Video editing basics in Final Cut Pro X (for YouTube success!) | Mark Ellis | Skillshare

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Video editing basics in Final Cut Pro X (for YouTube success!)

teacher avatar Mark Ellis, Learn how to create amazing content!

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      How to record your video and audio


    • 3.

      Libraries, events, and projects - explained


    • 4.

      Importing your footage and audio


    • 5.

      Super-fast colour grading


    • 6.

      Editing your a-roll


    • 7.

      Adding your b-roll


    • 8.

      Adding transitions, lower thirds, music and sound effects


    • 9.

      Polishing and checking


    • 10.

      Exporting for YouTube


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About This Class

They say "the magic happens in the edit", and they're totally right!

In this class, you'll learn how to edit your first YouTube video in Final Cut Pro from someone who built an audience of over 22,000 in his first year on the platform - Mark Ellis.

This class is for anyone who wants to start their own YouTube channel but who has no or limited experience editing videos. It will be equally useful to people who have already started their YouTube journey, but who think their approach to editing could be improved.

The edit is where the story is told - it's that important! It’s where you craft a video that will captivate your audience for as long as possible and encourage them to hit that ‘subscribe’ button.

The best news? You don’t need any technical experience or know-how - just a Mac and a copy of Final Cut Pro. You don't even need any videography experience!

Not a Final Cut Pro user? No worries! Although the lessons in this class will focus on that platform, the techniques and takeaways will still be golden for anyone who wants to edit a brilliant YouTube video, no matter the software they have to hand.

It's time to share the success Mark has earned on YouTube and learn from his tricks, secrets, and mistakes. There's an audience out there waiting for you, too!

Meet Your Teacher

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Mark Ellis

Learn how to create amazing content!


I run a successful and fast-growing tech influencer brand. During my first year on YouTube, I amassed over 22,000 subscribers, 1.7 million views, and more than 158,000 watch hours. My combined monthly audience now stands at over 100,000, and I'd love to help you achieve similar success! I teach everything from video editing to writing, music production, and how to be successful on platforms like YouTube and Medium. Let's find your audience!

