Basic Hand Stitches Everyone Should Learn | Angi Schneider | Skillshare

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Basic Hand Stitches Everyone Should Learn

teacher avatar Angi Schneider

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (20m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Supplies

    • 3. Preparing the Thread and Tying a Knot

    • 4. Running Stitch

    • 5. Back Stitch

    • 6. Blanket Stitch

    • 7. Final Project video

    • 8. Whipstitch

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About This Class

In this class you will learn how sew four basic hand stitches - the running stitch, the back stitch, the whip stitch and the blanket stitch. This is a very beginner class and no previous sewing skills are needed. 

For the project, you'll make a fun felt needle book to keep all your needles. 

Meet Your Teacher

Hi, I'm Angi and I'm the writer and crafter behind and SchneiderPeeps on Etsy. My family and I life on a 1.5 acre homestead along the Texas Gulf Coast where we raise chickens and bees and have a large garden and growing orchard. We love crafts of all kinds but are especially fond of sewing, wood turning and making things with beeswax.

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1. Introduction: I'm Angie from cider peeps dot com, and I am what some people call a sewing enthusiasts. And what is a sewing enthusiast you ask? It's just someone who enjoys sewing. I don't have any formal education and sewing, and yet I've been able to create beautiful things for my family and beautiful things for my home. I've also taught my Children have a so and also top many friends, Children. How does so? I believe that there are four basic stitches that everyone should know. And with thes fourth stitches, you can create all kinds of great things for your family and for your home. You can also do any kind of mending that needs to be done in this course. I'm gonna teach you those four basic stitches at the end of the course will do a project that will be a felt needle book and that will give you the opportunity to practice all four stitches. I'm looking forward to this class, and I'm glad that you're here. 2. Supplies: Okay, let's talk about this supply so that you'll need to complete the project for this class. First, you'll need felt either wool or curl like you can usually find acrylic felt sheets in any fabric or craft store. However, you might not be able to find wool felt locally. The sheets are usually about nine by 12 inches, and the reason we're using felt this because it isn't a phrase, so there's no need to finish the edges. Felt is great for beginning sewing projects. For this project, you'll need 3 to 4 pieces of felt. You also need thread for this project. I like to use hand embroidery thread again. You should be able to find it in any fabric. A craft store hand embroidery thread is actually six strands of thread that are twisted together, and by separating them, you can control how thick your stitches are and embroidery Thread is also pretty inexpensive. You'll need a hand sewing needle. Normally, these were sold in packages. You want to get ones that have a pretty big guy, which is a lute part of the needle. You also want it to be pointy. Don't get the blunt ones usually find that if I get a package of sharps that are of different sizes, I have a needle for any sewing I want to do. And lastly, you'll need scissors. It's always best to have a dedicated pair of sewing scissors, because cutting paper and other things Condell, your scissors and the sharper your scissors are the easier to be the thread your needle because the thread will have a cleaner cuts. Lastly, if you want, you can use buttons or other someone embellishments to direct. Decorate your needle bag. Okay, now that now that we know what we'll need, gather it up and let's get started. 3. Preparing the Thread and Tying a Knot: All right. Now I'm gonna show you how to prepare your natal on thread and tie a knot into for your projects. The first thing we're going to do is separate two strands of the six from the on board a reef loss. Remember, I had said that this floss comes in on their six strands to the loss. This is great because you can decide how thick or how thin you want your your threat to be when you're stitching. If you have someone to help you, it goes a little bit faster, but it it is possible to do this by yourself. You're gonna use one hand to hold the two parts that you're separating. And with your second, he and Joe kind of twist the parts. It's already together, and so you just kind of pull and twist until it's all separated. Use pieces that are about 24 to 36 inches. It'll go a little bit easier if you use any pieces that are longer than that. It tends Teoh become a big mess. You tend to try to go a little faster and faster means that it's gonna not app. So just take your time and do some pool of and twist in the polling twist. And before long you'll have it all separated. So now we haven't separated their two pieces that we're gonna use. Okay. To thread the needle, you take one end of your thread and put it through the eye of the needle. And, um then you're gonna pull both ends together to tie. You're not okay. I have both ends together, and now you'll want to kind of roll it around just a little bit. Make sure they're really together. You're gonna wrap it around your forefinger, overlapping it a bet on itself, then Rolla, and then use your middle finger and your thumb toe pull the knot into place. You see, it makes a really sturdy, not it's kind bulky. So I'm gonna show you how to do it. Sec a second not. And this one you're gonna take both ends of your thread and put them through the eye of the needle. So you're gonna have a loop at the bottom, and then you're gonna have both streams leaped through the eye of the needle. And what will happen is that when we do our first stitch will take the needle and we'll put it through that live. And that will form our first. Not. And that's not is great for things that you don't really