Investing 101: Make A Stock Portfolio For Beginners | Ope Thomas | Skillshare

Investing 101: Make A Stock Portfolio For Beginners

Ope Thomas, Making complex ideas simple

Investing 101: Make A Stock Portfolio For Beginners

Ope Thomas, Making complex ideas simple

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11 Lessons (45m)
    • 1. Investing Introduction

    • 2. Stocks and Bonds

    • 3. Learn The Top Down Approach

    • 4. Learn The Bottom Up Approach

    • 5. Try The Top Down Approach

    • 6. Define Your Investing Goals

    • 7. Use A Limit Order

    • 8. Make a trade!

    • 9. Review

    • 10. The Project

    • 11. Upload your project

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About This Class

Investing is easy for everyone. Have you ever wanted to learn how to invest or to buy and sell stocks?


Get started with a former Wall Street Stock Broker and Financial Advisor

I held the FINRA Series 7 and the FINRA Series 66

This class is a quick tutorial to help you understand the basics and get started investing today!


1. A paper trading account

2. Join a DIY investing community

3. Learn to find company information

4. Find out how money managers choose stocks


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Meet Your Teacher

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Ope Thomas

Making complex ideas simple


I'm Ope Thomas and at 19 I taught myself how to invest in the stock market. I then worked on Wall Street as a Registered Financial Advisor.


I have over 10 years investing in the stock market and I've seen thousands of investment portfolios and have spent many hours learning about finance and economics.


After 2 years on Wallstreet, I retired from the business of investment management and I returned to school and got a degree in finance and entrepreneurship because I wanted to share all the knowledge I gained with as many people as I can.


See my full business resume on Linkedin:

