Learn to draw flowers, from simple shapes to a more realistic drawing | Sandra Ruberto | Skillshare

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Learn to draw flowers, from simple shapes to a more realistic drawing

teacher avatar Sandra Ruberto, Artist & Illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (50m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:05
    • 2. Reference to help you draw flowers

      1:20
    • 3. Flower structure

      0:42
    • 4. Analysing petal shapes

      2:50
    • 5. How to add details

      1:46
    • 6. Intro flower perspective

      1:10
    • 7. Pansy

      6:28
    • 8. Cosmos

      9:17
    • 9. Daffodil

      13:31
    • 10. Tulip

      11:02
    • 11. Outro and class project

      1:02
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to my Skillshare class for learning how to draw flowers!

In this class I'm going to show you everything you need to know for drawing flowers, I will go through useful references to use, knowing the basic structure of flowers, analysing different petal’s shapes, how to add details and how to draw flowers from simple shapes to a more realistic style.

We will draw 4 flowers (pansy, cosmos, daffodil and tulip) and I'm going to show you step by step how to draw them, starting from simple shapes with different perspective, to a more detailed and realistic drawing!

For this class, you will only need a regular pencil and some paper! 

Meet Your Teacher

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Sandra Ruberto

Artist & Illustrator

Teacher

Hello there! My name is Sandra, I'm an artist based in Switzerland specialised in flora & fauna illustrations. 

I've always been passionated about plant and flowers, they are my favorite subject to draw and paint! My favorite art medium is gouache, I love its matt finish and it's the medium that suits my art style the best, but I like to use both traditional and digital mediums!

I always liked teaching and I wish to share my art knowledges (in drawing flowers and using traditional art medium) in hopes that it can be helpful to someone, to learn new skills and help people growing in their artistic journey! 

 

