iPad Art: An Introduction to Vectornator - Create a Cactus Pattern | Nic Squirrell | Skillshare

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iPad Art: An Introduction to Vectornator - Create a Cactus Pattern

teacher avatar Nic Squirrell, Artist and illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Research & Sketching


    • 3.

      The Vectornator App


    • 4.

      Color Palette


    • 5.

      Pots Shapes Nodes Masks & Groups


    • 6.

      Pots Boolean Operations


    • 7.

      More Pots & More Things


    • 8.

      The Pen Tool


    • 9.

      Freehand Pencil & Brush Tools


    • 10.

      Drawing the Leaves


    • 11.

      Plants - Combining Methods


    • 12.

      Making a Repeat Pattern


    • 13.

      Vectornator Final Thoughts


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About This Class

Vectornator is a simple but powerful vector app for the iPad which is easy and intuitive to learn. Amazingly, it's also free.

This class will take you step by step through my methods for creating vector illustrations and repeat patterns in Vectornator. I start with the basics, so even if you have never tried a vector program before, you will be able to follow along.

We will be creating a cactus and succulent houseplant pattern, and in the process we will use all sorts of features including:

  • Shapes
  • Live corner radius
  • Boolean operations
  • Bézier curves and nodes
  • Pen tool
  • Pencil and Brush freehand tools
  • Masks
  • Groups
  • Gradients
  • Artboards
  • And lots more!

As always, I will be sharing plenty of tips and tricks as we go.

So come on, let's get started!

PLEASE NOTE: This class contains flashing images.

Do feel free to share your work on social media with the hashtag #nicsquirrellskillshare. I do share some of them in my Instagram Stories.

Nice reviews really help me and are always welcome!

Follow me here on Skillshare to be kept up to date with my new classes and discussions.


Vectornator in the App Store

My website

My other classes

Music: Age Of AI by Aussens@iter (c) copyright 2018 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (3.0) license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/tobias_weber/57637 Ft: Kara Square

Meet Your Teacher

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Nic Squirrell

Artist and illustrator

Top Teacher


I am an artist and designer of fun things living in Kent, England.

I studied Creative Visual Art and 3D Design at the University of Greenwich and loved every minute of it.

My illustrations are on many products from prints to suitcases and everything in between.

I love drawing and painting on my iPad as well as using traditional media, particularly watercolour.

If anything stays still long enough, I will draw on it.

Quirky animals, dreamy landscapes and watercolor florals are my speciality.

Follow me below to see what else I'm up to!


