Design Bites: Art Nouveau Movement (Art History) | Meira Gottlieb | Skillshare
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Design Bites: Art Nouveau Movement (Art History)

teacher avatar Meira Gottlieb, Educator & Creative

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Intro to Design Bites: Art Nouveau

      1:48

    • 2.

      What is Art Nouveau?

      1:49

    • 3.

      Historical Context & a Brief History of Art Nouveaut

      6:37

    • 4.

      Graphic Design, Typography, and Color

      3:13

    • 5.

      Influences to Art Nouveau

      4:57

    • 6.

      Notable Graphic Design Figures

      6:55

    • 7.

      Art Nouveau vs Art Deco

      3:17

    • 8.

      The Legacy

      2:30

    • 9.

      Class Project

      0:32

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About This Class

Interested in beefing up your knowledge about Graphic Design / Art History?

Get a small "bite" of Graphic Design history by delving into the Art Nouveau Movement with me. The Art Nouveau movement a was short but highly influential art movement and is is now seen as an important predecessor of modernism.

We will learn about:

  • Historical Context & a Brief History of the Movement
  • Graphic Design, Typography, and Color of Art Nouveau
  • Influences to the Movement
  • Notable Graphic Design Figures of Art Nouveau
  • Art Nouveau versus Art Deco
  • The Legacy of Art Nouveau

Meet Your Teacher

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Meira Gottlieb

Educator & Creative

Teacher

Hi, I'm Meira! I am an educator and creative with a passion for graphic design and art history.

I currently work in education, but I have experience as a photographer, web, and graphic designer and now I share that knowledge in the classroom with my students. I am a promoter of life-long learning and the power of design.

I believe knowing the history of art and design gives us a larger visual vocabulary in which to work with. Art and design, much like fashion, is cyclical with the past often being used as inspiration or reworked into the current ethos. Having knowledge of art and design will not only give you a larger visual toolkit in which to work, but also a greater understanding of the visual world around you.

