Design with Figma: One-Page Restaurant Website | Adi Purdila | Skillshare
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Design with Figma: One-Page Restaurant Website

teacher avatar Adi Purdila, Web Designer & Developer

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Welcome

      2:30

    • 2.

      The Class Project

      8:16

    • 3.

      Wireframing Basics

      8:04

    • 4.

      Wireframing: The Header & Hero Section

      13:12

    • 5.

      Wireframing: The Food Menu

      9:24

    • 6.

      Wireframing: The About and Instagram Sections

      8:54

    • 7.

      Wireframing: The Contact Form

      4:23

    • 8.

      Wireframing: The Footer

      7:25

    • 9.

      Defining the Typography

      35:00

    • 10.

      Picking Colors

      16:25

    • 11.

      Working with the 8pt System

      10:58

    • 12.

      A Quick Introduction to Figma Auto Layout

      18:35

    • 13.

      Site Header

      25:09

    • 14.

      Hero Section

      12:35

    • 15.

      Food Menu Description

      9:25

    • 16.

      Food Menu for Steaks

      19:20

    • 17.

      Food Menu for Burgers and Sandwhiches

      16:11

    • 18.

      Food Menu for Quickies and Salads

      4:11

    • 19.

      About Section

      4:26

    • 20.

      Instagram Section

      9:54

    • 21.

      Contact Header and Sidebar

      14:58

    • 22.

      Contact Form

      7:01

    • 23.

      Newsletter and Footer

      9:20

    • 24.

      Design for Medium Screens

      23:45

    • 25.

      Design for Small Screens: Changing the Type Scale

      13:44

    • 26.

      Design for Small Screens: Changing the Layout

      26:39

    • 27.

      Design for Small Screens: Creating the Overlay Menu

      8:54

    • 28.

      The Epic Conclusion

      4:00

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About This Class

Hey there, my name is Adi Purdila, I’m a web designer and developer and this class is about designing a one-page restaurant website in Figma.

Together we'll design a simple website for a fictional restaurant called Birdhouse Bar & Grill. Among other things, it features a nice food menu section, a menu navigation, Instagram photo gallery, a contact form with a map and also a newsletter signup area.

By taking this class, I guarantee you’ll learn 2 things: UI/UX design and Figma.

In terms of UX design you'll learn how to read a project brief and, based on it, create wireframes. But we’ll also discuss information architecture or how we structure the content in the webpage.

Then, it's on to the user interface or UI design. Here, you'll learn how to define the typography so it matches the type of website you're designing and how to pick appropriate colors and apply them to various elements. You’ll learn how to use the 8pt system for spacing and sizing so you'll never have to guess what values to use for margin, padding, width or height. And you'll also learn how to create responsive designs. We'll initially design for large screens and then create versions for medium and small.

And while this is happening, you're also learning how to use Figma for website design. Of course, you'll learn the basics like working with frames, text, colors, shapes, pages and keyboard shortcuts. But also, you'll get a taste of the more advanced features.

You'll learn how to use auto layout for alignment and moving elements around very easily. You'll also learn about the various resizing modes in Figma like hug-contents or fill-container and when you should use each one.

There’s also a class project available so you can follow along and apply the theory.

All in all, I think this class is perfect for beginners because I’ll go through every step of the process — from wireframing to designing a responsive version for small screens.

I look forward to seeing you in class!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Adi Purdila

Web Designer & Developer

Teacher

I'm Adi and I'm a web designer from Romania.

Ever since I laid eyes on a computer (I think I was about 8 years old), I had a thing for design, user interfaces and colors. And video games. Later on in life, I had the opportunity to put my passion to good use and I started creating logos and simple websites. Fast forward several years and here I am, having the opportunity to share my knowledge and passion for web design with you.

I've now been working as a web designer for more than a decade, I've been teaching for a couple of years and I want to keep doing that for the foreseeable future. I want to create courses that are easy to follow and offer great value to students.

I'm happily married and have 2 kids. Well, 21 kids actually if you also count the 9 dogs and 10 c... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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Transcripts

