Turkish Language Course - From Beginner to Fluent Speaker! | Nejla Z. | Skillshare

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Turkish Language Course - From Beginner to Fluent Speaker!

teacher avatar Nejla Z., Manager of Information Technologies

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction to the course


    • 2.

      Introducing Turkish Language


    • 3.

      Pronuncation Practice


    • 4.

      Turkish Alphabet


    • 5.



    • 6.

      Major vowel harmony


    • 7.

      Minor vowel harmony


    • 8.

      Practical notes on vowel harmony


    • 9.

      Consonant harmony


    • 10.

      Questions in Turkish


    • 11.

      Vocabulary: Animals


    • 12.

      Vocabulary: Antonyms


    • 13.

      Conversation: Meeting people


    • 14.

      Practice 1


    • 15.

      Conversation: Buyrun


    • 16.

      Pronouns first part


    • 17.



    • 18.

      Vocabulary: Character


    • 19.

      Personal suffixes


    • 20.

      Possesive suffixes


    • 21.



    • 22.

      Adjectives and Noun Clauses


    • 23.

      Degrees of Adjectives (part 1)


    • 24.

      Degrees of Adjectives (part 2)


    • 25.

      Vocabulary: Body parts


    • 26.

      Vocabulary: Clothing and Occupations


    • 27.

      Conversation: Passport


    • 28.



    • 29.

      Noun states


    • 30.

      Time and Quantity words


    • 31.

      Date and seasons


    • 32.

      Vocabulary: Colors


    • 33.

      Conversation: Döner


    • 34.

      Conversation: Menu


    • 35.

      Vern To Be


    • 36.

      Infinitive form


    • 37.

      Present Simple Tense


    • 38.

      Present Continuous Tense


    • 39.

      Conversation: Afiyet Olsun!


    • 40.



    • 41.

      Vocabulary: Family


    • 42.

      Vocabulary: Illness


    • 43.

      Conversation: Şaka yapıyorsunuz


    • 44.

      Past Tense


    • 45.

      Future Tense


    • 46.



    • 47.

      Vocabulary: Fruits and Vegetables


    • 48.

      Vocabulary: House and Furniture


    • 49.

      Conversation: Fiyat


    • 50.



    • 51.

      Conversation: Afedersiniz!


    • 52.

      Story Past Tense


    • 53.

      Must, Have to, Need to, Want to


    • 54.

      Conversation: Ne haber?


    • 55.



    • 56.



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About This Class

Learn to write, speak and understand Turkish language quickly and easily!

Turkish language course is a complete course for beginners in spoken and written Turkish. It is suitable for those who wish to acquire a small amount of the language to get the most out of a visit to Turkey. It is also ideal for those who require a deeper knowledge of the language in order to communicate effectively in a range of everyday situations.

We assume no previous knowledge of foreign language learning and avoid grammatical terminology where possible. Where such terms are unavoidable, we explain them in plain lay English. Completing this course will give you an intermediate-level knowledge of both spoken and written Turkish. We have designed this course for self-tuition and so it is wholly self-contained.

Course is made of 9 carefully graded and interlocking sections, which all are divided here in so called classes. Each class include one section which is continue of previous one, and it starts with the dialogue, accompanied by simple comprehension questions and notes about the language or Turkish culture. Further you have grammar lessons, where language points are explained, using plenty of examples to illustrate them. The exercises which follow are an essential part of each unit. Open-ended questions have been avoided so you can complete all the exercises using just the answer key. Each unit ends with a second, shorter dialogue which is linked to the opening one.

For self-study we recommend that you use additional documents provided in the section "Class Project". 

We introduce the bricks and mortar of Turkish in small, digestible chunks and they are essential to allow you to communicate further.

After completing this course you will be able to:

  • Communicate in a variety of everyday situations
  • Have a knowledge of the major grammar points of Turkish
  • Master everyday situations in a Turkish speaking countries
  • Communicate accurately what you want to say
  • Develop you reading, writing, speaking and listening skills
  • Talk Turkish easy and fluently

Turkish language course covers all four basic skills: speaking, reading, writing and listening. It is not important if you are a complete beginner or you want to prepare yourself for the business trip or vacation, or you don’t have to time to spent on different classes, through this course you can determine your own pace of learning and to become fluent speaker of Turkish language.

So, if after reading this description you realize that this course is for you than enroll, enjoy learning and of course after completing course, speak Turkish language.

Görüşürüz! :)


Meet Your Teacher

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Nejla Z.

Manager of Information Technologies


Bachelor of Management of Information Technologies
International Burch University
Oct 2013 - Jun 2016