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Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: Hi guys, welcome to my Skillshare class. My name is Mark Ellis. During my first year on YouTube, I gained over 22,000 subscribers, 1.7 million views, and a master more than a 158,000 watch hours. This isn't normal, but a huge part of the early success is because I know how to tell a great story. When it comes to video editing, you'll often hear people say that the magic happens in the edit, and they're right. In fact, just like every other YouTuber, I shoot far more footage than what ends up on the channel. Since starting my YouTube channel, I've worked out how to edit videos to hook viewers in right at the start and keep their attention right to the end. In this course, we're going to go through everything from importing your audio and video footage into Final Cut Pro, editing it, getting fancy with onscreen graphics, and the all-important final polish. We'll also look at how to bring your videos alive with B-roll and how to get into some basic color grading. I've poured everything I've learned since starting my own YouTube channel into this class, I'll share with you my secrets, my tips, and tricks, and reveal some of the mistakes I've made so you don't have to make them yourself. Most importantly, I'd like you to share the same early success that I experienced. Let's get into it. I'll see you in lesson one. 2. How to record your video and audio: During this class, you'll learn how to edit your first ever YouTube video. But of course, to do that, you need some audio and video footage and more importantly, the gear to film and record it on. Now in this class, I'm not going to go through how to record your video and audio, that's for another class. But I thought I'd give you a few tips on how best to use the gear that you might have available. Firstly, there's no need to spend thousands on camera and audio gear, you don't need to. If you've got one of these, a smartphone, that is all you need. The only thing I would recommend spending some money on if you have some budget is a smartphone compatible Lav mic like this one. This just clips onto your top like so and gives you slightly better audio than what you would get from the smartphone itself. But even that isn't a necessity. To be honest, a smartphone will do the job perfectly. There's no need to buy an expensive camera like this one or an expensive mic that's sitting above my head. You just don't need it. Remember, that kind of stuff can come further down the line once your channel is making some revenue. Some of the best YouTube or most successful YouTubers on the planet use their smartphones or very cheap cameras. What's far more important is that you can tell a great story through the editing process, which is what this class is all about. Some key takeaways from this first lesson. Use your smartphone if you've got one, if you have any budget to spend on your YouTube channel during these early days, get yourself a Lav mic. Always pick a nice brightly lit room so you don't have to worry too much about lighting and just start filming. In the next lesson, we're going to jump straight into Final Cut Pro and I'm going to demystify libraries, events, and projects. Let's get started. 3. Libraries, events, and projects - explained: In this lesson, I'm going to reveal what libraries, events and projects are in Final Cut Pro. Now if you're confused by libraries, events, and projects in Final Cut Pro, you're not alone, don't worry, I was to begin with two, but the good news is it's actually quite straightforward to get your head around. I think part of the issue is that there's lots of different ways that you could potentially use libraries, events, and projects in Final Cut Pro, so everyone has their own method. This is mine and I think it works pretty well. If we start at the top of the hierarchy, we have the library and that contains absolutely everything from your events to your projects, and to your audio and video. Now when it comes to your audio and video, the library can technically contain all of those individual files. However, I don't recommend that, and I'll explain why in the next lesson. The way that I use libraries is actually really straightforward. I just have one and that one library is called MER, which stands for marketers reviews. I don't create separate libraries for each video. Some people do, I think that gets a little bit messy, so for me, I just have this one library called MER, and within that, I have my multiple events. Now an event as far as I'm concerned is an individual video. For instance, I might call this one the iPhone 13 review. That event then becomes that single video. For every video that I make, I create a separate event for that video within the MER library. An event is quite simply a container for your project, which I'll come onto in a moment. But also all of the individual shots that you'll be using and all of your audio. What are projects? Well, projects sit within your events and a project for me is just a version of the video that I'm working on. This might be, for example, Version 1. Typically, I only ever have one project per event because I normally only create one version of my video. But for instance, you might want to create separate versions for social media or there might just be a longer version that you want to create for a different platform. That's why it's so useful to create multiple projects within an event. Now the other thing to bear in mind when you create a new project is that you'll need to set the correct audio and video settings for your gear. If I go into File, New, Project, Final Cut Pro gives me a whole bunch of settings here that we can choose to match the audio and video that we've shot. You can choose a video format here, we can choose the resolution, the frame rate. Now to get these settings right, it's important that you look into the camera that you're using, whether it be your smartphone or a camera like this one I'm using here and just make sure that you set the right video format and the right frame rate to match whatever your camera is shooting up. Some key takeaways, the library is your one single location for absolutely everything to do with your videos. Within that library, you'll have events. I would recommend creating a separate event for every video that you make. Within the events, you have projects and a project is basically a version of the video that you're working on. You can have multiple versions if you want to or have different projects for different types of video for different platforms like social media. Also within that project, you'll have all of your separate video footage and audio recordings that you add to the video. In the next lesson, we're going to go through creating a library event and project from scratch and importing your video and audio. 