1. Welcome: Hey there and welcome. My name is Adi Purdila. I am a web designer and developer and this class is about designing a one-page restaurant website in Figma. This is what we'll be creating. It's a simple website for a fictional restaurant called Birdhouse Bar and Grill. Among other things, it features a nice food menu section, a menu navigation, Instagram photo gallery, a contact form with a map, and also a newsletter sign-up area. Now, by taking this class, you'll learn two things, UI/UX design and Figma. In terms of UX design, you'll learn how to read a project brief and based on it, create wireframes. But we'll also discuss information architecture or how we structure the content in the webpage. Then it's onto the user interface or UI design. Here, you will learn how to define the typography so it matches the type of website you're designing and how to pick appropriate colors and apply them to various elements. You'll learn how to use the eight point system for spacing and sizing. So you'll never have to guess what values to use for margin padding, width, or height. You'll also learn how to create responsive designs. We'll initially design for large screens and then create versions for medium and small. While this is happening, you're also learning how to use Figma for website design. Of course, you'll learn the basics like working with frames, text, colors, shapes, pages, and keyboard shortcuts. But also you'll get a taste of the more advanced features. You'll learn how to use auto layout for alignment and moving elements around very easily. You'll also learn about the various resizing modes in Figma like Hug contents or Fill container and when you should use each one. There is also a class project available so you can follow along and apply the theory. All in all, I think this class is perfect for beginners because I'll go through every single step of the process from wireframing to designing responsive versions of the website. So I look forward to seeing you in class. In the first lesson, we'll talk about the class project. Coming up. 2. The Class Project: I think that you can't properly learn something simply by reading the theory you need to practice. That's why this class has a project you can make. You can also call it homework or assignment. Those assignments and those something like this, using the provided project brief, design a one-page website for a restaurant called Birdhouse Bar and Grill. You can use whatever software you want, but I'll be working in Figma and I recommend you do the same. Now in this class, I'll be doing the exact same assignment. I'll be using the same project brief. I'll discuss it with you. I'll create some wireframes and then I'll design the one-page website. Then it's up to you to do the same. You can follow my steps exactly, or you can draw some inspiration from what I'm doing and create your own version of the project. The choice is really yours. To get started with this class project, there are actually a few steps you need to take. Step 1 is to download the class resources. Now, in the class description, you'll find the links to download these files. In here, we have the fictional logo in SVG format for Birdhouse Bar and Grill. We have a project brief that basically details everything we need to know about the website design that we're going to do. Then we have a PDF for all the resources that I'll be using in this class. Here you'll find links to the finished Figma file. You will find a link or links to all the stock photos that I've used in the design. Finally, some links for the icons. I'll be using the Bootstrap Icons and also the Typefaces. Then as a bonus, there are also some useful links added here, links to Figma and some other tools that we'll be using. First thing you do before starting this class is to download the resources. Step 2 is creating a Figma account and if you have one already, then feel free to skip to step number 3. But if you don't, you need an account to work in Figma. Because at its core Figma is browser-based, so any file that you create needs to be linked to an account. Creating one is really simple. You go to figma.com and you can click either this button or this button to take you to the screen creation window. Here you can sign up with an email or password or with your Google account if you have one. It's a really simple process. It's also totally free to create a Figma account. Go ahead and do that right now. Now, I said that creating a Figma account is free, and using Figma is also free but up to a point, you see there are some advanced features that you only get on the Figma professional and Figma organization plans, things like unlimited files, unlimited version history, team libraries. These will not be available on this starter plan, which is free. However, as a beginner, if you're just getting started, the free plan is more than enough, so this is the one I recommend you get. Step 3, which is optional is to duplicate my finished design file. Let me explain why this is optional. For this class, I recommend you start with a blank canvas and work alongside me by watching the class videos. Anything that I do, you will do as well on your end. I think this is a great way to learn. However, if you would like to work separately, maybe create your own version of the project and use my design as a reference, then you might want to duplicate my finished design. Here's how you can do that. You will start by opening the resources PDF file. On the second page, you will find the link that says Website Design by Adi. You will click that and that's going to open it in your browser. You need to make sure that you are logged in. Now, by default, you will see that this version of the website is read-only. You can click on elements so you can select them, find distances, and also explore various properties here for the selected element. But one thing you cannot do is edit this document because it's the master file that I shared with you. That's why for you, it's read-only, only I I'm able to edit that. Now, you might be tempted to click this button that says ask to edit and that's just going to send me a notification about your request. It's just going to tell me that you're asking for editing permissions on this document and I cannot give those to you because this document needs to be accessible to everyone. Instead, what do you need to do in order to edit this document is to click this drop-down link here and select duplicate to your drafts and now Figma tells us that the file has been duplicated to your drafts. If we go back under drafts in your account, you should have the file. Now you can close this and you can open the file in your drafts. Notice it says copyright here. But the only difference is this file is now editable so you can select the text, you can delete, you can rearrange elements, you can do whatever you want. In the end, this is your own copy of the document and not the original file that is linked here in the resources PDF. I repeat, make sure to duplicate the file if you want to have editing access to it. Now, I get it. Not everyone is comfortable showing their work to other people. However, for this class, I highly encourage you to show us your finished design by uploading it to the project gallery. Two reasons for that. Number 1, you will get feedback from me or from other students, of course if you want that. That can prove to be very helpful. Number 2, you will encourage others to post their projects and that's always a good thing. Please take my recommendation and do show us your finished design by uploading it to the project gallery. Finally, please remember that I'm here to help you, no matter what questions you might have about this class or about web design in general, post them in the discussion area. I answer each and everyone and I guarantee that whatever problem you might have, we'll get to the bottom of it. With that said, I look forward to seeing you in the next lesson where we'll have a quick look at the project brief, understand what it is that the client is asking us, and also we'll discuss some wireframing basics. See you there. 3. Wireframing Basics: Before we even think about typography, colors or layout, we need to do a bit of prep work. This consists of two things, understanding the project brief and creating a wire frame. We don't just open Figma and start designing, that's a mistake that a lot of people make. The design should be based on the content, not the other way round. We don't just create the design and then make the content fit, instead, we create the content and then we design around that. That's a much better approach. To create the content, let's have a look at the project brief and understand what the client is asking of us as designers. Then in the project brief, let's start with the first section, and that talks to us about the restaurants, Birdhouse Bar and Grill. We have a general description here, it basically tells us that it's a family owned business, opened in '95, and currently it's being run by the original owners son called Robert Wilson. Birdhouse Bar and Grill is a small establishment where you can get a cold beer, you can get some delicious food, and they also deliver. There are a few key points we need to remember. We have the restaurant name here, the location and phone number, the motto which is come as a guest, tell you as a friend. The description of services, serving tasty food and beverages since '95, and also the business hours. Moving on, we can find the page structure. Remember this is a one-page website, so we need to fit all of the content in a single page. In no particular order, the structure goes like this. We need a food menu, a section with information about the restaurant, some photos from Instagram, a contact form, a newsletter form, and also the client wants us to display the motto somewhere in the page. Then the project brief also describes each section in more detail. Then we get to the menu description. This is actually the food menu description. This is something that we can actually put in the website, probably somewhere before the actual food menu items because it's pretty well-written. Then we have the menu contents. The menu basically has five categories. We have stakes, and for each one, we have the dish name, the price and also its contents. Then we have burgers and sandwiches, quickies, and then salads. This is all the content that we need to place in the food menu section. It's not a lot, but it's definitely going to require some creative use of space if we want to fit this whole thing in one page. Then finally, after the food menu, we have some design guidelines which we don't really care about at this point because we are not at the UI design stage just yet. We're going to save this for later. But, yeah, that's the project brief that we get to work with. The nice thing about this is that it contains all the content that we need to place on the website, all the copy is there, the descriptions, the location, phone number, model, everything is laid out nicely in here, so all we have to do when creating the wireframes is just copy and paste. Now that we know what the project is about, we can go ahead and create a content based on the information we received and we'll create this content as a wireframe. A wireframe is a low fidelity representation of the final product, and its purpose is to display the final content of the project. Think of it like a sketch, something you would draw on a piece of paper. In a wireframe, you're not worried about layout, colors, typography, spacing or anything like that; it's just a brute sketch. However, what you do need to worry about is the content, because that needs to be in its roughly the final form. You can make small tweaks to the content later on, but I would say 95 percent, it needs to be in the final form because you're designing around that content. You can think of a wireframe like a skeleton or a foundation. Once you have that, you can start building on it, you can start adding the outer layers, color, typography, spacing, sizing, all of that good stuff. It's really simple to create wireframes. As I said, they're just brute sketches, so the cheapest option is pen and paper. However, if you prefer to work digitally, then there are dedicated apps for that. One of the most popular tools is Balsamiq Wireframes. This is super simple to use, because it has a library of pre-made components you can just drag and drop. However, it is a paid app, so if you're not creating wireframes regularly, it might not be worth it for you. There are, of course, other wireframing apps you can use, but personally and this is what I recommend to you as well, I use Figma. Two reasons for that. Number 1, it's easy. Figma is my tool of choice for UI design, so I'm very familiar with it. That means I work very fast in it, and creating something as simple as a wireframe is just a breeze. Number 2, it's convenient. This is the most important for me, because after I create the wireframe, I make a copy of it and base my final design on that copy. That means I don't have to recreate all those elements if I were using a different software. Because I'm working in the same software in Figma, it's all there. All the elements that I created in the wireframe, I just duplicate them and I start editing those directly. This is a tremendous time-saver, and you'll see just how easy it is later on in this class. You can create the wireframes however you want, but I recommend you do that in Figma. Now, let's do a quick recap. Always start a project by understanding the project brief. Wireframes are low fidelity representations of the final product. A wireframe should contain roughly the final version of the content. For your convenience, create a wireframes in the same software you'll be using to create the final design. We have the project brief, we know what a wireframe is and how to create one, let's get to work. In the next lesson, we'll start wireframing the header and hero sections. 4. Wireframing: The Header & Hero Section: Quick note before we begin, wireframing is a pretty simple process, and it usually goes pretty fast. However, in this class, I will cover wireframing in five lessons because I want to explain the process in as much detail as possible, and I don't want to make just one super long lesson. That's why in each of these five videos, we'll only cover one or two sections at a time. With that said, let's start with the header and hero sections. Let's begin by logging into Figma, and creating a new design file. I'm going to place my file inside the Drafts folder, and this is what I recommend to you as well, because when you're creating files inside your Drafts, you can have as many pages, and as many files as you want, you're not restricted to a certain number. If you were to create teams here, and organize your files like that, you will need to purchase one of the other plans in Figma. But, if you want to create as many files as you want, go ahead and create them in Drafts. Let's click "New Design File", and we're going to call this, Birdhouse Restaurant Website, and let's rename the first page to Wireframes. Here, grab the Frame Tool or press "F" on the keyboard, you can also access it from here and draw a frame, and make that frame 1,800 pixels in width. Let's zoom out a little bit, you can zoom in or out by clicking this button and selecting an option, or you can hold down Command or Alt, and using your mouse scroll wheel, up and down, to zoom in and zoom out, so let's call this frame Wireframe. Let's also set a height to, let's say 3,000 pixels, for now, to make it taller. Then, let's open our project brief, and let's scroll down to the page structure, and think about what we should put inside the header. Now typically, a website header contains some brand identification, like logo. It also contains the navigation menu, and it can also contain maybe contact information, or social media icons. In our case, we'll use, logo, navigation menu, and social media icons. Let's start with the logo, we can grab it from the Class Resources, simply click and drag, and where it says Selection Colors, let's make everything black because remember, in wireframe, we're not interested in any color whatsoever, so we'll just use black, white, and gray. Now to make it easier for us to align different elements in the page, we're going to use something called guides. For that we need to first display the rulers, it's these two on the top and on the left of the page. You can do that by going "Shift R" to toggle their visibility, or you can go into the "Menu", under "View", "Rulers". With the rulers visible, we can simply click and drag like this, to create a guide. Normally Figma displays the position of the guide right here, but for some reason, sometimes it bugs out, and it doesn't display it, and if you want to position the ruler at a certain distance from the edges, one quick way would be to just make this the desired size, let's say 120, and then click and drag the ruler until it snaps in place, just like this. Now this ruler is positioned at 120 pixels from the edge, we can do the same here, drag another ruler like so, and we're good to go, we can now delete this rectangle. Now, let's take our logo, align it with the ruler, and we can move on. Let's see about the navigation menu. According to the project brief, this is the page structure, and we're going to create navigation menu items based on this. Let's start with the link for Home, let's use Helvetica as a font, you can of course use whatever font you want, but for a Wireframe, I recommend something neutral, like Helvetica or Roboto. Let's make this 20 pixels, and then, Command D to duplicate, and then click while holding down "Shift", to maintain the same horizontal position, this one will be Menu. Same thing, "Command D, "Shift", click and drag, let's make this, About us, and what else do we have? Instagram contact and newsletter. We can also hold down "Shift", and "Option", to duplicate an item just like this, so we're going to say here, Instagram Feed. Do that again, Contact Us, and again for the newsletter form, let's call this section Subscribe. Now we can take these, "Command G" to group them up. You can also go to "Object", "Group Selection", so it's Command G on a Mac, Control G on a PC. Then let's see about the social media icons, and we're going to use three classic icons, and we're going to display icons for Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter. For the icons, I'll open up the Iconset app, this is one of my favorite apps, it works on both macOS and Windows, and it's free, and it's an app that you can use to organize icons, and I have a bunch of different icon sets added here, and it's really simple. All I got to do is click and drag into my design software, and that just grabs the icon. But let's go ahead and search for Facebook, Instagram, and I'm using the icons from the "Bootstrap Icon" set, drag that there, and also Twitter. Let's do that. Now let's minimize that bit, let's make these icons a little bit bigger. In Figma, you can click this icon that says Constrain Proportions, and that will make sure that whatever value you enter for the width, and height will be replicated on the other measurements, so let's make these 32. If I were to change the size without this button clicked, all it will only change the width or the height. Let's do 32 by 32 and also here, again, 32. Now, let's group these up. Again I'm not worried about the distance between these two, I'm doing my best to create equal distance, but as far as the actual number, that's going to be taken care of when we get to the actual design stage, so again, "Command G" to group these up, and I'm going to align this like so. I can even take all of these, and use the alignment tools in Figma, where it says Align Vertical Centers, click this, and then with all of these three selected, "Command G" again, and this will be our header. Next, let's see about the hero area. Now typically, a hero area contains the main headline for a product. It also contains a call to action, and usually some media, a video, an image, maybe an illustration. But since our website is a little bit different, it's a website for a restaurant, we're not actually selling one product, so in the hero area, because it's one of the first thing a visitor sees, we're going to place a few different elements. We're going to place the motto of the restaurant, we're going to place the business hours, and then maybe some contact information, and an image of sorts, maybe an image from inside the restaurant, that could work pretty well. Let's start with the image, I'm going to grab the "Rectangle Tool" or R on the keyboard, and I'm just going to draw a rectangle like this, and this will act as a placeholder image in our Wireframe. Next, let's see about the motto, we can go back to the project brief, under key points, we can find the model, so let's copy this from here, T for "Text Tool", paste that in. Now let's make this a little bit bigger, let's say 70, and let's make it bold. At any time with a text field selected, I can grab one of the sides, and resize it like so, and then I can position it. Let's also add the location, why not? Let's make this 20 pixels, again, regular, and then duplicate this one, let's add the phone number, and then the business hours. We'll just copy those from the project brief, "Option Shift" to duplicate this, double-click to enter edit mode, and then copy and paste. Let's fix this a little bit here, and let's also add a descriptive text that says Business Hours, and let's make this bold. Now we can take this, group it, and we can take both of these, and align them like so. As you can see, we're going very fast here, we don't care about what fonts we're using, we don't care about colors, spacing, sizing, none of that. Our goal right now is just to place the content in the Wireframe. Will this be the final form? Most likely, no. We can even move certain elements to other sections, for example, if we don't like the fact that the address and phone number is in the hero area we can move it somewhere else, maybe in the header somehow, or maybe we can even create a top bar right here, in the final design. But for the wireframe, we can position it in the header, no problem. If you were following along, then it's your turn to wireframe the header and hero section. Once you do that, we're ready to move on to the food menu, that's coming up. 5. Wireframing: The Food Menu: The next section on our list is the food menu. Let's have a look at the project brief and see what kind of content we need to create for it. Let's go to the page structure section of the project brief, where we see a bit more details about the various page sections we need to create. Under the menu, the food menu, we can see that the client would like us to display the restaurant menu in a very simple and easy way to navigate and read, and if possible, also show the menu description. We do have the menu description. If we scroll down here, it's this one, so we can just go ahead and copy it right now. Then we'll also keep this handy because we're going to reference the menu contents as we're moving forward. Then let's go back to Figma and let's actually do just a little bit of clean-up here I'm going to select all of these elements, Command G to group them up, so that is our hero area that we created previously, now, let's take care of the menu section. For that, I can actually duplicate this section. Command D on a mac to duplicate it, because I want to start with the food menu description. Maybe I'm going to use some sort here. We'll see when we get to the design part, but I'm going to keep roughly the same structure. Here I'm actually going to place the menu description that we just got from the project brief. Let me just resize this, something like that. For a title, we can actually go back to the project brief, and I remember we had some description for the food they were serving or some description of services, and it's this one right here that says serving, tasting food and beverages since 1995. Let's use that as a title for this section. Let's make this actually a little bit smaller, let's go with 48 pixels, something like that. Let's move this up. Let's group everything and that's going to be the food menu description. Now, let's see about the actual food menu. If you remember from the project brief, the client would like to display the menu in a very simple and easy way to navigate and read. Then by looking at the actual menu, we can see that it's split up in a few categories. We have stakes, we have burgers and sandwiches, quickies and salads. Basically five, if you count burgers and sandwiches as separate categories. But in the menu here, they're bundled as one category. One way we could do this like right off the bat is with a tab controller. Because the tab control or a tab is a pattern that allows us to display large amounts of content, like a menu in a relatively short amount of space. We could use tabs for each of these four categories and the content of each tab will be the corresponding menu items. Let's go ahead and do that, let me just copy this piece of text here let's align it like so. We're going to call this menu. Here under the text controls, I'm going to set it to auto width. Then let's create the tab links for the menu categories. I'm going to duplicate this. Let's make this 21 pixels. The first category is what sticks. Let's duplicate that. This next one is burgers and sandwiches. Let's just copy and paste, duplicate again hold down shift while dragging to constrain the movement to one axis. Next one is what? Quickies. Finally, salads. Great. Now let's assume that we're going to open up the tabs with stakes being the active one. Let's select these three, and let's switch from bold to regular. Just to highlight the fact that this is the active tab control, it doesn't really matter. We can make this one bold and this one irregular. We don't even know if we're going to use tabs when we create the actual design. This is just an idea. Let's actually assume that yes, we have the quickies selected and we would like to display some items from quickies. Let's go ahead and do that. Instead, buffalo wings, let's grab the rectangle tool or R on the keyboard, and let's create an image placeholder, something like this. It doesn't have to be exact. Then I'm going to paste in the text here and then the contents. Again, I don't really care about spacing or sizing, it's just a brute sketch. I think may be the price should be listed separately. Let's do that. That's a quick wireframe of one item in the menu, let's go ahead and group this up. Command D to duplicate, then shift, drag, something like this, and let's do that again. Let's align it like so and let's do the other ones. So sweet chili dogs, let's do that. That was $6 and then french fries $3, let's copy this. That's one idea of how we can represent this entire menu in our page. We have tabs that will represent the four categories of food menu items. Then each tab contains the appropriate items. In the wireframe would just display a sample. We don't go through every single menu content. That's a waste of time. We can do that later when we get to the design part. If we're using tabs like this, we don't even need to add all of the content because that's going to be hidden anyway, that's happening on the development side of things. On the other hand, if we are not going to use a tab control like this, and instead we choose to display the entire food menu content then, yes, the final design will include all the content that is listed here. But we'll cross that bridge when we get to it. For now, in terms of wireframing, this is more than enough. Finally, let's go ahead and select all of these elements. Command G to group everything and now we have a nice food menu description, then the actual food menu. Now it's time to practice. Go ahead and create the food menu part in your version of the wireframe so we can move on with the class. If you've done that already, that's awesome, it means we're making progress. Now let's cover the about and Instagram sections. 6. Wireframing: The About and Instagram Sections: If you remember, the project brief stated that we need a section with information about the restaurant and another one with Instagram photos. Let's go ahead and create those right now. Let's open our project brief and we're actually going to scroll back up where we see some details about the two sections that we need to create. About us, the client says that we would like to show a small description of what our restaurant is and perhaps show a picture or two of inside the restaurant. Here we basically have a title about us or about the restaurant, text description and maybe one or two pictures, images. Then photos from Instagram. We need to display some pictures, Instagram photos, and then a follow button. Cool. Let's go back to the General description and we're actually going to use a lot of the texts from here, from the brief for that, let's go ahead and copy this bit we'll just reuse the elements because it's going to go a lot faster. For this section, we're basically going to call it about Birdhouse Bar and Grill. Here we're going to have one or two pictures. It really depends. We can do it like this. Maybe we'll have two pictures side-by-side, we'll see and as for the text here, well, let's copy and paste. That's the text that we're going to use. That's the About section. I guess we can move this up a little bit. It doesn't really matter. This is just the perfectionist in me wasting time to be honest. We can select this group up and we're done with the About section. Now let's see about the Instagram. Before we do that, let's select the parent frame. See how we've reached almost the bottom part, the bottom edge, so let's resize this so we have a lot more room to work with. Let's use 5,000 pixels here. Great. Now let's see about the Instagram photos. right that, let's copy this element here. By the way, here's a quick tip when working with elements that are inside groups or frames. Notice that because this is a group, when I hover on a certain element and click, it selects the group, and to select a specific element from the group, I can double-click and enter inside the group. You can see that I went from selecting Group 13 to selecting Group 12. If I double-click again, I go into Group 6 and so on and so forth until I get to the element that I want. For example, if I don't have anything selected, to select for example, this image, I can double-click, double-click again, and then just traverse all the tree structure to get to the element I want. But there's actually a faster way I can hold down Command on a Mac, I think on a PC it's Control. I hold down Command and I hover on the element that I want to select and I can just click it right away and it selects it through all of the tree structure that I have here in the layers panel. Regardless how deeply it's nested, I can just hold down Command, click it, and I can select it like that. It's super simple. Now, for the Instagram section, let's Command-click this item to select it. Command C to copy it. I'm going to click outside, then paste and let's call these photos from Instagram. Let's also select this rectangle. Command C, click outside Command V. Sometimes that just gets pasted in the same place, but you can move it around, and let's create the photo section. Again. I'm just going to eyeball it, something like this Command D to duplicate. Then we can select these three and go here in the Inspector where it says More options. I can distribute horizontal spacing. That's going to create an equal space between these two items. Is that the final amount of space? Definitely not. But for a wireframe, it's going to do just fine. We have one row with three photos. Let's duplicate this. Drag it down to create the second row. Then just select all of these Command G to group them up, so it's easier for us to move them if we need to and in Figma, Command Z works the same way for undo. If you want to undo a change, you just do Command or Control Z, just like with any other app. If you remember, the project brief also said something about a Follow button. Let's go ahead and add that one. Let's grab the text tool. Click. We're going to say follow us. Let's do 21 pixels bold. Let's also grab an Instagram icon. Let's select the parent element here, Command C to copy. I'd select this Command V to paste it here and let's align this in the middle, something like this, and then with the rectangle tool or R on the keyboard, let's draw like a button background. Notice this is currently on top of our text and Instagram icon. To move it further back in the layer panel we can click and drag it like so, or we can use Command and left square bracket to move it down one time, two times, three times. Then we can use the right bracket to go in the other direction. Command left bracket to send it backwards, Command right square bracket to send it forwards. That's an easy way to manipulate the order of elements or the order of layers in Figma. With that done, let's select these three Command G and just, let's align it like this. Notice Figma is very helpful with alignment because it gives us all these guides and Smart Guides that tells us that, "Hey, your element is nicely aligned with the other elements surrounding it," which is pretty cool. Now, let's select these three elements. Command G to group them up and with that, the Instagram section is done. All right then. As usual, this is practice time, so if you haven't created the About and Instagram sections, go ahead and do it. Once you do that, it's time to move on to the contact area. 7. Wireframing: The Contact Form: Well, we're almost done a Wireframing. There are just two more sections we need to create and the first one is The Contact Form. To get started, we'll first take a look at the project brief. Under the contact form, the client asks us to create a form that people can use to send messages or make reservations and they also want a map that pinpoints the location. Let's go ahead and do that. I'm going to scroll up and I'm going to copy this section because that has a structure that we can use. I'm going to just paste it in like so. Let's call this contact. Let's make this text a little bit smaller, like 48. I'm actually going to keep these three elements because it's a contact section, it makes sense that the address, phone number, and business hours are present here as well not just in the hero area. We're going to have this, this, and this. We're going to have a map here. Let's make this a little bit bigger, maybe to differentiate it from the rest, we can make it a little bit darker, and why not add a text inside that says map. Notice how rough the sketch is, it's just whatever texts, its just unstyled text on top of gray backgrounds. That's the beauty of a wireframe, we don't have to pay attention to details like this. It's just a fast way of placing the content. We know what we should design for. Finally, the last thing here is to create a contact form. For that, lets actually ungroup this and we'll group it again later. Let's create a rectangle. That's going to be the forum field, something like this and then the text inside, let's say name, group that up. We're going to keep this super simple. We're going to ask for an email address. We're going to ask for a phone number, and we're going to ask for the actual message and of course this needs to be a bit bigger, like so and at the very end, we need a button. We actually created a button here. Let's grab that, and let's paste it here. Let's delete the icon and lets choose the text to send message. I can make the button larger if we want and that's just an insignificant detail. Then we can grab all of these command G to group them up and then we can take all of this, command G it again to group it up, so now it's one group that we can move around freely and with that, the contact form or the contact area is done. We displayed a title, we displayed a restaurant address, phone number, business hours, a contact form as the client requested, and also a map. This is a placeholder for a map, but the final design will have a map. Then time to practice. As I said, we're almost done wireframing. Go ahead and create the contact area so you're up-to-date on your version of the wireframe and then you'll be ready to move on. Next up and the final area that we need to wireframe is the footer. 8. Wireframing: The Footer: We've reached the final wireframing lesson where we'll take care of the footer. Let's go. When it comes to the footer, we don't have an exact direction from the client, but usually the footer contains information that doesn't really belong anywhere else in the page. One thing that we haven't added to our page thus far is a newsletter form and the footer is actually a perfect place for that. So we're going to add the newsletter form, but also some other typical content that you will find in a footer like copyright information. We'll also add the logo once again. This is the type of content that you usually find in a footer. You can also add navigation links, if that's what you want. You can add a Back to Top button. It really depends on the website. You can make it as complex or as simple as you want, but in our case we're going to keep it super simple. Let's start with this newsletter form. Once again, I'm going to increase the size of our frame to, let's say, 6,000 pixels, that should give us enough space here. Let's start by copying this text, and while we're at it, we might as well just make it auto width. This one as well. Now let's see, do we have others? Yes, we do. When you're setting a fixed width on a piece of text like this, it just means that whenever you add more text than the boundaries, it just overflows to the next line. But if you were to set it to auto width, that will not overflow on a separate line. Instead, it will just resize and increase its width to fit all of its contents. For titles like this, it's more than fine to set it to auto width. When it comes to paragraphs like this one, for example, where you want the text to stop at a specific point, then of course, you can set it to auto height, which means it has a fixed width and its height is dictated by its contents. But on stuff like this which is titles, you can set it to auto width, no problem. Unless, of course, the title is very long, in which case, you might want to set it to auto height. But then let's take care of the newsletter form. Here we're going to say, 'Subscribe to our newsletter'. Let's also grab one of these text elements and let's make it about this big. Inside, we're going to add a subtitle that says 'Sign up for our newsletter to learn about news and special events'. Then we're going to have a simple form here, and because we already created a form in the Contact area, let's go ahead and copy those two elements, bring them outside. Let's change the text here to subscribe. Group this up, move it up, and then select group, and that's our newsletter subscription form. Now, for the rest of the footer, it's super simple to do. We're going to add a copyright text that says Copyright 2021 Birdhouse Bar & Grill. All rights reserved. Let's make those 21 pixels to match the rest of our text and this should be 21 as well. Not that it matters too much but it's just something we can do right now. Twenty-one here. Let's see, these are all 21, so we're good. Then we can just align this right here, and then we can go back to the top. We can grab the logo, and then scroll back down, paste it in. We can make the logo a little bit smaller in the wireframe. So then that's the footer section. Let's select all of this group and then we can select the parent frame and just resize it like so. With that, our wireframe is now done. Of course, it's black and white, you might think that, "Oh, this looks terrible." Well, of course it looks terrible, it's a sketch. It doesn't have our final typography, our final colors, our final spacing, sizing, none of that. The wireframe is simply a sketch, and it's purpose, as I've been saying in the previous lessons, is to present the content. We do that in a very rough manner, because it allows us to work very fast. When we get to the design, of course, we'll take each section and we'll start adding the fonts, the colors, we'll align elements differently, we'll decide, do we want to use these icons or maybe not? Maybe we don't want to use icons at all. We'll see when we get to the design part. But for now, this is our finished wireframe. As you're probably used to by now, it's time to practice. If you've been working alongside me then you should have a completed wireframe. If not, go ahead and do that right now so you're ready to move on with the class. Now, since we finished wireframing, let's do a quick recap of the last five lessons. Wireframing is like sketching, and you can do it digitally or with pen and paper. In a wireframe, you can use whatever fonts you want, but I recommend neutral ones like Helvetica or Roboto. A wireframe should be created in grayscale. Colors don't belong in this stage of the process. Spacing and sizing is not final at this point, so don't try to make your wireframe pixel perfect, it's a waste of time. With that out of the way we can start the actual design process, and we'll begin by defining the typography. 9. Defining the Typography: In this lesson, we're officially starting the design process. We do that by first defining the typography. That means the typeface or typefaces. We'll be using the type scale and the letter spacing, the font weights, the line heights, and so on. Now we start like this because in a typical webpage, the majority of content is text. The typography will have the biggest visual impact. Plus, I find it really easy to work like this because it's simplifies the workflow. Sure, you can make changes to the typography later on, but tackling this first gives you a solid foundation to build on. When choosing the typefaces for a project like this, there are several factors to consider. While this is a topic that will be actually suitable for an entire separate class because there's so much to talk about, I'm going to try to simplify the process and explain basically my choices. I believe it all boils down to the purpose of the design and the feeling that you want to convey to the visitors. The easiest way to start is to figure out the tone or the mood of the website you want to design. Is it casual or more formal? Is it more serious or more on the playful side? Once you answer that question, you'll have a much clearer direction. Then to discover the tone and mood of the website we're trying to create, let's have a closer look at the project brief. If you remember from the previous lessons, right at the end we have some design guidelines. Now is the perfect time to look at these. The client wants us to design a modern looking website. Notice the word modern. This is a key piece of information. Even if it's a family owned business open all the way back in '95, the owners would like us to adapt and keep up with the modern times. They also want the website to look friendly and not very chic. They're not one of those high-end, super expensive restaurants. Notice the keywords here, friendly, not very chic. The design must appeal to younger and older people alike. Based on this, we can start forming an opinion on what typefaces we should use. There are two major categories we can choose from. We have serifs and sans serifs. Let me show you what both look like. For that I'll open Google Fonts, which is one of the best services we have currently for getting quality fonts. For example, Playfair Display. Now, I think we're all familiar with this type of font. The category is called the serif because of these right here. These decorations that you see on the letters, these are called serifs. This is how fonts look like in the beginning. These are considered to be more classic fonts. In contrast, if we look at some sans serif fonts, which basically means without serifs, and let's search for some of those, for example Roboto, you'll notice that on the sans serifs, we don't have those decorations anymore on the characters. These are more geometric, they're more modern looking because they don't share those characteristics with the serif fonts. Then as a general guideline, when you're trying to decide between serifs and sans serifs, you should remember the following; sans serifs, for example Roboto, are more modern and they are more friendly, they're more casual, they are more geometric looking. Serifs on the other hand, like the ones I showed you previously, are more on the serious side. They're more classical, they're more elegant, and they evoke different feelings. You would use a serif font in website that you want to convey elegance or look more serious, let's call it. If you want a more playful or modern looking website then you would go for a sans serif, like the one I'm showing you here. That's in a nutshell. As I said, this topic would probably be suited for an entire class, but for now I just want to give you a very condensed version. Then based on what I just said and based on the design guidelines provided to us, because the client wants a modern looking website and he wants the website to look friendly and not very chic, we can immediately make a choice regarding the typeface. We'll be using a sans serif typeface. The one that I chose for this project is called Poppins. Let me just show you. This one right here is available for free from Google Fonts and this is what it looks like. There are a couple of reasons why I chose Poppins. First of all, it's a sans serif. It's modern looking, it's very friendly, but also, and these are very important things, it looks very well on large sizes, like this, but also in smaller sizes. For example, this, we can use it for both body text, but also for headings, for titles. The second reason is that it has a wide range of styles or weights to choose from. It goes from thin, which looks like this, all the way to black, which looks like this. Being a versatile font and having all these options in terms of font weight makes it very useful, especially on websites where we'll use a single typeface like we have here. Another reason is, of course, the fact that it's free to use. Every font from Google Fonts is free to use even in commercial projects, which is fantastic. It means our client doesn't have to pay for a font. Finally, Poppins also does really well in terms of legibility and readability. These are all factors that you do need to consider when choosing a typeface for your project. To sum it up, I'll be using Poppins for the entire website, so a single typeface. But you might be drawn to something else. It's totally fine if you want to use a different typeface for your version of the project. I do recommend you use Google Fonts because it's a free service and you'll find loads of high-quality fonts in here. But if you are looking for an alternative and you're using, for example, the Adobe Creative Cloud, you can use Adobe Fonts. This can be accessed at fonts.adobe.com, and here you can browse all the fonts. You can filter them by classification properties, tags. You can search for just geometric fonts and it's going to give you all of these. You can even find Poppins right here on Adobe Fonts. This is another great resource, but this is not free, while Google Fonts is free. It really depends on you and what do you think will look best. But for this project, I'm going to be using Poppins. Now that we know what typeface we'll be using, let's go ahead and apply it to our design along with all the other typographic characteristics, like line-height, font size, font weight, and so on. In Figma, let's go to pages. Create a new page. We can call this design, just so we have some separation between the wireframes and the final design. Let's copy the wireframe and let's paste that in our new page. Now we have a nice copy and we'll be working on this one. Then let's start by calling this large screens. Don't worry about this name too much right now, it's just there to give us an indication of the size of the screen. Now the first thing we'll do is to select all of the text elements and change their font family to Poppins. Of course, you need to have this installed on your system, so if you don't it's really easy. You can just open the fonts in Google Fonts and then you just click on "Download Family." It's going to give you all the font files, which you can then install on your system. I won't go over that because I assume you know how to install a font. Once you install Poppins, let's go back to Figma. If you're working in the browser you might not see the font right away here, in which case you would need to refresh or reload the page. Then let's select this element. Here's a quick tip, you can go to Edit and select all with the same font. That's going to select all the elements that are using Helvetica and we're going to change to Poppins just like that. Let's see, we still need the headings. These are using Helvetica bold, so they were not selected as well. But let's do that now. I'll select all with the same font. Let's change those to Poppins, and let's see if we have anything else that was left out. I'm just holding down command and selecting every text element just to make sure that it uses the correct typeface. As you can see in the Inspector, they are all using Poppins. Of course, you can also visually see this, but I prefer to just make sure it's a simple process. Poppins, Poppins, Poppins. What about these? Correct. Poppins. It seems we got all of them. That's Step 1, changing the font family. Next up, let's work on the font sizes, and this is where a type scale comes in. Here's the thing, whenever you're deciding on which font size to use for your design project, there are two ways to do it. One is to eyeball it and say, okay, well, maybe this one will look better, a little bit bigger. This one maybe a little bit smaller like 46. But the thing with this approach is that it can take quite a long time. Instead, what I recommend you do is use a type scale and a type scale looks something like this. I'm going to open a tool called type scale, and a scale always starts with a base size and a ratio. It goes something like this. You start with the base size and you multiply that with the ratio, and you get another step in the scale. You take that value, you multiply it with the scale or the ratio, and you get the next step and the next and the next and the next you can even add as many steps as you want. As you can see, this is like a progression of font sizes from large to small or from small to large. That's what a type scale is basically. Because you're doing it this way, you don't have to guess the font sizes anymore. They're all laid out nicely for you based on this initial size and the ratio. Depending on the ratio, your scale will look like this or like this or like this. The bigger the scale, the bigger the contrast between each step in the scale. On a major third a ratio of 1.250, we have a relatively small contrast between this size and this size, or between this size and this size. But if we go to golden ratio, then we have a much bigger difference between this size and this size, between this and this, and so on and so forth. At this point you can just use this tool which I highly recommend, I use it all the time. You You use it to create your own type scale. This is going to give you exactly the font sizes that you need. For our project, I know for sure that I want to start with a 21 pixel base size. This is the size of the body text. This is the size of a normal paragraph, basically. I want a bigger font size than normal. In a browser, typically, the base font size is 16 pixels, so 21 is a little bit bigger than that. But I'm doing that intentionally because I want the text to be readable. If you remember from the project brief, under the design guidelines, our design must appeal to younger and older people alike. Older people will definitely appreciate a larger font size because they can read more easily. That's why I'm choosing to start the type scale at 21 pixels. Now, we must decide on the scale or ratio that we're going to be using. I think for this type of project, the perfect fourth ratio of 1.333 will be exactly what we need because we do have a bit of contrast between each step in the scale, but it's not exaggerated like for example, the golden ratio. This is way too much. For this type of design for what we're doing in this project, I think perfect fourth is giving us all we need. Then, once we settled on the base font size and the scale and we got our typographic scale figured out, we can go back to Figma and we can create another page, and I usually call this assets. Here, I usually have my logo. But also I like to create a frame that shows all of the font sizes and line heights will be using. This is just going to make my job a lot easier later on. Let's create a frame. The size doesn't really matter. I'm just going to start with a piece of text that's going to say 21/, let's say 32 for now, and I'll explain what these numbers do in just a little bit. Twenty-one pixels is my base font size. It's this one right here. What I do is I actually make the text 21. I'm going to be using Poppins as well to display this because it's going to give me a chance to see how text looks like with my chosen typeface. But I'm going to be using regular, and then the second value is the line height. Now here's the cool thing about Figma, it automatically calculates the line height for me based on a predefined ratio and the line height is the height of one line of text. For example, if I have a textile one here and I say, hello, this is a multi-line text. Let's set this to auto height. Notice that when I select an element or a word, the selection will give me the exact height of that line of text. If I were to change this from 32-48, that selection, that line height will now be bigger compared to this line height, which is still set to 32 pixels. This is important because line height affects readability. You don't want a line height that's too small. For example, if I were to set a line height of eight pixels, this would be too small. You just can't read the text because the lines of texts will overlap one another. What if I make this 52 pixels? Well, this is too long or too big. The text is not really readable right now. Instead, you've got to choose a line height that's suitable for the font size. On 21 pixels, if I were to delete this value, Figma will automatically calculate a line height for me, in which case it would be 32. For 21 pixels, a 32 pixels line height is very good, so I'm going to keep it at that. Next, let's duplicate this and determine the next font size, which in our case is 27.99. Let's round this off to 28. In here, I'm going to say 28. Let's also change it here. For line height, Figma calculates this at 42. I'm going to set 40 on this one. Some of these measurements are related to the eight point system that I'm using for spacing and sizing. There's a separate lesson for that and you're going to see that very soon. But for now, any line height that I'm using will be a multiple of eight. In my case, Figma recommended 42, but I chose 40. Next, let's duplicate this value. The next font size is 37. Let's go 37. Also we're going to change the line height here, and you'll see in just a little bit why this is so handy. For 37 pixels, Figma recommends 56 pixels as a line height, but I'm going to be using 48, just like that. Next, we have 50 pixels font size, like this. Let's see. For line height, Figma recommends 75, but I'm going to be using 64. Like so. Let's keep going. Sixty-six pixels. For line-height, Figma recommends 99. I'm going to bring this slightly down to 80. We're going to have 66 and 80. This is 64 for line height, I forgot to change that. I think we need one more, and that's going to be for the larger titles. Let's see, 88. So 88 font size, and for line height, I'm going to round this off to 104, which is also a multiple of eight. Now let's put this here, 104. Cool. Also we started at 21 pixels and moved up. But we might also need smaller font sizes than 21 pixels. Let's do one step lower and the tool also gives us a lower values, and in our case it's 15.75. Let's round it off to 16. I will have 16 pixels, 24 pixels line height. This is correct, so I'll say 16 and 24. With that, we now have the final type scale. The font sizes are 16, 21, 28, 37, 50, 66, and 88. Right next to each font size, we have the line height which will be applied to each element. Then with this in place, let's go ahead and apply these typographic characteristics to our design. Just to make it easier for us, we can copy this frame into our design just so we have these values right there when we need them. Let's start with the menu and select all of these. here we're going to use 21 Poppins. I think we'll go for black because it looks pretty good, and also I think uppercase. To access additional options for text, just click on this element and go under letter case, choose this one, uppercase. Now we can move them around a little bit just like that. Then we have the menu items taken care of, 21 pixels. Let's also add the correct line height, which is 32, like so, and we can move on. Let's actually tackle all of the headings right now. This one, this is easy. It's a heading 1. We'll also be using the black font weight and for font size, it's 88, its this one here, and 104 for line height. Of course, when we do that, we might need to move around some of these elements because they have a much bigger font sizes. Let's see about this one. For this, we'll use a slightly smaller size like this, but also the black font weight, 66 and 80. Also on the headings, I want to reduce the letter spacing a little bit and I'm going to say minus three percent. This just brings the letter a bit closer together. I feel this looks a lot better for this particular typeface for Poppins. I'm going to do the same for the heading 1. If we're going to call it that, minus three percent. That's heading 1, basically. This is heading 2. Let's also move this up. This one, this will also be a heading 2 and here's what you can do in Figma pro tip. You can select the text elements. You can right-click, copy paste as, you you can copy the properties. Then you can select another one, right-click, copy paste as and paste properties. Or you can use the keyboard shortcuts. That's going to receive exactly the same styling as this. Pretty cool. Let's see about the other headings. Let's select this, let's also select this one and this one. We're going to right-click, Paste properties. Good. For this one, we're actually going to go one size lower and one side is lower according to our type scale is 50. Or we can go two sizes lower and go for 37, so 37 font size, 48 line height. Let's do that, 37, 48, also black, also minus three percent. Great. That's all the headings taken care of. Now, let's see about the rest of the text. Let's select the big paragraphs. This one, this one, and this one, and this one. Let's add a font size of 21 pixels, which is the base font size and 32 pixels as a line height. We're going to keep the font weight at regular. Also for this one, because it's in the footer, I want to give it a bit of a different style. I'm going to make it 16 pixels and 24 pixels line height, again, based on our type scale. What else? Let's make sure these have the correct settings. Let's go 21, 32. Then these 21, 32. By the way, we might change some of these typographic properties as we're progressing with our design. Right now it's basically a foundation. Let's move on to these. These are actually the titles or the dish titles, and maybe we want to give them a bit more importance. I'm going to increase the font size by one step here. Instead of 21 we'll use 28. We'll select these three. We'll say 28 and 40 and also minus three percent, and we're going to use Poppins bold this time because black, I want to reserve it for the big headings. I think for this type of content, bold would work a lot better. For these I'm going to keep 21 pixels. Let's do the line height and for these as well. This one is already set. This one, 21, 32. What else do we have? We have these, we should also have the 32 pixels line height. We also have these, which should be 21 and 32. This one is correct. This one, let's update as well, 21 32. This one is 16 and 24. That should be it. Let me actually show you the difference between our original wireframe and the first iteration of our design after we applied the typography. Of course, it looks like a mess right now because there's not enough room between elements. Let's actually go and fix that real quick. Just let's set some more breathing room here, something like that. Maybe make this a bit smaller. Move this down. You see the difference. This is the wireframe. This is where we started, and this is the first step in the design process setting the typography. See how much of a difference it makes. Because as I was saying, the majority of content in a webpage is represented by text. By changing the typography, you will make the biggest visual impact. That's all we'll be doing in terms of typography for the time being. Now, it's time for a quick recap. When designing a website, start with the typography. Before you pick a typeface, define the tone and mood of the website you're designing. Use sans-serif typefaces for more modern, casual, or minimalistic websites. Use a serif typefaces for more elegant or serious websites. Now that you know the basics of working with typography and picking the right typefaces, go ahead and do that. If you want, you can choose a totally different typeface for your version of the project. I explained why I chose Poppins, but you should choose whatever you feel would work best for the type of website we're designing. Now, what's next? Well, next we work with color and we're going to create the color palette for this project and we'll do that in the next lesson. 10. Picking Colors: Working with color is fun and it can definitely transform a design, hopefully in a good way. But it can also ruin one. If you're using too many colors or simply the wrong ones, a good design will just go down the drain, so to speak. Let me show you the colors that I'll be using for this project, why I picked them and also show you a few helpful tools for working with color. For me, it all started with the logo. Because immediately when I saw it, and when I saw this brownish orange, I knew that I wanted to use that for an accent. Here in the Assets folder, let's also call this type scale. Let's create a new frame. We'll call it colors. By the way, pro-tip with a frame selected, you can press Command R or it's probably Control R on Windows to enter rename mode. Or you can just double-click in the layer panel, or you can double-click right here and rename it like that. With the colors, what I usually do is I draw a rectangle or a circle like this and just paste in that color. This is what we'll be using for the accent. A couple of very good reasons, one is that it matches the logo, so it matches the brand very well. But also it's very close to the color orange, which is between brown and yellow. Yellow stands for happiness, joy and it's also an attention getter, an attention grabber. Brown is a more serious and imposing color and it represents stability and wisdom. The combination of these two, I think, works really well for this type of website, but also for the brand itself. Because if we remember, this is a family owned business that's opened in '95. While they're also looking to be modern and friendly, they also want to preserve some of that legacy as we can see from this general description. It's a family owned business. I think overall for this project, this will make a great accent color. An accent color means a color that we're going to be using sparingly, here and there on certain elements to highlight them. Also, it has a great contrast on white and on a dark background. Speaking of contrast, this is something you should always consider because using colors with a very low contrast will be very bad in terms of accessibility, people with visual impairment will not be able to distinguish between those colors, so you're making it harder for them. That's why whenever you are choosing the colors for your project, make sure they have good contrast. There are several ways to check. In macOS, there is an app that sits in the menu bar, that's called Contrast. It's really simple to use. You can simply pick one color and then pick the other color, and anything that's above Double A is okay to use. The Apple also tell you if it fails, like it does here, so it means this color sitting on a light gray background like this will not have enough contrast, but setting on a white background like this will have sufficient contrast. You can even check it against darker backgrounds and you'll see that we do have good contrast. There are also ways to check this on the web. If you don't want to pay for this app, or maybe you're using Windows and you don't have this app available, you can simply do a Google search for contrast checker and you can find this one from WebAIM, and here again, you can paste the values or manually pick them and it's going to give you the ratio right here and also some some which are very helpful. Now, to complement this accent color, we're going to talk about the black colors or the color that I'll be using for the text. That color is this one, 081E26 which looks something like this. Now, this color is a very dark blue. Notice the hue is this one. It's a very nice blue color, which by the way, blue is a compliment of orange so they work really well together. But also I toned it down a lot because I want to use it for text. Another tip that I can give you here is that whenever you are defining the colors for your text, stay away from pure black. That's going to be too harsh, it's going to contrast way too much with the rest of your page. Instead, use a gray or mixing a little bit of the color with that gray like we did for this example. We're using 081E26, which is gray mixed with blue. I think these two together will form a really nice pair. Again, this color contrasts really well with white or with other colors that we might use it with. The two colors that we'll be using are this one, D9366 and 081E26. This is the accent, this is the black. I call it black even though it's not technically black 100 percent, but it's much easier to refer to it as the black color because that's what we'll be using for text, for various borders, backgrounds and stuff like that. Now that I showed you the two colors that I'll be using, let's go ahead and apply them to the design. I'm going to start by selecting this color right here, the black. Let's go to our design, we'll actually duplicate this element. In Figma, this is super simple to do. Whenever you are selecting a group of elements like I did here. In the inspector, you'll get something called selection colors. This basically shows you all the colors that are being used in the design. Because we worked with just black, white, and gray, I can click on the field with the black color and just paste in the new value. That's going to set or replace pure black with this color on all the elements at the same time. Now, as you can see, we are using the updated color. How easy is that? That's one of the reasons I just love Figma, it also added that color to the menu, to the icons, everything. One thing that I'll do here is change the borrowing grill back to their axon color. For that, it can be a little bit tricky. We're just going to select these individually. We'll go back to assets, we'll grab this color, and then back to the design and use that. Great. That's all we'll do with color at this point, because other changes will be made as we're progressing with our design. We might decide that maybe this paragraph needs to be a little bit toned down, in which case, we might change the color opacity to 80 percent or 70 percent. But that's not something that we can do right now. That's happening later when we start creating the layouts and seeing how we arrange elements and how we space elements support. For now, adding the text color and the accent color to the logo is more than enough, and this gives us a very strong base that we can build on. Now when working with color, you can simply pick the ones that you think will look best, an that's totally fine. But there are certain tools that can help you with this task. There I say, make it more precise. I'm going to show you a couple of these tools, which by the way I use on a regular basis. The first one is Adobe color. This is a great way to discover color palettes by going to the Explorer tab. If you're feeling uninspired, maybe you're looking to create something with golden green. You can search for golden green or whatever term you want and you will find color palettes that match that criteria. You can download these as JPEG if you're using the Creative Cloud suite, then you can add them to your library, or you can open this and copy each individual color. Or you can copy them as CSS directly or XML or SAS or RSS. This is a very handy tool, but you can also create your own color palettes. For example, if I were to select my accent color, I will go to Adobe color, then I would paste it right here in the middle, where I have the base color arrow. Based on the harmony, I can have different combinations. This is analog and you can actually see where each color is on the color wheel. This is a monochromatic, different variations of the same color, but with more white or more black added to them. You have triad, complimentary, split complimentary. There are a bunch of harmony rules you can choose from. But doing this allows you to discover and create color palettes for your project. For example, under complimentary or split complementary, see that the orange color that's at the basis of our accent is complimentary with blue. For your own project, you can pick that one for the background or this one and just play around with the lightness of the color. This one. This really gives you a lot of freedom and it makes your job a lot easier. The next app is called ColorSnapper. This is something that I've been using for a very long time on a Mac. Unfortunately, it doesn't work on Windows. But ColorSnapper allows you to basically display a color picker like this that you can use to pick colors from anywhere on your screen. That's going to be copied automatically to your clipboard. You can also see the color history here. I can choose from various formats. All in all, it's a great app. If you're using a Mac and you're working with color, a lot of the times, I would highly recommend this one. An alternative also for Mac is Sip. This is a bit more complex, because it also gives you the option to save certain color palettes. It's a bit more advanced, but this is also again, just for Mac. If you're using Windows, you can install the power toys application, and that also has a color picker integrated. It doesn't work as well as these two, but it's a start. If you're using Windows, you can benefit from the same functionality. Another tool that I use when I'm working in Windows, for example, is colorcontrast.cc. This is a contrast checker on the web, and it does exactly the same thing as this one in the sense that it shows you the contrast between two colors and whether or not it passes the tests. But this one is free and it's accessible from any operating system. Finally, this is the app that I was telling you about earlier. But again, this is for Mac, only. Pick colors carefully. They can make or break a design. Don't use too many colors. To keep things simple pick a color for the text and one for accenting certain elements like buttons or links. If picking more than two colors, make sure they work well together. Now the colors are in, and we've just completed another huge task in the process of designing this website. You will see that once the typography is set, and you have applied some colors to the text or some of the elements in the website, then you're going to have a much easier time completing the design. Now as usual is time to practice. Go ahead and select and apply the colors for your version of the design. Once you do that, we're ready to move on to spacing and sizing. For that we're actually going to use something the eight-point system. I've been using it for a long time and it's so useful to me, it really eliminates the guesswork when it comes to spacing and sizing elements. Let me tell you more about that in the next lesson. 11. Working with the 8pt System: The eight-point system is going to make our lives a lot easier because we're going to use it for spacing and sizing. This is something that a lot of people struggle with. I mean, when creating a design, how wide or tall or should you make an element? What margin or padding should you add to a button? For example, do you just eyeball it? Or is there some standard you can use? Well, that's the power of the eight-point system. It creates a standardized set of sizes where each item is a multiple of eight, for example, 16, 24, 32, 48, and so on. Now you don't have to guess anymore because every value is a multiple of eight. you don't even need to remember the full value. We can remember the multiplier. For example, on a button, you could apply a padding of 16 pixels, top and bottom, and 32 pixels left and right. Instead of remembering these values, you can simply remember the multiplier two for top and bottom, four, for left and right, so two times eight and four times eight. The examples can go on and on. The point is, this system is simple and it makes your job easier. Because all the spacing and sizing is based on the same number, you'll have a lot more consistency between elements. Now you might ask me, well, why eight, why not five or ten? Well, I think the number eight is engraved in our consciousness because we're working with computers a lot. the multiples of eight in 16, 24, 32, 120, 256, 512. They're all very common numbers used in IT. Now 32 gigs of RAM, 512 gigs of storage, 1024 pixels as a screen width. The examples can go on and on. The point is the number eight and its multiples are very easy to remember. Another very good reason is that eight scales up to a whole number even when using certain frictional multipliers. For example, 8 times 1.25 equals 10, 8 times 1.5 equals 12, and so on. Now, obviously, you can use whatever number you want as a base, you can use three or you can use seven. The idea is, you would use multiples of that number. But I think using eight is much simpler because we will remember those multiplier values or those multiples much easier for the number eight. Now, let me quickly show you how I will use this eight-point system in this design. Let me duplicate this once more and give you one or two examples of where I'll be using the eight-point system. One of them is right here in the menu. The distance between each menu item will be a multiple of eight. What I will do is simply use the same distance. In my case, it's probably going to be around maybe 32 or 48. It really depends on the final design. For now, let's just use 32 pixels. I have 32 here. I have 32 here. I'm going to show you a simpler way of doing this, but for now, just for demonstration purpose, I'm going to do it manually. You can press Option, by the way, and hover on a specific element to see the distance between what you have selected and that element. I'm just holding down shift to select these and then just using the arrow keys. I'm moving this left and right. I can also press Shift and use arrow keys to do that in increments of 10 pixels instead of one pixel. There we go. That's 32 pixels. That's one example of where I would use the eight-point system. Same goes for these elements here. These icons are positioned 26 pixels apart, but maybe I want them to be 24 pixels. Again, that's a multiple of eight. What about vertically? Well, the same thing applies. Maybe I want to have a distance between this heading to this text of 32 pixels. I'm just going to move this down and now, I have 32 pixels. What about between this and this? Maybe I want eight pixels there. Between these two, maybe I want 16 pixels, again, multiples of eight. Maybe I want this to be like so. Because I'm using 32 pixels as a line-height, I'm keeping the same system going. I think now you can understand why I redefined the line heights like this. If you look 24, 32, 40, 48, 64, all of these line heights are multiples of eight. Even before getting to the design part, I was still using that eight-point system when defining the topography. Speaking of typography, the font sizes don't necessarily need to be multiples of eight. What's important to maintain a proper vertical rhythm is that the line heights are multiples of eight. As I was saying, I've been doing it for a long time and it always produces good results. Well, at least I consider them to be good results. I highly recommend you do the same. We'll keep applying the eight-point system as we're designing more and more elements. For now, I just showed you two, three implementations or examples of where we might use that system. But I think these should give you a pretty good idea. Also, since we're on the topic of heights for images, we can make these multiples of eight. Although in case of images, it's a bit trickier because you should also consider an aspect ratio. But generally speaking, when you want to set a fixed height for an image, you might as well just set it as a multiple of eight. In my case here, the image would be 480 pixels. Now before we wrap things up, just one final mention. If you're finding that multiples of eight are too big sometimes for certain sizes or distances between elements, then feel free to use multiples of four. That gives you a granular, more tighter control over how things look like. But for example, let's say that the 32 pixels is too much, is too big of a distance between these two manual items. The previous multiple of eight would be 24. But 24 might be too small, in which case, you can compromise. You can go with 28, and 28 is actually a multiple of four. If that looks good, then great. Go ahead and use that. Even though it's called the eight-point system, it doesn't mean that every distance, every measurement needs to be a multiple of eight. You can bend the rules a little bit if it doesn't look right. Using a multiple of four is often the right solution for those types of situations. Now let's do a quick recap. The eight-point system creates a standardized set of sizes where each size is a multiple of eight. These sizes can be applied to any spacing or sizing aspect. For example, margin, padding, line-height, width, height, and so on. We use the number eight because it and its multiples are very well-known and easy to remember. The number eight also scales up to a whole number even when using certain fractional multipliers. For example, 1.5. With the eight-point system explained, we're ready to move on. But before we do that, I want to talk to you about auto layout. This is one of the biggest and most important features in Figma. I absolutely love it. I use it all the time and I'm also going to be using it heavily in this project, and I recommend you do as well. Now, being such a big feature, I wanted to dedicate a lesson to it. I'm doing that because I want you to learn the basics of working with layout before we jump back into the design process. I think that's going to help you tremendously as we're moving forward. In the next lesson, I'm going to show you the basics of working with oral layout in Figma. If you're already comfortable using this feature, then feel free to skip to lesson 13. 12. A Quick Introduction to Figma Auto Layout: I think auto-layout is the greatest feature in Figma. It's so powerful and so helpful that I just could not work without it. In a nutshell, auto-layout allows you to create dynamic layouts in frames and components. These layouts will shrink or expand as the content inside changes. You can also use some pretty advanced alignment on those layouts. To give you a simple example with auto layout, you can create a button that automatically resizes when the text inside it changes. You can also add padding that button, which is fantastic. Let me give you a quick tour on how to use auto layout so you'll be more prepared for the upcoming lessons. Let's start with something simple. Let's create two rectangles, one One, one smaller. One thing you need to understand right at the beginning is that auto-layout only works on frames. You cannot have a group of elements with auto layout. You can apply auto layout to that group, but it will automatically be converted to a frame. To add auto-layout, you can simply select the elements that you want to include in your auto layout. In my case, let's select these two. There are several ways to add auto-layout. You can right-click and select Add Auto-layout, or you can press "Shift A" as a keyboard shortcut, or you can go to the Menu object, Add Auto-layout. Alternatively, if the object you selected is a frame, for example, I selected this mainframe here, you also have an option to add auto-layout from the inspector either by clicking this button or just by clicking here. But for now, let's focus on these two elements. I'm going to select them, Shift A, to add auto-layout. This automatically created a frame with those two elements. Of course this is a nested frame. This is something you can do in Figma. You can have one frame inside of another frame and that's perfectly fine. As you can see, this frame now contains these two rectangles. In the Inspector, you can see that auto layout is active in this frame. Then based on the arrangement or the position of those elements on your Canvas, Figma automatically assigns a direction. In my case, it's horizontal. But I can always switch to a vertical direction. The cool thing is regardless of the direction, each element is interchangeable. I can change this position using the arrow keys or by changing the element's position in the layers panel. As you can see, by changing the position or order of the elements, they actually maintain the alignment and distance between elements that I have set for that frame. That is just fantastic. I showed you changing the direction. They can do that with this toggle here in the Inspector. You can also change the spacing between the elements by going with the mouse cursor, clicking, and going like this, or you can enter a value manually. That's going to ensure that I always have 240 pixels between these elements. I can add a third element. For example, let's say I want to add a circle inside my frame. I can just click and drag to add my circle. As you can see, the frame automatically resized to accommodate the new element. That new element is now positioned 240 pixels from the other two. Of course if I change this to 120, the frame automatically resizes. How cool is that? Now apart from being able to add a fixed spacing between elements, you can also add a padding inside the frame. For example, with the frame selected, I can add a fill color. Let's say I want to add something like this. Then I can add a padding. I can say something like 32 pixels. This will add 32 pixels of padding inside my main frame. But I can go even further and click the button that says alignment and padding and I can individually change the padding for each side; top, right, bottom, and left. Let's say, for example, I want the 32 on the top, but maybe 64 on the right side, maybe 48 on the bottom, and maybe 16 on the left side. Right now this element has four different padding values added to it. You have a very high degree of control over how this looks like. Now changing the values like this will set the property value here to mixed because you have a mixed set of values, but you can always overwrite that behavior by entering a value manually. Let's say I want 32 pixels back. That's going to apply it to all four sides. Another very interesting fact about auto-layout is that you can align elements in a variety of ways. By default the elements are aligned to the top and to the left, but I can align them in the middle. That becomes more apparent if I set a fixed width on my frame. This is [NOISE] the default behavior top-left, but this is top center. I can align them top right. If I'm going to add a fixed width to my frame or a fixed height, excuse me, I can also align them to the middle like this. I can align them center-center, center-left, and then I can align them to the bottom. It's super simple and very intuitive, and also very powerful. Apart from the alignment options, we also have some item distribution options, two of them in fact, packed and space between. Packed is the option that we use when we want to have a fixed spacing between items. Right now we have 120 pixels, so the items are placed one next to each other with 120 pixels in-between. But I can also select space between. This will set the spacing between items to auto, which means the items will take up all the available space of the parent frame and the spacing between them is automatically calculated. Right now we are at 471 pixels, but if I make this smaller the spacing between them also changes. That's pretty cool. This, of course, works in both directions. If I'm going to change to vertical, you will see that those items are now spaced vertically instead of horizontally and the distribution remains the same, space between. While I'm in space between, I I also align elements a little bit differently than before because the spacing between them is now automatically calculated, but I can still align them to the left, the middle, right, or if the direction is horizontal, I can align them top, middle, or bottom. That's space between. At any point, I can switch between space between unpacked and also work on the alignment. This is very handy for a lot of different use cases. For example, I can have a list of items as a navigation menu. Let's say Home, About, Contact. I can select these three, and I can do Shift A to add Auto Layout. This automatically aligns them like so. I can also set the spacing between them, let's say 32 pixels. Now, regardless of the contents of each text item, Auto Layout will always ensure that the alignment is correct and also the spacing between items is correct. I don't have to manually realign elements every time I make a change. I can also grab one of the items and change its position simply by using the arrow keys. How cool is this? Do I want to make this menu vertical instead of horizontal? I just change the direction here. Of course, I can also use the Up or Down arrow keys to change the order of those elements. Another very common use case for oral layout is creating a button. Let's say we have a piece of text that we want to turn into a button. Well, with this I can, of course, add Auto Layout. This will automatically set a default spacing of 10 pixels and a padding of 10 pixels. I can add a fill color to the frame. Let's say I want to make it blue. Let's say I want to make this text white, maybe bold. Then with my frame selected, I can go ahead and change the padding. Let's say I want 32 pixels top, and bottom, 64 pixels left and right. Maybe I want to add rounded corners and make it a pale button. The beauty of this is I can change this text to whatever I want and the button will automatically resize. I can even go to my icon set app and drag an icon in. Let's say I want to add this alarm-fill icon. I can click and drag that icon in my Canvas and then, of course, I can drag it inside my Auto Layout frame. Then let's make this button or this icon, excuse me, 32 pixels, and then I can select my frame and I can choose to align everything in the center like this. I can choose to change its color to white and I can choose the distance between items, let's say 16 pixels. Maybe this is too large, let's make it 24 pixels. Or maybe it's too small, let's make it 128 pixels. You'll see that regardless of the size of the element because I have set the alignment to be on the middle, the text and the icon are always properly aligned. Let's go back to 24 here. Also, I can always change the message or the text inside the button and the button will automatically resize. The distance between the text and the icon will always stay exactly the same. If I want, I can always change the position. Maybe I want the button to be on the left instead of on the right. All of that is happening super easily without any tinkering on my part. Meaning I don't have to manually reposition elements. I just press a key. It's really that simple. These are just two use cases for Auto Layout. This is super powerful and as you'll see in this class, there are a lot of different ways to use it and I highly recommend you learn how to use this feature because it will just come in handy and save you a lot of time. Oh, and did I mention that you can nest frames with Auto Layout inside other frames with Auto Layout? For example, I can grab this icon and I can place it inside this menu frame. Let's change its color so we can see it better. But let's say I wanted to be bundled up with the About Us link. What I can do is I can select this and this. I can do Shift A to create another frame with Auto Layout and I can choose the direction to horizontal, maybe add some proper spacing between the elements, align everything in the middle. Maybe a bit less spacing here and maybe I want to make this a bit smaller. Now, we have the mainframe, which has Auto Layout, but inside that, I have an additional frame also with Auto Layout. This can go to as many levels as you want so you can nest as deeply as you want. These are just the basics of working with Auto Layout. As I was saying, I think this is the most important feature in Figma. It's one of the biggest reasons I use Figma on a daily basis for UI design. I highly encourage you to play around with it, learn everything there is to learn about it, and once it becomes second nature to you, you will build layouts so much faster in Figma. Now let's do a quick recap. Auto Layout allows you to create dynamic layouts in frames and components. These layouts will automatically shrink or expand as the content changes. Auto Layout provides advanced alignment and content distribution options. With Auto Layout, you can set individual padding to the parent element as well as a set distance between all the child elements in that parent. Auto Layout works in both horizontal and in vertical modes. Well, I hope you now have a much better understanding of how Auto Layout works and why it's such an important feature. I believe that you'll have a much easier and enjoyable time working in Figma once you've mastered this feature, so don't forget to practice. I only showed you some basic examples and use cases. But go ahead and play around with this on your own and I think you'll get the hang within no time. Now, we've been doing a bit of designing here in there by adding colors and setting up the topography. But now it's time to really get into it. We're going to break up the page into smaller sections and we're going to handle one section at a time basically, and we're going to start in the next lesson with the site header. I'll see you there. 13. Site Header: When designing a website like this, I always start at the top and work my way down. The first section we're going to tackle is the site header. In the wireframe, this contains the logo, navigation menu and the social icons. Now, before we start, quick note, the wireframe is there as a guide. Its purpose is to show us the content. However, on the final design, it's perfectly fine to ignore the layout of the wireframe and it's perfectly fine to rearrange the elements so they make the most sense for the final design. You'll see exactly what I mean by that in just a little bit. Let's get started. I'll be working on a copy of our wireframe, but the most recent one that has the typography changes applied and also the colors. As you can see here, we applied that 081826 color. Just to make things a little bit simpler for us, let's go ahead and define two color styles. I didn't talk about this before, but they're really easy to understand and they go something like this. Whenever you are using a color that you're planning to reuse in multiple places, it's a good idea to create a color style. You do that by selecting an element and going to the color section, clicking on Style, and then creating a style by clicking the plus button. Let's call this black. Right now instead of displaying the color section, it just displays black, and I can do the same for the rest of the elements. Instead of using 081826, I can click here and I can choose black, and here is the cool part. Now, when I click outside of my frames, so if I click on the canvas, I can see all my color styles here and I can click on Edit, and I can change it's properties, and all the elements that are using that color style will automatically get updated. That is super cool. Now, let me just put that color back. To change the hard-coded color value to the color style that I just created in the entire page, I can just select the entire page, and whenever I see 081826, I can click this and I can choose black. Now all the elements in my page that we're using, that hard-coded value are now using black. This is going to make it super simple for me to change the color if I decide at some point I don't like it anymore, or I need to make small adjustments to it. This is a super fast way to do it. Let's also create a color style for this color, D09366, and we're going to call this Accent. Awesome. Now let's see about the site header. To make it a lot easier for us to work, we're going to use auto layout. The first place we're going to add auto layout is actually the parent frame. Here's how we'll do that. We'll select it, we'll go to auto layout, we'll click it. We'll make sure the direction is vertical, and we're going to set the spacing between items at 240 pixels, and also I'm going to set the padding to zero. You'll see why in just a little bit. I'm also going to set a fixed width on this frame to 1800 pixels. I'm going to change the alignment to middle, so everything is nicely aligned in the middle. Because all of the child elements of this parent frame are inside groups, they are nicely organized, aligned, and positioned at exactly 240 pixels from each other. This is exactly what I want. This is going to make it super simple for us to work, because if at some point I decided, okay, I want to swap the positions of these two elements, I can just select it and move it wherever I want in the page. Look how easy this is. Maybe I want the menu to be at the top of the page, well, I can just move it like this. Pretty cool. But now let's turn our attention to the header. By default, this is the structure that we added in the wireframe. But this is like a typical structure for a header, and I don't really want to do that. I want something a bit more special for this restaurant website. Instead, I'm going to select it, and currently this is a group, but I can always turn it into a frame with auto layout. I can just click here. I can make it vertical. I can align everything in the center like this, and I can set the spacing between the items to 64 pixels. That looks pretty good. Now, we're going to call this header. Let's see about the logo. This is 80 pixels in height. I think I'm going to keep it at that size because it looks pretty good, and if you're wondering why 80 pixels? Why 240 pixels here? Well, these are all multiples of eight. I'm using the 8 point system, so if you miss that lesson, go back and watch it, then you'll understand why. Now, we were talking about the logo, our 80 pixels in height. I think this is a pretty good size. I'm setting it at 64 pixels from the navigation menu. Since we're on the navigation menu, let's also rename this as nav menu, and let's also turn this into a frame with auto layout, and let's make sure that we have proper spacing between these items. Let me actually zoom in here a little bit. I think I want a little bit more, maybe 48 pixels like that, so they're a bit further apart. That looks pretty good. Now, what I don't like is the position of these icons. They look out of place below the menu. What I can do instead is place them somewhere else in my page. It doesn't matter if the original wireframe said that they need to be next to the menu. In the final design, I can make any change I want as long as I keep the same content, but I can take that content and rearrange it as I see fit. That's exactly what I'm going to do here. I'm going to take this, which I'm going to call social icons, and also add an auto layout to it. I'm going to command X. I'm just going to "Command V" to paste it in my page. Now, because my entire frame uses auto layout, this was placed right at the bottom and I want it at the very top, so I'm just going to move it like so. Now, after some zooming in, I now have my social icons frame positioned right at the top. But I'm probably going to place these somewhere on the right side, which means I have some free space right here on the left, and the top-left. I can use that space to add some maybe useful information. What about if we add the address and the phone number for the restaurant that's at the very top. It's easy to see and it's actually a pretty good use of space adding contact information right there. What we'll do is we'll create a top bar which will contain this information, the address, phone number, and also the social icons. Then with the social icons frame selected, I can add auto-layout to it again to create a parent frame. I can "Shift A" again to create another frame. Notice Frame 1 now contains social icons. Let's call this frame top bar. Top bar will just drag it's sides to make it full width or we can actually set its width manually from here, we can set it to 1,800 pixels. But here's a quick tip for you. Cd resizing option here that's now available inside the frame with auto-layout. Right now, it's set to fixed width. But we can also change it to hug contents, which will make the frame as large as its contents. Or I can choose "Fill Container". This will make it as large as the available space in the parent container, which in my case it's the main frame. I realize this might seem a bit too complicated right now, but it's not really. Let me try to explain it a bit further. We have our main frame called Large screens. This is our webpage. Inside my webpage, let me actually collapse some of these groups so you can understand a little bit better, inside my main frame, we have two children, header and top bar. Top bar has auto-layout, and inside top bar we have the social icons frame, which also has auto-layout. Now, I have set the top bar to fill the container. This means its width will be 100 percent of its parent container. The parent container is Large screens, which is 1,800 pixels. You will notice that if I'm going to re-size the parents screen or the parent frame to 1,645, my Top bar will also be 1,645 because it's set to fill the container. I hope that makes a little bit more sense. I'm sure as you're playing around with these features, you will start to understand them a lot better. Then I said that we're going to add these two elements inside our top bar. If you want to place elements directly into a frame with auto layout, you can simply select that frame and you can just paste those in. Now, let's change the direction to horizontal. Because I want these to be displayed in a single line. I'm also going to change the height to hug contents. This will make top bar as tall as the content inside. Now I want the icons to be on the right side, and sometimes Figma has a strange bug where if you play around with the resizing here, this one on the horizontal bugs out. In which case, you need to re-select some of these elements like in this situation. We just went from hug contents to fill container to re-size this top bar accordingly. I'm going to use a nice feature here, space distribution. I'm going to change this from packed to space between because I want to display the icons at the very far edge here on the right side and the text on the left side. Using space between, Figma will automatically set the spacing between each item to be equal. Let's also align these to the center, like so. For now, let's get rid of that padding of 10 pixels, we don't need it. Instead, we'll use 24 pixels padding on the top, 24 on the bottom, and also, I'm going to set a padding left and right to 64 pixels. Now, we have 64 pixels here and 64 pixels here, the distance between the elements and the edges. Also, if you remember, we actually set these guides to 120 pixels. But we're going to change that so that they are at 128 pixels. Since this is at 120, I'm going to do 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, so 128. Using the arrow keys, I'm going to nudge this to the left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Also, I'm going to create a new guide at 64 pixels, which is here and here. Normally, the value of these guides will be shown right here on the ruler, or the position of the guides will be shown on the ruler. But for some reason, Figma is bugging out on me right now. I'm not sure why, but typically, you can see that value right next to the guide here, but we can do without that for now. Now, I want to make this text a little bit smaller, so I'm going to select both of these. I'm going to use 16 pixels. We also need to change the line height. If we reference our Assets page, we can see that on 16 pixels, we need to use 24 pixels as a line height. We'll go back to our design with those two elements selected, change the line height to 24. Now, I would also like to add some icons to this text. Maybe an icon of a map pin to this one, and an icon with a phone for this one. I think it's just going to make things a bit more interesting. For that, I'll open my icon setup, where I have all of my SVG icons. We're going to use an icon sets that's called Bootstrap icons, and you'll also find the link to that in the resources PDF file. This is the set Bootstrap icons. Let's search for map pin, which looks something like this. Maybe location. No, maybe just pin. Let's see if we can find some different icons. Maybe something with geography, geo-alt. I think this would work just fine, so I'm just going to copy that and paste it in right here. The size is correct, 16 by 16, but I want to bundle this with the text. I'm going to select both the icon and the text. Press "Shift-A" to add another frame with auto layout that only contains these two elements. I'm going to make sure it's aligned like so in the middle. I want the text to be on the right. I'm going to set the spacing to eight pixels, like so. I also want to use a slightly muted color for the icon, around 50 percent. Two ways we can do that, we can either change the opacity of the layer to 50 percent, or we can create a new color style that has the color opacity set to 50 percent. It's really up to you. I think this is actually a little bit easier setting the opacity on the layer because if you change the underlying color, the opacity will remain the same. I'm just going to do that, 50 percent using the black color. Let's do the same for the other texts, which is this one. I'm just going to search for phone icon, and I'm going to use this one that says telephone. Same deal, I'm going to copy and paste this in, and I went ahead and of course change the width, height to 16 opacity, 50 percent color to black. Now, I'm going to do the same thing I did to the other text. Select text and icon, Shift-A, make sure the spacing is eight pixels, align them in the middle, and have the text set on the right side. Now, also, I would like these two elements to be a part of the same group, so with them selected, Shift-A again to create another auto-layout frame. I'm going to set the distance between them to 32 pixels, just like that. Now, I also want to add a small border separator at the bottom of this top bar. Let me actually Shift-R to hide those guides. so we can see what we're doing. With the top bar selected, I can simply go to Stroke, click to add, I'm going to use black. I'm going to choose outside. Actually, the black here is a little bit too much. We need to lower its opacity, so we can detach the style, change its opacity to 15 percent. Now, if we want, if we know we're going to reuse this color someplace else, we can create a color style for it. Let's actually click the "Plus" and call it Black 15. Fifteen stands for 15 percent opacity. Now, you have both methods for working with a full color and a color with opacity. Here on the icon, we added the opacity to the layer, while here, we added the opacity to the color. You can see that you can use both methods. It really depends on what you want to do. Finally, let us see about these icons. They're a bit too big right now, so let's resize them to 24 pixels. The Facebook one didn't get the update. Also, the Instagram icon is a little bit crooked. Sometimes, Figma does this with some SVG icons, so let me just fix that really quick. I just used a fresh copy of the icon to replace the old one. These are also icons from the Bootstrap icon set. As you can see here, the Instagram icon looks correct. Also, let's go ahead and change the distance here, or the spacing between items from 24 to 32. I think this will look a little bit better. Let's make sure the colors are correct, and they are. I think we are done. That is now our top bar and site header. Because we used auto-layout, they are correctly positioned. The header is now centered in the page. The logo is correctly positioned away from the navigation menu. We also moved some content from the hero area to this top bar, which, by the way, the top bar now behaves like this. See how when I'm resizing the page, the top bar also resizes, and the elements automatically reposition themselves? That's super cool. That's the power of auto-layout and the various resizing options we have in Figma. Then, top bar, site header, check. Now, it's your turn to create the site header. if you've been working alongside me, then great. It means it's already done. If you haven't, go ahead and watch the video again. Pause it if necessary. If there's something that you don't understand or you have a question, just start a new discussion down below, and I'll help out anyway that I can. With that said, let's move on to the next section in our design, which is the hero area. Coming up. 14. Hero Section: The Hero section is a very important part of a website because it's one of the first things a visitor sees. Usually, it contains a title and some description of the service or product that's being presented, and some sort to action, buy now, try for free, subscribe, and so on. Our Hero area is a bit more simple because of the nature of the website we're designing. Let's get to it. Based on the wireframe that we created, this is our Hero section. In here we have the motto of the restaurant which is come as a guest, leave is a friend and we also have the business hours and then some sort of image. Let's start with the actual image and you'll find links to all of the stock imagery I used for this project in the resources PDF file so go ahead and download those from there or use your own photos. But for me, for this section, I'm going to use a picture that shows the restaurant basically. Obviously, this is a fictional restaurant but the picture that I'm going to use can be seen as the interior of the restaurant. With this shape selected, remember this is just a simple rectangle, I can go to Fill and instead of a "Solid" color, I can choose an "Image." I can click this button, and in the Class Resources folder, I actually downloaded the image that I'm going to use from Unsplash. I'm just going to select that. If you want, you can play around with some of the image editing options here in Figma. For me, I'm just going to leave it as is. The only thing that I'm going to do to it is add an overlay color. For that, I can add another fill, like so. For color, I'm going to use the "Black" 081826. I'm going to use that instead of the pure black color and I'm going to add an opacity of 25 percent, like that. Now, I want this Hero section to act as a separator between the top side of the website and the rest of the content. A good way to do that is to make this section full width so it's going to take up the entire width of the page. Currently, this is a group, that's how we created it when we made the wireframe but let's turn it into a frame width. You guessed it, auto layout. Let's click this button and let's set its resizing to "Fill Container" so that it takes up the entire width. Now, I want the image to be positioned on the left so I'm going to select it and just use the left arrow key to move it. I'm also going to set its width to "Fill Container." Now I'm going to select this other element, and I'm also going to set its width to "Fill Container." That way, both of these elements will take up exactly half the amount of available space. But there's also a gap between these. I don't want that so I'm going to select the frame that has Auto Layout, and I'm going to set the spacing to zero, just like that. Now also, I'm going to change the height of this image to 960 pixels. Because I'm using the image as a background on this shape, the moment I resize the shape, the image background will reposition itself automatically to fill out the entire shape. Awesome. Now, let's see about this section right here. Before we move on, let's actually rename this to Hero. Let's rename this to Image, and let's rename this to Hero Content. With the second frame selected, let's set its height to also be "Fill Container" and let's also add auto-layout to it because I want to center this content. I want to also add some padding, so let's do that. Auto-layout, make sure it's vertical. I'm going to change the spacing between items to 64 pixels, and then I'm going to change its alignment to center, center, just like that. Also, I'm going to add 128 pixels of padding on the left and right. Then I'm going to select this piece of text and I'm going to set its resizing to "Hug Contents." Actually, vertically it should be "Hug Contents" but horizontally it should be "Fill Container." It only goes or it only fills the available space. Now you might be wondering, well, why doesn't it resize to fill this entire box? Well, that's because we added that padding remember, 128. You'll see that now if we, for example, remove the padding, the text will fill the entire available space but we actually want to use that padding. Final thing to do here is to center align the text. Now let's also select the Hero content frame and fill it with our black color. Then we can select our entire text and we can detach the color style and use our own color. I'm also going to make this frame a little bit transparent, 95 percent, just so the white is not too harsh. I just lower the opacity a little bit so that it blends just a tiny bit with the background. Then finally, we still have the business hours to take care of. Let's use the "Accent" color for that, and there are actually a few changes that we need to make here. First of all, I don't really think we need to use the words business hours because it's pretty self-explanatory that this is a schedule, and then I'm going to separate these two elements. First of all, place them on different rows, and second of all, I'm going to select this element or that piece of text and cut it from there. I'm going to set an "Auto Width" to that bit. I'm going to align it in the middle, and then I'm going to duplicate it, command D. Then I'm going to paste in the texts that I cut earlier. Now I'm going to select both of these, shift A, to create another frame with them, and I'm going to set the distance between or spacing between them to 16 pixels, and I'm going to make sure they are aligned in the middle. Now the text here is a little bit too small compared to the big title above. Currently, I'm using 21 pixels but I want something a bit bigger than that. Let's go back to assets. Let's see, the next available size based on our type scale is 28 font size, 40 line height. Let's do that. Select both of these, 28 and 40 and finally, let's select the first row of each text box and we're going to make it "Bold." Same thing for this, "Bold," and that should be it. That is our Hero area. Now of course, if I'm going to resize my screen, see how the image also resizes and the text also resizes while still being center-aligned in this black box? So to speak. That is the power of Figma's auto-layout and resizing options. Pretty cool. This is what we have so far and I did this on purpose. I kept the original wireframes and I've named the steps. You can see the difference between the original wireframe to when we first added our typography to where we added some of the colors to the final design. This is where we started, and this is where we are right now. See what kind of difference you can make in a design just by applying the proper typography, some colors, and some well-thought-out spacing and sizing for elements? Just to make sure everything is still aligned properly, we can bring up the guides and we can check whether or not our elements are aligned properly and they are. As you can see, because we used padding of 128 pixels here in the parent frame for the Hero, this text is positioned exactly at 128 pixels from the edge, which is exactly what we want. As usual, now it's your turn to practice and create the Hero section. You can do it in your own way, you don't have to replicate exactly what I do. If you don't like the colors or the fonts that I chose, go ahead and change them. Use a different layout, don't be afraid to experiment. In this class, I'm showing you my way of doing things but obviously, that's not the only way and I would love to see some variations of my original design. With that said, it's also perfectly fine to replicate my steps exactly because you're learning, you're getting accustomed to using Figma for your design and that's a huge win as well. With that said, let's move on to the menu description section. That's coming up. 15. Food Menu Description: The menu description section has the role of describing the menu in a few words. To get the look that we want, we're going to use a few nested frames with auto layout. Let me show you. This is the section that we're going to tackle in this lesson, and based on the wireframe, we have a title, the description itself, and an image. This is optional. As I was saying previously, the wireframe is there to serve as a guide, and our final design doesn't necessarily need to use the same layout. With that in mind, looking at the stuff that we designed so far and the stuff that's ahead of us, the menu section, I don't really think we need this image right here. Instead, I'm just going to keep it simple and just use the title and the text. But because this is not a very long text, and we have all this free space here, we're going to place these two elements side-by-side, so the title on the left, the text on the right. With that in mind, let's select the containing group and let's call it Food Menu Description. Because this is a group, let's turn it into a frame by adding auto layout. Let's change the direction to horizontal. Actually, let's ungroup these two groups, and let's set the fixed width to fill container on these two elements. Also, let's use fill container on the parent element. This way, both of these elements take up exactly half the available space. That's pretty good. Now, also, I would like this guide to serve as a boundary for the texts. Basically, this text needs to start here, and this text needs to end here. To do that is very simple. We'll select the parent frame and we'll add some padding. We'll say 128 and 128. I really like the fact that this text here starts on exactly the same line that divides this hero area. But what I don't like is the fact that this text is too close or the title is too close to my main text. To fix that, I want to add some padding to the right side of this text. Obviously, I cannot do that by default, I need to add auto-layout. Let's do that with the title selected, Shift A, to place it in a frame that has auto layout, and by default, Figma adds 10 pixels of spacing and padding, but I want to remove that. Instead, just add 128 pixels of padding to the right side. Now, this actually created an unexpected behavior where this element pushed the text to the side. I don't want that because I want this text to align with this middle line right here. That's happening because when we added that frame, it automatically changed its re-sizing mode to hub contents, but we don't want this, we want fill container. Also, we need to go and select the text inside and select fill container from here. Now we have the parent frame that has the 128 pixel padding and then the text, which is set to fill container, and it fills its container up until that 128 pixel mark, because we have that padding. By using some nested auto-layout frames, we managed to get the look that we want. Also, I would like to make some changes to this text because currently, we have too many empty lines, and also the color is a little bit off. It's using, of course, our black color, but I want something a bit more muted. For most of the paragraphs in our design, we're going to use a black 75 percent opacity. As I showed you in a previous lesson, you can do with this in two ways. You can either change the layer opacity to 75 percent, or you can change the opacity of the color. Let's go ahead and do that. I'm doing it to show you both ways, you can pick whatever you're most comfortable with. The first thing we need to do is because we're using a color style, we need to detach, and then change the color opacity, and then create a new color style, just like we created black 15. Now we're going to create black 75. Now we have the black 75 color style available if we want to use it someplace else. Also, let's make this look a bit more interesting by adding some right padding just like we did for this text, because I have the feeling that this text might be a little bit too long for this section. With the text selected, Shift A, to add auto-layout, remove the default spacing and padding, add the 128 pixel padding on the right, and make sure that the parent frame is set to fill container and also the text inside is set to fill container. Now, the text still aligns with that middle line we created in the hero, but also, it has a nice separation here on the right side. Finally, to make this look even better, let's change the color of this title from black to accent. I think this just ties everything up really nicely. Following this will be our menu. But actually, to add another degree of separation between these two sections, let's go ahead and add what is called in CSS, a horizontal rule, is basically a separating line. I'm going to grab the line tool or press L on the keyboard and just click and drag a line. It doesn't really matter what size it is because we can set it to fill the container like so. As for the stroke color, I can choose black 15. It shares the exact same style with the line that we created here in the top bar. Now, we have the food menu description created. If we grab the screen and just start resizing it, you'll see that the text sections both resize accordingly, which is great. Now it's time to practice. Go ahead and create the menu description if you haven't done that already. Out of curiosity, did you have any problems so far? Any techniques that you didn't understand, maybe, remember, you always have the option to leave me a message in the discussion area, and I'll help out any way that I can. Moving on, we're getting to one of the more complex sections of our design, which is the food menu. Let's go ahead and tackle that next. 16. Food Menu for Steaks: As I was saying previously, the food menu section is one of the more complex parts of our design. Not technically complex, but in terms of the content because it's the largest section in the page, and that's why we're splitting it up in three parts. In this first part, we're tackling the menu for steaks. Let's go. Now coming back to our design in Figma, we can see that according to the wireframe, the menu section should have a title. Then we have the menu categories, steaks, burgers, and sandwiches, quickies and salads, presented as tablings. When we click on one of these tablings, we reveal a tab contents as the actual dishes. Now, even though I used tabs in the wireframe, I'm not going to use them in the final design. A couple of reasons for that. In my opinion, using tabs is fine when you have content that's similar in size. In our case, if we look at the project brief, we can see that the menu is very different in size from category to category. We have 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 items in stakes. We have 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 in burgers and sandwiches. We only have three here in quickies, and we have four in salads. I think displaying this information in a tab control will look a little bit weird. Plus, this is a one-page website and I want to keep things super simple and flowing. I don't want to introduce a complex pattern like a tab control. Instead, I'm just going to display the whole menu at once. We're going to have one category and we're going to list all the dishes from that category, and then under that, the next category and so on and so forth. Then, let's begin by taking care of the stakes menu. The first thing I'll do is select this group, and I'm going to shift A to change it into a frame with auto layout, and I'm going to change the direction to a vertical, and I'm going to set the width or the resizing options to fill container. I'm also going to set a spacing between items of 128 pixels. Then let's move some elements around. We have the menu, and then the first one we'll do is steaks. I'll actually go ahead and delete the rest of the sections and also delete some of this content because we're not using the tab control in the end. I'm going to recreate most of these elements as I see fit. I'm going to start by adding the correct typography to the category title. Stakes, let's go back to assets. I'm going to be using this size right here, 37 font size 48 line-height. Back here, 37 and 48. I'm going to set the font-weight to block and also minus three pixels on the letter spacing. Also, in the original wireframe, I chose to display an image for each dish. Now, I don't think I'm going to go that route for the final design because we're going to have too many images. Here, it made sense because we were only displaying dishes from a specific category at a time. It was fine to have 2, 3, 4, 5 pictures of dishes from that category. But in the final design, because we're showing all the dishes, I think that's just crowd the webpage too much. Instead what I'll do is I'll display one image per dish categories. One image for steaks, one representative image, one image for burgers and sandwiches, one for salads, one for quickies. I'm actually going to move that image up or above the title. Let's see. Do we have this in a group? We do. Let's actually move this out like so. Now let's talk about layout. While I have this selected, let's actually add that image. I'm going to go to Fill, I'm going to change from solid to Image, choose Image. I went ahead and downloaded all the images that you'll find in the resources PDF file. Let's see. I'm going to be using a nice image, this one, for example, it's a nice image of a steak. Let's use that, and for now, we're good to go. Obviously we can resize this image as we see fit. But now let's talk about layout, because it would be very easy to just add some padding to this section so that the content nicely aligns with these guides I have setup right here. But sometimes it's a good idea to break up the layout a little bit and do something unexpected. If we scroll down the page, we can see how things are aligned according to these guides. Here they're aligned as well. But to make it more interesting, as I said every now and then, just break up the layout a little bit and do something unexpected. That's what we'll do here. We'll actually push this content to the right by a fair amount. The menu will be aligned on the right side of the page. Then to do that, let's do some cleaning up first. We're going to call this food menu. This is like the main section, and then I'm going to select these elements inside shift A for auto-layout, and I'm going to set that it's resizing to fill container so it resizes to the full width of its parent. Now let's push the content to the right by adding some padding left on this frame, which we're going to call stakes. For that, I'm going to go right here and I'm going to add some padding and 260 or 240 is a little bit too small. Let's go with 560 pixels. That should be, I think pretty good. I can also drag a guide to 560 just to make sure that whatever items I align the same way in the future, they will be properly aligned to the same guide. Now, let's take this image, let's make it fill container, so it goes the rest of the remaining space. Let's set its width to 640 pixels. Again, I'm using the eight point system for sizing elements. Then we have the title. Then we'll start displaying the actual dishes. But before that, I want to add a small thing to this title here, just to make it look more like a separator. For that, just like a decorative touch, I'm going to draw a rectangle, and I'm going to make it 128 pixels by 4. For fill, I'm going to use black. Now I'm going to take this and the stakes menu shift A to create another frame with auto layout, set its direction to horizontal. Make sure elements are aligned to the center and set the spacing between items to 32. Just like that. Now, let's see about the food items. First, let's see the title. This is using the correct typographic styles because I've already set those, but I'm not really sure about this text. Instead of regular why not make it italic. Also let's change to black, 75 for the color. This, the price, let's see bold and let's change its color to the accent instead of black. Now let's take this, let's turn it into a frame with auto layout, and let's set its spacing between items to 32 pixels, just like that. That's good. Now let's start populating. Let's call this dish. Let's start populating with the actual content for stakes. We have this. [NOISE] We have the contents, and we also have the price 29. Great. Now, I'm also going to change the resizing options for the title and the dish contents to be fill container, and I'm going to set the dish to be fill container as well. It takes up all the available space. I'm doing this because eventually I'm going to be using two columns in this section. Each of those columns will take up exactly half of the available space. But for now, everything looks in order here. Let's actually duplicate the dish. Let's see exactly how many dishes we have for steaks, so 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, so we need four more. Duplicate that's 2, 3, 4, and 5. Now, it's simply a matter of using the correct content, just like that. Now, obviously because we have a lot of space to work with here, let's separate this content in two columns. The first column will have three items, the second column will have two items. Here's how we're going to do this. We have the steaks parent, which contains the dishes, but also the title, the image here, and the menu title. Let's actually separate the dishes and put them in their own frame. We're going to call that dishes. Again, we have auto-layout applied here. But instead of 128 pixels of spacing, I'm going to use 64, so half that. Now, to separate these in two columns, it's actually very simple. We're going to select the first three. We're going to do Shift A. We're going to call them column 1 and the other two, Shift A column 2. Now, I'm going to take the dishes parent, and I'm going to switch the direction to horizontal, and I'm going to make sure it's size is set to fill containers, so it only goes up to here. Next, I'm also going to select column 1 and column 2 and set their resizing to fill container. That's going to allow them to take each exactly half of the available space. Let's make this space between these columns a little bit bigger. Right now is 64 pixels, but I can choose dishes, and I can increase this to 128, and then, finally, I can select each dish and change it's resizing to fill container, and do the same for these. However, notice that the text here goes beyond my guides. I don't want that. I want everything to be nicely contained within this guide and this guide. The text here should end at this guide. It's actually really easy to do because we're working with auto-layout. We have the dishes parent frame and I can simply add a padding right of 128 pixels. That will add the padding in this area right here. Then the two columns will take up the rest of the space, and they will have equal widths. Pretty cool. See how powerful auto-layout is. It allows you to create relatively complex layouts with ease. Then the last thing I wanted to do here is add some separating lines between each dish. To do that, I'm going to target the columns, and I'm going to use the line tool or L on the keyboard and simply draw a line like this. I'm going to set it's resizing to fill container. The stroke is going to be black. Maybe just black not black 75. But I want to make it dotted, just like you can see this dotted blue line here. I think dotted would look a lot better. Then we'll open the advanced stroke settings, and I'm going to select dash 2, 2, and then this thing for the dash gap, let's see how it looks like. That's pretty good. But I think I might go for a more muted color. I'm going to keep the black, but I'm going to lower the layer opacity to 50 percent. I think that looks pretty good. Now, it's just a matter of duplicating this one more time and moving it below the second item to separate the second and the third item. Then let's copy this once and go to column 2 paste that in, move it up so that it separates the first and the second item in the second column. With that, we've just finished the menu section for steaks. As you saw, we took a different approach. We broke up the layout by moving all of this content to the right side of the page, and we also did something completely different to what we initially sketched up in our wire-frame. Instead of using tabs, we decided to display the entire menu content at once. That's why we decided to organize and display each dish under it's own category. Also, instead of displaying an image for each dish, we are displaying a representative image for each category. This is the results so far. As you're used to by now, this is the time for you to practice. Go ahead and create the steak's section in the food menu. Once you've done that, we can move on. Now, I do realize that I used auto-layout pretty heavily in this lesson, and I use it to create some layouts that might be a little bit more difficult for you to comprehend, especially if you're a beginner in Figma. But re-watch the lesson if you didn't understand it. If you still don't understand what I did there, just drop me a line in the discussion area, and I'll do my best to help out. Now, by creating the steak menu, we actually did most of the work for the other food menu subsections because all we have to do now is copy paste the steaks elements and just replace the content. It's really simple. Next step, let's take care of the burgers and sandwiches. Coming up. 17. Food Menu for Burgers and Sandwhiches: For the other sections of the menu, we can just copy paste the menu for steaks and change the content. There's no point in recreating those sections over and over again. Let's go ahead and do that, I'll also show you the solution I picked for the food menu navigation. Let's go. First things first, let's copy and paste the steaks menu, so let's duplicate that, and because it's still inside the food menu, it's just going to be pasted further down. It's going to be nicely aligned. Everything is done automatically for me. Notice that as I'm working on this page and creating elements and adding and duplicating and stuff, the page, my main frame just resizes itself, and all the elements are pushed down accordingly while maintaining, of course, the same distance or spacing of 240 pixels. That's because, if you remember we added auto layout to our main frame. Everything is done automatically for us. Now, for this section, let's actually call it Burgers and Sandwiches. First thing, let's delete this menu title. Let's change the image, Let's choose this one. Great. Let's change the name, and for that let's actually open the project brief. We have burgers and sandwiches. Awesome. Now, let's update the content in here. Let's see, we have, I believe eight, so 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, so we have eight items, four on each column. Let's go ahead and duplicate this dish, and also duplicate one of the separators and put it in-between, and then let's duplicate this once and twice, and then just place the separators in the correct places. Now, it's simply a matter of copy paste from our project brief to our design. Let's go ahead and speed up this process. We're done copy-pasting, the content from our project brief into our finished design. Now, in the intro to this lesson, I mentioned something about a food menu navigation. I think that is a pretty important feature to add because this is quite a tall section, the menu. It would help to have some navigation that would allow us to click and automatically scroll to certain categories like steaks, burgers and sandwiches and the other ones that we're going to add. Since we have all this whitespace on the left side, let's go ahead and use that for a menu that's going to scroll as the page scrolls, so it's going to be a fixed menu. For this design, I think the burgers and sandwiches section is going to be a good place to house it. Then we're going to do a couple of changes here. We're going to wrap this frame in another frame with auto layout. "Shift" "A" again, and this is going to be burgers and sandwiches. Let's rename this to burgers and sandwiches content. Let's remove the spacing and padding that we added here. For this one, we're actually going to remove the padding that we added to the left because we're going to add another section. Then let's start by adding some text inside this frame, and we'll start with the steaks. Let's cut that and add it exactly in the parent frame. Just like that. Then we'll wrap this in another frame with auto layout, which we're going to call food menu now for navigation. Here's what we'll do, Burgers and sandwiches. This section will, of course, be horizontal direction. Let's set a spacing of 128 between items. Then let's select the main section, and all we're going to do is set it's resizing to Fill container. Then let's select the main frame again and re-choose Fill container from the drop-down menu instead of fixed width. This is something that you'll have to do every now and then. When you're in a re-packaging, re-framing other frames, with auto layout, sometimes Figma will automatically switch from Fill container to Fixed width. So just keep on our eye on that to make sure that you're not breaking your layouts. Now also, I would like this navigation to start from here. From this guide, which is at 128. Let's select the food menu. For now, let's set the spacing to zero, padding to zero, and let's add a left padding of 128. That's very good. Then also, I'm going to re-size the food menu section so that my main section aligns properly with the others. In which case, my navigation is now 432 pixels, and it's a Fixed width. Now I can select the text and I can set it to Fill container, and I can duplicate that text three more times. While I'm at it, let's make sure my direction is set vertical. This is again, another thing to keep an eye on. Sometimes when you're changing the direction in an auto layout frame, the resizing, will switch from Fixed to Hug contents, in which case you will need to reset that value. Also let's set the height to Hug contents. Let's also select all this text and set the height to Hug contents and the width to Fill container. Now we should be good to go. Let's replace the text here with the actual names of the sections. So burgers and sandwiches, we had what quickies and salads. The idea here is that this menu will be fixed. Once I get to the actual menu, as I'm scrolling down, this menu will stay in the same place. That's really easy to do in CSS, but because we're dealing with the design part, right now we're just going to place it here, attached to this second section. Now, let's make this look a little bit prettier. Let's assume that we are navigating to this section, to burgers and sandwiches, and we need a way to make the menu highlight this specific section we're at. For that, it's really easy to do, we can just change the color of this section to accent. Then the rest, we'll just set them to black. Let's also make it a little bit more airy, so to speak, by adding some spacing between all of these items. Let's also add like a line to this item, so that it matches the line we added here. Actually realized that I used the wrong method for creating this. Or actually it's not wrong, this is one way of doing it with a rectangle, but you can also do it with a line. I'm going to show you both ways right now. But before we do that, let me actually set some rounded corners on this element. It's not just a plain bar, it has a nice rounded corners, just a minor detail. Let's do the same here, eight pixels. Let's do roughly the same thing here. But I'm going to be using a line element instead, just to show you a different option of doing it. Using the L, or line tool, I'm just going to draw a line that's 48 pixels in width. I'm going to set its stroke thickness to four. From here, I'm going to choose Round. It starts round and it ends round. Also, I'm going to change the color to accent. Now, we can take the line and this text, Shift A to create a new frame, change direction, set resizing to Fill container. Also, let's move the line to display it first. Let's align everything in the middle, like so. Let's change the distance between this to 16 pixels. Two problems with this layout. First of all, the text is a little bit too big. It goes beyond the edges of my parent frame here. Second of all, even though on paper this line is correctly aligned with the text, visually it's not. That happens because of the height of the text. We have a lot more space here on the top than on the bottom. The text is not perfectly aligned visually inside its line. That's why we also have this misalignment. But this is actually really easy to fix. We just have to push this element down a couple of pixels. Normally, this would be pretty easy to do. But because we're working with auto layout, and we're automatically aligning elements, the only way to move this element down is by adding padding to it. The only way to do that is by applying auto-layout. Shift A, to create a frame with just this element, reset the spacing and padding, and just add a padding top of, let's say, four pixels. That's just going to push it down slightly so that now visually it's aligned with the text. Now, what do we do about this situation where the text overflows our food menu navigation? Because remember, we decided to add a spacing of 128 pixels to be consistent with the other spacing. We could make it smaller but I don't want that. I want this exact space. Let's see. Inside this frame, we have the text and the line. The text currently is set to Fixed width. But let's set it to Fill container. That will automatically resize the text, so that it fits within the boundaries of its parent frame. But now the text is displayed on two lines, which is fine. But now the line doesn't match. What we're going to do is select this, and instead of aligning to the middle, we'll align it to the top. Then we'll select the actual line frame and change its top padding. Let's try 16. Maybe a bit more,18. I'm doing that until the line visually aligns with these two words. Now, we've fixed the navigation. Of course, when this website is being developed, the developer can write the necessary CSS and JavaScript to apply this active style to the other sections as we're scrolling to them. For example, if I was on the real website right now, if I were scrolling back up to steaks, then this menu would be aligned with this area with steaks. The highlighted menu item would be this one, instead of this one. I hope that makes sense. But yeah, with that, we've finished the second section of our menu. Hopefully, everything is going well on your end and you're making progress with your version of the design or the class project. If you're not working alongside me and you just prefer to watch the class, then I guess that's fine as well, but I do recommend the exercise. I do recommend the practice. It's just going to allow you to level up your skills and learn how to work in Figma a lot faster than just by relying on the theory. Now, we created two sections on the menu. We just have to rinse and repeat to create the other two. Let's do that in the next lesson. 18. Food Menu for Quickies and Salads: We are almost at the finish line with the food menu, we just need to create the sections for quickies and salads. Let's do that right now. Let's begin by duplicating the steaks frame because it has the correct layout without the menu navigation. So simply Command D to duplicate it and I'm just going to move it down under the burgers and sandwiches category. You got to love AutoLayout. It's super simple. This is going to be four quickies, like that. Let's change the background image to the wings. In terms of content, we have just three items. We're going to have two on the first column. Let's delete this and this, and this, and this, so two and one. Then it's simply a matter of replacing the content. Those are the quickies. Now, let's select this section and let's rename it. Let's duplicate it, and we're going to create the section for salads. Let's replace the image here as well with this one. Then inside, we have four items, so let's duplicate this one and let's also place one of those separators in-between. Now, let's rinse and repeat. That's it, super simple. Just by copy and pasting the initial section we created for steaks and just changing an image, a title, and the actual dishes, we were able to complete the food menu along with its navigation. This is what we have so far. Let's take a quick look at the page so far at our design. We have the top bar, the header, the hero area, and then the food menu description, and then the actual food menu. I think this makes a little bit more sense for this website to have the menu laid out like this all at once, instead of using tabs like we initially discussed in the wire-framing stage. What's next? Well, next is practice from you. You saw that we've just completed the largest section in the page, which is the food menu. Even though in the beginning it might seem daunting because of all that content, in the end, you saw that it was super simple because of AutoLayout. That made our job a lot easier. With that said, I hope you're following along and that you've completed your version of the food menu for your design. When you're done and when you're ready to move on, let's take care of the about section, that's coming up. 19. About Section: All right, let's take care of the About section. This is pretty simple to do and it will use a layout that's very similar to the Hero section. Let's go. Based on the wireframe, this is the structure of the About page. We have a title, the descriptive text and then one or two images. Now, looking at the design using a bird's-eye view, I would like to create some separation between the menu section and the rest of the website. This About section actually gives me a great opportunity to do that because I can use a layout that's very similar to this one and I think that's going to achieve the separation quite nicely because we're going to have an image which is one of the, let's call it requirements for the About section. But also we're using this dark background and that's going to serve as a nice visual separator between the sections on the top and the ones at the bottom. Let's go ahead and duplicate the Hero section. Using the arrow keys, I'm just going to move it into position under the Menu section and I'm going to rename it to "About us." Now, let's zoom in. There are a couple of changes that we need to do here. First of all, the image, I'm going to move it to the right side and I'm going to change it to something else. Let's see what kind of images we have here. I think this could work very well. Let's use that. Also, the content in here also needs to change. I'm going to use this text. I'm just going to paste that in. Let's actually use the accent color. There's actually a little typo here. With that, I can delete this bit. I'm also going to delete this frame because I'm going to take this text and paste it in here. Let's use white. But also, I'm not going to be using pure white. I'm going to be using white 95 percent opacity just like I did here in the Hero section. Because I don't want that contrast to be too harsh. So let's go with 95 percent. For the text, we can actually go with 90 percent. I think that's going to blend in even better with the background. I think we have one too many empty lines here, so let's get rid of that. Also if I bring up the guides, we can see that we're not exactly aligning this correctly. So if we go to the hero content, we are using 128 and 128 padding. That's correct. But I'm guessing these two have a fixed width, so let's switch them to fill container. Now, they are nicely aligned with our guide and we are good to go. That's the about section. Now we can simply delete the split. We're ready to move on. Now of course it's your time to practice. So go ahead and create your About section and when you do that, we're ready to move on to the Instagram photos. That's coming up in the next lesson. 20. Instagram Section: The Instagram section is basically one large image gallery. This actually gives me a great opportunity to show you how to work with images and auto-layout in a way that allows those images to resize accordingly when you change the size of the gallery. Let's go. Let's see what we have based on our wireframe. We have the title, a button for Instagram follow, and then some images. The first thing we'll do here is we're going to turn this into a frame with auto-layout. But actually first, let me get rid of this row of images. Let me just do a Shift A to add auto-layout to these three future images, and then I'll do a Shift A on these two. Finally, let's ungroup this. Just a bit of cleanup really. Let's call this image gallery, but actually, let's turn it into a frame first with auto-layout and call it Instagram, actually Instagram photos. Next, let's bring up the guides to make sure we're properly aligning everything. I'm going to set its width to a fill container. Let's add 128 padding on the left and right. Then frame at 10 and frame 11, they will both be set to fill container. Let's start with the text here. Let's set the color of this two accent. Then let's select the parent frame. Instead of setting a fixed spacing between these two items, let's go ahead and set the item distribution to space between. Because we only have two items, one of them will be sent to the left of the element, one to the right of the element. Also, let's align everything in the middle. Next, let's work on this button because right now, it is ugly, so Then first things first, the text Poppins, bold, 21, 32, black. That's correct. The text is as it should be. Let's update this icon because it's using a slightly bugged-out version of the Instagram icon. Let's copy this. By the way, you can move around the Canvas like this by holding down space on your keyboard until your cursor turns into a hand, and then you can just click and drag to move around. Then let's paste that in. Then let's get rid of this background because we'll create our own background by turning this into an auto-layout frame. We're actually not going to use a background, we're going to use a stroke. We're going to set it to black, one pixel inside. Perfect. Now let's add some padding. I think around 24 pixels would be appropriate. Let's set 16 pixel spacing between the text and the icon. Let's align both of these in the middle like so. That's our button, super-simple. Next, let's see about the images. But actually, let's increase the space between the title and the actual images. Right now, it's a random number. We need to set that at 128, just like that by setting the spacing on the parent frame, so then the images. All three will be used as backgrounds for these rectangles. I think this is the correct way of using them for something like this in Figma because as the shape resizes, the background will reposition and resize itself. You will always see a portion of the image. With the parent frame selected, actually, I made a mistake here. The images will actually go from edge to edge, they will not have this 128-pixel padding like the text. But I actually applied that padding right here on the parent elements. Let's remove that. Instead, we're going to add it to this top frame here, 128, 128. This allows me to set the image container to go from edge to edge using fill container. Then each individual image will be set to fill container. Also, let me remove the spacing here. Actually, let's set that to 0 and set it to packed. Like that. Now the images, let's set them to fill containers so they will each take up exactly a third of the available space. Now, you probably can't see that very well because they're all gray. Let's add some images to them. Let's change the fill color from solid to image. Let's see what kind of images we're going to use here. Maybe this one. The important thing here is that you would set the images to fill here. Not fit crop or tile, make sure they are set to fill. Finally, let's do the third image. Let's add this one. Now Let's also change their height to 480 pixels, just like that. That is our first row of images. Let's duplicate it, row 2. Let's actually shift these into a new frame called images. Here, we'll just remove the spacing. Now, let's just change the images. Use that and here, where we're going to use maybe that one. Here, by the way, you can also double-click. This is a shortcut, so you can double-click an image to open up this dialog window. Why not this one? By using images like these as backgrounds, we can now take this page and watch what happens. Oops. That was not as dramatic as I thought. Let's change this to fill container. Fill container. Now we should be good. Now also, changed the rows to fill container. This should be all set to fill container. As I was saying, now if you grab the screen and you start resizing it, you'll see that those images will re-size as well. Of course, they will have the same height because that's how they're set right now as a fixed height. But in terms of width, the actual shapes, the rectangles will change their width. The images because they are set as backgrounds, well, we can only see certain parts of them, which is exactly the behavior that you would get, or you can get on a real website. Now let's just bring this back to where it was. That is the Instagram section. With the Instagram section done, we're actually getting really close to finishing our design now. We just have two more sections to complete and then we can move on to the responsive design part of the class. But for now, let's see about those two sections. The first one is the contact, and in the next lesson, we'll handle the contact header and sidebar. See you there. 