Calligraphy for Beginners 1 – The Foundational Styles of Calligraphy | Jackson Alves | Skillshare

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Calligraphy for Beginners 1 – The Foundational Styles of Calligraphy

teacher avatar Jackson Alves, Letterer, calligrapher and teacher.

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Class 1 – Making your handmade calligraphy pen


    • 3.

      Class 2 – Preparing Your Surface


    • 4.

      Class 3 – Using Your Pen for the First Time


    • 5.

      Class 4 – Warming up exercises


    • 6.

      Class 05 – Basic Strokes


    • 7.

      Class 06 – Writing Lowercase


    • 8.

      Class 07 – Writing Uppercase


    • 9.

      Class 08 – Writing Numbers


    • 10.

      Class 09 – Writing Words


    • 11.

      Class 10 – Basic Swashes


    • 12.

      Class 11 – Using pencils to make calligraphy


    • 13.

      Class 12 – Conclusion


    • 14.

      Next Steps!


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About This Class

Calligraphy for beginners is a class for anyone who wants to start studying calligraphy. In this workshop, Jackson Alves teaches the fundamental techniques of calligraphy to help you create beautiful letters for use in personal projects, graphic design, advertising, etc.

You will learn an alphabet based on a humanist script from the 15th century and the Foundational Hand created by Edward Johnston in the early 20th century.

You won’t need expensive pens to take this class because Jack will also teach you how to make your own handmade calligraphy pen which you can use during this class. You’ll also learn to do calligraphy with an everyday pencil.

In the final project, you’ll scribe your favorite word or a quote using the foundational style.

Meet Your Teacher

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Jackson Alves

Letterer, calligrapher and teacher.