Connect with me on twitter and IG

See full profile

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1. Investing Introduction: I'm there to navigating Wall Street waters. Thank you for joining the class. Who is this class for? This class is for everyone, anyone with plenty of experience or none at all. However, I found that it's most rewarding to those who have very little understanding the stock market and just want to be introduced. Now. What will you learn in this class? You'll learn how to look for an investment. You'll learn how to develop the side on investments. You learn how to build a sample portfolio and also learn the new language of investing so you can learn to navigate in the future. And who am I? My name is Opie Thomas. I've been investing for over five years. I was formerly a stockbroker, and I currently owned Hold of Siri seven and the Serie 66 I enjoyed. I enjoy investing. I manage my own portfolio as well, and I hope to share some useful information with you today. Now, first lesson is what is investing. What I'll tell you is what it isn't. It's not a casino. Many people come into the stock market with the idea that they can just put some money in there and they'll get rich quick. It happens sometimes, but most of the time it doesn't happen. No one can predict the future, and here you'll learn just how to make a portfolio for your goal and for your future. 2. Stocks and Bonds: Now let's get into some more specifics will get into stocks and bonds, stocks and bonds or the most basic and most common financial instruments that people investing. So that's what we're going to elaborate on just a little bit here. So we start off with Bonds now. Bonds are essentially you loaning the company money, and the profit that you make is that interest paid to you on the money that you own. So in the same way that you own you, the bank loans you money and in the form of a mortgage, and you pay back the interest on that mortgage, and the bank makes a profit off of you in that interest. You are doing the reverse for the company where you are loaning the company money and the company pays you back. That money is interest, and that's how a bond works Now, for stock socks are fundamentally different. Where they are ownership in the company and this ownership. The profit is based off of the performance of the company and the money that the company makes in the form of revenue. So in, unlike bonds where they arm or debt, the company owes you stocks is more ownership that you own up the company and what they owe you is four months and the profits. 3. Learn The Top Down Approach: Now we'll get more into actually analyzing and starting to choose what investments to make will start off by talking about top down and bottom up Analysis. First, with top down analysis, you start off by looking at the world, the global economy, what's going on in different markets in different parts of the world, or just in your scope of interests. And then once you look at what's going on globally, whether there's political crisis in one part of the world or there's droughts in another part of the world, you begin to look at how this will affect different industries, such as manufacturing industry or com or different commerce industries, consumer industries such as retail. So when you look at that and you find different industries, you start to look for the opportunities in the industry's who's going to be affected by these changes and who can benefit from these changes and start to, I guess, in your own analysis, through research, what might happen based on these different changes, And once you have an idea and of where you want to go and what you're interested in looking at, you begin to look at what specific companies will most benefit from this change or what particular companies would be most affected from these changes. This is where you start to look at what types of risks you are looking to take and what types of risks and rewards you're looking to game. So that is the expression for top down analysis. Next will look into bottom up analysis, and I will be on the next video. Thank you. 4. Learn The Bottom Up Approach: Now we will look into using a bottom-up approach while placing a stop order. But first, some key terms once again. So for the bottom up approach, we are going to learn about the PE ratio, which is among many different numbers you can look at for accompany, the P0 is the most popular one because it is the stock price of a company divided by how much it earns per each share. So once again, the p0 is a short ratio of a company's share price to its earnings per share. So what that says to you, for example, is Apple currently has a 12 times p. What that means is for every dollar that apple earns, an investor or plate will pay $12 to own a piece of the company. Reason this is important is assuming that the earnings are assuming that the stock price begins to decline and the earnings stay the same or rise that my signal and opportunity awaiting you. However, on the other side, if the stock price is increasing, however, their earnings are decreasing or maybe even staying the same. This also might be a cause for concern. So earnings per the PE ratio gives you an idea of how much your pain as an investor to own a piece of the company compared to how much money the company is actually making. Next point, next DOD key term we can look at is a stop order. Now stop order is similar to a limit order, except it's more geared to protecting a profit and loss as opposed to to purchasing or selling at a better price. So for a stop order, a great example would be if you own a stock at $10 and you say, I will sell it. If it goes below $9. Now for a limit order, for a limit sell, you would sell it when it goes above a certain above $11 higher than what you own it. For a stop order, you would sell it if it goes below a certain price. So if it goes below the price that you currently own it you would sell stop order. So stop order simply protects you loss, protects your profits and protects you against loss. So another example for a stop