Drawing exercises: the basics of line making | Milan Glozić | Skillshare

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Drawing exercises: the basics of line making

teacher avatar Milan Glozić, Painter, illustrator, Designer

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Class introduction


    • 2.

      Class Project


    • 3.

      Drawing material


    • 4.

      Holding the pencil and hand coordination


    • 5.

      Warm up exercise


    • 6.

      5 tips for better drawing


    • 7.

      Simple shapes exercise - part 01


    • 8.

      Simple shapes exercise - part 02


    • 9.

      Managing the proportions


    • 10.

      Cartoon character exercise part 01


    • 11.

      Cartoon character exercise part 02


    • 12.

      Class overview


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About This Class

Learn the basics of drawing using just a few pencils and some simple plain paper. This course aims to help you to overcome the challenge of drawing and prepare you for creating beautiful lines. It is aimed at beginners or people who haven't been drawing in a long time. Your age doesn’t matter, all you need is will and passion to draw. 

Create a strong foundation for your drawing process and from there make art that your friends and family would love to see on their walls.

For this class you’ll need a few pencils and a lot of simple plain paper. After you prepare these materials you’re all set to go. Here are a few things we’ll be doing:

  1. Gather up pencils, set up your workplace and start practicing.
  2. Learn what are 3 shapes to rule them all.
  3. Focus on hand movement and coordination.
  4. Make simple exercises to master your lines.
  5. See how to use simple shapes to put all the elements of your drawing on the format of your paper.

Start making drawings with the confidence of a professional draftsman.

Learning the basics of drawing is a great way to improve the artistic toolbox. Works you create can become a great part of your creative career or a passionate hobby. They can be sold as originals or as prints. Also, they can be excellent choices for a present or a decoration for your home. Finally, you can use them as a reference for a painting done in some other medium. The choice is up to you.

Creating something out of nothing is very satisfying and in time you’ll gain more confidence in your artistic process. In this class we’ll cover much of it and split it up to easy to follow steps that can only benefit your future work.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Milan Glozić

Painter, illustrator, Designer


Milan was born in Pozarevac, Serbia in 1979. From a very early age, he got interested in drawing comics, painting nature, and inventing games that he could then play with his brother and sister. He graduated from the University of Fine and Applied Arts in Belgrade in 2003.

He works predominantly in the medium of traditional painting, but his art includes digital illustrations and book covers. He has had solo and group shows in Belgrade at the Progress Gallery, the National Gallery in Pozarevac, "In the Face Labyrinth" exhibition in Amsterdam at Arps and Co Gallery, and many more. Also, he is a Top-level designer at the 99Design platform where he made various book covers and illustrations for publishers and clients across the world.

