Learn to Speak - Conversational German for Beginners | Scott McElroy | Skillshare

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Learn to Speak - Conversational German for Beginners

teacher avatar Scott McElroy, Mr

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      LECTURE 1


    • 2.

      LECTURE 2


    • 3.

      LECTURE 3


    • 4.

      LECTURE 4


    • 5.

      LECTURE 5


    • 6.

      LECTURE 6


    • 7.

      LECTURE 7


    • 8.

      LECTURE 8


    • 9.

      LECTURE 9


    • 10.

      LECTURE 10


    • 11.

      LECTURE 11


    • 12.

      LECTURE 12


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About This Class

The course is designed to help everyone from the ab initio stage - those who have never learned German before - to those wanting to brush up in preparation for an upcoming holiday. The course is audio based using a bilingual speaker (myself & Cameron) and it will be supported with on-screen transcripts for easier learning and better retention.

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Scott McElroy



I am a trained and experienced teacher of French and the proud owner of the LearnFrench resources page and blog. My experience covers the age ranges of 4-18 within a school environment and and teaching adults from many different walks of life.

After a 2 year period spent teaching English abroad I returned to the UK and was convinced that teaching was where I wanted to be, so I went to university and made it happen. Now I want to explore the world of online teaching and I hope you will join me for the journey!

