Essential French Grammar - The Future Tense | Kieran Ball | Skillshare
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Essential French Grammar - The Future Tense

teacher avatar Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction to the course

      1:03

    • 2.

      What is the future tense?

      3:02

    • 3.

      What is the future tense? - Some example verbs

      3:07

    • 4.

      What is the future tense? - You have a go

      3:37

    • 5.

      What is the future tense? - More practice

      3:20

    • 6.

      "You will" - The full conjugation list

      3:48

    • 7.

      "You will" - tu vs vous

      3:10

    • 8.

      "You will" - You have a go

      3:10

    • 9.

      "You will" - More practice

      4:37

    • 10.

      Negatives - How to form

      3:13

    • 11.

      Negatives - Practice

      2:41

    • 12.

      Irregular verbs - 9 examples

      4:14

    • 13.

      Irregular verbs - You have a go

      3:04

    • 14.

      Irregular verbs - More practice

      4:11

    • 15.

      Recap

      3:28

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About This Class

Bonjour et bienvenue (Hello and welcome) to Essential French Grammar – the future tense!

The essential French grammar series is a series of courses that teach pure grammar in its simplest way. I tackle one grammar point in each course and focus on the essentials and nothing else. In this simple grammar guide, you will learn all about the future tense in French. I’ve stripped the tense down into its essentials, so you don’t need any prerequisites in order to benefit from this course. All the verbs we use are explained throughout, so you can simply focus on learning the grammar.

We’re going to be looking at what the future tense is and how to form it in French. We’ll also have a look at how to turn this tense negative, and we’ll learn some common irregular verbs in this tense.

You’ll have plenty of opportunity to practise what you’ve learnt with lots of exercises for you to do.

This course is aimed at any student who wants to brush up on their French grammar. You can take this course as a complete beginner since everything is fully explained as if you have no prior knowledge.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

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3 Minute French - Course 1 | Course 2 | Course 3 | Course 4 | Course 5 | Course 6 | Course 7 | Course 8 | Course 9 | Course 10 | Course 11 | Course 12 | Course 13 | Course 14 | Course 15 | Course 16