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Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction to the course : Hello and welcome. Don't want to learn Turkish, then you are at the right place. Welcome to Turkish language course. If you already decided to learn Turkish language, I will now tell you why the scores is something that you are looking for. This course first the wall build a strong foundation in Turkish language skills, and it covers all four basic skills. Speaking, reading, writing, listening. It is not important if you're a complete beginner or you want to prepare yourself for the business trip or vacation or on the other side, you don't have time to spend in different classes. Trudy scores. You can determine your own pace of learning and to become fluent speaker off Turkish language. Their official language course is a complete course for beginners in spoken and written Turkish. It ISS suitable for those who wish to acquire a small amount of the language to get the most out off a visit to Turkey. It is also ideal for those who require a deeper knowledge of the language in order to communicate effectively in a range of everyday situations. So if this were you heard from me is something you were just waiting for click and roll and mobile see in the course, after which you will become fluent speaker off Turkish girls shoes. 2. Introducing Turkish Language : Hi, everyone. Welcome to Turkish language course, my knees Naylor and this is less than one introduction here we will buy something about history of the Turkish language. It's origin's usage, as well as about general info about grammar sounds and vocabulary off Turkish language. So let's start. We'll start with the history of the Turkish language. What we need to say is NEDA Turkish Visa 30 clang guage. Spoken by between 65 70 trained 1,000,000 people in the world. It's the official language of 30 and at a regional or partial level in countries like Cyprus, Macedonia in Constable, Turkish is also spoken by large an immigrant communities and by the Turkish population remaining in eastern European Conference author. The extinction off the Ottoman Empire, including Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia. Some of its major linguistic particulary is our role harmony and extensive, a glue tenacious in. Now you will see its origin's Turkish is first spoken on the territory of today's Mongolia . In gradually stuffer did this wrong insolence off Persian and Arabic and in the times of the also money Empire name poked of local Slavic languages such as Bulgarian, Serbian, etcetera more than Turkish is a distended of Ottoman Turkish. But the reform at the beginning of the 20 century subsidiary the Alfa, between more fanatic version of the Latin alphabet and try to purify no language by substituting Persian and Arab loan words with their original perk ish Akwa Violence. Turkish is the official language of 13. It's also official in Notre Cyprus being cool official for Cyprus together, would Greek at the regional or partial level 30 Jeez, official in Casal in Macedonia. Large communities off AC Nick. Turkish population inhabited The Slavic countries wish for formally included in the Ottoman Empire, and 30 she's spoken there. Varieties Thunder Turkish is based on the Stumble dialect since the wrath firm undertaken. Other taken by opera torque in the beginning of the 20th century. Standard Turkish uses the stumble variety ah, fanatic version off the Latin alphabet and a purified version of the vocabulary where many of the old loan words from Arab and Persian do not exist. Several distinct dialects off Turkish exists the mass significant or which include deli or month, then lad, a Dakhlallah, editor DNA, edger and Cypress. Now we'll see brief history. The history of 30. She can be traced more than thousands and 200 years back. At that time, the 30 going was the community inhabited this territory of today's Mongolia. The development off old Turkish was wrongly marked by the gradual impact off Persian and Arab, not only in terms of, well, cavalry. I also sent his construction old photography. The next stage and maybe the most significant is the period of Ottoman Turkish. It go inside, dotted with a historical existence over the Ottoman Empire, which gradually enlarged to encompass the entirety over Eastern Europe. At that time, Turkish also suffered the impact of local linguistic communities, mainly Slavic but also from Greek and other languages. In the beginning, off the 20 century, one of the greatest Turkish layers camel at the torque. Other took critical Raffarin's of the state of Turkey, aiming to establish both a strong and independent national identity and the last religious dominated perception of the world. He adopted Manu of the achievements of Western civilization. As for the language, the ref ERM eliminated the old rabbit based off of it for the steak off a new fanatic version of the Latin alphabet. It also aimed three established Turkish actuals for all lowers from Arab and Persian Since then. The official version off Sunder Turkish is based on the child off east. Now we will go true. Brahma Turkish grandma eases Simplistic Once you get used to the style, however, it can seem to be worried. Difficult sees The grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo European languages. This is the coast Turkish east from a different language family called euro all Taik languages. Some languages similar to Turkish on Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian Kaszak Who's back data Montceau compared English. The most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar cannibalistic as ordering off sentence part a typical Turkish sentence. He's order as subject plus object plus work as an example. Our condition autobahn all the our condition which means my friend easiness Key subject. Then we have object. What is Arab? A car in this case and at the end we have work or craddock AIG, which is work boat which means bought all the which means bought then second. Most fundamental difference is that in the thirties, Grandma Day reasonable gender. There are no articles in Turkish and no gender associated with words, no gender in personal pronounce the Turkish word for he she and it is oh, true think or a fundamental difference ease global harmony. Harmony off warbles is a worry. Fundamental property of Turkish Their rules concerning global harmony needs to be learned as one of the first steps because they are factually we almost the all water rules are applied and NDN we have use of suffixes. Suffixes are worry widely using Turkish the meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and dances are all comfort by adding suffixes The word roots Carl being missing You are in my heart. We will see later in our electors how we get peace for off the sentence. But here and this is the best example for these kind of explanation. Once you get to D. C. Francis and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows while we find seem paroles. Another important point is the way you worried a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represent. These things sound regardless of exposition in a word or the characters next to it, like it is in English. Therefore it is rightful would toe pronounce a word that you see for the first time. Once you're familiar with the characters in the Turkish off of it Was your comfortable or a T least familiar with a harmony rules, the main challenge will be new vocabulary. Turkish will Kabul re can be wary, challenging, since the word have no re stumbles through the European languages. Accepted a few words adopted directly from these languages. And this is all for thes first introductory elector. So I hope you like it and, well, we'll see later in the next lecture lectures questionable. 3. Pronuncation Practice : Hello, guys. One more time. Welcome toe. Turkish language course into the less we will have pronunciation practice as well. He's introducing you the Turkish pronunciation. This action will give you a kick start is her while the words and phrases So look at the 75 items into several next life while listening at how they are a spell. Repeat the words aloud as you hear them. So the worst are divided into several groups according to the situation you needed for. So let's start with the basics of it. Yes. How You know Luthan, Please Salvo. Thank you. Marhaba! Hello, Hachiko. Goodbye Nestle Centers. How are you? Oh, I'm going. Pardon? Excuse me. One more time of it. Hi you Which son? So Marhaba host you Come on. You know so listeners E Barton next group is about talking on London. I understand all my modem. I don't understand. Think hard again. Repeat. Yeah, brush slowly. Let the Mac What does it mean? Indicia English Don't just in there. What is it in Turkish? One more time on London on Mama's. That car? Yeah. Bosch NEDA Mac injury share. Look just in there. Next section is about shopping catch butter. How much urges? Cheap. But hello, Expensive, but very some Yuck! It isn't any full stamp jet on talking for use in public telephone one more time. Koch Bata Oh, Juice! But Hohler but York Cool! Jeff Han. Next group is about eating, but calm listens. Waiter! Excuse me. Yeah, please Price list hyssop be or there, Jimmy. Lunch One more time back. Artemus Ina's the artist. Hiss up or you a Gemini. Next action is about directions. No head there We're so left. Saw rocked Use straight on catch Kilometer. How many kilometers? One more time. Meditator soul Use Koch Guillemette. Then we have traveling. Nice Ammann went Hunty or abuse? Which course would bus ik first? So on Los Millette ticket Borga here Interject bar. I want to get out. Oh, one more time, Nazem on hard Your toes Yuk son, be left Florida and in a car. Then we have accommodation B tickets She one person be to get yet one night. CJackson hot water. The farm will sue nonstop border Cobb, Alta la He's breakfast included one more time. Be Ricky She be to get yet said Jack. So the bomb was so couple to die Then we have times Da Kika minute sought our given the Hafta own Gia earlier ago She may be now Solana later Dune Yesterday Bigon Today and yet on tomorrow So one more time that Kika sought June earn Jeff Shame D Central given their tune and young and then we have numbers us a little joke Ah lot be it one key to hooch You got four Desh Hai use 100 being 1000 mignon millions and really our baby in one more time Us Chuck B is iki huge Dort bash Use game maybe on end media Next rupees about places so well it toilet post on e post office edge Donna Kim Auto guard bus station He's a killer Jefty Fairy Shop Backo Grocer's Shop So let Boston edged on there Oto God use killer and back Oh , and we have group words words for trouble and those are in dot help Gaza accident Dr Dr took a Yup shame on you and with this slide over finished today's lesson But you're a piteous words immediate accent reader files I give you so you can easier fall electrics and host a CO 4. Turkish Alphabet: Hi, guys. One more time. Welcome to Turkish language course. This is second lecture and we will today talk about and I hope learn Turkish off of it in Turkish, off a bit is called Al harvested and consists off 29 letters off which eight levels and 21 constant Each letter has exactly one associative now which never changes woes in Turkish language are, uh, e uh, you know, or oh, if one more time. Ah e ah e Or while continents are b j she there the year Uh, hey, z k Lee made me beer every say she okay. The year to say one more time. Biggy cheese be big. Uh huh. J kill and men here very c shaped a year, is they? There are three letters off the English awful bit that are missing in the Turkish off of it . And those are que double way and X. But additionally, we have seven characters, not founding. Mingle shop of it and those are to and you must get and sure, uh and you and in the end, e the letters of thirties off of it. And the sounds associated with these are in the following tables. And now I will read, Um so you can hear how they are Pronunciation id So letters, Uh, like deep A like they are in a car. Colin East Turkish example. Colin means then then we have books like the bird in best bullock fish. Just like the Julian gender. Jap means pocket. Then we have to like the durian chance Turkish example would be charged the like The in depth Turkish example would be never camel e like the e unless house would be Turkish example. Then we have so like that. But in a colony and Turkish example would be see LF then we have good. Like the good in Jane and the Turkish example would be gammy. Which means she then we have, uh you must have you for soft G, for example. E always you mush on G. Always problems are global and east pronounced in one of two ways. If the Waldo before it is one off our oh, then you Moshe g Will Lenten the sound off that wallow for example? Yeah, most or arch. If the world is one off a e, then you shaggy will be pronounced as year for example. 18 e since you most chunky, he's always preceded by a wobble. There are no words in Turkish that start quitting Next letter would be huh? Like the her in hello Turkish example will be hobby, which means travel. Then we have a like the earth in halted and the Turkish example would be a spa knock, which means spinach. Then we have eat like the e team and Turkish example would be engaged, which means English. Then we have a sure like that Malaysia Turkish example would be gymnastic men's gymnastics . Then we have Logica Town, Sally and Turkey. Example would be heat up, which means book. Then we have Mullah like the Little England limit would be Turkish example. Next letter. Ease em like the M men and Turkish example would be Massa which that's or table next letter east And like the enough No like no in the neighbor no mas, which means prayer. Each Turkish example Oh, like bull and Turkish example, would be loco, which means school next. Either East. Oh, who London do in urge or deck? He's Dr. Then we had, like both in pen and Turkish example would be pardoned. Marc betweens finger. Then we have a like that, and Turkey example would be addressing. Which means picture next letter ease like citing send and 30 example would be so water we have then, sure, like the shirt insurance. Turkish example would be shake at next letter. Ease the like. The intense in turkey example would be top, which means bull. Then we have, like the new in good Kolchak or airplane. He's Turkish. Example. Yeah, like Newt and they're good example will be checked, which means country. Then we have the like devil in men Basel. He's Turkish example. And it means these. Yeah, like the year. Yes, Turkey example would be Yemen, which means food. And again we have is a like this. That is that and 30 Turkish example would be Zomba. Which means, really, this would be Turkish off of it. I hope that it is Goat explained. And I hope that you will learn this so we can steep Turkish authored the next. If you lectures. I hope you like it. And I hope death will to leader even X Lexus. So goodbye, 5. Conversation : Hello guys, This action as every next one, we'll start with a conversation and then we will have grammar lessons. Conversation or in Turkish corner, Sh'ma. This is called economic bottom. Let's see. What do we have here? Sharon is on a holiday. She goes into the local grocers to buy some food to make breakfast. She's keen to use the Turkish. She learned. This is her dialogue with a backhaul. Karen met hubba, unite an offending bottom backup plan. Salon to trick me. Jugs, use gums suit you could be appended to the bottom. Here she's eating York Gum. This was the dialogue of the Karen and backhaul in the grocery shop. Now let's see which words we have here. Would be good warning. Backhaul is a grocer. Offending, is Madame or CR, MSc, bright. Vod, deities. Fatma, easier. Be it. One. You turn the neck. What? Salami? Salami, Sudock, garlic sausage, Nice. Chalk, body. Use 100 gram. Grab. Social media of course, is 18, olive York. There isn't impact or key. After we saw conversation and the vocabulary we have in this conversation, we will now have few sotalol or questions about the dialogue up there. So you need to ask for under polling question. The questions are economic, Fatma, Salaam Burma, he or she is the two bottom. Bottom. If you read out, look up here again. You will see this in the dialogue you have with this question. You will only need science for which bar or. Good luck. See you in the next lesson. 6. Major vowel harmony: Hi everyone. Welcome again to Turkish language course. Today, we are going to talk about harmony. Harmony is one of the most fundamental and important aspects of Turkey's grammar. There it gives words generally obey to wobble harmony rules called the major wobble harmony. And in minor global harmony. These rules changed the bubbles in the suffixes added towards good understanding of these rules is necessary to be able to use suffixes. Hence, to be able to make correct and meaningful sentences. So let me introduce you read the major Wall harmony, ether dish Language. Major role will harmony or ether. Rakesh, do you canoe or your? Before we start with major global harmony rules, we will state some important facts about global harmonies. There is no wall harmony is monosyllabic words and compound words. Suffixes are determined according to the last war will in the word. The word obeying major global harmony. If Warren has only soft or only hard wobbles. We'll see later what is soft and hard wobbles? The meter rule will harmony concerns all the walls in the word together. Now, what I already mentioned, the eight wobbles in the Turkish alphabet are separated into two groups, cold, hard wobbles and so forth. There are four hardware and software tools. Hard balls are. Or software was our. What do we have to mention? Is that worth of Turkish region generally not always have all hard or all software tools. This is just a generalization that you want to use for constructing Turkish words and sentences. Words that have hard and soft balls together are set to wildly to the major global harmony award that violates the major mobile harmony probably has been adopted from another language or has been changed in the lifetime of the Turkish language. Now, we will see that each of the hardware rules, it hard counterparts. One software will be civil or ISA. Following these Fool wobbles can be feared. We did their counterparts as follows. Hard, counterpart, soft. Now we'll see some word examples that OB major will harmony rules. Those are all of these are all hard mumbles. Then we have pendula, all software, hardware or software tools. We can see that a Turkish word is either a hard word or a soft word, depending on its last wobble. F is a soft word. Last and only wobble is a software level is a hard word, sees if last bubble is a hardware level is a soft board. The last one is assault wall. Now a little bit of practice after theory. I will give you a few minutes to try to guess if the following words are hard or soft, and then I will read you correct and squares. Here you go. How lucky you will work. We'll see now. Correct answer are misled. Is a soft word, is a hard word. Use that. Soft. Soft, soft. Jump book. Heart. Now, what do we need to know? What major wobble harmony states is that any suffix appended to a hardware level to a hard word must have hard walls and the suffix appended to a soft word must have soft goals. As an example to this rule, let us consider several suffixes. In the next slides. We'll start with infinitive or master. In Turkish. Suffixes for infinity or mus are AQI, our mock and MEK. And examples would be Betamax. To finish all mach, to become oddly Mac, to miss Lamarck, to understand, enough to believe or trust. Bleak Delic, achy. There is no exact translation for this group of suffixes, but the rough translation would be suffixes for coupling, we'd sum or something or with something. Those are or let La, La. Examples for these group of suffixes in hardness or softness or the words would be dead. Then ylab, the DEM. We have two, which are all soft rules. We'll go with the word would be the Daimler or with my grandfather. And we have guitar. Guitar, because less is all it is as we already Lauren, hard word. So we will add law. What we'll get guitar law, would it get her? Or by the next group of suffixes are suffixes by which we make plural of denounce. Those suffixes are elapsed or law. Examples for these suffixes, as you can see here, our rescue. Because we have E and as a soft balls, we will add because is also a softball. We will get at I seem large, which means pictures. Second example is DUA, because all our old har wobbles, we will add also hard balls. So it will be dual lot, which means blast things. At the end, we have group of locations of fixes. And those are the, the theta n equals sound like these, for example, Alphabet, because is a soft, we will add also. Because a is a soft, we will get puppet there or in the alphabet. Second example, we have metadata. We will add the, because of that, we already have this soft word net, which means it which please, or where. This is all for this lecture. What I have to highlight for you not to worry ease that all of these suffixes, we will work separately. One time comes. These examples are just to go through verbal harmony, which is very important part in Turkish language, as I already mentioned at the beginning of the lecture. I hope you get to this one and see later in the next lecture where you will, where we'll go through minor global harmony or Chicago. 7. Minor vowel harmony: Hi guys. Welcome again to Turkish language course. Today, we are continuing with wobble harmonies and we will talk about minor rubble Harmony today. Enter repeat from last time, wool harmony is one of the most fundamental and important aspect of grammar. Turkish words generally obey doable harmony rules called the major bubble harmony and the minor vocal harmony. More important than the words of being these roles. There are ways these rules changed the wobbles in the suffixes added towards a good understanding of these roles is necessary to be able to use suffixes, hence to be able to make correct and meaningful sentences. We saw last time that eight wobbles in the Turkish alphabet are divided into two groups, as hard and soft wobbles. Besides these groupings, the eight variables are divided into two groups according to their shape. As round bubbles and flat. There are four flat and for round vowels, being ground or flat is actually determined from the shape of the mouth. One pronouncing that wobble. But it can also be seen in the shape of the capital letters. Harmonizing worse according to these rules, is called minor vocal harmony, or in Turkish, Cuckoo, cuckoo or human. We will now see with R which are flat and which are round wobbles. Flag balls are in round bubbles are, or. Let's continue. Turkish word is either around word or a flat word, depending on less wobble is a flat Word, sees its last and only wobble. It is a flat wall, wall. Cool is around word CCS last wobble is around world is a flat word. Since it's less wobble, a ys, a flat wall, wall. Again, as in previous lesson, you have a chance to test yourself to see did you get minor vocal harmony? You again will have half of a minute to see E4 at ESA flat or round. And then I will give you write and source. So here you go. Now. Big reveal. Misled. Flat, flat, flat, flat, unum set, flat, Chubb book, round. In the next few slides, we will see some rules that minor wobble harmony states. First of them is a suffix starting with E is added to a heart and wrong word, the E in the suffix becomes o. Example for this rule, ease word or cool, which means school. It is a hard wobble suffix. We will add 0s, which gives the meaning my, my school would be, our column, sees the suffix m changes according to wobble harmonies and becomes awkward. Second rule would be if a suffix starting with E is added to a soft and round board, the E in the suffix becomes example for this would be word, which means rows. Suffix we will add is also m, which gives them meaning my. My rows would be golden. Since the suffix m changes according to wobble harmonies and becomes uhm. So it will not be equal, be gloom, it will not be human. It will be good. Since the aim changes according to the minor vocal harmony and major role harmony and becomes. For one more example, we will see how each function to add suffix according to the major and minor role harmonies. Simultaneously. We have words, Chico lata, which means the chocolate in FASTA, Which mean cake to work on. To collect data and pass them, we have four possible suffixes. New. What is the last word of data? It is is a hard what will therefore Lee and mu are eliminated as first U2. And because they are software tools in our ISA, hard wobble then is a flat wall here for a little easily remediated because ease around wobble. Or we have another strategy is a flat fall. Therefore, nu are eliminated first because all and around wobbles. A little. Lee remained. Because is a hardware level, is a soft. The only one alternative is, look. We will get Chico pasta or chocolate cake. I hope that after this example, now it is even more clear than earlier and death you understand, but of course, you will have chance to test yourself. The quizzes you can find in the course curriculum. That's yourself and see, did you get the point? And of course, if you had any questions or some misunderstandings, you can always contact Metro Miami or Udemy account. Thank you for listening and see you later in the next lectures. 