Introduction to Perspective PART TWO - Beginner Drawing | Kristina Moyor | Skillshare

Playback Speed

  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x

Introduction to Perspective PART TWO - Beginner Drawing

teacher avatar Kristina Moyor, fine artist

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Review and Materials


    • 3.

      What is Two Point Perspective


    • 4.

      First Excercise Street Corner


    • 5.

      Object Below the Horizon Line


    • 6.

      Object Above the Horizon Line


    • 7.

      Cleaning Up The Lines


    • 8.

      Second Exercise Part One


    • 9.

      Second Exercise Part Two


    • 10.

      Bonus Challenge


    • 11.

      Third Exercise Graphic Letters


    • 12.

      Third Exercise Graphic Letters Part Two


    • 13.



  • --
  • Beginner level
  • Intermediate level
  • Advanced level
  • All levels

Community Generated

The level is determined by a majority opinion of students who have reviewed this class. The teacher's recommendation is shown until at least 5 student responses are collected.





About This Class

Have you just taken the class on one point perspective and are hungry for more? In this beginner drawing lesson, you will learn all about two point perspective! Building on the knowledge and practice from one point perspective, this class will explore exercises and techniques to drawing more complex spaces in an introductory manner. See when and how it is used and improve your drawing skills!

All you need is:

  • pencil
  • paper
  • ruler
  • eraser - I recommend a kneadable eraser!
  • pencil sharpener

See you in the classroom!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Kristina Moyor

fine artist


Hello, I'm Kristina.

I'm an artist in Calgary, AB., Canada. I am passionate about the Arts and love to paint, draw, sing and dance. I earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Lethbridge in 2010. My dream is to continually evolve and elevate my craft while helping others achieve their artistic goals.

I have two decades of teaching experience in art, dance, English and other.

I believe that art is for all and can have an incredibly positive influence in our lives. I hope you will embrace this opportunity to learn, create and connect with me and other students as you engage in discussions and share projects. Thank you for joining me, I look forward to getting to know you through your work.

Let's Art!

... See full profile

Level: Beginner

Class Ratings

Expectations Met?
  • 0%
  • Yes
  • 0%
  • Somewhat
  • 0%
  • Not really
  • 0%

Why Join Skillshare?

Take award-winning Skillshare Original Classes

Each class has short lessons, hands-on projects

Your membership supports Skillshare teachers

Learn From Anywhere

Take classes on the go with the Skillshare app. Stream or download to watch on the plane, the subway, or wherever you learn best.


