Decorative Designs and Scripts: Inspiring with Arabic Lettering | Viva Liban | Skillshare

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Decorative Designs and Scripts: Inspiring with Arabic Lettering

teacher avatar Viva Liban, Cultural Intelligence Addict and Blogger

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

20 Lessons (51m)
    • 1. Introduction to the Class

    • 2. The Project for this Class

    • 3. What You Need to Know About Arabic Letters

    • 4. Examples of Arabic Calligraphy and Designs

    • 5. Overview of Learning Arabic Letters

    • 6. Vowels: A, E, I, O, U, and Y

    • 7. Consonants 1: B, T, Th

    • 8. Consonants 2: G, H'a, Kha

    • 9. Consonants 3: D, Z, R, Tha

    • 10. Consonants 4: S, Sh, Sah, Dhah

    • 11. Consonants 5: Tah, Thaah, Aa', Gha

    • 12. Consonants 6: F, Kah, Ka

    • 13. Consonants 7: L, M, N, H

    • 14. Letter Sound Confusions

    • 15. Practicing the Letters

    • 16. Sketching Different Designs

    • 17. Refining Your Design

    • 18. Pencil Outline

    • 19. Inking Your Design

    • 20. Final Thoughts

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About This Class

Arabic calligraphy is an intriguing artform. It molds Arabic words into images and designs that are captivating and enchanting. Knowing how to write Arabic letters to spell out a name gives way to wonderful inspiration in order to create a magnificent and unique output. 


This class walks students through different examples of Arabic Calligraphy artforms and teaches them how to write their names in Arabic so that they can create their own artpiece. 

The Arabic language has 28 letters. Three of those letters are vowels and the rest are consonants. Students will learn how to write these letters in beautiful art forms.

Join this class with Viva Liban where you will learn about another dimension that you can experiment with in your projects.

Viva Liban is a Cultural Intelligence Advocate and Comics Artist who is just getting started. Learn more about her passion by visiting

Sources for the Arabic Calligraphy shown in this class are listed below:

Meet Your Teacher

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Viva Liban

Cultural Intelligence Addict and Blogger


Hi! I am Viva Liban and I am all about CQ.. What is CQ? Cultural Intelligence or CQ, is the capability to relate and work effectively across cultures. And I have had the privilege of living in several countries including Saudi Arabia, Canada, France, Lebanon and Kuwait. Does that make me culturally intelligent? I will let you decide. What I can tell you is that I love this stuff. On many occasions, being culturally apt has created a key that unlocked possibilities across cultural dynamics that weren't there before. And it isn't limited to people of different cultures in the classic sense of the word. We're talking about office and company cultures, gender cultures, religion cultures, generation cultures, geography cultures, ethnicity cultures... it's a long list. And it's different than... See full profile

