TextilePainting101, The Other Fabrics | Anastasia Machinski | Skillshare

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TextilePainting101, The Other Fabrics

teacher avatar Anastasia Machinski, OursForAll

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

16 Lessons (47m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. About Polyester

    • 3. About Cotton

    • 4. About Rayon

    • 5. About Silk

    • 6. Materials

    • 7. Frames & Fabric

    • 8. Using Water Based Resist & Composition

    • 9. Rayon Pratice Rounds

    • 10. Polyester Practice Rounds

    • 11. Silk Practice Rounds

    • 12. Cotton Practice Rounds

    • 13. Monet's Liles, Rayon Group Project

    • 14. Monet's Lilies, Polyester Group Project

    • 15. Monet's Lilies, Cotton Group Project

    • 16. Finishing Touches. Merci Beaucoup!

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About This Class

For most of my life, I've actually been painting on silk-like fabrics. So why don't I show you what's possible on Polyester, Rayon and Fine Cotton Fabrics. 

If you're curious about silk painting, check out my SilkPainting101 class. 

All music is by Epidemic Sound. 

Claude Monet's work: {{PD-Canada}} {{PD-US}} {{PD-France}}

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Anastasia Machinski



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1. Introduction: Hey, guys, welcome to my fabric painting class on other fabrics other than cell. Today I want toe introduce you guys to what painting on fabric such as ray on fine cotton or polyester can look like those fabrics are very similar to sulk, and they can behave the same or differently, and in this class will take a look at what's possible on those fabrics. We'll be taking a look at Mooney's famous water lilies, the clouds painting that's now in the Paris Museum Laurent injury. And it's one of his eight murals that's in this museum. I hope you guys enjoy this class. Let me know what you think on. Um, I look forward to seeing your cases work by. 2. About Polyester: Hey, guys, let's touch base on polyester. Polyester is one of the fabrics that I will be using in this class. It's interesting because polyester is made from polymer chains and it is a synthetic fabric . However, there's some holy esters that are actually mixed in with natural fabrics such as cotton or some other natural fibers that we can find. Those are very interesting fabrics to work with as well. It's really interesting to know that some of the holy Esther's actually exceed the superiority of the silk that we can find, and it's a really need fabric to work on. I really enjoyed working on it. I don't think I've ever worked with polyester, but I definitely loved how the color spreads on the fabric. 3. About Cotton: cotton is another fabric that I will be using and the skill share class. Cool factor boat cotton is that there has been hostesses done where you don't just drawing regular cotton, but you're drawn fine fabric cotton so that cotton goes through multiple processes to make sure it's a really fine thread that you can paint on. So today we will be using this type of cotton cotton. As you know, it's a natural fabric. Latin is a soft, and it's a staple fabric that grows in a ball around the seeds of cotton plants. Let's see what turns out. 4. About Rayon: Let's talk about Ray on. So Reon is one of the first fabrics that was manufactured to look like silk. Some people know ray on as artificial soap. Basically round is made out of natural materials such as wood or agricultural materials. But then it goes through a long process of manufacturing, and we get this ram fabric. It can be made to look like silk. It can be made to look like linen and wool or cotton. And actually, for the longest time, I've been, uh, so painting on Brianna's well on and let's see what we can do on this path. 5. About Silk: And of course, I have to mention so in this class I'm not going into detail about silk, but I do have one little piece of silk that I want to compare to the rest of the fabrics. So silk is a natural protein fiber, which can be ruined into textiles, and the protein fiber itself can be produced by certain insects larvae to form into cocoon . After manufacturing, we get the stunning silk fabric that we can paint on and people have been painting on it for centuries and to really need opportunity to be able to paint on silicon, see how the color flows. I hope you guys check out my previous class and skill share. 