Generative AI Art Generation For Beginners: Midjourney & the tactics of killer text prompts | Oliver Theobald | Skillshare

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Generative AI Art Generation For Beginners: Midjourney & the tactics of killer text prompts

teacher avatar Oliver Theobald, Machine Learning Instructor

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      What are Text Prompts?


    • 3.

      Framing Techniques


    • 4.

      Tour of AI Art Software


    • 5.

      Getting Started With Craiyon


    • 6.

      Getting Started With Midjourney


    • 7.

      Midjourney Image Licensing + Terms of Service


    • 8.

      Image Prompts With Midjourney


    • 9.

      Image Masking With DALL-E 2


    • 10.

      Parameters For Midjourney


    • 11.

      DSNR Bot For Custom Prompts (NEW)


    • 12.

      Project Time!


    • 13.

      Before You Go


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About This Class

Jump into the exciting new field of AI art generation, including all the information and tips you need to start producing your own stunning AI art in minutes.

The course will cover:

- An introduction to free AI Art software

- A step-by-step demo for creating your first stunning AI-generated art using Midjourney and Craiyon

- How to construct a good prompt to make your art look just the way you want

- Why framing is important but often overlooked

- How to use modifiers to create art exactly the way you want

Creating AI art doesn’t require any specialized programming knowledge or even much talent for design. That said, constructing a good prompt requires practical experience, including knowledge of special techniques, and some domain expertise of your subject matter to closely replicate the image in your head.

To fast-track your skillset into the future, let's get started with AI art! 

Meet Your Teacher

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Oliver Theobald

Machine Learning Instructor


Hello, my name is Oliver and I am the author of Machine Learning for Absolute Beginners. The book has enjoyed Best Seller status on Amazon every week since 2017 while being recommended by Tableau as a resource for beginners and translated into four languages.

My method of teaching is to assume you're coming from a place of "just starting out". I also like to break down each element into its most basic component.

My work background is in operations and technical writing/documentation within the space of AI and cloud computing.  

I live in Osaka and speak Japanese, Chinese, and Korean. In my spare time, I spend a lot of time playing football, cycling, Japanese archery (Kyudo), Kendo, and learning Japanese.