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1. Introduction to the Class: Hi, My name is this class of decorative designs and scripts. Conspiring with urban lettering is all about using lettering from Arabic language in order to create something. So when you take this class, you will be able to write your name in Arabic language, but with English sounds that someone who reads it in Arabic, I can read out your name. Events in this is that just formed very decoratively, and they put something beautiful design for a logo for a picture in your house as a gift to a person art form such a range that you can put it together in and using so many different ways Originally Lebanese and I know the Arabic language. I'm also trained in control intelligence as a trainer, and the boys have been cultural intelligence is being able to work in other cultures in order to make the best use exceptional outcomes across much. And so this is an opportunity for me to show how a language that sometimes is associated with negative connotations and news could be something so beautiful and something you can use in your heart for. So in this course, we're gonna go through an introduction to the Arabic language whereby you can pick out which letter corresponds to your name and learn only course. Then after that, I should have put it all together. And you can sketch that word or name with what you're interested in writing out into something that's beautiful in our four. After that, of course, uploaded on Do an illustrator do this whole process electronically, of course. 2. The Project for this Class: for the class project. You're gonna learn how to write your name in Arabic. And the assignment is that you write your name in Arabic, an artistic form and you, of course, uploaded and sharing on the class projects. This is not a learning Arabic course. I'm not teaching you how to learn right and speak Arabic. The whole point about this course is using the sounds in order to determine what the equivalent is from English to Arabic and right, mean, And this is so they can write your name in Arabic. 3. What You Need to Know About Arabic Letters: so area of the Arabic language in comparison to the English language is different. It's not a lot of Latin language on what's really important to identify from the start is that it's a language that you read from right to left from left to right, just like in English. So you want to read from right to left. There are 28 letters in the Arabic climb, which, and from the 20 letters there are only three vowels, which means that, of course, you don't have to put a value between every continent like in English language. The other thing about Arabic lettering in Arabic rating is that you have to make sure you understand that each letter looks different from the beginning of the word middle word or word. So it depends on where the word your letter is, and it takes a different form. That's how it gets attached to the other letters in work. The other important point is that some letters don't get touched by the ends, so it's really important to understand which letters to put where there are 28 letters in the Arabic language, and I want to read them out just so that you get a feel for the different sounds. Maybe just start to think of what sounds correspond to yours and what sounds just sounds awkward. Weird. You don't need to wear him, so the letters are. And if the 10 gene have that the scene sheen saw the the rain grain for cough calf lan. Name noon, huh? Wow. Yeah, Another really important aspect that you need to keep in mind just because of the different pronunciation of the words inherited is that different Arabic cultures say letters a little differently. So, for example, if we were to say I'm hungry in the Lebanese dialect, my dialect, we would say in the Saudi Arabic on the west side of Saudi Arabia, we would say, or something like that. John in the Egyptian dialect of Arabic You don't have this shit standing for It's a good guy. So these are really important to remember when you understand kind of how right you're mean . And how did it sound out the letters and experiment with different letters when the Arabic line would you write what you hear? So if you were to hear a specific letter has to be written out. It's not like in English. Where there are some letters were silent. Some letters that are essentially would meet. What that means is that if you were Teoh, read something on the Internet. After you've taken this class, you may you will be able to sound out the letters and read it well. But then there's a whole other aspect of Arabic, which is a little complicated where there's the different bowel sounds to each of the letters, and that would give you different words. Even though they look very similar, they sound very similar. 4. Examples of Arabic Calligraphy and Designs: reason why Arabic calligraphy has become something that's art form from history is because in Islamic faith, essentially there is practice of not showing different images or pictures as it was considered unacceptable. And so what? What it is now it has been accepted, and especially what actually decorates mosques and different religious locations, and especially in the past, has been writing out words and very artistic forms and to the point of actually, in some areas, writing out words that make the design of a form. So I want to go through a few examples of what has been done in the past, just inspiring what other people around the world today as expert are Arabic calligraphers . So it's just so that you can get inspired and see what is possible, especially if you dig deeper into this. This topic, it was really interesting to know, is that in Arabic countries, when they try to translate a foreign logo design and wording