Videography For Beginners: Learn How to Make 4 Types of Short Videos for Business or Hobby | Randy Alan | Skillshare

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Videography For Beginners: Learn How to Make 4 Types of Short Videos for Business or Hobby

teacher avatar Randy Alan, Video Creator

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      COURSE INTRO: What's in this course?


    • 2.

      COURSE INTRO: Who am I?


    • 3.

      COURSE INTRO: Course Materials, What You Will Need


    • 4.

      COURSE INTRO: Why Should You Learn Video Production?


    • 5.



    • 6.



    • 7.



    • 8.



    • 9.



    • 10.



    • 11.

      INTRO TO CAMERAS: Introduction


    • 12.

      INTRO TO CAMERAS: Camera Phones


    • 13.

      INTRO TO CAMERAS: Point-and-Shoots


    • 14.



    • 15.



    • 16.



    • 17.

      BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Introduction


    • 18.

      BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Camera Movements


    • 19.

      BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Camera Shots


    • 20.

      BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Composition and Framing


    • 21.

      BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Lighting and Sound


    • 22.

      EDITING: Introduction


    • 23.

      EDITING: Organizing and Transferring Your Footage


    • 24.

      EDITING: Understanding the iMoving Interface


    • 25.

      EDITING: Creating A New Project


    • 26.

      EDITING: How To Import Footage


    • 27.

      EDITING: Adding Clips To The Timeline


    • 28.

      EDITING: Adjusting Clips In The Timeline


    • 29.

      EDITING: Split Clip


    • 30.

      EDITING: Using Transitions


    • 31.

      EDITING: Adding Music and Sound Effects


    • 32.

      EDITING: Adding Text and Backgrounds


    • 33.

      EDITING: Adding Another Layer of Video


    • 34.

      EDITING: Exploring Some Enhancement Features


    • 35.

      EDITING: Exporting Your Video


    • 36.

      EDITING: Start Editing!


    • 37.

      CREATING YOUR OWN STYLE: My Thoughts on Creativity, Style and Copying Others


    • 38.

      CREATING YOUR OWN STYLE: My Vancouver Video Breakdown


    • 39.

      CREATING YOUR OWN STYLE: My California Road Trip Video Breakdown


    • 40.

      PROJECTS: Putting It All Together


    • 41.

      PROJECTS: My Vlog Breakdown


    • 42.

      COURSE WRAP UP: Closing Thoughts


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About This Class

Are you someone looking to get started in the video production world but don't know how?  Does it seem confusing and overwhelming?

This course will help teach you the basics of video production so you can start making your own video content as soon as possible.

In today's online world, video content is king.  Just look all around you.  On every social media platform there are videos being posted to entertain, to connect, and most definitely to promote.  They range from short, 10 second videos to highly polished 5+ minute videos.  Wouldn't it be great to learn how to make videos like that? If you're someone who's looking to get into the video production world, this course will help get you there.  Knowing how to make your own videos for your brand, company, or just a personal hobby is a skill that's invaluable.  

At the end of the course you'll make four of your own short videos that you can start adding to your portfolio/reel.

This is a course for beginners and it's structured in a way so that the student is comfortable and doesn't feel overwhelmed with confusing terminology and techniques.


  • You'll need a camera you're familiar with and know how to use (at the very least: turn on, shoot video, adjust a few settings). A two-year-old or newer camera phone will work great. A simple point-and-shoot is also fine.
  • You'll need a Mac computer with iMovie 10.1 software. I'll be teaching the editing section with iMovie only. You can take the rest of the course if you don't have iMovie, but you won't be able to follow along during the editing lectures.

This course is NOT for individuals looking to learn advanced topics, techniques, or skills.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Randy Alan

Video Creator


Hi, I'm Randy! And I love video. Over the past 12 years, I've invested a lot of my time and money into learning video production. I'm college educated as well as self-taught. I spent a year living in Korea where I was also fortunate enough to travel all around Asia and experience new cultures and adventures. That gave me the confidence I needed to move to Hollywood and pursue film production full time.

I also love to share what I learn. And that's what drew me to teaching online. Learning, creating, and sharing are three of my biggest passions. So I hope to share my knowledge with you and help you grow in your video production journey.

Come say hi! I hope to see you in the course.

