Study smarter - Flashcards, ANKI tutorial (make and review) | Mohamad Khalil | Skillshare

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Study smarter - Flashcards, ANKI tutorial (make and review)

teacher avatar Mohamad Khalil

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

10 Lessons (45m)
    • 1. INTRO

    • 2. Beginner's guide to anki

    • 3. Spaced repetition

    • 4. User interface

    • 5. Integration

    • 6. Cards and decks

    • 7. Basic cards

    • 8. Cloze cards

    • 9. Image occlusion cards

    • 10. Final words

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About This Class

Study smarter using ANKI.

This class will introduce you to the concept of flashcards, how to use the , make them , and integrated the into your studies for maximal productivity. It is for people with or without any prior experience using the software (ANKI) which is required to use and make the flash cards.

the main parts (explaining anki + studying using it + making cards)

The app can be used to study any material with high information load and memory demand (Ex. languages , juridical studies, medicine ,terminologies ,and others)

hope this class benefits you.


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2. Beginner's guide to anki: Hello again. In this introductory video, we will talk about the definition of Anki, how it works. Why do we need to know about it, who uses it and when to use it? First of all, if you have never heard about Anki application called spaced repetition guard flashcard application. The principle is simple. This application use database of cards where it gives you one chunk of information related to another chunk. By showing us the first information, we try and remember the second one. Then we repeated and repeated and repeated again until it sticks into ultimately, it's really similar to those cars you used when we were young. Were on one side, we would have this app ID picture. And on the other side you would have the name of the apple. We take this card, will watch adapt, but we try to remember that its name is Apple in English. We flip it, we check if it's correct or not, and then go on. This process used to have a lot of physical gods which can be mixed up. And it's not efficient. Anki decks this into the digitalized world and mixed more efficient by making them portable with you every day inside your phone. You can take twenty thousand, thirty thousand cards inside your pocket. And the application helps you by choosing which cause you to study each day and organize them. For example, if you studied the apple picture of the first day, then it shows it after ten minutes, then after that by three days, then after that by one month. And this process of organizing the information you need to remember is done by the application itself. We don't need to spend any time or effort doing this. Especially when all these cards are inside your pocket, not inside sandbox. These cards are used not to study everything, but as a complimentary way to study information that we already understand what needs to remember. That's why you use it to study big chunks of unrelated information or loosely related information. For example, some people use Anki to study languages. That's why it's really popular among linguistic students. The second most popular group of students that use it are medical students who needed to study names of Oregon's names of bones, names of drugs, or associations between disease, prevention, treatment and diagnosis. The third group is engineering students who needed to remember the big equations that day to study for the next day. Then we have all kinds of other students who use it for the same principle, which is studying the material first, then studying the cards to memorize the information in an efficient, working, non exhausting way, smooth, and within your day to maximize the memorising aspect of your studies, which will make you distinguish yourself from that 70th until the nineties on your exams. Uses Anki we've already discussed, then went to use Anki. Usually by my own experience. Anki is the third of you used during breaks, during weights or during that time of the day, for example, one waiting the bus. While in the bus. When waiting in line, you just take off your phone, do a few cards, and then continue. And that's how it works. Now till our next video where we explain the scientific process that goes inside the studying of Anki cards. 3. Spaced repetition: This video of this course, we will talk about the scientific principle of Anki and how it works. First of all, way to the screen, distinguish Anki flashcards in general as being an active recall method. Which makes it more efficient than passive recall. Usually when studying flashcards and we tried to associate to information. We are not just reading passively and information and hope that our random answers for members. We will be actively trying to get this information from within or from information that we've already studied during our passive study. In preparation for anti, studying. This active aspect of Anki makes it more efficient than other methods of complimentary stopping, we say complimentary because Anki alone is not a study method, is a complimentary method which make us have more concrete information for better use. How will this work? Is that our brains usually remember stuff that are important for our survival. For example, if we see something one day, then we have a probability of 1 million for one or two days, then forget about it. But if we keep seeing the same thing multiple times or read things, Oh, this is something important to remember. This thing. That's why our brain after repetitive exposure into chunks of information, will think that this is important, we need to remember it. And that's exactly how spaced repetition to work. Thank you. Uses this principle or hacking our brain by giving us chunks of information in specific intervals. For example, the first day we studied the meaning of the word apple in English, we take the picture of the apple, the world of adults. And we see them on the first