Drawing Volume and Shading: Stylized Tropical Fruit Illustration | Iva Mikles | Skillshare

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Drawing Volume and Shading: Stylized Tropical Fruit Illustration

teacher avatar Iva Mikles, Illustrator | Top Teacher | Art Side of Life

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.



    • 3.

      Shading a Cube


    • 4.

      Shading a Sphere


    • 5.

      Shading a Cone & Pyramid


    • 6.

      Shading a Cylinder


    • 7.

      Using Surface Grid


    • 8.

      Light Source


    • 9.

      Combining the Shapes


    • 10.

      Sphere Shape Fruits


    • 11.

      Oval & Teardrop Shape Fruits


    • 12.

      Triangle Shape Fruits


    • 13.

      Rounded Cone Shape Fruits & Leaves


    • 14.

      How did it go?


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About This Class

Do you want to learn more about drawing volume and shading using a fun project?

Then this class is for you!

You will learn about volume and how to shade by illustrating a fresh tropical fruit cocktail!

You will learn:

  • How to shade using the five volumes / shapes method
  • How to use the surface grid
  • How to work with the light sources
  • How you can combine the shapes to draw anything you imagine

I'll be using Procreate, but feel free to use any other digital drawing software or traditional media.

Basic Procreate knowledge is helpful but not necessary for this class as I will guide you through it.

So without further ado, let’s start.

See you in the class.

© Copyright Iva Mikles | All Rights Reserved | Class content & structure for educational purposes only

Meet Your Teacher

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Iva Mikles

Illustrator | Top Teacher | Art Side of Life

Top Teacher

I am super happy that you are here! :)

I am Iva (rhymes with "viva"), and I'm a full-time illustrator, teacher, and nature enthusiast.

I love illustration in all its forms and my goal is to bring you to a world full of happiness, color, and wonder in the form of fun and helpful classes.

I'd love for you to have fun while learning, so I always aim for a fun, positive, actionable, and inspiring creative experience with all my classes.

I love when you share you had many "AHA" moments, learned valuable time-saving tips, gained confidence in your skills, and that it is much easier for you to illustrate what you imagine and you are very proud of your finished work.