See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: Hi everyone. My name is Oliver and in this course I'm going to show you the exciting new field of AI generated art, as well as giving you all the information and tips to have you creating your own stunning AIR in just minutes. In terms of what we'll cover in this course, there will be a introduction to free AIR software and some background on what AIR is. We'll also have a step-by-step demo for creating your first stunning AIR using a program called Meet journey. And we'll also look at how to construct a good prompt to tell the AI what you want to create, as well as modifiers to create exactly the way you want. The great thing is that creating art doesn't require any specialized programming knowledge or even much talent for design. That said, constructing a good prompt requires practical experience including knowledge of special techniques and some domain expertise of your subject matter too closely replicate an image circulating in your head. But we'll get into that in the next video. So for now, let's get started with AIR. Hi everyone. Welcome back. In this video module, we're going to look at how to construct a good prompt. Now, as you may be aware to create AI generated art, you will need to enter what's called a text prompt, which is instructions for the AI about what you want to create. And that could be as simple as a person sitting at a cafe, for example. The AI engine will then do its best to generate an image based on the prompts you provided. Now, similar to how people have their style for entering keywords or phrases into Google search. There is no fixed method or 2. What are Text Prompts?: Precise code for writing a text prompt. This means a prompt can be a list of words separated by a comma, such as bare tree. It could be a fragment of a sentence. Bear under a tree and imperative sketch next to a tree, or a full sentence, a sketch of a bear sitting under a tree. Correct grammar isn't necessary as long as your instructions can be clearly understood, just like you're talking to a human being. And in fact, the easier your prompt is to understand that better. Importantly, you also need to use natural language as that's the language the AI is trained on. Natural language for first human language, such as everyday conversational English or what you might write in a text message as opposed to an artificial language such as programming code. This means you should communicate to the AI program more like it's a human. And avoid using artificial languages such as CSS and Python to write your text prompt. However, keep in mind that there are exceptions with one being the specialized keywords or syntax that come with the AI software program, such as forward slash, imagine in the case of meat journey, which must be the first word of your texts prompt, and also keywords for dictating the weight, size and other structural aspects of the image. So in this example here, there are two keywords. One is optimistic and one is devastation. They have different weighting and the waiting means that optimistic, we'll have more emphasis than devastation because it is double in terms of waiting. Now, in general, the more specific your prompt is, the more specific your outcome will be. At the beginning of this video, we looked at this simple prompt of a person sitting at a cafe. While this is more than enough information for the AI to generate relevant art, there's an opportunity here to refine our prompt and generate a more deliberate and nuanced output. And this is where modifiers come into the picture. While your base prompts will most likely describe one or more objects and the relationship to that scene. The modifier applies additional instructions regarding the stylistic design you want the AI to take. So if we take our original base prompt of a person sitting at a cafe, we can add a modifier in the form of a person sitting at a cafe in the style of a 1920s Art Deco poster. This will produce a much different output than compared with the original output using that simple engineering prompt that we first had. Similarly, you can also go back and edit your original prompt to add even more precision to your request. So let's update it now to something like a distinguished middle aged man sitting at a Viennese coffeehouse in the style of an Art Deco poster from the 1920s. Most AI software programs also have a built-in feature to apply variations that let you riff on what you've already generated. And sometimes it can take perhaps ten or more variations until you land on the exact look you want. Next, keep in mind that most software programs come with a character limit. For Delta E, the texts prompt cannot be more than 400 characters, which is more than enough, but just about anything you want to create. However, if you are really precise with a prompt and you create the right words, then sometimes less is actually more. And in fact, you can even generate decent results using just emojis depending on what AI software program you are using. Also, a simple adjective like Art Deco poster, already contains a number of characteristics. For example, reaching colors, lavish ornamentation, geometrical shapes, and the actual material or medium of the art in the form of the paper, rectangular in shape that you would otherwise need to list and define separately. So where's the actors? Containers can be really efficient in terms of creating a text prompt. Artistic errors such as art deco or decade like the 990s will not impact the style of the illustration, but also the fashion, architecture and other materials present in the illustration. Unless otherwise defined. If however, you are having trouble capturing the exact style that you want to create using broad terms like art deco or grunge. You probably need to add some extra details like the actual location. So for example, Wall Street in New York, you might want to specify the weather, the time of day, the political, economic, or social backdrop. So for example, Occupy Wall Street, September 11, the global financial crisis, or perhaps COVID 20 to 20. Now, for photography, you can also borrow domain specific terminology to define everything from shutter speed to lens choice, lighting, framing, etc. Or bundle all these attributes into a style of photography such as action shot, National Geographic cover, Japanese photo book called co-worker Sophie, or perhaps a vogue photoshoot. Likewise, if you want to create a specific visual style, then you need to understand the framing, which is the angle of the image, the material. What's it made of? Lighting materials for replicating that particular style. So this ability to articulate and describe visual art in words. We'll definitely become a useful skill that you will develop over time and maybe even send you down a rabbit hole as you learn the fine details and specialized terminology in many different subject matters. So for me now, every time I watch a movie, I kept finding myself trying to articulate different scenes in my head as if I'm taking mental notes to pass onto mid journey or an AI software program as a text prompt that I can use later. In addition to becoming more articulate with our text prompts, you also want to do your best to understand the details in the shot. So this means having a good understanding of your subject matter. If you want to generate a image of a medieval knight, then you need to understand the fashion, social class system, and the weapons of that particular period, including the names of some famous knights in order to be specific. So for example, there's a difference between a Templar knight dressed in white and a Red Cross. And sort of more general English night from an earlier period, joining their own unique crest and fashion. Now, for most of this section, we've talked about how important it is to be detailed and specific. You can also go the opposite route and let the AI come up with his own ideas. Thus, rather than using a detailed prompt, you can hold back and use a more vaguely defined prompt. This technique might be useful if you yourself don't know what it is that you're really trying to create. Or perhaps there's few existing references that you can think of, such as a stadium built in the metaphors, for example. You also want to keep in mind that the same prompts will come out differently with different AI software. So Meet Jennie, for example, skews towards a more artistic style. Whereas Stanford diffusion sits on the more conservative and liberal end of the design spectrum, I'll give you something much more realistic. In either case, you may need to provide some more instructions to your texts prompt. If you wish to overwrite the natural style of the soft program you are using. Now, while the AI soft programs are often highly reliable and matching your prompt within several attempts. Sometimes it will take a few failures in order for you to get the right outcome that you're looking for. So just remember that you can make variations to the art that you create. Next, we want to talk about some of the common reasons why your art doesn't turn out the way you wanted it to. So there's primarily two common reasons. And one is that your prompt was ill-defined. And the second is that the AI software was not trained on images relevant to your particular texts prompt. So Delta E, for example, that was trained on 650 million images with text descriptions or captions. And while it's quite likely that the AI