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Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: Hello, I'm Nick. I'm an artist and illustrator. In this class, we'll be using this simple but powerful Vectornator app on the iPad, although you can also use it on your iPhone as well. We'll be creating a vector cactus and houseplants indoor jungle. When we're finished, we'll have covered all sorts of things including shapes, Boolean operations, fascia curves, pentel, free hand drawing, gradients and much more. I'll also show you how to put your houseplants into a technical repeat pattern and how to use the artboards feature. As always, I'll be sharing my tips and tricks as we go. It's fun, it's easy, so let's get started. 2. Research & Sketching: I'm rubbish at gardening, but I'm great at growing cacti and succulents probably because they don't need much watering. There's a lot of variety and I love all the interesting shapes and textures. So I thought they'd make a great subject for our project. If you're not as cactus crazy as me, try to find a friend who is or get to a plant store or botanical gardens or somewhere where you can get a good look at the various house plants, cacti and succulents, and take a few quick photos for reference. If you can get a photo with a lot of variation of color in it, we can use this to create a color palette. Part of the reason to make these initial sketches is to explore and record what you see. They don't have to be pretty. Look at the basic leaf shapes, look at how the leaves are arranged. Do they grow upwards or do they hang down? Do they come out from a stem? Are they are symmetrical with two or more leaves opposite each other? Or do they alternate? Are there any spikes? How are the spikes arranged? Are the leaves just one color? Maybe the tips are a different color from the main leaves. Are they variegated with stripes, spots, or other patterns? Are there any flowers? If so, what color are they? Are they big or small? What kind of shape are they? Of course, you can always invent your own made-up plants. But I think it's a good idea to start from nature and take it from there. Using either a pen or pencil and paper or your favorite sketching art, draw out as many plants and containers as you like, keeping in mind that your finished piece will look best with a variation in shapes, heights, and colors. Sketch out the basic shapes and outlines. Try some top views and some side views and see what you like best or maybe you would prefer to mix them up. We also need a variety of pots and containers. Rather than copying exactly what you see where the designs have been thought up by someone else, just look at the main shapes, and then we can add our own designs to them later and come up with something original. When you're finished, save your sketch to the camera roll or take a photo with your iPad if you're using paper. In the next video, we'll be looking at the Vectornator app. 3. The Vectornator App: You need to download and open up the Vectornator app. I've put a link to the app in the App Store in the project section and also the above section of the class. When you open it up, you are in the homepage. On the top left, you've got the Gallery which is the section we're in now which shows all your documents. Along from there, you've got news which just shows you all the latest Vectornator news. Then the Settings, in which you can add fonts, you can subscribe to a news letters and notifications. There are tutorials that you can access through here. You can put in feature requests, and there are social media options to. I'm going to go back to the gallery. Next one along is the pencil which is to edit your document. From here, you can select a document, you can export it, you can delete it. I'm going to press the cross to get out of this section. Then the last one is to add documents. I just want to also show you that you can make stacks of your documents, put more on the folder by just dragging one on top of another. We're going to make a new document by pressing the plus. Again, you've got various options here. Start with which is going to go for the Custom Size, so I'm going to tap on that, and the size that I'm going to use is 7,000 pixels square. That's the size commonly used because it works well for what I do with my images. If you'd rather use a different size, that's no problem at all. Just remember that this is a vector program so you can resize without any problems. I'm going to press "Create", and we've got our new document here. I'm going to type on the name to rename it. It got a little cross to get rid of what's there already. I'm going to call mine Houseplants. I might think of something slightly more inspiring later may be. Let's open up our document by tapping on it. Let's start on the top left. You have this little cross that will take you back to the main gallery. If you press the little arrow next to it, it comes out with some more things. You have the settings with various things you can do. For me, the things I use most are whether or I have a white or a see-through background. If I'm designing for t-shirts, if I wanted to be able to change backgrounds later, I might want to switch that off. You can choose whether you want to work in CMYK or in RGB. You can change your dimensions. You can change your units. At the bottom here, you've also got choices. Next to the Canvas, you've got Snapping. You can change your input device. If you're using an Apple pencil, you don't need to do anything with this. Then I've got mine on the Show Touches. Just because it's easy to demonstrate, you might not want that on your. Next along is the export, and you can export from within the document, or you can do it from the main gallery page. We'll come to that later. Next is the zoom. If you tap on that, it will take you back to screen size. Then you've got the undo and redo. Next along is the action bar, and this has more or less things showing just depending on what's on the canvas. I've just popped a little square onto the canvas so that we can actually see it working. At the moment, the square is selected, so the left-hand cross is the deselect. If it's not selected, it's a select all. When something's selected, you can then put it in a trash bin, if you are English. You can cut, and you can get clipboard out and paste. The paste is always a paste in place, so paste at exactly on top of where you cut or copied it from. Next one along was a little clipboard, and it's a copy. Moving on from the action bar, we go across to the top right. This is called the inspector bar, and it's got loads of functions that you'll use. First one along is the paintbrush icon, and that is the Style menu. Style menu includes the colors, so you've got your fill at the top. There's an eyedropper tool. You can put the hex code of a color if that's what you want, and then you've got some little eye here which means that it has a fill. If you take a look, it's got no fill. If you tap on the color, it takes you through to all your color options which will have a look later. At the very bottom, if you scroll down, you've got some color blending options, and you've got color adjustments. At the very bottom, you've got different palettes at the moment, you've got the classic color picker. If you go across to the three bars there, you've got the RGB menu. At the bottom is the opacity of the color. There's another spot down there which you can input a hex code. You can pull out whole section down through to reveal the rest of it. Corner Radius will come to it later and the Opacity. Blend Mode. here are a whole load of different Blend Modes that you can go through and try out if you have more than one object to more than one layer, that's when it will make a difference. I'm tapping on the word "Style" just to get back to that menu. The next one is the Blur. At the bottom, you've got the Stroke. At the moment we've got the fill on. Let's put stroke on as well and get rid of the fill, and you can see that we've now got a colored stroke. You can change the stroke quick. It's quite nice because you can change it as you go, so you can see dynamically what's happening on the screen. You've got Arrowheads. If you have a Dash, you can choose the Gap and the dash length, and then the line and corner styles. Next along, is the Arrange menu. I've just put another square in there because that way it'll show up. At the top you've got the precision joystick which just move everything by one pixel, and you can also very finely tune your rotation. If you tap on it, you can tune it even more finely by inputting whatever you want. Tap again to get rid of that. You've put your X and Y coordinate to tell you where your objects are on the art board, and then you've got the width and height of the selected objects. Next, you've got group and ungroup. Flip horizontal and Flip vertical. You can change the order of an object. Next, you have the Alignments where you can align objects. You also got Distribute. I'll show you that in a minute. Let's move on to the Path menu. We'll go through this in a lot more detail later, but you've got your Boolean operations at the top. You can Mask and unmask, and you can do various more complicated things to do with the path. At the bottom, you can turn your texts and shapes, and you can place your text on the path. Let's move on to the Layers palette, which is the next one along. At the moment, it's called, this art board, Custom Size, so I could tap it and change the name of that. You can hide the layer by toggling list or reveal it, and you can lock a layer to prevent anything on that layer from being changed. Along the top, you've got the little pencil edit menu, which gives you some more options. You can delete, you can export just the layer itself. You can duplicate a layer. You can make your layers visible or in visible and lock them all from this section, and the cross will take you back. This is the new art board icon, which we