I want to help you on your art journey with what I learned along the way by ... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: [MUSIC] Do you want to learn more about drawing volume and shading using a fun project? Then this class is for you. We will be illustrating a fresh tropical fruit cocktail while learning about volume and how to shade. Hi, I'm Iva Mikles an illustrator and designer based in Central Europe. A decade ago I decided to build my creative career and since then, I built my business online, working with awesome clients on amazing projects, which allows me to explore the world and get to know people, cultures, and locations. I believe that we are all creative in infinite numbers of ways so I have made it my mission to teach you everything I know, to contribute in a small way to waking up your creative genius so you are able to pick up a new hobby, express yourself artistically, and if you take the leap, make it your lifestyle so you can spend more time doing what you love. In this class, you will learn the five volumes method, to practice in a fun and easy way how to shade, and create the illusion of volume in your illustrations so you get inspired to create your own unique illustrations with variety of subjects. I will be using Procreate, but feel free to use other digital drawing software or traditional medium for this class. Basic Procreate knowledge is helpful but not necessary for this class as I will guide you through it. Without further ado, let's start and see you in the class. 2. Volume: Let's first talk about the basics. What does it mean to draw volume and what is the five volumes method? In simple technical terms, drawing volume means to represent the size or a scale of an object in the space the object occupies. In other words, volume is the representation of a mass in an artwork. Think of it as the three-dimensional form of an object. How do we apply it in art, especially on two-dimensional surface? You may have guessed it. With shading. We as artists, create the illusion of volume in the illustrations to give the art a three-dimensional effect. Especially if you want to create a more realistic but still stylized look and not only the flat shapes. Shading will help you to draw a three-dimensional object and make them appear that way on two-dimensional surface. This practice will also help you draw different scales of the object and objects in perspective. Creating volume is usually done by applying tone or different shades of light and dark onto your object. The object can be simple as a ball with shades of light and dark in black and white, or with shades of light and dark colors like a blueberry or pomegranate, if you imagine that. The shades of light and dark are also called values. When you are just starting to draw and you are new to shading and volume, it is good to start practicing shading on simple geometric shapes. It helps when you think of them already as volumes, not only as shapes. I will be using both words equally throughout the class. Let's now talk about the five volumes method. I think it's quite a fun and simple way to learn to draw volume because it teaches you to draw volume using the five basic shapes: a cube, a sphere, a cylinder, a pyramid, and a cone. This method is well-known in the art industry and it's considered an effective approach to drawing and painting because you can use these shapes or combinations of them to draw anything you imagine. Well, of course we need to practice as much as possible so it gets easy and we don't even have to think about it. Basically, like with any new subject we are learning. Let's do that, and in the next lessons, we will be practicing drawing volume with all the five shapes, starting with a cube. See you in the next video. 3. Shading a Cube: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we'll practice shading a cube. First, I will sketch a square here on the right side for reference. A cube is the best shape to start with shading because it has six equal sides or planes with sharp edges. Let's start illustrating the cube in space. To draw a cube in space, I usually start with the bottom part and imaging a floor where I will be placing the cube. To make the lines perfectly straight, hold the pencil on the screen after making a stroke and wait for Procreate to help you straighten the lines. To imaging a 3D look, make the lines which are in the back in lighter value. Then copy or redraw the bottom part to create the top. It should be the same size in this angle. [MUSIC] To make the cube symmetrical, make the lines parallel to each other and in the same length. [MUSIC] To make a copy of the cube, you can just duplicate the layer. Here, we can imagine the light coming from the top right. When shading the simple stylized cube, I usually use three color values. Each of the planes will be affected by light in a different way. We will use the lightest value for the plane where the light hits the cube. Test out different brushes to find your favorite brush for sketching and shading. Here, I'm using the same ink brush for sketching and shading. Then we will continue adding darker values to the planes further from the light. The darkest tone will be also on the furthest plane of the cube relative to the light source. In our case, left side of the cube. [MUSIC] Because in our case the light is on the right, the shadow cast from our cube will be on the left from the object. The cube is solid in this case, not transparent like a cube of ice, for example, so the light doesn't go through it. [MUSIC] With these few simple steps, you have created a cube. To practice more, try to spend few minutes moving the light source around and shading the cube differently. For example, move the light source to the left side and add the lightest values on the left and darkest on the right and so on. After you are finished practicing shading the cube, let's move on to the next lesson where we will use the shape of a sphere or in other words, a bowl. See you in the next video. 