Photography Basics: Fundamentals for Beginners | Andrea Maneiro | Skillshare

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Photography Basics: Fundamentals for Beginners

teacher avatar Andrea Maneiro, Photographer & editor

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (37m)
    • 1. INTRO






    • 7. FOCUS MODE

    • 8. WE MADE IT

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About This Class

This course will walk you through theĀ basics of photography. The students will learn composition, focus modes, exposure triangle and other exciting skills that will help you to improve in your final project

This course is for all the people who want to expand their knowledge in the area of basic photography and want to learn more about the different techniques that will be used to create nice photographs. I believe photography is a challenge, a fun one that trains your mind and creativity to another level. Photographs play an important role in people's lives, they remind us of friends, family, places, memories and stories.

The most passionate thing about it is that you can apply all the techniques you have learned in every scenario of your life. Why? Because you have the power to change and choose the proper setting to capture a moment the way you like.

You will need a Reflex Camera or a camera that has an LCD screen and manual mode. The course includes a PDF guide with all the lessons. I like to build real connections with each of my students, become a friend to get to know their strengths, weaknesses, and interests in photography and life, and on that way, it would be better able to help them to be successful and confident in this field.

Meet Your Teacher

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Andrea Maneiro

Photographer & editor


Hello, I'm Andrea 

I'm a photographer and also a film producer who graduated from Toronto Film School. My main passion is photography, I love to capture the real essence of a scene with my camera. Colours, nature, emotions are the main things I applied in every picture. I am always looking to express myself to the max through photography. 

I'm originally from Caracas, Venezuela,  but have spent the last few years living in Toronto, Canada. 

Most of what I teach relates to my passion and all the basics things that people need to know about this beautiful art. I am constantly learning and focus on my growth as a photographer. Super happy to be here, let's grow and learn together. 