Jackson Alves is a letterer, calligrapher and teacher based in Brazil. After graduating in 2003 with a degree in Graphic Design, Jackson has accumulated over 20 years of experience, working locally and internationally. In the last eight years, Jackson has made his mark in the typography world, collaborating with clients from Brazil, the USA, the UK, France, Switzerland, Russia, and Australia. Jackson’s background in calligraphy has shaped his lettering style, with fluid and graceful curves, bold style choices, and a keen eye for aesthetics. As well as being published in multiple design blogs, books and magazines, Jackson was awarded the 10th Graphic Design Biennial in Brazil in 2013, also the Type Directors Club “Certificate of Typographic Excellence” in 2016... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Trailer: Hi guys, my name is Jackson Elvis. I am a calligrapher, a letterer, and a casual type designer. I have a student school in Cuba a city in south of Brazil, where I create typography and calligraphy projects for clients all over the world. In these or trust, I will teach you guys about the fundamental techniques of calligraphy to help you create beautiful letters. Also show you how to make your own handmade calligraphy pen and with this pen, you'll perfect a big script alphabet. Together, we'll chose an alphabet based in a humanist script from 15th century. Foundational hand crazed by Edward Johnston from the early 20th century. You'll also learn how to choose your everyday pencil to make your calligraphy. In the final portion of this class, your scrap award of your own chosen in the foundation alphabet style. I'm very pleased to be able to help you in your development as a calligrapher. I hope you enjoyed my class as much as I enjoyed teaching it. Keep practicing after class and you'll see improvement. This is only the first workshops and publishing skill share. Other calligraphy styles will be released soon. Follow me on social medias for upcoming classes. 2. Class 1 – Making your handmade calligraphy pen: First of all, we need to make our calligraphy pen. For this we need an everyday aluminum can, scissors or a utility knife, a popsicle stick or a chopstick, painter's tape and pliers. Take your scissors and remove the top and the bottom of the can. You only need the flat middle section. Cut this aluminum sheet with 60 millimeters by 50 millimeters. Fold the sheet twice. This will become the nib for your pen. Use painter's tape to secure an inch your to your stick. Cut the nib into a width of six millimeters or about a quarter inch. Congratulations, you've just made a handmade calligraphy pen for use in our class. 3. Class 2 – Preparing Your Surface: For this class, you need a pencil, at least 50 sheets of paper, and a ruler. In this session, we haven't created calligraphy masterpiece yet, so we won't need expensive paper, but try to avoid using very low quality paper. Otherwise, the ink will bleed and wipe your work. Lay your paper in front of you, landscape style like this. You need to try use the paper always just in front of you like this. If you try to write something with the paper in front of you is easy to understand the vertical lines. But if you use the paper here, probably the line, you draw something like this. Also never do calligraphy in portray style, here, because is extremely difficult to draw straight vertical lines, you'll probably you draw the line something like this, again. I know is hard to do that in the first time, but you need to try and try and understand that use the paper in this way is the best way to do calligraphy. On a sheet of paper, make horizontal guidelines 1.25 inches apart from each other. 4. Class 3 – Using Your Pen for the First Time: For this class, we will need a bottle of black Indian ink, the sheets of paper on which you make the guidelines and your lovely handcrafted pen. Hold the pen the most natural way you can, like a pencil. Don't hold it too high like this, or too close to the nib like this. If your grip is too high on your pen you can't control the pen perfectly. If you hold it too close to the nib, you probably get the ink all over your hands. So, hold the pen something like this. I think is the best way to hold the pen, like this. Dip your pen into the inkwell and block the excess ink on the paper towel. Try to put only a third of the nib in the ink like this. Never dip the nib up to the painter's tape here, or the stick of course, like this. Just put this part of the nib in the ink. After that, make some practice lines to check how the pen works and how the ink flows. While you're drawing your lines, try to keep the entire nib flat on the paper like this. Avoid to do something like this or this. Just try to put the entire nib here. Notice that you should always pull your pen towards you, something like this and never push it away from you like this. You can see that when I do something like this, you lose the control and your pull the pen, is better to draw the lines. 