How to Create a Job-winning Resume | Result-oriented CV Tips | Cover Letter | Structure | Nikola Lugonja | Skillshare
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How to Create a Job-winning Resume | Result-oriented CV Tips | Cover Letter | Structure

teacher avatar Nikola Lugonja, HR and Marketing Instructor

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Class Introduction

      1:46

    • 2.

      3 Types of Resumes

      2:01

    • 3.

      Design vs Content

      3:07

    • 4.

      CV Structure - Real Example

      9:36

    • 5.

      CV Don’t(s)

      2:58

    • 6.

      Results-oriented vs Task-oriented CV

      7:08

    • 7.

      CV file format

      1:52

    • 8.

      Canva for Resumes (tool)

      3:41

    • 9.

      Cover Letter

      4:02

    • 10.

      CV Alternatives

      2:19

    • 11.

      Summary (Class Overview)

      1:44

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About This Class

Check out this class on how to build a professional and well-structured CV. We will take a look into both the content and design of resumes and share many useful tips and tricks to make your resume stand out in job applications. Aside from the CV, we will have a chance to discuss the cover letters and CV alternatives. 

How to Create a Job-winning Resume (lectures):

  1. Class Introduction
  2. 3 Types of Resumes
  3. Design vs Content
  4. CV Structure
  5. CV Don’t(s)
  6. Result-oriented vs Task-oriented CV
  7. CV File Format
  8. Canva for Resumes (tool)
  9. Cover Letters
  10. CV Alternatives
  11. Summary (class overview)

Meet Your Teacher

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Nikola Lugonja

HR and Marketing Instructor

Teacher

-Multi-year experience in both HR and digital marketing. I started my career in Marketing, but over time I dived deeper into the world of Human Resources. I find these two areas commonly overlapping (e.g. when it comes to employer branding), therefore I will also try to link them in some classes. 

-Here are 4 values that I always keep in mind when preparing and publishing classes:

Keep it short and sweet - eliminating waste i.e. everything that does not bring any value and ensuring the students get the most out of every single second Unscramble the content - making things simple to comprehend and outlining the most important takeaways Always explore - stepping into the unknown to extensively research new topics and broaden the knowledge spectrum Improve... See full profile

