Introduction to Perspective - Beginner Drawing | Kristina Moyor | Skillshare

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Introduction to Perspective - Beginner Drawing

teacher avatar Kristina Moyor, fine artist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Project Overview


    • 3.



    • 4.

      Understanding Perspective


    • 5.

      Lesson One - Setting Up Your Page


    • 6.

      Lesson One - Adding Shapes


    • 7.

      Lesson One - Shorten the Shape


    • 8.

      Lesson Two - Through the Horizon Line pt 1


    • 9.

      Lesson Two - Through the Horizon Line pt 2


    • 10.

      Lesson Two - Windows and Doors pt 1


    • 11.

      Lesson Two - Windows and Doors pt 2


    • 12.

      Lesson Three - Never-ending Road pt 1


    • 13.

      Lesson Three - Never-ending Road pt 2


    • 14.

      Lesson Three - Powerlines or Posts


    • 15.

      The Project - Let's Draw!


    • 16.

      The Project - Upper Letters


    • 17.

      The Project - Lower Letters


    • 18.

      Bonus pt 1


    • 19.

      Bonus pt 2


    • 20.

      One Last Thing


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About This Class

Are you struggling to make your drawings look realistic? Or maybe you just started drawing and don't know where to begin. Then, this is the class for you!

Follow along with minimal materials and all the guidance a beginner artist needs to understand perspective. Through practice, you will come to better understand how to create images in One Point Perspective. Each exercise builds to the project which will test your knowledge and understanding of what was taught throughout the class.

Please, reach out if you're struggling and need some guidance.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Kristina Moyor

fine artist


Hello, I'm Kristina.

I'm an artist in Calgary, AB., Canada. I am passionate about the Arts and love to paint, draw, sing and dance. I earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Lethbridge in 2010. My dream is to continually evolve and elevate my craft while helping others achieve their artistic goals.

I have two decades of teaching experience in art, dance, English and other.

I believe that art is for all and can have an incredibly positive influence in our lives. I hope you will embrace this opportunity to learn, create and connect with me and other students as you engage in discussions and share projects. Thank you for joining me, I look forward to getting to know you through your work.

Let's Art!

... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: Hey, there, are you struggling with making Your Art look more realistic? Than join me in this class today we're going to focus on some Drawing techniques that are really fundamental. My name is Kristina Moyor. And as your teacher, I'm really excited to help you up your a game, Your Art Game. I've been drawing and painting my whole life. My grandmother was an artist. My siblings are artists and we just loved the arts. I've always felt safe and Art class and it's just felt like my place. And I just can't stop grading. I love to paint and draw, so I have skills in both. And drawing mediums are so vast you can use pencils, markers, pens. Today's class we are going to mostly use pencils, but use whatever you have. You don't have to go buy anything special for this class. If you consider yourself intermediate or advanced, you probably already know about one point perspective. So this is for the beginner. If you want to learn how to draw, maybe you don't even know where to start. This is a great class for you, or you've been drawing, sketching on your own, but you don't really know any of the techniques are fundamentals of drawing, then join me in this class. You don't need much for materials. And we're going to have a lot of PFK-1 learning and understanding Perspective 2. Project Overview: So today's project, we're going to create our very own work of Art with one point perspective. So you're going use a drawing and then make it into a painting or color it with coloring, pencils, markers, whatever you wanna do with it. But the key thing for our project today is to draw something with one point perspective. We're going to keep it Drawing pretty simple, but show you some of the fundamentals that will really help you on your way to make your Art look really fantastic. 3. Materials: One thing I love about Drawing is you don't need much to draw. You just need something to draw with and draw on. And sometimes that ends up being a hand. Sometimes that's paper, sometimes it's something else. But in today's class, I recommend using a paper that with smooth surface, so not too textured, like watercolors textured. So find something with a smooth surface, a ruler, a pencil HB is just perfect. And eraser for things. That's easy. Let's go. We talked about materials, but it's best to look at them as well. This is really just a simple notebook, that's a simple sketch book. Really doesn't have to be super high-quality or anything like that. This is a lower-end one, but it's nice and smooth and that's the key. I also have a couple of rulers. One extends longer than the page, which I like, and at least the length of the page or close to it. And then this one is just a bit smaller. It'll help when we're doing smaller shapes and smaller areas. You don't just have a big clunky thing going on. So if you're ruler, you only have one ruler and it's this big, you can still do the exercise. You're just going to have a hard time with one little bit of it potentially. So try and get one that's close to the size like a 30 centimeter, your typical will be fine. We also have an HB pencil. Use whatever pencil you have, but HB is the most common. You can use the eraser that already is on it. Or if you have a kneadable eraser, I recommend using that. When we need to erase. Just as a better job. Then I have a pencil sharpener as well. 4. Understanding Perspective: Okay, Let's talk about perspective. First of all, what is perspective? Perspective is just the view from certain point of view. So how I see something is gonna be different from how somebody else see something. So if I'm standing up in the bleachers and at a ballgame, and I'm way, way far away and I'm watching the game. Everybody looks tiny. But if I'm right in the game, then I'm seeing things from a different angle. People look bigger, all these different things. Let's take another analogy. I know everybody learns differently. So imagine this viewpoint, this box that you're watching me in right now as a cake. You're looking at a cake from above. And we think about portioning a cake. You can think apportioning the cake, almost like how you'd make a grid on a drawing. Now, if you imagine how much space my, I am taking for on that cake. And if you were to cut that out, that gives you some idea of house, how much space is within the frame and where you would put me in the frame. Now, if I have my hand next to me and I bring it closer to you, it looks like my hand is growing. Now. It's taking up the whole space. But wait, did my hand just grow and then shrink? Know with Perspective, you're seeing my hand bigger than my face right now. But when I bring it further away, it looks smaller. Okay, so that's similar to Perspective, how you're seeing things versus how they really are. And we kinda have to trick our brain because our brain is telling us what we know that my hand didn't grow. But when we're going to draw something, we think, well, my hand isn't bigger than a face. So what we try and do is we try and no, I can't I can't draw hand beer than a face. However, my hand is here than it is bigger than my face. For drawing or flattening out the image. We're making a comparison. And it's going to help us actually create more realistic works of Art. So with that in mind, if you're still a little unsure what Perspective is, that's okay. Just stick with us as we do the exercises. You're going to understand what I'm talking about. You're going to have an understanding of how to create things that look further in the distance, how to bring them closer, how to make it look a correct in proportion and all of that. Let's talk about that in today's lesson. 5. Lesson One - Setting Up Your Page: Okay, so let's get, let's get into it. So we're gonna start with our long ruler and try to make it somewhat straight across. Doesn't have to be perfect, but we're not gonna do a crazy angle like this. So try and make it flat straight across. And instead of doing it, you could do in the middle of the page, you could upward, lower. Find it close to the center of the page. Doesn't have to be really, really close. But let's avoid this. And let's avoid this because we want to put shapes above and below the line we're gonna make, We're gonna make a line. Hold the ruler in place. Drag line across. Just lightly. Press down hard. When you press down hard on a page, it's going to indent the page and then that line will be forever there. And if that's what you want, that's great. But if you don't want that, then that's just something to keep in mind. Then I'm going to find the center. No, it doesn't have to be the exact center in the future. But for this, for the sake of this learning, right now, we're just going to use the center and we're going to just draw a little dot there. So if you're wanting to remember these things, I recommend writing down here, This is the horizon line and this is the vanishing point. So if you want to put it up here, vanishing point, hopefully I'm spelling correctly. Alright? Instead of, I mean, you can write it right there, but it might be in the way a little bit. So this is our horizon line. So if you imagine a horizon where the water meets the sky kind of thing, That's a really, really simple horizon. That type of thing. This is gives us a base of where everything above and below is going to come together. And so this vanishing point is a really important key element for doing one-point perspective. And in fact, for one-point perspective, you just have one vanishing point. For two-point