I started a project on Instagram a c... See full profile

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1. INTRO: Hi, my name is somebody. Yeah, I'm a photographer and I also get graduated from Toronto Film School in the film production program. Photography is my main passion. Since I was a kid, I used to be obsessed with photographs through the cameras. And then when I was growing all by sturdy more about these art and I knew that he was derived that for me and I am, so I'll be at an app inner regrets. I think photography so beautiful art. And it changed my entire life. I always and myself to the max when I'm with my camera, just exploring and doing some projects is amazing and you have the chance and the opportunity to create themes that you can never imagining. And that's why I'm here today to introduce you to these beautiful cores, which is about the basics of photography. In these scores, you will be learning shutter speed, my mode, how to save your camera. And another different techniques that will allow you to build confidence and go out there and create nice features. I know the scan of tiles, my sounds a little scary. Don't worry because I got you. And you're going to have a beautiful journey with me. And I'm going to make sure that you leave these scores 100% confident, a ready to give your attention. There. We, again, it'd be also doing a beautiful project where you are going to be applying all the techniques you learn and you integrate a sequence of pictures based on your daily routine. Isn't unexcited, ignorant as to which one. So I can wave from the first lesson. 2. FINAL PROJECT : Hello, my name is Andrea, and in these beautiful Viterbi class, you're gonna be creating a project that I call daily routine. And these further, you're going to be equal to green seeks pictures that shown me a clear story of your daily routine. It tricky things about this project is that you have to work a lot in composition and in the basis seeing needs that I'm going to show you through this course. You're gonna have to worry about anything. You're going to be more than ready at the aim to create a beautiful projects. And that's what I'm expecting to. I did this further when I was a beginner. And believe me guys, is the best exercise for you to A-star in these beautiful photography world. So you're going to have too much fun in don't worry, don't be stress, don't be scared. I'm here for you and I can use wage. See what you guys got for me. See you in the first lesson. 3. TRIANGLE EXPOSURE : Hi guys, welcome to the first lessons of bases of photography. Today we're gonna be covering the three main ingredients that you need to create an amazing features. First, we're gonna talk about exposure. And what does exposure means? Exposure, aim photography is everything about life. Give me is that the amount of light that heats the sensor off your account? Okay. Now, the exposure is made by three ingredients which form the exposure drunk. But these elements are ISO, the aperture, and the shutter speed. Okay, guys, lists are talking about the aperture. The aperture is, how large or small is the opening of your lens? So these allow like legs are emotional life to eat. This answer every camera. To understand a better thing about how your words when we are between dark and light are IRI, scan, go, beak or a smaller depends to a t, right? And this ink controls the size of your pupil. Well, does that mean in photography? The pupil is coal, the aperture. Here's an example of what I'm talking about. Now, let's explain how he shows that in your camp. Aperture is measure in F, stops is the AV and the number right beside the lower f-stop numbers. Social wom 0.4, for example, means a wider aperture. Let's even more light. High f-stop number like F22 for example, means a narrower aperture, less light. The bands of the f stop that you going to use. You have a depth of field. And you're gonna determine how blur drove by cronies going to be or how sharp your background, it's going to be. Serious BDS. Another important element of these exposure training. And the concept is so Sue is the amount of time that your cameras shuttering 0s. Okay. So a lot of the shutter speed is, the longer the shutter speed, the more light is going to go through lens, and the shorter the shooter speak, it, less lies ghetto role inside of your lens. Now, you need to understand that a shooter speed doesn't use control how much light can get through the lens? No. Is actually responsible for the appearance of motion in your pictures. But does that mean that movement, this like a guy's running and you want to just take that picture and you want to just freeze the moment. That's what shutter speed ESA shooters breed naturally. If you want to freeze them a win and you need to have your shutter speed faster. As of the Wherever motion iss occurring or wherever we were wishing you want to give you has to be faster. I'm gonna show you here an example. A little bit more to make the rotor in the photo appear frozen in time. If photographer use a fast shutter speed, let's say wand and a thousand seconds. Now, it is important to note that the direction of the motion in relation to the camera position will influence a need a shutter speed. The distance you are from the subject also impacts the speed. This needed to freeze the motion. The closer you are, the faster the shutter speed is required because the subject motion in the frame is more pronounced. Here's a suggested, these are full the shutter speed and for what probably going to work for you. So you can use them for sure. And tried outside to see how it works. And then you can be ordered from either above. The ISO in digital photography is preimage of the sensitivity of your image sensor to be easier for you of fours, ease how lighter or darker you wanted your picture. This is a setting of the camera that allow you to increase progressively belied, aim your pictures. Now loud the ISO is. The lower the number, the less lies gonna go through. And the higher the number, the more lies going to go through. However, raising your ISO as consequences of photo taken at too high of an ISO will show you a lot of grain. Also non ask noise. You can see it over here in the example and might not be useable. Okay. Let me show you some more examples so you can understand a little bit better. As you see, you see here the ISO is lower, ISO is getting darker. Pi i is only 400 here is going to be brighter. And this is another example of the lowered eyes O and a high iss o you see the grainy effect would