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Related Skills

Design Graphic Design
Level: All Levels

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Transcripts

1. Intro to Design Bites: Art Nouveau: Hi Amira. I'm an educator and creative with a passion for graphic design and art history. Welcome to another Skillshare design course, a part of a larger series about design history. In this course, we will be getting a small bite of Art and Design and straight looking at the Art Nouveau Movement. Art Nouveau is an ornamental style that flourishing primarily in Europe and North America and thrived most notably between the years of 1890 and 910. This short but highly influential new art movement is highly recognizable. You have probably seen posters and art that are prime examples of US, such as Tiffany's glass. The posters of Alphonse mucosa or the metro entrance is in Paris. All without realizing, you're looking at the Art Nouveau style, why might you want to learn a little bit more about the art and design history while knowing the history gives us a larger visual vocabulary in which to work with. Also getting the visual dike guessed. The defining spirit of mood of a particular error helps us understand contemporary art and design. Art and design, much like fashion is cyclical with the past off of being used as inspiration or reworked into the current ethos. Having knowledge of our InDesign will not only give you a larger visual toolkit in which to work with, but also a greater understanding of the visual world around you. Material from this course is pulled from a variety of sources, including the book megs, history of graphic design, a seminal book in the academic field of graphic design. So join me on Skillshare for look into the Art Nouveau movement, where we'll explore the history, style, influences, and impacts of this incredibly vibrant and dynamic word style. Check out my previous course all about the Bauhaus movement. 2. What is Art Nouveau?: Designed bytes, graphic design and art history. The Art Nouveau movement. So what is art nouveau? Well, Art Nouveau is an ornamental style that flourished primarily in Europe and North America and thrived most notably between the years of 1890 through 1910. It was a style with an art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative and graphic arts. And we'll be focusing primarily on Art Nouveau in the context of graphic design in this course. So Art Nouveau, a French term that translates as new art, was a modern art movement, but it was also known in different languages, in different countries, such as humans steel in German, still liberty in Italian, murders me in Catalan and in English, the modern style, with the advent of new technology in the late 1800s, the industrialization was changing the way the world worked and looked in purposeful opposition to this continued mechanization was the Art Nouveau movement. The artists of this movement wanted to make art that reflected the vibrancy of city life. And they drew inspiration from the natural world with a dash of idealized agricultural, medieval life mixed in with influences from both Japan's Ukiyo-e art movement and the arts and crafts movement from Europe. This short but highly influential new art movement was a deliberate departure from historical classicism and academic art of the 19th century. It was an attempt to modernize Art and Design and equalize the importance of a fine arts and Applied Arts. The belief that art shouldn't be strictly an imitation of reality only to be studied from a class sex and replicated like math, but instead, a vibrant creative expression that was a revolution to the art world. 3. Historical Context & a Brief History of Art Nouveaut: The historical context and a brief history of art nouveau throughout France, England, Germany, Italy, Spain, America, and many other places during the 18 hundreds, the entire nature and way of which art was taught was via the academic art style training. This academic style was a rigorous training method that had a heavy focus on drawing from life and the realistic copying of lines and forms to get a correct or accurate depiction. These Atelier methods were criticized by modernist for the generic look of students work and lack of artists natural voice and creative expression. A new art movement was popularized by the mesalamine Art Nouveau, or house of the new art and art gallery, opened in Paris in 1895 by the Franco-German art dealer Siegfried Bing. The 1900 Paris Exposition, which was the World's Fair, held in Paris, France in April until November of 1900, helped this gallery increases exposure when they showcased installations of modern furniture, tapestries, and art objects. The style showcased in this gallery became hugely popular, not only in France, but across Europe and America too. And this gallery helps cement the name of the movement as Art Nouveau. Through the gallery being sold fabrics designed by William Morris, glass art by Louis Comfort Tiffany and artwork by Henri did to Lou letrec, to name a few. And he showcased paintings and furniture in the Art Nouveau style. Tiffany's name might sound familiar. Louis Comfort Tiffany was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass. He was also the first design director at his family company, Tiffany and Co. This company was founded by his father, Charles, Louis Symphony. And Tiffany's is famous for their jewelry, their little blue boxes, as well as for being the namesake for the iconic Breakfast at Tiffany's were RG heparin as Holly go lightly eats breakfast in front of the store on me did to leave the trek was a French artist. I'll be speaking more about him in more depth in the section. Notable graphic design figures of Art Nouveau. Advertising was a key way that art nouveau spread throughout the world. Here are some examples from our phones MACLA, artists like orphans who helped to popularize the style by creating advertisements, posters, and postcards. In the Art Nouveau style. Advertisements for such things as cigarettes, alcohol, and confectionary helped popularize the new art nouveau style and spread its influence. Art nouveau was a total art form, meaning that its influence can be seen across a wide range of fine