will look at later, and you can add a new layer. That will automatically name your layers if it recognizes what's in them. But you can rename yourself by just tapping on the name. Then the last icon in the Inspect bar is the plus, and this where you can add various things. Along the bottom, you can add templates which is where you can save objects to use later. Don't really know why I saved to templates. It's a mystery. If you want to save something as a template, for example, these beautiful squares, you can select them and then just press the plus button, and there it is, ready to use, and you can just use it by dragging and dropping. That'll be available in any other documents that you want to use as well. There are various templates already in here. You can add a photo from your camera roll. You can also go on the Iconator platform to use some of the icons, and then swipe that whole thing away. Now, we are going to have a look at the toolbar on the left-hand side. The top one is the selection tool, so you can select by dragging over what you wanted to select. That's a quick way to select more than one object. You can just tap on what you want to select and tap away from it to deselect. Or you can deselect to the top here with the cross. If you want to select more than one object, you can just press this button here. Press it again to inactivate it. The next one down will allow you to duplicate something, so you can just drag to get another copy. Do remember to turn this one off. It catches me out all the time, and you've got the rotate. You can also rotate just by pulling the handle. You can change the center of rotation here. Then he got the scale as well. You can always duplicate and then rotate at the same time, and the same with scaling. The next one down is the note tool, which will allow you to select single notes to change. Again, you can select more than one, and you can rotate and scale. Next one down is the scissors which will allow you to cut an object at a certain point. Then you have the pen tool, freehand pencil tool, the brush tool, the text tool, the shape tool which we'll be looking at, and the eraser tool. There are also some gestures you can use in Vectornator. Two finger tap is undo. Three finger tap his redo. You can rotate and zoom the canvas with two fingers. You can also modify some actions. It's touched. If I want to resize an object and put one finger down on the screen, it will lock the aspect ratio to keep it in proportion. You can use this while you're drawing objects as well to keep them perfectly in proportion so you can draw a perfect squares and circles. Now, we know everything is. In the next video, we're going to make a color palette. 4. Color Palette: We're going to start by making a color palette. To do this, we're going to bring in some photos of the cacti that we took and use those. You don't have to do this. You can make one using colors that you pick, but I think it's a nice way to start. To do that by pressing the plus. I'm going into the photos, and I'm just going to pick out a couple of the cactus photos to pick colors from. I'll tap on the photo to add it. You can just keep adding as many as you want to. Then I'm going to tap again to get that out of the way. I'm going to use the selection tool, to just spread these out a little bit. You can see that the guides are actually coming up to show me how to line them up and snap them together. Not that that matters, but it's a good demonstration of how that works. I'm going to go into the paintbrush style menu. So now making sure that everything is deselected, I'm going to tap on the eyedropper that's next to the fill color, and then just move it around until I find a color I like. Like this nice gray blue. Then I'll tap on that fill color to bring up my options. I've actually got a color palette already in here. But if I go to one of these empty squares, then I can just tap on it, tap that color. If I decide I don't like that color, I want to get rid of it, tap and hold and you get the option to delete. I didn't like that color so I'm going to put it back in. You have a very small number of holes to fill. The more colors you put in, the more it expands to fit. I've already got a color palette which I'm actually going to use, but do go out and collect colors from your pictures. If you're a drawer that just puts in the hex codes, you can do that here. Or you can just choose to pick your own colors by just moving around on the color picker. However you want to do it, get your color palette ready, and then we'll come back in the next video and start drawing. 5. Pots Shapes Nodes Masks & Groups: I'm going to start drawing some of the pots. I`m going to go into the "Layers" menu. I'm going to add a new layer to work on, I'm going tap on the "Pencil" icon, tap on the layer with the photos on, and I'm going to put that in the trash. Then I'm going to go along to the top right and tap on the "Plus" in the "Inspector" bar and I'm going to bring in my sketch of the pots. That's placed my sketch as an object, because I made my sketch the same size as the page, it's just bought it in at the right size. I'm going to either tap outside of that or tap the "De-select" in order to de-select it. I'm going to go into the "Layers" palette and tap on the sketch layer. I'm going to take down the opacity of that layer with the slider, because I might sometimes want to put that on top of the layer that I'm working on, in order to see the detail, then I'm going to lock it so I don't end up accidentally putting things on that layer, and I'm gonna give myself a new layer to work on. It`s annoying me that it's calling this outward custom size, so I'm just going to change that. I'm going to tap on the layer I want to work on, which his Layer 1, going to rename Layer 1, "Pots." This pot is gonna be ideal for demonstrating the shapes, so I'm going tap on the rectangle shape at the bottom here, I'm going to use the "Paintbrush Style" menu, and I'm going to choose a nice, bright layer, and I'm just going to draw out a rectangle. That one has got a "Stroke" as well as "Effects," so I want to get rid of that. When you're drawing objects, they come with the properties of having "Strokes" and "Fills." Just going to pull this down to get that color palette out of the way, I want to turn off the "Stroke," but I could also turn off the "Fill." If you turn off the "Fill," you're only left with the "Stroke" outline. I'm going to turn off the "Stroke" by tapping on the "Eye" icon here. The other thing I'm going to do, is slightly round the corners, so that it's more like a pot you might buy, rather than being an absolute square pot. You can choose how round your corners are at the beginning using the slider over by the toolbar. I am going to use the "Dynamics" light in the "Style" palettes, and I'm just going up the corner radius a little bit. You can go back to an object that you've already created and moved on from, and you can change the corner radius at any time. The next thing I need to do is, I'm going to add a little foot to this. Again, I'm going to use the same rectangle and just put a little stand underneath it, and if I want to line those up, I can use the selection tool. I can either select by tapping on this "Add to Selection" and then tap on "Further Objects," or I can select more than one object just by drawing a mark here, over them both. I'm going to go into the next menu along, which is the "Arrange" menu, I'm to going to choose down here from the "Align" section, and I'm going to align them vertically. Now these are perfectly aligned, I think I want to make this little foot a slightly darker color, so I'm going to go back to the "Paintbrush" menu and scroll down to my "Color" palette and make it a slightly darker blue, and I want to put it behind the pots so that it looks like a proper footing. I'm going to do that again in the "Arrange" menu. I'm going to put the footing behind it by just moving it back one, because I've only got two objects here. The next thing I'd like to do is put some stripes on my pot. I'm going to use the rectangle and take it back to zero, so it doesn't have any rounded corners at all. I'll use a different color, so I'm going to just draw out a white rectangle. I really need to put in a colored background so it's easier to see. I'm going to do that by adding an extra layer. Let's rename that, and then I'm just going to use the rectangle tool to draw out a rectangle that goes all the way across. You can see the guides, they are showing me that it's lined up, but I'll check that in a minute. Change the color to this pale pink, and I'm going to get back to my layers, drag that one down below all the others, I'm going to check the position of it by going to the "Arrange" menu, and I want it to be on zero "X" and zero "Y," so that the edges are lined up and it's exactly seven thousand pixels. Spot on, those guys were great. I'll go back into the "Layers" menu now and lock that, so that I can't mess it up later. Let's go back to our stripes that we were busy doing. I'm going to select that top stripe, and I'm going to duplicate it, by tapping on this "Duplicate" menu, and I'm just going to drag down, don't worry too much about the positioning because we can kind of even them out. I'm going to deselect "Duplicate" because I don't want to carry on duplicating forever, and I put the top stripe where I want it to end up and the bottom stripe. I'm going to lasso these stripes, making sure I haven't lassoed the pot as well. I'll go to the "Arrange" menu again and scroll down to "Distribute," and on the left is the horizontal distribution, which is not what I want. On the right is the vertical, so let's just tap that and it's evened them all out beautifully. So you can see I'm going to have perfect stripes by doing this. Now I need to get these stripes so they don't stick out from my pot, and to do that, I'm going to make a mask, the top object to mask the objects below it, so I need this pot to be on top. I'm going to use the "Arrange" menu to bring that to the front, and then I'm going to lasso the stripes and the pot, I'm going to go into the "Path" menu, which is the next one along, in the "Inspector" bar, and select "Mask" here. You can tell it's "Mask" because it has this little "m" in the corner. The only thing left to do is group it all together, including the foot, so that if I move it or do anything with it, it will all work together. So I'm going to lasso over everything, go into the "Arrange" menu, and choose "Group." Now, as well as the "M," we've got a "G" there, to show us that it's also a group. 