Photoshop for Illustrators I: Workspace, Layers, and Drawing | Matt Kaufenberg | Skillshare

Photoshop for Illustrators I: Workspace, Layers, and Drawing

Matt Kaufenberg, Freelance Illustrator

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13 Lessons (1h 48m)
    • 1. Trailer

      0:54
    • 2. Photoshop for Illustrators

      2:50
    • 3. Settings

      12:11
    • 4. Creating a New Document

      4:21
    • 5. Exploring Your Workspace

      15:18
    • 6. Layers Part 1

      11:14
    • 7. Layers Part 2

      5:16
    • 8. Layers Part 3

      7:55
    • 9. Layers Part 4

      8:28
    • 10. Selection Tools

      12:31
    • 11. Lasso Tool

      5:10
    • 12. Drawing Tools Part 1

      9:56
    • 13. Drawing Tools Part 2

      11:30

About This Class

Imagine using Photoshop with ease and fluidity to illustrate exactly what you picture in your mind. Eager to start? Learn the software and tools to help your creativity flourish.

In this first of three classes, I’ll translate the tips and tricks I’ve honed over years as an illustrator to tell you everything you need to begin navigating the world of Photoshop. We’ll use a few simple cartoon characters to learn the most relevant fundamentals of the Photoshop workspace, including layers and drawing tools.

Kick things into gear, and be on your way to creating illustrations that match your vision.

This three-part series will take you through the fundamental features of Photoshop that illustrators use. This series was created specifically to help aspiring illustrators learn the basics of Photoshop without having to go through tools that don’t apply to their work. Photoshop is the most versatile program for creating artwork because of its ability to combine raster and vector images, and this is the series to help you maximize and master its essential tools.

Also see: Photoshop for Illustrators II: Using and Creating Brushes and Photoshop for Illustrators III: Color and Texture.

What You’ll Learn

  • Settings. You’ll walk through all the basic settings of Photoshop and what you need to know to create a smooth and effective workspace.
  • Workspace. You’ll get a full look at the ins and outs of the Photoshop workspace.
  • Layers. You’ll learn how layers—one of Photoshop's most crucial features—play a role in creating illustrations.
  • Selection Tools. You’ll find out how to select parts of your illustration using a variety of different methods.
  • Drawing Tools. You’ll learn about the pencil and brush tool in order to start creating drawings of your own.

What You’ll Do

  • Project Deliverable. Set up your Photoshop workspace and create a basic drawing.
  • Description. Share the drawing you made with your classmates. Explain the tools used to create it.
  • Specs. Use provided assets or create your own illustrations.