If you'd like to see some of my works, check my website, my Instagram or my Youtube... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hi there! My name is Sandra, and I'm an artist and illustrator specialized in flora and fauna illustration. In this class, I will be taking you step-by-step how to draw flowers. And we're going to break down flowers into simple shapes to understand how to draw them and understand how they are structured. Once you know what details to pay attention to, when drawing flowers, which I will show you in this class. You will be able to draw almost any flower you want! In this class, we will go through useful references to use, to analyzing different petal shapes of flowers, and how to add details to then sketching some flowers starting from simple shapes to a more detailed and realistic drawing. This is my first class on Skillshare but I'm really excited to have you here, And I hope this class will give you more knowledges in drawing flowers, to help you growing in your artistic journey. So let's get started! 2. Reference to help you draw flowers: There are different types of preference you can use for drawing flowers that I recommend to have, especially as a beginner level, the best reference is to have real flowers to look at. Because this way you can look closely at the petal shape, at the veins of the flower for adding details. And seeing how the flower is structured. And not just for drawing, but for the painting process as well. But obviously, having real flowers at your disposal is not always possible. So the second reference you can use are photos of flowers. As a beginner level, I would recommend to have high resolution and good quality photos of the flowers you want to draw, so that you will be able to see closely the petal shapes and details. The best thing is to take a photo of flowers yourself, or you can easily find flowers photos online. I will be providing some photos I took of the flowers we're going to draw together. So feel free to download them and use them as reference and keep them next to you, while we are going to draw these flowers. So that's it for reference. Let's move to the next part about flower structure and analyzing different petals shapes. 3. Flower structure: The first step to understand how to draw flowers is to know how a flower is structured. To simply explain: Flowers are mainly formed by petals, which are attached to the pistil, which is the central part of the flower. the stem and leaves. But the most important part for drawing flowers that we're going to focus in this class is about petals, which is mainly the part that makes the flower recognizable. So before we start drawing flowers in full shape, I will be showing different petal shapes that most flowers have, and understand what details to pay attention to when drawing flowers! 4. Analysing petal shapes : Flowers have different shapes of petals, from long to short. with a round or pointed tip, from wide to thin, or even with a more rectangular shape and more. But for any flower, the petals have a narrow base. And this is a very important detail to remember when drawing flowers. And it's important to analyze what shape is the petal of the flower that you want to draw, because if you draw the petal shapes correctly, along with the flower shape overall, the flower will be recognizable. To help you starting, you can draw petals and flowers in a simple shape with always a narrowed base. While for a more realistic style, give more movement to your lines. with a softer shape. Try not to draw the lines too straight, with little curves and wavy edges, especially on the tip of the petals, with a narrowed base compared to the rest of the petals shape. Now the detail I wanted to show you when drawing realistic flowers: If you want to draw them in a more simple shape, you can draw the narrowed base with a pointed tip. So for example, this is the central part where the petal is attached to, and you attach the petal, like this for a simple shape. But to draw them more realistic, the way I draw petals: at the base, I draw a little curve that goes toward the inside of the petal, and then the line goes outside. And from there, I draw the petals shapes accordingly to the flower. So the base is still narrowed, but it doesn't start from a pointed tip. This is a small detail, but it really make a difference in drawing the flowers more realistic, that you can apply when drawing any flower. Because if you think about it, flowers aren't static objects, but they move and they are living creatures, so you want to convey that in your drawings. This is my tip and my way for drawing petals. And you can simplify the line if you want, as long as you draw a narrow base for the petal, which will be more correct. And to show you better what I mean, I'm going to retrace the petal of some flowers photos I took myself. I have reduced the opacity so you can see better my tracing line, and as you can see the petal starts with a narrow base, with a curve that goes inside first of the petal and then the line goes outside, forming the petal shape. So taking the time to analyzing the petal shapes is the first important step for drawing flowers. Then let's move to the next part about adding details on petals. 