6. Pots Boolean Operations: For this next bit, we're going to be using some of the Boolean operations which you can find in the path menu. This is obviously not a house plant but I want to just show you how this works. I've got two squares here and I'm going to select both of them. The first one in the Boolean operations is combined. That combines the two shapes into one new shape and the new shape takes on the color of the top shape. Next one is subtract, where the top shape takes a bite out of the bottom shape. The next one is intersect, which just gets rid of any of the parts of both shapes which aren't overlapping. The next one is divide. For this one, you end up with three separate shapes it doesn't look like it, but let me just move them. You've got the bottom bit that's left, top bit that's left and you've got the bit that was in-between them and then the last one, I don't tend to use, but it takes away the bit that's intersected and just leave you with one single shape. These aren't two separate pieces they're one shape and all your overlapping parts end up being like a hole. I'm going to use Boolean operations to make some of these other shapes. Let's start with this one and to make this, I'm going to use the oval which I'll get to by going to three dots menu and choosing the circle. I'm going to do this and the dark blue. I want to draw a perfect circle, I can start drawing the circle and then just place one finger on the Canvas and that will came strain is proportions and then I want a perfect circle. I'm just going to drag out an oval which is roughly can fit so that I can see what I'm doing. I'm just going to move the layers and it's smoother sketch layer on top of the layer that I'm using at the moment so that I can see what's happening. Then I'm just going to bring in the edges of this so that it fits everything before. Then I'm going to use the rectangle by going to three dots menu. I'm going to change to this bright green, yellow so that you can see what's going on so I'm just going to draw a rectangle which will roughly chop off my pot at the right place. Then I'm going to choose up to selection and select the bottom oval. Then I'll go into the path menu and choose the Boolean operation which has subtract so be yellow rectangle is going to take a big bite out of the blue oval and just leave me with this shape. I'm going to take the sketches back the way so I can show you what's going on here. Now going to use the node tool so you can see that the three nodes here, the three white little squares. If I want to tap on a particular node and it'll bring up the little handles that'll show you how these notice made up and it's a curve. At the top of the style menu at different versions of this curve so the one on the left is a corner node and that's a little bit like we have at the top there. The next one is a very even curve where both the handles are the same length and this in the same direction. What I have now is the an even curves so I can adjust the length of these handles independently. Although they always remain exactly opposite to each other as far as the direction goes. This little handy guide helps you to get things lined up as well at the bottom. Then the last one is were you can alter the handles completely independently and you can also do this by just moving the handle and then placing one finger on the screen. I can change my note type by double tapping on it so if I double tap on this one, it becomes a corner node you can see in the style guide there that edges now showing that it's the coordinate. I can double-tap again to make it into a curve node. I cut the top rim of the shapes slight curve to it. I'm just going to tap along that top line that's given me an extra node so now I'm just going to move that node has it's already selected and I'm still using the node till for this. I'm going to move it up the center line that the guide showing me then and then I'm going to double tap it to turn into a curve node the curve is given me automatically, is actually really nice so I'm going to keep that. I would quite like this one to have a different color on the top and the bottom, so I'm going to choose the selection tool, select the whole thing, duplicate and just pull it down a little bit. I'm going to change the color of the front layout to bright blue. Then I'm going to use the main shape, which is this dark blue one, to mask the bright blue one at the front. I need to change the order of them so I'm going to select the dark blue one, the arrange menu and bring it all the way to the front then to make sure I de-select the duplicate person, choose the anti selection so I got them both selected now. Go into the path menu and use that front one to mask the back one. Then I'm just going to give it a little foot by giving a little rectangle at the bottom there. I'm going to let's say select both of those and get them aligned in the arrange menu, I'll scroll down and choose align horizontally. Then I'm just going to zoom in and have a look. I want the foot to completely cover the bottom of the pot and then let's see that whole thing and group. We've got two parts made now, let's make another one. I'm starting with a rectangle. Make sure it's wide enough and long enough to cover a sketch then go to the node tool and select this bottom node here and just bring that in and the same on the other side, select and drag so I'm actually happy with that for the shape. I think we'll put some decoration in that, it can make it prettier. It's going to de-select and the paintbrush style menu I'm going to choose white. Then I'm going to get my shapes I think I will choose this polygon shape and if you look at the slider, it's actually showing you how many sides your polygon has. It can go from 20 at the most, right down to three, which is obviously going to make a triangle so I think I'll go for that one. If I pull my colors out of the way, I could actually change the number of slides as we go with the slider here. That about three I can also make it slightly rounded if I wanted to. When I'm here, I'll just show you a couple of things about the sliders. If you want to be a very, very accurate with this sliders, if you start sliding and then pull down, you go up in much smaller increment. You can be really accurate by just tapping on the number and then you can just input whatever number you'd like. Then we go from a node tool and just pull this triangle down to make this slightly different shape. Again, but it's the selection tool, lets make it a little bit smaller and I'm going to duplicate it by just pulling it along using the guides. Let me do one more and then I'll just scale them to fit. I'm going to de-select the duplicate. I'm going to select the app to selection and select all of these together and just move to its place. That fits pretty well as it is but if you want to, you can just scale them by moving the corner here. I'm going to select all of that and group. 7. More Pots & More Things: Let's move on to the next one. I'm going to go for the circular one here. So I'm going to go three dots menu and choose a circle. Make sure I got nothing selected. For this kind of medium blue this time, I'm going to drag out a rough circle. It's not an exact circle. I'm going to chop off the top and bottom off it using a rectangle. I'm going to be chopping off the top here, chopping off the bottom here. Using the Selection Tool and the Abscissa Selection, I got the lower two parts selected. Get to the Path Menu, choose ''Subtract'', then I'll select the top one as well and do the same. Then I'm going to use the rectangle. It's going to deselect, go for the dark blue and just drag out a rectangle for the top brim by pulling down to get rid of the palette, I'm going to go in and change the corner radius to round it off. That's looking quite nice. If you want, you can now align it, I'll leave mine. Then we just need to decorate it somehow. Maybe some stars this time would be nice. With the stars, you got the number of points. You can get down to three, which will give you another triangle. I'm going to go for a five-pointed star. With my Selection Tool, I'm going to duplicate those. I'll deselect the duplicate, then select the ''Add to Selection'' and choose all five of those stars. To the Arrange Menu and I'll distribute those horizontally. Select all of those again and group them, then I'm going to duplicate them, deselect. Let's pull the lower one down, the upper one up. Select all of those stars and line them up with the middle of the pot just by using the guides. To ungroup those separate sets for tidiness just so that I can keep things organized as I go along. Then I want to mask those, so I'm going to select the main pot, bring it to the front. Then I can lasso over the whole area where the main pot and the stars are. In the Path Menu, I'll make a mask. Then I'll bring the rim of the pot to the front and select and group that whole pot. As you can see, I'm not completely sticking to my sketches. Here's another one that's going to be nice and easy to make with the shape. Start with a rectangle shape with zero curvature on the corners. I'm going to use the Node Tool and just pull the edges in. I'm going back to the Shape Tool. Slightly change the color of that one. Just push that out of the way and slightly around