You Can Make This in Minutes Using Only Photoshop and the Hard Mix Blend Mode
This is the process applied to an abstract animation
There is an extra step to this one. You make two versions as described in my class, then you combine them with a randomized layer mask. The version with the circles uses a repeating pattern fill made from the radial gradient, and the squares are made from the gradient that looks like you are looking down onto a square-based pyramid.