Bookbinding Basics: Making a Perfect Bound Notebook | Caleb Sylvest | Skillshare

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Bookbinding Basics: Making a Perfect Bound Notebook

teacher avatar Caleb Sylvest, Designer, Developer, Maker of Things

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Project Introduction


    • 2.

      Materials & Tools


    • 3.

      Choose & Cut Paper


    • 4.

      Glue & Split Textblock


    • 5.

      Fold & Cut Endsheets


    • 6.

      Attach Endsheets & Tape Spine


    • 7.

      The Cover


    • 8.

      Run Amok


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About This Class

Learn the art of book binding! In this online class we will learn the techniques and process of making a one-of-a-kind handmade notebook. The course will cover the nitty-gritty details of taking raw materials and forming them into a functional book, as well as covering tips on craftsmanship and production.

Making Perfect Bound books is a great way to enter the world of book binding because, compared to stitching methods, a Perfect Bound book requires less material, unique tools, and can be completed between 30 minutes and an hour. Crafting Perfect Bound books is an excellent way to make gifts for friends, for personal use, and even to start a business!

Why Book Binding?

So, you're probably thinking book binding sounds like an unusual hobby. Well, you're right! After all, we live in an industrial society where every item we use is mass produced; and while a handmade has become a novelty, most people would never consider making their own books. That's why I want to invite you to join the cool kids! This class is for anyone with a sense of adventure and lover of learning. I will teach you the skills to create excellent quality Perfect Bound books, become better craftsman, and have fun along the way.

Next Steps!

I have been making and selling books for years, producing a variety of binding styles, but Perfect Bound books are my bread and butter. I want to share my expertise with you, and hopefully have fun too! I want to make the course easily accessible to all, and just as easy to recoup the cost (and more) when you venture to sell your first book!

What You Will Learn

  • Materials & Tools. We will cover materials and tools needed, where to find them, and brands and tips to keep an eye out for.
  • Process. We will cover the step-by-step instructions of making a handmade perfect bound notebook.
  • Tips & Tricks. Throughout the class we will talk about tips to improve craft, work more efficiently, use our tools better, and be awesome!
  • Ideas & Alternatives. We will discuss alternative ways to make books, materials to use, and how to make things new and exciting.

Materials We Will Need

We will need to gather some materials to produce a book. Below you will see a general list of the materials, we will cover the material list in more detail at the beginning of the class.

  • Cardstock Paper
  • Chipboard
  • Glue
  • Decorative Papers
  • Duct Tape or Masking Tape
  • Double-Sided Tape Roller
  • X-Acto Knife & Blades
  • Metal Ruler
  • Pencil

What People Are Saying

great class! very clear and simple. I've worked with other binding techniques, but this one is faster, uses less materials.. and the end result is just as good. Thanks! –Jose Stramucci

Caleb's instructional videos are easy to follow and he shares great tips along the way. I also notice that he's been answering a lot of the student questions, which I think is just great. I found it helpful printing out his "Handmade Perfect Bound Notebook" png and taking/adding notes to it as I watched the videos. –Alexis Trono

A nice, quick and easy introduction to making perfect bound notebooks. –Anders Kvist

If you're not a crafty person don't let it get in the way of taking this course! I am horrible at crafty things but with Caleb's excellent instruction, insightful tips, and excellent course pace, even I was able to build this awesome notebook that I am fiercely proud of. The value is also amazing. Caleb provides a lot of cool tips that can be used in ways other then book binding. I was shocked when I learned I had been folding paper wrong my whole life. I'm glad I took this course and look forward to more classes ( Advanced book binding please!) Joshua Hodges

I really enjoyed this class very much. Caleb offers a class that's easy to understand, he explains all the steps one at a time - you sit there with a pile of paper and within a few hours you have made a book out of it! The tools you'll need are simple things and Caleb gives you a detailed list in the beginning of the class (makes shopping for these items really easy). I would definitely recommend this class, it's real fun! –Pamela Kultscher

Featured Student Project

Earthbound Notebooks by Wesley Johnson

An excellent set of books, crafted and illustrated by Wesley Johnson. The set revolves around his favorite SNES game Earthbound.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Caleb Sylvest

Designer, Developer, Maker of Things


My name is Caleb Sylvest, I’m a guy that likes to make things. I am a Designer & Developer living and working in Dallas, TX. To me, design is a way of life and I like to incorporate good design in everything I do.