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1. LECTURE 1: Hello, everyone, and welcome to learn to speak conversational German for the gin ITER intermediate level. This has been a collaboration between myself. Cameron Bell on my friend and language lover Scott McElroy in this first lecture will be looking at the benefits of learning another language. So sit back, grab a pen and paper if you want to make some notes on Let's Get Started. All the remains to be said is ville common to all of our students on Let's Go. So let's look at some of the benefits of learning another language. First off, we have a huge benefit here. Learning languages and engaging the parts of your brain responsible for learning those languages improves brain function. Overall, it's been shown that cognitive functions are much better in language learners, meaning that people who learn languages are actually giving their brain a workout and keeping it strong and healthy. This is also beneficial in helping to combat mental issues such as Alzheimer's. Again, learning languages has been shown to boost brain power to the point where it helps us keep it bay. The effects of mental conditions such as Alzheimer's, which to me seems like a great preventative strategy on one that's much preferable to on more fun than taking medication. It also helps people develop confidence not only if they visit the country whose language they're learning, but also in day to day life because they're learning new and powerful skills that can help them not only directly, but also indirectly through the other reasons that we're going to cover through these points. Because of this language, learners are able to go about their lives with an enhanced sense of confidence and self worth, which is great. They also get to meet incredible people again, both in the country whose language they're learning, but also in their own country. Whether that's, for example, German people visiting your home country or just other people from your country who have an interest in learning languages in traveling. Some of my own best and closest friends were people I met whilst learning German in college , and they're still really close friends 10 years on and another big benefit here. Once you've learned one language, learning another and even more than that becomes much easier. This is because after you've spent the time learning your first language, you're already used to the methods and tricks that will help you to memorize words and phrases in another language. This could be applied to any other language. You then want to learn next and on an even simpler level. It's true that a lot of languages share the same basic structures in terms of their sentences and vocabulary. For example, you'll see some similarities between German and English throughout this course. If you also wanted to learn French and Spanish, which, coincidentally, we've also produced courses for then you would see similarities between those two languages also. So that's another great benefit of learning your first new language. Once you've learned one the time spent learning further ones is cut down, meaning you get a great return on your initial investment into that first new language. I visited Germany a number of times, and I can say that because it allows much better communication. Learning a language makes your holiday so much easier to enjoy. For example, if you're on holiday and a situation arises where you lose something important, or you need to know how to get somewhere quickly having the knowledge that you can chat to the local people on that they'll understand you both makes it easier to resolve any issues quickly as possible and also gives you peace of mind throughout your holiday. If you're visiting on business or even if a German speaker visits you, then if you have a little bit of the language, you can break the ice in a friendly and impressive way that will make your business acquaintance warm to you on respect you from your very first meeting. Clients will feel more at home under teas with you and your perhaps be able to talk about things that otherwise would not have come up in your conversation, which could lead to better opportunities between you both on a similar note. Being able to speak some of the local language can help you to better integrate on a social level. You don't need to be fluent for this to work, even if you can speak just a bit of the local language. It will show to the local people that you're making the effort in their country and will not only help them to become more accepting off you, but will also make them friendlier towards you. Trust me, they will much prefer somebody speaking some German to the person that speaks in English but slower on DLA louder than usual. This is also true if you yourself live in a big city where you might bump into some German speakers throughout your time I have, and it's proven to be a great tool to help get us talking. Break the ice and endear them to me for making the effort by speaking their language in my country. It can also help you immerse into the local culture when you visit the city, not only by helping you to understand what your tour guide is saying is you visit some of the great landmarks, places and festivals in Germany, but also because when you're out and about amongst the local people, you will be able to pick up bits of their conversations, which will draw you into the place you're visiting by making your surroundings that much more relatable. And finally, if you choose to learn German, then you will find your own best way you have taking in the inter nations and accents the grammar and, of course, the vocabulary of a new language. You can then use this toe helpline another language. So, really, when you learn your first language, you're not only learning our language but a skill for life. And one last thing to remember. If you're thinking to yourself right now that you can't do it because it's been a long time since you were in school or since you learned the language, even German previously, then don't worry. It's never too late on on this course. We're going to be starting from scratch from the very basic and working our way up to more advanced German. So just remember language learning should be fun. No stress involved on whilst I'll be guiding you through this course, remember that you can take it at your own pace now with that said, I'll see you in Lecture to the by Finnell. 2. LECTURE 2: Hello and welcome back to this. Learned to speak conversational German course. This is like you to andan it. We're going to have a look at the German language itself. Similarities and differences between German and English Some of the special points to consider about the German language on a very brief look at the grammar involved in speaking German. Now this course doesn't focus on grammar, but knowing a couple of basic points will help you throughout the rest of the course. So let's take a look. So the tenses which German tense you use will determine whether what you're saying happened in the past, the present or the future. And this is a lot like English. However, when we use a verb in German, it's ending changes depending on the tents that you want to speak in the technical term, for this is verb conjugation. German consists of six main tenses with six main verb endings for each subject on the subjects. Are I you he she or it we you in the plural form on, do they? This is quite different to what you're used to in English, because in English we only add an s when we're using he she or it? For example, I play you play he or she plays. We don't usually change any other subject verb ending in English, for example, We play you play or you all play for the plural Andi. They play no other verb endings to remember. So having six different endings, depending on your subject, can seem like a lot to remember. But don't worry. Once you start to learn the general rules for how they work throughout this course, it will become easier. And of course, we'll be taking it slowly and you can go at your own pace. And luckily, there are easier versions off the past and future tenses in German shorter versions that will still ensure your understood if you use them since they are used. Just as often is the traditionally grammatically correct version that you might find in a German textbook. Now, first things first in German, we have deer de on dust. I know three ways to say the word, that it can be quite tricky to remember which to use. But don't worry. It can still be quite tricky, even for fluent German speakers to remember sometimes to Andi even native speakers don't get it right all the time. We used death de on dust because every German noun has agenda. What that means is that everything in German is either masculine, feminine or neutral. This is something that we don't have in English. Everything is just there something. There isn't a specific rule for which words take which gender. And it's something that you will just get to know over time, as you learn new words in practice your language. With enough practice, you will be able to remember which now owns Use which genders? So let's look at some of the most common difficulties that people have when they come to learn German for the first time. First of all, there's probably the most common difficulty the genders that we've just spoken about and knowing which one to use when, as we said, though this is something that nobody gets right all the time on, it will become easier and easier with practice. So don't be afraid to make mistakes whilst you're learning. Just know that if you put in the effort to learn, it will become much easier with time. Secondly, I'm sure many off you will already know that the German language sometimes uses on louts. That's the two little dots you see above some of their vowels. This changes the pronunciation of each vial that the arm now appears over, and pronouncing a word without it some loud or adding an on loud into a word that doesn't have one is basically saying the word incorrectly. It can even sometimes be a totally different word, like in our example here. Without the young lout, this word is pronounced sure, and it means already, but with theon loud over the letter O, the word becomes sure earn, which means beautiful. Sure, sure, so, as you can see on lots of pretty important, so look out for them throughout this course and pay attention to how the word with the young loud is pronounced. There were also some new sounds in German that language learners will have to get used to the most common ones being a C and H together a G at the end of a word. Onda A, K and R together, these often involve using the back of your throat, which is not a sound that we make very often when speaking English. So those letters pronounced in German would be and listen to the way these sounds are made throughout this series for a better understanding and practice them on your own because they can take a few tries to get the correct sound. Another thing that you'll find whilst learning German is that the sentence structures do change ever so slightly according to certain tenses. In cases you may use within your German sentences, you'll see this happen a couple of times throughout this course. The good news is that there are rules for your sense and structures that affect the sentence in the same way every time, meaning that you only have to learn each rule once, and then you can apply it toe any relevant sentence you wish to say. However, as you're so early on in your German language, learning career on the rules are based in the grammatical side of the language. We won't cover them in full detail throughout this course. We will only cover the ones you need to know at this stage. As always, just focus on learning the sentences we've provided for you in this course, and you can go back and discover how the grammar works behind them at a later date. Now, this next point is not so important if you're going to be speaking German on your holidays , but in written German all noun zehr written with a capital letter, regardless of where they appear in the sentence, this can sometimes be difficult to remember, especially if your mind is also thinking about just getting the sentence right in the first place. But I find it easiest to go back over what I've written. Look for any now owns and make sure I've capitalized them. Capital letters still appear at the start of a sentence, even if that word isn't a noun just like in English. And it's worth noting that throughout this German course I've only capitalized downs in any vocabulary section to remind you that there capitalized for a reason. What you see a full sentence. However, I will have capitalized the start of that sentence on denounce within it, just as it should be done. You'll see this as you go throughout the course, and it will hopefully be a helpful reminder and finally something that's increasingly common when learning a language. Now what with the Internet and smartphones is the slang words that you may come across every now and then, along with the differing accents that you might hear us. Well, hopefully, any local German people you meet will realize that you're relatively new to the language and make sure not to include any slung when they speak to you. But you can always simply ask them. What's a certain word means if you don't recognize it or on this advice comes with a little caution. You can use Google's translation function. Just don't rely on it to always be correct. Accents can be a little trickier. I once stayed with a German family on my hosts. Mother was from Bavaria, which is in the south of Germany, and he said that when his mother and her sister got together and spoke with their Bavarian accents, nobody else in his family could understand what they were saying. So if native German speakers have trouble understanding the accent, sometimes don't worry. If you have a bit of trouble, too, your conversational partner will respect that. You're learning the language on will be able to work with you to help you understand. Over time, you'll pick up on the different accents to on. That's when you'll know that you're getting good at German. Now. This slide should hopefully show you that learning German won't be a completely new experience for you. Since you may recognize some of the words on the screen, these words are ones that have been borrowed from German by the English language over time and cover a wide range of things. You have food related words like hamburger, a frankfurter Andi Delicatessen, Dark sand, which you may already know is the proper name for a sausage dog on Fox Bargain, which in German means the people's car. So if you're thinking to yourself that you don't know any German, it all I've got some good news. These words all have their origins in the German language, which means that you already know some German on. Finally, it's only natural to feel that in the beginning any language can sound very fast, quite difficult to understand on quite inaccessible. But please don't panic if you follow the lessons we will guide you along with in this course, commit to learning the phrases that we're going to help you to learn. Then you'll find that as you start to become familiar with parts of the language on, you can start to pick bits of the language out in a sentence spoken by somebody else that the fast and inaccessible language will start to slow down and become something you find easier to recognize enjoined him with. This is the same with any language. It's happened for me when I learned German and also Spanish on. I'm sure it's happened for my friend Scott McElroy to on When you realize it's happening for you, it'll boost your confidence in your own abilities. It's amazing just how much your understanding of an overall language will improve with just a few key lessons. So without further ado, let's start to learn some German. I'll see you in the next lesson. 3. LECTURE 3: Hello, everybody. Welcome back to this. Learned to speak conversational German course. This lecture is focused on our greetings and pleasantries, which are always going to be the starting point to any conversation you have. This will be the first lesson in which we start to speak a little bit of German for the first time. But don't worry, you can always take it at your own pace. You can always make use of the pause function whilst you take notes or practise a particular phrase. So let's take a look at what we're going to be covering. The first thing we'll look at in German is how to say hello and goodbye, two basic parts of any conversation and usually the very first thing you'll say to somebody when you meet them. So starting from the top, here we have Guten tag, guten tog, and this is what we would say for hello. It's quite formal and literally means good day. If you would still like to be formal but would like a different greeting than you can say hello, Hello. On either guten tag or hello will do just fine for nearly anybody. You meet off Vidas en off V dizzy and again. This will work for nearly anybody You could meet when you want to say goodbye off leaders in V. Gates v. Gates. This is quite an informal way of saying, How's it going? It's actually a shortened version of a phrase we will look at in the next group of phrases . But this particular version, V Gates, is something you could say to a close friend. Hello, V Gates. So now we can combine two phrases already. Hello, V Gates or Hello. How you is something that close friends could say when the meeting up. Okay, so now we have some personal questions. We can use these when we want to ask someone how they are or even how their family is, So we can ask V Gate as dear v gators. Dia, this is how are you on? It's quite general. It uses the more informal version of you so we can use it with people we know well and people we've met before. And so on V gate, as in in V gate ese. And then this is the same question as V gators, dear, but notice how the endings changed. This is because we use deer in less formal situations. ANDI nn In more formal ones, maybe to somebody we haven't met before, Or maybe an elder person v. Gaeta, Xenon v. Gates This is one we've already seen on. You can now see that it's just the shortened version of the other two phrases that sound so similar. V. Gates is informal, so beware of using it when you mean to say V Gate is nn In more formal situations. Voss Gates up, Vaz Gate up. What's up again? Something we could say with close friends. People we see quite often on you can even shorten it to vast gate. Vast gate, which is very informal, bought fine to use with really close friends. I chose to use the word stop to translate this one because it's quite a good much and shows you what kind of phrase vast gate is. If you think you can pull offs up in your everyday conversation, then you'll be fine with vast gate. If not, then maybe stick with the other options. And finally, v Gator's Diner Familia v Gator's Diner Familia. This is a nice phrase to know, so that you can ask somebody about their family, which shows that you're interested in them. Or maybe because you've actually met their family before v. Gator's Diner Familia. Pleasantries. These phrases will always be useful to know, and especially if you're taking this course because you want to travel to Germany. They're useful in all sorts of environments, from the airport to restaurants to cafes, shops, hotels, train stations and so on. Let's take a look at them dunker. Danker. This is how to say thank you. You can see in the column on the right here that we have a frenetic explanation of the words split up into syllables on any emphasized