Transcripts

1. Trailer: Hi. I'm Matt Kaufenberg, a freelance illustrator from Minnesota. I'm teaching a three-part Skillshare series titled, Photoshop for Illustrators. This series is going to take you through the fundamentals of Photoshop, concentrating on the tools that illustrators would use. In this first class, I'll be taking you through the basics of Photoshop. I'll cover Photoshop settings and creating a custom work-space, adjusting your images and selection tools, working with layers and blending modes, and most importantly, working with brushes and the different paint tools, and vector tools that Photoshop has to offer. This series is specifically tailored for artists who are just starting out and want to learn how to use Photoshop from an illustrator's perspective. 3. Photoshop for Illustrators: All right. Welcome to getting started in Photoshop. This is the first in a three-part series that I'm going to be teaching called Photoshop for illustrators. Basically, this class takes you through the Adobe Photoshop program focusing on how an illustrator uses it. This first class will cover the basics of Photoshop from exploring the work space to creating custom settings that will really help make illustrating easier. I'm going to be using Photoshop CS6 and a Wacom Cyntiq throughout the videos. I would suggest using Photoshop CS5 or higher, since some of the brushes will be using later lessons only work with CS5 or above. If you're using an older version of Photoshop, some things may be a little different but you'll still be able to follow along and produce fairly similar results. If your goal is to eventually become a professional illustrator, I would highly suggest picking up a drawing tablet. Now, it doesn't have to be the most expensive one out there, but you're going to enjoy Photoshop so much more than if you're drawing with a mouse. When you can afford it, I'd highly recommend getting away Wacom Cintiq pen display. With this cintiq you can draw directly on the screen and it really helps make the digital process feel that much more natural. All right. So, why use Photoshop in the first place? There are a bunch of other art programs out there including SketchBook Pro, Painter, Mango Studio, and Adobe Illustrator. For me though, Photoshop is the most versatile of all their programs. It allows you to reproduce traditional mediums such as watercolor, gouache, charcoal, pen, and even though it's primarily a raster program, the vector part of it continues to grow with each new release, making it that much easier to combine raster and vector artwork. You can also work with typography in it and other things. There's just so much you can do with Photoshop especially art wise. Most importantly though, it's fun drawing in Photoshop. Photoshop has allowed me to be creative in ways I never could be before. I always lacked the confidence to either try painting or just reaching my full potential traditionally and through Photoshop, I've gained more confidence and I've gotten better in those areas away from a computer. So let's open up Photoshop and get started. 4. Settings: All right. So, we're going to open up Photoshop and we're going to set up some preferences, set up our Workspace and just go over a few things. So, the first thing we're going to do is edit, down to Preferences and General. Now, the key command for this is Control K or Command K on a Mac. Now, I'm not going to cover too much of the preferences, I'm just going to show a few things that I have changed. The interface, I have mine set to dark. That's just a preference. I have open documents as tabs unchecked, because I don't like opening them as tabs. I believe enable floating document window docking wasn't checked and I have that checked. File handling, the only one I have changed from the default setting is maximized PSD and PSB file compatibility. I have that set to always in that way it never asks you that. Performance, now, this really depends on your own computer, I have mine set to 67 percent. You can see my available RAM up here, I've tried it at higher levels but it seems to run out of memory fast. So, I put it down to 67, it seems to run pretty well here. This really depends on how fast your machine is and whether you're running 64-bit. If you're not running 64-bit, the maximum is like three gigs that you can use. So, if you have 64 bit, it can use as much RAM as you can give it. Otherwise, there's a limited amount if you're using a 32-bit program Operating System. So, down here is Scratch Disks and here's where you can add the different drives to run a Scratch Disks. I have my solid state drive as my main one and then my other drive here. People say a lot of different things about using a solid state drive. I'm using mine, it seems to work just fine for me. So, I'm going to keep doing that. History States, I have mine set to a much higher number than the default, I believe the default is around 20. Cache Levels, this really depends again on your computer. If it can handle it, I have mine set to three and this isn't a huge deal. Cursors, I have mine set to normal, standard is a little icon precise, more like cross-hairs. I just prefer normal, that's what I've always worked with. For other cursors, I have standard set. Now, one thing to note is that when you have caps lock on, it seems to put it on precise. So, if you're working in Photoshop and it seems like it's set to precise even though you have it set to normal, it usually means your caps lock is on. I think that's it for Preferences. So, we're going to click "Okay." All right. So, I'm going to just talk a little bit about customizing your Workspace. This is really a personal preference either with how you've worked with other programs in the past or if you've worked with other Adobe programs and you're used to a certain setup, you can really customize this to fit whatever you're used to. So, I can grab this side panel and drag it off here and click these little two little arrows and then just drag it around wherever I'd like to put that. So, if I'd like this paneling over here and this over here, I can work like that. I prefer to setup just the essentials. Now, if I've got different windows out, and I'm just going to pull these off, you can click them to open them. Otherwise, you can use that button to resize them. What I'm going to do is just take a few of these. Now, if I've got this set up and I decide this isn't how I like it, I'd like to go back to the default. We can either go up to Windows in Workspace and we have all our options here including the default or we can go on this drop down. So, let's say I want it that way, snaps to that new Workspace layout and then back to essentials, and you can actually see that it saved my essentials how I move them around. Now, if I want to reset essentials, I go down to right here. If I click on this and just go to essentials, it's just going to go back to how I had it. So, you need to make sure you reset essentials and that's going to put everything back to how originally Photoshop is laid out and this is the way that I prefer to work. Although, over here there are a few things that I have differently. I'll have my layers palette out and I'll have my Swatches palette out, but then I'm going to bring out the navigator. So, if we go to Windows, here's all the different windows that we can have out and I'm going to pick navigator, and I'm going to drag that up above Swatches. So, this is normally how I have it. If I want to add some more to this sidebar, I'm going to go to Windows and maybe do brush and it adds it to the side right there. I can click this little button and that closes it. I can add some more windows. So, if I want a few more in there, let's see here, Character, so that if I'm working with type, I can get to it easily. So, now it adds that. So, you can just add however many you want, you can delete them. You can also right-click and there's different options. So, now if I pull this off, we can move that around. So, if I wanted that over here, I could keep that open, that's going to stay open. Now I can close it and what it does is it goes back up to here. So, it's no longer on the side. So, I'd have to add it to the side again. If I want my history which if it's open, it will automatically just open it from the side. So, if it's already on here, it will open it for you. Then once I have my Workspace how I like it, you can go Window, Workspace, new Workspace, title it whatever you like. Title at workspace, and if I want to keep the keyboard shortcuts and menus, I'll click those and we'll go over some of that later but this is a really nice option and I'll save it. Now, you can see it's added it to this. So, now if I go here and I go to essentials or if I reset essentials. I still have Matts Workspace here. So, I can click there and it's all set up how I had it. So, if it accidentally gets reset, you have that option to go back and use your saved Workspace. So, that's a really nice feature in Photoshop. All right. Just quickly last thing for settings are changing keyboard shortcuts and also menus. So, first we're going to go to keyboard shortcuts. Again, under Edit. Down to keyboard shortcuts and this is just where you can customize it to fit your needs. For me, I've only customized a few of them, one of them is Crop right here. Normally that doesn't have a shortcut key assigned to it, but I assigned a Shift Control A because I do a lot of Cropping when I'm illustrating. That's just nice to have that there and be able to do that quickly. So, you can go to the panel menu, brushes, if you want a new brush, preset, you could set a shortcut key for that. So, a lot of options to customize it. I haven't actually gotten here and done a whole lot of work in this area but it's a really nice feature and it really speeds up the process depending on how you use it. So, with just all these different options, it's nice that you can create your own shortcut keys for the tools if you'd like. Then you can save them. Then the other one is menus. So, and what this is going to do is it's going to hide them up here. So, you're not going to see it. So, if there are some that you don't use that much or don't use ever, then you can go ahead and just hide those so that you're not searching through all of these. That's actually something that I need to do and go in here and hide some of these, because I don't use all of them. It's nice because you can save that and again now go to when we saw up here on my Workspace that I could save menus and keyboard shortcuts. So, once we change those and then save our Workspace, if it gets reset somehow, then you're able to just click on that and all your shortcut keys and all your menu items that you've changed are back how you modified them, which is really nice. Click "Okay" and that's it for settings. 