Practical Guide to Procreate: Drawing and Illustration on Your iPad | Iva Mikles | Skillshare

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Practical Guide to Procreate: Drawing and Illustration on Your iPad

teacher avatar Iva Mikles, Illustrator | Top Teacher | Art Side of Life

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Tools & hardware


    • 3.

      Procreate app settings


    • 4.



    • 5.



    • 6.

      Procreate app interface


    • 7.



    • 8.

      Drawing guides


    • 9.

      Using references


    • 10.



    • 11.

      Color palettes


    • 12.

      Color adjustments


    • 13.



    • 14.

      Blending modes


    • 15.

      Selection tool


    • 16.

      Transform tool


    • 17.

      Final thoughts & Class project


    • 18.

      BONUS - Timelapses


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About This Class

Master the Procreate app on your iPad with practical examples

iPad and Procreate, if they are not yet, may become one of your favorite tools to create personal artworks and client projects because you can draw anywhere and anytime you want - on your sofa while watching TV, in your favorite cafe, in nature, in the museum, at school, during the client meeting. 

iPad and Procreate will change how much more you draw every day!

This class is a quick and easy guide to getting up and running with Procreate on your iPad. No experience necessary! 

In this class, you will learn:

  • What tools you could get to illustrate on your iPad
  • How to set up the Procreate app
  • How can you organize your Image gallery
  • How can you set up your Canvas
  • How can you import References and use split-screen to draw from Pinterest
  • How you can use Gestures, Brushes, Color palettes, Layers, Blending modes, Textures
  • How you can approach Coloring and overall Creative workflow
  • … and many other tips & tricks

I will also show you how to export the fun timelapse videos you can see on Instagram and other social media. As a Class Project, you will create a fun timelapse video of your artwork!

Super excited to have you in the class! Let’s start creating those awesome artworks with Procreate on your iPad!

©️ Copyright Iva Mikles | All Rights Reserved | Class content & structure for educational purposes only

Meet Your Teacher

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Iva Mikles

Illustrator | Top Teacher | Art Side of Life

Top Teacher

I am super happy that you are here! :)

I am Iva (rhymes with "viva"), and I'm a full-time illustrator, teacher, and nature enthusiast.

I love illustration in all its forms and my goal is to bring you to a world full of happiness, color, and wonder in the form of fun and helpful classes.

I'd love for you to have fun while learning, so I always aim for a fun, positive, actionable, and inspiring creative experience with all my classes.

I love when you share you had many "AHA" moments, learned valuable time-saving tips, gained confidence in your skills, and that it is much easier for you to illustrate what you imagine and you are very proud of your finished work.