learns from new data over time, there may be a time gap between something going mainstream and the AI learning what that thing is as it actually has to go back to school, so to speak, by studying training examples. One way of thinking of this is if there's a new movie that comes out and everybody else has seen it, but you haven't seen it. So you can't really talk about it or make any jokes or comments. So in this case, that's the AI. Maybe people on the street have seen this movie, but the AI hasn't seen the movie yet. So it can't really be a reliable source for remixing content from that movie. In some way, it might be possible for the AI to easily replicate the style of an established artists like Van Gogh or to create a politician like Barack Obama. There could definitely be a delay before the model is reliable at recreating new trends, subjects or words as images. Thus, the AI model doesn't know everything like an all-seeing genie or a godlike figure. It only knows what it's been trained on. This means you can't tell the AI through reliably reveal the exact face. So Satoshi Nakamoto or Banksy, of course, you can still ask the AI to make an attempt based on images already in circulation, but obviously, the result will not be reliable or accepted in a court of law. Likewise, if you use the word me and your text prompt than the AI really has no idea what you're referring to exactly. That means it has no way of adding your own physical resemblance to the image, which makes your prompt ill-defined, even if you are famous and your name is out there in the public domain and this portrait images available, you still need to spell out the exact name of that person, which in this case is your own name. So maybe that's Elvis Presley or Michael Jackson, etc. And maybe also you need to maybe even add some contacts in case there's other people who have the same name. So you might need to say that I am X person from this particular industry or famous for this music joiner, et cetera. In order to be more precise. 3. Framing Techniques: Hi folks. In this quick video, we're going to have it look at framing. This is a super important part of capturing your artistic vision. And yet we're not talking about picture frames here. Framing influences the angle of the visible field, including the width and height, and controls how the content appears in terms of perspective. Examples of framing include point of view over the shoulder, long shot, close-up shots, and isometric. Generating an image of a person making a speech to a room of people will yield different results from an image frame from the point of view of the audience, e.g. likewise, framing the view of a city from an isometric perspective will provide a dramatically different view than if you use a plain text prompt with no specific framing information. Isometric, by the way, is a fun technique to learn. It's basically a method for visually representing 3D objects in 2D and is often used in technical and engineering drawings such as town planning documents, framing. I'd say it's actually one of the key differentiators in terms of a novice and an advanced user for AI generated art, most people focus on the subject matter and the adjectives for describing the scene in their head. But often they overlook the field of view, the angle, and the perspective of the art itself. If you have any experience in TV and film, framing will probably come naturally to you. But if not, it's a relatively easy skill to learn. Once you've become more acquainted, you will start to notice how these techniques are used in the media or your favorite Netflix show to add different effects. If you want to geek out on framing, you might like to check out the NFL dot edu resource, which has 80 plus different framing angles that you can review, such as the cowboy shot, which shows the subject from a mid thigh and up angle. And you can use those techniques as inspiration for creating your own art. 4. Tour of AI Art Software: Hi, welcome back. In this section, I'm going to give you a quick run down of the most popular and powerful software options in the market for creating AI generated art. Now, in terms of the leading applications in this field, there's definitely no going plus Delta E, but there are also many others including made journey and stable diffusion. But let's start with Delhi eat anyway. Delhi eat or data E2, which is the latest version, is a revolutionary AI software developed by OpenAI. This is a San Francisco based research lab. Now, unlike some of the other image generation algorithms out there, delta E works with both abstract and realistic image generation. It's algorithm is also capable of understanding complex sentences involving multiple objects and their attributes including color, shape, size, style, lighting, location, etc. So for instance, you can easily generate an image of a red rectangle next to a blue triangle. You can also generate more abstract images, such as a pink cloud with two eyes and a mouth. What I like about Delhi E2 is the clean web user interface, which is super easy to operate and navigate. And you'll start to appreciate it more after you use other software options in terms of getting started after signing up for a new account with them. You can type in your text prompt, or you can choose to upload an image and then edit it directly or generate some variations based on the original image, images that you generate using Delta E and then save to your account for convenient access later. For me, one of the best features of Delta E is the image upload, a tool which is useful for manipulating existing art and design elements to create novel combinations. To illustrate, we can take an existing photograph and add a unique elements such as I find pig or a robotic. This opens up tremendous opportunities for creative exploration, also allowing artists and designers to easily explore new concepts and generate inspiring visualizations. Next up we have Pete Joni Mitchell, and also really stands out among the first generation of AI software. Mostly for the fact that it's far more chaotic and complicated to use. Unlike delta E and most other AI software, meet journey wasn't released as a standalone website application. Instead, you'll need to use mid journey through discord, which is a popular chat app prominent in the gaming and crypto space. In order to create your AI generated art. On top of that, there are thousands of other users creating and modifying the AI art on the midtone discord channel at any given time. So there's a constant flood of texts prompts inside the chat rooms. This can be distracting, but the shared work environment does offer a valuable opportunity to gain inspiration and to observe the workflow and results of other users in terms of getting started, once you've joined the MIT journey channel on Discord, you'll be able to create images using the forward slash imagine command, followed by your text prompt, which is the instructions on what you want the AI to create. New journey offers everyone a initial trial. I'll 25 queries, which means you can generate 25 images. And then there are several options to buy a full membership with unlimited or more generous image generation limits, as well as commercial terms. For me, made journeys primary strength is that it offers an advanced range of parameters to customize your artwork. This includes things like the resolution of the image, the complexity, and also the quality of the image. It also provides tools for integrating animation and motion into your visuals to help them stand out even more. This makes me journey really ideal for users willing to learn and experiment and enabling anyone to create beautiful works of art that are tailored to their individual style in terms of its artistic output. It also said that midtone leans towards a more abstract and surrealist design stuff. And it's particularly good at outputting futuristic or cyber punk style art. The software, however, is less well-suited for generating realistic, odd compared to say, Delhi E, e.g. so to compensate for this bias towards abstract design, you may need to add the terms realistic or photo-realistic or realism to your text prompts. And lastly, it will need Johnny has a steeper learning curve and its website based peers, There's definitely well worth the investment. Okay, Next we have stereo AI. This is a software application and also a mobile app that lets you generate NF2, which are non-fungible tokens using texts prompts to transform your words into works of art. The platform allows users to publish in if T is on different blockchains, including a theorem and they bind and smart chain enabling these NFT to be easily distributed and traded on various networks. In terms of designing your art, there is a few different options here, including aspect ratio. You can also use an initial image to customize your creations. And there's also a variety of different models to choose from. Importantly, story. I also gives you full ownership of your creations which you can use for your next creative project. You can print them off or share them on social media, or even sell them as an NFT. So this gives artists and extra avenue to monetize their creativity. However, note that while your operations belong to you and you can do whatever you like with them, you're still subject to copyright laws in your jurisdiction, and you may need special permission from the copyright owner of any input images. Lastly, using