4. Importing your footage and audio: In this lesson, I'm going to show you how to arrange your video and audio files so that they're ready to put straight into Final Cut Pro but also how to create your first library, your first event, and your first project. Now, before I add anything into Final Cut Pro, I copy all of the individual audio and video files onto my computer. What I'll do first is create a folder for my video. I created one here called My First Video. Then into this folder, I'm going to create three additional folders. The first one is going to be for a-roll. An a-roll is basically when you're talking to the camera. I then create a folder called b-roll. B-roll is the footage that you record that isn't you talking to a camera, but it's perhaps via product footage or just incidental footage that you want to place on top of your a-roll. Lastly, because I record my audio separately, I create a third folder called Audio. Now, you might not need to do this. If for example, you're using your smartphone to record your videos, then the video footage will contain the audio, so you won't need to do this. But if you are recording your audio separately like I am with a mic here, then it's best to create a separate folder for that audio. Now that I have these folders, I can start copying the raw footage into them. To do that, you might be copying, for example, from your phone or from a memory card. Just to save time for this lesson, I've just copied everything onto the computer already. Let's get started. If I head into my first video folder here, I've got those three folders that I created earlier. Into those, I can basically copy or drag the individual footage. For instance, this is my a-roll, I'm going to pop that into the a-roll folder. I've got a bunch of b-roll here as well, which I can just drag into the b-roll folder. Then I've got a few audio files that I want to use in this video as well, so I'll just very quickly pop them into my audio folder. That's it. I now have three folders complete with all of the individual files that I want to use in this video. The next step is to head into Final Cut Pro and create our first library. If I open Final Cut Pro, now, depending on whether or not you've used Final Cut Pro before and you've had a previous library open, it might open the previous library that you had opened, or if you didn't do that or you closed the previous library, you might see this dialog box here. It's asking me if I want to open a previous library or create a new one, I'm going to select "New" here. The other way to do that is to click "File", " New", and "Library" at the top. From here, I'm going to create a library called My Channel. Click "Save". That's quite a library for us on the left-hand side. Now, in here, I'm going to create my first videos event. Remember, an event is for me, it's just the video itself, and I create a separate event for every single video that I make. For simplicity, I'm just going to call this one My First Video. That's it. Now the next step is to create a project which you do very simply by clicking on "File", "New", and "Project". Now, remember at this point it's really important that you select the right settings for your camera. For my camera, it shoots in 4K, but also at a frame rate of 24P. They are the two things that I change at this stage. Then for the project name, you can call it what you like, but generally, you might just want to call it Version 1. So it's Version 1 of this particular video. Click "Okay" and there we go. That's our library, event, and project created for this video. Next, we need to get all of that video and audio into this event. Now there's two ways to do this in Final Cut Pro, you can either copy all of those video and audio files into the library itself, or you can leave them in place on your computer or on your external hard drive and just add them to the event. Now, I always do the latter, and that's for two reasons. The first reason is that if you add all of those files, all those individual video and audio files into the library itself, that library is going to get very, very big. The second reason for leaving those files in place is because it just creates a much easier way to find all that video and audio footage in the future if you need to. They don't get lost and swallowed up in the library itself. To make sure this happens for every video that you create, there's one setting that you need to change in Final Cut Pro. If we head into the Final Cut Pro menu at the top of the screen, go into Preferences then into the Import Tab, for files at the top, there's two options, either copy to library storage location or leave files in place. You'll probably find that by default, the top one will be chosen. With that chosen, all of your individual files and audio will end up in the library. That's not desirable. Instead, we're going to choose, Leave Files In Place. Once you've done that, close the window and we can now start adding the video and audio to this event. Doing this is really straightforward. If we leave Final Cut Pro open, bring up finder, find the files that you covered across a moment ago, so these are all in here for me. I can choose my a-roll, drag that into the event. What that does, it places the video in the event but it doesn't copy the actual file to the library, it leaves it in place on my hard drive. Basically I can keep doing that with everything. I can add all of my audio and finally all of my b-roll into the event just by dragging, letting go, and we have it all there now. By default, Final Cut Pro will show all of your video and audio in what it calls the Film Strip View. Now I find that a little bit confusing sometimes to sort through. If you just want to double-check that all of your files have been added to the event, just click on that little button there and that will give you a list view of all the individual files. We can see here that my a-roll is here, all of my b-roll and all of my audio. Everything is now in Final Cut Pro and ready to start editing. Some key takeaways from this lesson. I think it is better to create a separate folder for your video, whether that'd be on your computer's hard drive or an external drive. Then within those folders, create a a-roll, b-roll, and audio folder to add all of your individual files into those folders. Once you've copied across everything into your video folder, you can then go into Final Cut Pro and start creating your library, your event, and then your project. Make sure you head into the preferences and import section of Final Cut Pro and choose, "Leave files in place" as the main option at the top. Remember, we do that because that keeps all of the original files where you originally copied them to. In the next lesson, we're going to add your a-roll footage to the project and give it a really simple but really good-looking color grade. 