I want to help you on your art journey with what I learned along the way by ... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: iPad and Procreate, if they are not yet, may become one of your favorite tools to create personal artworks and illustrations for clients. I take my iPad everywhere with me and it definitely changed how much more I draw every day. Hi, I'm Eva, an artist, illustrator and founder of Art Side of Life podcast and YouTube show. This class is all about digital illustration and learning how to use Procreate on your iPad. I'm super happy to bring you this new class because I love sharing what I learn along the way and I love seeing how you can apply this knowledge to your creations. In this class, I will talk about setting a Procreate app, I will show you tips and tricks, how you can organize your gallery, how you can use gestures, brushes, color palettes, how to work with layers, blending modes, textures, and details. I will also show you different ways how you can approach coloring and over a work fall so you can choose what is best for you. I will also show you how to export the fun time-lapse videos you can see all over the Instagram and other social media. As a class project, you will actually be creating a fun time-lapse video of your work. Don't forget to follow me here on Skillshare if you want to be notified when I release new classes and I'm super excited to have you in the class. So if you're ready to start using the full potential of Procreate, let's start creating those awesome artworks. 2. Tools & hardware : So let's start with the hardware or what are you going to need for this class? Actually, not that much as you can see, you will need the iPad Pro or the iPad with the pressure sensitivity. So I'm going to use this iPad Pro for this class. I have iPad 10.5, which is smaller. You might consider 12.9, which are some of the newer ones now in the Apple Store. The bigger memory you get for the iPad, the more art works in books or whatever you want to have in the tablet you can store there. So 256 gigabytes, it's nice choice, and I totally recommend to go to the Apple Store to try some of these before you commit to buying one. Because then you will know on the feel or the size of the tablet you actually want to have. I decided for a smaller one because I wanted to travel with it. I can put it in any small bags or I can sketch along the way. So that was my preference. I might get 12.9 in the future. But right now, it's perfect and I never had a problem with the storage because you can also save your files on Google Drive or Cloud or wherever you want to store the extra copies for your artworks. Other thing what I want to mention is I totally recommend the Apple Pencil because you have other options to use the different styluses like for example, you can use also these like a vacuum stylus or other stylus which can be set up to be used with an iPad Pro. But you will not have the same feeling like you would have with Apple Pencil because it can really behave like real life pencil. So depending if you draw from the top or from the side, you can actually do the proper shading with this one, and also how it doesn't take your hand gestures when you want to use only pencil. It's much better with the Apple Pencil than with other stylist, but there is an option. You can do that. Other thing, what I did for the iPad or drawing on iPad, it might feel like you're drawing on a glass the first time. So I recommend that to have that spatial screen, which is called Paperlike. So you will have more paper like a feeling within the app or when you are drawing. First day, I wasn't like super big fan of the screen protector because it felt little bit weird like a sandpaper. But later on I totally got used to it and now I love it. Other thing what I wanted to show you is you can have extra like case for the pencil. I got this one which I can slide over the tablet and then you can put a pencil in it. So it's super convenient when you are in a cafe and you just want to put the pencil on the side. But there are other covers where you can have like this little side thingy where you just slip the pencil in, and in the new ones you can actually charge the pencil right away there. See now it came off. But with this model, you can charge it when you plug it in here, and what is great about this one, like 15 seconds of charging through here will give you like half hour of Apple Pencil battery, which is super convenient. It can be very handy because otherwise, you would just get the normal charger, which is this one obviously, and you can put the pencil in this and you can charge it that way. But I don't use this one that much actually, I use this charger actually the most. Another cover that I have I use this cover which is super nice when you want to throw the iPad just into the bag, and then I can put the pencil right here and everything is like nice and safe. So I will list all of these tools in the resources so you can check it out in case you really like it, and once again, just go to the Apple Store before you decide which one you want to get and you can also get a second hand or used tablet within the warranty so you can save a little bit of money if you want to. So I think this is all about hardware and now let's move on to the next part. 3. Procreate app settings: If you don't have Procreate yet, you can just go to the Apple store, write "Procreate" and it will pop up here. Right now it costs ten bucks, and you can see this previous which is super nice to see different time lapses from different artists, different brushes flipping, and cropping, and resizing, and all of these so you can check it out and we'll go through all of this within the class. This is a little bit of preview what everything you can do within the Procreate, and right now actually there is also Procreate Pocket. You can use it with your phone, which is quite handy, but I prefer to use it with the iPad Pro because I had the smaller version so I can take it anywhere with me. Other thing, what I wanted to show you is general settings which you might want to use in apps. If you scroll down and find the Procreate depending how many apps you have, what you want to check is the time lapse recording quality and you want to set it up too high. You can also set it up to 4K or studio quality, so these are some of the settings you want to check before you start creating. Also you can disable a simplified undos because if you have this one enabled, like this, it will condense more moves together so you might not be able to go back within the more controlled manner. Let me undo this simplified undos, and so you want to check this one, so fit canvas, and then just the time lapse is recording quality. These are all the settings within this part, and now we can go to the app itself. 4. Gallery: I really like to keep the artworks organized because as you go along, you can have a lot of artworks as you keep the iPad as a digital sketchbook. To keep it organize, it can be very handy, and how you can organize this is by creating stack of artworks. What does it mean? It's when you have these stack of artworks, you can group few artworks within one area, and you can organize them either by color or a theme or project-based and the best practice is to name all these stacks. We can call this animals with flowers, florals for example, and you can name all of your stacks so you really know what project it is and how you did it. How you can rename it if you haven't noticed, you just click on the word and you just rename it. So we can call these Rose Peony. Rose peony for example. How you can create these stacks is by dragging one artwork to another. For example, I have one artwork here and one here, so I can tap and hold and drag it over and you can see they turn blue. When I release the pen, it will snap to the group which I want to put it there. Now, it created the stack of artworks here, and if I didn't like how these two work together, I can take the artwork back, hover over this tag and release it back again here. This is how you can also reorganize your gallery. If I want to have this artwork next to this one, I can tap and hold and drag it over the place in between the artworks and release it. Now I will have it organized this way. Other way you can group the artworks is by selecting the artworks like this. I can maybe take this one and this one, and you can see it with this small blue circle with the check mark, that I selected these three artworks and then you can press, stack and it will create group of artworks with the selected drawings, what you just did and deselect it, you just press the small cross. Another thing you can do within this group of artworks, you can move them around as well the same way as in the gallery. If I would want to have maybe these houses as a cover of the stack, as a first thing I see, I just drag it to the front. You can do this here. Now I have these stacks, and if I want to take it out of the stack again, I will just drag it and release it. Let's look at couple of gestures here as well. When you swipe to the left, it will get you few options around the artwork so you can share it and you can see a lot of different formats, like Photoshop file, PDF files, JPEG, PNG, or other options if you want to animate the artwork. You can also duplicate the artwork or delete the whole artwork, which I don't want to do right now. When do I want to, for example, duplicate the illustration? It would be if I'm not sure if I want to save the illustration how it is, and I maybe want to do some adjustments to the artwork so I will duplicate it and I would have two versions. If I go to one of the artworks, I can change a few things here and there, but I will still have the previous copy, which is super handy. Now, I can delete one of these artworks again swiping to the left and pressing delete, and it will ask you if you are sure you want to delete these artwork. You have the same option by selecting the artwork. With the select, you can select the artwork and basically do the same as swiping to the left. You can share it, preview, duplicate, or delete. These are the same option, similar as in Photoshop. You have more ways to do same thing. What you can do as well, creating