Drawing Skills. Now I'm giving you a spoiler. The key to improve our drawing skills and to have more fun, enjoy and drawing is how to learn to get into the right side of our brain. It's hard to learn how to see in new ways to do so. The right side of our beautiful brain will help us. Our right side is the intuitive, emotional, and artistic side. And the left side is a rational side tells you can draw the drawing exactly, and you should be doing something more useful instead, like cleaning and working. To make a good drawing, we need the rational side to leave us alone. There are several tricks you can do to bore your dominant left side into dropping out of the task. The first important thing to do is to be silent. Because the left rational analytical side of our brain is also the verbal part related to language. To quiet it down. It's better not to talk why you draw and not to name what you're drawing. We are not throwing a house door window, we are throwing a bunch of lines. And also in order to access to the right hemisphere, we will present the left side with a task that it will turn down. These five perceptual skills we will learn in this class will help us to do that in class. 5. The Perception of Edges: Hello, welcome to day one. Let's start our Tempa page. Divide your page in five temper nails, bigger one, small one. Draw anything you like to tell a story on your page. I want to focus on the first perceptual skill from Betty Edwards, which is the perception of edges. I will draw my favorite, most beautiful object, I think in the kitchen, which is the Italian Vialetti coffee maker. As you see, the edges are going in all directions, as Betty Edwards advises us, is to just focus on the perception of the edges in the object. To make a contudrawing, we will draw the edges and look specifically in what directions the lines are going. I'm not drawing the alt coffee maker, I am drawing just a bunch of lines. Have fun on this first day, and I look forward to see your drawing. I will be drawing in pencil, which means that as I don't want to smash my page, I will draw my Alt here. Because if I start on the bottom of the page, I will be smatching my page by drawing here. The graphite will be all over. I start at the top of my page, but if you're drawing ink, you can start anywhere you want. Let's start. I first sketch with my finger to make sure that the volume of the reality will fit into the small tamnail, because I have a tendency to draw too big. The first perceptual skill we will work on is the perception of edges. These five perceptual skills are basic skills of drawing, which Betty Edwards has developed in her book, Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain, during all her years of teaching. And these five basic skills are essential for learning to draw from perception. These skills are designed to shift from a symbol based drawing, drawing what you think something looks like, to a perception based drawing is drawing what you actually see, for which you need the right side of your brain. As I know this Pialti machine very well, I have a idea of what it should look like, but it's not really what it looks like in reality. This first skill, the perception of edges, involves seeing and drawing the lines where objects are part of objects meet and where there's a determination of space. It's about understanding the contours and boundaries of the object. This reality is a perfect object to exercise the perception of edges. Because the lines, the edges, objects are really going in all kinds of directions. If you don't see very well where the lines are going, you could use a grid that you draw on a plastic sheet. It's also a grid that Betty Edwards uses in her book. You can make it yourself. I made it myself. It's a simple plastic sheet on which I g divided in two thirds. I show how to use it in my first skillshare class drawing made easy, but the Edwards concept of drawing from the right side of the brain is based on the idea that the right hemisphere of the brain is better suited for visual, spatial, and perceptual tasks, for art, like, for music, drawing, painting. These tasks are crucial for drawing. According to her theory, the left side of the brain is dominant in language and analytical thinking. She worked for this theory and for her book with Neuroscientists. I think it's quite scientifically based. When drawing, people often struggle because they rely on the analytical side, which is symbolic and it leads to drawing. But we know, rather than what we see, this perception of edges engages the right brain's attention to the visual cues of where objects end and begin. Rather than relying on symbols like a door, or a window, or the lid of the coffee machine. Just look in what direction the lines are going. When I started to look this way at what I draw, it really worked like magic for me. You have to force yourself to make your analytical brain shut up. And then you will have much more pleasure in drawing. You can draw without judgments and be more present in the present moment. Be more mindful of what you're looking at. Tell me in the discussion if you have questions about this subject. And don't forget that in the resources step, you can find a whole explanation and also images to help you with your drawing. The samp nails are very small. I would advise you to pay special attention to your line work during the whole class and throw with a fine line either a well sharpened pencil or waterproof fine liner if you want to watercolor afterwards a fine ballpoint pen. 6. Perception of Spaces: Hello, welcome. Today, today we will focus on the perception of spaces. The perception of negative space around positive spaces. Where the positive spaces are the objects we want to draw. The negative space is the space around the object. Make our brain think differently and to make us observe what we want to draw differently. This is an excellent concept of perception