Security Camera Systems Explained - Monitor your belongings with a professional CCTV system | Kyle Alexander | Skillshare

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Security Camera Systems Explained - Monitor your belongings with a professional CCTV system

teacher avatar Kyle Alexander

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Course Introduction


    • 2.

      Camera System Overview 1 - Technologies, Types of cameras and video recorders


    • 3.

      Camera System Overview 2 - Sites Layouts and Important camera and recorder specs


    • 4.

      Video recorder unboxing and hard drive installation


    • 5.

      Turret and Dome camera unboxing - Walkthrough


    • 6.

      Camera mounting options - back boxes, mounts and poles


    • 7.

      How to crimp and secure an RJ45 connection for cameras


    • 8.

      HD-over-analog(HDTVI, CVI) camera systems and when you may want to use them


    • 9.

      Install site plan and walk around


    • 10.

      Hardware necessary for an install


    • 11.

      Conduit install


    • 12.

      Cabling the site


    • 13.

      Cameras post edit


    • 14.

      Cabling into drywall - Ring and face plate install


    • 15.

      Video recorder set-up and configuration


    • 16.

      Set your system up to view your cameras remotely on phone, tablet, or computer


    • 17.

      How to set up and enroll cameras that are powered by a POE switch


    • 18.

      How to back up system recordings onto a USB stick


    • 19.

      NVR install final walkthrough


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About This Class

This course will take you step-by-step through the wiring, install and configuration of a professional security camera system.  We'll also set up an app that will allow you to view the cameras on your phone, tablet, or computer.

Here's some of what you'll learn in this course:

- Learn about security camera systems and how they work.  We'll be focusing on new technology IP camera systems mainly.

- Demonstrate the cameras and video recorders with an emphasis on their pros and cons so you can make an informed decision for your install.

- Demonstrate the wiring of a site.

- Show the install of different types of cameras, and how they are enrolled in the video recorder.

- Set up a mobile app that will allow you to view your cameras when you aren't home. 

- Give examples and solutions for more in-depth camera installs, like multi-building sites.

