How to Draw on Location: An Urban Sketching Course | Teoh Yi Chie | Skillshare

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How to Draw on Location: An Urban Sketching Course

teacher avatar Teoh Yi Chie, Sketcher, watercolour lover

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (2h 14m)
    • 1. Intro

    • 2. Tools for Urban Sketching

    • 3. Walkabout Kampong Glam

    • 4. Quick Drawing Guide

    • 5. Pen Ink Sketch

    • 6. Haji Lane Watercolor

    • 7. Sultan Mosque Sketch

    • 8. Sultan Mosque Colour

    • 9. Share Your Work Online

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About This Class

This course covers the basics of drawing on location. You'll learn about the tools required, how to choose a good spot to draw from, and actual techniques to draw and colours your sketch. 

This course is recommended to those who like urban sketching, or someone who just want to pick up a new skill, one that can last you a life time.

This course is suitable for beginners with no prior knowledge of drawing.

Tools you need are pen, pencil, watercolour brush and paints, and a watercolour sketchbook. Reference photos are provided.

The lessons included in this 129-min course are:

  • 1 - Tools for Urban Sketching (12 min)
  • 2 - Looking for a Good Place to Draw (13 min)
  • 3 - Quick Drawing Guide (21 min)
  • 4 - Drawing with Pen and Ink (19 min)
  • 5 - Using Values to Colour Your Sketch (14 min)
  • 6 - Sketching the Sultan Mosque (16 min)
  • 7 - Colouring the Sultan Mosque (15 min)
  • 8 - Share Your Work Online (19 min)

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Teoh Yi Chie

Sketcher, watercolour lover


I'm an artist, visual content creator and urban sketcher based in Singapore. My passion is in sketching outdoors with pen, ink, watercolour, and digitally with portable tablets.

Through his Skillshare classes, I want to share the passion and joy of sketching to all who wish to learn. 

You can find me easily on my Youtube channel (230K subs), blog and Instagram page (links on the left). I've hundreds of tutorials on Youtube, and many art supplies reviews on my blog.

If you want a more structured learning experience, these are the courses arranged from beginner to intermediate level:

1. Drawing with Pen, Ink and Watercolor for Beginners
2. How to Make Colour Swatch Cards with Watercolour
3. Watercolour Mixing for Beginners
4. Using ... See full profile