day, then after ten minutes, then after two days, then after one week, then after one month. All these settings can be changed in Anki to suit your preferences, your study needs. But in general, that's how it works. Being seized at multiple times and things. Oh, this is important. I need to remember this. And since we are actively trying to remember it, our brain will be more trig by the dopamine we are bringing in for this process into actually remembering Util. This Spaced repetition is the base principle on which Anki works. And this is the principle that we will be using multiple times during our day or on one big chunk every night to use it. The main principle of how to start your own Anki is consistency, is actually taking the space intervals to study them and not used only one time per week. Or it will not work on how to exactly integrate your studies inside Anki. We will explain. During this time, I will be explaining the anatomy of Anki, how it looks for the pure beginners. If you already know what is Anki, you can skip the next video into the third one. 4. User interface: In this video, we will be explaining the anatomy of Anki. To get the user to be acquainted with the interface, how to study, how to click where to go. Because first-time it can be overwhelming. The application isn't static. But it's quite simple. Because for simplicity, first of all, when you open Anki, we will have our first picture. This one is our deck connection. That is a collection of cards usually organized according to seeing them, according to day, according to subject. And it can bother us as much as we want. In each deck. We can have subjects. For example, here as you can see, having a specific subject for abdominal muscles. Here we have three specific subjects. For each type of card. During each leg, we can have the brows and the app. We use the add for adding cards. Bros, to look into our cut. Starts for your own staff. And here we can see the new cards that we need to study during the state and the cars that needs revision. By clicking on the deck. We get this page where we can study. According to the algorithm given by Anki. All we can have a custom study session. In custom study sessions, we can add as much nucleus as we want. For now, we will just study by using gunky. Here for example, you have a question. To see the answer. We click on Show Answer as a shortcut. We can use the space. And then it shows us dancer. If we knew it really easily with us on easy, and it shows us after first four days, then it can go until again in case we don't even know the answer, shows us this question after one minute. Then for example, we will have this kind of cards. One type of the gods have hidden parts. These parts will be shown by view. This is a close type of code. When we pesto answer that shows us the hidden part of the answer. We press it again. Then we have this Scott, which is imaged occlusion. In this type of gut, we have hidden parts. The red part is the part that we need to study. We put short answer and it shows us we can dump in masks to show us the other part. As we can see. This is a course type of card. Show. Shows us the answer. We put easy. Then you will see after 15 days, we'll have Image Occlusion again. After finishing it all, we can come back to the desk, index. Index. We can open the file. Import or export. Export is done when we already made our own cards and put them out. Import is when we want to get shared cards from other people, not by guards. We made ourselves. This is in general, what do we need to know about the main interface of Anki and about types of codes and how to integrate them into our study. We will be talking in our next video. 5. Integration: Now we've talked about the integration of Anki into our studies as a complimentary method. First of all, we start by gathering the material, would take our books, our lectures, we write them, we highlight them. By doing this, we're passively understanding the information that we need to study and trying to form connections between them. These connections will make us better understand and understand the full picture which Anki cannot do. By understanding the full picture and taking these chunks of information. We can add them into. One important thing to know about Anki, that it works by a principle of three. Each god cannot have more than three basic information. For example, we can have when did someone do something in history, for example. We can have one chunk of information. We can put what he did when and where. More than that would be too much for one card. And it will be counterproductive. That's why our main objective, after passively understanding our information, is deconstructing them into small chunks. For maximum effectiveness of each card. After putting these small chunks, we can put this information inside our cards and make our own cards. This process can take a little bit of time, but in the long run, it will be more productive. Because while doing our cards and organizing the information, we would have already studied old material two times. First time while reading them, and second time while organizing them and making the cards. Then we was Anki as a third time of studying. To make our knowledge more concrete and memorable, we will mobilize our information while using Anki. We will be starting in a fourth, fifth, aesthetics, and a seventh time according to how much we will be able to studying them using the application. This repeated exposure and mix of passive construction of full picture and active construction of small memorize the information is what distinguishes the person watching this course right now from our stood our colleagues who only use passive study methods. This active study method can be sometimes complemented by getting pre-made cards. Pre-made cards when available, can be a huge asset. Because the person making these gods would have taken already a lot of time, a lot of work that we can save from ourself, remade gods are usually more popular for medical students since the medical knowledge is almost universal for all of them. For languages, we can still find