6. Materials : Okay, guys, here's everything will need for this class. You will need your fabrics. You only do need three, which is ray on polyester and find cotton, which you can ask for at any of your local fabric places for this particular project. I do want to look at silk and how it looks compared to all the other three fabrics as well . Now, when it comes to making your frame, you will need some stretching of ours that can be any size you want for the group project. I am going to be using nine by 12. But for the small practice rounds, it shows a little frame size just to give you some exercises and little pointers. So what we can do in different fabrics. You will need thumbtacks when you're Havel that then we're ready to draw composition on a piece of paper you can use to simple fat like simple computer paper that's in your printer . If you want to be super professional or if you want for easier use, you can grab harder cardboard. Once we have that, you're ready to use your pencil, which you want to be a softer pencil. Here. It's a five B Uh, just make sure if you don't have softer special pencils, you can use any pencil, which is a usually HB. Just make sure it's not, um, it won't pierce through the fabric, so you don't want to be too sharp. Once we have drawn our composition will be using a marker to go over the pencil so you concede better under the silk. So here it just have a simple creo marker. Once we have all that will be using the resist. So it's a water based resist by Jaccard. No, you see right up will be here. It comes in bigger bottles. So you will, for easier use, get a smaller bottle because to, uh, use this guy. It's just the bigger day amateur that comes out. So we use smaller applicator bottles and you can find them on Amazon. I'll be on this one now. Once we have all that, let's talk about the brushes. You'll need a smaller brush to draw the water lilies and the bigger brush to focus on the background. And then how about the paints? Now, of course, you will get some scissors. Now for the pains, you can go to the specialty stores and get fat specific fabric pain. So there already, Um, ready for you. For fabric. However, you can also just use the basic water colors as well up to you. And I think you're set. 7. Frames & Fabric: Hey, guys. All right, so let's get the frame ready. Basically, you'll need some stretcher bars. You have different, all transfer, different choose. I got things off Amazon and will basically run making a brain. Now all you need to do is just find that ends that match on your such ago. So this is a seven by six and train. The last one is the hardest, so that'll give you some tips on how to deal with the last one. Here's the reason why the hardest is just cause you need a lot of like a lot of power to get used to going. So that's why I have a rubber bullet for basically go side to side way. Have a little frame, a ritual stretch our silk or any other fabric. Okay, the first fabric you'll get started on is the ray on fabric. There's a few ways to put the silk off of fabric on. Basically, you could. If you don't have a lot of fabric, you could go ahead and just put it on the edges here, or even on top of the frame. Whatever you choose, since I do have a generous amount of the fabric. I'll go over the frame, so that's one of your options that you can do. So you go over the frame, you go right in the center. I don't push the thumbtacks all the way in just cause I know I'll be removing them. So you push him injustice, Mitch, there's still a little bit of space, and you keep going around the whole frame. So that's one way. Okay. You have a greater cross is what I'm talking now. What are we gonna do with the edges? Well, you're curled a men, this one. So if you were to ever hang it, you know, a nice little so all around. 8. Using Water Based Resist & Composition: let's get started with actually putting our position on under me. So together todo have four corners. The reason why you kind of the borders. So it's easier for you to now you're ready to put a great under. And this example I am using just simple printer paper and you could use carbon paper just because it will give you more stiffness and it won't necessarily ripped. Basically, now you have. If you're driving, you can see it right through. So there's if you do want to, you can outline the drawing markers that you don't really have. So now you're basically ready to draw with pencil over. As your composition is underneath the silk, you're ready to draw over with pencil, and my case will be here for the mini of practice rounds. I'm just going freehand. There's nothing underneath, so I'm just gonna draw the water lily on my own. Be very careful as you're drawing on the fabric to not pierce through, So here we're drawing the flower, and it's just very freehand. It doesn't quite matter if you make a mistake or no, just very simple. Once you finished with your drawing, you're ready to buy the water based resist. In this case, we're using card pencil. Make sure you go license to make sure that you're through. It's a good idea to sometimes overlying, already drawn out leaves as here we can see I go over the pedal twice just to make sure that I don't have any holes where my color right through there is a way to check. If you do have any holes in your water based resist, simply take a brush with water and put the water inside the pedal, for example, or on the outside, and see if anything leaks through and what you're seeing right now, I'm actually drawing maker position. I'm starting. Left to right