Modern Art History | Eva Key | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (26m)
    • 1. Intro

    • 2. Impressionism

    • 3. The answer to Impressionism

    • 4. Art Nouveau

    • 5. Fauvism

    • 6. Expressionism

    • 7. Cubism

    • 8. Futurism

    • 9. Surrealism

    • 10. Abstract

    • 11. Pop Art

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About This Class

Art history class with all the main and most important movements of modern art explained!

- Clear art history timeline: Starting from Impressionism to Pop art

- Video material: Short clear videos which will help you to understand the main assumptions

- Find out what Fauvism is or how Art Nouveau started a graphic design

- Ideas that may make you want to explore and create yourself or impress someone next time you are in a museum!


Who am I?

Hi! I am Ewa, I did my BA at KEA – Design School in Copenhagen as a Communication Design Specialist, spend a few years in NYC taking all the art classes I could find, and just because I believe that knowledge is power I am currently doing my MA in Curating and Collections at the University of Arts in London.  My adventure with art started in Paris where I’ve worked for a few art galleries. For the past years, I’ve traveled the world, and attended many art fairs, worked for an auction house, art festivals, and art galleries. Now, apart from still expanding my knowledge, I work as an independent art advisor.


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Meet Your Teacher

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Eva Key

For the love of Art


Hi! I am Ewa, I did my BA at KEA – Design School in Copenhagen as a Communication Design Specialist, spend a few years in NYC taking all the art classes I could find, and just because I believe that knowledge is power I am currently doing my MA in Curating and Collections at the University of Arts in London.  My adventure with art started in Paris where I’ve worked for a few art galleries. For the past years, I’ve traveled the world, and attended many art fairs, worked for an auction house, art festivals, and art galleries. Now, apart from still expanding my knowledge, I work as an independent art advisor.