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1. Intro: Hey, everyone, thank you for getting discourse on urban sketching. Now, during this cause I will bring you around this area called combo. Long force. I'm sketching sessions. I'm going to tell you what are the tools and supplies that you need when it comes to urban sketching, how to spot interesting scenes and subjects to draw how to actually draw them the techniques that you need. I'm going to teach you how to draw a pennant in how to use watercolor, how to practice your tonal values. Basically, just how to make a sketch. All right, now I'm going to find a place to put out all my quick man to show you what I have brought with me. So see you in the next lesson. By the way, if you have any questions, feel free to contact me at this email. 2. Tools for Urban Sketching: Hey, welcome back in this lesson. I'm going to show you the twos and supplies that you mean meat. When it comes to been sketching, this would be pan pencils, sketchbooks, watercolors bear in mind that all the things that you see right now not all things that I usually bring to urban sketching I just want to show you the full range, all things that you can get. So when it comes to drawing, there are so many choose to choose from. You can use a pencil like this would in pencil. If you do use this, remember to bring a sharpener, or you can choose to bring those mechanical pencils personally for me. I like to sketch with pen, so I usually bring pens. Currently, I'm using a phone pen. Four pens are good in the sense that you can refute the ink. So in the long run it's more economical. But sometimes I was. So bring disposable pens like this. These are disposable pans made by uni ball, and they come with waterproof ink. There's on great because they have what approve ink. You can use them. We have water colors. No, this three year. These are actually technical pence. They come with their friend line weights. So here I have 0.150 point eight. I seldom used these pens. This is a watercolor brush the noise that you hear anybody. We are tours that are behind me. So this is possible. What color brush that is collapsible. So you can just remove the handle on kept the brush, bristles and put it into your pencil case, this is very useful. This is something that I use all the time now, in addition to normal calibration was choose brush. No difference between this and this is hearing the body there is actually a water reservoir . So when you squeeze the body, water can come out to the bristles here and read it and you can use it with what color. I personally do not use this nowadays because it's a bit difficult to control the water. And sometimes when I'm drawing, I mean accidentally just pressed body. Hey may dilute the pain. So nowadays I just bring I just used is what is known on brush and here I have with me a white gel pen. This is a very useful pen when it comes to drawing white lines like maybe some of the areas you have accidentally covered over with watercolor. You can use these white Japan to draw does white areas back and not essential accessory? Is this a tissue so you can use this tissue to clean up? Or you can use this to be dry any part off your sketch if you have accidentally made a mistake, this is various now among all this twos. Audience drawing Tuesday I have. Should you? If I were to bring the most bad essentials, it would be a fountain pen or one of the disposable pan. So it's either this all this and a brush and this tissue. This is very sensual. Fall cleaning, cleaning up. So among all this, I would bring this three. All right, let's keep this show you some of sketchbooks, the sketchbook said. I bring Ah watercolor sketch books because I use watercolor with them. There are different types of sketchbook out in the market, so if you want to use water calorie after, choose ah sketchbook that has paper that is quite big or watercolor paper. So this particular sketchbook, it's actually a student and burn sketchbook It's from the Delta's theories, so it features very thick paper. But this paper is actually not watercolor paper. So it does not end the watercolor as well. Compact to re a watercolor paper. But you can still handle watercolor quite well. That's why I using I used this book sketches. If you're just going to be using pen and ink, you can choose Larmer sketchbooks like this. What? I mean, what I mean by normal sketchbook our pages. I'm not going to be very thick, but I do recommend that you get at least 100 G S M and a bird. Jessamy is basically something that is used to measure the rate off the paper. The higher the Jess M, the thicker the paper. So for schedule like this, which has seen er paper, it's not that good when it comes to using watercolor. And also the paper is not treated for what color use so and you use watercolor on the paper , the paper is going to buckle quite significantly, and not just that, because the paper is not treated. Sometimes the water can slip through the paper and go over to the other side. On is also very difficult to control water on such sketchbooks. So if you want to use watercolor, definitely choose a lot of color sketchbook. Note that this two sketchbooks they are actually paperback sketchbooks off cover sketchbook , which is all right if you have a place to sit and draw. But I do recommend you get hot back sketchbook because this hot cover this provides backing for you to draw on, so it's going to be more comfortable and easier to draw on. This is ah, sketchbook. Well, what kind of paper? This is something that I'm going to be using and is costs this. Clips here and this are considered essential to me because usually when I'm drawing, I like to clip down the pages so that when it's very windy, at least pages, they do not fly around. So sometimes when im sketching when I'm painting and if I do not picked up in just and it's windy, this pitch manages flyover on, just covered a rat. Aerials is going to destroy the sketch, so clips like Hearst the essential and cause you may need what color set. So this is the set that I'm using this, by the way, is actually watercolor box made by this guy Caught Steve Peter. This is a very nice watercolor set because it comes with water trees that you can attach by this site, and you can use the water trees to wash your brush. For this particular set, I have included collapsible watercolor brush that I put inside the box so idiotic I can always remember to bring the brush This one colored boxes sort without any pins. So all those colors that you see here all this, our colors that I have attitude of what color box. And if you want to use the same colors, or if you want some recommendations off colors, I will put the list of colors that are usually used in the lesson notes that you can down rather than choosing one color. Sometimes you just want to buy a box at debt already comes free of some colors, so let me show you one off the box sets that you typically find in art school. So this is a watercolor settlement. Bosch. There are different companies that make a watercolor box that's like this by somebody golf insular and you turn business SMIC. There's a creamier Pittman's Dale around just a lot off many companies Make box that's like this on this matter box is actually quite generic. Most of the matter boxers. They may actually looked the same except the brand. Here. It's going to be different on some of the box sets. They actually come with Russia's as well. This is a collapsible brush, which is quite handy for this particular box that we have three mixing wells here on this other 12 colors that are included. Official. This are actually half Penn size, so each one off this is preceded 1/2 pan, and it's going to look something like I would recommend that you get a box at that allows you to put a portable watercolor brush in because this is so convenient. And when it comes to what color? There are different grades of what color there is. The artist great and the student great on his group is much more expensive compared to student grid, but the quality is better. You need to use last paint to get a vibrant collar on vibrant mixture, so I do recommend that you get out his great but is going to be more expensive. If you're on a budget, you can buy an empty box, maybe an empty metal box like this on at your own colors. You do not need a lot of colors to start. Maybe you need just 3 to 6 colors that your senatorial primary colors that's all you need to start so we can bring your cost down the 100 years off. Getting a box like this is on. Colors have already been chosen for you, so you do not have to spend extra time and trouble to pick the colors for yourself. These are the last coup items I want to show you. So this is something that I always bring. This is a portables to. This allows me to sit anywhere I want to draw if you do not bring visit and places that you can sit and draw would be limited to public benches. Now, when you buy a possible stool like this, make sure that you can handle your wheat. I bought this on eBay. I wasn't have recommendations off different possible stews. I will put debt in the lesson knows as well, and the last thing that I recommend is to get a hat. This is the head that I use. This is very useful and growing under sunny conditions. There's two items. This are some of things that I always bring. I even have a watercolor stain on my head from last week that I have forgotten to wash off . When it comes to urban scotching, you really do not need to bring a lot off tools and materials out the bag Essentials would be just a pen and a sketchbook for me. I use watercolor, so I would bring a lot of color box out on what model This is Paul feeling the water into what a trace of that wash. My watercolor brush on the other Tourists enjoy items would be this hat and this portable studio in the lesson notes that come with this cause I'm gonna give you the list off all the tools and supplies that I showed you this video as well as a list of items that I personally recommend. So that's all for this lesson. In the next lesson, I'm going to show you around Kampong glam. Good to talk about what I look out for when it comes to sketching 3. Walkabout Kampong Glam: Hey, welcome back before we start drawing on to show you around this area first. This street is known as Haji Lean, and there are a lot of beautiful shop houses here. So in today's lesson, I want to show you what I look out for when on location sketching. What are the elements that are interesting to me? What? So let's go Shop fronts and stores can be nice to draw when they are selling really interesting stuff. One thing to take off when sketching in front off shops is not to affect the business is off these shops. That means do not sit in front off their entrance because it's going to block customers from going in and the shops they are not open yet because it's do quite early in the morning. And if I were to sketch in front of their shops, I would definitely check out their opening hours so that I can leave just before they open their shops. When im sketching, I tried to look out for things that are out of the ordinary or things that I do not usually see. So, for example, this house in front of me this has a lot of comparing that right side, which is mostly panels vertical. So for me, it is interesting, more interesting to sketch because there are a lot of elements and there are a lot of overlapping elements. For example, plans are one of the chairs chairs in front of the shop front. So when you have all these overlapping animals, it gives you a sense off that if that scene is too complicated or intimidating for you, you can just zoom into certain areas. Do not draw the complicated scene if you do not feel that you are up to the challenge, but instead practice by zooming into little animals. For example, some of these decorations that are hanging in front off this shop house. Here's another interesting shophouse because off the colorful flex that are in front and there are many overlapping elements as well. So the flax overlapped grills that are behind. We have a bicycle parked in front us well, and all this overlaps the shop front. So let's take a look at the street. This is one polling perspective, ST Damien's or the diagonal lines. They are going to this point somewhere here. Is he all this diagonal ized they convert. So this is actually a one point perspective seen now, when you want to draw something like this, do not place the vanishing point right in the center, so it's going to look a bit boring. So try to move the vanishing point to the site. For example, Here I'm moving to decide here by changing a position you can move the vanishing point. And when I moved to this site here, I can see Mawr off the shop houses on this site, and when I move to this site, I can see more to shop houses on this site. When those can be fun subjects to draw, you can see what's inside and get an idea of your shop is selling on this particular window . I find it quite nice because there are air conditioning units outside so they are in perspective on you can sort of practice y'all perspective droid. Let's take a look at auto windows around this street, so obvious to me, knows that close. They are flat on. When I draw windows, I try not to draw them flat like this. I will usually stand at an angle so that the window is in perspective so that I can get a better sense. All shape, the dimension and depth. Even signs can be interesting. Julian is a very touristy place, so there are many tourists and people when you're sketching in a place with a lot of people , always be careful about your belongings. Do not use them to pick pockets. Here's another nice seem to draw. I like how the sign bots are attached to this site off the walls and how the overlap one another, especially if you were to move to this side. You can really see how the signs overlapped, but on this site I can see more off the flying's and I can see more off the walls. There are also people in the scene. When you have people in a scene, it will naturally make the scene look more lifelike. Safety is really important when you're sketching on location on more so if you're sketching nucleus that you have never been before, there are people that are traffic, different conditions, they say, For example, you want to see it at that broke up there to draw this scene that is a road