to draw were just so I don't my water based business with my hand. It's a good idea to work from one direction to another, and here got a fall in my own tip. But that's OK. Just be very careful 9. Rayon Pratice Rounds : Now let's start with the first technique, which is wet on wet technique on, and I call it Freehand. Okay, Monet was quite an impressive Impressionist, and it's actually the technique that I use and majority of my drawings, which is free hand technique, wet on wet. So first you put water on your fabric ray on in this particular case. So studies do say that Ray on is quite a absorptive fabric, which it is. So, uh, when I go with him, what I usually start with the lighter color go with a later color and I let the color spread. So one thing about Ray on it spreads beautifully on wet on wet technique. It really does. And Monet, as a lot of other Impressionists, love their daughter technique. So went and out. Be careful around the frame because, as you can see, it's a totally different situation because the frame gets outlined. A lot of the painters they draw inside the frame. So here on fabric, um, the color spreads quite nicely on when I'm wet with Ray on now, continuing on with my free hand technique allowed a daughter darker color, and then I keep mixing it in, so the color spreads beautiful. Now, if we go wet and dry, technique would notice something quite different. So we're still gonna do Freehand Daughter technique. But when it's wet on dry, as you notice the there's not a spread that we see is in wet on wet technique. So that's something interesting to keep in mind. Basically, Ray on is wonderful to draw highly detailed pictures so you can draw whatever shape you want, and Ray on will keep it it all. Absorb it beautifully, but it will not let the color spread. So this is a free hand. Take me and I will add a darker color Here does something darker color, and I will makes it in with the rest of the drying so it doesn't look so different. Another wet on dry that you can use this one of your water colors. Amazing for details. So if you want to draw around, you're slaughter. Really, you can. You want to add some water you can as well, and it won't spread too much. That's what we get fallen. We went dry brand another technique, like to show you guys that someone's called radiant. So we can do Grady and where it goes from, usually if you think upgrading it goes light to darkness, however, with fabric painting and stay at the way around, so we'll start with the darkest color and keep going. I'll show you guys what it looks like with dark blue, so basically you start with the darkest and then you keep going with your great and in the color does become. So that's a nice grading and that we can get on wet on girl, Stay with Dirk. Basically carry. It's called a woman, so that's a greedy and they convict one of the techniques they use now. If we try ingredient on wet on wet, here's what we could achieve. So again, Mr With Dark Coast spreads way more so. Basically, Ray on retains retains. The water doesn't so through the fabric, but retains, So those are greeting. You can try again, so you go darker and eventually it'll spread collider going to recap. Why don't wet flows beautifully? Andre on And it does similarly what so could look like wet on dry, highly detailed pieces that you can do here now. Great ends dry, a wet on dry look stunning. There it is, on a Grady, And on what? On what looks likely different because the color flows. So those were some things to play around with. Just go free hand. Another thing you can do is you can add water to the wet on dry pieces and those told float and one thing slightly, maybe more advanced as you can go and cover on talk of already drawn dry. You can go ahead and do it over top, and it still looks really beautiful. Can't I need perception? We are a little bit more detail a lotus jobs by going getting slightly closer to the pedals . But be careful going to now. I think we're ready to do the actual locus. Whether water lily, I do want to start with base first, I put on a lighter color. It isn't dry, I think. So. Lighter, great color goes on first. Then I use a darker green color to overlay on top Away. We have a little bit of lighter chatter. Cream ding space. Now we're getting ready to start with the actual pedals. First. ISS uh, what are wet technique mixing up the colors when you're mixing two colors. I do start with a dark color first, and then I add the later color in the center. Now, if you're gonna go wet or dry, just be careful. The fact that the pain does not flow so easily and ray on so as you continue this pedal right here looks quite different. So I would suggest using wet on wet technique if you're gonna be using, agree on because the color will spread. Definitely. But again, it all depends what you wish to see from your composition. 