YouTube Success: Creating Exciting Travel Videos | Kristen & Nadine | Skillshare

Playback Speed

  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x

YouTube Success: Creating Exciting Travel Videos

teacher avatar Kristen & Nadine, YouTubers | Videographers

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction: Creating Successful Travel Videos


    • 2.

      Filmaking & Storytelling


    • 3.

      Couch Session: Filmmaking & Storytelling


    • 4.

      Intro To Your Camera


    • 5.

      Cinematography Basics


    • 6.



    • 7.

      On Location Transitions


    • 8.

      Using Objects for Transitions


    • 9.

      Timelapse & Hyperlapse


    • 10.

      Shooting in 4K


    • 11.

      Filming in LOG


    • 12.

      Weather & Safety while Filming


    • 13.

      Filming Action & Adventure


    • 14.

      Filming Events, Festivals, Shows, Nightclubs & Parties


  • --
  • Beginner level
  • Intermediate level
  • Advanced level
  • All levels

Community Generated

The level is determined by a majority opinion of students who have reviewed this class. The teacher's recommendation is shown until at least 5 student responses are collected.





About This Class

Turn your dreams of YouTube stardom into a reality!

Learn from travel video experts Kristen Sarah & Nadine Sykora, who turned their love of exploring into a YouTube channel with nearly 1 million subscribers. This course will teach you how to creating exciting travel videos that will win on YouTube!

When it comes to creating travel videos, Kristen and Nadine have been doing it for over a decade and in 100+ countries. Along the way, they discovered how to create content that truly connects with people and create a loyal following and community. In this course, you’ll explore both the technical and creative side of film making that will help bring your stories to life.

In this course, we cover:

  • Filmmaking & storytelling and what makes a GOOD video
  • Types of Shots
  • Cinematography basics
  • Stabilization & transitions
  • Hyperlapses & timelapses
  • Shooting in 4k & LOG
  • Dealing with photo/video release forms, permits and permissions
  • Weather, safety and protection of you and your gear while traveling.
  • Filming Action and Adventure sequences. 
  • Filming events, festivals, shows, nightclubs & parties


The lessons in this class are designed to apply to all content creators, although we focus on travel video since that is our specialty. This is part 1 of a 5 part travel content creation series.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Kristen & Nadine

YouTubers | Videographers

Level: Beginner

Class Ratings

Expectations Met?
  • 0%
  • Yes
  • 0%
  • Somewhat
  • 0%
  • Not really
  • 0%

Why Join Skillshare?

Take award-winning Skillshare Original Classes

Each class has short lessons, hands-on projects

Your membership supports Skillshare teachers

Learn From Anywhere

Take classes on the go with the Skillshare app. Stream or download to watch on the plane, the subway, or wherever you learn best.