cup on This is a library, so there are going to be cars. Motorcycles are going past and they may not see you. So that is also another element off danger. Safety should be the number one consideration I cannot emphasize. No, let's take a look at it and not a scene. Here's another one who seemed to draw, mainly because there are a lot off contracts going on, so I have big versus small front elements. The foreground possess the background. Salomon's I have diagonal lines, visitors. Vertical lines are people on the street. So all this contrast, all the movement mixed is a nice seem to draw. I have seen people are sitting on the road up there to draw before, and it's quite dangerous. Two points because of the traffic. And the other point is this building is under construction, so there may be things coming off the window. That is something to take note off, especially when you're drawing near. Construction sites are buildings under construction. This shop there is under renovation, used to be owned by someone that sells really beautiful lanterns. Then it was so to a restaurant, and now it looks like it's under renovation so I'm not sure what this shop is going to be in a few months time, and I can remember all this because I drew those beautiful lanterns before the street behind me is ever street, and there are lots of beautiful shop houses as well. When was every shophouse here looks a bit different compact to one another, so they make very good subjects to draw in that particular shop. There you see that that's Ah carpet shop, so they sell over interesting and beautiful carpets and lanterns. If you want to draw in a shop like that, you will have to ask the owner. I think sometimes they can be quite well coming off sketches you never know. Generally speaking, I find out shop owners are more welcoming to sketches than photograph ISS. This is also very nice potential seem to draw. I like the contrast between the ocean houses and tall beauties. Behind. There are many cars parked along the roadside. Stores can be a good challenge, a good practice if you are not comfortable with drawing cars. When I'm at a new location, I will generally walk around to get a few for the place first and also to sculpt for interesting places to draw. So for example, if I am standing at this road junction here, this could be a potential seen. Now, this in this scene are well placed the emphasis on the street and also on the shop houses on the left. Now, if I were to move my position to this site here now this shop house in front of me it feels most off the frame. And now this shop house in front of me becomes embassies and the shop houses in the background they become the site story. The building that you see in front is the Sultan Mosque. This is the most iconic building here in Cambone Glum area. Haji lean and every street the hours apart. All this combo gum area this in behind me is the very classic post hot scene. So if you were to draw the same scene, then you are definitely going to get a good picture. Good sketch. However, you can actually move to a different location to draw the same beauty which I'm about to show you. So this is the same mosque, but from the alley that is right behind a shop houses on the right side, even if you are drawing the same subject. Pairs are the artists. You can always move to a different location to draw, and you will be able to get a different view point when im sketching on location. I always try to anti speed what's going to happen next. For example, if I would sketched is building that's right behind me. If I were to move my eye level down like this because I want to sit on my portable stew, I will anticipate that there is going to be a vehicle that's gonna be parked right in front of me, and that vehicle is going to block everything. So I will change a position or I will maybe stand and draw this view so that even if a vehicle parks right in front of me, I will be able to still see the beauty. Today's video was fume on a very cloudy day. This is the list of my favorite off days because there's no like a shadow. It is very difficult to get the contrast that one. The contrast of light and shadow. So the bad. Some days to throw with sunny days, and it is on a cloudy day like this. Wait for the sun to come out, take a photograph and then work on your sketch later on at home so that at least you have some light and shadows. Here's the Sultan Mosque up close. Now the view that you choose plays a very important part in storytelling. For example, if you were to go really close to the mosque to the extent that you do not see any of the shops, is going to isolate the mosque. But if you were to actually show the shops, it was showed a mosque in the neighborhood and show people what's happening around the neighborhood, which I think will give more contacts to your sketch. So whether you want to draw a close up view are white feel it really depends on what story you want to tell him. What you want to show the audience when you were visiting a place of worship are building off. Religious Americans always observed a proper etiquette, such as are higher and this mosque, for example, you are supposed to take off your shoes before you entered a pretty whole. I've actually drawn inside the mosque before, and there are certain areas and things that you cannot draw. If you are in doubt about things that you cannot cannot draw, always ask people around because it pleases. Ah, a bit sensitive should always be a bit more cautious. All right, I hope you have enjoyed a shot walking around with me on around Come Bangla, just to recap some of the points that I talked about earlier. So when im sketching on location, I tried to look for contrast. Contrast between light and shadows diagonal lines was this horizontal off vertical lines, foreground elements over background Salomon's overlapping subjects. And when I'm actually choosing a specific spot to sit down, try to anticipate what's going to happen right on that spot. It's dangerous whether they are going to be people walking past me a lot. If that's going to be a car parked in front of me, or whether or not the Red A is going to change, and sometimes if those situations are unavoidable, I will make it a point to draw faster. For example, if the weather looks like it's going to rain our draw much faster because that's really unavoidable. But for things that are avoidable, like do not see below a coconut tree. Those are actually avoidable. Those are safety precautions that you should pay attention to. So that's all for this lesson. In the next lesson, I'm going to teach you some basic techniques to drawing, so that even if you do not know how to draw, you will still be able to learn from those technics on used. Those timing supply those techniques throughout the lessons that follow. So thanks for watching See you in the next lesson high. 4. Quick Drawing Guide: Hey, everyone, welcome back in this lesson. I'm going to teach you how to draw. Now, this lesson is for beginners who have absolutely no knowledge off drawing so on and off this lesson. And I hope you can get the basic concept off drawing on. From then on, you can use those concepts and techniques and apply them for the leader lessons. So I'll be drawing this beauty. You can download the full hill for this beauty in the Donald section on practice along. This is a view that I'm drawing sitting quite close to the ground, and this place is actually closed off. So I'm actually sitting outside, which is not too bad, because off the closure, there aren't a lot of people on DNO noise. So I'm able to record this today part for this lesson. You just need a pen and paper. And here I'm using a very big roller ballpoint pencils that the lines can be captured by the camera and I'm going to focus on the front off this beauty. Now, when it comes to drawing, the most important thing is proportion. So for this particular building, I'm going to draw the longest line that I see you first on one of the longest line is actually this this line here that is the front off that beauty which is at the corner off that beauty. So I can draw all the way, though. So this is the corner off the front and the site off the beauty. No. Using a his longest line as a measurement to I'm going to draw the horizontal line. If you are unsure about the proportion that you're seeing, you can use this very simple technique. Teoh. Measure it. So just oil pen or pencil with your hand on. Stretch it out. Make sure to lock your elbows on. Align the tip off your pen or pencil to the corner off this beauty in here and then slowly move your time to decide here and align it to each year. This h here. So this will be one unit. And now we can turn the pan vertical e and measure it so you can see that where my Tom is. There is still some space here, so this is actually a rectangle rather than a square. And it has this portion here that extends off so I can see that this is shorter than this. So I mean, just sort of measure. I think I have it about that so I can just draw this all the way, though, here. So now I have the front off that beauty, and this building is sort of divided into two. So let me just draw the halfway line. So this is the halfway line and the doorways. There are three doorways and the distance off the doorway visits the peeler. It's about the same, our thickness. So in this case, I have actually won one peeler $1 way. All together there are four pillars and $3 so each of them is off equal thickness. When I draw that, I mazar taking note off that thickness so that I do not draw anything bigger or anything smaller. So I'm going to draw a bit like this one to tree and full. So maybe let me just extend some of the lines. Now the top off that door. We know this is a bid on challenging. It could be a bit changing if you are first time drawing. So the top off the doorway is about 1/4 off this height here, and there is a semi circle. The bottom off the semi circle is about one that off this height here. So I'm going. Teoh put mine dots around here on connect that Sammy Circle and then I could connect all the way down and due to see him for all the other Always. Now, from my position, I can see some of the doorway, the fingers off the doorway that goes, That extends to what's the background? So some part of it extends to the back. So I need to draw that thickness in just a tiny bit off thickness, just like that, to give people the impression that there is some thickness to toe to the do the war that's in front. And that's pretty much enough. Now for this site here. This angle here, you can sort of measure it again, using your pen. If you find it very difficult, bring up your sketchbook. Now measure that angle. This angle here, just measure it against your sketchbook, plays your pen or pencil against your sketchbook very tightly, and then put it down and continue drawing. Now, this is a foolproof way off getting the angle right because you are fixing the angle on your picture. Ready? So this is the angle that I have now the distance from left to right. All right. To left. That is about the same distance as one peeler. So as I'm drawing, I'm constantly measuring where and how father elements are. So this as about one peeler away and that doorway there is actually some are parts here. This are white thing that comes down here. So let me just draw this in first. I want to draw this in because I can use this as a measurement 22 draw. Other element. So this white part here, this extrusion here there is also another one that is right here. And it's actually below this part here. And this is theater peeler that goes up on disease, that secular thing. Now, this semi circle is higher compared to this semi sicker. So I need to try to beat higher and comes out like this. This is the thickness off this war. There is a part of a plan here. Let me just draw the general shape of the party plan and draw some of the leaves that comes up now I can continue to draw this line here. Here's another way to measure angles instead of having your sketchbook and your pen or pencil up like this, and we're just going to use the pen or pencil to measure the angle. And I want to measure this shadow each year and also this line here. So once again, stretch out your arm, lock your elbows on. Measure that angle. Let me measure of this angle care first. So this is almost 45 degrees. And this is steeper compact to, uh, this angle here. So this is deeper than 45 degrees. So once you have this angles measured, try to visualize and remember this angles. One way to remember the angle that you see is to assign that angle to the minute hand off the clock face. So just now, it waas 45 degrees like that. So the minute hand is around 12 to 13 minutes. So that is the angle that you want to remember when you're drawing. So this line here is ah, steeper competitive. This lying here. So it's something like this now, as the lines as our this lines, they move further up into the beauty, they will appear steeper and steeper. So you have to get those angles, right. Teoh, get the correct accuracy. The idea off accuracy. Now, this is one off the windows. I'm using basically this Peter here as a measurement, too. So this, we know, is about as big as white as this popular here. And now that we know comes out from this position year all the way down. Teoh this site and here, another window to this site. All right. So as I'm drawing, I realized that this window as helps a bit I need more space here. Basically, I need more space here, so I can sort of extend it all the way up here and right like this. So most likely earlier on, I got the proportion wrong. So how do I know that I need more space here? Because when I look at the scene, I see that we know is quite began This this section here, it also has some. It needs to be a bit further up. So that's why I added that part. All right. As for the, uh, three windows in front of those are pretty easy. Just make sure that they start at a correct heart and used this semi circle part here in the hallway as a measurement to to draw those windows. So I'm gonna align this window to this line here. This lot This window starts a bit further up compared to this window. So as I'm drawing, I'm constantly comparing this. We know the left side lines to the left side. Off that doorway, the top off this window. Alliance to top off this window on this secular, it goes all