Manual Photography Basics Part #2 | Tay Wilkins | Skillshare

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Manual Photography Basics Part #2

teacher avatar Tay Wilkins

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Understanding The Difference Between DLSR And Mirrorless Cameras


    • 3.

      Understanding Focal Length And Lens Types


    • 4.

      Understanding Image Sharpness


    • 5.



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About This Class

The course is targeted at beginners. the purpose of this course is to give you an easy to consume understanding of the differences between DLSR And mirrorless cameras. You will also learn about camera lens focal lengths as well as the different lens types and what they are used for. And finally, you will learn about image sharpness, what effects it, and you can make your images appear sharper. 

Meet Your Teacher

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Tay Wilkins


My goal is to provide you with the tools and knowledge to unlock your full potential. My courses will convey how to strengthen your focus, build confidence as well as direct you to a creative and intelligent approach to achieving success.

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Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: Hi. My name is, say, and I want to personally thank you for checking out today's course. Now, before we begin, I would like to ask you for personal favor at the end of this course. If you like this course of finding useful, please hit the like button or shared with your friends and family. And if you didn't like the course, please let me know what I could do to make the learning spirits much better for you. Or if you felt like I missed something, leave a comment below and let me know what I miss. Okay, guys, that's it for me. For now. If you having a role yet, please hit them. Roll link. And I see you in the next video. 2. Understanding The Difference Between DLSR And Mirrorless Cameras: understanding the differences between DSLR and mirror less cameras. DSLR is used the same design as a 35 millimeter film camera. A mere inside they came. Nobody reflects light coming in through the lens up to a pencil prism or additional mirror . The light is this into the viewfinder so you can preview your shot. When you press the shutter button. The mirror in front of the sensor flips up the shutter opens and light hits the image sensor, which captures the final image. Now in a mere list camera, the sensor is exposed. When you hit the shutter button, the shutter closes in. The sensor activates. The shutter lifts explosion the sensors a light, which captures a preview of the image to display on the rear screen. Some models offer also a second screen inside and electronic viewfinder that you can put your eye to. Next. We'll talk about size. DSLR camera bodies are comparatively larger as they need the space to fit both a mirror in a prison. Meanwhile, Marylise camera bodies are often smaller than DSLR is because they don't need to house the extra mirrors. The viewfinder with a DSLR the viewfinder showed you exactly what the camera will capture With a mere less camera, you get a preview of the image almost green. Some wireless cameras offer an electronic viewfinder called an E V F. This simulates the optical viewfinder most of the time, the preview on the screen or e v f. Oven. Mayor. This camera will look close to the final image, but in situations where the camera is struggling there, preview will suffer as well, becoming dull, grainy and jerky. This usually happens in low light situations or when something is moving really fast. This happens because the male is camera has to slow down the speed at which it captures images to grab more light, but still has to show you a moving preview. A DSLR is better suited under these conditions. Because a DSLR reflects the light into your eye, you can make a bunch better judgments rather than relying on the camera sensor and low light. DSLR can also mimic and mirror less cameras. Picture preview by raising the mirror and showing a live preview of the image usually called live E move. One big benefit of VVS or merely cameras is that they can give you a preview of what the final image will look like before you actually take the picture. If you increase the shutter speed, the vfd display would change accordingly. The DSLR is optical viewfinder, on the other hand, reflects light without altering the image. You will find yourself relying on the cameras metering in your own experience when it comes to figuring out what the end result will be. Some of the newer Marylise cameras also offer high quality electronic viewfinders that can match what you see through a DSLR viewfinder in tough situations. DSLR is used to have the advantage here when it came to autofocus because they used a technology called phase detection, which quickly measures the convergence of two beams of light. Marylise cameras at one point were restricted to a technology called contrast detection, which uses the image sensor to detect the highest contrast, which coincides with Focus Contrast detection slower, especially in low light than phase detection. But this is no longer the case, as merely cameras now have both phase detection and contrast detection sensors built into the inner censor and can use both to refine their auto focus image quality. Both types of cameras can take high quality pictures with similar results in amounts of grain in this known as noise mere this camera just to be confined to smaller image sensors , which meant low quality pictures but with more modern me airless cameras that is no longer the case. Camera manufacturers have learned to produce more sensitive chips and to better suppress annoys video quality because of their own chip focused sensors. High end Me airless cameras are generally better suited to shooting video and most DSL ours can't use for his detection with the mirror up while recording video. But there are few days lars that can. But the ones that can't use the slower, less accurate contrast detection focus method. This leads to a blur. Look in the middle of a video when the camera starts hunting for the right focus. Next, we're talking about image stabilization. Shaking hands make for blurry pictures, and the effects are magnified. The longer your shutter speed or the more zoomed in you are. Both DSLR and Marylise cameras offers in the stabilisation systems. These sensors measure camera movement in the camera, slightly shifts either part of the lens where the image sensor in a direction that's opposite to the Sheikh. Some wireless cameras move both the lens element and the sensor in a synchronized pattern for even greater stability. Shooting speed. Both camera technologies could shoot at very fast shutter speeds and capture a burst of images quickly. With the exception of high nds. Alors, me airless cameras have an edge. The lack of a mere makes it easier to take image after image. Most Mehlis camera still use a mechanical shutter where the physical shatter lives to expose the sensor as it produces better results image display. Both camera types can display images on their screens or via an HD and my output to a television or monitor. Many cameras also include WiFi for sending images to smartphones and of the smart devices for online posting. Finally, we'll talk about Lindsay's choosing. A DSLR gives you access to a wide range of lenses from a number of manufacturers reading from cheap to professional and can be wildly expensive. Marylise models are often more restricted, offering access to a small number of lenses from the camera maker. To get around this with the Marylise camera, you can purchase adapters to use DSLR size lenses on and fearless camera that's made by the same manufacturer. But that often comes at a price of altering the focal length and zoom characteristics and sometimes disabling or slowing functions down, such as auto focus. 