How to Write Short Stories for Dummies: A Beginner's Guide to Telling Short Stories | Arman Chowdhury | Skillshare

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How to Write Short Stories for Dummies: A Beginner's Guide to Telling Short Stories

teacher avatar Arman Chowdhury, Confidence thru Communication

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Overview of the class


    • 3.

      SECTION 1: What is a Short Story?


    • 4.

      How long is a short story


    • 5.

      Benefits of telling short stories


    • 6.

      SECTION 2: The 3 Components of a Story


    • 7.



    • 8.



    • 9.



    • 10.

      3 Types of Conflict


    • 11.

      Mini Challenge


    • 12.

      SECTION 3: How to Consume


    • 13.

      Watch movies, television shows, books


    • 14.



    • 15.

      Hear others in a story


    • 16.

      SECTION 4: How to Create


    • 17.

      3 Methods to Practice Short Stories


    • 18.

      Outline method


    • 19.

      Title method


    • 20.

      Combination method


    • 21.

      SECTION 5: Purpose of Editing


    • 22.

      Take a break from editing to creating


    • 23.

      Fix grammar, punctuation, sentence


    • 24.

      Read your Writing Out Loud


    • 25.



    • 26.

      SECTION 6: Final Project


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About This Class

This is a beginner's course to learn how to write short stories. The power of short stories is more important than ever in this hyperconnected world.

As the internet age rises, concentration levels continue to plummet.

The ability to express your ideas creatively and with color is a gift that will allow your message to be heard. 

This course is a beginner's course that can be taken by content creators, author's entrepreneurs, and teachers. These are just a few positions. But if you require communication skills and simplicity in your job, then this course will help you.

The goal of this goal is to equip you with the fundamentals of storytelling and how to take action as soon as possible!

You will learn:

-What is a short story?

-The benefits of telling short stories.

-How to create a character, conflict, and resolution.

-How to consume entertainment like a top-notch storyteller.

-The ability to create short stories

-Practical methods to guide your mind towards creativity.

-How to edit like a professional editor

And a final project to help you bring all this information together!

Short stories are a powerful persuasion tool that can help you build your brand from the ground up, create a portfolio of ideas and make your message stick.

The knowledge in this course can directly be applied to publishing your first anthology book, building your Twitter account, growing a blog, and creating compelling content for a YouTube channel.

If you have any questions, feel free to drop a message in the discussions section!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Arman Chowdhury

Confidence thru Communication



Hello, I'm Arman Chowdhury. I am an engineer, public speaker, and writer who currently owns the company, ArmaniTalks. The ArmaniTalks company aims to help engineers and entrepreneurs improve their communication skills so they can express themselves with clarity and confidence. 


A few of the core communication skills covered include public speaking, storytelling, social skills, emotional intelligence, and creativity.