the corners too. I think this one would look nice, with a little bit of texture, so I'm just going to use a few circles to put that in. I'm going to the three dots menu, choosing a circle. Just drag out this little circle with one finger on the Canvas in order to keep it as a perfect circle. Then that's just to pop a couple up here. Then I'm going to lasso all of that and again, to group them together in the Arrange Menu. You can see this gets quite quick and easy once you got used to doing it. Let's do this one. Start with a rectangle, go for the Node Tool just going to bring the edges in. I think it would be quite nice to just round those bottom edges, so I'm still on the Node Tool, and I can either use the Anti-Selection up here at the top, or I can just drag over both those lower nodes and I'm going to just round the corner of those two. You shade around the corner of each node individually if you want to. Then the next thing I'm going to do is just put a little rim on there, change the color and go for my dark blue and just round those corner a little again. I am going to put some circles on that one as decoration and deselect and I'm going to choose white. Again, just draw out some circles. Let's just move that and using the guide I'm going to position that halfway up. Then I'm going to go for the duplicate. Just strike that across to the middle and just judge by eye the other side. Could use the Arrange Tool if I wanted to, but I'm just going to leave that as it is. Then group those in the Arrange Menu. Then this one's going to be easy to make with this circle tool. I'm just going to deselect my group from before so that they can stop messing that up. Now I'm going to go to the Node Tool, I'm going to choose this lower node and just drag the handles out until they match my sketch. Then another way of cutting the top off this would be to use the Scissors Tool. I'm going to tap on the edge of my shape, where I want to cut it and on the other side. Let's actually chopped that off. The only thing to consider when you use these Scissors Tool, is so that I make the line visible. You'll see that the stroke doesn't close the shape, so if you wanted to close that shape, you'd have to go in and add the line with the Pen Tool. I'll do the Pen Tool later, but let me just show you that, so I'm going to choose the Pen Tool, I'm going to tap on one of the end nodes, tap on the one that I want to join it to, but then it's changed it, so I will need to change that handle by going to the Node Tool. I'm just moving that with one finger on it to enable me just to move one of them. It's not the easiest thing to do. I would tend to use the Boolean operations and just subtract, but it depends on what you need and what you want. Obviously, if you are just drawing lines with no feel, this isn't too much at all. I'm going to get rid of that top piece. Then I'm just going to give it a foot. Let's change the color of the foot and let's send it back behind the other one, the Arrange Menu, and then I'm going to lasso both of those and I'm going to align them vertically. I'm going to group it. This is going to be easy using rounded rectangle. Let's take the corner radius maybe like that. Then I'm just going to change the size. Let's give it a foot and change the color. I'm going to send that throughout the back, then I'm just going to put a rim on the top. I'm using a Selection Tool to lasso these two and I'm going to align them vertically. I'm going to put a stripe across the middle. Let's make that white. I'm just going to move it up until its central, then I'm going to move that behind because I'm going to mask that. I'm going to use the multiple selection to select the pot and stripe, and then go into the Path Menu and mask it. I'm going to select all of it and I am to group it. This one's going to be good for the Circle tool, and move the layer below the sketch layer so I can see a little bit better what I'm doing. I'm going to use the Boolean operations to chop off the top of that just by drawing a rectangle over it. I'm going to add to the selection, I'm going again to the path menu and subtract that top. I quite like the curve on there. Let's just get rid of the sketch layer again, underneath. Then I think I'll just put a foot behind it. Let's align those two, in the Arrange Menu do a vertical line. I'm going to send that behind. You can't see the difference because of the same color. Group those and move on. I don't particularly like this, so I may not use it, but it's quite an interesting shape to show you how you can do things in different ways. I start by making the goblet itself. I'm going to choose the cillilato blue for that and a circle. I'm going to draw out a square to chop the top off it, select both, go to the path and do the subtract. Then I'm going to go to the Node Tool and just tap in the middle of that to get an extra node. I'm going to move that node to the middle and slightly up and then double tap it to make it rounded, and insert the bottom node and just bring those handles out to little to get the shape right. Then for the stem of the goblet I can do this in two different ways. With these programs there're usually many ways of doing the same thing. I'll show you both of these because I use both methods and you might find one more intuitive than the other. I'm going to start by drawing out a square. I'm just going to change the color. The left side, I'm going to use a circle and the Boolean operations to take a bite out of it. Let's just change the color of that so you can see it really well. I'm going to select both of those, and subtract. Then on the other side I'm going to use the Node Tool. I'm going to tap off right down to add a node, then just move that node. Let's level it out with the other side. In the same way as we did the top rim I'm going to double-tap to give that a curve. On the other side I can also alter the handles if I want to. Two different ways of doing exactly the same thing. Let's send that one for the back. I actually want the base to be the same color as the top, so to do that, I can always tap on the top to select it because it will always give you the same color and properties of the thing that you clicked on. Let's go a very shallow circle, then I'm going to chop the bottom of it with a rectangle, select both of those, and subtract. Again, I need to align that up. I could use the Align Tool or I can use these guides, again, two different ways of doing the same thing. Group this together. Let's do this one as well. It's not a regular shape. Doesn't matter, we can still start with the shape till we make this. I'm going for the Rectangle Tool, I'm going for the nodes, I'm going to take in that top node on each side so it matches. Then I think I'm going to just make this really uneven, so I'm going to go in and change each corner radius separately. I've just got this bottom node selected, you can see that because it's black. I'm going to up the corner radius on that one, then I'm going to select the other corner and do that. I'm going to use the Pen Tool later to put the pattern on it. I think this will actually do as far as the Shape Tool goes. You can see from this that you can do huge amount with this Shape Tools, you can even punch holes in things if you want to. For example, if I wanted holy goblet, I'm going to go to the Circle Tool, I'm going to draw a circle. Oops. That's still a group isn't it? Let's undo the group. I see those two. Go to the Path Tools and do subtract. Then if I move this, you can see it's actually a hole in it. That would be a pretty useless wine glass. On that note, it's time to move on to the Pen Tool. 8. The Pen Tool: [MUSIC] We're going to move on to the Pen tool now for the rest of these shapes. If you've never used the Pen tool before, it's so versatile. It's well worth getting used to using it if you intend to use vectors in your work. Even though you can use the Shapes tool to do a lot of things, with the Pen tool you can just make any kind of shape you like. So now, let's have a look at the Pen tool. I'm going to choose no fill and just go for a stroke. If you start by tapping on the screen, if you tap again, it will join your two nodes together. Every time you tap, you're placing a node. If I put a fill color on, this makes it a little bit easier to see what's happening. So you can see that the shape hasn't been closed. So to close the shape, I'm going to tap back on the first node and you can see that the inside is completely enclosed now. So if I want to make a shape with just a line and I take away the fill, so if I want that to be the last node on that line, I need to deselect it up at the top there. So the moment we've just got sharp corners, I want to make more of a curved shape, I can tap and drag. So I'm going to tap for my first corner. The next one, I'm going to tap and then drag and you can see you've got the little handles. Then the next one, I'm going to tap and drag and I'm just going to go back to the start to make a shape. Then I can go in with my Node tool and do all the things that we were doing before with the shapes. If I have a shape that is filled but has no stroke, it's really just going to behave in the same way as the shapes that we were using earlier. So you can use the Boolean operations, you can change the node types, everything that we've been doing so far. Let's go back to Align with no fill, just the stroke. I'm just going to make a line. As you're going along, if you tap and drag in the direction that you want your line to go, you'll get the best results. So I want to just look at the end of my line, scroll down, and you can see at the moment it's got a rounded end. I can change that so that it has a square end which ends where the node is or a square end that ends beyond the node. Then if I look at the Sharp Corner node, you've got a choice of corner types as well. So we've got sharp corner, we've got a rounded corner or we've got a truncated chopped off