1. Introduction: Hey, are you new to draw? Wondering what two point perspective is all about? Maybe need some help with it. Or maybe you just took my one point perspective class and you're ready for more. And this is the class for you with limited materials needed. You're going to be able to build some really essential skills to make your art look realistic, look like it's coming right off of the page. With linear perspective techniques such as one point and two point perspective that we're learning in these two classes, you'll be able to make a flat surface look three dimensional, which is so cool. And that's what this is all about. This is a really good fundamental drawing lesson that will really help you in future projects. Whether you're drawing the interior of a room or whether you're drawing letters, maybe you're making cards. Whether you're drawing a straight corner, all of these things are going to help you out. And we're building on those one point perspective skills. If you don't know what one point perspective is all about, make sure you go back and check out that class first. And then come back to this one so you can build on your skills and be a powerhouse illustrator without further ado. Let's get into it. 2. Review and Materials: In the previous lesson, we looked at one point perspective. If you haven't done that lesson, I highly recommend doing that. And this one will be much easier if you've done the lesson on one point perspective. If you already know how to do one point perspective and you're looking on how to do two point perspective, then you're in the right place. Just an overview of what we did in one point perspective. We looked at how to create shapes that look like they are three D on a flat surface with one converging 0.1 vanishing point. That's our point right there. Okay, we did a few exercises trying different, if you're working on a city scape or that thing. What it would look like if you're creating a pathway. How you would formulate that. Also if you're doing some graphic arts, like trying to do some lettering and how you can use one point perspective for that. Today's lesson, we're going to talk about two point perspective. What we need is some paper, an HB, pencil eraser, probably a pencil sharpener if you need, and a ruler as well. Pretty easy. Things that you hopefully already have at home. If not, you don't need to spend much money to make this lesson work for you. 3. What is Two Point Perspective: What is two point perspective? Two point perspective is lines that converge on two vanishing points. Linear perspective is a technique for representing three dimensional ****** on a flat surface. That's what we're doing with perspective. We're trying to create a three dimensional space on this flat surface. 4. First Excercise Street Corner: You'll most often see two point perspective being used for an interior of a room or for a street corner. We're going to start with a street corner and then we're going to try a room interior as well. Let's set up our page. Grab yourself a ruler and create your horizon line. Let's do it nice and light easy. Then we're going to, instead of doing a vanishing point right in the middle, we're going to use opposite ends. And two vanishing points just make a small mark on one side of the page. Then we'll make it nice and wide, leave a lot of space in between. Don't bring them this close together, it's not really going to work. We want to bring them further apart. We'll see if this is even far enough apart. Okay, next what I want you to do is draw a vertical line. Now, you don't have to use a ruler, but I'm going to. Okay, we have our vertical line. Doesn't have to be 100% straight up and down with a 90 degree angle here, but depends on what you're drawing. If you want it to be exact, then you might want to make sure that you're getting that nice angle. If you remember back when we did one point perspective, we drew in a shape first and then we, these lines vanishing to our point. Now a two point perspective is almost as if we're taking one of these shapes and we're turning it and it's the corner, that's the closest thing to us. Instead of the flat shape that's in front of us, like this being in front of us, instead turning it on its corner, and that's the thing that's closest to us. Just imagine that as we work on this piece here. I'm going to create a corner building. If you're in the streets of a city and you have those corner buildings, what we're going to do is, instead of taking the corners of a shape, because right now we don't have any corners of a shape, we just have a line. What we want to do is take the ends of the line. It is going to be our start and finish point for our shapes top and bottom. What we're going to do is I'm going to take this point here and connect it to my vanishing point there without hopefully making little marks. The same thing with the bottom. Then I'm going to do the same thing with this point here. Let's get going and I'll show you what it looks like. And then you give it a try. I'm going to draw the lines somewhat light, especially as they get to the vanishing point. Because I don't want it to be heavy with lines there socially, because we might decide we want to erase some of those lines. You can press a bit harder and then get a bit lighter. It creates an atmospheric line there. An atmospheric line just shows depth by the heaviness of the line. The heavier the line, the closer and then the lighter the line showing that it's getting further away from you, which is what this is doing. All right, so you could see that's a bit stronger