syllables are in italics to help you pronounce these words more authentically. You can follow it whilst we say the words in German dunker Feeling dunk. Thanks a lot. Feeling dunk. You'll notice that the E has disappeared from dunker here, so you're just left with dunk. You also might notice that the V's in German are pronounced with an F sound feel and dunk dunker shown dunker should. This is a very warm way to say thank you, and to me it shows gratitude. But in a friendly way, dunk ushered Mark finished. Oh, it's nothing must next's. This involves the C H sound we mentioned in the last lecture. Mark Next's. You could also say kind problem kind problem, which is a more formal version. It's like the difference between the English phrases. No problem, Andi. Oh, it's nothing, ma Neitz kind problem. Better soon beater shown. You're welcome. It's fine to also just say better on its own. But again, for a warmer, friendlier version, you can say beater shuhn. Just be aware at this early stage, that beater on its own also means, please, which you will see quite a lot over this course and probably quite a lot whilst you're speaking German Ganga, she in my pleasure gal Gashi and or again, for a shortened version, you might sometimes just here Zeer girl Zia gown. My pleasure. Notice how the s of the start of that sentence is pronounced with a zed sound. Zia Gan and lastly zeer air fight Zia air flight Lots of new ways of pronouncing letters in this group of phrases. But don't worry when you learn them once you'll recognize them in new words. As you learn more This time the U letters combine to make an oy sound. Is there air fight? This means nice to meet you, which, like in English, you could say Justus, you meet someone for the first time or after meeting them and saying your goodbyes. It was nice to meet you. Zero air fight. So now let's have a look at a little situation where we can also put some of those phrases into practice, whereas in English we would normally answer the phone with Hello, you can see in German. A telephone conversation usually starts with the receiver's name or telephone number. So, for example, Frau Schmidt Frau Schmidt, which would roughly translate to Mrs Smith. And then the caller might ask for someone. So Dartfish met someone. Expression Bitter Duff ish Mitt. Someone expression better. May I speak with someone, please? Maybe they're asking to speak to someone called Katia. So Dartfish Mitt, Cut your expression beater. Dartfish Mid Cartier expression Bitter on Finally toe end your call. We have number three. Thank you. And goodbye, Duncan Shown off. Vida Herman. Thank you. Danker should and goodbye off Vida Hurtgen. Now you may notice that the word for goodbye here isn't the same as the word for goodbye from our last group of phrases, which waas off Vidas Ian. The endings changed, and this is because in this example you're on the telephone. The differences between the two phrases here are the Z and under the hurr in at the end of each word in German, Zeon means to see on her own means to here. Therefore, one is best used when you're with somebody in person. On seeing them on one is best used when you're on the phone and only hearing them. And that's why, in this example, because we're on the telephone, you would say Alfreda Hurvin off, Vida heard. So you can see that if you do need to use the telephone in Germany, these will all be very useful and help you get through most conversations. So make sure to note them down because they're some of the most common things you'll say on the phone. And I'm sure they'll come in very handy on that's it for this lecture, your first introduction to the German language and plenty of phrases to help start off your conversations. Take your time practice in them. Go back over this lecture if that will help and get used to the new pronunciations we've covered because you'll encounter them quite often in the upcoming lectures. Andi, when you're confident with them and you're ready for some more phrases, I'll see you in the next lecture. 4. LECTURE 4: Hello and welcome back to lecture for in this lecture, we're going to be looking at age, location and where you're from, So talking about yourself and talking about your origins. So how to ask somebody how old they are? There are two ways to do this on which one you use will depend on who you're talking to. For most people, you've already met who you're becoming friendly with, you would probably choose the informal way of asking them v out based do Viet visto. This means How old are you? V out best do for the formal version. Maybe when you're asking somebody you don't know yet or somebody who's older than you for example, their friends, parent's or grandparent's We would use the same starts of the sentence, but finish it off differently to account for the change in how formal were being in this case. To ask how old somebody is in a formal, polite way. It's V out Zindzi v out isn't Z how to ask how old he or she is? V out East Air or V out ist z. But wait a minute. I thought Z was the polite way of saying you And now we're also using it for the word she Yes, you might have noticed my note underneath these examples that explains the difference between Z with a lower case s and Z with a capital s. This goes back to those six different tenses I mentioned in a lecture to Z with a lower case s means she on Z with a capital s is the polite way of saying you These are two of the six different subjects we spoke about V out East Z means how old is she? Onda VLT Zind Z means how old are you in the formal way? V out Best do also means how old are you? Put in a more informal tone so you can see that knowing which verb endings to use in your sentence will be really important in showing which subject you mean to talk about. You can look at the reason why the verbs change on the rules for how they changes her later date. But for now, just remember the difference between the informal. You do the formal you z with a capital s on she Z with a lower case s v out best do V out, Zant, Z VLT ist z. So moving on to something simpler when somebody asks you how old you are, you will reply ish been Yeah, out. We're looking at numbers right after this. But for example, if you wanted to say you were 19 years old the word for 19 is 19. 19. Therefore putting it into our sentence. You would say ish been 19 yards out. Ich bin 19 Yara out. He or she is 19 years old is a very similar change in the sentence to asking how old he or she is. Air east, 19 yard adult. He is 19 years old or Ze s 19 yard. She is 19 years old now. I realize not everybody taking this course will be 19 years old. So let's have a look at some more numbers. You can see we've set this out so that you have the English number on the left on the German version in the middle, on our own way of pronouncing it phonetically on the right hand side. As we go through these numbers, you should be able to see the way that we say them is exactly as they're written on that right hand side with any emphasized syllables in italics. One thing to note here, the word for the number one Heinz is quite hard to write a pronunciation for. The best way to think of it is to think of the word Einstein on Take off the Time leaving you ways Science. Therefore, throughout the rest of this course, where you see that I've written the letters e Y E together in the pronunciation column. This is always going to be pronounced as the word is said in English. I I hope that's a good way of describing it to you, and I hope that it's useful to you. And finally, on this point, there's a really handy rule in German that will help you remember this. Whenever you see the letters e and I together or the letters I and e together, you always pronounce the pair as you would pronounce the second letter off that pair in English, so e I you would always pronounce us. I hand i e. You will always pronounce as e. That's a rule you can apply to any time you see those letters anywhere in any word. So it's really worth remembering. So counting down from the top here we have lines. Heinz. That's our word for one spy spy that's too dry. Tokai. That's our word for Number three. Fear. Fear. That's full food for month. That's five. Zakes Saiz. That's six z even Z even that's seven. Oh Hood. That's eight knowing knowing, which is nine on seeing saying, which is our word for 10. So that's eines spy Dry Fear food ZX z even act knowing. Seen as a challenge. Try to memorize these 10 numbers before you move on, because they'll be the most common ones. You used a today and will be really useful for 11 to 20. The German words follow. The same basic principle is English. 11 and 12 get their own special words, but by the time you get to 13 onwards, they all end in the same part of the word, seeing just like our words and in thine so going from the top again, we have health Elf. That's 11. It's both. It's wealth. 12. Right scene dry scene that's 13 fee yet seen fi, etc. 14 funf Insane Food Scene 15 ZEC Scene. Zane 16 z Saying z sane 17 now be careful here because the number seven in German is Z even . But 17 is Ze Zien, not Z benzene. It's just a little tweak, but it's very worth remembering. It's a little bit like our number 15 which is not five teen. It's 15 Germans do the same, but with their seven and 17. So it becomes Z even Andi Zine. Make sure to remember this for future. Prove it on again. We have saying Zane, which is 18. Annoy insane. No Insane, which is 19 on Day 20. Swan's ish fancy. That's 20. Just note. There's that G sound at the end of a word that we mentioned in Lecture to Swan Cischke. Remember that That's the same for almost all words. You see that end with the letter G, so make sure to remember this for future, too. So let's run through those old one more time and see if you can follow them along. Use the pronunciation column if you want to, as smells right. Scene. Fiat Scene Food scene Zach Sane Z Sane uh, seen nine saying, Andi, it's fancy 11 to 20. Congratulations. Let's move on. So for the number starting from 20 upwards. There's a very simple pattern you can follow to help you remember, quite like how English has a pattern in English, we say the large number and then the small number. So, for example, for the number 21 we do say 21 for the number 22 we say 22 on so on in German, it's just the other way round with an and in between the numbers. So whereas we say 21 in Germany, they would say one on 20. Whereas we say 22 they would say That's right to Andi 20 and this is the same from 21 all the way up to 99. So here's the good news. If you know the numbers between one and nine in German on the words for 2030 40 and so on, then you can say any number from 21 to 99. So let's have a look at how we say them in German 21 Just like we said in German, we turned the two numbers around and put in on between them, so 21 becomes one on 20 which then in German is Ein on spans ish I nonce fans ish 21 22. Spy on Spans ish Spy on Spans ish again 23 is simply three and 20 said in German, so that would be dry on sponsor Dry on Sponsor 24 would be fear on spans ish. 25 would be fun fronts. Vance ish. 27 would be Z Banon's vans Ish on 29 would be nine on Spans ish. So now you know how to make any number between 2129. Let's take a look at larger numbers so that you can do the same with them. So the number 30 dry ice is dry ice ish. Now here's a quick test. Can you tell what the number 35 is going to be? Remember the rule? That's right. Fun on dry ice ish, fun, fun, Thais ish, the number 40 fi, etc. Fi, etc. Remember that the V in German is pronounced like an F fi. It's ish the number 50 fun. So 52 for example, Spy hunt for Fish 60 z Zak's 70 Zishe z Z Again, just like the number 17 this version of the number seven doesn't use the whole German word it is not, I repeat, it is not Z Ben's ish. It is just zip dish, just like we say 50 not five. T remember that the Germans just say zits ish for their number. 70 Zeke's ish 80 moving on our fish. Ah, see, so 88 would be oct wound Our fish Notice that this C H sound in the word act sounds a little difference of the one we've heard and described previously. That's because, in some words, it uses the tongue and the roof of your mouth like the word ish. And in some words, it's just easier to use more of the back of your throat, but in a soft way, like in Okay, Next we have 90 which is 90 fish nines ish. And finally, we have 100 Hyundai yet honed at. I've put the ayn in brackets because it's quite rather, you'll hear I honda it in German when counting something Germans will usually just say Han debt. So, for example, 100 grams would be pundit gone. Ah, 100 kilometers would be 100 kilometer, but it can still help to know that 100 in its full form is Einhorn debt. I'm congratulations. I know that there were a few little hints and tips in that slide, but hopefully they will improve your understanding of the numbers in pronunciation on. I'm sure they'll help you in many situations. You come across in future, so let's move on to saying where you come from. So this is very useful being able to say where you're from. For example, if you're in a bar and you meet some new acquaintances or to explain to a holiday rep or tour guide, or even if you have to go to the doctors for any reason whilst you're on holiday. But it's always nice to be able to have a two way conversation, so we'll look at how to say where you're from, but also how to ask other people about their own origins and where they're from. So starting at the top, we have voice. Here comes due vore hair comes due. This is how to ask one person where they're from in an informal way. Where do you come from? Vote here comes to Maybe you've already been chatting to them for a while, and it's something you bring up in conversation next we have vore here Common Z vore hair Common Z. So I've included this sentence twice because I want to show you a little trick that you can use just to accelerate your learning here. This does require a bit of thinking about, But bear with me for the explanation because it is worth knowing. If you think back to our six subjects on that, we sometimes alter our verb too much. The subject that we're talking about well, that's happening here. However, when using the word you to refer to one person in a polite way or to refer to a group of people, we can use the same verb endings on the same sentence structures. They're so similar, in fact, that they usually just get group together is one subject rather than two different ones. Which one of the two you want to mean? Well usually come down to the situation that you say it in. So, for example, in a more formal setting, maybe you've just being introduced to somebody and want to ask them a question to break the ice. You can ask Vore hair common Z, where do you come from? Or if you're speaking to a group of people you've just met whilst on your travels. You can ask them all at the same time. Voyeur, common Z where do you all come from? So you can see that the sentences are actually identical, and you can use this to your advantage. Throughout the rest of this course, you'll see plenty more phrases that have all been set up in the U polite form Onda or the you plural form. So remember that one sentence applies to both situations, which means that you get to phrases for the price of one. This is a rule that's definitely worth making a note off so that you get the most out of the phrases throughout the rest of this course. And lastly, on this point, if it doesn't make full sense just yet, don't worry. Remember that this is one of the parts of German that is completely different to English on . We'll go into a full explanation in a future Siri's that covers grammar. The general rule will also become clearer just as you encounter more of these phrases throughout this course. Okay, so moving on to reply to these types of questions, you can say each comma house to tell somebody where you come from ish comma house. If there's more than one of you and you all come from the same place, you can say we come from, which is via common house via common house. So just before we move on to recap, you can see in our examples here that we have three different variations of the word common , which give you a little look at how the verb changes, depending on what subject it's paired up with. This is something you'll see throughout the rest of the course. But as we've said, the phrases in this course will get you open running, and you can always come back to the underlying grammar at a later date. And finally, now let's look at how to say the names of some countries so that you can practice these sentences in fault will cover many more countries in a later lecture. But for now, here are some of the countries where most of our students come from just to get you started . So starting at the top here we have England, England, which is England. Bonjean Bonjean, which is Spain. Fran Clash, flung crash, which is fronts Italian Italian, which is Italy. America America, which is America. Zoot Africa. Zoot Africa, which is South Africa. Canada. Kannada which is Canada. Andi Australian. How Australian Note that the AU at the start of this word is pronounced in a more German way than we would say it in English. Whereas we say Australia in Germany, we pronounce it Australian. You'll see this pronunciation quite often throughout the course, so it's worth making a note about it. And finally we come to our location phrases. These are to help you talk a little bit more about where you're from, so that you can explain where in the country you're from, or even where you live within a city for our American students. You could even use Thies to describe where you live in relation to a state, for example. So let's take a look. You can see the sentences are set up quite similarly in German and English. Here we have him, which is like our in the and then the direction. So, for example, Norden would be like north and finally fun, which is like our off. There are quite a few examples here and some will be more useful to you than others. So after we've gone through these examples, maybe picked the two that best describe your location and memorize them. So I m Northern. Fun means in the north, off in Northern Fun England. Mm Norden fawn Canada in the north off moving through the others We have hymns, Oudin fun in the south, off in zoo din. Fun. There's an on loud over the you here, which makes the you more oven do sound rather than an or sound in zoo din. Fun. Next we have in Austin from which is in the east off in Austin phone funds. Then we have in vesting fun in the west off in vesting fun And then we have in Centrum fun , which is in the center. Off came Zen Klum fun. And finally, in case you want to describe some where you live near to or near to where you're staying whilst you are on holiday and so on, then you can say in deer near phone in dare near fun Notice how this example starts with in dear rather than him. Now, if you remember in lecture to we mentioned that every noun has agenda in German, and sometimes the words we use alongside those knowns depend on the now owns gender. That's what's happening here. Near is feminine, whereas the other examples are all masculine or neutral and like we also mentioned which words are which gender is just something you'll learn through practice and time. So back to our phrase itself. If you're staying near to Berlin whilst you're in Germany, you could say in deer near Fun Bear lean in der near phone Belling. So, for example, if I was describing where I'm from, I might say in Northern Fun England or even in Centam fun Manchester. So quite a lot to take in in this lecture. Now you know how to count to 100 in