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Level: Beginner

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1. Class introduction: Hello everyone and welcome to client exercises, a series of classes that are dedicated to improving your drawing skills. In this class, we will take a deeper look at the very core of every train foundation on which you can build a firm base of knowledge for what is to come. Series applies a few exercises to get to there. If this sounds interesting, Let's introduce you to what you can expect from this class. My name is melon and I've been an art teacher and painters 2003 acrylics, murals, book covers and illustrations from all over the world. Still teaching others how to draw and paint remained one of my main passion. Now thanks to Skillshare, I'm able to share my knowledge to a much wider audience. People such as this class is aimed at students with a beginner scale drawing. And if that's you, excellent because materials applying for this class could be a great addition to the current skill set, propelling you to the next level of mastering beautiful practice, drawing. Throughout the class. I'll show you how you can hold your pencil. Focus on the head movement while drawing, and with a few additional tips and tricks, get you into real drawing exercise. You will then use the skills to create your own drawings with much more ease. I welcome people of all ages. Whether you're just starting your drawing journey or one to come back to it after years of neglect. If you want to become professional over a course of time or even hobbyist. Because skills in this class can help you achieve a goal that is outside the scope of this class. That is, for example, to create our friends and family, The love to see you on. Another way you can utilize the next skills explained this class is to prepare you for a much challenging task when it comes to drawing. Making portraits, dealing with prospective factor in human anatomy, shading, adjust some of the advanced topics that you would like to go for next. This class does, is to make easier to overcome the beginner challenges and give you an insight into how to approach these new drawings. Quite the end of the class, you'll have more knowledge about your 23 rows by hand coordination and the way pull the pencil is so important. And you'll be able to use to make visceral measurements. And based on that, simple shapes that in turn make more complex subjects really excited to see what this class and do for you and see your work in the project section of the class. So without further delay, let's jump into it. 2. Class Project: Thank you for joining the class and I really hope you'll enjoyed in this first video, we'll go over our class project and see what you can expect from the class when it comes to your assignments because you can get the most out of this class like any other issue. Do unnecessary work. It wouldn't be enough just to watch the videos and stuff like that. But broke on the exercise that I prepared for you and move on from there. So without any further delay, let's take look at four most important points about this class and about the work that you should create. See you there. Concerning class project, remember to have in mind for important things. First is the trying formula. And it goes like k plus p plus t. In order to get the good drawing skills. Where k is represented by knowledge, B is for practice, and T is for talent. And as you can see, practice is most important, but it leads you nothing. If you don't have the knowledge, you don't know what you're doing. Finally, talent is the least important part. Because if you're not practicing, don't know what you're doing, it's really hard to get good drawings course. Let's go over these important points as we think about the importance when it comes to practice. For this class, I hope prepared three exercises. The first one will be a warm-up exercise, just like it says, load me up and gets ready for other stuff that are coming along the way. The second one is to work with simple shapes. Finally, the third exercise will be to draw a cartoon character. I think might be strange for some people to think to draw a cartoon character. But when we get to that, we will see how it all connects to each other. And y, in this stage of your drawing journey, it will be a good idea to start with those shapes. We'll talk about it more when we come to that exercise. Secondly, is to know about the knowledge. And most importantly, to understand why we are doing this exercise. Like I said, in order to get good at what you're doing, you've got to know why. So I should beginner, you have to know, in this class we'll talk about how to simplify shapes. To watch out for proportions. Learn to have a good grip on your pencil, your hand coordination, and be able to use this principle in an actual drawing. In this class, I hope we'll cover all of these important matters and get you on your way. Finally, after we have practicing knowledge or why we're doing that and rely on little bit talent. We can finally make our drawings. And now with that, welcome to our fourth part of this part of the class project is to deliverables. So those are your student drawings that the best way to progress from there is to upload them to Project Gallery. Look feedback from other students or from me, and load from there. Because that is the shortest, shortest way that you can move up to the next level. When it comes to these deliverables, you can take a photo of your work via camera, your phone. It doesn't matter as long as the drawing is clearly seen. So we can have good conversation about what we have done and what we can approve on what are the good points and how bushy further you're trying journey. With that out of the way. Let's take a look at the next video. See you there. 