order is if you own a stock at $10 and it's appreciated or increased up to $15, you can put a stop order at 13 to protect those $3 you've just made. Or you can hit the stock's at $10, you can put a stop, stop order at $7 and so that you won't lose anything more than $3. Now with the bottom up approach, we are going to just do things just a little difference where I've done some of the research before once again, so here I'll talk a bit more through doing a bottom-up approach because they share many of the same qualities as a top down approach in regards to research. However, with a bottom-up approach, you start off a bit differently as the name suggests. So at the bottom up approach, what I generally will do is read through news articles and look for any interesting companies so you can visit your favorite resources. Mine right now is Yahoo Finance, but I also have some other tabs open for Market Watch, Bloomberg Business and routers and others. So right now on Yahoo Finance, a quick glance, I see that Wells Fargo in the news, it's the most valuable bank. They're saying US sales or near a in the half-year high prices rise. So that my symbolize that banking and finance might be a good sector. If I see two articles, one about Wells Fargo, one of the largest American banks doing very well. Home sales are also increasing, which means more people will need mortgages, which also links to banks. And just by those two articles, I can start to think about where opportunities might be. So this bottom-up approach, I see Wells Fargo and I can start to choose other banks that I maybe want to look at. And that's just one way to begin. Now, you can go through different articles and I'll just show you. So another article here shows the golden opportunity for you to buy Apple stocks. So in our last video, we talked about why ABA may be an opportunity right now. And now we see there's an article about that. So Apple might be on your list as well. So you can scroll through your different resources, looking for different types of opportunities that are there, or visit other resources and see what investors are doing and what people are talking about and start to get an idea of what might be interesting to you. Now once you've found some key companies that you want to look into a bit more. What you can do now is to look at their different statistics. There are different numbers. So the two companies I've chosen now, our Wells Fargo and Apple. So what we can do now is look at Apple and Yahoo Finance and search, search for them. They're, they're actually on the sidebar. Then you can go on Yahoo Finance on the left side, you click here, on the left side, middle left side where it says key statistics under the title company, right below profile. And in the key statistics you get a bunch of numbers. But here your PE that you're looking for. And right now for Apple, it's 12.72, which means that for every dollar that apple earns, an investor will pay $12.72 to own one share, to own a portion of Apple. Now you can look at that and that's very good for the overall industry. Because technology industry, they generally have between 1216 PE ratio because they're very, very more riskier assets to purchase. So that brings us to our next point. When you look at the different statistics of the company. You compare them to others in their industry to see if they are performing better, or if they're performing worse, or if they're on par with the industry has an average. And then another, another factor I, I, I enjoy looking at would be a chart. So I will take a quick glance at a charts. You can look at this to Yahoo Finance or any other resources and just see how the company has been moving recently. And also look at their 52-week low. And their 52-week high. Meaning how high is the stock been in the past year? And how long has it been here? I see Apple has been as low as $93 in the past two weeks and as high as a $134 in the past 52 weeks, that shows a large range of movement over $40, which is or just about $40, which is significantly more than a significant portion of the stock's value, which is almost 30% of the stock's value. So within a year the stock has moved between 30%. That gives you an idea of how volatile the company is, how risky the company, the investment might be and what you can expect in the long run for this company. Now this is a great way to start to look at your company and compare it to industry. And then next, we will look at the overall markets and touch back on the indexes once again. So once you've chosing some, now once you've chosen a few companies that you, that you're interested in based on how you pick on your research. Yo go on Yahoo Finance or any of your resources to look at some of the numbers and some of the performance that the company has had so far. So the two companies that I've spoken about so far are apple involves forgoes. So here we'll look at Wells Fargo. So as Fargo, I see it's slightly up today. And if you look just briefly, you can look at some of the headlines. There's actually a lot of information you can gather from just skimming the headlines. You can get an idea of what's being said, what people are interested in, what's happening. And then from there you can dive deeper into the, into the different interests that you might have. But just skimming headlines will give you a great idea of what's happening. So here I can look first at what 52-week angry. What did 52-week high and low has been for Wells Fargo. So in 52 weeks the stock has been as low as $46.44 and as high as $58.42. That shows that it's it's somewhat volatile, but not extremely volatile. It's moved just about $8 in the past 52 weeks, which is less, which is a little, a little more than 10% of the company's value for the share value. Now if we click the key statistics on the left side in the middle under Company. We can look for their PE. Now, the PE ratio that we explained before is for Wells Fargo is $12.94, was 12.94, which means that for every dollar that Wells Fargo earns, you will pay, or as an investor will pay $12.94 