1. Introduction: Creating Successful Travel Videos: Hi, I Nadine Sykora and I'm Kristen Sarah. We've both been full-time content creators for nearly a decade. And we're here to share our insider tips and tricks with you. So Youtube can earn a living, traveling the world and creating content that inspires. In this class, we're going to show you how to use filmaking and Storytelling to create Exciting Travel Videos. We'll go through cinematography Basics, including Types of Shots, Stabilization and transitions, as well as cover items such as Photo and Video release forms, permits, permissions, and Filming events. This class is perfect for travelers looking to learn how to document their ventures and share it online. And we'll cover a variety of situations you'll run into while you're filming on the road. This is also part one of a five-part series of classes we have on Travel Vlogging, which you can do individually or you can complete as a whole. The information this course can also be applied to other genres as well. But since we're both in travel, that'll be our focus with get started. 2. Filmaking & Storytelling: In television and film, it takes a crew to put together a Production. In the new world of Travel, Videography or Vlogging, you might find yourself as the jack of all trades. Therefore, you're gonna need to know all areas of the production process. Filmmaking is Storytelling, and as a Travel Blogger, you are crafting a story based on your travels to get an idea of how to craft your story. These are the key elements you should be thinking of. As a Travel Blogger, it's very important to know who your audiences, who do you want to pull in, and who are the people you want to inspire to learn and to feel from your story. Because the way you film, the Shots you get and the way you deliver your message will change depending on who your demographic is. What are you teaching your viewers? For example, will you be showing them the adventurous side of the Great Wall of China or the more historical? Or are you going to give them practical tips like you not to fall off the edge. Every destination can be portrayed and showcased in many different ways. Beginning, middle, end, right? The travel story. Every story has a beginning, a middle, and an end. Capture the reader's attention in the beginning. Give them the details in the middle and conclude it at the end. Avoid showing the obvious what makes your store unique for your viewers. What makes them want to watch more and come back and back. Exploring new ways to view things is part of what sets people apart. So be creative and spontaneous. Shoot the bad stuff, film the arguments, the mishaps, the fights. When you're feeling down, when things just don't go right? When you are lost and you're confused. You will not want to film this at first. You might not even remember in the moment, but once you start remembering to bring out the camera at the times, you'll start to get some of your most compelling footage. Characters and story should always come first. It can be very easy to get carried away, but beautiful locations Filming, beautiful shot after another. And epic Location can grab the audience's attention. But to keep them, you need a great story and compelling characters. Those characters can be locals, you mute on your travels. They can be travel companions. And most of the time, they're gonna be you. Beautiful montages with music will only entertain people for so long before they get bored. And then they click away. Considering all the above 80% of the time when you travel, you won't be able to control the situation and you won't be able to reshoot. It's the nature of the base. And the best thing that you can do is to just be flexible and adjust the best you can while on the road. Also, as hectic, as Filming gets, makes sure you also leave time to enjoy the places that you were visiting. Once you get the hang of filming everything makes sure you also get the hang of putting the camera down. You will find them with practice. You can film everything and also live in the moment away from the lens. It's as simple as looking up once you got the shot. Dear Dad. It's beautiful here. The open road guides you to some of the most stunning, natural places I've ever seen. Your mom. The towns here are so cute. And did you know you can pick wild blueberries on the side of the road? Hey, my love. I honestly cannot describe how amazing the scenery is here. Hi guys. So right now I am doing my second volunteer project with volunteer Southern Africa. And this is the cheater project. So I'm gonna show you all the things that we get up to and what we do on this project. Excited, I'm excited sky. The two main goals of the living with cheetahs program is to one, breed the cheetahs to strengthen their gene pools and to raise them, teach them how to hunt and release them back into the wild. The first thing we did was of course, gets to know the cats. Now not all the cats can be approached. Several the cheetahs board at the project have been born wild and are still wild. Others have been hand weird, which means they were raised around human touch so they can be handled pet and are essentially tame. Nice, energetic, done with it. He gets up and we're done for us know. And I will tell the case. Okay. You'll see we only do one injection per day on Tuesday as we close. This is all PRR rather Kenya over there. They tend and a half months old. And I've this little five though, we're the only two that we've had Maria. How the process works is these little guys are now learning to hunt when they're old enough and they're hunting rarely now, we release them with the other siblings. And they will then eventually teach the siblings out 3. Couch Session: Filmmaking & Storytelling: Welcome to our couch Session on filmaking and Storytelling. Now couch sessions are a way for us to informally dive into certain topics of the course. And this one is gonna be our filmmaking process and our storytelling process. So let's start from the beginning. How do we get the idea for what we want to film, right? You want to start? Sure. So the first thing I do is, well, if I'm filming travel destinations, I start with the destination like what it might interested in seeing, where am I interested in going in? Like, if I want to go to Egypt, I'm like, Oh my God, I won't go to Egypt. I want Film pyramids. I want to film the Sphinx. I want to film these things where I started thinking of things that I want to do and the location. And that'll kinda helped me. Also think of, well, what do I want to capture? And I plan those kind of like together at the same time. It's just so ingrained into me that that's how I go about it and that's how I would recommend you guys going about it too. If you're trying to plan how you want to film your travels and start with planning your travels out and things you want to see and things you want to do because it brings like a genuine excitement about the topics. Because if you're excited to do it, if you're excited to pick it out, then obviously you're going to be excited to film about it. You're going to be excited to capture footage in regards to that? Yeah. I remember like when I first started out, I would film like I wouldn't really have an idea of what I wanted my video to be. I would just like go out and I would film basically whatever I was doing that day on my travels. Then I'd come back and have so many hours of footage. And not really a concept of what I wanted to, to like the story I wanted to tell. So I, over the years, I, how I've gotten better at that is thinking ahead of like, what kind of story do I want to tell? What kind of video do I want to create? Do I want to create a travel guide room showcasing some of my favorite things that I'm doing in the country? Or do I wanna do like a spontaneous like day in the life of I'm not sure what I'm gonna be doing today. Let's just go out and film everything and then condensing that. So I think having an idea ahead of time has really helped me cut down how much I'm filming because I know what type of Shots I want. Now what I'm out because it's going to help me tell that story. So if you were planning a top things to see in a destination as like, that's the video that I want to create. You would then plan your travels around that so you'd start picking out, okay, Let's meet lookup what the top things are, okay, so I'm gonna do this item first and that item, that this item then this item, this item because those are the top five things that were recommended rights. And then you'd go about filming those and then you put together as item one and M2. M2 3.4. Yeah, like creating the itinerary basically around the concept of the video idea. So that's where specifically for guides and stuff. Yeah. For sometimes when you're traveling though, a lot of times when you're traveling, a lot of things come up spontaneously and really cool things. You want to include them in your video and that's okay too. So don't feel like you had, you can't film that because it's not sticking to your original story. Your story can change and that's okay, yeah, and involve and as you experience things. So that's kinda like, so that's going more into story telling in and of itself. So if we're thinking of a story in total, it's like how do we plan the story? Okay? So like, okay, well, we know we need to film to the story now. How do we plan Story? How are we thinking of ideas to come up with? I think that it's, it is important to have a beginning, middle, and end like any story, right? And that's, that's the same even with travel videos, like having like a way of beginning it, whether you're introducing where you are, who you are is always a good idea to and each video because new people are kinda come across your, your content and not who know who you are, who you are, what you do, what you're gonna be showcasing in the video. And then having like, like something catchy at the beginning, Something catchy in the middle to keep people's attention and then having an end-to-end like wrapping everything up. Yeah. So like