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Transcripts

1. Introduction to the course: Missouri Arabia Avenue. Hello, and welcome to Essential French grammar, the future tense. The essential French grammar series is a series of courses that teaches pure grammar in its simplest way. I tackle one grammar point in each course and focus on the essentials and nothing else. In this simple grammar guide, you will learn all about the future tense in French. I've stripped to this tense down into its essentials. So you don't need any prerequisites in order to benefit from this course. All the verbs we use are explained throughout. So you can simply focus on learning the grammar. We're going to be looking at what the future tense is and how to form it in French will also have a look at how to turn this 10th negative. And we'll learn some common irregular verbs in this tense. You'll have plenty of opportunity to practice what you've learned with lots of exercises for you to work through. So let's begin. 2. What is the future tense?: I will. What is the future tense? The future tense in English is basically the word will. When she put the word will in front of any verb, you get the Fugees. Hence, for example, I will eat, You will go, they will leave. He will buy, she will stay. Those were all examples of the future tense in English. The future tense in French, however, is a little different, mainly because the word will doesn't exist. As I said, the future tense in English is formed by putting the word will in front of any verb. But I also said the word well doesn't exist in French. Well, in French, the future tense is formed by adding some letters to the end of the verb. To begin with. It's important to know what a verb is. In English, the verb is anywhere. You can put a two in front of. For example, to eat, to drink, to speak, to stay, to, right? They're all examples of verbs. And you can replace the word two with Iwill. And you get the few dissents. To eat becomes I will eat, to drink. I wouldn't drink. To speak, becomes, I will speak to stay. I will stay. To write. I will write. In French, verbs can end in either the letters ER, IR or RE. For example, MSA means to eat, spelled M, a, N, G, ER, pathway to speak. Par L ER. Como se means to start, and it ends in the letters E-R. Finish. To finish. Fin IR. Party means to leave, and it ends in the letters IR. Schwas easier to choose, ends in IR. At tundra means to wait. And this verb ends in the lessons are 0s. Polyhedra means to take, ending in e. And Sandra. Vnd means to sell. 3. What is the future tense? - Some example verbs: In French, you can say I will by putting the word zoo, which means I in front of any verb. And putting the letters AI on the end of the verb. For example, the verb MSA means to eat, Mozi. If you put X2 in front of the verb and hook that has AI on the end, you get x2, Mangione, German GRA, which means I will eat your module. So the letters a, I mean I will in French. And this works for any of the ER and IR verbs in French. For example, pathway. Pathway means to speak verbally, re, re means I will speak Finish. Finish means to finish. And Euphonia is your ERA, means I will finish. So here are five verbs in french. See if you can change them so that you're saying, I will, with each of the verbs. She was 0, means to choose. Mosaic, means to eat, party, means to leave. Dormir is asleep and nij means to swim. So pause the video, have a go at putting there is five verbs into the eye will form, and then press play and see if you got them right. So schwa z means to choose schwa. The schwa CRA means I will choose. Mosaic, means to eat. Gmos. Means I will eat your patio, means to leave. Japan. Tra means I will leave you Patty. Array. Dormir means to sleep. And you dormi. Dormi re, means I will sleep. And finally, nij means to swim. And Niger. Niger a means I will swim. So to form the future tense, or you have to do is put in front of the verb. And the light has a on the end of the verb. 4. What is the future tense? - You have a go: In the last lesson, I said that if you want to form the future tense in French, or you have to do is put her in front of the verb and other letters AI to the end of the verb. I also said that this works with E-R verbs and ir verbs. But what about our reverbs? Well, with RE verbs, you just need to remember that before you add the AI to the end, you have to remove the e from the end of the verb. For example, von Nidre means to sell. And you've Andre. Giovanni re, means I will sell. So we've removed the E from the end of the verb Von der and then added the AI to the end of that. Let's see if we can put these five RE verbs into the future tense. The verbs are compound. Compound, meaning to understand. At tundra. Tundra, meaning to wait. Polyhedra. Polyhedra meaning to take up Andhra upon Andhra, meaning to learn. And this Andhra. This Andhra, meaning to go down or to descend. So pause the video, see if he can put these five verbs into the eye will form, and then press play it to see if you got it right. So compound para means to understand XW, compound, a. Compound LE means I will understand at tundra. Tundra means to wait. G-actin. G-actin re, means I will wait. Ponder. Contra means to take andre. Andre means I will take upon, upon Nidre, means to learn. And Japan. Japan re means I will learn. So you have to put in front of the verb and AI on the end of the verb. And if it's an RE verb, you take the e off first. But it is a verb that starts with a vowel. The Zhou, meaning I, and spelled J E, shortened to J apostrophe. And that's why we have Jack ponder a four, I will learn and jet Andre for I will wait. In the Sandra means to go down and death Andre means I will go down. So to say, I will infringe. You take the verb, put x2 in front of it and hook the letters AI onto the end. If it's an reverb, just remember to take the e off first. 