the canvas which we'll go over soon. You can also import photos. You can click on this and select sampling from your camera roll or what you have as a recent images. But what I want to make sure when you import a photo, it will take the size of the photo, not predefined canvas. This is something to have in mind when you are importing the photos, now let's go to creating the canvas 5. Canvas: We talked a little bit about how to import a photo, and of course you want to create your own Canvas, so you press these small plus sign and it will show you all of these options you can do as a Canvas size and of course you have some predefined sizes which comes with Procreate, but you will probably have less options that I have here. Every time you create a new Canvas it will save it as your new predefined option. The best way is to give names to your Canvases. If you click on Create Custom Size, it will ask you what pixel size you want to have, and because I like to work with big file so I can use it for a print, I usually go for quiet big sizes. But what is actually quite interesting when you put such a big size, which is 8,000 pixels by 8,000 pixels, here it will show you the maximum layers is only 4 because if you notice, and I go back here, and if I have 800 by 8,000, it will give me 79 layers. This is something to bear in mind. What combination would you do of the size of the Canvas and the amount of layers? It depends if you really prefer to work with a lot of layers or you want to have big Canvas. The app still has the limitations, but you can work around that one. I like to work with this bigger sizes. So we can go to, for example, 6,000 by 6,000 as the predefined, then it will give us like 10 layers, which is nice to work with. I always recommend 300 DPI at least, especially if you want to print your Canvas. Other good idea is to name the resolution you want to work with. I can call this drawing and I can write 6,000 by 6,000. I will see it in the Canvases when I will do this. I can click down. It will create a new Canvas for me and you will see it. If you go back to the gallery and you click on the plus sign, it will go down here and you can see I have quite a lot which I don't need anymore. Here is the latest one. You can take it, tap and hold and you can actually drag it to the top if that's the one you want to use a lot, and if I want to rename some of these because as you can see, there is no name, you can just swipe to the left, you can edit, and here you can again edit the sizes, but here you can rename it. I can call this, for example, thumbnails. For example, thumbnail sketches and I can click them and it will be here on the same spot. If I don't want these other Canvases, I can just swipe to the left again here and click Delete. I can delete all these other ones because right now I don't need them. What is very handy is to name them based on the project as well, which we are doing, for example, for a client or you are preparing something for YouTube or gifs or GIFs, or print on demand, which can be Society 6. This is how you create the custom sizes of the Canvases. 6. Procreate app interface: Now when we look at how to set up a canvas, let me open one of my artworks to show you a little bit more. Using two fingers, you can zoom in and zoom out this on your phone. You can also rotate the canvas, which is quite handy. For example, if you want to draw this direction, of course you can turn the whole iPad but this is quite useful. I like it more than rotating the whole iPad depending if you are sitting by the desk or you are on a sofa or something so you can zoom in like this. If you do quick pinch with fingers, like this, it will rotate the canvas back to the original shape, and if you do the opposite, so two fingers outward, it will go back to the zoom version you had just before. Now if I would want to have it again as a full screen, I will put fingers together quickly. So like this. This is one quick thing to remember. Now let's look at some of the settings. Of course, you have the whole interface which you already saw but let's look first at general settings with this little wrench icon, you have the dark interface or light interface. You can see all of these around these light. If I go back to this, you can switch to dark interface, which is quite helpful if you work a lot with the colors because it will help you see some of the bright colors brighter if you have lighter interface, it just have a different feeling. It's up to you which one you prefer, so it's here. You can also swap this right-hand interface to left-hand, which we'll bring this part on the right side. If you are drawing with a left-hand, it's better to have it here. I keep it on the left side because I'm right-handed. Another thing is to have a brush cursor when you're drawing to see what brush you are using, I like to have it on. You could also project canvas if you want to work with the external devices, right now I'm not using that. Here you can connect the third party stylus, which is the one I showed you before. For example, if you would want to work with something like this, this is where you do it, and you can also edit the pressure curve. Let's look at also gesture controls because there are some parts which I like to adjust. For example, eyedropper. Usually as predefined, you have an eyedropper where you select the color said on patch, which is when you just touch with a finger it will select the color. I will talk more about this in the later sections. But I have it set up with touch and the small icon, which is this one. I would touch this one and select the color from the screen. If I go back to the gesture controls, you can see it I have it set with a finger or with the Apple pencil, and then select the color on the canvas. This is one of the settings I was playing around with. Then quick menu, it will pop up on the screen if I touch and hold, which I can show you what I mean. If I touch the screen and hold this whole quick pop-up menu will show, and I will show you later on how I use it as well, because I use alpha look a lot also flip canvas horizontally where you want to check the proportion so if I tap and hold again, I can flip it back. I can use the alpha log now you don't see it because you need to touch in the middle of the screen so you will see. I can swap two previous color or we can merge down the layers. You can actually set up this gesture controls one by one by tapping and holding and you can select what do you use the most, and you can set it up to your preference. Again, if you are in the canvas, you tap and hold, it will appear, and if you want to adjust one of them, you can just click on it and select which one you want. We found all of this here in the gesture controls and quick menu. This is this one. Another one which I quite like is full-screen. It is with four finger tap, which means if I am in the canvas, I can tap with four fingers like this and it will give me this full screen view. If I'm already in the brush or I am explaining something to a client, this is quite useful. I can again touch with four fingers and you will bring me back to my tools. This was in the gesture controls and I think this is all in this area because you have a lot of different things you can set up, you can play with the smudge, you raise you can set it up here, you can work with assisted drawing here, eyedropper, we talked about quick shapes, full screen, also how you want to clean the layer, I will show you these also later on, you can also copy paste with three fingers, I will go over that, and other general things. This was the gesture controls and here you can see we have brush, we have smudge tool, eraser, layers, and adjustments, and selection tools. If I would want to draw another leaf, now I have just a predefined brush and it's quite big. We will go more over brushes in the later sections. If you want to make a brush smaller, you can adjust it here, and it will make the tip of the brush much smaller for me. Also here you can play with the opposite of the brush, which you can see it's more solid and here it will be more see-through. This is more see-through and here it's more solid. If you want to go back, you can use some of these buttons so you can go back this way what you draw. Here, you can go forward, or you can do double-tap and it will go back, or three fingers and it will go forward. If you want to do rapid undo you touch and hold with two fingers or you can happen hold with three fingers and it will go forward as you can see. If I want to erase everything what is on this layer, I can take the eraser but I can also move my three fingers back and forth and it will erase everything what we just did. Other fun part is if I would want to draw a line, for example, like on this bicycle or if you are doing buildings, it's quite hard to do straight line. I mean, I can do my best, but this is what it can be. Undo this. If I want to really be like really straight line, I can start drawing and before I finish, I will not release and you can see the lines straighten itself and you can see here line was created. So basically what it does now it creates this perfect alignment for you so you don't have to be amazing with drawing lines, so it can go to any angle. But if you touch and hold the canvas with one finger, it will snap in certain angles. For example, if I would want to create these wheels as on the bicycle, this is a very handy because it will help you to create same distances among the lines. This is quite handy. Let me erase this, and the same goes with the circle. For example, if I would want to create a circle, is not perfect as you can see because if we want to have nice circles, we want to have the SS theta-1. Again, I will create a line and before I finish the circle, I'll keep holding and it will create nicer line for me and you can see ellipse created. If I touch and hold it will create nicer circles so it's more geometric. If I don't hold this, you can see it little bit squished. So it's more raw and if you want to do more funky art works, you can see that this is the way or hold it and create a perfect circle. Another thing what you can do is drag the pen and you can adjust the size of the circle, which can be also quite handy. We