for me when I'm thinking of Story, a lot of you guys, when you're first starting out, it's just gonna be Vlogging. It's like, okay, your story is your experience, your experience in this country, your experience in that, in which case your stories, a personal one, it's your personal journey. So you don't have to, sometimes you don't have to crazy overthinking, like we were talking about the guides. We have guides that are structure. We want to visit the top places. We want to see this. Maybe it's to experience this hidden gem in this country. Maybe it's too experienced, best food in this country or you have, you're more relaxed thing I'd like, no. This video is my experience, my personal growth. I love Switzerland. I want to go back to Switzerland and I want to I want to experience it for three weeks. That's good. That might be a long video, but that could be something that could be your stories, just something as simple as that or like, I've never been to Africa. I wanna go to Africa and experience Africa for the first time. That could be your story. I am. It'd be also like going back to like I know some of my favorite ones that I did was just going back to the countries that my parents were from is experiencing the countries that my parents grew up in, that we're part of my culture, my heritage that I've never, I've seen in Canada, but I've never seen firsthand. So it's like trying to give them that personal element or that personal reason, why as well can help you try to connect with it. And like I said, you don't have, it doesn't have to be like crazy thought out if, if that works better for you, just go with the flow. But if you are really struggling with, well, what do I film? What a white or light even length. If you're Filming too much, then it's better to have a structure, right? Yeah. I find that the more you film, the more you understand like what your you're like, you discovered your personality within the video and your style. So what you're Filming keeps getting more condensed, more condensed because you're getting used to knowing what you want to film when you're traveling right in your scrapping, like the stuff that doesn't make sense and it doesn't matter. You're going to use to what you want to see. What you want to assign else is kinda the idea behind Filming to the edit, which is like a huge concept. And as soon as you dive into editing, which we do go in to in the whole editing section is editing is crazy cumbersome process. And one of the easiest ways to make that process is cumbersome. Yeah, is to think of each shot how you're going to edit it. So as you are filming, you are thinking of how you want to put those pieces together. Is it adding to your store? Is entering your mentally editing in your head sounds difficult, but the more you practice it, the better it will become. So you're thinking, okay, I'm gonna take this clip I just filmed right now, and I'm going to add in the B-roll that I filmed 5 min ago. And then all I need some more B-roll. So let me go out and fill map because that would go after this B-roll. Oh, now I should have a talking bit about this this wall because I don't have anything about this wall. And why is this wall here and why are we featuring it? I should probably mention something. So it's one of those you have to think as you are traveling. But it makes editing in a lot easier and it makes picking and choosing what things to film or what not to film when you're filming, like when you're on Location, a lot easier to naturally come to you because you're thinking of how you're editing it together. I want to give you two examples of like the video process for myself. One, I just filmed a video in Toronto and I went around the city for an a day showcasing some of my favorite spot and how multicultural the city has in general. So for that type of video, I scripted out the entire video where I wanted to go, what I wanted to see, help out, how I would showcase that Toronto is multicultural. And like everything was like point for point. And then I went out and shot it, knowing exactly where it was gonna go, what I was going to pretty much say. And then versus I'm going to be heading to Malta with my baby and my husband. We don't have anything planned, but our idea is to showcase how to travel with a baby. So having that in mind, any like crazy problems, we come across. Things that are super funny, difficult goals are the things I want to showcase because I know as an audience, that's what you want to see and you want to see how we overcome it. You can mentally edit in your head when you're thinking, Do I need that shot? Is that going to help me tell my story? And that's what you constantly want to ask yourself. I think that's gonna help you guys. If you're if you are thinking of that, just spending that time beforehand before you even turn the camera on will just help you as a filmmaker really understand what you're trying to achieve a lot better. So it's a bit of prep and time before and during to enter obsolete, and then filming and then editing it. It's a three-step process. So it's not just the filming, it's all three. So you have creating a script before you film, but then you have the flip side of that and that is creating a script from your footage. So if you just went out and filmed a bunch of stuff, I'm sure a lot of you right now are thinking, Oh my God, that's me. I have like 30 plus hours of footage from my last job. I don't know what to do with it. Or you might be that person down in the future. Yeah. I find yourself in those shoes where you're just like, Oh no, I've just shot a bunch of stuff. I don't know what I'm putting together. Your I don't know. It's my story, what I'm making here. So then it's really, it's creating a script from that. And how do you go about figuring out, okay, what have I filmed? How, What do I find? How do I like puzzle? Yeah, I will put together this puzzle to make something enjoyable entertainment and away you can do that is by looking at your footage. First of all, it's a FUN thing to do. I'll go over your travels again. And then from that, put together a story and do a voiceover, do a narration so that you're hearing your voice and showing the clips, right? You didn't know at the time when you're traveling what your story was, you weren't able to look at the camera and help tell it. But with those narration, voiceover is you can help tell the story that kinda reminiscing and then showcasing those clips, a little clips from the trot, from your travels and then edit if you don't know like what you're going to do in each of your travels. Like if you're more spontaneous, yeah, I've learned a great way for you to still tell a story and to make sense. Yeah, and he figuring out what your stories. So if you're completely lost, unlike, Oh my God, what does my story like? What am I? What am I storing? Start by picking out moments I like to pick out, okay, this is a big dramatic moment that happened or this was a very big epic moment that happened. Or like this was a really funny moment that happened. And I'm like, okay, maybe that should be the crux of it. Maybe that should be the central. Maybe it's the stories leading up to that moment or, or how I went to like just building in and around that item or maybe I filmed a lot, one thing, maybe maybe multiple Videos, right? Yeah. So maybe I make that its own video and then or maybe I do it chronologically or maybe it's just from a to B. It's my journey from a to B, in which case, you know what you filmed in. So you just go from a to B and it could be as simple as that. And then it just gets more into the editing process of putting that together. And if you have specifically two of you have really beautiful Shots. Like you went around and maybe you didn't blog so much. But you have these beautiful cinematic shots. You can always choose a really good music track and create a montage video that tells a story of like your travels and where you've been. And in a very visual way, you don't necessarily need words to tell a story. And you do that to be careful in montages. Because then, because if you do too long or too many montage, montage because they're funny. But like all of these things, all the concepts, they do take time so don't feel like, oh my gosh, like it does not coming to me right right away as you go. Start, like you could just start with Filming. And the more you edit, the more you see what you've captured, the more you'll see how your stories come to light. And the more you Travel and film your travels, you'll get inspired by certain items or aspects and maybe that'll shape your stories to come. Like maybe you just fall in love with food or maybe you fall in love with museums, or maybe you fall in love with meeting the locals. And then now you can take that new passion that you have and, and gear that toward what kind of Travel Videos you want to create. Or if there's a genre that you're really passionate about, like Adventure. Or maybe you're really love tours, or maybe you love group travel or maybe you love are being, or air streaming. You can kind of gear your, your stories in those destinations to that topic and make them a little bit more topical. You don't have to cover every single thing their students. I think that's a good pot and because that's in a mistake, I think a lot of people make they think they have to be everyone because this person's like that. So Success, one, Youtube, this person, this person. So I have to do everything they're doing. But you'll find what you're most passionate about the more you make videos. I guess the overall message to takeaway from this is to have a story. No matter what you want to. You want to have a story and you want to tell a story. Keeping that in mind, like what, what is the story that you're trying to tell, right? And that will help you get video footage you need and also content. Make the editing process a lot easier for you. And it can be a big story or it can be a small story. And it can be really, really complex and thought out, or it can just be a simple, this is my