Start Reading and Writing Korean! | Olivia Kim, Five Minute Korean | Skillshare

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Start Reading and Writing Korean!

teacher avatar Olivia Kim, Five Minute Korean, Korean Instructor

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Hangul Overview 1


    • 3.

      Hangul Overview 2


    • 4.

      Hangul Set 1


    • 5.

      Hangul Set 2


    • 6.

      Hangul Set 3


    • 7.

      Hangul Set 4


    • 8.

      Hangul Set 5


    • 9.

      How to Type in Korean


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About This Class

The Korean language is one of the most efficient and intuitive languages, which makes reading the easiest part of the learning process. Believe it or not, it only takes 10 minutes to master the basics so get started right away!

After completing the course, you will be able to:

  • Read Korean

  • Write Korean

  • Type in Korean

Meet Your Teacher

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Olivia Kim, Five Minute Korean

Korean Instructor

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: And now as AI, I'm Olivia and I'm the Korean instructor at five-minute Korean, believe it or not, the easiest part of learning Korean is reading and writing. The language is efficient and intuitive, which means anybody can do it. It takes less than ten minutes to learn the basic Korean alphabet known as hungered. So why wait to get started? Let's go. 2. Hangul Overview 1: And then I say, haha, I'm so excited to have you in my hungered class and I can't wait to teach you how to read and write in Korean. Trust me, it's going to be really easy. First, in English, you have consonants like b, c, d, and then vowels like AEIOU. In Korean, the concept is the same. So we also have the consonants and the vowels. So let's first look at our basic consonants. Okay, if you look here, we have ten basic consonants on top and four aspirated consonants at the bottom. The first consonant we have here is the GK sound that's actually right in between. So it's pronounced. Now, you know the song Gangnam Style, right? So when you say Kang numb, the very first letter is this letter here, ha, come num. Okay. The second letter is just like the letter n. So next to, to. So it's not really deeds, not t either. It's kind of in-between to, to soft t. I would say. The next, we've got the RL sound. This is a little bit tricky. So the pronunciation goes LA, LA, LA. The position of your tongue should be the same as, as if you're saying the letter D in English, LA, LA, k. Next we have the letter M. And then so this one's neither b or p by kind of in-between. So soft. Okay, next we have letter s. So next we have a letter that looks like a circle. It's actually silent, but it does add the NG sound. If it comes at the bottom of your syllable, we'll take a look at that in a little bit. And then we here we have the j CH sound. Once again, it's actually neither, it's inbetween. So to last letter is h. So now we're going to look at these four aspirated sounds at the bottom. So if you look at this first letter, you're basically adding an extra line. This letter g, k, The first letter we learned. So if you add an extra line, that means you have to aspirate the sound, meaning you have to add more air. So the first letter was Gotcha, gotcha. Now this aspirate a letter would be okay. If you put your hand in front of your mouth, you should feel a lot of air coming out in front of it. Okay, now the second aspirated letter come from this DT sound, and then you add an extra line and becomes a very strong sound, great, strong tea. And then next, this. Sound comes from this BP sound. So it's pronounced per, per, per k. And this last letter comes from this j-th sounds, which again is pronounced two. So then if you add an extra line becomes sin. Sin. To hear the difference, it's higher pitched and it's aspirated as well. If you've practiced enough times, you'll be able to differentiate them. But for now, if it's a little bit tricky for you, don't worry too much about this. Now let's move on to our follows. So in Korean, we only have six basic vowels. And so for why sounds. And so let's look at our first base of bowel. So it's pronounced. Open your mouth book and say, pretty simple, right? The way you remember the shape of this letter is to think of how the sound is created. So imagine you have a person here in his mouth is here in his saying this letter. And your throw is here and the sound is coming out of your mouth, right? So that's how you remember. K. Now the second letter is all o. Make sure to pay attention to the shape of my mouth. All all. Your tongue is not touching anywhere. It's kinda hovering in the