Watercolor Flowers: A Beginner’s Guide to Loose Painting | Altea Alessandroni | Skillshare

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Watercolor Flowers: A Beginner’s Guide to Loose Painting

teacher avatar Altea Alessandroni, Artist and Designer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Class Project


    • 3.

      Materials and Tools


    • 4.

      Wet on Wet Technique


    • 5.

      Sketching Botanicals


    • 6.

      Painting Leaves


    • 7.

      Painting Branches


    • 8.

      Painting Flowers


    • 9.

      Composition Tips


    • 10.

      Final Project


    • 11.



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About This Class

In this class, you'll learn the basic techniques for creating a loose floral arrangement using watercolors.

If you’re a beginner, this class is a great place to start because we’ll take it one step at a time.
From learning how colors and water work together, to drawing and painting each botanical element, you’ll learn everything you need to know to paint a loose watercolor floral arrangement.

I know how tricky this medium can be, especially in the beginning, and this is why I focus each lesson on practicing each element of our final composition separately, going for a modern, simple, and loose style.

The methods and skills you will develop in this class can be applied to many art projects, from just simple floral designs to complex watercolor botanicals.

In this class you'll learn how to:

  • use the wet-on-wet technique
  • create simple botanical sketches to help you feel more comfortable with your drawing skills
  • paint delicate loose flowers, leaves, and branches
  • apply the tips I share about composition and create a well balanced floral arrangement

Who’s this class for?
This class is designed for anyone who would like to begin exploring the world of watercolors. Although this course is geared primarily towards beginners, anyone with an interest in botanicals, or a desire to learn more about watercolors and the loose painting style, is more than welcome to join!

Materials you'll need:

  • watercolor paper
  • watercolor paints
  • watercolor brushes
  • a palette
  • paper towels
  • one or two jars of water
  • a pencil
  • a fineliner

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Altea Alessandroni

Artist and Designer

Top Teacher

Through my art journey, I picked up several skills and my curiosity always leads me to explore new ways of expressing myself in a creative way.
I love using traditional media as well as drawing on my Ipad, and I'm excited to share everything I learn here on Skillshare!

My work is inspired by nature and the natural elements as well as experiences such as visiting new places, hiking and meeting like-minded people.
I've always been quiet and pretty introverted and like to see my art as a way of communicating my feelings and my appreciation for the little things in life.

You can see more of my work on my Etsy shop - where I sell collections of graphics and illustrations, and on Canva where you can download various kinds of templates I design.