5. Super-fast colour grading: In this lesson, we'll discover how to add your a-roll to the timeline of your project and do a very simple but effective color grade. Now I have made a couple of assumptions here. The first one is that you are recording on a camera that doesn't need any looked adding to it. If you're not sure what that is, then I can guarantee you probably don't, thankfully. Let's presume that you're recording on your smartphone, or a pretty simple DSLR camera. I'm also assuming that you're recording your audio directly into your camera rather than using a separate recording device. Now if you are recording it separately, all you need to do is synchronize the video and audio in Final Cut Pro, which I'll show you very briefly in a second. But let's just assume that everything at the moment is going into your camera directly. If we head into Final Cut Pro, this is where we've got all of our audio and video that we added a moment ago in the last lesson. Now if you have recorded your audio and video separately, you do need to synchronize them quickly. That's very straightforward. All you do is select the video footage, hold down the command key on your keyboard, click the audio footage, and then right-click and choose Synchronize Clips. Don't worry about the settings in here. Just click Okay and that will create a synchronized clip for you which you can drag into the timeline. Now if you haven't done that and you've recorded everything directly into your smartphone or camera, you'll end up with a single video file that has the audio built into already which is great news. To get this into the timeline, we simply drag that down to the bottom and there we go. We now have our a-roll on the timeline of the project. Now, depending on what camera you've used you might find that the actual footage itself looks fantastic. However, I always recommend doing a very light color grade, just to add some contrast and bring out the colors a little bit more. Now it's really straightforward to do this at the bottom right-hand corner of the screen, there is the effects browser button here. If we click that, go into color and then drag color wheels onto our a-roll footage, and then at the top, head into the color section. The first thing we can do is bring the colors out a little bit more just by tweaking the saturation level. To do that on the Global section at the top of the screen, just grab this little triangle here and push it up a little bit. Don't go too far, if you go too far, it looks terrible. Start very, very gently, slowly bring it up until you can see the colors coming out a little bit more. I can see, for example, in the background where we've got this blue light. As I move that little triangle up, it gets a little bit more intense. It just makes it a little bit more, pops off the screen a bit more. I think I'm happy with that. The next thing is to add some contrast. Again, really straightforward and to do that, we grab the little triangle on the shadows here. This is the brightness level of the shadows. If we grab that and again, just very tiny adjustments, then keep your eye on this section here of the screen. You'll see that as I move the shadows down, it just darkens that area a little bit. There we go. Not much, I just want a little bit of darkness there. Then to add to that contrast, I might want to boost the highlights just a little bit. On the right-hand side we've got the highlights. A little triangle thing here is probably got a better name than that, but we'll call it the triangle. We can grab that and push up just a little bit, and you can see as I'm doing that, the image itself is getting slightly brighter and just a bit more contrasty. Lastly, because this is me talking to camera and you can see my skin, is a good idea just to drop the mid-tones a little bit which always tends to work nicely on the screen, just gets rid of some of the harshness that you might have there. Again, we grab the little triangle and drag it down just slightly. We can see that if you look at my face on the screen there, it just adds a bit more detail. Doesn't make it quite as harsh. There we go. That is a really simple color grade. Now you can see the effect of what you've done with that color grade by unchecking the color wheel at the top. If I uncheck that box there, you can see that the image itself then goes a little bit flat. Whereas if I put the tick back in, it just looks a bit more contrasty. The cursor popping out the screen little bit more, if we keep going between them, is quite a significant difference. My advice with this is to be very gentle with it. Be very careful with those little tweaks that you make and just do it until you're happy with the image and then leave it. Some actions from this lesson. If you have recorded your video and audio separately, make sure you synchronize them. Once you've done that, or if you didn't need to do that because you've already recorded everything into your camera as it is, drag your a-roll footage onto your project timeline, head into the effects browser section, grab a color wheel, drop that onto your a-roll, and then make those very simple gentle tweaks to the color. In the next lesson, this is where things get really exciting because we start editing this a-roll and start creating your first ever brilliant YouTube video. 