actually recommend you is to try all the ISOs than you have in your camera. And just take a peek and take a picture of a nominative in your house and start changing the ISO one by one and try and you can see the difference and feel familiar with these two. You need to understand that you need to get the treat of these three elements to make a beautiful picture. Okay guys, this was everything for today. This is one of the first lesson. I hope you enjoy it and you understand everything that I explain onlys estar practicing from now because he's going to be really important for us in the next lessons. I hope you enjoy it. And don't forget that you are going to be able to download a guide a. Are you going to have h listen and you can use it as much as you can see you in the lesson number two. And then we're going to be covering the feel and the shallow and Zen up. I can't avoid it by. 4. DEPTH OF FIELD : Hi eyes. Welcome to the lesson number two bases of photography more than happy. And now I can tell that I can breathe properly. To be honest with you, it was gonna be difficult to me to know everything about the first lessons. Just 5 to 7 minutes. Because I have to talk. I love to talk to explain every detail. So I hope you guys get old information and you feel more than satisfied with that. Plus, now I can breathe a little bit more. And you too we're gonna jump into the devil, feel on the shallow the shallow double field guys is the acceptable area in sharpness behind and in front, off the subject that your lands is focused. What does that mean? That thes is like in a small area that is gonna be focus and your background. These people, these like, shuttled up a field east perfect for portrayed issues, examples and one way to just this IHS through aperture. Remember that fritter f stops throughout The depth of field guys is actually the opposite. The show the devil feel eat keeps old the area a full cans and often all he was just gonna be sharp and clear. This is perfect for landscapes by using a large aperture. Here's some examples. See, everything is in focus and everything looks. My God, I really love landscapes. I really love the photographs. Okay, now the big question. What affect the depth of field? Yeah, there's a couple of friends that affects the dipole field. And let me tell you, the 1st 1 is a friend opportunity. So aperture is focal lens is the descent of the subject, and the size of our camera sensor average cannot figure that. Feel for sure. You need to remember that a large aperture lo f stop. Can Caray blur your photographs? But if you want to isolate a subject and have old your background blur, you can also use f a slope, and that's going to isolate your subject, and you're gonna have what is called a shallow. I'm going to repeat it again so you guys don't get confused, and this time I'm going to leave you some acceptance. If you want an image where the subject is isolated, keep your F stop low, so your subject is the only thing in focus. A again thesis school, a shallow field. And if you have a small aperture where the open in this tiny high f stop, the greater the depth of field on the sharper the bag ground. This is after referred to as deep or large death off field. The 2nd 1 is the camera subject Distance Okay, camera subject. This thing is where you please your camera related to your Celtic backhand off course effect Devil feel how? Use an example. The closer you put the your subject to your camera, the glory is gonna be your background. And it's gonna create a Sheldon feel. And if you put this subject far away from your camera, you're gonna creed a sharp, even, or a deep depth off field. The 3rd 1 is the focus. Lance, I don't want to go into this because the focal lens it means the lens that you have your camera and how long it iss and for what it works. So I didn't go so deep into this because you guys are beginners. But another thing that can affect that it depends off the lens that you have there. Six is a lot off lenses of different lenses that you can buy for a specific type of photography. There's lenses for film. There's less. Documentaries is less nature pictures, exit exit. But I just wanted to clarify. So you have a bad idea in your mind that what is the This is everything for this glass. I told you guys it was cured, but it was more than necessary. Okay, so now in the third lesson, we're gonna be talking about the modes off camera. You know, these beautiful will that you can buy it in the top of your camera. We're gonna be talking about those letters you might understand. And I'm gonna explain to you how they work. So I'll see you in the next lesson. 5. CREATIVE MODES: Hi guys, welcome to the third lesson. Today we're gonna be covering their creative mode of our camera. This creative mode are located here in blue will be you can find at the top of your camera, ok, there are four important letters, P a as m, p four priority. As for sure your priority, a or aperture priority and M for the famous the manual mode. Before storing it into those ones that I mentioned before, I wanted to let you know that sum, it has a different representation of these letters, but the meaning is this. See, for example, have a Nikon and PCP as an M. But if you have add cannons that if a is a is the same aperture priority and instead of S, the shutter priority is T V, just to let you know so you don't get confused and you've seen that you are doing something wrong. The first mode guide is the program mode. This mode to only use it ever. Of course, you're going to try it because you know you're curious about your camera out, but this model is not going to help you that much. These Maud said, the aperture and the shutter speed for you and you just allow it to send the eyes, oh, why balance and flash incase you needed another recommendation is don't use a flash of her camera. I recommended to invest in a nice flash and then go ahead. Now, what happened is that is not that useful because you're not going to be able to set aperture, you know, to calculate the depth of field. And you're going to be able to set the shutter speed to see if your picture is going to be blurry or not. So it's actually not going to worry about. The second one is the aperture priority. And the aperture priority is going to allow you to set your own aperture and you ISO. And the camera will be charged to shoes of the right shutter speed to get your photo properly exposed. The aperture priorities are really powerful mode and he's really amazing just because he's EC, to use any seed allows a