See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: I've always been particularly drawn to watercolor. There is something magical and unique about it. I love how it creates organic effects and you can never quite paint the same thing twice. Hi, my name is, and I'm an artist and graphic designer based in Italy. I enjoy creating dedicated botanical art, as well as playing with abstract designs and using different media. You can find my work as templates or as a graphic collections that you can license. Today, I'm gonna be teaching you the basic techniques for creating a loose floral arrangement, using watercolors. To get started, I'll walk you through materials and tools for this class, you will need watercolor paints, paper and brushes, as well as a pilot and a paper towel. After that, we will learn about the interaction of water and pigment, the wet on wet technique. Next, we'll learn how to sketch basic floor almonds that literal blue translate into our botanical paintings. Together, we'll get creative with botanical shapes, allowing nature to inspire us. We'll move on to practicing painting. Every single element that will be part of our final composition, flowers, leaves, and branches. From there, I'll give you all my tips about composition to help you create your final project, a loose watercolor floral arrangement. This class is designed for anyone who would like to begin exploring the world of watercolors. And I've done my best to make each lesson easy to follow while also packing it full of all the information you need to get started. The skills you will develop in this class can be applied to many art projects, from just a simple botanical painting to graphic design projects. So if you're curious to learn more about this painting style and about pleura compensation. Join me in this class. 2. Class Project: Welcome to the Skillshare class. Today we're going to learn how to paint easy, loose watercolor flowers and arrange them in a beautiful floral composition. The methods and skills you will develop in this class can be applied to many art projects from just a simple floral design, too complex for watercolor botanicals. If you're a beginner, this class is a great place to start because it will take it one step at a time. I know how tricky this medium can be, especially in the beginning. And this is why I wanted to focus each lesson on practicing each element. The final composition separately, going for modern, simple and looser style. Okay, now let me just give you a more in-depth look at discourse. We'll get started by learning how the wet-on-wet technique works through a playful and relaxing exercise, will get to understand how colors and water interact at the same time will create a beautiful color palette that we'll use for the rest of the class. Then we'll learn how to draw simple botanical shapes by hand. That later we'll translate into watercolor paintings. Being able to draw botanical elements will be essential in starting painting. Watercolor as a medium. It's unpredictable and sometimes hard to control. That is why it's important to have confidence in your strokes before starting painting, drawing, and sketching elements solidly with a pencil first will be a great step in allowing you more control over the watercolors, will then learn how to paint each botanical elements, flowers, leaves, and branches. In this lesson, we will isolate the unique features of each element, and I will teach you step-by-step how to paint each element and get you feel more comfortable when it's time to paint our floral arrangement. Before moving on to the final project, I will share my tips to create a well-balanced floral arrangement. I understand that composition can be a tough topic, but I made this lesson very easy and simple to digest. And with the key things they'll be sharing, you'll be able to create a beautiful floral composition without feeling any pressure. Lastly, we'll combine everything we've learned so far to create our final floral composition. Your project for this class will be to apply the tips and techniques to create a floral arrangement. Make sure to watch until the end of this course because I'll share it even more project ideas that you may want to try it in the future. Under the projects and resources tab, you can find the resources for this class. I've included a printable sketching sheet that you can use to practice throwing the botanical elements as little guide with the list of materials and brands that I suggest a PDF with botanical references to help you complete your practice. A sketch of the composition of the final project. By clicking on the Create Project tab, you'll be able to upload your work and share it with others. Let's feel the gallery with colorful flowers and lets inspire each other. In the next lesson, I will share the materials and tools full need to complete the practice and the final project. 3. Materials and Tools: In this lesson, I'm going to walk you through the materials and tools will meet along with the list of things that we will be using. I'm going to give you some important information about each material. Alright, let's start talking about paper. Watercolor paper can be divided into student grade and artists grade. The first one, it's cheaper, but of course it has a couple of downsides, like it buckles and works easily. It's less resistant. European would likely dry with some harsh lines in it. I do use the student grade paper, but I keep it for painting ideas or things I wanted to experiment with. So it's basically my practice paper. The artist grade paper is where I do my final paintings. This paper is usually a 100% cotton and acid free. It's more durable and winter yellow over time. And when your colors dry, it creates a nice smooth