went over some quick gestures. What you can also do when you go to this wrench icon, you can go to canvas and you can crop and resize the canvas based on what we created. These were the numbers which I created the original file with. You can unlink and link these sizes. For example, if you want to keep the same canvas, it will keep the same proportions, and if you want to adjust only one part, for example, just the side, you can do this with unlinked part. You can notice also here the amount of layers you are allowed to do. The only thing with resizing after you've created the artwork, it might alter the time-lapse exporting. That's just something to think about. If you want to explore the video of your drawing, don't adjust the sizes of your canvas along the way because right now it messes it up sometimes. Let me press cancel here and let me go back to the canvas because here we already looked at you can flip the canvas where you want to check if you did some mistakes. This is quite handy if you want to check the proportions, if you did the legs right, face, because sometimes with a profile can be a little bit tricky. Let me flip it back, and you can also access the canvas information which is quite fun to see because you can also check the track time, video length, video quality, size of the file, and also what would be the video size if you would export it, also physical dimensions and DPI. For example, if I would want to print this and I didn't change the DPI to 300 before I started it wouldn't be the full quality which I will be looking for but when I created this artwork longtime ago, I didn't think about it. But here you can see all of these information. You can also change the name of the artwork as we've looked at before, so you can rename the same as the stacks over the gallery, you can rename them artwork also here. We can call it girl on the bike. A little bit more organized and you can click done. We will have it here, again, the canvas and information. You can also turn on the drawing guide, which we will look at later on as well, but this will help you with proportions if you want to draw with these details. Let me turn this off. If you want to share your artwork, you have all of these different options. You can share a Procreate file, PSD for Photoshop, JPEG, PNG and you can also share animated GIF or GIF or animated MP4. For example, if I would have very big file and I want to share PNG, I can press a PNG, it will tell you exporting and you can choose where you want to save it. Of course, I can save the image to my iPad or I can share it with AirDrop, which is very handy if you have another Apple product because that will work. But unfortunately, if you have a PC, it doesn't work. Sometimes the AirDrop doesn't support the PNG file if it is too big because it will just say that it exported, but it's not. I usually do it with Google Drive or you can use your Dropbox. 7. Timelapse : What I wanted to show you here is, "Time-lapse Replay" and "Time-lapse Recording" because you want to have these on as we did in the previous setting. If you do, "Export time-lapse video" you can choose if you want a full length or 30 seconds. For social media 30 seconds, it's quite good and full length if you want to share it somewhere else. If you click on "Time-lapse Replay" it will show you how you were creating this artwork, which is quite fun to watch. It's also quite a good post for social media like Instagram or wherever you want. As you see, there is also time running and what you can also do, you can swipe back and forth with your finger, which is quite fun because you can also record something like this with your phone, with your hand. And it's little bit different if you just export the full-on video. I like to do this for social media sometimes. Time-lapse replays are always great fun. One more thing about time lapses, because sometimes I draw just one line you can draw the squiggly thing and never lifting the pen. With the time-lapse, this would be recorded just one break. If you want to have the time-lapse longer, you would want to create a more brushstroke. You will need to draw more in this way, lifting the pen more times if you want to have a longer time-lapse. If you see now I have more brushstrokes created within the time-lapse. Also, if you are trying out different things within the time-lapse and you want to adjust it, you can also stop the time-lapse recording here. But you don't want to press purge because it will delete everything what you had before, so you would press don't purge. Then when you go back to if you check the references and you don't want to have it on the video you will go back to, "Time-lapse recording" again and it will be there. 8. Drawing guides : I want to also show you a drawing guide because sometimes I use it for these symmetrical illustrations. You can go under the range tool and you can turn off and on the drawing guides. How do you know which drawing guide you are using? If I go to edit drawing guide, I'm using the symmetrical guide. If you want to see it, is this small blue circle, and it's showing me the line going across the artwork. What it means is, you would see here on the layer, it's says assisted. If I would draw on these layer, everything what I would draw on top part of the canvas would also flip to the bottom part of the canvas. Let me show you. I can draw, for example, circle here. Let me zoom in so you can see it better. If I would draw a circle here, it will appear also on the other side and the same goes here. I can start making these very nice symmetrical drawing. This is how I created also these flowers. Let me show you. I can take, for example, a heart, I can color it in or I can also just drop a color here and it will color the heart for me. This can be quite handy and I can show you also the other drawing guides because they can be very useful if you want to do perspective drawing because I can drop a vanishing point and it draw a town for example, it will help you with these blue lines. You can also draw isometric and you can also have 2D grid. So this join guide is super helpful and if you want to know a little bit more about it, I totally encourage you to experiment with some of these drawing guides. 9. Using references : I love using references when I draw, but sometimes I don't want to drop the references directly to the Canvas. I want to show you how I use Procreate and Pinterest, for example, for references while I'm drawing so you can swipe up to access your doc from your iPad. I can tap and hold and bring the Pinterest here on the top. Tap and take it and it will show the split screen for you for Procreate and Pinterest, and you can just really see it here. Now I will have these super cute seals as references for my drawing here. This video is super cute. Anyway, you can adjust the split screen of your Pinterest and Procreate here. You can have the references much smaller so they don't take as much space. Or you can have it completely go away by just sliding it away and now we are back in Procreate. There is another way how you can add Pinterest as a reference here, so I can take it and I can have it floating above the whole Canvas. But right now it's covering some of my tools here, so it's not super convenient, but I can take it and put it also on the other side, but I still prefer to have it docked here on the side or I can also have it here on the left if you are right-handed and you want to use these control tools on the right side. I can do this. You can do the same also with Internet browsers. You can drag and drop files, and you can always bring it to the side of Procreate. 10. Brushes: Let's talk about brushes. You can access your brushes by tapping on the brush icon and it will show you this full on library of brushes which comes with Procreate, and they are super fun. They are divided within different categories, from sketching with different types of pencils, you have inking, calligraphy. If you like to draw letters, this is your area. You have also painting brushes. You have different types of artistic brushes, cut chops, airbrushing, textures. There are a lot of options, so don't forget to check out all of these, because they are many of them. You can also import brushes and they will be showing here, usually, at the bottom. How I created this group is just by clicking and you can rename your group. I can call it either favorite or something like this. This is how I created my group, and you can also move within these sections. For example, if I drag and hold, I can move it around so I can just drop it below, and for example, if I really like this brush from calligraphy, I can tap and hold and bring it to my favorites, which is right now here. What you can also do is reorganize the brushes within the section. What you have here. For example, I can take the brush which I just showed you. I can tap and hold and I can bring it up to the top. You can see with this squiggly icon, those are brushes which are predefined from Procreate. You can adjust them. When you are doing the adjustments to your brushes, I recommend you to duplicate the brush, which you can do by swiping to the left, and you can duplicate here, because some of the imported brushes, you cannot reset going back. If I have this copy of my brush, I can rename it. For example, if I want to use these brush as texture, I can call it texture brush and then save it. Then I can do different adjustments within the areas and I will have two different brushes. I would know this one is the original and this one is the adjusted one. For example, I created this artwork with discrete brush, because it's nice and clean like this. You can change the size and it almost looks like vector brush, but anthro gently now, Procreate still don't have vector brushes, which might change in the future. Let me remove this, and if you're maybe asking how I created these smooth line, you can adjust it here. If I'm in this brush and you click on the brush, you can adjust the streamline within the stroke. If it is a maximum, it will behave more smoothly and if you put it down here, which is good maybe for sketching, not for super straight lines, you see that the line is little bit more squiggly, so it doesn't behave the same way as