the way down the lines to the bottom off that window. And now I can draw some off the details in that window. It's much easier to draw the details after you have drawn the big ships. All right, so I can add in other little Adam is now now for the roof, for the ruby comes out at an angle like this. Make sure you get the point when it comes out correctly. So it comes out from this point here comes out. This point here goes up like this and goes across like this on it stops about a to this position just right above this window, and I can see Curly is not totally straight. It's curly. Now the meat point. All this group here, it's Let me use my pant measure. It's almost in between these two windows and to hide all of this, and this is about the same. So let me just put this point here and draw this. Now, here comes and at a challenging point. Um, I'm going to measure this part off the war. Now. This part of the war is about, um this'll reef here. So, I mean, just try and draw like this. Make sure that this part is shot at this part on. The reason for that is because the windows here they are connected, but yeah, that we knows they are separated. Do Don't worry that Don't worry. If your lines are wobbly or not straight, it doesn't really matter because, um, as long as the line gives you the impression that is a straight line, it's a line that has that is good enough so I can draw all the way down, and this point here will cut the bottom off. This this part here. All right. Of this line here, this line here will go slightly up. Now the distance between this is really very shot. So you have to get that distance right. And here comes and not a very challenging pot here his long here, you need to measure the angle very accurately because it is not vertical. It is close to vertical, but it's not vertical. So it's something like this. So I'm going to draw a very steep line and then brought down a bit. Make sure I give awesome space for the windows and then draw down like this and fall this part here. I think it's about half half off this. So I just draw the way down on close up this rectangle. Now this thing here, this thing extends from here, goes down, comes here, goes down and then comes here like this. Andi, that's draw the windows. When we knew here a very big window on the windows Here, come from will go down from this site. Sorry would go up from this point here, all the way up and come here after I've drawn in the big square or rectangle like I'm subdivided and then add in the details and there is this window here it goes all the way down as well on this window here and this site off the roof. It comes out from this window here. So I'm using this line here as a measurement too. So it comes out like this. How thick is it? It's about, as I think, as white as this line Oddest space here. And it goes all the way up all the way up to you about this point here, like this and this line. Oh, this line is very interesting. This line here, it's it's exactly vertical. And it goes up all the way to say the midpoint off this point here. So it stops here, and then you can set off connect this part here to this part and this room behind. Sorry, there's a room behind goes up at an angle. This angle is the same as this angle on this angle is the same as this angle so it can set off, are connected, the lines all right. And this line here, he will cut this line at this point here, and I think that's all there is to this side of the building. So let's draw the other site. So for the out of sight This is a very small area here. I think it comes out from the top. The black part actually comes up from this site. I think it's about this site here. So it goes all the way down there is a potted plant here, so let's draw that in first. Don't be Teoh caught up with the details for this. But our particular lesson. Just try to get the placement right. Don't worry about the details. Is get the placement. Right. So even this plans that I'm drawing, it's not exactly the same as what I see. I just want to make sure that I got a placement, right. And in this case, I need to please the parts at the right police. All right, let's go back to drawing this war. His war. This bottom line here will cut behind the port, and we know we know you can align it with this side off the renew. So it goes like this. I was like this, like this on. Remember, this extension is white part. Here you go all the way like this. And like this, it's lower competitive this year. So and drawing always be measuring, always comparing As I was drawing this halfway to kids, I came along to talk to me like asked me, uh, red. I know how to draw on on on I I taught them how to draw for a few minutes. So now I'm back to this drawing. So most off the building is almost drawn again at in little details, like the black lines here. Try and followed the angles that lines and with them instruction for in I can add in out of elements, like trees behind again. This is a very carol sketch. The most important thing is the placement off all the lines and this line here, not a beauty on this line that comes down here. This is not vertical. It's at an angle, so I must draw that in some plans. Here, after you have the mean structure in other rest, a background, it's not as important, but it's good to have a draw in the background to give. There's building some sort of context like this. Beauty doesn't exist in isolation, for example, so the tree comes down here like this. There's actually another tree that is behind, but it's much shorter, so this tree is quite tall leaves up behind this disputing here. So make sure you draw them behind is we'll give it a Nizar sends off that like the foreground and background again. Do not be too caught up with details. Gap the placement off the main lines. Most important lines are right. Have you think that scene is too complicated to draw? Think about it this way. You can only draw the drawing with bony 10 lines or 20 lines. What other lines would you put down? Those are the lines that are going Teoh be the most important ones. And in this particular sketch, that is going to be this This this and also the roof. When you write down the name and it did this gives you some information. When you look back to sketch in the future, you can sort of remember that plays. And if you want to come back again to the place, you can do so. So now I'm just adding in some of the little details that I see that I have forgotten Teoh . His role drawing is all about proportion, measurement and placement. So when you're drawing thing about all the things that you are drawing like lines. Are the dots rare? Are those lines where those dots going to be in relation to other lines and thoughts that you have a really drawn? So that is actually the most because everything that you draw is in relation Teoh, other elements or when you're drawing really are focused on the relationship. Like, for example, there's line here. This line is half way between this line there. So again, think about the placement off. Where is it in relation to other lines? So that's awful. This lesson. In the next lesson, we will be studying with a pennant sketched as well, on many off the concepts that you learn in this lesson, it's going to be a flight into next next, so you can get more practice there as well. So that's all for today's lesson. See you in the next one by 5. Pen Ink Sketch: Hey, welcome back in this lesson. I'm going to draw this street scene behind me. I picked this particular spot because of the strong light and shadow. So now I'm going to choose a shady spot to draw from, and I need to work very quickly because the sun is going to move on. I mean, news, my shady spot. I would provide the reference photo for this particular scene in the dung section so that you can fall along. The tools that I will be using for this sketch will be just a pan and a sketchbook. That is the spot that I have picked up. I'm sure you're the seen that I'm going to draw. So this is the scene as seen from a standing position. As I sit down, the view is going to be a bit different. So this is the actual scene that I'm going to draw. When it comes to is catching a scene like this, there are some poised to take off. This is actually a scene with one point perspective. So all the diagonal lines, they all converge to this point somewhere. Here, take a look at this diagonal line on the bottom. They go all the way to this point. Same applies to this line and this diagonal line and the other thing to take note office. If you want to show more off this side of the buildings, you should step away. And if you want to show more off the other side, this year should step away from this site off the beauty. When you are sketching, there may be people who will stand behind you and look at what you are doing. You can call this with them, Talk to Dan, get something for motion in the ball. Who the are all you can. Just usually when they ask me what I'm doing, I just held in death. How would you from observation? This is the sketch book that I'm using today. It's Ah, watercolor sketch book and that step hand and I'm using It's our unit Ball Signal 307 is a Rollerball pen with what a Proof Inc. And that's the clip for holding down the pages so that they do not fly around for this sketch. I would be the drawing from the left to the right, and I'm going to start by drawing the banner that is at the left side first. So I'm going to try and measure the banner height off the banner and see where the top of the batteries. And then I'm going to measure the bottom off the rubbish bin deaths right in front to see West a top and where is the bottom so I can start my drunk. There's been lined for us to get the top of the banner and then draw it on the way down to the bottom off banner. And there's an air conditioning unit there, which overlaps the banner, so make sure to leave some space for that. I noticed that I have a habit off drawing things a bit bigger as I go on. So I tried to draw things a bit smaller to compensate, but that at the beginning, So this is the banner, and I'm going to draw it all the way up. But remember the air conditioning unit, so I'm going to stop there. I'm using this point here to measure against the banner so that I can know where the air conditioning unit it's going to be. What I'm drawing now is actually the structure that's holding the air conditioning unit. So the bottom of the structure is actually slightly above a needle point off the banner and a top. That structure comes out off banner, The reference felt old and you are looking at right now on the latter site. The scene is not exactly similar to you. What I am looking at from location, that's because the camera lands has some distortion, and also the fuel of you is a bit different now. One thing to take no clock iss when you are looking at the reference but always using the reference, what will draw the political lines in the reference photo, They should be totally vertical. They should not be slanted slightly. And now I'm going to draw the rubbish bin. That is belief. Notice my left top. I have placed my left come there to position the bottom off the rubbish bin so that I do not draw you on that and the top off the rubbish being the cover off the rubbish bin. It's at the half way mark between the bottom off the banner and the bottom off the rubbish . Note that the will is in front of the rubbish bits. So you have to over that that so I draw the wheel first with the minced rupture drawn, I can feel in the little details. I'm going to extend what, Apart, down. And I'm going to stop there because there are some plants that are in front off the water pipe. So I need to draw the plants first so that they can over lap the water pipe behind. With all the current elements that I already have on the scene, I used them to place in honor of the Hughes. For example, I'm using this battle here to please the details that I want left slight off that Diana. So I draw in some water pipes, some vertical lines and basically anything that is still on this site off the scene. The animals here at the back, they are a bit difficult for me to see. So what you're looking at right now, it may not exactly be the same as what you see. Reference photo. I'm just trying to get the angles and a ship, right. If there are people in your scene, they are moving around and you want to capture the opposition. First thing is to see where hate is captured the height off the hay and for me I will draw , hit and notice where my left time is again. I place my left time there because that is the bottom off their feet. So as they are walking around, moving around very fast, I quickly see where the top off their hair is. And I place my come at the bottom off their feet. So I'm doing it again right now. So there's another person that is standing behind the person on the website. The hate is at that position, and feet is at the end. I mean at a top off my top. So that's how I draw people very quickly. The left side off the scene is almost done, and now I'm going to draw the right side. I'm going to start with the roof lines. First. Note that this is a one point perspective. Seem so What that means is, are the diagonal lines not all but most of the diagonal eyes. They are going to come version at a single vanishing point, and that vanishing point is where I have placed my tongue. This is a tip that I used to check the angles off my diagonal life. So when you drive from observation, having some knowledge or perspective can actually help you. But you do not need to know perspective in order to draw just observational skills. So now I continue to draw the roof lines from the background to fall ground on the right side. Adam is in the background, are a bit difficult for me to see. So sometimes I mean me sticks and I tried to draw the bigger ships first as much as possible so that I can feel in the little details later on and when drawing it is very important. If you want accuracy, always be measuring right. For example, when you're drawing a specific point before you start, think about the point. Think about where that point is in relation to other points. For example, this area here, this roof here I have made a mystic because this area here is supposed to be much lower compact to the banner to the bottom of the banner. So I have drawn this roof a bit too high, or you can consider this a bit too