want a bulky. Not for all righty. Now that you know how to prepare your threat and your need 4. Running Stitch: already. We're going to start with the reading stitch. After you said your needle, you poke it through the bottom of the fabric and then put it back through the top of little ways over, and then take your needle and put it through the loop of your thread. This is going to make your not time. Then you flip your fabric back over and you come up from the underside close to where you went down on the first stitch and then you go down. Okay, that's your second sich. And then you come back up and you go back down. Um, the running stitches, a great such is the most basic stitch. You can use it for all kinds of mending all kinds of, um just find decorative stitching. It's the stitch that all other stitches air based on. There's another way, Teoh, to create this stitch where you stay on top of the fabrics and you come up and then you go in and out, okay. And so you pull the thread and you make another stitch in and out. Try to stay in and kind of a straight line. It's okay if there's some wobble in your stitches. That's how you know that something is handmade made with love. If you're if you're teaching a child to so it's best to just teach him the up and down method at the end, come back to the back side of the fabric. You're gonna make a very small and announce stitch that does not show on the front side of the fabric. Don't pull your threat all the way through. Make sure there's a loop. Put your needle through the loop twice and then pull. And this makes your ending. Not. Then you'll want Teoh. We've your thread through just a couple of stitches before you cut the thread. This will keep your not, um, this will keep it so that you're not getting is a not and you're not well, station, stay stir 5. Back Stitch: the next. Such that we're gonna learn is the backstretch, and the back six actually starts very similar to the way the running stitch starts. You come up from the bottom that don't pull your threat all the way through room, you're gonna make one stitch count going down from the top, flip your fabric over and then pull your picture needle through the little loop of fabric and that makes you're not in your first touch, flip your fabric back over and go up from the bottom of little ways. When your first stitch and come down and come back, go back into the hole that your first it ended. You put it right beside that first edge, come up a little ways from your second stitch and put the needle back down right beside that first touch. And there is no other way to really do this. So you just keep going up from the bottom, come down to the top the match back. Such is really great for embellishing, for making, um, a nice straight line on your on the things that you're working on. It also is great from ending when you have ah, seem that's gonna be showing and you want a really nice straight line. Of course, if you have some wobble in your stitches, it's it's okay. It just means that something is handmade and made with love. And so don't worry about that to match. When you get to the end of your string, go ahead and do your last ditch and then you're gonna flip your fabric over and you're gonna make a little animal sticks just like you did to end the running stitch, making sure that the stitches not visible from the front and you're not gonna pull it all the way. You're gonna leave a little leap your picture needle through the loop twice, and my string is a little short. Okay, Pull, pull it so that it makes your not. And then you're gonna We've your needle in and out of the stitches that you've already done this way, you cut away from the needle and you don't have to worry about, um making your not weaker and cutting it the not you never really want to cut it. The not There you go. Now you have a back stitch 6. Blanket Stitch: the blanket stitch is the last stitch that we're gonna learn today. And the blanket Sych is very similar to the whip sich, and then it's done off the side of the fabric. So you come up from the bottom of the fabric, put your needle through the loop of the thread and that your first edge. Then you come up from the bottom of the fabric, and instead of pulling your threat all the way, like you doing the whips it you're gonna leave a loop and put your needle through that loop began. Come up from the bottom and then don't pull your threat all the way. Or, if you do, you can come back and loosen it up just a little bit. Put your needle through the loop and pull your thread. Come up from the bottom, put your needle through the late and then pull your threat to finish the step. And, as you can see the blanket stitch starting to form on the edge of the fabric, it takes a couple of stitches, but once you get the hang of it, it's a really great sketch. This stitches, most notably used to finish blankets such as, um, place blankets, which is part of why it's called the blanket sitch. It's also used a lot in application a, um, for putting cute designs on on things that you're using. We're gonna use it to finish our needle book when we work on our project told this is a great stitch for Children. Also, because there's a pattern to it, and once the child gets the pattern, it's it's pretty easy for them to do. And it's a really great stitch. When you get to the end, you're going to come up and do one last ditch. Gonna flip your fabric over, make your loop, just like he did for to finish up all the other stitches. Make sure that the stitch that you're using to make your loop doesn't show in the front. Go through the loop twice. Well, the thread and then go through just a couple of the stitches at the top at your thread away from your not and there you have a blanket 7. Final Project video: hi guys. Now that we know how to do the basic forehand stitches were going to make a felt needle book to hold all your hand stitching needles. The first thing you want to do is take one of your pieces of felt enfolded in half, long way so that you have a rectangle that's approximately