gradients. In terms of paper textures, we can find rough, cold press and hot press paper. Rough paper, as the name suggests, is very textured and it's great for dry brushing techniques. On the other side of the spectrum, we have hot press paper, which is a very smooth and it's great for detail work. Cold press is right in-between. And I guess this is why it is the most popular choice. With this paper, you can create fairly detailed work with a little bit of texture as well. This paper is also considered to be the best one for beginners, as it is pretty easy to work with and allows a variety of techniques. For this class, I recommend using cold press paper as it is great for loose painting and also great for everyone who's new to watercolor. Another thing I look for it when I choose my paper is the weight. Because we're going to work with watercolors, the weight of the paper should be quite thick. So I recommend using a paper starting with a minimum width of 300 GSM. Okay, let's move on to brushes. Brushes come in different sizes, not to mention the variety of shapes and her used. If you're new to watercolors, It's easy to get lost among all the options available. So I would recommend starting out with 23 good synthetic round brushes. Brown brushes are the ones that use the most because they're really versatile and I love them. You're able to paint a white brush stroke, but at the same time, you can add details by just using the tip of the brush. Next will need watercolor paints, which come in three different formats. Liquid pens and tubes. I got started with 12 pen set, and this one is from Winsor and Newton, and it's the Cotman series, which is their student grade paints, like we discussed before with paper. Watercolors can also be student grade or professional. I'm still using this set along with this figure one. And even though these are students series, I think they're awesome and they are great to get started regarding tubes. I have some of them and I got the professional ones. I've been loving the richness, the vibrancy and density, and I can definitely tell that the quality is higher. Additionally, they're very handy if you need to paint on larger surfaces because you can just squeeze the color on the palette and easily deep your brush and have more room to mix the colors even with bigger brushes. There are liquid watercolors, which I haven't tried yet. But from what I've learned, they are very vibrant and you just need a few drops of colors to work with them. So they definitely sound interesting and I will try them in the future. Next, we need a jar of water and a paper towel. Lastly, we will need a pencil and eraser and a pen or a fine liner to get started sketching some easy botanical elements just to wrap things up, start with anything you have, anything that is a budget friendly for you. You didn't need to start with fancy materials, but if you do want to keep painting and you like watercolors, I recommend you to invest good-quality supplies because they do make a difference. I had been using my first set of supplies for a long time without realizing how much these were impacting my paintings. And switching to good quality paper and brushes helped me achieve better results. All right, You can find that PDF with the list of materials and brands that I personally tried in the projects and resources section. Now let's move on to our first watercolor lesson. 4. Wet on Wet Technique: There are many techniques you can use with watercolors, but because we're going to paint in a very loose style creating soft and delicate flowers. I'm going to show you how the wet on wet technique works. This technique is very flowy and you will see water and colors mix in a very unexpected and unpredictable ways. Trying this method leads to surprising and unique paintings. And I came up with a very relaxing and playful exercise that will also help you let go of control and embraces and predictability. The colors I'm gonna be using today are yellow, orange, and red. These worms summery colors inspired me and I will keep using them for the rest of the following lessons. But just feel free to pick the colors for this exercise that speak to you. The paper I'm using is from RNN fly, and it's a student grade paper, very cheap, but it's perfect for this kinds of experimental exercises regarding brushes that you can use. Any type of brush, whether it's round, flat, or mop brush, just make sure you're using a medium or larger size brush. So to start with, dip your brush into clean water. Once your brush is loaded with water, just applied on the paper. Spread the water evenly until you see a nice wet area. If you're not sure about the right amount of water, you should see a nice visible layer of water on your paper. If you've accidentally dropped too much water and you're seeing a puddle form. You can always go back in with a dry brush to soak up the excess water. So when you have a nice glossy wet area on your paper, you can pick a color and lay the pigment on the wet surface. You will notice that the water will start to pull the paint out and that the edges of your brushstrokes will get really soft and delicate. I find this technique really amazing and fascinating because they can spread and spread the water in really interesting and unexpected ways. So far, It's my favorite watercolor technique because it highlights the best quality of watercolors, its ability to create a wonderful bleeds in Bloom's. Another way you can use this wet on wet technique is to lay down a color first and then going with water or a different color, It's up to you. Here. I'm laying down the orange color first. I'm making sure the area with paint stays wet and doesn't dry out before I apply the second one, now, grab some water or a new color with