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1. Intro: Let me tell you the story of modern art. I will try to tell it in a most simplified, the easiest to understand way possible. It's obvious that I will not get very much into detail. But the idea is to really tell you the story and not get too bored. But I actually get to inspire and make you kind of understand what was happening and it worked and why we have all those movement. So let's start with impressions. 2. Impressionism: Impressionism revolutionized European painting and undermine the already existing principles. The RAs, who paved the way for Impressionist was at work Manet, in 1863, he painted his famous luncheon on the Grass. And the reason this painting is so important and so popular, and it was so revolt, revolutionary. It is because Monod decided to break the palette of color which was existing before. So before impressionism dose academies and painters were aiming to paint rather dark pictures. So their idea was to make the painting look like it already been in a museum for a long time. It was very dark and kind of look like. It has been covered in dust for a few years. And Luncheon on the Grass he brings back at the role of cholera. He contrasted two gentlemen painted in a very dark black color with a new lightest body. The painting actually cause a little candle, not really intended by monads. He was very focused on the role of color and he was generally trying to be revolutionary. Okay, I will try to speed up a little bit more so because I'm thinking that this is getting a love story and we are only starting here. This is just impressionism. So, so the other thing which I really need to tell me about, which is connected with impressionism. There was money came up with his revolutionary way of bringing back the color. And there were other painters in the arteries following here. So when some paintings didn't get approved, the like for the Autumns, how long the most important event in painting in Paris at that time, Napoleon, napoleon, I got this exit. Napoleon, under the influence of general public, decided to create something for other paintings and other artists who were not approved for the official painting, so on. And this is what's called exhibition of rejects in French Salon data piece it. So money obviously shot he's painting, so on. We can kind of compare it to an Arthur at which we have in our times. And the fact about Salon des IPs. Why it is so important is because after impressionism, when we have either movements like cookies and food tourism fall, reason. So on the left is a plays a very important role because it's the place to discover new talent. It's the place to discover new fault. And this is where it's actually had a meeting. All those interesting IDS and the exploration of what can possibly be incited artists minds. So we got lunch and then the graph sell on does herpes is another important part of most Impressionists, which I need to tell you is that the fact that they started to really focus on how the painting is painted, but rather how we actually see it. And it is highly connected with the fact that during that time, there was a lot of innovation and end the discovery of the way a human eye sees it, color and light was extremely popular. So Impressions decided to really go with the science in that way and just started digging of like yes. So how do we actually see that Koehler? And they've came with the division technique though following the division isn't technique. The rule is very simple. In order to achieve the real color, the painter is supposed to use only the colors of the rainbow. So basic colors of the spectrum. And the color is not supposed to be achieved on a painter's palette, but in the eye of the viewer. So I strongly encourage you, if you ever see an impressionist painting, to actually look very closely and see what colors go. Refused to pay that. And then go a little bit farther and see what colors you actually see from the distance. 3. The answer to Impressionism: Let's move on. Now I want to tell you about for artists, which when I was making my research and when I was educating myself about our history. And one of the very older history book I counted sentence that those four paintings are named for fathers of modern painting. And a strongly agree with that. So those four guys are as Suzanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin. So I don't really want to go into details. I will now show you four paintings. The first one will be Surette down. We go to Vanguard, which we know Cezanne and Gaga. So I kinda wanna focus demands on Suzanne here because this will bring us to this, another movement that I really want to tell you about. So Suzanne span his whole life and trying to discover and kind of understand, I would say the way how you can bring the outside world a two-dimensional surface, the cannabis space. And he'll do very crazy stuff. So what do you do? You would, for instance, paints to people playing cards from different angles. And this would be on no one painting. So this is something which was never happening before. People would be so buckets on just presenting the perspective and do most like the right way so that everything is where it should be. And what Suzanne did he decided to paint a fruit or a cart or people like each of those objects and elements of those paintings from different perspective. So in fruit can be painted from above. A player could be painted from like the way he's standing. Something can be played and can be painted looking down on it. And this really crazy, a lot of confusion when you look at this painting. But again, when you know that this is why the confusion is here. And he was just really experimenting with perspective and trying to train a challenge in the perspective of a painting which was a datetime extremely revolutionary. And this itself paved away for later Cubism. And then we'll tell i, and then I will tell you about how cool reason paved the way for other went. So, so Cezanne is the one I want you to remember. 