of a line. Then it gets nice and light. It's a bit easier to erase those lines when they're light like that as well. Okay, then this last line here. All right, Now we have the corner of a building. You might already be able to envision now how this is. Maybe a corner walkway, maybe it's a fence. Maybe you're standing on a corner here and you see a fence here. Okay. Now we're going to start actually defining the ends of our shape so that we could have multiple buildings throughout here. What we're going to do is we're going to draw another vertical line. Remember how we were matching lines in the previous exercise to end the shape? It's going to be a similar process depending on how long you want your building to be a Costco or is it just a small building? Totally up to you. Depends also what you want to add in. If you make it a bit smaller, you might have more room to add in more things. I'm just going to try and match up that by pulling it across. I don't mind making this line fairly strong because I know that's like it's an edge of my shape, so I want it to be visible. I'm going to do the same thing on the other side. Is going to be equal on the other side, or is it going to be a little further away? Depends on the shape of the building. I'm going to get myself positioned, hopefully, nice, vertical there, without holding your ruler on an angle like that. That's going to really skew it, make sure you really follow that line. That's going to be really important. Okay, We basically already have our first shape, and that's the basics of doing two point perspective, but so much more to it. How do we really make things look real? How do we create a room? All of these things. So how do we make this look like a building? Like, what else do we do? How do we add in a door, that kind of thing? Let's try that out before we go on to adding details to this shape. What happens if we have a shape that's above us in the sky or if we have a shape that's on the ground below? Let's give it a try and see what happens. 5. Object Below the Horizon Line: Okay, so if we have a shape above, what are we going to do first? I'm not going to erase any of these lines at this point because there might be other things that I want to have the same height in line with that. That's where we're going to leave those lines for now. But what I want to do is I'm going to put in a shape. We're just going to stick to boxes right now. It's going to make it a lot easier now you can make it in front of it, you can make it over here. The easiest thing is going to be not having it really overlapping too much the first line. Anyways, I'm going to make this shape down below. Okay? How we make our shape as we start with that vertical line. Now it's a little on an angle, but that's okay. I'm going to show you what happens when you do a vertical line a little bit off. Then we're going to do one above as well. I'm going to do it over here. Okay, just draw a vertical line. That's how we're adding in these box shapes. We're going to do the same process. We're going to take the bottom of our line and match it up with a vanishing point on the right. Again, let's make some atmospheric lines start a bit heavier and then disappear. Not quite disappearing, but it gets so light that it makes you think it's disappearing. Then we do the same with the top. This is going to overlap that. Just let it overlap for now, and we'll discuss that in a minute. Don't worry about it. Same on this side for the left vanishing point. Get that nice atmospheric line going on. Get to the top. And same thing. Okay, now we've done the same thing as this except for adding in the edges. Let's add in those sides. How wide do we want the shape to be? Totally up to you? And this time I'm going to definitely match up to this. Okay, draw the line, that's the edge, my left edge of the shape. Then I'm going to do the same over here. Now the question is, where do you want to put it? I'm not going to overlap it in front of this line, so I'm not going to go past this line for now. Anyways, match that up. So just slide across. Draw your line. Now you can see the start of a shape. This one here, we had a finished shape. Then this one here, it doesn't quite look like a finish shape. It looks like a weird book or something. This is how we finish the shape when it's below and not crossing over our horizon line. When we cross over our horizon line, you're not seeing the top of the shape and you're not seeing the bottom of the shape below the horizon line. It's as if you can see the top of the shape. We're missing this part here. How do we fix that? Well, we use these edges here as if they are points that need to line up with our horizon. Because we need to make a line here and we need to make a line here. But how do we make sure they line up? This is how, using my right vanishing point. Well, I already have a line going across here. I don't need to do this point here. But over here, I don't have anything connecting. What I'm going to do is I'm going to connect that there with this vanishing point on the right. Again, I don't care right now, if I'm drawing over top a little bit, it's not a big deal. We want to get the concepts in first, okay? Then you can see we've got that shape rolling in there. Doing the same thing with this side. If I have this here, well, it doesn't make sense to draw a line to this point here, because the line is already there. But we're missing the line here. We need to know the angle according to our vanishing points. Now you can see, if I were to draw this line that was already existing and make it