pre-made gods. But other than these two fields and can be quite tricky to find pre-made cards. Why integrating this? It can be done with colleagues where each student takes part of the information to make them into cards. And then a big deck can be exported for all the other students to study them together. This is the best way to integrate into our studies. Using Anki alone is never productive. But using it as complementary method makes are studying more efficient, faster, better, and more durable. We will still be remembering this information long time even after we stop using Anki. And in our next video, will explain how to use pre-made cards or how to make gods. And explained in general the three types of cards that we can encounter while using Anki. 6. Cards and decks: Video, we will be talking about the kinds of decks and guard that we encountered while using. First of all, there's two types of decks. Here we can see the first type, which is ready-made. It is already organized with a lot of information. A lot of subjects are made by students who already use these decks to study. This will save us a lot of work and effort. And it will be better directory since the students who already made them, already studied them, have already tweaked them into the most high-yield, usable and beneficial. Guards for our exams are studies that are made by our colleagues. This way, it will be a lot more efficient than making our own card according to our own beliefs. But not always finding them can be a minus. That's why using our pre-made decks can be more beneficial in specific situation, especially if you are studying and not for a general exam or general knowledge. But if we are studying for a specific subject that needs specific test, this way we will encounter a lot of types of cards. Since anki has been for awhile, lot of programmers had added a lot of specific features, specific gods. And they can be quite tricky for the beginner and for maximum efficiency and speed while making your own cards, the students should know three types of main gods. First of all, we have the basic count. The basic card is quite simple. You have a question or one chunk of information related to another chunk. The front of the card shows us the question. Then by showing the answer, shows us the back of the card. We can find it the question and its answer. This is fast type of card. It can be done for less than 20 seconds each guard. And it's beneficial for what we called one chunk information. For example, wards and some specific languages for studying specific translations, for studying specific drugs. Medical studies. It's easy, effective, and aesthetically more pleasing. The second type of card is closed, like the closed type of card is when a part of the current is hidden. This is better for multi chunk information. When we have multi chunks, we can see that information number one and inflammation number 23 are connected. So the question helps us by hiding one of them. I joined the US. The second book, this specific card of card, makes our connections easier and faster. By using this way, we can make our study less mechanical and more interconnected. By making this active recall, we connect these multiple information. And it can be better for practical reasons for using this information later, and not only for the exams. And our third type of card. Here we show the answer. The third type of card, which is one of my favorite is Image Occlusion cards. The Image Occlusion cards have the benefit of making them really fast. You can make ten or 12 pounds for less than one minute. And by using only one picture. And this is the perfect type of cards for visual learners. Visual learners can use this type of card to study big schemes like clinical guidelines, like specific pictures would annotations. This is used especially for biomedical students, for treatment guidelines, diagnostic guidelines, and for studying anatomy or physiology. Here we can see a therapy guidelines where we have one chunk hidden. We showed the answer, and then we can toggle the mask to see all the other answers. This way we can study the first chunk and then related to the other ones. And making these types of codes can be really fast. And during this course, we will study together how to make these cards fast, efficient, and easy to study. One, keeping them related to our subjects. See you in the next videos. 7. Basic cards: Now we will be talking about making the code. If you are not using pre-made cards, then we need to make our own cut. The first type of God that we will talk about during this video is the basic type of card. Whenever we think about flashcards, this is the classical type scarred. Like our gods that we use to study in when we are young. Or the ones that used to give us, They used to give us in schools. Really simple physical card that is digitalized here in Anki to have two parts. The first part, we'll have one information That's like a hint. And the second part will have more than just information. We'll have the answer to this information. Collected information to the first one, some kind of related information that we need to somehow connect to the first part. First of all, we will have to go into the ad bought. Before discussing how to make the card itself, you'll have to discuss the anatomy of the speech. First of all, that type of car that he needs to use will determine the fields that you have. These are fields. Then the deck. You will have the deck called Skillshare. By putting these two points two times, then typing the subject we will be having. For example, this card will be added into the basic something. After that here we have fields, we can add more fields. For example, hint field to Question field were two questions can have one answer or two back fields with one question can have two answers. Or for example, we can have word in English. Then you will have here the Japanese translation of this world. Then we will have the phonetic translation of this word, like how we say it. If we press on fields. Here we can see we have front and back. We can add more, delete the name, but