8. Practical notes on vowel harmony: Hi everyone. Welcome to Turkish language course again. Today we will continue with global harmonies. And again, we will repeat wall harmony is one of the most fundamental and important aspects of Turkey's grandma. Turkish words, general UB to wobble harmony rules called the Major harmony, the minor bubble harmony. These rules changed the walls in the suffixes added towards. A good understanding of these rules is necessary to be able to use suffixes. Hence to be able to make correct and meaningful sentences. In today's lesson, we'll state some notes and mobile harmony. Let's start. As far as wool harmony is concerned, we can separate all the suffixes in Turkish into two main groups. Thinking in terms of these two cases simplifies these seemingly complicated rules. And these are case one. This is exist with first of all, we'll E, which are your case two suffixes, which first bubble a. This suffixes, they then also fixes with first normal ie, fall into the first group. And they are different forms of this case modified according to wobble harmony rules. You can see some examples here below. Those are my honey, my home, my class, deme, my tongue. Solemn. My left goes from my eye column. My school. Migrate also fixes with the first formal fall into the second group. And they are different forms of these keys modified according to all harmony rules. Some example for this case would be Borodin from the car, from home. Kappa done from the door. Venice then from the sea. Sold on from the left. Just them from the eye. From school. Kept the done from the door. Note that no suffix has all or as the first mobile. Actually, no suffix has the letter O in it and there is only one so fixed that has the bubble. This is the suffix for present continuous tense. And it is. This or this suffix does not change according to any wobble harmony rules. Examples are, buckle your HESI, eat. It is looking. Galliard is coming, is squeezing. Belly, our nose is running, is finding. New York, is laughing. Of course, we will do the stance when it comes to the tenses. But it is just to see how it function in suffixes and these group of suffixes because and relate it to wobble harmony rules exist in case one are affected from both of the major harmony and the minor bubble harmony. For example, the suffix d can become the, the dual or do, depending on the word at which it is appended. We had example below here, and those are found Guide, cane, broke, BDD, new, sold, left, go-to, see. Sound. Or should you get cold? As you can see, the translation of these words that I just read. Those are dense of the words. But of course, as I already mentioned, we'll do tenses separately. So don't worry, we will cover everything later. During the course. The difference in difference from the suffixes in case one, the cervix is engaged. T2 are affected by only the major while harmony rule, the minor rubble harmony is not related to this case of suffixes. For example, the suffix can become etic or attack depending on the word and which it is appended. So it will be Bacharach with locking said that with lobbying, with squeezing, be laid-back, with knowing knowingly cause shock, running. We'd seen with Bukalapak with bending. With this slide, we will finish the day lesson. And these were notes under global harmony rules. This is all for this lecture, but I have to ask you something. I wanted to ask you one word, words you'll find in slides. Of course, will have vocabulary, vocabulary the lecture separately, but more words you will barring quicker, you will learn some language and start to speak it. So please, it is desirable for every lecture to learn all off. Or if you are not able. Some of the words we mentioned here till the next time, go shows. 9. Consonant harmony: Hi guys. Here we go again. Since the Turkish is all about harmonies. After we finish robo Harmony today, I'm presenting you with that concert on harmony. Besides the wobble harmony rules, there are other basic rules that affect the way suffixes are used. A wobble following an adder is never allowed in Turkish. Remember, wobble following an adder is never allowed in Turkish, and they are all still avoided the situations when they occur as a result of other rules. But what we'll talk about it later. There are also rules about consonant harmony that make some consonants change in certain cases. So let seat. Wool harmony rules cause the wobbles of suffixes to be modified. Monday are added to some words. There are similar rules about consonants. However, you may feel that all these rules are too many just for a simple start. Then I advise you to omit the consonant harmony rules. When you want to see or write something just for the beginning, you will still be understood. Consonant harmony is mainly for making speech more fluent, eat it doesn't have a major effect on understandability. You will eventually learn these if you decide to continue learning Turkish as you read sentences, or at least into Turkish speakers. And of course, there are two different cases of consonant harmony. First one, ease either the last consonant of the main word changes or in the second case, the first consonant of the surface exchanges. The trouble making consonants. In this case, our YMCA. We have first case, which is word mutation. There are two conditions that must be satisfied for word mutation to a cure. And those are, you have a word ending with one of, but you'll want to add this word a suffix that starts with a wobble. If the word has only one syllable, like such, you are a safe. The word usually doesn't change. We have Satcher, he's her East here. Subpar to the handle. However, even the word has more than one syllable, then the consonant at the end usually changes. Becomes, becomes, g, becomes, becomes. Here are some examples. Cities will become to the tree. One we add suffix. Shut up. When we add suffix will become shutter button. The wine in translation. When we add suffix, R will become Canada 30 paper. Word gate. When we add suffix, it will become due to the ear. As for any rule, there are exceptions. There are exceptions. The board and a single style ball and multiple style. Both cases mentioned about, for example, cop. When we add the suffix will become Kaaba, the container and sought. When we add suffix in will become sauteing the clocks. What do we have to note here? That you should still learn and apply the rules? Do they are not too many of these exceptions. Second case is suffix mutation. For the suffix mutation, all also two conditions must be satisfied. First one is debt. You have a word ending with one off. The end. You'll want to add these word a suffix that starts with G. Or the. In this case, the first letter of the consonant changes, becomes two. Becomes. The. Examples for this case would be Polish people. To make word Polish language, we will add suffix j, but because of the consonant harmony, it will be less. English language. It is same for the Turkish. Will say it is in translation, Turkish people. But if you want to make Turkish language, it will be, it will not be corrupt reject. You. See, it sounds very weird. So as I mentioned at the beginning, people are all about harmonies. Harmony in Turkish language. Last example, 0s, which is due. Thus dance with a suffix equal not be Yap body. It will be Yap. He did. With these examples. I will finish today's lesson. And this is all for consonant harmony. I hope this was clear and that you'll learn what I wanted to tell you. Of course, you have to repeat after lessons to see what are your abilities to test yourself to see what you'll learn. This is all for me, for me today and see later in the neck, less than Jekyll. 10. Questions in Turkish : Hi guys. And our lesson of Turkish language course, ease in front of you. And today we are asking, or at least learn about asking in Turkish questions. In Turkish, we call logs. So let's see what do we have here. For the beginning, we have questions sentences. In Turkish. Like in English. Us. Questions sentences can be classified into two groups. Yes, no questions and regular questions. There are also question tags. For example, questions of the form you are coming are into. In this lesson, we will see how these different types of questions can be asked in Turkish. Before I'm looking at the questions, how the questions are constructed. Let's see the question words. In Turkish. In English we have what? In Turkish will see? Neck? Which Hunger? Net? When? Meso man, how muscle? How many? Astana? How much NACADA, how often? Sickle claw. I will repeat one more time. 30 Schwartz. And it will be net. Team. Has Meta message. Nozzle, catch Tana, Mecca dot next, claw. Let's continue. Which yes-no questions. In Turkey she has no questions are constructed with a question so fixed. It is important to note, however, the question suffix me is written separated from the word it is appended to it. We can see now examples. This is a book will be to keep it up. Is this a book? Will be Keita. Note here that how the regular sentence is turned into a yes, no question sentence by the addition of the questions. So fix me as ****** would be. Yes, this is a book, Kitab or no, this is not a book. This is a notebook. Will be to get up date will be at def, def. You can ask at this point, why is it a suffix? Y is called a suffix. Instead of a separate work. If it is written separately. The reason questions, so fixed me is regarded as a suffix is that it has to satisfy the major and minor wobble harm on your mobile harmony rules for the word it is appended to. Now, let's see some examples sentences demonstrating the use of the question. So fixed me. He's name is on it. On other argument. Is his name Ahmed. Ahmed me. As you can see here now it is me. Beth later you will see some other examples. Yes, He's name is Ahmed. No, he's name is not on it. He's name is Mamet. On, on on, on audio. Just mentioned for inflation for the first sentence because it missing here, it will be yes. Adl. And second, as we know his name, he's not he's name is Mohammed higher on other magazine or on other arm management? No, He's name is magnet or a third way of answering these questions. Question would be hired on other arm it. Then we have a second type of questions and those are regular questions. Regular questions are the ones constructed using the question words listed in the second slide. The answer to these questions are not simply yes or no. In English, there is a certain word order for regular question sentences. The question word comes first and the rest of the sentence elements follow it. In Turkish, however, watches are constructed in a quite different way. To learn how to construct a question, a simple way is to follow the following steps. This is where we'll work in mosquito and steps, our first step is to construct the ends were sentence. Second step is to locate the word or phrase, that is the actual answer to the question. Third step would be to just replace debt word or phrase. That is the actual answer to the question with the appropriate question word. We will see now how it is one, we apply this on an example. So the question we want to ask is, who is this? First step? The answer sentence will be something like, this is my brother, bull bending cartoon. So the first step to make S for sentence, this ease my brother whooped Benny Carter. Second step to find a phrase which is actual Unsworth. The answer to the question is the phrase, My brother Benny, cognition. Three-step to replace this phrase with a question word or Kim. And the question sentence becomes looking. Book. Kim will bend in Cartesian. Who is this? This is my brother. Now to see some more examples for these case, consider the sentence. Edit. Give your audience is going home. He's going home. Kim ever get it in the regular centers, is replaced by the rest of the sentence is the same. Now we have, where did it go? Many. F in the regular sentence is replaced by Neta, question word. Note that the question word Neta also takes the suffix of the world of the word F becomes net AN meaning tour we're doing. Admit me up. Your the phrase, every good deal in the original sentence is replaced by now. Yeah. What's he doing? Now? Yeah, You're, the phrase EDA is replaced by ne up your n. We got, what's he doing? Now we have to make question's asking a warp. Note that to make a question sentence asking a word we use in English, watts plus to be in the appropriate sand tens plus object plus to-do in the appropriate tense. For example, with are you doing? What did admit to do? Any Turkish. This structure becomes object plus net plus MC, India property sense in-person. For example, may yup your son or omit chapter. This is simply the regular sentence where the action is replot replaced by net plus Jaap MAC, which is consistent with our rule for constructing questions sentences. Constructing. Now we have one more topic for tizzy and this is a question tasks. Third type of questions. Constructing question phrases in Turkish is very simple and straightforward. You just add, they meet at the end regardless of the sentence. For example, you are home are into ever since he did his homework, didn't, he? Didn't have to be. Mamet will come today wanting madmen BUT energetic Davey. Just sentence. And at the end, the end of the sentence, you just add, David me. This is all for me in this lecture and about questions. I hope you understand me and that you learn something. So see you later in the next lesson. 11. Vocabulary: Animals : Hi guys, and welcome to another lesson on Turkish language course. It is time to open a new section and to start to learn words. We will start with animals or in Turkish. Hi Vaughn log. As I already mentioned, it is worrying important to learn new words. If you want to learn some language ahead of you or doesn't so words in the vocabulary section. So here you go. Now, let's see some Turkish names for animals. We already mentioned that animals are called high bond law in Turkish language. So animal would be high-volume. Lion, Arslan, dagger, Kaplan, sheep, neck, rooster, beak, dogmas, horse, donkey, Turkey, handy. Doc, back, get good. The mouse, fish, Bullock, whale, Ballon, Valentina, Duffy, Humans, shark killed Beck. Octopus, support, insect, bug, BoJack, butterfly, Carl, Wolf. These bet, Yara, beaver, go, Marta, hawk, shocking, hedgehog. P, square rho, seem job. Stork, lay, lack, alter, back, Baba, warm. Solo, John, Cook, grasshopper. Check you to get Zebra. Zebra, Fox, snake, Yulan, elephant, beer, dude off Judah, penguin. Gwen, spotter, Jack, crocodile, team saw lizard. Thank Keller. Turtle, Kaplan Bar, rabbit, bird, frog, quarter, monkey, mind. Etienne will see sex with animals. What is important to mention here is dead sacks of animals is defined by added words. And those words are L Keq for male animal, and DC for female animal. Arslan may lie him would be L kick off salon while female line would be the shoe off slum. So you can see core, Keck court, the court females, giddy, Ed kicks caddy, male cat. Does she can be female kit. And it is always the same rule. It is the same for the human being also only for female. It is not DC, but cars. For example, male child would be at a kick to a joke and Goodchild would be for female trick. This is all for this part in this lesson. See you later in the next one. 12. Vocabulary: Antonyms : Hello guys. We continue week learning words into dy, the group awards. So we are talking about in Turkish cautious on loan loss. In the first part and second part of the lesson, we have pancreas. Let's see some basic Antony. Next several slides. You can see some basic antonyms you want to know. So tricolor earnings. So we can check your knowledge later. Big, small, big, fast, slow. Quick, slow. Checkbook. Empty. Ldl, Bosch. Easy, difficult. X4. Heavy, light. Open, shut. Cupola. Right, wrong door. Young, old, Yanni. Old, young. Yash, look. First. Loss. Beautiful, ugly. Use. Cheat Qin. Free, busy. Best measure. You bet. Good to better. Wars. The high, the hacker to the best, the worst. And E N early, late. Ken. Yes. Right, left. Short, dark, light, high, low. Cec, chalk. Theme. Colon. Set. Cheap, expensive Jews. But how far? Back here? Boron. Now, second part of the lecture would be punctuation or knock THE Ulama in Turkish language. Let's see full stop in Turkish. We will see knockdown while comma we will see VQ. Question mark would be shot at. Exclamation mark would be would be test may shot it. Quotation marks would be the nuc is shot. Colon would be akin, Okta, semicolon would be knocked. A pattern thesis would be what slash would be? Cheesy. I will end the lesson and all you need to now is Coburn. These words. Fill the next scene. Goodbye. 13. Conversation: Meeting people: Hi everyone, Welcome again in Turkish language course. After we hear something about Turkish language history and learn off of it. Now we will go through some basic conversation phrases. In some example of the conversations in Turkish language. Met hubba. Many modern Nala had the bus route. First, we will see how meeting people ease interchange language. When you meet people in Turkish language, you will probably use most of these phrases and sentences. So let's see what do we have here? I will write search examples, but you can see translation right above it. Met hubba, unite, sham lot. Nevada, nail. Has Galton is look for the answers were unwelcome in Turkish language, very specific as far as you can see, it is hopeful book. It means thank you, but it is just replied to welcome. Now, we will continue with introducing in Turkish language. Introducing in Turkish language will include phrases like this. What is your name? My name is Nala. Nala. How are you? I'm fine. Thank you. Should do next slides. We will just continue with this phrases. So let's see. How old are you? Catch your shin dissenters. 20 years old. Ben, you hear me? Yes, ma'am. Where are you from? Middle Easterners. I speak English, ben English. I am learning Turkish. Bend. Or I'm pleased to meet you. Magnum Oldham, pleased to meet you to bend the membrane. Oldham. Now we will see an example of the basic conversation in Turkish language. I'll translate to this for you. Met hubba bend Layla. Hello, I am Leyla med hubba band the Abby. Hi, I am Abby. Mm. And Oldham. Pleased to meet you. Bend meet two metal centers. Where are you from? I'm from England. You bend. I'm from Turkey. Net E-sharp for your son knows. What is your occupation or what job you do? Me madam, I am an architect, bending or it's money. I am. And Professor. Second example. As you see, we'll show conversation between some people who know each other. Let's see. Med hubba, nozzle Syne. Hi, How are you? I'm fine. You bend the IV cell muscle. Fine too. Thank you. How is your wife? She's fine to NUS lucky viewer. How your job's going. Young paras, it's not bad. I'm just a little bit tired. Hubble argues that the water is nice these days. Habit. Jack, you said. Yes, it's very nice. Nasa goes shadows. Wherever. See you. See you. These were simple, basic conversation in Turkish language for the beginning and after we go through grammar rules and other rules in Turkish language, we will go back to talking. Memnon Oldham, good shooters. 14. Practice 1: Hello guys. It comes time for us to practice a little bit. In this course practice, you will have four tests. Try to answer those question, correct according to the knowledge and the International Legal bit. And then you can check answers in the documents I provide in curriculum. Let's see what are our tasks? We have derived form of suffix, like it is done in the first example. What are done? According to the vocal harmonies and according to the rules we already met in previous lessons, you will decide which form of fixed peer will be appropriate in these sentences. Bluetooth or gal? Or should you look ballpark? Or q? This is all for the task one. Task two, or write a negative form of following sentences. So you have example here also for the first case sentence, or a dam ganged did in the negative form will be done again. They did. As you can see here, we have board daily, which is a negative word for the meeting sentences. And you have four more sentences to turn into negative form. And those are called her book, pizza plot, shoe Masada that you sat. Then we have task tree following sentences right into negatively questionable form. It will be alike. Codon has studied Booker than hasta de immediate. As you saw in previous lessons. You have negative n and negative or questionable form. Again, we did negative word Dean. And of course, with the word or suffixes. You decide which one is appropriate here. According to the sentences. Shoot to look into theaters were on Monday. Or them prophets who couldn't Ashland good or bad idea. And we have task for translation. You have task to translate. Next sentences, ether Turkish from English. You have all. So example for us here at this is window would be Turkish book Penn shredder. And you have questions, sentences, sorry that our doors, this is not CDC's leak. Is each child, this kid is beautiful, is this girl Worker. Those are four tasks you will have in the practice. One, you will of course have more practices and you will have chances to do check your knowledge. Till now. We'll just say, good luck. 15. Conversation: Buyrun : Hello guys. One more conversation is here. It is called void on. So let's see what it is all about. Cavern still at the groceries. And she's asking them to Clues. Fan, boy, don't be too shook. Coup to suit. Buckle as verse. Cotton, blue, shoot me. Pneumo. Does a sudoku. The mob boss, York, Tisha could let Hep-C NACADA use fish. I could. Not offending. This was conversation in the grocers. We have vocabulary related to this conversation and the words we have here, our bottom half, liter, suit, milk, CTO, box, fresh. Long lies. Melissa. Unfortunately, mom, Lashkar, something else. Hep-c, everything. How much? Turkish currents? This is all for this vocabulary. So see you later in the next lesson. 