perspective, you'll have to, okay? So we just have the one, all the lines converge into that vanishing point. Okay, so that's how you set up your page. It's very simple. And then from there we'll have, we'll start adding objects 6. Lesson One - Adding Shapes: Okay, so now we start adding our objects into the page, onto the page here. But to practice rather than creating an actual image right now, we're just going to add in some shapes because objects are made of Shapes. So if we just draw a shape, for instance, if I draw a circle right there. So above the line, draw circle above the Horizon Line. Maybe over here, I Draw a square. Doesn't have to be perfect. You don't have to use your ruler for that unless you're really wanted to. He can. Down here, Let's draw a triangle. That's kind of a messy triangle, but that's okay. Then down here I'll draw a rectangle. Let's keep it simple to start out, this is Beginner. You've never done this before. Let's keep it simple. If you have done this before, you just want a refresher, you can make your shapes more elaborate. Do a squiggly shape or try something like a letter or something different. From here, we're going to see if my ruler, my smaller ruler reaches the outer edge of all my shapes. If it does, this is easier. See how I can go like around like this. It's simple. With this ruler. It's, it's a little more clunky. It, it's going to get in the way. It's going to knock things over. So I'm just going to stick with this smaller one right now. So we've drawn our Shapes. Next thing we're gonna do, We're gonna take our ruler. We're going to hold one end of it to the vanishing point. You might have to readjust as you go. And we're going to hold it as soon as it brings a round like you're spinning it around when it touches the outer edge of your shape. While it's in line with the Point and the edge of the Shape, we're going to draw a line. Okay? Now, very light. It doesn't need to be. In fact light pressure. Keep the pressure light so that if we want to erase some, we can. In fact, I tend to like to press a little harder here, not very hard, and then lighten it up as I go. So that's the first line. It's gonna kinda look like an ice cream cone. We're going to branch the other edge, so we're finding the outer edge of the Shape, the very furthest outer edge of it. And that's really important so that we really make a 3D looking shape. Let's do the same with the other parts. Now, circle doesn't really have sides, are edges really? But as a two-dimensional shape, we can find the edge of it. This one here has a point. So we'll get right to the point, get right to the point teacher, vanishing point and edge the Shape. See how I'm getting right to the outer edge. Now, this corner here. If I draw this one, I'm going to be drawing over top of the Shape. If you imagine this being like, I don't know, a building or a cereal box or something, you're not going to see that back side of it. So I'm gonna skip that one. I just want the outer points, outer edges. Coming down to the vanishing point. Make sure you've lined up to your vanishing point. Along with that. Now, this one here in the middle. I'm going to add a line for this one because we're going to be able to see this one now if you're a little confused, don't worry, just follow along. It's this lower one. We don't want to draw a cross. The Shape is the basic idea, kay? This is something we don't know what it is, but it's something, right? Even if it's just a block, It's something block of cheese, then we can keep going here. So one thing to keep in mind as you might end up smudging a little bit with your ruler right now. I'm not too worried about that because this is just an exercise we're just learning. I'm not worried about smudging too much, but in the future when I'm actually drawing my, you know, a nice piece of work, piece of Art. I'm not going to want smudges all over the place. So I want to lift, can maybe lift the ruler in place rather than sliding around like I've been doing haphazardly. Getting the corner here to the vanishing point. So notice this one again, same thing. If I draw this one, it's going right over the shapes. So I'm gonna skip that one. If it goes over the Shape, you skip it. My top tip there. When in doubt, if it's going to draw over the Shape, you skipped that Line corner to the vanishing point. So that's just as 3.1 of them's hidden. So we're going to leave that one over here. It's gonna be similar to the square in the outer edge. Make sure it's lined up with a vanishing point. Draw my line, sir, with your outer edges. Okay? Now, test yourself. Which of these two would you be Drawing? Think about it. If I go here, what's gonna happen? Right over the shapes? So note we don't want that one. This one here. That's clean, it's not going over the Shape. Let's Draw it. Okay, so you might already see how these shapes look like. They're coming at us. Almost like a Star Wars affected. Right? So how do you do on that part of the exercise? If you've made it this far, congratulations, Great job. Let's keep going. 7. Lesson One - Shorten the Shape: Okay, So next up, what we're gonna do is make these shapes come to an end. So you might have shapes that go continuously, forever into the vanishing point, but you might also maybe it stops. Maybe like a house doesn't go on forever and ever. Maybe it's a train, so maybe there are spots in it that you want to create stops too. But maybe the shape is just short, maybe it comes to an end. So how do we do that? So what you wanna do is, Let's start with, I think the easiest shaped to look at is probably a square for our understanding of looking at so many boxes and our days. So what you wanna do is you're going to match up the line perpendicular. So not perpendicular or parallel. So you're going to match the line parallel, perpendicular is opposite so that it comes in this way. We're going to go parallel to the line of the shape. If we want it to be a perfect box. There might be instances where things move around, but for the most part, for the basics, you're going to move it like this. It has to match this line and then slide inward. Okay? So you decide how far down you want to go. You can go all the way down here. You can make it short here. You can do multiple lines. Let's just break it up right here, so match the line, move it over. It's gonna be a bit easier if you keep it a bit short for now. So draw a line right there. And then we're going to have to draw the baseline the same way we're copying now this line here, because that's where it shows the extension of the shape. That's the edge of the shape right there. So we're going to follow this line, just bring it straight down until it meets up with this point here that we created. Draw a line across. And now you can already see a 3D shape. And it looks like it's floating up in the sky. We can't see the top. We can't see this side. You can see the bottom, left side and the front. Can you imagine that shape? If you're still struggling to see the shape, take your eraser. Crystal too much. You don't want erase the actual shape that we just created. Let me fix that. No problem. Okay. So now you can see the floating shape. And we could create more shapes beyond that shape. For now, let's go onto the next one and do the same thing. Let's go on to this one because this one here is very similar, pretty much the same as a squared. So match up the line. And now just drag it towards the vanishing point without twisting. You don't want to twist. Keep it the same level. Maybe this