See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. COURSE INTRO: What's in this course?: welcome to the course. Thank you so much for taking it. My name is Randy, and you'll be hearing a lot for me for a while, so I just want to take a brief minute and let you know what's in the course and how will be teaching it. So I hope it's clear by now that this courses for beginners. You're interested in video production, but you don't really know where to start. This course will give you a nice introduction to that world. Here's the plan we're going to start by talking about the types of video production that you can get into. I essentially break it up into four different categories so you can start learning the general direction you want to take. Then we'll talk about cameras. What are the best ones to get started? Do you need something expensive? The answer is no, but we'll talk about that later. After discussing cameras will go into learning some practical skills. Topics include camera movements, camera shots, composition and lighting and sound. You'll also start practicing with your own camera at this point. After you learn the basics, we'll go straight into editing. I'll go over everything you need to know to be comfortable in my movie. We'll also do some video breakdowns to help you develop your editing thought process finally will end the course with you making four of your own short videos based on the skills you learned in the class, you need to start developing the habit of making videos regularly. Each video provides the opportunity to get better and improve the next one. I also want to make it clear that this is not a how to get into the Hollywood film industry course. Will the skills you learn? Help? Absolutely. But Hollywood is a whole other beast. This is the basics for hobbyists, vloggers to someone with their own brand who wants to start making videos. 2. COURSE INTRO: Who am I?: as you'd expect, you'll be hearing and seeing a lot of me. So it's key that you get to know who I am. I'm gonna do the whole teacher thing, But I'm also gonna try to be riel. It's really important to me that this barrier between teacher and student is down. I want you to get to know me a little bit. Not a lot. So normally I'm behind the camera. And truthfully, I don't like being in front of the camera that much. But I'm OK with it, and there's a reason I do it, and it's because this this matters. So who am I? My name's Randy. I live in Los Angeles, and I've been in video production for over nine years. I graduated with honors in film production from a little school in Michigan called Grand Valley. Do I know everything? Of course not. But I know enough to teach you right now. My production assistant in Hollywood and I do freelance work on the side. Editing is my thing, but I've really started to get into other areas of production. I love to travel and make videos. I lived in Korea for a year and I got to travel all around Asia. It was such a good experience. That's the superficial stuff about me. It's important, but to go a little bit deeper, I really like toe learn and share. If you break down, would set my core. It's probably that, and I feel really fortunate to live in the time in place where there's so much opportunity to do both. That's why I love to make videos. That's why I love to travel it. I love the work because in all of those experiences I get to learn and share. So the Internet and YouTube and teaching and all these new mediums are right down my alley . And I realized that not everyone gets these opportunities, so I feel like I really have to take advantage of it anyway. I feel like I'm just starting out, and I'm really looking forward to seeing where the road leads. So again, thank you so much for taking this course. I hope you enjoy it as much as I did making it. But enough about me. How about you let me know why you're taking this course in the comments or Questions section, or if you don't feel comfortable doing that, just say, Hey, I'm Karen from Minnesota. That's okay, too 3. COURSE INTRO: Course Materials, What You Will Need: Let's go over what you're gonna need for this course. One. A basic video camera. The camera on a camera phone is just fine. You don't need anything expensive. If you don't have something, consider borrowing one from a friend. Otherwise, you won't be able to complete any of the exercises, and they're pretty important. Two. You need a Mac computer. Since we're editing on I movie, you need a Mac computer or laptop to edit. And three, you guessed it. I movie. So here's the deal. I know only editing out of Mac limits quite a few people from this course, but I need to have some type of simple standard that most people can follow. I movie is great for beginners, and other programs that are a bit more advanced also cost money. So for those two reasons, I'm not editing with another program like premier. If you're still thinking of taking this course even though you don't have I movie for editing, you're gonna be on your own. You'll still be able to learn certain techniques and editing skills, but as far as knowing how to use the actual program, I won't be able to help you in the future. I'm considering adding a different section for another editing program, but I'm not sure that's a good idea yet. If you understand that and still want to try editing on your own, a good program to look into is Adobe Premiere. If you're looking for a free alternative, that's Mac and Windows friendly. Consider checking out DaVinci Resolve. I haven't personally edited on it, but it should have all the tools you need to get started. Just know it's a little more complex than I movie. 4. COURSE INTRO: Why Should You Learn Video Production?: So since you already taking this course, I guess you already have a reason for learning video production. But maybe I can add onto it invalidates your decision even more. Since video started weaving its way into every aspect of the Internet, doors of opportunity have swung wide open for video creators because of the immense variety of Internet content. There's an equal amount of video need. So as a website owner as a brand, as an online fitness expert, as a blogger, whatever you share a message right, and today, one of the most effective ways of sharing a message is through video. So if you're any of those things, in order to stay ahead or at the very least, stay relevant, you need to be sharing video. There are very few brands that wouldn't benefit from video, So if you learn video production for yourself, you can make videos every day. You can share stories on YouTube on your Facebook page on other social media sites. I really think it's such a vital skill in today's world. Just think how cool it'll be to be able to film a great vacation video to be able to freelance on the side to start a YouTube channel about your hobby or to promote your own business without paying someone else to do it. Whatever you want to do, it starts with knowing the basics. So with that said, I think that covers all the introductions. Let's get right into it. We're starting with types of video production. 5. TYPES OF VIDEO PRODUCTION: Introduction: All right. Welcome to types of video production In this section will be talking about the different video production categories to help. You better understand what kind of videos there are and what kind of videos you'd like to make. I'm gonna break them down into four categories. Now. There are more than four types of videos, obviously, but this will give you a pretty good starting point. And they're pretty general, too. The four types are creative hobby, freelance, corporate and blawg now of law could also fit in the creative hobby section. But it's such a popular style right now, I wanted to give it its own lecture. So for each of the four types, I'm going to spend some time talking about the practical aspects what they are, what are some examples, how you can get into them and the pros and cons. By the end of this section, you should have a good understanding of the four types and where your videos air going to fit in the spectrum. And just a side note. This section is going to be the most lecture heavy of the course. The other ones are a little more engaging, but This one has a lot of information, and the best way to give it to you is just the lay it out there. So here we go. 6. TYPES OF VIDEO PRODUCTION: Creative/Hobby: Welcome to the creative hobby lecture of this course. This one's my favorite. Simply put, a creative hobby. Video is any type of video that you want to make. You could make for fun or to gain exposure or to raise awareness for some type of issue. There are many forms. Creative slash hobby videos can also overlap into the other types. For example, when you start to get paid for this type of work, let's talk about some examples because this is probably the type of video you'll start with and continue to build upon in the future. The most obvious, I think, would be the short film. Others might be documentaries, vacation videos, your own cooking show, YouTube videos, video essays, how to videos, your kid playing soccer, anything the way it start going about. This is the first choose a topic you're passionate about or a topic you know a lot about this way, you only have to worry about the filmmaking you already know about this subject, so that part will be easy. Come up with a list of video ideas for that subject. Don't edit yourself yet. Just think of all the fun or inspirational or weird videos that you could make about your subject. Now choose a few that you think would be great and get started. The most important step is to take action. You learn by doing. You learn from your mistakes. Your first video is gonna be terrible, but that's OK. You learn from it. Move onto the next one and remember the lessons you learned in the previous video. Next, start putting them on YouTube. Don't worry. You can make them public or private, and once you upload a few, you'll start to see your progress over time. If you decide to make them public, it's a great way to start branding yourself as an expert in your field. Who knows, Maybe we'll even start gaining an audience. Either way, this set of videos becomes a sort of highlight reel of your work. Creative hobby videos are all about fun, especially in the beginning, so don't put a lot of pressure on yourself to make them perfect. Just enjoy the learning process and keep moving forward. I want to finish off each section with some pros and cons, but this one's kind of funny because there aren't really any cons to making a creative video. It's fine. It's a great learning experience, and it can lead to bigger opportunities. I mean, I guess you could say a con might be that it can be expensive, but even that if you have a decent cell phone, you can make videos. So let's summarize with these kind of videos, you choose this subject and you choose how you want to shoot it. Pick a topic that you like and no well, and practice making videos about it, create a place to save or share them like YouTube and watch your skills progress over time . 7. TYPES OF VIDEO PRODUCTION: Freelance: Let's Talk freelance. Freelance video basically means that you get to work for different companies, people, events or whatever without being permanently employed by them. You work Jap a job and essentially get to choose the ones that you like. Many people who work in freelance love this freedom. There are definitely some drawbacks, though, and we'll get into those in a second. So maybe you're just starting out. You just got out of college or you just picked up video as a hobby, but want to start taking it more seriously. Now. What are some of the jobs you can take and how do you get into them? We'll start with the jobs first. Wedding videography is probably one of the most popular freelance routes. You can take some other good ones air shooting, music videos, short films, building stock footage and selling it, filming a promotional video for a local company or friend and even finding work on Craigslist and other websites. And there are many more. So how do you start getting these gigs? Well, the most important thing is obviously having the skill, and in this course we focus on that a lot. In the second half. But even if you have the skill that doesn't guarantee anything, you've gotta hustle, and it can be really hard in the beginning. But here's my general advice. Start making videos for friends and start making a demo reel. The reason for this is simple. You need people to see that you can do the work, and one doing work for friends will start spreading the word and to building a demo reel will show exactly what you're capable off now when I say Demel real, think of a highlight video of your best work. But I'd also strongly recommend posting on sites like YouTube because that's where the attention is right now. And that's where you can start building your brand show who you are and what you can really dio. And then from there, it snowballs. Your friend tells another friend who recommends you to his boss. You do a video for him shared on the Internet. Another company season contacts you about more work. Once you gain people's trust and build relationships, they hire you from, or jobs and recommend you to more people. It's a great cycle now, before you get super excited and quit your job or decide this is what you want to do and you're gonna go all in. Let's talk about some of the disadvantages of freelance work. Working money aren't guaranteed. In order to get paid, you have to get hired. And unless you are really established, it's not gonna be easy to get consistent work. Some months we're gonna be slow, others very busy. If you like consistency, freelance might not be the best route to go full time. Also, technically, you set your own schedule and you're your own boss. But think about it. Your clients are going to give you deadlines. They're not always going to be easy. And you're probably not going to be working Simple. 