5. Class 4 – Warming up exercises: First, we need to understand the calligraphy broad edge pen, our handmade pen here. Grip your pen at 45 degree angle to the paper and make a 45 degree diagonal line. We take the pen with 45 degree. If you keep the pen at this angle, you start to draw lines like this. If you grip the pen at 45 degrees and draw lines at 45 degrees, your upstrokes should be thinner, and the down strokes, nice and fat. Learn how to always keep your pen at the same angle, is the first secret of great calligraphy. If you try to rotate your pen, of course, the lines is not the same. If you're left handed, you can hold the pen like this to achieve the same angle. Otherwise, if you hold something like this, you'll be something like 135 degrees, which is a total bad angle to hold the pen because your strokes will be something like this. Complete an entire page drawing this first exercise of the diagonal lines. Let's make horizontal lines and being careful to keep the pen at the 45 degree angle. You hold the pen like this and draw the horizontal line, something like this, and complete the entire page. After you finish the whole page with the horizontal lines, it's time to practice vertical lines, and 45 degrees will give you the best result. 45. Draw the vertical lines like this. Again, complete the whole page. Your hard work in the basics will pay off later. Next, we are going to make a box in four steps. This time, adjust your pen to 35 degree and keep it there. Remember that you should always pull your pen towards you for a nice, smooth, sexy lines. If you are left handed, you need to make the lines in the opposite direction, from right to left. Remember, good calligraphers pull the pen towards themselves. Now, let's make our box. First, draw the left side. Take the 35 degree and make the first line, the vertical one here. First line vertical to here. After that, you need to draw the second line, the horizontal one here. Just after that, you draw the top line and finish the box. Notice that because of the angle, this part of the box looks like this, and this part will have this line here. You don't need to draw the box perfectly. This is wrong to do that. All the time, the first line in the vertical start like this, finish like this, and after this one, and this one, and finish like this. Again, complete the whole page to keep it better and better. 6. Class 05 – Basic Strokes: In this class, we'll learn the basic strokes of writing letters. First, we make circles in two steps and keep our pen at 35 degree angle. To draw the circle, your first line should start something like this and keep the pen at 35 degrees, and you start like here and curve down counter clockwise and to here in the thinner part. You'll go to the other part here and draw the last part. Again, I know that to draw the circle in the first time it's too hard, so because of that, you complete the entire page and then again, keep the pen at 35 degrees and then draw on the first line counter clockwise like this and come back here and draw these two clockwise. Finally, let's practice the most basic stroke for write many letters in this style. We start again in 35 degree, and just start with a small curve on the top, something like this from left to right, then a straight vertical line down. So after that, straight that vertical line down and finish with a little curve again to the right. Of course, we'll do this in like this, 35, middle curve, straight vertical line over, little curve again. You need to avoid doing something like this. It's very common, but it's wrong, and something like this. So 35 degree, little curve, straight vertical, little curve. You need to keep the pen at 35 degrees. So if you have trouble finding this angle, you can do something like I did here. You'll draw the 35 degree here and all the time you think, I don't have sure, if I keep my pen at 35 degrees, you can come back here, copy this angle, try, don't repeat the pen, move here and keep drawing the basic exercise. This basic stroke is very important to this class because this is the main section of letter I. If you draw this first and then you draw the first curve on the top a little longer, you can touch here and the vertical again and finish here. This is the letter n. If you start again, the curve a little longer, vertical, little curve, letter m. If you do the first stroke here, little curve, straight vertical and the longer curve in the end, you can finish with a basic stroke again, and this is letter u. Notice that you need to draw these lines moving your entire arm, something like this. It's so better to draw the vertical. If you try to draw this, use just your fingers or your wrists. Probably, you can't do a vertical perfectly because you don't have the enough space here to draw. So take your time and get this right, otherwise, your work will look sloppy and unprofessional. 7. Class 06 – Writing Lowercase: Before I start writing, you need to understand the height of each letter. Nib width, are the units we use to measure this. The x-height for this alphabet is five nib width, something like that. When I say x height, I mean the height of the lowercase letters. You need to think of it like this as we need something like a quarter inch 5 times this is 1.25 inches. This is the reason I ask you to make the guidelines this size. Let me quickly explain the two different sections of letters. Let's start with letter A. The first stroke is similar to the base stroke, but you need to draw a longer start like this. Going down and finish like this. The second part, draw this part here, similar to that circle and you close here, and finish it here, this is a letter A. Now the letter B. Before I write the letter B I think I need to explain about what is ascender and descender. Ascenders are parts of our letters that go above our five nib width guidelines like the top of the T's, F's, and D's and letter B. So here