into Arabic, they don't translate it into meaning and translated from the sounds. So this is like this class is all about, and so what's really important to identify is that they use the sounds to figure out what's most equivalent equivalents for what they're trying to get. And I want to go through some of those examples so that you can get a better idea of the different designs that can come out of that. What limitations different companies may have in order to design a little that's relatable to their customers, but in a different language. If you check out this little for FedEx in Arabic, it looks very unique, interesting. But the funny thing about it is you can actually city arrow that's supposed to be hidden in the English local. If you go to the subway local, you can see the same kind of idea. They wanted to put Era's beginning and end of the logo. But in order to do that, they had Teoh. They had to kind of be artistic in that way. Another really interesting one is Pizza Hut in the way they put in the green slash and yellow slash in there, the reds hat, if you will, the top. So it's It's very interesting to kind of see that compare how they use different fonts to show a very familiar local. If you look at Pepsi, it's a very good example of sounds that just don't exist in the Arabic language and how they've tried to make it work in Arabic. Sounds out as Betsy because there's no pian for Coca Cola. It's really interesting again how they put it together and made it look very familiar. And so when you look at this little, though, it shows Coca Cola in Arabic and you can see how they design, um, logo so that it's it's relatable. Locals are really interesting, but I wanted to show the different Locos that may exist on. So this is a really cool one, where the designs kind of a Sufi person in the Arabic language other than Arabic prayer. So I love this one a lot because it's Lebanese, flat in my country origin, and it draws out the Lebanese flag with the anthem of Lebanon so you can read it out and see that it says the anthem. And what's really interesting is in the middle of the tree. You can see Lebanon in Arabic, and that's what interesting because it looks like its trunk off the tree, and they've written it out so that it's very clear to see this was really interesting, and it's actually a word from the Koran where it says it could have, which means read. And so they put it in a mirror kind of image shows, so it's glorious to read, and they put it in a beautiful form. So this is very interesting art piece where they've drawn words of Jack Jack Russo in the Statue of Liberty. I prefer liberty with danger than peace with slavery. Now it's important to see that they've actually written it out five times to make this image, and that the crown and the the outline of the image is not the Arabic form, but unless it's a beautifully written, very see displayed in this piece over here. This is interesting because it's an actual word. It's the name Adam, And what is interesting here is that when you were in the letters, you'll see how they've kind of manipulated it to be kind of a teardrop or a flame in order to show very beautiful. For this is another write up for Adam says the same name, but in a different design, the dots and the V's and different comments or whatnot in the middle inside just an artistic form and don't really mean anything for the word. This is a tattoo that I really like. It spells out how which means truth, and it's just a beautifully written, very simplistic, for I love the form off this horse. It's a prayer, and so it's really interesting. Here is just that it looks like a horse, and it's it's quite attractive. This is another example of a tree that has words in the middle of well, and it's it's beautiful. It's just words. They're truthful and inspiring. I really like this one because it's so beautifully written. I didn't have time to read through what's in the actual letters, but in a hole it actually write. It actually means honey you, which means freedom. I love this form of elephants. It's beautiful because it actually writes feed, which means elephant down his trunk and all actually threat with animals. So with one word, you can write a beautiful draw, a beautiful picture. This is also very interesting, just beautiful, how it takes the form of an image, but it's not even outlined. This is an interesting one that actually means I love you. Look up and It's beautiful because of the way that's just been designed. This was really interesting because it's it does look like Jesus in Arabic, and it's it's quite artistically done. I really like this one because it's our father who art in heaven, the the Christian prayer that's written out in Arabic form, and it's kind of part of an emblem. This was beautiful because with the word nimit, they've drawn out this whole type. Her name means Tiger in Arabic. 5. Overview of Learning Arabic Letters: So I've provided a reference she, in order for for you to show what letters are equivalent to which letters in English and in Arabic. And so I'm using this. You can identify which letter you should do, but please do click through the actual class. It links to that letter in order for you to I'm see how you would write it. There are some letters that sound implicated or a or a set or assault pick the one that sounds closest to yours, for example, when he looked at the logo off subway, they've used the salt instead of the set. They could have used some way, but they felt like subway is better than subway, and it depends on what what fouls Air close to the continent in English language, determined responds best, but you decide what you like to use and what sounds closest. And let me know if you have any questions. Please do right in the discussion section or Scindia a note about what your question is, and I can help you work through. So the process that uses that you write your word that you want to try. Teoh literally translated into Arabic and then you would pick which letter was work. Well, then, of course, you draw out until you like form that you've picked up, so we'll work through that. But first, let's go through the letters. 