6. Creating a New Document : So, now, that we have Photoshop set up the way we want it, we're going to create a new file. We're going to File, New, or the shortcut key, Control-N. Now, that's going to bring up the new dialog box. Under Preset, right now, we can just name it or leave it what the default name, it's always untitled. If we go to Preset, we can see custom sizes. Now, they've got the Default Photoshop Size, U.S. Paper, so that's 8.5 by 11 at 300, as well as International Paper, Photo, we can do Web, Mobile Devices, and you can see all the defaults that they have here, Film & Video. I usually, when I'm sketching something, I'll just default to U.S. Paper. Now, we can change the Color Mode right here, Grayscale, RGB, CMYK. We can also change the Resolution. So, it would like this just to be 72, we could change it to that. We can actually click on the Size, and I'll change it to 11 by 17, depending on what you choose. If you click OK, that's going to create the document at 8.5 by 11. We can cancel it out or we can create a custom one. So, let's say I prefer working at 8 by 8 at 600 for the resolution, then click Save Preset, and we've got this new document window. It has the Preset Name, so we can name it whatever we like. It lets us choose which of the saved settings up here we'd like to keep with this preset. So, if we don't always want it at 600, we could uncheck Resolution and it won't always stay there, it will default back. I'm going to leave all that, click OK. Now, you can see down here under Custom for the Preset dropdown that we've got 8 by 8. So, I'm going to select U.S. Paper. We've got the U.S. Paper settings, go back up to our saved preset and it resets all this. So, I'm going to click OK. You can see it opens up a window and then I'm going to close it. So, that's creating a new file. Now, if we want to open a file, we go to File, Open, and we can find the file that we want to open, and it opens the PSD file. It depends on what you are looking for, you can open up a JPEG or whatever file format you need. Now, when I click it up there, it put it into the tab. So, if it snaps to the tab, you can just drag it out. If I make a change to it, when I close it, it's going to ask to save it. I'm going to say No, and that will reset it back. That's just the basics of creating new files and opening files into Photoshop. 8. Exploring Your Workspace: All right. So, we've adjusted some settings and I've shown you how to open up a new file as well as an existing one. So, let's explore the workspace a little bit. Let's start with the file menu. So, we've got new and open, which we've covered already. Open recent, which is going to show your most recent file. Close, close all, which is going to close multiple windows if we have them open. Save and save as, save as, we can also do save as a copy, and then save for web, which is obviously going to optimize it for web. That way you can either save it as jpeg or GIF. We can import things, we can export to illustrator and we can exit. We can also print. Under Edit, we have Undo which is Ctrl+ Z, Step Forward and Step Back. Now, the difference between Undo and Step Backwards, which step backwards, is Opt Ctrl+ Z. Step Backward is going to keep taking you back while Undo is going to undo what you did and then redo it. If you just keep hitting Ctrl+ Z, it's going to undo and redo. So, unlike a lot of programs that just have you hit Ctrl+ Z and it keeps on doing it, that one only undoes it once and then it redoes it. So, then we have to do Step Backward, if we want to go farther back. We have said Cut, Copy, Paste, Paste Special if you want to paste to the same spot but on a new layer. Fill and stroke, Color Settings, keyboard Shortcuts, Menus and Preferences like we've already seen. I'm not really going to cover too much of what these do just because we'll be talking about that a little bit later in other lessons. So, Image, we've got a different image modes and lets go ahead and open up a new file so we can see a few more of these options. So, we're going to do File, New and I'm going to do the default US paper which is right here. Really, you can pick any size you'd like. I'm going to click OK. Now that we have a document open, you can see that before there was a lot of different options that were great out and now we have those options available to us. So, we have Mode, Grayscale, Indexed, RGB, CMYK, et cetera. Here we can make adjustments to our image Brightness, Levels, the Exposure, Hue/Saturation and we'll be talking a little bit more about these when we talk about layers. It's slightly different than this but it's the same idea. Image Size, that's going to give us our image info. Then image Canvas Size, that's going allow us to extend the canvas. So, these arrows what they mean is that you can extend them. If the little dot is in the middle, it's going to extend out from the middle. Now, if I click on this arrow, this left arrow, now it's going to extend from the left to the right. So, it will only extend to the right. So, if I choose a width of let's say five inches. Now, you can see that it extended it out five inches starting from the left side and going out to the right. Now, one thing I should talk about real quickly is the foreground and background color and that's right down here. This is what we're going to use a lot during layers talking about the color palette, the tools, whatever. This is what controls our background color which is white and our foreground color which is black. So, anything right now that we draw with, whether it's with the paintbrush tool or we fill in this layer, it's going to fill it in with the foreground color which is black. Now, the default is black and white. You can always default back to it here. You can switch them by clicking on these little arrows here and you can change them by going up to the swatches palette. Now, if you don't have the swatches palette up, I'll be getting to that. But, if I click on here, you can see it switches to purple. Now, I'm going to switch it back to the default colors. Now, I'm going to hit Ctrl+ Z, undo that change of our documents size. We're going to go back up to image Canvas Size and now we're going to go back to how we had it. Put in five inches. Now, the thing we have to know is that when we were extending this canvas, if we don't do anything else except for this, it's going to take the background color and use that as the background of what we just extended. So, now it's white so it extended it as white. If it had been black in the background, then part of the background, just the part that we extended from right here over five inches would have been black and we would have had to fill in the background with the white color to even it out. So, if you're going to do it like that make sure that your background color is what you need and what it matches the document color. Now, if you'd like you can also switch it to foreground white, black, gray or choose another. So, if it's not when you get this dialogue box. If it's not the color you want the background to be, you don't have to axe it out you can just switch it here. So, I'm going to click OK and that's going to extend it out. All right. So, that's image Canvas Size. Now, we can do image rotation or it's going to rotate the canvas and we can also flip the canvas horizontal or vertical. We can trim it, duplicate, apply image and that's really all that you need to know for now from the image drop down. Under Layer, we have a new layer where we can create them here. Now, we can also do all this down here which that's how I'll be showing you in a later lesson that just focuses on layers. But under the Layer tab we can do New, we can duplicate a layer and we can do a few other things and you can just kind of scroll through these and see what they say. But again, we'll be talking about that in a little bit. Then we have the Type layer. This is just all of our options when working with type. Now, I don't use these as much because I use the control panels over here, and we'll get to that, but I at least want you to see what's up here. So, select. We can select all, and then once we have a selection active we have other choices like Deselect, Reselect, we can invert it and we can also modify by expanding it or contracting the selection. We can also Edit in Quick Mask Mode. Filter. We can do all kinds of different stuff with filter, We've got the Filter Gallery, we've got Blur, Distort, et cetera. So, this is all once you have an image. I don't use these too often with an actual illustration because if I'm going to be distorting it and I like to do it myself, or use the Transform Tool. Now, one thing I forgot to mention was, under Edit, we've got the Free Transform and the Transform, Ctrl+T, and we'll be using that a lot throughout all three classes. So, that was Filter. 