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1. Course Introduction: Hey, there. Thanks for checking out the coerce. My name's Kyle. I am a security and camera technician for about six or seven years now. I've done many hundreds of these type of installs in northern, northern Ontario, Canada where it gets pretty cold. So I'd liquid, I'd like to go over in this cctv or this camera security camera of course, is how to install these professional camera system. How to install, configure, and set up the remote apps so that you can check on your property at any time. And, you know, maybe there's a false alarm on your security system. You can check and see if it's just the cat jumping on the counter or if there was an actual emergency, if you're not home or if you just want to see what's going on and check on your property when you're on vacation, that type of thing. We'll go over all that and you'll see me wiring up the system and installing the cameras and how to wire around the house and configure everything. So that's kind of what we're gonna get into with this course. So we'll go over that whole process. I'd also like to go over all b, the cameras specs and the video recorder specs that you're going to want to think about before, you know, buying any hardware, figuring out what you need for your site. You know, everything from resolution of the cameras to lens sizes, positioning of the cameras, all that type of thing. Yeah. I mean, that's basically it will get given the all that and we'll go through together. And you don't have to be a big handyman. A lot of this stuff. You just can use a drill and a screwdriver and that type of thing. You'll be able to set something up on your own and save thousands. I mean, it's I mean, the business, I know how much it can cause to get some of these systems installed and doing it yourself. You can save a whole, a whole lot of money. And you know, it's kinda cool to be able to to be able to see what's going on in your property over time. So I'll leave it up there and and we'll get right into it. Okay. Thanks a lot. 2. Camera System Overview 1 - Technologies, Types of cameras and video recorders: So there's different types of camera systems. And in this tutorial are this kind of course type of thing. We're going to go through the IP systems that are the newest systems. There. They have the most features, they're the highest quality. There are some older style ones, but it's just gotten to the point where the price is not that far apart. And just, you know, go IP, spend a little bit more. But there's just so many advantages of going with an IP system. Silica said IP technology. And it is the type of the newest type of systems. And it's kinda the current standard. You can either get cheap cabling. They take Cat 5E or a CAT six. And all you need is this single connection, this single network cable, Cat, five-year CAT six, from the back of the video recorder to the camera. You don't have to have separate separate wires. One for power, one for communication. Everything is through one cable and it's powered communication runs through that. It's a very sturdy connection. You know, these things. So often with the old systems you'd have to swap out certain connections because valence would die or power connectors would, would crap out. This is kind of the most, the most steady and sturdy way to go in. There's not a lot of call box and you don't have to do a lot of troubleshooting later when something when something goes down. So these cameras can be a stand-alone camera if you wanna use them like that. And, but then you'd have to get into them through the IP address that they pick up. So they pick up an IP address, you'd have to get to it through your web browser. But then it would just be for live view. If you wanted to record from that camera, you'd have to either use the little SD card that's him there, or you'd have to do some partitioning on your computer to have certain parts of your hard drive. Take the recordings from that camera. The easiest way to do it. And what we're going to go through in this course is to just use a video recorder. Like it says here, video or external video record is not always needed, but computer software options are available, but we're gonna go the standard route with video recorders. So here we have IP technology. An external power supply isn't necessary, can be powered directly from the video recorder or PLE switch that like I said earlier, coming from the video recorder. They, each of those ports has a POV is called power over ethernet. So that sends power and communication to the camera. You don't need any external power supplies or anything like that. So that can come off the video recorder. But we're also going to get into some other options later where you can use a POE switch for something like a different building. Anyway, we're gonna get into that later. But there are some really cool options. If you go this IP row. So, like I said here, using POE switches allows for flexibility and scalability during installs. We'll go over it in a little bit. But there's some cool options if you're using PLA switches just to be able to extend your install into different buildings and different areas. And using, using the internet, you can do some really cool stuff with these systems. So yeah, there's typically, typically more dependable these IP systems and there's less fail points like these connectors, that crap, oh, ten different things like that. It's one cable, one connection on each end, and it's very sturdy. There's many options and features including cross line detection, facial detection. There's license plate detection now as well. There's a bunch of cool did things that they can do. But we're gonna go through kind of the more standard install that most people are gonna wanna go with here. So the older analog technology, I mean, it's how it used to be, was you would use an analog like a coaxial cable, like a standard satellite cable or a cable TV. It's kinda gotta, we'll go through it later, but it's gotta sheathing over around it and a copper wire down the middle of it. So they would use that for further video. But then you'd have to bring power through a cable as well to these analog technology ones. So that's the older technology system. Cables would all need to be home run back to the video recorder. You'd have to have a hard drive in there. You couldn't use any computer software options there. You'd need a external power supply, a 12-volt or 24 volts AC, depending on the cameras that you had installed. That would depend on the power that's needed. And then if you're going to run some standard network cable, you'd have to use video Bailyn to get that, to get your video signal across if you weren't going to use those co-actors style cables. So more here on the analog technology. The cost, it's true the cost is typically cheaper on these analog or high definition over analog systems. But like I said, it's come closer in recent years where it's not that much more expensive to go IP. And I think the advantages, and in most situations, advantages are way on the IP side. For the extra money. There's more possible fail points using these analogue systems. I mean, I've got a I've got clients who still have these analog systems. And trust me, you gotta make the return trips and gives these valence in the cold weather. Sometimes they can they can go. Anyway. No, I've already gone over that. The newer There's HD over analog video recorders now. So you are, you can get, you can get high-definition video over these systems. But the options aren't all. They're like IP. With the video recorders do allow some of these zoom features and cross line features and stuff like that. Lower frame rates. So the frame rates, typically you want at least about 25 to 30 frames per second. And if a lot of these times these HD over analog systems, they only give you maybe 15 frames per second. Sort, maybe 20 depending on the system you have and what what resolution cameras. Sometimes they don't give you a real fluid. A picture. It's a little bit choppy because those frames per second are a little lower. So if you want a really smooth video, a lot of times ip is kind of the way to go. But there are some hybrid recorder options that allow, like say you had an existing system that was this older technology. You could add a hybrid recorder and then also add some high P technology to your older school. Analog won. So that was the video recorder hardware will go into the camera hardware now. So dome cameras are kind of the the most common type. And this might be changing in the future here. I mean, it seems like Tourette's are getting very popular now as well. But these are ideal for indoors or underneath some kind of covering like an overhang or a soffit. And and the reason I say that they're ideal for indoors or under a covering is sometimes if you mount these directly on a wall or even on a mount sometimes but this dome, there's all these IR lights, these are conceal the IR lights in this one. But when he gets dark out, these IRRs turned on and if it's been raining or snowing or some kind of condensation, the weather's gotten to this. Anyway, there's rain or some kind of water. Sometimes along this dome. You can either get water inside or along the dome. You can get watermarks, like water spots when it, when it drives. So sometimes these IRRs turn on and you get this bounce back into the lens. They basically bounce off this lighting, bounces off the watermarks and comes back into the lens a little bit. It can cause a little bit of blurriness at night. So what I'm getting at is a lot of times these domes have to be cleaned a little more often, like every month or two or whenever you'd starts to get bad. So you gotta they need more we need more upkeep. These dome cameras that found sometimes the seals, they're little rubber gaskets in here. Sometimes these seals go after a few years like there's sun beating down on it. Water can start to get in here and pool a little bit at the bottom. There's just a few reasons that I try to only use dome cameras in some areas. But on the, that's on the negative side, but on the plus side, these are very Vandal resistance. Like, you know, you can mount them properly. You could hit them with a hammer or a hammer or a baseball bat or something. And they're gonna stay as is. And you're not going to move them. Depending. Obviously if you go crazy on it and you can you might be able to hit it off the wall or something, but there's certain some of these have little tint on the dome and these tinted domes can obstruct where the cameras looking so that's positive. They don't all have that tint, but some of them, they're a little bit smaller and they can come in different colors. So they can make it a little more discreet. If you had a black soffit type of thing, you put a black camera up there. Looks really nice and it's hard to see unless you're really looking for it. And like I said, there's some downfalls when installing these directly in the weather. So these tourists are kinda been my last couple of years. I've really started to like these t-shirts more and more, especially for the outdoors, where I was talking about if you install these in indirect weather outside of the IRRs and Glenn's are separate. So you're not gonna get any of that. That infrared bounced back that I was talking about. You only need to clean. The upkeep is less on these tourists. I liked the look of them as well. There's no real gaskets here that will lead click. All of these are completely weather seal. There's no real gas gets that are given started leaking and get water and cover the dome timer or cover the inside of the dome. And just started to like these tourists a lot. But they all have a similar praise. The infrared distances all basically the same as the domes and the all the operating conditions. I think they're usually they go to minus 40 or minus 30 Celsius so they can get their fine and my Canadian winters up here. So it's basically the same as the domes for most of the specs. And the one thing is the Vandal resistance. So these do have a set screw, makes it really hard to move. But if you hit these with a baseball bat or something, you can expect them to move a little bit. So that's why, you know, maybe you'd wanna go with Dome. If you're mounting these real low camera and you don't have any option but to mount it a little bit lower. Maybe for that Vandal resistance, that dome is the better option in some cases. And yeah, I'm able to disguise the view. Like I said, some of those domes are tinted with these. You're, you're basically seeing, you know, anyone can see approximately where these tourists are trained. So there's a there's a bunch of different specialized cameras were like I said, we're not gonna go into all these. We're going to focus on those last two in this course. But there's pan tilt, zoom, PTSD cameras. So there's a little motor and knees and if it can move, it can move. This. Can move the camera 360 degrees. It can pan up, down, left, right. You can zoom in like crazy. He's, PT xi's are really cool, but they're more of a commercial option. They're pretty expensive. And usually those are installed that we would have some of those at a mall on a pole. It you need to cover a big parking lot or be able to zoom in on certain things. There's only certain times you really, you really need these is usually commercial applications. And in like I said, you can pan tilt, zoom with your the app on your phone, or from the video recorder using a mouse or your, you can pretty much control these anywhere now. So this guy is a box or a bullet camera. And so typically these guys, I mean, they're they're more they're bigger and they're more noticeable. So some people use them if they really want the cameras to be noticed. Typically, these sometimes are used for license plate cameras when the lens has to really zoom in like crazy. These kind of enable longer zoom. And then just certain reasons where you might use these anymore. I can't think of anything else right now where you basically want them to be viewed. When you need to really zoom in. A lot of these cameras have crazy good zooms, just depending on, on how the lenses in there. So there's wedge style cameras as well. Where if you really had a, you know, if you really wanted to kind of put these, It's somewhere where they were kinda been conspicuous. You could get one of these little tiny wedge dome cameras. This is a 360 degree fisheye camera. So there's a tiny little camera in there and it's like, you know, it's a smaller camera, but it aims 360 degrees. So it'll lot of times we'll use these for something like I've installed these above cash registers where the client needed to capture like four or five or six different cash registers with one camera. So you put one of those in the middle and it shoots out to all the capture, all the, all the registers with one camera. Maybe like a boardroom or something right above the above the boardroom table. It captures everything. Anyway, there's some cool. And then the views on this afterwards you can, you can mess with the views to get kinda good views. When you're playing with the software. Looking at these cameras, there's some cool options. So e's are a pinhole camera. So there's a little kind of, so this is the main body of it and that's usually hidden behind a wall. And then that has a little cable coming off of it. And then this pinhole is only like maybe a quarter inch or something. So that's just a little lens is very small and you put that up. And then it kind of like a hidden camera type of thing. Wi-fi or cube cameras. These are typically used almost like as a nanny camera. They're kind of that can be used just to kinda sit on a table or sit on a desk or something and just get a good view. Their their their indoor cameras. And since they don't always have to be, I run back to a video recorder that can run on WiFi. So you could plug this guy right into a wall. And if you couldn't get a cable to your video recorder, you could use the Wi-Fi networks, Wi-Fi, and that communication would go back to the video recorder through the Wi-Fi rather than through a cable. So those are just a bunch of different kind of specialized cameras. And I kind of an overview of what we're what you've got there. Okay. So video recorders and hardware. So video recorders, they typically are 481632 and then 64 plus a for big, crazy commercial sites, you can get big units that go high. But typically for smaller businesses are residential, you're gonna use these for. So like I said, there's network or IP systems analog, his, the older school ones, but they do offer high definition over these analog over coaxial cable. There's Hybrid options as well that kinda mix the two networks, which is, so this is a network switch and it's just you basically plug the internet into it. And it feeds more internet to all these different ports. So how would, you know what? I'm actually going to wait because I kinda gave a good overview of how we would set one of these up later on. So I'll just wait for that. Internal hard drives. So in a video recorder, we typically put a hard drive to store all your recordings. So depending on how many cameras you have, depending on how much footage you want to keep. Q on a month or two months, all of these different things, and also the recording resolution that you're recording your cameras in. All of those are factors on how much hard drive you need for the amount of cameras you have, for how long you want the recordings and et cetera. So we'll go through that as well. Some different rule of thumbs. So power supplies are needed for the analog systems. Also some other situations for the analog style. I mean, usually all these systems now are POE, all the IP systems. But there are some. That might not have upgraded to POE depending on the brand you're looking at in the make and everything. So you might, in that situation, you might need to send communication to the camera through the video recorder, but you might need to power them separately. So communication through one cable then power through another. But like I said, almost all of these nowadays are POE power over ethernet. So it's only one cable. And then I've got some system layouts and some top-down views. And I'll go over everything to kind of give you a good shot there of human next slides coming up. So there's some accessories and cabling here. So like I said, this is the type of cable that we typically use nowadays. That's a Cat 5E or a CAT six, depending on, on what you want to use Cat5, these the standard though it's plenty to send cameras, communication over. This. These two are what we typically use in the older school systems. There'd be two conductors, like this would be for power, this would be for communication to those older analog systems. And then like I was showing before, if you wanted to put a dome camera, you didn't want to sit it right on the wall in direct rain and everything. You could use a mouth comes off the wall. And then the dome would go under here. Or a turret camera would go under here. And it just kind of, some of those domes have that tint film on it and the weather can really beat down on those. So if you put them here, the sun isn't quite hitting the dome all the time. And sometimes you just need to get a view away from the wall where these would be used. This is just a back box. So say you see you needed to mount a camera on just an external wall. You need somewhere to put all your cabling. So a lot of times these black boxes are used. All the cabling is housed in here. So you can either if you punched through the wall or the ceiling, you put all your cable and you put all your connections in here. But you could also come if it, if this was mounted outside, you could bring your cabling in here as well. That this is a weather proof seal around the cable so that water doesn't get into back here. And then the cameras sits on top. So these back box, you know, they make the camera a little more visible. It's not quite as in conspicuous because it adds a, you know, an inch and a half to the view of the camera or to what the camera looks like. But sometimes you need that dark box to How's your, your cameras or you're keeping your connectors. So this guy is a corner Mt. So this would be used maybe on a pole. You could you could strap it to a pole or a 90 degree 90 degree wall like a corner of a wall, and then a mountain like this would go on on this portion, and then the camera would go afterwards. So there's some different corner mount options. If you wanted to get both sides of a building, you'd have to come away from the corner a little bit and with one of these. So that is pretty much it for accessories and cabling. 3. Camera System Overview 2 - Sites Layouts and Important camera and recorder specs: Okay, so these were the system layouts that I was talking about. So this is a standard layout for an IP system. This is one building. All you're doing is you're running cabling around one building. You've got your video recorder may be in an office somewhere or an electrical room or wherever you wanted it. All the cameras that you want around that building are all home run. Back to the video recorder. They all get their power from the video recorder. One cable Cat, €5 CAT 61 kWh of these, you're good to go, nice and easy. It's got one cat five or CAT six to your internet, or one of these ports on your internet, router or modem. And then that gives you the ability, once it's connected to the internet, that gives you the ability to be able to view the system remotely. If you're off site, you're on vacation, you can log in through an app or on your phone or your tablet, or even your computer. You can just log on to see what's going on. Everything's good. This is the basic system that most people are going to be using for a home or business. But I also wanted to go in in the next layout here. The next layout is a little bit more, a little bit more intense here. Something different, a little something different you might run into. So this is a standard install here. So say you've got your video recorder, maybe there's five cameras that are all right. Being run back to the video recorder. That's all in building number one. But maybe you had a garage maybe, or a guest house or some other building. So this cape, you bought us and they make say you bought a 16 camera capable video recorder. You got five here. That gives you 11 more to play with. So, but you only want this to run on one system. You, on your, on your app, you want everything on one system. So all you need here, instead of home running three more cameras in building to home running these three cameras back to building one. All you need is one, cable from your Internet to cable to building number two. And then these cameras can get their communication and video sort of power and communication from a POE switch. So these three cameras are getting power and communication here. This is the internet is running from this PLE switch back to your internet. But this video recorders also connected to your internet. So you're on the same network for all of this. So in the, in the configuration of this system, it's going to pick up these five, no problem. But since the internet, it, since it's connected to the internet and these are connected to the internet, you're going to be able to view these as well. It takes a little more configuration. But that's one of these very cool things that these IP systems can do is you don't have to home run everything. You know, if you already had one cable over there, you can just go off and do up to 11 cameras type of thing. Because you had 16 near groomed for 16 on this video recorder. So some very cool things that these IP systems can do. So that's just two basic system layouts that most people are probably going to be using. 