6. Vowels: A, E, I, O, U, and Y: I'd like to start with the vowels. So there are three vowels in the Arabic language. There's the I live. Yeah, and the well, that's just how you say the letters. But the sounds are, uh, you or E and this one's Wu or Wu. So the equivalent would be something like an A the yet would be can prove in tow A Y or an I or an E And the This new sound would be equivalent to also a woof sound and then, oh, so that you can understand kinda have that works. Um, so the n f is very unique. The is very unique, because when you start, nothing can ever go after it. Nothing can attach to it, and only attacks is to the front. So if you're starting a letter a word, this is how it looks in the middle of the word. I'm just gonna pull little thing here just to show us though it's attached, that's how it's gonna look. And it doesn't actually have to have the sound. Um, this is just used. It's the Hamza. It's used only when there is an up sound. And also at the end of a word. This is how the uh looks again. And I'm not gonna put the home side here just so that you can see the difference. The yeah is, um, unique as well, whereby it starts like this in the word in the middle. It looks like this. And in the end, it looks like this, so it would be attached. Now, if it's standing alone, this is how it would look the what is interesting because, um, it doesn't take anything after it as well. So the what, In the beginning of the word will look exactly the same. The one in the middle would be attached from this site, and the one in the end would again be attached from the side. But nothing is in the end of it to those air the vowels. So in the next class, what we're gonna do is the inset. They all look very similar. It's just the number of dots that you would have 7. Consonants 1: B, T, Th: So the book is like this. It's just equivalent to the B. Then you have the ter, which is equivalent to the very simple light toe on your lip on your tongue. And then the PSA is not two but three dots. So for all three of these, they take from the front and from the back for writing. So for all of them, you would have but to start toe to start and the to start, and then you'd write the rest of the letter that way, and it's attached in the middle. It would be the same. It's very similar to the Yeah, two right here that we learned the best the sorry, I got that wrong. That test is supposed to be attached, and, uh, the attached. In the end, these letters become boats again. So it would be like this, but Ted and, uh, you can see the different letters in different parts of the word 8. Consonants 2: G, H'a, Kha: so the job half and are very interesting. So this job is very important to see because it's it's pronounced differently in different languages. The job. So the judge is the dot on the inside, The huh doesn't have a diet. And the sound has a dot on the top so that Gia is a G or G In Egypt, they would say good instead of just so if you have, like, a worried like, um, Gabriel, you can use the the girl a sound. This is a very strong help. And it would probably rare that you would have this letter in your name and this would be a a strong, huh? Again, it was probably a very unique name, if you have it, or it be an Arabic name. So all three are exactly the same. You would start the letter of the word like this and put the dot on the bottom for the job or the job the has and the, uh now this is where it would continue on for all three of them in the middle. This is a little unique. And until there's hard to draw in the middle, it's almost like an attached Z. So it would be like this, like this, like this, and then it's attached on the side attached to him outside. This would be the same, huh? Without the dots. And then this would be the same, uh, with a dot in the front. Then again, touch from the front and the back in the end. This is, um, unique. Because what you can do is you could just do this and then like that. But you have to watch out, because it then looks like, um, the hot If it's not done well, which is another letter we're gonna learn soon. So this would be the dot Here. You can also do something like this. This is all just different forms of it. The huh? Actually a better way to do like this with that and then another one you can do is let me just try that again just so that it's clearer. That's one attached here. That's to the huh? Well, that's your three, huh? But it has to be edged, so that's clear. But again, it's just a matter of comparing it. Teoh the a few other letters down the line that I will work either 9. Consonants 3: D, Z, R, Tha: So the next four that we would want to do are the death. Is there the area in the zoo? The death is a very simple D sound. The is also the just like in this one, said the sound. But it's stronger. Look, that one says that this son of a So I put in a each year for the sound. This is ETA, and this is as, uh so the duh. These all of them. You don't drop and you don't attach it to anything afterwards. So the death you would the start of a word would look like. This is the as well, the start of the word look like this that started. The word was started, the word nothing afterwards, but when it's in the middle, it would be attached like it's at the end. This one's like this. This one's like ups. This one's like this. This one's like this, so make sure that it's a slanted one, and there's nothing after it, and