day. But have an idea of what it is that you are trying to accomplish. And that will really help you in crafting your Videos 4. Intro To Your Camera: If you're new to operating Your Camera and you've never ventured outside of the auto mode, it can be a bit overwhelming. There are a lot of different buttons and features that your camera can do that can really up your Filmmaking game. So each camera body is different, but there are some features on the cameras that don't change pretty much no matter what you use. So we're gonna go through some of those features to help get you out of auto and into manual when you're starting out, it is totally okay though, to keep your camera and auto. I filmed many years of travel videos all in auto without touching any of these other dials. Because adding the footage, I was capturing the image that was number one. I was being able to create the story and all of these modes and different dials can be a bit over whelming and a lot to think of when you were just running gunning, trying to get that. So I recommend just perfecting your video making skills first. And then we can move more into the manual skills, which is what we're gonna get into all the different modes and the buttons at which really help you transition from auto to manual. Most digital cameras will have a dial on top, which is meant for selecting different modes, will only cover four of the main modes here as there are other modes that might change from camera, two camera. So the three main modes we're going to cover our program mode, aperture priority and shutter priority. All of these modes are essentially a form of auto, where one of the settings is Emmanuel in program mode, it allows you to set the ISO and then the camera will handle the rest. In aperture priority. You have control over the aperture within the camera handles the ISO and shutter speed. So controlling the aperture will control your depth of field. So if you want to take landscape photos, you might want to set your camera to F 16 to get a really deep depth of field. Or if you're taking a portrait and F18 will give you a really nice blur to the background behind your subject. Shutter priority will give you control over the shutter speed. Iso and aperture are set by the camera. Setting. A high shutter speed will allow you to shoot fast-moving subjects like a race car and getting sharp images without motion blur. Then of course there's manual mode and this gives you full control over the ISO aperture and the shutter speed. This is for the more advanced users who want control over every aspect of the image. Right now I'm an automotive and as you can see, there's a light coming from the window and I'm perfectly lit, but if I was to rotate as I would while Vlogging, now the camera starts focusing on the background because that's what it thinks I want to focus on and my face, Well, you can't see my face anymore. Now. I'm in manual mode. As you can see, I'm properly exposed and focus. And if I rotate toward the window, I'm still properly exposed because the camera isn't trying to automatically adjust my background. And I can adjust the settings even more if I want to be a little bit brighter. So I can just rotate my dial either down or I can rotate it up to adjust as I go. That is the benefit of Filming in manual. A nice little hack for you to practice going from auto to manual is to take a photo with your camera in auto and then look at the settings that the camera is automatically adjusting to with your aperture, your eyes on your shutter speed, then go into the manual mode, adjust those settings manually, and just do little tweaks here and there to see how they affect your image holding your camera. You want to know how to hold your camera properly to avoid shakiness, you can get that nice still image. So here's how you do that without using a tripod. Let's start with the bigger cameras. So if you have a bigger camera like this and as a heavier lens, you're gonna want to use two hands, one to hold body, one to hold the lens. And the closer you have the camera to your chest, the more steady your shot is going to be. You're holding your camera out like this. After while your arm surgery get fatigued and they start moving the camera, you're gonna get that shaky image which you don't want. If you are Vlogging, you can hold, again the camera body like underneath and the lens as well. Underneath. There you go. You can extend your arms. It does get a little bit tiring that way, but if you haven't to close and you're just going to get it shot of like up your nose and you don't want that. If you're using a point-and-shoot camera, it's gonna be a lot lighter, lot smaller, lot easier to hold. You just need the one hand. This one here has a flip screen, which is great. So if you're Vlogging, you can actually see the shot. And you're just like cupping, cupping the camera in your hand like this. And what I like to do, especially if I'm doing like adventurous activities as have the strap on, strap around my wrist just in case you do drop the camera. Another thing I like to do with the point-and-shoot cameras is use either a gorilla pod or you can get a grip like this. This one's from Sony. It has the record mode at the front as well as the picture mode. So you can actually record video and take photos without having to look at the back of your camera. When you're holding it out, you have a nice firm grip. It also can add an extension when you're using the gorilla pod so you don't have to extend your arm as far you can keep it a little closer. It gives you your gives you more support and you can actually hold the camera up a lot longer without getting tired. When it comes to the position of your camera, you do not want it too high because then your audiences looking down at you, you don't want it too low because then they can see I've your nose and that's not that flattering. You want it at a level that's like the perfect place to be because you're at eye level with your audience. People that are watching you behind the camera. Unless you are going for like some sort of look that requires you to go up and down. Just keep it out ILO, walking with your camera. You're gonna want to keep your camera closer to your body to give you more support so you can hold the camera longer. If your hands are in, your arms, are out too long, you're gonna get fatigued really quickly. Also allows you to keep the camera steadier because it's like following along with your body. Think of it is if you had a cup of water and it's filled to the brim and you're trying to like walk across the room to hand it to somebody. You don't want to be like walking around like this. You don't want to be holding it out like this. You want to keep it like close to your body in like kind of glide. Same thing as with your camera. To get that very smooth gliding motion. Think of it as carrying very full glass of water. These days, a lot of these cameras have really good stabilization, so it's going to help you as well get that really smooth shot. I'm going to want to do what's called the Ninja walk. So you're going to get those squats and you're squatting down a little bit, bending your knees and just gliding across the room slowly and steady, Keeping the camera at the same level. Versus just walking normal. You're getting that shaky shot which you don't want. Also, if you're getting a pan this way, you just squat down and keep the camera at the same level. But using your legs is really going to help you. You'll feel that burn definitely. But it's gonna give you that really nice shot, nice steady shot. You can also get like that pushing luck without actually gliding forward. You could just bend your knees, keeping the cameras close to your body to start as possible. And just pushing forward with your body and then eventually your arms. So you get to the point where they're almost straight, but not quite because as soon as you get straight, your arms starting to shake a little bit. So just keep your elbows bent a little bit. And I'll give you a nice pull or push in. Look 5. Cinematography Basics: Cinematography is the Art and Technology of Motion Picture photography. To be a great cinematographer, a can take years of study and experience. It's an ongoing process of continuously defining and evolving your style in an ever-changing industry. You can take multiple year-long courses dedicated just to filmmaking. But for this course, we're just gonna be breaking down the basics of what you'll need to know to get you started. One thing to remember about filmmaking is the audience is looking at the world from the camera's perspective. There must be a reason for every camera movement. These are your standard camera movements in Shots styles that you are going to need to know. Depth of field. Depth of field is the distance between the nearest and the furthest object inosine that appears in focus. Three ways to affect step the field are the aperture, the focal distance, and the focal length. Fps, which stands for frames per second. This is the amount of frames captured by Your Camera per second. The higher the frame rate. But closer to reality, a movie seems. The standard 24 frames per second, which you'll see allows for a smoother footage most commonly seen in films. 