5. How to add details: The next thing we're going to look at when drawing flowers and petals is how to add details. which is by looking at the flower's veins. But first of all, there are different types of details you can add, depending on the style you want to give. For example, with dots, with many lines starting from the base, with straight lines, or just with one short line. But for drawing flowers more realistic, the veins of the petals can be used as your guidelines for drawing details. And the veins line can also be used as direction guide to draw flowers. Which we will see better and in more detail in the next part, when we're going to draw some flower. So one example would be to draw short and thin lines at the top or at the bottom, or both parts of the petal. Or with broken lines that go along the length of the petal, which give a more realistic look. But one important thing to remember is always to follow the petal shape when drawing details, so don't go in the opposite direction, but follow the direction and orientation and shape of the petals when drawing details. The petal's vein of certain flowers are more complex, and they would look something like this, like with small branches. But you can just draw them less or more realistic. And drawing details by looking at the veins, can be applied when drawing leaves as well, which I will show you in the next parts when we will be drawing different flowers! Then let's move to the next part, a short introduction of flowers perspective. 6. Intro flower perspective: Before we get started drawing some flowers I wanted to give a brief introduction and main guideline on how we are going to break down flowers into simple shapes for different angles and orientation. So first we are going to draw the general layout as guideline where the flower is going to be and draw its orientation, then count how many petals a flower has. And pay attention to its petal shape. And then we're going to draw the flowers with simple shape to give the right proportion. And use those lines as guidelines to define the flower and draw it more realistic. The flowers we will draw together in this class are the pansy, daffodil, cosmos and tulip. I chose these flowers because they have different petals shape. And they are pretty easy to break down into simple shapes. And they are quite easy to draw even for a beginner level. So grab a pencil and some papers, draw with me and let's get started! 7. Pansy: We will start with the pansy to start easy, which is the simplest to draw among the flowers we're going to draw in this class. I'm going to sketch the general layout with light pencil lines first, because we're going to define the shape of the petals and add details on top later on, so you want to make sure you don't have bold lines at the beginning. So first, let's take a look at the petal shape of the pansy, which is similar to a heart shape, with a small inner curve on top in the center. There are different kinds of pansies with thin or wide petals. I'm going to draw the pansy with a large heart shape, but you can draw it more thinner. And then for the leaf, it has several curves with kind of an oval shape and it looks something like this. So let's start doing a large circle, which will be the space where the pansy is going to be. We could draw it from the front point of view, so drawing as straight a line in the middle of the circle, but I'm going to draw it a little bit from the side point of view. So I draw the line a bit off centered and a bit curved, and this line is going to be the orientation of the pansy. Then on the center of the circle, draw little ovals like this and a curved line on the bottom, to connect the two ovals. And this is going to be the central part of the pansy. From here, the pansy has three petals on the front, so draw three lines, two on the sides and one on the bottom, following the curved midline, and these three lines are going to be the central line of the petals. From here, I'm going to draw the petal shape, so the base of the petal below starts from the central part, while the petals on the sides the base starts from the upper side of the little ovals we drew on the centre, and I'm growing the petals on the sides that we'll go behind the bottom one. And draw the petals within the large circle we drew at beginning and don't worry If it's not perfect, we're going to define the petal shape later on. And the pansy has two more petals on the back, behind thes three frontal petals. They start from the center of the flower, but because they are behind, we're not going to see where they start, so the part we see will be like this. And then for the last petal is the same thing but we are only going to see a bit of it. And then for the stem, it's attached to the central part of the pansy, and this is the orientation I'm going to give. And we have the general layout of the pansy! If you want, you can draw these sided pedals on top of the bottom petal, the choice is up to you. But for this drawing I'm going to draw the bottom petal that is above the others. And now we're going to define the shape of the petals and add details. I outlined the shape of the petals by adding the little inner curves at the base of the petal to have a narrow base, as we saw in the petal shape part of this class, to then draw little curves on the tip with a inner curve right at the center, off the petal tip like a V sign to make a heart shape, and repeat the same for the other petals always with a narrow base. And outline the part of the stem that is visible. And most of pansies have this kind of decoration on the three petals on the front, and I'm going to add it. Now I'm going to erase a little of the guidelines underneath, so you can see better the details I'm going to draw. And the details of the petals are going to be the veins of the petals. So we can add two thin and short lines, starting from the tip of the petal in the middle, and then add thin lines starting from the base as well, following the direction and shape of the petal. And you can add thin and short lines on the tip side of the petal from where we drew the little curves, to add even more details to give a more realistic style, and I repeate the same on all petals. And here we have it! and for the leaf, first I'm going to erase the part