parallel, it would not be the same as this line here. That's the important part about two point perspective, because these lines here are getting closer to one another as they're getting to that vanishing point. That's why we need to have the two points and that we're matching those top lines up like we just did. Now let's move on to the top. What if object is above the horizon line. 6. Object Above the Horizon Line: If an object is above the horizon line, which part of the shape do you think we're seeing? Well, let's bring it back to our one point. When you have an object above, which part are you seeing? We're seeing the underneath. We're not seeing the top. It is With this one we are well, three sides of the shape. We're going to do the same thing we did with this one here. We're going to have the base added in. Let's first, in those lines that we first want to start with, lining up the bottom line, our vertical line, and the top of our vertical line to our vanishing points. The closer you are to your vanishing points, the closer your shape is to your vanishing points, the more of a strong angle you're going to have on that side. You can see that this is a stronger angle, more angular, then when it gets to here, it's less angled, it's more like the horizon line. Okay, let's match up the top of the vertical line using those atmospheric lines. It's a really great practice for pressure, making sure you're not putting too much pressure on your page with your pencil, which will help you with shading. Okay, now to match it up with our left vanishing point, line it up and let it drag across a very lightly and the same thing with the top end of our vertical line that we created. Let's make that vanish as well. Okay, we have our shape Now we need to add in the lines. Where is it going to finish? Is it, is it touching this building? Is it attached to the building? Is it floating in the air? What is it? We don't know. That's up to you to decide. Let's make it not attached right now. We're going to keep things as simple as we can. We want to match up the end, like the edges to this line we created same on the other side. Match it up, slide it across. Draw your line. Okay, That gives us our corners that we need to match up with our vanishing points. Now you know that if we start with this one here, if I go over here, yeah, I need to draw that line. If I go over this way, well, that line already exists. We don't have to draw that. I'm just reiterating that just so you have a better understanding as to why I'm drawing from this side. The same with this one, the line already there. We just need this vanishing point to tell us what is that shape going to look like? What angles are we going to have now I know my shape ended there, so I could have just stopped my line. But maybe you're adding in other shapes that are corresponding. Maybe there's a repeating pattern that you need to know. Okay, well maybe this is a street lamp and any of the street lamps are all going to be the same height because they're constructed that way. Then you want to have a continued line so you can add them in throughout. Okay, Now you can see how the shapes are. Now if we want, let's erase the lines so that we can see what it looks like with just the shapes and not the confusion of the lines. Now, if you're worried about not seeing how you created this, then I recommend trying this again. Try this exercise again. Maybe put the shape over here. Try different sizes of the shapes on your own. See how you do, but I'm going to erase it. And then we're going to come back and see what that looks like. I want you to try a second one so that you can erase the line. Maybe keep one so you have a recollection of how it was created. This gives us a little roadmap, okay? These lines here, these go here and then create another one. Maybe move around the shapes if you want, and erase one of them. Whichever one you want to choose. I'm going to show you how, Don't worry, we'll do it together. Let's do that in the next exercise. 7. Cleaning Up The Lines: Okay, so you've done two of these now and you're ready to erase some of the lines so you can just see the shapes. We're going to make sure we don't actually erase the shapes. I know my shape here. This is in front of that. I'm going to erase this bit. Just talk a little bit there. I'm going to erase these lines. These lines that are going into the vanishing point are called orthogonal lines. They're basically parallel lines which converge on the vanishing point. They make it look like it, even though parallel lines never meet these technically are parallel lines in the sense that visually we're creating that illusion. Okay? I'm just going to not erase the horizon line, okay? I'm going to erase all these other lines. I'm going to keep my horizon line, I'm going to keep my vanishing points. What's cool though is if you did erase your vanishing points, you could actually find out where the vanishing points are on an image based on these angles. If I didn't have these vanishing points, and it was like a test, where are the vanishing points? All I'd have to do is line up my ruler, draw some lines. And then I would see all of these lines going into two points. You would be able to find them. Don't worry. If you feel like if you've erased them, you can find them again. As this line I did, a little strong, could have made that one a little lighter. That shape is alot free. Now we got to race the lines that went over top of this building here or box or whatever it is. Now, if I was adding in detail, I might keep some of those lines just so I