3D we're going to skip. You could probably look up some tutorials on 3D, but I'm not going to cover that since we're focusing on illustration work, and we don't really use that for that thing. It can be incorporated into it but I'm not going to talk about it. Then we have View. With View we can do Proof Setup, Proof Colors, Gamut Warning, Pixel Aspect Ratio, which we can change here depending on what you're working on, Zoom In, Zoom Out, Fit on Screen, Actual Pixels, so, the typical view options, Print Size, Screen Mode, which we can also change down here, Extras, Show, Layer Edges, Grids, Smart Guides et cetera, Rulers. Now, if we choose that our rulers come out, if we don't want those, we can hit Ctrl+R as a shortcut key and that will hide or show them. So, it's good to get to know the shortcut keys for the different view options. Now, one thing I would suggest turning off, and I'll mention it again later, but Snap is helpful in certain instances, but for what we're going to be using the way we're going to be using Photoshop, we don't need Snap, so, I would dislike that as well as Snap To to Make sure none of these are checked. Then we can Lock Guides, New Guides and Lock Slices. Now, one thing I will show you is that, if the rulers are on, so Ctrl+R, if we click and drag on the ruler, we can drag down some guides, like that. So, depending on what you need, guides can be helpful, and I use them a lot especially when I'm working on a piece for, say, a cover that's going to have a bleed, this is how I set that up. So that's View. Window is where we're going to open up all of our control panel over here. We're going to focus on like Character, Layers, Brush, Swatches, and if you don't have it up, Navigator. I'll come back to this in just a little bit. Help, you've got your normal help options, I don't really need to go through this, but you can look it over and just see what that offers you. Now, next I'm going to talk about the Control Panels, and that's all of these right here, these tabbed windows. So, first to get any of these that you don't have, so if you don't have it set up like this, we can hit Window, and let's say you want the navigator out here, we can select Navigator, and like I mentioned when we were setting up our workspace, you can move any of these around. So, I've our talked about these, but that was more about moving them, so, I'm just going to touch on them again. So, Navigator, Swatches, Layers, and any of these other ones can be on the side depending on what you prefer. So what the control panels do, depending on which one you click, they're going to associate with the tools panel on this side. So, if we have the Text Tool, lets say, active, and we create some text, we're going to edit it through these control panels. I'm going to hide that again by clicking these little arrows, and we talked about this in the last lesson. So, you can organize these as you'd like. Now, over on this left side, we have the toolbar, and this is going to hold all of our tools that we would use for illustration. I'm going to go through these in more depth in a later lesson. So, we won't worry about covering all of them, but if you'd like to see them a little bit better, again, just click on that arrow and they group them side by side instead of- this is more of a space saving option. So, this is the toolbar, which is the most important part of Photoshop. Up here, is the options bar and what that's going to do is relate tool. Again, like the control panel, it's a separate control panel for our tools on the side. So, if I have a brush selected, we're going to have brush settings. I'm going to have the move to a selected, we're going to have the move tool options. So, that corresponds, just like these control panels with the tools that we're going to be using. Then lastly we have, the document window itself, so we can hide rulers. Command+H will hide the guides. We can obviously. Minimize, maximize and close. Then right now, I have it set to efficiency, and we can change that to Document Sizes, Document Profile, it's really up to you what you want to have this on. I prefer efficiency just to know that Photoshop is running nicely. So, that is really up to you. Then we can also, zoom in to the document down here. Now, I never really use it in here, we can type in a number. I always use the navigator. But if that's how you prefer to do it, feel free to type in and zoom in that way. That's the basics of your photoshop workspace. Now, let's get more indepth with Layers and Tools. 10. Layers Part 1: All right, so let's talk about layers a little bit. First, I want to show you the Move Tool just because we're going to be using that a lot. That's right here in the Tools panel, you can select it using key Command V on your keyboard. Make sure Auto-Select is checked and that Layer is selected from the drop-down rather than Group. Then let's open up a file from the resource section of this class, and that's going to be Shaped Friends. So I'm going to double-click on that to open it, or select it, and click Open. So, here we have three shapes, and over here in the bottom right-hand corner, we have the Layers palette. Now, it might be in a different place for you, or if it's not showing up, go up to Window, and Layers, and then it'll pop up. All right. So, first, I'm just going to show you how to rearrange layers, just grab one. I'm going to grab Orange and drag it above green. All right, if you want to select more than one layer to move, you hold down Control and Select. Click on them again, will deselect them. So, if I click Red and hold down control and select Green, I can drag that this way. Now, if we click on Green, hold down shift, and click on Orange, that's going to select all of those layers between green and orange. So, that's how you select layers. If we want to add a layer, we're going to go down to the Add New Layer button, and now we have Layer 1. I'm going to hide these other layers, and you do that by clicking on the little Eye icon here, and I'm going to hide the background layer as well just to show that this layer that we just created is an empty layer and that's how every layer is created. Now, let's click on the icon, the Eye icon again just to show those layers, and we're going to delete Layer 1 by dragging it to the trash. We can move each layer, now that we have the Move Tool selected like I showed you and Auto-Select selected, we can move each layer by clicking on them. So, if we'd like to move the red layer, right now, the green layer is selected, we don't have to select red, the red layer down here to move it because we have Auto-Select checked. If that wasn't checked then you would have to select it and then use the Move Tool. But since we have the Auto-Select checked, we can grab it and then grab the green layer, and move them around like this. So, you can see how easy it is to move around shapes in Photoshop. Now, if we click Hide Background, again, we're going to show now this pattern, shows that we have a transparent background, but there's nothing else on those layers just the shapes themselves, no background. So, let's unhide the Background layer. Let me show you how to create folders with your shapes in them. This comes in really handy when creating more complex illustrations. So, let's select the Orange layer, hold down Shift and select up to the Green so we've got green, red and orange selected. Now, another way to select them and I'm going to click off is, since the background is locked, we can't grab that. So, you can see we get a selection when we click on the background and drag. So, if we click in the left-hand corner and drag to the bottom corner, you can see I selected all the layers that it could see. Now, if one of these layers was hidden, and we try that again, it's not going to select it because that layer is hidden. So, keep that in mind. But you just click and drag and that selects layers like that. So, let's grab all three layers green, red, and orange and we're going to drag it down to the folder icon down here. That becomes Group 1. Now, if we click the little arrow here, we can see that all three of these shapes are inside this folder. Now, if you want to drag one of the files outside of the folder, click on it, and drag it above the folder, and you want to make sure that not the folder is selected but a little line above it, highlights, and you can drop it above. Now, I'm going to hit Ctrl Z to undo and put that back in the layer group. Now, if we close this, you can see that this is a great way to organize your files while working on a project. If we select the Eye icon and click on it, you can see it hides the entire group. So, you don't have to go through if you have a lot of files, say a character that you want to hide from a certain scene, you don't have to go and click on every little detail that you've drawn if that's on a separate layer, if it's in a group because you can just click the group layer visibility icon and that will hide all of it. So, that's really nice. Where we created a new layer, the Create New Layer button, and we created a new group. We have a few other buttons that I want to show. The first one is create a new fill or adjustment layer. So, if we click on that, we can either create a new solid color layer. So, let's click that, and you can see that automatically puts that within the group that we've created. So, this could be how we create our background. So, do something like that, and I'm going to click and drag it and bring it behind our shapes because right now this new solid shape is covering our other shapes since it's above it. So now, we have a background for our shapes. So, that's what this does. What else we can do is click on, let's click on this orange guy, depending on where is on yours, and we're going to click down here on the Adjustment Layer, and we're going to click Hue/Saturation right here, and it's going to bring up this dialog box. Now, there's a different way to access that and it's through image adjustments, hue saturation, but what that's going to do is that's going to permanently change the hue if you use that. If you use this down here, what it's creating is an adjustment layer, and if we decide later on that we don't like that color or we want to adjust it back to the normal color, then we can just delete this from it. It's non-destructive editing, so this is really nice when trying to make changes within a raster program like this. So, right here, we've got the dialog box. Maybe we're changing him to a different color. Now, you can see what this does is it changes anything that's below it. So right now, we have our Color Fill selected. So, if we want to just have the circle selected, changing that, then what we can do is right-click on the Adjustment Layer, so right here, you can see it's the one we just created. We're going to right-click, and we're going to go up to Create Clipping Mask. What that does is just clips this layer to the one directly below it, so it's only clipping it to this round monster shape. Now, we can go back in here and change this without having it change the background. So, I'm going to adjust this color, just to give it a bit more of a yellow. All right, something like that. You can play with it however you like. Now, I'm going to hide this, and you can see that the Adjustment Layer Properties is this icon right here. So, if you like it you can pull it out and have it over here depending on where you want it, so that could stay out if you'd like it. I'm going to keep it in here on the sidebar. 