16. Pronouns first part : Hello guys, one more time. Welcome to Turkish language course. Into the lesson, we will have pronunciation practice as well. He's introducing you to Turkish pronunciation. This section we'll give you a kick-start is why will the words and phrases look at the 75 items into several next slides while listening and how they are spelled. Repeat the words aloud as you hear them. Words are divided into several groups according to the situation you need it for. So let's start with the basics. Yes. No. Fan, please. Thank you. Hello. Goodbye. Nestle centers. How are you? I'm fine. Pardon? Excuse me. One more time. Hi. Matt hubba, host your colon. Bottom. Next group is about talking. I understand. The Muslim. I don't understand. Take it out. Again, repeat slowly. Let the Mac, what does it mean? Engaged English. What is it in Turkish? One more time. On love them. Unlimited. Yavapai. Neither MSc. Next section is about shopping. Catch pada, how much? Cheap or expensive? Some Yacc, the reasons any stem jet on talking for use in public telephone. One more time. Catch pada. Baha'u'llah, yolk, full shutdown. Next group is about Ethan. Excuse me. See pricelist, ESOP, be yummy, lunch. One more time. But at least this next section is about directions where salt left spread on kilometer. How many kilometers? One more time. Let it catch kilometer. Then we have troubling. When ***** or taboos which posts lost ticket, water down. Here. I want to get out of one more time. Less Amman. Thank you. To the left. Water. Then we have accommodation. B2c, one person B to get yet. One night. Hot water, bottles, nonstop border. Breakfast included one more time. But Kishi, be it again. Jack school, the bamboo Sue Bell to die. Then we have times. The key minute. Our hafta week ago. Now, liter yesterday, tomorrow. So one more time. That key cmd. And then we have numbers, has little chalk. A lot. Be at 1234501,000,000,001 more time as chalk dot bash use mean beyond and medial. Next group is about places. Toilet posted on a post office. Sauna, God, scalar, jetty, fairly sharp. Backhaul. Grocery shop to Boston. Octagon, scalar, backhaul. We have group of words for crumble. And those are that help casa. Excellent. Doctor. Doctor. Chuck, Europe. Shame on you with this slide. We'll, we'll finish this lesson. But you repeat his words, imitate accent, read files I'll give you so you can easier follow lectures and posture. Cow. 17. Numbers : Matt hubba, my lovely students. Let's continue with learning Turkish language. It is time to pause with the worst for a little bit and pass on numbers. Numbers or cellular in Turkish language. For the silo. Or we can say that it's constructing numbers in Turkish is simple and straightforward. They're all 0s to line up with the parts in decreasing marketed like an English, but without putting any conjunctive words in-between. For example, direct translation of 1256 from Turkish would be thousands, Two 156. Let's continue to construct numbers. After you take a look at zippo below, the numbers from 0 to ten, definitely needs to be learned without annual as well as ten, prevent t a 100,000,000,000 billion, etc. After that, it's all about applying this simple, straightforward rules and practicing. Now we will see table. Those are numbers. I will read each of them. We had 0 which is suffered, suffer 011234, door Bash 678910. On foot. B is qi dot dash. D, CEC ease doc who's on now to continue? 11 on buttes on 13 or 14 on dot 1516 on Alta. 1718 on stack is 19 on Docker's to the empty Udemy, 21221340506070. Yet Mish sex then 90 doc San, 100 US. Again. On, on, on, on, on, on bash, on Ultra, on Yeti, on psyches, on Udemy. Udemy, be it your autos. Ultimate yet niche, sex, Sen, Dog SAN, use. 137. Use AutoCAD. Hundreds, a key use, 300 thousand to a thousand. It could been then thousands. On BIM, 25 thousandths. Udemy bash bin, million B2B beyond billion B2B BR. Now, looking at the tables in previous slides, let us see how some numbers are read in different cases. We have 58, which is 63. Ultimately. As you can see, 15 seconds, 858, ultimate, 6397, dioxane Yeti. Hundred and four hundred and forty eight, use Kirk stickies. 752,765. Media. Use ultimate, 48,392. Quick psyches being used, oxen EJ 305,018. We choose bash be on CEC ease 4000000007, seven hundred sixty two million, three hundred forty five thousands, hundreds. 58 will say in Turkish, yada, yada, ultimate, shaky, median, which use Bash being EQs any seconds. Milliards, Yeti use ultimate EQ median, US, quick bash, BEQ, whose seconds? Now we will go on fractions. In Turkish castle add. Another point to note here is how to read fractions. The most commonly used form, x 0.5 is read as the whole part of the number, followed by virtue word. In Turkish. The only exception to this is the 0.5 keys, which is red like the other fractions. For the other fractions, the whole part of the number is red first, and then the fractional part is that as if it as if it is a separate number officer saying The IQR actually be argued means comma. And this word is used for separating the whole part and the fractional part of a number. Comma is used instead of point or dot because in Turkish convention, fractions are separated by comma. What we'll see now in the next slide, how it looks like. We have 2.5. We will see a cubic Two 174.5 EQ use yet, which took 0.5, suffer be used Bash 104.25 US dollar figure. You'd me bash 14.87.52. Yeti, VQ the leaky thousands in 705 BBQ Yeti use cash. 48,012. We will see stickies. Did you suffered on EG 305,008? What we'll see shoes bash mucous surface the first Thank you. Now fraction denoting a Jack face. We should also look at the translational fraction denoting a Japanese. And those are health, which we'll see. But you have to be careful that this is used only as an objective. The word B2C is used instead when you were reading numbers, half of bread is Yad Vashem economic 1.5. Beautiful book in quarter in Turkish for we'll say CEDAC. Some sentences and phrases using these objectives would be half an hour, which is adam sought by half of bread. Yada mcmc, Alt Jo Made a fall in the last quarter. Giussani, chat actor before the APTA. Now, let us take a look at how order is indicated using the numbers. The suffix used for order. Adding this at the end of any number will give the meaning of order. An important point to pay attention here, as always, ease that this suffix changes according to wobble harmony. So let's see how this look like. First beating G. Second, EKG, EKG, want to mobile false when they're next to each other. Third, fourth, fifth, bashing gene sticks, often seventh year DG, all non-Jew. Fancy fifth, Udemy bashing g, Fifty, LNG. One more time, beating G, EKG, Oettinger. Meshing G, Alton, getting G, all non-Jew, uni bisschen G. With this examples, we finish the lesson about numbers. I hope learn that now you can stay, but of course we will test it during the course. So see you next time. Thank you. 18. Vocabulary: Character : Hello guys, here we are with more words. So let's not waste our time and let's go to learn more words. Today, words are about character. So let's see what do we have? Character. It is also set in the Turkish language. Behavior. In Turkish would be honest. Judas. Patient, suburb. Inpatient, suburbs. Kind. Keep boss, broad, rule. Polite, impolite, Kaaba, decent. Not skillful. Yet then Glover. Or a color, quite school or curious. Medical, funny, comic, boring, cruel. Xylene. Cell K2. Talkative. Ashcan. Good. Bed. Go to. Naive. Optimistic or pessimistic, shy, strange, God. Sensitive. Do we solve? Crazy, children? Tolerant? Tolerance? Glom, see, staccato. Did use enemy on tidy. Do senses, friendly. Johnnie Cochran, glad, magnum. Hardworking. Cello, Ashcan, lazy. That Ben. Joyful. Happy, unhappy. Set. Huge boon. Surprising. Serious, charming, shaky G. Angry scenario or stupid, arrogant Q-star. Jealous. Understanding. Excuse. Obedient. Nice, harsh, amusing. Doi for modest. I'll chuck this slide. I will finish this part into these lesson. See you later in the next one. 19. Personal suffixes: Hi everyone. This is another lecture of Turkish language course. And today we are going to talk about personal suffixes. As you heard until now in Turkish language, everything is done by suffixes. So when you want to make subject of the sentence, you will use these suffixes, or in some cases also predicate. It is probably confusing now, but what did we finish this part? You will see it is simpler than it sounds. What is maybe specific for Turkish language is that you don't need to use personal pronouns. Say that you did something or that you are doing something. Personal suffixes are used for debt, unlike other languages, for example, or genome, I am tall for a specific personal pronouns, they are specific deficits, suffixes, as you can see here on slide, and they are added to denounce. We'll see now for each person how it sounds. We have for Ben and personal suffixes for ease. As we know from previous lessons, it is because of the wool harmonies. According to the wobble harmony, we will choose one of these possible personal suffixes for the first person. Then we have send you personal suffixes for our scene. Son, soon, soon. Then we have all four. All we don't have personal suffixes. It is without root. Same, but you will see later in the exam, or personal suffixes, possible personal suffixes according to the wall harmony could be East US. We have sees you fluoro. First of all, possible personal suffixes for C's are seen as tsunami, tsunamis. And at the end we have all our personal suffixes are lat long. Now we will see example. You can use, I will repeat that you can use personal pronoun, but, but it is not common in Turkish language. For better understanding in this case, I will use them, but in the sentences, probably not. This is an example where noun ends with a consonant. Ben, doctoral. I am Dr. Dr. Soon. You are a doctor. Doctor. He she is doctor Dr. Russ. We are doc purse. Since Doctor Who knows? You are a doctor. Dr. LA, the ER doctors. Remember in this case also when noun ends in wobble, we need fusion consonant. What we will see in this next example, where noun ends with a golf ball. We will say orange gene. I am student or ingesting. You are student. Orangey. Here example that all doesn't have any suffix for the personal pronoun. When you see just these kind without any suffixes, it means this is a third person. Pngs, we are students, orange listeners. You, our students for deplorable. Orangey lacked the our students. Next what we will see E is negative four. Negative four into 30. She language is made by the word day, which means not. We will see now how it, how it is for all phases. First we have daily, as we saw at the beginning, is the same suffix for the negative form in Dalian bent dating. I am not. What? I have to mention. That date doesn't change according to any rules. What will harmony or not? Which will always, for the first phase will be dating. I am not been dating Davison. Davison. As you can see also, for the second phase, you will, will always say they see not the student, would they? They've seen you aren't just there for the O. It doesn't have any suffix. Or he she he she eats isn't Bailey's beads days? We are not. You are not aren't or online or daily? Because it sounds too odd to use lad continuously. If you want to say on LOD day lab, it may be correct as well, but we usually do not prefer to use the second map. Don't use to allow only one. Now we will see how negative form is. Some example. For example, Ben or Zoom dating, I am not dual. Ozone Davidson. As you can see, personal pronouns are in parenting is because you can use them, but it is not usual. I'm repeating. Ozone day since you are not at all. He she eat isn't tall. Ozone dailies? We aren't at all. Sees ozone basin is you are until ozone daylight. They aren't tall. Or we can see all not awesome. They are not taught the same. You can use whatever you want. Again, we will see one more example for a dip negative form. And this is orangey Dalian, I'm not student orangey days scene. You are not student orangey day. He she it is not student orangey days. We are not students. Orangey decent. You are not student. Orangey daily. Not student's lot. Orangey, David. They are not students. The same. For the four D. We have two options, as you can see here and in previous example. Now a few sentences which will help you to make this clear. First one, Ben orangey Dalian audit. Many, I am teacher and not student. As you can see, Ben orangey dating on gain will meet for the first phase and negative form audits many as you can see here, M on denounce make sentence, which will tell you a debt. I am teacher with many that the sentence in the Turkish language. We mentioned, we mentioned already, but we will repeat. Suffixes make almost every form. In Turkish language. Ben orangey day or with many. This is the second way you can, you can also set Ben orangey gain or its many. This is also correct. You can choose In speaking, usually you will say bad odor, GPA or arithmetic, but in writing. Or it will say Ben orangey Daydream or money. Or this thing sentence, the same meaning, but you can see Ben all its many orangey date. I am teacher, not student. Now we go to interrogated form, Turkish language. We are asking questions by adding more or mu. According to global harmony word. It is always written separately of the world and goes at the end of the sentence. The sentence already exist in there, either in the sentence already exist interrogated form. We don't add mi, mama or more. We will see now, plus m, which is the suffix for the first phase. We will get me, which means MI. Then we have missing for the second missing Ru. As you can see here in the first case, I forgot to mention that. Again, diffusion constant because we have to World War One. Besides daughter, for the third person, we don't have suffix, so it is just me. It plus we will get vz by fusion consonant. And it means are we missing is, are you in the plural? Latin for the RD or on lar? Now, we will understand it better when we see example. Let's see example. For the first, we will see select my whom. Am I stupid? Celac. Celac muslin. Are you stupid? Stupid, stupid. Select centers are used stupid. Select glaucoma online. So LACMA, they are toys. Sell Oklahoma online to LACMA. Are they stupid? Now we will see sentences. Mean MI a toe. When are you at home? He, she eat at home. Are we atone? Abdominus? Are you at home? The lad me RD at home or on them? A lot of Anthony, three ways. Now, we will see one more example. If they decent, why aren't you at home? That navbar, what is in your hands, as you can see here, we don't have Word me more or moon. This is because we already have interrogating words. It is wrong to see if the daily saying, don't do this, it is wrong. Lea is already an interrogative upward. That is enough for the sentence, the DC, why are Intuit home? It is wrong to say that Nevada, Nevada is already an interrogative sentence. Net is already an interrogative word. So it will be enough. Is enough just to, just to see what is in your hands. Because they interrogated adverbs already expressed the question meaning. With these examples, I will finish the day's lesson. I hope you like kits and that you'll learn something. 20. Possesive suffixes: Hi guys. One more time. Welcome to Turkish language course. We are going to talk about one more group of suffixes, and those are possessive suffixes. If you remember, in electrode personal suffixes, I was mentioned that you can use personal pronouns, but you don't have to. When you make a sentence using personal suffixes. It is the same situation here, which was acid suffixes. When you use possession suffixes in making words or sentences, you can, but usually it is not case to use in front of it personal pronoun also. Let's now see what we use for possession. Here. What must be sad that if the words, and we'd, if the word ends with a consonant, the possessive suffixes, they can narrow walls as helper roles. In these situations. The EME, personal, possessive, in genitive and in possessive seem to seem by the old, separate them as long as you understand the topic, it is not too difficult. Now we will see what are the possessive suffixes. As you can see here, we have de possessive pronoun bending. The possessive suffix is MC. When we add a letter to the noun, we will get translation of my something. For descending. It is, and it will be yours. Known. He's her, it's BC. It will hours season. It will mean yours on Letterman or Ledi, and it will mean there. Now, it will be more clear when we see example. I hope. So. We have word or word odd-odd means. When we add ladder m, which is poured it. Personal, for the possessive suffix, which is for the possession. My mistake for the possession. We will said that all ****. Myrone. Ada plus n will give my room. Odm. Done. Your room. Plus. As you can see now, to wobbles again, we will add letter S, in this case. Ada. Plus. We will get all the his, her room. Demo. Our room, your room. Dla. Second example is plural of the word ADA. Plural we will make by adding a lot, as you remember. Plus log. We will get ADA law, which means rooms. But now we have consonant, letter at the end. Ease consonants. So now it is a little bit different. As you know. Now we will get, instead of just m plus m, We will get the labrum, my rooms. Plus N. We will get other Latin or your Ohm's law. We will get, or della, he's her Ethereum. We will get the lateral masses, as in the first case, we'll add a fusion. Our rooms plus nurse will get all the Latinas or urines. Dlr plus or will get all the ladder theorems. Now what we'll see difference between possessive and personal. What I have to mention here is that you need to know personal suffixes where we allow, if you want to know the difference between potassium personal might be so advise that if you are not very clear with personal suffixes, go and again here lecture about personal suffixes. So you can understand this better. It will be better for you, but it is your choice. We have orangey plus m, We will get orange him, It is my student. This is possessive suffix m, but orangey, bless him, which is personal. For the first person, we have orange, as we already mentioned in the last lecture. So orange means I am student, and orange him is my student. Orange in your student. But orangey mean is off the student book of the student. For example. Orange and orange plus e possessive is orange. You see his students. But orangey plus E is acquisitive. Will. This is not what we already mentioned, but we will have lecture for the state of nouns, which is another free of Turkish language. But now, just to know that orangey plus E is acquisitiveness form of the noun. So in this case we will get orangey, which is the student. But as you can see here, we have the termination. So it is some specific student, some non-student. Orange you see is students, but orangey ease the student. Let's go see examples. Some examples. If you are very clear with the division of personal suffixes and possessive ones, you will be able to see difference between those tool and also contexts will help you with understanding and translation. To. Now you will see Dr. Bailyn audit many I am teacher, not doctor, but we have all bending audit many. This is the same. He is my teacher, is the meaning. Dumps tending audit many, many is that manual teacher. We have mob the audit many ni is the blue car, the teachers body. Or with many ease, the blue car, the teachers, this is possessive. Or a dam sending off with mini me. He's dead man, your teacher. For the end, as in every language interaction also, we have colloquial expressions. So there is different between colloquial language and these formal one. Here in this line you can see some expressions used in spoken language. We can see here Studying Kitab bend then your book gives me sending Kitab is colloquial expression, but grammatically correct one. And in writing, ordinary expression will be semi Kitab been banned death. We also have one more example. Huston, didn't husband, he's from our village. This is colloquial expression and the correct grammatically would be an ordinary expression would be Hassan, BC. Understand Hasan, be seemed combs then, then ease from our, I will finish with this slide. I hope 80s, more queer and that you understand what I wanted to stop. I send which message I wanted to send you. So please, if you didn't get something and you can find your answer by watching this Anna hearing this twice or per time. You can contact me and I will try to answer your questions. So thank you for listening and see you later. 