and decorative arts, including architecture, furniture, and decorative arts. Inspired by the curved, organic forms of plants and flowers, art nouveau was a highly decorative, romantic, and ornate style, which many find it beautiful aesthetic. Here is an example from all forms MACLA, the Four Seasons. This was a definite, more is more style. You might recognize these paintings from Austrian artist Gustaf Clint. He is one of the most well-known painters associated with the Art Nouveau movement as the first president of the Austrian Succession group, the Vienna based Art Nouveau group brought together artists, designers, and architects, Clint work towards the principle of total work of art. The mission was to achieve a synthesis of art forms, resulting in a harmonious and unifying design across a variety of disciplines to combine beauty and utility. One of arts most iconic pieces, The Kiss, which is on the painting to the left, shows two lovers in a passionate embrace. The rich golden design, flattened form in central curves are exemplary of the art nouveau style of the time. Another piece you might recognize is the portrait adele block Bauer, one also called the lady in gold or the woman gold on the right, the portrait was commissioned by the citrus husband Fernand OD block Bauer, a Jewish banker and sugar producer. The painting was stolen by the Nazis in 1941, just prior to World War Two, and displayed it at a prominent calorie in Vienna. This portrait is the final, endless, fully representative of Clint's golden phase. The painting was made doubly famous by the 2015 movie Woman in Gold starring Helen mirror n, based on this true story of how the rightful owner of the painting had to fight the Austrian government for almost a decade to reclaim this artwork that was stolen from her relatives by the Nazis. Art Nouveau was more than just a passing fanciful style and the decorative design. It was embraced by all design arts from architecture, furniture, product design, fashion and graphic design. It was particularly embraced and posters and advertisements, but also in other mediums such as furniture and architecture. A prime example being the entrances the Paris Metro adopted in the Art Nouveau style thetic as seen here. These Paris metro entrances designed by Hector grammars were created in cast iron and glass, dating mostly to 9800. He also created the lettering which became known as the metro style. So if you visit or live in Paris, you can look for the 86 that are still in existence. About half of the original collection. The use of modern materials within the architecture and applied arts, such as iron, glass, ceramics, and later concrete is an interesting duality of the rejection of modern industrialization, get the use of modern materials within the art form. An example of this would be the staircase and the hotel to sell in Brussels, designed by Victor Horta from 1890 two to 1893 on the left, or the building cost them Mela in Barcelona, designed by Antoni Gaudi, built in 1905 to 1910. New technologies in printing and publishing of color, the thermography in color printing allowed Art Nouveau to quickly reach a global audience. Art magazines illustrated with photographs and color lithograph played an essential role in popularizing the new style. It's the whole landscape of culture including music. The style is highlighted in music by the freedom in the musical composition and search for originality rather than beauty. Art Nouveau is found in the expression of music by such artists as Debussy and Ravel, among other artists, you can hear the peace clarity loon by Claude Debussy now and at the beginning of this video. 4. Graphic Design, Typography, and Color: Graphic design, typography and color in the Art Nouveau movement. So the hallmarks of the art nouveau style are a rejection of historical classicism. Aesthetics that go hand in hand with utility. A synthesis of ornament and structure. Flat, decorative patterns, undulating asymmetrical lines, intertwined, organic forms, floral and other plant inspired motifs, and incorporating the figures of women or natural elements. Now, let's talk about color and form in Art Nouveau. This poster from orphans MACLA is a prime example of the art nouveau movement. Here we can see that the forms are typically fluid and flat. There are decorative patterns that we can see in the borders around the lettering and in the background, veteran figures, organic plant motifs, are often stylized with fluid abstract forms. We can see that here, the central female form and the stylization of her hair, which is seen as undulating lines are asymmetrical and winding. Another popular motif and this movement is the whiplash. A whiplash or whiplash line or curve is the motif of decorative art and design that is asymmetrical, sinuous line, often in an ornamental S curve, usually inspired by natural forms such as plants and flowers, which suggests dynamism and movement. The new design principle was that of unification, unification of decoration structure and the intended function. Graphic designers and illustrators aimed at making art a part of everyday life. Art no longer had its place only in the galleries, but also in magazines and on the walls. The strides made with evolving commercial printing processes, combined with this zest for artistic expression, upgraded the visual quality of mass communications. The graphic arts flourished and became an important vehicle of the style, new technologies of color, the photography in color printing allowed the creation and distribution of these posters and designs to a vast European audience and beyond contact between artist in various nations through print media and international exhibitions allowed for cross-fertilization of ideas and a larger audience of your ship in colors, we can see the influence of nature with more earthy and natural color palettes, colors tended to be muted in somber, like olive green, carnation, pink, periwinkle, blue and browns, sometimes teamed with lilac, violet, purple, and peacock blue. Art Nouveau was a maximise design style, often using ornate borders and dividers. Here we're looking at a collection of posters by Alphonse mucosa. These are very emblematic of the maximalist design style. These style showcase flowing lines, curved edges, and decorative corners, organic and nature-inspired elements like vines, feathers, and flowers are often used. A high degree of symmetry was also used in Art Nouveau to help pull these designs together. As we can see here, topography is also a key part of the Art Nouveau style. The original art nouveau type fonts were developed and drawn by hand, giving them a curved and natural design. 