4. Shading a Sphere: In this lesson, we'll practice shading a sphere, commonly known as a ball. As you already know, the ball is based on a circle shape, so let me sketch it on a side as a reference again. To draw a perfect or geometrical circle, tap and hold on the screen with your other hand while drawing. Now, imagine the light source in the top right again. The lightest area on the ball will be on the top right as well, closest to the light source. To create simple shading on the ball, you can draw radial ellipses like this, going from smaller to bigger to make an illusion of volume using different values from light to dark. Light and shadow on the ball have interesting highlights which are little bit different from the cube because of the curved round surface. We will be combining flat and round surfaces later on, so try to notice and remember these differences. I will color in the ellipsis so you can see what I mean and what I'm thinking about when coloring ball-like objects. As you can see, I will color in these ellipses with light, mid, and darker value tones to mark the main values I want to use. [MUSIC] I'm again moving the shadow slightly to the left because the light source is on the top right in our case and not directly above the ball. As you can see, I'm using a mid-tone value for the shadow, not the darkest value here, because the light bounces around and makes the shadows slightly lighter than it is right under the ball. As you can imagine, there is less light directly under the ball, so it will be darker there. That's why I'm using slightly darker values here. This is also called contact shadow. Now, I will copy the ball and use the smudge tool to quickly blend the values to create the illusion of a smooth surface. If you want, you can also use your favorite texture brush to blend these areas if you prefer. When I use a texture brush to get the right color to blend, I'm using the color picker in-between the lighter and darker value to have a smoother transition. [MUSIC] Tada, you created a bowl, that was quite quick. We will use the same principles when shading with colors for our project too. To practice more, spend a few minutes moving the light source around again. After you are finished, let's move on to the next lesson where we will use the shape of a cone and a pyramid. See you in the next video. 5. Shading a Cone & Pyramid: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we will practice with the next shape, which is a cone. I will focus on the cone because the pyramid is very similar to shading a cube using sharp edges, but I will show you both. As with the other shapes, I'm starting with the basic two dimensional shape, in this case a triangle. To draw a cone easily, you can start by drawing a vertical line in the middle, which represents the height of the cone. Then draw a horizontal line on the bottom, which represents the width of the base. Then draw an ellipse, and then connect the edges of the ellipse with the top on the vertical line which you drew first. The lines we use to construct the shape will not be visible when we look at the cone from our point of view. I can make the lines there lighter or get rid of them not to confuse us. I will copy the cone so I can show you what I'm thinking about when shading the cone shape. [MUSIC] I will imagine the light source from our point of view and remove the sketch lines. If the light is where we are, I mean from our point of view, then the shadows and the darkest areas of the cone shape will be on both sides of the cone. I'm starting with the lightest value in the middle, and then I will add darker values on both sides towards the edges from the lightest value. [MUSIC] Then I will add the darkest areas on the edges of the cone. To keep the symmetry, they should be of a similar width. [MUSIC] Then I will copy this cone with values so we can see the difference after smoothing out the surface and creating smoother transitions like we did on the ball. I'm using this match tool again. [MUSIC] As with the cube and the ball, practice some more and spend few minutes moving the light source around. You can for example, imagine a light source on one of the sides, let's say right, then you would just go from light to dark value from right to left. You will see that on one of the examples in color in our cocktail illustration later on. Now let's quickly compare the shading with the pyramid, which similar to a cube has flat sides. [MUSIC] When the object has flat sides, you will see hard, also called sharp edges, compared to the smooth edge and value transitions on the round shapes. [MUSIC] Try to spend few minutes practicing shading the pyramid as well, placing the light source in different angles. After you are finished, let's move on to the next lesson where we will use the last of the five shapes, [MUSIC] the ceiling. Commonly known as a can or a tube. See you in the next video. 