your brush and move it to the bottom edge where you applied your first color, like so. As you can see when I move my brush down, the color diffuses down my stroke. So you can just go with the flow with this exercise. Actually there's no right or wrong way to do it. The point is to understand how the wet on wet technique works. Be aware of the amount of water and pigment you're using and observe how the paint dries, how the color and water spreads is really going to vary depending on the type of paper you're using, the amount of pain you drew, but on the amount of water you have on your brush or on the page. So there are many variations here. And every time you paint, you'll actually get a different result each time. So just let the watercolor do its thing. Just play around with the amount of water or paint or the time between applications, experiment and observe. I find this process very relaxing and I love how the combination of pigments and water can create a gradient within a color or between two colors. You can explore how colors softly blend. And that's why I do this practice very often before I start a new painting. It allows me to warm up and at the same time, I can build a color palette. I want to use. One more way you can use this technique is to drop a darker color on top of a lighter color. This is a great way to add depth and contrast three or watercolor paintings. And they're built to remember is to start with a light color first and then drop the darker one, building the body of the pain from the bottom-up. Okay, we have a beautiful color palette. We've learned about the wet on wet technique. Now we're ready to start learning how to draw botanical elements that will pay later. 5. Sketching Botanicals: For this lesson, I've prepared a lovely fluoro sketching shapes that you can print. The flowers you see within the borders are some paintings I did a while ago and I didn't use the wet on wet technique, so I really hope you like it and that you're excited to learn more about it if you're not able to print this page, no worries. All you need for this lesson is a pencil and eraser and a pen or a fine liner. In this lesson, we'll learn how to draw flowers and botanical details. I want you to focus more on getting creative with the general shape and outline of these elements without getting too hung up on specific details, will adopt the drawing you experiment with here. With a loose watercolor style. Sal only require basic, simple shapes. Let's start off by learning how to sketch basic shapes to create a flower. And easy way to get started drawing flowers is to build a simple scheme that will guide you to trace the shapes that make up the flower. So start off by drawing two circles, one inside of the other one. Then draw two lines in a shape of a cross from this scheme, start drawing petals starting at the tiny circle in the center. The cross lines should help you distribute the petals evenly throughout the circle. I'm repeating this process one more time, but this time I'm adding one more line. So this way I have a guide for each petal. You can add as many guiding lines as you want to try your flowers. Once you get acquainted with this process, you can skip the helper lines. And this time I'm only drawing the circles and I'm arranging the petals without referring to the lines. I'm also drawing bigger petals and I'm starting to explore more variations of the flower as a next step and start tracing the flowers that you drew with a fan or a fine liner. And lastly, whenever you feel ready, you can draw the flowers we hand. You can repeat each step as many times as you want until you feel comfortable moving forward. When I draw flowers, I like to start from the center. And then I like to draw the petals and experiment with different shapes. Whenever I need to come up with new ideas for the types of flowers I can draw. I liked her referring to one of my books about plants. This book features different types of flowers and leaves. And as you can see next to each plant, I can find the icon. And this really helps me to get a better understanding of the basic shapes it is made of. I also like to refer to photos I can find on the Internet or just heading outdoors and see what nature can offer. Okay, now let's move on to leaves and easy outlined for leaves is drawing an oval shape and then a line through the middle. The oval serves as a border, so they just stay within the area. And as we did for the flowers, you can play with the various leaf shapes. As you can see, I'm keeping all the drawing is very simple because the focus is on the shapes that make up our botanical subjects. All right, Next, we're going to learn how to sketch simple stems with leaves attached to them. The outline for this is exactly the same one we use for sketching the leaves. Once you have the pencil outline ready, you can go over this straight line with your fine liner and draw this time. Then start drawing some tiny leaf shapes on one side of the stem first, and then on the other side as well, make sure to stay within the line of the oval shape you drew. And this will ensure that the leaves along your stem are evenly placed and balanced. Okay, now, let me show you how you can modify your outline to help you draw not only straight stems, but also curvy ones. Start by tracing a C-shaped curve and now draw an oval shape all around the line and make sure to keep the bottom half of the oval a little bit larger and the top tied to the end of some. Now, so drawing the leaves on both sides, the bottom leaves are bigger and as you work your way out, they'll get smaller. I think this outlines are very helpful if we're getting started with botanical drawings. I really hope you can find them useful. And once you feel ready and just go freehand. Here, I'm just quickly adding illustrations for different types of friendships. So we went through all the botanical shapes we'll paint. And now let's get to the fun part. Prepare your brushes, paint, and paper. Because in the next lesson, we're gonna learn how to paint. 