to focus on. We will draw the negative space of the object we want to draw. This is a very difficult concept in the book of Betty Edwards. I think she says the most difficult, but she didn't find a better word for it. Negative space is nothing negative actually, it is the space around the object. When we draw and focus on the space around the object, and we draw the edges of that space. Then at the end, we will have our object. To illustrate this, I will draw a piece of my kitchen shelf. I will draw the green space around the objects which are on the shelf. I think this will best illustrated. I will draw all the edges of the green space of my wall. At the end of the drawing, I will have some of the objects in the shelf. Tell me if you have any questions. You can ask them in the discussions of the class. Thank you. This is definitely the most complex perception, the perception of spaces, which is also referred to as negative space drawing. It involves perceiving and drawing the spaces that are around and between the objects. It's a way to help the artists focus on shapes that are not the objects themselves, but spaces in between and around them. Which will definitely make your left side analytical side of your brain close down. Because it's space that you can't name, It doesn't have any name. Well, I could say it's the green wall between the pot on my shelf. But my analytical side doesn't have knowing information about it because it's very complex shape. I advise you to pay special attention to this exercise and I'm sure that after some minutes, you will get really in a flow of concentration of mindful drawing. This focus on shapes of spaces around objects is not something that the left brain typically processes as it's more concerned with objects themselves. It's the perfect way to get into the right side of your brain. Please also take the artistic freedom to move shapes to make them fit into your page, in your thumbnail. For example, my whisker, I moved it a bit to the left to make it fit into my thumbnail. And also take the artistic freedom to leave things out of your drawing that you don't like or that you find ugly. That's the privilege of making a drawing. Also, please don't worry if your lines are not correct because nobody is going to come and check if your drawing is correct. The purpose is not to make a correct drawing like a photographical drawing. The purpose is to be able to draw what you like to draw and to draw something which is recognizable and which you find beautiful. And that way to exercise your hand drawing like you have handwriting, you can develop by drawing a lot. You can develop your hand drawing which is your personal line work which will be recognizable for you. This is an excellent perception skill, to draw clutter and complex shapes and to have fun, like if I would have drawn the pots on my shelf, it would have been much more difficult than what I am doing. Now, once the contour drawing of the wall is finished, I complete the shapes of the objects on the shelf. I add some details which I find interesting to make the shapes recognizable that way. I will finish my drawing there, where I see darkness of some shadows. I already press harder on the pencil to give some volume in the drawing. I draw with a normal pencil, not with a mechanical pencil, because I like to press on the pencil to accentuate shadows. I like to draw with this soft graphite that when I press the pencil harder, the line becomes more black. And please don't forget your first perception skill which we exercised earlier with the palti, which is just look in what direction the lines, the edges are going. And find a basic measuring unit that you look which length the line has compared to a line next to it. Look in what direction the lines are going and how long this line is compared to the other line. Also, try to draw with long lines. And try not to lift your pencil off the page too much, because then you lose contact with what you are drawing. 7. The Perception of Relationships: Hello, welcome to the tree. Today is a bit scary, maybe because we will talk about the perception of perspective and proportions to illustrate this part, which is very important. But don't worry, like Betty says, Betty Edwards says, we have to know about perspective and then we have to forget about it. I will explain to you some very basic things you will see, not complicated. Then we just move on with looking in which way the lines are going and drawing a bunch of lines. A bunch of lines. I will draw today is the entrance of my kitchen with these cupboards, Black corner with tiles from the '60s. I quite like it. I think these cupboards are the perfect way to explain your perspective. This perception of relationships involve the understanding and drawing with the proportional and spatial relationships between the lines and edges and objects. It's about seeing how objects and lines relate to one another in space with their position and size relative to each other. Let's dive into it. The most important perspective rule to remember is to look at the horizontal lines compared to your eye level. The basic perspective rule to remember is the direction in which the horizontal lines are going, which are above and under your eye level. Your eye level is the level of your eyes, it's your horizon line, if you will. If you're sitting, it will be lower than if you're standing. All horizontal lines above your eye level are going down. All horizontal lines under your eye level are going up. The horizontal lines that are going down above your eye level are going down to a vanishing point, which will be point on your horizon line. Then another important part of this perception skill is the proportions. That's also related to the relation of lines compared to other lines. You should find a basic measuring unit that you can use. It's a measuring unit, for example, in this drawing of my kitchen, it could be the titles. That measuring unit is a reference in your drawing. For example, for the head of a person, person which is adult, his head will fit seven or eight times into his body. If you draw a bigger head, then you would be drawing a child. The head of a child is bigger compared to the height of his body. You could also, for example, look at the door. How wide is the door compared to the height like this door? The height would be two times the width. If I draw like a door which is twice as wide, then it would be like a double door. I hope you have fun with this drawing, and I'll see you in the next video to see the light and shadow in your object. 