21. Adjectives : Hi guys. Here we go again with another lesson of Turkish language. Today we'll talk about objectives. Objectives or in Turkish. So fast large. First of all, we will say that the objective ease in Turkish, any word that modifies a noun in terms of number, shape, color, etc, can be considered as an objective. Turkish objectives always preceeded the nouns that they describe and cause null, so fixed to be added to the described. Now, it is really important, the Turkish objectives, all we proceeded in nouns that a describe and cause no suffix to be added to the described. Now, there is no So fixed to be added to describe now. The basic point is adaptive, modify, denounce, while adverbs modify the words. They are two categories of objectives in Turkish, the determinative, an attributive, genitive ease in front of it. And now, if you want to make the ********* will close, you should only put the plural suffix to now, the objective doesn't take plural effects, as we already mentioned. There are also two types of the thermodynamic objectives and those are demonstrated and indefinite. Well first C, which are demonstrated objectives. As you can see here on slide. Those are bool, which this shore, which has the meaning nearer than ALL, further than boo or which is debt. And we have their key, Bosch cough. All of them mean other. Now to see indefinite determinative objectives. And those are bursae, Kimmy, which means some dollars, which means sum for the uncountable quantity, be chalk or peck chock, which means a lot of many. Be the Coach, which means a few. Chuck has very little to little as easily. It'll be two. Pseudo is a lot of chalk, which is many or much. Now to see some examples for this objective. Here we have first sentence which is Bash Candyland, the ordered Mackey steal from Bash Codelab, the order Mickey's theorem, I want to learn other languages also. Very billion bid are solvated. Be little missing. Sorry. Can you give me some water? Beat us already been missing. Can you give me some order? Now we have second group and this is attributed objectives. What do we need to know about attributive adjectives is that it is usually used with locative case. It's never a base to wobble harmony except only a few exceptions. These types of objectives is made by adding suffixes key, as you can see now in example, in slide. We have these three words which will need us. For sentence we have as the example. We have. So Coxsackie caveat, shock to Coxsackie, chatty, loud, boo, chalk up yours. Which street? Cats, army. He's so much no stake. So-called discrete, so-called plus v, which is located, means SOC Okta, or at discrete. It is cats at disagreed or straight cath. We will add to key, which will make attributive attractive. It is. So CAC tacky street, caddy law. It is just the plural off Caddy, which gets Ted lab, the cats. One more example of attributive objective ease. Bhatia, the key buccal ocelot Kes May's budgeted Qi Bu College you're asked like S means we never caught a big garden. Three. Plus will give the specific three. We know what tree easy question. We have botched. Bhatia plus located, they're located suffix there plus key, which was, which will give us objective. So Bhatia, the key or garden. Garden. Dismayed. Testament, is four. We met negative and yes, root of the word guess maze. And we can see math plus yz, we need fusion consonant. And it is guess maze. We don't go after the cube. You Gaja us like S means whenever caught off guard and drink. Now some interrogative objectives. We'll see Haji, which means which catch, catch Tawny. How many? You've probably heard that if you have a big turkey neck, a dot, how much you already probably del this something if you have been in Turkey and nozzle, which how? Meselson, how are you? So we have those ***** catch, catch Donna, how many Mecca dot how much muscle? How will now see examples using these objectives? ***** universities. University of ***** university, the university you are studying. At university you are studying NACADA. Awesome. How many Brad's we meet? Mecca direct mechanism of Takashi, orangey var, sonata catch order in G bar. How many students are the are in the classroom? Nas will be. What kind of house they bought. Nestle view. These were examples for using interrogative objectives. And with the slide. In this examples, I will finish lecture about objectives. I hope you'll learn something and that you understand what I wanted to say. I hope you enjoy all so till the next time. See you. 22. Adjectives and Noun Clauses: Hi guys. Today in Turkish language course. So we'll talk about objective and non clauses in Turkish suffer through juvenility. In this lesson, we will learn how adjective clauses for describing a noun using an objective like beautiful girl. And noun clauses for describing ownership relationships between nouns like cars, door, are formed in Turkish language. First, let's start with the adjective clauses, which is simply are. And then we'll look at noun clause construction. Constructing adjective clauses in Turkish is very simple and straightforward, almost the same as in English. The only thing you need to do is to put the correct adjective before denial, such as, beautiful girl. Fast car. Has C correct? Objective before denial. Without any suffixes or any additional words, use that beautiful girl fast car has looked at above. We will now see more examples because New York thick book, colon, Kitab, high building, yolk, sac, Bina, hard lesson. That. Slow tree. If you don't add the adjective before the noun, but use it as the main expression in the sentence. The word order changes in English and it changes the same way in Turkish, such as, this girl is beautiful book because you see now it is not useful because we changed the order book because use that. This girl is beautiful. Equal change. Hold, meaning this car is fast. Hustler. East, tall, are met, we zoom. I am told ben, also known here as you can see, we use the word to be. We'll do each later in next, one of the next lessons. You'll article said ozone. However, note that when you want to see beautiful girl, the word for a, which is B at, in Turkish, is placed between the objective and denial, such as a small piece to Chuck, beautiful pasture will not say B2C who took part, you will see, could shoot Butte posture, which will this sermon. A small piece. Greedy man. Goes through beta. Beta down, agreed, the math. Bluebook, mark impeded Kitab, mobs, bead Keita, a blue book. Short, three, arch. Arch are short. Three along the movie is imbued film. Ozone along movie. Let's now apply. What do we have Lauren in the construction of a few sentences. What we'll see, this is a red rose book chromosome. Vq. Could be que, bu, this could have meso. And at beta q, the rows jaw is a quiet kid jaw. This is be sure juke. Jaw is aware required kid. Joe doc says is beautiful juke. Now we will go on non clauses. Nouns form a clause in three different ways in Turkish. And in case one, the first noun tells what a second now is made off, for example, metal box or plastic plate. In this case, you just write these nouns in the same order as you do in English without adding any suffixes, such as metal box, metal CO2, plastic plate, plastic tub. Noun clauses case to. The first noun describes the second noun with any relationship, except for the maid off relationship we saw above and the specific ownership relationship. Examples for these studies case can be car key or aura. Borrow on a bookshelf, Keita, garden door, botch it of window glass. Gemma. In this case, you write it. The nouns in the same order is English, but add the suffix e at the end of the second. Now, if the noun to which you append suffix e already ends with a wobble, you add the fusion consonant s between these wobbles to separate the two walls. The third example below demonstrate this case, which is botch and kappa. Theta. As you can see, all of them have consonant Bhatia capacity. Because of the two balls, we have fusion consonant as two, separate them. Noun clauses, case three. There is a specific ownership relationship between the two nouns. The key of the car, the door of the garden, camels daughter, the door of the cop car. In this case, you write the describing noun first. The describe nouns second as equals not in the proceeding TO cases. However, you added this suffix in to the first. Now, this will be x to the second. Now, if the noun to which you append the suffix ing already ends with a wall, you add diffusion consonant n between two vowels to separate them. For the suffix e, diffusion consonant is same as told in the previous case. You will add the consonant s to separate the word and the width of a wobble from the suffix e. To remind, to repeat. If the noun to which you append this will fix in already ends with a wall. You edit diffusion consonant n between the two walls to separate them for the suffix e, diffusion consonant is same as Putin previous case, you add the constant and S to separate the word ending with a wobble from the suffix e. So in case three, non-quasi case three, we, at the first word, at suffix in and to the second noun, we add suffix E. We will see now how it looks like. Wood examples. The key of the car. We will see auto abandon theta. We have fixed, but we need fusion consonant. And for the first noun it is n always. And in the second case we have enough data, which is second noun. We don't need any fusion constant here, but we add auto button and the key of the car, note the use of fusion consonant. And here for the first noun, adiabat. The door of the garden by kappa. Kappa. Here you can see almost the same situation as up here in ease suffix, but we need fusion consonant n, and it will be Bar, Kokhba. And added. Fixed. But we need fusion consonant. So we get botch any kappa demos daughter, Carolyn, cause the door of the car at abundant cup of this same as in the second example. The door of the car are abundant kappa. So of course there's always exceptions from the rules. So in this case, the word for water, Sue is an exception for diffusion consonants in the noun clauses, diffusion constant for water, so is always Color Award. For the first noun we have so fixed. And the second noun and adventure, we have suffix e. By applying the old rules regarding to wool harmonies, we will get at Anki not so much on the ranking. We will get at Anki. Always. Water of camo, mountain. You care melon, you not camel in system. What do we have to mention? Is that here, as you can see in the case of Kermani, who you serve is used in Turkish to separate the suffixes from private wards that needs to be always capitalized like camel in this case. In this. With this slide, I will finish the day lesson. I hope you understand me and that you learn what I wanted to teach you. Fill the next time. 23. Degrees of Adjectives (part 1) : Hi guys. We continue with Turkish language course with the degrees of objectives, comparative and superlative. Comparatives and superlatives are constructed in a very straightforward way in Turkish language. Besides these, there is especially making adjectives stronger in Turkish, and this is not where he tribal. In this lesson, we will cover all these topics. Comparative of an objective is obtained by adding the words Doha before DOJ active. We can see that the heart is the word for more and all objective comparatives are constructed like more clever, not like faster, like in English. Because in English, you know, monosyllabic words are by adding. In 1380, just by added for each word. So we have some examples in those are foster. The HA has lot slower, the more intelligent, the husband key, more hardworking, Doha, childish Kahn. More beautiful. If you want to see it less beautiful or a less hard walking, then replace the words of Doha, which data as well in this way, less fast would be the US has less intelligent than us Zeki, less hard working, The Ashcan, less beautiful user. Now let's see how the comparative form of an objective easiest in sentences. And it will be like, bed. I am beautiful than the hug you Sam. I am more beautiful. You are more beautiful. Send aha uses. She's more beautiful. Or Doha, Suzanne has beta. This is a fast car. Buddhahood has Libre, but this is a faster car. Bulara BPA has LA. This car is faster. Now we have more done clause. If you want to compare two nouns with respect to an objective, this structure used in English is as follows. Now, one is more objective, then Noun two, for example, is more hardworking than magnet. And I'm more intelligent than you. Any turkish. The structure to express the same meaning is as follows. Now one, Now tool, then Doha objective. Example one would be on May 10th. Doha, childish can Ahmed is more hard walking than Magnet. Note that the opposite sign is used to separate private names from their suffixes, as we already mentioned in some of the previous lessons. An example of tool will be, ben, send them data has decane. I am more intelligent than you. Examples, sentences with this expression would be, burial is beautiful, that it is more beautiful. Goes to the hug you sang. Glossy is more beautiful than burial. Go **** Betty, then the hotkeys, then he's more hard walking than me or my car is faster than your car. Bend them are above sending out a bunch done. The Hustler, venom are a bump. Sending our abundant Doha hustler. Us is larger than Turkey. A Medica to the kid then the hub 2k. Now we will see clause as if you want to say that two nouns are equal with respect to an objective, this structure used in English is noun one. As objective as noun tool. For example, burial is as beautiful as golf Chen. I am as beautiful as you. Both of these expressions have the same meaning. The structure to express the c meaning in Turkish is as follows. Now one, noun to Qatar, adjective or noun one, then Noun two, cadaver adjective. For example, betty, they walk, check her dog, bend then sending cadaver Huseyin, board of this expression have the same meaning. You will understand the worry slight difference as you see them used. 1 to note here is that if now tool is a simple pronoun like bed, send, bushel, then it is used in possessive form. Like Benny, say mean womb. Example for the clause as, as Betty Louise, beautiful, Betty use that girl, she's also beautiful. Go Shindig Suzanne. Blockchain is as beautiful as burial worksheet, the bedding Kodak, as hard working as me. The name Kardashev Ashcan, my car as fast as your car, Benny mater bomb does Cindy, not a bunker dot has shown us, is almost as large as China. American men of the stitching cadaver UK. Metadata means almost superlatives. Superlatives are also straightforward in Turkish, like it is in English. Instead of dimmest, you use N word N and also productive. Constructing using this word. For example, the fastest has the slowest, and yvd, the most intelligent, Zeki, the most hard-working, and Julesz con, the most beautiful. And then when you want to use the superlative form in a sentence, there are two different cases. I am the most beautiful, Ben and use amine has the meaning of describing yourself like an answer to the question, what are your trees? I am the most beautiful anxiety. This has the meaning of the answer to the question, who is the most beautiful? Who is the most beautiful, angry, sad bunny? I am the most beautiful. But what are your traits? Ben and you sending them the most beautiful. More examples we will see here, such as, I am the most beautiful girl, angry, sad because I am the most beautiful girl in this class. Tacky. Zach is spinning. You are the most beautiful girl in this class. Most stat key. Because since 11 boosts enough anxiety, because she is the most beautiful girl in this class. Because all with this slide, I will, these examples, I will end this lesson. We will continue. We did objectives. Making an objective stronger. The second part of the same lecture. See you in the part two. 24. Degrees of Adjectives (part 2) : In English, when you want to make an objective stronger, you use the word worry. Saying worry fast is a stronger statement than just saying boss. The same method is applied also in Turkish language. And the word for why we eat chalk, hence, worry fast. We'll say chalk hustler, where we slow, chalky Avaz. Very intelligent. Joke. Zeki, worry hard walking, shock till Ashcan. Very beautiful. Chuck, you are wearing beautiful Sanchez Gustafsson. She's a very beautiful girl or chunk whose beauty, This girl, ys worried beautiful bookers, chalk, use that very second way. Another way of making an objective stronger, but this time getting the meaning extreme is to use the word to. Saying something is too fast gives them meaning that it is extremely fast and should be slower. The word for tool in Turkish East pass law. It will be too fast. Fazlollah hustler to slow, pause like intelligent Fazlollah Zeki, hard working, fossa, DashCon to beautiful files like his dad. We are too fast. B's fossa has layers. Discard is too fast. Boot. Fazlollah has law. Third week, commonly used in Turkish, which is not seen in English. For making a jack. The stronger ease adding a modified form of the first syllable before the adjective. Important points to note here are, there is not a rule for how these Fourth Style bull should be modified, which makes this rule hard to learn. This gives the same meaning as using the word wary and makes the adjectives stronger. All objectives can be made stronger using this method. And there is not a rule to understand for which objectives this method can be used. A group of objectives, you can always use this matter the East scholars, to express that dollar is strong. However, there is no rule to exactly say which adjectives can be made stronger like this, because there is not a well-defined rule. It will be very difficult to go over a jack these and see what the stronger form of each ejected ease. I think you shouldn't try to learn these for each attack, these entities that the best strategy here would be to note that there is a role IDs and when you see used, you will understand what it means in your sentences. You simply can use chalk plus adjective instead and you will be clearly and put. Examples for this. Third way. Our hustler fast. But LA is a very fast, easy yellow subset where yellow, strong yellow. Blue. Must mv0, very strong law by white. Men Behe's worry wide, strong Wi-Fi. Shut book. Charles Cho book, very quick. Colon, teak cup colon very thick. Another way to make an objective stressed and stronger is repeated twice. Again, this is not done with all adjectives. And the best way to learn for which objectives this rule is applicable is to note when you are here and attack us like this. Don't be afraid by these rules. You will learn how to use them if you start reading Turkish tax or if you speak to native speakers, you can still express yourself without losing these matters. For making a jack the stronger, simply use the word chalk before the adjective. But I am getting these rules now so that you know, demeaning when you see such a usage somewhere to know that exist those roles. But you don't have to use it at the beginning. And until you really know Turkish, you don't have to use these wastes. Examples for those to repeat it twice, our big houses, the property beak is stressed. If you want to express something, you will see buccal view camera. You want to share that they are really, really big. Set of, set of Alma L Mello, Yello apples, the property alloy stress. You will not translate these. Yellow, yellow apples will just say yellow apples and know that wary yellow, strong yellow. There is also another way to express and attractive and make a stronger. Becky's adding a modified form of the adjective after the original form. This is again an irregular role and you don't need to know these completely, just understand it when you see this usage. Sometimes an objective, followed by the modified form of that objective may have a slightly different meaning. For example, Yoshua mean old for people. Yoshua bachelor, old, mature. S key. These old for objects, SQP, scoop, very old and useless. This is all from me in this lecture. And I hope that you understand how all the ways, how objectives can be stronger. And of course, from the first bar, comparatives and superlatives, it is one of the important things in Turkish language and speaking and writing. So I hope you'll learn something and this is all from me. So see you in the next lecture. Yoshua. 25. Vocabulary: Body parts : Hello guys, it is time for more words to be learned. Let's begin. Today's topic is body parts. So let's see body parts in Turkish language. In Turkish language, our body. We will see Judah most words about our body, our head, GFA, body or jute, golf death. Call by Jack Henry. L. Iacr, finger bar MC. Index finger is shorter, it's pharma. Thumb. Bosch, bottom. Ok. Ear. Cool lock here. Such noch, nose, mouth, dish, Dong, cheek, ja noch, China. Throat, boss, neck, volume, eyelash, peak, eyelid. Goes cuppa, eyebrow, forehead. All on. Template. Chicago. Race. Black, Colby lay ankle, IOC belay. Elbow, DESeq. These leap do doc, most brilliant book. Beard, suckle, shoulder, almost. Waste. Bell. Bosch, Parma. Abdomen, cotton. Now we have organs or in Turkish organ loft. First, heart would be lungs, liver, kidney, gv, Black, stomach, me death. Doma, plot gamma, blood, gone, brain. Begging. This slide, I will end the lesson and see you later in the next one. 26. Vocabulary: Clothing and Occupations : One more time. Hello guys. Another vocabulary lesson of Turkish language course, ease in front of you and today, topic ease, clothing. Clothing or in Turkish. In the first part of the lesson, we will see clothing or elsewhere. In the second, we will see occupations or message. In Turkish. First, let's see some names for clothes. We have. First one, belt or lose, or in Turkish, lose glows. The Turkish will be. Headscarves, could be sharp. Dorsal tissue. Jackets be Gs, Panther worn, jersey. Do bar. Would be job Beth. Overcoat, man's would be bulk PO, over. For womens, we'd be mantle. Pence or trousers. In Turkish would be Pantone, pyjamas, pajama, shirt, gum, luck, shoes. Skirt, sucks, shut off. Suit, tie, track suit. The shirt, the short end underwear would be. Each Chumash are. Now to see some occupations or MATLAB interchange language. We have accountant or Mahasi BG, businessman or issue, or dentist, or doctor. Is the same doctor. Engineer. Or you had this farmer or cheap journalist or Gosset to G, lawyer or advocate, or hemp sheet, a researcher or imagine, student or orangey teacher or a writer or yes. This is all from the occupations and close. Hope you liked this lesson. And see later in the next one. 27. Conversation: Passport : Hello guys. One more time. Turkish language course is in front of you. And third conversation. This conversation, ease up. East cold packs support. You can conclude it is something about traveling. I know you're excited. Let's see what it is all about. Has spent many previous holidays in Turkey. This year. He's on a liner cruising in Mediterranean. Does she has docked in Turkey for the first time. And as he disembarked, a Turkish official, checks his passport. This is their conversation. Ma'am, would pay to a Chinese Chucky. Mediating is net income is messiness. Junk is a possible plan. She can latch on heat. Mom, harsh calculus, book, Ego, not offend them. This was their conversation and now you can see vocabulary of this conversation. Worse, our memo, it is official. Torque chair, Turkish. Chinese. Is your Turkish. Mediates. Nationality. German, PA support, passport. Welcome Hospital Duke, happy to be here. After we saw conversation and vocabulary of this conversation, we have few questions about a dialogue, so you should ask for it. Next questions. Let me mammals to chemo, otherness, to Chinese. Chuck. According to the dialogue, you will ask for these questions. All I suppose you can find in dialogue. And this is all for this lesson. And see you later in the next one. 28. Nouns : Hi guys. We are at the start of another section. In this time, we sought to talk about nouns. Today we will see which type of noun. So we have for the beginning. Let's start. Nouns or Turkey. We can divide nouns into trig groups, singular, plural and collective nouns, which is first group, then apps, threat and concrete nouns. And at the end, we have proper and common nouns. In continue, we will see each group separately and I will try to explain you each one of them. Let's see. First type of nouns. Singular nouns, or in Turkish, pecking out singular noun or expressing one of something, such as the buck plate or the muscle table to juke child. He's pressing one of something. Differently. We have second group of nouns, which is the plural nouns. Or Joe. In a case where we want to describe two or more things, we use the plural. For making plural in thirties language, we are using suffixes. Lot, laugh, according to the wobble harmony. For example. Backlog, plates to clot. Children. Keep the plot books. Then we have the concrete nouns. Nouns use to describe, think. We can see, hear, or touch, such as building a dam. Men, do var, wool, house, man, forest. After death. We have opposite of the concrete noun and those are the extra economics. Abstract nouns are used to describe states. Something we can touch. See here, for example, vidi, save, love, fear. Then we have the proper nouns or as an act. The proper noun always begin with capital letters, such as names of city, will ich, country, neighborhood, continent. For example, yep, Anya, Africa. Then B, we have nations language names such as illness, which is great nation. Non-java, which is Greek language. As you can see we have note here, Marat after nation. And notice that if you bring an inflectional suffix, you usually should separate them by Oppo serum, especially case suffixes. But if you bring the plural suffix to the nation names, the opposite isn't used. Then we have seen names of oceans, mountains, deserts such as Okta or Mediterranean Sea, Denise, or Black Sea, hint, or Indian Ocean. We continue with a proper nouns. Names of foundations, establishment, such as get to the quiz part, backend, or the Ministry of atoms. Then we have e, which is names of books, newspapers, magazines, movies, such as use Euclidean, fantasy or The Lord of the Rings and switch, switches out crime and punishment. We have f, which is a human names, as well as names given to the past. For example, camo, a male name, is Zeynep, a female name. Of course, at the end we have the common nouns or gene system. Common nouns are words used to name general items rather than specific ones, such as Oracle, school. Then these faculty, faculty, memoir, offset, and Park. Park. This was all from the type of nouns. I hope you like it and that you understand me and learn something. See you in the next lesson. Goodbye. 