6. Painting Leaves: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to paint leaves. There are many ways to go about this, but since the style of this course is simple and modern, will keep the leaves are very minimal and let the colors, hues, and shapes speak for themselves. We'll be focusing on capturing just the essence of the subject without worrying too much about the details. So I will keep the sketching sheet close-by along with them. Guide with the botanical references that you can find in the projects and resources section. To reference the kinds of leaves that I want to experiment with. Alright, let's get started with a quick brushstroke exercise that will help you get acquainted with your brushes. The point of this exercise is to get to know your brushes and learn what shapes they can make. It is also a good practice to warm yourself up and I still do it myself from time to time, especially when I get a new brush and I want to see how it feels to paint with it. Okay, so load your brush with some water and the color. Start with the tip of your brush. And then lightly press down, lift up, and try to repeat this with a losing contact with the paper. I'm going to draw the next column of this exercise with another brush. This one has a very peculiar shape and I just got it. And yeah, I just want to see I'm curious to see what shapes form. Okay, here we are varying the pressure we are applying on the brush to create a theme or full strokes. These will also be the method we're going to use to create our leaves. I'm doing one more line and this time I'm moving the brush in a wavy motion, creating this button. Okay, now that we have warmed up later, I'm going to show you how to paint leads. But feel free to try out all of your brushes and keep going with this exercise. If you would like to keep playing around with pressure and shapes, to paint the leaves, I'm gonna go with a round brush. This type of brush is the one I use the most. I just love round brushes because you can get to paint white stroke so when you apply pressure, but they are also great for thin lines with a pint of your brush, press and then gradually release that pressure until you get a thin tip. Then do the same thing for the other side. Pressure, meet your point and lift up. Keeping mind that the directionality of your brush is going to determine the direction of the leaf phases. So I'm keeping a straight hold and the direction of the painted leaf matches the direction of my brush. For the next leaf, I'm keeping a slanted hold. I'm also moving the wrist to make the lift curve. I'm doing another one, and I'm also trying to accent with the whitespace. I want to leave in the middle. To add more depth to the leaves, you can apply the wet-on-wet technique we just learned. So I'm starting with a light color and I make sure the leaf is evenly wet, and then I go back in with a darker pigment. During this practice, don't forget to bury the hue of your color. It's good practice to create contrast. Also, experiment with different shapes and keep the sketching sheet close-by for reference. Until now we've been practicing how to paint leaves with two strokes, but there's also an easier way to paint a leaf using just a single stroke. I use this method when I want to paint a thinner leaves and when I'm using my smaller brush. Another trick I use to create contrast within the leaves is to start with a dark color and then add the water and let the colors spread and softly blend. Alright, I'm gonna add more leaves, but when you feel comfortable painting these ones, you can move on to the next class where we'll learn how to paint branches. 7. Painting Branches: Now let's you know how to paint leaves, painting branches that requires just an extra step. Before we get started, I just wanted to remind you that we're painting loosely. So take off the pressure. If the branches don't come out exactly as mine do. As we saw in the beginning of this course. The wet on wet technique is unpredictable. And also the materials you're using can affect the final result. Okay, Let's keep practicing and let's feel the shooting. Experiment with different branches and leaves shapes. And also remember to use different hues intensity to add contrast and avoid the flat look on your painting. We'll start our first branch by painting the stem first. I'm grabbing the brown color and I'm diluting it with water so I can start with a very light shade. I'm starting from the bottom and I'm making a curved line as I work my way up. Now, I'm going to leave here. Remember the practice you did painting leaves in the last lesson. So to make the leaf, I start with a thin line and then I press the brush down to get a nice oval leaf. I repeat the same step to create the other half of the leaf. You can use the tip of your brush to add a little point for find the leaf or district with the paint. When I paint branches, I liked very this shade and intensity of the leaf color. So for example, I start by painting a couple of leaves with a dark hue of the brown at the bottom end of the branch. But as I move along the stem, I add some leaves with a lighter shade of brown that I just get from adding water to the color. I tried to create a nice contrast to make my subject stand out and look more interesting, using the same color hue will make your painting look. And you want to avoid this. Now, as you can see, I'm making a couple of leaves, a very light now most of reducing the size of them. And in this branch with