8. The Perception of Light and Shadow: Hello, welcome to day four. Today, we will focus on the perception of light and shadow. Without a shadow, you don't have any light in your drawing. Today, I made myself a nice cup of tea. This is a very particular cup. It has these two rings to put your fingers very comfortable. It's from Ben. It's Finnish teacup I brought from Finland when I lived there in the 1990s. It's more than 20 years old. I will sketch this up because as some of you might know, I love teacups. I have a whole class about it. Teacup is the ideal object I think, to exercise shadowing. To exercise how to bring more light in your sketches. I will sketch this tea up. Before we move on to the next sketch, let me explain something to you more about light and shadow, because maybe you won't sketch a tea cup. If you sketch a building outside, you will have shadow everywhere. Under window sills, under balconies, roofs. When you sketch an object outside, like a building, the light is always coming from up the sun, the sky, if it's not sunny, if it's cloudy, you will always have shadow from the light coming from the sky. You will always have strong shadows like in canopies, balconies, and window windows. When it's light outside daylight, the windows are darker. Of course, the night, it's different because the light is coming from inside buildings. But when you have artificial light, when you sketch an object inside, you will have to think carefully where is the artificial light coming from or is it natural light coming from a window? Your up will have more light on the side of the window or do you put a lamp? Is the light coming from up the ceiling? Look carefully, where is the light? When you have your object, you also have a cast shadow on the surface of the table. Look carefully where the light is coming from and attach the shadow to your objects. Have fun for this thumbnail. You can find something to draw which has strong values in it. Light and shadow. I talked already a lot about values in watercolor in my previous classes. The perception of light and shadows in drawing is known as value perception. And this skill helps to see and render the lightness and darkness of areas in a drawing and contributes to the illusion of a three dimensional object. It will really bring life to your drawing if you don't draw any shadows. If you don't color any shadows, you will have a rather flat object actually. In this drawing, we will immediately render the values by pressing harder on the pencil. You can do the same if you draw in or if you have a ballpoint pen. If you press harder, the lines are darker. Also in in, you can make thicker lines where you have shadow. Another exercise, what we could do for this perception skill is only render the shadows without drawing lines. When your thumbnail for the perception of light and shadow is finished, what you can do is go and add shadow in your other thumbnails. Now I go to my kitchen to add some shadow to the previous drawing for the perception of relationships will also add shadow in the first two. Thump nails. Have fun with this. And you will see that this really brings your drawings to life. The darker your shadows are, the stronger the light will be in your drawings. Try also to have a look when you draw, to have a look at the values in your shadows. The shadows are darker in some places than in other places. It also depends of the lights. You have darker shadows when you have stronger lights and if you have a rather diffused light, cloudy day, your shadows will be very soft and without strong edges. 9. Perception of the Whole: Hello, welcome to day five. Last perception skill is the perception of the hole, of the style. Like we say in German, the perception of the hole is applied to every time you want to make a sketch. What do you want to say with your drawing? Shadow, Will you apply? Which will tell you how light there is in your drawing? Is it night? Is it dusk? Is it Dn, is it sunny? Is there a strong artificial light if you're inside and which colors are there, especially, what is your focal point? What is the most important part in your drawing? Where do you want people to look at in your drawing? Your focal point is also important. For example, if you sketch a tea up, what is the most important part in your tea up? In every object you sketch, there is a focal point. Usually that focal point will be more accentuated by vivid color or by a very strong shadow point. Because when you look carefully, also at the shadows, the shadows are not uniform. Some parts of the shadows are darker than others. It's important to take time to make those nuances in your sketch, because it will make your sketch more lively and it will make your lines more lively. In this thumbnail, I suggest that we take a lot of time to think about the layout, the story we want to tell, and about the shadows, light and shadows. We will revisit other sketches to add some more life in it. For this sketch, I will sketch my coping place. I will try to sketch this and simplify it a bit. Of course, I won't draw all the details, I try to simplify. Simplify is amplify. When you think about what you want to sketch, take time to think about your story. How will you simplify it? Because if you draw everything, people don't