these are specific skills that we will use in our next video. Then, press Save, and we check cards. Using this current font. We can see here the code that quantifies for us the font God. If you write for example, the question in the front field, we will have our question here. Footprints on the Back template. We will have this where we have the front part of the count and the back. We can, for example, delete the front and you will just have that back. Then we go to styling. Styling. We have the code, they give us the style of the text. These are more advanced things that will not change our study method or efficiency. They can be more aesthetic and make us less overwhelmed by the information if we have too much information. But for a beginner, this all we need to know, for example, in the front to ask the question. That question is the seventh, July 1997. We press, for example, if we want to add tags, which will help us find Guard later, we can do it here in this segment. Or if we want to make a specific part of the underlined, we press control. You will have underlined part. If we want a specific part to be involved, we write control and we haven't evolved. This stuff can be helpful later. For example, we can have birthrate involved, then morph a month, which is mean. We can take them Hamlet the equatable and put the underlining. The underlining here, for example, is set to help us make the accent on exactly this spot. Then if we want to make it colored, for example, we can set the background. We can set symbols. We can attach any kind of picture. We can just copy, paste any picture if you want. The front or the back, both getting the picture, link, text, anything we want them by pressing Control Enter or pressing on the add. The card is added into our deck. Then we go out, go into basic study. Now, here we see the old question. Then we see our gut, which is birth date of Muhammad. Professor Haidt is our answer. This is how we make the basic type of God. As we see it. We just need to copy, paste any information into the respective fields. And we will have this type of God. This type is perfect for using these cards to study languages. Words, names, drugs in pharmacology. For medical students, or small correlation of information. 8. Cloze cards: The signal will be talking about close type of cotton clothes type of card is used generally to remember information that are apart of some specific structure. They can be used as one-on-one, which means one question, one answer. Or it can be used in a multi-level facet. Where do we have one question that has three or four answers? Or three or four correct answers, for example, or three or four parts of dancer. And every card just heights one part of the question. It can hide them all together, or it can hide each one of them. First of all, we start as usual by going into the ad. Then we choose the type which is close type. We choose it. Then we choose which we want. For example, sculpture, close. We choose it. Then we add the text. For example, Muhammad was born on the seventh, July 1997. We take the first part, which is the first inflammation we throw under the seventh. We hide it. We have C1. C1 means that this is the card number one. July. The same thing, the 1997, we hide it. Then we can hide Mohammed, for example. As we can see here, we have four different cuts. Then in the back extra, we can have some explanation. For an example. Lucky. This type of text will be shown after we answered the question. Likewise, we can do the same aesthetic stuff that we had in the previous card. We can make bold, we can change the color and we can hyper link anything. But the thing I want to assess the most about close cards of types is that we can have two answers. Convert differently. So the person knows that he needs to answer for two parts of the question. For example, the s2, we can put it C1, then we will have to change the other ones as s2, S3. After changing all of that, we add the code. Then we will not have only one card, will have multiple codon. We'll go back to a close standing out. Old gods. As you can see. Here, we can see this card. We had two answers are hidden to hidden answers can be shown in these blue spots. Sometimes in advanced codes. We can add inside of these fields, not points, but hints, for example, day and month. But we will not do this here as this is still a beginner level. We press Space and we can see that the same we can see for the year. And here we can see where the question itself, they said that what the answer is shown. This way. We don't have a question and answer structure. We just have to information related that we need to remember them. This kind of active and then retroactive recall of the same information mixed regularly, it easier and longer. And it takes out the mechanical part where trust mechanically, repeating and studying material that our brain finds understudy or boring. This way, it can be more tricky. It can be more fun, and it will last longer. This information will last a lot longer than our brains by using this type of God's. This is the most popular card. And as you can see, within 20 seconds, we made, almost forgot. We can make as much as we can. But we should always remember that when doing cards, we should have three chunks of information, max plus main information available to them. The three chunk conformation, we're interested in the material before putting it inside this type of guns. This type of course can be more helpful in comprehension. So this way, we can see a little bit of time in the process of studying the material before. And put this time more than the cost of making the cut and studying them. These three techniques, when combined together, will give us the best time of studying any kind of information. Because it has active recall. Inverse active recall. It has multiple information connections. It has the ability for us to predict how these three can change. These cards can be customised according to each one, but they are best used one dot and premade decks. As we saw in the previous videos. 