time we're gonna make it longer. Okay? So we're going to want to match up this line here with this at the same endpoint as that one. So we turn the ruler to match it up. We have a shape. Behold, it looks like, I don't know what do you think it looks like? They gave him some lumber. Then if we want to detach the shape, simply erase the lines. And that's again why I mentioned not to draw your lines too heavy and put too much pressure on your lines. Beautiful. Now it's a real thing. Alright, let's do this one. This one's going to maybe look like a Tobler on my mind on chocolate. What can I say? This one, we just have the one side showing. So based on the fact that we don't have anything coming on this side or this side. So if the front and then this end here. So I'm going to hold it along the line. That's my toolbar. I'm trying to think of something else that's in that shape. There are some rulers that kinda look like that. Perfect. Okay, So now you can see how we can make a shape look like it's real and that it's moving into the distance. Now, what about the circle? How do we match up this edge? Any ideas? Well, we need to copy this same edge. Otherwise, if I just draw a straight line, I'll show you. That does not look like a circle. So don't do that. What we wanna do is copy this shape. So the round shapes, the oblong shapes, all those kinds of shapes are going to be a little more tricky. But we're just going to mimic this circle here, okay? So I have to try to mimic that shape further down the way now you can keep it nice and close. Or if you want to challenge yourself, maybe make it further and we'll just try and make it look the same. Might not be exact. We try. Okay. If you make it round, see how much of a difference that made as opposed to that line I'm going to cross. So the closer to this kind of following that same shape, Let's those same angles of the curve. You're going to have more success in making it look like a real object. Maybe a real cylinder, rod, something right there. Maybe it's my pencil pencil thing there. So that's how we create the shapes using this method, the one-point perspective 8. Lesson Two - Through the Horizon Line pt 1: Okay, let's do let's do this again. Go to a new page. On this page, I want you to again draw your horizon line. Maybe this time, try it a bit higher or a bit lower. Do something a bit different. So let's, I'm gonna do mine a bit lower. Just going to go across nice and light doesn't have to be heavy. Again, you can keep it in the center or try it off to the side. Maybe try it over here just a little bit, even just a little bit off to the side. See what happens. Now this time, what I'm gonna do is I'm going to draw a shape that goes over top, that goes overlaps from bottom to top. Okay, So before we just did a shape above or below, now we're gonna go one that passes right through the horizon line. So do you remember what this is called? Vanishing point and this here, the horizon line. So maybe you want to try and use a ruler. Try, we will not even try. We will do it. Okay? So I'm going to draw something that passes through. Okay. Let's maybe make it further over this way. Should we make it closer? The closer you are to the vanishing point, it's going to change the way that the angles look. So if I'm closer, it's going to be a higher angle. Then when I come out further, if you imagine the top of the shape. So it's just kinda more drastic kind of once you get closer to the center. But let's do, I'll do one object further away. And then I'll do one closer. Maybe a couple. Play around. Just using a ruler because I was just making some not as great shapes. So I just wanted to use a ruler if you don't have to. Basically just makes sure your shape goes through. Now, we don't want this horizon line passing through our shape. So it was another reason. Every time you draw a line, make sure it's nice and light just in case you need to erase it. Okay, and then let's draw some more shapes. Let's draw a few. So in this page maybe we'll just draw a couple. Maybe three, a couple of you. Let's decide. Come on. You choose. Over here, maybe we'll do, let's do a search. Should we do a circle over top? Maybe something with a dynamic shapes. So maybe it's not quite a square. Not quite as circle. Will go rounded top. Okay, perfect. And we need to erase this part here. 9. Lesson Two - Through the Horizon Line pt 2: Okay, so now let's see for shape, kind of can almost reach but not quite. But that's okay because I can see that this line would go over top of the shape anyways, and I don't want that. So I'm gonna go to this line and this ruler is going to work just fine for me. Say moves over here. Now remember it's fine. The outer edge, if it's rounded, still find the first part that meets up with your ruler. Make sure you don't go. Don't extend it either. Now, this horizon lines in my way again. Now we've erased most of the horizon line, making it almost useless. We could have just drawn are vanishing point pretty much. So. Now we're going to decide, well, we could do here. I'm going to show you something. So let's say this is actually a building. So remember we're matching up this line, bringing it out. Now, imagine this as a row of buildings that are all very box-like. Maybe it's like cereal boxes. And from here, I'm going to, instead of having the same amount of space as we go further back, these lines will get closer together. Imagine a train track. And train tracks, they look closer together as you look in the distance. This is a similar setting, so I don't want them to be as wide as we go along. I want to maintain that parallel line as we go. Making it smaller, smaller, smaller. Making sure they do get smaller. Right? Just keep going on forever into the distance. That's what that looks like. That's what we can achieve. And so it's interesting as we pass through, this shape, passes through both the top and bottom of the horizon line. We're going up and down. We only see 12 sides were versus the other page. We could see three sides of the shape when we headed above or below. So this one back here, let's just flip back here for a second. Imagine this shape. This is like a flying box, right? So I'm standing here and I see a flying box. I can see below the side and the front. What instances can you see that? Only when it's above you. So the Verizon one kind of shows things above. And the fact that it's higher on our page makes it easy to remember. This one here. It looks like something I can step on. All right. This one looks like it's going to fall on my head. This one here I can step on, it's below. Okay. So that will really help you to see as well. Okay. Let's go back to our other page. Finish this shape and see if you can make the line. So I want you to try it. Pause, pause the video, make your line, and then watch how I do it and see if you did it correctly. Okay. Let's do it. Let's see if you got it correct. So I'm going to draw a line that matches this right here. So it's mostly straight and then just curves right at the end. So depending on how far I want to go here, just curves right at the end. Did you see that? I can't see the top and I can't see the bottom. This looks almost like a little bus station or something, right? Uh, building a loaf of bread, maybe one. Does it look like to you? Okay, great. Now we've got a couple of things down with our one-point perspective. We've got how to draw shapes through it. How to draw shapes above and below. Now, how do we incorporate this into our art? What about a building? With a