9 to 5. And even though you work for yourself, you really have a new boss With every new gig, some will be good, some terrible. Either way, you have to do what they say. So that's my brief overview of freelance work. It has a lot of pros and cons. If you're interested in going this route, let's summarize the steps. You'll take one. Improve your video skills to show off your talent to your riel and word of mouth the re get hired because of your talent and four build relationships to get work regularly and be recommended to other clients because this is a cycle that's gonna hopefully repeat. So this was a lot to take in, but at the same time, he was also a very basic overview. If you have any questions, please let me know in the next lecture. We're talking about something a little easier to understand corporate work. 8. TYPES OF VIDEO PRODUCTION: Corporate: Welcome back. As I said in the previous lecture, corporate video work is a lot more simple to understand. And then freelance video work and corporate is kind of a fancy word for a big group of business corporation. It's kind of a wide term in itself, so I want to be clear when I talk about corporate video production. In this course, I'm simply referring to full time work at a company doesn't have to be a big company or, you know, something stuffy and boring in the local business in your city or town. Just remember you are hired by that company full time and you make videos for that company . So how can you get started in corporate video work? Well, like freelance, you gotta prove your worth. Most companies, they're gonna want to see a resume, a university degree in a related field and some type of demo reel. Every company is different. Some would allow an entry level applicant to be hired, and then they were trained them specifically for what they need. But it's safe to say most companies will want to see some type of work. So again, I said, just filming things for your friends, creating your own videos in a variety of topics and maybe even offering to shoot a free video for a small company or service around you. Anything to get your work on a rial so you can show potential employers. If you know what type of field our company. You want to work for a good ideas to make a video in a similar style to theirs. So go on their website, see what type of videos they make and try to make an even better one. You're not copying it. Not that at all. Your video key even be a different topic, but you're trying to recognize their style and build on that you're doing it for free just for your riel. But if they see it, they'll know right away that you understand their vision and brand and that you'd be perfect for their team. So pros and cons you are hired full time. You have a set schedule and income. You know when you're gonna get paid and how much. That's a great feeling. You also work with the same team. You get to know them really well and sharing the video production process you're not alone . On the flip side, someone complained the work in the corporate world could get repetitive and stale. And since you don't pick your projects and schedule, you can't pass on a video you're not interested in. And you can't just go on vacation whenever you want, because that's dictated by what the company will allow. Finally, a lot of companies don't want to pay to hire a full time employee. It's cheaper for them just to hire a freelancer. So because of this, a lot of these kinds of jobs are harder to find or they're really competitive. Where the video teams a really small It all depends on the company, But these things are important to think about. To summarize. Corporate video work is very similar to the standard corporate job. You go to work every day and you get paid on a regular schedule. The only real difference is you're making videos for that company based on the pros and cons. It's up to you to decide if this is right for you in the next lecture. We're talking about something relatively new. Blogging 9. TYPES OF VIDEO PRODUCTION: Vlog: the last lecture in the sections all about flogs. No, no, you're probably wondering, why didn't I just include this in the creative hobby lecture? Certainly it doesn't deserve its own category. I disagree. As of this recording in 2016 logs or one of the most popular forms of video sweeping the Internet, it's like the ice bucket challenge. Everyone's doing it. So what's of log of logs? That video block. It's a serious of videos in which a person shares part of their life with an audience usually done in a very informal and conversational way. So same of Logar. I'd bring my camera around with me all day long and document what I do. I point the camera, my face. I'd show the audience location I'm in, and I tell them a funny story. You do whatever you want. It's a little piece of your life you share with the world. Some people make a video every few days, while others post every single day. So what makes them so popular? It differs for everyone, but I think the key is this sense of connection that the viewers feel with the vlogger. I hear many people say that they love watching vlogs because it makes them feel like they're right there with the blogger experiencing what they are. Imagine someone from America traveling to Asia for the first time. Wouldn't it be cool to see it through their perspective? That's the appeal of logging. You feel like you're there with them, like you're part of it. So if you still have no interest in this section, go ahead and skip to the next one. I won't take it personally. You may think it's childish or narcissistic, and I get that. But just know the best bloggers are making very comfortable incomes, traveling around the world and getting opportunities thrown at them, left and right, because the Internet can't get enough of that, just throwing that out there anyway. Going to a few of the most popular bloggers. You can see what this log sanity is all about, and maybe you just want of log for your grandma. That's cool. Maybe you're going on vacation for a week and just want to document the trip for your friends back home. Great. Let's dive into it. Here's the good news. There are no real Roulston blogging you share what you want when you want. The biggest thing to remember is that the video is from your perspective. It's informal. You don't have to worry about messing up your lines because there aren't any. It's supposed to be really not rehearse. You don't have to worry about setting up the camera to get the best composition. Although you can't I can't give you much advice. I'm flogging because there isn't really right or wrong way to do it. So how do you make your vlog stand out that well? That's where creativity comes in. Sometimes it's camera tricks and editing, which we'll talk about later. Sometimes it's personality and who you're with. Sometimes it's simply where you are and what you're doing. And if you can find a sweet spot in all of those things, you'll have yourself a winner. Logging is another great medium to start your video career or hobby, and because it's so informal, you make the rules. You define what's good and you learn at your own pace. There's no boss telling you it sucked, no client saying Do it this way. It's totally you. And that's what school. So finally, pros and cots, prose their informal fun, and you get to show your personality. Cons. The only time is if you put too much pressure on yourself to become famous, that's not what it should be about. And it's not likely. Don't be narcissistic, and you should be good. I'm really interested to see what happens to flogging in the next few years. There's this new trend, even among social media apps like Snapchat to tell a riel unfiltered story something not so perfect and edited. Oh, you mean like real life? People seem to appreciate the openness of this kind of work. So in my opinion, it's fascinating to watch this shift and see what effect it's going to have in other mediums. So if logging seems like your thing, great, because you're gonna be making one later. So be sure to stick around 10. TYPES OF VIDEO PRODUCTION: Wrap up: So that's the conclusion of this section. We talked about the four types of video production Creative hobby, freelance, corporate and block as we discussed these four cover wide range of video production. So I'd like to know what kind of videos do you want to make? Are you looking to get into the corporate world? Are you trying to start a freelance career? Are you hoping to become a travel of Logar or do you just want to make your own short films ? What are your goals specifically? What area do you want to get into? I'd love to hear it. Please leave me a comment and let me know. But if you don't feel comfortable doing that, at least write it down for yourself. Dreams are great, but making a plan is how they start. My hope is that writing them down will inspire you to take action. And we're gonna get into the action part soon. But right now we're gonna talk all about cameras. What are you gonna shoot these videos out? That's next 11. INTRO TO CAMERAS: Introduction: welcome to the section All about cameras. I wanted to go over this topic because you're probably wondering, Do I need to have an expensive camera to start making stuff? No. And here's why. Everyone thinks you need the most expensive equipment to get started, and that's simply not true. Just look how many terrible movies come out each year, and every single one of them uses the top of the line camera and equipment. If good equipment was all it took to make a great film than every Hollywood movie would be a hit and they're not. What makes a good film is storytelling. It's the execution. How do you tell your story in the best possible way? Remember that if you tell a good story, people are not gonna care about your lack of professional equipment Now, quality cameras air good. They certainly help. But you do not need a top of the line camera to tell a good story. You can use your cell phone or a little digital camera. Whatever you have now will probably work there. So many cameras out there. I'm gonna try to simplify it. I'm gonna go over four types of cameras that are pretty budget friendly for their category , and I'm sure you probably have one or two of them at your home right now. I'm also going to talk about what each type is good for and their price points, so let's get into it. 12. INTRO TO CAMERAS: Camera Phones: If you have a cell phone with a video camera on it, you can make videos. I do want to say, though the video quality has dramatically improved in the past 2 to 3 years. So for this course, if you want to shoot movies with your cell phone, I recommend that your phone is no older than that. I currently have the iPhone six s, and the video quality is incredible. I shot a travel video in Vancouver almost entirely on this phone, and it turned out great cell phone cameras air Great, because one you already taken with you. Everywhere you go, it's your phone to It's extremely small and three, it's very easy to use. There's no big learning curve, so that means you can start shooting right away. They're great for short films, adventure movies, review videos and casual videos of you talking to an audience. Don't underestimate them. These cameras can be really good. Let's take a look at my iPhone. As I said, this is the iPhone six. The cameras on the back, the microphone and battery built in, and everything you need to start is right here. Just open up the camera app turn it to video and start shooting. Now remember, with video, always, always, always, always, always shoot horizontally. I know it's selfies and Snapchat. It gets confusing. But if you're shooting video for the purpose of editing or sharing it later, holds your phone horizontally. Just think of the shape of the TV or computer. If people watch your video on there, you want it to fill the screen. Always shoot horizontally. Another cool feature, if you have a newer phone, is the ability to shoot time lapse video and slow motion these air features, generally seen in higher end cameras. Time lapse takes photos at regular intervals and pieces them together to play at a faster speed like a video. So if you want to record a sunset, for example, the time lapse feature would be a great way to do it. Slow motion is more obvious and can be really fun to record extreme sports. We're something moving at a fast speed and then really slowing it down. Since all the video is stored on the iPhone itself, transferring it over to your computer is really easy. Just connect the iPhone to your computer and your Mac will be able to recognize your videos , we'll get into transferring and importing more later. Finally, price hopefully free if you already have one good smartphone these days will cost you anywhere from 300 up to 800 ish. So quite a bit. Currently, Apple and Samsung are dominating the market. Both made great products, but I don't recommend buying a smartphone just to shoot video. If you don't have one, maybe you'll have what we're talking about in the next lecture pointing shoots. 13. INTRO TO CAMERAS: Point-and-Shoots: I always think of these cameras as to bring to a birthday party and bring on vacation kind of cameras. Point and shoots are great camera for jumping into video production there still very easy to use compact and the quality is great, although cellphones replacing some of them pointing shoots have some fantastic features that make them a great investment. So this is a point and shoot on old point and shoot, but a point and shoot on the left before cell phones. Everyone carried these around Today. These are great for blogging, going on vacation and environments where you might want a few more features and a little more control, and maybe just a designated camera separate from your phone. They're a great multipurpose camera. I like that they have a zoom lens. Some have flip out screens, and they usually have a lot more settings than most camera phones. You can mount them on tripods. They have a variety of accessories you can buy for them, and they also take great photos. Note that they have external batteries, that you have to pop in and out to charge and memory cards. Same thing in order to transfer your videos. Prices for these things can range anywhere from around 100 to 800. There are a few there, even way higher than that. You could get a solid one in the 200 to $400 range. No problem. One future you want to make sure it has is 10 80 p HD video. That's full high definition video. I don't want to get too deep into the technical jargon in this course, but just know your video is going to play and look best across most computers, televisions and streaming sites like YouTube and Vimeo. With this, say, 10 80 p refers to the video resolution. The higher the resolution, the better quality of the video. That's a very basic basic explanation. Just remember, 10 IGP is good. I don't want to give specific model recommendations because they're always changing, and those cameras will be outdated soon. But definitely look for 10 80 p and check out the reviews first. People never hold back on the reviews 14. INTRO TO CAMERAS: DSLR: DSLR cameras have the next step up, and they're quite a step up in quality and features. DSLR stands for digital single lens reflex, but you'll never need to know that seriously. Don't even worry about it. These air quite a bit larger than a cell phone or point and shoot. They also have interchangeable lenses. So with ease, having a good lens is Justus. Important is having a good body now. The reason you change lenses is because of what you're shooting. If you're shooting a landscape, you're gonna wanna lends its wider to get the whole scene. If you're trying to get the details on someone's face, that lens isn't going to be as effective as another type. You also change lenses for creative choices. Lenses can help establish a mood and feel in a scene. The good news is for beginners. There are basic lenses or kit lenses that a pretty versatile and you don't need to change them all the time. You buy one get used to. It has enough range, and as you advance, then you buy another lens for a specific need. Anyway. As you can see, DSLR are already getting much more complicated than the other cameras, and we've only discussed lenses. I'm not gonna go too much deeper into this because Theus Solares could have their own course. But just know quality improves. You can really customize the settings to get a certain look. Some come with flip out LCD screens that are great for shooting video. And there are a lot of accessories to improve production quality many people use. DSLR is to shoot short films, Internet videos, product reviews, music videos, corporate videos, anything they have their flaws. But the fact that you can buy the camera body by a few lenses, fit it all in a small bag and shoot a professional and polished video is really cool. And that's what makes him so appealing. So if you have one of these and know how to use it already, awesome. If not, I'd recommend working your way up to a DSLR keum. Prices for just the body can range from like 400 to probably 2 to $3000 easily, even higher, and then the lenses same thing somewhere cheap. Some are expensive, so with such a range, how do you know what to get? Well, Start with your budget. What can you afford and choose a body based on how long you think you want to keep that camera? If you're like I want to have it for life, then maybe you want to pay a little bit more for the body because with lenses, you can start out with a cheap lens and then later by a better one for different uses, all while keeping the same body. The fact that there so many choices make the buying decision really difficult. If you're wondering about brands, Canon and Nikon are kind of at the top right now. Sony is also up there, and you might also hear about Panasonic and Samsung. And if this helps at all, I bought a Canon 60 D body and a lens for around $1000 total when I brought my