big as well. Any mistake that you make with proportion, it's going to affect the rest off your sketch. So, for example, if you draw things a bit too big, then on elements that you're going to draw later on, there was going to be much bigger anyway. It doesn't really matter that much, because sometimes you do make me sticks, so you just learn from those mistakes when you are drawing on location. When you are doing urban sketching, there are many elements that can affect your sketch. For example, in Singapore here is very humid. The climate, the temperature, the weather. It affects me when it's really hard. I tend to work a bit faster, so my lines will be more sketchy or lose. And now I am going to draw the flak that years right below this water pipe. So I draw the endpoint off the flag and starting point of flag, and then I just connect the two lines. I have used other elements in the scene to determine where the ending point off the flat years, and also where the starting point off the flat. So this is the type off language that I have in my hit when I am drawing Where is this lineup drawing? Where is it in relation to other elements in the scene? Where is this point that I'm drawing? Where is it in relation to other points that I'm growing? Other elements that are ready to see the more you ask yourself this kind off questions that relates to positioning that relates to proportion, the more accurate your sketch is going to be now, you only have to do. It is like during your first few weeks on lines are sketching author that you will be able to do this subconsciously. I'm drawing the air conditioning unit first because it overlaps the beauty at the back. And no, it is that I am pointing to the vanishing point. So I'm pointing to the vanishing point because I want to get the angle often diagonal lines . If you were to measure the angle off the diagonal lines, realize from observation. Be careful when you are measuring and goes on location. Got sometimes your mind me play tricks on you personally for me when I am drawing diagonal lines, when I'm drawing all those roof lines for observation, usually my mind will tell me that those lines they are more gentle. More what's the horizontal site? But in actual fact, when I go and measure those lines, I actually see that they are much steeper than I imagined that you'd be. So one technique that you can use to measure angles on location is to basically use your pen or pencil. To do that, you just have to stretch your hand out, lock your elbows and use your pen and pencil to measure of the angles. And now I am drawing the other rubbish beans in the sea. So this rubbish being here, this is almost directly believe the air conditioning unit. So I'm able to get the vertical positioning off the rubbish being there for the bottom off the rubbish bin. I'm using the big rubbish bin on the left side for positioning, so the bottom off the small rubbish being is somewhat at the one that height off the big rubbish be. Can you see where my Tom is the left hump that IHS at the bottom off the small rubbish. So I used my time for positioning again. I'm going to fast forward this part for this part. I am drawing the mean structure first basic leader, bigger ships first and then with the big shapes drawn like does surroundings that I can go in a few in the little details later, with the big ships drawn, you can then find the positions off the smaller ships much usually. So I'm drawing a letter. Now there is a letter on the right side, and I'm drawing some of the plans that go all the way up, and I draw additional windows there. So with the big ships drawn now on filling in all the little details that are inside the ship, the problem withdrawing details first before you draw the big ships is if you get the size of your small details wrong, they are going to affect all the other animals, that leader. So those are some of the clothes that are selling at the shop there. There are a few more rubbish bins in the background. Now, when drawing all this rubbish, beans pay attention to where there are lines into sex because this rubbish means they are in front on at a back off one another. So you you have to make sure that the intersect the lines that intersect at the correct position to give that illusion off front and back. And now I'm just adding in additional details like there's our little flecks that I front up this shop and this big area here it is white here, here. I think I messed up the space because I truth is a bit too big. So now I am going to draw details first instead are a big ship. Now, in this case, I have ready drawn roof lines so I can now use the details to get my positioning to draw the other animals that are in the background. For example, I have drawn some off the same butts I drew in the first same but wishes that rectangle. Then I drew into secular sign bots and then more sign Boston behind. And as I draw each sign bought, I tried to get the our position correct. When I draw them the position off each side bar is in relation to harder sign bots and other elements in the sea. So you need Teoh. Check out where the elements are before you draw the cybernauts. So now that that's something, lots are drawn. I can't troy animals. You can see the sketch slowly coming to life. The bigger shapes, the long vertical lines they are starting to appear. And now I'm drawing Mita lines that diagonal lines that go to the vanishing point. This diagonal lines are lines that separate the top and bottom off the shop houses. From this point onwards order. Big ships have already being drawn. So now just adding a little details like windows textures. Additional details now for the water pipes at the back. Now for what pipes at the back. I only draw them with one single line, because on this water pipes they are quite but back. And it's very difficult to draw those pipes with two lines, like what I did with water pipes in front. So far, details and back. I usually do not draw that much. If I cannot feed the details in, just do not draw them in. So that's how I simply fire a certain scene. So when you draw from big to small, when you're drawing small areas, when you have no more space to draw the Smadi tears you can just out on this is all part of's simplification. If you consider this seem to be too complicated for you to draw. Don't worry. Later on there will be more lessons. I will be repeating basically the same technics now drawing techniques. They are pretty standard. You can use the same drawing things to draw anything, and it's seen on any location. So with more practice you will be able to get better. It's just a matter off practice. The more you draw, the better you get. So this is how my sketch looks like right now. I have also written down the date on the name off this place. So let me compare this to what I'm looking at. So this is the scene, and this is my sketch. Well, does that for my sketch. I have more on this side of the wall. That's because early on I told you that I have a habit off expending one things a bit bigger as I go along. So this is my completed pennant in sketch. It's not as accurate as I wanted to be, but I'm very happy with this catch because I feel that I have managed to capture the life cleans off this place. So that's all for this lesson. There's a pen and ink sketch to Tarell. In the next lesson, I will be using what color to color this sketch 6. Haji Lane Watercolor: Hey, everyone, welcome back in this lesson, I'm going Teoh color this sketch that I've drawn in the earlier lesson to fall along with this lesson, you will need a watercolor sat. If you do not have that, maybe you can use fountain pen ink or in the ink or what? A sobo graphite. Basically, in this last time, we are going to make the various sheets off tones using materials that we have now for what color? The two colors that I'll be using will be fresh out from Marine and burnt Sienna. All right, let's take a look at the scene for this thing. I will be painting it with a single color. I just want to use total values to paint this scene. The objective of using tonal values to color your sketch is to help you practice getting the climb trust right. So if you can capture the light and shadow right, you will have a rather convincing sketch even with now. Any colors so far, this particular see And let me just show you how I would appreciate values. So we have the sky and wrote there and they are very bright. So I'm not going to color them on paper. Later on, there's there's our banner on the left side and that is brighter Compact to the sky and just behind a banner There is a hotel, which is docket and a banner and best the Agony unit in front of the banner, which is Docker. And there's water pipe here. This is lighter compacted, aka unit, Competitive banner and so sort of beauty things. So when I'm painting, I'm constantly comparing the values off elements that are site by site. Is Theis lighter? Oysters? Docker. If his doctor, I would make it a bit Docker. I'm going to work very fast on this catch because the sun is going to Crippen. Could you see the sunlight there at the top right is gonna come in and later on I'll be under the sun is going to be extremely hot and I might get sun, but so I want to sketch very quickly. The majors are clipped my sketchbook first because I can see the pages moving. So let me clip it down, all right. The colors that I'm going to be using will be French, Ultra Marine and burnt Sienna. Let me mix some wash on the first. The reason for using French outre marina But sienna years This took hellos. They can makes together to produce a very beautiful great who I really keep the sky and wrote white I'm gonna paint the beauty first with this shit off. Great. Now this is a bit dark. So sometimes you may want to at water on your palate clean water on a pallet so that the view If the wash that you have is a big dark you can actually at more water to wash which is our what I'm doing now I'm trying to diet. You got wash the pipe there is going to appear light agree The first step to using tonal values is to paint with light values and then work your way to darker values. So basically, right now I am painting all the areas that are supposed to have a value that used docker than white a value that is doctor compared to the sky. So I compare the shop houses to this guy. I can see that the shop houses are darker, So basically I just paint over those shop houses with brush. If you look at some off the peelers. There are vertical strips off white. So I'm going to leave those white. And for some of the clues that are hanging at the shop front, I want to leave them. What as well. By blocking out the large areas off like great leader on, I can apply a dark, agree overdue like three. All right, the first layer off wash is conceded. Done. So now I'm going to mix a more concentrated wash, our French Ultra Marine and burnt Sienna for the second layer. I'm just going to glaze over the first later to make all the elements now supposed to be darker than the first ship to be Docker. So I'm going to start with this banner first. I think my wash in this case is a bit too dark. So if you're falling along, you might want to add a bit more water. Um oh, soak hollering the air conditioning unit. Now, if you take a closer look at the air conditioning unit, the bottom is docker. But a unit itself is actually quite light. So when I'm painting the air conditioning unit, I actually meet a mystic. Let's see how it's going to turn out later on. We'll see what happens when it dries later on. And I'm going to paint in the rubbish bin which is really dark and corridors on the right side. They are really dark as well. So I'm going to paint those areas. Doctor, if you run off pinch, you can always at Mar pin makes more pain is actually good to mix moss that I can use later on. If you feel like your wash appears appears blueish you can at more but sienna to make a bit warmer. I'm going too fast for this part. Basically, I'm just glazing over the first wash. So always be comparing initiates that are supposed to be docker just glaze over with that layer. And in that that's that I'm going to add 1/3 layer, which is to color order, Black order Really dark serious. There is a strong shadow on the ground that goes to a vanishing point which is above the rubbish bean. So I want to color that with this wash as well. This is how he looks like when everything has strike. And now for the third step, I'm going to mix a really concentrator wash were French, ultra Marine and Brent Asiana so that I can colored areas in the scene that are clues to back and that would be on the roof and also in the corridors. And also under the Luns was your paint the dark areas. The scene will slowly come to life because of the contrast you create. The corridor is really dark and there are a lot of details here, so I need to paint a bit more carefully. So I would look around the scene and for areas that are doctored and a second wash our just paint in using this dark wash paint in all the areas that are supposed to be doctored and second wash, do not be afraid to use Dark. Thorne's one of the most common mystics that beginners. Mick is the very skeptical used duck tones like these. Very sketchy is concentrated washes, but you should actually push ourselves, pinned it a bit. Docker the underside off. Those are rooves aren they are very dark, so independent docker the trees behind. They are also docker. They are docker compared to the shaded white walls off the shop houses. So I want to paint them a bit. Doctor. Spend more time looking at the scene rather than at your sketch so they can spot all those are areas that you should paint over with. The more time you spend looking at the scene, the better your schedule is going to be the left side off the water part. It's docker competitive right self, the one pipe. So I want to add in an additionally off washing and the rubbish being from what I can see, it's really quite dark, so I want to paint that over as well. And now I'm looking for all those little videos and painting them in the key to making a good sketch a sketch that when somebody sees it the first time they can immediately tell what you're drawing. All comes down to the relationship between the tones. More specifically, what you're trying to capture is you want to capture the clone trust, so always pay attention to the contrast