Bookbinding is a hobby I discovered and have practiced for years. I love the process of taking everyday items (paper, glue, tape) and crafting them into functional, beautiful books. I have spent years studying the art of making books and learned many techniques, including perfect bound, pamphlet, coptic, Japanese stab stitching, and more. I have made books to sell, give as gifts, for personal use, and for decorative display.

Why buy something when I can make it myself?


Each class covers a different bookbinding technique. All classes fun... See full profile

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1. Project Introduction: - Hey, - guys, - And welcome to any introduction of bookbinding. - My name is Caleb, - and I'll be taking you through the steps to make your very first perfect bound book in the - order book bonding. - There are two basic types of books, - one that uses a needle and thread to sew pages together into signatures and an example of - that would be a hardbound book and the other called Perfect Binding, - which uses glue to glue the pages together into a textbook. - And you may have heard this call paperback, - and that's what we're gonna be covering in this class. - Now, - before we get into the lesson, - I want to go over a few points in terminologies that we all need to know to be on the same - page here. - I have a couple of books that I've already made, - and I will point out a few things, - as I'm sure you already know. - The front and the back of the book are called Recover the Interior got to the book where we - read and we write and we draw. - It's called the text Block. - Since this is a perfect bound book, - the text block will be glued together. - Then we'll cover the spine in a tape for reinforcement. - The cover will be connected to the text block by the use of in sheets in both the front in - the back. - Now that we have a little bit of a base understanding of the anatomy of a perfect Bound - book, - it will be easier to go through all the steps of the class. - Per film books are a good way to get into bookbinding because it requires less time, - materials and experience to make in something like a hardback book or a Coptic stitch book - . - In this lesson, - I will be providing materials, - images and diagrams to make it easier for you to understand what we're doing each step of - the way, - Let's get started. 2. Materials & Tools: - Hey, - guys, - I want to go over the materials that will need for the class so you can get then before we - get started. - So the first thing that, - uh, - we need to get is the paper for our text block. - And so this is a reminder. - The text block is the interior pages of our book. - And what I have here is this just some basic card stock from Staples. - The one thing that you need to get that you need to keep in mind when getting paper for - your book is that it needs to be a heavy paper. - So it needs to be, - um, - every £60 but probably less than £100. - So a card stock paper is typically around £65. - And so this is what I really suggests just to start off as a basic use case. - Another option that you could use is the paper from a sketchbook. - If it's if it's thicker, - because a lot of sketchbooks come with heavy paper. - Um, - so I'm also I'm listing all of these items out in this unit, - so you can you can you can look at him there, - and I'm also leaking out to examples online, - so get some paper for the textbook. - The second item that we need to get is chipboard, - so I have a couple pieces here, - and the chipboard is what will be using, - uh, - as the cover. - But we'll also be covering it with some paper but chipboard. - It's kind of like cardboard, - but denser and thinner. - So it's about 1/8 of an inch thick, - and you can buy this at just about any craft stores. - You can find it in Michael's or hobby lobby or online. - It's really cheap, - usually comes in large sheets, - something like 22 inches by 28 inches. - Grab a couple for some of those you really? - You know, - if you're only making one book, - you only need one sheet. - But you can typically make like 30 covers from from one of those giant sheets, - so it's always good. - Just have some lying around. - The third thing that we need and this is really important is the glue that we're going to - be using to glue or spying together. - And so we needed a good PV a glue, - and this is this is the kind that I have. - I have a link to this exact brand, - and it's made by Hollanders. - And, - uh, - I'm suggesting them because I trust it. - I've used the number of different types of PV a glues from different places. - Here's an example of some that I bought that didn't work well, - It says PV, - a professional woodworking glue, - and so maybe it's because it's a it's a woodworking. - Well, - maybe that's why it didn't work. - But whenever I used it, - uh, - glue ended up drying and getting very brittle and eventually breaking in the books that I - used it on So pages were falling apart on. - And