99% of people basically. Okay, so this is important camera info that you're going to want to look into. If you're thinking about buying one of these systems or you're kind of doing some homework and you're not sure what you need it. These are some important specs that you're going to want to check it out before you buy. So the camera resolution is a big one, or the picture quality. The lens size makes a big difference, field of view. And then we'll go over the camera placement around your site. So I know this is a, some different charts here and it's don't get intimidated, it's all good. So standard cameras. So ten ADP is two megapixel. Eight megapixel is your 4K TVs now. So how this works is, you know, you can buy cameras. I install a lot of four megapixel cameras. There, there really. You don't need to go to 8K. Don't think you need to spend a bunch of money and go to eight megapixel 4K resolution when these ones are plenty, plenty good. Furthest Stanford standard install. I mean, if you wanna go crazy and you got a little bit of money to, to invest into this system. Then cool, by all means, go crazy and get a 4K system. But just don't think that it's absolutely necessary because you're going to be impressed by these foreign six most likely. So here is, these are, these are all pixels. So 1920 pixels wide on a ten ADP. That's how many pixels there are. They are on horizontal. The 1080 is how many pixels are up and down. So 1920 by 1080 is our ten ADP box here. Eight megapixel is four times that. So think about putting it. So it's 1920 by timing. Timing that by two is your horizontal. So basically you're doubling your, your vertical and you're doubling your horizontal. 1080 times 221161920 by times two, thirty, eight, forty. So you're getting basically four of these ten ATPs. You're getting that many pixels vertical, in that many pixels horizontal, between ten API and 4K. So the big things here is that's, that's the basics. Total amount of pixel, pixel density type of thing. So if we're looking at now, let's forget about just the top area for a second here, let's go to the field of view chart. So four mega pixel between the four and the eight. And just did a little chart here. The angle of view horizontal. Sorry, horizontal hung the angular view horizontal. If, if this if if senior camera is on this corner, this is a 90 degree field of view. So really what this camera was right here on this corner, you'd get down this wall. So this is for a 104 degree. Then you'd probably get about up to about there, like that type of going to go back on. So if you if you kinda get what I'm getting at here is a 104 degrees might be something like this. If your camera was placed here on a wall or on a soft or something, with 4K, you're getting about 14 degrees more. So maybe that goes like this or something around, around there. So you're getting a little more 14 degrees more horizontal view with a 4K, you getting a little less vertical. But the angle of view diagonally is almost 20, about 18 degrees more diagonal field of view. So looking at that, that's on a 2.8 millimeter lens. So you're getting about 5014 degrees more on a 4K, but you're getting way more pixels, you know, like whatever, 55 million more pixels type of thing. So the pixel density is a lot. A lot. You're getting a lot more pixel density through the 4K, even though you're getting more of a field of view, but you're also getting a lot more pixels so that the resolution is CRISPR and sharper. Or say some, say you needed to get a somebody's face from farther away or a vehicle or that type of thing, the resolution is going to be sharper. So that's kinda what these all mean and how they play together. And I'll get into a little more gear. But the 2.8 millimeters your standard, that's the widest angle camera. Typically, that's a standard wide-angle lens. These can be a lot less like a 3.6 is common 3.6 millimeter lens and then a six millimeter lens, even a twelv millimeter lens. So every time you, your lens gets to 3.6 millimeter, this might go down to 80 degrees. So if your camera it was here, you only get from this wall to hear if you know what I mean. So that keep doing that. So. You know, you might want to go up in lens sides. If say you were looking down a hallway and you didn't need that horizontal field of view, maybe you'd get a six millimeter lens because you're getting that same amount of pixels, but it's in a smaller field of view. So those pixels are tighter together. If you know what I mean, you're getting more pixel density. I know it's kinda confusing. But to be honest, most of the time, you know, for a standard install, you're just gonna go with a 2.8 millimeter wide angle lens. And then whatever you wanna go with. And like I said, for six or eight. Yeah, I mean, they're really good nowadays even if four is just like really, really sharp. So eight if you wanna go crazy. But even for as a great camera and it's really, really sharp video. So that's kinda the whole spiel on resolution and field of view and how they play together. It's a little bit confusing, but hopefully you get a little bit more of a in front one at there. So Kim replacement now. So say you had a home and you wanted to get all the exterior of it. This this example here, the driveways right here. I like to put to if I can, on the front of the house. One maybe on this side looking out. And I'm using about a 104 degrees like 90 degrees would be down this wall and then maybe down the driveway. This is giving you a little bit more. So I like one that kinda shows the vehicles and, you know, to the side and an up above the mandrel or the overhead door, garage door. And I like one just to the side of the Kinda like this and this side. One up and above the the front door. And that's getting you're kind of a hundred and four hundred and five degree view type of thing. And then one up above the garage door. And that gives you a good cross shot of the front entire front yard. So it's kinda like what I like to do on the front of the house. If you have a side of the house that doesn't have any windows, it doesn't really need it. It's up to you. But if there's no windows there in a lot of times on the garage. Decided with the garage, there's not Windows alot of times. So it's not completely necessary. Like say you only had a system that was four cameras. You know, maybe that's the sad you don't want to put went on. And usually I try to go on the side with some windows. And then all I'm one on the back. Just up to the side of the patio door as well. Kind of get anyone who's messing around in the backyard or trying to come up to the whim the door or anything like that, you're getting a good shot of them. And underneath the soffit like this, you know, kind of a dome camera would be ideal here because it's a little lower, but it's out of direct rain and everything underneath the soffit. Ok, so now just like we kinda went over it a little bit earlier, but the important video recorders and a few different things that you wanna make sure of when you're buying a video recorder. So if you're looking to get 8k, 6K, 4K, eight megapixel cameras. If you're looking to go crazy on the cameras, make sure your video recorder can handle 4K. You don't want to buy a system that only has capability of six megapixel, you try to put eight megabyte, mega pixel on it and you're, you're kind of wasting that extra money because it can only you'd have to set the settings of those cameras. Totally. Only record or, or. And the picture resolution would only be able to be set to six megapixel to work on that video recorder. So make sure you're getting the cameras and the video recorder matches up with those specs that you want to use. So POE camera ports. So typically, like I said, these are all POE normally nowadays. But just, it sounded good to confirm when you're looking at these cameras encoding formats. So these are the standard ones nowadays, 8264. And then so the improvement over H.264 and H.265 is first thing is make sure your cameras if you want to, It's a good idea. Make sure your cameras can handle 265 and your video recorder also can handle that. So they both have to be able to handle that encoding format. So the improvement is 50% less bandwidth used or memory used. So if you're, if you're running H.265 for your camera and your video recorder, your hard drive is going to be able to handle 50% more because it's using less of the storage on that hard drive. So storage and bandwidth go down about 50%. Like say you were streaming your system on your app away from home. If you're running it on to 65, you're going to use a lot less of your data because there's less, there's less communication, there's less than data that needs to be sent from the video recorder to your app. If you know what I mean, like there's less bandwidth and, and harddrive you, since storage is about 50%, but even to 64, if you're going to see that big a difference, you're still going to be able to stream properly. If you're on WiFi somewhere. You don't need to worry about that extra data or anything if you're on wifi and maybe you get a weaker to less storage, you might have to get a little bit bigger hard drive. But that's just really, it makes more sense when you're getting up to 4K and eight mega mega pixel, where you really need that, that that encoding format, better encoding format. Okay, so storage and hard drive capabilities, you're going to want to know. So there's a few things here. The hard drive footage that gets recorded there. You know, when you go through the configuration of this system, you're going to set the cameras up so that you might want them to record continuously or you might want them to record only when the cameras see motion. So if the cameras only when they only see motion, you're gonna get a lot more recording storage out of your hard drive because they're only gonna get used like maybe a third of maybe eight hours a day compared to 24. So a good rule of thumb is that for every four cameras on a system, if I'm, if I like to have at least one terabyte of, you know, one terabyte hard drive for every four cameras. That's if I'm doing motion motion recording. So maybe they might give you about a month or so of recording time depending on how often it sees motion, depending on how often it rains or snows, that's going to trigger it as well. So a good rule of thumb, no. It's for every four cameras, one terabyte hard drive. But if you want to run it continuously, you might want to go, you might want to times that by about three. So instead of a one terabyte hard drive, you might want to go three terabytes for every four cameras. If you're going to run it continuously, because you're probably getting maybe you're gonna be running 24 hours a day compared to maybe eight hours a day approximately. If you had eight cameras, you wanted to run continuously, might go with six terabyte hard drive or something around there. And then that would give you maybe a month. It all depends. Month, month and a half. And there are some there are some hard disk calculators online as well. If you really wanted to look into this more. I mean, there's different factors. A resolution factors here. If your cameras or higher resolution, they're going to heat it, they're going to eat up more hard drive. If you're running a different encoding format, it's gonna eat up more. So there's some different things to look at. But as a rule of thumb, you know, that's what I talked about that earlier. So camera capacity. So this hard drive has capacity for four. Like I said, if you wanted maybe a 16 or say you wanted to get an 88 port and unit, but you only want to do for now. That's a good idea if you're thinking maybe you want to add some more on later is to get a little bigger one sometimes one thing, one other thing to mention is sometimes, typically these video recorders will only put 16 ports on one unit. If you've got, if you got a 32 camera system, data have 16 on board here, and then they'd have 16. You'd have to use POE switch. For your other 16. They don't put 32 on one unit. It would be 16 here if you want, if you needed up to 3216 here, then 16 on a POE switch, that would be an external. And then they would both linked to the Internet. And that's how you would add these ones to this system, is through configuration. So that is basically the important stuff you want to look at. And I kinda went over everything broadly. But next we'll get into the actual install of this hardware. And I'll kind of unbox some of this hardware like the cameras and show you how to basically give you a kind of a rundown of all the hardware before we get to the install and the configuration and all that type of thing. But we'll get right into that in a second here and I'll see you in the next one, okay? Alright, thanks. 4. Video recorder unboxing and hard drive installation: Okay, this guy is a small little unit view for port IP end VR Network video recorder. So yeah, it's just got some harddrive, it's running properly. It's got Internet. And hard drive is just a couple of LEDs on the front. And this guy, so it's got, it just say POE there. So it's getting these ports, these four ports, camera ports. We'll send power and communication to the camera. So you don't have to worry about a separate power supply or anything like that. For these cameras, there is audio in and out options. If you had like maybe a microphone or a speaker set up near your camera or you your camera had had a microphone on it. Some models do. That's where the audio would in and out would come out from the audio would go to a, to a speaker type of thing. This is a your Internet, your land, your Local Area Network. So that would go to your Internet. And then you'd be able to pull this. You'd be able to log into this video recorder from your computer or your phone or your tablet or remotely offsite, you can do that as well. So if you want to have a local system, that's cool. You don't need the Local Area Network setup. But if you want to see the system off site, then you gotta, you gotta plug it into the network. This is a VGA and an HDMI. Here, VGA goes to some older school monitors and that type of thing like a computer monitor. The HDMI has a 4K output, so it can go into a 4K TV or a ten ADP TV or, you know, a newer monitor, TV, whatever. Hdmi is kind of the standard nowadays that, that everyone uses. So USB, you could use this for your mouse. A USB mouse comes with these as well, so that would get plugged in there. And then the other one could go to a keyboard. Or if you needed to grab footage off of this system, then you can put a little thumb drive in there or an external hard drive and then just grab the footage if you needed it for police or insurance or whatever the situation was. He just basically export the footage onto a drive and then pull it out and give it to the cops or whoever needs it. And then and then power is right here as well. So that's kinda the, what's going on with the back of these things. And I'll open it up shortly here and show you what's going on inside as well. So like I said, there was a USB mouse that comes with it. There is a power supply, a transformer, and that goes into the system. The other end goes into your, your 120 volts to power. And then these guys are for your hard drive. So some of these systems, I believe this one only has space for one hard drive or hard drive like this. It's an internal hard drive. This is just an older one I had, but So this is usually if you get these hard drives, there's a purple one. And purple is made for cctv systems. You can get these in different times and anyway, they got a bunch of different specs on them. But the purple ones are made to be running constantly for cctv systems. So it's a good idea to use that purple if you can. But this is just one I had laying around. So all kinda demonstrate with that one. But these two, these two run into the main circuit board of the NBER and then they plug into the hard drives, giving it power communication. And that way, this hard drives stores all your footage. And then like I said, you can grab the footage off of there later if you needed to put it on a stick or something. And then these four screws also come with it. And these four little screws screw into the back of this hard drive and then they, they lock it down to the bottom of this, this NBER. So I'll open this up and we'll take a look at what's going on there and show you how to install a hard-driving these. And then there's also some little rubber feet or felt feet go on the bottom of these as well. Just to keep it right here to keep it off, to give it a little airflow underneath and keep it off whatever you're sitting it on. So that is basically kinda run down on one of these systems and then we'll get into it and I'll show you about the hard drive and a second. Thanks. Okay, so I've got this I got this taken apart a little bit here. So these guys, all that happened here was this sits over top. The disguise sits over top and just sits in like that. And then there's four screws around the outside of this. And VR. So you just undo those four screws. It's just a Phillips, a Phillips head screwdriver. You're going to need those screws and then just push it back, that comes off. And then like I showed you this hard drive, there's the four holes on the back. So all I did was I put these force Grusin also Philips head. So put those four screws in just a little bit and then you can sit it and then send it over to the left. And then finished screwing them down from the back. And then these two cables, this blue one is the exact same on both ends. There's a little, looks like a little L. So just pay attention to where they'll back to that little l is. And then that seats in. And then, so if you see this guy here, there's a little L on the back of that. So you just kind of copy where that's going. And then that'll seed in like that. And then this guy, there's only one spot for that to go. And that is right here. And there's two little, kind of little, little pieces of plastic that come up there. So those sit and write in where it should there. So that is basically it. Power and communication are going to this hard drive. And then anything that's NBER records will get stored on the hard drive. This is just a tiny little unit. If you go for camera, if you go to some eight or 16 or 32 systems, they'll have two spots for two hard drives, so say, and then you can put, you know, depending on how many cameras you're going to need a certain amount of footage, whether you're running the cameras so that they're recording continuously or if you're running them so that they only record when the camera sees motion. So all these, you know, there's some different factors for, for how big of a hard drive you need or if you need multiple hard drives. But for these little units, they just have the one bay and there's no fans inside this thing. For the bigger units, they also have like a fan bringing air in and another fan pushing it out just so this some airflow and it cools down the electrical components and that type of thing. But that is basically it for these tiny little units put in your hard drive. Some of them come pre-installed with hard drives as well. So if they come pre-installed, obviously, you don't need to buy one of your own and do this. It just comes from the factory like that. So that is kind of the way things are set up here. And you don't need to mess around with too much else. That's basically all you gotta do to slip that guy over. That guy over that sits in like that. Screw down, screw down your four your four screws and you're good to go. And then once you power this unit up, if that hard drive has never been used, you're gonna need to initialize it. And then that'll get it going into normal operation. Or if it came from a different say you had a hard drive kicking around that was used for something else. You would need to initialize it as well to basically wipes everything that's on there. And then it'll work properly in your unit. But it will take out all the memory that's in that hard drive when you initialize it. So make sure you, if it came from a different and VR different system issue, grab what's on there that you need and then put it into a new system, initialize it because it will wipe it. So that is pretty much it for these guys. I'll put the screws back in and we'll get onto the next one. Okay, thanks. 