to own a portion of the company. And now you can take that number and compare it to the industry. So let's take another large bank, for example, let's say Bank of America. And maybe look at their PE. Bank of America is BAC. We can click their key statistics here on the left side and will get Bank of America's p0 of 1135. So this says that for Bank of America, Bank of America's slightly cheaper in value then Wells Fargo, although their stock prices are significantly different, you are getting more money, more bang for your buck by buying Bank of America and Wells Fargo in this particular analysis. But there's many more things to consider. Now returned to the Wells Fargo, my walls of Argos profile. And look just a bit deeper. I'll click on their chart to see how they've been moving in the past, say one year to get an idea of the company is somewhat high right now, or if it's low or where they are in their life and their lifetime. So I'll play around with the different timeframes to see how they've been moved in and what I can learn from there. If anything, sometimes it might just be a picture you're looking at. So once you gather some information from how the stock is moving, whether it's been rising, whether it's been falling, then you can skim through your different headlines that are related. So these are some thoughts you can gather from just simple information that you can look at headlines. Also, I see here that many of the large banks are actually moving. So some of the biggest movers are Bank of America, Barclay's Bank, Capital Group, and other banks. So it seems that the whole banking industry itself is actually doing better. And that might have a relationship with housing doing better as well. So what you do when you look at this as make correlations. So now that I've chosen Wells Fargo in Apple, I can see that most forego also has a really significant opportunity. And now that I've looked at the competitors in the industry, I can see that the industry itself has a great opportunity. So the next step would be to look at the overall market. And now the overall market like we saw before has been on a slight decline. However, that is just due to technology companies having a slight decline, not the overall market itself. So this shows to me that the financial sector and Wells Fargo will be a great opportunity because the decline of the market is not due to anything that affects banking or finance. It's something that affects technology. So although the markets connected, it helps differentiate what's affected by what particular activity. So here I will go on Wall Street Survivor and then I will go to purchase Wells Fargo stock because I believe that it will be a great investments because some of the expansion that they're doing and also some of, some of the activity in the finance and banking industry as a whole. So now what you've chosen, what companies you are interested in purchasing in, what you are looking for. You will then go to Wash U survivors. So I'll go to Wells Fargo. And I will add. So I'll go about the 5% rule here again. So I'll buy the company and I will buy a 150 shares, which gives by a $700. Then I will purchase it. And once purchased, then I can place my stop on it. Now to place the Stop on it, you will go to your portfolio. Go back to the stock. You would like to click cell. But she won't sell it. You click here where it says market order, you'll put a stop order and you replace the stock at 50. For me, $55, which is about 3% less than where it currently is. It's not a very risky stock so that it happens to go more than 2%. It's probably something I no longer wanted to invest in. And when it goes to that price, I'll sell, let's say half of my investments. So I'll sell, you know, make this good for until canceled. I will so 75%, so half of my investments. And that's how you do a stop order with a bottom up approach. So once again, congratulations. Now once again, congratulations, you're all done purchasing a stock with a bottom up approach using a stop order. Next, you buy one more stock using any approach that she like, whether it's just a personal preference of Accompany you like and you purchase from and accompany that you shop at or anything. Or you can use a top-down approach, a bottom-up approach, anything you like. But we can see here the difference between a top-down and bottom-up. With the top down, we came to Apple where there's an opportunity that we found where the current value of the company doesn't match what people expect. The bottom-up approach, we saw another opportunity where Wells Fargo and the whole financial industry is actually doing much better than others. And there's an opportunity there in a different way. So I hope you'll learn a lot and I'm really appreciate we've come this far. I look forward to your final portfolio. Great luck. 5. Try The Top Down Approach: all right. Now we will invest in another stock using a top down approach while also placing a limit order. But before we do that, let's just go off work over few Keith terms. So one of the key term is market capitalization now. Market capitalization, simply put, is the value of the company on the stock market. And it is calculated by the price of the share the price of the stock times how many shares air actually available to buy. So bringing those two numbers together you get the market market capitalization. So if a company's stock is worth $100 they have 1000 shares available, that means the market capitalization for the company is 100,000. Next are the index's now indexes. Are illustrations of performance in the stock market. They are simply put, essentially a combination of different companies that are meant to reflect the overall stock market. So there are many different indexes. Theme major indexes are the Dow dope, Dow Jones Industrial average, the S and P 500 the NASDAQ. There's also the New York Stock Exchange, the Russell 3000 and many others. However, the primary ones that we look at can be found here at yahoo dot com ends the S and P 500 which is a balanced reflection of the stock