5. Influences to Art Nouveau: Influences to Art Nouveau. Just like today, technological change, increased global trade and communication. We're all driving forces in the world. In particular, that increased trade and communication between Asian and European countries during the late 19th century caused a cultural collision between east to west and west to east Asian art became a hot commodity, particularly in Europe. And it's influenced spread to western artists. This Asian art keep artists and designers new approaches to space, color, drawing conventions and subject matter that we're in sharp contrast to the academic traditions of the West, this revitalized graphic design and was highly influential to the origins of the new art movement called Art Nouveau in the late 19th century, Western mania for all things, Japanese or Japanese may brought Japanese artifacts streaming into Europe. Japanese ME is a French term that refers to the popularity and influence of Japanese are InDesign among a number of Western European artists in the 19th century, following the forced reopening a foreign trade with Japan in 1858, Ukiyo-e means pictures of the floating world and defines an art movement of Japan's Edo period, 1603 to about 1867. Ukulele blended realistic narratives of Maki or traditional picture scrolls with influences from decorative arts scenes and actors from Kabuki theatrical plays, renowned courtesans and prostitutes and erotica were early subjects. Ukelele artists embraced woodblock prints. Japanese woodblock prints were an evolving tradition. These would lock friends had a mass appeal with our bright colors and decorative images that frequently depicted and narrative included things like animals, birds, and landscapes, as well as people. Some characteristics of this work also include exaggerated foreshortening, asymmetry of design, areas of flat or unshaded color. And imagine if cropping of figures, the most renowned and prolific artists of this movement was cat sushi, GGA, Heroku psi, who produced an estimated 35000 works during his seven decade career, he is best known as the author of the woodblock print series, 36 Views of Mount Fuji from 831, which includes the iconic and internationally recognized print, The Great Wave, which was created during the 1920s. This print is still widely popular to this day and you might recognize it here you can see how the inspiration of forms that are fluid and flat with flowing lines we often see in Art Nouveau were drawn from Japan's Healy art movement and woodblock prints. This simplicity, the muted colors and rich two-dimensional imagery are prominent features of Japanese art that inspired European artists. European artists also drew inspiration from the calligraphic line drawings, abstraction, simplification of natural appearances, flat color and silhouettes, unconventional use of bold black shapes and decorative patterns, landscapes and Intune environments were frequently presented as suggestive impressions rather than detailed compressions. The impact of the East was significant, but it wasn't the only influence on the art nouveau movement. The arts and crafts movement emerged in Bryn, with the founding of the design firm Morrison company in 1861 by William Morris. William Morris was a British textile designer, artist and social activists who was one of the key influential figures of the arts and craft movement. In the arts and crafts movement, wallpapers on CapEx were based on natural motifs, particularly inspired by plant forms, and were transformed into a flat pattern. Morris believe people should be surrounded by beautiful, well-made things. And he emphasized simple, functional design without the excess ornament, an imitation of past typical Victorian styles, this movement became an international trend in the decorative and fine arts with emphasis on traditional craftsmanship and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration. Willie Mars, the Mars and company, are still influential to this day with his famous textiles still in use and the Morison code designs still sold today. The arts and crafts movement is often seen as a starting point for modern design or the modern style and a strong influence to what came later, the Art Nouveau movement. We can see the threads of connection between these two liquids. From the reactions, the mechanization of the Industrial Revolution to the inspiration of organic and geometric forms from nature, the curves of plants and flowers to creating the flow and designs. Other inspirations and sources for the Art Nouveau movement are from diverse and wide ranging. In addition to the arts and craft movement and the Japanese Ukiyo-e woodblock prints. A few other influences include the pre-Raphaelite painting is that you can see here that aim to shake up the English art and lead it away from what they perceived as stale academic ism. You can also see the influence of Celtic ornaments as well as vocal CO, on the top right, which is a style characterized by lightness, elegance, and exuberant use a curving natural forms in ornamentation. 