the smaller leaves. Now I'm going back in with a darker shade to add a little bit of contrast, dabbing the brush on some of the wet leaves and applying the wet on wet technique we just learned. All right, For the next brand, I'm referencing the sketching sheet for ideas. And I picked this branch with leaves, just some one side. To recreate this brand. First, I'm tracing the curved shape of the stem. I'm adding a tiny leaf at the tip. Next I'm adding a single strokes leaves, starting with bigger leaves closer to the end of the stem and reducing the size of the leaves. As I move up towards the tip. Sometimes with the wet on wet technique, you might see tiny puddles forming at the tip of your leaves. When this happens, I tried to move the fall to the bottom or where the leaf is attached to the stem because it looks more natural and the color gradient of the leaves starts with a darker color at the bottom as opposed to the top. Now I'm just changing my brush and picking a smaller one. The third branch we're going to paint is very similar to the first one I painted here. The main difference is that I'm adding more leaves to the brand and I'm making them thinner. This is why a smaller brush helps me achieve a better result. Here, I'm going back in with a dark brown to add contrast. And I'm dabbing the brush on some part of Sam. Alright, so far you've learned how to paint branches by first establishing a stem and then adding leaves to it. However, you can get more creative with the way you paint your branches. In this example, I'm going to show you how you can paint the branch and leaves simultaneously together to create a botanical elements. First, I'm choosing a very dark brown color. Then I'm painting a very thin and long stem that directly leads into slightly wider leaf. Next, attach another leaf and then a third one. To keep balance within these brands, I'm adding some more leaves on the buttocks side. Okay, Let's keep practicing and let's fill this **** in. Experiment with different branches and leaf shapes. Also remember to use different hues and intensity is to add contrast. Enter by the flat look on your painting. Alright, I'm taking some more inspiration from our sketching ****. I'm picking this French. I started the painting by making two lines in a V-shape. Then I paint in the leaves the width, three small bridges. You can notice the painted version doesn't look exactly like their version I sketch, but I just wanted to get creative with how the leaves were shaped. Okay, We're only one step away from finishing our practice. And now let's see how to paint delicate, loose flowers. 8. Painting Flowers: There are two ways of painting loose flowers. And let's start with a method I love using them most. So let's start by picking a color and let's load the brush with pigment will use a concentrated amount of this color and dilute it with water together for a fight or flight. Once you've chosen the color, just supply a dance and they come onto your brush. You don't need to be using a lot of water quite yet. Now start by painting four dots in a closest circle shape where you place the dots will become the center of your flower. Now rinse your brush fully and make sure it's pretty loaded with water. Now you can start at each dot of color and lay your brush down, apply some pressure to your brush, and then gently move it away from the dot to create the n of the pedal. When the brush touches the pigment, the color will immediately spread in the direction of the wet surface. Now, you can repeat this process for the remaining dots and make sure to have enough water on your brush for each petal. Whenever you need to, you can learn more water on your brush. Now I'm showing you a second way you can achieve this loose style. And basically we have to do the opposite. So start with a very diluted and light color and paint the petals first and picking the orange I already have here my palette. And I'm just adding water to make it lighter. So here we're painting the flowers freehand. Just remember the practice with it before keeping mind to lay the pedal stone in a circle, each petal should have water evenly distributed throughout it and the color should be even. So. If you notice some parts paint dry to stop your brush to release some water onto the page. Now pick a darker pigment and layer it on top of the petal, near the center of the flower. Here I'm adding just a little bit more water to make the colors spread even more. Okay, Now let's add more detail to the center of the flower and grabbing a third color. And this time the red. And I'm cutting my brush quite thick lead with the pigment. The thicker pigment will allow me to have more control over the movement of the color. And it will also allow me to create some contrast. As I go in. Here, I'm painting some really fine lines that connects the pedals. And it is really important to leave whitespace between the lines. So I personally love using the first method I showed to you. So I'm going to keep painting with that. Our focus in this lesson is to practice the list of style with this flowers. Keep it simple and play with different shapes and see what methods suits you best. Remember that getting it at a new painting technique takes practice. So if you don't succeed, try to give yourself time. Be patient, and keep practicing. When I first started using watercolors, I remember I was trying to find some pretty complex floral arrangements. And I had to know about composition. I had to know how to paint flowers from different perspectives. And when it came to the final painting fields, I was always getting afraid of messing it up. I was afraid of we're seeing the materials I was using and I fell a lot of frustration in the end. So from my experience, breaking down