building isn't just a box, it has a door and windows and all kinds of things. So how do we incorporate this, these methods that we've learned into our projects, into our art will learn that next 10. Lesson Two - Windows and Doors pt 1: Okay, so how do we add details? How do we add doors, all these things? So if you have a reference image that is going to be helpful if you're just going off your memory or what you think it looks like, you might stumble into some problems but just play along with me. I don't know. Is this an apartment building like what does the scale is is three stories, is it two stories? I kinda feel like it's gonna be a two-story building. So what I wanna do is anytime I'm drawing a line that is supposed to be straight up and down, match it with this line here. So if I want a door right here, I'm going to match the line. We have to figure out how tall my door is. If this is two stories, it's probably going to be let's make it just a bit taller. It's gonna be a little bit Bushi there. Then again, the same type of line further down. Now the question is, where do these lines stop? But have no fear? The finished vanishing line is here. It will tell us where that vanishing line is going to tell us any of the lines that are from the top and the bottom of the shape moving towards. So these ones here are just straight up and down. They're not affected by the vanishing point the same way. So what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna take my vanishing point on one end and find the top of the outside of this edge, not the outside, but it's the edge of the door, the outside of the door. And I'm going to just draw a line. And instead of drawing all the way down here. Now however, if I want to draw doors on all of these, I could, I could draw a line going across the whole thing. Or if you want to be an extra smarty pants, Let's say these are all the same kind of place. Draw a line in the center, but leave some space, leave a gap. Just draw one simple line, dotted line. And all of the doors will be in the right spot at the top of the door. So that's to make your workflow even faster. Now what you do here is you're going to have to figure out where the line goes and make sure we follow that edge. Draw your line. I don't need to draw up past this line either. This top is quite close to the vanishing point. When you're close to the vanishing point, you're almost creating the horizon line. When you're close to that horizon line. When you're further away, you can see this is more of a dramatic angle. Whereas you might look at this and say though that's not a shape of a door. But from this perspective it is. So you just got to trust the process. This is one of those things your mind is going to fight you a little bit with. Like a door is not this shape. But it's this perspective that makes it that way. And as you add elements, you're going to see how that actually works. Okay? So already you can see, oh yeah, that does actually look like doors and all of that. Now, what if we want to do a door on this side? What if there's a side door? Or maybe it's a window? Maybe we do a window or a door here seems a little strange. So let's draw a window and let's draw it up here. Maybe we have a couple of windows. We could do a big window here and a window here. Let's do it. Why not? What I'm gonna do is I'm following that edge line. Well, you know what? Let's, let's get really high-tech here and find the center so that we're not just going crazy here. I'm just marking out a centimeter and from each side just in equal amount from sides so that my window doesn't look off centered. Just a simple, nothing special in terms of math or anything. Okay, so now I'm going to draw a line extending the whole building. I feel like that didn't start at the right point. I guess it did. See you got to trust the process. Just draw lightly. And again on the other side, draw slightly. Good. Now I'm going to draw a line at the top. And I want to match it to this edge here. Just going to erase this little bit. I always erase things that if they went past the edge just a bit or whatnot, I just wanted to look neat. Otherwise, it can throw off the brain a little bit 11. Lesson Two - Windows and Doors pt 2: So depending if we want our whole window to go like this or not, maybe we want it to come up off the ground. Maybe it's not that far down. Okay, and then we can erase this or maybe that's, you know, a feature of the building structure, the architecture. Okay. And then so when it's flat like this, are you noticing something? I didn't go into my vanishing point because this is a flat image that's facing us. It's not on the sides, right? This is the front. This part here. We're gonna keep our lines square. So when I go into draw any lines for the window, I'm mimicking the top and the bottom, right. Okay, so and then I can add in extra window elements. Right? I want to better to measure, otherwise it looks a little messy. But if you measure it equally, you'd space them out equally. And that's going to really bother me. So let's erase that. Let's just make it like a big window like that. Okay? Or are you actually measure it to make sure the lines in the center and we just do measure it on both sides if you want. I didn't hold it quite straight. There we go. That's a bit better, right? What about the Windows on this edge here? Okay, So the ones here, nice and easy flat. No problem. Over here. If I want to go wider than the door, maybe or smaller than the door, I'm going to use the Doors, this bit of a guide there. And I'm going to draw a line, just make it big enough that it will extend the whole span there. I'm gonna go again on the other side, this is my window that's bigger than the door. Okay? Alright. Now I'm going to take my vanishing point because this is the side where I got angles to match this angle here we don't just draw a straight line like this. It has to meet up with the vanishing point. So grab my vanishing point, get to align. It doesn't have to be at the very tip. It's wherever you want it to start. And then again, if you want to keep the windows going matching, you're doing multiple elements at the same line. If it's a repeated pattern of that kind of thing, then that's when you write draw your lines right at that point. We're still above the horizon line. So it's going to be a line coming down this way. Lineup where I want to put it. There's no particular spot. I just don't want it below the door because it doesn't make sense to have a window do that. Okay. I'm ready. Like a line. Again. You could just do a continuous line and then erase a bunch. But why do that? If you can just Draw it without having to erase a bunch. And then you'd have to go in and draw these lines, not these ones. Remember, they match up with with these lines. These vertical lines all match up parallel. Just doing it quickly. Okay? And then this one here, we want to erase those lines that kinda make it look like an H. Again, you do the same thing if you want a line going through the middle of the Windows, Draw a line going through, matching up with our Horizon Line. And then this line, if you want to draw that line that's going to match up probably the center of the door. To make the most sense. Go along, holding it vertically in line with the other vertical lines. So now we have this building going way into the Horizon. So now you can make, now you know how you can do this, right? You can, you can totally do this. It can get more complicated if you're wanting to do all the trim and everything. But this is a really great start, and buildings can be very complex. So let's try something a little bit simpler as we work towards creating a project. 