Throughout my career, I have served in the hard skills fields of aerospace engineering, electrical engineering & systems design. Some of my experience with soft skills include serving as the External Vice President of my Toastmasters club, former communications chair of the Tampa BNI chapter, and publishing... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: In the land of creativity, What's very tiny can become very gargantuan, was very small in terms of size, can be big in terms of impact. And that represents the short story. My name is Armando during the founder of Armani talks media company, which helps engineers and entrepreneurs improve their communication skills so they can express themselves with clarity and confidence. For the past couple of years, I've been distributing my message through the art of short stories on YouTube, on Twitter, podcasts, books, along with other mediums. We showed me firsthand how versatile short stories are. In this class, I'm going to be teaching you the basic fundamentals of how you can get shorted. Not tomorrow and the day after tomorrow. But soon as you're done watching this class, you're going to have all the basic fundamental tools to start creating stories at a rapid rate. So you gather data. So you polish up that data and you present your ideas to the world. I hope you join me on this beginner's masterclass and I'll see you inside. 2. Overview of the class: The fundamentals of this class is to understand the basic principles of storytelling. So you're not doing too much analysis paralysis in US spinning in circles. You're simply moving forward. This class is going to be divided into six different sections. In section one, you're going to understand the basic fundamentals of the short story is section 2. You're going to understand what all short stories have in common. And just a quick little tip. Section 2 is extremely important and it's going to set the theme for the rest of the class. So make sure you're paying attention. Section three is going to talk about the importance of consuming in the whole short stories process. Section four is going to give you different frameworks on how to create potential short stories. Section five is when we talk about proper practices in terms of editing. A section 6 is going to be a final project where you are finally going to be able to participate and share your short story with the class. Let's get started. 3. SECTION 1: What is a Short Story?: A short story is simply a connection of ideas which is connected in a manner to make a point. Picker, this picture, a situation where I give you a basketball, but know who, what are you going to do? You may get the ball and you start dribbling around in circles for a while. This may be fun in the beginning stages, but eventually, this is going to bore you. So let me flip this scenario. Let's imagine that I give you a basketball hoop, but no ball. What happens now? You're just going to be staring at the hoop. This is more boring than the first time. So let's flip it one more time. Let's say I give you the ball plus the hoop. Now you have the capability to dribble with the intention of making the ball into the hoop. This is very similar to a short story. The hoop represents your major point and the dribbling represents the different paths you take in order to reach your point. The different dribbling moves can represent the different words that you use, the different characters that you introduce, the different conflicts that you bring up, the different lessons, et cetera. But just understand that you need the hoop plus you need the ball, and you are the storyteller. 4. How long is a short story: How long the short story is going to be for you is going to completely depend upon you. The short story teller. There's plenty of people who are currently taking their talents to Twitter. They're leveraging 280 characters to tell their tiny tell. And eventually in section number 2, you're going to understand the basic components of what all short stories have in common. So when you see what I'm going to talk about in section 2, you simply can't unsee it. You're going to see how a small, tiny tell on Porter is going to be very similar to another form of short stories, which go up to one hundred, ten hundred words. Some of them go up to 5000 words. Every now and then people go beyond 5000 words. But for the standard practice, for the sake of this course, let's keep it within the tweet range from 280 characters to 5000 words. The main thing that you want to understand is that it really depends on the short storyteller. I know you may not want to hear this, but this is just a reality. How long and how lengthy you want it to be will completely depend upon your interests, your topics, and how well you are with words. 5. Benefits of telling short stories: Before we hop over to the next section, let's just understand the role that short stories are going to have in this upcoming generation. As you can tell right now, concentration levels are plummeting. There's plenty of people that are now competing with goldfish, with concentration levels. And the goldfish or winning no longer do very, very long. Well thought out messages work with the general public. This is where if you're a business owner, apparent a person who's currently trying to make some noise in your company. You can use short stories to be heard. Because it's very smart. Assume that most people that you're speaking to are either planning the next thing that they're going to say. Are there flat-out just not paying attention to a single word that you're saying. Nothing personal against you. It's just that they're allergic to complexity. Therefore, short stories are going to allow us as the storyteller, to distribute our messages with more persuasion. But it's more than that. It's more for us. We're going to learn how to think very clearly and avoid the tendency to be long winded. If you notice a lot of people who are extremely anxious, their thoughts are very messy. Luckily for you, More tells that you tell in a very compact form. The more that you're going to learn the art of thinking, the more debt you learn the art of thinking, the more that anxiety, stuff which used to make you terrified is now going to fuel you. Because what used to make you anxious now serves as a conflict for your upcoming story. So a few of the benefits include more persuasion, among others, better thinking skills and better observation skills in the long run, tell tiny tails and you'll see gargantuan impacts in the process. 