that you are painting that you are creating. And now I'm adding little DD use in the scene again details that I have forgotten to at earlier on. So when painting a sketch like these are your leaders use a tree, different shapes and light medium on dark. I probably should have left rubbish bin their white. So this is where having a tissue is very helpful again quickly just removed a rat paint. You can remove the paint when you the steel wet just are used to shoot very quickly. And now I'm going to add in some finishing touches. We've white gel pen. So what a banner! The better actually is quite light and has dark words, but in this case are accidentally painted banner too dark. So in order to get the Contras, it is best to use white over gray value rather using black over great value. When it comes to a sketching, there is a lot off the way. You do not actually have to copy exactly everything that you see for the size on the right . I want to use my black pan to at In some dots. This dark area that I'm pointing to is actually a right way of horizontal and vertical lines, and I painted it quite dark soul. Now I'm going to use this what help and to bring back doors lines. The white gel pen is very useful who? This is something that I use very often because it's so. Use who. I can also use the white gel pen to at in some dots on the ground to create more textures. Now the alternative to not using the white shop and it would be too well when you are pending, you have to leave those areas off white like when opinion have to leave those white dots. So it's think of it. It's quite impossible. So that's why I use White Job. Hanover Watercolor for trees and plants. Sometimes I like to add in dots just outside off the boundary. Off the trees are plans just to give you a bit more texture to give people the impression that there are some leaves beside the tree. So this is the completed sketch. If you are using India ink or founding Penning's or what a salable graphite process is exactly the same. Just that with what a salable graphite it's not that transparent soul is gonna cover over the lines. And if you want a pennant, nice to show True, it's past. Use what color India ink off pen, which, when they are diluted, he actually quite transparent. Here's a closer look, so the sky is supposed to be white and I left that white. The hotel beauty is doctor competitive sky. The banner. It's actually supposed to be lighter, competitive hotel building, but I made a mistake. Impeded it Too dark. But it doesn't really matter, because sometimes you do make mistakes, but do not make a big deal of it. You just learn from your mistakes. So it is. Case seems I painted the ban into a dock. I used white gel pen over. I used a job and do painting somewhat lines on plants that are behind rubbish bean as well . Give them more texture, if not, is just going to be a big lot off black shape. So, having those lines, they're really at studio texture, and the same applies to those trees right at it. Back off those shop huggers, add in little darts, moved white job hand and also some darker dots with my in the foreground. On the right side, there are a lot of videos where painting and sketching complicated seems like he is complicated areas. You can really lose track off time very easily. The letter at a far right bottom corner is supposed to be dark. But I left it white instead to contrast against the wrote the doc. Oh, shit. Step as just beside and see that lady there. I really wanted to add in the lady. Even though I have a really drawn the vertical line, I want to add in people into the scene to make that seem more likely. So this is my completed sketch. And as expected, the sun is moving in now. So I'm actually good a son. I do not recommend drawing under the sun because you will get sunburn. We may actually get dehydration, so it can be quite dangerous. So I'm going to end this lesson. No. See you in the next lesson. 7. Sultan Mosque Sketch: Hey, everyone, welcome back in this lesson. We're going to practice some sketching again, and in the next lesson, we are going to use water color to color the sketch. So behind me, that's the Sultan Moss. And this is the scene that we are going to sketch in this lesson. This is the classic poster cut seen off the Sultan Mosque. So this is a close up. Let me show you where are set up. So I have already put my backs right there in the shit beside Lamb Pose. And I wouldn't have probably an hour all 1.5 hours to sketch this scene before the sunlight . We'll move and I will be out in the sun and stayed off in the shape. So I have to work pretty fast. I am now sitting down. So this is the exact view that I will be sketching a few things to note. First of all, the sky has become suddenly very cloudy, so there's no more light and shadow. And my first tip for you would be just catching on the location tried to take a reference photo first when the light is good so that at least when the light disappears later on. Used to have a reference for, though, to work on. There are a lot off details in the background. My tip for drawing details is for all the big ships first and then feeling the details later. And if you do not have space to fill in the details, just leave them out. So that's how I usually simply find my scenes. Let me show you the twos that I'll be using today. Instead, off pen and ink, I'll be using pencils. Today there are different types of pencils wooden pencils, mechanical pencils. I prefer wooden pencils because they are more capable off. Creating lines are veering things, and that can be very interesting when you are sketching and we have wooden pencils, there are so many different types of pencil. The pencil that I really like is the critic collar Nero Pencil. This is actually oil based. Chuckled. So what this means is, when you're drawing on the sketchbook, their lines, when you move your hand over the lines accidentally, they do not smear did not so much as much compared to normal graphite pencils like there. So this is one significant advantage off Nero pencils. And this is what I use almost exclusively exclusively for drawing whenever I use a pencil to draw before we begin our liked to remind you that you can download the reference photograph so that we can practice together. Okay. So far, this sketch, I'm going to start with the longest line. First, I'm going to start by drawing trees and the trees. They are vertical. They have very long lines. So I would place in the trees furs so that they can help me place in other elements in the sea. For all the leppings objects, such as the shelter areas, they overlap the tree. So I want to draw in news subjects first. When you have overlapping subjects in your seen in makes the scene look more dimensional. It gives it a mark treaty feeling so you must always pay attention to overlapping subjects . I'm not sure if you know what is that little hand movement that I did just now. I'm actually trying to measure the angles up the Dagnall eyes, using the vanishing point that years to the right side, later on our drawing the finishing point, it's going to be a bit clearer for you to understand, So I'm continuing to draw on a tree. Sometimes I add a little bit off details like leaves and things like that. But getting the trees into the scene is very crucial for this particular sketch because the trees are actually the tallest elements in C. They are even taller, compacted a mosque that is behind. So after I have drawn in the tallest element, I am very sure that I will be able to feet in all the other elements in the sea. So now I am drawing the door off the mosque. I tried to draw a bit slower to get the circular ship right, I went drawing our secular ship. It is best to pay attention, martyred a ship rather than to sketch demeans. Observe your subject more, Spend more time observing your subject. Brother Dan, opposite living sketched out you're crying. This will make biggest catch more accurate. At a distance, I have drawn in several vertical lines off the trees. Sometimes I get distracted by certain things and I start drawing the videos, which is what I'm doing right now. So let me fast for this part here. Trees are fantastic because they also at live to the scene. All right, so now I am going to draw the lamp post on the right side. Now the height off the lamp post a means the top off the lamp owes its bean leaf. Uh, do so I'm actually using the doom off the mosque as measurement to and are acting was, we used a tree that's nearest to the lamb pose as a measuring, too. So the height off the lamp pose. It's somewhere slightly above the halfway point off that treat that is nearest to it. And there is another lamp poles on the far right side, which I'm drawing now on. This lamp was because it's nearer to me. It's going to appear larger. That is how perspective look, but you do not need to know perspective in order to draw, to depict perspective. So in this case, here again, I'm using the mosque, the dome, off the mosque, as the reference are, too. As a measuring 22 draw the Height hall. There's Aleppo's at the far right. In the earlier lesson, we have drawn a one point perspective seen So now we are also faced with another one point perspective seen. So I have already marked a tiny cross on the page to show you the vanishing point. So or did I gonna lies off the shop houses? They are going to meet at that little cross there at venturing point on. Now that's our continue to draw other trees. Let me just put in all the big ships first. Again. What is that? This particular tree, the top off the tree actually goes out off the page, so it's cropped off. You do not have to feed. Our Adam is into the pitch. You can do selective cropping. And sometimes when you do selective cropping, it gives you that the basically you can zoom into the details that matter Those, for example, the top off the tree. There there are other trees in the sense, so we know how the top off those trees will look like. So, in this particular case, the tree on the left side, like Angel's, crop it off for this lamp post that I'm drawing right now, I'm using the lamp post on the right side as a magnitude limb pose that I have already drawn. So when drawing other subjects in the scene when drawing a new subject. I always use existing subjects that I have a really drunk as a measurement to was. I like to draw this lamppost first because this lamppost is nearer in the foreground, compacted the background elements. So I want this lamp owes to are drawn for so they can overlap the other elements. And now I'm just filling in the details off the left side. I'm drawing in there. What a part that goes all the way up. I'm adding some textures to the trees, adding little details due to shelter. Now, at this time, I pencil is starting to become lunch so that lines up becoming thicker and thicker. But it doesn't really matter because you can rotate your pencil to get a sharper point. Notice. I'm using the pencil as a measure and to to see that shop. How is there on the left side? I wonder aligned height off that shot house to the height of the tempos on the right side and that angle earlier. See this angle that I am using this angle is actually pointing to what's the vanishing point? So that's why I drew in the Vanishing Point earlier. It really helps Teoh make your sketch more accurate because on the diagonal lines, actually, not all the Diagne eyes most off the diagonal lines are going to the vanishing point. You have to figure out which are those lines. And when you draw those Dagnall eyes to the matching point is going to be very accurate. And now I'm adding the videos that are we being the two trees? So after you have drawn in the big ships first you can, then few in the little details. Later on, you can use the big ships as a measurement to to figure out where to place the smaller elements that details that are. So if the big ships are drawn in, I can somebody invite the smaller big ships into smaller areas. And now that I'm drawing the windows, I'm not sure if you know it is early on, actually plays a very faint line of their feet. Dagon online that goes teda vanishing point. Now that life is a guide to help me draw those windows. You know those windows there? They are not rectangular windows because the top has a Sami circle on top of the rectangle . So I need to have that guy there, which will help me a lot when it comes to drawing those semi circles on top off actual window. And now I'm drawing the pot off the mosque, the part off the structure that is holding up that doom so the angles are here again. You can stretch out your arm holding a pencil and stretching our I'm too measured and go and try to remember that angle are properly before you dry onto the pitch. What is that? So far, I have tried to draw this sketch front of the left to the right. I'm still using a pencil, so it penalized. The deuce mirrors much if I accidentally run my palm over the pitch. So I tried to draw from left to right when I'm using a pencil. So I'm just I'm trying to feeling little details now to make the scene likely. Now I am drawing in people the tourist crowd ISS here in front off the Sultan Mosque. Now, when drawing people, it is very important to get the size correct. So in order to get a size correct humans comparing the person that you're drawing with a group of people that you're drawing the size must compare it to other elements in the sea. This is very important because of you draw the person a bit too big relative to the size off other elements in the scene. That person is going to look a bit too big, so we must get the relationship between the size. Correct. It's always remember this. This is a very important point. The things that you draw in the scene is always in relation to other elements in the scene , and now I am drawing on structures that are coming out from the front. Off the mosque. I'm adding windows to the mosque on the little details that are we in the windows now? I'm trying to complete the right site order sketch by adding more details to grass that is in front after trees behind a lamb pose and the shop houses on the right site. Now I'm using the vanishing point to draw in the diagonal lines. Now the shop houses on the right. It's site. They are going to be more compressed because I'm actually seated more to what's the right side off this scene so that I can see more off