this is so that it doesn't confuse with other ones that are attached after. So this is how you can identify that. This is also how you'd write it at the end, so I'm not gonna write it again, but very important that you see that there's more of a seat here than this one, where it's more of a slant to determine the difference. Essentially, the have a stronger piece here that does not. 10. Consonants 4: S, Sh, Sah, Dhah: So the next one that I want to do is this. The ship was so the boat. This one's really interesting because it depends on how you write it out. So the sub very Seth sound. It's got three kind of teeth, as they call it, and then a big one. This how it sits alone. The shut is exactly the same, except it's got three dots the saw, which is like a stronger saw. Like I said in the example of subway instead of sad they used so is like this, and the boat is the same thing, except it has one dot in the front top. So this would be a PSA a sha. Okay, so in a don't the different than death the one we just learned in the last one. So the sub to start off it would be something like this. And then you continue on the chef would be the same 23 and an ego. The sudden would be something like this, but the important thing with the sod and the dog, so that you don't confuse it with other letters. You have to put a little bit of a tooth here. It's like this part is also included right here. So this is the self. And then this would be the same thing. You can also have this one hang down if you'd like. In the middle of the word the seen the sun goes exactly that and continues the sheen for about add the three dots here. Three dots here The sudden also goes like this. Usually you draw the line. First you put the self on top, put the tooth and then you continue on and that the as well. As long as the end result looks like this, then there's no need for you to overdo it. And then the end of the word, the scene would be the exact same as this and the sod and the ship in the book. So you can see it go like this. 23 and then there. 12 three. So for here, as long as the three teeth, as they call them, are three people, some as well as the same idea. So it's attached from the back. There's nothing. It's the last word in the end of the last center. In the end of the word, this would be the sole, and this would be the and that's kind of how you write the middle a beginning, middle and end and on its own. 11. Consonants 5: Tah, Thaah, Aa', Gha: So the next ones also really interesting. We're gonna go through the thought the the I in and the plane these air Very hard letters usually and probably not found in the, um where it's But we're a name like Tall head would be the thought And the thought is like the sun except that it has like a stick at the back. So the would be like this the would be like this The ayn would be like this and the rain would be like this The the starts off just like that the the as well so you can continue writing with it in the middle. It's a simple the as well And then in the end, it ends like this saying thing So this is very simple. So here those dots the rain is also very simple Takes from the front and the back when you're writing So this is how it starts Just like the vein. Same thing, Hein Vein. Aaliyah is probably the best way to write with this letter, starting with this letter him thes air, all names that start with sound in the middle. It goes like this in the middle. It would go like this. You can also soften the edges to just dropped like that. It has to be on the top compared to the month which will do later. The end of the word it can go like this. And then like this, it can go like this. But then the softer turn compared to the other one we learned. And the way that I like to do it most is like this is well, so it's different than the other one on. And usually if you have a better understanding of Arabic, you can see the difference is more easily than have to worry about what looks like one and understanding a person's handwriting in comparison to the to the hat and the huh And the jet I went through. So again, keep it simple. Don't complicate it. You don't need to know all of this, but just so that you're aware 12. Consonants 6: F, Kah, Ka: the FA. The cough and the calf are fun letters as well. Thes air Probably my favorite, the felt, but cough two dots in the CAF. The calf always need this hems in the middle if it's at the end of the word or by itself. So the fun in the beginning of the word goes like this. The cough beginning goes like this in the middle. It's just this bigger one with a dot. But do not confuse it with this one here. And then here The cough is well, it's usually rounded, never edged, so it would have to be around, and in the end it would go like this. The calf starts off like this. You can add that in here. Just add art. But that's not necessary in the middle, it goes like this, and in the end it would go like this. You can also add this to it just again. Add some art form and make it artistic in whatever way you want. But that's how you would do it, or it sits alone like that 13. Consonants 7: L, M, N, H: the last four that I want to teach you Are the LEM sound the mean? The new ones and the, uh the lamb starts off like this, and it continues in the middle. It's just the line. And in the end, it would be like this. So that's why the calf has that hamza so that you can compare it. You can differentiate it from the Now the MIM starts like this in the middle. It has to go underneath so that you can compare it to the line and you can differentiate it . And in the end, it goes like this. The new one goes like this in the middle. It's like, this is just like the the bad Tessa. And in the end, it's a boat. And the huh is quite artistic in its own way. You can start it off like this in the middle. You can draw it out like this like a V, or you draw it like huh? Just like that. And in the end goes like this. I usually female names. If there's an at sound at the end, there's just little point you add this house sound and you put the two dots on top and then suddenly it's a a sound for a female. This is what makes something female, though left like a table Tola. If you say us food at which is a bird as food is a male boss Fouda Just add a little this one with the two dots and it suddenly becomes a Swoboda for a girl a female. 