6. Shading a Cylinder: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we'll practice with the next shape, which is a cylinder shape, commonly known as a can or a tube. I will sketch a circle on the side because a cylinder is a three-dimensional shape consisting of the two parallel round bases joined back curved surface, which you can imagine as a rectangle. Practicing this shape is useful, for example, when you want to draw tree trunks, coffee mugs, glasses, tube shaped sofa pillows, pillar candles, flower pots, and many other shapes. When creating this type of shape, to keep the geometry and perspective right, you want to make the curve on the top and the bottom similar and then the sides should be parallel if you want to have the tube with the same width on top and the bottom. We see these tube under an angle so the perspective applies here. Imagine we are looking from the top down. Here for our light source, I will imagine an overcast day. The sun behind the cloud. There are no strong shadows and because the light is on top, we will see the lightest value first on the top of the tube. Then I will add values from light to dark starting in the middle of the tube, going darker outwards to the edges of the tube sides. [MUSIC] The darker value stripes on the sides of this lightest value should have the same width within the same value. Then, of course, I can add the darkest values on the edges. [MUSIC] Afterwards, I copy the tube again and blend the values as in the previous lessons. [MUSIC] When blending, I am focused on keeping the values in the same width as I mentioned before. We don't change the symmetry of the shape. Awesome. You've created a tube. Now, spend few minutes to practice more and apply the light source from different positions. After you are finished, let's move on to the next lesson where you will learn to use the visual aid of a surface grid to describe the volume of the object. See you in the next video. 7. Using Surface Grid: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we will look at the surface grid, which you can use as a visual guide to describe the volume of the object. You can imagine the surface grid as a fishing net spread over the object. It will help you add shadows on different shapes and add different angles. Seeing the big surfaces with this type of grid will help you imagine the perspective too. When you draw straight lines for a grid, you're suggesting that the surface is flat. When you draw curved lines, you are suggesting that the surface is curved. [MUSIC] Now, I will sketch a variety of objects and when drawing the grid, I am following the outer edges of these shapes. [MUSIC] For example, the cone has straight lines going down following the sides of the cone. In the curved lines following the bottom curve of the cone base ellipse. [MUSIC] The surface grid can also help you describe a perspective when drawing objects in space, as you can see in this example of a square. First, we can see it in a frontal view using horizontal and vertical straight lines like a grid. Afterwards, using angled lines going into a distance, we use the grid to describe perspective. [MUSIC] How can you use this in your illustrations? Like this square can, for example, be a picnic blanket and the grid can help you create the checkered pattern for these picnic blanket. Now let's move to the next lesson where you will learn how to use the surface grid for shading. See you in the next video. [MUSIC] 8. Light Source: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we will use a surface grid, to grid the volume for our objects depending on the light source. In this lesson, we will look at another light source angle while keeping the previous example with the light source in the top right corner, so we can see the difference easily. Let us use the surface grid to help us figure out the shading and volume. To draw the surface grid on the ball, the vertical lines meet at the top and at the bottom. If you are looking at the ball and there is light angle from the top, the horizontal lines are curved downwards. [MUSIC] The direct light will be on top of the ball. [MUSIC] Then I will add the halftone value, and as before, the darkest gray value as well at the end. To use the help of the grid, you create it. You can keep it on a separate layer and reduce the opacity. [MUSIC] If you draw traditionally, I like to keep the sketch with the reference grid nearby for a reference. Afterwards, you can smoothen the edges of the value transitions with the smudge tool. We are using a stylized simplified version of the light on the ball instead of a hyperrealism. If we want to create hyper-realistic light and shadow on this ball, we will need more shading and details which are out of the scope for this class. Just to quickly mention them, we would have direct central light, highlight, halftone, terminator, core shadow, occlusion shadow, cast shadow and the reflected light. Quite a mouthful, isn't it? [LAUGHTER] But if you are interested, you can of course, practice the hyperrealism as well later on. [MUSIC] Going back to our example here, too quickly practice different light source angles, you can also draw the ball smaller. When I want to practice something quickly, and I don't want to be distracted by making things perfect or with too many details, I sketch small objects. You can test it out and see if you'll like this practice too. [MUSIC] Another thing I want to show you is an example of when you have two objects next to each other. First, you can shade them as we did before, and then you would add the shadow between if they are close together. In this case, we have the light in the top right, so the ball on the right is casting a shadow on the ball