I put more three nib width. With this line here, I start to draw this letter B is the same basic stroke but the same angle. Remember that always keep 35 degree and put here. Little curve, straight line, we finish with a little longer curve here. Remember that basic stroke so it's similar. Now to close this you come here and add another part of letter B. This is ascender of the letter. Letter C. Start here, similar to that circle. Going down to finish here. Come back here and draw just this part here. Letter D, another letter with ascender. You start drawing similar to C, like this stop here. Same letter, we close with another big stroke from this line here going down and close here. Letter E. Again, the letter C, stop here. But this time we need to go into here. After this point, we'll just draw a line like this. Letter F. Again, ascender start here, little curve straight line and go to this part. Because the letter F have this ascender and also this descender. Descender you need to draw more three nib width below this line. Draw this part and close like this. The letter G, it should be hard letter to write because actually you can draw a basic letter G like this, start off again with the letter C. This time, draw a line here, draw below, stop here and finish here. But I don't like this letter G. I prefer this letter G is so better. You start here. This just has smaller circle here. Don't write this like the letter O. It's not start here,and finish here. Just smaller there like this one. After draw this, you come here, draw this curve here, go below and finish this part here. The last part of the letter G is just do that. Can you see? It so better. Letter H. Same basic strokes start from there, and because this is ascender, go below straight line,finish like this. It's similar to letter I but a little longer. After that start again, same stroke but with a longer start. Like this, come here, go below, finish here. Letter I. Basic stroke, you already know this. You start here, little curve, straight line, little curve and a dot here just like this. Letter J. Similar to letter I, but come here, straight line, but from this part, you start to curve through here and finish with the dot here. Let's go to letter K. Again, ascender like letter H here. Straight line, stop here. Little stroke here with the first stroke. From this part, straight line ends here. Letter L, a easy one. Just basic stroke start here, go below straight line and finish a little curve, this is letter L. Let's go to letter M. Letter M, basic strokes again. Going down finish here. With a longer stroke here, with a longer curve, straight line finish again and repeat the same stroke here. Letter N, same thing big strokes, second big stroke with a longer start. Letter O, it usually used to be a hard letter too because it starts here. Notice that you don't start in this line is a little bit below this part. Start here, curve down and stop here in the thinner part. Come back to this part thinner, curve again and finish in the thinner part again. Letter O. Same circle we already practice before. Letter P. Big stroke this time you go below this line because this letter have ascender. Finish with a little bit of Letter O here. Letter P. Letter Q again, starts with the letter C, top here. Letter C. I will come back here, going down and finish like this. Letter R, big stroke and finish here middle curve. Letter S used to be a hard letter to draw because, you need to draw this middle section first. Go here curve again. I'm going to plot part here and draw this and then go back. Draw this part here. Letter T this time. You don't start like the big stroke, just a straight line like this 35 degrees going down, a little curve. Notice that letter T, you start just after this line is not too tall just this part here and go this. Another mid width here. Now the horizontal line you have letter T. Letter U, start here, big stroke going down and longer ending here and the big stroke again. The letter V and the letter W, you draw a triangle here. Another W, there's a double triangle here. Of course, you don't need to draw with a pencil and just wanted to explain this better. Come here. Start like this to here. This part start with this little curves, but this time it would go this direction. The letter W is double the letter V this one here, and another letter here and you close this like this. The letter X, I like this letter. You draw this part here first, going up middle curve, a little curve here. The letter Y, actually you can draw this in two ways. A base class something like this, start with letter U, that way going down start the curve, then finish the curve. I think this letter is similar to the basic letter G. I don't like this. I preferred to draw this with the letter V. Like this. Draw this curve here, like letter V, but you don't stop here, will continue here, draw another curve, and finish like this. The letter Z, actually there two ways to draw this letter. I think the basic line is to draw this part, line down and this part but because of this empty space here, we need to draw a line here in the middle section. If you prefer to avoid this line, there is another way to draw this letter. Same beginning, first-line, but first to draw this line, you don't keep the pen at 35 degrees. You change the angle of the pen to something like 0 degree and you draw these lines like this. You come back to angle 35 degrees and draw the last part. Because