3. Drawing material: Now that we looked at the project that we're going to work on today. Let's talk about the materials for this class. I'll try to keep it very simple. Pencils and the plain old printing paper like this in a foreign sites. More about paper, we'll talk about later on in this video. But let's start with the pencils. Here we have some H pencils starting from four H all the way to B pencils. And we have theme here, I think that is the stuff that stands. This H pencils are predominantly for writing. Then we have HB pencils that can be used both for writing and drawing. And finally, we have P pencils that are for drawing specifically. What is the difference? Well, you will see that in a second. If we take a look at the line that we make with four H on here, then let's take an HB. And with the same pressure. This is HB. Let's take a random pencil. This is for me. Finally, let's take, I think this is six b. Go ahead. An API paths. Yes. This is HB pencil. You can clearly see the difference between these when I'm drawing and what they recommend is to start off your drawing with a pencil that would be much easier to erase. These ones, Let's say for this one is h. The lines are, let's say thinner and could be easily erased using any kind of eraser. In this case, I have a kneaded eraser that is more used for, let's say, charcoal then for the drawing. But in this case, even with this eraser, you can see the lines can clearly go away. When uncertain drawing, then I can use some B pencils that like I said, for drunk. So when it comes to pencils, at least urge you to try them out, see which one works for you better. And then remember to start with easier pressure. Pencils that are harder. And then move on to these other pencils, deter drawing your final lines. When it comes to paper for this particular class, I recommend using this paper because it's cheap byte anywhere and you can not, you don't have to stress about how much have you used because this demands time and practice and trying out different things. So starting out with these simple paper will be quite enough for this class. However, what I recommend is that you have some sketch books that you can carry around with you, such as small ones, such as these. I carry it on my work. I draw random stuff in it with ink, pencils, markers, and stuff like that. So having that always with me helps me to write down certain ideas. Helps me get other stuff like that and be always ready to draw whenever I can, whenever I feel bored when I'm traveling on buses, trains and stuff like that. And it's also a good exercise too high, which while then when you're at home, you can have a bigger ones, such as like this one that's like A4 insights also that you can do specific exercises. What you see here are drawings that they're made for ten days. I had a challenge to finish. Then portraits, then heads in the day. So in ten days I would have 100 portraits. Some are very quickly, some are taking a little bit longer time. And even when I've finished making these exercises, I went on some of them using inks just to pass the time and exercise working with things. One of the reason that I recommend using sketch books is because you're drawing inside your sketch books and all your drawings remain in one place and that is very good. So you can take a look back at what you're drawing and see if you have progressed, what you should work on. And when you have it on single papers, it's much harder to keep them all together. So whenever I can, I recommend drawing in such sketchbooks. That's basically it for this video. See you in the next one. 4. Holding the pencil and hand coordination: In this video, we'll talk about holding the pencil and hand coordination. Because I think that's also very important whenever you're drawing and how you hold your pencil, where the Thurman, the line flow and how your drawing is going to come up. One of the most common ways people hold the pencil is like this with their three fingers around the pencil. And I have seen even stuff like this. But what I recommend to try is to hold the pencils, which all your five fingers. And when you draw, you have much wider range of movement that you can produce with your hand when you're doing it with three fingers. Of course, there are other factors that determine how you're going to draw and how you're going to hold your pencil. One of the things is the size of the paper. If you're working on a piece of paper like I mentioned here in this sketch book. When the paper, when the size of the drawing that you draw is small, then you can use like this. But if you're working on a bigger scale drawing stand, firmly recommend holding the pencil like this. That way. In your hand. The palm of your hand is touching the paper or these two fingers. And the pressure of your thumb determines the line, determines the thickness of lines. And just simply by moving your fingers around, you can make all sorts of different strokes. Another thing that you should think about when you're drawing is to think about where are you placing your paper so different if you're working on a flat surface like this, a table, or if you're using it on easel, I think it will be much easier to draw on a surface that this angled so you can have much better eyesight than you're working on a flat surface. Also can Brooke on a flat surface if you're having smaller sketchbook, then if you're working on a bigger piece, working on the bigger piece is better. Working and working on big, big pieces that are on either on some other surface that is elevated. So you can have much clear look at it when you're drawing. Another thing that is very important is when you're drawing your nut, moving your wrist. Like you see me here, what you should try to do is to move this part your hand, but your elbow and shoulder. Because that way, when you're drawing and you're holding the pencil like this, your entire hand. He's moving along. I'm making the lines that will go like this and you move in your elbow, but try to move your entire hand. And I suggest you should try that right away. So take your piece of paper. If you want to, as a buffer, put one under the paper that you're working on and tried to make vertical and horizontal lines using the principles that I just mentioned. Trying to move your entire hand. If you haven't been doing this before, it's tougher. Start. But as time goes on, it will get easier. Tried to make these straight lines and then tried to make circular lines. Why is that important? We'll talk about in the next video, where we'll be talking about the warm-up exercise that will produce before going into an actual drawing. Try this out. Try, like I said, make lines moving only your elbow or moving your entire head. But remember when you move in your entire hand that this side of your poem is touching the paper. It's not in the air. Your hand is not above the paper. But base, side or side of the pump is touching the paper and that is going along. Of course, that may produce certain problems when you have already drawing on this side, what I recommend to other students, have another piece of paper that will be on top of the drawing that you're working on so you won't smudge it and also your pump will remain clean as possible. The point of this video is telling you that way hold your pencil depends on nu, but also on the size of the paper that should drawing if it's on the flat surface or an NGO or even better, or a nasal. And how big it is. Remember to draw not from your, from your wrist but from your elbow and shoulder. Try these exercises right away and it will be better when you move on to the next section of the class. Of course, control the line width with your thumb. You can see it can go from thin to thick to thin to thick. Remember if you have any questions or you are uncertain or something's, please leave me a comment