30 frames per second is standard for television. And 60 frames per second allows for a more realistic look. Although it might seem a little odd because you're just not used to it. There is no right or wrong frames per second to choose, as it's all a matter of preference of what you prefer. Most cameras have a white balance feature you can use to let the camera know the lighting of the room and how natural light looks in it. You can do this by simply finding a white object. Paper works perfect. Holding it up to the camera, hitting your white balance button and it will auto change your setting to match it perfectly over and underexposure when filming or editing. The last thing you want is your shot to look under or overexposed, which means either too much light or not enough. In editing, you can fix minor areas and basic lighting mistakes or Objects in the shot you don't want. But what you can't fix is having an object be too bright or too dark. Some cameras will have what's called a zebra stripes and this will look weird, but turn it on. If there are any lines showing in bright areas, that means it is overexposed and you must turn down the lighting settings on your camera or adjusted accordingly. Stable ionization, walking and Vlogging may look fine on your small viewfinder or phone. However, viewing content that is a little bit shaky on a larger screen will only exaggerate the shakiness and may become unreachable. Most cameras have a built-in feature, usually called OIS, which is optical image stabilizer, which will usually be a hand symbol. It is almost always a good idea to have this feature on unless you're going for a more artsy luck. Iso, shutter speed and aperture, three very vital things you're gonna have to know if you want to make videos. In order to understand how videos work, you must first understand how a camera, it takes a picture, because a video is really just a series of still images. There are three major components involved in taking the proper picture. There's the aperture, the ISO, and the shutter speed, which all need to work together. Once you master these basic features, you are well on your way to producing not just high-quality photos, but more importantly, video. The first step is the aperture. The aperture is built into your lens and controls how much light passes into your camera. Too much light and your image will be all white. And then on the other hand, too little, it will be very dark. You may be taking a picture of a night sky or a bright room. And you need to control how much light enters your camera lens to produce the best image. This might be sunlight, candlelight, a lamp, or an external camera light. The aperture works just like the pupil of your eye. In bright circumstances, your pupil will contract or gets smaller. And dark circumstances, your pupil will get larger to let in more light. This is why when we wake up in the morning, it can be uncomfortable if someone's suddenly turns on the light because your pupils are dilated in the dark. The aperture is represented as F stop. You'll notice on your camera lens there will be the letter F followed by numbers. The lower numbers represent a larger aperture, while the higher numbers represent a smaller aperture. It seems a little backwards, but with practice, you'll get the hang of it. After light passes through the lens, it needs to get to the camera sensor. How sensitive your sensor is, is represented an ISO numbers. The camera sensor is one of the most expensive pieces of the camera and is basically responsible for turning light into an image. The sensor is found behind the lens on the body of the camera. The higher the ISO, the more sensitive the sensor is too light. Every camera has something called base ISO, which is typically the lowest ISO number of a sensor that can produce the highest image quality without adding noise to the picture. Typically, ISO numbers start 100-200, which is base ISO, and doubles in value. So the ISO sequence is 100, 200, 4,008,001,600.3260, 400, etcetera. The important thing to know is that each step doubles the sensitivity of the sensor, which means that ISO 800 is eight times more sensitive than ISO 100 and needs one eighth of the time to capture an image. This is great to remember for capturing sharp images that might be moving quickly. Shutter speed. Now you know, the aperture and sensor. In-between the two is the shutter speed represented in fractions like 1/50. The shutter speed is the timer for how long light hits the sensor. This happens in split seconds. If you take a picture with your shutter speed at 1/50, your sensor is hit by light for one-fiftieth of a second. Shutter speed affects how much motion blur is in every frame of your video. If you want your motion blur to look normal, you should take your frame rate and double it. So if you're shooting at 30 frames per second, a normal shutter speed would be 1/60. For faster moving objects, you will need to increase your shutter speed. But this will result in less time life gets to hit your sensor, which gives you darker images. If you can increase the light on the object at higher shutter speeds for crisp images, you'll have to play with your aperture, ISO, and shutter speed to get comfortable with these settings and how they work together for different circumstances. Static shot. A static shot is simply a shot with no movement. Pan shot. A pan shot is when the camera moves horizontally across a plane. For example, if a car was driving by, we can pan the camera from where it started and follow it to where it's going. This is a great way to extend the length of your shot and cover more area. Tilt shot. A tilt shot is much like the pan shot. However, this covers vertical movement. A POV, otherwise known as a point of view. A POV is what a character the subject is looking at represented through the camera. For example, if you are the subject and you walked into a room, you would explore it as if the camera where your eyes guiding the shot, naturally. Focus pole or rack focus. The focus poll is a Camera technique in which you change the focus of two or more objects in the shot. Usually this means adjusting the focus from one subject to another. For example, if you are focused on a cup, on a table in someone walks into the foreground. You can adjust the focus of the camera from the cup to the person. This shows the depth of field and can be a powerful tool to guide people towards the point of focus in the shot. Zoom. Zoom shot is zooming in on an object in the foreground or vice versa. For example, having a tight focus on a subject in a chair, you can then zoom out to establish the location. Timelapse. A timelapse is a single seen filmed over a period of time. There are two ways to do this. You can place a camera on a tripod record for a period of time and then speed up that footage and editing to be only several seconds. Another way is taking sequential photos over a period of time and compressing it into a video of several seconds. Slow motion. To get slow motion, you Film at a higher frame per second, then slow down that footage. For example, if you normally shoot at 30 frames per second to achieve slow motion, film at 60 frames per second. And then stretch the footage and editing to be twice the length, aka half the speed. The higher frames per second your camera can film, the higher-quality slow motion you can achieve. Aerial shot. Aerial shot is an overhead shot which can be captured from helicopters, airplanes, tops of buildings, and by using drones, often used to establish a Location. Great Cinematography takes a lot of trial and error, but helps to establish the overall look and feel for your videos. The more you practice, the better you get and more refined your personal style will become. Now, it's time to put into practice what we've talked about. So refer to the exercise sheet provided in the course package 6. Stabilization: One of the biggest things that we noticed from the videos on the Facebook group is that there is a lot of amazing locations to filming, but a lot of shaky footage. There is a lack of Stabilization. And I know for when I first started out, my footage was very, very shaky. And this is true with a lot of beginner filmmakers. A lot of Beginner Travel bloggers is, there's a lot of shaky footage when you first start out. And so to be able to transition and fix that and make it more buttery smooth, we need stabilization. There are a couple of ways that we can do this and we're gonna talk about it today out here on the woods where there's a lovely, uneven, unstable path. Now there's two different ways that you could do this. First, there's in bodies, Camera stabilization, which is stabilization in the camera body itself where the sensor is. This Camera here has built-in stabilization in it. No matter what lens I put on the camera body, it is going to be stabilized. The footage will be stabilized, whereas this cameras body does not have built-in stabilization means that it's heavily dependent on if the lens itself will have Stabilization, are not included on it because some lens is due and someone's don't have Stabilization. Having both forms of stabilization is the best, but at least make sure if you're shopping for Camera gear, either your body or your lens is stabilized, and that will make sure that you have at least some stabilization on your camera. Another very popular way to stabilize your footage to the next level is using an external stabilizing tool, such as a three axis gimbal, which is what I have now, I personally love the footage quality from a three-axis gimbal. It really allows us to get buttery smooth, follow me Shots really dynamic FUN footage. And it just makes the stabilization so beautiful. But there are several different three-axis Gimbels out in the market. This one is the zion crane, that's the one I use. And there is also the DJI Ronin, which is another really good gimbal, but there's various ones, there's big ones, they're small ones. And all of them have their different pros and cons. And a lot of it has to do with either the weight, the size, and the setup. They haven't bit of a learning curve to them. You have to learn how to balance them, you have to learn how to set them up and each time you're pretty much re-balancing it to get it in that perfect equilibrium. The beauty of the three axis gimbal is it just keeps your camera in the position that you want it to. One little tip that I have for you guys is to get a quick release plate and mounted onto the gimbal. That way you can just clip your camera on it offer really easily. And you only really have to balance it once. A lot better for like traveling. Gimbels really are a beautiful way to add amazing dynamic shots into your footage to get those really cool pans and tilts and all kinds of crazy cool shots. But they're a big learning curve. They take a lot of practice that take time to set up. So it's definitely something to venture into what you're feeling a little bit more comfortable with your filmmaking skills. So when it comes to stabilization, it really takes time and it takes practice. And most importantly, it takes mindfulness, being mindful of the camera and how you are holding it. Trying to avoid shakiness at all costs. And just constantly thinking of how you are stabilizing each and every shot, the more you practice that the moral becomes second nature and then you won't have to think about it as much. And by doing that, you'll be able to take your video footage to the next level. 