12. Layers Part 2: Now I'm going to show you how to do a Layer Mask instead of what we did before with right clicking and doing a Clipping Mask. We're going to use a Layer Mask which is down here, right next to the adjustment layer. What we need to do first is we need to make a selection. So, another tool that I'm going to show you is right below the Move tool up here, and that's the Marquee tool, the rectangular one, and M is the shortcut key. So, we're going to select that, if you have something different selected, hold it down and we can see that there is all these other options. So, if the Elliptical Marquee Tool is selected, go up to Rectangular. So, we're going to select that, and what we're going to do is we're going to click and drag by this circle. If you hold down spacebar while you're still holding down the left click on your mouse, we can move this around and if we let go of the spacebar we can still reshape it. So, I'm going to make a rectangular shape with this. Something like this. Now, I have a plus sign in mine because I have it up here in the Options bar. It's adding to each selection. So, if I was to do this, it would add to the selection. I'm going to undo that. Control alt Z on a PC is going to keep stepping back. So, that's how you keep on doing it. All right. So, I've made the selection. I'm going to go down to the orange layer and I'm going to click on it. So, now the orange layer is selected even though I've changed it to yellow, and we're going to hit the Layer Mask button. Now, the pop up, you can't really see that pops up below the recording screen, but it says Add Layer Mask, and if you roll over that you should see it as well. So, we're going to click on that and you can see. But now it's created a mask where the selection was. So, if we go back to the Move tool or hit V, we can move him around maybe on top of this guy. I'm going to go and lock this layer, the background layer just so that we don't move it. You can see that I can select these two just because this was selected. So to lock a layer, we go up to the top here and we click Lock, and now that layer cannot be selected or moved. So, now I can go in here and I can drag these two. All right. So, that's kind of a cool shape that it created when we created the selection and then we masked it with the Layer Mask tool. Now, you can see the mask goes with it. So, that shape always stays the shape that we masked it. Now, if we want to move the shape around within the mask, but we don't want to move the mask itself, we can uncheck the little chain down here on the orange layer. We can uncheck that chain, and now those two layers are not locked. So, if I move this, I'm going to start moving it outside of that mask. I'm going to hit Undo and if I select the mask part of that layer. So, right over here. I'm going to click on it. Now, I'm moving the mask itself, and not the character. Like that. Again, I'm going to undo and I'm going to go back down here and link it by clicking between it, that'll add it back so that they're connected when you move them. 14. Layers Part 3: Then let's go down again to our layers options down here, and I'm going to click on the FX icon, and you can see that we have a couple of different special effects that you can add to your shapes. So, again, let's actually go and select the green shape here, the triangle. Click on the FX and let's go to, let's see, let's do stroke. So, now we're adding, we get this layer style dialogue box. I'm going to move it over the side here, just so that you can see it on the recording screen. Stroke is selected you can see, and up here we can change the size of the stroke. So, we can have it very thin, we can also change the color of it, and if we go off of this, again if this isn't showing up this kind of color, then it could be that one of these is selected, so I haven't selected on H. If we drag off the mouse onto the color, you can see the eyedropper tool, that's what the cursor becomes. I'm going to select the green, so now what it did was change that stroke to the green of the monster, and I'm just going to make it a slightly darker like that. Click OK. We can do inside, it makes it like that. I'm going to keep it like that, click OK. Now we have this FX little icon to the right of the green layer. What we can do is we can go down to effects, we can see effects and stroke here, and we can hide that stroke if we want, or if we had multiple effects on this layer, we could hide all of them by clicking the effects I. Now, if we don't want to see effects and stroke, we can go up to the top right on this green layer, and click this little arrow, and now it collapse it, so we don't see that. All right, and then the last button down here on niche little options for the layers, is this link right here and right now it's grayed out, and that's because I don't have anything else selected and this is how you link layers. So, I'm going to select the red layer, and the orange layer, and the layer between them, the adjustment layer. Now, you can see that we can actually activate this icon, and over here on the right after clicking that, you can see that these are linked. Now, if we move these around, they move around together without having to go like this and drag and select. So, these will always be linked, until we decide that we don't want one of them linked. If we decide that we don't want the red layer linked with these two, then we can just click it and you can see that now only these two are selected and linked. I'm going to undo that so that all three are linked, and I can move these around like this. Now, let's talk about some of the options that are at the top of the layers palette. Under the lock category, you can see we have these different options. So, the first one is lock transparent pixels, lock image pixels, lock position, and lock all which we've used that before. So, first of all what we're going to look at is lock transparent pixels. We're going to select the red layer, we're going to hit lock transparent pixels, and then we're going go over here, and we're going to select the brush tool. Now, we're going to be talking about this tool a lot more later. But just for showing an example of how the lock transparent pixel work, we need to use the brush tool. So, select the brush tool. If you don't have the brush tool selected, hold it down, click and hold and you will see the options, and you can see we have these different options under the brush tool, but we want a brush tool. The shortcut key is B. So, we're going to select from our swatches, and again if you don't have swatches, go up to window, swatches, and I'm going to choose a yellow color, and right now I'm just using a mouse to do this. What we're going do is just click and hold down inside of the shape, and we're just going to draw. Inside of the shape, and as I'm drawing, I'm always holding down the left button on the mouse. Now, you don't want to go too far with this because if we want to undo it, we only have so many steps depending on how you set that up. But what you can see is that with lock transparent pixels, this is only drawing within the shape. Now, if I hide the background image, and the other background, you can see that on this layer, these are the transparent pixels. The only thing on this red layer, is this rectangle creature. So, when we have the transparent pixels locked, it only draws within that. This is a great tool for texturing your illustrations. Again, like I said, I use this on a lot. All right, so I'm going to undo that, Ctrl+Alt +Z, and I'm going to step back, and now I'm going to uncheck that just so you can see what would happen if it is not checked. I'm going to show these layers just so you can see it. You can see that now it's drawing outside of it, because now that transparent pixels are no longer locked. So, if you want to stay within the shape on this layer, you lock the transparent pixels. Now, again, I'm going to undo that, and we'll go on to the others. 15. Layers Part 4: Okay. So, the next one, is the lock image pixels, and what that's going do, is that's going to allow us to lock that layer. So, let's click on the green layer and lock it. And now, if we grab the brush tool like we used on the red layer, we get this icon that shows that we can't draw on this layer. Now, we can still move this layer. It's not locked, but the pixels are locked. So, it's not allowing us to edit this image at all, which is really nice if you want to still be able to move it around, but you don't want to accidentally color it or somehow change it while working with your piece. So, that's a nice feature of the lock category. I'm going to uncheck that. Now, we can do lock position, so now it can't be moved. But, if we select it, you can see we couldn't move it, and it actually deselects it when you do that. So, I'm going to reselect it. I'm going to take the drawing tool, and now you can see I'm getting some weird happening because we have on this layer, the stroke, is still set on there from when we added the special effects. So, you can see, you get some weird things when you do that. But, we can still draw on this layer. We can't move it because it's locked, but we can still edit it. I'm going to undo that. I'm going to click to the right of the green layer, and I'm going to take that effect. So, click on the word Effect and drag it down to the trash, and that gets rid of the effect that we had put up there. So, I'm going to unlock the position, and now we've gone through all the different lock icons that you can. We already talked about locking all of them. If you want to lock the group just hit Shift, and then