corner. Let's have a look at some of these other pots that we haven't done yet. I'm going to go for this tea cup. We'll choose the Pen tool and I'm going to go for no stroke, just a fill. So I'm gong to start by tapping, then I'm going to come down here and tap and drag. As I drag it's pulling out these handles, and that's before. If I put one finger onto the canvas, that means I can just change one handle at a time. Then I'm going to tap and drag at the top. So I've got a bit of an uneven tea cup here. If I tap again on that node, it's going to change it into a sharp node and then I'll tap again on the other side to close the shape. So I'm going to go for the Node tool and just adjust this a little bit until it looks right, and I'm going to put a very slight curve on the top by tapping halfway along, just pulling this up a little and double tapping to make it into a curved node. Time for the handle. So I'm going to tap, then I'm going to come to the apex of the bend, and then I'm going to tap on drag round here. Then I want to come back round, so I'm going to put another dot there and tap and drag back round. I'm going to tap again on that last one to turn it into a sharp node and tap back. So quite like that for a handle. In order to get your Pen tool shapes nice and smooth, you want to use as few nodes as possible. So I'm going to select both the handle and the cup, use the Boolean operations to join those together so I've just got one single shape now. I'm going to de-select that. I'll just show you something that you can do with the Pen tool for decoration, and then I'm going to make a little teardrop shape like a flower petal by tapping, and I'm going to tap and drag at the top just a little bit and then tap back on the first one. That gives me a teardrop and I quite like to make a flower. So I'm going to select that with the Selection tool, I'm going to choose the duplicate and also the rotate. See there's this little circle right in the middle. If I tap down here, that changes the center of rotation. So now I can drag it around and it's going to rotate and duplicate, and if I want to constrain that to a 45 degree angle, I could put one finger on the Canvas and then I'm just going to do the same again and just carry on until I've got eight petals. So that's an easy way of getting a flower, and you can do the same thing with scaling objects as well. You can duplicate in scale and I'm going to put that into the group. Let's change the layer order so that we can see the sketch better. What I'm going to do is, use the Pen tool to follow these drips and make a drippy glaze on this pot and I'm going to mask that into the pot shape. Doesn't matter what I do at the top because that's going to be masked. So I'm just going to tap and drag at the apex of every bend of this curve, and this is really good way of practicing using the Pen tool and the Node tools. Let's just close that shape off. I'm going to use the Node tool for a bit of fine tuning just to get it to follow my original line a little bit more. Select the pot shape and bring that to the front in the Arrange menu, and because I made this pot sometime ago, I'm going to actually bring it right to the front rather than just move it forward because it'll be quite a long way back in the stack. I'm going to change the color of that top a bit so that it's not bright yellow, and then I'm going to [inaudible] them both and make a mask. Just pop the sketched layer back down. Let's do this one down here with the zigzag decoration. So with the Pen tool, I'm going to start with a node at the top. Let's go down to this corner and lump to this one and I'll tap again to make that a sharp node, and then I just want a straight line across the top, so I'm going to tap back on my original node. Then I'm going to make the zigzag. So let's de-select the top, choose the white, and the zigzag is really easy with the Pen tool as you saw earlier. It's just literally tapping. Haven't done that any curves to worry about, and tap back on my original one to close the shape. I'm going to do the same again with the masking, because I've just made the pot, I can just send it back in the Arrange menu so that it's below the pot. Then I'm going to last see both of them to select them and go to the path menu and choose Mask. Let's do this one which is a little bit of strange pot. We go for the Pen tool again, I'm going to start at the bottom here. I'm going to go up to the top and commit a bit of a curve. Tap again to change the type of node, tap again across to the next one and then tap and drag at the bottom. I'm going to change that in a minute. I'll tap again to make this a sharp node and tap at the other end to close it, and I'm going to go to the node tool, tap on this corner one. Just drag this up to make it a nicer shape. I'm going to move this node a little too. We should do some decoration on this one. Again, using the Pen tool, I'm going to deselect the pot and choose the white. Then I'm going to zoom right in and draw a little triangle just by tapping. I think I might make that a little taller by using the selection tool and just pulling them and go back to Pen tool. I could always duplicate this and just use this as it is, but I think that seems slightly wonky look, I'm going to get by doing it by hand. So I'm going to draw a bunch of triangles. I'm going to [inaudible] all of those and group them. I'm going to do something slightly different here. Tap for a dot at the top, tap and drag at the bottom and tap again. Then I'm going to make a wavy top, and then use the Node tool just to make that look a little nicer. This looks a lot like a pot I made in college. Let's just give that effect for the apps will give me a rectangle, and then I'm going to send that behind and group them. You can edit a group by double tapping on it, and that's going to isolate the group. Then you can just pick whichever part of it you want to edit. When you've finished, if you double-tap on the stripe a bit, it's grouped again. So let's do this macro me thing and this is definitely a Pen tool. So I'm going to start by making the pot. For this string, I'm going to go for no fill, just the stroke, and if you're mathematically minded, you can probably find the quickest way to do this without breaking the stroke. So I'm just following my line around. That wasn't too bad, I've just got a couple more to do. At the top, I'm going to just do a circle using the shapes. Make that perfect circle by putting one finger down. So you can see the pen tool is really versatile, there's a lot you can do with it. In the next class, we're going to look at the Free-hand Pencil tool. [MUSIC]. 9. Freehand Pencil & Brush Tools: Let's have a look at the freehand Pencil tool. It's got a slider next to it which lets you smooth the stroke or you can actually do this afterwards. I'm just going to draw can shape and now we've got a smoothing slider that's turned up. If you take it all the way to the top, it does well to change your shape. If I choose this within the tool, you can see the effect that the smoothing has. It's removing a lot of those nodes. I'm just going to duplicate this so that I can show you something. With the one on the right, I'm going to go into the "Path Menu" and choose "Outline." The one on the left is still a line and I can still alter it using the Node tool. The one on the right is now a shape. I can still alter using the Node tool where the nodes are, but it doesn't have quite the same effect. It's quite nice sometimes to just thicken out some of the lines. You get a quite nice effect that way. But these two are now acting very differently on this very large canvas, if I try and draw nice smooth curves with my Pencil tool, you can see it's a bit of a nightmare. Two ways I've found to get around this. The first to use a smaller canvas and the other way is just to zoom in and that works absolutely fine. If you're doing something fairly detailed, it's really not a problem. Then I can go in with my Node tool and alter anything I don't feel it's quite what I wanted. As I know that I'm happy with this now I'm going to outline the stroke. I'm going to to enter the "Path Menu: and choose "Outline." You can see this is now a filled shape prov than the line. Then I want to mask that behind the pot and group them. We'll see the T's to these freehand soldiers to put my tassels on this one. I don't think that I actually outlined the strokes because I hadn't finished yet. I want to do that. I'm just going to select that and then I'm going to add to selection. That deselects my pot. Because I don't want to include that, I'm going to choose "Outline." I'm going to use the Boolean to make them into one single shape. That's just all my strings connected. Then group them. Then something else you can do with the Pencil tool of course is use filled shape rather than a line. Let's try that on the spot and then go give this one some drips as well. Then I'm just going to draw freehand shape. If you draw right back to the end, it will connect to top. It's actually finished off my shape and not left to open. Again I want to mask that and then send it to the back. Select the shape and ungroup it. I'm going to select and I'm going to mask this and then I'm going to regroup the whole thing. The Pencil tool is pretty easy to understand. Let's have a look at the Brush tool. Let's talk about the difference between the Pencil and the Brush tool. The one on the left is with the Pencil tool and the one on the right, I drew with the Brush tool. The Brush tool is pressure sensitive so you can get thicker and thinner lines depending on how much pressure you are putting on using your Apple pencil or your pressure sensitive stylus. They have other differences apart from that. I'm just going to go in with the Node tool. The Pencil tool we looked at before, and it is just a line connecting nodes. You've got your handles that you can change the shape with. On the right, we've got the Brush tool and