the stroke here, is thicker, you don't need to draw this line in the middle section because the middle space is okay now.This is how the letter, look in lowercase. Probably when you start to write. For example, to write letter A. Probably, you made some mistakes you made lots of time I go to work(phonetic), or it can go. Maybe it starts a little, something like this. I think you can draw this letter one, two, three, four, five times, but I don't think is better to draw a whole page, just letter A, because if we try to draw the perfect letter A properly, you'll get tired, and then you don't like more calligraphy. Try once, twice, three times four, but change the letters go to letter B, try again and letter C. After some letters you come back letter A. I think it's better to change the letters not to stay in the same letter because as you try another letters, your letter A also we will be better. 8. Class 07 – Writing Uppercase: So the height of the capital letters, the uppercase, should be one. The lowercase is five band width one, two, three, four, five, and the capital letters is no more than one, two and a half. So the height of the capital letters should be seven and half band width. Or you can use a half part of this line above like this. So this is the five band width by five band width again. So I just draw a line in the middle section again and again to make my work is easier. So the letter a, Okay. That lowercase is more similar to the basic foundation alphabet. But these capital letters made it up by myself. So start here, remember that 35 degrees and draw this line here. It'll curve going down like this. Finish here, and come back here. Draw this line and the middle section, the last stroke. Don't forget that if you are left-handed, you should hold a pen like this and probably draw the lines in the positive way like this. Letter b is start with the letter, capital letter b similar to the lowercase. You start with this stroke. Going down and finished like this. The different that the capital letter, you'll draw more this curve here. Stop here and going down you finish there. You can even just open up or can close it's up to you. Letter c. It's similar to after lowercase, but in this seven and half band width start here. Curve down go as should this part. Come back here, no here and stop there. Letter d, you start here. Similar to letter b 35 degrees. Straight line, and going to this part, little longer here. Go to the top part, do this and curve down and finish it here. Letter e, start here, big stroke, going down and finish with something like this. Draw a line here. The last one something like here in this part. Letter f, similar to letter e, big stroke going down, but this time, I really close the big stroke. Am drawing a second line and a third line. Letter g, similar to letter c. Start here. Come down, come back here. Letter c, but you close here. Horizontal line here at the middle section and vertical line like this. Letter g. Letter h, double big strokes one two. It just goes in the middle section. Letter I, you already know how to write this better. Big stroke. Letter j, start up, a little horizontal line here and going back. Stop here and finish it here. Letter t is very similar to the lowercase. Start with this basic stroke. Stop here. The difference is in the lowercase, you start second line in this part and x-height and uppercase you start here. Draw this line. From this part, left one. Letter L. Start for big stroke here. Going down. Let's finish with this little curve. Draw the last line here. Letter m, big stroke. Second line. The next line. You need to think about this side here and another side here. Try think about this. Similar to this, and it should draw again here. Same angle. Start here. Like this and finish it here. The letter n is very similar to letter m. Start with this big stroke. Second line. Finish it here. Then letter o, start here, go down. We finish. The thicker part. Convert to the start point here. Finish it here. Letter p, think about the letter b similar. You begin here, big stroke finish it here and a little circle here. [MUSIC] We can finish with a straight line here. We can also make this not feel like this. Circle, but instead of finish with a straight line, do another straight line here and finish it here. Just have two. Letter Q. Again, the letter O [MUSIC] And draw the last part here. Letter R; start with the big circle again. And then you draw this second part like this. We can close the letter here and draw the last part like this. If you don't use a paper towel, this is too much ink here because I didn't use it this time. So try to all the time you put the pen in the ink, after that, put in the paper towel, and just after that I start to write the letters. Letter S, start, similar to the lowercase. Start with this line And draw this part here, and the last part here. This, in the letter S this middle section something like this with more curve. If you're thinking about this, this almost the letter S. So just put more curve here and the letter S will be great. So start here, curve and curve. Top part, last part. Letter T. Horizontal line here. Vertical line here. Letter U, similar to lowercase again. Big stroke longer finishing and big stroke. Letter V. Again, think about the triangle here. This line, again here. Start here going down, finishing here. And the letter W, you think about the letter V, but draw the letter V a little smaller, more