6. Notable Graphic Design Figures: Notable graphic design figures of the art nouveau movement. The Art Nouveau movement is particularly well-known for their posters. The transition from Victorian graphics into the Art Nouveau style was not instantaneous, but instead of gradual one, the Victorian period was that of Queen Victoria's reign of Britain, which ran from 1837 to 1901. Victorian era graphic design was strongly typographic and embraced a more is more feeling. Victorian prints and advertisements were distinctive for their layout using extreme variations of type size and weight, often cramped on one page. This allowed the partner to utilize every inch of printable space. Design of this time was illustrated heavily typographic and floral type founders develop new and ornamental typefaces and lettering and slash them across posters, advertisements, magazines, and all other printed material with an aesthetic that was elaborate, symmetrical and heavily patterned. These radical shifts in manufacturing and production, as well as social and economic changes help lay the foundation for the Art Nouveau movement. One particularly important event that lay the framework was that in 1881, he knew French law concerning freedom of the press was passed. It lifted many censorship restrictions. This lifting of the restriction lead to a booming poster industry, which in turn, combined with new technologies, mass production, influences from the east in a modernist rejection of academic art, created the right conditions for the bell up POC, or golden age of poster art. Now, let's delve into a few nodal graphic design figures from the Art Nouveau Movement. Start with Aubrey Beardsley. He was born in 1872 and he was an English illustrator and author. He became well-known for his illustrations for le Morte d'Arthur, sir Thomas Mallory's 15th century version of the legends of King Arthur. He also illustrated books and limited edition prints for such works as Oscar Wilde Salome. He was known for his striking pen line, brilliant black and white work, and shockingly exotic imagery. He was also influenced by Japanese wood cuts, as mentioned in the previous video about the influence of Japanese may in the western art world. He's a shapes that are fluid and derived from the natural world. He also employed such imagery as using vines, peacocks, water, and flowers. Beardsley work had an enthusiastic response and hit numerous commissions. His series of illustrations for Thomas Mallory's book, The Death of Arthur, really became his best-known work. The subject matter is an idealized medieval Camelot and Beardsley begins to incorporate harder edge borders and elements from illuminated manuscripts. Beardsley, intensely prolific career was cut short when he died of tuberculosis at age 26 in 1898. But he's still a major contributor to the development of Art Nouveau and the poster styles. Despite his early death, he's considered by the history books as one of the most important British Art Nouveau or Martin style figures. You've probably seen this poster in the middle before. It is iconic. It's called Moulin Rouge legally, but Henri de Toledo track from 1891, it broke new ground and poster design with this dynamic pattern of flat planes, silhouettes, simplified yellow ovals for lamps, and white undergarments of the tourists can can't answer. This poster help launches correct and propel him to fame. Exhibit are all over Paris. His unique graphic sensibility came to define the aesthetic of Bella POC. And in fact, his work was so popular that Parisian fans were known to shadow the Walkman at. They hung up who trucks posters so that they could peel them down and take them home before they glue dried. Other work by Ptolemy letrec show the influence of Japanese prints as evident in the flat silhouettes, unmodulated color and stylized curve annual drawings, as well as his use of unconventional compositional angles and cropping, use of silhouettes, emphasis on contour and flattening of space, which are all typical elements of Ukiyo-e prints. You also might have seen these posters before as well. These posters are from Feel, feel, stain. When a Swiss born French artist, he is best known for his art nouveau poster designs and paintings. Born in Switzerland, the artist and his wife moved to Paris in his early 20s. Staining was a prolific illustrator during the 1980s and 1990s, his work often depicted animals, specifically cats, as well as the Bohemian cabaret culture of the turn of the century Paris. He produced advertisements for LET Shatner and found artistic recognition through frequent exhibitions at the Salon de independence, friend and sometimes rival for commissions to Henri debt to letrec. Both artists have similarities in their work and there's some debate over who influenced too. But at the end of the day, both mainland and Lou track drew inspiration from similar sources and each other. Both are notable contributors to the Art Nouveau movement and artists with a pivotal role in this moment. Check born Alphonse MOOC, his rise to fame was actually by happenstance while working at lemma or Sears printing company, famous actress Sarah Bernhardt demanded a poster for her play gizmo NDA to be done by New Year's Day. And MOOC was the only artist available. This poster began with has meteoric rise. This combined with a number of trends throughout Europe, would converge into what was known as the Art Nouveau movement. Although he initially resisted this label, the development of his work and the visual poster became some of the best-known images of this period. He's probably now the most widely known Art Nouveau artists with this poster artwork, emblematic and very distinctive style, which remains a popular influence for illustrators and graphic artist to this day. He often used essential female figure surrounded by stylized forms derived from plants and flowers. In his work, we can see influences from more avians, folk art from his homeland of Bohemia and Moravia region in Austria and Byzantium mosaics, the central female of the posters, often in a central relaxed pose and trusting classical costume, the hair is often a key element of the design, creating a long curving point of focus around the figure and emphasizing movement when element that MOOC law often employed was to create a thicker line or on the silhouette of the figure and the edge of the hair, which pulls the central figure forward from the rest of the image. Lucas posters and illustrations for advertising shared Beardsley fluid forms and idealists, romantic past, unlike Beardsley MOOC Latin, corporate color and complex patterns MOOC I used Arabic and Byzantium decorative motifs for patterns, borders and topography like beards, least connection to Camelot. Ucla uses these form forms to comment on the goodness of a more agrarian culture with handmade design. Again, we can see how inspiration was drawn from the natural world and the idealization of agricultural medieval life. These are just a few notable figures. Other graphic artists of this time include Eugene Gazette, joules hooray, William H. Badly, and Henri prevail live amount to name a few. 7. Art Nouveau vs Art Deco: Art nouveau versus Art Deco, Art Nouveau and Art Deco art to defining art movements of the 20th century, influencing all elements of visual culture from fine art and design to architecture and graphic arts, although they are often confused for one another, the two movements have distinct characteristics. Both styles are unified in their reflection of the times in which they came about and the span of their influence where Art Nouveau celebrates elegant curves and long lines. Art Deco consists of sharp angles in geometrical shapes. Art Nouveau did influence art deco and there are some visual similarities between the two movements. Art Nouveau features, curved lines and organic forms that are influenced by nature. Whereas Art Deco is more industrial and full of straight lines, geometric symmetry, and sharp edges. After 30 years of art and of those rain, It's a lawyer began to die down as other artistic movements arose. Some view art deco, also called streamline modern, or art modern a, as an extension of Art Nouveau and others view it as morphing from one movement to another at around 1910. But Art Deco as a movement in the decorative arts and architecture, officially emerged in the 1920s and developed into a major style in Western Europe and the United States during the 1930s. The term Art Deco was coined by British art historian bear this hilly air in the 1960s, derived from the International Exhibition of modern decorative and industrial arts, or in its French name, exposome International's did Art Deco relatives E International's Monet's held in Paris in 1925 with the style was officially first exhibited. The Art Deco movement borrowed and was influenced by Art Nouveau cubism, futurism, the Bauhaus and the Vienna secession commingled with the Destiel and the supremacist movements with added inspiration from Egyptian, Aztec, and Assyrian motifs. Although the style went out of fashion in most places during World War 2, beginning in the late 1960s, there was a renewed interest in art deco design. All of these factors distilled Art Deco designs into a number of recognizable stylistic characteristics, like symmetry, layered shapes, intricate line are rectangular geometry, aerodynamic curves, and the use of metallic colors like golden Chrome. The rise of an Art Deco and the fall of Art Nouveau. Art deco marked a change in art style, while key certain ideologies and features of the Art Nouveau Movement influenced this later style. In many ways, Art Deco really evolved as a result of the decline of Art Nouveau, maintaining an appreciation of modern craftmanship, Art Deco combined creative dexterity with a celebration of technological progress. Art Deco was also influenced by Egyptian, Aztec, and Central American art that was being discovered by the Western world throughout the century. Some artists also transitioned from Art Nouveau to Art Deco like French artist designer decorator Xin Du Bois. So when we think about art nouveau versus Art Deco, we can think of Art Nouveau as being flowery, decorative, and curvilinear, whereas Art Deco is more sleek, streamlined in geometric. 8. The Legacy: The legacy of Art Nouveau. Does this poster look familiar? Well, it should remind you of the Alphonse MOOC poster for job cigarettes. The poster, so right is from 1966. And to say it borrowed from the posture left would be an understatement. The 1960s psychedelic poster art pulled from a variety of sources, but they borrowed heavily from the Art Nouveau movement. These posters with their abstract forms and curly lettering show the influences of Art Nouveau. A way, way, way dialed up color palette. Art nouveau was the first movement to give serious credibility to the graphic arts, especially the poster as an art form. Although this movement lasted only about 20 years, It made a lasting impression on the art world. And here we can see directly the influence in the 1960s psychedelic poster art. It's easy to think that art nouveau movement was merely a decorative style, but it really was a transitional movement that evolved from a rejection of the historical classicism that dominate art and design to the first phase of the modern movement and a vital bridge between Victorian embellishments and modernism. The adoption of new international ornamental style that both rejected industrialization. Yeah, it was highly influenced by new technologies, was a precursor that help define monetarism and influenced many later art movements, as we see here in the 1960s, although after 1910, Art Nouveau period, old-fashioned and limited and was generally abandoned as a distinct decorative style. In the 1960s, the style was rehabilitated in part by major exhibitions organized at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1959 and at the Musee National to art modern in 1960, as well as a large-scale retrospective on Beardsley held at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London in 1966. These exhibitions elevated the status of the movement which had often been viewed by critics as a passing trend. It elevated it to the level of other major Martin art movements of the late 19th century currents of this movement, we're also revitalized in the pop and pop art world. The flowery organic lines and topography of Art Nouveau were revived as a new psychedelic style. This inspiration was used for concert posters, rock and pop album covers, and in commercial advertising. The legacy of Art Nouveau continues to this day, as it is now seen as an important predecessor of modernism. 9. Class Project: The project for this class is to create an Art Nouveau inspired poster. This is an opportunity to use all that you have learned about this design movement. You want your poster to epitomize the style of art nouveau. You can use any application, but some elements to consider using our flat decorative patterns, a highly decorative border, intertwined organic forms such as stems are flowers, nature-inspired elements like plants, flowers, seashells or peacock feathers, and a rounded or neat typography.