6. SECTION 2: The 3 Components of a Story: Every single story out there, whether it's very short, where there's very large, whether it's in the written format, or whether it's in the video format. Every single story has a character, conflict and lesson. Now notice, I talked about it in singular form right now. But every short story you can even have characters, conflicts, less sense. Just for the sake of the example, let's focus on singular terms for the time being. I want you to watch this into your mind. If you can understand these three basic principles, you understand all of storytelling. You're never going to view live in the same way again, even your present day life. You're the character. I'm sure you have plenty of conflicts, which sets you up to find the lesson. One of the best ways that you could become a short storyteller is by turning your life into a story. And the way that you can put your life into a story is by constantly priming or mine to see a character conflict and lessons. And in the next section, I'm going to get started with the first variable, which is character. Pin this into your mind by the way. 7. Character: The character. At the core level, the character simply needs a personality. This character can be a real-world individual that you know. It could be you. The character can be an imaginary individual that you made up which resembles another person that you know, maybe you're annoying, ex, girlfriend. Or it could be a completely imaginary character that does not fall within the laws of the universe. It could be aligned, that speaks, for example. But you know what all of these have in common, you, your x and the lion. Personality. And what represents personality? Our thoughts and feelings. If this character does not have thoughts or feelings, then it's an inanimate object. It does not satisfy the character formula. So every single character that you create or that you are looking out for, understand the sort of thoughts and the feelings that you're trying to generate. Because this represents the personality. Without the personality, this character is lifeless. 8. Conflict: The conflict is sort of like the cream to an Oreo. Imagine if someone gave you an Oreo without the cream, that would be disgusting. No one would eat that. And immediately, or you would go bankrupt overnight. It's the cream which holds the Oreo together, not only as a cookie, but as a business. And more specifically, is the conflict that holds the story together. Not only for the story but for the storyteller. The conflict serves as the tension. And tension is very vague. So let's get a little bit more specific. It represents the dark emotions such as anxiety, fear, hopelessness. A few of the moments from your life, you could just do a little bit of introspection. What caused you a lot of tension. What made your body feel hot, your mouth feels dry. Your eyes were getting extremely watery and you couldn't do anything about it. All those emotions and those situations which caused those emotions often represent the conflict. Without the conflict, you're simply giving someone an Oreo without the cream. 9. Lesson: One of the key purposes of a short storyteller is to have their short story generate some sort of insight into the reader. Because if you're not generating any form of insight than this other person is simply consuming you for the sake of entertainment. Yes, a lot of short stories have entertainment, but beneath that entertainment, there are lessons. And how you present the lessons will completely depend upon you. One way is the very popular way of the happy ending. The happy ending makes the reader feel very good because they saw and witnessed the character or the characters go through the conflict. And in the end, the main characters, one, everything went well. This is one way to generate the lesson, the traditional happy ending method. Another way is the complete opposite, where there is no happy ending. Because in the real-world, we don't always have a happy ending and our stories. And if we can make the reader perceive a real-world situation from our short stories, then this person doesn't care whether it's a happy ending or not. The fact that it's real and the fact that it ends in a very dark, gruesome way is enough to spark insight in this consumer. This is the second way, which is the dark method. And the third method is what I call the ambiguous way. One of the best things you can do in life is to ask a question but never answer it. And if you can leave your short story with a method of conclusion where the other person has the opportunity to keep using their imagination. You don't necessarily save what happens, although in the end, you leave it up to the interpretation, then that's going to spark a lot of conversation and a lot of curiosity in case you do have a part 2. And if you don't have a part to, you know, something magical, the other person is going to consume your short story again, looking for clues. One of the best examples of this is with Inception. Watch Inception, analyze the end or the very clear in how they ended? Or is it up for interpretation? So a happy ending, a very dark ending, a open ending, are a few ways to create a lesson that will enlighten the reader. 10. 