that's actually made an outlined fill. It's not closed the stroke either. If I go in and change the fill color, you can see what's happening there. This is with the strokes switched off and with the fill switched off. Something to bear in mind if you're using the Brush tool, it doesn't behave in the same way as the Pencil tool. 10. Drawing the Leaves: I'm going to get rid of my original sketch here. I'm going to tap on the sketch making sure I'm in the right layer. And I'm just going to stick that in the trash. Now I want to bring in my plant sketch. I'm going to press the class again, choose my sketch. It's still on the load opacity, which is what I want. I had to lock my sketch layer so I can't mess it up. Then the unlocked layer is the layer with the pots on. I'm just going to move them all out of the way. I'm definitely going to draw this Swiss cheese plant. This would make a really nice container for it. It's a bit puny, so I'm going to just change the proportions to make it a little bit more hefty. That looks more like it could cope with the weight of a Swiss cheese plant. I think this is going to be quite easy to do using an oval shape. Then I'm going to use the Pen tool to make all the little cut-out shapes. Just going to move it a little bit, and take the layer down below the sketch layer. Use the node tool just to slightly move things around. On this top one, I'm going to pull the node down so that it's where the junction of the leaf is. Then move the handle of this side and then the other side. Move the handle with one finger on the canvas so that I can just move those two handles independently. I'm going to de-select that. Then I'm going to use the pen tool to do all these squiggly bits. If you're not good at the pen tool yet, you will be by the time you've done all of this. I'm going to tap over here, tap and drag every time the shape changes direction. If you're not happy with anything, you can come in with the node tool afterwards. I find that easier than just adjusting everything as I go along. You don't have to follow your sketch too exactly. I could carry on all the way around, but I think I'll just do these in two separate bites. I'm just going to tap around so that I close my shape. Let's turn off the sketch layer. I'm going to select these two, do the subtract on the Boolean operations. Turn back on my sketch. I'm going to do the same again for the other side. Now I've just got some little circles to chop out so I can use the oval tool for some of these. I would like to have some slightly less even, more hand-drawn looking ones too. I'm going to use the pen tool for those, just tapping and dragging. See how that looks, by turning off my sketch layer. Now I'm going to lasso all of those together and subtract on the Boolean operations. I'm just going to see what this looks like with a gradient. I want to compare. I'm going to duplicate it. Do one with and one without. Go into the colors. Now if you go into the fill color, along the top here are some gradients. First one is the one we're on which is no gradient tool. Second one is the linear gradient. Can change the direction here with the rotating, little, I didn't know what they're called. These little orange dots. Obviously I don't want it to be black and white. The left slider is black, so if I tap on that and then choose color, I can make it this really dark-green. The right-hand slider, at the moment is white. I'm going to make that the lighter green. I can just move it around on here, make it little bit less subtle if I want to. Let's de-select that. Choose this one again. I going to duplicate it again. Last one across is the Radial gradient. Go for something that's going to make it really obvious, so you can see what difference that makes. I think I would tend to have it the other way round. Tap on that and choose the darker one for the edge. I'm going to tap on the other side and choose the lighter one for the middle. You can get some really good effects using the gradients. You can either do this as you go long or if you'd rather, you can come in later and play around with the gradients. I quite like the linear gradient. I think I might stick to that one for now. Now you can select that leaf. Make sure you select the holes as well, because sometimes they separate. Duplicate it if you want to use somewhere else. You can just alter a few of them to made them look a little bit less like you've copied and pasted. I suggest you make some from scratch and you duplicate some of them just in order to make it a little bit more interesting than if they're all the same. Sometimes if you want to use the node selection tool and change nodes, if you've got an object with holes in it like this one, it can be easier to work on it if you separate the holes out. You can just go in and change it much more easily. Then when you're done, you can select all of it and you can tap combine, and that will put the holes back in again. With this one, I am going to separate the shapes. Then I'm going to de-select the main leaf and I'm going to get rid of those little holes and make some new ones. My holes are coming out of the gradient because I still got the gradient selected. Then do Boolean subtract. Now I need some stalks. They're actually going to have to end up behind the pot to look okay. I'm going to use the pencil tool for that. Turn the sketch layer back on and I'll draw my lines in first, and then I'll probably alter then a little bit with the node tool. If you've too many nodes and it's stopping it being smooth, you can just tap on the node to select it and stick it in the trash. The more nodes you have, the less smooth the whole thing is. Just thinking about how these look when you see them through the gaps in the leaves. I want to make sure they sit in the right place to look okay. Using the multiple select, I'm going to de-select all of those stems. Go to the path section and outlining the strokes. Then I need to group them. Then I'm going to send that group to the back. It's looking pretty good. I think I'd just like to make the top of the pot slightly darker. I'll lasso the whole plant and group it. We've got groups within groups, within groups. But that's absolutely fine. That's it, our first plant is done. Let's move on to some more. I think this is a rubber plant. I am going to go in with the pen tool. I don't want to gradient. Then tap and drag, following the shape. Tap on the last point, use the node tool for adjusting. De-select that. The next thing I'm going to use is the pencil tool to draw these lines on. I'm using stroke only with no fill. Let's make that stroke center. Then we're just going to pop these in as guidelines. Let's turn off the sketch layer now. If I want to carry on working with this green color, I'm just going to select my line in order to get it to same style. Now when I select my pencil, it's going to draw in the line only, and it's going to be in that green color. You can go in with the node tool and just adjust anything that needs sorting out. Now I'm going to select that spine and just bring it all the way to the top. To lasso all of those bits. If you accidentally lasso your other plant like I've done, you can just do add to selection and tap on that to de-select it. Now I'd like to outline my strokes on here because I'm happy with them. Let's lasso all of those again. You can see by the bounding box around it how far your selection goes. You can see that I've only selected that leaf. Group that leaf and I'll bring the pot to the front. I will carry on and do the rest of these leaves in exactly the same way. Wow, that was quick. Now, I'm just going to this rolled-up leaf, the pink one. I've made the main shape. From my sketch, you can see that it's a rolled-up leaf with a top layer. What I want to do is duplicate the shape, untick the duplicate icon and just pop it back on top of where it was. I'm going to change the color and make it a little darker. Let's have the sketch layer on. I've got my top piece selected and I'm going to use the eraser tool. De-select it, switch off the sketch layer. I'm going to choose in the path section, separate. I can just select that top bit and get rid of it, and to use the lighter pink to put these stripes in, which are actually the back of the leaf veins. Let's lasso those, outline them. Then I'm going to select this piece that I want to put on the top. I'll bring it forward. That's hidden the underneath pencil layers. Then I'm just going to do the same for the top layer. Lasso it all and group it. That's the second plant done. 11. Plants - Combining Methods: I think time for a cactus. This one is going to be the next victim. I'm going to start by drawing out the main shapes. I'm going to use the pen tool. In with the node tool just to alter that tiny bit. Change the node type just to give me those handles. So now I'm going to duplicate this shape by copying and pasting it. I'm going to change the color, make that a different green, choose the eraser, and just divide it in two. I'm going to go into the path menu and choose separate, and then I'll deselect and just remove half off of that cactus and delete it. Then I'm going to do the same with the other bits of cactus. If I put in spikes and these extra squiggly bits that poke out, I'm going to draw in a few lines, using the pencil tool. You can last see over shapes that are just fill and no line in and it will only outline the things that actually have aligned. Then I'm going to do the same on the rest of the cactus. Time to put some spikes in and a little extra, I think they are leaves, but maybe they're flowers. I'm going to choose a fill color. I'm going to make mine pink with fill only and I'm going to use the pen tool because that's by far the best thing to make tear drop shapes with. I was also going to put some spikes in, but now I'm wondering what it would look like with dots. To make dots, you have to just slightly drag them. So that took ages, doing these little dots, but I think it looks better with them. Outlined all my strokes including the dots. Each one of those limbs is grouped separately on its own, and they've been arranged in order so that the right bits are behind the other bits. The only other thing I did was to put a gradient on the pot. So now I'm just going to group that whole thing together and we'll go on to the next one. I want to do this hanging plant. I want to get the other pots out of the way. Let's start by drawing the trailing stems and choose the pencil tool for this. I'm going to outline all of those stems. Now it's time to put the leaves in, and again using the pen tool, let's draw out my first leaf. It's kind of like a rounded heart shape. I'm going to use a lot of these. I'm going to duplicate a few of them to start with. I love this duplicate feature when I don't forget to switch it off. It's just so speedy. I've decided I don't like this pop color with them. So I'm going to double tap because that's grouped and just select the pot. That's better. I'm just going to go in with the node tool and slightly change these hearts. I'm going to tip some of them and probably change some of the colors too to make them less uniform. That's all done and grouped. I'm going to use all the same methods and just go through and draw out a number of these house plants and cacti, and I'll see you in a minute. 