10. Polyester Practice Rounds: And now let's work on polyester polyester spreads just like silk. If you want to draw something very light, polyester is your material to go here. We're starting with weapon. What technique? And you'll see as soon as I put the first drop of color and it spreads. Unbelievable. So this is the definition still painting like those color ISS working so wonderfully with this fabric? I definitely want to paint on polyester over and over again just because of everything. It's part like that's possible with it. One thing to watch out for is you put the color and the color really tends to get drawn to the sides, so there's not a whole lot that's left in the middle. Just be careful, so I would put a lot more color in the middle just because it'll eventually spread towards the sides for wet on dry technique. Even if you do use it here in Freehand, the color was still spread quite a bit, especially if you had and you dropped the water towards it. Yeah, very need fabric to paint on. I definitely suggest if you want to draw something very light, just like most situation with our mates 11. Silk Practice Rounds: will do a little demo on Silk Base. Ecologist show all the techniques that we've done on all the other fabrics, so the 1st 1 is wet on wet technique. A color spreads in it dry. This technique works quite nicely for creating ingredient and what will help us well, coming. Wendy is wet on dry it really fabric on the silicon. This particular silk really soaks it up, and it doesn't let it spread to to lunch. So I do want to add water just for some green and just dissolved it a little. Here's your Grady When you didn't go free, I do always add the dark of calories later, after my later colors for bigger areas. It's a different story when we talk about smaller areas. Now let's focus on. So here I start in this particular situation. Take green color and I'll go closer to the edges. Kids okay, touched. Resist work on a flower. I do like to mix to mix colors like red and yellow, so it gives it volume. Shadow looks like different here. If I do makes the colors take the dark color first, so I'll take red. I don't do next is, I'll take a lighter color and I'll put it right in the middle. Do I'll let the mixing take its own turn? 12. Cotton Practice Rounds: Let's work on fine cotton so cotton is extremely absorbed. The biggest thing you might want to consider is the fact that wet and what is the best technique for this, and I'll show you guys why I'll start with wet on dry for a change. And here's an interesting thing that you might notice with wet on dry freehand. The color doesn't necessarily spread whatsoever. It does spread a little bit, but not a whole lot. So this technique is great for smaller details that will use later. Has usual. Here is one thing you could dio. Once you have wet on dry, you can add water, and so it flows nicely. Another thing that you might want to know about this fabric is that it retains the color really well. So here, let's use some really dark colors for this piece and moaning, and we'll use it on wet. On what technique? So let's really so can our silk. They will take a while for the water to actually sink it now that are caught. Here's what we can do now. The colors do flow quite beautifully, so free hand well. What technique and the colors do absorb to the fabric really well. The color does stay as well, and there's a nice Grady int if you let the color go. One tipple given for the grading. If you really want it, you can add just toe just some water, and it creates another potential great and you might see with light. Now let's keep adding different shades, the color flow stunningly, and you can really obtain nice rich colors on cotton because I have a feeling that this fabric really retains are color and it doesn't fade over time. That's my biggest field. Now. You can use the Starks colors you want. Just keep in mind. This color will really stay is really tough to make it flow. You can add a later color to it after flow stunningly, but again it will stay, and it will keep filling the space. So if you do want greedy INTs trying Toto, too much paint. So that way you have no ingredients protective, So water also does magic here as well. Um, water. It will give the great and you want it will let the color flow stunningly. Another tip that I would like to share with you guys says Once you do have such a dark color, you can take a lighter color. So in this example, it'll be blue. But I've done a lot with yellow. I don't really want to try it here, and you can add it over top. And there will be an interesting Grady in spread on Mexico Color here. Now we'll focus on the details, which is our green leaves, and it iss what? I'm dry. I did start with a lighter color and now go up to a darker shade of green. We're done. 13. Monet's Liles, Rayon Group Project : Let's get started with ran painting. Here is the money that we want to see. It's called Lin Wash, so unless painting, we will be using wet on wet as well as wet on dry as well as we'll be getting to know how to use some Grady ants. Well, start with Why don't wet? I love putting the lighter color first and letting it spread. Brown