DSLR. I'm very happy with it. I still used both the body and the lens today, and I did a ton of research based on what I thought I'd be recording, so I recommend you do the same. Next, we're gonna talk about a little camera you might have heard off called the GoPro 15. INTRO TO CAMERAS: GoPro: Welcome back. Right now we're talking about camera types, and our last one is the GoPro. If you somehow haven't heard of the GoPro, it's an action camera. It's a small, lightweight camera that shoots really high quality video, and it's mainly used for extreme sports. Now there are a lot of action cameras out there, but GoPro is clearly at the top, so it makes the most sense to talk about that. This is my go pro, and it's a go pro hero. Four black. As of today, it's the company's best camera. Its main selling point is that it can shoot at four K resolution. Remember, we talked about 10 80 earlier? Well, four K or 4000 is four times the resolution. Now there are other factors that come into play when defining how good a camera is. So don't go thinking this is the best camera in the world because it has four K. It's great, but it's also really limiting and how you can use it. Although GoPro would never say this, it's more of a specialty or supplemental camera. It's not generally something you use as your main camera, although you can if you want, so it comes in the school waterproof housing. You can see the bubble shaped lens here. It's a wide angle so you can record all the action around you. Battery and micro SD card pop out here and here. And one great thing about GoPro is that they have a ton of accessories, so you can do everything with them. Mount them on your car on your board, attach it to your wrist, keep it floating. Put it on a tripod, of course, a selfie stick and much more so, as I said, these air specialty cameras. If you have a lot of snow boarding or bungee jumping or cool driving shots in your videos, then you definitely want these. They're portable, waterproof, extremely durable, and you can mount them just about anywhere. But if you're trying to flog record a sit down interview or anything a little more slow, the wide angle view is really distracting. It just doesn't look right, in my opinion. But, hey, if you find a creative use for it and you like it, then by all means go for it. So what's the damage for this little guy? Well, like I said, this one is top of the line, their most expensive at $500 as of early 2016. GoPro has three models. The other options are the hero, four, Silver at $400 the Hero four session at $200. Not terrible, but not pocket change, either. So the main differences in price are based on video resolution, slo mo capabilities and general performance. But they're all great cameras, and all of them shoot at least 10 80 p. You can compare all the features on the GOPer website, and I really suggest doing that if you're considering one of these cameras, because the hero four Black might be overkill for what you're doing. For example, I rarely use the four k future, but it's nice to have when ideo anyway. That's GoPro. Remember, it's the specialty camera in your camera arsenal. It shoots high quality video. It's great for action shots in slow motion, and there's an endless amount of accessories you can buy to get whatever crazy shot you can think of. It's a really fun camera. Enjoy it 16. INTRO TO CAMERAS: Wrap Up: that wraps up the intro to camera section. I hope I was able to give you a brief overview of the types of cameras you might be using and what they're good for. So what will you be shooting your videos out? Let me know by posting a comment for this course I really recommend using what you already have a smartphone or an old point and shoot camera. I don't want you to have to spend money. Ask a friend of our other camera if you need to. You're gonna be making four videos by the end of this course. So at that time, you'll really know your cameras limitations. And if you want to invest in something better, But for now, just stick with what you have. Remember, it's about the storytelling, not the equipment. So with that said, we're ready to move on to the next section. Basic video tips. This is where we're finally gonna use our camera and learn all about camera techniques and shot composition and things like where to put your subject in the frame. I think you're really gonna like it. That's next 17. BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Introduction: Welcome to the basic video tip section today. You're gonna take the camera you already have, and use it in a way to tell a visually compelling story. This is one of the practical sections, so you might want to take notes follow along or rewatch certain lectures if you need to. We're gonna go over the tips and techniques you'll eventually want. Have memorized every time you take out your camera, so let's get started. 18. BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Camera Movements: there's nothing wrong with a static shot or shot. The doesn't move. It serves a purpose, it tells the audience. Hey, look at this person or this location's important. But it's not the only way to convey a message. Camera movements also help. They help move the story along in a more interesting and creative way. So let's talk about those movements. You've got the zoom, the pan, the tilt, the truck and the Dalai zoom. You probably already know this one. It's adjusting the lens to make this subject appear closer or farther away. When you zoom in your conveying importance. When people are in the frame, you're telling the audience this person has something to share. A lot of times we use them for emotional or serious moments. The pan is the left or right movement of the camera. While its position stays in one place, the panicky move the story along, follow a character or show off a location in a broader way. It's great when you can combine all three, though. For example, this is a clip from my road trip I took with some friends last summer. This pan moves the story along, relieving follows a character us in the car and shows off the location in a broader way. Look at all those trees Have the shot, then completely static. It would have worked, but it probably wouldn't have been. Is interesting the tilt. The tilt to see up and down movement of the camera. As you stay put, you can use it to show the size of buildings or trees, or to make a routine task a little more exciting. The truck trucking is moving the physical camera left or right, so it's a camera operator. You move with it. This is a nice way to follow the action or just add movement. Toe a shot. The Dalai dolly is moving the camera towards or away from something forward or backward. It could be used as an alternative to the zoom if your subject is stationary or a great way to follow someone walking in a straight line exercise. What's cool about all these camera movements is that they can also be combined to create even more visually interesting shots. But for right now, just focus on familiarizing yourself with each movement and learning when to use it. A good way to do This is by watching television and seeing what kind of camera moves your favorite shows use. Ah, lot of times that will be a combination of the ones you just learned. Either way, it's a good happen to start getting into. You'll learn a lot. Also, get out your camera and practice these. Grab a friend or a plant or a dog. Little sit still and practice these shots. Which ones feel natural to you? You've probably done a lot of them without even knowing it. See if you can make them more interesting. 19. BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Camera Shots: in this lecture, we're going to go over the different types of camera shots, these air terms that have become widely accepted in the filming community as ways to describe the framing and composition of a shot. Oh, and I apologize ahead of time. I'm not much of an artist extreme wide shot in this shot. The shot is so wide. If the subject is there, you can barely see them. Ah, lot of times extreme wide shots that used to show the audience where the scene is taking place. A helicopter shot of a neighborhood is a good example, wide shot in this kind of shot. The subject is fully in the frame, but the background is fully visible, A swell medium shot. The medium shot puts the subject in frame so that more detail can be seen many times. It's waste up. It feels very natural for the viewer. Medium close up. Now we're even closer, but not too close, the faces shown very clearly, but it still feels natural. Close up. The subject's face takes up the whole frame extreme, close up. We're showing lots of detail now. Many times it's used to show emotion in the eyes and then two more that don't follow this pattern but are important to know over the shoulder. You're looking at the subject from behind the shoulder of someone else. This shot is used a lot in TV and movies. Point of view shot. It's the subjects perspective. You see what they see. This might be a good shot to put in vlogs, for example. Exercise. So now I want you to try some of these shots, get comfortable with them. Try this. If you were doing an interview and the subject was the interviewee, how would you frame them? At what moments in that interview, might you use a close up or an extreme close up shop? Don't worry about right and wrong. Grab your friend or your plant again and set up the shot. Practice going between different ones were just getting comfortable things right now. 20. BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Composition and Framing: composition and framing. In the last lecture, we talked about types of shots and types of shots relates to composition and framing, but that's only part of it. There's a lot more being aware of composition and framing is important in any type of video production, even blogging where a person is in relation to another person. How much head room should you give someone? What are you doing to add visual interest to a scene? These are things you always have to be thinking about. I want to go over some of the basics so you can start learning how to create some of your own awesome shots. So I think a fun way to do this might just be to start with a blank wall and build on it. Okay, so this is probably the most boring shot you can possibly make. Visually, it's just un interesting. It's boring, but it's useful. Here's why. One it's clean and could be a great way to keep the audience focused on this subject to you could add texture on this subject and because of the white background would be really easy to read. And three you could place a picture in picture to reference another event, all good reasons to use a simple, boring background. But now let's step it up. If there's nothing else in the shot centering the subject in the middle is fine. Balance is always good, but sometimes you want to keep them just a little to the left or to the right. This is part of the rule of thirds. Anything of interest should fall on these lines like eyes. Where the lines intersect is a great place to put something important when framing people. You don't want to give them too much headroom. It's awkward. Bring the camera back down and remember the rule of thirds. Now, how do we make this more interesting? Well, start by putting something on the wall. Color and pattern adds visual interest. Now let's add some depth. Are you aware him in my kitchen? Probably not. This gives you some reference. Also, consider putting something closer to the camera like a plant. Yeah, that doesn't look right. Try something else. Try different angles to this might work. Or this depending in which your video is about coming up with ways to add visual interest, is key. I've added a document with these techniques and a few more so you can start studying them now. One last thing before you practice rules air. Great to know. But rules are also meant to be broken, at least in filmmaking. Once you understand why they're there and how to use them correctly, you decide if it fits your vision or not. Professionals break the rules all the time, but it's because they know it will be okay. So for now, know the rules, follow the rules and then later break the rules. So here's your exercise. You're going to do what I did. You're gonna build a scene, start with something relatively empty or make it empty. You don't have to do it in front of a white wall, but I want you to practice adding visual interest at a subject. Add depth, add color. Remember things like subject placement. Zoom in. When you want the audience to pay attention, get in on the action. Have fun with it. Take mental notes on what's easy. What's hard, what's awkward, what looks great and make sure you record this exercise because we'll be using it later to edit 21. BASIC VIDEO TIPS: Lighting and Sound: good lighting and sound is just as important as good video. It can make or break your project when you're just starting out. It's easy to not give these elements enough attention. So I'm gonna try to at least give you the basics so you're more aware of the things you should know. And sorry we're going back to the full lecture style for these two topics. Okay, starting with lighting. Now, you at least know it's important starting out. All you need to remember is that your scenes need to be bright enough to see the audience should be able to tell what's happening, and one of the best ways to achieve this is through lighting. Natural lighting is awesome. That's lighting that comes from the sun. If you're filming outside, you'll rarely need any type of additional lighting equipment. Watch out for shadows. Don't shoot into the sun unless you're going for that silhouette. Look. Another Matt Outdoor shooting should be great Now. If you're shooting inside, it requires a little more attention. If you have a lot of windows in your location, try to shoot near them. Use all the natural light you can get. Notice the difference here. But don't shoot into a window unless again you're going for that silhouette. Look, you won't be able to see your subject's face if you have your subject facing the window, though, and the light is shining through. They'll be lit very well. Okay, so what do you do? If you don't have windows, you'll probably need to buy some lights eventually. Again, if you're just starting out, don't spend any money yet, but here's what you want to know. Most cameras don't do well in conditions that aren't bright enough. Not only will the shots look dark, but they might also look a little muddy. That's where good lighting comes in. Even cheaper cameras will see a huge improvement in quality when things are properly lit. So here are some suggestions. When you're on a budget one by a cheap work lamp from the hardware store. This is not ideal, but it provides a lot of light at a good price. You'll also want to bounce the light on a back wall so it's not too harsh to you. Can also buy some paper. China bowls thes air. Great, because the paper itself acts as a nice softener, so the light will look more natural instead of harsh. Three. You can buy actual lighting kits off Amazon. They come with stands, and they're pretty easy to set up. But check the reviews because some of them are very cheaply made. These run about 100 to $200 the really good ones are much more expensive. Light this scene to get a bright but natural look. Experiment with positioning and placement and remember to watch out for shadows. Now that you know about lighting, let's talk about sound good. Sound is key. When I first started, I didn't know anything about sound. I thought the sound that recorded straight from the camera was good. I didn't even understand why people bought external mikes. Now ideo with time, your ears start to pick up on the good and the bad. So when starting out, it's fine to record with whatever mike you have. But eventually, especially for things like interviews, you really want to get a microphone. So let's talk about the