of the stem where the leaf is attached. Then I draw a line where we want to leaf to be and to go. And then I draw the stalk of the leaf, and the leaf's shape is quite round, so I'm going to sketch the overall shape first. And then draw several curves around the shape of the leaf, but always with a curve at the top of the tip. And now I'm going to draw the leaf's veins and add details, and the middle line I drew at the beginning, it's also going to be the vein main line that all leaves have and it's going to have a thickness like this stem. So to draw the veins more realistic I draw two lines. And the details on the leaf are going to be the veins of the leaf. The vein's lines are attached to the mid line of the vein, and they go toward in the middle of those curves of the leaf shape, and they don't go too straight but more curved an upward, following the orientation of the leaf. And I'm going to draw another leaf at the bottom of the stem, usually pansies have several leaves attached to the bottom of the stem and the flower grows upward. So pansies don't have leaves near the flower. The way I drew the pansy leaf here is very simple just to start easy, but if you want to draw them even more realistic, is good to have a reference to really see how the flower is structured. So in conclusion for the pansy, I redrew the steps we followed. And it goes from this to the final drawing! 8. Cosmos : Next flower we're going to draw is the cosmos. So first, let's take a look at the overall petal shape of the cosmos. And it has a thinner base that widens to a large tip. The side of the petal is quite smooth, but it's not smooth at the top of the petal. So you can draw several small wavy curves at the top, for the tip of the petal. And we're going to add details with short and thin lines along the length of the petal shape. While for the leaf, is not the regular leaf shape, but it has like many thin filaments with a main central stalk with filaments at the top and at the sides. And now we're going to sketch the general layout of the cosmos with light pencil lines first because we're going to define the shape of the petals and add details on top later on. So you wanna make sure you don't have bold lines at the beginning. And we're going to draw two cosmos: one from this side point of view and the other from a frontal angle. So for the cosmos from the side, draw a triangle, and from the bottom tip, you draw a bigger triangle. But with an arch. And this is the space where our petals are going to be. And don't worry, it doesn't have to be perfect because we're going to define the flower shape later. And then draw the stem. Then from the front angle for the other cosmos, First, draw an oval like this, which is going to be the space where the cosmos is going to be. And we're going to place the center of the flower not exactly in the middle of the oval, but a little bit under off centered, drawing a smaller oval inside, which is going to be the central part of the flower. And then from the center you attach the stem. And this is going to give the orientation of the cosmos. And then for the leaf, let's place it here. I'm sketching it very roughly but I will define the shape later on. And this is just to place the general layout where everything is going to be. Alright now, cosmos have generally seven to eight petals. So we're going to draw seven or eight lines within the large oval. And these lines are going to be the midline of the petals. And while drawing these lines, you want to establish the direction of the petals already, that are going upward, and to give more movement to your petals, draw the mid line more curved and not straight. And now we're going to draw the simplified shapes of the petals. And Cosmos have some space between some petals, not between all of them, but mostly on the petals above. So make sure to leave some space between some petals so that they are not stick to each other. But it's okay if some are next to each other. And especially when we are going to draw the petals better, You want to make sure that the petals nearest to us, so at the front, are wider and shorter compared to the petals above for drawing the cosmos in the right perspective. And it's totally okay if each petals will be different from one to another with different spaces. Instead, this way the flower would be more realistic and natural if it's not perfect. Next, we're going to draw the central part of the flower, which is simply formed by little loops following the same orientation of the petals. Allright and now, we're going to draw and define better the petal shapes. Let's start with one at the top. So draw a narrowed base, by drawing the little inner curve at the base of the petal. As we saw in the petal shape part of this class, with a curve line at the side of the petal that goes upward and draw the wavy curves the tip. The overall shape it is rounded, but you can also draw it more rectangle. I draw the little curves a the base to draw the petals more realistic. But you can draw it simpler, but just make sure that the base is narrowed compared to the rest of the petal shape. It's also okay if the shape of each petal isn't exactly the same, because the more the petals are different among each other, the more the flower will look natural and realistic. And this applies for drawing any flowers. And now we're going to add a fold on the petal below, nearest to us. Because some cosmos have some fold on their petals. So if this is the regular shape of the petal, you want to stop here and cut it, not straight but follow the oval guideline underneath. Then go a little outside and draw the fold. And to connect the petals side to the base: instead of the curve being external, it goes inside. And same for the other petals at the font, you