5. Turret and Dome camera unboxing - Walkthrough: This is a this is a unique view dome cameras. The four megapixel one, this this model. And there's a bunch of different ones, you know, 2468 megapixel. And they're all pretty similar. Yeah, so don't camera, there's a couple screw downs and the they give you a hex screw that you can use to screw those down and undo them. And these guys move the 360 degrees and up and down. And you can change the view of them as well if they're straight up and down or if you wanted something a little off. Yeah, so that's kind of the dome. So these are IP network cameras. So your RJ45 jack, like this will plug into your 45 input. And that'll head back to one of the POE ports on your video recorder or on your POE switch, or one of those to power the camera and send communication through. If you had this connected to maybe a switch that wasn't POE, it wasn't getting power, power through this Cat 5E cable or Cat six cable. There is a spot here for an external power supply. So you could send 12 volts DC is what these cameras take. So you could power, power them through a little plug-in transformer into the wall, and then the communication goes through the single wire. But typically, you would use your video recorder that sends power and communication through this one. So you don't normally need to use this. There are a couple other guys here. There are. This one is for alarm inputs. So I mean, I don't typically use the alarm or the audio or needs some models have microphones built in. This model doesn't, but if you needed, say you had a microphone, like an external microphone and an external speaker, You can send, you can send through down these downness cabling. You can send it to the NBER, the audio from the mike and then the sending audio back through the speaker. Like I think, like I said, I don't use them very often, but the option is there on these guys and alarm inputs that you had an external motion detector setup and maybe a siren. So you could use to for the motion detector and then the output would go to the siren, things like that. You know, normally I just use these for the cameras, but they do have a couple of cool options there. If you, if you wanted to use that for your application. What else comes here? So we've got some paperwork that hex grew. There's a couple of screws and plugs. So maybe in drywall, you would use a plug-in and put the plug-in first and then the screw and the plug would open up to kind of clamp. It basically opens up to large itself in the drywall and giving it a little better more secure screw down. This is a waterproof connection. So I even indoors, I've just gotten to the point where it takes 15-20 seconds. I always put these just in case there was a little a little critter or a little mouse or something like that. Trying to get into the connections, I just end up using these all the time now these waterproof connections, so how they work is like you've got your RJ 45 here. These ones can slip over. So you would go your cap would go in first. And then these guys have a little cut in them. So you can just put that over the cabling. And then this guy comes in and the screw down would go into the cap. So there's a spot that lets you put an RJ 45 through. So that would go through that would go through and then this rubber gasket would go in there. And then it would screw down and tighten over top of that gasket. So don't go, don't do too tight to begin with. And there's another rubber gasket that goes over the connection on this end. So that's sits down low. That connects in. And then this pulls over, this pulls over, clamps down. And then that Titan's. So basically you've got a watertight connection, gasket. Gasket there. And I typically just use them all the time, no uniform putting these in an attic or, or whatever it happens to be just to protect our connector a little bit. Plus maybe the caching didn't go all the way down. It's a little bit loose. This kinda secures everything so that, that RJ45 can't get out easily. So that is basically what we're looking at for these dome cameras, little unboxing type of thing. And like I said, the unit view is kind of my go-to for for these camps. Okay. I'll leave it at there for the dome cameras and we'll head down to the next one next. So one other thing to know about these domes that I really like is I like the fact that they're Vandal proof and you can hit it with a bat or whatever and it's not going to really go anywhere. You're not going to mess the view up. It's going to stay where it is. These Vandal proof domes are good for that reason. There are a couple reasons though, that I'm not a big fan of these domes at times. Sometimes if they're sitting out in direct to whether you can you know, if they're sitting out in direct weather like this, the there's infrared lighting around here. It's kind of hidden, but there's infrared lighting. And when that infrared lighting turns on at night. It can, what it can do is it can bounce off the inside of the dome. And especially if there's been whether water, there's sometimes a little bit of water can seep into here. Or if you get watermarks on the outside of the dome with its been sitting in rain or snow or whatever. These IRR's the infrared can turn on and it it hits basically hits the hits the back of the watermarks. And it can jump back and kinda give you a blurry view had certain times. So these need to be cleaned pretty regularly every few months or whatever to get a good view at night. So for that reason, I usually go with a turret if the if it's an outdoor application and it's sitting on a side of a wall or that type of thing. But sometimes these are great if you're doing if you're installing these maybe underneath a soffit yourself at location around the house, that type of thing. If it's out of direct, whether these can be really good or if there may be below below eight to ten feet where it's kind of easy to get at these, then I would usually go with a dome, tried to keep it out of the weather. Underneath the soffit or inside domes are awesome for insides their little less conspicuous than, little more conspicuous than terrorists. They look a little smaller and that type of thing. So there's just a couple things to think about. If you're trying to decide whether to go with tones or Tourette's is depending on where it's going. Sometimes you can get those watermarks and that type of thing. There are models of brackets though that hang off the wall. And then these brackets come off the wall and you can install the camera underneath the brackets. So it's not in direct sunlight for some of these, some of these domes have a little film on them as well. And after a bunch of years, the, these ones don't have that little dark film on them. But some models do. You just kind of be careful because sometimes when the sunlight it beating down on that, that little film can get sun damaged and worn down as well. So just a couple of things to think about. But in general, underneath of sulphide in indoors and then lower areas, I would kinda try to go with a dome. But most outdoor applications or indoors, if you'd like to look at the turret, there are good but you don't get that bounce back, IR bounced back or anything like that on the turret cameras. Every once in a while you do on the domes that require some more upkeep. Okay. Tax. Okay. This is a unit view turret camera. Believe this guy is a four megapixel. Four megapixel. These guys I've started to like tear its more and more over the years. Domes, like I said in the dome video, there's a couple of situations where domes are great. A lot of situations though, especially outdoors. And finding that these chariots are kind of my go-to. So these guys have cover on them and it just snaps in and locks in to the side. And then you just you can just go counterclockwise to undo it. And they have a little set screw here. So you undo the set screw and then you can aim these, move them around, aim them, and then lock that set screw down. And then there is the three screws that go into the wall or under the soffit or wherever you happen to be to be installing these guys. So I mean, like I said, I really do start to like these a little more. And I like that the infrared is separate from the camera. It's not surrounding it like a dome. I just find that there's less issues with IR glare and I are blurring and that type of thing with these cameras and there's less upkeep. You don't constantly need to every month or two need to be cleaning the lens off because of watermarks or the dome or, or any of that type of thing. So like I said, starting to like these a lot more and I've installed in installing more and more of them over the last couple years. So they're just like the domes. There's an RJ45 jack for a network connection. Cats if 5V or cat sex, then there's also if, if this was going into a switch that wasn't powered and not a POE, then you can use an external 12-volt DC power supply in these as well. So that is, and you've got a little bit of ego, a little bit of room to corral these up. If you are mounting it on a wall or something, but there's not a lot of room. So you can set up a back box if you want, or you can go in and make a decent like maybe a seven eighths of an inch hole. And then you can put your connections inside the wall or inside the software and then curl it up what you need to in here and the rest can go in or in the backpacks depending on what situation you use Nan, there's some weather proof or weather proof sleeve here. And there's screws and drywall plugs like the dome. And we've got a drill template on this one as well. So you just set that against the wall and you can even like just pop pop a hole and needs and then use a marker to set, setup where your holes are gonna go. And then take this down, drill your holes, and then put your camera up. And you're drills are your holes are already drilled, so that makes it a little easier as well. And then just some other paperwork, quick guide and that type of thing. So that is basically these tourists, like I said, they're they're great. Installed hundreds of them and like them a lot. Okay. And so that sounds Google. Get into the video recorder next and I'll show you what's going on there. Thanks. 6. Camera mounting options - back boxes, mounts and poles: Alright, so here is a standard back box for a camera. You would typically use these is if you needed this needed a camera. It needed a camera to go right up against a wall or the ceiling or wall or whatever it happened to be. There's not a lot of room for your connections behind here. So you want to give yourself a little more room. You would get about box, this is the perfect size for that one. It's actually made for a DOM camera, but you get the idea. So all your connections who would sit in this back box and you know, your your camera cable, Cat 5E or your cat sex would come into this hole and then you would kind of, ideally it's set upside down so any water that comes in would, would leak out. But you can also silicone around this. Your camera would sit in here. Typically, these will have a gasket and then you could also put some silicone in between the camera and the back box for three-quarters of it type of thing. And then leave a little bit not silicone that the bottom so some water can drip out. And then you could also silicon on the back. So these are these actually given option for wiring that come in the bark as well. So see you punched a hole into a house or a building. You could sit this right there. The Cat5 cable going back to your video recorder comes in here. You don't need to worry about this bottom one, the cameras sits on and all your connections are housed in there. And then silicon and a little bit so that you kinda protect the protect any water or snow or anything getting in there. So that's the standard back box. So earlier when I was going over the dome cameras, I talked about these different kinda mounts where you can have them set just to be the care DOM camera goes underneath here. So this is kind of ideal if either you want to get away from the wall a little bit or you want to protect maybe a DOM camera and in protected from the elements. Plus these are also good if you want to let people know that there's a camera there, they're a little more a lot more visible type of thing if you wanted to use it as a deterrent for people. So all these these little black boxes twist off. Your cabling, would all get concealed in here. Don't camera would come in. You would secure this to the wall. And that's good to go there. And that's a good way to use one of those full mounts. And then so there's other mounts that are just called pendant. This is a huge pendant mount. And it's not just for cameras, you know, these are for other electronics as well. But upended mount would sit down from the ceiling off of a pole. It might be an electric electrical and electricians standard EMT like steel pool coming down from the roof. And then camera goes underneath. Your connections are housed inside. And then there's just a threaded rod that connects to the standard steel EMT and then it's connected at the roof. So that's a standard pendant MT. But there's, there's also, if you don't, if you don't want to use one of those electricians, standard steel conduits. You can use something called Clinton electronics makes these, but it allows you to extend these. So you can your camera. There's a little attachment that threads onto these. And then you can extend it to wherever you want. And then at the top, these can clamp down, clamped down around. Some steel conduit arsenate not conduit, some steel bracing on. These are usually used for like a commercial application. And when you go up to the roof and then the steel rafters up there, it would just clamped down and secure that way and then use all. You've also got this kinda safety threaded steel as well in case something happened where it loosened or whatever. It's also got this steel cable. So that is basically an extension, Paul. You can get these in, you know, two to three feet or six to 1012 feet are anyway, they've got different kinds. But this is basically coming off the roof into a pendant mount. And then your camera sits below the pendant mount. So those are some of the basic mounts that we use for these cameras. Depending on a, on your application and pick one or the other. Or you know, you might just want to use the camera and go right to the right to the wall and then make the whole big enough going into the building where you can just feed your connections actually into the building. You know, you make. In that situation. You've got to meet your whole big enough. Probably 787 Ensure 15-16, even a one-inch Hall so that your connections can go into the wall and then directly on the building. So there's a bunch of different options there depending on your situation. But that's basically how to mount the different mounts and in that type of thing. Ok, thanks. 7. How to crimp and secure an RJ45 connection for cameras: All right. If you're making your own cabling, which I do recommend you do. If you get a bunch of pre-made cables, it just ends up being really annoying. And you're going to have either a bunch coiled up to one end or at the camera end or the video recorder end. And maybe you need a little more than a 100 foot cable or whatever you got. It just I've been there. I've done a bunch of these, but it just makes more sense to get a box of cable. It's cheaper. And even if you do have to buy a set of co-emperors, it still ends up being cheaper than buying a bunch of pre-made ones. So that's kinda what I suggest and it's really easy. So, alright, so we've got our cameras. We've got one of these weatherproof sleeves that come with all the cameras. So take these out to show you how to set these up. So there's going to be a little little ring here. Little weather proof. Rubber gasket. That one goes around to the camera side. On the other end. We've got a thicker gasket, rubber gasket, and it does have a split in it. If you if you needed to put it on the cable, like if you if you already already run it and you don't want to and you don't, you're not able to put it on the end. You can just open it up and put it the other way as well. So this guy goes on like that. It just runs down the end. I tighten it up a little bit so we'll move too much. And then you're gonna take your shrimpers and there's a little cutting. Who's a little cutting area on your campers here. So just go down a couple inches, spin it around to cut the sheathing. Sheathing is cut. And then you've got your eight conductors here. So that piece he just took off, you can just actually, you know, what I typically do here is so when you do when you do cut the wire with your co-emperors, just to confirm, you didn't NEC, any spot on one of your actual conductors. It's not a bad idea to just pull these back. You can give it a little snip on the sheathing with your cutters. And then just take one of your just take it back a couple inches. That way. If you do if you did accidentally cut one a year Nick one-year conductors, then it's not a big deal and you're past that point. So you just cut and below where you made your viewer initial TAT with the co-emperors. Now you've got your eight conductors. Just take them all the way back. So there's a couple different standards that are used. There's a standard and be standard for these connections. For some reason. I've always used to be. It doesn't matter either way as long as you do one-on-one and whatever you do 11N due on the same end and you'll be okay. So be standard is orange, white, orange. Orange, white orange. And then green, white and blue. Greenway, blue, blue, white, green, runway brown. So make sure we take a look here. Orange red, orange, green, red, blue, two-way dream brown, white brown amines are. These connectors are called easy, easy, RJ45. It means they have a passthrough on. Some of these basically have a block right at the end. These ones allow you to pass them through. And they just have some grooves in the connector that kind of feed these through a little easier. So your clip is always going to be facing down. So we're just going to snip off at the end here. Make sure things are still lined up nicely. Clip is down. And then just feed it through and make sure it seats properly here all the way down. And then one more time, just make sure you have orange, white, orange, green, white blue, blue, white green, brown, white brown. And then you just gonna twist those. And on these crimp or they have an RJ 11 or RJ 12 is your fault. You usually your telephone connectors in your bigger one is RJ45 is like your network connections, connectors like this for, you know, for computers and cameras and that type of thing. So that goes through. And then you just crimp it down. Typically though. And I've just got a little cutter on it. And so that cuts off the excess and you're left with a nice RJ45 connector. And then that just connects into your camera. The sleeve pulls over and locks in. And then you can crimp it down or you've got your gasket connector here. You've got a gasket, rubber gasket connected there. So pretty much makes it waterproof or at least very water resistant type of thing. So do recommend doing these on pretty much all your connections. Like I takes a few seconds to just put this sleeve on. I usually even do them for indoor cameras or, or whatever. Wherever it's going now just because it's not a big deal and it can, it protects things, protects the connectors and stuff like that. So that is how crimped down in RJ45. And this is what I recommend if you're gonna do one of these installs because you can get these shrimpers and connectors, you know, cheap on, on Amazon or, or wherever. So it's just ends up being worth it to me to buy the crimp or by the cable in bulk in a big box. It's, you know, it's the same price or cheaper than doing pre-made cables. And you know, you can use if I'd box for another project or, or whatever and save yourself some cabling. Okay, there we go, that's good. And we'll we'll get on to the next one right away. Ok, thanks. 8. HD-over-analog(HDTVI, CVI) camera systems and when you may want to use them: Okay, so I don't want to spend a ton of time on it, but I do want to go through an analog. Hd over analog. So high-definition over analog system. Analog is an older technology. I mean, typically you'll see this, you know, with these type of connections, they're called BMC connections. Or this guy is an F connector. And you see this on like old school table, you know, cable or satellite, that type of thing. So like we went over earlier, the IP systems are the newer technology ones, but I do want to show you how these HD over analog systems work. In case there's an old one you might be repairing, or there's an old HD over analog system that you want to integrate with a new IP system. Like they have these hybrid they have hybrid units that you can use the newer technology IP with the older school analog systems. So anyway, I just want to give a quick clinic town of brief overview of these. But you know, like for myself, for us, we just sell the IP systems and install the IP systems because they're more dependable, they're usually better hardware and less points of failure. And we'll go over a little bit of these things, but I'll just give you a quick rundown of all of these PhD over analog systems. So, I mean, this is just an old school system. But what you're gonna see on the back of these HD over analog are these BMC connectors. So the BMC connectors, they do require a special crimping hardware, different ones to do the seas and different ones to do the F connectors. So what? Alright, so you've got your B and C's, you have some video outs. If we're gonna go to a, certain monitors, have these B and C's, they're pretty rare. But there are monitors that you can send out video over these B's and C's. And then they'll play on a monitor that has these inputs, USB ports, the Lamport like normal. This one doesn't have an HDMI when it's an older unit. But then you have these VGA wants to go to a, a standard monitor power and then some audio in and out for microphones and stuff. So that's how they look though. They're not the standard RJ-45 connections that we, that we use on a on a network and video recorder. This is a DVR, a digital video recorder. Ok, so that's that. But for the cameras, so everyone has. All these different companies now, they have their own HD over analog, basically a name for it. So these cameras now, so TV II is a big one. C, VI, There's XVI, AGE D, there's all these different, every company has a different one. So sometimes you can get these cameras that have multiple different ones. And then it'll basically toggle between whatever technology see, VBS is like standard at standard analog, also called 96 th. So, you know, you can toggle to whichever technology system you're using or maybe interact with it. If you're, if you've got to want to start a company like this or whatever happens to be. And they have a certain aren't, they have a certain technology system. Then you have to match up the DVR with the type of technology, match up the camera with the technology that the DVR is. So at least some of these cameras allow you to just toggle between whichever one. So just make sure that's something you know about. And with these guys, I mean, like the other IP systems, you can have power and communication through one line, those RJ-45 network lines. Here we need to do separate power and power and communication. So a good way to do this is, you know, if you want to use a standard Cat 5E cable or a cat sex, it's the cheaper cable than a coaxial. An old-school thick coaxial cable or satellite would use. Because what you would have to do is you gotta run one cable for cracks and then you gotta run another one for your power. So you would have to have one for communication, one for power. You get around to lines. If you can, get away with running Cat 5E, it's cheaper and you get power and communication on one line. So what you wanna do here is these are called Bayesians. So video balance basically run. You have your video coming down to conductors and then it changes that into a, B, and C for you. So you're going to have some of these are labeled, there'll be labeled business called DVR side, but it'll be labeled DVR side of a camera aside. They didn't have a camera lens there just seems to DVRs, but just make sure depending on the balances that you buy, some of them can go either side. Some of them you have to go by what they say. They're also distances. If you're going over a couple 100 feet, make sure you check with the distance there, what the specs are on, the distances of how far it can send certain, you know, if you want ten ADP, how far can it send ten ADP, maybe it's 500 feet or something, 720 P. Might be a little bit longer because the definition doesn't have to be as, as clear. So just keep that in mind when you're buying your balance and when you're looking at these systems and the quality of pic picture resolution that you want. So yeah, two conductors, they go into your BMC clip on. They go in and then the clip over and then that secures the connection. And then on the cameras and the cameras side, you have a female power coming from the camera. So you need your mail on this end. So that's your mail coming in. And most of these cameras are 12 volts DC. Some cameras are usually with this HC over analog. All you see is 12 volts DC, but make sure