the shop house on the left side and less off the shop houses on the right side. And as a result, off where I'm sitting because off the perspective on elements on the right side, they are going to be very compressed. So there is not going to be a lot off space for me to draw in details as such sometimes are . When I draw in political elements, I tend to use one line in ST off two lines to represent a certain things for some bullet. Right now, I'm actually just drawing the people using vertical lines. I'm not really paying attention to the actual Peters in real life Now, now majors drawing in Peter's using vertical lines. So this is how how I actually interpret scene. Sometimes you do not have to draw exactly what you see in the scene. Sometimes you have to make a judgment call and give your own interpretation. In this case, I decided to just simply find those people's that are believed shop houses, the corridor piers, and now I continue to at indeed used to the background and also details to places that I have not add it to yet. So for the people in the background they represented Bridgers blocks off sheets, so I cannot even see the lines clearly. Now for this particular mosque stretches, the structure actually stretches all the way to the right side behind a shophouse. And there is there's a power that comes out from behind shop houses. If you want to, you can actually shop early. Are pencil to draw this tower with the line. So Dad, you can get the usual contrast are thin lines. This is the thick lines that are in front of thick lines which are used to draw show houses . So these were helped Person was looking at your sketch get of quicker idea off foreground versus background. This sketch is almost done. So the last thing to do is to write the name of this place and did so that you can have some info to refer to in the future when you look back at your sketch. All right, so this is my completed sketch Wrong with pencil. And as you can hear behind me, there are a lot of lies made. Vitals, school Children. There are a lot of cool groups here in the morning, and that is actually part of the fun. One comes to urban sketching because I choose to write down notes about what's happening actually, side of sketches. Make a sketch, more meaning food that way. So know that I have completed my pencil sketch in the next lesson. I'll be hollering this sketch of what it looks like it's going to reimburse, so again, I work really quickly. 8. Sultan Mosque Colour: Hey, everyone will come back to this lesson. I hope you have four along with me in the previous one where we drew a sketch. So in this lesson, we are going to color your sketch with watercolor, so that's practice together. This is the same watercolor box that I waas using in the earlier lesson for it. Let me show you the colors that I will be using to date. I see some very bright yellow green plants in the foreground, so using a bright yellow for that for the door, it's yellowish orange, so I'll be using new gum bush for that, there are some rates in the scene over using a one rate on for the blue. I will be using surreal in blue for the clouds if you do not have surreal, unglued and just use ultra marine. But for me, I'll be using sarin boo and French out charmer and burnt sienna. Burnt Sienna is great for creating great owns with by the French Ultra Marine or so, so I'll just be using six colors. Let me start by putting some water onto the pallet First. I was the one to wet some of the colors. All right, I'm going to start by using the lighters color first, which is this color that I have. This is lemon yellow, but you can just use any yellow that you have can be Hansa Yellow. Oh, I'm not sure what yellow you happen can just use any and a yellow that is cooler compact to orange. If you feel that the color is a bit, too, that you can actually at some other colors into the mix, for example, large is deputy. Some new gum bush versus lightly into the mix to give it are more solutions. So basically, what you want to do in this step is to color every element that is supposed to be yellow on for the door again. Just used yellow for the lighted area. I'll just leave it white because that's where the light is hitting door party errors. It was so yellow on your gum Bush and I think there is a little dorm year that is blocked by the trees and this part here as well. All right, so now that we have college or the yellow elements, I think I should color the leaves as well. Golf's leaves they are green and green is made up Made up all yellow and believe so Let me just dap some yellow onto the trees 100 news Just wash my brush The next color want to use is really blue I'm gonna use the rhythm blue for the sky I love So we didn't do what This guy If you do not have Serie them do you can just use French out Make sure this guy goes behind the trees and as the clouds on the sky move further into the background they're going to be smaller and smaller because of perspective So if all these areas you can paint it very big But fall here is that are smaller Just pin it much smaller I mean And now I can use the blue to painting other areas off the scene as well. There is actually a sign about here, which is loose. So I'm gonna pin debt with French Ultra Marine. Same thing. I'm just going to work my way across the scene. Look for areas off blue to paint. So now the next step is to paint the green colors so the greens will go on to the plans on the leaves. Just wash my brush now to mix a good green color You can use lemon, yellow and French ultra Marine Let me show you. So this is lemon yellow. Put it here on French Ultra Marine. We can get this green, which is quite nice. Do not mix the green completely. Have some fun and let it go on to people A lot of mixed on paper. Not sure if you can see that the sunlight is coming back and I am going to be in the sun very, very soon because the sunlight is coming back. No, I like the unlike pen pencil is not as strong in terms of contras. So when you when you're pending, the internships tried to get the shape off the leave correctly because the pencil is not going to help you very much when it comes. Teoh making the person I was looking out sketch tell that it is a piece off. This really helps if you have a very brush with a very sharp be careful about this area mixture that is dry first before you paint the leaves. If not, the green color is going to bleed onto the door. Mintz going to look very. So is Cavil. There is where you do not want any color bleeding. Make sure that they are dry first and now the next step is to paint the great horns. So my process here is a bit different. Compact to earlier lesson where I paint the lightest sheet first, followed by the darker shade and photo by the doctors. Shit. So here, when I'm using color, I like to again. I'll pin delighted a ship first because I started with yellow. I will work myself out gradually to a doctor collars. But now I'm going back to the lighter shit. I want to add some great who in Studio C on the roads and I was on the beauty. So for the great hones I'm going to use French are charmer reading bun sienna. This is a French ultra marine and burnt sienna mix. You can also add in some yellow Teoh, adding some right to get in some extra variation and then picked in order shadow areas. Remember all the white areas that are supposed to be white? Leave them white. That is very important because that's where you're going to get contrast. So it is part here. Just shelter area hopes this is supposed to be white. So I made a mistake here. I always have to tissue by our site. It's very, very helpful. It's all here. Is that under the shape? Just pin it with a great horn Later on, Um, just at an out of wash off really Doc tunes and for the ground I will add a bit off rate. It doesn't matter which radio just at a tiny beat operate And if you run off, wash at more water to wash. So again, French Ultra Marine but sienna and a little bit off Great. I see some horizontal lines going over. So I want Teoh. Um, make sure that the horizontal white lines are still Sean the lamb pose. They are supposed to be in black, so you can actually power it with great. Or now, later on, you can adding an additional layer to make it a bit. Doctor, remember the sun lights coming from this direction? So all the beauties on this side, they should be light shadow. So now I'm just a calorie. All the beauties on this site I lived a sign bots white so that I can add colors too. Damn leader for the this beautiful structure. They're gonna pin this site shadow because that light is coming from here for this mosque. Yer This war here, this will be in shadow as well as this area here which is under this shelter. Who is going to be a shadow is irregular A swell not a horizontal line there. So basically color everything that's supposed to be in shadow. We've agreed toe. So now you notice that my trees tree trunks they are not colored yet but tree trunks. I'm just going to use burnt sienna. Burnt sienna is a very nice brown color. You can use it directly like this. If it's too bright, it is too colorful. You can just add a bit off French Ultra Marine to make it a bit docker. But we already down very slowly ensure that calories. We've been the lines. If the color comes out over the line, it doesn't really matter. This part here is a bit challenging because the pain has not dried yet. I can see some colors and landing, but it doesn't really matter. Here is supposed to be really doctor heroes under shadows for the last wash. How will create the doctors washed with French offer Marine on Burnt Sienna Israel Paint over areas that are supposed to be black or close to relax on. This is actually the most important step because this is going to create a contrast in the seats. If you have ah, very shot brush, that is where is going to help you a lot. My brush. It's actually a bit an open helps to make the leaves a bit. Doctor. I can You can either use the French Ultra Marine when Sienna mix or you can just use burnt Sienna. Sorry, I can just use French ultramarine Just does make that leaves a bit doctor again. This is going to be for if you have a shop. Russia is going to be much more helpful for the last step. I want to add in some additional colors to sign boats here. So for the lots that I want to add in some additional colors to the same box here orange so notice that the colors bleeding your thing I shall do. And then we have a rate for this sign bought and green for this and the last lost staff? Yes, because earlier own there. Waas sunlight. Coxon Very strong shadow from this site. I'm going to mix light, wash off French. Cool, Right. Maybe you have some burnt sienna to get that chatter. So the shadow, the shadow should observe the vanishing point where which is somewhere around here. So I'm going to choleric like this. The shadow is too light. You can add more color. Condemn pin some additional Collins as well. Like purple. Okay, right. So this is the completed sketch when it's dry. If you want your sketched a few bright and breezy, try to leave a lot off white space on the pitch. If you want your colors your colors to really stand out to be really vibrant, put dark areas Put dollar areas besides those colors to make those colors pop up by contrast. So just as with the ideas, catch this black and white sketch. What we are trying to achieve here is to get the contrast right. Not so much off the colors, right, but really the contrast right, If you can get the contrast right, regardless of the colors that you use the sketch is going to look fine. But why I'm saying that is because even with no callous, a sketch can look great, just like how a black and white photograph can look great. So Colors is something that is secondary to contrast off your seen this area here, I have forgotten to cholera it with water color. So maybe I'll just lightly shaded in this area here on this side is supposed to be in shadow. So this is a bit doctor with pencil sketch like this. It's Bassam to protect it. So if you can get yourself a bottle or fix it Eve and spree or the pencil sketch when it's done, if not the lines, when you rub your hands over accidentally bit airlines will steal our smear. Over the last two hours, while I was sketching this, the weather changed from right and sunny to cloudy, and now it is frightening to read. So that's a whole part of the fun off sketching on medication off discussion because you no ran the situation. I understand how you look at you. There's no discussion. Actually, students came to see that schedule. That's all after experience and this is what makes Robert Sketchy such on. So I'll be enjoyable experience. Right? So that's all for this lesson. If you have any questions, you feel free to contact me. Yeah, and that's all you in the next lesson. 