5. What is the future tense? - More practice: The verb satyr, soft tier means to go out. So how would you say in French, I will go out. Your soft TRA. Salty. Hey, the verb means to drink. So how would you say I will drink? The verb means to write. So how would you say in French, I will write to read in French is. So how would you say I will read? Julie, Hey, leave. The verb means to put Meta. So how would you say I will put geometric way? The verb, sweet. Sweet means to follow. So how would you say in French, I will follow me for a sweet to stay in French is a Hesse day. So how would you say, I will stay? The verb of three? Of three means to offer. So how would you say I will offer? Is you're free to travel in French is Vijay? Vijay. So how would you say I will travel? You've why Azure? Why Azure to work is to have IgA. So how would you say in French, I will work? You'd have IRA. 6. "You will" - The full conjugation list: You will, we know how to say I will in French. But what about if you want to say you will or he will, or she will? Well, for Iwill, you put X2 in front of the verb and the letters AI after the verb. If you've learnt about the past tense in French, you might actually recognize this combination. The word j, j, spelled J apostrophe AI means I have J. In the past tense in French, you have to use I have as the first part, and you put that in front of the verb. And actually, all you do in the future tense is move the half part to the end of the verb. Well, it's the same for the other person's two. So j means I have 20. 20 means you have ILA. Ila means he has LR. Lr is, she has Ana. Ana means one has lose Yvonne. Yvonne means we have vis-a-vis. Vis-a-vis means you have is zone, is zone means they have. And l zone is zone means they have the words for have. Other bits that go on the end of the verb in the future tense. For example, 20 means you have. And if you want to form the future tense to say you will do something in French, you put two, meaning you in front of the verb. And the, the ALS goes on the end of the verb. For example, to Pandora. To Pandora means you will speak. If you want to say he will. You put e in front of the verb and you put the letter a on the end of the verb. Il Pandora in Pala means he will speak. The only two exceptions are we will and you will. Using uhm. If you want to say we will, you put new in front of the verb, but you don't import our von on the end. You just put o ns. If you want to say you will, with boom, you put Wu in front of the verb and you put 0s add on the end of the verb instead of avail. For example, new Palo Hong means we will speak. And UPA LRA means you will speak. So the future tense endings are and AI for Iwill, two. And let us, AS for you will ill. And the letter a, is he Well, l. And the letter a is she well, on and the letter a is 1. We'll new. And the letters O and S means we will. Vu. And the letters E's add means you will. Unless is 0 and t is they will. And L, with the letters ON T, means they will as well. And you can put those endings on the end of any verbs. But just remember that if you're using a reverb, you have to take the e off first. 7. "You will" - tu vs vous: You might have noticed in the last lesson that when we were looking at the verb endings for the future tense, there were two ways to say VA and two ways to say you. Let's have a look at there is now versus L. Both E and l mean they. If you are talking about a group of men or a group of masculine nouns, you use the word ILS. If you are talking about a group of women or a group of feminine nouns, you use the word L E, L, L E S. If you are talking about a mixed group of men and women, or a group of masculine and feminine nouns, you use the word for LE, 2 versus whom. Both 2 and voom mean you. If you are talking to one person whom you know well, you can use to. The word to is considered a singular, informal way of saying you. If you're talking to one person whom you don't know very well, you can use VPU. Or if you're talking to a group of people, you can use. The word Wu is considered a singular formal, or a plural way of saying you. So we've seen the endings for the future tense. Now, how would you say in French? We will go down and the verb to go down is day Sandra. New decimal point, wrong. New decimal. The verb upon her means to learn. So how would you say we will learn? New upon Hong, lose upon home. The verb means to leave. So how would you say she will leave? El party? Bacteria. The web dormir means to sleep. So how would you say you will sleep? Too dark to dominate? Or wu Wei, wu dormi ray. The verb von NRA means to sell. So how would you say he will sell? Ivanka? 