German Say how old you are. Know why some sentences look the same but have different contexts on how to say where you come from. Remember, though you can work at your own pace. If you want to go back over this lesson, I would encourage you to do so on. And when you feel comfortable with what we've covered here, I'll see you in the next lecture. I'll feed the Hurtgen 5. LECTURE 5: Hello When Welcome to lecture five in this led to speak conversational German. Siri's in this lecture will be looking at likes, dislikes and hobbies, talking about yourself, maybe to some new acquaintances you've met or to a tour guide so they can organize some fun activities for you. So without further ado, let's get started. So how to say like just a quick note First, as you can see in the box here in German, there are two words for liking something one is used for liking now owns like objects or people on in German are word for this is mercan Morgan. The other word is used for liking verbs, so we would use it when you like doing something like a hobby or an activity, the word for that type of liking is gone, Gan. So as an example, if you liked our painting that you saw in a gallery, you would use mercan And if you like to paint as in the activity itself, then you would use gown. So make sure that you remember this difference now because it's worth knowing in readiness for when you encounter it elsewhere. For the rest of this lecture, though we're only going to talk about hobbies and activities which are verbs. So we'll be continuing with GAM and for the moment you can forget about Mercan. So let's look at gone again. It actually means gladly or happily in German. So when we say that we like an activity in German, what we're actually saying is I do this activity happily or I do this activity gladly. The German for this is ish activity gan Activity Gan, we'll be looking at plenty of activities that you can use in the middle of that phrase very soon. And if you like doing something a lot or you love doing something, all you need to do is at the German word for very into the sentence. So remembering what are German sentence for liking something is I do this activity happily when we are very into it. We get I do this activity very happily. The word for very in German is Zia Zia. So putting that into our sentence to say you really like an activity you would say ish activity z again, each activity zeer gown. I do this activity very happily or put more simply, I really like this activity. Now let's say you're with some new friends in Germany or your with your tour guide. And they suggest doing something that really doesn't sound all that great to you. How to say that you don't like doing something is quite easy. In fact, it's Azizi is in English. Where is we now? Know that ish girl means I do this activity happily to say I don't do this activity happily is simple. We just at the German word for not into the sentence and it becomes ish activity. Nish girl Yes, Activity Nish Gal, I don't like this activity. And to say that you absolutely don't like a certain activity. There's just one more word. God. So whereas I don't like, is h activity nish gan. Our phrase for I absolutely don't like is ish activity garnished gal and like in English. If you want to show someone you really don't enjoy it, You could emphasize your words to get your point across ish activity, garnish, gown and one little tip before we move on. You can usually add the word next to most sentences to make a negative statement. But just watch out for where the word nish goes because its position does sometimes change depending on the structure of the sentence again, not something you need to memorize right away. But if you do see the word mission swapping places in sentences, at least you now know why. So we have the basic parts of our sentences for I like an activity. Andi, I don't like an activity. So now let's start putting it together. So to say that you like doing something, you take our phrase ish activity gal, and you put your hobby in place of the activity. Remember that we have to change the ending of our verb here to show who the verb refers to in these examples. I'm talking about me so we'll be using the verb in the eye form if I like an activity I can say ish and then the verb in the eye form gown. Or, if I don't like it, I can say ish and the verb in the eye form Mishka gown. And here I've given you three examples using what we've already learned and adding in some verbs in that conjugated I form. On the very left, you can see the raw on modified form of each verb on its English translation. So from the top, we have spielen spielen to play muffin muffin to do s and s and to eat. So that's what the words mean. And now if we use them in our sentence, you can see how each verb changes to reflect the fact that they're now in the eye for so are examples from the top each Spieler Gan If Spieler Gail I like playing or I like to play if marca gal ish marca gal I like doing or I like to do each Esser niche gown ish Esser Nish girl I don't like eating or I don't like to eat. Some of you may have noticed that the only change on each one is that they've all lost the end from their endings. This is quite common across a lot of the verbs in the eye form, So there are three examples. Next, we'll be looking at Colin verbs for likes and dislikes. So if it helps go back over this particular slide until you understand the difference between an UN conjugated verb onda a conjugated verb in the eye form, because it will come in very handy in all sorts of situations. So here is some more verbs to help you express what you like doing and don't like doing as we progress through this course, we're going to include more German in the visuals too, which will help immerse you in the German language. Just that bit more so in our Deutsche column on the left we have our verbs and you can see that they're all in the UN conjugated basic format. So from the top Spielen Spielen to play Hurvin Hurvin to listen to something s and Exxon to eat drinking, drinkin to drink unshowy on Chauhan To watch or see Now this is an example of a two part verb which you'll find sometimes in German when used in a sentence the verb split into two parts. We have an example of how this works later in this lecture moving on we have gin gay and to go somewhere all spot zero and gain but see even gain which is to go for a walk. Zazi Ali's era Zazi Ali's era to socialize. Now here's one that's one of my hobbies. Sh laughin sh laughin It's asleep. Marlon Marlin to paint Onda. We have lease and lays and to read. So those verbs air great to know. But you've probably noticed a lot of them are very useful on their own. So here are some examples of activities that involve each of the verbs, which demonstrate how we can use each of them in context and therefore in everyday conversation. Don't forget, you can work out which of the now owns in these phrases by looking for the words that start with a capital letter, and you may notice that the word for two changes a few times in these examples. But as we would suspect by now, this is to do with the couple more grammatical rules, such as the gender of the place we're going to on whether we can abbreviate that word at all again, this time to learn the grammar behind this. Later, so are examples. First up fans Ian fans Ian to watch television. This is another two part verb that splits up when used in a sentence. So let's split it up into found on Z, and then let's modify the verb too much. The I subject So Z and becomes Zia each Zia and finally we swapped the two words round. So our sentence becomes ish. Zeer fair. I watch TV each Zia found If you want to tell somebody you like watching TV, you would say each zeer gown fan in de Can I pay again to go to the pub in de can I per game to use it in our I format, We move the verb, modify it as in the previous examples and say each gear in de Can Ieper, I go to the pub gear in Deacon Ieper. If you like going to the pub, you can say each Gaia gam in Deacon Ieper. Notice how again always comes straight after the verb ish Zia Gan fan ish gear Gan in Deacon Ieper. So turn Hal again. So two and holla g in to go to the gym. So you can say that you're going to the gym with each gear so to on holla. But you can also just say that you're going to exercise, which is Titania in game train near in again, each gear train near hon. Or you can just say that you're exercising. If train era. If you wanted to say you like exercising again. You would put Gan after the verb so you could say each Gaia Gan trainee Evan. Or you could say each train era gown. So a couple of different ways to say it there for you just pick whichever one you like the sound of best practice it moving on. We have Sport Martin Spot Martin to do spots. Note that for most sports you would say that you play them, which would be spielen, but with the actual word spot, you would say that you do it. Market spot. Machen each marker gan spot. I like doing sports. Also in this example, it's worth mentioning that sometimes in German, we pronounce Letter S is with a sound again, This is something you'll learn over time. But for now, just listen out for which words are pronounced this way because you'll encounter a few of them over this course. Schwartz spielen on So on. If you like to play football, you would say If Spieler gan football so working backwards, you can see that to play football is four spiral spielen football Spielen If you've noticed the word. Football has an s sound, but there are no letter s is in the actual word. What you can see in the word is a special German character that looks a bit like a capital B. It's called on EST. Set on. It's sometimes used in place of two letter s is So when you see it, just pronounce it like you were seeing two Letter s is so in this example if Spieler gown football each bill again for spot I like to play football. Moving on to paint is relatively simple. It's still just Milen Marlin. Yes, Marla gown Onda, we have spot CIA engage in to go for a walk. So whereas gain on its own means to go somewhere or to walk somewhere to go for a walk is spot zero in game again. Notice how the letter s in spots. Siobhan is pronounced like a sound ish gear spots. Even I go for a walk each gear gam spots. Even I like to go walking. If Gaia gan spot see Evan. Okay, so now we've gone through those first examples in quite some detail. Let's have a look at some more and use the same rules as we did last time. Women, women to go swimming. So to say, I swim, Harvard gets modified and it becomes ish. Schwimmer ish Schwimmer on to say You like swimming, you would say ish Schwimmer gown H Schwimmer gan highs in to travel Remember our rule for pronouncing E and I, depending on which order they appear in highs in So to say you like travelling, we modify the verb and use it in our phrase as usual beef. Hi za gown ish isa gown. I like traveling in ski no again ins Kino Gehen To go to the cinema, you might like going to the cinema, in which case you can say Ich gehe gam in ski No ish gay again in ski. No, you might like watching movies, but from the comfort of your own home, in which case you can just say I like to watch movies. The phrase for to watch movies is filmer unsure. Alan Film a unsure Alan, but take notes unsure. Word is that two part verb that we spoke about before that sometimes splits up into on and shower when we use it in a sentence. So if you want to say I like watching movies, the sentence becomes if shower Gan filmer on shower gam film Um, I like to watch movies s and gin to eat out or to go out to eat s and again so to say I'm going out to eat Our sentence becomes each gear s and I'm going out to eat ish Gaia s And if you like going out to eat you might say ish Gaia gown Essen. Remember that the GAM comes after the verb on. These are both verbs, but the one that we're modifying is gay. And so it comes after that one. Yes, gear gown s. And next we have sh laughin sh laughin to sleep that some people do class. This is a hobby myself included. Sometimes, which is why we've included it here. So modifying the verb and putting it into our sentence we would end up with if schlock tha gal ish schlock for God, I like to sleep all. Maybe you don't like sleeping because you'd rather be out making the most of your day, In which case you can say each sh Lafta nish gal. If schlock for next gown, I don't like to sleep Undying stunt again on Dane stunt game to go to the beach each gaia undying in strong island on if you like going to the beach ish Gaia Gann on Dean Strand each Gaia Gail on Dean stunned. Or if you don't like getting son between your toes, you might say each gayer niche Gan Andean stunt. I don't like going to the beach. So now that you've picked out one or two hobbies from the examples that you like or don't like, it would be useful if you could explain to people why you like them or why you don't like them. With that in mind, here are some examples for explaining why you might like or dislike certain activities. Now, remember, we have the correct pronunciation or in German Christie here, on the right hand side, see if you can follow it along whilst we run through these examples. So first we have s East Lung. Violet. Eighties Boring s is lung violation s east. Good for the gesundheit. It's good for your health. S is good for Deco's on tight using our rule from before about adding the word next to make something negative. We can also say s East nish goot for diggers on tight when something's bad for your health s east Nish goot for the Gazoontite It's not good for the health s inch bond. Me Notice how the letter s is pronounced with a sound again Here and sponte s inch bond. Mish This means it relaxes me. Essence sponte me ish Zazi Ali's era gam I like socialising Zazi Ali's here, huh? Gal Now this uses the same rule with Gan that we've already been practicing notices Well, that this time the S is not pronounced as a sound. Over time you'll learn which words are and which aren't. It will eventually come naturally This time though, it's Zazi Ali's era Girl Each mug Neuer loiter Kenan Lannin I like to meet new people H marred Neuer Loiter Canon Manon. Remember how I said that We use the word mercan toe like objects or people? Well, because in this sentence it's the new people that were expressing our like towards we're going to use mercan. When we modify Murga on to the I form in a sentence, it becomes Marg Neue Loiter means new people Neue loiter and finally Kenan learn in means to get to know literally it actually means to learn to know. But in English, we would say to get to know can in land. And so putting the whole sentence back together in English. I like to get to know new people. Or more simply, I like meeting new people each. Marg Neuer loiter Canon Landen on finally a simpler one Here s marked pass It's fun s marked Boss Remember all rules about how to pronounce the yes on how to pronounce the s Tset character s marked Boss, it's fun not to make that a negative statement. If something isn't fun, all you have to do is add in one more word. But this time it's not knish. It's now kind Keinan, which means no when talking about a quantity. So a couple of examples of what I mean there might be there are no more apples or there are no tickets left. That use of the word no is the one we mean here. So we say s marked. Kainan! Boss, it's no fun. Esmark! Kainan! Schloss! So there you go. There are some reasons that you may like or dislike some hobbies, So at this point, it might help to go back over this course and pick a couple of hobbies, maybe one you like and one you don't like and pick a couple of reasons for why you like or dislike them and meet me back here for the final part of this lecture, where we're going to put it all together. So here we go. It's time to make a full sentence to describe what you like doing on why you like doing it now. This actually is where we combine two smaller ideas to make a whole sentence on. Because of that in German, the word order will change slightly in the second part of the sentence. However, don't worry. There's a very simple rule to learn here on. Once you've got it, you'll be putting it into practice like it was second nature. We have to use this rule because of the word viol vile. Any time you use the word viol, the part of the sentence that follows it will change order. You might be thinking, Oh, another rule to remember. But just think how many times in a day you use the word because chances are you use it much more often than you'd actually realized And for that reason alone, think how much you'd like to be able to say it in German and therefore how useful the following rule is going to be to you. So even though it might take a little bit of time to learn now, it will pay off again and again and again when you're using it all the time in your German conversations. And again remember that you have the luxury of being able to go over this part of the lesson again and again at your own pace until you're 100% comfortable with it. The other good news here is that this rule changes the order of your sentence in exactly the same way every time. Now he is the change. Think of your sentences. Two halves divided by the word because I like this hobby because off this reason, so whenever you use that word for because in German, which we know is vile, the first half of the sentence doesn't change it all, but in the second half of the sentence that half immediately following the word for, because we take the verb in that part of the sentence and just move it from wherever it waas to the end of that part of the sentence. Now, that sounds a little bit complicated, but as we go through these examples, you'll see what I mean. So if you look at our first example and then look back to our reasons on the last slide, you'll notice that the word east has moved to the end of the sentence on its own. You would say s ist gute for Deka Zune tight. It's good for your health. However, now that our phrase follows the word vile, it becomes vile s good for Deka Zone type East viol s goot for diggers on tight ist because it's good for the health. If we skip to the bottom example here, remember that if you wanted to say it is boring on its own, you would say s is lung violence. However, we're now saying because it's boring. So that would become vile s lung violation. East Violet s lung violet ist because it's boring. In the third example are verb is Zazi Ali's era and therefore you can see that ish Zazi Alysia gal has now become vile ish gown Zazi Ali's era on Finally the second example down is one I've included to show you that the word nish is not affected by this rule. So whereas before we had s East Niche group for Dickinson tight, we now have vile s Mitch Goot foodie Gazoontite est violas Next good for diggers on tight est because it's not good for the health. So I hope that explains this rule. You say the first part of your sentence is normal. Always follow it up with a calmer if you're writing in German and then start the second half of your sentence with the word vile and then use your modified second half of the sentence where that verb has moved to the end. So let's now put that into practice with our, for example, sentences here just breaking down the sentence. You can see that first we have our subject, which in these examples is always going to be I because we're talking about ourselves, then we have our activity or hobby that we like or dislike. So that's going to be a verb and gown or nish gown or maybe garnished girl. Then, after the commenter split up, that part of the sentence we have are really important. Connective word because or in German, vile. And