middle. Remember to kind of round your lips a little bit, all. Or now the third letter is 000. You see how my lips are almost close but not quite 00. So create that little hole and then say, oh, now the fourth letter is kind of like when you say the moon. Ooh, ooh. Now, next letter is x2. When you say this sound, the mixture you Pena stretch your lips sideways. Ooh, ooh, like the shape of that letter woo. And then you're going to say, ooh, ooh. Once again, your tongue is not touching anything. Kind of kind of stays flat at the bottom of your mouth. X2, k. Then the last letter is E. E, E. Alright. Now let's look at our four. Why sounds. So when you're adding an extra line underneath, that creates this Y sound. So now this is pronounced ya. Yeah. Now, how would pronounce the second letter that this one appear is all out of y in front of it becomes yell, yo. Yo. Do not say hello in Korean, when you pick up the font, it's your boy was Hale. Yo, it's the sound here. Y'all. Okay. And then here we have all on top. So this would be your, you'll say yo like in English, but you're just one sound, your. And then the last letter with B, u, u, u. And then one more thing before we move on, I do have this romanization written underneath each letter, but don't rely on these too much. They will definitely help you remember the sound of each letter, but make sure you listen and practice how they're actually pronounced by looking at the shape of my mouth and listening to the accurate pronunciation. Okay. Now that you've learned the basic fungal, it's time to practice. I'll see you in our next lesson. 3. Hangul Overview 2: And you as a welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to go over the structure of hunger and then practice reading some Korean words. You ready? And let's get started. When you write a jungle, you're always, always going to start with a consonant and then write the bottle next to it or underneath it. So you could have a constant on the left, bubble on the right like that first one, you're going to have the constant on top, the ball at the bottom, like this, you can have more than one vowel, more than one consonant. But Korean is made up of these blocks. So you have to put them together and make it into one chunk of the front letters and that makes one syllable. So if you look at this last structure, you'd has three consonant and the two vowels, but that only makes one sound, one syllable. So just wanted to show you how they're structured. And let's go ahead and start reading Korean. Now here we have six words. Feel free to pause the video and try to figure out how each word is pronounced. And then when you come back, I'll read these words for you. Okay? So the first word on the left we have got GK sounds, so 6a curve. And then on the right we have so together it's pronounced car. So car is the first syllable and the second syllable. On the left we have d t sound so to, to, with on the right path. So cauda. Cauda means to go. Ok. Next we have jay CH sound. It's kind of in between. So it's to say with all on the right. So together it's tall. Tall, which means I. Next we have in the first syllable on top we have the letter H and then u at the bottom. So together hue. And on the right, j-th, once again, e on the right. So it's Si Shuo Zhi Shu Zi. This means tissue. Next we have N on top or at the bottom for no. Now on the right and on the left are on the right. Now. If you're curious why some vowels are at the bottom and y somewhere on the right. I'll go into details in our next lesson. Okay, next word. On the left, 0s on the rank p, p, you know, p, dumb the Mertz blood, sweat and tears by BTS. So this is the first layer, first word P. Lastly, we have BP sound on the left with all on the right. So Paul, Paul, it's not like like an English with the English letter B. It's not that it's Paul. Paul Kay. Soft P, I would say on the right we have S on top, at the bottom. So don't forget to stretch your mouth and say. So, pause. Pause. And that is bus. Okay, so here you know, you can already read Korean. So I hope you had fun and let's continue to our next lesson. I've also attached the couple of angle worksheets, so be sure to download those and practice writing on your own as well. This will downplay help you remember these Hunger letters. Then, bye, bye. 4. Hangul Set 1: And it has a welcome back to The Hunger class. From here we're going to learn all the hunger letters. So that means not just the basic letters that we learned last video. By here we're going to go over all the consonants and vowels, including the basic and the compound constants and bubbles. I've divided all of those letters into five different sets. So here's SATB1, and let's get started. So