it's not 24 volts AC is another standard camera power. So just make sure you only put 12 volts through this 12 volts DC. And makes sure your power supply that you're going to use at the, at the DVR and makes sure it, it'll say on at 12 volts, one amp, 12-volt DC one Amp. So make sure your, if your, if your camera's 12 volts, make sure you're only sending 12 volts through it, because otherwise it'll fry it. If you sent 24 volts through, ruin the camera. So that's all that's on that end. B and C into the Bailyn. And why a white triple up. So you have your power here. There's a positive and a negative. And what I like to do is basically use one conductor, cuz you gotta use one conductor for your Bailyn. But then the other six conductors elect to go all your solids to negative, all your stripes, striped two positive. That way. If you're going along distance, you don't get any voltage. There's less chance of getting voltage drop because you're using more copper rate. There's three conductors on each side, so voltage drop is less of a possibility. Also see one of these conductors split somewhere in the, in the lion. You still going to, most likely everything's still going to be fine because you've got extra conductors to send that voltage down the line if you know what I mean. So that's why usually triple up on these single on the Bailyn because that's what they call four. And then on the other hand, you've got your Bailyn that's going to go into one of the ports on your HD over analog. So channel camera one or whichever one it is going to be. And then on the other one, you've got your female power on their sand. That's gonna go into the male power. That's going to go into the wall. So you're going to send 12 volts down the line. Impurity. Make sure whatever you're doing on this sand. If you're using negative, if you're using all your solids as negative here, make sure it's the same on the other hand, or else you're going to, you know. It's going to short it out new, probably, maybe ruin something, either a power supply or a camera. Just whatever you're doing on this and to make sure you do it there. So we've got female connector here, male connector here. And then it just comes into the wall, 12 volts power. And then communication is going down the valence to the other end. And then at that point, once it's powered up, you can go to whatever, hold the dangle down to whatever technology you're using. And then the picture will come up and you can go from there. So that is a basic HD over analog. Just to give you kind of a taste of what's going on here, you run into this. But like I said before, we don't typically install these type of systems in less. The client already has an existing system like this. Or if they already have all their cabling run. If they have might not be Cat 5E cabling, it might be coaxial and power together. You know, the way they used to do it. And we don't want to run. If it's a big building or something we don't run or won't run all new cabling. We'll put in a system like this because it's going to cost them a lot less. And we let them know the pros and cons, you know, before and what's going on. So when I talked about points of failure, like with those network video, everything is running through one cable. The connections are very secure, its power over ethernet. So everything comes rate from a video recorder or your network switch. Everything comes right from their single line into your camera. Here, you've got a point of failure that you might be the power supply, you got a point of failure that might be the female female connector here. The valence can often goal armies as well where you gotta replace the valence. Same thing on this. And so it's like there's a bunch of points of failure points. These systems are a little cheaper typically. But if you're worried about service calls and you remember going back to places where you just want to install a good system, and I would suggest IP, but these are a little bit cheaper, but there's some issues going this route as well. So just make sure you know the pros and cons. And if say you had three, you had a bunch of cameras that you wanted to to take care of. See, you had a 4567 cameras. You didn't want a bunch of these little units here. You could go to a larger power supply like this. So it plugs into the wall from here. You open it up. And this guy has, I think nine ports. So you would go positive into here, negative into here. And you could do nine out of one power supply. Rather than going with nine of these little plugin transformers, you could do a power supply like that. Like I said, make sure if you need 12 volts, you got a twelv volt line because these also come in 24 volt AC. This is a 12-volt DC. So just make sure your power is proper for the cameras you're using and the system that you that you are using. So yeah, that's kinda the rundown on these on these units. And, you know, if, if you're really if your budget is really Tate, and maybe this is an option. But typically for the prices have come down on those IP systems and they're not too far away from these. So I've use kind of the way to go typically, unless you're very constrained on the budget or you have a system in place that's, that's already wired for coag for this type of unit and analog. Then maybe you want to go that route as well. But do a little, do a little reading and make sure you know the pros and cons, but that's kinda the, the overview of these type of systems. Okay. Alright, thanks. 9. Install site plan and walk around: Okay, so I just want to give you a little heads up on what the plan is for this site. So here we've got our AC unit. Natural gas comes in, electrical, everything comes in right around this area. So no, as I talked about a little earlier, if you may not need to come in through the concrete block, the block wall comes up to about here. And then there's the rim joist and there's like a two by 12 rim joist here. And that's where all of these services decided to come in. And obviously the electrical room is right back here. The electrical comes in right here through the rim, joist comes in and then comes down into the panel. So all are basically all our utilities come in right into this electrical room here. So this is where we're going to come in as well. So what I like to do is take a look at what's basically take points of reference. So here we have our event for the for the water heater, the water tank, water tank. So what I'll probably do is take this as a point of reference, is going to take a few, just, just because some of all this piping looks the same as the others. So take a couple of points of reference, take a few measurements. You know, I've got five inches or something here. So I could I could come in probably here and then look up the wall and make sure there's no obstructions coming up. And then that's a decent spot to make our hole. We don't need to use a hammer drill because we're in REM joy Syria, the wood. We are not going into the block wall. It'll be a nice, easy just punched through with a with a seven eighths bed bit and go through and you're good to go. You're in the electrical room and it's wide open. It's not a finished electrical room. So that's kind of the idea here. But make sure you take your reference points, you take the measurements, you know how far away you are from, from everything else. You, there's no wiring in the way, and then you'll be safe and not be hitting anything. So the idea here is we're gonna make our whole into the electrical room. They're downstairs because that's where our internet is. And I want to hook obviously you want to be able to hook this video recorder up to the internet and you can have it, see it on your, on your smartphone and then everything else. Okay, so the idea is going to be, we jumped in here and then we have that half-inch conduit that I showed. I showed you earlier. We're going to have that 90 degree adapter here. So 19, this is gonna go in and then it's gonna go up. And there's going to be that spot where we can take it off and be able to see what's going on. And then that's going to go up our half-inch PVC. The reason I like to use PVC along a wall is just I don't want if people can't see the wiring, they can't be like snipped easily and just kind of out of sight, out of mind that looks cleaner. You know, it looks like this like your electrical PVC. I just don't like. Exposed wiring on the side of a building. You'll probably see it here like you're not that one here for the the cable and stuff coming in. I just don't like that kind of exposed wiring anyway, so want to put it in PVC. And then a good way to do this. I'll show you exactly later, but on the edges of the soffit, there's spots where you can talk your cabling in to conceal it. So this is, this soffit obviously is gonna head all the way across to the corner of this house. I'm actually going to throw a camera there and then that one's going to cover the backyard. And there's going to be one more around the other side to cover the front door and the driveway and that type of thing. So that is kind of the idea and I'll show you the backyard in a second just so you can see how we're gonna do this. But that's the idea along this side where we're going to we're going to come into the house near where all these other utilities that are. Okay. And then I'll show you the back in a second. Okay. So this is the backyard this spot that we just kind of looked at. There's the down spout that we had. So the idea is going to be one camera sitting up to the, up in the soffit area. And what I'll have to do is just drill. I'm okay. I'm gonna drill just a small hole. Three-quarter inch 78 staple thing to put our connections up into the soft area. If you don't want to drill that little, you know, 78 hole, you can use a back box like I showed earlier. The cameras sets. The camera sits and other inch and a half down type of thing from the soffit. But you're not drilling a hole. The camera's going to cover that whole and that you're going to drill for your connections. But if it looks a little more low profile if you just have the camera, but if you really don't like the idea of drilling a little hole in your software, then you can use a black box to how's your connections that way. But, you know, it's a little, it's a little lower and it's a little the camera in the hall looks a little bigger if you go that route. But there's a couple options there. So you're going to keep tucking our wiring away as we go down. So that was the one camera. And then we're going to have one more. We're gonna go all the way around here. All the way around. You have to keep going around this home. And then we go up here and keep going. And right around here. Right around here, gives gonna get a decent view of the vehicles and the, and the front door here. So I think this is going to be the idea where we put one up in the corner here and then that gets our whole front area. And I'm and I'll show you how to get to I'll show you how to do that later. Where you're getting the vehicles and you're getting the front door. A decent shot of everything there. Okay. Thanks. Okay. Just another thought here. If you had your internet router, your switch, or your modem, you know, here on this site, it's downstairs. In the electrical room but see, it was on your main floor and it was in your living room or your bedroom or something. So right now, there's a cable that goes in to this site on the main floor. If you didn't want to go into the basement, you can either go going missing thing we did at the other side, going up with a PVC piping and then going around the Salford area. Another option, I mean, it it's done here. It doesn't look the cleanest and but you can run underneath your vinyl siding. There's some would strapping behind the vinyl siding so you can kind of tape it to the bottom and you wouldn't be able to see your your cabling underneath there. And then you can even bring some PVC up and then do it just the same thing as the other side. Look going down instead of up to conceal your cabling. And then you had in inside maybe two underneath your TV, the little TTL TV unit where your cable box is. And then you can put your video recorder under there. You could just go over from the video recorder and into your network or into your intranet. And then its real close. Everything's nice and easy. So that's another option. If you had your internet behind your living room TV or your bedroom TV or whatever. So that comes down, goes underneath. And then you can run maybe a couple of camera cables may feel needed to go to this way and two that way. And then you run underneath. And then you could do something like this is our down spout here at this site. So you could do something like you have your cabling tucked behind the down spout so it's you can't really see it. And then you can maybe you can do something like putting a couple of zip ties around to hold the cabling on the back of it. That's an option. I like the PVC Option a little more there because it's, you know, you can't really see anything and it looks pretty clean. But this is another option if you wanted to go or on the bottom, instead of going around the Safavid area. And while we're talking about it, I know I'd said, you know, so those are two options of getting around the outside of the house. If you wanted to go the inside router, you would kinda make a hole where your camera was. Say it was a seven eighths inch hole, you'd make your home and then you could put, put a fish, pull those lungfish pause, I showed you before in the material table that those fish pause can go, can get shoved through into the Arctic and then you can use those fish pause to do your cabling. Ok, just wanted to give a little more info about. Running cabling in the year attic through your software, like so sulphides right here. And if you were mounting a camera underneath your software. I mean, I mean, just like we talked about, i'm going around the building, but the attic is a good spot to go as well. If you needed to get your cabling, say you get your cabling into your attic and then maybe you had an office in the middle of your house that didn't have it was tough to get to the outside. And you wanted to just drop down the ceiling like through the drywall into office area or something like that, then this would be a good method as well. Rather than going outside the building, you could go just into the attic and then dropped down through the drywall into an office or wherever you want it to go, and then just put a little bit of wire mold or a little covering on your cabling, maybe in a corner. Another option is to go into like a broom closet or something. If you needed to get downstairs into the basement, you could go through the broom closet and then all the way down stairs from the top floor to the basement. That's another reason you might wanna do this route as well. So going back to this, this is kind of a basic setup here. So, soffit rate here. Usually it's like a metal perforated software with a bunch of holes in it. And then usually there's a hole right here. It's not it's not real big all the time, but it allows air flow up here and then airflow into the attic. And so there is a gap in air gap. So what you could do is you have your camera here, you punch your, you know, your seven eighths of one inch taller, you 78s hall. And you put a fish pole? Like I put I had a like a video or a visual of fish poles on the table when I went through the, all the hardware that I had. You can attach those fish pulls together or maybe 16 footer, we'll be okay. But you put you shove your fish pull up and you should be able to just kinda make that turn. And then you can basically just go into the attic. You'll see the end of the fish pole up here. And on this end you tape your cabling in a box, a cable. You tape it to the end of the fishbowl. You shove it up and then you pull from this end of the fishbowl and you pull the cable up, and then you pull up whatever you need to get to, wherever you wanna go with it. And then this is an easy method to be able to just go around anywhere you want in the attic and then just go down through the drywall anywhere you want. So this is just another method. If you don't want to go around the house. This is kind of a visual of what it looks like. And also this, these rafters right here are all lengthwise. So it's not like here. You should still be able to get through because that's how they're designed to allow air flow through. So there is a gap. Okay. So yeah, I'll get to the rest of this little walk-through. But that's just a little more info if you want it to go the addict route as opposed to going outside. Okay. Thanks. Okay. So yeah, like I said, when I was outside, I kind of showed you where all this piping came in. And then we were talking about that it came into this electrical room here. And the plan was to go just to the side of some, you know, find a decent spot to come in along that rim joist area. And as you can see, like all the piping we saw side, this is our like this guy here is the one we meant we pointed out. The one that goes to the hot water tank. These ones go to the AC unit. These three, the control wire of the copper and then this one, I don't know whatever it is for the AC unit. Those three. I know it's a little bit of a mess and there's not a lot of room to play here. So what I did was I just You probably have to get up here and really move things around to see. But you kinda want to get a gauge of where, where you're joist is and where I'm going to take these a C1s as my kind of reference point. So I know it's tough to see, but we had up here and we see where these AACU a C cables come in. And then we're able to kind of get a reference point to where the where the joist is. So it's about and it was about six inches. So that kinda tells me that kinda tells me that I have and this amount of space between this joist and this AC unit wiring and that type of thing. So I've got a decent amount of space to punch a hole through and then come in. And as long as I stay along that same plane within that six inches, then I'm not hitting anything. I've come over here and I've checked to see that there's no wiring in the way. If I make my hole anywhere in that area, there's no wiring. I'm not going to hit any electrical. Just know that. Know what's in the way before you punch your whole is basically what it comes down to. And that's basically how you get your reference point. Make sure, you know, you look from both sides just to make sure and confirm exactly what's in the way you're not going to hit any electrical, you're not going to hit any piping or anything like that. And that's what's going to happen is I'm gonna come in with the cables. There's gonna be two cables that go to my cameras. I'll just have to run them across, across and down to our Internet access here. And there's a couple of ports. So what I'll probably just do is mount the video recorder. Next. This isn't hooked up right now, but it will be hooked back up. So it'll probably do is just mount the video recorder. The two cameras will go into the video recorder. And then we'll have a lamb, a land cable network cable that goes from the internet to the video recorder. And then at that point, you'll be able to pull the video recorder up on your phone or your computer tablet, everything like that because it has Internet access. And then that's kinda the way I'm going to set this system up. So that's basically it for here. Just make sure, you know to, to confirm where the all the wiring is down here, get a good pointer reference, maybe even do it twice to make sure. And then, and then go from there. Ok. Thanks. 10. Hardware necessary for an install: Okay, so we've got here is all the stuff that you're gonna wanna take a look at having. If you're gonna do one of these security camera installs. So just go quickly through them. So obviously you're going to want to drill. You might have one with a hammer drill option on it. You're gonna have to go standard drill or hammer drill. If you do have a hammer drill option, it's only if you're gonna be going through concrete and I'll kinda go over things a little bit more in a little bit with that. So you get the hammered real option here. And then obviously you can get your small hammer drill attachments and just put them in the chalk there. If you don't if you're going to need to go through concrete, like if you're heading into a basement. And like I said, we'll go over this a little more. This is obviously this is like a rotary hammer drill, a larger style. You're going to need power at some point, whether it's for your drill or your grinder. So there are things we need to do where you might, if you don't have one of these rotary hammers, we can go in, we can get into the hosts or the building different ways. So if you don't have one of those, don't worry too much or you might need it. You might not. So just something that you might need here. Have your cameras wherever. These are. An IP. Ip cameras is where I'm going with here. If you, you may need a back box depending on where you want to store your, where you want to store your connections. You know, you got a little bit of connections here, so I'll go over it a little bit more later when we do the little walk-through. But you might need back box depending on, on how you wanna do your install. We're going to want some paddle bits or some speed bits. Typically, we're going to need enough room to get your to get your connector through and your connectors and both three-quarter inch. So we're going to want probably about 15161316. You're going to want a little bit of extra room to get your connections in. So just make sure you have a few part of bits. Silicone. You're going to want some silicone to seal up any holes we make later on. We may need we may need a fish tape. Depending on the install and what you're placed looks like, what your site looks like. We might need a fish tape. We may need fish poles as well, or at least a single fish pole. Depending we can get around, we can get around using that type of thing, but it is easier with fish poles like that. We may need a level. You don't need a big one like this, just if you have on, it's kinda handy just to make the make sure things are or level and straight but not necessary. A grinder is a good one to have and makes things a lot quicker. A grinder with a zip disk on it. Real thin disc for cutting. If you have one that's helpful. If you don't have one, no. We can just use a standard. A standard size well will work. And okay. So I've got some half-inch PVC that I'm going to use the come in ten-foot lengths. So if you've got a half-inch PVC is good and then there's clips. There's clip. So I don't maybe I forgot them somewhere. But there's clips that hold the PVC to the little UK clips that hold it to the wall. So you gonna need a couple of clips. And then also we have our 90 degree. It's like a PVC elbow kinda thing. This is what we're going to use and it's got a top that comes off so you can see your cabling and you can you cable can head inside and then the PVC can go up the wall outside. So you don't want one of those guys? Half inch. Half inch, depending on so here's another thing is depending on what type of cabling you're going to use. If you're gonna use pre-made cables. If you're gonna use pre-made cables like this. And obviously there are going to be like a 100 feet. This is like a 5-foot or something. But if you're gonna use pre-made cables, you're gonna want a bigger half-inch PVC is going to be too small. You're gonna, you're not gonna be able to get a bunch of cables up there. So what I would probably go with is even three quarter. If you've got a bunch of them, three-quarter might be tight too. So even a one inch PVC probably if you're gonna go with premade cables. But if you're gonna go, if you're going to make your own cables, like I do, you're just gonna get a box that's just Cat 5E cable. So you can go with a half-inch and just put your put four cables up a half-inch, no problem. And then make your connections. Make your connections like that afterwards. But to make your connections, you're going to need some Cat 5E connectors or CAT six connectors. And then you're going to need a crimping tool as well. So I mean, these are, you know, like if you want to buy one, I understand. If you don't want to buy one. So maybe you want to get some a couple, a 100 foot pre-made cables. But if you've got a bunch of this to do, it just does kinda make sense to get a crimp or get some connectors because you're not wasting a bunch of access cable. Afterwards, you're going to need those. A 100 foot cables are not going to be perfect. So you're going to have to shove all that cable either up into the soffit or wrap it up at the DVR and in a coil. So I mean, obviously, I'm gonna make another video on how to crimped down using one of these dampers. And actually, you know, finish off a connection so you can check that one out. And and maybe you'd rather go that way, which is kinda what i recommend. Get some glasses that have some safety glasses when you're using your grinder. Gonna need some electrical tape, a Sharpie, and a measuring tape, and just some drywall screws or some kind of screws to to secure things down. If you're heading inside, usually what I'll do is I'll use these. If you're heading inside, you're going to have to make a little hole in your drywall depending on how things look and how your how your site is set up. And I'll show you a little more about this later, but these are called post-construction low-voltage rings. See you make you're a little hole in your drywall. You can set this guy into the drywall and then clamp it down and it it kinda hold tight to the drywall. And then you bring all your cabling through. And then this finishes off. These low-voltage brushes. Kind of make things look nice on the wall. And then that sits on that post-construction ring. So that's kind of what the type of hardware you're gonna need. Au pair side cutters is needed as well, or some kind of cutters. If you're if you're making your own your own cabling, or even you probably need a pair anyway. Even if you don't make your own cabling. Last thing is, depending on what kind of screws you're using. Get a Phillips. Phillips or a Robertson. Read robertson. Just some for your drill, some some bits for your drill. That is a boat, what we're going to need. And I've got a just in a frame ladder here as well. But you might need something a little taller depending on depending on how your site books. So that is it for now and just kinda the hardware that we're going to go through. But I'll do a little walk around at this site and what our plans are in a minute here. Thanks. 