Level: Intermediate

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Transcripts

1. Class Introduction: A very warm welcome to this class on creating a professional resume or CV. Whenever you're looking and applying for a job, you need to initially deliver some kind of self-representation. Most commonly, this is in the form of a document that outlines your background, education, experience, and some set of skills. I want to emphasize that this class will focus on your resume's content and structure, rather than the designing elements. I believe that the topic of resume design is quite subjective and the tips that I would share would be most likely just preferences of my own. Whereas with the content tips that I plan to share, I can tell you how to structure your CV to contain the relevant information that will be of use for every recruiter. Nevertheless, regarding the design, I will still highlight the free online tool where you can find the rich base of templates and build eye-catching resumes for yourself. Before we dive into the contents of the class, I want to discuss the difference between a resume and a CV. Although there is almost none in practice. Theoretically, a resume is a one- to two-page document presenting key facts about your professional experience, educational background, and skills. A CV, on the other hand, is a longer document that encompasses the whole course of your career. Again, truth to be told, the terms are used interchangeably worldwide. This difference is only notable in the United States and also in the academic world. Other than that, people refer to both terms as synonyms, which also goes for this class. Resume equals CV in our context. Many thanks for watching this introduction. Brace yourself for some new learnings and see you in the next video. 2. 3 Types of Resumes: Hi, I'm truly glad to see you joining me on this resume building journey. You may not have thought about this, but in some universally defined way, there are three approaches to structuring your resume. Chronological resume, which is the most common one, functional and combine the resume, a chronological resume stars by listing your work history with the most recent position listed first. Below your most recent job, your list your other jobs in reverse chronological order. Chronological resumes, the most common and standard format. And being fully honest, most recruiters, including myself, prefer this type to others as it's easy to see what the jobs you have held and when you have worked at them. Next, a functional resume allows you to take the pressure off your work history and focus more on your skills and abilities. That's why it's also called the skills-based resume format. Instead of having a work history or professional experience section at the top of your resume. You might have an academic competencies or accomplishment section. A functional resume can also include a resume, summary, or headline at the top. I must say that these resumes are usually for people who are changing careers, who have gaps in their employment history or who are new to the workforce or have limited working experience. Stressing skills rather than work history, one can emphasize that they are qualified for the job. Finally, a combination or hybrid resume is a fusion between a hydrological and a functional one. The combination style focuses on skills without throwing off the work experience section at the top of the resume is a list of one's skills and qualifications. Whereas below, this is one chronological work history. However, the work history is not the emphasis of the resume. Thank you very much for watching. I hope this makes it a bit clearer and I hope to see you in the next video. 3. Design vs Content: Hi all. In this lecture, I would like to reflect on my own experience and the practices from my industry. The theme of this lecture is centered around the role that the design and content play in a high performing resume. When it comes to boat, there is no either or answer. As you can assume, a synergy of both the design and the content is a winning formula. Still here is what people get wrong about this for me personally, content is always more significant than the design. If I were to use the analogy of a car vehicle, the content would be the car itself that drives me from point a to point B. The design would be the comfortable seats, gear shift, steering wheel, sports mode, etc. Therefore, when building and updating your resume, always focused predominantly on the content and structure and then apply design to it. Would people tend to do is use a template or go with an existing style of design and then distribute the content accordingly. As a recruiter, I'm primarily trying to make a proper decision based on the information provided in the CV, not on the aesthetical attractiveness of it. I do, however, vastly enjoy well-designed resumes that are easy to read and scannable with the human eye. I can confidently say this goes for recruiters in general. Moreover, the two lines of a design and content are differently approach depending on the role or position in question. When it comes to creative roles such as marketing specialists, front-end developer, user experience, designer, content creator, etc. The design of a CV is considered also presentation of one works and scale. Although it doesn't have to be a deciding criteria, it is definitely a red flag. When a person applying for a designer position, then take time to style their own resume properly. On the other side, certain roles do not require a high level of creativity in their day-to-day business. Therefore, it is acceptable to leave out the design criteria. That can be the case for engineers, back-end developers, legal associates, business analysts, and so on. Again, this division on the rolls is just to display which elements can gain a slight priority over the other. That is not to say that one or the other type of role requires a strong design or content. To be on the safe side, always aim for an appealing resume with a strong content. To finish off. Here are some mistakes I noticed with candidate's going extreme in one way or another. Number 1, emphasizing the design too much. That is, including numerous distant and strong colors that blog that tax divisibility or make it harder to read to try to go too much out of the box. Therefore, coming up with a completely, a typical design that ends