different types first. The shotgun microphone. This is a microphone that looks like a shotgun and picks up the sound that it's directly pointed at you can get some that attached to the top your camera and those air really convenient because they stay pointed out. Whatever you're filming, another type of microphone is a USB mic. I like this because you plug it right into your computer and you can record voiceovers or podcasts or something in a quiet environment. They sound great and professional, but they also pick up everything, so you need to make sure you're in a quiet place. Finally, there's a Laval ear mic, also known as the Law of Mike. This is great for interviews, or you're talking directly to the camera. You just attach it to your shirt and you can get nice, clear sound. Be careful how much you move around, though, because it can pick up your shirt movements. You'd be surprised how much background noise a microphone will pick up, so it's really important to keep your environment quiet. If you're outside, there's not much you can dio just stay away from the roads in busy areas as much as possible. But inside there's a few things you can dio turn off all electronic sand appliances that make noise hums can be really distracting So turn off your heater or air conditioner when filming close all doors and windows and, if possible, film in a room without much echo. So a carpeted room with a lot of furniture and curtains is better than an empty one with wood floors a good exercises to record in different rooms of your house and see what they sound like. How do they differ? What microphone sounds best? Testing these things beforehand is always good practice, so that's the basics of lighting and sound. In more advanced courses, you'll learn things like where you should place your lights and how you can influence the look and feel of a shot. But right now, just focus on getting nice, bright video and clear sound. With that said, if you have any specific questions about these topics, please let me know. We're moving on to the postproduction process next, where you're going to learn all about editing and how powerful it can be. 22. EDITING: Introduction: welcome to the editing section of this course in this section. We're going to discuss editing from top to bottom, and I'm gonna be using screen recording so you can follow along. A lot of people think editing is very complicated and daunting, but once you get the basics down, you'll realize how powerful and fun it actually ISS. By the end of this section, you'll know everything from importing to adding audio and text to finalizing your video for the Web. So let's get into it. So with editing, there are a handful of editing programs you can use, as this course explained will be editing in my movie. But I want to give you an idea of the other programs out there as well. Final cut, pro Adobe premiere and avid media composer are the Big Three. Abbott is still pretty dominant in big time TV and film, but a lot of shows Air editing on Premier in Final Cut. Now, much of the shareable content you see online is also edited in premiere and Final cut. So if and when you grow out of my movie, you might want to look into purchasing one of these options. They're more powerful but also have a steep learning curve from my movie 23. EDITING: Organizing and Transferring Your Footage: staying organized is one of the most important parts of editing, and once you really get into it, you'll understand why. But for now, I'm just going to start out by forcing you to be that way, and you can thinking you later. There are many ways to organize your projects and folders, but I'm gonna show you one way that works for me. This is my external hard drive right here. It's where all my projects in media live. Eventually, you should consider investing in an external hard drive to It's just good practice. And if you ever switch computers, you can easily open projects and videos straight from the drive. So I'm going to create a new folder here called Editing Basics. This is my root folder, where all my elements they're gonna go inside this folder. I'm gonna make a projects folder, footage, folder, audio images or photos, effects and exports. And I put numbers in front of each just so that they stay in this order. Now you have a place for everything. You'll put your projects and projects, footage and footage, etcetera. It's great. Oh, and four fours effects. For example, if you had animations You won't have to worry about that folder in this course, but she might want in the future. And you're gonna hate me. But I movies saves your projects in its own folder, you won't be able to put it in here at all. I know. I'm sorry. It's confusing, but just stay with me for a little bit. It'll all make sense. Let's put our footage in the footage folder now, because we can do that. So if you recorded on a point shoot or a DSLR or a GoPro, you probably have immediate card with all the videos saved on it so plugged it into your computer so we can start transferring. All you're going to do is open the card, find the videos, select all and dragged them into your footage folder. So once the transfer is complete, you can just eject the drive. And all your videos are now safely stored in this folder. Okay, If you shot video on your iPhone or another device, my favorite way to import video is with image capture. Let me show you. So plug in your phone and close any programs that automatically open up, and then you're gonna want to come up here and type in image capture and sees your iPhone, and it sees your all your pictures and videos. So I shot some things on my phone. I want to bring these into that same footage folder, so I'm going to select the videos that I want. Okay, I'm going. Teoh, choose the folder, my footage folder on the Randy Drive. And then I'm going to select Import. Okay, and then once that transfer is complete, those videos are safely stored in your footage. Boulders. Well, if you have any photos or music or voice over that you want to put in this project, you'll do it the same way. By dragging that media into the correct folder, we'll be editing a little later. So I suggest you import any footage you have into the footage folder now. So anything you shot from the composition and framing lesson or anything else you want to put in, the more you have the better. And that's the basics of organization. You always know where your media is, and it's always together in the same place. So if a client gives you a hard drive with footage or images that he wants you to put in the video. You know what to dio. Connect it, find the media and transfer to your folders. Questions. If not, let's open up my movie. 24. EDITING: Understanding the iMoving Interface: in this lecture, I'm gonna help you get used to the eye movie interface. If it's not already on your dock, go to the search in type in my movie and press enter. This should be the general screen that appears at the top. You'll see three tabs, media projects and theater. The media tabs were you organized and import your videos. The project's tab is where you put those videos together to make a complete video and then the theater, the theaters where you watch the finished product. Now, when you're in the media tab, you've got these options here create a new movie, an import video. We'll be using both of those soon. You've also got a library. Is pain on the left side here? If you have video saved in I photo, for example, you'll be able to access them from here. I'm gonna open up a project so I can show you the rest of the interface. You'll spend most your time in the Projects tab. By the way, this is where you'll do the bulk of your work. So spoiler alert. This is my vlog, which will be looking at later. So this window on the left. Here is all of your imported footage. Each clip is broken down into these little bars, and when you hover over a clip, it shows it in the window. Over here. This is your viewer window. It shows a bigger version of whatever you're looking at and down. Here is your timeline. This is where you put the clips together to make your final video. You also had titles, audio and transitions down here. We'll get to the how later this vertical line here is called Your play head. You navigate the timeline with this, you can scrub or move back and forth across the timeline with this guy. Let's move back up to the viewer window. Now, these buttons across the top are your adjustment or enhancing features. So things like color correction cropping stabilization speed. These are all up here. These air, good tweaking tools to make special changes. And then when you're finally done and your video is perfect, you're gonna press this button. This is your share button, and I move. He makes it really simple with some great presets. Okay? And finally back to the third tab, the theater, As I said earlier This is where your final projects will live. You just press play and it will open up your video in full screen. So that's the I movie interface. It's just a brief overview of what and where everything is in. The rest of the lectures will start going much deeper into each of these things and actually start editing. 25. EDITING: Creating A New Project: So let's create a new movie. Open up I movie. If it's not already, we're gonna press this plus sign up here and click movie here You can select different templates based on what you're making, but we're just gonna use a basic white for now. The nothing I movie has a lot of great features that make your videos look professional. I love the templates, but I'd never used them. They just feel like cheating to me Anyway, you're more than welcome to use. And if you want, don't let me sway your opinion of them. For now, though, I'm gonna choose no template. And I'm gonna name my project editing basics press, OK, And OK, we've created the project. Now, remember that organized folder we made earlier in most other editing programs? We'd be saving this project into a nice, neat project folder. But I movie just does whatever it wants. It saves it here. So if you close and reopen the I movie application, that's how you'll access your project. Everything will be contained in the app. I mean, they're trying to make it simple for you, but from an editor standpoint, it's really annoying. I hope I'm not confusing. You just remember, if you close I movie and want to work on your project again later, you open up my movie and it'll be there simple. 26. EDITING: How To Import Footage: Now that we've got the project set up, let's import the footage. If you're not at this screen yet, open up. I movie and click on your project to import. We can click here or this button up here, so we're gonna locate our handy organized folder in editing basics footage. We're gonna select all and then press import selected. So now all of the videos that we recorded are stored in this window. We can scroll up and down to see all of them. Each video clip is broken into these individual bars or rectangles, and you can hover over a section to see what it looks like in the larger video pain. Over here, this wheel here is the settings button. If you click that, you can adjust the clip size to make them bigger or smaller, and the zoom you can adjust sees to be whatever you prefer. Also, you can add new media whenever you want. Just press this arrow again, an import, your new clips. They'll appear in this bin with all the others, so I think that covers importing. Let's start editing 27. EDITING: Adding Clips To The Timeline: Welcome back. We're going to begin the editing process now. So open up your project and let's have a look into your media. Been remember. The editing happens in the timeline, so we have to get the media from the been to their. So First find a clip you like this will do to bring it into the timeline. There are many ways you can do it first. Double click it. The yellow box means you've selected the whole clip and it's ready to go seeking their press the plus sign or drag it into your timeline. Congratulations. Your first video is in the timeline. Now let's say you have a long clip and you know you just want to put part of it in your timeline. Well, what you can dio is just select that one part. Here's an example. I don't need all this stuff in the beginning. I just want from here to here and then again, press the plus sign or drag it into your timeline. Now you have two clips in your timeline. Check this out so you take your play head. Put it here. Press space bar clip one goes directly into clip to cool, right and then press space bar going to stop. Let's put a few more clips in the timeline. I like this chair. Here's me putting the painting on the wall, but that in there is a close up of the painting. This kind of works click one. It wasn't a clip to. This is the very basics of editing Putting pieces together to create a story. You can put three clips of an apartment together to establish a location or combined some close ups and medium shots to introduce a person, basically anything. This is what editing is Also. It's good to know that you can add eclipse in between clips, meaning you don't always have to put it right at the end. I could take this clip here and drag it in between these two clips like that. And now it's there again, this clip dragon between these Put it there. I want you to practice putting the full clips as well as just parts of clips into the timeline 28. EDITING: Adjusting Clips In The Timeline: So it's important to remember that your timeline is fully adjustable. Nothing is set in stone down here. For example. You hate this shot. Yeah, me too quick doing it's gone. You can also adjust the order of clips as an example, sometimes to realize it's better to start with the wide shot rather than the close up. So it's great about my movie is that you just click on the clip. You want to move, click and hold, and then drag a Tory you needed to go in the timeline. You can also trim clips down here. Maybe you didn't pull down the exact clip linked you wanted earlier. Instead of adjusting it up here again, you can do it in the timeline, and it's very similar. You click on the clip you want and drag out the left or right side of this yellow box. So this clip, you can see it kind of it's kind of shaky in the beginning, so I'm gonna take the left side and drag it in. You're a little bit more. No, when I play it much better click go the other side, pull that side into then if you reach either side of the clip. You'll know because this line will turn red. I can't move it any further. That's his Large is. I can make it on the right side. Let's see the left side a little bit further. It'll turn. It'll turn red. It's what you know. Finally, you can also adjust sound we haven't talked at all about sound yet, but you may have noticed these blue bars underneath each clip. These are your wave forms. If you don't see them, go to settings and click show way forms. So these represent the sound associated with your clip and this horizontal bar here are just the level of the volume, so you hover over it. Wait till you get those arrows and then you can pull down or up, and these you can kind of see how the waves air peaking. Here they turn yellow. That means you're a little too high, so if it's too loud, you can turn it down too quiet. You can turn it up, or you can actually mute the sound by turning it down to zero. Now these circles on either side represent fades so you can fade the sound up from zero on this side or down to zero on this side. If I go like that, you can see that arc right here. So it's going from zero no sound to 100% slowly, so it's a nice fade. You could do the same thing on the other side. Okay, so it's that 100% it goes down to zero. Sometimes you'll find that the sound is too harsh, and when your clip is put next to another clip, it just sounds jarring and doesn't fit. See you at a fade to smooth it out. There are a lot of reasons to add a fade. That's one of them. So here's a tip that's