3 Types of Conflict: In the last section, I talked about how a conflict represents the queen to the Oreo. And in this section, I want to get a little bit more specific. The cream represents attention and there's different types of tension. One of the types of conflicts that you can introduce to a character for the short stories includes self-generated conflict. And this is a fancy term for anxiety or limiting beliefs. Let's imagine Johnny. He's our character who for the most part is a very popular individual. His family loves him. His friends love him. His boss loves them. Yet, Johnny doesn't love themself. His confidence issues night and day and night out. He doubts is self worked. This is a situation where the character is the main conflict. The limiting thoughts, the strong sensations in the body is the conflict. This is one of the creams to the Oreo. Another type of conflict is the one which is very popular. The traditional antagonists from another individual. Or we could even say Lyon. Did you ever watched Lion King? Do you recall when Scar and symbol, we're fighting at the end. This is a situation of when the protagonist has a conflict outside of them. And it's represented by a another person or another personality. And a third way to create conflict is through circumstances. This is when a natural disaster can hit at the main character's life. And now they need to do something about it. One famous example is the movie Twister. There's no particular individual who's the mean guy. But in this story, it's the circumstance is a natural disaster, which is causing problems for all the characters involved in the story. So play around with this, understand that conflicts don't always have to be a one size fits all approach. You can get very creative with it. You could either look n or you could look out with either personalities or circumstances. 11. Mini Challenge: I want to make sure that you've been paying attention. Go on and find your favorite movie. You've ever book a TV show, whatever story that you can get your hands-on, and then break that story down into Character Conflict lesson. Of course, if there's more characters, conflicts and lessons, you can make it plural. No worries about that. But get as detailed as you possibly can. Prime your mind to start thinking in this way. Because the more effort that you put into this fundamental understanding, the easier learning hotel short stories later on becomes, is because you keep following this same formula in unique methods. Now just to give you an example, let's choose the movie eight Mile. And by the way, if you haven't watched the movie yet and you plan to, then you may want to skip over to the next section because I may ruin it for you at the end. The character, just for the sake of simplicity, is M&M and the final person that he has a rap against to prove that he can deal with high pressure situations. Yes, there's plenty more other characters, but I'm just going to use these two for the conflict. M&m's character consistently chokes under big pressure moments. And this is a problem because his character is extremely poor. If you want to get out of this poor neighborhood, he needs to sharpen his rap skills. And the only way that he's going to sharpen his rap skills is to be able to perform under pressure, will rise to the occasion or flop. And the lesson around the end of the movie, Eminem's character dominates under pressure. But to take it a level further, you know, initially how I said he had to wrap one more guy as the characters. What he does is very unique. During the rap battle, M&M points out his own flaws in a perfect setting, in the public, in a rap battle. And what the other person does, the other battle rapper, he can't even do anything because this competitor of his is pointing out his own flaws. I don't know about you, but I got chills at that moment, Mainly because one of the lessons that I was able to gather was that no matter what it is, if you're capable of embracing your own flaws and you put it out into the public. Others can say anything to you. This may not be something that other people got, but this is a lesson that I got which impacted my life for the long run. That scene could be interpreted in many different ways. But this was a lesson that was very unique to me. Realize that every single time that you're telling a short story, every single time you have the potential to influence someone's perception, which will alter their behavior forever. So take some time to find whatever piece of content that you want to label and then label it. Character conflicts and lessons. 12. SECTION 3: How to Consume: There are so many learning opportunities all around us because there's so much stories around us. This is the golden era of content. Yet this could be a problem. Because with all this consumption that's going on, a lot of people are consuming mindlessly rather than consuming with intent. Do you think an athlete is just watching Game film with their head often la-la land. Of course not. This athlete is going out of their way to consume this film with the sole intention of improving their game. And we're gonna do the same thing with content creation and what? Learning hotel, short stories. Every single time that we're consuming any form of story, we need to go in with the intention of spotting the characters, the conflicts, and the lessons is a very simple intention. But rather than trying to look out for everything, now we target our mind to simply look out for three simple variables. By assigning the mind these three variables, the entire process of consumption changes for the best. Consumption is extremely important to keep yourself creative. Ignore all those people who keep saying, our reading is a form of procrastination. These people unfortunately are idiots or they're simply giving you bad advice. Great writers are great readers, great watchers, are great speakers. You need to keep on consuming as you produce, which we're going to be talking about in the later sections, but consume. So you can understand the final product of what other people deem quality. A lot of these movies that you're watching. People, teams, screenwriters, movie directors spent months, a high budget, and years at times creating this for you. And you're just seeing the final product. So take some time to go to class as you're being entertained at the same time. This works with comic books, movies, your life, you know what? For the next three sections, I'm going to give you some potential suggestions on what to consume. 