up standing out in a negative way because a recruiter is not able to easily navigate and might miss out on an important information. Three, totally ignoring the basic formatting and just putting the piles of disorder text that is hard for the eyes. Thank you for watching this video. I hope it makes it a bit clearer for you and I hope to see you in the next one. 4. CV Structure - Real Example: Hi, Oh, I hope you are absorbing effectively all the given information so far. And this hands-on video, we're finally putting some learnings in practice. We will cover different sections of a CV that should be included. And by using an example of a resume, I will show how you can structure each of those sections. Let's take a look. I will draw a distinction between must-haves and nice-to-have sections, and nice-to-have screwed in some cases, replaces also be must-haves. So here are some must have sections, contact information, academic background, work experience, languages, certifications, and qualifications. Nice to haves our profile summary and keywords list of skills. Let's go through them one by one. I will share this example of a resume that I created just for this purposes. And you will get to see all the sections that we just mentioned and how they would fit within a resume. So let's start with the contact information. You can see that here right below the photo. And essentially there would be a full name which is now here, but it can also be just below the photo. Also e-mail location, which can include city and zip code and country are usually enough for number, personal website if existing or social media profiles to add our business relevant. So LinkedIn, GitHub, and so on. I personally wouldn't include Instagram or Facebook here because I don't find it relevant to be the resume academic background. You can see down here, education should be listed in reverse chronological order and meaning most current first and then going back in time, there should be a full name of the university program, name, your majors and minors, the starting and end date of graduation, or the anticipated one if it's still ongoing. And moreover, the name, city and country or state of the institution is also always helpful to have. It is recommended to hyperlink to the website of the university So recruiters can easily find them. And as you can see here in this example, there's a master of ours and project management or Bachelor of Arts in product design. And below is listed which university that is in which city and from which to which date. And ideally, you would include a link, hyperlink this gluten universities who the recruiter can just click on it and research more if he or she wishes. So whether you want to include a list of your subjects, GPA, title of your dissertation, thesis, or projects you've worked on. It's completely up to you. And I personally don't find that information urgently necessary when scanning the resumes, but in any case, if I do need them, I would just reach out to ask. Also, I only suggest including formal education here. This section on our courses, seminars, language schools, trainings. Summer schools should be included somewhere else. Next, work experience. Experience should be again listed in reverse chronological order. Keep in mind that not every work experience you had needs to go under one general experience section. As you build your experience and progress through your career, you can remove the non-relevant ones, of course, for that position or categorize your experiences based on the voluntary and paid or based on the different fields, etc. When it comes to writing the work experiences for Madame and in the following way. So you can see here title below, company location, date from when to when it gets it was an internship or a contract based work. You can add that information further or point out whether you worked for full-time or part-time. Ideally, you would hyperlink the company as website or LinkedIn page, just as I did here with the pixel point HIV. Because then recruiter can just click on it and get better context of how big the company was, what was it about, and so on. It's far more convenient than having to Google that or research whether that was the right company. The more spacious part of your work experience section should be description or your achievements and responsibilities, for instance, or entry-level roles. This can be a list of tasks or activities during their time at a particular company. Other than that, this should be a comprehensive but short description that summarizes your major contributions and areas of responsibility and what mentioning any projects or accomplishments you can hyperlink to them if they are publicly available. Also, in case you climb the company ladder, you should still keep the previous title and the dates, but make sure to add a new one with the update description and connect them to the person reading the CV can conclude that it was a different position with the same company. The next section is languages. And I personally consider the language section to be a must-have. However, this might be because I'm working in an international context. Despite that, I believe that with the rise of remote working languages should be an essential part of every resume. Next to the language, there should also be a level included. Best to go with a universally accepted scales from A1 to C2. Even if you don't have an official certificate or if you're using any terminology, go with a recognized one, for example, than one that is used on LinkedIn profiles. Some people prefer to distinguish their language levels based on reading, listening, speaking, and writing. And unless the position specifically require so I don't consider that categorization to be important. What I would just kindly ask you not to do is to list your language skills in this format or illustrated with these bars. And as I said, go with scale which is universally known and accepted or the terminology that is, because this doesn't give me much of the information that I need. As you can see here, I can draw some conclusions probably that Zulu is the native language of this person, or that Spanish is the least strongest language. But for example, it doesn't tell me precisely whether their English is on P2 level, C1, C2, or V1. And in this case, I can see that it's apparently good, but I'm not sure to which level because apparently