9. Image occlusion cards: Our last video, we'll be talking about Image Occlusion type of clouds. This type of cards is the ideal and favourite type of card for visual learners. This is used scheme annotation. An illustration of a concept is used where we need to remember specific parts of the concept to memorize this picture or concept inside our minds. For using this, we need to already have pictures which are and our books we find on the Internet. Then we have to enhance it into our application by using a mod specific to Anki called Image Occlusion Enhanced. On how to use this mode. We will talk later how to download it, but it's quite simple. During this video, it will be all explained. This video will be done on a Windows computer. That's why I will be using the buttons on my computer. For the Mac type of computers, users should just googled how to make screenshot of the video of the screen to know how to include pictures inside. God's. First of all, we do as we did an all other videos. We go inside the window, would choose the type of card which will be Image Occlusion Enhanced, which use it. Then we put them deck as sculpture image 1plus about this is that we can make a lot of images using just one adding of carton. We add one count, one image. Then the result we will have ten by four as much as you want. Then we just go to the Internet or refund the specific picture. And on Windows we have to press the Windows button, Shift and S. After pressing them. We select the part between you and it will be directly copied. We go back to Anki, press on the Add Image Occlusion. By doing this, the picture should add itself. By copying any image. The image will be visible in here. During this specific window that was open for the Image Occlusion mode, we have a lot of options. The options we need to remember is this one. And this one just differs in shape of the aspect that will hide our info. And we just click on it. One. We can hold multiple ones, as we will do in here, for example. We can hide one we didn't before and doing now. After that, we have few options. We can add more, or we can make them in separate gods by doing the same process. But again, you don't have climbing one. I will decide to do them all in one. God. That will be transformed into multiple other codes, as we can see, will be having 3569101314 cut. We can hide one guess one way or the other ones will be visible and you will only hire one part of it. Or we can put hide all, guess one. The hide all guess one is the preferred one since we will be getting less hints and it will be more challenging. But at the same time, after we know the answer or after we showed the answer, we can press on toggle button where it will show us the other ones. We press on it. As you can see, 14 clans has been added. We close the window, go inside our deck. Wherever we go outside our deck, we can see the other ones. Now, since we have a lot of image occlusions, we can see from the other ones where discard that I have made previously shows us one red spot. This spot is the hidden one, which means to guess. And the other hidden one wouldn't not sure when we show the answer, we pass it. And we see that for such type of patients, we give one of those options. If we need to know the other ones. We can put connections between all these answers. We just toggle the mask and we can see what do we do for step 12345. We can see that we have an upward upward stream of adding more therapy on more aggressive therapy. We remember don't information and we remember the connection that has to the other. The same question. Again. We'll have another time. We did the exact same thing, but with other photos. This is all we need to know. The Image Occlusion type, Frankie, at least for the negatives. 10. Final words: Thank you for watching all the videos about. In this video we will try to wrap it up All few information that will be useful for using language. As a reminder, this video has been for beginner users of Anki, users that have heard of it, or doesn't know anything about it, or has been using own pre-made decks, but wants to customize it for its own good. I hope it has been hopeful for everyone to watch these videos where we explained what is Anki, how to use it, and when do you use it? And we remind you again that should be used as a complimentary method, not as the main method. Should be used only after we have understood the material you need to study. Then we can start memorizing our material. This material, when added into Anki, can be studied, but only when done on a constant basis where the students study is it almost every day? We go back from university on the road, the bus before sleeping, when sitting in cafe, when waiting in lines during those boarding times Re to wait for something or this dead time of the day. After that. If for example, we see that it's two stressing to use during the day. We can start some kind of tradition. When we study on kids every day for 20 minutes before sleep, every day after eating for 20 minutes while staying, ending down to digest our food. These are the best ways to integrate Anki into our daily life. What it becomes a tool every student can use to maximize his output, his knowledge, and his marks on exams. As we can see, pre-made decks faded since they are done, but customizing your deck may be more efficient knowledge wise. Using premade decks can be more efficient time-wise. Do we have the three types of cards that we can use which was close basic image. Now, after watching these videos will understand which type of information needs, which type of codes. It might not be present in the beginning, but with time, it becomes a lot faster, a lot easier. To give a small introduction about the aesthetic part of icky, about the uses of small aesthetic shortcuts. There is a lot more options to make our cards more understandable, more beautiful, but they're a little bit more advanced. Hopefully, these can be covered also In other videos. At the end, we wish everyone good studies. And thank you for watching the video, the course. And hope that everyone will be taking at least some part that I found useful into his career. Thank you and goodbye.