3. Understanding Focal Length And Lens Types: focal length is basically how zoomed and you are on the subject. Focal length is expressed in millimeters with higher numbers, meaning you're more zoom day. Focal length is measured inside the lens at the point of convergence. Basically, when the incoming light intersex and hits the camera, sensor camera lenses come at very England's and conserve a multitude of purposes. Lenses can be classified in five categories. Ultra wide angle, wide angle, standard angle, telephoto and what are classified as ultra telephoto. Let's look at each category of lenses and more detail. Ultra wide angle lenses give you a very wide field of view, hence the name book and look quite unnatural to the human eye. Ultra wide angle lenses are good when you want to get in a lot into your photo. A good example would be if you were at an event and you want to capture a large crowd of people who are spread out pretty for the ultra wide angle lens will be able to capture a large amount of the crowd with ease. Because of the huge field of view, however, ultra wide angle lenses are not ideal for close up or portrait shots unless you are intentionally going for something unnatural looking or abstract. Next, a wide angle lenses. Wide angle lenses have a wide field of view and can fit a lot into your photo. The field of view with these lenses are much more natural looking to the eye. Unlike ultra wide angle lenses, these lenses a perfect for landscape and cityscape photography wide angle lenses for in the kit lens territory basically meaning that when you go to buy a camera, you may find a wide angle lens bundle with it. Next, we have our standard syriza. Vince is the field of view with. These lenses are similar to what you will see with your own eyes. These lenses air perfect for beginners. They can be used for both landscape and portrait photography, leaving you with pretty good results. Standard lenses. Also Cummings Kid Lindsay's. Next we had telephoto or mild telephoto lenses. These lenses are good for portrait photography. If you want to separate your subject's face or body from the background that this will be your go to lens. Next we have telephoto. But this is what I would consider the ultra telephoto lens. This variation of telephone was more suited for capturing things from a distance. You will find people using these lenses for safely capturing wildlife or sporting events. Problems are a little different from your other lenses. Unlike other lenses, prime lenses have a set focal length, meaning they can't be adjusted. These lenses air very specific purposes and provide more quality to your photos. Here's a list of a few scenarios and lenses to give you a better idea, which you will want to consider using in the given scenario. 4. Understanding Image Sharpness: So what is sharpness, sharpness? Released. How much detail your camera can reproduce their many factors that will determine how softer , how sharp your image will appear. Let's look at some of these defectors and more detail. Contrast. Here's an image of a black bar in front of a white background. Now here is a solid, light grey bar in front of a white background. Before we continue, let's look at them one more time. Both bars are at the same heightened with. Yet the first image with the black bar is noticeably sharper. Why is that? The answer is simple. The first image with the black bar contrast with the white background, and it makes it easier for your eyes to focus in on the black bar. Now with the light grey bar. Did you notice how I took a little bit longer to focus in on and how it doesn't quite appear a sharp as the black bar? The reason for this is that the like rape or almost blends in with the white background, making it a little harder for your ass to differentiate between the two. This causes the gray bar to appear less sharp this applies to pictures you take out in the world as well. Look for contrasts in your compositions. Make adjustments. Move to a different location if need be to allow a dark area to Lina with a key light part of your subject just for the contrast or, alternatively tried to look for contrasts in the scene itself. Next we'll talk about late. Light also plays a part when it comes to image sharpness. Any time, like can be used to increase contrast, the appearance of sharpness will increase. We can't control the weather, but we can still get sharp pictures. Adjust your angle to the subject. Satellite and Beckley always give more contrast and light that appears in front of the subject. Low light also tends to increase contrast. You can see this one shooting landscapes, and you have the sun position near the horizon. Flair. Flair occurs because light is bouncing around inside the lens. Zoom lenses have a lot of glass elements inside, resulting in many surfaces for lights and bounce off, making this type of lens very susceptible to flare. If the light spreads out across the ends out of land, surface diffused, flare occurs, reducing contrast and sharpness and may even degree color quality. The best way to deal with in this player is to get Atlanta it, or you can use something like your hat or hand to avoid creating lens flare. Selective focus, orb. Okay, our eyes respond much better to contrast. But there is another way to get sharper looking pictures and that is there selective focus . This involves bringing your subject into focus while purposely taking everything else out of focus. This contrast makes the sharp areas look extra sharp and his best achieved with wide open apertures in telephoto lenses. Noise, grain or noise can be a double edged sword when it comes to sharpness. And some pictures under certain conditions can make your image appears sharper or under other conditions, making image appear less sharp in low quality. This is one of those things where you will have to experiment and see what gives you better results 5. Conclusion : and that concludes this course. Hopefully, you found this course useful. If he did find a useful please leave positive feedback and share with your friends if you didn't let us know what we can do better. Thank you for taking the time to watch this course and have a good one.