14. Letter Sound Confusions: So those are the Arabic letters. I want to add a few more points that are important. Um, the what sound does not exist in the Arabic language. The sound does not exist in the Arabic language, so in order to write the puck with the Farsi language usually does is three dots, so it's like the the yet, but you put another dot on it. If you want to look at the form of how it works, the is like an F foot in Arabic. They will not do this. But in first year, if you really want to, you can. There's three dots for the which is the color, and then the next one you put 1/3 dot it's a so that's how you would write it. Another really important point if you've got a and if you got in that, if and you want to put them together, the blood does take, it takes. It's a middle letter as well. It could be continued from here, but to put them together, you wouldn't do this. This is wrong. What you would do, though, is you would do this and this and another way you can do it is kind of like an X like this . This is HLA HLA is no in Arabic, you can add a harms. I don't have to add a him, so that's not necessary. Another really important point is the end. If within at the top would be, uh or e or who so it could make those three different points. And that's what I want to make. The e, though, would sorry not be in the top, it would be in the bottom. This would be and it starts with a. So if your name is Isabelle, this is probably the best way to write Isabel. What else can I tell you? That's really important. Um, I want to just differentiate the in the talk. So, uh, we went through that and the no, it's important to see that this would be a tough like Tammy, and this would be a look like God. It depends on what words and what sounds best for you, but try them out so you can determine which one's better for you. This so and then the the That's important, um, toe identify which one works, and then there's this is felt so set is like, uh, like, it's a softness. Uh, I don't know if there's an example the this would be like a soft that this, uh, the and the vault. Matthew Mass would be soft. So it being the would be more like the has, in fact, or those. And then the probably not as likely as the So if you have a starting name like a Timothy, Timothy could be that one or Timothy. So again, it depends on what you like in terms of how it looks. But then also, what sounds you like, And please do go to the discussion so we can discuss this further. It really is a matter of opinion. Then we have the so and the head. So if you have ah huh, hottest. If someone's name is Harris, then it would be have most likely you're probably gonna have this as a starting name or in the middle, um, or at the end, just to give an idea. Then what we have is the scene in the sold again. Like I gave an example, Subway decided to do so. So usually, if your name is a like Sabrina, maybe this is a better where than Seth Sabrina, but just again to keep in mind. Then there's also the call and the calf, or it's by itself. Looks like this. Um, McCall would be like Tarek, usually in Arabic. Tarek is with a cup, Um, but then Katrina would be a kid because that's a soft drink. But one more point I want to share is when you look at the huh, you can make it like this, but it's important that if you do the month, it's like this thes air. Two different letters in the middle of a word. So uh huh or MMA when you put a dot, that's uh huh or MMA. 15. Practicing the Letters: So my name is Viva Liben and I'm gonna write this out so that you can see so e the I'll just write my name And English is, well, viva. So because I already said there's no but in the world in the Arabic language, it would be FIFA. That's essentially what my name would be. But I personally like putting the three dots so it becomes Viva and most Arabic speakers would know that if no, all my last name is Liben. But I like the sound Lee Bon. So what I'm gonna use is in the E. But on there is the Yet There's the book, and now let's do another one. We were to do Tony my husband's name. What we would do is there's little or the tap I like thought. That's how he likes to spell it. Um, no e. But have no done here is for you to see that two dots is equivalent to the line. Three dots is equivalent too little hat, and there's never four dogs, so it's important for you to see that you can do lines instead of dots if you choose. It's a short form of writing it and that's what they do. I'm going to write Cynthia for Cynthia. There's a Seth Sound so you wouldn't want to write the cut because then people would read it as Anthea. So you'd want to do. Is this So here's this up again. This is another little change that we can do where you don't have to put the teeth. As I said in the South class, all you have to do is the line. Then enough then a. It's a soft the then a year and then, uh, sin. See, yeah, I can write it like this if I want. Cynthia and I can also write it, as I said earlier. So there's the end. There is the so and there's the Yeah, but I also want to put two dots over here. It can get really complicated when you do the dots and whatnot, so try and keep it simple. Space out your words so that it's not all over the place. But that's how you