6. Editing your a-roll: This is where things get exciting because in this lesson we're going to learn how to edit your A-roll to keep your audience's attention for as long as possible. But before we do that, there are two things that you need to do. The first thing is to turn off snapping. Snapping is a feature in Final Cut Pro, which takes the red cursor, this vertical line that you can see here, and automatically attaches it to the nearest edit point. If I move the cursor around on the timeline like this, we can see that as soon as I get in the edit point, Final Cut Pro automatically attaches the cursor to the edit point. Now when you're adding your B-roll, that is actually a very useful feature, but when you're working on your A-roll and you need to make very precise cuts to the footage, snapping can get quite annoying. It's best to turn it off while we're doing this. To do that really straightforward, at the bottom right-hand corner of the screen, there's a little option for snapping. If it's blue, it's turned on. If we click it once and it turns white, snapping is turned off. The next thing you need to do is remember two very important keyboard shortcuts. The first one is the spacebar. If you hit the spacebar once, [NOISE] it starts playing your footage, press it again and it stops. You'll be doing that all the time in Final Cut Pro. The other keyboard shortcut, which is absolutely vital is Command B. Command B is basically a keyboard shortcut for the blade tool, which is what you use to make cuts in your footage. As I move the cursor along my footage here, if I hold down command and be at that point, it will create an edit point exactly where the cursor is placed. It makes it very easy to make very quick cuts as you go along. Now we can start the process of editing our A-roll. The whole point of this part of the process is to create the basis of the video, which is you talking to camera. The idea is to make it as short, sharp, and interesting as possible. If you're anything like me, you'll end up with one long recording of yourself talk to camera like we can see here. Mine is about 11 minutes 30 seconds long, and there's a lot of stuff in here that I don't want in the eventual video. For instance, it might be where I've made an error. I've had to reread something. I've perhaps had a drink of water, I've coughed, anything where basically I don't want that to end up in the video. To get started with this, we need to zoom into the timeline so we can make much more precise cuts. Two ways of doing that. If you're using a MacBook or any Mac with a trackpad, you can use two fingers as a pinch gesture to zoom in and zoom out like that. Or you can hold down the command key here and press the plus and minus buttons on the keyboard to zoom in and out. The other thing you'll need to get used to is reading the audio waveform. The audio waveform is this thing here which is just beneath the footage. The peaks are where I'm talking, so we can see that I'm talking here and the troughs where it goes very quiet, is obviously where I'm not talking. Learning how to read that audio waveform will make a huge difference as you're editing your A-roll. If we start at the very beginning of the video, we can see here there's a section where I'm not talking at all. It's where I'm getting ready to make the video and we want to get rid of that. We can basically place our cursor right at the start here. Again, looking for that peak in the audio waveform, that's roughly where I'm starting talking. We place the cursor there and then use the keyboard shortcut command B to make the cut. We then select the bit that we don't want, press the backspace key on the keyboard, and that gets rid of it. From this point forward, we watched the A-roll and make the cuts and delete the footage we don't need. There's two things you're looking for. The first thing is obvious errors or sections where you're getting your thoughts together. Bits that are clearly shouldn't be in the video. The second thing to look for is instances where you're waffling a bit or you're taking a long time to get to the point. Basically, if you're losing interest yourself as you're watching this, your audience is going to lose interest as well. The only way to spot those instances is to put your audience hat on and watch this A-roll through with their mindset. Now that I have my new starting point, I can press the spacebar to start watching the video. Hello and welcome back to marketers review. I can see that I've made a mistake I've coughed, I need to start again. Thankfully, because we now know how to read the audio waveform, I can see that I need to start the video possibly from here. Again, place the red cursor there, hit Command B on the keyboard, select the bit I don't want anymore, press Backspace, that's gone. We now start the video from here instead. Hello and welcome back to marketer's reviews and thank you for subscribing if you have. If you haven't subscribed, the button is just down there. That's looking pretty good. Now I can now carry on watching the video and look for instances where I've made mistakes. Or again, if I start to lose interest while I'm watching it and make those edits, delete the footage I don't want and keep going until I get to the end of the A-roll and it's completely edited to a way that I'm liking it. It's important not to be too brutal with your edits. I do like to let my footage breathe as much as possible, so I don't want to cut it where it becomes unnatural. It seems to me that I'm cutting off words before I finish saying them. Make sure as you go through your editing process that you're happy with the flow, make sure you're not speeding things up too much or like I say, cutting off words entirely. Thankfully with snapping turned off, we can make very fine adjustments. For instance here, it might be that I've cut this too early. I can very gently grab the end of the block here and move it to the right just to give it a little bit more breathing space, a bit more of a tail off of the audio there. Again, it comes across a bit more naturally. Don't be afraid to leave a few gaps in there, a few moments of silence. Even the art um or er, because it becomes across more natural. Now once you've finished this process, you'll end up with something that looks a little bit like this. This is my edited A-roll video where I've made all those cuts, cut out the stuff I don't want in there. Got rid of the waffle, got rid of the errors that points where I'm picking up a glass of water to have a drink and it is now pretty much ready for B-roll. Few takeaways from this lesson. Make sure you turn off the snapping in Final Cut Pro but also, get used to the command B shortcut for using the blade tool. That's an absolute lifesaver. Remember to watch through the video as though you are a viewer and cut anything out where you're starting to lose interest. Lastly, don't be too brutal with those cuts. Make sure you leave in a few ums and ers, and also periods where there's a bit of silence just to make the whole thing come across nice and naturally. In the next lesson, when we get to the exciting part of adding B-roll to your video. 