lock, and now we've locked all those. So, just a few more options that I want to touch on, and we're going to select the green layer. We're going to go up here to Opacity, and then if we lower that, you can see that that changes the opacity of the layer. So, if I'm dragging in here, you can see what that does. All right. So, I'm going to move that back. Now, a huge part of my workflow includes layer modes, the blending modes, and that's right here, right next to opacity. So, let's actually drag this guy back on top, drag him right here, and now I'm going to click on Normal. I'm actually just kind of click normal again. If you're on a Mac, I'm not quite sure the shortcut key for this because I know you can't just hit the down arrow. But, if we click normal, and I hit the down arrow, I can scroll through the different blending modes. This is going to blend this layer with the bottom layers. They all work really differently. We move it around a little bit, you can see, but there's some really cool effects that you can create using blending modes. Now, if you can't scroll through home, just go through and click on some of these., but this is something that I use all the time, and it's important to experiment with these and get familiar with how these work. If you'd like to go back to normal, then just click up here on top, and you can't see that because it goes past, but normal is at top. I'm going to click that, and it's back to normal. All right. So, that's blending modes. The last thing I want to talk about is how you can kind of filter, this is pick a filter type, so a way you can filter your layers. Now, when I'm working on a project and it's getting towards completion, I have to send the file to a client, a lot of times, I'll clean up my PSD file if that's the file that they need. So, I go through looking for empty layers that have somehow, either the content's been deleted, or I created a new layer and forgot about it. So, what we're going to do is we're gonna create a new layer down here, so we've got an empty layer. Let's hide the background layer, this color fill that we created. We're going to hide that, and I'm going to lock the green, so up here. So, we've got an empty file, a locked file, and a hidden file. So, if we go up to Kind, and you can sort these by different things: Name, Effect, Mode. So, if we wanted to see all the ones that had hue saturation on them, we could do that. But, what we're going to go down to is Attribute, and this is the best one in my opinion. You can click next to it where it says visible, and we can click Empty, and you can see the only layer one shows up because that's the only empty layer. Now, if you're working with a ton of layers, there could be a whole bunch of empty ones, and then all you do is you select it. If you have multiple layers, hold down Shift, select all of them, and you just drag it to the Trash. Now, if we go back to Visible, we can see that that one is gone. We can also do Not Visible, so we can see that this layer is hidden, and we'd be able to see a whole bunch more depending on how many layers we had that were hidden. Now, if we click to unhide this, what it's gonna do is disappear obviously from this checklist. So I'm going to click here, and right away, it disappears because it's no longer hidden. The other one is locked. So, you can see that if you're running into, you can't find which layers locked. There's a ton of layers, you're trying to go through it pretty fast. You can just click on Locked, and it'll show up all the locked layers, and then we can unlock them, and again disappears from list. So, that's how you can really organize your layers, find certain layers. Instead of scrolling through a whole bunch of layers, you can go in there and just kind of sort them. All right. So, I'm going to save this, and I'm going to call it new shape friends. That's working with layers. Let's move on to the tool bar and what tools that Illustrators specifically use 16. Selection Tools: Now let's cover the tools that an illustrator would use in Photoshop. I'm going to open up the new shape friends file that we created in the last lesson and we're going to go through the selection tools on this side and you can see right here that if you don't have your tools open, you can go down to tools and click it. It should already be up but just in case it somehow got closed. Again, Window, Tools and you can see that the option bar is there too. So, make sure that's selected. So, starting off, we have the "Move tool" which key command is V on your keyboard and we've talked about this one already but I'm going to lock this background layer. Again, with the "auto-select" selected, we can click and drag and move either groups around or we can click on specific items on the canvas to move them around. Now, these two from the last lesson are grouped. So, that's why they're moving together. Now, if we have the "Auto- select" de-selected and we're on green layer, if I click on this little yellow guy, you can see it still moves the triangle. So, if you don't have auto-select on then it's just going to move the selected layer. So, I like to have auto-select on just because I have a lot of shapes going on when I'm working on a project and I'd like to be able to switch through without having to find it down here and just being able to click on it. Just real quickly I'll talk about this dropdown which we have it set to "Layer". If it's set to "Group" then what it's going to auto-select is the group itself and we actually have that layer locked. So, I'm going to unlock that real quick and you can see that it grabs all of them because it's grabbing the group it's not grabbing the layers. So, that's what the group drop-down menu is here. I'm going to switch it back to "Layer" and I'm going to lock the background layer again. Right here's how you lock a layer. Now, I don't usually use it but if you want to show the transform tools, you can do that. It's a lot more like selecting an illustrator so you can see that we've got the bounding box and we can actually change the shape of it without having to do the key command is "Control T" for transform and I'm going to hit "Escape" on the keyboard and so that's how you can transform it without having to go up to "Edit" "Transform" which is how you can scale your items. So, if you prefer that on, feel free to keep that checked otherwise "Control T" with the move tool is going to bring that up like that. Next we have the marquee selection tool and if we hold this down, we can see that we have a couple of different options. We have the rectangular marquee tool, elliptical, single row and single column marquee tools. Now, I mainly stay with the rectangular or the elliptical but you can experiment with all of them if you'd like. So, we've used the marquee tool a little bit in the past lesson but again that's to create selections. Now up here on the options I have "Add to selection" and if this first one is checked, it's just going to create a new one if you click someplace else. So, you just click on your canvas, you can make different selections. If you're clicking inside the selection you made that's going to move the selection. You can see how it moves it. Now, if we hit the "Move tool" which is V on your keyboard and now we're inside the selection and we move it, it's going to cut your layer. So, you have to be careful. If you're accidentally cutting it, it means you're on the "Move tool" and not the "Selection tool" itself. So, I'm going to undo that "Control D" will deselect any selection. Again, that's "Control D". We can also do it under "Select" and "Deselect". You can see "Control D". So, make sure you're on the "Selection tool". Now, if we make a selection and we go through these options in the option bar, this will add to the selection like we've seen before. This one will subtract from it and the intersect selection if we add to this so I'm going to click the "Add selection". I'm going to add some selection to this. The intersect is going to just take the shape that we create inside and again, I can't remember if I've mentioned it but if you hit "Spacebar" that will move the selection. So, you can see inside of each these selections, the one that I've just created it's only going to select those shapes. So, when I let go you can see we've got this shape from here. So, it intersected with the current selections and just kept the shape that we drew. Deselect "Control D". Now, let's create a new layer and we're going to go up here to "Feather" and I'm going to put that at 25 and hit "Enter". I'm going to create a selection and you can see that it feathered it. So, it changed the rectangle to rounded. Now, if we go and let's choose a color from our color palette. I'm going to choose just this yellow and if we hit "Alt" "Delete" that's going to fill it with this foreground color. So, "Alt" and "Delete" on your keyboard. If you hit "Control" "Delete", it's going to fill it with the background color. So, once you make your selection, choose your color and it's going to be the foreground color here and hit "Alt" "Delete" and you can see that that feathered the selection. So, now we've got a very soft selection. So, we could go in here with this selection that we made. Let's drag "Layer 1" that we just created to right above our red layer. Make sure the shape is overlapping the red layer and like I mentioned in the other lesson, we're going to do a clipping mask. So, right-click and "Create clipping mask". So, now we've got this feathered selection that we filled with yellow or whatever color and we have it messed to the red layer and this is where blending modes could come in. So, we could mess with the blending modes of the yellow layer, Layer 1 and see how it blends with the red layer. So, you could get kind of a bright color there and so you can see how you can kind of use all of these tools together, the selection tool, the masking tools, the blending modes. So let's delete layer one and select our "Selection tool" again and create a new layer and we're going to take the feathering down to zero. Now, anti-alias is not selected, you can't select it for this because these are perfectly horizontal and vertical lines that we're