then finally, we have the second half of the sentence in which we explain why we like or don't like our activity. Andan This part of the sentence are verb shifts to the end of that part of the sentence because it follows the word vile. So from the top ish Schwimmer gown, vile s good for diggers on Tight East. I like to swim because it is good for the health ish from a gun Violence good for D Gazoontite est. Next we have Ishmouratova, nish gown, violence, snitched, goot, foodie, Gazoontite est. So here's a brand new verb. Often, which means to smoke Ralph in. Remember that Germans pronounced some sounds with a throaty effect on Draffen is a great word to practice and listen to to help you get those pronunciations right. So ish Rosa Niche gan Vile is niche goot for diggers on Tight East. I don't like smoking because it's not good for the health. Maybe you don't like going to the cinema because you have to be quiet and you prefer chatting with people. Well, you could say e scare Michigan in skied Oh, violence, Each gown, Zazi Ali's era. I don't like going to the cinema because I like to socialize HK and Michigan in ski No vile ish gown. Zazi al Aziziyah Andi. Finally, I personally quite like painting, but you might want to say I really don't like painting because it's boring. In that case, you would say each Moloch garnished Gan vile IHS lung, Violet east, each Marla garnished gal violas, lung violation ist. I don't like painting at all because it's boring If you love painting, However, then I'm really sorry for using your hobby is the example here. So there you go. You have four examples of how to say what you like and don't like on why. Hopefully you've seen that the rules in each sentence are the same, and it's starting to form a pattern that you can recognize the next step. To really accelerate. Your learning and understanding of this lecture is to make it personal to your own situation, talking about your own likes and dislikes. So take the activity or hobby that you picked for yourself on the reason that you matched it with and try to put them into your own sentence. That's personal to you. Don't worry if you have to say really slowly whilst you're figuring out where everything goes on which word is the verb and so on. I remember when I started using the word vile, I would have to have the longest pause after the next word. Whilst I figured out the order of why I was going to say next, remember, as with all aspects of any language, the more you practice at it and dedicate the time and effort to learning the rules of the language on the vocabulary to use. With those rules, the faster and better you'll become. And it happens without your realizing, until one day you'll finish a sentence and think, How did I just say that? And I promise, with enough practice, that's where you can get to with your German. So take some time to go over this lecture, get comfortable with the new rules, and words were introduced here on When you're ready, I'll see you in the next lecture. Duncan shirt 6. LECTURE 6: hello again and welcome back to our conversational German course. In this lecture, we're going to be looking at some directions and landmarks. By the end of the lecture, you'll have an understanding of how to find your way around, whether that's a country, a town, a hotel, a library or a bar. So without further ado, let's begin with some directions. Some a great starting point for this lecturers to learn some very basic directions, which you can use on their own, or in combination with some further vocabulary places, landmarks, buildings and so on to be even more precise with your directions. This will be really useful if you're planning a trip to a German speaking country. So take the time to memorize them because you will thank yourself from the minute you land at the airport. So starting at the top left, we have links links. This simply means left. If you want to say to the left, it's really simple. You just add the word knock at the start. No links to the left for in front off for Don't forget that our visa pronounced like efs four in front off rates. This is the word for right rates again, like with left. If you wanted to say to the right, it's really easy. No arrests hit. Enter hint. Er behind our picture shows a man behind bars, but hopefully you won't have to use this exact example on your holiday hint er and finally here, by this means next to by now a quick note here these words are propositions on when we use them in German. Some of the words following them may be modified ever so slightly. So if you see this happening, don't worry. Your eyes do not deceive you, for example, sometimes the word we use for the changes. After a proposition, however, the noun itself won't change on. Therefore, you'll still be able to interpret the directions you're being given. And don't forget. If you're going to be visiting a German speaking country, it's much more likely that you will be asking for directions rather than giving directions to somebody. Therefore, you won't have to worry about remembering this ruling using it perfectly, so we'll just leave that for a later date. For now, just be aware that it can happen. Learn the phrases within this lecture on you'll be fine. So like we just mentioned, it's much more likely that you'll need to know how to ask where something is on holiday rather than tell somebody else where it is. And on that note, here's a good selection of common places you might want to visit and how to ask for them. First, we have our main question, which you can use at the start of any question about the location of something or someone. It's nice and polite, so you can use it even with people you haven't met before. So our question starts with a nice, long word and surely gong and sure d gong. Remember to use the phonetic description underneath the phrase If that helps you and surely gong, this means excuse me and surely go. So that's actually really helpful to know for all sorts of situations. In fact, any time you want to say excuse me, definitely worth noting down. The second part of our sentence is Vore, east of all East, and that's our German, for where is and so putting both parts together and surely go before waste. And then your place of choice Now in the table here we have a selection of places, and I'm sure some of these will stand out as being important to you. So again, note them down if you think it will help. So starting from the top de fluke Khalfan dare fluke Khalfan the airport. Now I know I've given you a lot of tricky rules and vocabulary to remember recently. So here's a nice little present for you, if you prefer, instead of saying Flughafen, you can just say Dare airport. It's a perfectly acceptable word to use in German, and I'm sure that that's easier to remember than flu Coffin Dare. Airport Deb Bahnhof, the train station Dad Bond Hoof. There's super marked now us with quite a few German words. This word itself looks almost identical to its English counterpart, but it sounds that bit more German than our version. Death. Zuba mocked the supermarket de Catia, the church. Germany has some incredible, beautiful churches, so even if you don't visit a church regularly, it's well worth knowing this word. De Catia, the Church de Catia. Now there are three words for bar or pub. You can use any, but just like in England, at least, the different words mean slightly different places. If your main goal is to discover a new place to have a drink, then you'll get along fine by using any of the following words. Deacon, Ieper, Dust Local or de Bar de Can Ieper Dust Local de Bar. Just note that sometimes in German bar can mean cafe. However, if you ask somebody where D bar is at 10 p.m. I'm sure they'll realize that you don't want to go to a cafe. Dust, tobacco, ash left dust, Tobback Go shift. Now this is quite a long word. Not the longest will come across in the whole course, but quite long, all the same in German. There's a practice of combining two or three words into one long word called a compound word, which is why you might see some very long words from time to time. When you break them down, however, you can see the individual words hiding within them on. Did they become easier to translate? In this case, tobacco chef is made up of two words. Tom Back, which means tobacco. Andi gosh eft, which means shop. So the two words combine to make their own word for yes, tobacco shop. It is used more generally, though, for a tobacconist and off license, a liquor store or a general kiosk where you can buy those sorts of items, dust her back. Her shift. There is another word here, however, which is a little more informal, almost bordering on slang. But it is a fun word to say, and a close friend of mine who's lived in Germany for a few years said that I have to include it in this lecture so that word is Beatty. Dash bt Onda. Again, this means off licence or tobacconists. It's a similar nature of word to what we in England would call the offi. In case you're wondering where the German word comes from, the word for late in German is spit on because a lot of types of those shops are open late . That's why it's called Dash Beatty on finally de toy letter, the toilets de toe a letter. Now, just like in English, we have the change in another part of the sentence here because toilets are plural and in English, we wouldn't say, Where is the toilets? We would say, Where are the toilets? So in German, we have to make the same change to show we're talking about a plural. So instead of saying Vote is de Toy letter, which is incorrect, we would say Vore Zant de Toy Letter, which is German for Where are the toilets and surely go voicing Be toy letter. Quite a useful one to know. I'm sure you'll agree. So if you're looking to get to or around town than it would be useful to know the words for town and city themselves. So the word for town or a city is Aina shot aina start. This is a feminine word, which is why the word for our in this context is China. Next, the word for a village or a small town. I signed off fine doff a village or a small town. This is a neutral gendered word, which is why the word for our in this context is fine again. Like we said at the start of this course, which words take which gender is just something that you'll get to know with time and practice and finally one that you might see on sign posts, which will always help you if you're lost de start Mitter de start Mitter, the town centre or the city centre. So now that you found your way back to the city centre, maybe it's time to pick out a place or two that you want to visit whilst your there. Here are some useful ones that you might want to find Ondas Always. Some of these examples will be more relevant to you personally than others, so make a special note of any that you think will be important to you. So first off we have what might be the longest word in the entire course. But like I said earlier, it's just a combination of smaller words that we call a compound word. The homeward in all its glory is dust to Wriston in formats he owns Centrum, which in English means the tourist information centre. So hopefully you can see what I mean here. When you say the two out loud, you can see that they're actually about the same length. It's just that the German word is one long word dust toe Weston in formats Jones, Centrum, the Tourist Information Centre and shoulder go voiced US Tourist in and formats Ian sent home second. Then we have a much easier Word does flaws. The castle does Schloss. Next we have dad Dorm. Dare dorm the cathedral. Here's a word we've already encountered in the last lecture. Dusky No, the cinema dust Kino and surely go voice dusky. No again. Another compound word here, dust uncuffed sent home dust in coughed sent home. This means shopping center. I'm cough means buying or purchasing un Centam means Center, the shopping centre or the mall dust in Coughed sent home another simple one this time. Dust, coffee, the cafe dust coffee and another one very similar to the English here. Dust Museum. The museum. Once again, it just sounds a bit more German dust move zeal on finally Deer Park, the Park Deer Park and surely go voiced their park. So, as I said, pick out one or two of these words that appeal to you, and now we'll look at how to get to the places you've chosen. So whether you're in a car or you're trying to get across the city by foot, the next few directions are going to be really useful for you. These will combine numbers with directions to tell us which street or road we should take in case you want to revise the vocabulary here before we get started. Remember that we covered numbers in lecture for and basic directions at the start of this lecture. Okay, now let's take a look at our directions here. The first thing that you need to know is the word for road or street in German. This is Stresa de Starsia. The street. So while first example here, de asked a stressor links the first street on the left de Esther Stresa links moving up, one earned. On the opposite side we have the second street on the right. Dietz fighters crosser rests Dietz fighter Strawser rests now going back to the left. On another street up, we have Detroit er Strasser links the third Street on the left. Notice how just like in English, the words for 1st 2nd and third are slightly different to the words 12 and three Deed Greater Starsia links the third Street on the left, going back to our directions. We have the fourth street on the right, which is defeatist Rossa vests, Deep theater Stresa rests. And finally we have straight ahead which is got the house. If you hear somebody say G and Z guardhouse. They are telling you to go straight ahead and using the polite form of you Gegen Z God, a house. Don't forget that in the above examples, you could always swap left and right without changing the rest of the sentence. So the first street on the left is the air starts, Tarsa links. And the first street on the right is deep. Esther Strasser vests. It's a simple is that to swap left. And right now, in keeping with our road and driving thing, we've got some landmarks that you might come across whilst on the road. Even if you're not driving and you're on foot, A lot of these will still be useful to know, because people may still give you them as part of their directions for you. So we have deck heist book here the roundabout Dare kaist Vicky A. Now here's a fun one to practice saying does stop shield another compound word shield on its own means sign. So stop, Schild means yes. Stop sign de amber Traffic lights De, um Po dare stall the traffic jump! Dare stall I in a Star Asa. We've encountered this one plenty of times already minus Casa or di stresa, I wrote. Or the road Dear Force Vig or their Brugger stike, the footpath, the pavement, the sidewalk. Just like in English. There are a couple of words for it in German. Dear Force, Big de Braga, Shaikh de Out O bon de Oto bon, the motorway or the freeway on finally, another compound word that looks difficult until it's broken down. Dear Force Kengor, uber gung. The closest translation for the German word is her destry and crossing, and those are the words that we can break it down into force. Kanga, pedestrian, uber gung crossing foreskin, anger, uber gang, pedestrian crossing. Pay attention to the on louts in this word because, as we've already said, pronouncing the word without them is basically like saying the word incorrectly. So one more time forced Ganga uber gang force Kengo uber gung So The final part of this lecture is to put it all together and see what we've learned. Don't forget. As we run through these sentences, you can always make use of the pause button to stop me from talking whilst you practice saying each lying yourself to make sure that you've really got the pronunciation covered. So let's start from the top here and surely gong voice DK share beater Ensure the gong voice is dick azure bitter. Excuse me, Where is the church, please? Name and Z eats fighters. Tarsa links Nayman Z Dietz Fighter Strawser links Take the second road on the left. Is this fight fun? Here ist ESV ICT fun Here is it far from here? Nine. This is seen me Newton from here in starts and home. Nine assist. Seen me? Newton from here in starts and home. No, it's 10 minutes from here in the town centre. Okay, Dunker strewn. Okay, Thank you. And with that, you've just learned a really, really useful skill toe have when you're a tourist in a new and exciting place. So do remember to make sure to learn the basics of this conversation so that you can find your way to a new and exciting place when you visit Germany. And that's the end of this lecture. Just before we move on, however, note again that there's an unlocked over the letter o in Sure earn on that. This changes its pronunciation without that allowed. The word would not be pronounced shown. It would be pronounced Sean, which is a completely different word. So just be very careful to pronounce this one correctly. And with that, I'll leave you to go over this lecture once more before I see you in the next one dunker shirt. 