congested it's not like this one because it's too wide. So think about a little smaller like this. So start here, first part, second part over here and over here. Letter X, start here diagonal finishing here. Last part start here. You don't need to cross this line like this you can stop here and draw another line, just a little bit above here. Letter Y. Start as similar with letter V but just a little part here to here. So here, need to draw a vertical line and finish here, similar to letter V. And the last letter, letter Z. Start here, because of the same that we made in the lowercase letter Z. So in this part, we used it 35 degrees. So if changed the angle of your pen to zero degrees draw this and finishing, comeback to 35 degrees and draw the last part of letter. With this you don't need to make this line in the middle section here. So this all the capital letters. Next class we start to talk about the numbers. [MUSIC] 9. Class 08 – Writing Numbers: For the numbers, we use the same height of as lower cases. Some number have ascenders, others descender. Number 0, adjusted in a row. Don't forget to Keep the 35 degree angle here. Number 1, start like this line here after that, take line going down. We can keep it like this, or if you like it, you can draw this stroke here. Number 2, 35 start here going down, stop here, a horizontal line here. Number 3, 35, starting here again. But this time the squiggly no longer here. Number 3, it has an ascender, so from this point, another curve here and less so curve. Number 4 also has it descender. Number 4 start here, 35 degrees, start here, I go down the horizontal line here, vertical line, the less one, you can join here but you can do something like this, above this x-height here, straight line number 4. Number 5, 35, start here, straight line stop here and from this point, start curve down here. Closely scolding and efficient here, horizontal line, this point. Number 6. 3,4,5 have the descender and number 6 has ascender, 35 degrees will start here, going down for top here. You finish with a little circle here, but don't need to fetch the x-height just a little bit here. With its smaller, number 6. Number 7, another number with the descender, 35 degrees, start here, horizontal line, stop here. Remember the letter z is the same technique. After this point, I need to rotate depend for 0 degree. If we can reach a better very stroke to draw here. 0 going down, little curve, number 7. Number 8, another number with ascender. You start here, similar to the letter S, Start here, curve go down stop here. Go the first point here, and draw the line. Notice that you want continuous this line stop here and move the deep end a little bit here, a little bit above. You finish from this point here, is not the same line here. Unless one, number 9, start here. Again, this is a circle, but start here, don't go to the baseline, stop here. This point, another curve going down, stop here. For the number 2,3 maybe 6 and 9, have this start point here, going down. You can leave like this or if you prefer, you can draw this little part here. Is the same with the letter a, because a will start like this, going down, little corner here, finishing here. You can leave like this, is not a problem. But if you prefer, you can close here. If it is due to a stroke so it's same thing. You can draw the number 2, number 3 without this part or with this part is up to you. Let's talk about the punctuation. The most common. You'll need to draw a period. Just, just a dot like this start here, going down let's build. To write a coma, you start here and just draw a little curve here and it's a coma. To write a tilde, start like this curve and curve. About the circumflex, I don't like this, there's the way to go, like this. After that, we'll have the grave, starts here, going down like this. If you think this is a little thick, maybe you can rotate a little bit then draw more like this or like this. Just a little bit, as you deep end, you can change this appears and duet. Duet to this easy is better, 35 degrees. Start here, going down, that's okay. Also you can draw like this and it'll curve. To finish this, the exclamation point, start here, let's do that, the better point is here. Like the uppercase, start here, going down and finishing. Question mark. Start here, similar to number 2, curve up here, another curve and the dot, something like this. To finish this part, why not the ampersand? Everybody likes the ampersand. Ampersand you can draw something like this. First stroke, Second one, again don't consider this line. Little bit above here, similar to number 8, from part to this curve and finishing here. 10. Class 09 – Writing Words: After learning how to write each letter, we can start to write words. It's very important to understand, to learn how to write each letter, but also its very important to understand and learn how to write words because the letter spacing can be a problem. Choose a word, any word and try to write it. For example, I write here love. It's very different to write something because now we need to think about the spacing between letter A, letter L, letter O and letter V and letter E. If you have problems because of the letter spacing here, the first few times you can use a pencil just to trace before here. Think about the letter spacing. Maybe, it's too tight. Maybe, it's too wide. Because after some time using this pencil before, you will be ready to write without this. Use