this was created subjectively. And therefore, it's always more convenient and better to go with a recognised international scale. Next section is certifications and qualifications. The length of this section will depend on your background and opportunities to obtain certifications or qualifications in particular area. However, as your career progresses, This section becomes supplementary to your work experience and so on. Attending academies or trainings where you obtain certificates or particular specialization can be highly rarer, relevant for the recruiter. Moreover, candidates could be required to possess license or credential for certain job positions. In such case, it's mandatory to have this included. And also when formatting, make sure to include the full name, institution date, validity plays. And here very importantly again, linked to the source. Because then the recruiter can check its validity, maybe the number of the credential if existing and so on. Those were the must have sections. Let's look now at the remaining two. A nice to have sections. The first one is profile summary here called personal profile. And for many this is a must have, but I noticed that it can take a lot of space and not provide enough value if you go ahead to include this section. And besides your professional skills, strengths, and what you might be looking for, I wouldn't suggest spending more than a few lines of text in this section and avoid mentioning any personal information or putting your private life and that context here in this example that you see in this resume, I would say that the length is okay, but definitely the text requires some improvement. Finally, keywords, list of skills. And although this is something that might be more relevant for technical roles, I still consider it a helpful element when scanning resumes. And that's referring to the soft skills here because those are extremely subjective and should be examined through an interview. Anyway. However, adding hard skills are a list of keywords of relevant tools and programs is massively supported for recruiters to initially understand candidates touch points. As I said in my experience, this works best for technical roles. But the approach can be applied for any. And again, the same what I said four languages. I would keep here either just less than and if you have some recognized certificate or a qualification than mentioned it, but please don't do the things that you can see here illustrating the knowledge of particular skills. Because again, that's very subjective. I can get some feeling of how familiar you are with something, but that still doesn't tell me your level of knowledge. At least very punctual one or which experience you've had with that. Finally, whether and where to include awards, publications, scholarship, seminars, conferences, achievements, etc, will significantly depend on the job position, seniority level, industry, area of work, and other similar factors. Thank you for watching and attending this short hands on workshops. So to say, I really hope you found that helpful, especially with this example. And see you in the next video. 5. CV Don’t(s): Welcome back. Thank you for following this class diligently so far. I'm very happy to have you here. This whole class is devoted to the things that you should be doing that is putting in your resume. However, this individual lecture is dedicated to the things that you should avoid when building or updating your CV. I invite you to still consider the things outlined here and non take my known as a definite one, but rather challenge something if you think it makes sense. Number one, avoid graphic presentation of a language knowledge or skills level simply it doesn't say anything if existing use universal accepted framework levels. Next, your CV should contain only the necessary information and ideally fit within one page. Everything excessive should be eliminated before deciding to go for a second page and look if you can move or remove some parts, decrease your photo, or even reduce the font size in case you do open a new page, don't just have 10 percent of it's filled out, make sure it's at least Twenty-five percent fill. Otherwise, it looks very unappealing. Laszlo Bock, which is former senior VP of people operations at Google, recommends one-page resume for every ten years of work experience. As a rule of dump, having said that, don't add excessive images or other media just to make your resume fancy. Next, you can start creating your resume with the font size of ten to 12. However, as you gain experience and add things, you will find it necessary to lower your fun. I would say don't go below eight points because it may be hard for people to read. For those who are still printing the resumes, I personally have parts of the CV font of eight. Also don't go with more than two different font types. Don't forget to proofread your resume and remove typos or Shogun language. Don't include unnecessary personal or confidential information. That can be date of birth, race, religion, martial status, family matters, etc. Restraint, formatting, obvious skills such as familiarity with Microsoft Word, Gmail, Slack, MS Teams, etc. That is, if they are not particularly asked for in the job description, if something is considered basic computer literacy or very intuitive to understand, you don't actually need to mention it as a skill. Further, when talking about skills don't make it general claims such as good communication skills, hard working team player, or a problem-solver without backing those with some examples, don't lose your high school. That is, unless it's your highest level of education. Once you complete a high level of education, simply omit your high-school completely from your CV. Don't use unusual, childish, or unreadable email addresses, even if you have been using them for a long time, change it to something professional when applying for jobs. And if you're still very dependent on your childhood email address and you can set up the email forwarding to it. That will be it. Thank you for following this and I hope to see you in the next video. 