here. There are many adjustments you can play with. You can play with the shape, grain of the brush, dynamics, pencil, general different setting. Don't forget to check out all of these adjustments if you want to play with brushes. Let me show you another one of my favorites, which is actually this brush, because it has a little bit of the texture here as you see. If you are sketching and you want to have the feeling of the pencil, if you press harder, you have more solid shape and if you press lighter, you have these nice textures, almost like a pencil. You can see. You can feel the Apple pencil or you can draw like this and then you have a different shape of the brush. It behaves differently. Each brush is little bit different. What I also like to use is for sketching the edge of the pencil, where you can see very nicely when you draw from top, like when you're not tilting the pencil, it's very narrow and smooth. If you tilt your pencil, you can actually create very nice shading like this, similar to that other brush which I showed you, which I have now in my favorites. One of the other brushes which I wanted to show you, it's more of these painterly brushes. You can create even more realistic art works like this on Procreate. How I created this one, you can see that they are little smudges like this and I wanted to create this feeling of warmth and light. If you want to know a little bit more about color and light, I have also another course called color and light, where you can learn more about different light scenarios from the real life, and learn more about how to work with colors in depth, but what I wanted to show you here is the brush within the painting category and I really like this old brush, which is behaving similar like if you would be pushing the paint around. If you zoom in here, you can see these lighter areas and darker areas, and I have the dark green here. If I would be pushing the brush around here, depending on the pressure, how much I press on the canvas, I can create these very painterly strokes here, as you can see and I can undo it again if I don't like it here, because I have these darker and lighter tones here. I would want probably these darker tones here and I would be smudging the paint here. You can do the similar thing here with this smudge tool, which just pushes the paint around here. If I have these areas and these areas, if I use the smudge rule, I can push the paint from one side to another to have this more smooth look. You can adjust which brush you are using for the smudging as well, the same as with normal brushes. If I would want to swap to the brush which I'm using here, which was one of my favorites, I can either select it from the painting area or I can tap and hold, and it will swap to the current brush. I can do the smudging, or I can do the brush painting here. For the painting, you have a lot of different options. I really like also dry brush or the artistic ones like oil paint. That's also very nice for this type of drawing. Don't forget to explore a lot of different brushes, because you have many options, what type of artworks you want to create. This is quite fun part about brushes, either painterly or very clean line. If I would go again here, for example, to the character, some of these oil paint brushes can be very bulky, so quiet big. If I would want to do these fine details, I might want to switch to something more narrow, which can be, for example, these dry ink. It's more precise. It still have some texture, but it's less bulky as some of these bigger ones which I adjusted. For example, I just did this oval brush, which I use most of the time for sketching, which has also a texture, so you can do a lot of shading and tiny details if you want little bit more like a pencil, but what I also wanted to mention here, it's the eraser, because the same as with the smudge tool, you can choose the brush you are smudging with to be the same as your normal brush, you can do the same with the eraser tool. For example, if I would want to create another flower, let me take the painting brush, which we talked about, for example, these dry brush, and I would want to create this flower here, which is quite similar already here. I would want to do it with these two colors, but now, if I want to erase part of this flower, and now I have totally different brush, it's not the same style. I can choose here which brush I want to erase with. I can go to the painting and select the dry brush. If I would want to erase with this artistic brush, it will keep the same styling of this flower and you can have the same. If you don't want to go to this selection, you can tap and hold and it will swap to the same eraser as the brush you are using. Exploring new brushes for Procreate can be very exciting, because there are many creators and different platforms which you can explore to get your new brush set. My current favorite brush creator for Procreate is Tina Tamay or Tamay. Hopefully, I'm not messing up the pronunciation of her name. I love all her texture brushes. What is also great is that you can get inspired how the brushes can be used in her examples. You can see here. You get your creativity flowing and as I said before, there are many great brushes predefined in the app, but you can totally explore some new ones like this and have them as add-ons to your app, to try new styles or develop your existing style even more. How would you import brushes into Procreate? Well, that is quite easy. In a new canvas, you would tap the paintbrush icon to open the brushes panel and then you would select the folder where you would like to install the brush here on the left. Afterwards, you would tap the plus icon above the list of brushes to import a new brush, and you can also rename the brush to bring up the dialog box with your purchased brushes, you would just tap on the import button here on the right. Now, let's move on to the next part. 11. Color palettes: Now let's talk about color and color palette because it's one of my favorite topics. There is a lot of fun in the color area. To start with the color, you would tap on this color icon on top right corner, and when clicking on the color icon, it will open these around color disk where you can slide around to change the hue. You will see the color changing here next to the original color. This was the original color, and here this is the new color we are selecting right now. To go lighter, you can drag the color slider to the top and you can see the color changing to lighter tones, or you can go lower and it will turn more to darker tones. Of course, yellow color is little bit special if you want to go darker with yellow, I suggest you to go to warmer tones so it will not look very dirty. You can see that's little bit better. In this round hue. If you want to get pure white, you can double tap in the corner, and you can see it will snap to white, and you can do the same with black, or it will snap to this pure black. Also with other hue. If you want to get this basic red, you can double tap here and it will go to this very saturated red on the corner. If you want to zoom in to this one, you can snap their fingers, and you can zoom to the whole circle to make it bigger, to have a better view, to go back, you can just snap the fingers again and you can move to a different color if you want to have this adjustments done like that. Another view is to go to this classic hue, which is more like square. Then you can be used to that from desktop painting apps like Photoshop, they have this type of hue. Here I feel like you have more control over adjustments of the colors. For example I can see here very clearly how light I go or how dark I go in these values. You can see, you can move also the sliders, which this one is the hue, changing the hue of the color. Here you adjust the saturation, you can do it manually here or with the slider. You can also adjust the lightness going up or down, and you go to darker tones. You can also use the color adjustments here within the sliders where you can select the exact numbers for the hue saturation or brightness, or actually the RGB values or hexadecimal values. This is very useful if you work with other designers or Illustrators. For example, this dark purple has these values. If the client has a style guide, they will give you these exact numbers. Or if you are creating the new color palette, you can give them these numbers and you can copy them and send them in the email, or you can create the special one page or PDF with these numbers and the color next to it so you can be very precise. If we go to the color palette, procreate comes with lot of predefined pallets, which you can see here, and you can also import some of these pallets. But what I like to do is create my own color palette because you want to be a little bit more consistent probably within your portfolio as well. It's very nice to create your own. How you can do that is just clicking this plus sign, and you can start creating your own color palette. The next thing is that you can also rename the color palette. We can call this, for example, Travel Posters. Because that's what we have here on the artwork, something like that. I can start picking colors from my existing artworks because there are a lot of happy accidents when you are blending colors. let's zoom in for example for this one. You can color pick the color from your canvas by pressing here on the side, and selecting the color with the pen, because this is what we set up in the classic setting. If you remember, you will have this circle around your pencil where you will see what color you are picking. On the bottom is the existing one, on the top is the new one. I can take this light green and it will appear here on the top. I can click on the icon again. If I want to add it to my new color palette, I just click here and it will appear right here. If I want to add another color, I can double-click here again, take the darker green, and edit to my color palette. I can continue like this with more colors to add to my color palette. For example, darker orange. If you see I have these two colors. Maybe this one is to light to dark. If I want to add something, maybe I don't have it on the canvas. What I will do, I will