that's not really something You want to happen whenever year, - giving books as gifts or selling them for profit so you can find PV a glue at some craft - stores or online again. - If you have the time, - check out Hollander's They So a lot of bookbinding supplies and highways adjust their glue - if you can. - If you can afford to order it, - of course. - Also grab a paintbrush that you don't care about because we'll need that to paint the glue - on and your brush will be destroyed after that. - So I have a specific brush that I use just for glue. - The next thing you need to get our some decorative papers for the book, - so we'll be using them to cover the the cover and also as in sheets. - And so I I Usually I just keep a whole big old stack at home so I can always grab them and - decide what I want to use. - But you can go to any craft store, - Michael's or hobby lobby and sift through. - There's find some specifically for this project. - They have solid colors that you can get bright of, - not just colors. - You could get patterns. - They have flowery prints. - You know, - they have a lot of different options. - Get just about whatever you want, - so grab some papers for that. - They usually come in about 12 inch by 12 inch sheets. - The next item we need to get is the tape that we're gonna be a covering our spine with. - So I have a few options here that that I use. - This is actually a finding tape. - It's kind of ah unique item that you don't necessarily need to get because it's a little - bit harder to find, - and it's actually quite expensive. - But If you really given to bookbinding, - definitely check it out. - It's fun to work with and looks great. - This is something I actually use a lot. - This is just regular old duct tape and, - uh, - duct tape. - You can get it anywhere, - and it's great because they make a lot of different types of patterns and colors now, - so you can always you can choose that. - This is electoral tape. - You can use this. - Also, - I will say electoral tape is a little bit difficult to work with just because it's so - narrow. - It could be a little bit. - It can be hard to give it perfectly on there with enough room. - This is another type of tape that I have is actually a binding tape. - So it has these fibers that run through, - and that's for structure four bookbinding, - and I really like using it a lot of times just because it's transparent and, - uh and it and it shows the paper through, - so it's kind of fun. - Next item we need to get is double sided paper roller so you can find these at any craft - store at Michael's or Hobby lobby were Staples or Office Depot. - It's just the double sided tape roller and will be using this whenever we attached the in - sheets to the textbooks will be running a strip right down the side of the text block and - some. - There are some brands that are better than others, - but it really doesn't matter. - So just grab whatever you can at the moment, - and you might find one that you like better later on. - I also need a good Exacto knife and blades. - So if you don't already have one getting Exacto knife, - there's a few bucks. - And, - uh, - you know, - we never were working. - We don't want to use box cutters or scissors. - They could be kind of They could be Dole edged and make and kind of create a sloppy - equality. - And so we really want to be precise. - Winter were cutting Andi exactly as they offered. - That I don't need a metal ruler. - Doesn't matter what the foot longer, - 18 inch, - uh, - and we'll use this for measuring and also for as a a straight edge whenever we're cutting - our paper and board. - So another thing that wash we need are those nasty, - annoying mailer advertisements that you get in the mail all the time that you hate. - These will actually come in handy for a few things, - so I usually throw these away. - But whenever I'm getting ready to start making books, - I save just a few and we'll use these. - So if you can grab some of these from your mailbox and don't throw away staff from - somewhere where they won't get trashed, - and the last item that I have listed is a cutting board and this is that's what this is - actually a cutting board or might be caught a rotary Matt. - And, - uh, - it's not a necessary item. - But if you if you do bookbinding or if you craft a lot, - I suggest checking out the cutting mat it makes Make sure I feel a lot easier when you're - cutting stuff. - It has a grid on it that makes you aligning, - cutting parallel and perpendicular really easy. - It's also it's call it self healing and so many of your cutting. - You cut into it all day long, - holding times, - and it won't break the mat. - Um, - it's really cool. - Little I am. - They could be a little somewhat pricey, - but if you want to buy when you can If you don't, - that's okay. - You can cut on top of magazines or an extra piece of chipboard or cardboard or whatever. - So that's that's the entire list of materials that we need, - so gather those and we can get started. 