6. Results-oriented vs Task-oriented CV: Hi, all tensor falling up the class. So far in this lecture, I will cover one advanced step. And if there is something that can skyrocket your resumes performance and earn your interview invites. I believe this dip to be the wind. And the tip is to make your CV result-oriented, not task-oriented. It sounds simple, but it will take you some time to implement it. Here's what it means. The resume must be resolved, not the task oriented and relevant to the potential job position. Unfortunately, many resumes present the reader with life histories or restated job descriptions, which are task-oriented rather than statements of accomplishments which are result oriented. Put yourself in the recruiter shoes for a second and imagine that you are screening or resume if you just see the list of the task candidate worked on, for example, managing the company's LinkedIn page. You can find that info helpful, but not so much because you have no idea how they perform with that duty. If, on the other hand, they write an increased companies LinkedIn followers from 100 to 5000 within six months. That already leaves a totally different impression. In many cases, it's understandable that you don't have any metrics to highlight or that you weren't dealing with ongoing, repetitive activities to ensure efficient workflow. However, all of your actions had some outcome. That is, you did them for a reason, try to rephrase that reason as an accomplishment in this case. In other words, instead of describing the input, list, the output, or results of your activities. And here are some great examples of results oriented descriptions with metrics. As you can see, managed yearly budget of $9 thousand for the HR team activities. And or the third one, increase the leadership program attendance by 25 percent or trained 24 new employees to become customer service representatives. You can also write something like this. Collected survey data from one hundred, ten hundred email subscribers to implement for new marketing strategies that helped increase sales by 15 percent within three months. I mean, apparently, this particular example is very, very results driven. And I just want to point out that it doesn't always have to be that much complicated if you don't have all of those metrics. If you look at the bottom examples, like the fourth one from, from the bottom, installed an average of 50 routers amount to computer systems of 13 local businesses. So this can be as an ongoing activity of a technician that was installing routers on a day-to-day basis. But he just put it more in terms of metrics or creative fun and interactive learning experiences for 29 students each day for a lecture, or provided daily care toward 25 patients. As you can see, not just something that was a project driven or result-driven, also, ongoing, day-to-day activities. Businesses usual can be framed to sound as a result oriented description. Because in this sense, if you look, if you pause the video and look into each of these examples precisely and attentively, you will see that all of them have some result. Pointed that out. And once you read it with the metrics, with the numbers, it gives you a better understanding of the volume that the person was working on. So if I take this example in the middle, coordinated with five different in bad planning services to host the conference for 100 attendees. You can already get a sense of how big that event force, how many people attended, what was the scope of work, et cetera. Next, here are some examples of task-oriented descriptions, which should generally be avoided because they are not so informative. So as you can see here, preformed demographic research, copywriting, and as distribution on social media. It sounds great, but it's not really clear what was the scope, how it worked, why what was the goal and so on. Processed savings and regular checking account transactions and payments. Okay. Once again, pretty clear on what productivities, but how, how much, why some context is missing? Also here? Or the fourth from the bottom collected survey data from our email subscribers database. How much of that survey data was there? How many more subscribers were there? You know, whether that was something that you did with ten people were rhetoric was a database of hundreds or thousands of subscribers. That is really a context that is lacking also the last point negotiated contracts with vendors and external partners. Whether that was 12310, one hundred two hundred, one hundred, ten hundred. It would all make much more sense once there are some numbers, some context. And you would also as a recruiter, be able to charge more objectively on the performance of that person. Finally, here are some acceptable examples of result oriented descriptions, but when there are no available metrics. And as you can see, for example, the second one utilize cashflow startup costs and predict driving you to examine the opportunity for a new location. Although it doesn't have any metric, it still has some explanation on White was conducted and what was the point of the activity. So in this case, it was to examine, to analyze the opportunity for a new location. Also, for example, helped shape the organizational structure, teams and roles to establish the foundation of effective collaboration. Again, there was some an explanation on why it happened and it can also be introduced a new feedback tool and data-based approach to managing app user requests. Maybe at that point, it's still not clear what was the impact of that new tool. But still, by saying this, you're already emphasizing that you did something that you initiated something or that you worked on something that wasn't existing, that it came into existence now and how it was built and for which purposes. And also, for example, the third the third ran weekly checkup meetings and discussions to ensure that team is kept up to date on all necessary information. Again, it would be ideal to have symmetrics included, but even if it's framed like this, it already gives better contexts rather than just listing out the activities or ongoing tasks without any context. As you can see here, the result-oriented description does not necessarily have to include the numbers or metrics as long as it contains the outcome or the reason why you perform certain activities. To conclude, when telling your work experience, keep away from using the passive words and non-action verbs of doing. And focus on strong action language of achieving. Thank you very much for following this video. I hope you find this advanced step helpful and I hope to see you in the next video as well. 7. CV