don't have to add in additional lines in case they're already in a spot. That works for what I'm doing now. I'm going to erase the part of the horizon line here that's behind my shape going out into the horizon, you can see the shapes starting to come to life, come into fruition. There we go. This one isn't really an harder than one point perspective. Maybe you can get a little confusing when you start adding lots of different shapes. But I think if you understand one point perspective, then you're going to be grasping this one pretty well if you're struggling with it. All you have to do is connect with me. Share in the projects student gallery, create a new discussion regarding the project. Let's build a community and help each other. You shouldn't feel alone on your artistic journey. You got to start somewhere and you keep learning. I'm still learning. Okay. All right. So look at that now. You can see the shapes separate and you can kind of get a more of a sense of what I mean by we're seeing the top of this shape. Like maybe this is a bin on the street, maybe this is a building. I don't know what that would be because it's a bit odd. You don't really see boxes in the sky, but that's all right. You could connect a shape to the building. Maybe there's beams that come out of the building and that's how you can learn how to create that. There we have basically your intro into two point perspective. 8. Second Exercise Part One: One of the coolest things about two point perspective, in my opinion, is being able to draw an interior of a room. And I think it's really cool. Let's get our page started with our horizon line. Trying to get it in the middle are two points, nice and wide. Then I'm going to draw a line. And this is going to be the corner of the room. On the far end of the room. Okay. The back corner of the room. In the other image we did, it was the forefront. Now we're actually making it the back. I think it's interesting to try both so you can get a sense of how two point perspective can work in real life. All right, we're going to make sure this line crosses over the horizon line. Next up, instead of just we're still going to line up our point to our vertical edge, But instead of drawing this first line, and that being the basis of our shape, it's actually going to be the line after I'm basically pretending I'm going to draw a line. I'm not going to draw that first bit of line. Going to look a little too messy. Stick with me. We're going to start here with that angle. You can imagine the line drawing. Start here and draw the line right to the outer edge of the page right off the page. Okay, we're going to do the same thing on the other side. Line up your vanishing point on the right with the bottom of your vertical line. Pretend you're drawing the first bit, then begin drawing. Once you hit your vertical line, goes right off the page. Al ready? You might be able to notice, hey, that looks like the floor. If you imagine this is the floor. This is that inner back corner of the wall. So how do we get those ceilings? We're going to have the ceiling up here. Well, you might have guessed. It's okay if you didn't that. I'm going to line up my vanishing point on the right, at the top of my vertical line. And make sure my ruler goes across the page till it exits off the page. All right, we're going to pretend, pretend, and then start drawing. Just after, Just as you hit the line there, look, we have a wall. Yeah. Okay, let's get this wall in place. Do the same thing but on the other side, line up that left vanishing point to the top of your vertical line. Let it go look at that. We have a wall, a wall floor, and a ceiling. How cool is that? All right, let's add some features to this room. How do we add some cool things, features? Alright, let's do it. Let's start by adding a floor which is really cool. We're going to add in a checkered floor. We're going to do a checkered floor. You could do hardwood floor because you could the lines coming across. Now, if I just drew these lines like this, all matching this line here, our perspective would get skewed. Okay? Trust the process, You might want to draw out where the, where they're going to start and you want to keep them a good similar distance depending on if it's really an extreme distance away. Because it's not super extreme, like this room doesn't look like that's like way far away. It's not that far. I'm going to keep them close to the same distance apart. You don't want to get them smaller as you get this way. If anything, they would get slightly bigger. Okay. Then we want about the same distance. I'm just eyeballing it on this side. That one's a little too close. Okay. Now what we're going to do is I'm going to line up my bench part. Let's are on the left. I'm going to line that up with these little marks I made here. Again, it wouldn't make sense to do it here because there's already a line right here. And I'm not going to draw that first part that's on our wall. We're going to draw the line on the floor. There we go. There's our first line. Look at that. Do a little happy dance if that made you feel empowered in your drawing abilities. Same thing. We're just going to continue on with the little markings we don't draw there. We can imagine that if we needed to go there, right here, start here, Beautiful. And one more look at this. Doesn't this feel weird to draw the line like this? Doesn't seem like it's wrong in a way. Well, let's start this side and see how it's really not wrong. 