3. Choose & Cut Paper: - Okay, - so we're ready to make our text block where you talked about what type of paper we need for - the text block. - But I was reiterated couple things. - The paper needs to be a heavier weight paper. - At least £60 or more. - I'm using a card stock that I got it. - Staples. - That's a £65 card stock. - So we're going to be cutting the pages in the paper in half to make textbooks. - So, - as you can see, - our book is exactly half the size of this paper, - so we just have to cut it right down the middle. - Each book will contain about 30 pages. - Eso If you just want to make one book, - all you need to cut is 30 pages. - If you want to make a bunch than like me, - I'm going to go ahead and cut all the this entire stack in half because I will use the text - box eventually. - So, - um, - obviously you can't just cut this whole stack in one go. - I'm going to grab several sheets off the top. - This looks like it might be about 15. - You know, - take however many you feel comfortable doing. - Don't try to go before, - though. - I'm gonna sure these up real nice and tight and then set it down on my board trying to keep - them them straight. - This is one reason I really like using a rotary Met is that it has this bridge. - And so I'm I'm laying it down parallel with the grid. - I'm gonna make a couple tick marks on the top sheet to help me, - uh, - to help me cut. - So this paper is exactly 11 and 11 inches long, - so I'm gonna make a mark at 5.5 inches. - One of the bottom and one of the top that I'm gonna cut this in half with my exacto, - um, - so, - usually straight edge And while on your tick marks up perfectly, - Uh, - you know, - hopefully it goes without saying, - but if you're a righty, - you cut on the right side of the ruler for your lefty cut on the west side. - Just do whatever feels natural. - Now. - Don't try to bear down and cut through all these in one go. - It's not gonna happen. - Don't even try to cut through the first sheet in your first go. - The first thing you want to do. - It's just lightly run your blade across the top sheet. - What I'm doing is scoring that cheat, - and so that that creates a little groove in the paper. - So next time that I come in and I do probably more pressure, - I don't accidentally get halfway through and then run off and cut whatever cut across - whatever it is that I'm trying to cut in half. - So I've scored it and I'm just gonna keep going over this nice and slow putting. - Just a little bit of pressure, - but not too much. - Don't Don't try to cut through all of this in two goes or three goes Just find out. - You know, - just go over it again and again until you get all the way through so you can see not quite - through the first sheet. - You can see that the sheets of started and come away Now I'm just gonna keep I'm taking my - time and cutting through and always use a sharp blade. - You know, - you're just gonna save yourself so much trouble, - uh, - using a new sharp blade versus a dole. - And it's also safer because if years on the dole one you might be trying to press too hard - . - And then, - uh, - you might pull away and hurt yourself. - So I'm almost there. - There we have you. - I'm gonna go in and cut through the rest of the stack, - but I will make you suffer through that. - Okay? - So now that we've cut our paper in half, - we can start putting our textbooks together in gluing man. - So the first thing you need to do is separate your pages out into stacks of 30. - I've already done that. - Here, - look up five stacks of 30 sheets each. - And, - uh, - we're gonna we're gonna stack more uniformly. - And in between each we're gonna put 22 sheets of the advertisement mailers says that's what - those air for. - So as you can see, - I have a couple here, - have some strips here, - and I've actually cut them down to be the exact with of the paper. - So 8.5 by 11 that was make a major life a little bit easier. - So assert stack So way down First x block. - And then on top of that will put two advertisement mayors against the spine. - Edge down second textbook to advertising mailers. - Third textbook and you put down as many textbooks as you want. - Um, - I'm just making five right now. - Just because But you could you could do easily do between three and 10 at a time. - If you only want make one right now, - we want to make one book. - That's that's OK. - You can do that. - So don't worry about getting them to even will fix that second. - Okay, - so five text blocks with two advertising mailers between each one, - it's now I'm gonna grab the whole deck in my hands. - It's kind of strange because it's kind of shuffling a gigantic stack of cards, - but I'm gonna kind of shuffle him on the desktop to make a to make the more even in lineup - . - Also gonna do it vertically back horizontally duffel until you get a good grip and you - think all the spines are fairly sharp and, - uh, - the whole well hold together very well. - So when you do that Grabem