would write Cynthia. Another one I want to dio is the name Adam. So the ah sound instead of up it's a length one. It's the end. If the a sound But then what we would do is like a long one. This is just so that you know that you can do a so Adam Amelia, You'd want to use this one. You don't have to. So, uh hm. So there are different names that you need to keep in mind that are actually said differently in Arabic. If you choose to go with that. So some of them are like Aladdin is let Indians, It would start with 1/2 sound. Sarah Sada John is Hannah. Peter is a Boutros. Paul is boleros. Jacob is Yakoub. Rebecca is tough, huh? And then Gabriel is Joe Brian. What I want to work on is the name Gabriel. Because that's my son's name. And I want to focus on Gabriel with Jupiter Ryan. 16. Sketching Different Designs: So this is a brilliant and I'm going to take a pencil and draw different styles of Sabra and draw out what the best designers for Shubra that I would want to use. So I've written out different designs that I really liked, and I've seen that it looks a little bit like a ship to me. And so I'm going to do something that's a little bit longer that way, just so that it's a bit of a design. And then what I'll do is I'll end it off on a point, and then what I can do is add a little bit of a flag over here just so that it looks like it's a bit of a ship. Um, so I'm just going to continue to draw it out. I tried different designs, putting the young the top on the bottom. It still makes sense just because, yeah, there's nothing else compared to it. But if you have any questions about how maybe me of, like, change things around in your writing that in May of ultra the actual writing, the actual spell out, let me know and I can work through with you. Um, if you noticed. I use different has or jazz. So this is one. This is another one. You can also do this one as well. Um, which also means that you can do something like this in the middle if you ever wanted to do the hot in the middle. But I prefer this 1/2 for the top. Anyway. Just some things to think about, um, and just follow along as I build this even more. 17. Refining Your Design: Now that I've settled on exactly what I'm looking for, Teoh, um, build a beautiful image and design. What was ideal is that you actually think in areas that you'd like to thicken and thin out areas that you like to say. No way to do that is when you use your kind of Penn. I mean, this is me a shortcut. You can also just kind of imagine it and see how it goes or use paint brush, and that will allow you to see how it would work out for Colliver Griffey. But, um, what I could see here is that this would be naturally thinner than this part. Or I can do it, you know, be like this. But that way I can see where heathen at where I don't. So I'm gonna go ahead and trace this out just so that I can see Now that I look at all of this, it seems like a little bit off with the sound and the top of the going this way. I would want it to go this one. I think it would look a lot better when I do that. Also, what you see over here is This is the yes. So I've put two dots. And though they look like lines, I don't want people to confuse that. These air two dots and then those air one. So I had two lines over here. Now this is thickened out because I use the calligraphy pen, but I would want to use a sinner marker in order for it to work out better. 18. Pencil Outline: But now that I decided exactly want and I have the outline of how it would look with thin and thick, I'm gonna draw it out any big as a form of final form. - So what we tend to do is kind of then at the edges and thick in the body. Um, so this is an edge, so we'd make this thick as well make this a little thicker. 19. Inking Your Design: So now that I finished this piece, what I would want to do is outline it with black. When you're drawing like this, make sure that you keep your wrist a strongest possible. You can fix out the outline once you're done, but keep your wrist firms. They conjour Aw, better lines. And there you have got a beautiful piece that you'd be proud of that's written in the Arabic language that means your name. So this is your bra yet Gabriel and I can hang this in my son's room. I can add some color and accentuation. I can also, I could have also not filled it in and just put an outline for it. But to me it looks like a ship that has an artistic form, and it's inspired by the Arabic language and letters 20. Final Thoughts: So we've gone through the different letters. We've gotten through my project of drawing the letters. Beautiful forms picked, one that we'd like if there's another word or letter that you like. Like, for example, in the examples I've shown earlier, there was the tattoo. How? Which means truth. If you wanted to put something like that somewhere or, you know, tattoo. The best thing to do is actually to Google. Translate the word and see what word comes up, and then you can come back to me and check what it means. Make sure it's the word that you want and it sounds right. No, that and then what we can do is you move from there, put something beautiful together. So please, do you make sure that you upload your project to the project section so that we can also, you know, exchange ideas and build from there Drawing a picture with words. Letter is a beautiful art being well, prisons it properly thought through practice. And so hopefully I've given you the tools you need to start this whole idea behind using words, you make something exception. Thank you for joining this class with me. I hope you enjoyed learning about making it into a beautiful design that you can use in different areas. I was so excited to see what projects you guys are gonna be uploading and take this art form into something even more.