29. Noun states: Matt hubba again, what could miss? Today we are going to talk about nouns. What do we need to say about noun states? That in a Turkish and noun has six fundamental States produced, of course, using suffixes that corresponds to meaning of some prepositions. In English. It is not necessary to learn these as the state of nouns, but learning these surfaces is important since they are commonly used. 30 school then haul axillary. Since in English language there are new cases like in other, it will be a little bit hard to understand inverse, please walk our cases, but you can always watch them just as suffixes for a certain form of the word. It will be a little bit understandable maybe. As you can see on slide, there are six essential cases in Turkish, as you will see in slide, to correct myself. First one is yelling, hon, I will explain each one of them in the few next slides. But now we will just tell what are they for us. Yell and Han or nominative case. Then we have Mannheim or occupy three keys. Your analemma hat, dotted case, Mohan, location case, Mohan, ablative case. Tomlin, Honi, genitive case. So let's start. First one is yellow and Han or nonnegative case. As I already said, nominative case doesn't have any suffix. Blame. Now, for example, f, house, this is, a house, will be F. Then we have belly or opposite the case. This case is also known as East paper, now fixes for this case our independence of wobble at the end of the now. It is used to denote the subject of an action and adds the meaning of being known, specified just as the meaning good given by the article. Now what we'll see some examples for accuracy. We have. But kid, the girl, I saw a cat. Note here that older cat is the object of the action here. The E form of caddy is not used since it is not known. For example, it is a cat, not the cat. Get the European, I saw the cat. Note that Carrie has a suffix e, but a 2is are separated by diffusion consonant y. Next case. You're an LMA Ali, or dotted case. This case is also called as East state of noun. Suffixes. Productive keys are that is, dependent case, which usually indicates the purpose, who or what is something intended or focus towards which someone or something is moving. It is very similar to the preposition to in English. Now we will see some examples for East date. Those are go home at a house and home are the same word in Turkish. We should just note here. Then we have BCL on soil, the dyneins. You like to ask Bull Connor, you lumbar done blue cornmeal on Lama, be yellow on solar. The news. As you can see here, we have the words. We will express a state. Just to explain corner you, as you can see here, carnal plus that if suffix, which is a or, will give us cornua, including minor role harmony, we will get corner and we have row, row of two volts. So we add fusion consonant y in between and we will get coroner you. There are some preposition used with dots. If we have first one, a garden, or according to example, for this preposition would be hubbub, your genetic code out. What are today's better than yesterday. Then we have second proposition. Those Echo Dot until, till. Just work radar, but it is suffix rule. And it will be anoxia AMA Kodak board or the older charm. I will be here till evening. Ends. Third one, 0s. Which means although Dodi spot Yamato around me and that I'm a discontinued despite rain. Next case we are going to talk about is Mohan or location case. This case is also called as deaths state of noun suffixes for this case, our debt, according to the last vowel in denial. And it adds the meaning of position used for the preposition on in English language. Now we will see some examples for location case. These are the ys on disabled. We will seem Turkish, Carlin Masada, as you can see here with the red ladders on the table, my Sunda. Second example would be Joey's at school. We will say it again with adding suffix. It will be joe. Awkward. Third example would be, your mother is in that room. All odd, Dada, unknown or ADA as you know, word, Aadhaar room. And we had we have locations, so fix added on it and we will get all the other dots. Let's continue with next suffix or keys in Omaha, or ablative case. This case is also called dense state of noun fixes. For this case, our den done ten ton a coping to the last level in the noun. And it adds the meaning of from use for this preposition. For example, I am coming from England in gallium is from UNT heavy days and then this gift is from on, both heavier phasor. Then then we have preposition used that with our blocky. Those are, first one is using den or then dolor, which means because off YouTube, Ovington. Examples for these preposition, our Benny, use them a lot. They are laid because we meet many users then gash called the law merely because note here that this pattern is done by using them or use them not by then Dalia. And we have to then Dali that's charged mother. I couldn't study because of noise. To then do that it's challenged. Modern Mao, use dandelion. Second preposition used with ablative, ys, then Betty, then Briana. Since, for example, would be suboxone Betty Buddha days. We are here since the morning. Sebastian body paralogous. We are here since the morning. What it is important to note here that then very easiest, much more than Brianna. Betty East pronounce pronounced as Bay. Next case is last one is Ali, organic case. This case is also called as instead of noun. Suffixes for these cases are on. If it works, ends on wall, then mean none. Adds the meaning of belonging, which we will see in the next slide, where we have examples of organic. We have mood uterine. This is Director's room. It goes PK, Bob Aman, this eyeglasses are, my father. Read this case and with this example, so we finish Chapter of nouns States, I hope this was a little bit understandable then I hope, because as I already mentioned at the beginning, there is no such thing as states in English language. So it may be, it may be a little bit harder for the first side, but after one more listening and of course after examples, you'll probably have a, it will probably not have any, any hard moments. We did States. Just remember that you have to repeat words. And of course, those suffixes that goes, there are a lot of suffixes that you need to remember. Thank you for listening and see you in the next lesson. 30. Time and Quantity words : Hello again. Now it is time to make a little break with grammar rules and to talk a little bit about some work. We will start with time and quantity of words. Now, we will talk about timing Turkish language and how we use it. And in the second part of the lesson, we will see what are the quantity words used in Turkish language. Let's start with simple dialogue sentences about time and different answers. In English, What time is it? In Turkish, we will see sought catch. It is ten o'clock. On. It is five plus ten. Best. Get you know, get your water bus then sought. Get yours. It is half past ten. On B2C. It is 1040. Swot on beating. It is quarter to 11 on beauty shaded. Let's continue. Now. Saw scotch explanation. It is not perfectly logical, but the question sentence used for asking the time you start catch as you saw, then you may see How do you ask how many hours to see? How many hours in third year you will see. Catches sought. To catch is a special freeze for asking time, which otherwise would not be very meaningful. More or less the same is true for the end score. The best thing is to try to learn the main phrase instead of trying to learn a lot DIC, because the logic used here does not apply to other cases in the language. You basically say SWOT, which are which sought to continue from the exact hour to how past, you say design as minutes, past hour, from how pass to the next. Our convention is to suck the time as minutes to hour. So the word for possum gets yard, the word for to ease. The word for halls, use B2C, the word for a quarter, East Shattuck, as you saw in the first slide, where we have examples. Now we'll see some trees. Do general phrase for it is maintenance past our SWOT hours. Suffix e mi mis, get your notable harmony rules. Participants E, D is important. So if some different roles are, you have to include global harmony. The general phrase for it is minutes to hours. Hours. Suffix, mean it's far. Of course here also will. Harmony rules must be applied. Now we will see some words we use for quantity. In Turkish language. Aldol, some Turkish, but we'll see betas. March many. We will see chalk enough. We'll see that. Any, no, non fuel. Too much, too many joke Fasciola. Fasciola, more the hub, Fazlollah, the hot choc. Less fuel. Be the Koch be touched on. Too much, too many choke Fasciola. Fasciola, hepatica, the hot shock. Less than a few good catch or be touched on. Where do you slide? I will end in, this is all from this lecture. I hope you like it and see later in the next lesson, Bye. 31. Date and seasons : Hi guys. We continue with our course of Turkish language and today we will talk about date and seasons. First, let's start with the days of the week, months. These are the week in Turkish language would be for Sunday. Bizarre. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday tomorrow. I will repeat one more time. Bizarre bizarre TC charge Shambhala, passion, bear, Duma, Duma, RTC. Now, we have months. January, February, Shabbat, March, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October. In November. December. One more time. Jack shoebox marked Nissan. Has it on demos, ouster, custom. Look. Now we'll see a simple conversation about the day of the week would be like in the following. We have we say in English was the day. In Turkish it would be big unit, unite, unite that net. So what's the day in Turkish would be bigger than you love them? Net. Today is Monday. June lab then bizarre. Or just what's the date? Today's Monday or just Monday? Plus RTC or just possess. Now we'll see some words about days and parts of the days. Hafta Is month, halftime, HE hafta sono. Weekend is warning. Evening. One more time. Hafta week, month, hafta HEV, today's pop this on a weekend, morning and evening. Now some examples using these words would be festival passion that you know, Bosch layer joke festival. We will start on Thursday. Festival passion, they, you know, Bosch logic. Second example would be hafta. We go to the village every weekend, had half the sun cookie, that is bizarre. Letters, suboxone auction market or cold am. I'm at a school from morning to evening in Monday's bizarre cadaver or colder than half the shock your all your room, halftime. Chuck, you're home alone. I'm being too busy days. So now we are going to talk about whole date, the day number, followed by months name, and finally the ear. The way to ask today you will see bigger known on alta. Alta. He would ask the date you will you will say this sentence. Did they number and the day here, as you heard, are both read as irregular numbers. On Aalto Tammuz, icky been alta for reading years. It is always read as whole as a single number. Years I never read a soap bars like it is done in English indicates of 1996. The way you read this here in Turkish would be being used oxen alter 1996 being the US toxin, Alta. Some vocabulary according to the date would be begin to date Buchanan Tati, he today's date. What? Now we'll see one more example. I plus, plus, plus. It means 30 day of the month. So example sentence for these kind of Morris, we'd be fishy. There are many yacht all our Joan, I'm having surgery on 5th of the month. I ambition, dominant at all. I'm having surgery on 5th of the month. Second part of the lecture is reserved for the seasons. So let's see how we are saying seasons in Turkish. Spring or summer. Autumn. Argues enemy Enter. Now some phrases, cushion, in winter and summer. That behind on the brink in Bihar that in item. You have to note that if you bring a demonstrated attractive to the time of seizes, you can write them as yes and cushion, etc. We will now see example. It will be Hitchcock. Yamato never smelled this wonder. Book each cardiac. Now to see more examples using these words for seasons. In Turkey, the school starts in September. The Bachelor mice, the Galton, I keep from Ankara. Yanni, every reason kitchen demo session that we moved to our new home in last July. Last example, ***** person, what are you doing somewhere? These examples, I will finish the day lecture. I hope you understand and learn something. Please note, note and remember to learn after every lesson to wander words. It is very important. So, see you in the next lesson. Goodbye. 32. Vocabulary: Colors : Hello guys. We continue with Turkish language course and section we'll capillary today topic is callers or in Turkish at an clad. In this lesson, I will do shortly introduce you with a pronunciation of some basic colors in circuits language. And of course, some facts about using colors of ink sentences. First, let's see what covers, what colors do we have and how we can call them in Turkish. Black in Turkish would be CR, while white is. Could a Missouri Lou mv0. Orange. Green? Yes. Purple, more pink, Bamba, brown, yellow, gray. Giddy. Golfer is called a rank. Light color or dark color East. Cool, You wouldn't. We still names for the colors in Turkish language. Let us see how questions about colors are formed in Turkish language. The question for asking callers East constructed similar to the way it's done in English. In English it is. What color is that? For example, that debt net nk here in Turkish, net ease lot and rank East color. Just not the same order. The S4 is also simple. For English. It is, that, is it for Turkish that chromosome. However, noted difference is word ordering when you want to add a color or any adjective to an indefinite noun. At edX. Something in English could have Muslim. Something, not be something. A little bit of practice and translation of the sentences by you, you'll have half of a minute could translate the sentences, and then I will give you unscrew so you can check yourself. Good luck. Here you go. Misa, a chick movie. The person these practice are these car is light blue. My house is dark red. What color are your eyes? I boot a white shirt. I hope you correct you had correct answers. So it means you'll learn something. This is all for this lecture, and I hope we see in the next one, goodbye. 33. Conversation: Döner : Hello guys. We have one more conversation in Turkish language. Let's see what it is all about. The colon and a fellow traveler, Margaret, walk into a kebab cheap, which is K-pop restaurant. Lock. I'd also knows a few words or third Kish. In the next slide is through your conversation. We have doing it. Sean lodge, Louis Vuitton, and that hubba, bushy eyed bottom of odd Bhutan. I keep up Fatma. Melissa, other knock your buck. York. Donuts are kinda feel desired. Pdh BAD. You'll want to keep up your sign. Doughnut, Doughnut bottom. Autonomy. Doner, kebab, ETI, dawn to shake cute editing. This was conversation and now we can see what capillary related to this conversation. We have Carson, which is waiter, is spicy grilled. Donor kebabs is grilled lamp slices. Can do. Donor keep up on bread with your award and tomato sauce. Chuffed. Our main goals is chicken means the same. Teton means to two pieces. This is all for this lecture. So see later in the next one. 34. Conversation: Menu : Hello guys, one more conversation for one more section. This conversation is called mono. So let's see what do we have here? Ali and asha and arrests weren't Ghosn setup. Boyden, compute my solute, sign, Asana, codon, look. Small. Brush. We don't offend him. We'll cover to the table, sit down and the waiter brings a menu void on. To shake it. I didn't soak be shaped by us. Shut up the message root. That'd be a phantom. Shut up. Coup took more immunity later, the waiter returns with a wide and a large tree full of solders. Each day, each kidneys than SLR, malice. Shut up betas such OK. boost, monomer, most part offending. Hammond, boost, Gettier. Missoula, a common issue, thoughtful cadets, partly John, Jack meso last video, TVA, calamari, mom, dad, my own behemoth, Andy off the Athelstan shed. Shed if it was conversation between dose three. Now we have vocabulary for the two people. Massage. Table is a corner. Cut on look. Dark. New menu. Firstly, meso, starter. Each each key, drink, alcoholic green, beetles. Legal. Bus. Booth is ice, man east right away. Then we have more. Yet it brings column ISA Milan, juggle, easiest, spicy starter. Judge, is cucumber in golf. Coded. This is a button john ease, aubergine, media, muscles. Taba is fried. Calamari. Quit. Means that's enough. Means more. Coin Ma'ayan do not put to shed if that means cheers. After the concept conversation and the vocabulary about conversation. We of course again have Savoir questions. According to the dialogue, you need to answer the following questions. Those are Muslim. Judge. So CMS, Mesilla, chalk, sonata, chromosome, select the chromosome. This was advertising for this lecture in this conversation and see you later, Ethan x plus. 35. Vern To Be : Hello guys, united. We continue with Turkish language course and section about tenses. Today we are going to talk about to be. We already mentioned the stance while we are explaining personal suffixes. It is actually the same thing, but we will recall because in this section we will cover tenses in Turkish language. We will need something is a base and this is to be orb. Of course. We will add some things that we didn't mention earlier. The warp to be for the ease in English, is handled in a special way. It is different from the other herbs. This is also the case in Turkish. They also be IIS Express is where we're unique. Unlike the auto works, to be expressed with suffixes. It can be in one of present tense or boss sense. Let's see two now in present tense and past tense for different cases of personal pronouns. As you can see here on slide, we have present tense to be. In English. We say you are something he, she, it is something we are, you are, they are in Turkish. We will see Ben worth and then suffix. For this second, we have word and then suffix on the word. Same. Then for he, she, it, we have in Turkish, or something is word, fixed, sin is all lot. Then something. Or on lar, word, laugh as a cervix. Through repeat one more again, suffixes for work to be in Turkish language are seen. None or dear. Then for date or suffix. Let us now see how it looks like in past tense. We have dense to be. In English, we will say, I was, you were he, she it was we were you were indeed in third Kish, what we'll say Ben, something, fix them, send something and then something and suffix d, be something, fixed dq something. And so Fick's law, something, fusion consonant y and dy laugh. To repeat one more again. Suffixes for past tense to be our theme. The cell. There are few notes about work to be, and now what will state it in the next few slides? So to begin with node one, for the third person of the present tense to be. There are two cases, one with no suffix and one with suffix beer. If you're making a personal statement or, or you are talking in a casual way, you use, you use no suffix, denotes of escape. However, if you want to make a definite IV or informative statement like one encyclopedia, you use the suffix there. An examples for this would be, this house is very big. Whatever job you took. An example would be is larger than r8. Junior admin, the hub you, as you can see, we have here, which is beer, according to the vocal harmony. For the warp view QC. Junior done the hub UK due. Sunday is larger than Earth. This is infrequently statement from encyclopedia. We add this suffix. Let us now see note too. When constructing the third person plural past tense form of to be the cervix lab can be omitted in some cases. These are explained below. First case, humans or objects that have a no individuality take singular conjugation for third person plural. But if the speaker once the objects individually, then he can use plural. This would be a periodic sentence. In case do we have that humans and other things that have individuality. For instance, animals that have means, they can take either singular or plural conjugation. Usually, if the subject is defined, if we know them, then we use plural conjugation. If the subject is undefined, then we use singular conjugation. Note three. B is different for each personal pronoun. Personal pronouns can be omitted in speech or writing. The meaningful person is given. With this warp. To say, I'm beautiful. You can use one of Ben username or just use them. Using the personal pronoun gives the meaning of thrashing. Person, will use the personal pronoun in parantheses in the continued to indicate that this is optional. What the B is used for? We can say that to be used for, to construct a sentence with a noun or adjective instead of like an English. The warp to be is the implicit warp here. Examples would be, you are beautiful. Beautiful. This is a house. Will be the app that was a house or build. What I will say at the end is that to construct words in different tenses, the suffix for each tense is used. We'd either present tense of to be or past tense off to be. Actually it is present tense of to be in all cases except the regular past tense. With this, I will finish today lesson. And I hope that you understand and learn something. So see you in the next lesson. 36. Infinitive form : Hello guys. Today we are opening one more section or the Turkish language course. Any section about works. Of course, the best way to open the section about word easily, infinity form, infinitive form or must that hobby in Turkish language. So let's see how infinitive is made in Turkish and how we use it. The infinitive form of the word is made by the suffix MAC, MAC on the root of the word. Infinity form of the verb is how you will find in the dictionaries. Examples of infinities are or you, which means sleep, is the root of the word. Mark, is how you will find it in the dictionaries. So we'll mark means to sleep. Infinite. Second example would be almost means forget root of almost mock, or to forget. Examples. Using infinitive would be void as Jack hubba. Hubba large amongst your sleeping is hard. It's such hot weather. Boyd is to jog, have alarm among x4, bootloader, Cornish macaques, awesome, the bootloader commercial market axis. Actually there is no need to talk about it. You gotta make USOC is forbidden to smoke here. Whereas Sega, HMac IASA. Now to see something about root of the word, what do we will get if we remove this infinitive suffix? We will get two things. First thing is the root of the word, but second theme that we will get 0s in productive case, the second singular we will do in practice separately of course, and you will see how, how it is function. But now to know that if we remove the infinitive suffix, you will get root of the word. And of course, imperative case 2, second singular. Now you will see for examples, Yup, mock, warp to do. If we take mach, we will get yeah, which is dual. It asked root of the word. But yeah. In particular the second singular. Now, second example. October mark, which means the seat to sit down, to draw, to live. By MC means sees a bound root of the word, but is also imperative to second singular. Now to see negative form, if you bring the negation, so fixed mass mA to the root of the word, you make the word negative. Let's see, let's see how it function. We have root of the word MEK is infinity form is root of the gal Mac. So we have plus HMAC, which is negative negation suffix. Then we have gal men, Galba, MSc, not to come. Yell man, don't come. If we taking consideration that this is important for two seconds. Second singular, gal math means don't come. We have second example which is your own MAC, to get tired. Your rule if we add ma, which is negation suffix, and MAC which is infinitive suffix. We will get your MOC not to get tired. And last example would be Lamarck to understand on lama plus MC will give us on Lama MAC, which means not to understand. I hope this is clear to you because this slide, I will first lecture about who works in Turkish language. But stay tuned because we just thought by and see you in the next lesson. 