on the left. To make the shadow more realistic, you can draw the shadow from lighter values on the top, to darker values closer to the ground, where less light gets to the area. For the observation practice, try to see and notice the shadows on the round object in the real life too. Maybe oranges on the tree, limes or apples on the table with the light from the window while you are having breakfast. [MUSIC] Now let's move to the next lesson, where we will practice combining the shapes using flat and curved surfaces, in order to prepare for our project, by tropical fruit cocktail illustration. See you in the next video. [MUSIC] 9. Combining the Shapes: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we will be combining shapes. We'll use flat and curved surfaces to practice various volumes and shapes. Let's start with the half sphere. Imagine a half of a round shape, it can be half of a mango for example. Here, I will draw an oval first for this half of the round shape and already imagining some fruit. We are looking at it under an angle from the top. After drawing an oval for the top flat part of this fruit I will add the curved bottom to add the part with some volume. As I mentioned before the flat surface is suggested by the straight lines on the surface grid, and the volume on the bottom part is suggested by the curved lines which meet at one point on the surface grid. When you're shading the top part try to use similar value tones as the difference in light on the flat surface is usually not too strong and sometimes barely noticeable. To shade these halves' sphere with value tones you can follow the surface grid as we did before with the other objects. I'm imagining the light on the top-right again. Here filling the bottom part from dark value to light value using the eyedropper tool to blend, and you can use the smudge tool or brush to blend the transitions. When shading the bottom part try to follow the curved grid lines to create the transitions in values. [MUSIC] Now let's move on to the next shape. Here, I'm creating a pear shape as you can see. To create volume I'm imagining two spheres merged together. To help me imagine this shape I'm thinking in the simple shapes, so what can I use here? I can use two spheres. To create the volume I'm imagining two spheres merged together smaller on the top, and the bigger on the bottom. If we compare the lines on the grid in the middle section the surface grid lines are less curved, and on the bottom part, the surface grid lines are more curved to suggest the bigger volume there. Next, I'm sketching a half ellipse with a curved bottom part and I'm imagining a slice of an apple or a lemon. As before the half ellipse side we see here is flat with straight vertical lines meeting in one point and the horizontal lines are angled following the shape of the curve on the edges of the apple slice. [MUSIC] Then we have a slice of a melon example which is based on the triangle as you can see. Here I'm following a similar surface grid to suggest a flat surface and a curved bottom. Vertical lines are straight and they are following the angle to meet at one point. The horizontal lines are curved following the outer edge of the bottom of the melon. You can also try to draw more similar shapes one with a flat surface and then with the curved lines suggesting more volume. [MUSIC] Now try to spend 10-15 minutes practicing with as many shapes as you can imagine for your fruit cocktail. You can spend more time if you want, of course. Then while practicing add surface grid lines suggesting volume with the curved lines and flat surfaces with straight lines on the grid. Always try to notice the edges of the shape to help you create the curved lines on the surface grid. [MUSIC] Also, try drawing the same shape for example the teardrop shape with curved lines on the grid as well as straight lines to suggest a flat surface. Then the flat surface can become a fruit sliced in half, and the curved surface with a teardrop shape can become a fruit in one piece, maybe a fresh fig. Now, let's move on to the next lesson where we will practice more and start using color. See you in the next video. [MUSIC] 10. Sphere Shape Fruits: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we will practice shading in color using the fruits and starting with a bowl shape. Please feel free to select your favorite fruit or follow along. Now, let's draw a sphere as a reference here in the corner. [MUSIC] I'm choosing blueberries for this shape because they are one of my favorite fruits. I love them for breakfast. [MUSIC] I'm adding blue color as a base, and then I will add one lighter value of the blue and one darker blue value. I will shade it in the same way as we did before using shades of black and white. [MUSIC] That we have blueberry with volume and quite quickly, and because you wouldn't usually eat just one blueberry, you can copy and paste it more times here. I'm also rotating them for the visual interest. You may be thinking, what about the light source. Here, I'm not using one light source for all of them as a group of blueberries, because I'm just copying them and moving them around for more visual interest. If you want more realistic group of blueberries placed on a table, for example, keep the highlights and the light source on one side. [MUSIC] Now let's draw another fruit. I'm taking a circle as a base and I will imagine a fruit sliced in half. In this case, we will only see it from the sliced edge, so I'm drawing a flat surface. No volume here in this angle. [MUSIC] I