switch back to my disk, and I will adjust something little bit lighter, and go back to my color palette, and now I can drop it next to it. As you see, I created these three different tones of orange, which not necessarily belong to this artwork, but I can start creating color palettes within this color family, but adding new tones. If you want to rearrange these color palettes because I also like to keep it organized. You can tap, and hold, and move them. For example if I want to keep greens on the left side, orange is on the right. You can reorganize them like this. If you decide like, oh actually, I don't like this color, you can tap, and hold, and delete the color. For example, within these I will be adding more blues, whites, yellows and I will organize the whole group to the full autumn palette. Another thing what I like to do is, as you can see, pinpoint some of these colors on the side of the canvas, because I can see how they look together next to the artwork, even though you have the color palettes here, I like to sometimes do it on the side of the artwork. I will do it the same way I can take the greens, and I can paint them right here. I might take another green. Basically this is how I would create the preview color palette, which I sometimes use also for a social media, and it just looks quiet fun when you select some of the colors you use the most. You can also move the color button. If I decide that this is not the color palette I want as a default, you can tap, and drag it below, and you can set for example, this one as default. This one will be showing every time I open my color disk. You can also rename your color palette just by clicking at the name. I can call it, for example Summer Time Blue Tones. Or you can come up with the project name. You can reorganize all the palettes by dragging them, setting them to default, deleting parts of them, and moving it around, and organizing. I can be very picky about like how I organize the colors. If one of them don't fit exactly next to it, then I'm like, okay, I need to add another one. Another way, how I like to create the new color palette is to import a photo from for example, walking around in the forest, or from Internet. Let's look at some of the Internet references. If I would go to your Internet browser, I can look at my existing shop, and I can check some of these colors which are already on my product. I can make a green screen by pressing the home button, and the button on the top and make a screen shot, and it will save this picture in my photos. Then I would go back to procreate, and pressing the wrench icon, I can insert a photo. I can go to my recent, and insert these photo, and I will drag it to the top so you guys can see it. I can zoom in and I can select the colors from some of my existing artworks. I would go to my color palette and I can drop these colors to color pellet. Here I'm adding the colors from the reference image, from Internet or where I want to align, I can take a green screen of my Instagram for example, if I want to be consistent within the color palette, and I can take a print screen of that import it to procreate, and create another color palette from that so to align all the artworks. Now I can also import the picture from the real life or from nature the same way. I would go to insert photo, I can go to my favorites and I can import something from the autumn colors. I can take some of these colors from the reference image the same way as we started to create these colors. These are a little bit more saturated as you can see because the camera enhance some of these colors. You can of course adjust all of that, and this is how you can color pick and add colors from the real life if you want to create your own color palette. What you can also do with your color palette when you are happy, you can swipe to the left and share the color palette with someone, or you can delete it if you don't want to have it anymore. 12. Color adjustments: Let's look more at the color because it's always super fun to talk about color and I know I said it before, but let's just do that. I have these fun file with alpacas or llamas because they are just super cute and fluffy. Let me zoom in here and one of the great things, what procreate have here, you can pick up the color and go recolor small things. So right now I recolor the circle. If I would want to recolor another one, now it fills in the whole space. Why is that? Because you can see it was not closed properly. I can recolor only spaces if they are closed. So if i would close this now, I can recolor it nicely again. What is happening here? It's leaving here some of these small lines and you might be thinking like, what is this? Let me undo this and while dropping, you can see, you can adjust the threshold here. It is basically asking you how much you want to influence the colors around it here because it's the same color. You don't see the effect the same way. Let me show you on a different element so you can see it better. If I have this alpaca and if I would want to recolor the round thing, you can see with higher threshold, it's affecting everything around it so if I would want to effect only some part, then I would need to reduce the threshold to recolor the whole alpaca also with ears and everything, the threshold would be higher. Let me undo this and the recoloring will remember the latest threshold. You can play around with dropping the colors onto different elements and always make sure you are on the right layer. The other fun part, what you can do is color adjustment. Right now my alpaca is selected and I can change the hue saturation and brightness. If you use this slider for the hue, I am changing everything, what is on my layer. I have the alpaca and some of these circles. You can see the hue is changing here. You can also adjust the saturation. It goes much brighter or you can reduce the saturation here. You can also higher up the brightness. We don't have a face now, but you can bring it always back. You can also do the preview, what you just did, or what was the adjustment here before you come in to the change or you can just reset back to the changes if you don't like them. Another thing what I am using currently in this version of procreate is recolor. If you go to your adjustment and you select recolor, it will show you this little cross and you can move it around the canvas and select the area you want to actually recolor. I can take, let me be a little bit more precise. I can take this blanket on the alpaca. I can adjust the flood as well as in the previous settings to see how much of the area is actually adjusting. I don't want the face of the alpaca, I just want the blanket so I will keep it to this amount, like 58 percent and then I can change the colors in the real life. I don't have to go back and forth to the color picker so I can move the hue in this outer circle around and see if I actually like these color combinations or I want to go completely to something different. This is very handy because you can try many different colors, quite fast, and just adjust it very quickly. One more fun thing, what I want to show you here in the recoloring section or the coloring, is actually this setting, a reference. Which means if you are, for example, coming Bogart or you'd like to work with outlines, you can, let's take, for example, this foliage here. I will select the layer, click on the reference. Then I can create another layer above this and then I can drag and drop the colors the same way if I would be dragging the colors within the same layer. But you can see it's now on separate layer and if I would disable this layer, you can see it's super nice and crisp and you can do it even without looking at the reference layer, which is quite fun. This is one more fun thing you can try and now let's move on to the next part. 13. Layers: Now let's talk about layers. So what are the biggest advantages of using layers? They allow you to separate parts of your artwork so you can make edits, changes, and try new things on your artwork, without having to change or destroy your original image. Sometimes I create one art work on the one layer. If I know I don't need to share it with anyone, or if I'm just experimenting as the painterly artwork I showed you before, the girl sitting under the tree. But in this one, I have different layers for each of the items. For example, you can see the fox on one of the layer. So I can toggle this checkmark and the fox will disappear. I have the fox on a separate layer, as I said, I can also uncover some of these other layers. So you can see I have, one of these leaves will appear and disappear. I have base of these leaves as one layer because I knew I want to have more of them there and I was sure. But for example, I tried another leaf which I was not sure if I want to keep. I didn't really like the composition, so I kept it on a separate layer, so you can hide it and turn it on and off. If you are sure you don't want to keep it, you can slide to the left and delete the layer, because I know I don't want to have that. As you have items on a separate layer, you can move them around. Which one is in the front. So right now we have this mushroom in front of the fox. But if I want to put it behind the fox, I can tap and hold, and drag it below the layer with the fox. Right now it will be behind the fox. I can put it back again above this layer and it will appear here. Another useful thing is to actually rename the layers if you have a lot of them, to see what is what. So how you do it, you just click on the name here and you can rename, so I can call this yellow mushroom. Another useful thing, what I like to do with these names of the layers. If you have too many layers and you don't want to write everything all the time. You can double-tap on the word, or three taps will select the whole thing, and you can copy the text here or you can copy it here. So I like to do, I click on this icon with these two art boards or sheets. So click. If I go to another layer and do rename, it will select the whole thing, and right now I can just paste what I wrote. Here I can double-tap on the first word and maybe just write brown mushroom. So it's a little bit more organized than mushroom one