stereo, you can generate up to five artworks for free daily and without watermarks. However, you will need to buy credits to enjoy for usage of this service. Next up is not cafe. This offers a similar design, sweet and pricing system as AI and lets you generate up to five artworks for free daily. Now we're starting AI focuses more on AFT creation. Night Cafe lets you print your creations and have them mailed to your house. However, rather than say, print your designs on a t-shirt or clothing, item III allows you to print your designs as a poster on thick and durable metal paper. In terms of design elements, It's very similar to stereo I. There are a few different settings here, including artistic style, aspect ratio, and prompt weight, as well as image resolution that you can play with it for that reason, I think Night Cafe is definitely worth checking out. Okay, moving on Tuesday we'll diffusion. This is another powerful tool for artists and designers. Unlike deli, meat and meat journey, external diffusion has an open source policy that lets you bypass the blocked content restrictions that you might encounter on other AI software. This is definitely a big differentiation with neuro account sign-up required as well. And fast image processing, approximately 10 s, you can start generating images immediately. The downside though, is that the simple user interface, the lack of sign-in options means that you can't easily view the images that you previously generated and instead you have to save the results to your computer to access them. Still diffusion also currently lacks the feet to the other software variables such as image uploading and aspect ratio controls. However, the developers recently added a negative prompt box and new features are said to be on the way. Also on the plus side, step of diffusion is fast. It's free to use and the results are far superior to other free AI software in terms of his artistic. So simple diffusion is similar to meet journey and favors a more abstract and surreal stuff, artistic expression. As with other software programs though, it does tend to struggle a little bit with capturing symmetry in human faces. Lastly, we have crayon. Crayon was Ashley, previously known as Delta E mini because a number of the team members involved with this project also involved with Delhi E, meaning there is some crossover in terms of product development and the history between the two products. The user interface for crayon is living through a web browser that you can access on your PC or mobile device. There's also a mobile app available for Android users. The software is currently free and has unlimited usage. So you can really go nuts here. You can create as much as you want. And in fact, you don't even have to sign up for an account. The downside though is that results quite slow to generate around about 2 min. Sometimes they're quite low in terms of resolution, the images you create using their software, also for non-commercial use, which means crayon is more suitable for creating fun images to share with your friends and play around with rather than for commercial design scenarios. Crown also offers a print on a t-shirt service that is kind of cool for like $29, you can purchase your AIR design on a t-shirt, hoodie, tie-dye t-shirt, or a long sleeve t-shirt. Obviously, this is one of the ways crayon monetize his art services in addition to donations and add balance that dominate the website. So I think crown is a good starting point as you begin to master text prompts. And we'll have a video tutorial of cramp coming up in the next video. 5. Getting Started With Craiyon: Hi folks. In this video, we're going to quickly explore crayon, which is one of the quickest and easiest options to start your journey with AI generated odd. Crayon was actually formerly known as Delta E, meaning we have some team members involved with both products, meaning that there is some crossover there in terms of product development and history. However, unlike mid journey, the user interface for crown is delivered through a web browser that you can open on your PC or mobile. And there's also a mobile app available for Android users. In terms of getting started, there are far fewer steps to creating your first art piece than my journey, e.g. there's no sign-up, no verification, and nothing to download. In fact, all you have to do is go straight to into your text prompt in the search bar and click the orange button on the right. So it's super easy. Next, you need to wait approximately 30 to 90 s for the model to generate your art request. And once it's done, it will spit out nine options in a three-by-three grid for you to select from. In general, the quality of the art is not bad as you can see here. The image quality meanwhile is okay but not really optimized for production level and is certainly a lower resolution than its competitors, including mid journey and stable diffusion. Now, looking at the other options here on the screen, we can also take a screenshot which will download the three-by-three matrix grid to our computer. And on the left is a print on a t-shirt options. So if we go ahead and click on that button, we can see a mock-up of our design on a t-shirt. There is then the option to buy, which we can check out. For 40 to ¥100 or $29. You can purchase your design on a t-shirt. Apparently the T-Shirts material is organic and renewable. So that's nice to know as well. There are other clothing options here as well, including hoodies, tie-dye, T-shirts, long-sleeved T-shirts, etc. Anyway, I'll leave it here. Obviously this is one of the ways crayon monetize is it art services that as well as donations? And the obvious ad banners plastered across their website, which is a little bit annoying to be honest. To sum up, the obvious key advantage of crayon is that it's quick and easy. It comes with unlimited usage and you can generate art in minutes and download those images for free, and then you use them for non-commercial purposes. You should also note that crayon asking users to please credit crayon for the images where possible. Now, in terms of drawbacks to using this free service, if we look at the tools and features, there are far fewer options than me, Jenny, e.g. when other platforms in terms of remixing your art, uploading your image as input data, or controlling the actual details about the art, including the aspect ratio. Also, as mentioned in the image quality is a little bit lower in terms of resolution than other options on the market, which makes crayon a fun tool to share with friends and for creating mockups, but probably not suitable for enterprise needs and commercial usage. Crayon can also be a little bit hit and miss in terms of output. I've found e.g. that it can really fall apart when it comes to rendering human faces. As you can see in this example here, I've asked for a photo-realistic image of a TV anchor presenting the news. And of those nine image results, there's really nothing I'd want to use here. Thus, for human faces, I would definitely be shopping around for another service option. However, for that Chewbacca dog, I was actually quite happy with it. I thought that was pretty good. So definitely have a play around here, a test crayon out. At the very least, it's a fun and easy thing to do between doing your real work and a good way to get started with generating AI art. 6. Getting Started With Midjourney: Hey and welcome back. In this video, I'll walk you through meet journey, which is one of the best software options right now to start creating AIR in 2022. Using my journey, you'll be able to create 25 images before needing to subscribe for a membership with their service. But for the purpose of this video module and the following project, you don't need to spend a dollar. Okay, So it gets started. The first step is to register a Discord account at Discord is a popular instant messaging social platform, which is also free to join. After registering a free account, you can choose to download discord onto your computer as an app, or open up discord directly within your browser. Both options are fine. Once you are done with setting up discord, you can jump over to meet and click on the Join the base of button right here. This will automatically redirect you to Discord either in your browser or to the desktop app. If you've already downloaded, which is what I've done. Now that you are inside discord, you need to confirm that you are inside the official meet journey server. This means you should see a green tick when you hover your mouse over the mid journey icon. Once you've done that, you can check out the welcome message, which has some key practical information laid out for you. So for example, as I mentioned earlier, Meet Jennie offers everybody a limited trial or 25 images, and then several options to buy a full membership with unlimited or more generous generation limits, as well as commercial terms. Then, in terms of getting started, we need to go to one of these newbie bought channels, of which there are many. Next need to type in forward slash imagine to start the prompt and soon the Discord bot will send you four images in about 60 seconds. So let's go ahead and do that by clicking on this new channel here via the left-hand sidebar. If you don't see the newbies channel yet, check that you are using the official meet journey server or try resetting the discord app or web page. Also, it doesn't matter exactly which channel you