market. The Dow Jones Industrial Average, also known as the Doubt, which is more heavily weighted tours, manufacturing and financial companies and the NASDAQ is more weighted towards technology companies. However, they also relatively move in the same in tangent with each other as they reflect the overall stock market. Now the last key term that we can look at is a limit order. A limit order is an order given to a brokerage or broker to buy or sell a stock at us at a certain price or better. So, for example, if you want to put a limit order to buy a stock that's at $10 you will say I will buy the stock if it's at $9 or less at a better price. If you want to sell the stock and it's currently at $10 you will say I will like to sell it at $11 or more, which is a limit order on the sell side. Now let's go into purchasing out for stock now and purchasing your first stock. We will begin by looking at the overall index is. So we have here the S and P, the Dow Jones and NASDAQ. We see that currently they are in a decline. So one thing that I would do is click. And just to see how long they've been in decline and how the market has been performing overall, maybe in the past six months, if this decline is something significant, or if it's just something that's happening as the course of the market activity. So here we see that it hasn't declined too much. However, it did decline after a significant rise, so this may symbolize some slight changes happening in the market. Now, I've done some research before this video, and I found that in this particular time there's there's some decline in technology stocks , primarily the primarily IBM and United Technology, which is also IBM or U T X. If you want to find the ticker number now, When I did more research, I found that the Dow Jones has dropped down by 3% while the NASDAQ, which I mentioned, is heavily weighted in technology has also dropped 30.2% and Apple has also dropped in their share value as well, even though they had good earnings. So these large companies going in a decline has affected the stock markets slightly in the past few days. Bring in a decline. Now when you get an idea of what the nature the current nature and temperament of the stock market is, you can get an idea off where what investors are thinking. So from this Reese, from this quick analysis, I've seen that currently, investors our little impatience in the markets, meaning that many want to make more money quicker. So money is exchanging hands a little bit faster, which is why we can see some volatility in the market. So this is just to get an idea of the current temperament of the market next. Now that I've gotten an idea of how the market is behaving, I want to see if these technology companies that have seen a decline if it's just for these companies or if it's maybe for the whole industry or other technology companies are being affected. So what I would do is just look into other sources to get some other information about about the relative industry that you're looking into and just begin to skim and read different headlines and different information about what has happened with these different companies and similar companies. So with, like I said, I've done some research before this video, so just skimming through some articles, I can see that there. It's not just isolated to these companies that have declined. There's actually in the technology sector decline in activity in general simply because investors are expecting to make more money from technology companies. And technology companies aren't making money as fast as investors will like. So what that means is not that the companies are less valuable. It's just that the investors find them less valuable, so this can actually create a great opportunity for someone with a little more patience. And I'll explain a bit more as we go along. Now that we have an idea now that we have an idea of what's is currently happening and and now I haven't a certain industry that I'm interested in looking at, so I see that the stock market is is on a slight decline with a little bit of volatility, so it's still okay. Time to invest and I seem that the technology industry is this is the industry that is bringing some of that decline, so I don't have dug a little deeper, and I came across Apple. Apple's a slight decline where their shared prices falling because of disappointing revenue outlook. Now what I look what I have noticed deeper as reinterred this article, and as you go through the go through yours, your research process, you'll start to find different types of information and make your own judgments. What I found in this article shows that although there's a decline in their share price, it's simply because analysts were over estimating what Apple will be able to accomplish and what their estimates are are greater than what Apple is estimating for themselves. So simply because there's a difference in what Apple expects to burn and what analysts expects them to earn it brought the decline. Because Apple's expectations are lower than the analysts. However, Apple sales are continue, are stable and also continuing to increase, so this shows a potential opportunity where sales are increasing, revenue is stable and it's a very sound company with sound management. However, the price and their share prices declined over 5% in the past few days. Simply do two people to them not doing as much as people wants. So what I choose now is I want to invest in Apple because they have declined significantly yet. They're very sound companies so that their decline is only due to wrong expectations. Now this is an opportunity for me or any investor to come in and start a position with Apple and begin to earn as as as the stock price grows, to reflect the actual companies value so that that ends the part of my research. And this is by no means meant to be a comprehensive, uh, process to analyse and investments. It is just the do it yourself tool to help you get started and thinking about how to invest and again and started buying your first few companies. 