in the comment section and I'll try to answer as soon as I can. 5. Warm up exercise: Welcome to the warm-up exercise for this class. And you can start with selecting a pencil of your choosing. In this case, I chose 5D because I want the lines to be much better seen on the videos that you are watching. But you can work out with the CEU, find that you like. Have another piece of paper on your table. Are we working on have another one. The nice to serve as a buffer. So let's start for start to warm up exercise. Suggest you starting with making us number of circles, going from one site to another, have them all in one size. Or at least try to have them all in one size. You can make it all in one go, or you can do it like this with two lines like this. Then try to make a similar row. Beneath depth 1 to this exercise is to loosen up your arm. Before starting the next exercise. You can see we're going to have to be precise. There is no exam here for this warm-up exercise, Nolan, He's going to judge you. This is only for you and for your satisfaction and to be to feel better when you start the actual drawing. Looking can see here, I'm not ready, warmed up, but I made certain lines that will make my hand feel much ready later on. After death, recommend you feeling satisfied to make, used to make shaped like this. And like I told you, reason why I'm going from right to left is because I'm left-handed and I know that wave, my hand will be always on a clean piece of paper. So when you have this square here, try to draw circular shape inside of it. You'll see I haven't done that here. And to touch only in one spot. Again, if you're not satisfied, maybe change the proportions of this shape. Another one. I could put, if you feel the need, you can divide these lines. Can work without them. This, and also this is a good exercise. You dividing these lines in halves because that will help you. Later on. It doesn't have to be 100% accurate, but it has to be somewhere there. So you can see here this part is a bit larger than this one. And then drawing tried to make elliptical shape. Told depends, like I said here, how you want to warm up and prepare for the next stage. Then if you'd like, you can try to make straight lines in consecutive order. And think about how much they are apart from each other. Try to make them low. Here. It's a bit larger than here. But the next line, I'll try to follow that one. Trial. So putting different ways that you can hold a pencil like that. You can also try. Same way, working with the lines. You can try and do it slower, or you can try to go faster. Something like that, and have these spaces equally, equal, them equally spaced. Whatever we want to say. Another helpful thing to try is to draw from you, aligns all come into 1, like you see here when you drawing to make, to keep your line, keep your pencil sharpened at all times. You try to rotate it from time to time. Make a line, rotate the pencil for a bit. This skill keeps the tip of your pencil sharpen for a longer time. You wouldn't won't have to sharpen it as frequent. Another thing is the practice line and try to determine where is the half of the line that you draw. I think it's somewhere around there and then see if you were correct. No. This is a bit longer, so let's say it's something like that. Yes. Then divide that line here. Check it to see if you're right. Yeah, it's about there. And so on. And so on. The smaller the line, it's easier to divide it into half. Why is that important? Well, when you're drawing, you will be often, especially in the beginning, making construction lines to see which part fits. What part of your drawing. And dividing these lines is very helpful in two ways. You can make an accurate drawing. And the other one is to train your eyes to get better at visual measurements. So he won't have to rely on other tools or rulers and stuff like that, but be able to just eyeball it to see an object. And then just with your hand, make an accurate assessment. Try this exercise. Maybe make longer lives because they are much more challenging to find. Half. Let's see if I've done it correctly. Well, it's there approximately. That's fine. Be that thick the brush. See if you know. Somebody. Here. For my recommendation for this warm up exercise is to draw a circular shapes. I have them aligned. Then use squares or some rectangular shapes, and then try to put oval and circle shapes within them. Try it to make straight lines or vertical or horizontal with the same spacing between them. Then divide these lines into smaller and smaller parts. But I would also recommend, if that is not enough to try to draw a flower like shape with lines, with one line. Then try to do that in a way that every time that you make a turn, it goes through that specific spot. This is for h and you can see the difference. It is much lighter than the previous ones. So let me take another pencil that is B, so you can see it clearer. You can instantaneously see the difference between these two pencils on I'm using the same pressure for both drawing. You can do it smaller. You can do it faster, slower. I made a mistake. The faster you go. It won't be less precise. But that depends on how ready are you for the actual drawing. That's it for this warm-up exercise. Take your papers and start warming up so we can start with an actual drawing. In the next video, we'll talk about some five important points to think about when you're drawing. There. 6. 5 tips for better drawing: Now that we've warmed up, Let's have next exercise. But before that, let's quickly talk about a few things that I think will benefit you before going into that exercise. And I've made the list of five things that will help you get better results in the next exercise. The first thing that we're going to talk about are positive and negative shapes. So if you're not familiar with the term, let's take a look at I don't know, any particular drawing. If you're not familiar with these terms. Move away from. While positive shapes are all the shapes that, are, that form the subject matter that we're drawing. Whether it be, this has said it's everything. Shape of the ear and neck, shoulders and stuff like that. And negative shapes are the shapes that are around. These objects. Might have some examples on the screen as well. Like we see here. Between the chin, neck, and the shoulder, we can see shape that has four sides. That can help us when we looking at the subject, if you're drawing, whether that be in life or on photograph. We tried to find, of course, positive shapes, but look also for these negative shapes here we have triangle. If we're, if we're looking at both of these drawings, triangle, then we have some end when you're thinking about these shapes, tried to simplify them, not in every details. So I'm not thinking about these little crevices. I'm thinking