photography and to have so many creative options, okay? The most photographers nowadays, they use the aperture priority on a daily basis. So what I'm trying to tell you is that you have to get Mary with aperture priority for the next six months and lease, please, is going to help you a lot because you are starting. The third one is the shutter priority mode. It seems so useful guys, but actually most of the photographers, they don't use it and I personally don't don't really use it. There's no explanation for that, but I don't know. But he sells convenience when you see that you can choose your own shutter speed and ISO, and then the camera will handle the aperture. For example, when you're going to take a picture in a soccer game, of course, you're going to run in your issues, the shooters be periodic. Why? Because you're going to have the chance to use gather right? Shutter priority as fast as you can see, you can get them most mind that you want to get. Now, you have to remember, though we're taking care of our depth of field to dino reported pictures. And then of course, keep an eye on the shutter speed to see if we're picking the right one. If it does, then we can boost the i is o, and our camera is a goanna shoes. The shutter speed for us without Vin said, it means that we can take our sport features with an aperture priority mode. The last one guys is in manual mode. That manual mode is not as scary as you think idioms, but things that are 1 in your life, you're going to have that need of shooting in manual mode on those situations where you're not in a rush, OK? But in other situations like portrays is Fords and other themes, I recommend you to use. The aperture priority mode is easy and faster. And for you that you are a beginner. As I said, just get married or with that moment of for the next six months and you're going to be done to percent confident. And at 1, you're going to start playing with the minor mode, which is ISO shutter speed, aperture in you're going to be able to manage all of them and create amazing beams. Please try your more than feed them free to try. Okay, there's nothing wrong with that. It will be actually perfect, but I just want you to take that thawed out of your mind. Manual mode, easiest carry and is difficult. I know it's something that of course we practice. You're gonna get there. Okay. Well guys, this was everything for the third lesson, I hoped you enjoyed it, you like it, and you are already studying and practicing a little bit, okay? In the next lesson, we're going to be covering all about composition. This clause is really important and is a main key for our final project. Okay, see you in the next lesson. 6. RULE OF THIRDS : Until another lesson today we are going to be covering composition. Composition is so basic is yours and the framing of your image and the placement of your subject within that framing. The rule of thirds is so basic but important. And the idea is to photograph into thirds horizontally and vertically. Your best bet for use in the rule of thirst when it comes to positioning photography is to place your subject at one of the four points of intersection between those aligned. Okay? Rule of thirds is work perfectly because we add a visual mass and we add an negative is space. I'm going to spend a little bit more to things that an object with visual is what the viewer's eye is drawn to when he or she looks at her photo. When you see them portrayed of this couple, your eye is immediately drawn to the couple's faces. They have visual maps to balance out the five that the faces are the most interesting. Do you have to use a much larger area of negative space or negative space simply means a portion of the photo that is mostly blank. The second rule guys is framing with free. Ok, just think of bow to ablate and naturally frame to your pictures. You could try capturing your son between a whole inner fans. Or it could be as little as taken a photo of a tree throwing them frame. This is another popularity need to guide the viewer's eye to a specific point in the picture. The third rule is filled the frame, field, the frame easily. Small time you line between providing negative space in a big chair and provide too much. If you provide too much negative space, you're probably going to get the viewer distracted and they're not going to know exactly where to see, okay? So focus on what's essential to the image and go wide or closer into get a variety of frames within the frame. Move closer to your subject first and then move forward or back. Shooting a variety of different frame feels will allow you options. For rule of composition is provide a point of interest is really important that you provide are really, really point of interest for the viewer. For example, in a portrayed the point of interest Eastern. And in a landscape, your point of interest, it can be a mountane, e can be delayed, e can be this guy. A focal point gives a photo meaning, and therefore our recent for yours to look at it. While you can have more than one dominant point in an image to many creative fissures and people know where they should be looking. Another rule of composition guys is providing leading lines. This is another good technique that you can use to guide your viewer to an insect or at a specific point in the picture. Diagonal lines, coverage and tower point are the best example of this, as the line is quite literally take viewers to the subject. However, parallel, vertical and prominent horizontal lines can also be used to achieve a latent effect and bring more depth to your pictures. Another rule is create dark edges. Okay? Another tip to emphasize her subject is to be careful about the variety of the bright spots that you can have in the corners of your fixtures of behind your feature that can describe the viewer of the subject. Okay? Having darker, less obvious edges have lead the viewers eye to where the subset, typically your eyes are most attracted to the brightest point in an image. Okay? For example, if there is a bright white object in the corner for portrayed, the viewer will look there first instead of at the subject. Another rule guys is, leave the room to crop. Don't be afraid when you're taking a picture of a soldier. Don't be afraid. I know the subject need to be close or whatever you like or whatever your goal is. But don't be afraid to go wider. If you will, wider, you're going to have the chance to cut them. Unnecessary things in post-production is better device some extra space to cut that, don't have anything. And then