clamping down really tight with your hands and bring it to the - edge of the table, - lining up parallel with the table but overhanging about 1/4 of an inch. - Then we're gonna grab a stack of books and set him on top to put pressure for when we start - gluing the edges, - I'm still keeping about 1/4 of an inch of paper hanging out from the books, - so you probably can't see this. - So what I'm gonna do is, - uh, - already added text blocks into my book breasts. - I think this will be a little bit easier for you to see so you might be. - You can tell that I have paper hanging out of the press about 1/4 of an inch. - This is a surface that will glue on. - And this is my book press. - It's homemade. - They're really easy to make if you want to make one. - Eventually, - you confined instructions online. - Um, - so let's get to going. 4. Glue & Split Textblock: - Now that we have our text blocks stacked, - spaced with advertising mailers and firmly in our press or under are heavy books, - we can start Blue Moon. - So I'm gonna get my p a glue. - And what paintbrush? - Remember, - this is going to destroy your paper up. - So don't use one that you care about too much on. - I'm going to pate a nice thick coops over the entire edge of all these text blocks. - First, - I'm just gonna slop it on there just to get it all over. - But then I'm gonna come back and smooth it just a bit. - Just so it's not too, - uh, - bumpy or go up be anywhere. - There we go. - So now we'll come back and smooth down. - I had a little bit more. - Give it a nice, - good think uniform code. - Now, - you probably think about 10 minutes for this to dry moderately well, - and I think we all knew the saying about watching paint dry, - so I'm not gonna make your watch me watch this good dry. - Um, - But what we want to do is we wanna have three coats of paint of glue, - so I'm going to let this dry for 10 minutes. - Don't wanna paint on another layer of glue, - but that drive for 10 minutes and then paint on another layer of glue and it would be about - 10 more minutes or so before it's finally dry. - Um, - and then we'll come back and we'll take the text block out. - So now that we've, - uh, - good or textbooks together and we did three layers of glue, - um, - we need to separate them. - So already pulled mine out of the press and they're firmly stuck together. - So the reason we added the mailers in between textbooks because that's gonna make our job - of splitting these so much easier. - So the first thing I'll do is, - uh, - start just kind of like flexing the first textbook that I'm gonna pull off so you can see - I'm spooning it where the mailers are. - It was flexing it and opening it up, - kind of loosening up that scene. - You may be able to start peeling just with your hands, - but you may need to use an instrument so I might grab my my Exacto and come in here and to - start kind of slicing away right in between the two mailers. - See you like that. - I work my way and to slowly cut and soul that glue and should be pretty easy. - You'll probably run into a few, - uh, - spots where it's it doesn't really want come apart very well, - and you have to kind of force it. - But that's okay. - And even if it's a little bit messy, - you'll see you'll probably notice that there are some glue bulges or some of the coloring - from the mailers will come off. - You know that's all Okay, - because this won't be visible now. - If you get about halfway or so, - or if you run into a difficult spot, - you come around to the other side and start start on this side and meet in the middle. - That's always a good idea social. - If you have a troublesome spot that way you can avoid that spot. - You can't really see this very well with my hands in the way. - I'm sorry about that doing the best I can. - And this one this is the troublesome spot. - It just doesn't want to go. - So I'm just gonna kind of have to force it with my knife. - Slice on right through area. - I got one textbook attach you should be able to just gonna fold this mail where? - Listen it up some and peel it off, - being a bit forceful, - but that's OK. - It's not gonna mess anything out. - There we go. - So know what? - You get your text walk off, - you look at it. - You kind of see how it has some rough edges. - You try to scrape some of that away with your nail or peel it off or use your knife and try - to trim. - Its probably a good idea to do just that. - We don't have any bulges whenever we at the in sheets in the spine, - so you should clean that up and then I'll go through and pull apart all the text walks. - But I won't make you all watch that. - So go ahead and split out all your textbooks and we'll make it to the next step. 5. Fold & Cut Endsheets: - So we made our text blocks. - We cut the paper, - we glued it and we split out the box into individual stacks. - So we can now go to the next step, - which is adding in sheets. - And the in sheets will be what holds our cover to the textbook. - And so you can see that