37. Present Simple Tense : Hello dear students. Welcome to another lesson of Turkish language course. In this lesson, we continue section about tenses. And to D, we are going to talk about present simple tense. Or in Turkish, Ganesh summer. What do we need to know at the beginning? That there are five fundamental tenses in Turkish, and those are present simple tense, or Ganesh, someone present continuous tense or shim, the keys among future tense or get legit because the boss pens B to D, or D, mu someone or regular pasta. Boston's with me or mislead get me. Someone. Also called this story participants. Let's start with the present simple tense, or Ganesh. Some on. The present simple tense is used very much like an English to make general statements. For example, water boils at a 100 degrees beverage at the end to mention, thanks you do regularly. For example, I run every morning, has shot him presidency. Both pens in Turkish is constructed this way. Plus plus present tense to be the suffix for constructing the present simple tense of a word is not always the same. This suffix is sometimes ear or sometimes at. This is the only tense. We, this irregularity. There are certain rules that will tell you which one of which one to choose Master of design. The rules that will help you choose which one of E or F to use S suffix are as follows. First one is the word and speak to vocal. Wall, wall of the suffix false. And you add on me, for example. And sweet of what will, it will be RR. He calls. Then we have our word root, which also adds mutable wall. We will have awkward. Next one is if the word has more than one syllable, use it. For example, copepods plus years. According to the wall harmony it goopy Kappa. He closes corners. Plus, it will be corners short. He talks. If the word has only one style, we have two cases. First case is if the Volvo of the syllable is off, or if the word ends with no ordre, LN or are, then use. For example, jellies. He comes that if he gives or in second keys used for all the adders, single soluble cases. He goes. Now let's look at how the present simple test is used with different personal pronouns. In example one, we have work to come in Turkish, gel neck, icon. We will say Ben Galileo. You'll come, we will see Galea. Eat comes. We will see Galerius. Week come. Galleries, or just getting you come. They come to repeat. Gallium, gallium. Gallium, gallium, gallium is getting left. We have also example two. In example two. In example two we have a warp to talk or jerky. I talk In Turkish will be ben. Ben corner showdown. You talk corner. Corner short. We talk corner. This corner shows you talk. The talk on lot shorter law. Again. Corner, corner, corner, corner. The negative of presidency both parents is a little different and then just adding the negative making so fixed met. Construction of magnitudes are present. Simple tense is given in this table in front of you on this slide. The negative making suffix becomes mess, except for I in we. Moreover, one negative suffix easiest. The present simple tense suffix is not used. We can see an example for this in the slide here. I will read it. To come or gal Mac, we have I don't come 30. Ben. Got it, ma'am. You don't come. Gentleman. He she eats. Doesn't come. Gal mess. We don't come you don't come down, come on board. Gallon my slab. Again. Del ma'am. Gelman Gelman's messiness. Gallium is left. Mrs. N. What we can conclude at the end of this lecture is that present simple tense is the most irregular tents in Turkish. Not simple as the name implies. So I hope you understand me that you learn something and see you later in the next lesson. 38. Present Continuous Tense : Matt Meselson, as you are at Turkish language course, section fences and today lesson about present continuous tense or in Turkish leaky CEMA. So what do we need to see at the beginning is that there are five fundamental fences intricate and those are present simple pens or Ganesha them on present continuous tense or shimmed future tense. Or yellow Jack's among, foster, dense, WE to be or DV get me someone or irregular past tense. And Boston's with leash or mistake gets me someone, also called the story past tense. In the beginning, we will see some warps will use in the following lessons in their meanings. To come. Get Mac, to go back to read copepods, Mach, to close, cosh mark to run, auto MC, to call corner smock, to talk, smack, to give kind of mock two Boyle, Charles smock to work, MEK, to eat, beklemmt Mac to wait. As you can see here, I'll denote that were our 4Ps are presented in infinitive form, which is made by adding mock MCQ. As we learned in the first lesson about fences. I will just repeat one more time a Turkish words and can start. Mac, MAC, MAC, MAC, cosh, mock, automatic, corner, smack, bad Mac. Guy named Mark Julesz, MAC, mac, beklemmt cell. Let's see what do we have now? The meaning of tenses are given using some suffixes. There are some important properties come into all these suffixes denote intense. This is the suffix for tenses, is added right after the war brought if the work is positive or after the negating suffix, if the work is negative, the present tense for it to be comes after the suffix for tense. Therefore, the order becomes were a brute plus negative. If the sentence is negative, plants plus ten plus present tense to be. This is different only for the irregular past tense, where past tense form of the B is used. Let's start with present continuous tense, or she, Nikki's Umma. The suffix for present continuous tense is present. Continuous tense is used very much like the one in English to tell what you are currently doing. For example, I'm working now, seemed a little shorter. Or I'm eating ice cream. Don't do my chimney total shorten. And don't do my Euro. To tell something you will do in the close fewer true weight. I'm coming in five minutes. That's the best key caching the galium beklemmt best a key issue they get. Present continuous tense of a word is constructed in this way. We're brute plus negative. If you want negative sentence plus plus present tense to be the word, you want to add the suffix ER. And with the wall, drop the last bubble and you're out. Otherwise, just simply add yours. Be careful about the wobble harmony rules for the ER. Er. Now we will see some examples where these works are put into prison. Present continuous tense. We have He's coming. I'm going. As you can see, we have plus plus present tense of to be aqueous. He's reading. We are closing. As you can see here. Every time mobile harmony is applied. So be careful about the wobble harmony. And you'll have to learn those lessons about global harmonies. Very, very hot. These are on ink. Your phone, you're calling. He's talking. Now we'll see how present continuous tense look like for every pronoun toward gal HMAC, which means to come. I'm coming. We will see bed gallium. You are coming. Then. Galliard. He, she eats East coming. We are coming. You ought to come in. Jelly, artfulness. Br, coming. All. Get. Galliard lab. Again. Gallium, gallium, gallium, gallium, gallium, gallium. Now we will see examples into sentences for present continuous tense. Up your symbols. As you can see here, in the parent task, parenthesis. We have how we got. We have yep, What is root of the word? Which is suffix for present continuous tense? Which is present, to be, warp to be. We have met. What are we doing? We are watching movie. Shim the auction BMI. They are having dinner now. Auction Yemeni law on lumborum took Chicanos. I don't understand English. I speak Turkish. English Channel on Lemieux took Chicanos. As you can see here, we have on law as root word, as negative, and we have explored the present continuous tense. So on Lemieux room took two corners. I don't understand English. I speak Turkish. This was all for the present continuous tense. I hope you understand it and video like it. See you later in the next lesson. 39. Conversation: Afiyet Olsun! : Hello guys. We are at one more end of this section and it is marked with a conversation, the conversation in front of us east called Bacardi missingness. And let's see what do we have here? And I shall have reused the desert course of the restaurant meal. Army. Don't do Massu patch. Deep theorem. Then the hotshot up is theorem. Teach math. I'm Ajahn them, she shut the door, shut on. But economists, sinners, WuDunn, fun, Chicago. Chicago is me. Besotted by Schmidt, be xik a1b0. I saw pluton. Obvious Olsen. This was conversation between Ollie, I shot regarding JSON. Now we will see vocabulary related to these conversation. Don't dogma is ice cream surpass? The same super. Buck lava is a sweet past frame. Desert. John them, darling. Chuck Kat, sugar, beet, sugar. Shekhar says without sugar, Sadie, stop. Straight away. This is all for this lecture. And SI leader in the next one. 40. Practice : Hello guys. After several grammar lessons, it is time for it that added up one more practice. In this practice, we have four tasks. Let's see, what are they? It desk one and reordering the sentences all the leaves to form a meaningful dialogue. You have. Dose. Those sentences. Biotech nozzle, butyric, estaba, media Taba, calamari, subject meso nirvana. Joke is that bead Buddha check the beta column are disrupted. Again, disrupted sentences needs to order them in right away. Here you go. Then we have task to task to fill in the gaps. In the sentences below, we'd endings given in brackets. But maybe it changes. Require is for mobile or consonant harmony and insert a buffer letters or upstroke where necessary. We have parties. Ben, pot up, boss, judge took to harass codon, can get met. That. Ben. Here we go again. Then we have a task tree end to match the questions and the answers. First, on the one side we have Questions N-acetyl, Nika.net. It is to show Masada got an audiologist side. We have answers. Ali, Istanbul, the man joggers ad bc. Ok. Task is to match set phrases to the situations where you would use them. We have phrases, obviously, awesome. Good luck. Hello. I guess the situations are to someone who just having lunch, to someone studying hard, to someone who's just welcome you, do to Haast who has caught your dinner, and to the person to whom you are passing to solve. This is all for the practice. For this practice. I hope you like it. Good luck and see you later in the next lesson. 41. Vocabulary: Family : Hello guys. I don't lecture of Turkish language course is ahead of you and we continue with learning words today. Topic, ease, family or in Turkish island. Let's see some words for a family. Father in Turkey. We will see Ababa. While modern, we are saying Annette, brother, sister. Because scar tissue, elder brother, odd the elder sister, sun or captured you deliver would be, would be cause or because to Duke from matter side would be Tay-Sachs. On from father side would be holla, grandfather would be dead. Or the UK Baba. Grandmother would be the net, or the Yukon. Grandmother from the mother's side would be unknown. And grandmother from the father side would be Bob on nephew or niece would be Yen. While uncle from the father's side would be Anja. And uncle from the matter side would be cousin would be Cruzan. Father-in-law, would be cayenne baba, or paddock. Monitoring low would be kinda wanna validate. Sister-in-law would be baldness, and sister in-laws husband would be ******. Son-in-law would be demat, daughter-in-law would be Galen. Sister, husband would be any step grandson. Granddaughter and grandchild would be total. Twin. Twin brother, twin sister. Icky, Scottish. Trainings for the y's. Honam or cut a husband, coda, step mother, and stepfather, who they are, Ababa. This is all from this lecture. See you later in the next one. 42. Vocabulary: Illness : Hello guys. Next lesson of Turkish language correspond capillary section about illness or in Turkish hospital. Look, Let's see words about illness. In the Turkish. We'll see, we'll say hasta and a heart says headache. We will see Bosch, artist to catch a cold would be soak all mock floor, getting massless. To take stomach. It. Could an artist contagious, will loss should you? Ulcer would be cancer, will be constant. Too faint would be by your mark. Will be hutch could look, migraine would be me get a heart attack would be would be cushion. To each question mark. Angina wouldn't be. Gene. Bronchitis would be raunchy. We'll see some examples about how sentences about six are told in Turkish. Imc could be hospital you think would be Chuck hostile them? I have a toothache. I have a cold Nestle or Nestle or older. I got sick, hostile older or hostile on them. I don't see. Well, he set me on my food is itching in New York. Now since Turkish language is very polite language and have those phrases which will make your conversation more polite and more lovely. Such a phrase is also a phrase when someone is sick that you wish him quick recovery by words, get rich, Olson or I wish you quick recovery. This is all for this lecture. I hope you understand that you weren't something. And seeing later in the next one. 43. Conversation: Şaka yapıyorsunuz : Hello guys. Beginning or one more section is in front of us. As usual, we will start it with the dialogue. And so let's go. This conversation is called shocker, yap, your summers. It means you are joking. Let's see. Sweetie, who has been working in Izmir for a couple of years. He has just gone into a carpet shop where he wants a carpet, but doesn't want to stay too long. A salesperson. Auto-tune Bactrim means sending, looking at corpus Saturday, authoring a cigarette. Again, if you are listeners, bench to us to shake good editing, Sugata colon, Mule, Jackie, Monkey's steal, Chai, bent again to shake it. Editing bookmarks, theorem. Wfisd, butanol. Ventral means sending, looking at carpets. Speak English, English daily. Each speci beam switching and while lucky issue to be in Europe, jockey took to Confucianist sounds arginine body. She may give you a little. Mama became your finance team. ***** dank. Use then I'm A-band. Yeshua is theorem, motif, nasa, motive, choke use then chalky are bikinis, chalkboard QC. These ducky doc we took each is the salesman soar through a pile frogs and find a smaller version. Him and I know what a hacker took. Edit, jogged, you said Mecca dot him, chalk, chalk. Catch para, comedian, law, a law, shocky up your year. Million. Good comedian, a phantom, bosonic murals would do Conda was conversation between Saturday of a band. Let's see now vocabulary related to the conversation. As I already said, strategies salesperson altered mark to sit, each Mac to smoke, to drink, colon mark to use that also. But OK. mark, to stop, to give up. I want speci, Swedish swedish language, BMX, to know, conch mark, to speak. Modular. March, I mean, hiring broader. Holla carpet, mv0, blue motifs, design, print, the key. Minute seven MEK to like to love him and him man. Almost Earth is special. Chaka, joke shop, bizarre. Mark to bargain, hug, colleague Kelly. Ejective quality, a lot of good habits and voila heat, Good grief. As usual, we will end this lecture with a serverless related to the dialogue work questions in English. So you have to answer the following questions. Meant The gotta colon num will be your bank's net deck. Killing. Sought to catch a leader is still. Good luck and see you later in the next lesson. 44. Past Tense : Hello guys. Today, less than ease about boss pence, or in Turkish, get me someone. This is also called regular past tense. One more time we will say that the RFI fundamental tenses in Turkish and those are present simple tense or gaining some on present continuous tense or shimmed IQ is Amman. Field trip ends or get ejects Amman. Faster tense with D or regular past tense. The judge, me some on what we are doing today in Boston's with me or mushy, Yes, Michelle Obama, also called the story past tense, boss sense with D or D begets museum on what we can say is that there is no suffix for the irregular past tense. The only point is that you must use the past tense form of to be, be careful about harmony rules though was always the use of the past tense. We d is almost the same as the English past tense to tell an action that took place in the past. For example, Hey, came yesterday to make a statement that was true in the past. She was beautiful. Regular Boston's. The same way is applied to the words. It can also be applied to nouns and adjectives using the past tense form of to be. The meaning in this case is the same as the meaning of words in English. For example, he was good, EDI, EDI was successful. Bhatia. Bhatia pallidum. Regular past tense of a word is constructed this way. Word root plus negative, if you want negative sentence, plus P plus boss tends to be. Now we will see some examples. So GAL80, he came, maybe he didn't go. What I have to note here that making the past tense of a word and making the Boston's of a now or objective is the same, but only as long as they are positive. The negative suffix for word is met, as you can see here. Yet, met Dee, Dee, Dee didn't go. But for negatives of nouns and adjectives are constructing using daily word, Dave is not a suffix, it is used as a separate word. It is just note. Now we will continue with examples. So we have here read cutback. We closed Carsten urine, auto, Dina's, your cold will have more examples. Cornish murder, he didn't talk bad, muddy. I didn't give Julesz Modoc. We didn't work. Yeah. The lag. They ate. Beklemmt Bedelia, beklemmt medulla. Sorry, they didn't wait. Beklemmt Baudelaire. They didn't wait. Now what we'll see, as you can see here on slide, according to the headline, will see examples of objectives analysis how a past tense is added to the adjectives and nouns. She was beautiful as we already mentioned, as, as we already mentioned. An example as example. It we will say to use that she was not a beautiful USA daily. Note here that what we did is just to replace the suffix math for warps with a word data. In the case of nouns and attacked, the ordering is still the same. Boston's off to be, which followed mf or worms is now put after day. Then we have suffix for the past tense. You weren't not kids. George York, Daily News. Now to the warp to wait, or in Turkish, beklemmt MEC. Let us hear how past tense is used with all pronouns. We have to wait. In English, back limit Turkish. And I waited. We will see Ben Beck lead-in. You waited, send beklemmt in Kishi eighth weighted. Beklemmt the way weight it, beast, beklemmt. Your weighted backlog readiness. Be weighted more, backlit the LAD. One more time. Bec lady, MSc Liddy, back lady, backlit the beklemmt beklemmt delay. We will see one more example. Wood, which we will done to date lesson. And it is worth up to work or in Turkish. Hashmark. I work would be Ben, cherish them. You're worked Sen? He she it worked. All cello. We work. Best. Cellist. You worked, sees cellists thinness. The work. Online. Challenge the law. As you can see here, we have wobble harmony and it is not deemed being d, d continuous DLR. It is now turn to thinners for law. As I already said with this example, we'll moral finish today's lesson. And I hope you've learned something that you understand me and see you in the next lesson with some extents. Goodbye. 45. Future Tense : Hello students. You're only summing another lecture of Turkish language course. And today we are going to talk about getObject Kusama or English future tense. To repeat. There are five fundamental tenses in Turkish, and those are present simple tense or gaining someone. Present continuous tense or shimmy Kusama, future tense or yellow jet Xamarin. Pens which D or Delhi get me someone regular Boston's, Boston's with me or me, she gets me zoom on, also called the story past tense. So let's start with a future tense. At the beginning, we will see that there aren't two different cases alike in English will end. He's going to future tense is always constructed using the suffix exec and a jock. The uses of the Turkish future tense is just like a union of wheel and going to in English to express any action that will take place in the future. Future tense of a word is constructing. This way. We're brute plus negative. If you want negative sentence plus or plus present tense to be. When you want to append the suffix educ to a word that ends with a wall. You add diffusion consonant y between the word and the suffix to separate the two world wars. Otherwise, just simply add the suffix educ. Be careful about the wobble harmony rules though as always. Now let's see some examples how future tense is obtained. We have yellow Jack. And Jack is a suffix. It will get yellow Jack, which means heat will come. Jane. I will go plus, plus to B. I will go. Awkward. Jackson. You will read Cu plus plus sin awkward Jackson. You will read gut pathogen. We will close. Catia Jackson as you will run. They will call the Word to close or cut mark, Carpet Mark will see future tense or gala Jackson man for every print out. So I will close wall, say Ben Jerome. You won't close. We'll say San Kappa T Jackson. He sheet, it will close. We will see or cut pathogenic. We will close, would be B's, kappa, Java's, you will close would be seas capacitor Jack centers. They will close would be all nod Kappa T Jacquard. So to repeat, kappa, kappa Jackson, kappa, kappa. Kappa Jackson has got patho Jacquard. Now to see examples. Orange Jane, I will learn or an injection. You will learn. Or an object. He VOR or an a j's. We will learn. Or an object sadness, you ruler, or an *********, they will learn. Now negative form of the same word would be Oren mayor Jane. I want learn or unmanaged x and you want to learn. Oren may attack. He won't learn. Oren may j's we want learn ordering. Mayor Jackson is you want learn Oren Managed Lab. They want learn. Third way ease of course interrogative form. It will be orange tick million will learn. Or an allergic mucin. Will you learn on a uncheck me? Well, he'll learn. Order an object Meese will relearn or an inject missingness. William polar or an Jacques Le, me will be alarmed. Few sentences as example for the end would be gala Jack, hafta, CMAP, all lodges. We'll have an exam next week. Gala Jack, hafta, sunup, Ola Joe's, Jaron, FGM, cow. Maya. I want to get up early tomorrow. Jaron can calc Maya, Joan Univac didn't miss a man, Muslim, Allah Jack lodge, when they will graduate from the university. University, then meso mon mezzo alla Jack clot. This is the end of this lecture. I hope you understand and that you learn. See later in the next lesson. 