7. Adding your b-roll: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to add B-roll to your video, and also the importance of not overdoing B-roll, and how to use B-roll to retain audience attention. I love using B-roll in my videos, it's a great way to tell the story, but also it makes it look more professional. Now there are a couple of things that we need to do before we start adding B-roll to our video. The first thing is to turn snapping back on. You might remember we turned it off when we were editing the A-roll. Now that's done. We can turn it back on. Once again, bottom right-hand corner of the screen. The little snapping icon here is probably white view at the moment. Click it once, it turns blue, that means snapping is now turned on. The other thing we need to do is turn off the audio for our B-roll footage because, generally speaking, you won't want the audio that might have been picked up while you were filming those shots. Doing that is really straightforward. Over here on the left-hand side, I've got all of my B-roll shots. If I click the first one to highlight it, and then scroll to the bottom, hold down my Shift key on the keyboard, click the last one, that will select all of the B-roll that we've got here. Then on the right-hand side, there's a little audio section. If we click the little audio inspector button there. We can see here we've got 26 clips selected and there's a tick at the moment in the audio. If I take the tick out of that, that removes the audio base or silences it for those B-roll clips. That just means that as I add the B-roll to my video, any audio that was picked up during the recording process of the B-roll won't end up in the eventual video. Now, adding B-roll to your video is a little bit like the process we went through for editing A-roll. You basically need to watch the video as a viewer. Now because we've gone through the editing process for the A-roll, and we have all our nice cuts here, and all the waffle and error is removed, we have pretty much the video as it will be when you publish it. But at the moment, it's just you talking to camera. So we want to add some different visual flair to make it a bit more interesting. Adding B-roll to your video is really straightforward. On the left-hand side, if we choose one of these shots. This one here, for example. Just above, we can see a preview of the footage, which I can scrub through just by moving my mouse cursor across the footage like that. What you can do, once you've found a section that you perhaps want to use, rather than dragging the entire clip onto the timeline because you might not want all of it, we can basically hold down the Option key, which gives us this little arrow selector, and then hold down the mouse and drag across the part we want or roughly the part we want. Once we've done that, we can grab it. Basically, put your mouse cursor in here until it turns into a little hand, hold down the mouse key, and drag it down onto your timeline like this. That will place the piece of footage that we selected above straight into your video. Now, obviously, it will need some adjustments and we can lengthen it if we need to or shorten it if we want to as well. Because we've got snapping turned on, we can make a very good use of B-roll, which is to hide jump cuts. Sometimes you might actually want these jump cuts. For instance, if I add one in this video here, that jump cut there might be fine. But if you come across a jump cut, which is just a little bit jarring or just doesn't sit quite right with you, you can use B-roll to hide that jump cut. For instance, if I want this little edit point here, this little jump cut here to be hidden, I can take my B-roll footage here. With snapping turned on, move it, so it basically snaps to that edit point so that when I start playing from here, [NOISE] it cuts to the B-roll. It's a great way to hide those little edit points that you don't want the audience to see. Now, as I've watched through my A-roll, I can keep adding these bits of B-roll. We can keep dragging them into the timeline, adjusting them as necessary. Basically, making the whole thing look a little bit more interesting by having more than just me talking to camera. Now, it's really important with B-roll not to overdo it. It's very tempting to keep putting this footage into your timeline. The problem with that is if you have too much stuff going on, the audience will very quickly lose interest. This is why it's best to apply the 80, 20 roll to your A-roll and B-roll, where 80 percent of this video will be your A-roll and the 20 percent will be that B-roll. It just needs to be enough of it in there to keep the audience interested, but not detract from what you're saying. B-roll is also a great way to hide mistakes in your A-roll. For instance, while you're watching through the video, if you spot yourself looking at the monitor or looking at way or something, and you want to hide that from the audience, just place a bit of B-roll over top of it, and that completely hides that mistake. Also, if you have long stretches of A-roll where you seem to be talking quite a lot, you can break that up quite nicely by putting a bit of B-roll, maybe at the start or at the end. Once you've finished adding B-roll to your video, you'll probably have a timeline that looks a little bit like this. We still have our A-roll here in place. But above that, we now have these B-roll clips, which are basically breaking up the story, giving a bit more visual interest for the audience, and crucially hiding jump cuts where you want to, and hiding those mistakes. A few key takeaways from this lesson. Make sure you turn snapping back on before we start adding B-roll, just to make it easy to add it to the timeline. Turn off the audio for your B-roll as well, and then watch through the video again like a viewer and add B-roll where it makes sense to, but don't overdo it. In the next video, we'll get fancy with lower thirds and transitions and learn how to add music and sound effects to your video. 