can add the color on the outer edge for the peel of the fruit before adding the seeds in the middle. [MUSIC] Can you already guess the fruit I am drawing? [MUSIC] If you said dragon fruit, you are right. So tasty and cool-looking with these colors and the seeds. Then we can just copy the round shape and make another fruit sliced in half under the same angle. I will add few details and then you can guess again, what it is. [MUSIC] Can you tell what fruit it is? [MUSIC] First I was going for a pomegranate, but because I made the darker purple too dark, it looks more like a patient fruit, so let's copy it one more time and make an actual pomegranate with the lighter colors. [MUSIC] Compared to the patient fruit, the pomegranate has white peel separating the seeds inside too, so there's slight differences here, but the overall shape stays the same in our example here. To finish the shape and to look like a pomegranate, we just need to add the top part with a small crown so it's more recognizable. [MUSIC] Now we have a few bowl-shaped fruits, one with volume, the blueberries, and the other slides in half with the flat surface, the dragon fruit, passion fruit, and the pomegranate. If you want to make the full pomegranate quickly with volume and not sliced in half, just take one of the blueberries and change the mid tone from blue to purple-pink pomegranate color. I'm just dragging and dropping the color on top of the surface. [MUSIC] To add more details, you can add few marks on the surface, and then the recognizable pomegranate crown on top. Tada, you have a full pomegranate, very quickly from the other shape you already created. [MUSIC] Which ball fruit did you choose for this exercise? I am very curious and I can't wait to see your take on this fruit cocktail illustration. In the next lesson, we will practice with an oval and the teardrop shapes. See you in the next video. [MUSIC] 11. Oval & Teardrop Shape Fruits: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we'll practice shading in color with the oval shape and tear drop shape fruits. Feel free to select your favorite fruit or follow along with my selection. Let's make the oval shape and add the bottom part with volume. So we have a reference here in the corner. As you can see from the surface grid shape on the one side, it's flat and the bottom part has volume. You can, for example, take kiwi sliced from the longer side. Or it can be also mango or other fruit in this shape you can imagine. You can also draw the top flat part with slide self shading. The difference in values should be quiet small. [MUSIC] The bottom part, with more volume, we'll have stronger, more distinctive differences in values. [MUSIC] After adding some details, can you already guess which fruit I chose for this shape and volume? Yes, it's papaya, if you guessed that, I chose this fruit for its interesting colors and contrasting seeds. [MUSIC] For the next example, I think of a tear drop shape, or in other words, the two spheres that merge together. As we practice before, this sounds a lot like a pear. So let's make a pear out of that. [MUSIC] Following the curved lines on the surface grid, I'm shading this pear shape with lighter values and darker values. As a result, the shading is curved like this surface grid lines, from yellowish green to dark green. For this shading, you can test out brushes from the drawing brush folder for example. I quite like the Oberon brush for shading this shape. [MUSIC] We have a pear with volume. Now I will change the brush from bigger tip size brush with texture to smaller tip size brush to add details. Then you can add few spots in yellow or pink as pear sometimes have more colors on the peel. To add little details on the pear surface, I'm selecting lighter value in the lighter area. I'm still following the grid and placing these few spots along the grid lines, imagining the volume and his last details, you can add the stem, and the darker detail on the bottom. [MUSIC] Now let's move on to the next lesson to practice more shapes and volumes. See you in the next video. [MUSIC] 12. Triangle Shape Fruits: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we will practice with triangle shapes and half-oval shapes as a slice of fruit in your tropical fruit cocktail. Feel free to select your favorite fruit or follow along with my example. For this first example in this lesson, I'm starting with a triangle shape, rounded at the bottom, as I'm planning to make, I think you already know, yes, a watermelon slice. Rounded bottom because of the overall round shape of this fruit. The surface grid will also help me with placing the seeds along the lines. [MUSIC] To use the help of the grid, you create it, you can keep it on a separate layer above, and set it to multiply and reduce the opacity. If you draw traditionally, I like to keep the sketch with the reference grid nearby for a reference. Then I'm adding more color, green for the outer skin of the watermelon, and shade it based on the surface grid. From the darker green values on the left and the lighter green values on the right. [MUSIC] Because the light source is on the right, the right side plane of the watermelon should be even lighter. We can see the difference in values when we cross from one plane or in other words, side of the watermelon slice to the other. In the green area at the bottom, as well as on the pink-orange area. Notice that everything is lighter on the right side. [MUSIC] When I'm happy with the shading, I'm placing the seeds along the curved lines of the