choose, as long as it's a newbie channel. Once you're inside a movie tonight, you can check out what other people have been creating and take some notes of what prompts they are using. Then when you're ready to start creating, you can click here in the chatbox tab at the bottom and type in forward slash. Imagine. As you start typing, you'll notice a tab pop up above your texts, which you need to click on in order to confirm that you want to create an image. Now you can enter the text prompt you wish to use. Note that meet journey also asked you to respect their content and moderation policy by keeping a PG 13 and to avoid upsetting imagery. As part of this demonstration, I'm going to use Barrack Obama playing bass guitar. We have no specific style defined. Once you're satisfied with your own prompt, you can press Enter on your keyboard or click the Send button, just like you were talking to somebody on a chat application. This action would live or your request to the mute journey bot, which will start generating your images based on your text prompt. The Meet Jennie bot will generate four options which we'll take a minute or less to deliver. Once the progress indicator has made it to 100%, you will see a two-by-two grid or finished images. And two rows of buttons below. The top row is for upscaling your images. Upscaling an image means generating a larger pixel version of the selected image, which is approximately 1024 by 1024. This will make your images look much crisper and also automatically add additional details to give you an image those finishing touches. This means that those four original images are more like the mock-ups that the designer has provided as preliminary options. And then the upscaled version as the final version which is ready for use and up to production level in terms of volume. Note that the numbered buttons U1, U2, U3, and U4, they eat map between individual image. So here we have u1, YouTube on the right, U3 on the bottom-left, and U4 on the bottom right. If you want to upscale the first image, for example, then all you have to do is click on one. The other option is to create variations of your art using the second row of buttons below. Creating variations will generate for new images that are different but still similar in overall style and composition to the original image is selected from the mockup options. Again, the V1, V2, V3, and V4. They each map to an individual image from the two-by-two grid above. Let's go ahead now and click on V1 and see what the meat journey bot comes back with. Also, note that upscaling or creating a variation. This counts towards your quota of 25. I'll show you the end of the video how to check how many free images you have left as part of your free quota. Now, because there are many other people in the channel creating art using the midtone bought. You might need to scroll up to find your own image request. The midtone bot has now come back with a two-by-two grid of variations based on the original image we selected. Next, let's try an upscale by clicking on U4, which is the image in the bottom right of the two-by-two grid. Again, we will need to scroll around the discord channel to find our new output, among the many others that are being generated every few seconds. This is definitely one of the downsides of doing it using Discord as they interface for creating art. And it can be a little chaotic at times, finding your own art. So here we go. We can see that the mean Johnny bought has populated for upscaled versions of the original image that we chose. Also, as you can see, there's much more detail and depth to the image that we selected. And overall, it looks a lot better. After you upscale your images, you'll have a few more options below as well. The first option is degenerate variations of this image like we did before. So just think of this as telling the AI designer to read for remixed what you already have. The second option is to upscale to max the subscales the image to an even larger resolution of approximately 1664. By 1664, light upscale, redo, meanwhile, this upscale the image again without adding as much detail. In terms of saving your image, there are a few options. One option is to send the image to yourself on Discord. You can do this by asking they meet Joni brought to send you a discord direct message containing your final production. To do so, you just need to click on the Add reaction icon here in the top right above the image and search for the envelope emoji, which is the first one displayed here on screen. This will automatically send the image to you in a separate message window, which you can find at the top of the left hand sidebar on Discord. So here we have our final image. We can also click on this image open to full size, and also click on Open original to open the image and a web browser. And to save, we can just right-click and choose save image. And it will save it to your local computer. If you're using the journey on the Discord mobile app, however, you will need to tap the image and then tap the download icon in order to download the image. Okay, and lastly, if you want to check out how many images you have left as part of your free or paid quota. You can jump back to the newbies channel within the meat journey server and typing forward slash info and then click on the pop-up tab above. Here we can see that I have for jobs left, which translates to form what image outputs I can produce. So I'm starting to get a little bit low here of my corridor and I'll be looking at joining me journey as part of a paid subscription. But for now, I hope this demonstration was useful and you're inspired to give it a go yourself. If you are familiar with using Discord, you should have no problems getting started with using MC journey. And if it's your first time signing up and using this code, just factor in that it will take some extra time to get familiar with this new interface and verify a new account. 7. Midjourney Image Licensing + Terms of Service: Welcome back. In this video, we're going to look at the need to know points of meat journeys, terms of service, as well as answer the important question over commercial and non-commercial licensing. Before attacking that question, let me highlight that to use my journey, you should be at least 13 years old and meet the minimum age of digital descent in your country. However, if you are not old enough or you have family members wanting to use my journey, a parent or guardian can agree to the terms on their behalf. So that's easily taken care of if everyone though, always keep in mind that meet Joni tries to make its platform services PG 13 and family-friendly. Jenny actually states do not create images or use text prompts that are inherently disrespectful, aggressive, or otherwise abusive, plus no adult content or gore. They say here actually please avoid making visually shocking or disturbing content. We will block some texts imports automatically. So if you are producing adult or horror genre content, maybe look for another platform like stable diffusion, which is open source. And you can basically create whatever you want. Having said that, because the art assets are generated by AI, which is a new technology in itself. And the art is based on user queries. The output doesn't always work as expected, so expect some margin of error. And if you want to create adult content or art not suitable for minors, then perhaps it's safer to go to a platform like stable diffusion. Next, from time to time, you may find some words or phrases blocked and you wouldn't be able to make the images using them if you see the cross emoji pop up next to your work, interpret this as a warning about your contents suitability. Nella situations, your content may even be deleted from view or just not produced at all. You can also self-police your content by deleting it yourself using the cross emoji reaction in discord. This will delete the image from public view and help save you from getting into trouble perhaps later. Now, moving on to rights of usage, at the time of recording in November 2022, you own the content assets you create using the journey services. However, there are exceptions, just to take note of. The first exception is for non-paid members. If you're a non-paying user, you are permitted to use the images for non-commercial purposes in conjunction with the Creative Commons noncommercial four-point zero attribution international license. In other words, you can check the details of that license if you're in doubt or if you want to clarify any details. But essentially, as long as you're using your images for non-commercial purposes, you should be in the clear. If you do want to use your images for commercial purposes, then you need to sign up as a paid user for me, a journey which starts at about $10 a month for basic membership. The second exemption is regarding corporate user license terms. So for owners or employees working in a large company, generating over $1 million in yearly gross revenue and using their services to benefit your employer or company, you will have to purchase the corporate membership plan. B corporate membership plan currently cost $600. Also note that this plan involves any upfront, non-refundable deposit for up to 12 months at use of the service. So in some new journey offers you a lot of mileage. We've non-commercial licensing. And for commercial licensing, just make sure you are paying for the service. And if you're