11. Conduit install: Alright, so in this one, we're just gonna start by, by drilling into the house. And I took my kinda point of reference as that AC unit there, the kinda all that wiring and conduit and stuff coming from the AC unit. I just took that over a few inches, made sure it's going to line up straight the conduit. And I think I drilled about it, tune or a half-inch hole for two wires. But pulling it through with the fish pole was a little tight. So if you only do two cameras, maybe you might wanna go slightly bigger like 58916 or something. But yeah, so I'll just drill in and they are the same basically the same horizontal plane as, as all the other wires to kinda get in the same area. But I just made sure that there was no wiring or anything on the other side there, so I didn't hit anything. This is a fish pole that I'm going to shove through. And then I'll yeah, these fish bowls are really handy for that and you can just toss it in there and basically just tape your tape, your wiring. And I staggered the wire by a few inches so that only the top wire is attached to the pole. So it just makes the diameter a little smaller. Just because if you do them at the exact same spot, it just, you know, obviously it gives you a little more wiretap to pull through in the same area. So that's all I'm doing here. I'm just gonna pull that through and then we're going to head to the basement and I'll just let you know what's going on down there and kinda how I came through and and what we're up to there. Okay. So I sent out fish pole through here and then pulled those wires just to the side. And now it's a little tough to see, but just a couple inches over from where the AC piping and low voltage and stuff is. So yeah. Anyway, all I'm taking it as a two cameras. All I needed to to camera wires. That's why I use just a small paddle bit. But if you are bringing in for something, maybe you'd want to bring to three-quarter inch or something, but I think mine was half inch just because it was two wires. Yeah. From there, I'll just wrote them over. And then down to this modem switch router type of thing and then set everything up. Alright, so now we're going to get in to actually installing this conduit. So I'm brought all that cabling inside and I just kind of took what I needed. I think I left myself, you know, ten feet or something in there and I just zip tied it. Are taped it or something up there inside. So that Even if I was pulling from the outside, I wouldn't lose any of that ten feet that I needed inside. So and then I just took this cabling and kinda took it. Obviously I had to there one was going to be a lot shorter. Swiped took it out at the exact same length and then just taped it at one spot there. But it's, you know, there's no nature. There was no king Senate, there was no nothing weird going on with the cabling. That's all stretched out. And then I think I'm just getting my Grindr going here. So these conduits, they have a little 90-degree attachment that I'll show you here. And I'm on a flush surface like with that vinyl siding is flushed on the back. So I'm gonna cut this 90 degree connector attachment down flush as well. If you're not comfortable with grinders, you could use just a regular hand saw to do this and then just use still use. No minded being a little close to my hands, but there it's all kind of cut down flush now. I'll sit right on that vinyl siding. If it was a couple, maybe a foot lower and it was on that concrete area below the vinyl siding? I would, uh, left that lip on because, you know, obviously it's got that little you've got to compensate for the vinyl siding and this trapping behind it. So it would have come up straight if I had left that little lip on the attachment. Yeah. But since I'm in there deciding it's not a big deal. So I'm just going to open this is 90 degree connector attachment up now. And so once that is opened, I'm gonna make sure I know. Okay. Alright. So I'm just kind of getting going up to get a measuring tape out and get a dimension, get a, get a length on how long this conduit needs to be. Somebody go from the roof or the soffit area down to the top of that connector. And then whatever my measurement is, I'm just gonna take it an inch less because I want to give myself an ancient inch and a half at the soffit so that my cabling is not crazy tight up there. In that way. I'll have a little bit of space to play up top. So just taken my measurement and putting the mark on that conduit. And I'll take the grinder and same thing you can then you can use just a hand saw if you want. But grinders nice him quick. It's just a zip zip desk or cutting desk on a grinder. So now I've done it before. The put your put your 90 reattachment on. Just remember to remember to come in the back of it. I've done these before where I where I I just went right into the conduit and I had to redo the work. So any late, make sure you go into the back of the connector, back the 90-degree attachment, and then up the conduit and you should be all set. And if you find any kinks like that and just make sure you straighten them out and because you don't want your your wire to get shorted out or anything like that. So in the back and then through the conduit all the way down. He can go quicker at this point. Yeah. And just I mean, I took that a cut the cabling really far because I had to walk out had to walk out with the boxes to the approximate area. And it sucks working with a bunch of cables sometimes. But in this situation, I wanted to come into the house first. And then I took my boxes around the house to give myself an approximate how long the cabling I would need. And then I added ten or 15 feet on and then cut it out the boxes and just brought it back if you know what I mean? And it's like I said, it sucks working with a bunch of cabling. But in this instance it was just Howard had to go. You're going to straighten this out a little bit earlier but only lost the middle layer to layer. So you are bringing this conduit up. I mean, I've got the window there to kind of guide me to give myself to make sure it was kind of straight and level. But if you had a two or a four-foot level, that would be good as well to make sure you keep things nice and straight. So as you can see that wires coming in the back and then go on up. I'm just gonna grab some, some little little u, little U-shaped connectors to keep that conduit tight against the wall. And then I'll get things secure here. And for vinyl siding, I mean, really all you all you really need is just some drywall screws for vinyl siding. Anytime a standard screw is going to be OK, it's just a going into vinyl in them. Some strapping behind it or some plywood OSB, whatever is behind it. So that is that's all it is for that. Just put I'd put a connector every couple of feet. Make sure things look nice and straight all the way up. Yeah, I couldn't get to ensure your I mean, I'm a little far away from the wall and this one I couldn't get in real tight because of all that piping and stuff there. But if you need to just try your best to get him tied so you're not kinda hanging off the ladder too much. And as you can see at the top there, it looks like I've got about I think it was about an inch that I try to aim for. It gives you enough it gives you enough room to take that. With two cables. It's not as big a deal. If you're getting into bigger conduit with four or five cables or something, it can be a little bit of a pain up there. If you if you barely leave yourself any room to to kinda take that 90 and bring it around. So just leave yourself enough room so that it's not at all cramped up there. And then the last thing I'm doing here is I'm just putting the cover back on that 90-degree attachment. And we're pretty much at the end of this little portion, we're going to start taking that wiring across. So all I'm doing here is all show it more and a little bit. But there's a little lip up there where the soffit meets the vinyl. There's a little piece of trim and you can attach you can kinda conceal your wiring in that little piece of trim. So you don't see anything around the house, but we'll get into that more in a couple minutes here. But for now that is that's pretty much it for this little portion and we'll get onto the next one. Thanks. Right. And this one here. So I just want to give a kind of kind of show you what once, once this is all set up and you're, you know, but you button things up. It's a good idea to go around these attachments with some 100% silicone and just kind of seal everything up, especially with the vinyl siding. There's that little gap up top that kinda allows an opening. You don't want any little critters or any anything getting in there. So I usually just go around it. This is a clear silicone, but you can kinda get the different ones for different colours as well. And and get kinda whatever mashes or you can get the IS cleaned it up a little bit here, but I could have done a little better there, but yeah, anyway, just try to get all your gaps and make sure everything's kinda nice and nice and tightened up. And you won't have any any weather or any water or creditors or anything getting in there. Okay. Thanks. All right. So this is yes, it looks there. I basically got what I needed there. It looks a little bit messy on the front there and I can clean that up a little bit, but yeah, so I had to silicone that and it looks pretty straight going up. And I am showing you up there that you tuck into that list. There's a couple of spots if there's screws or anything weird going on. You might need to, to just get into that game might show a little bit, but basically, you can get too into that trim area and and it conceals your wiring. Ok. Thanks. 12. Cabling the site: Alright, I've sped this up a little bit, but I just wanted to go over basically how we run and wire around just a standard house. This guy is just a bungalow, this site. So it's not too crazy. Sometimes. You do have to certain times depending on your home or your site, you may have to get on an extension ladder and if it's a real high house and go around, but the same kind of all the same procedures apply. So all I'm doing here is I'm going There's a little spot. Obviously you can you can tell where it is, but it allows you to get a couple of cables and tuck them in where the soffit needs so it'll trim a little trim area. So I mean, I'm doing it with my with my hands here. But it's not a bad idea. Sometimes it can get can get a little annoying. You could use the backend of the sum of my tools have like a rubber handle on them and they're kinda thin. So sometimes I'll use one of my tools with a rubber handle, turned the tool around and just kinda shove it in with a little rubber. Something thin enough to get in there. But don't use anything. Don't do anything too hard because you don't want to puncture the wire or break any of the conductors or anything. So so something rubber works as well. Soon another option, if typically will do is if I have four cameras on the outside of the house, I'll try to take 21 way and then to the other so that I only I only have to, you know, going around at any point talking into the trim. But if you for some reason, maybe he got more than two wires and you know what I think I might be using, I think I'm using that tool there. Actually, I went and got it. And I'm just kinda shoving in with that tool and trying to get things. Get things so they're not visible from the ground. But yeah, if you say you had more than two cameras to do and it was really tough to get to tuck them in. You could jump across to the other side of the soffit. There's another lip. There's another lip on that other side that's actually a bigger It allows you to get a little more. The trim there's usually bigger. So you could jump across with a couple of cables and use that other side as well. If that was the only if that was the only option for him. So what I did was I basically I walked no, I cut the cable like I brought the cables into the basement in the last video. And then I walked around and got an approximate distance of where I was going to bring my cables. So I just cut the cables, walked around the house with the boxes of cable and just cut them like left myself and extra ten feet and just in case. But then I cut them there. And so I just had basically cable free cables free cables dragging behind me there. But they're not coming out of a box there. They're cut. So I'm going to this far corner. I'm going to drop one of the cables there. And then one of the cameras is going to be on that corner. And the other one is gonna get taken most of the way around the house. And this one here is going to look at the backyard. And then the next one that continues is going to be kind of like a front door and driveway type of type of camera. So we'll get into that here in a sec. You may find that you have to, you know, you're going to have some obstructions in the way. Just kind of make your way around those and it should be OK. And you'll find that on your corners as well. Sometimes, sometimes that lip that your tucking into here, it it gets to a point at the corner where you can't talk in. So sometimes there's a little bit visible wire going around the corners, but typically you can, you can hide pretty much all of it. So now things get a little easier here. When you're only tucking one cable. This other one, I'm going to I'm just going to drop it at this corner because I'll install that later on. So here's a spot too. I mean, like I went around the I went around the outside of the building but, you know, this soft area. If you can get like where I where I dropped that camera. If I wanted to go through the attic, that wouldn't be a bad spot there to punch a hole up into the soffit and then put up a along fish pole. And then using that fish pole, you can get up into the attic as well. This is just the kind of a method that I, that I like to use. I think it's pretty fast. And a lot of, a lot of houses you go into or buildings, it's really annoying to get into the add. A lot of times it's in like a, a closet where there's tons of stuff and you gotta move everything, gotta go up there, get dirty. And, you know, sometimes I just rather go around the outside of the house and make it easy on myself. And how you got, you know, you can hide everything that way as well. The reason why you might want to do that, going the adequate root is if you wanted if you needed to get into maybe a an office or something that was in the middle of the house and it wasn't along a wall that was easy to to get into. And you wanted to drop down in the middle of the home from the attic, go through the drywall and just come down. May be in a situation like that, you'd wanna go the outgroup, but most of the time, the Internet provider has already made their way into the house. Usually it's n0 through into the basement or or below a main TV or into an office. So a lot of times you can kind of see what they've done to get that internet wire in and, and almost follow their root. Because you gotta get a cable to the Internet as well there. So this is coming along the side of the house and and and then I'll just be the next thing we'll show the actual camera installation. And that's just going to be up on this side of the house a little further down? Yes. Sometimes doors and windows. You got a Windows especially sometimes they go right up to that that Salford area. And sometimes it's a little tough to hide things up there, but you can usually still there's still a little spot to tuck your wire. Okay, so that's basically the wiring side of things here. Then in a second we'll get into the actual camera setup. 13. Cameras post edit: So here we've got brought that cable down and look to see, can see everything is still tucked in. This is approximately the spot I wanna put my camera. So I leave myself a couple of feet of Slack. And then I put on that that weather proof sleeve for the cameras. And then what I'll use here is a stepper, stepper bit. They're called, they're perfect for just checking out how the camera is going to look. It's good to get your head up there and get a good view of exactly what the camera is going to be looking at. So I use this stepper bit in. I went a little bit too far there. That's about an inch and a quarter, but all you need is about 15-16 or or one-inch one-inch Hall to get that little weatherproof connector through with all the wires on the back of the camera. So like I said, if you didn't want to make that hall, you could use a black box behind the camera for all your connectors. But I am ok with the little hole. The homeowners were okay with little hole cameras going to cover it. And it looks more low profile the camera when it doesn't have a black box behind it. So this is just the option that we went with here. So I'm just basically splitting these wires off. You use my shrimpers to cut the sheathing. And then I went down a few extra inches here. And then I'll I'll snip the excess shaving off and then bring it. Leave about two inches there. And just open up all these connector or open up all these conductors. Like I said it before. But I do like going with the I do like going with these boxes of cable where you make your own, you know, you put it on your own connector. If I would have had to do this with a pre-made cable. At this end, I probably would have an extra an extra 20 feet or something that I'd have to shove up into the ceiling. Or maybe you bought you ballpark did and you're just slightly off. And then you gotta rerun everything because you're like two feet shorter, something on your cable. So anyway, I just find it easier and less expensive to just make my own cables. So I put those connectors on and crimped him down and just watch the video on unmaking these. Watched a video on making these connectors. And then you'll see the whole process there. But yeah, just double-check your work on because you'd have no idea. Even after doing this for, for years, sometimes you, you're not thinking and you mess up your connectors. It's just doublecheck those before you crimped them down. So we're just gonna put this weatherproof sleeve over the connector. Makes sure that's tight and weather proof for even if there's any in a critters up in the attic or, you know, you never know. And just use these all the time if there is some moisture that, you know, you don't want any anything less than what these so yeah, you get you put that up and you put all your connectors in. And along the base of that camera, there's a little spot that allows for that allows for that cable to enter. So usually there's usually there's spots for them cut out already. On the dome cameras. There's typically a spot that's already knocked out, notched out for that wire. Sometimes on the Tarik cameras like you'll see later. It gives you three spots that are but you've got a, you've just got to pry them off with a pair of pliers. So you got to remember to do that when you're using tourists. Sometimes they they don't have them opened already Fourier. So yeah, with these I mean, you can use them like typically with this sheet metal, it's easy to get through even with the screws that come with the camera. But just standard screws. I mean, you can use something like a self tapping screw. But these self tapping metal screws, but I've found that these really hold well, and there's just so little wait, that sounds nice. Cameras hardly weigh anything. So like half a pound or something. So you just put those three screws in and then it typically holds no problem. I mean, if you were really worried and you want it to secure these a little better, you could maybe open up. You could put a bigger hall in the back of these things. And then maybe put up like a piece of wood or a piece of