is an interesting fabric because it lets the color spread quite nicely. Once we have our light and color, I am ready to add slightly different colors into darker on. It's interesting to see how the colors mix in, and I am using FREEHAND as well taught a technique that impressions love and, as you have it here, way really start to combine and see what a greedy come a click and what. Basically you take one one drop of color and discredit all the way. So it is possible one to focus you this if you want to use a great and add water on top of that and see what your greetings capable of doing like you just saw there it spreads quite stunning and thats round, so it is very very similar to silk. The color spoke just like you would on the smoke. One interesting thing is that the color really stays on this fabric. It doesn't spread to the full extent of the Silkwood. Your fear mixing like green boots. There's not a whole lot of glowing that happens now. As you're seeing here, we're starting to dio went on dry technique, and one big thing you notice is there's barely any spreading at all of the color. So it is possible to create beautiful, great answers using right now, use one single drop color on you. Keep spreading it so it is possible does create interesting shape. We are using a few free hand techniques with dots on Surround was one of the Impressionists opposed impressions who used, and it's interesting to combine that in her drawing as well. One time hearing finish line. What the painting I dealing to look at the whole picture and I do go over the picture from Scientist side and I really look of colors how they all work with each other, and now I'm no longer working quadrants now, combining the whole work as a whole. So here you can see that I'm really trying to mix in the wet on wet technique along with wet on dry technique. Personally, if I were to draw a composition on my own, I would usually use just one style. But for the teaching purposes, I want you guys to see how different could look. You can use both styles if you wish. Whatever makes you happy is what we're going for on Uh, yeah, it's interesting medium to try your creativity on and really see an improvised What can happen here. We let the paint dry on its drive pain. Now we work out the details of the water lilies. I love working with what are dry with details simply because I am risking less for the color to bleed through. I do start with a lighter color and I mix a darker color for the shape and volume. Object? Yeah, you're You can make some colors as well. Just be very careful. You don't wanna have too much water just simply because these details air so time and my final thoughts on ran what? I use it as silk alternative. Absolutely. Why don't wet looks stunning on this fabric. And if use just like silk and flows stunningly. So there we have it. 1/4 of the money's Lynn, Wash. I will be working on polyester next for the second. 14. Monet's Lilies, Polyester Group Project: welcome to the polio still group project. This is their second cameras that we're gonna be using in the money in a lash Siri's and hearing on the bottom. You can see the entire Siri's. I'm just outlining the composition with a pencil. And on the right here, you can see the by a finished project with the ponies piece on the bottom. Now I have to get my water. Biggs, resist. Ready. So I poured out into a smaller bullet. Also easier for me to apply the water based resist and I outlined step by step every single lily. As you can see, I'm going left to right just to make sure I don't smudge anything on the way there. Because this water based resist it's quite stick and it can smudge, and once it's much is you don't really know what has been outlined. Then I'm getting my camera's ready for whatever went to unique. And as you can see, I've done the wedding on half of the campus on I am starting with my wedding. What to communicate. You can see here that this color flows stunningly, and here I did start with a lighter green color first, and then I started layering on darker colors on top of it. Just the reason why I do that sometimes is because it gives me just more wiggle room with late and shadows of the end of my silk. So as you can see that initial green starts well in Korea nicely, you can also add just water. After you put your color down, you can add blobs of water and see with the greedy in that it creates here. Linda Lash, painted by Monet, have a lot of airiness and thus particular piece. This is why I'm using purple and pinks here. Uh, just because those colors they're not necessarily sticking to the fabric as much. They tend to fade away as they go, So it's interesting to combine pain. Car red I get against the blue, and now you're seeing why don't dry technique that I'm using integrated along with it went on dry on polyester flows. Justice stunningly just because the the fabric allows you to do so and you could do different variants of the greedy Ince's you're seeing care long. Another thing you might notice is the