representing a large company which has only $1 million, you need to be paying the corporate membership price. Okay, Now let's look at privacy. So when you are creating on the journey, be aware that this is an open community and any imagery regenerate in a public discord chat room is viewable by all those in the chat room, regardless of whether private mode is turned on. This is quite different from other platforms where you interact with the AI on a more private or one-to-one basis where only you can review the results. We've made journey on the other hand, because you are creating in a public discord chat group, your results are out there in the open for anybody to see more of it by using Virginia services. You can't meet Jodie, a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, irrevocable copyright license to reproduce derivative works based on image prompts or content you feed into their platform. This means that others can re-mix your images and prompts whenever they are posted in a public setting as well. And I actually think this can be a good thing because it gives a chance for you as well to learn from others and gain inspiration. In summary, be careful what you feed into the platform, especially corporate images or information you wouldn't want to leak out to the public. So if you're a JK Rowling, e.g. you don't want to be creating the front cover of your next Harry Potter book on my journey in a public discord chat room before in forming your fans and the media that the book is actually coming out at Christmas. And just as some food for thought, as this might not be intuitive for those new to AI. But even if you are using a private interface or another AIR platform where only you, as the end-user can interact and view the output that you produce. Understand that the AI may be using your inputs, all your outputs to retrain as algorithm, meaning that some of your DNA, so to speak, could potentially seep out into producing other generated art in ways you didn't anticipate it. Maybe if you upload a photo of yourself and you tell me Jenny, to remix that photo in a certain way. But if the input, which is the original photo of you, and the output which is the remixed version, could be used by the model to retrain ITS knowledge or to create some derivative work. In most cases, this is quite unlikely to happen or to have any real effect because unless you are fitting the algorithm, significant amounts of input data to train itself, nothing should come about. For me, it's also not a big issue anyway, but some people might not wish for that to happen. So best to check the platform's terms of services or avoid using such services if you have those concerns. 8. Image Prompts With Midjourney: Hi folks. In this video, I'm going to walk you through the process of adding images as input data using the journey. Previously, we've looked purely a text prompts as input data for the AI model. But we've made journey. We can also use an image as input by adding one or more image URLs to your prompt, meet journey will use those images as visual inspiration. You can mix words with images or just use a standard load image as your prompt. This technique is useful if you want to riff on an existing image or align the output with an existing style. To use an image as a prompt, you'll first need to navigate to one of the newbie groups inside discord. And then click on the plus icon here in the text bar and select the first option which is upload file. Next, select a file from your computer or album. For me, I'm going to select the Chewbacca puppy I created earlier on Send by hitting Enter on your keyboard. And if you scroll down to the bottom of the chat feed, you should find that image you just sent. Now click on the image in the chat records, right-click on it and select the third option, which is called Copy link next week and get to work with creating a new text prompt. Let's begin by using forward slash, imagine and pasting the URL link of the image we just copied. So make sure you leave a space after the URL. Because if you use a comma e.g. this will make that URL invalid. After leaving a space, you can then start defining what you want to do with this image, including any modifiers and other parameters. I'm going to insert Rebecca dog comma, Christmas theme and then send this message to generate the image request. And voila, here are the results. I would say the first and third option here properly capture the Christmas theme. The first result in the top left also doesn't look right with the double I think going on there. So personally, I would want to look further at the third result with the Santa cap by clicking on V3 below after 30 s or so, these were the results that I received. The Christmas cap is a little off looking, but it does the job overall. However, I'm not happy enough with a similarity between these results. The original image prompt that I uploaded as part of the original text prompt. And this brings us to an important point. By default, the weighting of the image to the text prompt is 0.25, which means by default, the text prompt will always have a far greater impact on the output than the image you referenced as part of the prompt, we can adjust the weighting and default settings by using the parameter desk dash IW and inserting the relevant value, e.g. if we use desktops IW one, this will make the image URL just as important for the image generation as the text prompt, which in this example where the keywords Chewbacca, dog and Christmas theme. If however you want to increase the weighting of the image even more than you can push up the waiting to 1.5 or even higher. Alternatively, you could just remove the text prompt altogether and use the image as your input. But I have found that this sometimes doesn't work. What I'm gonna do now is start over again with the same image URL and the same keywords as before. But this time I will add the parameter desk dash w v1 to give the image a higher weighting and bearing on the image result. Now we can see that the Chewbacca puppy, it looks a lot cuter, just like it did in the image prompt we uploaded. And it has more of a pensive and thoughtful expression, which is definitely a different vibe to that image results we got when image waiting was set to the default value of 0.25. Of course, don't expect the AI to take your image input as a base level and then Photoshop and edit on top of it. Ultimately, it has its own creative license and we'll use or image that inspiration rather than as the base level. But of course, you can modify the weighting parameter to give the model a better chance of capturing the visual representation of the input image or images. Okay, folks, there we go. In this video, we learned how to use an image as part of our texts prompt. This is a very useful technique to know, but just be careful what images you upload a discord. As this is a public forum. Thanks for watching until the end, and I'll see you in the next video. 9. Image Masking With DALL-E 2: Okay, in this video, we're going to explore a more advanced technique called image masking. While it may seem complex, image masking is straightforward. Once you understand the process. For this demonstration, we'll be using the Delhi E2 software to showcase this technique. And that's because one of the standout features is the image uploader. Very few AIR software tools currently offer this feature. And in the case of meat journey, the image uploader is used for image prompts, but not for direct image editing and manipulation as we saw in the previous video. Delhi e, on the other hand, Let's see, re-create remixes of an uploaded image or edit the image directly using masking. Masking is a technique used in image editing that allows you to select parts of an image and then alter that area without affecting the rest of the image. This flexibility makes it ideal for making major alterations damages, without drastically changing the overall appearance. Masking is commonly used for removing backgrounds from photos, but it can also be used to create special effects or isolate certain elements. In the following demonstration, I will show you how to take an existing image, modify it, and add a new background. So after signing up for a free account, you can use one of your free credits to upload an image via the Upload button. You then want to select an image from your computer and then crop the image if necessary, using the built-in image editor for this image, I'm going to skip cropping. So now we have our workspace here on the screen. You will notice a few things here. The first is the generation frame. This limits modifications to your image within that area, but you can move that frame around to work on different parts of the image as you go. Down here we have a masking want. So let's now get to work by aligning the image generation frame to the target area and then using the masking, want to erase the areas that we wish to customize. Now, don't worry too much about smoothing out the edges. The AI will rebuild the image to protect the edges of the subject or seen. It's simply needs a general idea of where to apply the texts prompt once the desired error for editing has been erased, you can then enter your text prompt and click the Generate button here on the right. This will apply the text prompts to the erased area that we erased using our masking want, while also taking into account the rest of the image. Keep in mind that each prompt you submit by