7. LECTURE 7: Hello again. Welcome back in this lecture will be looking at countries of the world has spoken in the German language. We'll also look at some additional vocabulary and finally, some questions and answers about your country so that you can talk a little bit with people in far away lands, about where you come from and what it's like or where they come from and what that's like in case you might like to visit it sometime in the future. Now, just before we start, I just want to bring something to your attention that's going to be a theme throughout this lecture. I want you to be aware because a lot of the words in this lecture looked very similar to their English counterparts, but they actually have their own distinct German pronunciation. It's the sign of a good language speaker to make the effort to pronounce them as they would in that language. So pay special attention to the pronunciations in this lecture and do your best to copy them to really help give your German that extra boost. Okay, let's get started. So starting back as far as we can get, we've got the world in German. This is called developed de Veldt. This is also the name of a big newspaper in Germany. Develop the world now zooming in on the world a little bit. We have de continent, the continents, very similar word in German and English. Just again it sounds that bit more Germanic de Continente going into a bit more detail here we can see the German names off the continents. So no matter where you're from, even the Antarctic you'll now know the name of your continent in German burning through them. We have North America, North America, not America, Zoot America, South America, Czudaj, America or Europa. Remember our pronunciation here for the letters E and you together, boy of all packed Europe. Our Flicka. Ah, Fricka! That's our German for Africa. Next we have Ozzy in Ozzy and and that's the German for Asia. Australian. Remember the pronunciations here for the letters A and you together Australian, Australian, Australia And finally, in case we do have any students with us from the Antarctic continent. A very warm welcome to you on your continent is pronounced on Tartous untargeted finally on this section to say what continent our country is in. We don't just say it is in in German Instead of the word east, we would use the word leaked when describing the location of a place. So, for example, we might say England leaked in oil. Opa. This can apply to towns and cities too. So we might say Manchester leaked in England, So zooming in a bit more from our continents, we have the country's de lender make sure to pronounce the home loud in the word here de lender de lender, the country's. And now let's take a look at some of those individual countries. So first up we have England, England, England, Shortland, Shortland, Scotland. Wales, Wales. That's whales e other land ear land island dust for Hynek Tres Turning Ice Dust Fair Hynek Tres Kern English And that's the United Kingdom. But if you want to just say Great Britain, you can say course. Petain Ian, which is a little bit simpler. Close Mauritanian. Very similar here. D for high Nixon starting the United States. Deep fat Hynek turn starting or again more simply, you can just say arm Africa America. No prizes for guessing that one. That's America moving on. We have Canada Canada. That's Canada. Mexico, Mexico Nuts Mexico, Pa. Zillion Brazilian. That's Brazil Franc I sh franc life. That's friends Bonjean, Bonjean that Spain Deutschland Deutschland, Germany Italian Italian That's Italy Coastland Ghost land That's Russia Dish fights D writes that Switzerland klipsch inland. Now remember our rule for the letters I and e together and how we pronounce them. Here we have Greece, which is gration land first there high first there high. Remember again that there's a on loud here and how that changes the pronunciation. First there Hi sh Austria Poor to guy Portugal, Portugal Australian again. This one is the same for the country on the continent of Australia. Australian noisy land, noisy land That's New Zealand. Now this is China, and this actually has two different variations on the way to pronounce it. You can say Sheena, Sheena, or you can say Kina Tina, and that's China. And finally here yap on Yeah, pon and that's Japan. So finally, let's learn a couple of things to say about your country so that you can describe it to people that you meet on your travels or they can describe their country to you, which might give you inspiration about where to travel next. So to ask West, somebody is from we would say, Vaux here comes due. This uses a verb we've encountered before common, but we modify it according to the U subjects. So where is mostly so far? We've said ish, comma. I come now we're saying, Do comes. You come However, because it's a question. We just change the words around slightly and say Vaulx hair comes due. Where do you come from before? Here comes to to reply. You would say ish, comma, house ish, comma house I come from So here we put the name of a country on the end ish comma house England. I come from England now. A nice way to describe your country to someone is to tell them whether it's big or small. Remember, the word for countries is lender. That's the plural form of the word. And the singular one country is just land Lund. No, I'm not here. So notice how the pronunciation changes. Lund mine land ist my country is. And then after that, we have our words for big and small Gross and Klein mine land ist gross. My country is big or you can say mine. Land EAST Klein. My country is small. Next we have on oil Hopi, Asher's land, a European country. Remember the onl out over the letter? A oil Hopi issues So borrowing some vocabulary from the example of both, you could say mine. Lund ist eine oil p. Asher's land. My country is a European country on. Finally, if your country is not in Europe, you might say I'm land. Also have fun oil hoper. I'm land also How Wild Fun or Europa? A country outside of Europe. So now that you know how to describe the world, the continents, the country's Andi, even a few words to describe your country, it's time to put it all together. Go back to the start of this lecture. Find your continent, find your country and use the sentences at the end of this lecture to put all of it together for yourself. You can even make a guessing game out of it with your German conversation partner. And don't forget that we encountered some directional vocabulary at the end of lecture for which you could use in conjunction with the vocabulary we've learned in this lecture. So I might say something like this. Mine land East climb Mine land leaked in oil Hope assist. I'm oil Pressure's Lund. I want my land ist in their near phone deutschland. Yeah, each comma house. England. But you knew that already, didn't you? Now it's time for you to do the same. And if you come from England, then you can't copy may choose another country from the list we've gone through and use your new vocabulary to describe it. Have fun with this. Try and come up with some sentences on when you're happy with describing countries. I'll see you in the next lecture. 8. LECTURE 8: Hello. Welcome Once more. Today we're going to be looking at a guide to public transport how to say the names of different types of transporting German on how to tell the time so that you can read timetables. These will be especially useful if you're planning a trip to a German speaking country because you'll no doubt have a very busy schedule packed with all sorts of exciting things . And you're going to need to know what time you need to beware and how you're going to get there. So let's start by looking at common types of transport. So first up, we have a few different ways of getting from place to place. And let's start here with a nice, easy one. Dare books the boss. Dear Boss, remember that all mounds have their own specific gender, and this one is masculine. Hence, dear Boss Det SUPT Death Souk This is a word for train. Don't forget now that Zed's in German are pronounced with a T sound at the start souk, you can also say D Bond de Bond and both mean train Det. SUPT de bod dust bought. This does look like an English word boot but it's definitely not pronounced the same. Dust port, The boat D u bahn the subway or the underground. If you live in London de coupon subway underground, destroy us in bond The tram, the metro or the streetcar. Another compound word here. But when we break it into its two parts, it makes sense. Star Seuin Meaning street Andi Bon meaning train so literally It's a street train Or when we put that into English, a trump deeps costs in Bonn. Andi finally, if you prefer something a little more personal, you might want to ride a more tour dust. More tall heart the motorbike. Okay, let's look at just a few more common types of transport from the top. Here we have dust out all dust O toole, the car. Don't forget our rule here for pronouncing the letters A and you together dust Oh, tour. Next we have dust Toxie dust Toxie of the taxi. Next dust five out does for hot the bicycle. Or if you just want to shorten it to the bike, you can simply say dust, right dust rot the bike. If you're traveling by air rather than land, you will probably have to use dust foods like does flog tyke the aeroplane. If you're taking things a little more simply, you might be going so force so force. And that's our German phrase for by foot. So now that you know how you're getting to your destination, let's look at when you're getting there. On more importantly, what time you'll have to set off so that you don't miss the fun. You might use a timetable, which in German is dear far plan Dear far plan the timetable and let's look at some days of the week that your journey might start or end on. Remember, these days will come in useful in all sorts of ways, not just for planning a journey. Think how many times in one day you say the words for different days of the week, for example, so take the time to really get to know these words because they're high frequency words that will definitely be useful in your everyday vocabulary. So from the top, we have Montag Morning talk Monday Dean Stock, Dean Stock, Tuesday Mitvol Mitvol Wednesday Notice again. Just as always, the C H sound here is amore throaty sound in German Ondas always that w is pronounced like a V mitt. Vote Mitvol Moving on. We have Donna stock. That's Thursday. Donna Stark, Freitag Friday Freitas Zump Stock Saturday SSM Stock Onda We have zahn tog Sunday Zahn tog You may want to be more general when talking about a time for your plans so we have dust. Vulcan ender dust, Vulcan Endia. The weekend on holidays is dif Arian de Fairy in the holidays. So there you go plenty of vocabulary to help you narrow down your plans. Now that's narrow it down even further by looking at how to tell the time in German. So now we come onto telling the time. This is quite easy with just one little thing that's different. But like everything we've looked at so far, it's easy enough to learn. And once you committed to memory, you'll be saying it correctly without even thinking. So let's take a look at what we have here to ask what time it is right now we would ask somebody, and surely gong wish bait is this which means Excuse me, What time is it? And surely Gong vish greatest this if you want to translate it literally it means. Excuse me. How late is it? Which also kind of makes sense and truly gone. Which bait is this? Excuse me. What time is it? The person will hopefully reply with the correct time on to do this. They will say it is something O clock, which in German is said like this s East something. You're s east something. Uh it is something O clock. So to use that sentence properly, we need to know sometimes. And on that note, here are some examples The hours themselves air quite easy. If you learned the numbers, we went over earlier. In this course, you can say the hours on the clock. So for example, to say it is 12 o'clock or you would say is s east its wealth. You're s East's fourth. You're it is 12 o'clock similarly, to say it is one oclock you would say s East Ein war assist. I'm sure easy enough so far now in English, we have special times on the clock, like quarter past, half past and quarter to. So let's look at how to say those in German. The word for quarter in German is fear it'll fetal. So If you wanted to say quarter past, it would be Fi. It'll knock Fi. It'll knock. Putting that into a time to say it is quarter past eight, we would say s east fetal. Now it is quarter past eight s east fetal. Now, Now, this is the one thing you have to remember about times in German. Whereas in English, we say half past the hour, German say halfway towards the next. So let's take a time and look at this. Let's say our time is 12. 30 in English. We would call this half past 12. However, in German, they would say the time is halfway towards one oclock simple enough when you think about it . So in German, we would say it like this. This east hub, Science s east help lines. It is halfway to wards. One oclock I eat. It is half past 12 s East hub lines. So half past three would be hub fear halfway towards for Andi. Can you tell what half past eight would be in German? That's right. Halfway to wards nine Hub, knowing half past eight. So take some time to memorize this rule because it's a very important one, and forgetting about it could mean you end up being an hour late for your dinner, your tour or even your flight going back to something simpler. We have quarter to s east fetal for to say it is quarter to 11. We would say s East fetal for elf s east fetal. For elf, it is quarter to 11. So that's how to tell the time with some common times. Now let's have a look at some more specific times. So first we look at the words for midday on midnight. Remember, we have the for net ish descriptions on the right hand side, which will help you follow along if you need to use them. So the word for midday in German is just a straight translation of the English word. Midday becomes Mitt Tog Mittag mid day Andi midnight is Mitter knocked Mitter not midnight . So those are easy enough. Let's move on to looking at some times in increments of five minutes. Now, after taking in this next set of times, you should be able to tell on, say, any time on the clock, which is an incredibly useful skill toe have for all sorts of situations. These are going to be quite easy because the same rule applies here as before. Anything past the hour is not and anything towards the next hour is for So let's take a look. If we want to say it's five past, we would simply say s is friends knock s east front knock It is five past Now here's what we've had before s East Fittler knock it is quarter past s East fetal knock And here's another one we've seen before. It's half past or remembering our little tweak. It is half way towards s East. Hub s is held now a little quick test. Can you think what the German would be for? It is half past six. That's right s East Hub Z Ben. It is halfway towards seven s East Hub Z Even now, here's a little development on the idea and it's one I've included because you might hear it from time to time. So it's useful to know just in case s east fun knock hub s east food often a hub literally . This means it is five minutes past halfway towards but in English. We would simply know this as it is 25 to so now because in English was saying it is 25 minutes towards the next hour. We're talking about the same hour as the Germans would in their version of the sentence. So there's no more working out different hours between the two languages. So, for example, if you heard somebody say s east, fulfill help try. You would know that it is 25 minutes to three. If you hear somebody say s East front, Hub asked. You know that it is simply 25 to 8. Simple on again. Here's one we've already seen. It is quarter to which we now know is s East fetal for S East fetal for it is quarter to and using the same wording, we can say it is five minutes to s east Food for S East food for it is five to s east food for Z been it is 5 to 7 assist from forts by it is 5 to 2 again very simple. So those are the common ways to say different times in German. However, there is a very easy trick that I'll now share with you so that you can easily say any time on the clock that you want. And here's the trick. Just like in English. You can always say the exact minutes of the time that you're talking about. So whereas we normally say it is 25 to 1, we could also say it is 12. 35 still be understood perfectly well. And this is the same in German. So instead of having to say s East front fna help lines, you can simply say s East Swell for sure. Fun won't dry. Ice ish exists full for fun. Phone twice ish. It is 12. 35. This works for any time. So it is for 15 s East fear food scene. It is 8 55 Ace East. Uh huh. Front on firms fish. Therefore, if you know your numbers from 1 to 59 you can say any time on the clock. I know I could have told you that right at the start of this section, but then you wouldn't have learned all the important parts first. This way you have a much better understanding of the time. And chances are that when you're asking a stranger for the time, they won't know that you can only speak in exact minutes. So it's very much worth learning and repeating the words for half past quarter to midday and so on, so that your knowledge of the language is more well rounded and conversational. But at least this way, if you're ever stuck for how to say a time now, you have a quick way of remembering how to say it. So moving on, we have specific times of the day. We've already seen two of these Mittag for midday Andi Mitter knocked for midnight. And now let's look at some more. So starting at the earliest part of the day, we have death, Morgan Damn Morgan in the morning, then we would have midday, which we already know is Mitt Tog. Then we have the time that comes after midday. Which is incidentally, how the German people say their word for afternoon Dear, knock me tog dan, Knock me tog the afternoon. Then we have the evening which is dear are binned dear our bend of the evening. Then we move into the night time which is de enough deep not. And finally, as you already know, we have midnight, which is Demeter knocked. So a nice, easy set of words that you can include in your conversations to explain which time of day you mean or when specifically, you're going to meet someone. So if you want to meet your friends at nine o'clock, you might want to explain the You mean nine in the morning or nine in the evening so you could say loin or Morgan's, which is nine in the morning. Nine or more organs. Or you could say, knowing your Arbenz, which is nine in the evening knowing who, uh, our bins. It's really useful to explain what time of day or night you mean. So putting all this together, we have a few examples here of how you might use some of the new words and phrases we've learned in this lecture and put them into useful questions. So let's go from the top here. Van camp. There, next to boost on van comes their necks. The boss on what time does the next bus arrive? Or simply when does the next bus arrive? Van camp here next that soup on van content. Next that suit on. What time does the next train arrive now for this next one. Remember that bus on Suk are both masculine downs and U Bahn is a feminine noun. So we modify our word for the to reflect that. So our sentence becomes van cont D next the Cuban on one company. Next the Cuban On what time does the next subway train arrive? Moving on. We have van fair, dear. Let's the books Laws Van Fear, dear. Let's the books Laws one time Does the last bus leave? Van comp deaf Luke on van. Com de flew on. What time does the flight arrive? S is dry Stich me Newton So force s is Khristich Min Newton. So force it is a 30 minute walk or more simply, it is 30 minutes by foot. I'm ulna beater. A ticket to please Or you can say I'm man enough him on so bitter, which is a return ticket to please. So you might want a single ticket to Berlin. In which case you would say I'm Monarch Berlin bitter. I'm all knock Belene bitter. If you wanted a return ticket, you would say I'm monarch Berlin him on. So with bitter, I'm Allah Berlin him on so bitter it roughly translates to one to Berlin there and back, please. I'm a knock bellen him on so bitter. A return ticket to Berlin, please. And there you have it. Plenty of new vocabulary in this lecture. And all of it is really useful when travelling around a new country and planning lots of new and exciting experiences. So take the time to go over the lecture again. Make some notes. Especially uncommon ways to say the time and types of transport you might want to use. And when you're happy with your transports in your timing's, I'll see you in the next lecture. 