this trace here, maybe it's a little easier. Maybe you think, " But Jackson, I use a pencil. That's not a calligraphy." Yeah, it's calligraphy because right now, this is a very cool technique. Now, it's your time. Choose your word and try to write this. [MUSIC] 11. Class 10 – Basic Swashes: As I've learned from a masters, you should always learn how to work safely before you start to learn about the swash and the calligraphy. It same thing. You need to practice a lot and learn how to write beautiful letters before I start try swash, because it's hard to do that. But I know that about the beginners so excited about it make to mix swashes. I teach just a little bit about how to make your swash letters and you can try it and make it, make you happy like a kid with a new toy. The letters with ascenders and descenders are the best to make swash. For example, this one. You can, take this part of the letter and draw to another side like this. Here, increase this part like the letter f. We can take this part and make another curve here. Letter g. We can increase this part here. Letter h, same thing. We can take this ascender to make some flourish, some slashes, letter k. Same thing you can take this part to make something, or you can take this part to make this longer and another swash. Letter l. I love this letter because you can mix a lot of things here. For example here, there's too many possibility here. Letter p also with descender. Letter q, Letter t, and y. All of this guides. Some uppercase, some capital letters. You can try do something. For example, the letter a. You can take this part here to start something like this one. A little curve will also use stroke. We can use to draw some swashes. Letter k. We can take this part and try to draw something bigger. I can change this finish to set off to go to the right, I can go to the left. Finishing here. I love this part because with this letter look like letter k or letter r. You can take this leg and make kind of tail like this. Again, letter l, as I told you, I can change a lot on so many thing here. For example, these type point from the left, I can start from the right and make it a little curve here. Increase this part and make longer this similar but with some swashes or as I start here, going down little curve, finish with another curve here. Finishing here. Increase this last stroke. You can go closer or when you like it. When you think is better. Letter q is the same thing, you can make this part bigger and so bigger or just a little, piece, just a little stroke. You can also make the stroke here smaller. Again, its up to you. Here, we can see that some letters you can't use to make swash. I don't like to try swash with this letter a, letter c, or letter i letter u and another letters. Because always the best letters are the letters with the ascenders and it i'll end with descenders. But sometimes you can do something like letter e at this or letter m. You can increase the last stroke to make something like this letter i, letter s. You can pull the last stroke like this one, or the second stroke of the letter v and the last part of letter z is also a great stroke to make swash. Look at this example. Here we have this. The letter z is a good letter to make a swash. Another letter with a ascender. Another great possibility to make a swash. Letter q always good. Letter l, letter t, y. Here letter t is not the best to make swash, but it's possible letter r and the letter s. Here is my favorite because the letter l and the double t all the time is good. You can take this letter like letter z and make this part of the letter longer. You can change this ascender to make something here. Letter q we can increase this part. We can change this. If you like it, you can increase this letter and make something. Make some connection here. Something bigger here and longer here. Letter t the best possibility is something like this then a curve here. With the letter d we can try something through this to decide or something through here. Letter r can increase this part. Letter v. This part letter r pull a little bit this last stroke letter s. You can increase all the letter to take advantage of this part. Letter p also letter r, also and letter l. We can change a lot this letter like this. Notice that every time you have a double letter like this, it is better when draw the second one, bigger than first. All the time is we have a great design in letter s here. Already made this. You can see possibility here. Like this one. Increase this part and increase this part. We have a great design here. Here, letter q I increase this part, change the letter l, increase the letter t, make a connection here and increase this last stroke of the letter y. It is a great possibility. River increase this part of r second stroke of the v and the last part of the r. About the word trend. Check this. A curve in this part, another one here, it was possible to increase this part here, but, I didn't think is necessary, I just changed the letter d and make this, about the word super. You can see that I increased all the letter with this, I can make it a little balance here, and take advance of this part of the letter and make this little tail here, and letter p again changed, this part of the letter and make these little stroke, and it creates the last part of letter r. My favorite is the letters, I change the first letter, letter l, like this little curve here, and increase this part