7. On Location Transitions: Transitions are a great way to add interests when revealing your next clip. Rather than doing just a straight cut to cut like this. You can add in transitions in your editing program to create different effects. Or you can create transitions in the filming process, which I'm going to share a little technique with you right now. We're going to create what's called a Wipe transition. So you're setting up your first shot. You're getting a static shot of a sale landscape at the end of Filming your first scene or your subject, you're going to quickly move the camera in one direction than in your next scene. You're going to continue that motion. Moving Your Camera quickly at the top of the scene and then ending static on your next shot, your next subject. When you take these two clips, one that has the motion blur at the bottom and one that has had at the top of the clip, you're going to place them together in the editing program you're using. And side-by-side the create a beautiful swipe transition. Come. You can practice different directions just as long as you are ending one clip with that transition and starting the next clip with that transition. You can also play around with your Zoom to create some really cool transitions. So if you have a manual zoom, you can quickly zoom in to your subject in one scene, and then the next scene, you quickly zoom out. And when you place these two side-by-side in the editing process, you'll get a pretty cool transition that looks like this. 8. Using Objects for Transitions: You can use Objects and you're seeing to create a really cool transition in your video, you can use trees, people, lamppost, or create a really cool, seamless transition using motion. If you glide your camera behind an object in your first shot, then move to another object in your next shot and start with your camera behind that new object. In glide out in the same direction. You can take those two clips into editing, put them side-by-side, and create a seamless transition that looks like this. It is best to use manual settings when you're doing a transition like this so that your lighting looks exactly the same in each shot. So the transition looks seamless. If you're using auto, the lighting is going to continuously adjusts behind the object to your full scene and it's not going to look as seamless as you want it to. I'd say the most common example of this type of transition that you have probably seen, because a lot of loggers do this is the classic hand in front of the Camera to like close the shot and then off the camera to reveal the next scene. Just like this. Bam, this transition is a lot of fine because you can play around with different objects in your scene. So go out there and have some FUN. 9. Timelapse & Hyperlapse: Timelapses and Hyperlapses are a great way to show a lot of movement in a short period of time, or to show atmosphere or give you a more creative shot to add to your B-roll sequences. There are a couple of different ways that you can take the time left. We'll do timelapse. The first, the easiest way is to simply set your camera up on a tripod and then press the Record button and you're going to want to record for any period of time, time that you want. I usually like to do 5-10 min. It gives you a few seconds of good to timelapse and you can record four. Well, as long as Your Camera wants to report the duration of time that you're going to record for just depends on what you are recording. If there's a lot of movement happening, then you probably don't need to record for a long period of time. If it's a slower movement and you want to show a more drastic change and you're going to want to record for longer. Now, this type of recording of a timelapses good for shorter timelapses. So I like to use these on pathways, on streets, something where there's a lot of movement pretty quickly and you can kinda get the idea of what you want to achieve and your timelapse. So what are the benefits of doing a timelapse this way is you can speed up the video, which is that is how you create the timelapse or but at regular speed, do you have a bit more flexibility with creating the video and editing the video down. So I've been recording this for about 9 min now, so I've got a good chunk of time. There has been like dead periods, but there's been really busy periods. So I'll just go through speed this up in post and then I'll select the best few seconds to kinda create my timelapse. But this is definitely one of the easiest ways to timelapse because at Camera can do it. You just set the camera up on a tripod, which is very key because you want that civilization has gotta be stable. Or you could do a hard surface. I've definitely set it up on just random hard surfaces and that works as well. So I'm going to press stop here and we'll take a look at our timelapse. And more advanced way of taking a timelapse is by taking a series of photos in an interval and condensing them together at creating a video from that, the first method we would record video for a period of time and then we would speed it up and post and that would be a video. In this method, we're going to take individual photos, which way they're going to combine together. And that's going to create a video. To create a, if we're video is going to be 30 frames per second, we're going to need for 30 photos to make 1 s and Video 24 frames per second. We're going to need 24 photos to make 1 s video. So there's a couple of different ways to do this. The first is you can set your camera up and then manually press the shutter button every few seconds to take a photo. The better way to do this is to get an interval ometer. Interval auditors are usually a handheld device that plugs into your camera. But some cameras also have them built in. So this is the I64 hundreds. So it has all of the functions, the settings built into the camera itself, same with our Sony A7, to which uses an app. Now one of benefits of doing this type of timelapse is that you get a higher quality, a higher resolution image because you're taking individual photos, which can be like for K or six KP, whatever resolution Your Camera is, that is the quality of your timelapse. You can also do much longer timelapses. So timelapses or take a longer period of time to report, say, over a period of a few hours, such as Cloud, star at lapses or just slower movements that just need more time to record. One of the disadvantages of these types of timelapses, or that you are going to have to compile the images together. So you got to take all those images you shot and compile them together in post. Now of course, there are some cameras that will do this for you though, but not all of them do. So it's something to be aware of. That type of timelapses called a Hyperlapse, where instead of being stationary with your camera, you are moving it in-between each photo you take through the camera's moving in-between each photo. So you're getting a moving timelapse. The way that I usually do this is on a tripod in the photo mode, but with a grid on the screen because I'm going to want to line up my Shots to each shot I take. I'm going to have to individually frame and line it up with us why the grid is important. So I'm going to pick a place. We have this beautiful paths, so we are going to timelapse us walking down the path. So there's kind of like two different ways you can do like subject hybrid Hyperlapses are just normal movement Hyperlapses. One of the things to keep in mind is that between each photo you want to minimize the amount of movement, the amount of change of the frame. That is why we use the grid, because the grid helps us pick points and then line up our frame for each individual shot. So we're gonna do a Hyperlapse now, first thing I'm gonna do is going to turn the grid onto my screen. I'm going to turn the level on. This is going to help me keep my camera levels and it's going to help me see what points I'm going to frame. Let's take a photo. I'm going to move a step forward. Make sure everything else is lined up for the next Photo. Take that photo and again and again and again. So I've taken all my pictures and I'm gonna put it in post. And I'm going to combine them all together and put a stabilization effect. And you definitely want to use stabilization effect because this is what it looks like without the stabilizer. And this is what it looks like after it's been stabilized. So quite a bit of a difference there. I just want to get rid of those little bits to jitters. But that's Hyperlapse for you. 10. Shooting in 4K: Shooting in 4k a has a huge advantage for filmmakers. It makes your videos look a lot nicer, cleaner. A lot more. Systems are 4k a compatible. So a lot more filmmakers are using it these days. Lot of cameras these days, or four K compatible, including our bones, which is crazy. If you are filming in 4k a, you have to be prepared for it as a lot harder for your computer as well as your editing software to handle these types of files as well as the exporting process is going to take a lot longer. Not to mention you're gonna need a specific SD card of fast SD card for, for K specifically, as well as fast internet. If you're planning to upload your files to say Dropbox. Now, what is 4k? Well, it means for 1,000 pixels, whereas this would be ten at, this would be 720. This for at a 4k, a scene is essentially the same quality of four frames at 1080. That means if you're producing a 1080 