creating with this tool. So, you don't need it because they're already anti-alias because they're straight up and straight over. So, that's why this option isn't selected. We can do a fixed ratio. So, four to four and it will create that box at those measurements. Now, it's not those exact measurements but it constrains it to that ratio of four to four. Then we could also do a fixed size. So, we could do three inches by three inches. If you have pixels in here, you can just do three inches and it'll change it to inches and you can see now I just click once and it creates that three-by-three square. So, that's a nice way to create a specific size with the selection tool. Again, you can either click outside or hit "Control D" to de-select it. Now, let's click and hold on the marquee icon over in the tools palate and we're going to bring up the drop-down menu and let's choose the elliptical one. That's going to create either a circle or an oval depending on what you create with your mouse and now one thing I didn't mention was that if you hold down "Shift" on your keyboard that's going to constrain your size. So, it's going to be a perfect circle and that's true with the other rectangular marquee as well. So, shift will always constrain in Photoshop whether you're resizing with the resizing tool or whatever shift is going to constrain it. So, you can see that it does that. If I let go of "Shift" while I'm still holding down then I've got the chance to make this giant oval. Now, we've got the same options here "Feather". Now, we have "Anti-alias" which you want to have that selected so that you have a nice smooth shape. If you don't have that selected, it's going to be very jagged and we've got the fixed ratio fixed size. 18. Lasso Tool: So, deselect that and let's go down to the Lasso Tool. We've got just the plain Lasso Tool, the Polygonal Lasso Tool and the Magnetic Lasso Tool. So, just real quickly, we'll select the first one. This one, let's delete layer one. We don't need that if you have a layer. Let's select the green. With this tool, we can just draw whatever selection we want. So, you can see that it creates the shape that you draw. I don't really use this tool that much because it's very hard to control the shape. So, if we click on this Polygonal, this one, and I have it on add, you can see by the plus sign on my cursor. I'm going to switch it to normal so that I can click out. This one, you can create selections like that. Now, if I click here and I don't want that, if you hit delete on the keyboard, it will move it back to the spot and I can go here. If I hit delete again, it goes back to that spot. So, if you accidentally draw a line that you don't want, just hit delete and it can go. If you keep hitting it, it goes back to the beginning. If you hit at Escape before you finished creating the shape, it will go back to your previous selection. So, if we go down from the Lasso Tool and we hold down, we will be able to get the Quick Selection Tool or the Magic Wand Tool. I'm going to select the Magic Wand Tool because that's what we're going to cover. What this does is if we have green, the layer green selected, we can select certain parts of it. So, you can see, it selected the white. Now I'm going to deselect that. Let's select red just because we have a few more selection possibilities. I've got Anti-alias which we want. The Tolerance is going to show how much it should select. So, you want to keep that low unless you want to select a greater range. So, I have mine set at 10. I keep this on Point Sample. Again, we have the different options to add to the selection. Now Contiguous, what it's going to do is just select one of the color. Now, I have again add on. So, if I want to select all these teeth like this, I could do that or I'm going to deselect that, I'm going to uncheck Contiguous, and now I'm going to just select this one tooth and it selects all of that color within that layer. Now, if we sample all layers, we're going to select all of this color. Finally, from the selection tools, we have the Crop Tool which is going to crop our canvas. So, it's a little bit different depending on what version of Photoshop you have, but it brings up this box and you can just resize it as needed. I'm just going to crop it here and then, you can either choose to delete this, to cancel your current crop operation, or you can commit to it. The other way you can crop it is by hitting Enter. Now, one thing before we finish up is the Delete Cropped Pixels. What that's going to do is if there's any of this stuff on the side, let's say we have another character on the side here and we cropped this, it's going to get rid of that shape, it's going to delete it. If you want to keep some of that info, then uncheck Delete Cropped Pixels. But we don't need to, so I'm going to hit Enter and crop it. That's it. Let's save this. 20. Drawing Tools Part 1: All right, so let's start talking about the really fun tools, the drawing tools, the coloring tools. We're going to start off with the brush tool and I'm going to be talking about this a lot more in the second series which really just focuses on brushes, how to use them better, creating brushes, importing brushes, and so on. So, we're not going to get too in depth with brushes right now, but I will cover the basics. So, here's a brush tool, we're going to focus on brush tool and pencil tool. Lets select the brush tool. Now, we've got mode up here on the options bar and that's going to set your brush to be a blending mode. So, it's going to keep blending it depending on what you pick, as you draw. Opacity and flow, they're going to if you lower that it's going to build upon itself every time you draw, so, it's a lot more like painting. Now, some of these options might not be on yours if you're using an earlier version of Photoshop. So that's fine. We're not really going to talk about these too much, we don't need to worry about that, you can play with those later. Right here is where we're going to focus on, and that's selecting your brushes, your brush size, the hardness of your brush. This icon right here that's a softer brush, so, that's bringing down the hardness. This is a harder brush. Now, this may look again different depending on your Photoshop. But you should have some brushes if you don't, go up to this little gear icon and here's where we can find other brushes. We can load brushes, save brushes, and replace them. If you don't have enough brushes on here that you like then go down to the installed brushes that Photoshop comes with, you might see some that aren't on yours and that's because I've loaded other brushes. But let's just hit basic brushes and I'm not actually going to check it because I already have my brushes all setup. But if you have basic brushes that should bring up just the ones that you need for this lesson. Now, I'm going to select this hard brush. I'm going to create a new layer. I'm going to select a color, let's do an orange and now I'm drawing with a stylus. You can do this with a mouse but again a tablet and stylus is really going to help. Especially at this part of the lesson. So now, I don't have pressure sensitivity set right now. So right now, I'm just drawing at the thickness that I've set right up here. Now, if I click this and do a bigger brush, you can see that my cursor changes. So, I've got a much bigger brush. Now it's also kind of lumpy. So, I'm not going to go into this too much but we're going to go over here, and I'm undoing that. We're going to go over here to our brushes options and this is going to allow us to do a lot of customization with our brushes. So, I'm going to click on Shape Dynamics. I'm also going to put my spacing all the way down to one, that's going to make it a lot smoother. Now you can rotate your brushes. You can flip them. So I'm going to click on Shape Dynamics, I haven't checked but I'm on brush tip shape right now. So I'm going to click on that and I'm going to put the control to pen pressure, now you can see how that switches. If you're using a mouse, you can simulate it but doesn't quite work as well. So, for those of you that are using a tablet, select pen pressure. Now we can do the minimum diameter. I'm going to just put it all the way down. We can also do an angle which doesn't really matter right now and again I'm not going to go through this too much because the second part of this series really goes into depth on this part of customizing your brushes. So, just enough to get what we want Shape Dynamics, pen pressure, and spacing. When you click on this arrow to collapse it. Now I'm going to go back in here. Now, I have on my cintiq I have hotkeys selected, so I can change my brush size by scrolling. What you can do is on the keyboard. Next to the letter P you have those brackets, to the right of the letter p and the left and right will either make it smaller or bigger. So, that's a shortcut key for you to use to resize your brush fast. So, you'll see mine resize fast. Now I'm going to draw with this and now you're going to see the pen pressure, and you can see that the lighter touch I have or the harder I press down, the thicker the line I get. Now, one thing that helps even though we're at 100% is zooming in. Obviously it looks bad like this, but when you're drawing, it helps to get a much steadier line, if you zoomed in. And then you can zoom out and it looks a lot nicer and you can see how this is like that and this is nice and smooth and that's because the trick to inking and painting in Photoshop is to zoom in to get that really steady line. Here I'm going to delete this layer, and create a new one and I'm going to zoom out and try to create a circle. All right. So that's all right, but if we zoom in, we can see that it's a little jagged. Now if I'm zoomed in like this when I draw it, it's a lot smoother and you have a lot more control. So, I can actually do a much more round that circle. This one didn't really connect. So, zooming in is really the key to getting a nice, smooth line in Photoshop. Now, I'm going to make this disappear and that's because again I have a shortcut key set on my Cintiq. You can delete the layer. Another way to do this to clear a layer without deleting