you're going to be in trouble and you're going to have to call lake at least a little bit of your subject and we don't want that right. Cropping amazed the image is smaller, which lowers the resolution of your image. If you're planning on cropping or one, flexibility to crop, I suggest a shooting in Rob Roth is a setting in your camera that allows you to have the image in a stage from scratch. So you gonna be able to cut the image to edit that image. The way that you want and the quality of the image is not going to be effect. Next rule is use your environment. We talked before about US natural framing to create nice images. Well, we're going to keep talking about that because now we have clear that using natural elements will actually help us to very beautiful pictures. Okay, so the point of this rule is that you can use to many other themes from your environment and may be a shape of a tree combining boiled the lives of the street, for example. My point is fine shapes within the environment, like leading lines aside, any shame can be a great visual opportunity to create a nice picture serif or circles, squares, triangles, right? Anything in between to create dynamic interest within your frame. Last rule is actually break the rules. Yes guys, after all these rules and I've mentioned before that helps us to create a balanced picture. Maybe are actually some times the women shot is about to take risk and forget about the rules. So I invite you to treat a because one thing is for sure when you know the rules, you get to know how to break them too. This has Annova lesson is another lesson that he's done. And I'm really excited cause we're just getting to that moment of the final project and makes me feel so anxious. So in the next lesson we're going to be talking about the focus mode in our cameras, so okay, see you in the next lesson. 7. FOCUS MODE : Hi guys, welcome to another lesson. Actually, the last listen. Yeah, I know. And today we're gonna be covering something really important, which is the focus and mold. To start talking about. This is really frustrating when you take a picture and you expected to be perfect and then you realize that he's blurry and on Sharp. Yeah. So out of focus yeah. Is super-useful. Okay. But not every time sometimes he goes wrong. Any sexual focus at the Iranians? Additionally, there are situations where the out-of-focus is actually cannot caught it like nope, 0. But the fantastic thing about the out of focus is that in today's cameras, they can do all the work for you to get a sharp image. The four primary focus mode that we have in our camera are continuously single, automatic, in manual mode, which gives you a lot of opportunity to get exactly what you want. Continuous focusing, a mode I, L Servo, AF and Canon and a AFC on Nike stands for continuous focus. And these mode is most useful for keeping moving up those sharp with the viewfinder as you drag the object. As soon as you begin to depress the shutter release, the camera goes into action and begins to focus. The next one is one shot, focusing in a moment. One shot a AF and canon AFS, a Nikon, which represent a single focus capability guys. In this mode, when you press the shutter release health way, the camera focuses on the subject just once. There is no continuous adjustment. Smaller guy saves a lot of buttery, which is good. But it's also a wheel to capture subsidized or not moving at all. However, this mode falls short when you're trying to capture a subject, but it's changing positions. One less. Do you want to get a shot of a deer of walls in an early morning? Well, case, one showed mode. It will be at your best bet. The manual focussing mode, it can be a little bit first thread, it is actually equities between the good and agree photography. Achieving perfect focus requires use in the distance measurements on the lens barrel and even perhaps measuring the distance from the lens to the subject with a tape measure. His will give you the most accurate focus point. What if you can take a tape measure up to a subject? Well, you have to rely on your internal sense of sharpness and know the critical focus so on and that you have specified aperture. And the last one focus is our automatic focus and mode. The last out-of-focus mode is ALL focus AF in canon and a f, a night good, which stands for Automatic out-of-focus. When these mode they cameras focusing computer jumps back and forth between the AMC and the AFS. Ok, so depending on the situation for short, but this is the default out of focus mode on cameras that have these type of things to remember guys, that photography is a beautiful art and you're always going to be alert. You'll never know what's going to happen, when and where. And UI, Kansas catch something interesting and you just want to take the picture so fast. That's why you need to have your camera ready with all the folks in adjustment, just right there, just to take the picture. So guys, this is the end of the lesson. I hope you enjoy it and you like it enough to get all the information. And yes, I really enjoy this journey with you. Liminal talk that much and finishes this year. 8. WE MADE IT : Hi guys, welcome to another, another lesson, but another video and is just to tell you about way and made it. Congratulations, we officially diner with the chorus. I'm really excited. I'm really happy, and I hope you guys get all the information and learn a lot from this course that I have the chance to do for you will learn a lot of things. We start from this crash in the techniques and everything. And now is the homeowners to true is the moment to creating your daily routine project. This burning you're going to do is think about the things that you do on a daily basis and put it on six pictures. Six picture, you're going to create a clear story of your daily routine. And you're going to use all the techniques. The most important things here is the composition that you use the composition for amazed when it beat the key. Okay, a good composition. I do a story, good pictures of the work and on the other peak, some of your own worst enemy or posted on my web site. I hope you understand turkeys and RNA and you always can express yourself through your camera and believe me then once you start practicing and practicing and practicing and asteroid in view, do these final project, you're going to understand what I'm talking about. So I came to sway. I'm just looking forward to seeing what you guys came up with. Thank you so much for being with me in this course. I hope to see soon guys.