4. Art Nouveau: Our Goodbye. Art Nouveau is the style of only a painting, but it can also be visible in fashion and design and architecture. Since this style, which is highly influenced by newly discovered in Euro, Japanese woodblock prints. So the names to remember here is Henry tools look like, for instance. And he was a guy who loved the bourgeois life of Paris at that time who length and lumbar, and he's most famous. I'm pollsters and drawings are the ones which depicts, for instance, the molal Bush dancers and prostitutes and really everyday life of a Parisian go home, I would say. Henry tools letrec is also an artist who kind of pave a way follows like art and advertising merging together because he often used as somebody who design posters for theatre plays are also commercials. You can really find a lot of very cool posters made by letrec. So what I actually want to focus on here is, um, thanks. You can remember this. The Art Nouveau was very discouraging. It wasn't unlike Impressionism, which was trying to revolutionize sampling. It wasn't really focus on story to all the key symbol used them and declarative. If you can even say it. Let's move on. Let's move on to another month, which is follies. 5. Fauvism: Let's move on, Let's move on to another movement. And this one is interesting. So if Impressionism was the first one which actually focus on their weight, we see a painting and not on what is depicted on the painting. Poppies and really embrace DAPI and took further the use of color itself. So for this were the one who started painting the sky in purple, tree nuts in green but in yellow. And they've been really experimenting with like a little bit of salt, bullies and then color and Walt emulsion. It awakes when you would actually switch being silly little bit and use different colors for the things we've already knew had certain tone. And really see how the viewer, viewer would react to that. And really tried to use color as the way to express emotions and their feelings, which again, later paint the white, for instance, for abstractions. So the most famous name I want you to remember here is Henri Matisse. And you can see example of his work. 6. Expressionism: Moving on, expressionism. So in the most simplified way, expression is really wanted to contradict not thoroughly impressionism and all of the constructive ideas as adults trying to bring into painting. They were all, as the name says, about expressing, about symbolism, about emotions and adult, what the painting can tell you and not the way it is painted. The names to remember here is oskar Kokoschka, Paul clean, Frank Marks, Albert Kelvin, or Wassily Kandinsky. 7. Cubism: Moving on qubits. And this one is interesting. So this one comes back from emotions to their way of actually depicting things on a painting and demand simply fate way copyists aimed and presenting a Friday weren't in two-dimensional kind of a cell. The leading artists are adjourned, Brock and obviously Pablo Picasso. And, and the way they've tried to create this three-dimensional space on a painting is they tried to actually paint, really coming, this is really coming back to Suzanne with Dave mentioned before, could be. We're very impressed by Cezanne's ideas and he's a lifelong journey and exploration of different perspectives. And they kind of take a step farther. And this is very important because during death time something very important happened because the Cubists tried to really break the object and show its three-dimensionality. They really lost and the contours of it. And they really love the way you can differentiate it from this pace of his painted and from how this object is even supposed to mean, this resulted in complete lack of farm and actually losing of the object itself. And I really want you to focus on this right now because this is a true revolutionary think, which actually lead us to think through. We now see and don't really get as the blacks, a small levee to black square. This is when it happened. So impressionist started with really not putting what is painted on the picture as the main focus, but how we see it and food fauvism, expressionism to Colby isn't. The object itself got lost. So it really opened a way of being able to present anything you want on the painting. And until we opened dialogue of what exactly can be a painting. And this is magical, and this really is thanks to Cubists. Next episodes will be very interesting. So next episode, COVID has taken even way further. And it's not really a bolt how to paint something, but to what do you mean exactly? And this will be a surprise. There's gonna be very interesting. So see you in the next episode. 8. Futurism: Okay, Now we're coming to some quite interesting things. It was praising speeds and discovery and huge cities and machines factories. So basically all the great inventions of humankind. But there isn't started in Milan, in Italy, and it was first introduced by marine empty. He wrote down amphoteric money, FISA, which is solving, if you will read it, you will be quite shocked, I would say because one of the photoresist statements was that war is the only hygiene of humans. And so as a futurist manifesto, Marinetti is facing you and freedom and danger and request. This is also true that fluorine at sea walls, a close friend with Mussolini. But let us not go into that. Let's focus on for tourism as a movement. So for tourism was a mink and really murdering all kinds of art. So Theatre, painting, music, architecture. It was supposed to exist as one. A very interesting discovery of Twitter isn't actually, is the way they approach theater and also topography they prefer He was very important for pizzeria. They decided to really communicate and start to experiment. It was the font with how the word like, with how big the words are and footer isn't really revolutionize the way that books are designed today. But coming back to the 3s and the way they were actually painting, because let's focus on the visual arts. They tried to really show movement and speed and also the three-dimensional space. So they really took cubism itself to the next level. And very interesting thing came with that. So to remember, for tourism revolutionized the way that books are designed, the influence topography. It really shaken how the theatre and oh, like, and plays were written and performed. And it also discovered something new in painting and took it to the next level again. 