8. "You will" - You have a go: The verb to take in French is ponder. So how would you say, I will take? You pawn re, upon. A tundra means to wait. How would you say they will wait? Is that Hong Kong or that aren't on? The verb means to choose. So how would you say he will choose? You sweat the schwa, Sierra APA. Apa means to bring, how would you say in French, I will bring Japan. Japan means to finish. So how would you say you will finish? To finish? Tcga or wu Wei? Wu funny ray. The web, common C means to start. So how would you say in French? You will start to Zaha, to Coursera or VUCA Maasai. Woocommerce array parallelly means to speak. How would you say they will speak? Or L Bhalla home? The verb means to eat. So how would you say you will eat? Two more? Two more Java or nij means to swim. How would you say in French? He will swim in Azure. 9. "You will" - More practice: The verb means to understand. So how would you say in French, she will understand the verb means to wait. So how would you say in French, he will wait? Upon TRA. The verb Shaun T means to sink and soap, looks like the word chant, Sean day. So how would you say in French, they will think it is Schumpeter, home or shelter on. The verb means to work. How will you say they will work? By Johann or via? Via j means to travel. It looks a little bit like the English word voyage via G. So how would you say in French, I will travel via Azure. Hey, or free means to offer. So how would you say she will offer L? L means to stay. How would you say we will stay? New restaurant? New restaurant. The verb sweet. Sweet means to follow. So how would you say in French, he will follow? Is we've had in Swift, the verb means to port. So how would you say she will put N L made? The verb means to read. How would you say in French? I will read, hey, Lee. A clear means to write. How would you say in French, we will write a new home. The verb means to drink. So how would you say in French, you will drink to two? Or the webs of t means to go out. So how would you say in French, they will go out? Either Scotty home or sati home. 10. Negatives - How to form: Negatives. In English, you can turn any future tense phrase negative either by saying will not instead of will, or you can just say went instead. In French, or you have to do to turn a future tense phrase negative is put no, that's n, e in front of the verb. And PAS after the verb. For example, Palo re means I will speak. And Juno Palo HIPAA means I will not speak or I won't speak. So here are five future tense verbs, and what I'd like to do is turn them negative. We have German Jewry, which means I will eat ill. Rivera. He will arrive ill party home. They will leave lush YZ home. We will choose. And Tiffany ha, you will finish. So pause this video, see if you can make these five future tense verbs and negative. And then press played city, got it right. So human j becomes pneumonia or AICPA, meaning I won't eat. In Aviva, becomes ill. Nevada. He went arrive in Patty hong, meaning they will leave, becomes ill. Nopat rehomed bar, meaning they won't leave. Lucia, the home, means we will choose. And in the negative it becomes LU, noisy omega we won't use. And finally, to funny ha-ha becomes 2 Nephi Harappa, meaning, UM, finish. So let's have a practice with these negative future tense verbs. How would you say in French, I won't write and the web to right? Is it clear? Genetically hyper, uniquely HIPAA? The web Sweave means to follow. So how would you say she won't follow? L, The sweet rapper? In the sweet rapper, the verb via j means to travel. So how would you say in French they weren't travel? In? Why Azure homepage? In the y Ashoka. The verb add tundra means to wait. So how would you say in French, I won't wait. You're not on labor. 11. Negatives - Practice: The verb means to eat. How would you say in French, UMTS lead to pneumonia, Harappa to pneumonia. Or V02 pneumonia, HIPAA. Hipaa. The verb schwa. Schwa means to choose. So how would you say in French, they won't choose? In the Zhuangzi omega. Omega. Or of course you can say L. L means to take. So how would you say in French, we won't take new Nepantla. New Nepantla, MPA. The verb means to sleep. So how would you say in French, you won't sleep? To eunomia, to Naomi Harappa or Udemy, HIPAA. Hipaa. The verb upon Nidre means to learn. How would you say in French, we won't learn? Noon upon the verb satyr means to go out. So how would you say in French, he won't go out? In the salty Harappa. Ela Satya Harappa. 12. Irregular verbs - 9 examples: Irregulars. The final part of this course on the future tense is irregular verbs. Now in English, there aren't any irregular verbs in the future tense, but there are quite a few in French. Irregular verbs are verbs that don't follow the rules. Normally, you can just take the normal verb and other future tense ending to that. But with irregular verbs, you have to change the web slightly before you can add on the ending. For example, the verb fare means to do. However, if you want to form the future tense with this verb, you can't add the ending to fair. Instead you have to change it to VR and then add the ending to that. So if you feel a means, I will do. We're going to look at nine irregular verbs in this course. I'm going to give you the nine verbs, and then I'll give you what's known as the future stem. The future stem is the thing that you add the future tense endings onto in irregular verbs. So with the GIF, for example, the stem was the