not just for audio. It's for editing. In general, the goal of editing is to edit so well that no one notices Theo editing. Everything should seem natural and flow nicely. That's what you want to strive for. So practice making some of these adjustments on your clips get familiar with how they work , because these are a few of the adjustments you'll be making all the time. 29. EDITING: Split Clip: split clip is a nice little future. You'll probably use a lot. Let's say, for example, in your video, you recorded a speech from start to finish and in the middle you want to add a different video clip, so you want to stop both the video and audio temporarily. Have a go to that other clip, then come back to your speech. That's where split clip comes in. So you're gonna put the cursor where you want the split to occur. So let's pretend this is your speech and you want the split to occur there. Right click choose split clip and that's it. Now it's in two pieces. You can take another clip and put it in between, and you didn't have to do any trimming or bring down the same clip twice. It's a very simple but efficient tool. I just wanted to make sure you knew about it real quick before we continued 30. EDITING: Using Transitions: Let's talk about transitions. I'm gonna be a buzz kill here because if you're new to editing, you're going to see all these transitions and get really excited because they're so cool, and then I'm gonna tell you not to use most of them. Sorry, here's the deal. Like I said before, editing is all about crafting this story to keep the audience in it. Anything that distracts the audience from the story is bad, unless that's your intent and you're doing some unique experimental thing. A lot of transitions can be very distracting, but generally speaking, transitions help move the story along between clips. My movie has a lot of them. If you're in your project, click the transitions tab here. So you need to look at these and say, What's the best way to transition from this clip to this clip? Most often it's just a cut or no transition. But sometimes if there's a passage of time or you're sharing a new idea, a transition could be good. You can hover over them to see what they dio, so cross dissolve. This one first clip dissolves into the second clip. Let's pull one down. Just as an example. Okay, I'm gonna dissolve from this to this. So I'm taking the transition and putting it in between the two clips. I want to make the dissolve between. Then I click here, I press space bar to play transitions from that to that again from the first clip dissolves into the second clip. Now, cross dissolve is actually an okay transition. But let's find a more obnoxious one is an example about Ah, spin out. Look at this. This is like some power point in 1997. Kind of stuff going on. You're not making a slide show. It takes you out of the story so much. If your video is comedy and you're trying to be over the top, then it's probably great. But otherwise you're bringing attention to the edit instead of the story. Your audience won't know what to think. A lot of these air just very cheesy effects. I understand they're fun, but if you're gonna use them, make sure you really have a purpose. And these 1st 4 actually, OK, they're not too obnoxious, like fade to black is used all the time. That's a good one to start and end your video you know it'll fade up, so that's a good one to start in. And your videos if you want. The wipes might be fine if you're going for, like, an infomercial. Luck under. I don't like any of these, but but play around with them, check them out. Have fun, but use them sparingly. 31. EDITING: Adding Music and Sound Effects: I think we're ready to complicate things a little bit. Now that you've got video down, let's talk about adding music and other sound. See this bar down here with a little music note. This is specifically for adding music, and it works just like video clips. You can trim it and raise or lower the volume to import music. You're going to click on the audio tab. When you do that, you'll see iTunes sound effects and garage band. If you have songs in your iTunes library, you can add it from here. If you've made something in garage band, you can import your song from there to. But I'm just gonna use a free stock music from Apple and for me that's in sound effects and down at the bottom. We're gonna choose modern. As you can see, it works just like video can double click that and then added to my timeline, and it's specifically goes down here. You can also just add a piece of the song if you want. I dragged the whole song down here, though, so you press space bar here in your video will play with music, so once I lay it down here, I can adjust it, start in end position and lower the volume, if any to to I can drag the beginning. I could drag the end. I can move the whole clip to start somewhere else. It's just like video. You can adjust it however you want. Music is really important, so try to find a song that matches the feel of your video. It's also great when you can match impactful moments of the video with impactful moments of the song. So don't always assume you're going to start the song right at the beginning of your video , or that you will use the full clip. Try trimming it, adding part of it in another section and fading it up and down. Editing music can be tough, so just focus on those basic things right now. Let's talk about a few other quick things before we end. You saw sound effects earlier, right? My movie has a ton of them, so if you forgot to record audio or if you just need to put in something to give your video on extra something, sound effects are a great way to do it so you can look through this library find something you like, And then just like the other things we've done, you can drag it down here and you're gonna drag it right underneath the video. Okay? You probably want to turn on the music. When you're adding sound effects, you can hear it, Okay? And then you can also move this around wherever you want extended, shorten its lower the volume fade in and out whatever you want to dio. So now, as you can see your working with three layers, you've got the video. You've got the sound effects and you've got music. Just be careful of pay attention to which layer your editing. Because when you have a lot of layers, it can sometimes get confusing also lasting. If you have your own song that's not in iTunes like you put in that great organized folder from earlier. You can import the exact same way you imported video this little guy, the arrow click that find the song you want import it. It'll go in your media been drag it down to the timeline. So play around with that practice editing with audio. And if you have any questions, as always, please let me know 32. EDITING: Adding Text and Backgrounds: So you've added video transitions and music. The only thing you're missing now is a nice title. My movie has a lot of great presets to get to them. We'll click on the titles tab. They've got some basic ones. Lower thirds scrolling credits, some obnoxious things, even Star Wars double click or drag to put it in your timeline, and you can put it in between clips in front of clips or on top of cliffs. And then you can customize the text over here editing basics and you can change the font. Sometimes different alignment for certain titles. Uh, color all those things and then you press the check mark. Okay, so now my title is customized, and then I can play it down here. I wanted to choose something that wasn't too flashy. Okay, in all honesty, I'd probably choose something a little more simple. Maybe this one or just that. But you can also take it a step further because there's also these backgrounds that you can add. Come down here below the maps and you have all of these so you can put your title on, you know, like a orange background or green background and then all you do is just click and drag. Lay that down on your video, and then you put the title on top of that. They also have these cool animated travel maps, but they're only useful if your videos about traveling. So if it's not, then I guess they're kind of useless anyway. Play around with those find a title in a background that you like. I'm moving mixed titles and credits really easy. 33. EDITING: Adding Another Layer of Video: We've talked about the different layers of video and audio, and you might have guessed or figured it out by now. But you can also stack video, since you can only see one video clip at a time. You may be wondering why you do it, though. There's a few different reasons. Here's an example. If you filmed an interview or a talking head video like this, you might want to keep the full video intact. But you might want to cut to a scene that shows what the person is talking about. So, for example, here I'm talking about Judy and how she introduced me to Korean food, one who showed me around the city and introduced me all the good food, so it might be nice to have a clip of that food, but instead of cutting this clip, all I need to do is choose this food clip and lay it on right there on top, so that when you play it again, so I need to lower the volume on that into adjust this a little bit. So when I play at who showed me around the city and introduced me all the good food, okay, now. She introduced me to all the good food, show the clip of the food, and now I can also adjust this. If I wanted to put in a different spot, and I don't have to worry about this video down here being broken, this video stays as is eso. That's that's one reason to use it. Here's another one you know, picture and picture that effect that they do on the news where a box comes up behind someone's head about what they're talking about that could be done by layering your videos . Check it out. I'll keep this footage here, but I'll bring this up on top. And when you do that, this box appears and one of the options is picture in picture. So now you can move this around. You can make it bigger. You can give it a border. Whatever you want to dio give a shadow, Um, and you can move it wherever you want. So if this is the affect, your going for this is possibly another reason to layer videos. You can also do it when you're pretty happy with your video as it is, but you want to try adding a couple of their shots instead to see if they're better. Instead of completely swapping out shots, you can just put the new ones on a second layer and if they're better, you keep him. If not, you can get rid of him. Okay, enough about layering. Let's finish up this section with a few more things. 34. EDITING: Exploring Some Enhancement Features: my movie, maybe a really simple editing program, but it's also got a lot of cool little features that you should check out in this lecture will be talking about this little bar of tools right above your viewer. It's basically an adjustment or enhancement bar. You can make changes to individual clips or your entire video. I'm gonna briefly go over each one so you can get a sense of what they do. The 1st 1 here is the Magic Wand were just like an automatic adjustment tool. My movie will decide what enhancements that thinks are best and make the changes for you. Sometimes it does well. Sometimes it doesn't like that, I'd say Didn't do well. The next one here is color balance. It had just two color values. Most cameras do a pretty good job nowadays, but some of these might help add some contrast or make colors a little more accurate. This next one is color correction so you can increase the shadows were the highlights, too, and everything in between bright and dark in it. There also, if you hover over some of these tools, sometimes I move. You will tell you what it does. For example, this is saturation helps make it clip mawr less colorful. Use this one sparingly, though it's fun to add a lot of color, but you want to keep it realistic. And finally you can warm up or cool down your shot, depending on the mood of what you're going for. Next is crop. If you've got something you're seeing that you want to take out where you just want to zoom in a little bit. Crop to fill is a good option so you can take this corner here, drag it down, reposition it, and now this will be your new shot. All of the edge will be gone and it'll zoom in on that. Okay, we're gonna reset that. Ken Burns is a more of a stylistic push in effect, so it'll start here and end here, so it'll slowly zoom in and it goes situation in your clip. So this clip is kind of long, so it's gonna be a very slows human. But if I scrubbed you like this, maybe it'll see it a little bit better and see how close my face is there and I go out zoomed out a little bit so it pushes in. Okay, this button is stabilization. If you have shaky video, my movie will try to fix it. You'll just have to play around, though, with this slider here to get it right, because gonna analyze the scene, and sometimes they'll do a great job and you'll be really impressed. And other times it will be awful. It just depends. Eso a tip, though, is it works best if the clip is shorter and there's not too much shakiness. But, like I said, you'll just have to play around with it. Okay, let's try it on this scene. This one's a little shaky. Well puts. You can see if I play it. I say stabilize shaky video, then play it again. Well, it's not shaky, but it didn't do a good job. Kind of made a quick pan almost, and then the table looks like it lurches, so that was actually a poor job. Like I said, sometimes it does good. Sometimes it doesn't anyway, tests it out with your own videos. Let me know if it works, then we have volume controls. You can choose the automatic or do it manually here as well. It's going to decide what it thinks is a good level. So you can do that, or you can choose manual and adjust it yourself. An automatic controls are always fun, but you have to be careful because one it might not do a good job we saw with stabilization and to doing it manually is part of the fun part of the experience of being an editor. But I will say when you're starting out, sometimes that is the best thing to do because you don't know any better. So choosing automatic can be perfectly fine in the beginning. Okay, the next one is noise reduction. If you have a scene with a lot of background noise, it'll try to get rid of it. And it actually does a pretty decent job. If you're in the car like I put it on this one, for example, I'm not sure you're gonna be able to hear this, but if I play this now, after in Korea's shopping around all the places, it's very clear that were in the car. We can hear the noise of the road. So if I turn this on and I say reduce background noise and then I play it. I notice a big difference. Like I said, the microphone might not be picking it up for you, but for me, I noticed the difference. And it sounds really good. The next one is Speed. This one can be fun. If you want to speed up or slow down Action. This is your tool. And you choose the options here so fast you go two times faster, four times faster, eight times faster, whatever you want and then slow, you know, 10% of the speed. 