the process of learning watercolors into small steps is very important to stay motivated and keep going. This is why I created this course. And I wanted to focus on just a few simple projects, keeping things easy and giving more weight to practice and repetition. Alright, I'm going to change with brush and I'm using the number four, I'm going to fill in some of the gaps and the page with some tiny flowers so we can practice with a different brush size and flower dimensions. There are mainly using the first method to pay my flowers. I'm still trying to vary the way pinned. One of the things you can do to add some variety is to keep the sheet that contains your botanical sketches near you and get inspired by the different types of petals you sketched. In addition with this class, I've included a guide with a bunch of references that you can look at. You will find a few extracts from one of my favorite book. You will also find some press flowers and some photographs. So when you're painting, you can consider varying the number of petals, but also their shapes. You can paint jagged ends, pointy, wavy, round thing and everything you can imagine. Now that our page is full of beautiful colors. We are at the end of our painting practice. And I really hope that after this practice, you feel more comfortable with your own painting skills before jumping into her final project. In the next lesson, I'll be giving you some tips. You can apply it to create a well-balanced composition. 9. Composition Tips: In this lesson, I want to share some key things I keep in mind when sketching my floral compositions. Start off, I will show you three examples of wrong composition so you can get a better understanding of these mistakes. Next, I'll give you tips on how to create a well-balanced that floral composition. In this first example, you can see two big flowers at the top and two tiny flowers at the bottom that they mentioned other flowers and where they are placed is really important. And this composition feel some bonds because there's too much weight on the top part. The second example features three perfectly aligned flowers with a bunch of leaves all around. There's no variation in the size of flowers. There room for this composition to breath due to the quantity of leaves. So the overall look is really flat and crowded. The third example has bonds within the flowers, but the stems and leaves don't create movement with harmony. The stems are straight and they're assemble arrows, and they make the composition very unnatural and without harmony. Now, let's see what we should keep in mind when sketching our floral arrangement. So the first thing to consider is the dimension of our shapes. To determine the size of the flowers, I use a simple circle shapes. Sketching out different sizes helps me to get an idea of my floral composition right away. So I placed the circles on my paper and I tried to keep them around the center of the composition. In addition, I tried to think about where I'm placing each flower. So for example, if I have a big flower on one corner, I tried to balance it out by drawing another big flower or two tiny flowers on the opposite side. The point is to balance the weight. Once I have the flowers and they look bonds to my eyes, I arranged the leaves and branches all around. When it gets the branches, I make sure to create movement within the elements. One thing you can do is to draw current flowing branches and draw leaves pointing different directions. Negative space is also important. So if you have areas where you just see a few stems and basically not all the elements are touching, it's fine. The whitespace that contributes to give binds to the composition wellness tip of a composition is using contrast. We already touched on this when we practice painting all the botanical elements. But again, every time you paint, remember to use the different colors and intensity of use or right? These were all the tips I wanted to share with this in mind, let's dump into a final product. 10. Final Project: Right, we're ready to create the final project. I'm going to keep the sketch of the flora composition close by. So I can take a look at where I should place the elements. You can find the same sketch under the projects and resources section if you want to print it out or open the file and keep it displayed on your laptop for reference. So I'm starting with one of the big flowers. I'm creating the center of the flower by painting several lines using a thick consistency of color. Now I'm rinsing the brush and I'm loading it with border like we did in the practice lesson. I'm painting the petals by touching the wet tip of the brush to the dense color on the page, then applying some pressure and moving the brush away from the center. I continue painting several petals around the circle in this way. As you can see, the first flower is placed in the upper right-hand corner. So to balance the painting, I'm adding the next flower diagonally opposite to the first one. So it's gonna be in the lower left hand corner. Alright, from here on out, we'll be varying the shape and the size of the flowers to make my composition feel more alive and more natural. The third flower, a pink, for instance, only has four petals. I'm also playing with the shape of the petals, making them more round and less pointed. Lastly, I varied the Howie's colors a little after creating the center would think color, instead of going back in with a clean brush loaded with just bought her, I went in with a brush that had a small amount of orange in it. This gave the flower is slightly more intense finish. Okay, next, I'm going to paint another flower up here. And again, I'm starting off with the color red. This time I'll only use water to paint