12. Lesson Three - Never-ending Road pt 1: Okay, I have a new page. What I want you to do is create your own horizon line with it. Again, let's try a little bit higher this time. So this time bring your horizon line up. Draw very lightly. Draw a point right in the center for what I want to show you. Okay? So this is gonna, we're gonna do a path. Alright? So paths are really interesting. Paths. We normally look at a path and think, okay, a path is the same shape and shape, same width all the way through. But as we go way, way, way into the distance, it goes really small. Okay? So the path, it depends how close you are to the path as to how strong of an angle it's gonna be. I'm not gonna do crazy strong angle. I'm going to do. I want to measure it out though, so it's not too. So that's the same on both sides. So it looks I'm right in the center of it. Okay, So if I just hold my ruler straight up and down, if you have a ruler that has the tip on it that shows you where to hold it. You can even use it flat like that. Just hold it flat. Okay. I'm gonna make a little mark now at the bottom so I know where my center is. Okay, then I'm going to maybe do how wide of a path? Maybe six. Let's go 6 cm and centimeters. Or you can make yours bigger depending on the size of your paper. And then I'm going to draw my vanishing point to my vanishing point, a line here. Let me see my big ruler still just because it's a bit longer. Look very symmetrical. So now we have our pathway. So you could make this a track. So maybe there's a train track or maybe it's just a walking path. And if it's a walking path or even if it's train track. Well, I don't think there would be power lines right next to it, but there potentially could be. So we're going to draw some, maybe some posts or something that go along the edge of this path. Okay, So what I wanna do is before I draw out any posts, I'm going to draw out a line and maybe we'll measure it out so it's the same on both sides. Let's use the same type of measurement. And not quite 6 cm, maybe 4 cm out. Same on this side, 4 cm out. So this is really great if you have something that is created really symmetrical, make note of these markings and then you can make sure everything looks proper. If you want that symmetrical look. So draw my horizon line out to it. Draw my horizon line out to it. So if I'm drawing, let's say power lines, power lines can go pretty tall. So if I'm on this path are probably gonna be pretty tall. So in that case, maybe we want to mark out some, some converging lines up here as well. So what I'm gonna do is let's go up. That's about our center point. And then we want it up here, 1070 years over here. Then I'm going to create these converging lines. Going like so. Appear like so. Okay? 13. Lesson Three - Never-ending Road pt 2: Now what I have is my space for putting in anything up and down like our buildings that we had in the previous lesson. Any lines I want to create Posts or whatever, I now have where my baseline is and where my top line is. And you can get really mathematical about it if you're wanting to space things out exactly. Maybe you can use your image that you're working off of if you have one in the future that you're working from to find out where things should be. But this is just for the purposes of practicing and kind of understanding Perspective. First thing Let's Draw is a line that goes right from top to bottom on our outer edge. Okay? And we're gonna do the same thing on the other side. Top to bottom edge. Draw a line, okay? Then we're going to keep drawing lines, make, Let's make some points along the way based on markings. So I'm going to want to make sure everything is happening at the same time when both sides. So what we could do is kinda come to this Horizon Line, make note of how close things are and then expanded as we go or vice versa. Maybe you start from the outside and then go in, right? So we have we have 10.10. So we're not just gonna do one at each centimeter mark. Maybe we start at 3 cm. So down here be 17. And then maybe we'd go down to 2 cm. So at the 515. And then maybe we go down. If we're minusing that quickly, we might not have much space left. Butt 32 and then maybe one. And so We're down to here very quickly, or maybe we just go a little bit bigger than 11 and then just a bit bigger. And then maybe one. Then it's closing, closing in on itself and it's getting really close. So let's see how that looks by creating these lines that go all the way up and down. Now, we're going to stop the line as it hits where this is our pathway Line, remember? And this is our line for where the Posts or whatever you're putting in Powerlines, etcetera. So the key thing is trying to hold this perpendicular. Now I've used it correctly perpendicular but also parallel to this line, so perpendicular to the Horizon Line. So I don't have an angle, a strange angle happening. Okay. Starting here and stopping there. Okay. We keep going. Is there are objects and so I'm not worried about making them too light. If you do mess up and you have one on a bit of an angle, if it's something like a post that could be on a funny angle, then that's why huge deal to me. And maybe they stop there depending on what you what it is your drawing or maybe it's just so you know, or maybe we should have space them out more to begin with, right? We're just gonna do the same thing on the other side. So finish that up and then let's meet together and see if you did it correctly. 14. Lesson Three - Powerlines or Posts: Okay. Does yours look somewhat like this or did you do even better? Maybe you space them out a little bit better so they don't get so tight. Well at the end, they could be getting so Titan maybe they'll get lighter to like you just can't even see them. They're so light. Maybe it almost looks like it's a full shape rather than individual lines. Like maybe it just looks really close together so much so that you can just shade it in. Like I just did smudge it a bit. And then because depending on what kind of shape you're making, you may or may not need to erase this horizon line because these are kind of more posts than anything else. But we aren't going to want to do is erase this line here. If we're not adding any more detail. And then this top one here, unless it's a power line that we need, that line to go across. Me, erase that there. It'll help to give it more of that realistic look as well as you can see when you look on this side versus that side, the posts, unless they're really, really skinny, you're going to want to thicken this one and then make them thinner as you go as well. So that's one way to create a piece using one-point perspective. 