clicking the Generate button and we'll deduct one credit from your accounts balance. Another important thing to remember is that the text prompt should reference birth, the area you are modifying, and the error you are keeping. So in this example, I need to reference both Me, which is Guy, and the edits I want to make to the upper part of my torso, which are six pack abs and holding two ice creams, if you just wrote, Give me a six-pack and holding two ice creams, the AI doesn't have quite enough contexts. It doesn't know whether the abs should be male, female, animals, etc. So you really need to include the subject of the image, which is the guy will adult men, and reference the entire image and not just the selected area. Okay, so w e has generated the following output. While it didn't fully deliver on the six pack I had in mind, the image is still an improvement from the original. Delhi also did a great job of recreating my skin tone. Now, if you're satisfied with the generated output, you can simply click accept. But I want to try to improve the definition on my abs by changing the text prompt. First though, I need to use the masking, want to highlight the area I want to modify, which is my chest area. And then I need to re-enter the full text prompt. And this time I'm going to try writing a guy with high defined six pack abs and holding two ice creams. Let's click Generate and wait for the results. Okay, so here we have the results. This really wasn't what I was expecting in this case, it's completely wrong. Now, down here on the bottom, we can click on the arrows to browse through a few more variations. So this one looks a little bit better. This one removes the second ice cream, which is not suitable. And I have no idea what this one is. Let's go back to that second version and click Accept. After accepting the optimized image, we can use masking again to change the background. Delhi ease editor God actually recommends that you edit the background or scenario lost because focusing on the primary subject or character first is recommended. In the case of a human subject, e.g. this helps to get the body shape right, which is the more difficult part before filling in a new background, which is startling, easier for the model to perform. Okay, given that the current background is not located directly on the beach, I will use the mosque and wants to remove the background entirely and then ask Delhi to add a new background with a beach behind me. So let's update the text prompt to include two more modifiers, those being standing on the beach at sunset. And then click Generate. Okay, The model has now filled in the beach background, but it definitely doesn't look like sunset. If we look through the other versions as well, we can see that other images also fail to capture the sunset aesthetic. So perhaps I need to describe the color of the sky in my text prompt. But I'm actually going to drop the sunset and focused on improving the quality of the background by adding a new modifier, which is a photorealistic because I want the image to look more realistic so that I can add it to Instagram. The image output now looks more photo-realistic, but the background is a little busy for my liking. So I'm going to look at the other variations available. And yes, this one looks quite good. So let's click on except now we need to fix the area above the image generation frame by repositioning the frame like so. Then we can just click on Generate again using the exact same text prompt. And voila, delta E has now food in the background and the final version that looks quite good. So to sum up, WE isn't quite as impressive as meat journey in terms of image quality, but majority doesn't have the image masking feature available right now. So Delta E is definitely the first and really the only option right now. Okay, I hope you enjoyed that quick demonstration. Image masking is a super powerful tool and it opens up a lot of creative opportunities for you to re-mix and retouch your own photos and art. 10. Parameters For Midjourney: Hey there, welcome back. Now that you're familiar with using meet journey, let's talk about advanced commands using what are called parameters, which are also sometimes called switches or flags. In this video though, I will refer to these special commands as parameters. So far, we've learned how to create a basic text prompt using forward slash. Imagine to produce a grid of four images, e.g. for slash imagined that full on a desolate planet cyber punk style. Now to customize the text prompts, you can add parameters using two consecutive dashes followed by the perimeter you wish to use. In this example, we're using negative prompting by using two dashes, no, followed by the keyword. People. Note that the parameters should be added to the end of your text prompt rather than at the front, or perhaps midway through your prompt. Now, let's look at some of those most commonly used parameters. The first is negative prompting, which I just mentioned. And you can do this by using double dash no, and then your chosen keyword which you can use to avoid adding certain elements to your image, dash, dash. No cost, for instance, would try to remove cars from the image generation. Here we have two examples. On the left we can see at least three to four people in the collection of images. And on the right collection we can see that there's a clear absence of people in at least three of these images because we've used the parameter no people. In the second image, it does look like there could be a person there will maybe that's a fire hydrant or something else. It's hard to tell, but overall, the negative prompting has worked very effectively here. Next, let's talk about size and dimensions using aspect or AR, these parameters alive to generate images with a desired aspect ratio, e.g. typing dash, dash ir 16, 19, e.g. will get you an aspect ratio of 16 by 19, which is also 448 times 256 pixels. Here are a few examples to illustrate how the aspect ratio impacts the size of your image. Alternatively, you can also use the width and height parameters using w and h respectively, and then defining the number of pixels for the width and height, the value is used by H and W should be 256-2034 pixels. Also, keeping those values as multiples of 64 is recommended. If you're looking to match your image with a specific aspect ratio, you can check with the software you are using and then enter the width and height into your texts prompt parameters, which in my case here using Canva would be 1920 by 1080 respectively sunscreen. Now at two more examples that again show the role of size and dimensions and creating your art. Next up we have seed numbers. I see numbers are used for reproducing art using the same randomization. Use generate the image, put simply using the same seed number will help you create a similar output using the same prompt. A seed number must be a positive integer. An integer is a whole number between zero and the number here on screen. I'm not going to attempt to read that. If you don't set a seed, a random suit will be assigned instead to find out what seed was used behind the scenes, you can react with the male emoji to an image and then checking your DMs on Discord for details like this, hey, we can see the seed is 25588. Now, I do want to say that the C number is not perfect. And based on my experience so far, I wouldn't expect to see the exact same output each time, but this might get better in the future. There is still a lot of randomization involved with the production of images using the journey we've been on. Now, let's talk about something very different to seeds and that is randomization using desk dash, chaos and then inserting a number, this parameter introduces more varied random and different results from your image outputs. The number used with this parameter must be 0-100. Higher values will favor more interesting and unusual generations and exchange for less reliable compositions. In this example, I have used exact same text prompt as before in the previous examples, but with a high chaos number of 70, which has in fact generated some unique and different results which look pretty cool. So feel free to experiment with the cows parameter if you have enough credits on your ambiguity account and you want to push the boundaries with your AIR to generation. The next parameter is desktops video. This saves the progress of your image generation as a video link, which is pretty cool. The video link is sent to you after you use the melt emergency in discord to trigger a direct message. So don't forget to add that male emerges just after the image is generated. Here's an example of the Osaka Blade Runner seen in the video format as it was generated by mid journey. Okay, Let's talk about another important parameter, which is quality values. Quality modifies how much time is spent generating your image at present, there are five options are available using the journey. The first is quality 0.25, which produces rough results but is four times faster and cheaper to produce than we have 0.5. It again is less detailed in terms of results, but two times faster than the default value. The default value is one, and there's no need to actually specify this parameter because it comes built-in with your generic default image generation. Next is quality to, this is for more detailed results, but keep in mind it is slower. And it is also double the price because of the higher