9. Second Exercise Part Two: Okay. Our right vanishing point lined up with the dot we made on that line. We pretend and then we actually draw the line. Now look at that. We did our first set of checkers right there. Great job. Remember, that was a little mistake. Dot, let's go to make sure if you draw a mistake and then you re draw the, you know which one to choose. Pretend and draw. Line it up. Now we're getting strong angles here. Feels weird, but just trust the process. Pretend and draw, especially as we get here, feels really awkward. Pretend. Then this backwards there, our vanishing points. I'm sticking to my rules that I created for myself. That's how we created our floor. How cool is that? Okay, do you think we could add? What do you think? Maybe. All right, well let's give it a try and see if we can. All right, so we could add a door here by just creating a vertical line, making sure it matches up to this vertical line, I think would be the best way. Okay, now our door isn't going to go to the top. It goes fairly high end at the floor. Make sure you make sense of the page. Okay. It's going to end on the floor. I don't know where draw this line yet, because I need my finishing point to tell me where that's going to be. Okay, I don't need to draw all that. What I want to know is this part here. You can just use that as the guide. And then here it's going to tell me. Then I might imagine where my door might end. Let's maybe not make it any longer than that. Then all I have to do is draw a vertical line to match the one is true, because doors, they should be paralleled this way vertically. Then we can erase this line in the middle here, because in the way there, awesome. Check that out. You could draw a door frame with it even, or door handle on it. If you want to draw a door handle, where would it be? Maybe about here. We've got a little door handle. Let's add in edging here, baseboards. How do we do that? I think I want my base, I don't want my baseboards to be too high. I'm going to start them right here. We'll make a little mark, the link it up. Now we're starting to add in some detail, right? I want my baseboard, I don't want my baseboard to go over the door. Okay, Now I already have my line to match up on this side. I'm just going to take this to my other venting point so I can get the left wall. Yes, there we go. Then the door usually has a frame on it, right? Let's draw a frame on it. How tall would the frame be, you'd imagine close to the baseboard height, potentially. Maybe we'll make it a bit smaller. Just draw a little dot there so we know where we want it to go to. I'm not going to draw that first bit, remember we're just drawing where that is. And I'm going to draw a little further because I don't know where it's going to end yet. Actually, I do need to draw a little bit of head so that we can actually frame the front bit of the door. To draw that front bit, good, then we're going to draw a vertical line where we want it to end. It should be either the same size or a bit smaller. Because it's closer to our back wall. Back corner, Okay. The frames connecting to the baseboard there, which is fine. Then this side, same thing. Maybe a bit wider, for the perspective sake, don't go too wide. But again, depends on how extreme all of your lines are. That should work. Now we have a nice little frame we can draw in the corner. Sometimes you see that corner, little corner bit there. And our vanishing line on here won't make sense for that. Just going to go corner to corner to make sense of that. All right, perfect. There we have it. There's the interior of a room. And you can do much more detailing, but as beginners, I think this is far enough for an interior of a room. But if you wanted to try adding maybe a picture on the wall or maybe adding a hallway, that's really going to be a lot more challenging. Maybe we'll do that as a challenge at the end. A little bonus challenge. All right. 10. Bonus Challenge: Okay, here's a little bonus challenge that I said we would do. If you're feeling more confident, you want to give this a go, we're going to create a hallway. What we want to do is create the edge of the hallway. Where's the hallway starting? I'm going to create a vertical line to show the end of this wall. It's going to go right to my ceiling and right to the ground. Right to the floor. Then I'm going to create the other side of depends on the width of your walkway. Obviously, this would be too small to have a walkway compared to the size of the door. Maybe you don't even it's it's just the section of wall, maybe this is just totally open. After that, you do have to consider the floor. Once you get to that point too, though, we might need to add in more flooring and take that into consideration. Let's add in a second wall. This is just a hallway, not just an opening. This is a hallway after you've drawn in where your walls are going to start and finish, the walkway going through, then what we want to do is create the base of the wall line from floor to wall. And we're going to use our vanishing point. And this little edge we created. And the same with the top. Okay, perfect. And we're going to go because there are vanishing points over here. We don't need to draw this side, that, that side of the wall is not going to show up. Okay? Then from here I can draw a line along here. Like if there was a room starting on this wall or something like that. Or if it goes right to the end of the hallway. Okay? And then this line here, this vanishing point over here, is going to help me create the top and the bottom line. Okay? Now we basically it's going into there. Now I want to make sure my baseboards go into there. Just