and mushroom two. The same way as we deleted one of the leaves, let me hide these mushrooms for now. I can give a friend to our fox, so I can swipe to the left and I can duplicate this layer. So right now I have two foxes, and I can move the fox here, and now you see I have two of them. You can place it next to it, so I will have two fox friends, which is quite fun. But what I want to mention with this one, if you are moving around the fox and you move it somewhere here, and then you release it, and you would want to take it again, it will cut it off. So watch out where you are moving elements from your artwork because it will cut it off. So undo this. Let me delete this other fox because right now we don't need two, and I will turn on these two mushrooms. How you can create a new layer if you want to test new item, is by clicking at this plus sign, and it will automatically create new layer. If you have very big Canvas, and if you are limited with the amount of layers, you can merge some of these layers. So for example, if these two mushrooms are not touching each other, so later on, I would be able to move them around. I can just merge down these layers with using on my fingers and pinch down. Now these two mushrooms are on the same layer, you can move them around together. The other way how you can merge down these two layers, is by clicking at the layer. You can select merge down, and it will merge the two layers next to each other. If you would want to merge more layers, for example, if I would want this one, this one, and this one, you have to drag them next to each other, otherwise you cannot use the two fingers. Another thing, what I want to show you is grouping the elements, because as you see a lot of these leaves are in the same area of the drawing, and I don't need to have them maybe separately, but I still don't want to merge them because I'm not sure if I will want to delete them. So you can swipe to the right, and all of these will be highlighted, as you see. I can click on a group, and it will create group for me. So I can collapse this group, and if you have many layers, this keeps it very nice and organized. Of course you can rename this group to foliage, for example, or leaves, or how you want to call it. You can also lock or duplicate the whole group if you don't want to duplicate each leaf at the same time. What is also useful about grouping different elements, is to move more items at the same time. Because if I would select only one layer, I would be moving only this leaf. But if I would want to move all of the leaves, I can click on the group, and now I can move around the whole group. Also with the shadow and the gap behind the leaves because I didn't draw them there behind the fox. You can also flatten the whole group. So it's the similar way as you would pinch all of these layers together, or you can flatten it here. You can also change the background color, and this layer is just the background. So you can do much with it when I select the background layer by clicking on it, it would give me an option to choose color from my color palettes or from the color disk, so you can experiment. Now let's move to the next part where I will talk more about advanced things of the layers, all the blending modes, and all the fun part there. 14. Blending modes: Let's talk more about layers, Blending Modes, and all the fun stuff. If we click again on the Layer icon, as in the previous videos, you will see the layers, what I set up for this illustration and of course, I had more layers before, but they had to flatten some parts. What I wanted to show you here is how I use the sketches and the Blending Modes before I start working with the illustration. Let me hide this illustration and reveal the sketch. You can see it's not super perfect, it's wonky, but it works for the purpose. I usually use it, so as an idea or as a guideline. To create a new layer, I will drag it below the sketch because I wanted to show you how you can select some of the areas. Let me take the light skin tone, you can put dark or any color you would like. I will take maybe this brush and I would start coloring under the sketch. You might probably notice that there are few letters next to the layer. If you click on the letter, you will see the opacity. With the slider, you can completely hide the sketch or reveal the sketch. What I usually do with the sketches is when I use it as a guideline I reduce the opacity and I change it to Multiply. What it does, it enhances the dark pixels and it's also great for shadows. Each Blending Mode changing the way that the layer reacts with the layer underneath. It depends what you have on the top layer and a layer below. This is how I usually work with sketches. It's great for a Multiply because if you have the sketch also with different colors, it will reduce the areas which are not the line work. You can try this out as well. From Multiply and sketches, I wanted to show you the other fun part, what I usually use the Blending Modes for. For example, this Steam area or the steam for the coffee, if we would zoom in, you can see the steam is see-through because I'd also reduce the opacity. To enhance the see-through field, you can experiment with some of these lighten modes because you can go to lighten, which enhances different parts screen, you can do Add, Color Dodge, Lighten Color. There are many different ways, and as I mentioned before, it really depends on the color or what you have on this layer. The next thing what I want to show you, it's actually Alpha Lock because you can lock the pixels for this element on this layer, which means you will see this checker mark behind the element. Now I can take, for example, the yellow, so we will see it. I can draw now over the element. You would see it will affect the colors behind differently. Because if I would take this to normal, it will fill in the whole thing. You can see the full on opacity and normal. But if I would put it to lighten, it reacts differently with the lighter green and darker green. Let me go back to the white because I like it the most in this setting. Let me show you where else you can use the Alpha lock. Maybe I will take this nice pink. If I would want to draw a nice pattern, again on this car, I will have to be very precise. You can enable the Alpha Lock. Here you will see the checker mark around the area, and now it will allow me to draw only within the scarf area, as you see it is. If I would disable the Alpha Lock, I would be able to draw also outside of the selected area, which I don't really want in this case. Other way to access the Alpha Lock is to tap and hold, which I set it up before, in the Settings area as I showed you, if you remember. It was in a gesture controls, and you can set up this quick menu to touch and hold and adjust all of these settings, because I used the Alpha Lock quite often. Now it will allow me to draw only within the scarf, which is super nice. We can add all of these details. But what if I don't want to actually change pixels of this layer? Let me undo this. The way you can do this is by creating a Clipping Mask.You can do it by creating new layer with clicking on the plus sign. By clicking on the layer, you can select Clipping Mask. You will see this small arrow which points towards the layer below it, which you are clipping the mask to. What it does is it looks very similar, if I will do this pattern, but right now the pattern is on a separate layer, so then I will be able to do more changes to this layer so you can move it around. It's affecting only the layer you clipped it to, which is super handy. Another part what I wanted to show you where I use the Blending Mode is usually for textures. To have similar colors to your ace colors, I usually select the same hue. I selected the yellow of the sweater and I painted the flower texture with exact same color. If you change the Blending Mode to Screen, it will react differently with all the colors below. It is more cohesive here, it's a little bit darker, here it's a little bit lighter. You can play around with these textures. Of course, it's on a separate layer so you can do more adjustments to this. One more thing I wanted to show you within this illustration is how I sometimes work with the full on illustration with shadows and Highlights. If you have very complex illustration, it helps to speed up the process. Let me create another layer for, for example, let's call it flowers. I will create more flowers and they will have a little bit different hues. One will be a little bit more orange. Let me take this one even more orange. There will be a little bit of variety. We have these flowers. Now let me create a layer for shadows. Let me call it shadows. I will change this layer to a Clipping Mask so I can draw within the shape as we saw before, but it's on the separate layer. Now I will select something a little bit more properly. It will give us a little bit more variety in our shadows. Let me change to something like this. You might be thinking like, "whoa, this purple is insane." But if we would change it to Multiply, it will adjust the color to the base of it. Still, if you think it's a little bit too insane, we can always reduce the opacity. The color of the shadow creates this really nice rich tones. You can also work with brighter colors, we can go to the red tones and it will adjust very nicely to our shapes. If you would, again, go high on the opacity, it looks very strange. But if you reduce the opacity and heavy on Multiply, it creates very nice tones. Why this is not good? Because you can create the same shadows within the same color range on all the elements in your drawing. I can create more shadows like this on every flower, and you can just work with one color for all the shadows and it can speed up your process a lot. This is how I usually work with shadows and then I can create another layer just for Highlights. I will create again a Clipping Mask, and I will change my color to maybe something more yellowy for the Highlights. Right now it doesn't look like highlight that much. But if we would change again the Blending Mode to something from the lightened areas, I can add it maybe to Screen or Add. You can see it here, how it's changing, so you can experiment