more about broad shapes that form the area around two figures that I'm drawing. Maybe we can have another one here, simpler here. That also is important to establish where your lines here are lines are and how big certain shapes are. You always thinking about that as well. Also, what you can use is to use a clock analogy on the stuff that you're drawing. Whether that be like portrait still-life, some basic shapes and stuff like that. So for example, if we see, let's say this drawing here, we see that there's a line that splits the face in half. How can we know to determine how that lines should be here? Well, first of all, we can do this and then think about, okay, That's the line that goes like this. But also what you can, can help you to visualize this is to imagine. Hope you can see that, yes. Okay. Let me use thicker pencil. Let's say five o'clock. And think about, okay, this line, probably in the direction of one o'clock or maybe not just one o'clock, but in that direction. If we want to think about middle line of this face, it goes something like this and it shows probably around 1030, something like that. And if we have the imaginary clock in our mind, Okay, That shows like that authority and stuff like that. When you have sloping lines or lines that are going into different direction, think about what in your head, or even maybe it's easier, draw a shape like this. So you can see to help you remind you in what direction should show that line B. No matter how small phase or object you draw, it will always be. In depth direction. That is the second important thing that I want to mention in this video and the next one. I think the most important, let me just move this way is to understand and draw three basic shapes that will help you draw anything. In this world. These three shapes, like I said, always tell my students when it comes to drawing these three shapes. Let's name them randomly. 123. Your best friends when it comes to drawing and mastering them and drawing them can help you draw anything you would like. Because one of the most important things when it comes to drawing East, simplify your shapes that you're drawing. Portrait, landscape or stuff like that. Try it to see them into simpler forms. And we'll talk about more in the next video. But you can make them. Pyramids can make them, combine them, have shapes like these and stuff like that. But knowing how to do that will help you draw. And you can see also some examples on the screen as how you can do that. And also I think I showed you earlier in an exercise or did when it came to drawing 10th. Find it after the anatomy. All right, so you should see here, decided to show how to draw a hand and to simplify it by using square shapes. Or like in this case, how to draw a hand by using circles and bolts. Also deforming them to fit whatever you're drawing. But what is important and start your drawing journey is to understand the tube should simplify everything that you do. No matter how complicated the scene might be. Complicated stuff that you want to draw is important too. Break down to its essential basic parts and dorsal, dorsal, these three guys, if you elongate them, shorten them, combine them together to form whatever shape that you can recognize and then translate paper. Another important thing. When you're drawing. You have multiple objects on your scene. To draw. For example, we have a shape that's behind this object. Draw through. Understand, try to understand how that shape looks. Not just draw this line that is visible, but tried to draw and imagine the stuff that's behind themselves, that this is also very good and important when you are drawing to have live models. Well, I've objects and stuff that you draw because if you're working just on four graphs, you cannot go behind. Take a look from some other angles. So it's always good when you're drawing to have some shapes that you will draw and that you can go, touch, go and look around. So for example, maybe we don't see that shape here. Stuff like that. Maybe have complicating it more than they need to maybe for this class. But basically, out of all those things, it will see the movement of my hand. Like we said in previous videos. That is always important to remember. When you're holding a pencil, you're not moving your risk, but your entire hand. He's making the movement. That way. You have much, they want to say your stroke is much better. And I said also, this goes. On the paper. But when you're doing that, what can happen is you might smudge your work and stuff that you're doing. If you're doing that, maybe one thing that you should have, let me erase construction lines and you can see, in this case it did the opposite of what they said earlier. And that is when you're making a construction drawing, new red pencil and then later on you can use B pencil, but I can see when you know the rows, you think about them, then feel free to break them. I'm here to show you how you can practice and what to do. It's up to you to decide how to go further, what classes to take, who to listen, how to practice and stuff like that. Think about what is good for you and then progress through the class and make the drawings that you will feel proud about. Lastly, when it comes to drawing, always make sure to talk about after the first exercise about proportions. To fit everything you draw and make it be on the piece of paper that you are working on. It's a good exercise to think about the position of the main elements of your drawing and how to put them in the place of your, of your drawing, of your work. May be difficult sometimes, but it also depends on the speed at which you're working on. But please think about that and how to fit. Because when we come into later with your talked about proportions, we'll talk about measuring and stuff like that. And that will really show you how to do that, how to measure, how to see that object that you're drawing in 3D environment and space. But those are how to translate that, what you see on a two-dimensional pieces of paper. The last thing I wanted to talk about in this video, like I said, let me address recap all the things you should think about negative shapes that we see on our drawing. We should think about positive shapes that we see are drawing. The negative shapes are shapes that are around objects. Use the clock analogy. When you're making lines to see in what direction do they go. After that? Use, always use these three basic shapes. That will be your best friend when it comes to drawing. Draw through. Don't put your lines just like you see. Just think about how that shape these placed on a plane, on a piece of paper and stuff like that, then you can always erase these lines if you want to, later on. Finally, when you're drawing, don't start at one place of your drawing and then move on and then you have a problem that certain elements of your drawing are missing and going outside of the paper, try to concentrate and positioned the main elements of your drawing and have them all inside that space. Without, With that out of the way. Let's go on on an actual exercise. In the next video. 