file format: Hello everyone. In this very short lecture, I want to reflect on the file format of your resume. I usually give my best to present different alternatives and let you decide on the best approach for yourself. However, this is one of the rare cases where I want to give you a straightforward suggestion to always save and share your CV in a PDF file format. Feel free to use any program that you find suitable to prepare your resume as long as you can export it as a PDF. The reason is simple, PDF is a universally acceptable and reliable format to share your document. And almost all applicant tracking systems. Our by default, taking the PDF files. In some instances, you may be asked to upload or send your resume in a PNG or JPEG format as an image, or very rarely as a plain text version without any formatting. And this can depend on the corresponding software which is taking in the applications. Before we finish off this lecture, here are a few more helpful tips. Number 1, make sure that your PDF file is no larger than one megabyte in size, but ideally few 100 kilobytes max, although it may not seem as a big deal, some older software can't have a hard time processing large files. Number 2, portrait or vertical resume layout is more common in practice. All it's totally acceptable to have a landscape layout as well. Number 3, rule of thumb is to update your resume at least twice a year, even if you're not actively seeking a job as you progress and mature in your life and career, it's fine to exclude the less relevant and add more related information. Rather than having two major updates per year, I prefer to have more minor updates. Something new happens or comes up. Thank you for watching this short video. I hope you found that helpful, and I also hope to see you the next one. 8. Canva for Resumes (tool): Welcome back. I hope alternative so far we're a strong input to improving your resume. In this video, we will take it practically to review a tool that you can use to design eye-catching CVs. You may already be familiar with the tool. It's called Canva, and it has far broader purpose than just creating resumes. But it also has an extensive library of cd templates. Here's how it works. Alright, once you come to canva.com and register for the first time or login, you will see this initial dashboard. We're all your future designs will be. So what you can do to access the rich library or templates that we mentioned is type here, resume. And you can see there are different types that you can go ahead with, but you can just choose general resumes. And from here, you can again start with a blank resume, but you can also take a look at one of these one hundred four hundred I'm available templates. And here you can see which ones are free and which one belong to the pro subscription model. And if you just opt for free, you would still see the ones that you need to pay for, but you would also see many that are free. You can hover over and see the free batch here. But even if it doesn't say anything, it means it's free. If it's paid, you will see the dollar batch below. What do you can still do is if you prefer certain color, you can center your design around it. It doesn't necessarily mean that it's just that color, but it does mean that it has predominantly that color. And if not, you can clear that and, and just pick, let's say the free ones. Scroll down a bit, take a look at which designs fits you well. And let's say once you decided for, let's go with this one. You can just click on it. It will open in a new window. And once you have it loaded here, you can. So men, and essentially just start editing it with your information. So whatever you prefer to put here to edit your experience and add your own information and skills. But it's also very intuitive, I would say. And you can easily move the stuff. You can change the sections, you can reorder them symbols with the elements that you see here and nothing is set in stone in that sense. You can also add further elements from here. Upload your own photo, change style of an changed the font of texts you can also formatted here with different font, with bold, italic change color, and so on. Once you are done, and the whole thing that you need to do is basically download it. And so what you would do is choose the PDF print format here. As you can see, it's recommended because of it's high-quality. And, but in this case, it can also be PNG and JPEG format. Once you choose it, go-ahead to download. And then it would just take some seconds to basically prepare and to show that it's ready. That would be it very shortly, how it works. All the changes gets saved automatically so you don't have to worry about it. And it can always be saved on your Canvas profile. So in the future you can just come here, do the edits that you have that downloaded again. Thank you very much for watching. I hope you have learned something new and see you in the next video. 9. Cover Letter: Greetings from my side. Welcome to yet another lecture where this time we will be discussing the cover letter, also known as an application letter. The main purpose of a cover letter is to support the content of the CV. It is an opportunity to expand on the achievements, resorts, and stories that couldn't be added to the resume. And therefore bear in mind that the cover letter is a supplement to a resume, another replacement. That means that you shouldn't repeat whatever is already included in your CV. The cover letter should give the reader a clear understanding of who you as a candidate are and how you can add value to the company. Fundamentally, there are two main subjects that should serve as a basis of the cover letter. Number 1, how your background, work experience, and skills meet the job requirements. Number 2, why you're passionate about working at the company. Here's a great graphic presentation of the cover letter structure from indeed, at the very beginning, you can include some context information together with a date. However, I usually don't go through this part to be mandatory as your cover letter is adjacent to the resume and will be saved in the same place in the applicant tracking software. When it comes to facilitation, if you're familiar with recruiter or hiring manager's name, of course refer to it. If not, you can write Dear Hiring Manager, the recruiter, dear marketing team, or the product team, or dear Company X