9. Share Your Work Online: Hey, everyone, welcome to the last lesson in this cost. So what happens next? After you have completed your sketch personally for me, I would take a photo of my sketch or I would scan my sketch and then posed it on line. Now there are two things that are achieved by doing so. The first thing is, I got to make a record off the sketch, and when I posted online, when I need to refer to the sketch again, I can do are such very easily and it would bring back sketches from many years ago, and I find that to be very available. And it is something that I do very regularly, which is to call those sketches so that can refer those sketches to my friends. And a second objective is to share. Y'all look with no friends when you document your work. It also helps keep track of your progress. For example, you can compare the first month off sketches six months later, see how much you have improved, and when you look back at your old sketches, you can see mystics and can learn from them as well. The second reason why I like to post my work online so that I can share them with my friends. And it is a very good wave for orders to discovery. All look as well. And this is the actual process where I met a lot off my urban sketcher friends because I check out their art, I check on their websites. There was a check on my website. We leave comments on others are work steps, houses our friendship forms, and then we arrange for sketching sessions in real life. If you're shy about posting all, look online. If you are not comfortable about getting commands from out of people, you can always post your work anonymously, or you can just turn off the commands on your website. All right, let me give you some quick tips on how you can take photos off your sketches outdoors. And what are some other websites that you can post your artworks to? The most important thing when it comes to taking photos of your sketches outdoor is to make sure that there is good lighting. I highly recommend that you put your sketch under the sun so that you can present your sketch in the best possible light is going to make everything look better. Try to avoid shadows being cost on to your sketch, for example, here you can see my hand as casting a shadow on my sketch. Sometimes it may be leaves from the trees. Sometimes it can be other objects that cast shadows on your schedule, so avoid those You do not want any shadows on your Scotch because it's going to be very distracting. This is one off my favorite ways to take photographs off my sketches, which is to include the Tuesday I used to create the sketch. So, for example, with this particular sketch, I used pencil and watercolor. So I included those in this photograph. And when I look back at the photo in the future, it also serves as a reference to help me remember. The two is that I used to create this sketch, and I find that very helpful. Many websites where you can post and share you look online through mean cried here that I use when it comes to posting my work line off. This to first of all, your book must be searchable, must be discoverable by other people on the second thing is that must be some sort of easy archive for YouTube for to work to our Skechers in the future. So now I'm going to talk about the websites and APS that I used to share my artworks online . As I go through them, bear in mind a two criteria. First, the ability for your work to be search and discovered. And secondly, there must be some sort of archive system. The first app that I like a lot iss instagram, Mr Graham, is an app that you can install on your smartphone. It is a very popular app that is used by millions around the world. People can post photos, people can post artworks. They can create videos and post them on to instagram and share them with their friends. This is my is the grand pitch archive system allows you to scroll through the works that you have posted on. This is a very nice visual record to legis E how much work you have created over the last few months or even years. So this is where I posed all my sketches. Let's take a closer look at this sketch. Remember this sketch? This will sketch at Kampong glam. All right, one of the most important thing when it comes to posting that looks one line is I highly recommend you write some sort off hex to go with your artwork. When you have the tax, people have the ability to search for keywords in your tax. For example, this mosque this is caught the Sultan Mosque, and this error is called company glam. So in order for people to discover this piece of work, I need to include those to what's inside my tax. You can either include them in the tax copy, which is something like a paragraph, or you can choose to include those keywords as a hashtag. Hashtag is basically some combination of words with this hash sign in front. Let's take a look at some of the hashtag that I have used so hashtag kampong glam, which is the name off this area. Hashtag single ball, which is my country Hashtag urban sketch Hashtag Daniels, Me of what color is This is the watercolor brand that I used to color this sketch hashtag Selden Mosque, skin a ball. There are different salt and most in different countries, I added Singapore here to make a specific to the mosque here in Singapore hashtag sketchbook because I used a sketchbook for this sketch and hashed had water color The reason why I created so many hash taxes? Because this hash tags are specific. He was that people can such for or people can click on, say, for example, I click on this Berman's sketch hashtag say that someone else is looking at, and I looked from somebody else And this guy, for example. He also hash tag his work with this Kira Urban sketch. So as someone is looking at the work, he or she may be interested to find more outlooks that are related to Urban sketch. So he or she would take on the key. What the hashtag and if you all work happens to have that same hashtag is going to appear on this pitch where all the works are being hashtag with urban sketch. Using hashtag is a very good way to help get your work discovered. I mean, when you are new on any website, people may not know your name, they may not know that you exist, so this is a very good way to help people discover your work. You may not want to write so much tax to go if your sketch, but at least include some hash tag. But I do highly recommend that you write some Texas well because it will give your sketch more contacts. Give your sketch more meaning and years later, when you look back at your sketch when you read the tax, you can sort off remember what's happening. The Tuesday you used the feeling that you experience to take a photo on Instagram. You just have to press this button here, which will bring up the camera. Not is the square format. Let me put something there so they can see so you just have to frame your art work properly . Take photo. You can at some futures if you want to. I usually do not do that, and this is where you can write your tax and also at hash tax. And then again, just share it online. It's that simple. Here's another website and app that I used to post my work online business caught humbler. I just want to show this to you so they can compare different archive system and posting process, so the archive system here and tumbler, it's different compared to instagram with instagram, they assure you a small icons so you can scroll through a lot of work very easily. But we have tumbler. You have to scroll through your work one by one, and you can get quite tedious. If you want to find a work from way back, you have to do a lot of scrolling. And there's a such icon here when you press it when you do a such it actually such as All off tumbler. That means it doesn't such your pitch. So if I want to find this rooster and I do a search using this button, I will find all the rooster related pages on Tumbler. But I may not find my own pitch because my patients hidden among all the hundreds and thousands off pages. So this is something that usually take note off. When you are choosing a website on an app to post your work, it must allow you to look for the work that you are searching for easily. So we have instagram, even though they're such is not as good, but at least they allow you to scroll through your art works very easily, but here with tumbler that such is not that good. And also the archive system is not that good as well. With Tumbler, you can do at some caption for attacks you can at hash tax as well. So those two features, they are also available on Instagram. Facebook is in not a popular website and app that a lot off artists used to pulls and share their work. But I'm not a big fan all Facebook, because the website and app it feels very clotted. You see this scrolling mechanism? This is no different from Tumbler, So archive system is quite similar to tumbler and the such feature. It's really broken. So there is very, um, little chance off people discovering your work by search, because sometimes the search function is he didn't. Sometimes when you do, a such doesn't such the thing that you think you are searching. So Facebook is really for artists who want to share work with friends that they already know, but not really for promoting or marketing your work to people that you do not know to strangers. We're Facebook. You can at tax we can at hash tax as well. But the future is not as powerful compared to instagram, because the way Facebook as a business as a company works as they want your money in order to promote your work. So even if you have, let's say, for example, 10,000 followers they will not show your work toe all the 10,000 followers. They will want to get some money from you in order to Koziol work to oil followers. So that is something that I really dislike about Facebook. Another place that I highly recommend you posed your work to is onto your own website Off block, for example. This is mine Block Parker blocks don't come. This is where I posed most off my sketches. I can give the pitch or hit line. I compose photos and compose artworks. I can write tax, I can create lings and all the text that I have return on my pitch. They are searchable in Google. What that means is, for example, if someone were to such Barbara s bus, our sketch walk Yoshi types into such term and this may actually turn up as a such result on Google. So, for example, I have typed into such time here and my result is number four on the such result pitch. And this will allow people to click on this and it will bring new readers new audience to my website. Such a steal one off the most powerful and effective ways for other people to discover your art. And this is basically how I grew my website. I pose my work consistently and regularly on my website people such Watson and keywords they pick through such results. Sometimes they may lend on my pitch to discover my pitch. If they like my work, they would stay on and check on my future works as well. So that is one good way to build a following. So what are some of the websites or do means that you can post your works on How do you create a website for yourself? Well, there are free versions on websites where you can create your own websites. There are also pit version minus the paid version. That's why I get the demeaning proper block. Start calm. If you are using a free website, it can be something like Blogger are what press The domain name will be something like parking blocks and dark block spot dot com or proper blocks. Start wordpress dot com If you want to learn more about studying one block, I have return an article just about starting on block, and you can do a search for how to start one block on my website. But for beginners, I recommend you start with a free block because it allows you to experiment. It allows you to check out the features without spending any money. And if you want to migrate to a page version, if you want to get your own meaning later on, you can do the migration off the photos off. All the data are easily later on, but I recommend you start with a free version just to check out what out of features that are available. But generally speaking, the main features off a block ist the ability to let you write a title. We have websites like is the grand tumbler off Facebook? They do not allow you to write a title. You can only write captions or descriptions. So this is my, um, website. I can write a title. I can give my pitch some tax. This I was only one as hashtag. I can also write stories and inside this text box here I can write it off tax. I can pose a lot of photos. I can even pose videos. I can format how the tax will flow together with the sketches so it allows more control compared to Facebook instagram all tumbler, If you are intimidated by studying your own website or block, I suggest you use that with something simple. Start with Instagram is the room is a very simple to use. You take a photo, you post it online, you write some tax on. That's all their wrists. Now one social media tip that I recommend is not to be too fixated. Don't focus too much about getting followers getting a huge audience because those numbers they actually do not have a lot off meaning. For example, getting 12 housing fluids doesn't mean that all traffic housing are going to look at your work and for each work that they look at. If you have 1000 likes, for example, not all of them are going to read on description. Some people just like something that they see just because the button is there. It's really quite meaningless at times. So don't focus too much about the numbers, but focus on archiving your work beauty ing an archive that you can look back at in the future. For example, here as I scroll back to order sketches that I have drawn, I few a sense off satisfaction, and I can also see how much I have grown since the first data I posted to the most reason day. So it helps you keep track off your growth as well. And not a social media tip that I can give you is to post your work consistently. Practice makes perfect. When you post consistently, you improve over time. Not just that you are so beautiful. A good archive off work and with consistency you have more work that allows them to be discovered by other people as well. So you don't really have to do a lot of marketing. You don't have to share you all look a lot. People will just go to your work just because you have posted a lot of work. You have written a lot off tax created a lot of hashtag with my is the grand pitch with my website with my YouTube channel, I can see that I did not spend a lot off effort on Internet marketing. My effort has always bean into the creation process into creating artworks to post online, So it's not really about sharing my work online. That happens after the fact that I have created my work. So that really is the most important advice that I can probably give you. And the last advice is, Do not use so many social media sites because it can be really tedious and time consuming. Just pick one or two. My last tip for you is Do not spend so much time on social media sites. Spend more time on creation on drawing and stick. Now just pick one or two websites to show you all look on. It is last year's it ISS, last time consuming. If you use so many social media sites, it can be a chart who really maintained them or on it can get quite tiring and may even give u r burn out. So I mean, it's just drawing. It's supposed to be fun and relaxing, doing don't overwork. Just choose one or two websites. We would do have come to the Anil this cause I hope you have enjoyed the lessons. So the next step for you is to go out sketching. Do not be afraid of people looking over shoulders just focused on work focused on your lines angles that you see once again Thank you very much for getting this cost. And remember, if you have any questions you can always contact me True email. I am happy to answer all your questions. So thanks again and see you in the next cause by