46. Imperative : Hello guys. We continue with Turkish language course, and today we are going to talk about imperative or in Turkish and mute to keep you. What do we need to know about imperatives? Making a warp imperative for the second singular person or send in Turkish, is the same as it is done in English. Just use the plain worship without any suffix or any change. When you'll want to order something to a single person listening to you, you just say the plane work, such as Km. As you know, Gayle Mac is infinitive form. All the Turkish word for comm. Without any change or any suffix just wrote over the world. You will make an order. So go get OCO, sit down or stand up, gawk. We have gal, get all cool. Calc. However, different from English, there is an emerging form for different cases of birth. Let's see now how these are constructed. We have personal pronoun and suffixes. Now I will read them. We have Ben. There is no first person singular form suffix for the imperfect. Then we have sin. For Sen. There is no suffix to just oral world. Or suffix for all is seen as this, as the, as Ben. There is no first-person plural form. Sees suffix in the suffix. Seem laugh. Now let's see the meaning of each case using the work to go, get set, go, singular to a single person, gets him, let him go. Or GitHub, not like allow him to go. This has the meaning that you want him to go in an impurity way, let him go. Sis, given also the same mean as for the first case, go, but plural to multiple people. And we have online gets in life, let him go. Again, the meaning is not like allow them to go get it means that you want them to go on. You're expressing these in an important way. Let him go. As you can see, a commonly used gloss, less easy included in the imperative definition. If you want to see it, uh, let's go to the Mori. It becomes seen MIA at and keep building. Now let's see how to example worms we used above are made imperative with respect to different cases of person. We have personal pronoun and five. Now we will see each one of them, SAN or calc. You come, go, sit down, stand up. Or Gilson gets in auction or autosome Cox and he she let him come, let them go. Let them read let him sit down. Let him stand up. Says Cs. Cs. Cs. Or Korean says auto-immune, sees gawking. Or you come hugo, you read your sit down and you stand up. Then we have online. Yes. Slash online. Gets in lag. Aquaporin live online. Autosome law, ahmad calc some law or let him come, let them go. Let them read. Let him sit down and let him spend up. Now, there is no first-person singular or first person plural form of name purchase. But there is another form called wish clause that gives a similar meaning for the first-person singular and plural. Note that only the first-person singular and first-person plural forms of the wish claws are used in practice. Here is how do wish gloss is constructed. We have personal pronoun pronouns, ban, it and obese. And we have suffixes for Ben, aim, and suffix for bees, alum. And it will look like this. Ben. Let me go. Bees, lads go. Now what we'll see some examples for this case. We have, as in previous slides, few words. And it is gal Mac to come get Mac to go, mark to read auto market to sit down, coma, calc mark to send up Ben Ben Ben Aquileia, Ben. Band, call cayenne. Or let me come. Let me go. Let me read. Let me sit down. Let me stand off. Then we have bees, gala limb. Let's come. B's UDL in. Let's go. B's aqui alum. Let's read BCE, October alone. Let's sit down B's column. Let's stand up. With this slide. I will finish the day lesson and imperative forum. I hope you understand it and let you lock it. So see you later in the next lesson. Bye. 47. Vocabulary: Fruits and Vegetables : Hello guys. Since today's topic of Turkish language course section vocabulary is related to the eating. I suppose you will like it. We want to waste our time. We will start immediately with a circuit boards for fruits and vegetables. Or in Turkish. May the lab. Let's see. Fruits. As we already mentioned, fruits or maybe live in Turkish language. Let's start. Banana. Most. Lma, orange for tocar, grape, cherry, ketose, tangerine, Magdalena. Cherry. Be snack. Fear. Avocado, avocado, Snapple. On an ACE. Strawberry cookie, cookie Zoom. Grapefruit, grapefruit, big watermelon, Karp's, Mellon Carl from Africa. Qv, QV, mulberry, duit, raspberry, blackberry, ten, plum. Now we will see why just doubles. Just doubles or in Turkish subset. Let's start. Let us model eggplant popular. John is a genie. Cabac could compare. Select a look yacht or AR. My diagnose for Theta or neon. So on. Domain. Dumb at this pepper, be bid, cabbage, cauliflower. Cognitive. Lehman. Ulema. Way to Turkish is measured with kilograms, like in Europe, unlike pounds used in America. Now we'll see some sentences examples useful for buying fruits and vegetables. Sentences for requests would be BTK, killer tomatoes, olive, median. Can I get one kilogram? Tomatoes? Need Kylo dermatitis, all Abelian missingness. Can you give me two kilograms of Apple II tq law, Alma missingness, him, kylo, Chuck Allah, Dr. Adam kilos, shellac, Allah Jackson. The translation would be something like, I would like to buy half a kilogram of strawberries. Possible responses of the seller would be Sabi bourdon. Sure, here you are. Men immediately. Wooten Arthur kills off the AutoSum. Here you are a good appetite. It replies to the seller before leaving, would be glad. Thank you. Hired. Something like have a fruitful Borg. Have a nice thing. Another point worth noting here, that is, you are in Turkey's that bargaining is very common. What do you already know? Probably you can buy many things under the display price with some bargaining. However, this is not true if you are shopping from a supermarket where you buy things and Beta **** ash, wood, piece of advice. I will finish the dean lesson and see you later in the next one. 48. Vocabulary: House and Furniture : Hello guys. Today's lesson is about 30. Schwartz for house in furniture or in Turkish. Yellows. So let's start with the word house, or in Turkish. Door, or the front door. Back door, window, pen Jeddah, kitchen, multiple bedroom, dark or the dining room? Yeah. Mech or the living room or trauma or the children's room to juke or the bathroom, toilet, to vallate, Bocconi, bark on quality dot God's basement, boardroom, ground floor, caught. Got it. Garage. Garage. Deborah's tennis yard. Upper floor, story. Caught. Loft, davon, seller, killer, spheres, mass event, step, boss, stomach, lift, elevator. Wool, Duvall, just to fireplace, Shabina. Second part of the lecture. Ease reserved for the furniture. Let's see, 30 Schwartz for furniture. Furniture or in Turkish SOLR table, it would be Lassa, bookcase. Keep up, look, cheer. Water group, God throat, shelf, chair. So far. Cool. Took or shower. Thresh beam. Co2. So topless, bet, cuvette, doormat, boss, boss. Tap, more spoke, calorie, fed, candle, lamp, lamba, chest, shoulder, socket, priests, plug, fish, mirror, doorbell. Radio, television, Xian, computer, pen, glass, Bardach, bottle, plate, Bach, book, pork, chattel. This would be all for this lesson. See you later in the next one. 49. Conversation: Fiyat: Hello guys. Again, end of section and one more conversation. This time we will see what happened with bank to end his carpet. So let's see. The name of this conversation is theat, which in English means price. Minutes later, the discussion in the coffee shop between banks and the salesman is still going on. Bent me bash media, almost buchen this Buddha claim they're hidden rubbish me on a euros me Alta AZO man. Opus will just suck. Autostart chalk. Net. Fish is fish this year mistake is million. Thema, your mistake is all boyfriend and giving season. This was bargain between banks and their cough. But let's see, vocabulary related to this conversation. Almost means no, no way. Like this. Also month then in that case, Mach to sell. Last final means price. Fish is official. We received, Fish says Without to receive. All right, In this was the end of the lecture. So we'll see later in the next one. 50. Practice : Hello guys, one more time. Turkish language course the end. Another practice is in front of us force tasks. So let's begin with a practicing. In the task one, you need to read the postcard from Istanbul. It is on the next slide, and to fill the gaps using the words given below. So words are yet. Each euro to the urine and MEK tube. 70, week eight, sauna, you stumbled gun, something, shame the balls star below counter dot something. Something. Masada, Wahaha, joke, he's got something, yada, yada, something. Or adopt be hafta, Monkey's steal them. Eat mac, something. Or someone. From the previous slide, you have, you have words and these words you will use to finish this letter. Now task two, as you can see here, you have one picture. This is the family tree. You have to study the family tree and then ask the question on the next slide. And questions are meaning baba came in as she, she came to London, UK, bulb ASU, team, pinata on Cassini, Kim T maroon catch to a joule. I share, you see Solomon Suleiman catch cuz any posh, study the tree and then n-squared, the following question. Desk three is to match the color to the appropriate nouns. So on the one side, we have CI man to kill the Denise Mathis particle. Most. On the artist side we have colors. Could have Muslim, mv0, CR. Yesterday. This is for task 34. Again, square. It, add ten Turkish items, so forth and drink, eat it into square. One had been found for you. You have to find out or nine. Br, found. You will find an ad or nine. I end. We have what capillary vocabulary for these forecasts. We have safety laws. The Bosphorus, Masada is a view panorama. Jaron tomorrow. Yeah, HMac, to pass LatLng with love. Two-man, grass is tomato and most banana. This is all for this lecture. Good luck. 51. Conversation: Afedersiniz! : Hello guys. The beginning of your section is here and one more dialogue. This conversation east called R for data. Let's see, what do we have here? Is an American engineer working on a new projects in Turkey. He has flown into on cut-up, taken a taxi to his hotel, and after freshening up, is now entering the hotel bar. Here he meets his Turkish clients, getting me home. He knows and moving bay home. He has not met before. He's a little late. Now, softeners, tissue created him choking. She could add music. Autonomy also, nosy. Be new feed Bei Ben the chalk man, bei not softeners. They shed could editing harsh gardeners. Hospital took count them up. Indecisiveness, choke by cloudiness me. Boot on auto, dawn. Nozzle, jockey, jump will catch the rod. You start with your net ID and get your summers. Miami. Miami didn't get your room AMA footer doors, do the choke back, laziness me, TalkBack, limit. The waiter arise. Nature's shut up. Benthic. Many Mitchell, couldn't. We? Acute van Eyck ETEC. Chat is defending. This was conversation at the beginning of the section and now we will see vocabulary related to this conversation. Is NEO phrase Mach to know someone's memory and Oldham pleased to meet you. Mc to be late. I am sorry, excuse me though, namely important or no. Never mind. You all took journey checkbook a quick, quickly. Say that Mac is to watch, or truck is Airplane. Do is to stop. Thick could occur, is a singular occur following roughly or so China's East nipple. As usual, we have solar at the end of the conversation. This time it is your English Mid-Autumn questions. This means true or false. The next four sentences you need to see if they are young or old. True or false. The edge called caring, they telling you what you should be tandem with yours. Or char, ultimate Stuckey, careful on our ammonia that you fit all col colon. So good luck and see you later in the next lesson. 52. Story Past Tense : Hi guys. You'll ask them of Turkish language course is a right in front of you. And it's topic is storied past tense, or in Turkish, mislead, get me someone to repeat one more time. They are five fundamental tenses in Turkish language, and those are present simple tense or guinea. She's them on present continuous tense. Future tense. Or galley Jack is Ahmad, past tense with or regular past tense. V0 gets me, She's among dense we can use or mutually Yes, Mr. Simon, also called this story past tense, which is our topic today. To obtain the story past tense of her work. We append this to fixed Mish to the work. Be careful about it. Harmony rules. Of course. Now to see how the story past tense, past tense is used for. It is used to talk about something you learned from somebody else or some other resource. For example, I talk to his mother. He went to school. Como aqua brush. As you can see here. The part first bark about talking to the matter is your direct experience using irregular past tense, missy Nicole. But the part he going to school is information that you grow up from your mother. You didn't see. You tally to using a story past-tense. Second thing that's past tense with niche is used for ease to talk about something you just learned or understood. For example, is this your daughter? She's very beautiful. Boosting, shock you sandwich. You just noticed that she's beautiful. And you express this using story. Boston's third usage of story past tense, ease for simple stories that are written and told in using this, that tense. The way how storied past tense of a word is constructed is like this. Or group plus negative if it is possible, if it is necessary. Plus Mish plus presence tends to be the same as regular past tense as you heard in one of the previous lesson. The same way, sorry, past tense is applied torques. It can also be applied to nouns and adjectives. Some examples for this rule would be, I bought two camo about her, she's sick on the cornerstone hospital. You will learn that she's sick from camo. Then we have Prime Minister was in France yesterday. Bosch book on June Francis diamond. You'll use storied past tense because you're heard this from somebody else or from the news. Last example would be prime minister was not in France yesterday. Bosch book on Dune process that remember that negatives of non-words are made, we date. Now let's see how a word is used in past tense with different personal pronouns. For this, we will use the word to wait, or in Turkish, beklemmt neck. I waited in Turkish, oval, say beklemmt. Ben bet land. Beklemmt. Back Lamb, shift. Your weight it we will see then bec lunch, sin he, she eats awaited. Beklemmt. Related. Beklemmt. Shift. Your weight it plural, we will see beklemmt centers. They waited on Laude, beklemmt slash. One more time. Back lamination. Beklemmt. Beck lavish, beklemmt, beklemmt, beklemmt slash. I'll see you in some examples how user story past tense on some example words. First example is scoring pasta's. It would be Ganesh or he came. You went, you worried. Cut back to the closed Cashman. He didn't run. As you can see here, we have a negative word, math. Cosh, Martin, he didn't run. Mom person. You didn't call the didn't talk. The end vanishes. We gave. This was all for the storied past tense. I hope you understand that your something. So see later in the next lesson. Goodbye. 53. Must, Have to, Need to, Want to : Hi guys. Let's continue with the next lesson of Turkish language course. Today we will cover must have two, need to want to start. We will start with Musk. What do we have to say? Is that the best counterpart in Turkish for the meaning of necessity that is given with MST in English is the suffix, mainly in Turkish. This skeleton for using a word with this suffix is as follows. Orb loss of fixed Meli plus to be worked. Examples for this would be, I must go. It's merely plus, maybe plus walls together would have to be separated by diffusion constant and y, as you can see here. We got second example, 0s, we must study jello smelly is, we must study Julesz malleus. Here also note that the suffix Manny, according to the major role harmony becomes mall. Next example would be you must sit down. This is for the plural, you alter the Turkish expression for this. You must go home. Now, shimmed the abbot gets medicine. You must go home now. She gets medicine. Now to see how to express the necessity of a warp for the different cases of person. Or we have personal pronouns and we have suffixes. For the Ben. Ben, Madison. Madison, or manly, be Melies. Madison is all Laude. Mallory lash. Now, we will pass on half to the meaning of formal obligation that have to use an English is best given by the word loss. In thirties. The structure for using this construct is as follows, warp, math plus possession, then blank space loss. And these might seem confusing, but I will now explain how the structure works. The math allows a word to be used like a noun. It is similar to a gerund. You might him ask at this point, wasn't a specific smell I use for navigating words. That is right, but it's self-explaining. Gating works and the suffix for using a word like a noun are the same. So Acoma can mean are there don't read or reading according to the context in which it is used. In this case, we are concerned about the second meeting in the phrase lysosome depart Aquaman means my rating and the Parkland Awesome means required. When we put these together, it becomes my reading easier required. This is what we use for I have to read in English, in Turkish. Well, let's look at a few examples in the next slide so you can clarify these further. First sentence we have, I have to go to school tomorrow. Jaron or cola gets them Lawson. Yet an Oklahoma get Memnon awesome. As you heard earlier. Or coolant gets mm, mm. We have gerund, awesome necessity yacht on glass and I have to go to school tomorrow. A second example would be, I have to work now, she Hindi, childish mom loss and childish mom lesson. The same as earlier, jellyfish MAC job, but adding, mm, a challenge ma, ma will give us gerund and mom my work so shimmed, childish, mom lost. I have to work. Third example is we have to get ready. Hospital one, mom's loss and we have to get ready. You'll have to go get my lesson. I hope that after these examples, it is more clear. Now we will pass on need to. This is where we're similar to the use of half to voting meaning and structure the word use to give them meaning of need. 0s, get a Chiara. It is similar to half to in meetings so that it can be used interchangeably. We have to, it has lost and it is similar in structure which can be seen in this structural skeleton, which is a word plus, plus possession blank space to get a QR, almost the same, just the word get a KR is changed. So examples for the neat tool or the necessity would be, I need to go home. Ever gets mm, genetic yard. You need to be here at two, SA, teaching the board, adopt all magnetic year. You need to sleep early. Alkyne or human get a QO. She needs to see a doctor. Doctor gets messy. Getting. The last phrase we will do today is I want to, the user want to, is logically almost identical to the English counterpart. One important difference is that you use the word to want in present continuous tense instead of presencing. The third Gish work for one is Easter Mac, and this rupture goes as follows, or up infinity form. Then blank space is NAD end wars were to be. So examples would be, I want to go eat much. As you can see, gets Mac infinity form of the word blank space is your own. I want to sleep. You mark is I want to sleep. I want to take arrest. The theorem. I want to go home. Ever gets mic is TRO. What do you want? Your son? Do you want to talk? This is the last slide in this lecture and I hope you understand it and that you do it of course. See you later in the next lesson. 54. Conversation: Ne haber? : Hello guys. And the last conversation, 0s here. This conversation is called a bed, which means what's up in Turkish. Nadh that a couple of hours later that and feet are in the hotel restaurant carried me scolding his wife is same as to say he believed. Hello, Ben caring, not bad. Let it an audio that in altering that getCount be your home. I'm a chalk commerce took less than one. Get your feet on SONA. Choke each to these. As each tick or a bio tell the block tax here being RootPane extend. As each team. Becky did, nasa has argued to be the older yummy chin, get your sort of mutton, get a check Gaga, song. Bend and setup soil. Come up. Hi The whole Chicago. Cause your this was conversation between Chetty and his wife, Thema. This is the capillary hop her argues, what's new or WhatsApp? Fine. Auto mark to telephone, to seek later. Bedrock Mach to leave. Something harsh, drunk. Your group is tired. Sunday. Lunch. Mock ease to ask yellow Jack, he will come maybe presumably almost mark to forget Selim setup. So say hello, hardy or I too. Okay. This was the last conversation in the end of the section. So see you later if the conclusion part. 55. Practice : Hello guys. I think you would be happy to hear that's less practice is in front of you. In this practice, we have three tasks, again, different questions. So let's start. The task one, we have to match questions and answers. On one side, we have questions, oddness, met, Nielsen, those ketchup or to your son who's bookkeeping, each. Pod Hakim, death. Next. On the outer side, we have squares. Those are bending issue though cuz use electric cornea, hoc kinda the brick, cheap brush. And lessons for ease. Match these questions we'd appropriate and scores. In the Task two, we have 12 squared the following questions using the figures shown in the brackets. The first one has been done already is an example. Sad catch the calc. For ease eight. In the Turkish, it will be sought. Psyches death, or produce less amount, Galea. Score seven, enter a t. On cardiac catch, sought. Sought, touched up, Bashar al-Assad catch, neck odd-odd or Zoom. Tokyo dot south. We have task cream. In the task pretty you have several options to underscore under gouache integration, and you should choose the correct one. In the first case, we have, you want to tell someone that you understand what you are telling to you. You will see all the yodel billiard room. One or more may be suitable. In the next one, we have. Your boss has just told you that her husband is very ill. You will see learning. Yes, Michelle, or epidemics. In the next example, we have a shopkeeper shows you a dress, you don't like it. You will see Sam Yong, USA or standards that we have. You are late for the meeting. What do you see? Alpha dash C or D, letting you want to pass someone who is standing in your way. You will see, due to the kicker, Python or Athabascan is Fn. This is all from this last practice. Good luck with sewing and don't forget to check yourself. The Word documents in curriculum. See you later. 56. Conclusion: Dear students, one more time. Hello from me. And probably the last one in this course. It is just to tell you, congratulations. I am very glad to see that you come to this point. I hope that you learn what you needed. That lectures were understandable enough for you, and that you reach your vocabulary by learning new words, sites, everything to enjoy these long journey. Now, I will just add one more question at the end. This is how to supplement these Turkish language course? Well, small piece of advice from me would be to listen. Turkish people. Do not hesitate. Listen, make mistakes, love and enjoy it. Or watch television. Or rarely use video clips, TV shows, etc. The language you hear while watching is invaluable exposure. If you're a really serious learner, start to work your way to a different textbooks. Also, in this section, you will have Word document a little bit more about supplement studies scores. Read it and see if you are interested in. Of course, if you have any question, you can contact me through the mail. You have any information about ABC tooth? Truly a dummy messages and question Also. Thank you one more time. Good luck and see you in one of the next courses.