7. Simple shapes exercise - part 01: Here we are at our second drawing exercise and we can finally start to implement all the things that we talked about in the previous videos. So we'll start pencil. And like I said earlier, I would usually starts with a pencil that is a bit harder and make this thinner and then go over them once again when I'm satisfied with lines with softer pencil and make final drawing. But in order for you to see better each stroke that I'll make, I'll start with some pencil that is a bit softer so you can see better what I'm doing. I think I'll start with Tooby pencil in this case, but you can try. And what I would recommend is to go with a hard pencil. Take your drawing paper and be weather so we can draw along or you can watch the entire video and then go with your drawing. I would suggest to have to arrange a few simple shapes, cubes, oval, cylinder, Cuban, stuff like that and put them in front of you so you can see them. And benefits when you're drawing from real life is to take a look at what you're drawing and see it from more angles. But if you don't have or you want to do it first row, we just don't have these objects or stuff like that. You can use reference images. And then I'll provide the link for the sets, the thumb using, I'm using set of some 300 images from Noah Bradley was kind to make all these res-sources resources available for free. And you can see the link on the screen for this reference images. And he has a lot of other resources. So I recommend you to download those images and working from, I think 013 image or stuff like that for this example here. So let's start and remember to use all those five points that I've talked about earlier to draw positive and negative shapes, use clock analogy, simplify these shapes as much as you can, but they are already simple. Then draw through these shapes and finally, think about the entire piece that you're drawing and position it so it is firmly In the space of the paper. Example that I'm watching is that I will start with a cylinder. And since it's not at the center of the image, I'll place this cylinder little bit on the left. Tried to do that. Remember, we will talk more about visual measurements in the next video and in our final exercise. But for now, try to eyeball it. I think about how tall is this shape, these shapes compared that to other shapes that you see. And then move on. So I'll start with the top of the cylinder. Since it's the top-down view, this part of the cylinder should be a bit thicker than this one because we would see if this is transparency, much bigger part on this side. Then think about the position or the cube that's behind this shape. Make lines are thinner. Seeing it, maybe this cube should be still a bit taller than this. Like you can see. It is. Okay to make mistakes. Think about posters and negative shapes, and you can always correct things. Later on. It goes here, think about negative two shapes. Wherever we land, something like that. Look at the drawing that you're making. Then other side. Go something like this. Move your hand like I talked about earlier. Entire hand. Target farm. See how big these shapes are compared to one another. I have this shape here. Let's take another softer pencil and then go over these lines where there are overlapping. Are there any tangent lines? Lines. I think it should be a little bit here. Look at the reference image. These corner overlapping, this surface here. Perfect. I made it look like it's all a little bit tilted. Let's see what I did wrong. Maybe this should be a little bit longer. For this exercise. We are not concentrating, thinking about shadows. We addressed trying to make just trying to make sizes of these shapes? Correct. Maybe it was a bit of eraser. After you're done. Then just go on next image, but try to see mistakes or stuff like that and see if it's all correct. So looking at the reference image, I think I made this shape a bit little, a bit bigger than it should be. And this placements here could be done a little bit better. That's basically it. The depth, you can try another image and work your way up. 8. Simple shapes exercise - part 02: Here we have another three objects and we have our same cylinder. Here. This is h. Maybe you want to see that very well. So I'll use different pencil. Start with an oval shape. Here. The clock analogy to determine this line, how it goes. See how far would it go into space? Maybe sometimes when you're drawing, just go over that shape and then make the decision to draw a line. Like I said, like I said earlier, it doesn't have to be perfect. Just try to observe, tried to find the right angles. Learn from your mistakes. Go watch how further up this line B compared to this. We'll go over the same steps. The next video, when we'll be drawing cartoon character, much more detailed, but I think this is good exercise to train your eyes to see without measuring horse. In the next video, we'll go over that as well. Go something like here. And then I have since this should be parallel to this line, or they move to one vanishing point like that. And lastly, we have our third object. Here. See how long this line should be. It should be a little bit longer than the previous one. Now we have, let's say this one here, compare it to other shapes. You're constantly, when you're drawing with this, constantly learning, constantly comparing these shapes to one another. This will do bigger, this would be smaller. Something like this. Vertical line. Tried to simplify this rectangular shape to each other. The February close. That. What I'm noticing is that this should be lower. Again, a little bit softer pencil and then go over the lines. I would recommend this final step as well. Because that way you stick to your decisions. You're also practicing. Making lines longer. Have a much more defined look over your training. Some other classes I'll talk about how to shade and stuff like that. So that is for another time when we finished with this exercise at home. I'm hoping while I'm drawing, you're doing the same, having reference image on your screen or have these objects that you draw. The table in front of you. Make a third final drawing and try to do it quicker. For this last drawing. And I'll go straight with some pencil. Let's do it too. It might be time. Look at the reference that you're using about where to place your first object that will determine where or other shapes are. Thinking about positive and negative shapes. Then we have the objects, object that is behind this 1.5th one. Oh, you're very likely even if you're working with this softer pencil, you're lightly drawing on paper, so that will make your reason if it's needed much easier. Lastly, we have, let's see where it is compared to objects, something like this, something like this, and to cause this value. So in this case, I'm trying to show you is many ways you can approach these objects. Can, you can do it something like this thing? You know, that the boulder, your drawing will fit this space here. If you want. You can erase the lines that you no longer need, but we'll still keep some of them. So you know, the process that took you here that's helped you make this drawing. Really hoping you enjoyed this video and learn a few stuff. Haven't known that already, and that you will now proceed and make these drawings for yourself. So see you in the next video and also in the project section where we can discuss our work and improve and get better at drawing together. See you there. 