the the in chief is actually good to the cover, - and then it will be taped to textbook and are in sheets are gonna need to be the height of - the book and twice the width, - which you may realize is the actual size of the paper that we used to make our textbooks. - So we started off with a sheet of 8.5 by 11 paper because that in half to make our text box - , - which are now 5.5 by 8.5 inches. - And so we're gonna need just that size 8.5 by 11 in sheets because we'll fold them ever. - Craft stores sell decorative papers, - probably already picked some up, - and they do sell some that are actually exactly 8.5 by 11. - Yes, - I sell a lot like this that are 12 inches by 12 inches square. - That's what I have here on. - The first step that we want to do is we want to fold it in half, - so there's no nothing really tricky about this. - Um, - so I decided to start spending it over loosely, - and I like to have the open side face me. - It just gives me a little bit more control whenever I'm checking these corners to make sure - that they're exactly even before I crease the papers permanently. - So I'm lining up the corners. - No, - it's good. - And then I hold it down with my fingers. - It's gonna push Decrease the paper, - starting in the centre so it starts getting a little bit of bond of a bind. - But that's OK. - I can do this for my fingers, - but I actually do have a tool that I like to use that I'll show you that's called a bone - folder. - Or, - you might hear called a boning knife. - And it's pretty cheap. - Tool. - What actually is made out of bone definitely don't need it, - but it does make folding paper and scoring paper a little bit easier, - so I'll show you how I use it. - I had started the center and I pushed outward. - Increase the paper, - the one side, - and I go the other direction. - Everyone does make things a little bit easier, - but it's definitely not necessary. - So after I fold it, - I want to sharpen up those edges. - Foot whatever. - Do it that way also. - So there we go, - recovered, - folding in sheets. - Now we need to trim them down for a textbook. - So we want our in cheats to be the exact size of our text bought. - So since this is 5.5 by 8.5 inches, - that's why I need to make this. - I say it's too tall right now. - It's actually a little bit too wide also. - So first thing I want to do is trimmed the height, - and I'll do that by measuring 8.5 inches total tick mark for here in the second pic market - , - closer to the bottom. - And when I cut this, - um, - I'm gonna want to cut where the good piece, - the larger piece that I'm going to be using for my book is on the left side, - under my roller under my hand. - It's a went around, - cutting I'm cutting on this on the right side. - And so if I do, - if I'm cutting and I slip, - then I'll cut into this extra area of the paper that I don't actually, - I won't actually be using. - If I was cutting this this way, - where the piece that I want to be using is on the right side, - and I'm and I'm cutting and I slip that I'm gonna be coming right into it. - I'm I'm gonna ruin it. - And so I have to start over again. - And right now, - it's not that big of a deal because we're just cutting a sheet of paper. - But it's a good It's a good, - uh, - general rule of thumb to follow when you're cutting anything because, - say, - you have a piece of artwork that you bought and, - uh, - and you do that you don't want to accidentally slip and destroy the artwork. - So I'm gonna do a light score before I start cutting. - You don't have to cut all the way through, - and then you know what we cut. - So I get all the way through the page. - There were, - So you may be thinking, - Okay, - where I do with this piece this extra piece, - you could throw it away. - But what I like to do is I should save it. - Um, - I'm using the large sheet for the book that we're making right now but actually statue of - these pieces. - And later on, - I'll end up making smaller books, - and that's just nice, - little way to make pocket size notebooks. - So I'll throw that shoebox somewhere. - So I also need a trim off the with. - And the width of this book is 5.5 inches. - So you measure that 5.5 mark. - 5.5 mark trimming towards the 90. - Central side score cut through. - There we go. - So this will fit perfectly on our book. - So why don't you go ahead and cut your other in cheat and out of the same 6. Attach Endsheets & Tape Spine: - now that we have are in cheats cut, - we can attach them to the textbook. - So we're gonna be using our double sided tape roller, - and we're going to roll a strip of tape on the face of the textbook on the spine. - And this is the side. - That's good. - So, - um, - wind it up, - shoot down a strip of tape and you may wobble a little bit. - Uh, - and that's okay, - but that's perfectly natural. - Nothing to worry about. - So there we go. - I have a stripping cape down the side. - What I'm gonna do is bringing the in cheat in Whitely so it doesn't get stuck on the tape - and make sure that if you have a design or something, - that it's facing the correct direction. - So if this is the bottom than you, - then you want the design toe face the correct direction. - It's gonna bring it in like we and just kind of tweak it until I think that it's lined up - perfectly with the spine and we'll set it down and we tap it to it. - Here to the textbook. - He's my bone folder through a pressure. - There we go, - and she it's connected to the textbook. - It's now, - uh, - I'm gonna let you do that and take care of the other side on your own. - Oh, - just say, - Remember, - if you have any sort of design, - make sure they're both facing the same direction. - And, - of course, - make sure it's all opening on the same way. - There we go. - Well, - with both in sheets on, - you can really tell that this is starting to look like a book. - So the next step that we're gonna do is we're gonna add a tape over the spine in the tape. - It's partly for decoration. - It's partly Teoh. - Hold the textbook together. - It's also there to protect the going to make sure it's not damaged from use. - So I'm actually going to use my book binding tape shared goal in the introduction, - and what you need to do is cut a piece that's exactly the height of your book, - and you wanted to be, - um, - about one and 1/4 inch to 1.5 inch wide, - so that way we'll have enough room for it to wrap around from one in sheet over the spine - and on to the other and sheet within with a little bit of room. - So I went ahead. - That turned a piece for myself. - So you can kind of see that it will wraparound fairly well. - And what we do, - since this is this is actually 1.5 inches. - I'm going to go out and make a couple tick marks. - Um, - all my book at one at 1/2 inch. - Right here. - Right here. - This will help me place the tape. - So this actually has a little what? - A piece of wax paper on the back of it. - And I was working with something like duct tape. - You won't have that. - That might be a little bit trickier. - So here we go and line it up with the tick marks I made and the edge the top in the bottom - edge of the book. - In this light, - we place it. - You won't get to do this once, - so I can't really mess up, - put it down with my finger. - Never. - Yeah. - So we have it on 11 side of the book. - Now we get onto the the inch, - the spine. - So I'm gonna do is picked the book up and kind of full that over slowly to the spine, - so it's tacked on. - Go over my finger, - brush it on nice and, - well, - that's a good get any air bubbles out. - Do that same thing again to get it over onto the other side of the textbook. - Push it over. - We just won a really nice, - sharp spine. - We don't want a new uniform or having to have any air bubbles showing. - So there were any time you're folding or sticking something down. - Always start in the middle and then go outward. - Works a lot better than starting on one side and try and go all the way to the other. - There were no bad from a finger over it. - A little bit more sharpen. - It'll of and we're good. - Next step will be I didn't cover and that'll be it. 7. The Cover: - Well, - we're almost at the end of our project, - so the next step will be making the cover and attaching it to our textbook. - So, - uh, - we're gonna need to make two covers for the front and the back out of the chipboard and the - cover the chipboard cover. - It needs to be the height of the text block and the width minus about 38 on the with. - The reason is so that we have a little bit of room, - um, - away from the spine. - That gives it enough for the cover to fold easily. - So I'm gonna start cutting that and my with is 5.5 inches. - So minus three eights reads me with 5 1/8 I'm gonna measure 5 1/8 on five and 1/8. - And if you're chipboard, - if the corners are edges are really bad, - then you may want to trim off a little total sliver so that you have a nice, - sharp edges to work with for easier cutting. - Okay, - so I made a mistake there. - I'm not really worried about being too efficient right now, - but you may want to Usually, - I would try to be very efficient with how much board I have and how many pieces I cut out - of it. - So the height is gonna be to 8.5 inches. - 8.5. - Okay. - Got that. - Really? - So one cover down and I'll cut the other. - Why? - You get years together now that we've cut our chipboard for our covers, - That's going to the sheet. - I decided to go with this green flowery paper Steiff at thes rose red speckled in sheets. - I think I don't work well together. - Here's what we're gonna do to get the paper connect to our our covers. - Foot this decorative paper over. - We're gonna paint a thin layer of glue on our chipboard and then to set it right on the - paper and smooth down. - And the reason I like these 12 in sheets is because you can usually by one for a cover and - put two pieces on it with a little bit of extra space. - If you're gonna make many books later on, - that's what I'm gonna