13. Watch movies, television shows, books: Short storytellers follow completely different rules, especially from a lot of the people that talk about self-improvement. Short storytellers are capable of improving themselves, but they work with different mental models. And a lot of self-improvement circles. Watching Netflix is something that should be Sean. If you watch movies, then you're not being productive. While we're short storytellers, you should view watching movies. The new Netflix show, reading a comic book. As a hobby. This may blow your mind. Watching a movie is really a hobby. Yes. And if you want to become great at your craft, then you need to learn the art of consuming content. Very, very important. So don't cancel your Netflix account so soon, I use your Hulu if you have it and if you have a Disney Plus account, I'm not judging you. But all forms of entertainment can now become good forms of entertainment. Because we're navigating this landscape with the sole purpose of finding characters, conflicts, and lessons. That's our campus. Anytime that we're endowed, we're looking for those three variables to bring us back on track. Eventually, from this wide assortment of entertainment, you start thinking in completely different ways. And here's a little pro tip. You don't always need to watch the content from your home country. Expand every now and then. We'd content from overseas. Watch content from overseas with the subtitles. Understand how they break down their characters. There are conflicts, there are lessons, and you start to become much more creative in the process. 14. Introspect: Your life is one big story. The day that you start realizing that for yourself, rather than some guy from a course telling you, is the day that you're going to see short stories, opportunities all around you. Let's imagine the scenario. Let's imagine that I give you five movies. Very good movies at that. And you put in the first movie, you're watching it, it's about to get good. The conflict is introduced. As soon as the conflict is introduced, I tell you to turn off the movie and put it in another one. And you repeat the same process again. You're watching it is getting good. It hits the climax. And I don't let you finish it again. I tell you to put in the other movie house I going to make you feel for the rest of the day, you may be feeling a lot of anxiety. And you're going to be thinking of what happened with the first movie. What about the third movie? What about the fifth one? And you're just going to keep going in circles and circles and circles. You want to know something that's a lot of people's lives. They face a lot of conflicts. And rather than finishing the story all the way up until the end, they go onto another conflict. Never take the time to understand the lessons. And that's because they don't introspect. To understand how to improve short stories, you don't always need to consume other people's content. You can just close your eyes and introspect your own life. You are the character. And I'm sure you've been through a whole bunch of conflicts in your life. Whether it was a very nasty breakup, a very heinous car accident. Maybe someone stole from you. Maybe your backstabbing, maybe you did the backstabbing. Some form of conflict was introduced in your life. And rather than learn the lessons, you immediately hopped onto another story. Well, time to go back, find a moment of conflict in your life and try to extract at least five different lessons that you've learned from that moment simply by consistently training your mind to do this. The more that you're finishing the movie rather than leaving the movie opened. And the more that you can keep doing this, the more that you're going to view your life as one potential, one short story after the next, after the next, after the next. This is a real-world class and you don't have to pay any money to learn from it. 15. Hear others in a story: Charisma 101. Whenever other people are talking, just know that they love talking about themselves. They enjoy talking about themselves so much that it releases pleasure hormones within their brain. And what are they normally speaking about? Listen intently and you'll notice that they're telling you a story, a story from their life, which introduces themselves as the main character and often introduces another character, let's say their mean boss. Then they break down a conflict before your very eyes. Going in detail. The better that you listen, the more in detail that they go. And eventually, a lot of these people don't finish off with a lesson. But if you were paying attention, you can guide them towards a lesson with strategic questions or polished statements. So another great opportunity to learn how to tell better short stories is to simply understand the different conversations that you are consistently being exposed to. The more that you actively listen. Not only do you build your charisma, but you start opening up opportunities for what your readers may enjoy. Because a lot of people have problems which are very much in common. Plus you start to think in a different way to keep on adding more nuances to the characters that you create for your own short stories. 16. SECTION 4: How to Create: Before talking about the different methods on how you can create a story, I want you to understand that there's a big, big difference between creating and editing. We're going to be talking about editing later on in this course. But creating is something that we're going to be talking about right now. With creation, our goal is not to overthink a focus on the grammar, punctuation, all of that, all that kinda stuff, the very deliberate stuff that requires a trained eye all for editing with creation is normally done best when it's fast and when you're going in with some sort of intention to get through it fast. Which is why I highly recommend that you pull out your timer because the timer will keep you on track. And here's a golden rule of creation. If you think it's gonna take you 30 minutes to write a blog post, for example, give yourself 15 minutes. Simply by doing that, the more that you're going to spit out your raw ideas. The raw ideas, which are going to bring two short stories to life, not the ones which are filtered with rationale, doubt and over logic in yourself, out of taking risks. Split your time and half. If it takes 30 minutes, take 15 minutes, it takes 20 minutes, take 10 minutes. This is the whole process of creation and the philosophy regarding it. 17. 