Egg lovers, beware of reading this on an empty stomach! Whether you’re looking for an easy everyday breakfast to help you get your day started on the right foot or something a little more composed for a beautiful Sunday brunch, egg dishes surely have a place on your table. If you really want to step up your egg prep game, a quiche, frittata, or strata might just be the perfect thing. Are you getting hungry yet? 

Quiche, egg frittata, and egg strata are all delicious dishes—but what’s the difference between frittata and quiche and strata? While they have much in common, the difference between these breakfast treats mostly comes down to the crust.  

Quiche and frittata are both essentially egg custards baked with your choice of vegetables, meats, and other toppings. A quiche is baked in a flaky pie crust-style pastry shell. An egg custard prepared without this crust is also known as a frittata. 

A strata, on the other hand, is an egg custard that’s baked with layers of bread inside. It’s typically made with the same ratio of eggs and dairy as a quiche or frittata—and can be prepared with the same fillings you might choose for either of those dishes—but the addition of the bread creates a different texture. 

All three dishes are delicious and relatively simple to make. They’re also bound to be crowd-pleasers, whether you’re serving yourself, your immediate family, or a table full of loved ones for Christmas breakfast. Read on to learn more about quiche, frittata, and strata. 


Source: Kyle Nabilcy via Flickr Creative Commons
This frittata is made with peppers, potatoes, and spinach, in addition to the standard egg custard mixture.

A frittata, also known as a crustless quiche, is a creamy, savory egg custard baked with any combination of fillings, usually vegetables and meat. Unlike quiche, it’s not prepared inside of a flaky pastry. 

Here are a few simple frittata recipes to try:

Once you’ve practiced the basic mechanics of preparing a frittata, experiment with your fillings of choice. 

Frittata Origin

As you can probably guess from the word itself, the frittata is thought by many to have its origins in Italy and is sometimes referred to as the Italian version of the omelet. The Italian word “friggere” means “to fry.”

While some people assume that frittatas are Italian, its true origins are somewhat unknown. The dish has been traced to everywhere from Mesopotamia and Persia to Spain and Northern England. 

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frittata quiche
Source: unsplash
As if a frittata wasn’t already delicious enough… just add a pastry crust and you’ve got yourself a quiche! 

A quiche is an egg custard baked in a crust, much like a basic pie crust. Like a frittata, a quiche can be prepared with any mixture of meats and vegetables to suit your liking and dietary needs. It’s basically a savory breakfast pie. 

Check out these quiche recipes for newbies:

Learning to make a basic quiche is a quick and easy process, and once you have it down, you can create all kinds of takes on it to serve at breakfast and brunch. 

Quiche Origin

Quiche is known as a classic French dish, but according to historical readers, it has its beginnings in the middle ages of Germany. It was first served in a medieval kingdom called Lothringen, which was later occupied by the French and renamed Lorraine. That’s where the “Lorraine” in quiche Lorraine comes from! 


fluffy egg
Source: Stu Spivack via Flickr Creative Commons
Is your mouth watering yet?

An egg strata is an egg casserole made with layers of bread to stabilize the eggs as they bake. They are usually much thicker than frittatas and can be given a twist with the same fillings that you know in love in a quiche, including bacon, sausage, spinach, and cheese. 

Want to make a strata of your own? Here are a few to start with:

In addition to trying out different fillings for your strata, you can also test out various types of bread for the filling. There are so many options! 

Strata Origin

Unlike quiche and frittata, strata originates from America. One of the earliest recipes for this dish was supposedly printed in a cookbook called The Handbook of Household Sciences, which was written by Juniata L. Shepperd and published in 1902. 

Eat Up!

While all three of these egg dishes are traditionally prepared for breakfast and brunch, they make for the perfect addition to any menu at any time of day. Thanks to their versatility, you can add your favorite lunch or dinner ingredients to any quiche, frittata, or strata and enjoy accordingly. 

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Written by:

Alli Hoff Kosik