video, you can use 4k a footage in digitally zoom into your shot without losing quality. These days, most people aren't producing for K videos. Although if you want it to, you could, and it would keep you ahead of the curve for the future when everyone is making for K videos, most people on YouTube Film and export in ten at which allows you to use a trick for incorporating 4k a footage. Because for K is four times the quality of ten at, if you're filming a scene with two or more people, you can cut into each person when they speak or they're doing some sort of action, essentially using only one camera, but as two cameras. If we tried to do this while Filming in 1080, we would lose the quality is there isn't enough detail in the scene to digitally zoom in. We also recommend using for K and drone footage and GoPro footage as this gives you much more detail to play with and editing and the ability to adjust your framing and post-production as well. 11. Filming in LOG: Log profiles are widely underused by Beginner videographers, mostly because it's daunting to play with these settings and most people don't know how to use them. Now log isn't something that we personally shoot with since it is a lot more work in post-production to do the color grading. But if you are looking for more dynamic range and more flexibility with your color grading, then it's definitely something to experiment with. If you have that feature on your camera, basically what a log profile is. It's a flat desaturated image where you can then add back in the contrast and the colors and saturation afterwards in various amounts where you keep all of the information that's in the shadows and in the highlights because of that flat desaturated image. Whereas if you shoot in the standard picture profile, your camera is doing the color correction in camera for you. And it does give you less ability and flexibility to change those settings and post. Each camera manufacturer will have their own log profile and they'll all look a little bit different, some being more trickier to grade, others. Now we're shooting on a Sony and in log 2M, some cameras will even allow you to customize your picture profiles to tweak each individual setting, to give you your own unique luck. Log is something you really need to work into and practice before committing to a full video. But it can be a lot of funds. So get out there and go practice 12. Weather & Safety while Filming: On Location adds several extra situations into the mix of general Filmmaking. Filming outdoors inevitably leads itself to Dealing with the weather. You can't change it. So here's how you deal with it. Rain, water, and moisture. Unless you have a very expensive lens or Camera body, chances are it is not weather sealed, meaning that the buttons, sliders at grips all have been sealed to keep out the rain droplets. Chances are you won't have this. And even if you do, your gear can still get wet and ruined. So here's how to prepare for a rainy situation. Bring an umbrella. It should be part of your gear bag. Have spare plastic bags. You can use these to wrap your camera up and protect it from the rain. Carry a lens cleaner as water droplets may fall into the lens and that leads to ruined or less than perfect footage. Get Creative. Yes, ran will make it difficult and sometimes even impossible to film. But you can still capture the moment. If you are creative and careful, you can end up getting some really beautiful footage. That's right Now. That's not a huge problem. Actually. It's really pretty with their reflections on the lake. It's raining. Luckily, I was carrying umbrella with me. So Good. Good intranet or good wind. Wind is a sound problem. As soon as it gets a little bit windy, your internal recording mic on any camera you have will become useless. And all sound recording will have a or B distorted. That's why it's important to carry an external microphone with a wind sock. This helps reduce or cut the hissing or distortion. If you don't have a wind sock and you still need to record audio, you can try and find a corner or go behind something that's blocking the wind, an extra tip. You can also use a finger up a glove as a wind sock. It's inexpensive and effective. The cold. In cold weather around zero degrees Celsius or lower, you can run into issues with your battery. Basically, cold weather will drain your battery at an alarming speed and it can reduce the amount of recording time significantly. Carrying a spear or two is important when filming in cold weather conditions. Also, rotating batteries in and out of a warm pocket will help prolong their charge. Heats and son, cameras are full of electronics and when it gets hot outside, those electronics can overheat. This will cause your camera to turn off and you will have to wait until it cools off before you could start filming again. So if you know you will be filming in hot conditions, carry an umbrella and try to shield your gear from the sun. Filming shorter bursts. Chances are if you are hot. So as your gear, humidity, humidity is moisture in the air that can get trapped in Your Camera parts. In the lens, between the lens and the body, and between the lens and the filter. When it gets trapped in-between the lens in the filter, you can simply wipe away the moisture with a cloth. So carry a cloth with you. If you are filming and humid conditions, try and avoid switching filters and lenses, which will invite moisture to get in condensation. Whenever you change from cold to hot, really quickly, condensation between the lens can occur. Unfortunately, once it happens, it is very difficult to get rid of quickly. And you might have to just wait it out, usually five to 20 min before you can film and use your camera again. However, it is easily preventable and the best ways are to just avoid spikes in temperature, like turning off your air conditioning and our before leaving the room with your equipment or giving your gear extra time to acclimatize to the weather by putting it outside earlier than you plan on Filming. Also, if you are inside for a brief period of time, keep your gear covered and it begs to try and minimize the temperature spikes As a Travel Blogger with a minimal gear, you most likely won't run into any issues when it comes to getting permission to film on Location. However, you may face a situation when you'll need to either get verbal permission or a written permission to film. Usually, permits are issued by the government governing body or property allowing you, the filmmaker, to film in a certain location. Here are some tips for dealing with specific situations and locations we've dealt with. If you are going to be filming an event, make sure you call the Location Manager or people in charge of the event to ask if it's okay to film. Some tourist attractions charge a small fee to bring Camera gear. This is usually paid in advance at the entrance before you enter. The majority of the time, a DSLR camera without a shotgun mic will not be an issue. As soon as you add a shotgun mic and tripod into the mix, you may be questions. It's best to research Filming policies before you go to best prepare yourself to avoid being turned away. Which would really suck. Some places such as museums. You just can't film. Don't gorilla shoot this footage, thinking you are being sneaky. If they asked you to not Film, be respectful and don't film. The last thing you want is to upload something that you shouldn't have and then have to take it down because you didn't have permission to use it. Once you get going at video making, your gear is going to get a little expensive. Obviously, protecting that gear and preventing damage, theft and loss is so important. Researching the appropriate equipment insurance, maybe something that you'll want to consider. There are several insurance providers that can cover a variety of situations and Types of gear. Purchasing equipment, insurance to protect your investment is worth it even if it's solely to have peace of mind. Safety is all about not making yourself a target. Most thefts are actually crimes of opportunity. Given the opportunity, if a stranger season unsupervised Camera, there's a high possibility that they might take it. They might not have set out to steal Camera that day, but they saw the opportunity and they took it. You want to try and minimize these opportunities with these suggestions. If you wear a shoulder bag, it should be crossed strapped around your body in the bag should be placed more towards the front. Backpacks that carry gear should always have locks on the zippers. You do not have eyes at the back your head? I'd hope. So. How can you see if someone's opening your bag? You can't. Another option is to where your backpack, frontwards. Cameras are targets for thieves. So keep your gear in conspicuous by using different camera straps, taping up logos, and putting gear away when not in use. If you're not using your gear, keep it in your bag or tucked away out of sight. Locks, cables, lockers. These are all your friends. Be very careful who you trust with your filming gear, and always make sure your belongings are locked up and strapped to a secure object when left unattended. Gear insurance for that extra bit of comfort and safety as her when things go wrong, you will be covered, which is a big relief. 