which one works the best for your illustration. I think for this one the Screen works the most. Now I can add highlight to all of my flowers. Of course, there are a little bit too messy, but this is something you can try out. They work with just one layer for the base colors, set to a normal mode with full opacity and shadows to Multiply with a Clipping Mask and Highlights to Screen and again to Clipping Mask. You are affecting only the areas you are drawing in. This is what I really like to do in a very complex illustrations. For example, you can build the whole scene like trees, meadows, characters, and I don't know what and you can have only one layer for Highlights for everything and Shadows for everything and it's speedup, the concept art process or just the illustration process a lot. 15. Selection tool: Let's start talking about selections. You can access your selections by these squiggly line, which can be remembered as 'S' obviously, but you can get that but you will always find it here. You have different options, how you can use your selection tool. Let's start with the automatic selection. If I tap and hold it can select actually the area which is not changing to blue, but it's just showing me the selection. Let me undo that. If I would want to be more precise how much I want to select. You can tap and hold and drag and you can choose and adjust the threshold, how much of the selection will be taken. You can see it here adjusting, so either the whole head of the character which looks very funky right now. Or you can go back and I can select only his beard and now it's selected. You can see all of these lines around which are out of the selection and the beard. We select it, we can just quickly recolor awesome font color, recolor to color, so purple beard, why not? Let me go back. All of my characters are on one layer. If I would want to move them, all of them move together. Let me deselect this. If I would want to move only this girl, I can go to free hand selection and draw around her and by clicking on the small circle, I will close the selection and now the girl is selected and now I can move only her. You can also access the previous selection we just did by tapping and holding. If you'll remember what you selected last, which is super handy and you can add to your selection by just drawing a round on the other part of your illustration which you want to sell it. Now I have both of these characters selected and I can move them around. If you're asking, ''Can I remove parts from my selection?'' Of course, you can, so we can reload our selection again. I can draw around part of the selection and I can click on remove and these will remove one part of my selection. This is something if we would want to cut out some parts of your illustrations. If I would want to move this part which was removed from my selections on all she's missing part of her arm, which is not convenient, so let me undo this. Okay. Go back, good. If I reload my selection again, I had these two ladies selected. These are baby boomers, millennials generations, right? I can press on, "Invert" and it'll select these characters and now everything else on the Canvas is selected. If I would click on the arrow, now, I would be moving these two guys. Okay. You can see how you can use these two selection tools. What you can also do with this free hand Selection Tool is creating selection by just clicking, which is behaving like a polygon Lassa tool within Photoshop. This is handy if you have very big parts of the illustration, so you don't have to draw precisely, but just clicking around the Canvas and it will do the same thing. You can use the selections also just for removing parts. For example, if I was not able to create super straight lines, of course you can do it with a brush as we've looked at before. I can also clean up the edges of my illustration with a rectangle selection tool. What I can do is to draw a rectangle at the bottom. I can delete the part of the illustration, which will give me even cleaner edge here. You can also select some of your characters with the rectangles, so you can move it around the same way. You can also select with ellipse and you can move bards. If I would now select this guy and I would want to duplicate him, I can just click ''Duplicate'' and it'll add this guy on a separate layer. If I would hide this one, I can see my millennial guy on a separate layer so I can move him here and now I have two guys. You might be thinking, "Well, it's not super useful to have him there." I just wanted to have him on a separate layer so we can do it also in a different way. Let me select the guy and you can by just dragging, again the selection will add to your previous selection so you can do these adjustments. As before, we access the quick menu, now you can swipe with the three fingers down and you can cut and paste, which will take one of our characters and it will paste it separately on the extra layer. I don't have the duplicates of him now and I just having him on a separate layer which is quiet handy. The selection which I'm using the most is the free hand. Let me select the girl one more time, closing again the gap and swiping with the three fingers. We already try out cut and paste, which goes through extra layer. But I can also just copy and it'll keep my copy in the clipboard. I can create new Canvas and I can just go here and paste and my girl is in the new Canvas. These can be very handy, so you can copy from one file and paste it to another. Now let's move on to the next part. 16. Transform tool: Now let's talk about the transform tool, which is here on the top left corner right next to the selection tool. When you press this arrow icon, it will select everything what you have on one layer. I can move around everything what is here and it will go back. But if I would exit the tool and now I would want to move everything what I had on the layer, it will cut off part of my artwork so I want to watch out so this doesn't happen. We talked about it a little bit before but just be aware of this. Let me go back so I can get my art work back and I will zoom into this girl with a dog. Let me select this part and now I will have options how I can transform these illustrations. I can go crazy with these transforming, maybe she would not be super happy about that. I can scale her, distort her in all different directions which is not super nice. Or I can select the uniform, which will keep my proportions the same even if I would drag from the side. I can play around with this one, Or I can also do it with the free form and clicking on magnetic and I can drag. You can see these helping lines and it will always scale from the opposite side of your bounding box. If I would scale it from this side, it will take the opposite point. This is what you can do with transforming in this way. Let me take, for example, this donut. We can distort the donut. We can skew it by dragging on the top part of the bounding box. You can also distort it in perspective so it will look like it's flying away or you can pretend you want to put it here on the table so it can have this perspective. Now we would have a flying donut around the table and let me go back here in this one. The other option, what you can do, let me zoom on this croissant. You can select this croissant and we have these Warp option. What it does it completely changes the parameters or the pixels of the croissant. We can make it completely fat so we can eat more of it. This is another option what you can do. You can also use these Advanced Mesh tool which is similar to warp but it will be a little more aesthetic. It's not so free form and you can be a little bit more precise with scaling and adjusting your drawing. I can do something like this if I don't want to redraw the whole croissant, I just want to change the proportions a little bit. I can also check my proportions on the characters by flipping them from left to right. This is for fun. I'm not using this one that much so let me know in the comments if you are using it for something. These horizontal flip I usually use really just to check proportions. You can also rotate by 45 degrees and if you really like this illustration, you can also scale it up and fit to canvas. Now we have these big characters on the full screen so this can be quite helpful if you don't have anything else on the canvas or you can copy them on a separate layer before you do this. Fit to Canvas, and you can also reset all the transforms of what you did before. What if I am zoomed in and I would like to scale these notes. I have them selected and I'm on a free form. If I would just want to pinch and zoom with two fingers they will adjust. If I would want to zoom out, I will hold to the arrow tool and now I can zoom out and zoom in without scaling the notes. Now what you can do as well you can rotate them around with this helping guides. This rotation can be really tricky with the fingers because it's not so precise. But at least there is an option for it as well and if you are tapping with the finger they are moving tiny bit the direction where your finger is. I think that's it for now about the transform tools. 17. Final thoughts & Class project: All right guys, that was all. I want to thank you so much for taking this class. I hope you learn a lot of new things you can start applying to your artworks right away. As a class project, I would like you to create a time-lapse of one of the artworks you've created along the way. Don't forget to add a link to your website or your social media because I would like to share your creations, also on my Instagram, where I have almost 150,000 followers, so other people can discover your art too. I can't wait to see your creations. If you enjoyed these class, please give me a thumbs up or better yet, you can leave a review so more students can discover this class and it can help them along the way. If you have any comments or questions or you didn't understand something, please don't hesitate to ask in the discussion section. I love replying to comments and I love to help out, so please do that. I can't wait to have you in the next class. Thank you so much again for being here and see you in the next one. Bye. 18. BONUS - Timelapses: