Make a Lace Pattern Brush in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class | Helen Bradley | Skillshare

Make a Lace Pattern Brush in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Helen Bradley, Graphic Design for Lunch™

Make a Lace Pattern Brush in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Helen Bradley, Graphic Design for Lunch™

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4 Lessons (44m)
    • 1. Make a Lace Brush - Introduction - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

      1:23
    • 2. Make a Lace Brush - Part 1

      17:10
    • 3. Make a Lace Brush - Part 2

      10:38
    • 4. Lace Pattern Brush - Part 3

      14:41
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About This Class

Graphic Design for Lunch™ is a series of short video courses you can study in bite size pieces such as at lunchtime. In this course you'll learn to make a lace pattern brush in Illustrator. You will learn to make the basic pattern tile for the brush and then the more advanced techniques required to create custom inside and outside corner tiles for the brush. Here is the brush style we'll make:

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More in this series:

10 Adobe Illustrator Layer Tips in 10 minutes - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

10 Adobe Illustrator Pattern tips in 10 Minutes - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

10 Illustrator Pen tool and Path Tips in 10 Minutes - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

10 in 10 - 10 Adobe Illustrator Align tips in 10 minutes - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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10 Interface & Workflow tips for Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

20 Adobe Illustrator Appearance Panel Tips in 20 mins - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

20 Adobe Illustrator Color tips in 20 mins - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

20 Adobe Illustrator Recolor Artwork tips in 20 mins - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

20 Illustrator Gradient tips in 20 mins - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

20 Illustrator Reflect and Rotate tips in 20 mins - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

20 Path, Crop & Cutout tips in 20 mins - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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2022 Calendar from Scratch in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

3D Extrusion Effects with Text & Shapes in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

3D Perspective designs in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

3D Y Shape Pattern in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

4 Exotic Patterns in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

4 Handy Patterns in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

4 Illustrator Shading Techniques in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

5 Cool Text Effects in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

5 Hexagon Patterns in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Abstract Ombre Background in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Add a Background to a Pattern in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

All you need to know about Brushes in Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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Circles with Brushes, Blends & Transformations - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Color Schemes to Sell in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Complex Patterns with MadPattern templates in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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Creative Half tone Effects in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Curly Frames in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Custom Corners for Pattern Brushes in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Custom Organic Patterns in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Custom Project Backgrounds in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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Cutout Text Effects in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Design in Black and White in Adobe Illustrator - Create Positive/negative images

Designing with Spirals in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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Diamond, Harlequin & Argyle Patterns in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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Flat & Dimensional drawing techniques in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

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Zentangle® Inspired Pattern Brushes in Adobe Illustrator - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class

Meet Your Teacher

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Helen Bradley

Graphic Design for Lunch™

Top Teacher

Helen teaches the popular Graphic Design for Lunch™ courses which focus on teaching Adobe® Photoshop®, Adobe® Illustrator®, Procreate®, and other graphic design and photo editing applications. Each course is short enough to take over a lunch break and is packed with useful and fun techniques. Class projects reinforce what is taught so they too can be easily completed over a lunch hour or two.

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Transcripts

1. Make a Lace Brush - Introduction - A Graphic Design for Lunch™ Class: Hello, I'm Helen Bradley. Welcome to this Graphic Design for Lunch class. Make a lace pattern brush in Adobe Illustrator. Graphic Design for Lunch is a series of classes that teach a range of tips and techniques for creating designs and for working in applications such as Illustrator, Photoshop, and Procreate. Today, we're going to create a pattern brush in Illustrator that will allow us to draw lace onto objects. We're going to start by making the basic pattern brush pace, and that's going to be simple enough for anybody to be able to do. Then, if you want to take a step into the dark side of pattern brushes, we're going to make the inside and outside corners of that brush. If you think that's a little bit too much for you, you can just stop the video at that point, and just be happy with the brush that you've made so far. As you're working through these videos, you might see a prompt which lets you recommend this class to others. Please, if you're enjoying the class, give it a thumbs up. These recommendations help me get my classes in front of more people who, just like you, want to learn more about Illustrator. If you'd like to leave a comment, please do so. I read and respond to all of your comments, and I look at and respond to all of your class projects. If you're ready now, let's get started making a lace brush here in Illustrator. 2. Make a Lace Brush - Part 1: To create our lace, we're going to start with a new document. So 1,000 pixels by 1,000 pixels RGB color mode, I'll click ''Okay.'' It's going to help me if I mark out the areas and I'm going to be working in here. So I'm going to create some rectangles that are 500 pixels by 500 pixels in size. I want them to have a stroke but I don't want them to have any fill at all. I'm just going to position them in the corners of this art board. I'm also going to make sure that I have my align options here, I'm just going to click ''Show Options'' set to align to art board. So I can click on these icons here just to make sure that this is positioned correctly. We're also going to be working with the transform dialogue and so I'd strongly recommend that you bring this into position so you can seen it on the screen because we're going to bee placing things with pixel accuracy. Going to the selection tool here, I'm going to alt drag a duplicate away and just make sure that it is positioned correctly and then grab both of these, Alt drag a duplicate away and just position it at the very bottom of the art boarded here. So let's just do that and these are not aligned correctly, so let's just make sure that they are before we proceed. Now, we'll also want to see the last palette so I'm just going to bring the layers palette out here alongside the transform palette. We're going to lock down the rectangles that we just created. I'm going to add a new layer, I'm next going to create a circle here that fits inside this square. So choose the ellipse tool, and it's going to be 500 pixels by 500 pixels in size and I'll click ''Okay.'' I'm going to position the it in position too so it's going to be aligned to the top and to the left side of this art board. Also making sure that its settings are absolutely correct. Going to the direct selection tool, I'm just going to lop off the bottom of this shape, so I just want this semicircle. I want a duplicate of it because I'm going to need to use it twice so I'm going to copy it and I'm just going to lock it down for the moment. We're going to make the highlights for our lace, and each of those is going to be a circle that is 100 pixels by 100 pixels. I'm going to fill it with black and I'm going to leave it with no stroke, and I'm going to position this one first of all right over the very end of the circle so its center point is at 250 and 500. So I'm just going to click here on the center point and make sure it is correct and if it's not, I'm going to make it correct. That's now correct, I'm going to Alt, drag a duplicate of this shape away and position it in exactly the same position over here, making sure that the center point is at 1,250. We're going to make a blend from this, so I'm going to the Blend tool, I'm going to click on edge shape in turn. I only want three shapes in the middle here, but I've got four. So I'm going to double-click on the Blend tool, go to specified steps, turn preview on, type the number 3 and click ''Okay.'' Now I'm going to unlock one of these circles, select the blend and the half circle and choose object blend and then replace spine. That just turns this blend from a line into a shape that follows this circle that we had. So I'm going to lock that down to. It's really important as you're working with this that you lock down everything except the stuff you're working with because otherwise it can become a real nightmare. I'm going to turn my blend off for now, I'm going to add a set of circles that are going to be the edge of the lace, and they are going to be 250 pixels in diameter. So type 250 by 250, I'm going to just position this in exactly the same position. I'm making sure that it's center is at 500 and 250 which is not. Alt drag a duplicate away and make sure that it is positioned exactly over the edge here at 1,250. We're going to make the same blend here, so selecting both of the Blend tool, double-click on the Blend tool, turn on preview, specify the steps and we want the same three steps, click ''Okay.'' I'm going to unlock this path, the one that I saved, select the blend and the path object blend, replace spine. Now, this shape's going to become the edge of our lace, so I need to make it all one shape. To do that, I need to expand it with object expand. Then because I've got it still all selected straight to the pathfinder and I'll click ''Unite.'' Next up, I'm going to cut off the paces that I don't need. For this, I'm going to create a rectangle. My rectangle is going to be 500 pixels wide, but it's going to need to be hire than 500 pixels because it needs to extend up the top here. I'm going to make it about 640 pixels high, and click ''Okay.'' It's going to be a no stroke, no fill rectangle. I'm just going to drag it up so that its bottom corner here is at the position 500, 500. I've assured myself that it is in the correct position so I'm going to select the rectangle and the path below. So I just want these two things selected, I'm going to the pathfinder and I'm going to click ''Crop.'' What that does is it crops this shape so that it fits inside this rectangle. Now, for some reason, Illustrator gives us a few extra paces here so at this point, you want to just go and discard anything that is not this single shape. This shape should be 500 pixels wide, which it is. So it's perfect. Now, what we need to do is to recolor it. I've got its fill color selected here, so I'm just going to give it a pinky color for our lace that have bean intense, so let's just wind it back a little bit. Now, because of the weigh that we're going to be producing these lace, it would be really helpful if we were to create this as a global color. To do this, I'm going to click on ''New Color Group'' and I'm going to create a color group that's called lace. This pink color is automatically added to it, but I'm going to double-click it, and I'm going two click ''Global'' and click ''Okay.'' So anytime I color a shape or anything this color, because it's a global color look what's going to happen if I want to change it later on. I'm going to make it a much brighter pink here. When I preview, you can see that because it's colored with a global color, it's going to change even though it's not selected, anything that has this color pink associated with it, that is a global color is going to change color immediately. I'm just going to cancel out of that but just be aware that we are going to use global colors throughout this process. Let's go and get back the blend that's underneath, let's put it at the top. Let's also brake this shape out of its group because it doesn't need to be in a group and we want keep our layers palette as tidy as we can because otherwise this is going to be a bit of a nightmare. Now, I'm going to turn my blend off right now because I'm going to address the problem of the bottom of this shape. What we need our lace to be is filled in all the way down to the base here. So let's go and get another rectangle and let's make it just 500 pixels by 500 pixels in size this time, it's already filled with our global color. So we're going to position it again so that its bottom corner here is at 500, 500 which it is. Let's go and select both our rectangle and our curvy shape and let's go to the pathfinder and just click ''Unite.'' So we've just got one shape there. Let me just put my pathfinder back there safely and then drag this path behind my blend. Now, this blend we can now break out. I'm going to lock down the path at the back and just focus on the blend. I'm going to expand it so, Object, Expand and click "OK". We're also going to ungroup it with Object, Ungroup. Now these circles are going to be stitched objects. Let's just go and create them now. I'm going to select on one of these and I'm going to fill it with white. I'm going to add a white color here as a global color. Let's double-click it. It's actually not quite white, so let's make it a bit whiter, and let's make it a global color. I'm also going to need gray so I'm going to click away from this object and go and get a gray color and bring that down as well, make it global too. Let's go back to this shape. Let's zoom in a little bit. Open up the appearance panel. We're going to add a stroke and we're going to make sure the stroke is one of these global colors because we want to be able to adjust the color if necessary later on. I'm going to increase the stroke weight because this is going to be some stitching lines. I'm going to click open the stroke. Now, for the caps we absolutely have to use this butt cap or this is not going to work, a dashed line. What I've got here with my dashed line is, I've got it at 1.25 pixels dash and a two pixel gap. You can experiment with different values of this according to how thick you want this dash to be. The larger this value, the thicker the dash, and the gap is obviously the larger the value, the more space there is between these. The length of this stage is caused buy the weight so you can increase or decrease the weight. Once you've got it looking the way you want it to look, it's going to be really useful to save this as a graphic style. Anytime we want to add stitching to anything, we can just apply a graphic style to it. I'm going to get the selection tool, and pick up the shape and just drag and drop it in the graphic styles panel. Double-click the style. I'm just going to call this white fill stitching just so I know what's in that graphic style and press Control or Command 0. I'm going to select each of these shapes in turn, and I'm just going to apply that graphic style to them best by clicking on the graphic style. Now I need to lop off the edges of the shapes too, but it's going to be very easy to do that. First of all I'm going to select the three shapes I don't want to do anything with, I'm just going to lock them down and actually even hide them. Right now the only things that are selectable on this entire art board are these two circles. I'm going to the direct selection tool. I'm just going select over the left side of this and just remove the edge and then delete the edge of this as well. Now I'm going to lock down and hide these two shapes I don't need them, and I want to focus on this top edge because it needs a stitching line as well. I've unlocked it I'm going to drag and drop the path onto the new icon, I'm going to lock and hide one version of it and just keep one version visible. Got it selected now. I'm going again to the direct selection tool I'm going to remove pieces that I don't want which is this edge here. Anything along the bottom edge and everything here up to that very corner. What I'm left with is this shape here. I'm going to select it with the selection tool, I'm going to apply my graphic style to it. But my graphic style isn't exactly what I want. I want the stitch lines but I don't want the fill color. I'm just going to come here to the fill color I'm going to remove it. This is going two give me now a different look. This is a stitching look and I am going to use it over and over again so I'm going to save each of graphic stile. I'll pick this shape up and just drag and drop it into the graphic styles library. I'm going to double-click it, I'm going to call it stitching only and click "OK". Now I can bring back the shape underneath. This is what our layers looks like to date. Now before we go ahead we're going to add a little pace of islet flower in here. I'm going to move things out to one side. I am going to the Ellipse tool. I'm going to drag out a narrow ellipse, and I'm actually going to apply my white fill stitching to it. I'm going to select the bottom of these points with the direct selection tool and select here on convert selective anchor points to corner so it just gets a pointy end to it. I'm going to select it with the selection tool. I'm going to the Rotate tool here, and I'm going to position myself just below the bottom of the flower and Alt or Option click to set its rotation point. Now I want it to rotate around because I want to create five shapes. I know a circle has 360 degrees and I know I want five shapes. I'm going to divide 360 by five. When I tab away, you can seen that's 72 degrees is how I need to rotate it. But I want to make a copy as I do, so I'm going to click "Copy". That gives me the original and a copy. If I press Control or Command D three more times, I'm going to get a flower. I'm going to select all of these objects. I'm just going to group them together because they're going to be my flower. I'm going to move them into position on my lays. Now, I want the midpoint of this shape to be at 750 pixels which it is. It doesn't matter where the midpoint is vertically, but I do want it to be at 750 pixels horizontally. It's nicely positioned in the shape. Now that I've done all this I'm ready to go ahead and create this as my first pattern piece. I'm going to unlock everything. I'm going to add a rectangle that is 640 pixels by 500. Well the width is going to bee 500, the height is going to be 640. It's going to have no fill and no stroke. I'm going to turn off the stroke and I'm going to turn off the fill. I'm going to position it so that its bottom corner is at 500, 500. Let's just make sure that that's correct. Five hundred and not quite 500. Its bottom corner is in the exact position. Going to drag it so that it's underneath everything so it has to be at the back of everything. I'm going to select over all of the objects here, and I'm going to make a brush one and so I'm going to the brushes panel, open up the drop-down list, New Brush, Pattern Brush and click "OK". Here is our layers brush. Now in later versions of Illustrator, Illustrator will try and create a corner tile for you. But we're going to create our own custom corner tile so I'm going to turn that off. In earlier versions of Illustrator you won't have a corner tile so you just have to create your own, which we're going to do. I'll click "OK". I'm going to click away from this shape. I'm going to unlock everything down and I'm going to close up this panel. In fact, lock that layer. I'm going to move out of the way, add a new layer and we're just going to quickly test this. I'm going to the brush tool, I'm going to click on my layers brush. I'm just going to draw a gentle line. With the line selected because my brush is huge, I'm just going to click here on option of selected objects, I'm going to wind down my brush size. That's how our layers brush is painting. So far so good it's going to paint over a nice curved shape, but it's not going to work when we have corners. I'm going to show you in the next videos, how you can go ahead and create corner brushes for your lace brush. If all you came hear to do was to create a brush that you could use just like this, then you're done. You can create your brush and use it on a line and just post a picture of that as your class project. If you're interested in going ahead and creating corner tiles, then the next videos are going to show you exactly how to do that. 3. Make a Lace Brush - Part 2: Having completed the basic pattern brush, we're ready to create our corner. I'm going to lock down this brush over here. I'm going to add a new layer so that we can work in this area here. We're going to start with a circle that's going to fill this shape. It's going to be 500 pixels by 500 pixels in size. We're just going to center it in this shape in the top corner here. I'm going to give it a stroke, but I'm not going to give it any fill at all. I only want three quarters of it, I don't want this bit in here, so I'm going to the direct selection tool. I'm going to select over this and just click with the Delete key to just remove it. I've now got a three-quarter circle. I'm going to lock that down, going to draw my circles for these pieces of the lace and their 100 pixels round. I'm going to make them filled shapes with no stroke. We'll start by lining this one up here so that its midpoint should be at 250 and 500. Let's just make sure I'm working with this midpoint and adjusts the 250 value. It's now in position. I'm going to alt drag a duplicate out of the way and place it over here. Again, this midpoint should be 250, 500. I'm going to make a blend from this by selecting both shapes. I'm going to double click the blend tool and my specified steps needs to be five, so I'll click Okay. Now I'm going to replace the spine on this blend so that it goes all the way around, but I need another copy of this spine, so I'm going to make a duplicate at this stage. Click on one copy of it and the blend choose Object, Blend, Replace Spine. I'm going to lock down that blend and go ahead and make these curvy bits and their circles that are 250 pixels in size. I'm going to actually make them the pink color that we're using. I'm just going to go and grab that from my swatches palette. Going to move this into position and just make sure its center is at 250 and 500. If it's in position, which it is, I'm going to alt drag a duplicate away and make sure that this one is again positioned with its center point at 250, 500. It is and so we're going to make a blend from this. Click on one, click on the second one, double-click on the Blend tool, make sure Specified Steps is set to five, click Okay. Then we're going to pick up the latest blend and also Shift click on this three-quarter circle path and choose Object and then Blend and then Replace Spine. Now we need to join this all up, so I'm going to expand this with Object, Expand and click Okay. Then I'm going here to the Pathfinder, I'm just going to unite it into a single shape. Of course, the blend of these smaller shapes is just right underneath waiting for us. I'm going to lock down this pink shape and unlock the Blend. I want to break everything out of the Blend so I'm going to select the Blend and choose Object, Expand, and click Okay. Now I'm going to ungroup it with Object, Ungroup. I've just got the shapes here. These need to have stitching around them so we're going back to our graphic style and we're going to use the white fill stitching style, just apply it there. These two shapes here need to have their edges knocked off, so I'm just going to select over this with the direct selection tool and press Delete. Going to do the same thing down here. My stitching is pretty all right, so I can lock all of those pieces down and lets revisit this path here, the one that's all curly. Well, I need to fill it in because it needs to be filled in to take up the whole of this square. I'm going to add a rectangle that is 500 pixels by 500 pixels. We're going to fill it with the pink color. I'm going to add that as the fill and I'm going to remove the stroke. I'm going to take this shape and I'm going to place it so its bottom corner is at this 500, 500 point. Then I'm going to take the curly shape and this rectangle and I'm going to unite them. Just select the two shapes and click on Unite, so I've got one big curly shape. The only problem with my one big shape is it's a little bit big. I need to lop it off on these two sides. Well, I can do it with a rectangle or a square. I'm going to create a square that is 640 pixels by 640 pixels. These are the dimensions that we're using to encompass this shape, so it's going to be a perfect size for this. I'm going to make sure that it has actually no stroke and no fill and I'm going to line it up so that again, its bottom corner here is at 500, 500, which it is. Now I'm going to grab the rectangle here and also this other path. You can see that the pieces that are lying outside this rectangle, the only pieces that are lying outside this rectangle are the pieces I need to get rid of. What I'm going to do is use crop. I'm going to the Pathfinder, I'm just going to click on Crop and that removes the excess pieces. Now crop is pretty notorious for also leaving little bits and pieces behind, so you may want to open up the group and just get rid of the piece that is no longer needed. We're just going to put our loose piece back out of the group so that it's not in a group that it doesn't need to be in. Let's open everything here and just place the shape behind it. Now, I'm pretty happy with this. The only thing I'd like to do is to bring this shape over. I'm going to unlock this layer over here, I'm going to open it up and I'm going to grab my flower. This is just the flower. I'm going to drop it onto the new icon and I'm going to pick it up and I'm going to take it with me and just place it up on this layer here. Hasn't actually move because there's a duplicate here. But what I'm going to do is lock this down and then hide this layer and close it. The only thing that's left over here is the one object that in actual fact belongs on this layer. I'm just going to go and grab it and just move it into position. I'm also going to rotate it so it looks appropriate in this situation that it's in. Now, I think I just want to bring this one back and just check the alignment, actually might bring it down a little bit. I'm going to make sure its bottom corner is equidistant from this point here so I've got 407 and 411. I'm just going to make them both 410. Now it's a nice even position. I can turn back off this layer up here because I don't need it any longer. To finish this off as a corner piece, we need to do two things. First, we need to add the stitching here, so I'm going to lock everything I'm not using, grab this path, duplicate it, turn one version off and lock it. This is the version of this path that I'm going to add the stitching to. Going back to the direct selection tool, going to drag over the pieces that we don't need, which are these two sides. Now we've got our shape. I'm going to select it with the selection tool and we've got a graphic style for that too. We've got the stitching only graphic style. Having applied that, I can now bring back in the shape underneath, so that's all ready to go. We need a rectangle at 640 pixels by 640 pixels in dimension. That's just going to create a border for this piece, so I'll click Okay. I'm going to make it no fill, no stroke and I'm going to place its bottom right corner in this five 500, 500 position. Double-check it's in position and then drag this rectangle to the very bottom of this layer. Going to undo or unlock everything on this layer, select everything and this is now going to be our corner tile. To make it a corner tile, we're going to open up the swatches panel and we're going to drag and drop it into the swatches panel so it becomes a swatch. Then we can click away from the shape and we can go and add it to our brush. In the brushes panel, we're just going to double-click on our brush, and in this drop-down list at the very end is a new pattern swatch, and that is our corner tile. I'm going to add it and click Okay. I'm going to apply it to our stroke, although we're not really going to see much here because this line or this stroke here doesn't have a bend in, and that it's actually going to need a corner tile. For neatness, let's just fix it up, but let's see how it's going to look when our brush is applied to a shape that actually needs a corner tile. I have my stroke visible here, I'm just going to click on this brush, of course it's way too big, so I'm just going to select Options of selected objects and just wind down this. There is our pattern brush with its corners. In the next video, we're going to go ahead and create the inside corner tiles. They're a little bit difficult, but we're going to see exactly how to do those. 4. Lace Pattern Brush - Part 3: We're ready now to go ahead and to create the inside corner tile. I'm going to turn off this one because I don't need it any longer and just tuck it away. We have up here the original pattern tile. I'm going to just open up this and unlock the individual elements in that pattern tile, but lock the pattern tile itself up. I'm going to make two copies of it. One I'm going to leave where it is and the other two I'm going to use to help me create the inside tile. Let's go to the first of the copies that we kept back. I'm just going to drag it out of the way. I'm going to rotate it 180 degrees and I'm going to place it so that it is in the exact correct position here, so that this point here is at 500, 500, which it is. Having done that, I'm going to lock it down. I'm going to unlock the second copy that I have here. Select it, move it out of the way, rotate it 90 degrees. I'm going to pull it down here. I want this top line here to be 140 pixels below this line. Because when we created the bounding box for this patent tile piece, we created a rectangle that was 500 wide and 640 tall. There's 140 pixels worth of brush here. We want to just adjust the spacing here so that we can create the correct corner tile. I'm going to select this shape, make sure that I have the top selected and I'm going to move it down to 1,000 plus my 140, which is 1,140. Then I want this top corner piece here. Let's just go and click on it. It needs to be at this position less 140, so we're going in a negative direction. I'm just going to type minus 140 and that's in the correct position now for giving us a guide as to what our inside corner tile needs to look like. I'm going to lock that down too. It's in this 640 by 640 wide area that we want to create our inside corner tile. I want to create a little loop in here, but I don't know how big it needs to be. To do it, I'm actually going to zoom in. I'm going to the Pen tool and we need to first create a new layer for this, so let's do that. I'm going to click here once and click here. I'm going to read off this value and it's 158.27. That is the distance between those two points. I want to create a circle that is that big. I'm just going to delete my line. I'm going to my Ellipse Tool. I'm going to click once and create a circle that is 158.27 by 158.27. I'm going to remove the fill from my circle and I'm just going to move this up into position. I'm going to rotate it 45 degrees. I don't want this side of the circle, so I'm going to the Direct Selection tool, just going to select over this side of the circle and just remove the piece I don't need. If I go back to the Selection tool, you'll see that I've got a bounding box, but it's not upright. To make it upright, Object, Transform, Reset Bounding Box. Now that's going to make it easier for me to position this into position because we know that this top corner needs to be at 500. Let's go and select this and let's make sure that the x value is 500. We also know that the bottom edge here needs to butt up against this, and this was at 1,140. The bottom edge needs to be at 1,140, which it is. We know that this is exactly in position to be the inside of our corner tile. Let's just zoom out a bit. Next up we're going to draw in the bounding box for this tile and we're going to use it a few times. I'm going to create a rectangle at 640 by 640. It's going to have a single line around it and it needs to be located so that it's top corner here is at 500, 500. We're just going to double-check that. It's not right. So that's now in position. We're going to use this a few times. I'm going to actually make a duplicate of it, at least one for now, and I'm just going to lock that away. I'm going to pop it at the very back of this, lock it and hide it. We've got this rectangle up here now, and we've got this little circle in here. What I want to do is I want to cut this shape out of this. Let's just work out which one it is. I'm going to bring this path up to the top here, so it's on the top and the rectangle here is underneath. I'm actually going to fill this rectangle with the color that we want to while we're here, because it's going to make it easy to say what's happening. I got a filled rectangle and I've got my path here. I'm going to click on my path to select it. I'm going to choose Object, Path, Divide Objects Below. That's just going to divide these in two. The bit that I don't want is that bit in the middle there. We've got a good start happening here now. Let's go and put this in a stitch in. To do that, we're going to need a duplicate of this path. I'm going to hide and lock down one version. I'm going to select the topmost version. Now the only thing that we need from this is this line in here. I'm going to remove all the other bits until we have just this line selected. I'm going back to the Selection tool with it selected, I'm just going to apply our stitching only graphic style. Let's put our background back in. You can see that we've got this piece, now we need to bring these circles across. I'm going to lock down the pieces that I have so far, and I'm going to draw a circle. Let's go and get the Ellipse tool. Let's draw a circle that's 100 by 100. Because that's what our little eyelets were. I'm going to set this up as a white fill and stitching. I'm going to bring it into position because it needs to be down here. It's center needs to be at 1,140 and at 1,110. It's exactly in the correct position. I'm going to Alt drag a duplicate away and I'm going to place it over here. It's middle position should be at 750, 500, which it is 750, 500. We're going to make a blend from this, so I'm going to the blend to click on one, click on the second one. I've got three here. If I didn't have three, I would double-click on the Blend tool, go to specified steps type three and press "Okay". But I've got exactly what I need. Now, what I don't have right now is something to bend this around and what I want to do is I want to create a circle that is going through the middle of each of these two circles at either end of the blend. Mathematically, it's pretty easy for us to get that value. This circle here is centered on a position which is 500 and we know too, that this one is centered on a position which is at a 110. If we subtract a 110 from 500, we get 390. This distance here is 390 pixels. Illustrating aids diameters to draw circles and we've got a radius, so we're just going to double 390 pixels, and that will give us 780. We need to draw a circle that is 780 pixels in diameter. Now, I'm just going to press the letter D to get the default values for the fill and stroke, and I'm just going to give it a stroke, no fill. Right now, I'm going to lock my blend down. I just don't want it to move by accident. I'm going to move this into position. Now, all we want from this is a quarter of a circle. Going to the Direct Selection tool, I'm just going to get rid of the bits that I don't want, which are these two. Now, I have my quarter circle, I just need to make sure that it is in the correct position. This point here should be at 500 and 750. If it's 500 and 750, then this point here should be at 1140, and 110 which it is, so it's in the exact correct position. Now what we need to do is to put a blend over this line. I'm going to unlock my blend, select the blend and the curved line, and choose Object, Blend, Replace Spine. I'm going to select my Blend and choose Object, Expand, and then, Object, Ungroup. Now, these objects have already got their style up, but I need to take half of each of these two away. I'm going to lock the bits that I don't want. This I do and this I do. I'm going to lock the others so they won't move. Let's go and get this one. I have the Direct Selection tool selected, so I'm just going to select other half of this and remove it. Then go and do the same thing here. We've now got our pattern all ready to use. I've got my rectangle down here, so I'm going to unlock that. In fact, I'm going to unlock everything that is on this layer. I've got a layer there that I'm just going to lock and hide. I can also hide these two pieces that I don't need them right now. This is my inside corner tile and I already have my bounding rectangle for it here. I'm just going to select everything that is on this layer. I'm going to open up the swatches panel here. I'm going to drag and drop this all the way into the swatches panel and now, I'm going to click away. That's really important so that you don't apply a brush to this. Go to your Brush panel, open up the Brush panel and in this third selector here, when you roll down, you'll have your new pattern swatch, which will be your inside corner tile and you can see that in position there. Now, I've just realized that what I did was I didn't turn the bounding box off on this rectangle. Let's just go and get this rectangle and let's make it no fill, no stroke and let's try that again. I'm going to the Swatches panel. I'm just going to get rid of the one that I did by mistake. Let's grab everything again, drag the swatch into position, click away, open the brush, and go and get the correct swatch that doesn't have a bounding box with it and click "Okay". I'm going to apply to strokes. I'm also going to lock everything down here so that nothing is going to move. The only thing I want to unlock is this area over here, which is the area that I'm actually working in and that's up here. I'm just going to open it up, unlock it and I have a rectangle here, which I'm going to click here on the options of selected object and just decrease the size so that we can see what's going on a bit more accurately. I'm going to get rid of this pen line because we don't need that any longer. To see how our new inner tile is going to work, we can go here and create a set of rectangles. I'm going to drag out one rectangle, and then drag out a second rectangle. If I select both of these and use the Minus front option here in the Pathfinder, I'll get a shape that has an inside corner and that'll allow us to test our new inside tile. I'm going to the Brush tool, I'm going to click to add my brush, and then I need to just shrink it down. Now what Illustrator's done is it has now put out inside corner tile on the outsides, and if that happens to you, all you need to do is to click this "Flip Across". That just flips it across so that the outside corner tiles are on the outside and the inside corner tile is on the inside and just click "Okay". Now if I wanted to, I could come back here and perhaps add my little flower in here. But the basics of creating your inner corner tile are all there and you now know how to go ahead and do this. Your project for this class is going to be to create your own lace pattern brush complete with inside and outside corner tiles. Create a small shape like this to display your brush and post a image of this in the class project area. I hope that you've enjoyed this class and that you've learned something about creating a lace pattern brush here in Illustrator. If you did enjoy the class and when you see a prompt to recommend it to others, please give it a thumbs up. These recommendations help me get my classes in front of more people, who just like you, want to learn more about Illustrator and if you'd like to leave a comment, please do so. I read and respond to all of your comments, and I look at and respond to all of your class projects. My name's Helen Bradley. Thank you so much for joining me for this episode of Graphic Design for Lunch, and I look forward to seeing you in an upcoming episode soon.