13. Filming Action & Adventure: Action and Adventure Filming has exploded in the last few years as a very viable Fun and create a way to showcase travels. Mainly thanks to the ease of equipment such as of a GoPro, which has revolutionized immediates, so much easier to Film crazy sports and activities. Now, there are a few things you need to consider when filming Action and Adventure. Your equipment has a high possibility of getting damaged, broken, or lost, except this is a risk we all take when Filming adventures. If you are very protective of your gear, this type of Filming may not be for you. While you can't predict the outcome of the adventures, you can plan out the camera angles you want captured in the camera equipment required to achieve it. This means you'll have to think a head it before filming. In terms of types of equipment and Shots, it might involve extra hills to climb are missing out on particular sections of the full experience because you want to get that wide angle or a POV. You might even have to do the activity twice to get all the angles and Shots you need. Not such a bad thing really. With Adventure filming, it's best to try and create dynamic camera angles. Shooting everything on a GoPro or from one point of view is only great for so long. Your goal is to always have your audience engaged for the entire video. Shooting with a second camera and lens that isn't a fisheye adds variety and style. Sometimes you'll need to hang back or Go ahead of a group activity to get a more dynamic idea of the whole experience. Get started the activity Shots, and get end of the activity Shots. Sometimes you might even have to miss out on an activity if that's what needs to be done in order to get the right shot. Also, many times and Action scenarios, you'll want to have two cameras filming at the same time. So don't be afraid to ask someone to hold the camera for you. Thank you. You also don't need to have to pupil in order to film with two cameras. At the same time. You can mount a GoPro on your helmet for a POV while holding a second camera. Stabilization is key. The first couple of times you start filming Adventure, you'll quickly come to realize that most of the things you are doing involves movement, which leads to shaky footage, which equals unusable footage. Try and find ways to keep your cameras steady as best as possible. Try and plan Shots that allow for stabilizing. If you are wearing a camera, always be thinking about what that cameras filming and what it's seeing. It might involve keeping your head still or arms at weird angles. Also, modern video editing softwares like Adobe Premier and Final Cut Pro have some options for Stabilization after the fact, but they aren't perfect. So don't get too comfortable relying on it. Sound is always an issue. Let me introduce you until when your worst nightmare go pros when in their protective casing give you muffled audio at best. Now if you're just making a music video, that's fine. As you'll overlay music on top and it won't be an issue. However, if you wish to hear things, bring a good microphone and even better yet, bring it went sock or a dead cat as it's called. They look hilarious, but they get rid of that. When Csound. Be prepared for anything. Action filming takes a lot of practice of being in the moment because things are going to happen quick and they're going to happen fast. Be quick. And for Action Filmmaking, specifically, record everything and worry about the edit later. Bring a camera cleaning kit, your gear will get dirty. Both your lens in the body, make sure you carry a cleaning get and gave Your Camera gear a wipe down after everyday a Filming bigger is not always better people. When you film for Adventure, you have to be very selective of the gear you bring. Every bigger piece of gear comes with sacrifice of time and maneuverability, meaning you've gotta put all the pieces together. And the heavier the harder is to move around. Smaller cameras are easier and quicker to whip out and film spontaneous moments that can happen spur of the moment when you're filming Action or Adventure. Also, most of the time, you'll be carrying all of your gear in some way or another, you have. The more every time you are to move around. Stopping to Polo Camera gear all the time when doing highly physical activities are activities that heavily rely on the use of your hands will start to get very, very annoying after awhile. So think about what you'll be Filming, what the conditions are going to be like. If you will have assistance and curing your gear, then choose selectively 14. Filming Events, Festivals, Shows, Nightclubs & Parties: For all the videos under this section, keep this starting tip in mind. Planning ahead is the most important thing you can do. Most events that are even a little bit organized will have some set of rules regarding cameras and Filming gear. Public or free events are usually okay since they aren't going to have someone enforcing Camera rules on the general public. Because literally everyone has a camera phone nowadays. Although you might get asked a few questions if you have larger cameras, private events are a hit or miss. It all depends if the events purpose, or if the event itself can be publicly disclosed. Usually when it's a PR event, they are more lenient and welcome Filming since they're there to promote something, be it a brand, product, destination, location, restaurant, etc. so they will welcome the free press. However, never assume. Here are some questions to ask before heading off to Film any events, festivals, show, Nightclub, or party. Our cameras allowed. Is video recording allowed? Do you need to get a Media or press pass to record? Do you know the right person to contact to find out this information? How much equipment can you bring? Will you have lots of space to film? Or will you be in a huge crowd where you should try and keep your gear to a minimum. If you are planning to film at a festival, you must get a press or media path, not only for permission to record the festival, that pass will also let you know what you can legally record and display. A very important thing if there's any musician, band, singer, or show involved, since not every musician allows use of their song or footage while others will. Getting a press pass evolves pre-assigning image release forms and gives you the necessary legal documents required to use whatever footage you film for your videos. A press or media pass will also prevent you from getting hassled by security guards. And trust me, they will have security guards. And best of all, you'll get access to designated VIP press spots, which are usually strategically placed for the best viewing. So if you are thinking of also bringing in a DSLR or larger, you really must get a pass. Seriously, don't risk it because they will search your bags and you can be turned away. Not to mention your video can be taken down for copyright claims if you don't get the necessary permissions. Gear to bring external microphones that can record negative 20 decimals or lower. This basically helps prevent yourself from Peking, which allow volume and speakers can cause a zoom lens and all Festival cases, you'll be dealing with people. And since you cannot guarantee a close, clear Location to film, paper paired with a zoom lens or a camera that can zoom in gear to leave tripods. These are almost never going to be allowed even with a press pass. Not to mention, you're not going to want to carry one around with you while at a festival. You can always guerrilla style fill in these events with a point-and-shoot or a camera phone, and the quality will still be quite decent, as it is very, very rare. They would take away your phone or even a small camera. However, you might run into legal troubles if you plan on uploading it to Youtube. Aka, they can claim your video and make you take it down. But of course, that'll be the choice that you make. Getting permission to film theater shows or any type of live performance which isn't free and open to the public, will be very difficult task. Unfortunately, most of the time, no matter who you try and convince, they simply will not allow video recording. This is not the case of numbers per say, but instead, because they don't want to spoil parts of their performance and they can't guarantee what you'll film and what you'll showcase. Plus they don't know the end product or the quality of the film you'll be creating, which makes them skeptical of allowing you to film. I know it'll be heartbreaking to not be able to capture this amazing show you're watching on your travels. But trust me, your audience will understand there are creative ways to share the experience. You can always share your thoughts before and after the show. If something is specifically singled out as a party, you can almost certainly bet that there will be liquor involved. If you are filming content for anyone other than yourself, be sure you have discussed beforehand the depiction of alcohol in your video. If it is any type of branded or sponsored video thing, might be a bit weary of showing any alcohol consumption or beverage bottles. Be cautious and courteous in regards to yourself and your fellow attendees. If you are filming anyone other than yourself, make sure that they are aware of where this video is being displayed. As everyone acts a bit more unfiltered when they're intoxicated and displaying messy drunk people on video. It doesn't make for good content regardless. That is not saying that you shouldn't just be respectful, that other people are just there to have a good time. And it's best not to force a camera on them when they are partying. You know, they just might not appreciate it in the morning. Light is a huge issue since most Parties in nightclubs or rather dark. So think about what lenses you should bring when it comes to camera settings. Having a lens with a lower F-stop and setting your camera to have it open aperture will allow for more light to come into the lens, thus making a darker room see more bright on camera. Also, if you really must, there are plenty of small, cheap external LED lights that you can attach onto your DSLR or even mirrorless cameras that will provide a Camera flashlight. Just don't get one that's like two huge or else you'll stick out like a thumb and blind people. Noise and music. If you've been to a Nightclub, you know, it's really loud. If you must have Audible audio from people talking, consider a lavalier mic, or again, a directional external microphone or recorder with an option for a negative decibel recording range, it's best to record audio between negative 6 db to negative 12 db. The safe zone reason is as it's easier to increase the volume in post-production, but impossible to fix distortion, which is what happens when it peaks at positive decimals