25 50% half speed. Um, and then you can also reverse it. This is kind of a creative tool. If for whatever reason you want your clip to play backwards, you can press this. Okay, next is clip filters. You can add different filters to a clip by clicking this option here. So the first ones for video so you can change the look of your of your film. You know, like, uh, blockbuster or dreamy her old worlds. We're black and white, and then there's some crazy ones. So those are pretty fun. And then audio effects to you could make yourself sound like a robot or on the phone or like a chipmunk. So it's fun. And you can also add these effects to multiple clips if you want, so you just select the range of your clips and then you add the filter, and then that filter will be across all of them. And the last one is just information it gives you the if you have one clip. Selected information just tells you the clip. Name the duration you're using 5.6 seconds out of 10.2 and also, if you've made any mistakes, or you just want to change things like you decide. Hey, I don't want this effect on this clip anymore. You just say reset all. And then all of the changes are gone Off that clip. You can also go into the individual clip and reset the changes to all right that does it for the adjustment features. Let's finish out this project by exporting it 35. EDITING: Exporting Your Video: all right. Once you're completely finished and happy with your project, it's time to export. Export is the process of creating the final video so you can share it. And again, I movie makes it so simple. So to share this video, we're going to click on this little icon here. If you want to sign in with your online accounts like YouTube, for example, my movie actually uploads it straight from the program. It even gives you the option of sharing it privately, adding tags a description. What category? You can also send it via email. If it's small enough, it will take care of everything for you. So let's take a look at the other options. So you've got YouTube. Email, Facebook, DeMeo, iTunes, CNN. I report you send it to the theater. Not that those options are bad, but I personally like to have a little more control when I share my videos. So I would always just choose to create the file See Click that you can name your video. So editing basics. That's good description tags if you want. Ah, formats format is the type of file you want to make, so you want to make a video and audio. You can also choose the option. Are you on Lee resolution? This is that 10 80 p I was talking about earlier. Um, 7 20 is also fine. It's not full high definition it, but it's close. But she was 10. 80 p if you can, and usually I movie will automatically choose whatever your clips were shot in. So if most your clips were 7 20 the resolutions could be 7 20 If they're 10 80 you're gonna get the 10 80 option quality. How good you want this video? Uh, usually high should be fine, especially if you just uploading it to the Internet best is gonna give you an extremely large file size. And it's probably not worth it unless you need the absolute highest quality compressor. How do you want to compress your video? Basically, it's taking all of your media and squishing it down to a different size. That's the layman's terms. That's the basic explanation. But anyway, you can do that in two ways. Faster or better quality faster should work fine. What I like to do sometimes is actually export at once with one setting and then exported again with another and see if there's a big difference. And that's a great way when you're just starting out and learning the difference between all of these. So I said, just doing that, Okay, then when you're happy with all of these, you press next editing basics and you know where we're gonna save it now, right? Editing basics exports a nice little handy folder. Okay, save. So now you can see the progress of this little pie. This little wheel, it's about half done. Right now, it's exporting into that folder, and once that finishes you are done. You'll be able to go into your folder and open it up right here. So how do you feel about I movie? Here it. I know that was a lot. It's a very simple program, but it has a lot of great features. Watching these videos again and actually playing around in the program yourself is probably the best way to grasp what you learned. I hope you feel confident enough to jump into the program and try to edit a video now, because actually, that's what you're gonna dio 36. EDITING: Start Editing!: Now that you know the basics of I movie, let's practice those skills. Remember when I had you record the composition and framing exercise earlier? You're going to use that footage to practice editing and I movie. Now you're probably not gonna be able to make a complete story out of it, but you can still practice getting used to the program. Practice getting used to the tools and techniques. If you find that you don't have enough footage from what you recorded earlier, go on record something else. Maybe you can make it more narrative. Maybe you can add more actors, ADM. Or Variety record whatever you need, so you feel like you have enough to edit. With. Editing is where the magic happens, so spend the time you need to feel comfortable with the program. Practice layering, video, muting, audio, adding music, adding text. Do you feel comfortable with importing and exporting? How about trimming and transitions? If you find yourself getting stuck on a certain technique, go back to the appropriate lecture and watch it again. Keep trying until you get it down. And as always, if you have any questions, please feel free to ask 37. CREATING YOUR OWN STYLE: My Thoughts on Creativity, Style and Copying Others: I want to take a moment to talk about creativity and the beginning stages of learning video production, because I think it could be really frustrating and overwhelming at first for me. When I started out, I always felt like in my head I knew what I wanted, but I could never translate that vision to the screen. There was a disconnect. It was never as good as what I imagined. And to be honest, sometimes I still feel like that. There's just always so much more to learn. You never really reach a point where you know everything. But what happens is you start to see progress. What used to be a conscious effort like What do I put in this scene to make it better starts become a split second decision like, Oh, a red and blue painting will really sell it, and these skills grow all across the board. So now you're editing is improving. Certain camera movements that used to be hard are now second nature, and so you keep progressing further and further, and that gap of what you want to create and what you can create starts to close. But it's a long process and with different genres of video, you're always facing different gaps, so it's tough. But you start taking the elements of things you learned and things you liked from one type of production and applying them to others. And with time you have the makings of your own style. I also think copying people to learn how they did something is okay to take their ideas and call it your own, not okay. But as creators were always looking to other things for inspiration. So by taking things from here and other things from there and adding them together and taking out what doesn't work all while improving your technical skills to you start to develop a style that's completely your own, it's no longer someone else's. And that's creativity. I mean, think of all the filming rules and techniques you learned. Someone came up with every single one of them. Are we all a bunch of copycats who ripped off someone's work? No. We took what they shared and fit part of it into our work to create something new. I think as long as you do that you're all good now, I still have a long way to go on my journey. There are so many things I'm not good at. But remembering this what I just said really helps me. So it's definitely something to think about when you're frustrated by your work or your inspired by someone else is Just get out there, keep making videos, keep hitting record and things will get better. 38. CREATING YOUR OWN STYLE: My Vancouver Video Breakdown: All right, So this video is my 96 hours in Vancouver video. If you want to watch the whole thing beforehand, you can check out my YouTube channel youtube dot com slash road trip Randy 22. Then click on the videos tab and you'll find it in there anyway. Before the trip, I knew I wanted to keep things simple and just make something some type of video with high energy and basic shots. I didn't know what we'd be doing each day where we really be going. All I knew is we were going to Vancouver for Wedding and we'd be there for four days, so I couldn't plan much anyway. And because of that, a lot of the narration would have to be built during the editing process. So I broke the video up into four days to keep things organized for myself and also the viewers. So let's get started. Last week I took a trip to Canada, Vancouver, Canada, to be exact. I filmed the trip using this and a little of this you want. Okay, so I have a little introduction there, so everyone understands what's going on because after that, this video doesn't slow down. So we've got some shots. Me going to the airport, works like this. Took a short nap, woke up to more of this airplane Shots can be really nice and beautiful, but because this video is so fast paced, I had to have some reason to show them. So I wrote the voiceover to match what you're seeing. Seattle did a little bit of work. Video said this scene no, is actually a time lapse. I shot with my iPhone, So I set my iPhone up on the floor of the airport and pointed it out the window. So if you have a scene that has a lot of action just by itself, like you don't need camera movements or anything or any type of cuts, different angles, setting up a time lapse could be a really good idea. So, like, city traffics a good idea, or sunsets work well, those kind of things look really good in a time lapse video. Well, so this scene chose to redhead over the mermaid. I was in Seattle where, as you might know, Starbucks was born. So when I realized that after I bought my coffee at Wendy's, I was like, Oh, this will be a good moment to put in the narrative and actually wrote it down on my phone. So while you're filming, if you come up with ideas for later, write them down so you don't forget him. All right, so here's where I'm introducing new characters. I'd be spending the weekend with them, drove into the city. Now you get to see Vancouver from the ground level, her hotel. Then when I saw this sign first warning hard for so that this sign was funny, it's, I don't know, it's the way they wrote it. It doesn't make sense. So I just wanted to put that in there like, Hey, Canada. Hey, Vancouver, you have funny signs. Now this is a okay. So shared some of the iconic parts of the city. Vancouver Olympics 2010. Lots of people on everything they to. I rented a car, drove to this place. So this video got picked up by the Vancouver Tourist and company, at least on Twitter. And then they showed it on their website. Didn't go viral anything, but it was shared a little bit, and I remember another company sharing it because we went to this breakfast place. I think people love to see where newcomers go and what they say about their city, and I think that's what makes these kind of videos appealing. So if you're considering getting into travel video, don't be afraid to share your opinion and talk about how great another country is another country or a shop or, you know, a restaurant. Whatever. Ah, because people from that country people from that city, that area, those people will be interested to hear your opinion about their place so people love it or they'll totally disagree with you. But either way it's it's engaging for them. Yes, I had them actually throw snowballs at me. I saw the view up here. I was like, This is a great view. I need to do something here. Got some snacks. Canada. You also have some hit a little here instead of just posing in the frame. The normal picture. We turned it into a three D Christmas card. So this was also shot on. My iPhone slowed it down. Well, if 7286 people weren't Okay, so this bridge before we got here, I plan on getting some really scenic shots of this bridge. It's such a cool area. Uh, very beautiful. But it was packed with so many people. I couldn't do anything like You can't make this in my shot. So I changed the narrative from awesome and scenic too annoying, and it kind of just adds a comedic element to it or something people can relate to, right, Like they go on vacation and it's just full of tourists. So it's kind of the same thing. Hey, look a tilt. See that tilt pinned to trees? Stop for a selfie. He tried it immediately yourself from the table. Okay, so here's a secret in this scene. Judy, Try Isis Indian treats and has to spit it out. But I didn't actually get a shot of her running to the bathroom, so I used another shot of her walking away from the table earlier that evening. So the narrative has 100% true, but it's not shot in that order. Sometimes you have to use a shot from another scene to tell your story, and it's OK. Here's that GoPro footage. I just found that for most of what I did, my phone worked. Fine, but this does look good more than okay. That's that's phone again. Okay, so the rest here is some sightseeing. Um, then we get to the airport. My flights delayed. Say goodbye. Get on the flight land. I wondered how it's gonna get home, but I finally get home. Everything here is pretty straightforward. I just tried to make the narrative as interesting as possible because the shops aren't that interesting. So sometimes you can get away with it, right? Like either you have very pretty visual shots. But if you don't have those begin to sell it with narrative or you'll see a lot of people on YouTube. They just have really good personality right there. Very likeable. They're very funny. So you don't care about how good or bad a shot is. So anyway, thanks, Charles. Get home. Thanks for the weekend. Thank you, Vancouver. So that was my trip to Vancouver. If you have any specific questions about this video or the trip or how I did something or why did something let me know. If not, we're gonna move on to the next video breakdown. 39. CREATING YOUR OWN STYLE: My California Road Trip Video Breakdown: welcome back to another video breakdown. Again, I suggest watching this whole thing first. You can better understand what I'm talking about. If you want to do that, go to youtube dot com slash road trip Randy 22 click on the video tab. So when I went on this road trip, we shot so much footage that actually made two videos from it, a fast paced highlight kind of video and then this one a much slower how to travel kind of video. And although it's a how to video, it's a little more personal. I share my journey. I tell you who I am. I introduced my friends. I show her struggles. Not really real struggles, just like little problems. I firmly believe that having a person or people to get behind in a video is gonna always be more interesting than a video that doesn't have anyone right. Like I mean, pretty pictures and videos are great, but it's harder to feel connected to them. You feel connected to humans, so that's what I've been trying to add and incorporate in my videos recently is me or someone else so the audience can relate better to this video. This video is broken up into four sections. Plan budget, transportation and more tips. So the plan gets you excited about the trip and the rest kind of share our story in a informational bit. Like I said, more personal way. Having structure to your videos helps the audience follow along, even if the structure isn't outwardly stated. Okay, so let's get into it. Yeah. Ever since I moved to L. A. I've always wanted to take a California road trip. It's one of those bucket was kind of things. Backstory. Why am I going on this trip? If people can relate in any way, they want to keep watching. If not, they're not going to. Everyone loves this story, though, so if you start with that, most likely you're gonna be good. Also, a lot of these intro shots were shot on my go pro. I always wanted to California. I have the suction cup mount that can attached to a car or window. So we go forward. I'm still telling you my story. Why I want to do it. Why can't how I'm going, Teoh. So I just spent 30 seconds roughly telling you my story So now I need to keep. I need to keep the audience interested. My style for doing that is adding a fast song in making quick cuts that might not be for you. It will depend on a lot of things like the content to your video, your general audience, the mood you're going for. Just personal taste. Even all