12. Making a Repeat Pattern: Now I've made all cacti succulents that I want to use for my image. Now I'm going to show you how to put that into technical repeat pattern within Vectornator. I'm going to come out to the main screen pressing the "X" and I want to duplicate this so that I've got the original copy handle aside the one that I'm going to put into repeat. I'm going to go up to the pencil icon up here to select my cacti picture and then I'm going to the export menu. Then as well as having only export options here, you can also scroll right down and there's a duplicate option. Press the "X" to get out of the edit settings I'm going to top type in a name and call it houseplants pattern. These are in a rough pattern, but it's not really how I want it to look. Some just can do little bit of rearranging because each one of these is in its own grip. It's quite easy just to drag them around independently of each other. Because they're vectors, you can make them bigger and smaller as well if you want to, without losing any quality. I'm just going to get them roughly in position and don't forget you can always flip them if it works better that way to satisfy the play around and see what looks best. Bearing in mind that once I put them into repeat, I'll be just shifting everything around a little bit. Now I'm going to select everything on the outboard by pressing the tick here. I'm going to go along to the arrange menu and I'm going to push tool so that the X coordinate is zero and the Y coordinate is also zero. When you're making a technical repeat pattern, you want everything that goes off one side to reappear on the opposite side, everything that goes on the top must reappear at the bottom. This is why I've got them lined up as zero now we're going to use the selection tool to select everything that's on the left and I'm going to copy and I'm going to paste in place. In the arrange menu, I'm going to go to the X coordinate and I'm going to put in the size of my artboard, which was 7,000. I'm going to tap to get that working and you can't see that anything's happened. But if I use my selection tool and just drag over this area, it has placed these objects. But you can't see them because they're actually off the artboard. Now what I want to do is group those together with the original, I'm going to choose the multi-select, I'm going to select this one on the top left and I'm going to select the one that's gone off the artboard. Then I'm going to group those together. That means if I move them, they will both move and they were in alter position relative to each other and then I'm going to do the same with these two plants and group them. I'll just show you if I move this off to the side, you'll see that it reappears on the other side. Okay, so now I'm going to do the same with everything along the top to [inaudible] over that section that includes a new one that's outside the artboard. Then I'm going to copy that, paste them in place and this time I'm going to move them down by 7,000. You won't be able to see them because they're off the bottom of the artboard but there they are. Once again, I want to pair them up with the originals at the top. So I'm choosing this one on the left, which we already did. I'm going to pick the two at the bottom as well. That these are now grouped to again into a four and I'm going to go through and do that with each pair. It's only those corner ones that you need four the others you just need in groups of two. Can we see what you're doing? You have to just have tap and hope that you're going to select it. Now I've got everything grouped, I'm going to select all by using the tick and it's going to move it all a little bit up and left so that we get those extra bits onto the screen. You can see that this one has appeared in all four corners and they'll have to do a little bit more shifting around because we've got gaps, it looks a little bit funny. I'm going to deselect the multi-select there so that in case you're wrong and just move things around to then look okay. I would like to just move this one down a little bit and that works because each pair moves down as well, they moved down together and you can move the pad pieces and you can flip them. But don't resize them because otherwise you'll get into trouble with the repeat. Anything that is not touching the edge you need to keep within that center of the artboard. Because you spend hours doing this. Just make sure that you've got plenty of balance between the different objects. Okay, so I think that is going to work well, but I just want to test my repeat just to make sure that it looks okay and I don't need to move anything. First, willing them to export is my camera roll. You can export from the main gallery, which is what we did before when we duplicate it. We can do from within the document. I'm going to press the "Export" button, I'll just quickly go through with you the various options. You can export your files and you can send your document to illustrate here if you want to continue working on it there. Or you can put in Creative Cloud. Your choices are JPEG and PNG which should both raster files. You can choose SVG, PDF, Adobe Illustrator files and the VNs the Vectornator native files, those are all vector files. You can also look in the ""More" section where you can submit your artwork to Vectornator which they might feature. You can print it, you can save your image to camera roll, you can duplicate, copy it and there's a "More" section. I'm going to save mine to the camera roll, I'll press start again to get rid of it. Then I'm going to guess my layer section and I'm going to make a new artboard and I'm going to do that by pressing on this middle icon. I'll rename the artboard by tapping on it and you can switch between your artboards by tapping either on the artboard name in the last section or on the canvas. I need to press the plus button and bring in a photo. This is just a flat image now, again to resize in the arrange menu. I'm going to go down to the width and give it a width of half my artboard. So 3,500 and also a height of 3,500 so this is now going to cover a quarter of my art board. Then I'm going to choose the selection tool and the duplicate and just drag copy next to it and it should snap really well into place. Then I'm going to do that again, there's one copy on each corner and deselect. That gives you a really good idea of what your pattern looks like and if there's anything that you want to just move around a little to alter it. If you've got any obvious lines, obvious diagonals, obvious horizontals that you want to get rid of or if you've got any spaces that you're not happy with. I think on the whole art I'm pretty happy with how that looks. If you do feel that you want to alter anything, alter by going back to the main artboard and if you do alter things, then go through the process again and make yourself a test copy and just have a look at it. Make sure you're happy with it so once you are happy with it, it's time to export finished pattern. If you're doing as I do in using it on Print On Demand, I'm going to probably put mine and my Spoonflower shop and various other print on demand site, then you just need a raster copy. So I'm going to go to the export. It will export your current artboard, I'm going to export mine as JPEG and you get this little pop-up menu and the filename is fine, but you can change it now if you want to. Take the quality up to a 100 percent and then you get to choose your export size and I'm choosing 7000 pixels, which is what we're on now. You can of course export it bigger if you want to, because it's the vector file and there's no bitmap or raster ingredients in there, so you can make it as big as you like and leave the scale at a 100 percent. I'm going to leave the CMYK switched off. I wanted to be in RGB and I don't want to watermark so we're going to hit save and we have all the usual options of where to save it to. 13. Vectornator Final Thoughts: So now you have a good working knowledge of how to use Vectornator plus some beautiful houseplants too. I hope you enjoyed it as much as I have. Your project is to post an image of your plants in the project section of the class. I always look at them and I love to see what you come up with. If you enjoyed this class, please do leave me a recommendation. It will help others to find my classes too. If you want to be kept up to date with my new classes, then be sure to follow me here on Skillshare and do feel free to post in social media using the hashtag nicsquirrellskillshare. Thank you very much and bye for now.