grid. [MUSIC] I'm making some of the seeds lighter for more visual interest as they have various colors in real life, but you can keep them all dark if you prefer. [MUSIC] Next, let's make slice of another fruit using half oval. Here, you have many options for these fruit shapes. [MUSIC] Now, let's draw the slice under a slight angle. We can see bit of a bottom part with the volume 2. We will be also adding a skin for this fruit. [MUSIC] We will have the skin of the fruit at the bottom, [MUSIC] as well as with the other shapes, and following the grid and making the bottom part with volume with stronger shading. Imagine again that it is darker where we have less light. It's up to you to decide where you place your light source. You can imagine it left or right or somewhere else. Here, I have the light source in the top-left. [MUSIC] For the middle part, I'm adding the details based on these fruit seeds. The seeds have radial placement from the center because they usually grow from the middle. On the edges of this fruit, close to the peel, you can see lighter color. I think you can already guess what this colorful fruit is. Yeah, it's a slice of a fresh fig. Now let's move on to the next lesson where we practice more. [MUSIC] See you in the next video. 13. Rounded Cone Shape Fruits & Leaves: [MUSIC] In this lesson, we will practice more with cone-shape and some leaves to add to your tropical fruit cocktail. I'm cheating here a bit because it's not a fruit, but rather a vegetable. But let me know in the comments, if you know any fruit in the cone-shape. Can you already guess which vegetable I will be using? Yeah, I'm using a reference based on a cone-shape and this time it's upside down cone with the rounded top, as you can see. Yes, it will be a carrot. If you don't want to draw a vegetable, maybe you can choose fruit ice cream cone instead of a carrot. When creating the grid for this shape, we will have the vertical lines spread more on the top where there is more volume and they are meeting at the bottom where the carrot is more narrow. On the top of the carrot we have the curved horizontal lines to suggest the volume because we are looking at the carrot under a slight angle from the top. I will copy the sketch with the grid layer, set it to multiply with reduced opacity and either color on the layer below. To add color, choose the placement of the light source. I chose to have it on the top right in this case. I will add the shadow on the carrot on the left side following the surface grid. Also because the carrots have interesting detail in form of dents on the surface. I can add these with help of the curved horizontal lines of the surface grid and to see how these details will look on top of the orange color, I'm reducing the grid layer opacity now. To draw easily within the shape, I'm using a layer clipping mask. Darker in the shadow areas of the carrot and lighter on the right side in the lighter area. To make the carrot dense more realistic, you can erase a little bit of the edge of the carrot. Then to add more fun shapes and more color to our fruit and veggie cocktail illustration, we can create some leaves also with the help of a surface grid. One of the leaves will be flat and another one with the bent side. For simplicity, I am not shading the leaves to match and I'm just making the bent side darker and I'm adding a slight value transitions on the flat surface. Of course, you can experiment with additional textures on the leaves and the fruits. To test how bigger texture brush is on the object use layer alpha lock or draw on a layer above with a clipping mask. Afterwards I'm adding a few lines to suggest the middle of the leaves detail for more visual interest. I think I quite like the color balance and shape variety here. I think the leaves make everything look even more fresh in our illustration and if you like, add more leaves around for even more freshness and summer look and feel. When creating your fruit and veggie illustration for the project, try to practice and use as many shapes as possible to have a visual variety in your illustration and of course fun as well with the colors of different fruits and vegetables. I'm super excited to see your projects with the fruit and veggie cocktail illustration using shading, volume, your favorite colors, your favorite textures and maybe some fun details. Don't forget to upload your illustrations in the project section. 14. How did it go?: [MUSIC] How did it go? I hope you had a lot of fun creating your own tropical fruit cocktail. If you want to expand on the knowledge you learned in this class, you can watch my other classes, for example, about composition, perspective, and colors. Just visit my teacher's profile to find them. Don't forget to share your class project in the project section and I can't wait to see all of your awesome artworks. If you would like me to also share your illustrations on Instagram, please tag me when posting so I can help you and your art to be discovered by more people. If you have friends or family members who would like to learn to draw volume, please share this class with them. If you like the class, please leave a review because first of all, I learn a lot from your constructive feedback, and second, you will also help other students to discover the class and you may contribute to their artistic journey too. If you have any questions or suggestions, please leave a comment in the discussion section because I would love to help out. Thank you so much again for watching and see you in my next class.