GPU usage. It uses two GPUs. And we then we have quality five. This is much more experimental. It might be more creative or detail, but it could also be worse. And it does use up a lot of GPUs. It uses five to be exact. In general, you'll most likely be using the default value, which is one and does not need to be specified in your texts prompts. But if you are looking for higher or lower quality results, you can look at using the other four options to tweak the output of your images. Lastly, I want to mention two more things which are not really parameters per se, but they are another option to be aware of. The first is private and public mode. Using for such private and unfolded such public, you can toggle between these two different modes. In private mode, jobs are only visible to you in public mode, meanwhile, your jobs are visible to everyone in the gallery, even if you are creating them in a thread or a direct message. However, note that access to private mode does cause an extra $20 US per month. Secondly, I want to share with you the show feature using forward slash show and inserting the job number, you can recover the ID of a job in a gallery in Discord producing the resulting image and the upscale plus variation buttons. This, in other words, allows you to revive any job you've generated yourself before and bringing it into any bot channel, even if you have lost access to the original prompt. So e.g. if I type in forward slash, show into discord and click on the prompt is displayed above. I can use that feature by pasting the job ID of a previous project that I did and insert that here. This will then provide that project, including all the upscale and variation options to let us make more edits to our art. That brings us to the end of this video on parameters and the two bonus tips regarding private-public mode and the show command. To learn more, feel free to check out the midtone websites documentation at mid journey, dot kit book dot IO for more information. And do note that some of these parameters maybe tweet or removed in the future. The Beta and HQ algorithm permanent e.g. have been discontinued as shown here. Likewise, new parameters will be introduced over time. So keep an eye out for new advanced settings as they come out. Okay, thanks everyone and see you next video where we'll be creating some awesome AIR. 11. DSNR Bot For Custom Prompts (NEW): Hi and welcome back. In this video, I want to share with you a useful ai powered tools that I've been using recently called dB SNR. This is a Discord bot for generating image prompts. The bot uses natural language processing and machine learning techniques to analyze your input and then generate unique prompts based on those requirements. This tool, I think is particularly useful for product designers wishing to generate images of a product. We've custom-made features. Let's go ahead. To use D SNR. You will need to add the free tool on Discord by first going to Discord dot GG, forward slash S, k, x x ZAB, WWF. If you don't have a Discord account, go ahead and register a free account. Now, once you are set up and locked into discord, click on Accept, invite opened in discord. After adding the bot on Discord, check out the welcome message here we can see that the primary pumped for D SNR is for Slash design. Let's move on now to the general channel. And you use the design command by typing that into the chat box. As we type, a tab will appear automatically above, which we can click on. And then we want to enter the subject we want to create. This could be a car, a bike, and animal, anything really that you want to create, but you should limit it to one subject. For this demonstration, I will go ahead with a road bike. The bot tool will then ask you to select the style. There are three options. One is costume, photorealistic, and also logo. For this demonstration, let's go ahead with a custom style. Next, the tool provide a series of prompts to help you generate a customized image prompt that fits your preferences and requirements. So the first question is, what color is the frame of the road bike? And we have five options here. Red, blue, black, white, and yellow. I will go with white. Next, what type of handlebars does the bike have? Again, there's five options. Let's go ahead with Dropbox. By the way, if you're not happy with the choice of answers, you can always click on the other button down here below and insert a custom answer. Let's go back now and smashed through these last few questions. Clip list, petals, Disc brakes. After completing the prompts, dB SNR will then generate a text prompt for us. While you're waiting, you might as well check out what everyone else is creating. So we can see that there's one user here generating texts prompts for a Honda Accord and also a Cadillac, which both look pretty good. Okay, so here's our prompt. We can copy and paste that into my chosen AS software now. But first we might want to edit the medium. So go down and click on the button here to add art medium. The AI will ask us which medium we want to choose. We have five options. And for this demonstration, let's go ahead with graphic design. This action will update our existing texts prompt, which now includes a new modifier designed in a graphic design style, which has written a little bit clunky to be honest. But anyway, let's go and click on Finish and then copied the text prompt. Next, Gerber to your AI software that could be stabled diffusion Delhi E or medullary inside of this code e.g. and paste that text into a new prompt. I'm using mint journey. So I need to navigate to the meat journey server on discord and click on one of these newbie channels. Next, I will type in forward slash imagined, and then paste in the prompt. Hit Enter on your keyboard or click Send and Wait for the results. And voila, we have four options based on our custom text prompt. I can see an issue here with the word lines in the top right image, but I think both the bottom two options look like professional images that we could use for a website, blog, or another content medium. So they have it, you now have a new tool in your AIR kit. So go ahead and have a play around with DSLR unexplored, where the AI takes you. 12. Project Time!: Project time. So the project for this course is to create your own art and we're going to use midterm. So the first thing I wanna do is you want to download, register, open up discord on your computer by navigating to, forward slash downloads. So you want to get that all set up. Once that's done, you've gone through verification, you can login to your Discord account. You didn't want to go over to meet journey at four slash home and then join the beta version by navigating to the discord link. Once you're all set up there, you'll then be able to go with the discord, look for the meat journey server. And then you want to go to the newbies channel listed here on the left-hand side. Then you can just jump into the text box, type in for such imagined. And then you can start to type in your text prompt. But once you're ready, you can then hit Enter. Then immediately we'll come back to you in 20 seconds with the result. So once you've done all that, you can then check out your image, maybe take a screenshot, and then you can upload that to Skillshare to get some feedback and to share your creation. So looking forward to seeing what everybody creates. 13. Before You Go: Well done for making it to the end. Now, to finish off, I just want to say that while AI technology might seem a little bit scary and intimidating the spirit which it is seeping into all aspects of content production from marketing to book covers really underscores that mastering AIR will be a key skill for the modern content creator. Personally unconfident that in the coming years there'll be many opportunities in what the authors of human plus machine reimagining work in the age of AI term the missing middle, which is the fertile space where humans and machines collaborate to exploit what each side does best. Sewing machines, e.g. really excel at managing large-scale repeatable tasks, while human expertise can help to maintain quality and provide feedback. So in the case of AI, artificial intelligence can be used for spinning up an image. And then the human content creator can use that image as the base for a book cover, YouTube thumbnail, or other content item. Using software applications like Canva or Photoshop. They can add unnecessary text, edit the dimensions, and make other modifications to produce the final version. We're almost there as well with traditional design software including Canva, notion and Figma, integrating AI text to image applications. These features provide users with an all-in-one dashboard for creating visual art moving images in the future. Probably starting with three-second memes and eventually full length films. But for now, have a play around with the AIR software I mentioned in this course. And keep an eye out for new software versions and use cases as they emerge to keep up with new AI tools. You might also like to check out there is an AI for or future periods or IO, which both cover a range of categories including AIR, texts, video, and design production software that you can sort through. Okay, thanks everyone for watching. I look forward to seeing what you design and you can follow me at machine learning underscore beginners and check out my machine-learning books on Amazon. Thank you and have a good one.