21. Contact Header and Sidebar: It's time to create the contact section, and because it's a bit bigger than usual, I'll split it up into parts. In this lesson, we'll create its header and sidebar. Let's begin. Let's take a look at the layout we created during wireframing. We can see that we have a title, we have a map, the address, phone number, business hours, and then the actual contact form. Now, just earlier, I said that in this lesson we're going to create the contact section header and sidebar. This is what I'm thinking, I'm going to be using a layout similar to the one of the menu. I'm going to have the contact title here, I'm going to have the map here, and the contact form here, and on the sidebar where I placed the navigation menu, we're going to have the other information; the address, the phone number, and the business hours. To make things a lot easier for us, let's go ahead and duplicate this section. I'm going to copy it, and I'm going to select my main frame and I'm going to paste it in and then just move it up like so. Also let me bring in that title or actually I can bring it in from here, cut it from there, and paste it right there in that frame. Where it says contact let's make sure the spacing is correct, 128 there and then 128 there, and we can delete this one. I can take the contact form and I can paste that in here, we'll deal with that later. Then instead of the navigation menu here, I'm going to grab the contact information, cut them from there, and I'm going to paste them right here. Then I'm just going to get rid of these items. Now, a couple of things we need to do here. First of all, let's change this image to an actual map. For that, you could grab a picture of a map from the web, but Figma has a plugin that's called Mapsicle. Let's go ahead and do a quick browse for that. Let's install it. Great. Now let's go back to our Figma file, and what we'll do is we'll select this rectangle, we'll open the plugin. By the way, you just saw me use the QuickFind functionality in Figma, you can access that by using command and backslash. Then you can type names of plugins, various commands, in Figma it's very easy to access. We're going to look at keyboard shortcuts. Let's see. Where it says quick actions, you'll find the keyboard shortcut for your operating system. Then let's open Mapsicle. Let's create a random map here, it doesn't really matter. Something like this maybe. We'll just create the map here, and that's going to place it right there as a background image, and we're done. Let's also get rid of this title we don't need it right now. Let's turn our attention to the sidebar. Now, I actually want the sidebar to be aligned with my contact form. That means we're going to have to do some changes to our frames here. Let's take a look at the structure. We're going to call this contact, and then we have a frame here, let's call this sidebar. Let's call this content. We have the sidebar here, and the content here. How about we do this, we take the sidebar and we group it up with the contact form, which is Group 23. Let's see. We'll take group 23, we'll move it outside. We can actually delete this section here we don't need it. Let's see, we'll take this and this, we'll create a new frame with the two of them, and we're going to change the direction to vertical. Let's change the height here to hug contents. Now let's select the content, change the height to hug, and frame 16. Now we're getting somewhere. Let's move the contact up, like so. This should be placed to the left like so. Let's bring up the guides just to make sure we're doing things properly. Now, let's select the content, and let's set the fill or the resizing as fill container. Let's add a padding left of 560 pixels. Cool. Now this section is properly aligned with this. Moving forward, the contact form is also properly aligned, and this is also properly aligned. Now we are getting somewhere. Now to make this contact information section a little bit more interesting, how about we use icons like we did here in the top bar? We can actually copy this information and paste it below, so we don't recreate those icons. Let's select the sidebar frame, let's paste and let's bring up the guides yet again. Let's set this to vertical. We have one item, second item. Let's set these as Fill container and then we'll select the actual container and set this to fill container. Let's see why is this text not behaving properly? Container, there we go. Let's copy this element, we're going to use it to add the business hours. We're going to say Monday to Thursday, 12:00 PM to 10:00 PM, and Friday to Sunday, 10:00 AM to 11:00 PM. Great. Now let's actually change the color of these icons to accent and I think 100 percent on the opacity. Let's do the same for this one. For this one, for the third, we actually have to pick another icon. Let's open the eye concept app again to pick a different color. While we're waiting on that, let's actually change the opacity or detects the opacity on this text to black 75. There we go. Now that that's opened, let's search for a clock in our Bootstrap icons set. Let's grab this one and replace the existing icon, just like this. We'll delete the old one and we'll also make the icons a little bit bigger. Currently they're 16 by 16, but I want them to be 24 by 24. Actually, one thing that I don't like here is that they are aligned in the center with texts that spans on two rows. I want them to be aligned at the top. Let's go ahead and change that here and here. But obviously now they are not visually aligned properly. What we need to do is apply the same technique that we used when we created the menu up here. Remember, we added some top padding to this line by wrapping it with a frame with auto-layout. Let's go ahead and do the same here. What we need to do is wrap it with another frame by adding auto-layout. Shift A. A strange thing happened here because this was already a frame. See the icon. By adding auto layout, this will align these two elements in a certain direction, and we don't want that. A couple of different ways to get past this we can right-click and go frame selection. We created a frame on top of it. We wrapped it in another frame. In which case, here we can simply do Shift A on this frame to add auto-layout, and then we can add the amount of padding we want. Let's say maybe like four or two. Let's see what looks best. I think two would be the appropriate amount, and we'll do the same for this icon. Right-click frame selection, Shift A to add auto-layout and then let's see four or two. I think that looks pretty good. Also, remember how I said that every now and then we need to break the layout. Well, that's something we can do here as well. First of all, let me get rid of see elements. This entire group should be gone. To break the layout a little, how about we align the text width? This guide, we'll align the icons with this guide. That should be interesting. To do that, let's see what we got. We have a frame with 128 left padding. Let's switch that to 64. Now we have to push the text to align with this guide. How do we do that? It's actually pretty simple. The distance between here and here is 64 pixels. What we do is we calculate the size of the icon and we add the rest as right padding. That's going to push the text to the right, or because this is a frame and we're using spacing between items, I can just increase the spacing there until we get to the correct number. I think this is actually the easiest way to do that. Let's go 40. It really depends. I think 40 is actually the correct amount. Let's do the same here, 40 and here, great. Now, everything is properly aligned. Exactly how I want it. Icons with this guide, text with this guide and then the header, map and contact form is aligned with this guide, which is exactly the same thing we did for the menu. That wasn't pretty hard, was it? Right now the only thing remaining to do here is the contact form. Well, hopefully your design process is going smoothly and that you are making progress on your version of the website. If you've finished the contact section header and sidebar, we're ready to move on to the contact form, which we'll finish up in the next lesson. I'll see you there. 22. Contact Form: It's time to work on the contact form, and believe it or not, designing forms is one of my favorite things to do because I just don't like the default appearance of forms on the web. I always try to make them look better and be more usable. Let me show you how I would design this form. First of all, we need a title for this form. Let's grab some text, and I'm going to go right here under the form group. You know what, let's actually first change this from a group to a frame, so ''Shift A'' to add auto-layout, and let's change the spacing here to 32, that should do it. We'll play around with this layer if we need to increase the padding or whatnot, but let's call this, send us a message. Let's go Poppins 21, 32, bold, and just use black here. Now for the actual form fields, here's what I'm thinking, instead of a field with a solid background, let's move the label a bit further up, and then we'll have the field value. Then we'll have just a small one-pixel line as a border to separate the field from the others. It's going to look something like this. Let's first take care of the line, we'll fill it with black and we'll go 50 percent opacity. Let's change the group to a frame with auto-layout, and let's re-select the border and change it to fill container, and also change this to fill container. Let's set the inner spacing of the items to 16. This is the field value, so it should be 21, 32 regular and black, and let's also duplicate it to create the label. For this, we'll use a much smaller text, and the smallest we defined here as 16, 24, so 16 font size, 24 line-height. Let's do that, so 16, 24. Let's call this your name. Let's actually put some values in here. Let's reduce the opacity of this text, let's use black, 75. I'm thinking maybe some letter-spacing minus 3 percent just to make it look a little bit different from the text under it, and that's one of our fields. Now, to make things easier for us, let's just duplicate this frame 1, 2, 3 more times. Here, we're going to have your email address. Let's add my email address here. Then what else? The phone number. Let's do this. Obviously, this is not my real phone number, and here it's going to be your message. Let's change the message, something like that. Finally, we just need to delete these. Let's actually change the button as well. We actually created a nice button here, we can just copy that, and we can paste it in. We just have to remove the icon, change the texts. We can set the resizing to fill container and we can actually change the alignment as well so the text is centered. One thing that I actually want to change is the spacing, I think 32 is a bit too low, so 64 pixels should do the trick. Also, I would like to limit how wide this form really is. For that, let's see what our options are here. We have a frame that is actually set to hug contents. Now, what happens if I set it to fill container. It's going to increase its size. Then we have this frame which we can set to fill container, and then we can take the initial frame and we can add a padding to the right side, let's say 560, which is exactly the same amount of padding that we used here. To push the map and the menu contents from the left edge. I think that looks pretty good. The only change here, let's make this text fill container, and I think the rest should just fall into place. Let's change this to fill container, and let's change this as well. That's pretty much it. The contact section is now complete. Previously, we created the header with the title and the map, and the sidebar which contains contact information. In this lesson, we created the contact form. If you've been following along, then I hope your contact section is complete as well, and if it isn't, then go ahead and create it so we can move on. Now, just looking at our page, we can see that the only unpolished parts are the newsletter and footer sections. Let's take care of those next. 23. Newsletter and Footer: Newsletter and footer, these are the last two sections in our website that we haven't designed yet. Let's go ahead and do that right now and finish this website design. Let's go. First, let's actually take care of the footer because it's the easiest thing to do. I'm going to select this entire group and I'm going to call it newsletter and footer and of course, Shift A to use auto-layout. Let's change the spacing between items to 128. Let's align everything in the middle and ofcourse let's make this fill the container. Also, let's add a 128 padding on the bottom so that the distance between this section and the bottom is the same as between this section and the newsletter form. Now just by looking at this layout, I'm not sure the logo fits in here because I see this as a very clean-looking section, so I don't think we should use the logo. Even though we used it in the wireframing. But as I've been saying the wireframe is just a guide. We can alter layouts, we can remove certain elements if, of course, they're not critical, like very important content. But the logo here is mainly for aesthetic reasons. So I'm just going to go ahead and delete that and let's also ungroup this piece of text. For the text let's use black 75, 16, 24 that's correct. We already set this typography. Now with the footer done let's see about this newsletter sign-up. First I'm going to take this group, turn it into a frame, let's call it newsletter content, and let's add a fill color as black, and let's make it fill the available space. Let's remove the spacing here and let's set a top padding and a bottom padding of 128 pixels and let's also align the content to the middle. Now let's make this text white and also this text white. I think around 90% should do a trick. So 90% opacity and instead of having two separate elements here, how about we just combine it into a single one. We're going to say, subscribe to our newsletter for news and special events and now we can delete this bit so then with these two selected actually let's turn them into a frame. Let's add some spacing, 64 pixels should do the trick. Maybe 95% opacity for this text because it's a heading on a dark background and if I remember correctly in the hero where we also have a heading on a dark background we used 95% opacity. So it's just about keeping things consistent. Then instead of these two fields, how about we use the ones that we created here. So let's copy this one. Let's paste that in. Let's actually delete this and also we need a button. Let's paste that in as well. Obviously, we can't see right now anything because it's all dark. So black color on black color. Let's actually select both of these and Shift A to add them in their own separate frame. Let's go ahead and change the colors. Instead of black let's unlink the colors from here. Let's use white. That's better. Now let's change the direction of this frame to horizontal and let's change the text inside the button to subscribe. Then let's change the resizing to hug contents. The text here is fill container. This frame has a fixed width so how about we set it to also fill container. Let's actually move the button there and let's set this as hug contents and actually I think a fixed width for this would be better. How about we make this 640 pixels in width. That should be plenty of space for an email address and let's actually make this fill container so it fits the available space there. That should do it. Let's see about the button here. We have a bit of a misalignment. The button is aligned at the top with the frame element. How about we align them at the bottom like so. I think that looks much better because we have a clear continuation in-between this line here or the stroke or the border of the button. That should be our newsletter and footer. So then, let's see where we started. This is the original wireframe and then we started adding some typography properties by changing the font family, the font sizes, and also line-heights, letter spacings, font weights, and so on. Then we added a bit of color and then this is what we ended up with. Let me actually hide this. We started with each section and we created the top menu header, then we moved on to the hero section, food menu description, we created the food menu along with a food menu navigation, and then we got to the about section, the Instagram image gallery, and then the contact and finally in this lesson, we created the subscription form and the footer and that is our finished design or at least my version of it. I hope you finished your design as well. I hope you didn't have any problems so far, and hopefully, you learned something useful in this class so far. Now, as I've been saying throughout this class, I do recommend you work alongside me and create your own version of the project. Also, I recommend you post that in the class project gallery because other people can see what you did, and if you want I can also give you some feedback. Now at this point, you might be tempted to call it a day and send the design to your client or your developer, but the job is not yet done because one aspect that is neglected by a lot of people is responsive design or how will your design look on various screen sizes? Well, I want to tell you more about that in the next lesson. 24. Design for Medium Screens: What's up with a responsive web design? I'm sure most of you have heard this term before, but just in case you haven't, let me give you a quick guide. Responsive design is the practice of making a website or a web app respond to the user's behavior and environment. In other words, responsive design ensures that that website or web app will be usable on any screen size, platform, or device orientation. Here's an example. Let's take the website of figma.com. Currently, I'm using the screen here, that's 1920 by 1080. A typical desktop screen. And on the size, this is how the Figma website looks like. But as soon as we start shrinking the browser window to simulate how the website would look like on a smaller device, you will start seeing some changes. Like for example, now some of these images have become full width. If we go even further, you will see the menu disappear, turning into one of these flyout or drop-down menus, and if we go even further, you will see images are starting to automatically resize. Text is starting to get smaller, like for example, on this heading, and even smaller. The entire website will adapt its layout and its topography so that it still looks good and it's usable on smaller screen sizes. That's what a responsive web design is all about. It's making sure that you design or create one version of your website that's going to look great no matter the environment. So is it displayed on a large desktop screen like this? Or maybe it's on a landscape or a tablet and portrait, or maybe even a smartphone. That layout needs to adapt. I hope that makes sense and that you understand why responsive web design is such an important aspect of any website or web app. Now, the design we made is for large screens. We started with a relatively normal screen size, but now we need to make sure it looks just as good on smaller screens. To do that will make small changes to various elements. These changes range from modifying position and size to even hiding certain elements and showing others. Now, let's create the responsive design for medium screens. Because these are relatively small screens, we need to make quite a few changes. Let's begin. The first thing I'll do in Figma is to duplicate the frame called large screens and I'm going to rename it to medium screens. To determine what changes you need to make, you need to determine at what point changes are needed. When is the layout small enough so that it requires us to make changes? What I'll do is simply resize the parent frame and because we're using auto layout and for the entire frame and all the different elements in our design are built with auto layout, this makes it super simple for us because it's really easy to see the elements move in real-time as I'm auto-resizing this main frame. When I get to a point where I can clearly see that, okay, something is wrong with the layout and we need to make some changes. Well, that's when we'll make the change. From my testing, I've found that around 1400 pixels is where we need to add what's called a breakpoint. That's just a point where we need to start making changes. The layout that we created here for large screens, this is 1800 pixels. This frame should contain a layout that's suitable for devices with widths between 1400 and 1800 pixels. I hope that makes sense. Just to make things a little bit clearer, let's rename this to 1800 plus. This layout will be using it for screen sizes of 1800 pixels and more. The medium screens, we'll be using them for 1400-1800. The reason I chose 1400 is that, for example, in the hero, this text is starting to get just a little bit too cramped. I'm basically displaying two, three words per row, and that's not good enough for readability purposes. Also, this section here, it looks a little bit too noisy. Let's look at the other elements. The menu. This layout here where we offset the menu contents. It works pretty well on the larger screen, but here, not so much. I would much rather use the available space here. Because again, the text is starting to get a little bit too short and so the page will get really long and I want to avoid that. Also, we'll probably stay away from this menu, we'll probably hide it completely on medium screens. Let's see what else we have. Here is another issue with this layout. We have a lot of text here, but the page is now much smaller, so I don't have that upper and bottom padding that I have here. The text touches the edges here, so I want to fix that as well. The Instagram photos, they shrunk. Of course, they got smaller in terms of width, but now they are a bit too tall. Ideally, I want to keep a ratio between width and height close to something that I have here on the large screens. We need to make these a little less tall. Then is the contact section. Again now this map looks out of place because it's a weird ratio. I want to make this full width. The form could be a bit smaller. Remember, previously we added a lot of right padding here because we had a lot of room to work with, but here, that padding still exists and we need to get rid of it. It's changes like this that define a responsive web design. It's going through the various screen widths and seeing what works and what doesn't work on that particular width and making the necessary changes. With this frame set at 1400 pixels, let's start making changes and we'll start with the hero. To fix this issue where the text here doesn't have enough width, we're going to change the direction of the hero elements. Right now it's set horizontal. Let's change it to vertical so that the image is on the top and the content is on the bottom. Let's, first of all, change the width of the image or the resizing to be filled containers so it fills the available space. Then in here, let's also bring up the guides. I'm going to keep the same guides of 64 pixels and 128 pixels, but also we have some guides outside of our frame here, but because we resize that we can no longer see them. Let's actually create some new guides. Let's see. We're going to place them right here and another one, so this is at 64 pixels from the edge and this one. Let's see if I can do it visually. If we do a quick measurement here, it's 67. But we can actually do a simple calculation, so 1400 minus 128, that's 1272. Now we know that this guide is exactly 128 pixels from the edge. We're going to use those to make sure that we're aligning elements properly. Now, let's select this hero content. This is still set to vertical, which is fine. It's what we want, but let's add a bit more padding on the top and the bottom. The lateral padding is just what we need, 128, but on the top, I'm going to add 96 and again, 96 on the bottom. Let's also make sure that this is set to hug contents so that it resizes along with its content. Also, because we have all of this horizontal space, let's turn this one-column layout for the business hours into two columns. This is a frame with auto layout. That's fine. Let's just change this direction. Let's set a gap between these two columns to 64. Let's just make sure that these are set correctly, align center. That's good. Also, this guide here that we use previously to align the menu content, well, we don't need it anymore. You can just select it, and when it's blue, hit "Delete". That's the first change that we made as soon as we didn't have enough room to vertically display this information, horizontally display this information, we changed to a vertical fashion. Now, the text is displayed nicely on two rows. It's much easier to read than what we had before. Next, let's see about the section, the food menu description. In this screen size, there is not enough room to display both of these elements side-by-side because the heading text just gets too small, and it's the same problem that we had here. It's broken up into many lines and it's harder to read, plus, it doesn't look very good. So the obvious solution is to display title above text under. Instead of side-by-side, they are going to be stacked. For that though, we need to make a couple of changes because here we have frames nested within frames because we had a bit of a complicated layout here with a lot of paddings added. The first thing we'll do is select the parent frame, change its layout direction to vertical, set the spacing between items to, let's say, 64 pixels. Then we're going to select each one, each element and ungroup to get rid of the frame. Then we'll change the resizing to fill container and hug contents. Do the same for this, fill containers. Horizontally it fills all the available space and also vertically hug contents. So it's only as tall as its contents. That looks pretty good. But this text is probably a bit too long. How about we add some extra padding on this side so that both the texts and the title are just a bit shorter. This actually improves the readability of the text. We'll select the parent frame again and for the padding right, let's add something a little bit bigger, something like 400 or maybe something smaller. How about 360? Or something that looks good to you. For me 360 does the job, so I'm just going to keep it like that. Now, before we move on, let's actually do another change for this layout, because as the screen width gets smaller, obviously the content will get longer or taller. On a smaller device you will have to scroll a lot more. Therefore, just so we don't make this into a super long webpage. Let's actually reduce the space between elements. If you remember, on the large screens, we used 240 pixels. We did that by applying 240 as spacing between items on the main frame, which has auto layout. On medium screens, let's decrease that value a little bit, something like maybe 160. That looks a bit better. Maybe something a bit bigger, 176, that could work as well. Already you can see that by doing that, we've actually gained a lot of space vertically. Plus, you don't need like tons and tons of whitespace on a smaller screen. It works just fine here on the large screen, but as the screen gets smaller and smaller, we need to preserve that vertical space. Now, let's move on. So far we made the hero and we made this food menu description. Let's see about the actual menu. First things first, let's get rid of this navigation. We don't need it, and let's select the burgers and sandwiches section, and let's say, I want to align the image with this guide here and the text as well, but I want only the image to go the full length of the page on the right side. To do that, let's see, we'll select the main frame and then we'll go here and we'll add 128 padding left. That should be it. The rest of the content is still properly aligned because we have the the padding set from the previous design. That looks good. Let's take care of the other sections. Let's see, steaks, let's go 128, like so, quickies, 128, and salads, one. Great. That looks good. Now, let's move on to the about section, and we'll do something similar to the hero where we'll stack the image and the text content. Let's select the frame, change the layout direction to vertical. Let's move the image up, let's change to fill container. I'm going to keep the same height of 480, and this section, I'm going to set it to fill container, hug contents, and I'm going to change the padding top, bottom to 96, the same value that we used for the hero section. Notice the image got considerably smaller right now. That's because I need to set this to a fixed height. The overall content or frame needs to be set to hug contents like so. That's the about section, let's move on. Instagram photos. The only change that will make here is on the height of these images. Right now there are 480 but let's change this to 400. That should give us a much better ratio of width to height. Next, let's see about the contact form. Here things are a very simple, we need to align this and the map with our guide, and we need to make this form be full width. Since I have selected this, let's actually change this value to 128. You got to love hollow layout, because the form frame was using fill container, it just filled up all the available space and the available space just got bigger because we removed a large chunk of that padding. Now, let's say about these elements. Here, let's just change this to 128, and we're good to go. Finally, let us take care of this section here. The newsletter content, and here, we don't actually need to do anything because this still looks good on medium screens. You might make it full width so that it fits between this guide and this guide. But personally I don't think it needs any change, so I'll just leave it like that. We will need to make some changes when we get to the small screens, but on the medium, this looks just fine. Let's do a quick recap of what we did in this lesson in terms of responsive web design, and I'm actually going to show these side-by-side, so you can see the changes that we made. First of all, we decreased the spacing between items in the mainframe. We had 240 here, we went with 176, I believe. Then we changed the hero from this horizontal layout to a vertical one, and we changed the business hours from a vertical to a horizontal layout just to make the most out of the available space. We also change this section from horizontal to vertical. We changed the menu by first removing the menu navigation and then to also removing that big offset we had on the left side. Now, everything aligns properly. What else? Let's move on. We also changed the about section. Just like we did with the hero, we went from a horizontal to a vertical layout. Then on the Instagram section, we changed the height of the photos from 480 to 400. Then on the contact form, we of course made the map bigger or appear bigger by aligning it with the guides. We also made the contact form take up the whole available space by changing or lowering the padding that we have set here. That is our responsive design version for medium screens. As you're used to by now, time to practice. So go ahead and create the responsive design for the medium screens for obviously your version of the design. Once you're done, we can move on because we're actually on the final stretch. We're really close to the finishing line, but we still need to take care of the small screens or how the website will look like on smaller screens. These requires the biggest amount of changes because of the size of that screen. Let's take care of that in the next lesson. 