can add a fold at the tip of the petal or if you want, even on this side of the petal. And I'm going to give more space between the last two petals that I drew. So it's okay to make adjustments once you draw everything. Okay, let me clean this up so we can add details. For the cosmos petals, there are several central lines that go along the length of the petal. So you can draw thin long lines on top and on the base with shorter lines at the tip. And last let's outline the stem. Now let's draw the cosmos from the side point of view, which I would say it's a bit more complicated, but feel free to try and draw it as well. So the angle we are going for is that, we will see a little bit of the stem and the back of the cosmos it has like little leaves attached to the back of the petals. So starting from here, we are going to draw the central line for those little leaves, where they are going to be, like this. And the stem won't start on the edge, but a little bit above. And draw the stem. And from these lines, we are going to draw the leaves. So this is the shape of the little leaves behind and attached to the back of the petals with two leaves on the left and on the right side seeing from the side point of view. Okay, let me clean this up so you can see better. And these small leaves don't exactly go straight, but they are curved following the orientation of the flower. And here we have it. Then there is a little leaf between the bigger leaves like triangle. So I'm going to add them. Now let's draw the petals. And I'm going to start drawing them with light pencil lines first to then define the shape better later. And I follow the same steps as before for drawing petals, with a narrow base, wavy edges at the tip, and make some of the petals above and some behind. While for the petals at the sides, I'm drawing the midline in this orientation, so not with one single curve. You can draw it more simple, but still with an upward orientation. And now I'm going to define the shape of the petals and draw one of them at the front. The petals of the edges are a bit trickier to draw. But for one of them, we can add a little fold, so you see a little bit of the front side of the petal. So it looks more natural and real if the petals are exactly the same on both sides. And last I'm going to add details. Then for the leaf, it has a main filament in the middle where the other filaments are attached. And here we have it. So in conclusion, I re-drew the steps we followed and it goes from this to this, to the final drawing. 9. Daffodil: Next flower we're going to draw is the daffodil. Which is quite an easy flower to break down into simple shape. Like for the previous flowers, we're going to sketch the general layout. With light pencil lines first, because we're going to the define the shape of the petals and add details on top later on. So you want to make sure you don't have bold the lines at the beginning. So first, let's take a look at the petal shape of the daffodil. Which simplified: it looks like a circle with a pointed tip, but for a more realistic shape, it has a quite wide base but always narrowed compared to the rest of the shape, with a curved line on the side, which is not completely smooth but more wavy with small curves. And with a pointed tip. And thin short lines as details at the bottom and at the top. About the leaf, It's pretty simple, and it looks like a long and wide string. Not sure how to describe it but I will call it string. Now let's sketch the overall shape first, and we're going to break down the daffodil into simple shape, as you would see the flower from above So from the top point of view. Draw a large circle, which is going to be the space where the daffodil will be, and draw another a small circle inside. And the second circle is the space where the corona or also named cup, the central part of the flower, is going to be. And on the circle inside, draw several wavy curves, which is the shape of the corona and three little loops in the center. So if you would see the Corona from side point of view, it looks something like this and the wavy curves would go like this. And then the three little loops, which are the filaments inside the corona, from the side angle they would look something like this. And they would go from here to up here. So this is just to show you the perspective. And then daffodil has six petals so draw six lines with about equal space among each other, and this line will be the midline of the petal. So from this, you can draw the simplified shape of the petal, and from here you can draw the petals in the more realistic way. So draw a little curve at the base that goes inside of the petal, for a narrowed base, to then drawing the curved line that go outside but not completely smooth, which you can do the tip going upward or a bit toward the side. And add a few shorter lines as details And the detais are based on the veins off the petals. And repeat the same on the other petals. And by drawing the little inner curve at the base of the petals, there is going to be some open space between each petal, which is a small detail, but it gives a more realistic look, but you can simplify the line and shape as long as the petals have a narrow base. While for the details on the Corona, you can draw too short thin lines right at the inner curve of the waves, and the lines will go towards the centre inside the corona. And when drawing petals, you can draw the petals next to each other or draw some petals that go above or under, or with just one part of the petal that is on top. So remember that when drawing flowers in general, it looks more real and natural, If the flower isn't perfect and exactly the same everywhere, but with more movements and variation in your lines. And now we're going to draw