fact that I'm lily layering color over top of the existing color, and it's just interesting to see what can turn out from it on the silk. It really depends every single time. I don't have an answer for you guys, but it's something that's experimental, and you can try, have a lot of fun with it. The gallery will flow regardless, especially if you're fabric is still wet. Now, as you guys can see, every here, the fabric hands dried out. So now I'm layering over top of it because this is a Siris of four paintings I do on them to match. So I put the previous painting on Ran that we did earlier, to the left and to the right. That's our polyester piece, and I always do many details. And what on dry? Take me because you conceivably here just because there's less risk of the color spilling out into the background again. Once your fabric has strike, don't worry about including in colors on top. So once I finished my flowers here I am going to be layering my silk simply because it looks a little too light. So I do want some core interest in painting, so it's ready for the next painting that I'll be doing on action, some public. So, as you can see right now, layer some colors on top just to give it a little more flair. 15. Monet's Lilies, Cotton Group Project: Let's get into the group project. Fine cotton. So this canvas is the last one of this series and you continue here. I don't mind everything with pencil. Go with water based. Resist. Now on your left, you can see the finished project off the fourth campus. As you can see, it's quite dark, and it was very interesting working with a fine caught and one thing you go to remembers, this fabric is extremely absorbed, so it really keeps your color. But one thing that surprised me about you find card as how incredibly the color spreads on the fabric. I definitely did not expect by but on what went to me. The color spreads absolutely astonishingly. It really flows nicely, and you can really achieve quite a lot of cotton. Thing is with this particular Siri's. This was a darker piece that I had to use a lot of darker colors on. If you notice the color is really spread highly and as they do so, especially when used darker color, it kind of angles that everything else that's around. So right now we're doing a great aunt and hear the darker colors that are starting to come out and you see how quickly they started occupying this space and everything that's around them care. You can also see the wet and dry. Do you think that I'm doing Biggest thing you notice is wet on dry doesn't necessarily. War got caught simply because the color just gets stuck. And there's not a whole lot you can do to say that you just want fresh spread the color around. That's what I'm doing right now. You can achieve ingredients, but it's just a little tough. Also, one thing I want to warn you about using the so pains on is the fact how the color spreading so the color is spreading towards the frame and occupies as much space as possible. So remember those pink and purple colors that I use. Does it concern on the left hand side? Those colors gone, and that's something to keep lying. If you are going to use these colors basically watch. What happens next that did turn out really nicely is the fact that I wanted out of fine cotton, which is darker, vivid, rich colors, which is exactly what Moon A had a rash paintings and that's it was important for me till so lying in the back of this cotton with a white cloth simply because this is very fine card sense, really see through. So when you added something white in the background behind the actual painting, the color show up even more nicely. 16. Finishing Touches. Merci Beaucoup! : Hey, everyone. I hope you enjoy this class right now. What you're watching is me doing the final steps which is fixing my fabric. So what do you want to do is flip your painting over to the back side to make sure that's not where you put it on the resist and you iron from the back on the polyester, setting our cotton setting or still exciting whichever fabric you're using. Just go a few strokes 3 to 4 minutes and there you have it. You have the colors fixed. Usually I don't necessarily do for my own paintings, but for the sake of this class and what it showed this because a lot of artists do do this step on what this step is supposed to do is keep your colors bright and give the morning. I don't have learned a lot from this class myself, simply because I've never painted on fine cotton and literally mind higher childhood Onley painted on Ray on our polyester. So is need to go back to those fabrics and see how the pain two tracks of the fabric and what possibilities there are as a found out for myself. I discovered my love for polyester and how the color flows on it. So, yeah, there's lots of things that I've learned. I hope you get have to, and I look forward to hearing what you have to say about this class or how your group projects are going. Please share you don't with me and my page to say thanks so much for watching this way.