plastic, a small piece of word, a small piece of plastic, and then. Lay that piece of wood flat and screw in to the wood backing if you know what I mean. So there's like apparently I'm having Currently I'm having trouble with this one, but yeah. Little tight to the wall. So yeah, like I said, if you wanted to secure these a little more, maybe you could put some kind of anchor on the back of these to kind of screw it into. Well, you'd have to make a pretty decent size Hall and behind the camera to shove something up and then lay it flat. And it would be kind of annoying, but then they don't go anywhere. If you've they're pretty they're pretty rigid with those three screws in them. So now we've gotta put aim things the way we want them. And I usually just do a ballpark. And then after I do a ballpark view, and then after you get these setup, you can have a helper. You can have a helper kind of be looking at the camera, looking at the monitor while you're out here, adjusting the camera, however they wanted adjusted. And then pretty much every camera it comes with these little hex screwdrivers there, a little there and they are a security there's little security feature on them that so just remember to keep these keep these heck screws. Don't don't throw them out or anything when you get them because it's like a security screwdriver. Ok, so that one's pretty much taken care of. And then next we'll get on to that one. Just kinda do basically the same thing as I did before on this one. But it's going to be on that turret camera around the other side. So that's just a little look around that one. And then we can see a little bit there. There is that spot that lets that wire in. I mean, you pro I probably could have tucked that a little more or, you know, made it so left a little bit less space between the left, a little bit less space between the camera and the wall. That would've kinda eliminated that, that area you can see the wire. So we did basically the same thing on this camera. I had that extra wire here. And if you see there's I just came across and you can go a little farther out and still tuck in to that trim area. So that's what I did here. And I just decided to go out about three-quarters of the way to the to the actual you've strophe. I didn't want to go too much farther because you want to you want to stay a little bit away from the elements. All the rain and the snow and hail or whatever else you'd rather not get. If you stay you stay half a foot under here. Okay. And you still get the cover of the soffit without it's still going to get a good view of everything. Basically just did the same thing here at ease, that stepper bit again. And a lot of times on corners like this. And it's kinda nice like you can usually set these cameras. I didn't need anything on the side of this house here. So I didn't obviously didn't put one there. But a lot of, you know, a lot of clients, they want to take care of the back and then the side of the house like this. So you can take both camera cables through and just basically set these cameras almost right next to each other. And then can you hide the wires? It looks really nice. They're right next to each other. You get a good view of everything. And that's another good reason to, to run these run these outside like this is it's a sandy. And yet as I've said before too, if you're under if you're under an overhang, those dome cameras do work well, you know, they're they're Vandal resistant. You can't reach up and moved them. The the, and the bad thing about those though, is sometimes you do get those water spots on it. Sometimes he gets some glare and that type of thing on the dome. But that's why these turret cameras, I've started to started to like these more and more. And you just don't have there's very little upkeep with these DOM cameras. A lot of times you gotta clean them fairly often every you know, you gotta try to clean them every month or every few months. With these tourists. You're not getting any of that ankle layer buck. Because the infrared is separate from the lens. It's not surrounding it like those dome cameras. Anyway, if no, yeah. And I'm just doing here is that little NACA spot I was talking about. That gives you a couple options on that knockout. And you just take your pliers and then just pry off whatever opening you want. And then you can use this to bring the wire and I'm not pinch it to not pinch it down. And these also have a set screw on them. So they are quite difficult to move like if they're up there and you, you, you, you anchor down with that set screw. They're tough to move. It's not like somebody would be able to just move this thing around. So they're good to use pretty much any time. But I do like those domes as well. If it's, if it's low and people can easily reach it, the domes are great, but he's terrorists have kinda didn't go to recently. So you move the term wherever you want. Get a good kind of approximate shot. And then him and I'm just kind of a hankering and down there on that set screw. And then the ring the ring cap goes on and then clicks in and you're good to go. Okay, so that's where I'll end it and no regular will get onto the next one. Okay, thanks. 14. Cabling into drywall - Ring and face plate install: If you've got a situation where you need to come through the wall, you know, maybe you have, you know, maybe you've got four camera cables are three camera cables or whatever it is that needs to come through the wall to go, you know, maybe it's in your living room or bedroom. And that's where you want to put your video recorder so that you can cook it up directly to your internet or your TV, your big screen TV. These is a good way to do it. So if you're coming through the main basements are a little different. But if you're coming through the main floor of the house into dry wall. This is called a post and construction ring, a low-voltage post-construction ring. So what you do with these is first, you've got your cables outside and you're going to bring them all in, you punch your hole in to the, you know, there should be a vapor barrier and installation and then some sheathing and then you're vinyl siding or whatever citing you have. And typically there are two by two by six walls usually. So you gotta, you punch in and you've got your whole and now you need to put a post-construction ring on it. So first off, you're going to hold it up like this. And you can put maybe like outline it in black marker or something like that. And then just get a rough estimate of where it is. And then just use your drywall saw and go around that. And then these guys have little wings on them. So what they do is you drill it in and then these wings grab onto the back of the drywall and hold everything tight. So once you're done, drilling are like solving it out. You would put this in. You put that in, and then you would use your drill and drill these down and it would clamp down on the drywall. So that's kinda where we are right here. For this situation. We only needed a single a single cable and they wanted it into Keystone Keystone Jack. So that and then from there, you can just put a cable to their, you know, to your TV or, or whatever if you wanted faster internet, it's always a good idea to use a hard-wired connection rather than Wi-Fi. So that's all we did at this site. But if you had a bunch of cables to bring through, you can use one of these little brushes. They look a little nicer than you can bring 45 or whatever cables through. And then they could all go to the back of your video recorder and it would look nice and clean. You know, obviously you'd clean up the wiring and it would just kind of bundle towards your your video recorder. So that's kinda how if he needed to come through into drywall, That's a good way to do it. One other note I guess is just to figure out where you're going to come through. It's always a good idea to use a point of reference. So in this case, it was the corner of the window there. You know, I said okay, I took a measurement from the corner of the window on the outside and said I gotta come over, come over four feet and down three feet. And then that's where this whole lives type of thing. And you might even want to there's a stub every 16 inches as well. So if you don't want to hit that, you could take your stud finder, figure out where that studies and then just come to the middle of the stud space. So that's another option as well, just so you don't hit I mean, it's not just see, don't hit one of those studs. You can figure out where you wanna go, take your measurement from there to the window and on the inside. And then just mark that on the outside of punch your whole in. And then put a post-construction ring and some brushes. And then it looks really nice. And it comes right to your video recorder. And then you can run an HDMI cable, right to your TV and the Internet. Anyway. So that is basically the kind of setup if you're coming into drywall and you want it to look nice and clean and obviously use a level, make sure it's square and everything and you're good to go. Okay, thanks. 15. Video recorder set-up and configuration: Okay, I've just put in one of these unit view video recorders up and I plugged in a camera as well. And what will come up is a wizard here that kind of guides you through a couple of things. And the reason that this camera came up immediately is cause the I was using a unit view video recorder with a unit view camera. And they usually have a plug-and-play if you get the same brand, if you're not real use to dealing with these cameras, just try to get the same brand. Usually they have a plug and play. You don't have to mess around with the different IP addresses or anything. They just pull up on their own and you're good to go. So that's not a bad idea. So this wizard comes up and just select your language. And then so these systems have a, you can take your phone, scan this code, and then it brings you up to an app install. And then you have to login and sign up and then scan this again. And it it basically does everything for you. You don't have to get into your internet router or do any networking stuff. You just set it up nice and easy on your phone. And this is kinda the easiest way to do it. So you can go through that after you've done that. So right away, you want to change the password and you really do. I know it's, It's kind of annoying sometimes, but you really do want to change the password. You don't know nowadays about hackers and any of that stuff. Just do yourself a favor, change a password to something decently strong. So these admin passwords, that default password on these university systems is 123456. So that's the admin password right now we'll change it to whatever. Let's just say capital K. Kyle, 1-2-3-4-5. Alright. Okay. So Kyle, 1-2-3-4-5, and then you change your password. You don't have to worry about it. Alright, so that's next. You can set your time zone wherever you are and the format that you like. And just keep this as is. Alright, so here, if you have plugged this into your internet, if you want to get, if you want to view this on, you know, when you're away from home or you're away from the site, you've gotta have a plugged into the Internet. If you just want it to be local, local, local cameras, you don't need it to view anything when you're away from home. You can, you don't have to plug it into the Internet. But this is just if you want to. So DHCP, if you have this enabled, it's just going to pick up any address on your network that's open. So I mean, so really if you're, if you're not going to get into your networking, any of that stuff just you can leave it as DHCP. It's not a big deal if you're going to use that app we talked about earlier at alright, so yeah, this just pulled up some cameras for us or just go quickly through a couple of these things. There's some local recording. You can start a few just, but we're going to set it up to record on a Schedule C. You don't need to worry about this, but there's a playback option here where it'll take you right to the playback if you wanted to see something that happened on this camera, the digital zoom here. If you click on that, it allows you to do a digital zoom on these cameras as well, where you can focus in on certain things. And image can fig login here. All right, image can forgive is gonna let you play around with the image settings like the brightness and the contrast and that type of thing. Yeah, so saturation, contrast and brightness, it gives you a couple different modes. You can see which one works best for you. If you had this outside. Maybe MY wide dynamic range as some different tolerating and certain things like that. So play around with it and see what works best for you out Nate. And however, you think it looks good. Oasdi. So if we want to rename this camera, let's just call this chair's minor chairs. You can rename it here. He can go enter on that. It's sorted renames for us. You can set the date, how you want the format and you can have it show time 09, Showtime, show name or don't count people don't worry about a lot of these cameras have different options. If the, you know, they were going to be placed in a business or something, you can set these things up like people counters and, and cross line detection and all these different things now, so I'm not going to worry about this. We're just gonna kinda go for the basic stuff here. But if you want to drag and drop these as well, and you can move these around where you want them to be, where the labels. So that is basically OASDI. And some of these cameras have audio options. This one doesn't, but there's also different things. Audio in and out, like say you had a microphone or a speaker plugged into these, there's different options for that type of thing that can run through these systems for audio, but this doesn't have any options for that on this one. And then this here is basically the specs of what you've got going on. So this camera right now, there's a four megapixel which is 2560 by 1440 pixels wide and up. And then it's running at 25 frames per second. And so that just gives you that the basic stats of what's going on here. Alright, so that is that you can go right-click. And there was just, like I said, there's tons of options on these and I'm not going to get through all of them. But I'll go through the basic stuff because otherwise it'll take forever. But you can do. You are going to the menu and go through all this, but it allows you to do different windows or like multi window, like a two-by-two grid corridor. You can have it set up where it's, you know, it's like horizontal if you know what I mean, rather than a grid, it just they're all in a row. Like maybe this would be useful if you had something like a bunch of corridors in an apartment building or something you needed to sea. And you want in the mall just to be lined up, just to, just to catch the corridors in the middle. Playback, we'll get into that hooked output mode. So Menu. All right, so recording. This is if you're going to back up some footage giant to a desk, you can take the recording type that you want, normal manual that just take them all, take the time and the date that you want, go to search. And then it allows you to export that footage onto a, a little USB thumb drive or an external hard drive. You can, you can put all that on their VCA. Like this is getting into this like face, face, people counting face, facial recognition, things like that. I'm not gonna get into that. That's very, you know, you have to be, you have to really know what you want to get into that stuff. And most people are not really going to deal with that. Manual recording and alarm. There's alarm options on these as well. If you you know, you can you can add you can add a alarms to these like Harvard run to a motion detector that will sound a siren. There's just a bunch of different things that you can do with these systems now. And I'm not, like I said, I'm not gonna get into all of them, go through the basic stuff. But in system, one of our mean ones is preview, and this is what our four-by-four grid looks like. So see you had a bunch of cameras. You can set them up so they're not, you know, whatever you want in what order you can change them here. If you had to this 6i, you had a 4K TV that this was hooked up into. You'd wanna go to 4K. This monitor is only ten ADP monitor. So that's what I've got it too. But if you had a more of an old-school monitor, it would probably take 720 p or one of these other options, but you can change it to a higher definition output. From here, the resolution, we went through the windows. You can have it like change every eight seconds if you want until you, if you want it to be a full screen camera, and then it swaps over from camera to camera every couple of seconds. If you're going want to enable that sequence. Time we already did Date and Time. Holiday. I don't need to worry about holidays. So users, so right now we have our admin user and you can add separate users here as well. So if you wanted to give certain people guessed Privileges where maybe guessed, it only allows you to see live. But you're not allowed to get into the playback or you're not allowed to export footage. Anyway, there's different things that the certain users are allowed to do. So this is how you put in the name of the user you want, you put in their password. And then you put it in again and, and then it'll show up there as a sub user to the admin. And then you can give other people privileges to, to be able to see things. So you have, if you have other users on the system, you want, you know, it's not a bad idea to do that network. So like I said, if you I mean, this is if you have it plugged in to your internet router and you're going to be viewing remotely and you want it to have internet access. If you're not, don't worry about this. There's all, there's a bunch of different things here, like you can use this cloud. This is the QR code that we saw in the beginning. You can. So, you know, like I said, if you go through this, you download the app, you'd log in, sign in, and then you'd follow the you'd follow the directions of what they, what they tell you to do. An HTTP port. There's different ports that this uses. That you can change these, these are all the ones by default, but you can change them if you need to. We'll get into that later. Port mapping. We don't need to get into any of this. This is pretty kind of obscure unless you really, you really need to use this stuff. So security is another thing that you don't really need. We don't need to get into filtering on with secure passwords. This is just your password stuff. Then we're able to storage. We're going to need to get into this. So storage is how you want the recording done for this. So normal is 24-hour recording. It's always recording Monday to Sunday with holidays. It's all the same. What I usually set these up is he click on motion and then you can drag and drop and then apply. So these cameras will only record when they see motion. And then the prerecord and the post record. This is the amount of time. So say this camera, camera number one sees emotion. It's going to, it's going to give you a little blip of time in your playback where it said I saw motion at this time. And that prerecord, it's also gonna give you ten seconds before and 60 seconds after. So if you wanted to like say, you wanted more time ahead of that motion spot and you wanted more time after. You can do that as well, where it you know, it gives you time before and after that that motion. So we want to enable the schedule because we want this to run all the time on motion. So that's cool. So that's for, that's for a camera number one. But number two, you might want something different. Camera number three, whatever you can set and different schedules for different cameras. The hard disk is where you see how much footage you have. Made sure the status is everything's running normally and make sure it's recording on snapshots and normal recording, everything's all good. And so allocates space. Now, if you wanted to allocate space to only run on, like certain cameras have more space allocated to them. You can do different things like that here. And then you want it to be overwrite. So once the, once the hard drive, so it's only half a gig or half a terabyte hard drive. So it's not a huge hard drive on this. But once say it's an a month or something, once all your hard drive space is used, it will delete the back of itself and keep recording. So it'll constantly have a month of footage because it's just recording over the back of itself using that overwrite option there. So that's that alarm motion detection if we're recording on motion. So you definitely want to have motion detection enabled and then you can set the sensitivity to whatever you want to set it to. But there's no reason to set it real low unless you're like some, sometimes insects are gonna kick it off. Like it's going to start recording on insects. It's going to start recording on snow and rain and that type of thing. So you can mess around with the sensitivity if you want, but it's best to keep it pretty high. Just do the full screen. Like say you wanted to say there was a road up above and it kept triggering your recording because cars were constantly driving by on that road, you can disable portions of the road if you know what I mean, and then the rest will be okay. So there's certain things you can do like that. I'm just gonna go fullscreen though and apply. Or there was different tampering. You don't need to get into tampering video losses. If if the say the camera cut out, it would trigger a video loss on another. We use these at gas stations and stuff. So if a video loss, if a camera goes out, then the pumps shut down. So there's different things you can do. Like I said, most people are not going to need to use this type of thing. Facial detection, intrusion, cross line detection, audio, people counting mean these are all options nowadays, but most people don't use them. I'm not gonna get into all of them. So that's gonna go so camera, alright, so camera right now, since this was a unit view protocol, it was like a plug and play option. So you interview it was a plug and play. It took care of itself. It grabbed its own IP address. We didn't have to do anything. It it just, you know, it just started running. If this was, say, a different brand of camera, you'd have to go in here and use an IPS setup, different IP address, put in the actual IP address of the camera. You gotta do some different things and I will go over that later, but you just have to be more specific and it doesn't do it all on its own. You gotta put everything on, you know, on your, on your own. Advanced camera. You can update these cameras to different firmware is down the line and that type of thing here, encoding. So encodings kind of an important one. So you've got this camera and the mainstream is running four megapixels at 25 frames per second. Say you wanted to bring it down for some reason, you can do that if it was using too much bandwidth on your phone app or something like that, and you had to bring it down and you do it here. That's all the mainstream stuff is. Is on the left-hand side than the sub stream is going to be a lot lower resolution because this is usually used as sub stream. You have like a nine, a three-by-three grid. So nine cameras aren't in a row. Like on your main screen. You don't want all those cameras grabbing. It'll go really slow if they're all grabbing really high definition. So when they're in that grid, they're taking a lower resolution because they're little boxes a lot lower, their screens a lot lower. So you don't need as many pixels in those small boxes if you know what I mean. So anyway, yeah, that's obvious. Other stuff you can pretty much leave you codebase sick, that's fine. So OSB is what we did on the main page already. Font color, font size, time and name and everything, image this is we already did took care of this as well. Privacy masks. We don't need to worry about that. And so PTC is certain cameras have little motors in them. And you can, it's called pan, tilt and zoom is a PTC. So if you have a camera that allows movement, like you can zoom in or out, you can focus, you can move the entire camera. You can pan left and right, up and down, zoom in, all that. All those actions can be done here if you have the proper camera for it. Maintenance. So system Info, this is just all your basic and full of what's going on here. Recording not started, so we're going to have to set this just make sure everything is set up properly here. And we're gonna get into this and make sure everything is recording properly on, on all our cameras. Network info. So if you had this connected and I mean really this is like the amount of power that's coming out of your POE ports and the amount of data that's being transferred back and forth right now there's nothing going on. We don't have it hooked up to an attitude like a phone app or anything like that. So there's no traffic. I don't wanna get into all these. This is a log of certain things that have been going on that we that we changed on the system. If you want to back up some footage, I put it I put a USB stick in this guy. So I'll get into that a little later as well. But this is where you would see what was on your USB stick. And the footage. If you want to factory default or restore auto functions, auto restart. So say you wanted to just to restart every week this system, then you can set it up to go by week or you can set it up to go every day if you wanted two things. We're running a little slow maybe. And it just needed that weekly reboot to kinda restart itself. And sometimes that can make things run a little faster if it's getting old and that type of thing. This is hard disk stuff we don't need. So basically that is, that's going, that's all. That's pretty much everything. You can logout here, restart the system or shut down completely. And I mean, that's that's pretty much it there. So we'll we'll cut this one off here. And you know, we went through basically all the settings on these and how to set it up. Set it up normally. 