know where to look. As you see, I'm not drawing in my kitchen because that's just a bit too complicated to draw in the kitchen and make good quality videos, well as good quality as possible. I took a picture and I'm drawing on my table. This perception of the whole, as I told you, it involves seeing a scene and drawing a scene as a whole. Understanding the whole composition, the relationships of the object and the overall design. Let's think about in what direction the lines are going. Find a basic measuring unit to measure the length and the relationship of one line next to another line. Try to see where is the light and shadow already. And press harder on your pencil, where you see shadow, and press less hard where you see light. I made the edge of my cooker at one third approximately of the thumbnail. I will start the tiles approximately at one, the upper third. So, in this drawing, think about what story you want to tell and leave out what is not necessary for your story. The five skills we have worked in the stamp Nils will work together to improve our observational drawing abilities. And make it possible to draw more realistically by seeing more accurately. And by drawing what we see instead of what we think we see. And by drawing without judgment of what we are drawing. This way of looking at things allows me to draw from a place of joy and playfulness with my brain. And it actually is like meditation and a way to empty my head of all the worries of the day and of daily life. Again, if you find yourself thinking too much in an analytical way, try to just look in what directions the lines are going and tell yourself you're just drawing a bunch of lines and we're not drawing coffee machine or a tea cup. When I do my crosshtching for the shadows, I tend to like to go in all different directions with my crosshtching. I even make some curls. Sometimes I really do cross hatching, Hatching in one way and then hatching in another way. But then add some curls and re coloring with graphite. I advise you to try some different ways of hatching and to see what fits best to your drawing. I mean, to see what you like most. 10. Shadows in Watercolor: For those who love watercolor, I will add some watercolor. Now I start by wetting first this let drawing. Because it's a metal object, I want to create some very different shadows in this object. As a shadow gray, I use a mixture of ultramarine blue and transparent orange can also add burn sienna to the ultramarine blue. Which is nice as well to have a beautiful, warm gray. The advantage to make your shadow gray yourself is that when the watercolor dries, you can see the blue and orange pigments separating and it's very beautiful effect. I think if you don't want to watercolor, please don't worry. You can also use color pencil or any other art supplies you like or just leave it black and white for the cup. I also wet the pitch first. When you wet the pitch first and you paint on a wet paper, you get soft edges. When you paint on a dry paper, you get dry edges. If you want soft edges, then you should wet the edges of your shadow the same way as we did with the drawing skills. I try to look in what direction the edges of the shadows are going to paint that. What I see, don't forget to add your cast shadow on the table. And don't forget that all the cast shadows must be attached to the objects for the shelf with the pots. I will now put the shadows between the objects and under the shelves with the cast shadow on the wall behind the little pots. Then I add small shadows to all the objects. As on the right of the shelf is a window. All my shadows of the objects will be on the left side of the objects. That way, I get a lot of depth in my sketch. When you put color to your shadows, try to look the way we learned in the drawing skills from Betty Edwards. Where is the shadow darker and where is the shadow lighter? And try to look to the shadows in an abstract way. If you put too much paint and too much water, you can of course, use tissue to absorb the excess paint and water. But you can also do it with a brush by cleaning your brush in the water and then pressing the hairs in a tissue when the hairs are dried. That way you can dip the hairs in the excess paint or water you want to absorb has will suck up the excess water and paint. That way you can lighten your watercolor. So don't be afraid to go really dark in your shadows. And the you go, the more light you will have in your sketch. 11. The Perception of Colors Part 1: Let's add some color now. Well, for those who want, I'm going to add water color now. This is definitely not the purpose of the class, but I just can't help it. I just want to add water color. I know a lot of you like to water color. For those who want, please continue your Thumbnl sketches in color. You can also add color pencil for the reality. I add different colors on a wet paper because I want to suggest the reflections in the metal of the coffee pot. I add Torqui because for me it means a cool metal. I also add some potters, pink and some splashes, and some raw amber, and also some green earth for the handle and the top of the lid. I use black. It's black from Daniel Smith's which is quite granulating. I also leave some white paper in the alt because it's the reflections of the metal which are very light. I leave white paper to make it breathe and to suggest the shapes for the shelf. I will paint the green of the wall green because I love that green. I do that also to remind me of the perception skill of Betty Edwards that we exercised in that still the perception of spaces. And if you remember, well, we have drawn the negative space around the objects on the shelf. And I try to think about that when I'm painting. Remember the light and shadow perception also, when you put color to make the shadows stronger, I use less diluted watercolor paint in the shadow. So I will dilute watercolor paint, wear the