do. - I got my glue Just quickly. - Run first. - I'm going there and spread it around. - You want to make sure to get the edges and corners Really well, - so that it doesn't end up healing at some point. - So this is actually a thin piece of chipboard, - and I would typically prefer to use a thicker piece. - So if you're looking for chipboard with store, - grab a thick piece of again If you got a thin piece, - it doesn't It's OK. - It was just something I had lying around, - so I used it. - Okay, - here we go. - See, - It's kind of warping a little bit. - We'll fix that. - So I'm gonna put it down in the corner, - and I'm gonna leave a little bit of space all around it that I trim so that I don't I have - a nice, - sharp edge to paper. - Okay, - maybe put a book on top of this May help it way down flat dries. - So I'll mention this. - Another alternative that you could use instead of paying the glue on is that sometimes I - use Super 77 which is a spray adhesive, - and I'll just spray aware on the on the board and then stick it on. - You know, - this is a lot easier for us right now, - because we've already bought the glue for the spine and it works well for this purpose also - . - So go ahead and but you're chipboard covers down and then we'll go to the next step. - That's cutter covers out and attention to or text block. - So first thing, - make sure you have a really sharp knife. - I just put in a belated in because this is gonna be our final presentation. - We want these cuts to be really nice and clean, - so we want to trim the covers out of the paper. - And to do that, - I just I run my blade along the edge of the chipboard. - I don't really nice and slow. - I don't You don't want to mess this up because this is the end. - You don't have to put a lot of pressure. - I just want to get good, - sharp, - clean cuts. - That's good. - See, - I'm not trying to cut it through in one. - Go take me at least two, - maybe three times over to get a good clean, - but without putting too much pressure so you can see we have Ah, - nice, - clean cover. - Sometimes I go back over, - the edge is just in. - My film is coming. - It may bended this direction, - so I just kind of clean those edges up a little bit, - We're gonna be attaching it to the textbook. - But painting another way, - you're going on the side and setting it down. - So let's get the blue on really quick. - One thing I want to say is, - make sure you keep your whatever your workspaces clean throughout, - so if you get glue on it, - be sure to clean that up. - But we need to step. - Because if I hadn't cleaned up the mess that I had made last time, - if I got going on my board, - then I might be setting my cover down on top of it and messing up the front of my book. - So the same thing. - Make sure to get the corners and edges really well covered, - so there's don't peel off during usage glue - every hour on Dogo, - go around somewhere, - stick my book in it on, - so we want the cover toe Teoh lined up with the outer edge, - the opening side of our textbook. - We don't want it to go to the end of the spine. - Like I said earlier, - we wanted to be ableto to bend properly, - so face it my direction and find the paper up before I set it down, - make sure everything's lined up properly. - I quit my fingers off a little bit Aereo. - So it's trying to fold up a little bit somewhere puts in heavy books on it, - but that's basically it. - What you will do the other side on your own and you've made a book. 8. Run Amok: - Hey, - guys, - what? - We've made it to the end. - And if you follow it along, - you should have a brand new perfect bound notebook that looks something like this. - Now, - by no means is this course meant to be a complete, - comprehensive teaching of bookbinding or even perfect down binding. - Um, - I just wanted to teach you the basics of making of how to make a perfect bound book, - and now it's up to you to take that and do with do with it whatever your imagination come - can come up with. - I didn't list a few alternative materials that I like to work with just to get you going, - but I would love to hear from you about any other ideas that you have. - I have a few years things that other items that I like to use besides just paper from craft - stores would be something like old wallpaper or decorative Japanese papers. - I even like to use old Pope Illustrated covers. - And here's an example of something I did of that. - I used the book Brave New World. - You could even try something like using maps or atlases, - even using screen prints. - Uh, - works really well. - Nothing I like to do is I want to go straight something and put it on the cover. - Uh, - so the possibilities are really endless. - It's just it's whatever you want to do, - and I'm I'm really interested to see what you all did or any other ideas they'll come up - with. - So please post whatever you make into the student gallery. - I'll be around on looking at them or answering questions if you have any good luck.