9. Managing the proportions: Point to this segment of the class is to prepare you for the last exercise where we will combine five things we discussed earlier with visual measuring. In this video, we will see how to properly take visual measurements, how to apply and how to apply them on trial. And finally, why are we drawing a cartoon character as our final exercise for this class? So let's get started. For our measuring tool. We can use many objects we already have in our houses. Still. I like to use the tool that I already have in my hand at this pencil or even better along brush, how to use this tool in the most efficient and precise way. Here I have a few suggestions. Tips wherever we like to call them. For one, hold your arm straight out without bending the elbow. Bending the elbow will bring the measurement closer to your eyes, increase the size. The measurement will only be consistent if the elbow is blocked or doesn't move in to filter heads to bring the eyes as close as possible to your shoulder. This is important to keep the measurements consistent throughout the whole drawing, but keeping the eyes as close as possible to the pivot point of the shoulder, you minimize the trends is for inconsistencies in your measurements. Three, close one eye. And then for use the pencil at the top point of whatever you're measuring and put your thumb at the bottom, 0.5. Now that you have the unit, you can compare the another part of the substrate, the two drawing. Move your measurement down below the chin and note where the thrombus repeat down the figure. And Kantians, this pulse is about 2.5 headstone. You can do this to measure relationships of anything in the pose and not just the head. You can compare the length of the arm, for example, to the length of the leg or whatever works for dispose and so on and so on. That's all fine and great. But what are other ways visual measuring can increase your drawing skills? Well, it involves measuring relationships. Eclipse on you're trying to make that drawing fit on the paper that you're working on. We already established that this policy is 2.5 heads tall or something like that. The size of our paper allows posts to be about this big. Mark the top and button, then break it up into 2.5 units. That tells you how big the head should be on the page. And you'll have points for all the places where the head unit slide in the joint. During this helps to prevent one of the most common beginner mistakes. And that is progressive with drawing things bigger or smaller as you go down the page. If we focus only on the small portion of the drawing we're currently working on. We can relate only to the things near that small portion of the drawing instead of the whole that is placed where most of the mistakes are made. And as time goes on, it gets harder to fix them. It is much wiser to step back and look at the big picture. Take your time, make visual measurements, and work on the big shapes first. Make sure the foundation works before adding the rest of the parts. Already. This tells us a lot and it makes measuring the rest of the figure much easier. It can also rotate the head units horizontally and do the same thing with all the posts. This neatly brings us to the last point of this video. And that is why I suggested drawing cartoon characters as a beginner or someone who hasn't made much of the drawings in a while. To start simple and work your way up with a simple but healthy amount of challenge if everything is easy and simple. Well, whereas the funding debt, I think these drawings can give you adjust that fun element. They are made by professionals with years of experience of drawing and making some of the greatest animations the whole time, all by hand. Professionals who knew that they would have to draw these characters over and over again. So what they did, they refine, simplified, and condensed every element of their characters to make them more visible and recognizable to the audience. Beginner. When you break down these drawings into their main building blocks, it becomes much easier to draw them also over and over again, but also you get to see how to grade professionals work. And that can be very inspiring. With that other way. Let's jump into the next video and assisted demonstration part. 10. Cartoon character exercise part 01: So here we are at our third and final exercise for this class. And let's straight jump into, of course, relying on all the knowledge that we acquired through other exercises. So let's start here. That will be the top of the head. Somewhere around here will be the place where it will end. So like we talked in the previous exercises, we will have to divide this line into 2.5 or something like that parts. And it's much easier when you have round numbers. We will try to do this as well and we can make the corrections. You can see how that goes as well. Let's say I have to divide this into 2.5 measurements. Let's say this is the first one. We'll see. How much did they go off like that? That's too. And see Let's see if this is half. If I did it correctly about that. There are 2.5. And as I looked the image, I said, the feet are not exactly at 2.5 million, so it will be somewhere around here and it will have enough space on the bottom. But we see here. This will also leave us with enough space for the ear as well. So our figure will be something like from here to here. So I think that's a cool amount of space for this piece of paper. First thing, like I said, I will have to make a hat. Let me check up again. For start. Let's make a circular shape. Like you see me here. You can make any amount of line. Just be careful not to go overboard and press too hard. Next, now that we have the head is to think about other shapes. So here we have place for our elbow. So let's see where can we put that? Have the shoulder of our mouse here n, constantly working on looking at stuff, something