25. Design for Small Screens: Changing the Type Scale: When it comes to adjusting the design for small screens, there are quite a few things we need to do. We need to change the font sizes, the layout, and also introduce a new element in the form of an overlay menu. That's why we're going to split the small screen adjustments in three lessons. In this one, we'll take care of the font sizes. Let's go. First of all, let's go back to Figma and duplicate the medium screens, design and rename it to small screens. The range that we're going for is just under 1,400 pixels. Any change that will make to this layout will be applied on screens that are 1,400 pixels or lower. To see some of those changes, let's actually resize the screen to a size that's typical for a small screen like a smartphone or something like that. Let's go for something like 540 pixels, which is a pretty, pretty small size. As you can see on this size, we have a lot of stuff to do. Elements are just overlapping. We don't have enough room for the navigation menu text is just too big. The menu looks all weird. We have a lot of things to do. But actually, let's make this just a little bit bigger so that we still have access to some of these elements. It's just going to make it easier for us to work. Now, as I was saying in this lesson, we'll take care of the font sizes because here's the thing. On a small screen, you shouldn't really use the same font sizes that you are using on a large screen. Because on a large screen you have plenty of room. You have plenty of screen, real estate, but on a small screen, that's not the case. One of the methods you can use to make sure all of your content fits and is displayed properly is to reduce the font sizes. If you remember from the topography lesson, we used a type scale. We use this one with a 21-pixel base font size. If I remember correctly, it was a perfect fourth. Let's see if the font sizes match, 88, 66, 50. This one was base 21 ratio 1, 3, 3, 3. Now, what I like to do for smaller screens is to keep the same base font size but change the ratio because look what happens when you change the ratio to just one step lower. The font sizes get lower as well, especially the large ones, the heading one's, the heading two's. I think this is a great way of controlling the typography in a responsive website. On small screens, you just make the font smaller by changing the type scale. Then let's duplicate this frame. Let's make some room for it here. Let's actually call this type scale for small screens and above. Let's call this type scale, for small screens. This will be base 21, so 21 pixels. This is the starting point, but for the scale, we're going to use this 1.250 or major third. Let's rename this as well. Now let's go ahead and change the font sizes here. Let's see, we have 21 pixels as a base, we'll keep the 16 as a step-down in the scale, so 1624. But on the larger font sizes, we have the following 26. Then 33, 41, 51, and 64. Now, I'll go ahead and change the font sizes here as well, so 26. While I'm at it, I'm also going to change the line heights. Let's keep this at 40, 33. Let's set this to 48. This is 41. If you're wondering why I'm deleting that line height value and setting it to auto, well, when it's on auto, and I click it, Figma automatically calculates it for me based on a preset ratio. I can use that value of 62 or I can add my own. In this case, I think I'm just going to add my own, so I we'll probably go with 56. While I'm at it, I'm also going to update the text here. Next one is 51. Let's change this to 72. Finally this one is 64, and let's change it to 80 for the line-height like that. Now that we have the new sizes in place, let's go ahead and apply them to our page, and to make it a bit easier for me, I'm just going to take a screenshot of these values and I'm going to pin it to my screen. Something like that. Let's switch over to our design for the small screens. By the way, if you're wondering how I'm able to do this, it's an app in macOS called Clean Shot. Let's see about the topography. Basically what we need to do here is change the old value with the new value. Now that I say that, I think we also need to know what the old values were all about. Let's take a screenshot of this as well. Let's also pin the screenshots, so let's get it a bit organized here. I can also resize these. I'm going to have the old value and then the new values right here. Now let's go through the design and change these values accordingly. This text here, this is 16 it stays the same. The navigation 21, it stays the same. This one, 88,104, this is the H1. Let's change it to 64 and 80. This is 28 and 40. Let's see Position 3 here. We need to change it for 26 and 40, like that. Next 66, 80, that's an H2. Let's change it to 51, 72. Like so. This is a paragraph, so it stays the same. This and since we're at it, this is again 66, 80. We need to change it for 51, 72. Like so. This one is using the style so 37, 48. Number 4 here on the list. We need to change it with 33, 70 or 48, so 33. This one and this, let's actually select all of these. I'm just holding down Command and Shift to select all of these elements. These are using 28, 40. Number 3 here, let's replace with 26, 40. We're not going to bother with these, but we still need. Let's select this style Copy Properties. Select this, and this, and this, paste properties to apply the new font sizes. Now, let's select both these and this and change these two, 51, 72. This is regular text, keeps the same style. This as well. This one, 51,72 as well there, and the rest should be pretty much the same except maybe this one. 37,48, let's change it to 33, 48. That should be it. As a quick recap, what we did here was using a different type scale. Now we can actually get rid of these screenshots. We changed from using a ratio of 1.333, to a ratio of 1.250, which actually made the font sizes smaller on small screens. Based on these new values, we just went ahead selected all the text elements and we changed the font sizes where we needed to. This, as you can already see, it's had a big impact on the overall size of our page. Because even though this is much smaller than this, it's almost equal in height. Of course it will get bigger or taller because we'll start stacking some elements. But every little bit helps. Changing the topography or the font sizes on small screens is definitely something that I highly recommend. Now it's your turn to change the type scale and apply the new font sizes to your version of the design. If you've done that already, great, you're ready to move on. But if you haven't, you should go ahead and do it right now so that we're on the same level in terms of the progress with our design and also make sure you understand why we're doing this. I tried to explain it the best as I could in the video. But if you still don't understand why we need to make these changes in a responsive design. Then a drop me a line in the discussion area and I'll try and explain it some other way. Now, when you're ready, I'll see you in the next lesson where we'll change the layout of our website on small screens. 26. Design for Small Screens: Changing the Layout: The next step for adapting or design to small screens is to change the layout, and the biggest change here is moving everything to a one column layout. Because of the screen size, it's rarely the case where you can fit two columns of contents. That's why when you open a website on your phone, typically, you will see that everything is stacked one on top of the other in a single column. Let's go ahead and do that as well. Let's start from the top. Because we're dealing with small screens, notice that as we're getting to a smaller and smaller size, these elements overlap. Let's do something smart here and get rid of this area completely, and instead move it in its own overlay container, which we'll create in the next lesson. Basically, I want to replace this content with the logo and a small icon for the menu, and the idea is, when we click that menu icon, we'll get a pop-up or some overlay container displaying the menu and also this information that we're removing from here, because here's a quick tip, when you're creating responsive designs or responsive versions for your layout, it's okay to remove certain elements, but most of the time, you'll want to bring those back, especially critical elements like the navigation. In our case here, on a very small screen, the navigation is too long, so we'll remove it from this layout, but we'll add it later in a separate element which will open on demand. Let's go ahead and do that. I'm going to remove this. I'm also going to copy the logo and remove this bit. I'm actually going to rename this to, well, actually, we can keep it as top bar. It's fine. I'm going to paste in the logo, but I'm going to make it smaller. Let's change its height to 48 pixels, something like that. This should be good enough height for a small screen like a smartphone. You can still see the logo clearly, but it doesn't take up too much space. Let's then move it to that side. Let's get rid of these elements. Also, let's add one more icon here to serve as our menu icon, and I'm going to open up the icon set up again, and I'm going to search for List under bootstrap icon. This is the one that we're going to use. Let's go ahead and add it to our page. Just like that. I just pasted it in with the top bar selected, and I also changed the size to 32 pixels. Now I can simply remove the social icons. We're not going to need them right now, and also I made sure that our navigation is using the black color. By doing that, I make sure that even on the smallest of screens, we still get a good layout for our header. Now, a couple of changes here. First of all, the padding, top and bottom, let's increase that a little bit because now we just have a single element. Let's also remove this guide because we're not going to use it anymore, and let's also ungroup this element, the hero with the top bar so that we get rid of this gap in-between them. Let's just shift A and let's call it header and hero, and let's completely remove the spacing between them. Let's move on. Let's select the main frame and change the spacing between items from 176 to 128, like that, and as you can see, we have some very weird stuff going on here. I actually wonder why this is turned upside down. It's so weird. Let's flip it. But we'll get to that in just a little bit. Let's make this fill container. Let's make this fill container, and let's make this fill container like so. Let's resize it to about there. Now, let's see about this hero area. We can actually increase the size of this image to about 480. Something like this, and as far as this section goes, Let's set height-wise to be hug contents and let's check out the hero content, where I'm going to change the left and right padding to 64 pixels. That's going to properly align with this guide. This is going to have the exact same space to the left and to the right. These two will be the same, but will also align everything to the left, like so, and this will make sure it's aligned to the left. It just makes more sense like this on a small screen so that everything is nicely aligned to the left. Let's also select these two, align them to the left like so, and I guess if we want to save a bit more space, we can change the padding here to 64. It's going to be 64 all around. It's really up to you. I think still 96, looks good because this is a pretty important section, and I don't want it to look too crammed, but as I said, it's up to you. That's the hero. It's very, very simple changes. As you can see now, if we re-size even to a very small size, it still looks pretty good. Let's see about this, the food menu description. First of all, let's change to hug contents, fill container. Make sure we change the paddings here to 64. This is turned upside down again. Probably some bug in Figma. Let's flip it back, and that should be it. For this one, we just change the padding. Next. Let's see about the menu, and the biggest change for the menu here will be that we'll stack or we'll use a single column layout because right now on two columns, as you can see, the text is a little bit too crammed. It's a little bit too short for proper readability. Let's go ahead and do that. First, I'll select the food menu and let's actually change the distance between the items or the spacing to 96 just to be a bit more cautious with the space that we're using. Then on the steaks, let's also change this to 96 and this to 64, and then on the dishes, notice that we have one column and two columns. Well, we don't need that anymore, so let's ungroup, and let's ungroup column 2 as well. Now the dishes will just be displayed one stacked on top of the other. Now let's actually make a couple of changes here. We must also add a padding to the right side. I think we have a little bit too much distance in between the dishes. How about we change it to 64, something like that. That looks pretty good. We can try and complicate this a little bit further by creating separate spacings between the steak title and the first item. But I think this looks just fine as it is. I'm probably just going to resize this image to be 480 because it was a little bit too tall. That looks pretty good. Let's do that on the other sections as well. 96, spacing here, 64, and 64 padding left and padding right. Then we also have the content, let's change that, and then for the dishes, we also have column 1 and column 2. Let's go ahead and Ungroup and Ungroup as well, and then under dishes, let's make sure everything is set to vertical. How contents on the parent. 64 pixels, padding on the right. 64 pixels distance in-between these, and then each dish actually needs to go the full length. Why isn't it doing that? Let's see. Let's change this to 480. Burgers and sandwiches, this is where we applied 64 and 64, and then the content doesn't have any padding. That's correct, and then the dishes, that's where the extra padding was coming from. That's the second menu section. Let's do the same for the others, exactly the same thing, 96, 64, and 64. Then dishes again, we have them in columns, so let's ungroup direction set to vertical, hug contents 64 in-between zero here, and that should be it for this section, and finally, for salads, let's ditch the columns. I want to select the main item. Let's use 96 there and 64, and 64 here on the right, and let's change this image to 480 in height. Did we change this one? No, we didn't. Let's do that now, and I think that's about it. Almost. We are actually missing some of these separators. Let me go back up and see exactly what we're missing. Because remember when we were using columns, the last element in a column didn't have a separator under it. Obviously, when we got rid of the columns, some of these elements are left without a separator. Let's just duplicate and position the separator where it needs to. Let's see, I need another one here. For quickies, we need another one, and for salads, we need one more like that. Now, we have actually some extra space here. Let's see what that is all about. This is the food menu, and it's set to hug contents. One of it's contents is too large. Let's see which one. Salads? Salads is actually set to hug contents so it's not that. Quickies? All of them are set to hug contents but still is probably in salads. Let's see, yeah, the dishes here. Fixed height instead of hug content. So let's change that and everything is where it should be. There's a typo here. That's the menu. We just went from two columns on medium screens to one column on the smaller screens and we also changed the height of the images and we also played around with different paddings or spacing between elements. Now, let's move on, we are very close to finishing this. The about section. Here actually, I don't think we need to do anything. I'll keep the same image size, spacing is correct, or actually, no, on the hero content we'll change the padding here from 128 to 64. Now, it's properly aligning. Next, let's see photos from Instagram. This is a bit trickier. First of all, let's select this, change the padding, and that's where we start, and then we'll change the direction from horizontal to vertical. Let's change the distribution to packed, align everything to the left. Let's change to hug contents and let's set a distance or spacing between items of 64. Let's also make this button full-width , so fill container. Let's align everything in the middle and we're good to go. Let's also reduce the space between the photo gallery and the title. Instead of 128, we'll set 96, and instead of three-column layout, which might not be usable at certain widths, let's do a two-column layout. But actually this one, it should be set to fill container like that. Two-column layout for the photos instead of three columns. Let's see how we can do that. We have some images and they're organized in rows. It's pretty simple. We just need to duplicate one row, and just move the images around. I'm going to delete, or actually, I'm going to move this one from Row 1 to Row 2, and I'm going to delete this one and delete this one, and now we should have distinct images. Now, delete this one as well, and now we should be good. Also, let's change the height of these images to 240 pixels, like so. This is a much more appropriate layout for a small screen. Then, let's move on to contact. Let's change the spacing here to 96. This is well, let's change the padding to 64. If you want you can also add 64 here. If you don't want the map to go full width, in my case, I think I'll just ignore that. Also, let's make the map a little bit smaller 480, and let's see what we can do about these two elements. How about we move this sidebar to the top right here and let's get rid of that padding right there, and let's set its sizing to fill container. Let's actually add a padding of 64 pixels on the right so that when we resize it or resize the parent, we still have some space left here on the right side. Let's make sure spacing is correct and it is. Let's actually select this frame and let's change the spacing between the icon and the text to something a little better, like 32, like so. So then we have the map and then the contact form. Let's add some padding to the left and to the right. Let's change the spacing to 96, and now that I see it, we don't actually need two frames here. We just need to make sure the spacing is correct, but we can subgroup this and just have the one frame to which we'll set as filled container 64, padding 64 again, and that should be it for the contact section, and finally, let's see about the footer and newsletter. First of all, the footer should be set to fill the entire container, and let's actually place it in a frame so I can add some padding to it, 64, 64. Let's set that to fill container and make sure the text is aligned to the left, and then for the newsletter, let's change the top and bottom padding to 96, and then the framing side, let's change it to fill container. Let's add some padding here to 64, and let's see our text. It fills the container, so that's good. But this one, the form doesn't. So how about we make that one fill the container and then let's see this one the input must also fill the container. The button it's set to hug contents, so it's only going to be as large as the text inside it but the input, it can grow or it can shrink so I'm going to set that as fill container. Now, if I re-size the screen, this is the behavior that it has which is exactly what we want. Finally here on the footer, we have some distances or some spacing that is a bit too big so let's change that to 96, and 96 for this, and that's it. That's all of the layout changes will make to the responsive version of the website on small screens. Let's take a quicker look at what we did compared to the medium screens. First of all, we removed the top bar where actually we replaced its contents with the logo and a menu icon. We got rid of these elements, the address, social media icons, and navigation, but we'll add those later in another form. We merged these elements here so the header with the hero area, we left-aligned pretty much all the elements in the page. We also decreased the spacing between items on a global level or on the top level from 176-128. Then we also changed the menu a little bit. We went from two columns for the menu items to one column. We also made the images a little bit smaller in height, and also globally we went from having a 128-pixel spacing between the items and the left and right edge to a 64-pixel distance or spacing, and this just allows the content to grow a little bit more horizontally so it's going to take up usually a little bit less space vertically. We did the same for the about section. On the photos for Instagram section, we actually stacked the title and the follow button, and we migrated from a three-column layout to a two-column layout for the photo gallery. Then on the contact, we actually moved some elements around. We took the sidebar from here and we moved it above the map. We also made the contact form be full width, and then we applied some smart resizing options to the subscribe form so that it resizes automatically depending on the screen size, and that's it. Now, it's your turn. Go ahead and create the responsive version for small screens so that we are on the same page. Now, you just saw that by changing the layout, we actually got rid of some pretty important elements in our design, like the address, the social icons, and the navigation that's the big one. So we need a way to add them back so they're accessible to the user. Will do that with an overlay menu and that's coming up in the next lesson. 27. Design for Small Screens: Creating the Overlay Menu: It's amazing that you made it this far, Lesson 27. It's been a long journey, but we're almost at the end of it. All I have to do now is create the overlay menu for the small screens, and we're done. Let's go ahead and do that. This is going to be a really simple task and the overlay menu is basically a container that's going to be displayed when we click this Menu icon on small screens because we've hidden the navigation and all this information, we need a way to put it back so it's accessible to the user. When we click this button, we'll simply just slide down a container that contains all these information. Let's create a new frame here, it doesn't matter what size, just make it around, I don't know, 600 pixels maybe. Just keep it under 1,400 pixels. Then let's name this small screens, modal/overlay menu. Let's copy the top bar, we'll need that. Let's also apply an auto layout to this frame so that it's set to Hug contents. Let's remove the spacing there. Then what do we need to display? Well, we need basically these. We need the social icons so let's start with those. We also need the menu navigation so copy that and let's paste it in. The navigation should go first, the social icons next, and these will be at the very end. Here's how we're going to do that. First of all, let's select these three, I should say and "Shift A" to create another frame. Let's add a 96 pixel spacing between them. Let's set the padding to 64, something like that. Let's set resizing on this element to Fill container. Then let's select the Menu, change its direction to vertical, and let's set that one to Fill container. Next, let's select these icons. Actually because we're designing here for small screens where you will most likely use your finger to tap on elements, let's increase the size of the icons to 32 by 32. Then with it selected, let's set resizing to Fill container. Let's change the distribution to Space between so they're nicely displayed with an equal amount of space between them. Finally, let's select this bit let's make it vertical as well, 32 pixels looks pretty good, set it to Fill container, and that should be it. Let's not forget to change the icon here so instead of the menu icon, let's display an x. Going back to our icon set up, let's see, do I have an x here for close? We should and we do. We'll grab this x here and we'll paste it in. Let's make sure our color is black and also it looks a little bit smaller compared to the menu icon so let's slightly increase its size to 40 pixels, just like that. Let's remove that and I think we should be good to go. Let's test for responsiveness if we re-size this, no, something's wrong. This should be set to Fill container. Now it's displaying properly. Let's see, also these should be set to Fill container, this as well, and the parent frame. Now they should also re-size, but they don't so what is happening here? Why aren't those resizing? Let's see, Frame 27, 64 pixels, Fill container, so that's correct. This is Frame 3 and this is set to Fill container. We have an additional frame inside, so let's set that Fill container. That's good. Now everything should look the way it's supposed to. That's the overlay menu, it contains information that is very important to the usability of our website like the navigation. It's accessible only on small screens when we click the Menu icon. This is actually something that a lot of people neglect when they're designing, they are just going to put this Menu icon here and they're going to send their design to the developer, but the developer doesn't know what happens when I click this Menu icon because if you haven't designed the model, the overlay menu, whatever you want to call it, the developer doesn't know what to put in it or how it should look like. So when you're creating responsive versions for your website and you are handling the small screens, make sure you're also designing for any elements that might appear after a user interaction like clicking a button, will that open some kind of elements, a window, a modal? If it does, make sure your design accounts for it. Then let's do one final recap to see where we started and where we ended up. We started with the wire-frame. That's just a low fidelity representation of the design. Then we started the design process by adding typography, some colors, and then we created the final design for large screens, is the one that you can see right here. Then of course we had to account for smaller screens and medium screens. On each of these, we made various changes. We moved elements, we made them smaller, we changed the font sizes. We went from two columns to one column. We went from horizontal layouts to vertical layouts and so on and so forth. By doing this, we're making sure that our design looks great on every screen size. Well congrats, I assume you finished the design as well and you now have a complete one-page restaurant website design along with all the necessary adaptations to small and medium screen sizes. Job well done and as I was saying, it's been a long journey, but also hopefully a very informative one for you and that you learned something useful. Now, please check out the conclusion lesson for my ending thoughts and also an announcement that you might be interested in. I'll see you there. 28. The Epic Conclusion: You've finished the class, big congrats and many thanks for having the patience of going through 28 lessons. Now, you might be wondering what you should do next. First of all, you should work on the class project. If you've been working alongside me as you're watching the class, that's awesome. But if you haven't, I think you should really do the class projects so watch it again and try and follow my lead, so to speak. If I'm taking care of one other sections in the design, go ahead and do that as well until you get the hang of it and you'll get a lot more comfortable working in Figma. The idea here is to just practice. Secondly, I encourage you to post your design in the class project gallery. As you can see from my other Figma design classes, a lot of students submitted their work in the project gallery and I offered feedback for anyone who wanted that. I think this is a great way to learn because you get to practice and immediately know what you can improve. There were also projects that required very little to no feedback from me. They were that good and I'm not talking about exact copies of my work. I'm referring to projects that were based on my work, but they had their own style which made me super happy to see. They also showed me a different way of looking at a project like this, which was fantastic for me as an instructor. I recommend you do the same. Go ahead and post your project, even if you don't feel like it's good enough, even if you're just a beginner because we're all beginners at some point. Now, I would like to invite you to check out my other classes here on Skillshare and at the time of this recording, I actually have another Figma design class published. It's similar to this one but shorter, and it also covers a different type of design. You can make a landing page to be more precise. I used a slightly different workflow on that one so if you want to explore more options on how to work more efficiently, you might want to check out that class as well. Also, depending on when you're watching this video, I might have even more classes published on Skillshare so make sure to check out my profile to see everything that I have published. Now, during this class, I've been teasing you a little bit about an announcement that I was going to make in the conclusion, so here it is. My next Skillshare class will be about coding the birdhouse restaurant website that we designed in this class. This class is about designing. The next one will be about coding that design using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Cool. I hope you're as excited as I am about the new class and I'll share more details as I get closer to completing it. Make sure you follow me here on Skillshare as well as on my social media. With that said, it's time to say many thanks for watching this class and I look forward to seeing you in the next one. Take care and be safe. I'm already signing out.