9. LECTURE 9: Hello again and welcome Buck. This time we're going to be looking at one of the most important topics will cover in the whole course, meeting up with your friends, socialising with new people and planning fun things for you all to do together. As you'll see, this lecture is going to be quite wordy, and it will introduce a lot of new vocabulary. The future tense on the difference between subjects. But I want you to stay encouraged by knowing that as you go through this lecture, you're learning one of the most important parts of the course, and it's going to result in all of the most fun parts of your holiday. So it's well worth sticking with this lecture. Take breaks part way through if you need, and make sure to take notes on the parts that you find most useful. Now let's get started. First off, let's start with the words we will use for friends. One friend is fine. Find for a male friend or aina. Find in for a female friend eine find Aina. Finding this is easy to remember because the genders of the words reflect the gender of whoever you're referring to. as your friend. Two friends means that the word changes into its plural form. So it becomes finder. Find two friends would be spy finder. Three friends would be dry finder on so on. And if you're talking about a general group of friends, you can just say some friends. The word for friends is still the plural word. So it stays the same flying that the word for some in German is my ***. So putting them together, we have I need a find I *** finder, some friends. Just a quick note here. The German words for boyfriend and girlfriend are exactly the same as the words for male friend on female friend. They're still find for boyfriend Andi find in for girlfriend. There's nothing you need to do here except realize that they're the same words. Just so you know that someone could be talking about their significant other when they say their friend in German. If in doubt, just ask your conversational partner for clarification. Now here's our word for meeting up with people. It's an easy word to say, but it does have a few meanings, and I want to make sure you know which one to use to describe the type of social situation you're in. Our word here is Typhon, Khalfan. It's a verb, and it can be used to describe multiple actions it could mean to meet. By chance, it could mean to meet as a result of a plan made beforehand, and it could also mean to hit something or someone. For example, it could mean to hit a mutual decision in a business meeting. So the objective here is to help you know how to use Toughen to explain to somebody what's happening. If you're using Typhon in conversation and referring to your friends, your conversational partner will probably understand that your meeting them and not wanting to hit them so that lets us narrow it down somewhat. And now we have to work out how to explain whether we're meeting someone as planned or whether we met them by chance. Stephan, on its own, could mean either action, but to make it clear to your conversational partner that you're talking about meeting opposite result of plans made beforehand you can use to extra words to demonstrate it. We can use the phrase zik treff in Mitt Zishe, Typhon, Mitt which I like to think of, roughly translating as meet up with which to me suggests that the meeting was arranged in advance and didn't happen by chance. Remember that Stephan on its own, can mean to meet or to hit. And therefore I like to think off, toughen on its own as bumping into someone or, in other words, having met them totally by chance. So that's how I remember the differences between the two z treff in Mitt is similar to meeting up with Andi. Trefethen is more like bumping into someone, and I hope that helps you remember the difference, too. Now let's look at two examples of how you might use these in a sentence each tray for mine and find India can Ieper ish type for mine and find India. Can Ieper I meet my friends in the pub. It most likely means that you met them by chance here. And remember what we said before about the use of the word find. It could mean that you met your male friend in the pope. It could also mean that you meet your boyfriend in the pope onto the next example each tray for mish mitt. Mind them. Find in there. Can Ieper each tray for mish mitt? My name? Find in there. Can Ieper. I meet up with my friend in the pope. So we've taken the phrase Z Treff inmate and we've modified it to show that I'm talking about myself as the main subject of this sentence. If te for mish mitt mine and find in deck and I pop, This will become clearer later on when we look at more examples. And if you wanted to say that you met your female friend in the pub or even your girlfriend , you would just used the correct gender of the word. Don't forget that you have to alter the gender off my in this sentence as well so that my friend is changed from all masculine to all feminine. Here's how it sounds with a female friend each tray for my now find in in there. Can Ieper ish treff for mish mitt minor find in India? Can Ieper? So that's our word for meeting Stephan or Z Straffan Mitt. Very important if you want to socialize with people on your travels, so take the time to go over this part of the lecture again until you're comfortable with the concept. So we've met up with our friends, and now we're going to pick an activity to do with them. Or we might be telling them about what we did yesterday or last weekend. So let's take a look at some common activities. Einen thinking gain Hainan thinking again to go for a drink or to go for some drinks off in a party again, off in a party gin to go to a party we have. I'm picnic makin I'm Picnic Martin to have a picnic or in the literal sense to do a picnic or to make a picnic. But basically having a picnic in fitness studio again in fitness studio again to go to the gym. Maybe you've been to the gym, and now you're hungry, so you might go to a restaurant in rest. All gain in rest the whole game. Now pay attention to how the word restaurant is pronounced there that story wrong in Modesto, home again to go to a restaurant, or you may just want to hang out in German. For that, we would say home hanging home hanging Well, I'm hanging to hang out, so there is some common activities for you to practice with. Now let's look at an example sentence to put them into, so you get a feel for how they sound when it all comes together. So here's what our sentence is going to be. Tomorrow I am going to do an activity with my friends now. This is the first time we're going to be using the future tense to describe something that's happening in the future. But if you follow along, then you'll do just fine in German. The additional parts of this sentence are Margon Verdi ish Margon Verde ish, which is tomorrow I'm going to and then Mitt mine and finding Mitt mine and finding which is with my friends. You might remember the word Margon from the last lecture when we said it was the word for morning. Yes, it is, But it's also the word for tomorrow, which is the context we using it in here. You also might notice the word finding now has a letter n at the end again, This is because of some grammar that involves the use of the word with which we will cover in a later lesson for now. Just know that the correct way to say with my friends is Mitt mine in fine dinner Mitt mine and finding on the very last thing to know is that the order of the sentences very slightly different in German to English. But it remains the same order here, no matter which activity you pick for your sentence. So let's make a sentence. Now. If I was in Germany, I would want to try some of the local food. So I'm going to choose in the vest or long game for my sentence. So my sentence would be Morgan very ish Mitt Mine and finding in the West along again. Morgan very ish Mitt Mine and finding in Modesto on game Not too bad. Now it's your turn. Poor's this lecture Pick one of the activities above on practice this example sentence so that you get a feel for it when you ready restart the lecture and we'll move on. So now we look at how to organize a meet up. Remember, all of the following examples that use the word do are the less formal way of wording these sentences. But I'm assuming you're making plans with someone you know already on someone who you're friends with. And in that instance, the informal subject is fine to use. So from the top. And remember, we have the for net ish column on the right to help you follow the pronunciation. Here, this do Morgan knock mitad fight. Best to Morgan. Knock Mitag Fi, Are you free tomorrow afternoon? Remember that Margon means Morning, Andi Tomorrow. In this example it means tomorrow has to Heitor are been shown atv us far hostile Heitor are been shown at vast far. Have you got anything planned for tonight? Or have you already made plans for this evening? Now pay attention to the word shown here. Notice that it doesn't have a normal out in this case where, as you may remember, seeing the same word previously within on that this is because they're two completely different words and it's important to remember which one hasn't on Louds and therefore how to pronounce the own loud correctly. So with ian louts, the word is pronounced shown which means beautiful on without the on loud that word is pronounced shown, which means already So when are sentence when we're saying have you already got plans for tonight? The word we will uses short without the on loud hasta Heitor are been shorn at vast far. Have you already got plans for tonight? Moving on, We have visto Heitor Margon Ear convoy out Skin Visto Heitor Margon Egan Vote our skin Do you want to go out somewhere this morning? Remember here that Margon could mean morning or tomorrow. And in this example, it means this morning Visto Heitor Morgan Egan Vote our skin on V feel or villas to dystrophin. What time do you want to meet up? This uses are Szish Treff in mitt phrase from earlier in the lecture. But because we're asking what time you want to meet, we modify the Szish to reflect the U subjects. And just like in the English translation we aren't using the word with so we don't use the German word Mitt. So putting that sentence back together or movie field or vis do dish treff. In what time do you want to meet up V feel ovals to dish Straffan vaudeville student Straffan, Where do you want to meet up villas Do dystrophin Zahn v owns seen or in ski nor Stephan Zoltan via loans on ST or in Ski No Treff in Shall we Meet a 10 O'clock at the Cinema Now again, we're using Szish Stephan, but this time we're using it to describe where we're meeting. Therefore, we modify the word Szish accordingly to describe our group of people which in German means it becomes once Zara via owns on scene or in ski no treff in Shall we meet it? The cinema at 10 o'clock Zordon V own. Some seen were in ski north weapon Don't forget it's really useful to know these phrases because not only might you need to use them to invite your new friends somewhere, but you might also be invited to something by your friends on. I certainly wouldn't want to miss out on anything whilst on holiday. So with that said, let's look at how to respond to some invites. So from the top here we have yeah, each been Heitor are banned Fry Yes, I'm free tonight or yes, I'm free this evening. Yeah, each being Heitor are banned fry to my delight Are each bean Jesus fuckin in the next five ? Sorry, but I'm not free. This weekend took me allied. Our ESPN desires Vulcan in their next fi. Yeah, each void azi again. Mitt, they're all skin. Yes, I would really like to go out with you. Yeah, each voda z again. Mitt dear, Out skin There's our word, Gail from the hobbies lecture again. Yeah. Ish Voda Zia Gan media All scared is tarnished in einem Clue begin violence Nish Follieri been I can't go to a club because I'm not old enough is tarnished in einem club gin Vile ish finished four year ing bean. Yeah, each would again Morgan flew all skin. Yes, I'd like to go out tomorrow morning. Yeah, each would again. Morgan flew out skin Now remember how in German tomorrow on morning are both Morgan well to say Tomorrow morning you say margon flu Margon flu which literally means tomorrow Early. But in this case means tomorrow morning nine each vill Heitor are been finished Our scan each being moody. No, I don't want to go out tonight. I'm tired Nine ish ville Heitor Arben nichd our skin each being moody Or if you want to use the word for because in this sentence, like we did in our hobbies lecture just remember that it shifts that verb from the second part of the sentence to the end off that part. So it would be instead nine. Each vill Heitor are banned nichd, our skin vile ish mood er being. And there you have it plenty of activities ways of describing friends, organizing meetups on responding to invites. So, as I said at the start of this lecture, it's probably one of the most language heavy ones in the Siri's. However, it's well worth getting to know these phrases and words because they'll form a key part of your adventures in your German speaking country. So to finish, I'll share with you my plans for this evening after I've recorded this lecture. See if you can work out what I'm doing with whom and when I plan to do it. Ready? Heitor Armand, Very ish Mitt Mine and finding Einen drinking game weiter Oben very h MIT Mine and finding in and drinking gin. And when you've got the answer, I'll see you in the next lecture 10. LECTURE 10: Hello. Welcome back to another lecture in this lecture will be looking at food drinks on reservations. One of the best things about going to a new country is being able to try all the new foods and drinks on offer on this lecture is going to help you take full advantage of that. So make sure you take plenty of notes. And if you aren't the type of person that enjoys trying different foods or drinks and you have a very specific selection of dishes that you're comfortable with, then you're going to need to know how toward them. So you'd better take notes, too. So here's some basic vocabulary based around eating out. Starting from the top, we have dust, coffee, dust, coffee, the cafe, each harbor Honda. I'm hungry in German. We literally say I have hunger, but we were translated as I'm hungry ish Harbor Hunger dish. Wiser Carter de Speiser Carter. The menu Dust targets Essen Dust targets Essen. The dish of the day. As we already know by now, German is quite a logical language on this compound. Word roughly translates to the day's food in English. We would simply call it the Dish of the day. Dust tog is Essen. I'm hice is garnished. I'm hice is garish. Ah, hot dish. So now that we know the word for hot in German is heist. If I say the word fall cold in German is cult, then we can say a cold dish. I'm cultures lavished. I'm cultures garnished a cold dish. So there we have some vocabulary, for starters, no pun intended. And now let's have a look at how to order some food. Here are a few different phrases to help you order the food that's caught your eye from the menu. It's always got to have a range of vocabulary, even if it's just so you know what they all mean. So, going from the top ish Merced ish Merced er, I would like remember how mom lots change our vowels. So here we say ish Merced ish hete gown ish hete gam. I'd like to have each name each name I'll have or I will take. I know for Spizer. I know for Spizer, a starter D hoped Baeza Deep hoped. Wiser, or you can say dust helped nourished dust hoped, nourished both mean the same thing. They both mean main course, just bear in mind that they have different genders. And so start with different forms of the word that d hoped Baeza dust helped nourished and finally death. Not fish a desert dan, not fish. So now you know which courses your interest in ordering. You might notice that there's some cutlery missing from your table, or you might be at a friend's house, and they might ask you to bring some crockery over to the table whilst there cooking for you. So here's some common vocabulary we might use in those situations. I'm teller Eine teller, The plate I know shoes a bold And remember, this word has a normal out again. Aina Schuessel I'm glass a glass. I'm glass I natasa a cup more and mug by Natasa I in a gobble aina garb a fork. I Messer That's a knife eine messa. I look for fine left for a table spirit, and I'm Taylor for exactly the same addition is in English here to say a teaspoon eine Taylor for okay, so you've got your table set with all the right cutlery, and you've asked for the menu. Now you might want to know what's actually on the menu, so you know what's going to turn up in front of you if you order it. So here we go from the top left dust orbs. Thus orbs fruit deka, Mousa de Game, user vegetables de Noronha de Northern pastor. Now bear in mind that noodle can mean pastor or noodles. However, if you wanted to clarify, most Germans will also know what you mean. If you say the word pasta, you are more likely to see noodle on a menu, though, so it's important that you know this word. If, like me, you are a fun of pastor. Moving on. Here's one that's much easier. Deep pizza, deep it PSA the pizza dust shteek dust, steak, the steak and finally, de Palmer's deep Promise. So this is chips, or if you're from America, you'll know these is french fries. Diplomas bear in mind If you know any French, you might have seen this word before, but again, it's pronounced with a German twist. Deep pomace. OK, moving on. We have some more common food, so let's continue. I'm hamburger eine hamburger burger. I know First China versed a sausage. Now in Germany, there are so many different types of sausage, and they're all great to try. Most of them have this word in them, though, and so if you see this word, you'll know it's going to be some sort of sausage. China voiced de carte, often de car toughen That's potatoes, dust board dust bought bread. Nice and easy Death ki za Dear keys A. That's the cheese, and lastly, on this section dust Hanshin The Chicken Dust Hanjin. This uses a couple of rules about pronunciation that we know about home louts on the C H sound. So slumming it down a bit. Dust Hanshin Chicken If you've not seen anything on our menu that takes your fancy so far, don't worry. We've got a few more choices for you. So here we have de ashington. Dear Schenkkan hum duster in flesh beef does red flesh, or we also have dust culled flesh dust called flash, and that's veal. Now here's the one I'm counting on. Everyone liking de show colada, chocolate de shock or larder. Moving on, we have. There's a lot. The salad again. The word is similar, but pay attention to the German pronunciation. Dear Zala dust, I v egg Or you can say I'm I on egg. Remember our rule for pronouncing the letters e and I together. We always pronounce it, as we would say, the second of those two letters in English. So here are two letters E and I, and therefore we pronounce these as I and just like with our word for sausage. If you see a type of food that ends in I, it will likely be some sort of eggy food. Unf aina lee dust Send which dust send which the sandwich and our sandwich would be eine sandwich so that we go very of foods and hopefully you found something you like. The sound off. Now let's pick something to drink. You may already know that Germany is known for its incredible beers, but there are plenty of other alcoholic drinks to choose from. Here is some of the most common ones. I'm beer, Libya. I'd be a I'm glass vine, a glass of wine. Notice that the German translation has no word for off. It is just fine Glass vine. This is the same for almost all sorts of measurements in German boxes, glasses, bottles, grams, liters and so on. That's worth bearing in mind for future because it's another little thing that you may encounter more often than you think I'm up for vine cider. I'm up for vine. I'm a risky A whiskey. I'm whiskey. Sometimes you could also hear I'm risky And now some soft drinks Here we see more of those measurements that don't include the word off so bad that in mind as we go through these examples, I'm glass Vasa, a glass of water eine glass, Vasa notice. Like I said, sometimes we do right out to s is in a rope. Sometimes we don't see the special est set character. I know doors are cooler. Aina Dausa Cola I kind of coke eine origins oft I'm origins. After an orange juice, I'm up for a soft I'm up for a soft an apple juice. So now that you know up close oft Andi or hold runs after, you can probably guess that the word for juice is Zoloft. I'm called Vasa eine cook Vasa. A picture of water or a jug of water in a limo. Nada, I in a limo, Nada, a lemonade. And lastly, I'm mineral vasa Eine mineral Vasa. This on its own means. Mineral water. If you prefer sparkling water, you would have two more words. Mitt, Colin, Zoya Note that there's a new pronunciation here that we've not encountered before. When you haven't a within on loud, followed by the letter you, you pronounce it. Oy Coghlan's IRA. So if you wanted to say a sparkling water police, you would say I am mineral Vasa. Mitt