ER. So your first verb is fair. We have just seen, and it means to do or to make. And the future stem is F, VaR. Say you can add any ending to the FAR to get the future tense of the verb. The verb eta. Eta means to be. And the feature stem of eta is SER. It's very irregular. For example, just survey means I will be. The verb Gua. Gua means to have, and the future stem is a EUR. So you will be, I will have veneer. Veneer means to calm. The stem is V, E, and D. So you have the end of a, for example, would be, I will come. The web. Gua. Gua means to be able to. And the future stem is p o you are. So you portray. You portray means I will be able to the WEB. Dubois means to have two. And the stem is DVR. So should divide means I will have to. The next verb is Gua. Gua, which means to see one. And the future stem is v0. So I will see is x2. X2. I lay, means to go, I lay. And the future stem is a very irregular one, is I. So if you want to say, I will go, you say ga, ga. And finally the verb ash day, Ash, daemons, TBI. And the future stem for this PRB is actually the whole verb. The only difference is that an accent appears on the first e, and it's a graph accident. So it's a, C, H, E with the graph accent TER, and can put the future tense ending onto that. And what the toxin does is it splits it off into an extra syllable rather than saying Ash Dave, you say as shed, and then put the ending onto that. So Jascha re, the array means I will buy. So rather than saying Josh, the array you say are shaped the way and that's what reactant does. 13. Irregular verbs - You have a go: We've just seen the nine most common irregular verbs in the future tenants in French. So you can take any of the future stems and port any of the future endings on them. For example, your means, I will be able to new davon. Lou Dong means we will have to do villa to the law. Means you'll see, or you will see eel near RPA in the Harappa, means he won't go either near Harappa. And iso home is 0. Hong means they will have. So how would you say in French, they will buy? Is archenteron Is a cheetah on I won't have to write GPA, your GPA. Now here's just a little thing to note when you're talking about negatives in French with the word leisure. Leisure and the nurse in speaking, you can put them together and say Xun. They'll always be written as two separate words. But in speaking, you can say Zhun rather than Juno. Juno do. You could say as gender GPA. And it sounds a lot more fluent when you say it that way. How would you say in French, you will be to Sarah? Or woo woo survey. We won't have new new new Honda. I will come UVA and UVB Andrei. How would you say in French? You won't see do Nevada. Nevada or woo? Woo. 14. Irregular verbs - More practice: How would you say in French, he will go. She won't do l n. You will make, oh, he won't be able to eat an apple APA. She will be able to Oocha. Oocha. They won't make even if even if the home plan, we will do new film. I won't go. Zhu Xi, we'll see they won't come. Or L movie and you will have 20, 200 or UI. Who's array. You can liaise the S on the end of Wu with the next word. If it starts with a vowel, you have to kind of say whoo, oh, hey, or you can make it sound like Gazette and say voussoir. And that happens whenever the first word ends in an S and the second word starts with a vowel. How would you say he won't be? Even the syrup GPA, even Osaka. How would you say? We will have to? She went by. 15. Recap: Recap. The future tense in English is formed by putting the word will in front of the verb. In French, the future tense is formed by adding some extra lessons to the end of the verb. However, if it's an reverb, you have to remove the e from the end first. And the future tense endings are xi1 plus AI on the end for Iwill, two plus the letters a, S on the end of the verb for you. Well, IL plus an a on the end for he will. L plus an a on the end for xi, well, On plus an a on the end for one will Lou plus 0 and S on the end four, we will Vu plus yz add 4. You will IL plus an O and T on the end for they will, and L plus an INT on the end for they will in the feminine. For example, let's use the verb, which means to speak and conjugated into the future tense. Japan array. I will speak to Palo ha, you will speak it Pala. He will speak. L Paula. She will speak on paella. One will speak new Palo home. We will speak wu pylori. You will speak it. Palo Hong. They will speak. And L Pala home they will speak. Will then lead nine irregular verbs. And if you have one of the irregular verbs, you use the future stem and add the endings to that instead. So fair meaning to do or to make the future stem is fair. Ferpa. Eta, meaning to be. The future stem is SRR, SETR Ofwat, which means to have the future stem is 0. A EUR. Veneer means to come, and the future stem is spelled VIE NDR. Poor means to be able to. And the future stem is poor, spelled P OU IRR. Dubois means to have two. And the future stem is spelled DVR. Voir means to see. And the future stem is very spelled VR. I lay means to go, and the future stem is spelled IR. And ash means to buy. And the future stem is a shed. And the only difference is there's a graph accent over the first E, which gives it that extra syllable. Say you can add any of the future tense endings to any of those future stems. And you've got the few tenths. Marcy.