the petals. If you picked a different color palette, just feel free to mix and match the colors you picked. All right, To complete the composition, I'm adding two tiny flowers here. Okay, The flowers are looking good and now it's time to add leaves and branches. So what I do when I have to start adding this next elements is flip the paper and try to stop the areas that need to be filled in first. So this area on the left looks a little bit empty, and I think it's a good spot to add some foliage. So as a good rule of thumb, Let's start with a very light and they alluded shade of brown. Next, let's use the wet on wet technique. We learned to make this branch look more interesting with a dark brown. I'm going back in and just lightly dab in the brush on some of the leaves and some parts of the stem with the remaining paints I have on the brush, I'm adding just a few more leaves. So as you can see, I created, I created some contrasts within the colors and I varied the size of the leaves. Some of them are tiny while others are a little bigger. Now keep in mind that our main goal here is to announce the flowers as they are our main subjects by adding branches in a way that feels harmonious and balanced, we can make the flowers really pop and stand out. Just a quick tip to give you a composition centered, try to maintain an equal distance space from the borders. You can also trace some benchmarks to help you visualize the border. So for painting, if this can help, I know that placing the leaves and the branches can be tricky. But with time and practice, you will develop a sense of bonds. And does it really don't be too disappointed if your final painting doesn't turn out exactly like your sketch. The sketch, It's just a rough representation to help you guide the approximate size and placement of your botanical elements. So remember to have fun with the unpredictability of watercolors. Because the flowers are very delicate and soft, make sure to keep the overall look of the leaves very delicate and light as well. I would suggest that you not paint all of your leaves using a very dark and thick brown color because you're going to end up with a flat painting. And also the leaves will take the center stage and become the main subjects. Another thing to keep in mind is to make your painting feel alive. As you can see, I'm adding movement by pointing the branches in different directions. As a little reminder, if you feel that this lesson is going too fast, pause the video and work at your own pace. I always feel like to remind all my students not to rush the creative process. Feeling the pressure of finished quickly has often caused me to. Make additional careless mistakes or ends up with a painting that I wasn't happy with. So if you feel that the video is moving too fast, always feel free to pause, replace certain sections, and just being in the moment and enjoy the process. Right? I continue adding the leaves and the branches, keeping in mind all of the tips I shared in the last lesson. Hi. If you've filled in pretty much all of the areas of your composition, just take a quick step back to look at it and see how it flows. Remember that you always have time to keep adding elements, but you can go back if you have too many elements already on your paper. Okay, I'm taking out my painting. I think it looks good. I can see any areas where I would want to add more and it looks well-balanced. I can wait to see how your final work looks and I really hope you're happy with it. If this is your first one, be proud of yourself for sticking around until the end of this course. We went through many steps, will learn a lot. And let's be honest, watercolors are not easy to master. So congrats for getting this far, make sure to watch the next lesson for even more hideous and for the final Rob. 11. Conclusions: We've reached the end of the course, and I hope you enjoyed it as much as I have. Now before I leave, I went to wrap things up and I want to give you some more ideas on what you can create with this delicate loose flowers. First that we played with colors and water. And they're the wet on wet technique than we explored botanical shapes from sketching to painting each element. Next, we went through composition and learn the secrets to creating a well-balanced floral arrangement. With them combined everything we've learned to create our final piece. The skills you have gained can now be applied to create many products. And here are a couple of ideas you may want to try in the future. This is a simple and I kept for bookmark and it was very easy to create. I made the borders by taping the edges of the paper to my desk. Then I started painting loose flowers on the entire surface. When the pain was completely dry, I just remove the tape and this was the final result. This is a bouquet I created to design some wedding invitations. I use a very full color palette, paint this piece items candidate to make it into a PNG file, and he used it to decorate the invitation. I also made this painting that I'll be using as a greeting card. Here I arranged the flowers, the branches, and the leaves, creating a rich decoration. So I really hope you're encouraged to try these ideas and I can't wait to see your work in the project gallery. As always, feel free to post any part of your work, whether it's the practice or your final painting. If you have a minute to spare, I would love to hear your feedback. I always do my best to create classes that are easy to digest and accessible to all student levels. I really hope that this class helps you feel more comfortable in your painting skills to discover something new and to create a PCR. Happy with. Thank you so much for joining me today and I hope to see you again in my next Skillshare class.