8. Adding transitions, lower thirds, music and sound effects: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to finish off your video by adding lower thirds, transitions, music, and sound effects. It's important to know that all of these things are very much a personal preference. You may not want to add some of these things to your video and equally you may not want to add any of this stuff to your video, but I'm going to show you how to do each one very quickly and then you can make the decision whether or not that will fit in with your style. We'll start with transitions, and a transition is a way to make a jump cut like this one here far more smooth. Final Cut Pro has a whole bunch of transitions built-in, and to get to them it's really straightforward. In the bottom right-hand corner of the screen, there's a little button here for transitions. If you click that, that will open the Transitions browser. Final Cut Pro categorizes the transitions for you just so it's easy to find the one that you want. For instance if I want to use a blur transition I can click on the Blurs option here, and that will give me all the different types of blur transition. To use the one I want, for instance if I want to use a directional blur, I simply click on it, hold down the mouse button, and drag it over the cut point that I want to put the transition onto. Let go and our transition is there. If I play the video, [NOISE] we have a nice blurred transition. You can make transitions longer or shorter by grabbing the left or right-hand side of them and moving them either way that you want. If I do it like that for example, [NOISE] that goes a very slow blurred transition like this. You can get really fancy with them if you want to. Next up we have lower thirds. A lower third is something they use very commonly in things like the news channels where if someone's speaking and we want to know who that person is, a lower third will pop up at the bottom-left, or right, or somewhere on the screen with their name and perhaps their position. You can use them for the exact same purpose on your YouTube video, is what I do. When my videos start at some stage there will be a lower third which I place at the top of the screen, but it's still technically a lower third which announces my name and then I have a little bit of fun with a text beneath it but you can use them however you wish. Once again a bit like transitions, Final Cut Pro includes a number of pre-built lower thirds that you can use to your liking. To use lower thirds in Final Cut Pro, really straightforward. At the top left of the screen, there's a little button here for the Titles and Generators sidebar. If we click that, that will give us Titles and Generators. In mind I have a bunch of titles that are aftermarket which you may not have. If we scroll down, what you will definitely have is lower thirds. If we click there, this is all of the lower thirds that Final Cut Pro includes by default. To add a lower third to your video a little bit like the transitions, you simply choose the one that you want, hold down your mouse button, drag it onto the timeline roughly to where you want it, let go and we now have that lower third on the video. We can make it longer or shorter if we need to by grabbing it and dragging like that and we can also move it to wherever we want it to appear, but the most important thing is to obviously customize what is on that lower third itself. To do that, we make sure we've got the lower third selected. At the top right if you click the Text button here, we can then change Name [NOISE] to for instance my name. Then if we click "Description", we can change [NOISE] that to be whatever we want. Depending on the lower third that you've chosen, you might be able to change all the colors as well. Over here on the right-hand side if I go into the Title Inspector, we can see here I can change the line color which is this here. I can change that to any color that I want to, so if I want that to be blue for instance. Line 2 Color, if want that to be green or red. Whatever I want it to be, we can change that. Basically, you can play around with these parameters to make it look like your own. For instance, we can change the size of it as well. If we head into the Video Inspector, we can change the scale here with this slider. We can change the position. The X or Y position, we can move wherever we want to on the video. You can really get pretty fancy with it and make it look like your own. Lastly, you might want to add some additional audio to your video. Again, it's a creative choice, but I'll show you how to do it very quickly. To do that if we head back to the library and just scroll down, I can see some of the audio files that I added to my event earlier on. For instance, if I want to add some music to my video. If I just zoom out a little bit here so I can see a bit more of it and take this audio here, this music track. Drag it into the timeline, that adds the music to my video. Just one thing to bear in mind. If you're adding music to your video, pay close attention to the volume of the audio. The best way to do that obviously is to play it back and listen to how it sounds with you talking, but very quickly you can change the volume of the audio by choosing the audio track and up here on the right-hand side just adjusting it. Again, look out for that audio wave form. You can see as I move that volume down here; keep your eye on that, you'll see that the wave form moves up and down to indicate how loud or quiet is. Just play around with that until you're happy with the levels and you can keep adding audio elements if you want to. For example, if I've got a whoosh sound effect here, I can drop that to where I want it to be on here. Let's just zoom in a little bit. We can add that there perhaps just for that transition maybe. You can basically keep adding audio elements as much as you want. Again, just to reiterate. Additional audio, lower thirds, and transitions are completely a creative choice. It's entirely up to you how much of that stuff you use. I can't tell you how much to add to your video; is entirely up to you, but you at least know how to do it now. Thanks to this lesson. Just as a reminder, transitions are a way to make those jump cuts far smoother. Lower thirds are a way to convey additional information without taking the viewer away from the video itself, and adding music and sound effects can just add a bit more flair and professionalism if that's the kind of thing that you're going for. In the next lesson we'll give you a video that all important, final polish, and check before we export it for YouTube. 