Coghlan's IRA beater I mean Al Vasa. Mitt Coghlan's over bitter. So now we've had our food and drink. It's time to finish up at the cafe or the restaurant by asking for the bill and paying for your meal. Soto ask for the bill or the check we say. Dear Esh knowing bitter de rash nunc bitter The bill, please. If you need to ask somebody what something costs or how much your share of the bill is ought to find out how much you owe. At the end of the meal, you can ask re fearlessness, which means how much is it? Or you can say V feel is thus which means how much is that we feel it s V Feel is thus, if you feel like you've had good service or you're feeling generous, you can leave a tip. The phrase for this is I'm think l'd given I'm drink gelled given. So to use this in a sentence, you might ask your fellow diners if they think you should all leave a tip. So to do that, we can use some of the vocabulary from our last lecture to say, Should we leave a tip? You can say Zoltan via I'm drink L Gaiman Zotan via I'm thinking given, should we leave a tip? And finally, this is probably not so useful directly, but it's well worth knowing in case you encounter the term on your bill at the restaurant or the hotel you're staying in or in most of the places where you'll end up paying for something in Britain, we would call it VAT or value added tax. You might also know it as Goodson Services tax in German. It's another compound word, but as always, it's easy enough when we break it down. The full word is male vetch. Lawyer manoeuvres ached Sawyer. If we break it down, it's mayor vat Stoia de male vetch Toya, if you see it on a receipt or bill you might see it written in its short form as M. W S T de Mare Vash lawyer, that value added tax goods and sales tax on That's the basics of being able to go out to eat and order on pay for your food. Finally, we have a couple more words that you'll undoubtedly find useful. These additional pieces of vocabulary of the types of words and phrases that will turn your German from working too conversational so they're well worth learning. So to round this lecture out, just take the time to go over these once or twice on commit them to memory. Bitter, bitter, please. Thailand, Thailand to share de Rational de aeration Young that bill dust Think guilt Dust Drink girls A tip. Good nap petite, Guten appetit, Eat. Have a nice meal or bon. A petite dust Festus Menu Dust Festus Menu. The Fixed Price Menu de Vine. Carter Divine Carter, The Wine List or Digger Trinka Carter de Goya, Trinka Carter, The Drinks menu And with that, we come to the end of another lecture. So now, to really help accelerate your learning, maybe go back through this lecture and pick out your favorite foods and drinks, note them down and make a special effort to learn them off by heart, so that if you ever find yourself in a German restaurant, you'll be able to order something tasty when you're ready to move on. I'll see you in the next lecture. Guten appetit, eat. 11. LECTURE 11: Hello again. Welcome to this lecture about body parts, common illnesses and taking a trip to the doctors. Now, hopefully, you won't have to use the contents of this lecture whilst your on your travels, but it is always worth being prepared just in case. That's why this lecture could just be one of the most important ones that we go through. So take the time to learn what we're about to go over and you'll have peace of mind throughout your time in your chosen German speaking country. Let's begin. So first up, we look at some of the main parts of the human body starting from the top left and going down. We have dare cup dear cup the head. Yeah. Um dare, um the arm dust buying dust buying That's the leg. Dusk. Kony. Note here that in English, the K is silent, but in German, we do pronounce the K dust. Kony the knee I'm following on with the right hand side here De Showalter, de Showalter, the shoulder de Hunt de Hunt. The hand. They're both remember when we have an A under you. Together, they make it all sound. Deb. Bulk the stomach and finally dare force. Now here's our special character again. The s set, which we pronounce just like to s is dare force the foot. Okay, so let's focus in on dare cop which we now know is the head on More specifically, let's look a dust goes ish which is German for the face So starting from the top left again we have de harbor the hair de harbor This is actually the plural form of the word because in Germany, when we're talking about the hair on someone's head, we actually say the hairs instead off the hair deep harbor de nozze de nozze That's the nose damn mooned. Dare mooned the mouth on continuing on the right hand side de Calgon de Calgon, the eyes de often deep or in of the years and finally to describe the whole face. We say dust Gaz ish dust goes ish the face. Okay, so moving on, Let's have a look at some more anatomy, this time on the inside of your body. Again, these are really important to know in case you do need to visit the doctors, so take the time to learn them. Let's take a look now So first we have de longer de longer the lungs de labor de labor the liver. Next we have the brain dust. Get him Dusk. You're here! The brain dust hats, dust hats, the heart on a side Note. If you ever hear somebody say, Hey, it's splitsville Common now you can probably guess what it means. Yes, it means heartfelt welcome or a very warm welcome. And that's because it stems from the word for heart, which is dust hats. Next up we have Dean, even the kidneys. Deep Ni Evan, I'm Finally we have damn Margon, the stomach. Dear Margon, This refers to the actual stomach is an organ, whereas bulk from the last group of words refers more to the general area. Think of it as the difference between stomach on belly margon for stomach and back for belly. So let's say that you have a problem with one of the body parts we've just covered, and you need to see a doctor. Let's look at some of the vocabulary that will help you find a doctor and book an appointment with them. Now, don't forget, as always, you can use the for net ish translation on the right hand side to follow along here. So we're doctor has two words again, depending on the gender of the doctor in question. So for a male doctor, we have, I'm asked, fine asked. And for a female doctor we have hyena abstain. Notice that there's an on loud over the A here and how that changes the pronunciation. Aina Aston Eine asked. I know out Stine the doctor. If you want to go to a clinic or a doctor's surgery, you'll be looking for Aina Paksas, Aina Paksas The full word is Aina Arts Praxis, but it's accepted to shorten it to China. Paksas, a clinic Our word for appointment is inter mean I inte mean an appointment and if you're going to be prescribed some medicines you will have some medic commenter, deep medical mentor the medicines plural And if you end up needing an operation the word is quite similar. Aina operates you own I in a operates yawn an operation So now we know how to arrange an appointment with the doctor. We also need to know how to explain to them what's wrong our phrase for this is mine to Veii in the middle of the sentence. You'd put the body part that's hurting just a quick note, sometimes depending on the gender of the word. Or if it's plural, we might say mine there to have a Most of the words below are masculine or neutral, which is why most of them start with mine. But a couple off them Do you have plural forms, which is when you'll see my neck in the examples and just like how in English, we wouldn't say my eyes hurts. We also have to change our word for hurts in German to reflect that we're talking about a plural. So Veii is for a singular body part hurting Andi tune Veii is for a plural body part hurting. This will become clear as we go through the examples. So starting from the top mine hus to very mine house to weigh my throat hurts or I have a sore throat Mine cop to they mine cough to they my head hurts or I have a headache. Mine, auto, They mine Aw, to they, my ear hurts or I have ear ache. Now here we have one that shows both singular unp laurel. So if one of your eyes hurts. You can say mine. Alga to Veii mine Alga to Veii If both of your eyes hurt, you would instead say minor our again tune Veii So quite a few words there changed to reflect that It's plural now minor Calgon tune Veii My eyes hurt same again for foot versus feet We have for the singular foot mine force to weigh mind force to weigh my foot hurts whereas if both of your feet hurt we have instead minor Krusa tune Veii My nephews attune Veii My feet hurt. Next we have teeth. This is a new word we haven't seen before. But it's easy enough. So with one tooth hurts you would say mine, son, To have a mind son to have a if more than one of your teeth hurts, but hopefully not all of them. Then you would say minor seeing, uh, tune Veii Notice that in both the example for feet and this example for teeth that we add an arm loud to the plural word and how this changes their pronunciation force becomes fu, sir, and son becomes seen a so once more mine it seen a tune Veii. I have some sore teeth. If you have back ache, you would say mine hook in to they mine. Okun to Veii. My back hurts on. Finally, if you have a stomach ache, you would say mine. Margon took they mine. Margon to Veii. My stomach hurts or I have a stomach ache. So there we go. This works for all the body parts we've looked at so far. Just remember to alter your mind to minor. If you're talking about a body part that's either feminine engender or one that's plural and remember to change taught toe tune. If you're talking about a body part that's plural with these two pieces of information, as long as you know the word for whatever body part is hurting, you won't be able to get it treated properly. Well, stir on holiday. So now we're going to look a short scenario where will book an appointment at the doctors over the phone. On this screen, we have the whole conversation in German. On on the next screen, we have the translation in English. What will do first is go back and forth, looking at each line in German and then in English and then I put the whole conversation together for you at the end. So if you think way back to lecture three we had a very short telephone call scenario there , and in it I explained how Germans answer the phone. They usually start with their name or their phone number. However, because we're looking at a business here, they would start with the name of the business. So you might call the doctor Schubert surgery and the receptionist would pick up the phone and say Schubert, Praxis Hollow, Schubert, Praxis Hollow which translates to Dr Shuberts Clinic. Hello. You would then ask to book an appointment. So hollow each muster Ananta mean house Martin bitter. Hello. I'd like to book an appointment, please. Hello Ish muster. I Nanterre mean house Martin beater. The receptionist then might say kind problem Van Merced in Z kind problem Van Merced in Z, which means no problem. When would you like? At this point, it's worth remembering that we have a formal andan informal way of talking to somebody or referring to them as you. In this example, the receptionist is talking to you using the formal method because you would expect them to be professional with you, just like you would hope a receptionist to be in your own country. So that's why the receptionist say's Van Merced and Z. It's the polite way of saying, When would you like moving on? You might reply. Montag Vin McGleish Monday. If possible. Montag ven Burghley the receptionist might then reply v. Harbin Montag annoying or passed us by. Even now, if you think back to our lecture about times of the day, it comes in handy here. So the translation for this sentence is We have Monday at nine o'clock. Does that work for you? They're Harbin Montag from nine or passed us by even again. In this sentence, the receptionist is using the polite form of you. In this instance, it's the word Eamon passed us by e then, and it's also worth noting here that the word past is a really useful word to remember because it can be used to express all sorts of affirmative is in all sorts of situations. It could mean that's fine, or that works or go on then on similar sorts of phrases. So then to reply, you might just say yeah, past dunker, as we've said, This simply means yes, that's fine. Thank you. Yeah. Bust dunker. Then it's time to end your conversation. Remember here that to say goodbye on the phone, we use a slightly different way of saying goodbye. So the receptionist might say to you Beat Asher, I'll feed the Hurvin. That means you're very welcome. Goodbye Beat Ash urn. I'll feed the Hurvin and you would simply reply our feeder Hurvin, which again means goodbye. So quite a straightforward conversation, Really? We call it the doctors practice. Ask the book an appointment. Get given a time of nine oclock on Monday. We say that works for us and then we say goodbye. Now I'll read that back to you without the explanations or the translation so that you can get a feel for the conversation as it would happen. Schubert. Praxis Hollow Hello, It's Mr In and Terminals Marking Beater Kind Problem Van Motions e Montag Ven McGleish via Harbin, Montag on knowing or passed us by union Your past dunker beater shown off Durban off either have and not too difficult once you taken the time to break it down step by step. Well, that's the end of this lecture I would really encourage you to go over the vocabulary here because although you hopefully won't need to use it, it could end up being incredibly helpful. If you find yourself in that sort of situation abroad, it would also be really helpful to your language, learning in general to go back over the part of this lecture, where we cover the changes between masculine and feminine words on the changes between singular and plural. Although it's not a full description, it will still accelerate your learning in readiness for when you start to look at genders on singular versus plural in more depth. And, of course, don't forget to take notes of any particular body parts in our lists that you know you have an issue with so that you'll be able to recall that word quickly should you need to when you're abroad and finally, if you have a specific body part that gives you trouble every now and then. But it's not in our lists here, and you'd like to know the vocabulary for it, even just to give yourself peace of mind. Then please don't hesitate to leave us a question about it in the discussion section off this course, and we'll try to answer you as quickly as possible so well done for making it through another lecture. I hope it's been useful, if not the most positive of lectures, but I really think it's worth covering early on in your language learning career, and with that, I'll see you in the next lecture. 12. LECTURE 12: hello for one more time. And first of all, let me say a very warm congratulations on making your way through this course and seeing it through to completion. I really hope you enjoyed using it as much as myself and Scott have enjoyed making it, and I hope you found it useful and informative to help you along your German language learning journey. I also want to say a very heartfelt thank you to you for choosing our conversational German course. I know you had options when deciding on which course to take, and Scott and I are both very proud and honored that you chose hours. Any feedback or questions you might have can be posted in the discussion section of the course and will always do our best to get back to you as soon as we can. And on that note, we both be hugely grateful if you could take just 30 seconds before you leave the course page To leave is a little review, just so where the learners can see that we're doing a good job on that. They can join in our little community here with some confidence. It's really straightforward to do just scroll towards the top of the course page and you'll see a little button that say's writer review. If you just click that, then you can pop in a star rating out of five. And we're of course, hoping that will be five. And write a few words on what you thought about the course. Thank you again for finding the time to do this because it helps us a lot and shows is that you would benefit from was making further courses for you to join us on just before we go. People are always asking those where they can go from here. So you've just taken on the basics of the spoken language, which is a big milestone, and I'm sure you'll look back and realize just how far you've already come. But let's say that you're planning on visiting a German speaking country for a short while , all that you'd like to, but would like to further expand upon your learning a bit more first. Well, personally, we'd always say, Don't stop here. Languages are so broad in their possibilities for learning, speaking, understanding and even evolving that there's so much more for you to experience from here. So whether you wanted to now progress to a more technical side of the language, such as grammar, or you want to improve your knowledge of vocabulary to expand on the phrases you've already learned here both options of great next steps for you. One really great way to immerse yourself in the language is to actually visit a German speaking country to hear the language firsthand, pick up on the little bits of pronunciation, new words and experiences that will help develop your language even further in most in yourself, in the language, by visiting a native country is going to accelerate your learning much more than we ever could in a video course, even if we gave you hours and hours and hours and days worth of content. I know that some of the best learning experiences for me, where when I went to Germany and met new people and had to find my way around by reading and listening to German on almost constant basis. On the other hand, most German speakers have a really good knowledge of the English language, so you should feel confident about visiting their country. Even from an early point in your German learning career. Of course, you can revisit the landings in this course to there's plenty to take in, and I'm sure if he started back at the early lectures now you would realize how some of the language fits into sentences in terms of the grammar and the vocabulary in ways that you didn't spot the first time round. It's also a great opportunity to go back to those lectures that you didn't find the easiest the first time around. Now that you have a broader knowledge of the language, and therefore you can revisit those slightly more difficult lectures with your higher level of understanding. And finally, don't forget that by enrolling on this course you have lifetime access to it. Not only does that include all of the lectures to go over as often as you wish, but you get one more very valuable resource to help you with anything you're stuck on me and Scott. If there's a word or phrase that you just can't seem to manage, then please don't hesitate to ask. Owes via the discussions area on will always try our best to help you out so one more time . Thank you so much for letting us help you in these early stages of your language learning journey. We hope we've helped you in some small way to get open running with some good usable key German words and phrases. Now all that remains to be said is goodbye. We hope to speak to you soon in the discussion section of our course and as a parting gift . Here's one last phrase for you baseballs. That's a nice, simple way to say bye for now or see you soon in German. And on that note I leave you for the moment by saying dunker Sherman owned baseballs.