6. Define Your Investing Goals: Now we'll begin by defining your goals. Defining your goals has to do with looking at and considering your risks and rewards your risk tolerance, how much you are willing to take on and your rewards, how much you're looking to gain. What are you looking to actually earn and get from the stock market? So I put in some simple ways to kind of describe the relationship off risks and your rewards to help you look at how to identify different goals. So we look at it here to begin with 5% as a good goal to reach for if you're looking for minimum minimal involvement in the stock market, and this allows you to do slightly better than the rate of inflation. Now, inflation is simply put the rate at which your money loses value, and on average, inflation is anywhere between 3 to 5%. So if you can earn 5% in the stock market, that keeps your money safe, and it maintains the value of your money with very low involvement. Now, if you want to make about 9% or somewhere around there, this also is low involvement, but not necessarily as low as maintaining the value of your money and low involvement for 9% would be somewhere around two hours. Spence on research and monitor in your investments, and this is 9% over the course of the year, so this 9% is slightly better than the market average. The market averages around 8% so if you can spend about two hours somewhere around there in researching and monitor in your investments, you can expect to earn some way around 9%. Or if you just put all your money into the index, you, on average will learn will earn about 9% or 8%. So that's on average for low involvement. Five and 9% are good goals to set for yourself if you want to now reach a little bit further to maybe 12% this year. Ah, year is this is about the Hatch fund average, so this requires about 5 to 10 hours a week on monitoring and researching your different investments. And hedge funds are simply companies that manage portfolios for wealthy clients and institutions in the stock market. They manage them actively. They basically invest like individuals, except they do it for a large group of people, and they make about 12% on average. If you want to make more than 12% for yourself. If you want to be really active in the stock market and and have really high goals, you can expect to spend more than 10 hours a week monitoring, researching and and working on your investments. So that's a good way to frame what you can expect based on what you're willing to sacrifice to invest in the stock market. Many people just simply want to maintain their money for retirements for the long term. Some people want to earn a bit more on and have a little bit of interest and grow their money over time. And then other people have different goals to become more active. So really understand your goals and identify what you want to earn and what you will into how involved you're willing to be, and you will be very successful, Thank you, and let's go on to the next video 7. Use A Limit Order: now, after you've been set, you're satisfied with your research Yule log on the Wall Street survivor and then visit your skill share league and your portfolio on skill share. Apple is a great example. In this purchase, we are going to put a limit order now, says Apple is on the decline. I am going to put a limit order slightly below where it is right now, for that reason being is if the system stock has been declining steadily in the past few days. If I buy it now, there's a high chance that it will decline a little bit more. So I will put a limit order at a price slightly below where it is now. So if it does decline more, I'll get it at a better price, as opposed to potentially losing a little bit before it comes back up. So once again, following the rule of no more than 5% of your of your portfolio and one company, I'll go ahead and purchase, I will click the buy button. Then I will buy roughly 80 shares, which will give me slightly less than 10% of my $100,000 portfolio. You can vary this number or the percentage of your portfolio on one stock, depending on your own research, your own goals and your own risk tolerance. So for me, I'm just going with a very basic and default approach, so we will purchase this. But before we do, we have to set the limit order. Now I will put the limits price for here. So the stock right now is at $124.45. It is lost about $6.30 to just today alone, which is about 5% of its value. The baby Ford had lost about 2% of its value, So I will put a limit order on buying this stock at a price of $120 which is another 2% of which is roughly another 2 to 3% of the value. So it seems to decline a bit more a bit more in this time frame, I'll get a better price, and if it seems to come back up, if it started and half a dozen, then I'll revisit this this order and maybe purchase it out of the market order one key thing to note is, even even though everything may seem right for a company that that particular time may not be the right time. You may have to come back and revisit the company because things change so quickly and so frequently. But it helps toe know what you want and which companies you want to buy or not buy. So if you need to revisit you, at least already have your information. For the sake of this video, I will just go ahead and buy it. But in reality I will put a limit. And if it doesn't hit, I will probably visit the next day until I purchased the stock. So my limit here is at $120 I will make it good for just today. So if it happens to go down significantly more today than I will purchase it at that price , if not, then I'll just purchase it at the closest price. 