draw the line until it hits the door or the end of the space. Whatever is at the end there, that's not going to be a baseboard anymore. It depends if you're carrying through the flooring into that space or is it a change in flooring. Okay. Can erase these lines because that's a door or end of the hall wall, whatever. You decide that line disappeared. Okay. Good. So you can decide whether you want to continue the flooring into here. Then you would just have this going in and then you just need to draw more lines matching up with that vanishing line. Or maybe it's carpet. You have a break here, you have one of those little break lines between the flooring there. Then maybe you have a door frame perhaps. Usually if there's a door at the end, you're also going to have a little bit of space in between. You don't usually just just have a door at the end. There's usually a little bit of buffer so you can have the door frame and all of that, and maybe there's a little dry wall. Its not usually just a door at the end. We'll just leave that as the end of the hallway. But you can see how you can really do a lot of interesting things. Like I said, you can add in a little picture frame here, something like that. And when you're adding in a picture frame, let's just go for it. I'm just going to use my vanishing point and draw a line here. And then another line now depends is the picture going all the way down or is it just above? This one's going to be just above. Okay. And I went further than what I wanted to for my shape, to make sure that I could draw in my vertical lines member. Match those up, match them up, can erase those. Now if it's sitting, like if it has a frame, if it's a canvas, it pops forward. Which part are we going to see? Are going to see the bottom of the shape or are going to see the top? It's a canvas. Remember this shape is above the horizon line, so we're going to see the bottom of the canvas. The top, I'm just going to draw a little line a little bit longer than it needs to be. Then over here, this line here is going to tell us where to finish off. This is when you get into the little nitty gritty details of the pieces. Those details that make it look more realistic. Okay, that's the edge of it. Now I really, It's a really big box. What can I say? It's a bit of a boxy frame. Okay, have some fun with it. Then we erase on this side. Need to match up those ends with this one. Then this side you have the front in the bottom line. And then this side you have your bottom side edges to finish that off. Now you have a little picture there that you can put some detail into. That's how you can create an interior room. There's your little extra bonus there. 11. Third Exercise Graphic Letters: Okay, let's try some graphic letters. I'm going to take this up a little bit because I'm going to actually put my letters below. You can actually bring this up higher if you like. Draw your horizon line. Place your vanishing points at obstinence. Now what I'm going to do is I'm actually going to draw my line over here. This is going to be the starting letter. Depends how dramatic you want it to be. The further away it's going to be a little more dramatic. You're going to see more of the top then. The closer to the line, it's a little bit less dramatic or angles aren't as strong. I'm going to draw a faint, I don't want it to be too strong so that I can erase some of it. Pull it down just a bit, a little bit like that. And then the top of it, I want my lettering to be all below. Okay. I'm just going to start like that and what I'm going to do now is put in my word or letters. Let's just start with Ok. So block letters. I'm actually going to put it all right, in this. It's going to make it a bit easier for the beginner. I'm not using my ruler. Hi, balling net like so. Okay, you could do more letters or just try to your initials and see from there how it goes. Okay, we actually do want this side as well. I'm just going to do lightly because I'm going to end the shape. Now what I want to do is I'm going to erase anything that's unnecessary as part of my shape. I'm taking away these lines here and leaving the block letters in place careful when you do this. You might be smudging your page. You can actually use a brush, like a soft paint brush, and make sure it's dry. Just brush it across and that it's less likely to smudge than using your hands. We have oils in our fingers and we just sometimes it gets really messy. That's just something to keep in mind. Now, I'm going to continue my shape at all my corners starting here. Let's go to the top. Let's just do the top section first. Just a little bit. I don't know how long I'm making it yet, so I'm just going to make my lines a little bit longer to begin with, always aligning the edge of the shape to my vanishing point. Let's go right on over to the M. When we have this position, maybe you decide you want it to be a longer then your shape is already in place there. Okay, let's see if we need to draw any of these lines. Now, this will be similar to our one point perspective. We don't want to draw over top of the shape. We're keeping that in mind. Soon as I hit a shape, I stop. That's not going to show, that's not going to show. This one here is stop. When you get to a shape, this shape is in front of this shape, so you're not going to see it show up in here. Okay, keep that there. Bit of the m right there. That middle bit. It's going to have a little bit right there. That one. Don't want to draw over the shape, this one there. 