it is hit control A which actually should have been covered in the selections but I'll just do it here now. Control A selects your entire canvas, and now that we have selected and we have our layer selected that we've been drawing on, we can hit delete and it'll delete our drawing. It'll keep the layer but delete what's inside the layer and then we can hit control D to deselect. All right. So that's the basics of the the paintbrush tool. Now let's do multiply just to show you what a blending mode does. So, it's going to start drawing on top of itself. So, every time I draw on top of what's already been drawn, it starts to make it darker. Now, if I go to lighting, it is going to change that up. And you can see that it gives you a different effect. What I did when you saw the eyedropper tool come up on my pen, on my stylus, I have a button set to be the the eyedropper tool. That way I can grab colors from my existing art and I'm going to change this to normal and it's a lot easier to grab the colors rather than going up here to the eyedropper tool. I'll just cover this real quickly. The eyedropper tool obviously is going to select your color, you can see it changing down here and the shortcut key for that is I. Now, if you're on the pen, on the brush tool and you hit the alt key on your keyboard that's a shortcut as well for quickly going from the brush tool to the eyedropper tool, then if you let go it goes back to the brush tool. So basically, that's what this button is set to alt. So, if you're just working with a mouse and you got the brush tool and you want to switch between the brush and the eyedropper tool, then you're going to hit Alt. All right. So that's the basics of the brush tool, and I'm going to delete this layer and we'll move on. 22. Drawing Tools Part 2: Now, next, we have the pencil tool. So, we're going to click on the brush tool and go down to the pencil tool. Now, the pencil tool is not anti-alias. So, it's a lot rougher. You can see. I'm drawing on the red layer so I want to be careful. So, let's create a new layer so that we can draw on this without worrying about wrecking the existing art. So you can see that it's not smooth, it's not anti-alias. Now, the nice thing about this is if you're using the paint bucket tool, which we'll get into more, but it's right here, the gradient tool may be set to it instead. So, if you see this icon, just hold down and go to the paint bucket tool. I don't have anti-alias checked for the paint bucket tool, and if I click in here, it's going to quickly fill that in. Now, if we had an anti-alias brush, what it's going to do is this is nice and smooth, and if you see this pop up, this is my stylus. This Cintiq offers this option to have this pop-up. So, I apologize that not everybody's going to be able to use this kind of menu. It's second nature to me, so I forget when it pops up. So, if you've seen it before and you are confused, I apologize. But this is one of the nice features of Cintiq that you can have this, and I can quickly go from brush, paint bucket, wand, direct select, and this is stuff that I use a lot, move and save. So, if you see me grab this real quick, I'll try not to do it but sometimes it happens. So, I'm going to select my brush. You just go over here and select it. I could do paintbrush tool doing that way but I'll do it like this. Select the paint bucket tool and then click. Now, because the stroke is anti-alias but the paint bucket isn't, it doesn't fill it completely. Now, I'm going to undo that and hit anti-alias, and that does fill it in a little bit better. But again, since both of these are anti-alias and it kind of blurs the line slightly, it doesn't fill it in perfectly. So, that's the nice thing if you're coloring especially under inked black lines and you want to color them in. You want to put in color behind them. Then, the pencil tool is a lot nicer for that. So, I'm going to CTRL+ A, delete that. Ctrl+D to deselect. Just to give you an example, we're going to select the brush tool. I'm going to select black. I'm going to draw on this layer. I'm just going to draw a circle. Now, underneath it, I'm going to create a new layer. So, you want the inked layer that you just created on top and an empty new layer below it. Now, I'm going to switch to the pencil tool. I'm going to zoom in here, and I'm going to, actually, I'm going to select a different color. So, let's do this orange, and I'm drawing underneath. So, if I hide this, you can see we've got the jagged edges. But the layer that we inked with the brush tool is above it. So, it's hiding some of those rough edges. So, this is like comic book art or just anything that's inked instead of like this flat shape style. The pencil tool works really well for coloring these in. There are different ways to do it. You could use the selection tools like I showed you. You could use a magic wand. I really prefer to use the pencil tool just because for me personally, it's just more fun, and sometimes it's more work, so I will do it a different way. But if I'm drawing, I'm going to try to paint with this tool more than using any of these other tools. So, what we can do is grab the bucket tool though and fill this in like this. Now, we've got a color behind this line, and we don't have to worry that this is jagged because this is covering it up. Now, we could also just color it in by hand. Again, this is really fun to do. But if you want to make sure that it's perfect and you didn't miss any area, the paint bucket tool works well for that. All right. So, I'm going to delete, Ctrl+select both those layers, drag them down again to the trash and delete them. Zoom out. Again, if you don't have navigator, Window, Navigator. That's the basics of the brush tool. I mean, that's the basics of the pencil tool. Sorry. It's the same as the brush tool but it's not anti-alias. So, you're going to get that jagged edge. You've got the same options that you have with the brush tool. So, let's move on to the next tool. So, real quickly, I'll just go through the rest of the tools from this set that we're going over. The magic eraser tool, we're not going to touch on and the background eraser tool. We won't worry about those. We're just going to focus on the eraser tool itself which the key command is E to bring that up. Now, when I'm drawing with my stylus, I can flip over the stylus and use the other end as an eraser. So, you won't always see me select eraser when I'm drawing. But this is how, if you're using a mouse, you can get to the eraser. So, what it's going to do is if we're on the red layer, it's going to start obviously erasing. So, I don't need to explain it too much. There's opacity. It's not going to erase it quite as much. I'm going to undo this. Up the opacity. Now, if one thing that we have to remember when I showed you how to lock transparent pixels before. If you have locked transparent pixels on, and you try to erase your layer, it's going to take from the background color. So, let's make this background color, and I just clicked on it, and it brought up the color picker. I'm going to select a yellow. Now, if I erase this shape, it's going to show that yellow behind it. It's not erasing it because lock transparent pixels is on. So if that happens, you just have to go over here, undo, and make sure that's off, and then you can erase it. So, like that. Then, we talked a little bit about the paint bucket tool. We've got tolerance, so that will help it. I showed you how it didn't quite fill it in. Now, I'll fill it in a little bit more. We have the same options that we have for some of the selection tools. Contiguous, anti-alias, all layers. If I put the tolerance to maybe 50, and I pick different color. So, that fills that in pretty good. But you get some kind of messy lines. I don't use that too often. If we do it to a lower number like five, that's actually going to look pretty nice. It's still not quite how I would do it but it works well enough. So that's something you can play around with the tolerance, see what that does. Then, just the last two I want to talk about is the gradient tool. Now, I don't use this too much. But we're going to create a new layer, and we've got a couple of different options. First is our gradient right here. Right now, I have it set to a color which is my foreground color and a transparent background. So, if I select this first option, right up here, and click, and drag, I'm going to get it going a gradient going from this color, the foreground color, to transparent. So underneath, it's going to show through. This is the one I use the most, a transparent gradient. It works well. Now, I'm going to clip this to the red layer. So, right click on it, create clipping mask, and now, again, it's clipping to the red layer. So, let's hit Ctrl+A, and delete it, and I'm going to deselect it. Now, let's go in here, and we've got a couple different stock gradients that Photoshop comes with. If we go over to the left of the transparent pixels, we're going to get this one which is the foreground and the background color. So, if we do that, instead of being transparent, you can see it just goes from this color to the yellow color. I'm going to undo that. Now, we have a few other options. We have a round gradient. This is a rectangle gradient. We've got this gradient. I'm not going to touch on these too much. But if you want to play with them, feel free. So, this is going to create a round one. If we weren't yellow in the middle, we'll just set this little arrow down here on the swatches, and now yellow, and it starts where we click. Click and drag. I can click and drag over here. What's nice is if we accidentally go too far, we can just hide this layer, and we're not actually drawing on the red layer. If we want this one, click and drag, it's going to create that little bar depending on how far you drag it. If you drag it far, you're going to get a bigger bar. If you're really tiny, you get these little tiny things of light. Depending on what you click. Then this one does that kind of gradient. All right. So, that's the gradient tool. These are the basic tools that you'll use to create your art. I'm going to delete this layer, and I'm not going to save this. So, no.