slides were the shadow a stronger color? I put the color over the shadow, gray, which I painted in the previous video. It will connect the shadow to my painting. If you want, you can soften the edges with the synthetic brush, but be careful not to damage your paper. I use synthetic brush by rosemary and coal, which is called the eradicator. But you can use any strong synthetic brush. But be careful, make some tests on your paper. Be careful not to damage your paper too much. What I'm doing with that brush to soften the edges where there's light. It also takes away some paint to make it a bit lighter where there's light again in this stronger watercolor in the shadow paint. With that brown watercolor, which is Tiger's Denine by Daniel Smith, I paint over the shadows to connect the shadows with the color. And I paint a green background for the cup to connect the template of the cup with the tumpnail of the shelf. If you want to connect different objects on a page together in a painting, it is easy to do by repeating the colors all over the page. I add a dot of potters pink to connect with the pink in the shelf and in the Alt pot, I add some watercolor pencil. Because I find the structure of the shelf is too weak. I find it stronger and easier to do with a watercolor pencil, to have a strong line with a different texture. I'd like to mix watercolor pencil with watercolor for the objects on the shelf. I'm using random colors that I use somewhere else. In other term, nails on this page, they're not really very realistic colors. Anyway, about realism, this is not really my thing. I prefer just to use colors that I like, even if they are not there in reality. Eventually, all these colors that you like that you use in your painting are very personal to you. And by the time when you use them long time, they will become part of your own personal style. Together with your line work and your brush work and your way of painting, don't worry if the colors are not there in reality, just use whatever you like. 12. The Perception of Colors Part 2: Hello, welcome to this last video. Now, I put some water color on the tumpnail for perception of perspective and proportions, perception of relationships. I invite you to revisit also other tumpnails to add some colors here and there. That's what I'm doing because I want to have a repetition of some colors from thumbnail to thumbnail to link them altogether. But this thumbnail with the cupboards, I will leave it very simple, with few colors, because it will give some air to the page. I mainly will keep the shadows there, will immediately move on to the last thumbnail. I love my red water cooker, which looks a bit like a chicken. I think I add some darker red. Where are the shadows? I mean, with darker color is a less diluted color. It's water color with less water. The more water you add, the lighter the color gets because it's more diluted for the background. I will put some green colors. Different greens. I add some watercolor pencil to suggest the Mosaic tales as you see, I don't add it everywhere, but I add it in the corners and around the object a bit to the left, a bit to the right, I add some torquas, splashes because there are some Tq shades in the mosaic. There are different shades of green and some bluish shades. I do it this way because I don't want to have a uniform heavy grit in the back of my thumbnail. It's always good, I think, to not throw everything because it makes your sketch more loose and it leaves quite much for the imagination of the viewer. Person who looks to the sketch will fill in the gaps with things of their imagination that they like. I usually have to force myself not to sketch and paint everything, because when I'm having fun with my sketch, I have difficulty to stop. Knowing when to stop is usually the most challenging. Usually, I think I should stop when I like the sketch, but that's when I don't want to stop because I'm having fun. I like the sketch. I continue and continue, and suddenly there's too much. And sometimes it happens that I kill a sketch because I had it too much. Know when to stop. Usually it's best to stop when you like to sketch. I think I will stop here. I hope that you have fun with your thumbnails. Please sketch what you like and what you find interesting in your surroundings. And that's where you will learn the most when you sketch something that you like instead of copying my reference pictures. But of course, if you don't have inspiration, I add my reference pictures in the resources. You click on resources and you can do everything. Please tell me if you have any questions, please post your sketches in the project. That's always so inspiring. Thank you for watching my class. Please share with me in the class projects your takeaways. 13. Thank You !: Congratulations, thank you for taking my class. I'm so happy to be here with you. We exercised the five perceptual skills for drawing on the right side of the brain. I hope that will give you more joy in drawing like it did for me. And we made a page full of thumbnails. I hope you think it looks good, I promise The more you do it, the better your drawings and paintings will get. It's not about talents or gifts, it's about skills that you learn and get better at it. I hope you enjoy this class and that you'll continue sketching. I hope that these exercises gave you a different point of view on perception and drawing. Please don't hesitate to reach out. You can do that in the class discussions on the platform. If you'd like to see more examples, you can follow my work on Instagram. And if you want to get from time to time new tips and free tutorial videos on my Youtube channel, you can subscribe to my newsletter on my website. Thank you again, Please leave a review to tell me what you think because leaving a review is the best you can do to help a teacher better, and also for your fellow students to find a class that they like. Thank you.