12. Third Exercise Graphic Letters Part Two: Okay, now if you want to cut the shape off, you're going to do like what we did in one point perspective, at least. For where you're cutting off any vertical type of lines. Anything that is not vertical, anything horizontal, we're going to want to mesh. Match up to this here, okay? This top. In fact, it might just be easier to just start like that and draw across our shape. Now, we're only going to want to draw these bits here, because this bit here goes down in the top bits of the letters. Okay, we can erase anything that's in the way. I do have a needle eraser. They're flexible. They help to keep your hands clean when you're needing them. I also just find that you can shape it and use it as a small eraser. It just eras really well. I do love having a need able. They start off looking like a square that are a bit thick like that or rectangular. This one has seen a lot of action in the sketchbook and it's looking a little rough. They're usually light gray when you get them. You can get colored ones as well. Okay, let's erase these marks that can become confusing if they're still there. Okay, now we want to add in our vertical lines. Well, we've already given ourselves the pinpoint. If you used a ruler, then use a ruler for this part. First letter, I used a ruler for this bit. I'm going to use a ruler like that. Then this part here. Now, I'm not going to draw straight up and down, because this is the line I want to follow here. This is a vertical line. When you're letters, you're not going to all have just everything straight up and down, right? You're going to have some things that are on angles. Well, this isn't going to match up with any of these. The two point isn't going to help us there. So I'm just going to match it up the best I can, like eyeball it to match that. Okay, now this one up here, it's the right, the rest of it is hidden. So I'm not worried about that. I can erase this bit Now, redraw that, okay, You can start seeing how it's coming to life now. Right? This one here definitely needs some stopping. And we've got that bit there to stop us there. This one's going to match this line here. Then here, it looks pretty close. I feel like it's probably hidden. It's close though. One way I could see is because I have this point here. I can match this to this and see where that one's going to end. It's just like right there, so you barely have anything showing on the back. So if you wanted to have something you could see a little bit more. You just have to make, it could have cut this down shorter then you would have cut that shorter as well. But I made my blocks thicker. Okay. And then here, let's erase these lines here. This could be a fun project if you're wanting to put your name in your room or maybe you're making a card and you could use words. Thank you. Right? If you wanted to do another row, you could do two rows, right? And you put another letter here as a row. And then just make sure you're not drawing over top of the letters there. Play around with that and see if you can create something really interesting as a card, as a work of art. Just practicing those skills of using that two point perspective in a new way. Maybe you can try a round shape, try something different, and see if you can make that work. Now, what else is really cool about this? You can press to erase just lightly. Like if you're just wanting to lightly erase something, not fully erase it. That can be really handy too. If you want to add onto your challenge, you could create a light source and then shade this. That could be a next step. If you want to take it to the next level, you could color it, add color, you could use this. Now what I love to do with the sketchbook is use the sketchbook as the area where you're creating a rough draft. And then you can take this, use something to trace it. If you have a light table. I love my light table. It's quite light. I didn't mean to be funny, but it's lightweight and it's easy to card around. And it just plugs in and then I put something on top of it and maybe a new paper that's a bit nicer and then I can trace it or put a trace my card so that I don't have to create all these lines that I need to erase. That's one way to use your sketchbook. And those are just some additional tidbits to take your project and make it into something else. I think a card would be really cool because adding a graphic design, maybe it's someone's birthday, use their initials. Do something that's unique for them, you're just doing thank you. You could do Y for thank you. You could try doing a heart shape. You could try some Minecraft thing. Like there's so many possibilities with this, you could have a lot of fun with it. I hope you do. I hope that this was a really helpful lesson for you. 13. Conclusion: Congratulations on completing this class. Give yourself a little pat on the back. Hi, five. Thank you so much for taking class with me. I hope you had fun and that you learn something. If you have a moment to leave me a review, I'd really appreciate that so I can understand how I can make my classes better and more suited to you and your learning style. Be sure to follow me so you can be notified. When the next class is ready, I'll be focusing my classes on drawing and painting. My favorite painting method is acrylic painting, but I do plan on also doing some watercolor classes. If you are interested in that, go check it out. I already have some classes there ready to go, where you can follow along with me and explore acrylic painting. I have some fun drawing classes out there as well. Thanks so much and we'll see you in the next class by now.