220. And I would do that for all of the shares, not just a portion of them. And then we set out order. Great. Now you're all done. Kurt Senior, your second stock using a top down approach while placing a limit order. Congratulations. Now let's move on to a bottom up approach 8. Make a trade!: Now what you've chosen, what companies you are interested in purchasing and what you're looking for. You will then go to Wash U survivors. So I'll go to Wells Fargo. And I will add. So I'll go about the 5% rule here again. So I'll buy the company and L by a 150 shares, which gives by a $700. Then I will purchase it. And once purchased, then I can place my stop on it. Now to place the Stop on it, you will go to your portfolio. Go back to the stock. You would like to click cell. But she won't sell it. You click here where it says market order, you'll put a stop order and you replace the stock at 50. For me, $55, which is about 3% less than where it currently is. It's not a very risky stock so that it happens to go more than 2%, it's probably something I'm no longer one to invest in. And when it goes to that price, I'll sell what, say, half of my investments. So I'll sell and I'll make this good for until canceled. And so 75%, so half of my investments. And that's how you do a stop order with a bottom up approach. So once again, congratulations. Now once again, congratulations, you're all done purchasing a stock with a bottom up approach using a stop order. Next, you buy one more stock using any approach that you like, whether it's just a personal preference of Accompany you like, and you purchase from and accompany that you shop at or anything. Or you can use a top-down approach, a bottom-up approach, anything you like. But we can see here the difference between a top-down and bottom-up. With the top down, we came to Apple where there's an opportunity that we found where the current value of the company doesn't match what people expect. From the bottom-up approach, we saw another opportunity where Wells Fargo and the whole financial industries actually doing much better than others. And there's an opportunity there in a different way. So I hope you'll learn a lot and I'm really appreciate we've come this far. I look forward to your final portfolio. Great luck. 9. Review: All right, congratulations on coming this far. We've gone through a lot, and we've learned a lot of new turns. So it's time for just a quick short review. So we've learned about market capitalization Olson on his market cap, which is a illustration of how much a company is worth on the stock market, which tells you how generally how large a company is, which is the price of the stock multiplied by how many shares are available. Next, we learn about indexes, which are the average illustration of the stock market's performance. There's on what mock portfolios to help illustrate the overall performance of the stock market. So they're great to follow to get an idea of how the whole market is doing next. We learned about P ratio, which gives you an indication of how well priced the stock is, maybe to its competitors, and also helped out how expensive or cheap the company may be. And it also hopes you see how this company stands next to its competitors. Next, we've learned about limit orders and market orders. Limit order is where you set a price that you will pay in the future. That may be higher or lower than the current stock price in a limit order, more or less looking to get a stock at the best price with a stop order you're looking to protect against any losses or any gains with a stop order, you generally own the stock already. It's a great way to protect against losses when you've already gained, and it's a great way to protect against too much loss on us on a stock that may be extremely volatile. So great job on coming this far. Let's go on to our last few videos and complete the portfolio, and I look forward to seeing your project. 10. The Project: Now we'll get into what everyone's been waiting for, the project. And the project, you're gonna get a chance to build your own portfolio and to complete the project, you'll send a sample, you'll send a screenshot of your sample portfolio and send that in and that will complete your project and you'll be all done. Now what you need for your project is a free website at Wall Street and also for your research will be using finance dot This is where you get to read up on the latest information and make better judgments about your investments. Now, I'm going to walk you through Wall Street, And while she, you'll sign up and once you've signed up your login with your password and such, then you will look for the leagues section, which is at the top here, that tab you'll click. You'll search for DIY investing. And if you're having trouble finding the league, you can also type in this link address for the League, and it'll direct you directly to the league and the browser. You shall also be able to find the link in the Discussions page. Now your tasks, once you create your portfolio, will be two by four stocks using three different methods. And these methods you'll learn how to place a stop order, place a limit order, do top down analysis, bottom up analysis, and also to create your own personal style. And with this portfolio, you will see how to set a goal and how to execute on that goal and make better judgments for your investments. Let's go on to the next video. 11. Upload your project: All right, Congratulations. Now you've bought a few stocks. The next and last thing to do is to buy one more stock using any method you prefer, whether it's personal preference, maybe it's a company you shop at frequently, or the top down approach to find an opportunity, the opportunity to be like Apple, where we found a difference between how much the company is worth and how much people think it's worth. And or the bottom up approach where we found the opportunity for Wells Fargo doing better than many of its other banking competitors with a great outlook in conjunction with the whole industry of banking doing much better. Then we find I opportunity. Whatever you enjoy, have some fun. And once you're done, yule log on back onto your Wall Street survivor. Then you'll go to my portfolios and on the scale shared click my portfolio and that will bring you to the screen that shows your portfolio, take a screenshot and just uploaded it into skill share, and that will complete your project. I hope you had a fun time, and I enjoyed having you here. You have a great day and good luck