15. The Project - Let's Draw!: Now that we have a basic understanding of the different shapes and the vanishing point and horizon line. We're gonna do a project with our name. So I'm gonna get a new page and I'm using a new sketch book only because I don't really have any pages left going on in there. Now, do you remember let me bring this one back for a second. This one here, the horizon line didn't really affect or influence or shapes. It gives us an idea of space, but it didn't really have any influence over our shapes. That's why I'm not going to bother with the horizon line in this project. What I'm gonna do is draw the middle of my page is going to be our vanishing point. You can create a horizon line if you feel more comfortable, but you don't really have to. If, if if you feel like it divides the page nicely for you, go for it, otherwise, you don't need to. But if you feel like that's going to help you out in some way, I'll just do it. Little quiet line. I'm going to call it quiet just because of its very whispering, just barely there. So what I want, what we're gonna do is we're going to create our first and last name. We're going to put bold letters. And by using bold letters, we're gonna be able to practice creating 3D shapes. I can either have our shape going continuously into the distance or we can put a stop on them, like we did with these. We put a stop on it to end the shape or you can keep it going right into the distance. Now this is going to be a bit tricky sometimes when we have certain letters. So you don't have to use a ruler to write your name, but if you want to, you can. So if you feel more comfortable and depending on how my I have a fairly long firstName. So if you want to shorten your name, that is cool to or choose your own phrase. It doesn't have to be your name so you can choose a cool phrase are saying that you want to decide on. But basically I want you to practice a word on the top and a word on the bottom. Okay. So my name is fairly long, so I'm going to shorten it by going with and I do want some to be over here. So don't just put them right in the center part. Let's really spread it across the page. Spread it across so that we use up our space here, even if that means you need to make your letters kinda wider. So I'm gonna do kind of curve that out a little more than I wanted to. That's okay. You can either erase it or fix it. I guess we'll make it kinda fun like that. Now you can do curves and everything that doesn't have to be straight lines for everything. Just they do need to be block letters. We're going to put everything into action and to practice. So I'm going camo because of my business initials or chemo. And then I'll put art at the bottom because that's now you could do block letters for the a. Let's see how the 0 we're going to have to practice with some rounds. So it's nice to have a mix in there. I should have made that are like that. K would have been cool. Maybe make the tea kind of that rounded. Okay, so once you've put on the letters, next up is bringing all the edges to the center. So I am going to show you how I do that in case you're still unsure. Or you get two parts where you feel like you need extra help. And especially we have the shapes right above and below which we haven't really done. So keep it close attention to that. And let's get started on that. 16. The Project - Upper Letters: Okay, Let's see if my small ruler can reach. See if it has reach. I believe it does. Okay, great. If, if, if I need to I can grab the longer ruler. So I'm see how I'm starting. I could start my Horizon Line if this helps you to have Horizon Line Go for it. I put it in there in part so I knew where my Shapes we're starting and finishing, where I didn't want my Letters to be above. But it really didn't matter if it if it ended up being that way. Okay, Let's Draw a line. Now. If you don't want it to go all the way to the two here, then maybe you don't want to draw all your lines all the way. I'm going to leave that up to you. But right here, see how that's this one right here is the next one. It falls into place. And then that one, we don't draw over any Shapes. I'm going to stop right there. So I don't draw over that tail of the K to get the tip here. So all of your edges, anything that shows above. Let's see if this one needs it. And I want to be mindful of the M. So I'm not going to draw over that. And then up here, so when I look at this one here, it's going over top. So we're not going to draw that one. This one here can go up to their don't need to draw it past that because this will be in the way. Again, this one will draw over top, so we'll skip that one. This one here, just make sure you keep lining it up to that vanishing point. When you move the ruler, sometimes it moves out of the way. Soon as it hits Shape. We do that. Okay, now, because the Shape is here, I, I'm gonna be like right now it looks a bit weird. But there, once we do the lines for this Shape, it'll look just fine. I think I'm going to keep mind going right to the distance. And if you're really Beginner, that might be the easiest way for a complicated shape like this. Maybe if you get this part right and feel comfortable, maybe you could go. Your next step could be to block them out and make the Shape come to an end. So maybe we'll add that in as a bonus. I'll show you how I do mind. Let's see if we need to draw those. So not don't need to draw that. Let's see if this one no. See if this one needs it. Yep. No Shapes and the way here. No, I can't draw over top of the Shape. Okay. Let's go here. Make sure I'm lining up my mom for alms upside down now. See, see, I didn't quite get it right to the edge there. So I want to make sure it goes right to my edge. Otherwise it makes it look like it's not an actual shape. That's 3D. It'll kind of look skewed. It looks like my angle of the M that I drew is exactly pretty much exactly the line there. So it feels weird to do it, but just trust the trust the process. Okay. Let's go right to the edge. Stop when you hit a shape. For this round shape, I'm gonna go on both edges first. See I've got this little, I made a little dentin it to make it fancy and to give me opportunity to do something a little different. Two. Okay, and then that one won't make any appearance. Maybe the tiniest bit in there, no, Not really. Okay. So we can just leave that one as is, unless we're cutting off some of the Shape and that's gonna be a bonus. Okay, let's do the lower section next. 17. The Project - Lower Letters: Alright, How are you doing so far? Are you getting it? I hope so. If you have any struggles, you can contact me, maybe post your progress as a project and I can give you some pointers. So I'm happy to do that if you post your project, I can help you out. If you make sure you make a note in there that you want some feedback. Not going to draw over the shape once it's there, stopped. Can't draw there. Draw there. Once you get the hang of it, you won't even need to kind of check. You'll just know which ones that you need to do. But just for the sake of it, this being a beginner class, I just want to make sure that you know, you get that practice in, okay. I'm not going to draw over the shape. The r is going to take care of this space here, okay? But if you have this corner inside the a, I want to indicate that angle. And our vanishing point tells us where it goes. It's lovely. And I can don't need to draw over that and be over the shape. Draw over that. That'll be over the shape. But that one's not the shape itself, that's inside, right? That's the background kind of thing. Alright, let's get this are underway. Line like so. See how I didn't need to draw that line all the way up there because this one is now a shape in the way. The outside here at the top. Let's see if any of the other shapes need it. Does this one needed? Nope. How about this one? Nope. How about this one? Nope. This one? Maybe maybe a little bit. Yeah. The first little bit. Yes. The first little bit, Yes. Now that looks really strange, doesn't it? But that's just the angle and you just got to trust the process. Our brains think that looks wrong, but it's really not. It's meant to be that way. Alright, Now the side here, the T, This one I can draw