9. Polishing and checking: Now that you've edited your a-roll, added your b-roll, added some visual flair with transitions and lower thirds, it's time for the all-important polish and final check. You really can't skip this step. It's really important to do one last check to make sure you're 100 percent happy with your video. The first thing to do is color grade that b-roll if it needs it. Of course, if you did that with your a-roll, head back to Lesson 4, just as a quick reminder about how to do a quick color grade. Next, it's time to watch through your entire video and I'm going to say you need to watch it as though you are a member of your own audience. Watch it with your viewer hat on again and don't be afraid to keep making cuts. If you encounter sections within the video that is starting to turn you off or you're getting a bit bored by, get rid of them. Be brutal. Get rid of the stuff that seems to be waffle or just the things that are starting to make you less interested in the video. Cut them, get rid of them, and keep watching. Also, you can use this watching period to make note of a couple of things. The first thing is to make note of any chapters, the exact time where the new chapters start. That's very useful for your YouTube description but also instances in the video where you've mentioned that you'll put something in the video description, just make sure you make a note of that and put them in the video description. Once you've done with that first watch, watch it again, do the exact same thing. Again, cut anything that you need to cut. Remember this is your last chance to get this video right before you upload it to YouTube because once it's on YouTube, you can't undo those things. Key takeaways from this lesson. Make sure you color grade that b-roll footage if you need to. Lesson 4 is the one that you need to re-watch for that if you can't remember how to do it, make sure you watch through your video at least twice with your viewer hat on and keep cutting the bits out that you don't like. Finally, note down any chapter markers and things that you need to add to the video description. You're getting that you've nearly finished your first edit of your first ever YouTube video. In the next lesson, we'll learn how to export it for YouTube. 10. Exporting for YouTube: In this lesson, we will learn how to export your video for YouTube and you'll be glad to hear this is really straightforward. Before we do any exporting at all, we just need to make sure that the video itself has finished rendering and rendering is what Final Cut Pro does to the video to make sure all of the effects and color changes have been applied to the video itself. The way to discover if your video has finished rendering is to look at the top left-hand corner of the screen where we have the background tasks button. Now if that shows a tick, it's done. If the tick isn't there, they'll be a progress bar in there. If you click on that, you'll see probably in here, it will say rendering and it will give you a percentage done for that rendering process. Just make sure that's finished before you export your video. Exporting the video in Final Cut Pro is super straightforward. To do so, just head to the button at the top right-hand corner of the screen, which is the "Share" button. Click that, go to "Export File" and then where you've got your project name here, just change that to the name of your video. I'm going to call this my "iPhone 13 mini review". Then head into the "Settings" button here. In "Format", choose "Video and Audio" and in "Video Codec", I recommend choosing "H.264", which is a very recognized, well-used video format. Just keep an eye at the bottom right-hand corner here where it has the estimated file size, 3.6 gig file for a 4K video, which is about 10 minutes long, that's not bad, that's about right. In fact, you'll see if I change H.264 to Apple ProRes, it will give me 103.5 gigabyte estimated file size, which is just too big. It'll take forever to upload to YouTube, it will take forever to export as well, to be honest. It's just too big. We don't need it to be that high-quality. Trust me, H.264 is the one to go for. Once you've done that, you can leave pretty much everything else as it is on here. Click on "Next", choose the place where you're going to save your video. Click on "Save" and that will start the export process. Again, if we look at the top left-hand corner of the screen for the background tasks button here, we can see sharing has now started and that percentage bar will increase as the video starts to export. Now once your video has exported, that's it. You're ready to upload that file to YouTube. You've done the hard work. You've done the filming, you've done the edit, you've exported the file, this is the exciting bit where hopefully you start to build an audience. Just a few takeaways from the exporting process, don't get too hung up on the quality, go for audio and video and H.264 as the file settings and remember before we do any exporting, just make sure the rendering has finished on the video. That's it, you've created your first YouTube video in Final Cut Pro. I really hope this lesson has proved useful. Like I said at the start, I've pulled all of my knowledge and my experience with Final Cut Pro and editing videos for YouTube into this class. The best advice I can give is just to keep making videos, keep editing them in Final Cut Pro, get used to the different tools that you can use, try different transitions, try a different [inaudible] try different ways of adding music or not using music. Again, be careful with the B-roll, don't use too much of it but just start experimenting. Most importantly, don't forget to share your works in progress with the brilliant community on Skillshare. But that really is it for me. Thank you so much for watching this class and don't forget to go back to previous lessons if you want to brush up on certain elements of editing your first YouTube video. Don't forget to leave a review and hang around. I've got lots more classes on the way for Final Cut Pro, Logic Pro, Median. Basically, I want to help you become the best content creator you can be. Until next time, thank you so much for watching and enjoy editing that first video.