3 Methods to Practice Short Stories: There's plenty of different ways in order to create. And in this section, I'm going to be giving you three very popular methods. These methods, a lot of people are using it, but they have no clue that they're using it. And on the other hand, a lot of people are using it and they know that they're using it. Either way, the results are the same. So let's go through each one. The first one is going to be the outline method. And this is going to work for you if you're one of those people that loves structure, anytime too much chaos as introduced, then you don't feel as creative. This method is going to be perfect for you. The second method is what I call the title method. This is for you folks that love chaos. You'd like uncertainty. This is going to be for you. And the third method is going to be called the combination method. This is a combination of outline plus title. So without further ado, let's go through all three. 18. Outline method: The outline method is when you create an outline of the story that you are about. To create, an outline pretty much serves as your map. Envision this. Envision two different people. One person is running in a forest. As this person is running in the forest, their goal is to try to reach the other side. But every single time that they're trying to reach the other side, they're hitting one dead end after the next, after the next, which is discouraging the person that's running in the forest. The other person is looking down at the forest from a tower. This person can easily guide the person that's lost out of the forest. Because both of them have a walkie talkie to communicate with one another. Your outline is going to give you the perspective from this person, the person running in the forest to the person and the tower is going to serve as your map. So you weren't take some time to break down. What is going to be the main point of the story? Can you say it in one sentence? Who are some of the characters that you want to play around with? What about the conflict? What's the queen to the Oreo? You know, that thing that holds the entire story together. Get rich with the conflict. You could play around as much as you want and the outline in section. And what's the ultimate lesson that you want the other person to learn? Any lesson is a strictly for entertainment. Anything you want to teach the other person. This is all stuff that you can brainstorm with in your outlining section. There's different ways that people outline. Some people do it in a mumble way. For example, the rapper Jay-Z, he doesn't write his wraps down. He simply mumbles the entire song, starts to polish it up. And then he records. Other people like to write. And they like to write a lot. Any idea that comes to their mind, they just write it down. And no idea is a bad idea for you to get the most out of the outlining section. You have to build a judgment free zone. During outlining. Your main goal is to create that map, that perspective as the person in the tower, not the person that's running in the forest. So take some time. You could either mumble it out. You can either tell it in a one-minute format or you keep polishing it up more and more and more so you can spot the big points. You can write it down. But ultimately, you're going to have to find the outlining method that works for you. Just note that you're looking for your own personal map for your short story. 19. Title method: In this last section, I talk about the outline. So polished, so clean and nice little structure for how the short story is going to play out. For the title method. Complete opposite. I want you to find the title of a short story, and that's it. Nothing more as needed. The rest is all up to your imagination. You're going to let your imagination fly wherever it flies. And to get the most out of this chaos that we're creating for ourselves. I want you to envision that you're the only person in the entire universe. No one is ever going to see you're writing, right? Like that. What does this work? The reason that this method works is because short storytellers are capable of thriving when uncertainty, chaos as being introduced. Now of course, a little bit of your personality is factored in as well. If you're normally the kind of person that always follows the speed limit, then this method may not resonate with you, which is why you want to outline your entire story. But if you're one of those types of individuals who wants to keep yourself surprised and be surprised by your own short story. Then this method is for you. Just get the title and start writing without any fear of judgment. The author Orenstein, was known for this method. He wrote over 300 books in his career. And he's very famous for goosebumps. A lot of the times with goosebumps, he would just get the title. And then he was sort reverse engineering from that, which was a secret to his prolific nature. So you could try out this method for yourself. Just the title that began. 20. Combination method: The combination method is the best of both worlds. This is when you are using the outline method plus the title method. The way that this works is when you're creating an outline filled with only titles, know more details than that. The reason that this works is because this gives you the structure of the outline where you're having the high level map that you desire. Plus it's giving you that chaos because you're just giving yourself the titles no more than that, which allows for more versatility. This typically works best with short story writers who are creating the first of our book. Let's say you're trying to create an anthology book where you have one theme filled with stories that are completely disconnected from one another. It would be smart if you create your table of contents first. And in the table of contents, you have all the titles for the rest of your book, and you don't go more detailed than that. Once your table of contents is done, you have your outline. Now. Have fun. Pick up one title and write in a free-flow method. Within this free-flow method, keep guiding the mind to find the characters, conflicts, and lessons. And if you're gonna do the title method, best that you make sure that you have a character conflict and lesson at the end. Oftentimes you're gonna surprise yourself. You're going to be like I wrote, that. You certainly did. Because in one of the earlier sections of stalking about how your mind is programmed to tell stories. And when you move out of your own way, you're going to turn yourself into a flawless storyteller by telling stories on autopilot. So the combination method is you're creating an outline of the titles and then bringing each title to life, which are short stories. 