the daffodil from a side point of view, and we're going to break it down into simple shape first and draw it more detailed. So first draw an oval diagonally and for the corona draw like a cup or cone kind of shape attached to the centre off the oval and from there, we draw the six lines of the petals, with each part divided equally, but in the right perspective. So we have three petals that will be at the front and three petals on the back. But one in the back will be behind the cup, so we're not going to see much of it. And these are the guidelines for the overall shape for a side point of view. And you want to draw the petals in the right perspective, so all petals will be wider and shorter compared to the top point of view. But the petals at the front will be longer than the ones on the back, and you always draw the petals between the oval shape. And with this simple structure and simple shapes, you could draw the daffodil in different orientation and in different perspective. So for example, for a more frontal side the faces down, you always throw a oval shape because that's how a circle is seen from a side point of view. And again place the cup in the middle of the oval, But this time since it's a more frontal side, We will see more of the inside of the corona, so the oval on top off the cone, instead of being outside, it will overlap on the large oval , and it will be a bit wider. And then draw the six lines for the petal's position. And to look better at the corona shape. This is the simplified shape from the side point of view, but for drawing it more realistic, starting from the oval, you draw a curve that go inside the cup and shape it like this. And on the oval, you draw the wavy lines. So next, let's draw the daffodil in two different perspective. I draw the stem first to give the orientation of the daffodil. then I draw the oval and draw the second small oval at the top inside the oval, to the draw the cup that is attached to the centre of the large oval. And this is going to be a more frontal side perspective. So we will see and draw all petals. and then I'm going to draw the other daffodil from the side point of view, drawing the large oval And I attach the cup to the central part of the large oval. then I draw six lines for the petals on both daffodils and draw the simple shape of the petals. So this sketch doesn't have to be perfect, because we're going to define the shape of the flower while drawing. So this is just to give us the overall layout and perspective. of the daffidols. So first we're going to start drawing the little filaments that comes out the cup, and there are usually three of them. And then draw the wavy curves along the oval shape. To then shape/draw the Corona as showed before, with a curve that goes inside the cup, right below the wavy curves, and shape it like a bell or cup. And then we can already add details on the corona with short, small and broken lines at the base, of the cup and at the top and drawing the lines following the shape. And add few short and few lines on the wavy curves and draw these lines right at the inner curves that go inside the bell and not on the curves that go outside. And now we're going to draw and define the petals. So the key to draw them more realistic is to give more movement to your petals and not draw them too straight, but add some curves on the side of the petals and on the tip. Where the tip can end upward or downward, draw the narrow base at the base of the petal where is attached to the corona with those small inner curves and add details by drawing broken lines along the length of the petal shape. You can also add more lines on the side within the petal shape, but always follow the orientation of the petal and shape. And then repeat the same but for the petals at the front, for the right perspective, the petals will be so slightly wider and shorter compared to the petals on the side. And while defining the pedals shape you can put/place some petals above or under the others or just one part of the petal that is on top. And with the daffodil pedal's detail, for a more realistic look, you can add thin short lines on the side of the petal as well, which gives an even more realistic look. And remember that these details are based on the daffodil petals's veins. And then for the daffodil, is not just a straight line, but it would look something like this, but from this perspective we don't really see it. So we can simply draw a straight line for the stem. And last, I draw the tip of the petal on the back and that's it. And now we're going to draw the other daffodil, which, on this perspective, we see more of the stem, which is hard to explain by words. But from this perspective, we see this little bump at the top of the stem that is attached to the below part of the corona. And the below part of the corona attached to the petal would be like this, but we're not going to see it once we draw the petals. So I drew the cup a bit longer and I shorten it, and I follow the same steps as we saw earlier, by giving definition to the corona and petals and adding details. And again with more movements and curves to the petal's shape and draw the tip that goes up and down. And as you can see, we are not going to see that part where we drew the stem. but sketching every part of the flowers and analysing and understanding how a flower is structured, Even if you won't see everything of the flower in your drawing, it will help you understanding how to draw flowers in full shape. And you will be able to draw them realistic. And from this perspective, we don't really see the petal at the back. So you can just draw the base, but we're not going to see the tip. And now we're going to draw the leaves, which is quite simple and fun. For the first leaf is