like where should end using clock analogy. What's the position of the arm and stuff like that. Like you see here. We'll start with simple shapes, broad shapes. Then go further on. Let's see, ER, remember to make these construction lines look drawing. And also, let's see how big the shape of the ear is. It should go somewhere around here. In the upper part. Also, I'm looking both positive and negative shifts. If you're worried about making too many lines, remember that you can always, always use a kneaded eraser before going making your final decision. Somewhere around here, we can make loop. Here. I'm gonna run Middlemarch. You can make this inner part. Now it's time for the second arm and it's like 45 degree angle going from this place, but its ends somewhere around here. And we also have this shape here for the other arm. Drawing, you'll constantly comparing one part another how that relates. Let's see. I can't see. For our second, I've made a mistake. Let's just check it out. Good community, if you make a mistake, that's absolutely normal. Just try it again. What I can see, the reference image I think is hand should be overlapping. These parts. Shoulder, maybe a bit. Baker. Also. While I'm doing that, trying to find the place where I can fit in place. The cheek off. Little friend goes something like that. Next. Next poem. Ankle for the hand. Comes to looking at displace compared to this, where, where it goes, what are the negative shapes that make this entire drawing? How long each part is compared to the other one and stuff like that. Now if we want to draw the belly, we look where the bell starts on hand compared to these two points. Is it before this or after? If we draw a line that goes straight? Well it intersect with this shape, we're not there. Those are the little details that you should want to try out and see for yourself. This is an exploration part of your drawing. Can be very fun to see where to end it. Somewhere around here. So this is basically the line to draw his belly. This here. 40 other side. Then we have line. You're constantly looking at the reference image that you're drawing in order to make it all fit on the page and make the drawing that you would like to have. The other ear, something like that. Middle, it's the highest point. And then it goes back down. 11. Cartoon character exercise part 02: Maybe smaller. Moving on. The legs, goes back. Comparing it to be also fast at this point. Also, you can see all this done in real-time. Then we have place for second luck. And it's somewhere above buttocks are out there compared to the drawing and see if this compared to this, how that relates. And then compare. If there are aligned or maybe this should be a little bit further than this point. So make vertical line to check that. Check this. Check this. If I take it sooner, I would say that this is completely wrong. You can do is move this here. You would notice the difference. But like I said, it's all part of the program, part of learning. Compared to this one, it goes somewhere similar. We have like that. Now it's much better. We'll go into detail a little later on. Like you can see stuff like that can happen. But don't get discouraged. Keep on pressing, learning to draw. It's important, like I said, to work with pressure is not so big. You can easily erase if you make a mistake. We have another elliptical shape here. Little dent on this side. Again, another elliptical shape for nose triangle. Because like I told you earlier, you can do with all the shape and if you need, you combine the shapes to create new ones. Whiskers. Much relevant at this point, but we should make them as well. Finally, we have the other one. It intersects with. Thank you. That's how it's called. On top of that, we have the eyebrows, my five graphs, but in this case, finally, curl, right? That almost, I almost forgot this part here. What is important? Start simple. Make the measurements compare where these elements are placed compared to one another. Then finally, I almost forgot to make the tail, whereas that tail chair measurement down their tail is phototherapy. Make that line. Compared to the other. Like you have to make a system for you. This is the one that I'm using. Compare and many other people also working is to compare one thing to another and then Third Reich. But be careful because if there are mistakes that you haven't noticed and you then you are comparing to the other stuff. The mistakes can multiply. We can go details. Fingers. Also. See how I hold the pencil. Think about how you should hold your pencil. Like that. This is basically it. Now. I can use my kneaded eraser just a little bit to make the lines less visible to lower the opacity line. So I can use software pencil lines that they're like drinks are disjoint. Debt used to be. So basically, here's our finished drawing. I just use a pencil to make more defined lines. I'm going to process, I lost a tip of the pencil because they're pressed too hard, but that was also fine. I hope you learned something from this exercise and hope to see who works also in the project gallery of this class. Then we can discuss about the work and improve from there. Recap. See how the big piece of paper that you're drawing is tried to put the entire subject that you draw on debt pieces, a paper, make measurements before that. See how big pieces that your drawings, that you're drawing are. Compared them while you're drawing. Think about positive and negative shapes. Use simple shapes, simplified, draw through these shapes, use the eraser if needed, but you may use Midrash or any kind of irregular eraser. But also be mindful and think about what you're trying to achieve. That's basically it for this video. And see you in the last one. I hope you enjoyed this class and hopefully trying. 12. Class overview: Congratulations on finishing the class and I really hope to find it. It was a pleasure coming up for this class and bringing those exercises and I hope you will use it in your work and stuff that we discussed in the class will benefit further drawing skills. Remember if feel that this class will help, was helpful to you, please remember to leave a review this class because it will really benefit me and see what are the good sides and bad sides of this class where I can improve on that and make even better classes in the future. Also, if you feel like you want more material, you can also check out my profile page on here on Skillshare and see some other classes that I have in addition to this one, because they can tackle more advanced topics that I discussed in the previous videos such as portraits, simple shapes, human figure or shading. Also have some classes about tips and tricks about drying, human anatomy and stuff like that. So see you in the project section with your work and continue to have a great day and have fun.