21. SECTION 5: Purpose of Editing: In the last section, we discussed creation. The whole process of creation should be very fast and efficient. You shouldn't be taking way too long. And one of the frameworks to ensure that you're not taking too long is to get whatever it normally takes you in order to create something and divide it by half. There's different ways in order to create. You can either create an outline beforehand. So you have a map of what you're expecting from your short story. Or you can simply create the title and sort free-flow writing and start the journey a surprising herself. Other times, you can combine both methods in order to create with a prolific manner. But in the section of creating were predominantly focusing on just getting our ideas from our mind. Outside. We didn't focus on the grammar, punctuation, and spelling. And that's what editing is four. With editing, we're going to be extremely deliberate. We're going to be extremely precise in our craft. We want to make sure that we also understand grammar or we're not being too sloppy. A big part of being a storyteller is reading our own work back. And that's what we're going to be talking about in this section. 22. Take a break from editing to creating: After you get done creating, I want you to wait at least 15 minutes before you start editing. The longer you wait, the better. So let's say you wrote your short story on one, say, it would be so amazing if you could start editing it on Thursday. The reason that I want you to take this break is because it primes your mind to understand the difference between creating and editing. The more that you can instill this gap in your mind, the more bold that you feel during the creation process, which allows you to unleash more authentic, raw ideas on filtered in your creation section. Short stories. This is just proper practice. But if you can't allocate at least a day to two days to maybe a week, then allocate at least 15 minutes. You'll go to short, approaching your content from a completely different I, from the editors. I. And as the editor, your goal is to be very, very stood. I don't care how reckless of a person you normally are. You want to focus on the tiniest little details. The more that you start focusing on these little details, the more that you start to build a relationship, which are short stories, they're going to feel like little people. Little people with ambitions, Emotions, characteristics, and such. From the biggest word to the tiniest letter. Every single thing for the editing hat must be met within astute eye. And the best way to do this is by taking that little gap so you can give your mind time to understand that it is done creating. And now it's about to start editing. 23. Fix grammar, punctuation, sentence: The tactical parts of editing is pretty much just fixing your grammar, punctuation, spelling, plus adjusting points around which you feel best would be fit in another spot. Plus one of the most important parts and hurts the most. Get rid of the fact. The fact is a lot of the details that you wrote in the creation process, which you're just writing. And that's fine. There's going to be a lot of filler sentences which don't move your point forward. Within editing, you gotta build the stomach to get rid of your precious lines. The more conviction that you build towards getting rid of your precious lines, the more confidence you're going to have for future short stories to make it even shorter and shorter, while the message is becoming more and more impactful. To help you in this journey, I highly recommend you download a free tool called Grammarly on your computer, which is an extension that helps you with the busy work. It'll spot up for you which words are misspelled where you're using poor grammar, and which sentences sound awkward. By using Grammarly, you can build a stronger understanding of the language that you're operating. N plus is going to give you more bandwidth to trim away the fat, trim away the dead sentences. I know it hurts, but it needs to be done. 24. Read your Writing Out Loud: You'll never become great at short stories. If you don't read your writing back, you need to read your writing back and preferably out loud. Did you know that back in the days, people were not all given access to books. There's only a few groups of people, preferably the world people which were given access to knowledge, not the peasants. And these royal people would routinely read out loud. The whole concept of reading, which are mind, is rather a new phenomena. So let's go back old-school. Let's take some time to read your writing out loud. And the more that we read it out loud, the more that we sort developing a feel for what's good writing versus what's awkward writing. When you don't read your own content back, whether it's out loud or at all. You can never make this a discernment is a good or a bad. Worse, you confuse bad as good and good as bad. So read your writing out loud. Preferably, if you can't do that, at least just read it backwards your mind. The more that you keep doing that, the more that you are finishing the job. A writer, preferably a short story writer who does not read the writing back. It's sort of like the person who blows into a balloon and forgets to tie the knot. Read your writing back. 25. Summary: We've covered a lot of different topics in this course. And this video is going to summarize the main topics into one spot so you build more conviction