just a long string. But I'm going to show you how to draw a fold on the leaves. So for the fold where we see a bit of the back off the leaf, I draw a line like this, a quite straight line with a curved tip, and then, starting from the tip, I go back a bit straight on the right, and draw a larger curve going down. And then from the tip again, I draw another curve following the curve of the leaf and connect to the first line. This is the fold you see of the leaf's tip. And for the details on the leaf, I'm just going to draw one or two central line in the middle, following the orientation of the leaf. And then let's draw a fold on the opposite way, where you see the tip of the leaf on the front and not on the back. let me draw the leaf on a separate piece of paper very quick, just to show you different ways to draw leaves. So draw the same type of line, very curved at the top. But instead of going this way to show the back of the tip, you go on the opposite way and connect the curve at the top of the line. And you go down from here but make a more pointed tip. These are two different ways to draw leaves with a fold on the tip. While for the fold on the side, you draw a regular leaf shape But add a little fold on the side. And there are different ways you can add folds above or below, depending on the leaf but these are some examples how to draw folds on leaves and this fold that can be used for drawing petals as well. So last, I'm going to draw the last leaf with the folded tip from the front, and here we have it! 10. Tulip: Next and last flower for this class that we're going to draw is the tulip. So first of all, let's take a look at the shape of the tulip's petal, which simplified: is similar to a oval shape with a narrowed base and an inner curve right at the center , of the tip like a V sign. With no really smooth edges, but more wavy especially toward the upper side of the petal which, from these little curves you would also draw the detail's lines, together with the details inside the petal that follows the orientation of the petal shape. And those details are based on the veins of the petal. , then for the leaves the simple shape would look something like this, with a long shape with a very pointed tip Tulip's leaves can be even more wavy and have more folds But is this the simplified shape. with details starting from the base of the leaf. And now we're going to sketch the general layout with light pencil lines first, because we're going to the define the shape of the tulip and add details on top later on. So you want to make sure you don't have bold lines at the beginning. And we're going to draw two tulips from two different angles. One where you see the petals from the front and the other with the petals at the sides. And Tulips have different shapes. Some of them are longer or shorter. with smooth or more wavy edges, but overall, the shape of the tulip is like an egg. Moreover, you can draw Tulips open or closed. If you want to keep them close, you would use the egg shape and draw the petals between the egg shape. but for an open Tulip, which is what we're going to draw today. The most useful structure to use, is to draw a thin oval on top of the egg shape and then unite the line to the base. And from this angle we will see the petals at the front and a bit of the petals behind, and then from the centre. draw the stem with a more curved line, and this is going to be the orientation of the tulips. And then let's sketch the leaves. So there are different orientations and angles of the leaves that you can draw, especially with the tulip. With a more linear or wavy shape. But I'm going to show you four different leaves angles that you can draw. So for the first to leaf, I'm going to draw it in this direction. And instead of drawing a straight line, I'm drawing a curve line that goes upwards with three curves in total, one large curve going to the left, a smaller curve going to the right in a very small curve going to the left. You can add more curves, but you can simplify the line with just three curves. And this is going to be our central mid line of the leaf. And then from the tip, you go down, drawing the shape of the leaf following the middle line orientation, having a wider width at the center of the leaf But you can hadd more curves on the sides. and from here we can add a little fold. I'm adding here the folds like this, so going straight to the base to create the fold. And then for the second leaf I'm going to do draw a leaf with another fold, but this time where you see the back of the leaf's tip. So I'm going to draw it in this direction and I'm going to draw a line not completely straight but very curved on the top. And then from the tip, you go back and connect to the line and this is going to be the fold. Then from the tip again, you go back following the first line I drew, going a bit straight on the left and then go down and here we have it. And now I'm going to draw a leaf with a little fold at the tip of the leaf. And draw the midline with curves like the first leaf. With an upward orientation and you can add more than three curves if you want. Then on the tip, i draw a fold like this with a pointed tip. And then I go down again following the midline following the shape of the leaf, with more curves on the sides. And for the last leaf, I'm going to draw a leaf from a side point of view and I'm going to draw a similar line like the second leaf, with a more straight line and curved on top. And from the tip, I go right and down, following the first line and adding more curves. And then from the tip again, I draw a short straight line toward the right like this, and go down again and adding more curves. Ao that straight short line is going to be behind and hidden from the front side of the