team, and so on. You can even add To whom it may concern. Next in the opening paragraphs mentioned the job title for which you're applying emphasize what you're passionate about. That is, what drew your interest in this particular opportunity. Further in the body or middle paragraph, make an overview of how your background is relevant to the position in question. They can key achievements, skills, and examples that make you above all suited to preform strongly in the position. Feel free to add bullet points highlighting your measurable impact and tried to add some keywords listed in the job description that would signal iss alignment. In the closing paragraph, you can once again state your interest in twos chiasm about job and why you find yourself to be the right person for that role. Moreover, include a polite and open-ended call to action, suggesting that you are excited to share more information in an interview? Or did you looking forward to hearing from them? In the end, kindly solute the reader, sign your full name. Having discussed the cover letter structure, let's look into a couple of helpful tips on what to and what not to include. Their number one, restrained from writing long sentences with overly formal wording unless that job position or accompany calls for it in for clear and easy to understand lettering to make your cover letter is readable and personal as possible. Number 2, pay attention to the details that should not be included in the cover letter. Namely, personal information such as family matters, date of birth, religion, sexual orientation, salary information board in terms of former salary and also salary expectations. Next, a personal photo. We already discussed its presence in the CV. However, the cover letter does not require one at all. Lastly, dominant add information that is copy-pasted from the CV, but rather expand on it with an extra space that you have in the cover letter. Before we finish the topic of a cover letter, I would just point out that the preferred cover letter length in general, but also personally for me, is just half a page that is around 250 words, or maximally up to 350 to 400 words, which is one-page stops. Take into account how many resumes there are two review for an average job opening, so no one really wants to read pages long documents. Thank you for watching, and I really hope that you find all of these informations and tips that I'm sharing very insightful. Thank you once again and see you in the next video. 10. CV Alternatives: Hi everyone. As we approach the end of this class, I want to draw attention to some CD alternatives. Having a CV or a resume as your personal presentation or biography is the most common approach. Nevertheless, it's not the only one. Some people may decide to go with an unorthodox approach to stand out among the ocean of applications. I myself am not a huge proponent of such alternatives, although I enjoy seeing them from time to time as a supplementary document to the CV. Let's take a look at a few of them, PowerPoint or Prezi presentation. So instead of putting all the relevant information on the one-page as a CV, May 1 decide to break this section into different slides and have presentation, layout of their education, experience, skills, et cetera. Next video, CV. Video is a great tool to enrich the information and build engagement with the person watching. It can be framed differently from a written text structure, but it should still provide all the relevant information about the person. Moreover, Video is a fantastic way to leave a personal human. Dutch websites, TV, I would say that website is a great asset to have when you own a portfolio of your work or simply have material that cannot fit the one or two-page resume. And it is completely fine to link to your website and show your personal journey together with rich media, LinkedIn resume builder. I'm not sure how viable this option is as an alternative, but it's a very practical. Linkedin has a free resume builder tool that copies all your profile information into a PDF file. Therefore, you can use a PDF file instead of designing a CV from scratch. And some people find that helpful. What bugs me about this option is that the resume builder is not optimized to fill out all the space. The basic LinkedIn profile donors into several pages of a CV. Bottom-line, I just wanted to point out that the traditional CV is not the single acceptable format of self-presentation when applying for a job. However, I still believe it to be the most valuable and beneficial. Again, my tip is to maybe use the alternatives I mentioned earlier as a supplementary material to your resume, but never as a main instrument of communication. Thank you for watching and I hope to see you in the next video. 11. Summary (Class Overview): Hello there. Thank you immensely for attending this class. I want to use this quick lecture to give a short summary of what we studied throughout the class. First, we differentiate between three types of resumes, namely phenological, functional, and combined. Second, we shed some light on the most common ground between the design and content when it comes to structuring dress me. Third, we took a hands-on approach to cover the must have and nice to have sections of a CD. We discussed how they should be listed to bring the most value. Then we cover the most important don'ts when creating or updating a CV. In other words, steps to avoid common mistakes and add finesse to boost your resume. Next, we highlighted probably the most important tip when it comes to professional a building a resume that is centering regime around achievements or results rather than tasks and activities. Following on that, we pointed out that the PDF is universally accepted file type and you should go with it unless otherwise stated. In addition to that, it's important to keep the file size as low as possible. Approaching the final stages of class, we took a look into Canada and it's rich library of CVI templates and also how to create a quick stylish resume. Finally, we talked over the topic of cover letters and possible CV alternatives or supplementary materials such as presentations, video, website, CV, and resume builder. So there it is. As easy as one would say, in a nutshell, everything we covered in this class. I want to thank you immensely for your patience and attention and I hope to see you in one of the future classes.