up to that shape. And then I stop. So in here can't go over the shapes. So I'm gonna skip that one. A lot of angles on a t. So let's see if we need to draw this on this on almost in line with it. It's basically that corner and that corner or the same angle towards the vanishing point right here. That one won't be visible. Here. That one won't be visible. Nope. Nope. That's it for that which feels weird, but that's the way it goes. So how did you do with this section? So if you, you can stop here and post your project from here, or if you want to challenge yourself and do the bonus project, you can do that. You can also now take time to color. So maybe you can do bold colors on the front. And then kind of fading away into the distance. Getting lighter and just less intense as you go into the distance. Or you can just do black and white shading, maybe create a light source is where's the light? And then think of that and create shading throughout. So you can use that as an exercise for shading. Do what you wanna do with practice. Maybe you want to keep it as this and make some notes to the side about what you'd do differently next time, think about all those things that we can really helpful for your practice. We'll do a bonus in this next video if you want to join us 18. Bonus pt 1: Okay, We're ready to do this bonus. Now I am going to Shorten to make it a little bit easier. We're not going to make the blocks so long. I'm not gonna go away, far away because I wanna be able to match my lines. And I want it to be able to cut it off. And certain points, if I go way down here, it's not going to cut off the Shape Up here, right? It has to be the same distance away and it's gonna be hard to tell where that is. And I just want to be able to find it. So I'm going to try and mimic now you can use a ruler if it's going to help you mimic the angle. Bit wider than that. And I Draw a line. And I want to use that felt the same distance. If I can get that same distance towards drew that line down here. Now I have this point of reference to show me where. To end it here. You can already see the shape of a real bold like lifelike 3D K coming to life here. So this is a bit trickier to figure out where now you could kind of measure out how far the shadow goes out and then kinda make note of that or eyeball. It. Just makes sure we follow that same angle. Okay, now that's going to tell me where to start this one. This one's a curve. So we've gotta keep that in mind. We've got to follow this same curve and it's a bit tricky. We can do it. Okay, It's right there. So run, we're going to end about here. Now because it curves in. You might actually not see it until just about here. Alright, so some of these can be a bit tricky and then you can just have you ever eraser, fix it up where things get a little hairy. Just want to make sure those do match up. Okay? Now we've got to, to finish this bottom piece there. So now we can erase the lines, the continued lines, without erasing any verse Shapes. Hopefully, that will give us a block letter. Of course, you'll be using your own choice of letters, so things are a bit different. Hopefully through this example, you'll be able to create yours. With this level of guidance. Try to only erase, make sure you only erase the lines that are For the K. We don't want to raise any M lines yet. Okay, check that out. How did you do? Very cool, right? So you can use this to shade and have a lot of Fun with that. Okay, next up is the M. So I'm going to want to try and mimic this same level, same distance. Okay? Then this angle is really tight. Okay? And then this angle here kind of curves because I didn't draw it. Drew it with a head nod with a ruler. So you can just kind of eyeball it or he's ruler. And then erase the unnecessary lines. The lines that continue along. We don't need anymore. Okay. So now with the oh, I can raise that. So see how you could have in the beginning just drawn a short line and not all the way. You just connect them. So continuing on with about the same same length of Shape approximately. See how I'm just following. This isn't going to cut off. We don't see the whole inner part of the Shape. Now we erase unneeded lines, unnecessary lines. And from there you can treat it potentially. Do something FUN with it. Alright, next up we'll do the bottom ART 19. Bonus pt 2: Alright, let's do the same on the bottom here. Start or here. Let's do this is almost a straight line. I didn't quite create a straight line, but that's gonna be a bit easier. Now. That's about the same distance. I'm actually not going to draw anything out in there, but I could've if I made it a bit smaller. So it gets almost there. We could kind of cut it off if we want to just do that. And then here, make sure we follow the correct line. I almost didn't there. Let's erase the lines that we don't need. There's nothing in there that I need to raise. Ok. There. And along here are and Up here. Yes, There we go. All right, same with this, are here. Following this line here. So I'm just following the matching line. And then we erase. Just give it about the same distance from each section. Now, Last one, Here we go. We erase. And you can even erase the vanishing point if you want. The vanishing point doesn't have to be actually visible in a piece for us to be able to understand that there is a vanishing point. In fact, if you find something, an image where there are converging lines, feed good exercise to take that image. Use your ruler. Draw lines that go across the page and find where the vanishing point is. You've can actually create your vanishing point. Now, if you're doing this class, maybe with a friend or sibling or somebody, or parent or child, then you could test each other's out. You could erase the vanishing point. And if you can't really erase it to see if they can find your vanishing point. Maybe your vanishing point isn't, isn't in the center. Maybe you're testing them out and you haven't one over here or one over here. And then you make sure you really erase it or your colored over it so they can't see it. And then test each other out to see where the vanishing point really is. This is just like the sketch right from here. You can then make a work of Art by coloring it, by adding some FUN doodle Art to it or something. Maybe it's symbolizes the words that you've created. Like for me, maybe I would start implementing things that I like to implement in my Art and doing some FUN designs in that kind of thing to make a piece that really speaks to me that I want to put up on the wall. Or maybe this is just an exercise that you just keep in your sketchbook. And you can reference it later when you need to remind yourself how to use one-point perspective in your work 20. One Last Thing: Congratulations, you did it. Well done. You've completed this class. Thank you so much for joining me. I hope you enjoyed the class. I hope you'll learn something and you're able to complete the project and understand the concepts. How did you do? And how did I do? I want love to hear some feedback from you by completing a review, you're going to tell me how I did, what I can do to improve so that next time I can make it damage better. Stay tuned because I have some more plants for some Drawing Fundamentals, more painting classes. So follow me if that's your interests. You can also check what I'm doing day to day on my social media platforms, instagram, Facebook, TikTok. See what I'm dreaming up in the studio. Alright, thanks for joining me. We will see you next class. Bye. Now