16. Set your system up to view your cameras remotely on phone, tablet, or computer: Okay, so I'm just gonna go through the easy view up and spell easy view. And it's a unit views app that you get to when you go to that barcode type of thing on the system we talked about. So if you're on the same network, it's really cool. It pulls up your system automatically. You don't need to do anything. As long as you're on the same network, you're all good. And then it asks you to log in and select your country. So I did that and put in an email address. And yeah, like I said, make sure you are on the same network. You're not on your cellular data or anything like that. And then it'll pull right up for you. Otherwise, you'll have to scan the barcode and go through it that way. But yeah, so I just put in an email and verified that. And then it sends you a code and gives you a minute to put that code in to that male, a male little icon up top sent me one. So I just went on my computer and open that email and I'll put it in. Second Sturm. Yeah, there we go. See, just put in your email and you gotta set a password as well. And I just set the one that I used for the video recorder setup. But it's probably probably be anything. I don't think it needs to be the one for the anyway. So you're getting daylight savings time. If you want to set that up, you go save. And then so now it says that you added that recorder that we was on your network. Now there's a Cloud one at the bottom. So that's the bottom cloud one I went to. And then it came right up. That camera that camera system. I've just got the one camera on their right away went to high-definition. So that's good. It runs really quick on your Wi-Fi. I just was testing the zoom here as well. Zoom works fine just by kind of flicking your fingers open and closed. If you want to do use the digital zoom. There's a snapshot option as well and I'll recording option I was just playing with here. So these you can set your recordings. So that was on live view on playback. I was just testing it here as well. And I was going to the and so I just grabbed another recording here. And then if you are at the top menu in the top left, there's an option to go picture and video. And then this is where you can send those pictures and videos. You can share them here in that bottom left icon. So you can share them to friends or family or whoever needs them. So that's a kind of a handy thing that this app can do. So here what I did was I turned off my WiFi and I was just on the LTE. And I had to restart the app because. Obviously things change when you go from your Wi-Fi tier LTE. So keep that in mind. You may have to swap over if you're like, I was kinda simulating like I was off site here, like I was away from home. But yeah, it came up. It came up. Okay. And so there's no video and I was just testing at different points. And see here it comes up on low. But I swapped it over to high definition and it was still, it was still running quite quickly. On the on the high definition. I refresh that there. So I'm gonna swap out, swap it over the high definition here. And then I'm just still on my cell data for 4G around here and then here it's refreshing. But I was honest spot with no video. Yeah, and that's what the reason was. So I went over to a better spot and it came up pretty quickly and it was high, high resolution and there's really no buffering in the top there. As you can see, the, the, the, the movement of the time. So I'm pretty impressed with the cloud option here from unit view. Even it's really, it's crazy fast on your Wi-Fi and it's still quite fast on 4G cell. So I went back to the Wi-Fi here and refreshed it. And it should come up real quick and comes right into high death. And you don't need to mess around with it. And then I just tested it in a couple of spots and you kinda went right over to it with no lagging or anything. So that is basically a run down of the cloud unit view, easy view, cloud platform setup. And, and there we go. Thanks. Alright, so once you go through the, once you go through the phone setup for that easy view, you've made your, you've made your cloud password and you can view things properly on your phone. Now you're gonna wanna go in back into the interior video recorder. And under net work, I'll just put a little picture up right here other, but under Network and then D, DNS, you're going to see the settings that gives you a username and a pass code. And then the past code that you set up for your cloud device. So easy station is the unit view online platforms. So if you want to watch, if you want to view your system on your computer, your laptop. That, that easy view was for your phone or your tablet. So this one is for computer, laptop, that type of thing. So if you go into device management and then cloud device, and then login, the user name that they gave me was this one here. And I'm just gonna put in the password that I setup as well. And then you can put auto login for next time if you want, doesn't matter. And then we go log in. So it shows right here that it went from offline to online. And this is our system, it's their proper IP address. Everything's good. So if we go like this, so that's added now, if we go live view, it's gonna pull up this device right away. So it's not great quality right off the bat here, it's really low. So if you right-click on the, on the screen and go stream type in, go to Maine. Instead of it's going to be that high def option again. And and that's, you know, that's what you want there. So it's so full high-definition again, it's got all your options at the bottom here as well. Your, your, your view, your code, your digital zoom, all that type of thing. So anyway, and it's got all the snapshots in screen captures and things like that. So if you're on a laptop or if you're on Computer, This is the guy to use Easy station 3. You just have to, you can Google it. There's a thing there is a different one for Windows and a different one for Mac. But just download this, install it, get yourself setup. And then you can go to the Device Management Cloud device and had the device we just setup. And then that's, that's basically good to go. You got your playback here as well. You can highlight whatever camera you want. Highlight whatever camera you want, and it gives you options for dates and times that have footage recorded. And then you just search and played the footage that you want. So live view and playback are going to be your main ones. But that's about, that's about it for this easy Station software. So that's how you do everything. Phone, tablet, computer, and by over cloud. And it's really quick. There's no buffer time, there's a VAT interview cloud is really fast. Okay, thanks and get onto the next one. 17. How to set up and enroll cameras that are powered by a POE switch: Okay, I want to give you a little situation here that you might encounter. And it can be really helpful in certain situations to go this route. So we've got our unit view video recorder here. We had the view camera plugged into it. That's all nice and easy. This other cable goes back to our internet router and there's, you know, the four ports on the back. So that goes into one of those four ports. And then this camera's view video recorders you interview. It's just plug and play nice and easy. And they work together perfectly. No big deal. It's connected to the POE read on the back of the unit. So you're all good. But what happens if you want to put cameras, say, in a different building? So maybe you have a garage or like another house, nanny house or I don't know. Whatever you guesthouse, whatever you want to call it. So you've got one of these in your main building. And if you have one cable connected to. So what I'm saying is you don't need to home run all your cameras back to this unit if you have just a POE switch. So say one of these Kant wanted these cables here also runs back to one of the ports on our router. So it's getting internet access through that single cable back. But say you wanted to put three cameras and that nanny guesthouse and I'd I'd garage. You don't want to you you've already got one cable run to the main house that this one connect to the internet. All you need is a POE switch. So it's getting, it's sending power to these cameras as well as communication. So you're gonna plug a couple cameras and this is, this isn't a view camera, so it doesn't have that ability to be a plug and play, nice and easy. They play together perfectly. But it is compliant. It is on VIF compliant, so it'll work with this system, but it just needs a little more setup. So I've got this camera plugged in. And then if you wanted to do 3D form or whatever you wanted to do, but you didn't, but you only have the one cable back to that, your internet. So I've got one cable here that's ready for me to plug into my laptop. And I'll show you how to set these up so that you can add to your system without, you know, sending a bunch of you having to run all those extra cables. This is one of these great things about IP camera systems, is as long as they have internet access, you don't necessarily have to have a camera back to the head end each time. So get into the computer now and I'll show you how to activate cameras that aren't the same brand. You probably have to activate them to get them going. And then you'll have to get all the information from them for them to be able to. You know, run on the the the different brands system. Make sure they're recording properly, all that type of thing. So we'll get into that in a second. Okay, thanks. Alright. So here we are, we're back. I'm on my computer now and we've got easy tools open. So easy tools, you can just Google it and downloaded its unit views. Basically it's a, it's a device finder from you to view. And most camera manufacturers have their own device finder and same thing as easy view, easy tools, easy station. They all have their kind of different ones there. They have their app, they have their computer platform, and then they have their device Finder is. Most of them do. So among the easy tools, the U1 and I find our four camera system here, AR and VR. And I know that the IP address on our network is 192168 dot eight, dot eight. So you can get to it. It'll show, you can get to it here by using the E. And that'll open up Internet, Internet Explorer. And then it will bring you right where you need to be on that IP address on your network. So I mean, before we need, we don't need a login yet. But the other thing I wanted to show you here was that other camera I was talking about, that was a different brand essay. Dp is a device finder for another brand that, but I'll a lot of different brands actually. So as ADP is a device finder and rate here that camera that I have plugged in, it's plugged into the POE switch, which would be in a garage or another building type of thing. But it's inactive to start. So we have to activate this guy. And it forces you to put in a new password. Now just to throw that in there. And then you can activate it here. So this should go now. I'll, it's gonna make us it's going to make us put in some whatever stuff. Let us do that. Kyle, 1-2-3-4-5. Perfect. Alright, so it's going to make us do that. And we can get over here. So now that camera is activated, it's got the IP address that it's going to take one by default. And I'm just going to set this up to be on our scheme like or are schemas for my network here is 192168 dot 0. This one, by default, it uses just sat with adult 1.So 64. Different cameras might come with a different IP address by default. I'm just going to throw in that 012 here. 0 dot one is the gateway. And I just, I am just taking dot 0 dot 12. You may have other devices on your network. We gotta get into command prompt, type this type of stuff here. But just take something close to what your, what your DVR when you're NBER is. Like my NBER was dot 0 dot eight. So I'm just gonna take something higher than that. Unless you're just a business or a business, if you're just a normal home, then most likely you can just grab one and it's not going to be the end of the world. If you take something that's already used, it'll just tell you that there's a conflict and you can just take a different, take a different IP address anyway. So, alright, I'm just gonna take that 0 dot. Well, the gateway is the adopt one, but the rest of the scheme stays the same admin password. I'm gonna do that password again. Then I'm going to modify this. Okay, so just remember what that IP address was, that geodata 12. This is active. I everything's good at change the IP address for us. Now we're going to go into our unit here, username. And we had a man and we had that same password. We're going to login to the system. So the IP camera array. Now, this is the one we had setup already. This is the plugin play one that we had. So what we need to do now is we need to add another camera. We can't get to it there, so we gotta go to setup camera. And then here. Let's see what we can do here. Alright, so yeah, if we click on this one, we will modify. Instead of plug and play, we're gonna go to IP address. This is going to be an onboard camera is not a unit V1 on. There's a lot of cameras that are on bed compliant. Custom might allow you to do it to I'm just going to go on because I know this camera is on death compliant. So I knew that that was 19 to setup to 100 to 106812. Are they the ones ok. And admins. Okay. And I'm gonna use that same password we set it up for. And we're gonna save that. And we're gonna see something comes up for us here. Let's try doing 80 here. See if that helps us. So okay, so dot-dot-dot 80 gets us to this camera. So that should work. Give it a little bit of time to see if it will pull up for us. And then the encoding coatings. H.265 is just a different thing. It's a more advanced encoding. It uses less bandwidth and less of your hard drive as well. See if that's caught up yet again. So that's pulled up. Nouns taken, took a little while, but it pulled up. We go down one. We go down one sitting right next to it. So there we go. So that is how you would get a camera and then obviously go through and change the OASDI OASDI settings of camera to, you know, you can make that wherever wherever you wanted to. Yeah, I'm yeah. So you've got both cameras on the system. We go through encoding, we see, we make sure that the resolution is where we want it set the compression wave, if we have the we can do to 65 years, we wanted you to 65. Everything else can stay the same, that's all good. And then another thing was setting, setting things up how we want it to be set up here. So emotion, I want to set this one on motion as well. But sometimes just to kind of give you a warning, sometimes if you're switching brands like this and you're running like a different brand on a unit view system. Sometimes the motion doesn't activate properly and you have to set this camera to something like whereas. Yeah. So I don't want to I'm just going to leave it as normal for these because like I said, sometimes these cameras, you have the test didn't play around with it. But certain brands and they won't allow the motion to activate and run properly, like it needs to be done on normal so that it's recording constantly anyway, just play around with it and make sure things are yours might work depending on the cameras with the system and depending on what system you are using. So just a few things you want to go through. Camera encoding, OASDI, make sure your names and your dates are right. Image. The resolution is how you want it, the schedules, how you want it, and that type of thing. But so, so now using this kind of using this setup, you can have a separate building with only one cable across. And then, you know, and then you've got, you've got one KE, got one system. You can see everything on the same app, the same computer program, but there are two different buildings. And really all you needed was a single cable across to the one building to the other one, and then you can just add on for five. However, however, however many cameras you want on that system, you can run it on a POE switch. And you didn't have to spend a bunch of money and a bunch of time running new wiring over from one building to the other. So that was just a quick little thing I wanted to show you and then we'll get on to the next one. Okay. Thanks. 18. How to back up system recordings onto a USB stick: Alright, so if you wanted to grab footage off of these systems, what you can do is just put a USB thumb drive in the back, in the USB port on the back of these. And then we'll, what we'll do is we'll right-click. We'll go on playback. And then if you wanted to just select a camera you want, select the day you want, go to the time that you want. So say we wanted, you know, whatever this footage is that we want. And this is one option is to just start clipping, is this bottom left. And then, you know, if there was somebody wanted to catch somebody's face or whatever and give it a couple of seconds, see whatever eclipse that you weren't stopped the clip. And then that clip will be in file management here. So you're getting what we did was we got 12 seconds there on this camera from this date at this time to this time. So we want to grab that file and we want to back it up. So this is the USB stick that I just put in. And then this tells you how much you're free you have, it tells you some information about it. And then all you gotta do is go backup. And it's going to export that file onto this USB stick. And then that way you can take it, grab it, put it in your computer. And then so that file is right there. It comes out in an mp4 format. So you should be able to view that on Windows Media Player or on your, your Apple computer or whatever. And that at that point you can just send it to insurance or police or whatever you needed it for. And it's it's on your stack there. If you had more like a bunch of cameras that you wanted to get, you could do something like this as well, where you go backup. You could go all the cameras, all the recording, all the type of files that you want. Just go all the data at the time and date from this startTime at midnight to this end time at whatever mid night, you can go search. And then it's going to take all this time and put it in one file for you. So that's showing like almost an hour or something, 45 minutes. So you can take all that backup and do the same thing if you needed to put it in a new folder, you can go new folder here and then it'll give you a sub folder to put it in as well. And then just press backup. And it'll take a bunch of different, like a long timeframe for you. If you go this route, if you go the other route here, it's just going to give you a little clip of a small line at a time. If you only needed 30 seconds or something, this is easier and just go from there. So that is how to put these on a USB stick and see if it would be the exact same for an external hard drive as well. Big hard drive, you can do that or just on the USB stick. So that is that. And we'll get on to the next one. Thanks. 19. NVR install final walkthrough: Okay, so just to show you the kind of setup is going to be gone on around here. So I came down with those those network wires for those camera cables came down and they do have a little bit left over. I just called them there. And then this is going to get turned back on the Internet is going to be right here. And there's no network at moment here. But those two cables are connected at the back. Use TVD land that's not connected right now. And the rest terrible we went over earlier. So those just connect into the POE. Him and I was just looking at the playback here. A couple of toys and a backyard here. Anyway. So that is basically kinda what they wanted set up here and that's how it's going. So yeah, nothing crazy. Just the video recorder and the setup and see exactly how we kinda talked about went through earlier. So they're going to, Everything is basically going to be hooked up through their Internet, to their phones and their tablets. And then if they need footage, they'll just come down here and put the thumbdrive and grab their footage that they need. But like on a day-to-day basis, it's just going to be on phones and tablets at this site.