9. Surrealism: And now the next movement there, one word to so, so interesting, and I just can't wait to tell you about it. So the next movement is surreal. And you can't really talk about surrealism if you want to go a little bit deeper and start with data movement. Data, my data movement originated in Switzerland during World War 1. You can imagine when the whole world is burning, there is a bundle of arrays who are destroying to find that sense of that, I guess. And they are coming to the very interesting conclusion that there actually is no sense and dads and there are coming up with data. Data itself was randomly found in a dictionary and it means that it doesn't really mean anything. It's literally the sounds that newborn is making. One of the daddy's quotes is, I don't remember it exactly. Basically the data is not an illness or a problem of a child, but as a problem of the whole words. And that is basically we're AND gates everything. Their aim was to provoke and data was blowing to provoke. There is no sense. And everything can be challenged. They like, and they tried to provoke in many different ways. For instance, they come up with an event where they've announced that Charlie tapply is coming and they invited people to see him. People were expecting to see totally tapping, but what data is did they turn the light off? And they've been just observing how people are confused and how they're just leaving in total confusion. Provoking right? Data is very important because it really started whole surreal, it's movement. But that is itself didn't have any main thought. Surreal isn't, on the other hand, did surreal is where a mean and to not only provoking but really challenging everything, there are main assumption was actually two knobs leave anything out that everything literally everything as important. And surrealism started with Sigmund Freud analyzing dreams, the money, Causes, States, and through these rules and surreal is really trying to see how it is actually important for a humankind. Because they way, they were thinking is there is, there are just so many things which are already, which are already explored. Dad, There's so many great inventions and the human himself is so deeply analyze. But what another thinks we don't know about the human, whatever the things which are actually unexplainable within a human. So drinks, you can't really explain your dreams. Surrealists were really trying to explore this state. But when they Shimon is not really influenced by anything but any, by any social norms, literally buy anything. There was even like a center of exploration for surreal if like you see something scientists do serenely to where the scientists of their own time trying to really discover things which were not discovered before. And they had their own unique ways of Bumpus covering it. So for instance, they came up with me, play that you'll write down like a wart on a piece of paper that you will fold it so the next person can not see it and the next person is writing another word and like and this way you are creating, I would say it's 30, It's sentence or a story. And to really work very popular also during the World War II. Because again, nobody's was able to make any sense of what is happening. So everybody just turned into movement which was just nothing complex is different and not connected with the cats and everything which is happening in the world. 10. Abstract: So abstraction, this is, we're almost done. So as impressionists toward the ones who really started to explore how we see different things and started to explore the royal color. And then poppies took it to the next level of like you can really mix the color. Like not really mix, but like you can really paint beings and a different colors and see how this is influencing the viewer. And then there were cookies. So who find finally destroyed the contour and the object and a forum in a painting. And this is all taking us to an abstraction, isn't. It's also worth to mention that the traditional illustrate if for all of painting was taken by photography. So this was not really need it anymore. And RAs had total freedom of Won't they can present and how they can presented. They didn't have to paint maters. All are like since from the real life, Dean Louis had a freedom and they use this freedom. There are free earnings which are worth. Remember here, Wassily Kandinsky get more brown and costumer Malevich. Yes, we have a black square of customer Malevich, which was totally revolutionary and create a huge scandal. Then we have Piet Mondrian, which for me is very interesting because we've, he's horizontal and vertical line. He was literally trying to show and tell us do universal truth. The fact that everything is contradictory. So it's quite interesting to see how this all took us from impressionist, an abstract class, abstract hours when you just have lines and simple colors and black squares, white squares, and like how simplified it became and how conceptual it actually became. Then the last movement I wanted to mention, and I wanted to tell you about this part actually. 11. Pop Art: So for me, pop art has its origin in surrealism actually. And it's nothing else, at least for me. Then a statement that when I call it art is art. And for me, we've really circled back with that statement itself. And there is absolutely nothing wrong with that. You can say that everything has been done whenever think is possible we got the freedom of artistic expression. And yes, one can say that it has been done before, but trends will always be. And I do see a beauty of this endless exploration and freedom. We now have that each artist is not limited to a movement or a thought. He is out to explore. He can explore on his own pace with the things he's interested and, and that's the beauty of a white canvas. And with that, I want to end, I hope you find something interesting here and they really hold. You also find uninspiring part. You can now pick up and create and implement explorer on your own leisure. And I guess this is it. Thank you. And see you next time.