nine by six inches full, down the full or cut down the fold so that you have two rectangles that are nine by six inches when peace will be your inter cover and one piece will be your outer cover. Next, take your other pieces of felt and cut out some designs. I can't my design fairly simple by just at using three sets of three circles. Layout the design. How you want it to look. I've included a pdf with some simple designs in the class notes to help you get started. Now, spend some time sewing the designs onto the right hand side of the outer cover piece. It's important that you do this in the right hand side, or else your design will be upside down in your book. Were open backwards. Now this isn't bother you. Then don't worry about it. But if you want your book to open like a regular book or for your designed to be right side up, they only say your design on the right hand side of the outer cover peas. Here's a close up of my stitches. I decided to use the Web stitch the backs it in the running stitch for this part of my project. Now take some pieces a few pieces of felt from your other felt to use his pockets and blotched with the undercover. I made two flops on the left hand side in one pocket on the right hand side and sewed them on. Using a running step. Lay the outer cover right side down. This is what the back of the outer cover will look like. Don't worry about the stitches because undercover will cover them up. Lay the undercover on top of the outer cover said that the flops and pockets are up. You can pin the two pieces together and then do a blanket sit all the way around. This is what the outside will look like once the undercover has been stitched to it. You can add pages by cutting some belt a little smaller than the cover pieces. Lay them on top, late them on top of the undercover peas and stitch them together using a running step right down the middle. This is what your needle book will look like when you first open it and what will look like when you turn all the pages and wallah, you have a fed needle book to store all your hand sewing needles and some safety and straight pins in Thanks so much for taking this hand stitching class with me. I hope you enjoyed it. And don't forget to poster needle but projects in the class project section. I can't wait to see them. 8. Whipstitch: Okay, The next stitch that we're gonna do is the whip stitch, and you do the whip stitch off the side of your fabric. You come up from the bottom, and then you're gonna live your picture needle through the loop in your thread to make your not and then just continue coming up from the bottom. You always start on the bottom, and then when you cut get to the top, just, um, wrap your threat back around and come back up the bottom. The Whip stitch is not the tightest stitch in the world, but it is fast. And so a lot of people use it if they have to hurt, hurry and then something real quick that maybe isn't gonna be seen or, um or it is good for application saying and adding, um adding embellishments to items. And I'm going to show you in a minute another way to dio the whip stitch, um, hitting two pieces of fabric together. This is how you do it on the side. When you get to your last ditch, you flip, you're an fabric over, and you make another little in a knelt stitch like it did for the running stitch in the back stitch. You're probably gonna have to do it twice so that you can make a loop to put your needle through. So, um, picture needle through the loop twice and then pull, and then or in your needle, through a couple of stitches on the back side. That way you can cut your threat away from the not It's always important, like I've said in the other videos, to not cut right at the not. And there you have a whip stitch. Now, to make the whip stitch to use it to put another piece of fabric on top of another one, you're still going to start at the bottom, you come up and then you go down right beside the fabric. You picture needle through the loop, and this time you're gonna come up what is on the screen in the orange fabric Come on up orange fabric and then you're going to go in and out like you did for the last half of the running step. And you'll notice that when we do it this way that the whip stitch is diagonal. It's kind of slanted. Um, in a minute, I'm gonna show you how to do it, where the whips it just straight. But this is how I normally do a Webster just working directly from the top. I find that it's really easy. It makes a nice little slant. And it wasn't being really cute. When you're adding embellishments, Teoh something, Teoh, Another piece of fabric, er to a project that you're doing going to make your lines straight. You go, um, you're gonna go off the fabric and go down to the underside. And now when you come back up, you're going to go onto that green fabric and then you come down onto the orange and you're gonna instead of doing it in and out, you're gonna do an up and down gration up from the bottom and then down from the top and you'll notice when we flipped the fabric over in just a little bit that the stitches that were slanted on top are going to be straight on the bottom, and the stitches ITER straight on the top are going to be slanted on the bottom. And so really just depends on the look that you want on your project if you want, um, straight stitches or if you want planted stitches. There's just two different ways of doing the same sketch. So, um, I didn't plan well, and my threat is getting really short, so we're gonna go ahead and end this. So when you make your last ditch, you come up and then you go to him, you flip your fabric over and you're gonna make the loop again. So you need to come through into it and announce stitch twice, always trying to make sure that your stitches not being seen from the other side you through the lip twice. Pull it, make your not and then run it through a couple of stitches that you just did to kind of lock your not in, so that you're not cutting your threat at the not just cut your threat and there is your Web sketch