those things matter. But for me, that's my way of keeping interest. Any good road starts the plant. Know what you wanted to see Fast cut to change, cut on the beat of the song. Just e wouldn't be able to see everything and had to choose top location. That's best forward, my friend Charles. I also want to have a fun way to introduce. My friends were all from Michigan or the Mitten State, so I used an oven mitt in their pictures to introduce them. I thought it was a fun way to do it. If you're not from Michigan, maybe you'll just think it's stupid. But I I thought it was kind of funny. Oh, also, a lot of these graphical effects were done in adobe after effects. Unfortunately, that's not covered in this beginner class, but basically, you import a piece of video you want to add in effect too. You know, like, uh, let's go back that Michigan. There we go like this animation, because if you remember the yeah, the map animated. So basically, you import the piece of video, which is the background in the oven mitts into this program. Adobe aftereffects you to make you make the effects in there, the animation, and then you put it back in your you bring it back into your editing program. And as you see, it looks like this. Okay, here's little gas station montage. I'm about to show you in a second where I cut to the beat of the song. So every time you hear a beat, I put in a different shot. It just helps with the video flow. The visual and the audio are working together, so cutting them to the beat is another way to achieve that relationship. So I actually want to fast forward to the tip section. Here's some other tips. Okay, so you heard the other song finish, and then now this one starting. And here's where the video slows down and gets a little bit more reflective. So I chose a slower song and most of the shots actually longer instead of quicker to match that slow feel. This camera trick was pretty simple. You just set up your filming camera hit record and then add the prop cameras one at a time , and you just want to make sure you give it a few seconds between each one or like before, before you put in the next Cameron the shot. Take your hand out, let it record for a few seconds and then put the next camera in. So then, in editing, you trim the clip in all the places that your hand appeared. So you cut out your hands, put the pieces together, and then the cameras look like they magically appeared one after another. Okay, let's go to I always say yesterday. Okay, so that little clip of Genelle running on the tree I just literally ran next to her. I was on the ground, she was in the tree, and I literally just ran next to her as she sprinted across. And it's smooth because I had a glide cam, which stabilizes the shot. It makes it look smoother normally would probably be really shaky, but this worked out because I had the glide camp. It's keep going. Keep going, Keep going. Finally and most importantly, enjoy the moment. Watch a sunset. So the final tip enjoy the moment. I specifically wrote this because I knew I'd want to show a variety of locations, so I kept it brought. I get to end the video on a positive note, wrap it up, kind of go back to all the cool places. I showed one more time and really try to drive it home with the viewers how fun it was to do this road trip and hopefully inspire them to go do it, too. By the way, here's a YouTube tip. If you're into that, how to videos seem to be really effective right now, and I'm no YouTube expert, but I try to pay attention to a lot of things, and it took a while to get traction. But now this video is getting more traffic than any of my others, and what I realized is that the traffic is just coming from YouTube. Search people are searching California road trip and how to travel, looking for tips and my video pops up. YouTube's a search engine. It's part of Google. They want to know how to do things. And, you know, instead of reading that can watch a video. So if you can inform as well as entertain, you can really get an audience for your videos on YouTube. So that's the second video breakdown to give you an idea of my editing thought process. It differs from project to project, but there's definitely certain elements and editing techniques I carry over. I really hope you learned something from this. Maybe one of these videos can give you some ideas for one of your project videos. If I skipped over apart, you'd like to know more about, let me know. Otherwise, we're going to continue on to the next section. Time for you to make your own videos. 40. PROJECTS: Putting It All Together: Welcome to the project section of this course. This is where you're finally gonna create four of your own videos from start to finish. You're gonna take the lessons you learned in this class and apply them to your videos. If you want to share them with me, I love to watch them and give you feedback. Since YouTube is free and you can post unlisted videos, it's probably best to post them there. You can send me a direct message with the link and I'll get back to you. This is the section you're actually going to learn the most. You learn by doing by taking action, getting into it. So don't skip over this section. Passively watching can only get you so far. So this is how it's gonna work. You're gonna make four different types of videos based on the video production types you learned in the beginning. So creative hobby, freelance, corporate and vlog, you're gonna keep them short and simple so you can finish them within a couple of days or a couple weeks. There's no reason to spend months on these. Each videos also going to have some type of restriction or requirement that you have to follow this forces you to be a little more creative. Each video also has its own PDF instruction document attached with the course. Read, follow and complete each project. If you have any questions during the process, please be sure to ask. I want to help as much as I can go at your own pace. There's no rush. They don't put the video's off too long either, or else you won't be motivated to finish them. 41. PROJECTS: My Vlog Breakdown: All right, guys. Welcome to the vlog breakdown section. Since you guys had to spend a day vlogging, I thought it was only fair that I do the same thing. And I thought this might be a good way to show you my thought process behind some of my filming and editing choices. Also, if I was going to share this publicly, I would probably have cut out a lot of these scenes. But since I'm sharing it with just you, we can kind of use it as a learning experience. You know why? Why would I keep that in? Why not? So I think that will be fun. Oh, also, I think you should watch this vlog in its entirety first, and it's linked on YouTube. So all post the link here. It's an unlisted video. So you guys just need the Lincoln and you can view it. It's not public. And then that way you know what I'm talking about. Let's get right into it. Saturday, March 26 2006. Very excited to say that. Okay, so I'm not going to stop it at every scene, but ah, the 1st 1 grabbing the attention right away right? Like it's focused on me. Look at me. Listen to what I have to say. This is my vlog. Okay? So here, I'm kind of setting the scene. Ah, the past few shots were driving shots. I just attached my GoPro to get those shots. And now I'm introducing Judy. So this is just setting up what's gonna happen soon. Okay, So this is where I, um, about to introduce Judy. There we go. And you drive through. I kept this in here to accept. That was kind of a funny moment and that I think this is a really good time for a visual and a musical transition coming up. Okay, I got a lot of establishing shots to the donut hole, so you can see it from different perspectives. Okay, so we got inside outside conversations about the doughnuts, close ups of the doughnuts. Okay, so then more driving, more conversation to kind of show a relationship a little bit. And then we are going to this H mart, which is a Korean ah grocery store, to get our And so before we came here, I knew I wanted to get a montage quick video combined with music eso Very fast cuts and my goal going in here was just to get as many shots as I can of different things that represent this place. Well, so little zoon in there Signs, fruits, variety of shots this cube it. Okay, so in there there is a lot of driving and I like the music, but it could probably probably be shorter. One thing I did you hear was cut to the music. So if you go back to it, you can see that when you hear a beat I added a different cut and that just adds that just helps it flow better. It feels more natural, the music and the visual Zehr working together. And it's kind of a good editing technique to do when you have music in a bunch of different shots of different things going on. One of Judy's favorite things in life is to drink cold coffee, but Okay, so this coffee scene right here, this was simply put in. I mean, it was completely honest, not thought out beforehand. Um but it was put in here for character development. And I know you're thinking this is a blogger. There's no characters This is real life. That's all true, but you kind of have to think of the people in these logs as characters. Fun facts like this. Like Judy liking cold coffee that's three days old, gives us character gives us personality, right? Like you don't know Judy as a person. You only know her through this flog. So I have to do things in editing based on what happened that day, to give her a personality to introduce them to to an audience. Okay, One thing about eating food on blog's is that it's usually really boring. So either the conversation needs to drive the scene where the food should be unique. Now, Korean food isn't that crazy like, unheard off. Lots of people have had Korean food, but I thought it was interesting enough blood sausage, Just the name. The look is something a little bit interesting, but I didn't want to stay on it too long. It's just when I showed the dog, I got different camera angles of us. Like I said, it could get really boring. Okay, here's another driving scene used to explain what we're doing next. I also think these moments just help. Add some humor and kind of show my relationship with Judy a little bit better. Um, also, the phone falls again. It's It's repetition, repetition in videos. This is a way to add humor. I also did it with her car and truthfully, I just think her cars so strange looking that it needs to be talked about. But I did it earlier with the car, said, Oh, it looks like a cube showed the Cube and then brought it up again. Just the fact that I can't get over this car. So when I saw that in editing, I kept both of those instances in just because a gym. Okay, so that scene right there, I just kept it in because I thought it was kind of funny. I also feel like this scene doesn't really do anything to add story. It doesn't add anything to the story. We didn't go inside the cafe, so I say this and then we just continue on. If I were doing a second pass on this, I would probably cut this scene. Okay, so this next scene really proves that we didn't plan anything exciting for that day. Judy had to go clothes shopping. I mean, that's the worst, right? So I thought, How can I make this scene interesting? How can I make this event salvageable? So I turned this thrift store into a runway. And so if you noticed, that was kind of a fun editing technique where she tried on 44 different jackets for her interview. So what I did in editing was since she walked the exact same route in these four jackets, I just pieced them together. So I edited the first clip to end here, and then the second clip starts there. So I took the second clip where she was walking in that same instant to start there, I ended. It started to the third clip here, ended it. And then finally, she gets here with her fourth jacket. So when you put them together, it looks continuous. But this next orange tree seen is actually my favorites. With this, I wanted to make it as exciting as possible. I mean, I was just picking oranges, but it was kind of a story in itself. Judy wanted me to pick oranges, but they're hard to get, so I had to find a solution, right? I said that here, but I'm gonna try. Okay, so I started the music right there, but I'm gonna try. That's when I turned up the music. I switched camera angles so you can see what I'm doing your along on this journey with me. We're gonna show a little bit of my struggle. I get into the action. Here's some success so much. And then here's the payoff, right? I show you all the oranges I got and in this stock was awesome because he sat right here, just made the shot. Great. And then me being not being able to hold all these oranges just just a fun, really fun scene. Hey, OK, skip the dinner. Okay, So then this is just me in front of the camera, giving you my opinion about blogging, but it's just way too long. I added this more for the class. So if you were listening to it, you could kind of hear my thoughts about what I thought about blogging right after it. What challenges? I found what I liked, but I would say in vlogs, people do want to hear what you have to say, but keep it pretty short unless you're saying something really profound or super emotional or personal, People have a very short attention span. I just think most people I don't want to listen to a person talk for 20 minutes unless they have a pretty face. So I'd probably cut this out completely, or maybe just cut it in half. But like I said, I kept that in there just so you guys could hear my opinion as well. So the vlog is over. Just kidding. 10 seconds left. So here I'm like, Oh, I forgot to tell you I got a box from my parents and it's just kind of a funny ending to the vlog. You know, like my suggestion is, always give your audience something to laugh or smile about at the end, or to think about just so they're not like when assisting over so I could get to the next video there, thinking, Oh, that was really great. What else do they have? It's not always possible, but try to end on a high note when you can. So that was my first log. I found it challenging. You'll probably find it challenging or you did. I'm not sure. Maybe you'll find it really easy. But I also thought it was really fun. So I hope this gave you some insight into my thought process when making it. There's no hard vlog rules, but they're still practices that you should follow. Let me know what you think. If you have any other questions about this log, anything I did in it how to do anything why I did it. Let me know. Leave a comment and I will get back to you. And I look forward to you guys making some vlogs. I hope you're excited about making them. 42. COURSE WRAP UP: Closing Thoughts: Hi again, everyone. That wraps up this introductory course to video production. You learned about video categories, cameras and techniques. You practice filming and editing and even created four of your own videos. Congratulations on completing it all. It was just a small taste into the video production world. And I hope it motivates you to continue down this path. I also want to take the time to say thank you so much for taking this course. I really appreciate it. First and foremost, I hope you learned what you wanted to learn. I hope this course was helpful in giving you the tools and knowledge that you need to get started in video production. I know it can be really intimidating and overwhelming, but anyone can make videos. It just takes time and dedication to get better. I also hope this course helped motivate and inspire you to take action. You've already made four videos. You're only going to get better. So again. Thank you very much. If you enjoy this course where you found it helpful in any way, please consider giving it a review. I'd love to hear your feedback. And finally, if you want to get in touch with me. You can find me on pretty much any social media platform. At least the big ones. So come say hi and thanks again.