going down, and I take advance of this part and already made this horizontal stroke to make this double t, letter e, okay, letter r, no big deal, letter s, I increase just a little bit here and increase this last part., how the possibilities, I think is great design, you can stop like this, but I think that the greater challenge in the calligraphy is you'll need to know when you'll have to stop, so is better write a basic word like this, but beautiful word like this, instead of trying to put a lot of swashes and make this a little crazy word like this. This is good, it can be good too, but this is so much. We can see here, for example, too much curves here, and it's a lot of swash here, is not good? Usually the beginners think that if you put a lot of swashes maybe you can mask, you can hide the problem of the letter, but it is not the better decision. It's better come back to the beginning basics. Flex a lot the letter and make a basic calligraphy and beautiful, then try to do this stuff. All the time we see calligraphy with, a lot of swash like this is probably this is people with, it's a beginner in calligraphy. The last one on this word, letter a is not good to make this never, it's not natural. Letter q, again, you change this, and here is touching the letter u it's not good to make this, it's worst if you do something like this, the swashes over the letter, another bad decision here, change to that or why not so good. Letter t is close to check this difference, trend, again, too much swash here, and this part's not good, because when you cross the basic stroke of the letter with another stroke with the same width is not good because you start to miss the right letter. Some time you can see something like this, what is this? I can't understand which letter is this, here in this river, you can see that I made this longer lag here, but there's a problem with the letter spacing here because I made this obtuse like this, and because of that an issue to put more space here, and is not good. The last part, I think is too much longer, again here in the super, because I make this curve and I draw another stroke above this, so it's not good because I can't understand exactly which letter is this. Letter p, again, too much swash, and the same with above the basic stroke of the letter is never good, also not a good decision. The last one, the letter l. I always see a lot of student of mine try to make this letter l, but usually this letter l, maybe we'll learn this in the school and the calligraphy class in school, but is not about our class. This letter is not good because it's the same with here and here, and again here and here and here and here, so you start to miss the letter, so basic swash for a letter l is just this, you need to put the strong, thicker stroke here and everything else, just thinner stroke, it's not good decision, letter t, similar t, ours is not good, is better to make something like this. Different size of the letter because of double letter, and in the last part here, start to mixed styles is never as good. Letter e is not like this, that's remind me about the letter e in the school, that basic letter e, so in calligraphy, letter e start here and it finishes here. Letter r another mistake here, it's brush style letter r, brush style letter s, here's a lot of problem., too much swash, same letter is not good because a double letter and a brush style made with a flat pen. This is not good too. Try to stay here in the basics and repeat again, practice a lot to make these beautiful, and after some time it can change and try a little bit of swashes like this, and try to understand when you need stop. Here it's time to stop and never go ahead, and do something like this. This is not good, maybe for beginners see something like this, and be I like this thing, but trust me, it's not good, it's the best way to stop like this, remember, walk first then run. 12. Class 11 – Using pencils to make calligraphy: Using pencils to make calligraphy is a way to create something that you can erase and change. It's nice for fun, and to try something different. But of course, the most beautiful calligraphy is writing in ink. It's easier than you think. Just use painter's tape and tape two pencils together like this. Painter's tape and put the pencils like this. After that, you can use the pencils, like a pen and practice your calligraphy. Remember, you need to make new guidelines for your pencil pen, since the width is larger than you'll need them. For example here. So one, two, three, four, five. Remember the angle, 35 degrees and keep this angle. Use the pens like this, and you can start to write something. Go ahead. 13. Class 12 – Conclusion: Thank you so much for joining me today and I really hope you enjoyed it. Keep practicing and checking back for our new classes on Skillshare. Remember, the only way to master calligraphy is to eat, to sleep and brief category. As you have so much to share with you other styles such as black letter, Italics, brush pen, vectors techniques. I loved to see you by next class. Bye. 14. Next Steps!: Hey, I almost forgot. I'd like to invite you to know the other classes I am teaching here on Skillshare. You can learn more about the elegance of italics on the class number 2. Or you can learn the expressiveness of the brush pen letters on the class number 3. You can learn about the impact of the black letters in the class number 4. Don't miss that class. See you there.