for the final project which is coming up. Short story is simply a connection of ideas which are connected to make a point. If short story can be the size of a tweet, or it could be 1000 words, or roughly around 5000 words. Typically, the length of a short story is going to depend on the storyteller. There's plenty of different ways to learn the different variables of what makes up a story. But since this is a beginners course, the three fundamental things that you need to understand is that every story has a character, conflict and lesson. A character is any entity with a personality. A personality is composed of thoughts and feelings. So if you want to create a paperclip as a character, just make sure that your paper clip has thoughts and feelings. The conflict represents the tension. This is when things are not going as expected. A typically a conflict creates a very dark emotion, such as despair, anger, doubt. These are a few dark emotions which cause tension. And the lesson is the point that we're trying to make. A lot of lessons can have a happy ending. A lot of the lessons can have a very dark ending. And some of them are open for interpretation, character, conflict, and lesson. To learn how to think like a short storyteller. It's smart to consume stories, but don't consume it mindlessly. Consume it mindfully. And the way that you consume it mindfully is to expose yourself to movies, books, forgeries of all different varieties. And just keep trying to spot the character, conflict and lesson and each of the stories. You could consume other people's entertainment. Or you could just introspect in your own life. You're the main character. You've had plenty of conflicts in your life. Now it's time to find the lessons. You could even have conversations where other people are telling you stories in order to find their character conflicts and lessons. But after consuming for some time, you need to learn the art of creation. Creation needs to be done in a very fast way. So we're not overthinking. There's different ways in order to create the standard measurement is to divide the amount of time you think it will take. So if you think it will take you 30 minutes to write a blog during creation mode, give yourself 15 minutes. Then from there, there's different methods to create. Either you can have an outline or you outline the entire story beforehand, then you start creating. Or you could just give yourself the title of the short story, then the start writing on interrupted. Another method is to combine both techniques where you create an outline of simply the titles. So you give your mind some structure, but not too much structure. That's all creation. Once you're done writing your short story, I recommend you take some time before you start editing. Minimum of 15 minutes. It's preferred to go even longer, if you can. Because the longer that you spread between creating and editing, the more that you approach your content from a brand new lens during the editing portion. That's when you're being as deliberate as you want. You focusing on the grammar, punctuation, spelling, you're taking away redundant sentences. You're moving some sentences around and you're reading your work back preferably out loud. The more that you read your work back, the better that you start to build a storytelling feel. That's virtually it. That's how you keep on creating, editing, creating editing, reading your content back, learning from the world, short stories are all around you. But just understand that this is not a field that you learn by theorizing. You learn it through application. 26. SECTION 6: Final Project: The final project is going to be to create your own short story. The length can range anywhere from 50 to 5000 words. And you could choose which method you want to do in order to create. Do you want to create an outline of what your story is going to be? Or you just want to give yourself the title than short writing. Maybe you want to do a little bit of both. Brainstorm on that. Once you pick your method, short creating, remember this during the creation portion, whatever you think is going to take you to get the story gun divided in half. So if you're going to initially Give yourself 40 minutes, give yourself 20 minutes of uninterrupted writing to get from point a to point B, imagine that you have to get the writing done. Otherwise, you're going to get shot in the head. The higher the pressure scenario, the more likely that you're going to finish your creation portion and a time slot a lot it, after you're done creating, take some time to take a break. Relax, chill. Wait at least 15 minutes before you come back to edit. Once you start editing, you're looking out for a few things you're trying to fix. So grammar, punctuation, spelling. You're rearranging any sentences which need to be rearranged. You're removing a lot of the redundant sentences and you're just polishing everything up. Then you're going to read it out loud. As you're reading out your story, make sure you're consuming with intent. Does your story have a character, conflict and lesson? If so, then you have a short story worth posting. If you don't have a character conflict and lesson, then try rewriting the story. The more short stories that you write, the better that you get over time. It's just a muscle that gets stronger with each and every single rep. Once you have a short story with a character, conflict and lesson, be sure to publish it in the project section. Don't keep your work to yourself because you're not fruit short storyteller until someone else read your work, consumes your work and gets a small little insight from your work. That's modern-day magic. So being able to publish, be able to read your own content back, and provide feedback to other people's content that you enjoyed. If you enjoyed this course as a whole, be sure to leave a review and let me know your thoughts regarding the course. And if you want to follow me for further content regarding my brand checkout or money, where I drop short stories in blog format, in video format, a podcast format, tweets and much, much more. Thank you again for joining the course and I will see you another time.