leaf. And you can add another small or large fold if you want. It depends on how complicated and wavy you want to draw the leaves, especially when it comes to draw the Tulip's leaves, you can draw it in many different ways. So you don't necessarily have to draw the same leaves position like I did. You can change it and compose your own Tulips drawing. and there are other leaves orientation than the one I drew, But hopefully this can give you a useful guidelines for drawing leaves in different direction and with different folds. And now, let's draw the petals! and I start with light pencil lines because we're going to the define the shape later on. For this one, I'm going to draw the pedals that you see at the front so I first draw the midline drawing an oval shape, with a inner curve like a V sign at the top and center of the tip. And then on the side, I'm going to draw another petal like the 1st one with a small inner curve at the top and center of the tip, and I'm remaining within the egg shape, but you can go a bit outside. While for the petal on the left, we are just going to see a bit of it. And then I draw two petals on the back. So as you can see, that thin oval at the top of the egg shape I drew at the beginning, it serves as guideline for the open tulip, for showing the petals behind. And then for the second tulip, I'm going to draw the petals from the side, but I will place my center midline of the petal a bit far from the edge. drawing like an half oval and I repeat the same on the opposite side. And then I draw a midline t in the centre off the egg shape, which is going to be the petals behind the two sided petals. And draw two more petals on the back showing the tip. And now we're going to define the petal shape, and draw it more realistic. So starting at the base of the petal, also for the tulip. as for any flowers, it has a narrowed base and I'm drawing the little curve that goes inside the petal, like we saw in the petal shape part of the video, and then curving the line outside, drawing the shape of the petal. The edges of the pedal aren't smooth but more wavy, especially toward the upper side. So I'm drawing little curves until I reach that inner curve at the top of the tip and then I do the same on the opposite side and for the other petals. And if you want, you could emphasise even more the narrowed base and make it more curved. And then for the stem, the top will be a bit wider compared to the rest of the stem, so instead of going down straight, the top of the stem will be curved, connecting to the round base of the tulip. And then I add two petals behind where we're going just to see the tip of them. And then for the tulip with the petals on the side. You do the same thing, and I'm emphasising the inner curve of the base, which really gives a more realistic look. And here, if you want, you can place the second pedal under or on top of the other petal or just place it next to it, or leave more space between the two sided petal. I'm going to throw it under the other. But no matter what you choose, it's important that the petals rotates accordingly within the shape as it would see the petals from a different angle if that makes sense. So if you're going to draw it like I'm doing, you're going to see the right side of the petal a little. But if you draw it more on the side point of view, you're just going to see the left side of the petal. And then here, is going to be the middle pedal behind still at the front. And then I draw two petals on the back. And for drawing details , I like to draw two lines in the center, always following the orientation of the petal, and I'm going to add two little inner curves at the petal base for the tulip on the right , which I forgot to add, which you can add as well if you want. And then I'm going to add short thin lines at the edges of the petal's tip, which gives a more realistic style. And I'm placing these thin lines right at the inner curves off the wavy edges. The veins of the petal's tulip, are a bit more complex to draw, but for adding details I'm going to draw thin broken lines following the shape of the petal reaching those short thin lines at the edges, and that's it. Now, for drawing the stem and leaves, you can decide what to show on the front and what is going to be behind showing the stem or the leaves at the front or at the back. For this tulip I'm showing the stem in front but the fold of the leaves will be above (in front of) the stem. but the choice is up to you. While for adding details on the leaves, based on the veins of the leaves, I'm just drawing two central midline that go quite along the length of the leaf and I'm adding more long thin lines on the sides, always following the orientation of the leaf and that's it! So in conclusion, I redrew the steps we followed, and it goes from this to the final drawing, and here we have it! 11. Outro and class project: For the project and exercise for this class. I want you to take everything learned in this class and choose one of the four flowers to draw, and you're more than welcome to draw all of them. Or even try drawing another flower, applying the same steps by breaking the flowers into simple shape first. And analysing the petals and leaves shapes and looking at the veins of the flowers for drawing the details. And if you want, you can try to draw them in a different orientation than the one I did. But do what it's easier for you! I would love to see your work and receive any feedback if this class was helpful to you and if it was easy to follow and understand. And of course, I will give you any feedback and help you out if you have any questions. So yeah, that's pretty much it! Thank you so much for joining my class. I hope you found it informative. And I'll see you next time, byee!