here we have sat 1. First, I'm going to show you how to write each letter first. So the first GK letter is written from left to right. So always in Korean you write from left to right, top to bottom. So it's written in this order and it's pronounced. Correct? Now, if I were to combine this with the first fossil, then how do you pronounce this together? Makes sure you're repeating after me. Very good. Now, the reason you write the vowel on the right is because it's long vertically. If it's long this way horizontally, that you're going to put at the bottom of your consonant, okay? And remember to right from left, right. Now, when you write this letter, second letter, you're going to come down first and then go right. And then we're going to combine this with the same vowel. So put them together. It's pronounced. Not, not very good. Now, the third letter d, t, it's written this way. Go across, down and across. And then I pronounced ta, ta da with the strong D. It's not tA. Okay. It's kind of in between. Okay. There's a little bit of air coming off from your MF. Now the next letter is LA, LA, and this is how you write it. K. Now if you put this next to, it's pronounced la. La. Once again, the position of your tongue when you say this is the same as, as if you're saying the letter D in English. So instead of saying, you're one to say la, la, la, Ok. Basically, not the tip of your tongue by a little bit inside, like maybe here is touching the bone. If you feel the top of the roof of your mouth, do you feel that there's like bone kind of sitting behind your front teeth is so the tongue is going to touch that part right there. So la, la, la, la, la. They'll say raw with an aura. It's now law. Either with an l, kind of in-between la, la efforts. You probably don't have the right muscles yet since this is your first time learning Korean. So you have to practice a lot to build up these muscles to pronounce these letters. So make sure you practice a la, la, la. Now the last character is the letter M. So this is how you write it. Then R next to it. So ma, ma, right? Now we are going to combine all of these consonants with the second vowel. And how do we pronounce this one? Right? All oh, okay, oh, oh. Now, so you put them together with the first consonant, it's pronounced call, call. And the second one. No, not. Third one, tall, tall. All law. Mol, mol. Ok. Now the third vowel is o. Okay? So right at first. Then what this no, no, toll TO low, low, mole, mole. Then the fourth fall is as if you're say, you're saying moon. So let's read it again. No. Two. Lue Mu. Very good. Last one is e, once again some bomb vertically, so you're going to put it on the right side of your consonant. So let's read the first level. Ti Qi Ni, Ni te, te li li mi, me. Good job. So now that you've learned the five consonants and five vowels, let's go ahead and recent works together. So here we have six words. Go ahead and pause the video and try to read the six words on your own first. Now let's read the first word. We've seen this one before. So how do we say this? Car? Right, it needs to go. Next. We have na. Na means I or me. Null. Null is you. It's an informal word, which means you can only use this word to your friend who's the same age or younger than you. And then the word for older sister use by male only is new. If you've seen Korean dramas, sure you've heard of this word, know. Okay. Then head is Maury. Maury. Lastly, sweet potato, umami. Umami. And that is the end of step one. So make sure you go back and practice these sounds. I've also attached the humble writing worksheets. So download those sheets and then practice writing many, many times until you feel comfortable writing and reading them. K. Then I'll see you next time. Bye bye. 5. Hangul Set 2: Now as I welcome back to The Hunger class, here we're going to start with set two, and let's get started. So here we also have five consonants and five vowels. We've seen them before, so you should be familiar with them, or we're going to go over them one more time here. So let's start with the first consonant. This one has a BP sound, but in the middle, so it's pronounced. And this is how you write it. And then we're going to combine this with the first vowel in the first bottle is pronounced ya. And let's write it first. So if you put them together, it's pronounced K. The second syllable has the sound and you write it from left to right. So like this. Then combining with the same vowel, How do you pronounce this? Sin the yacht together? Here you will hear this SH sound, but don't say shot. There's no, Ooh, you're, your lips are not rounded. Flatten your lips shall. Then the third consonant that looks like a circle has no sound, it's silent. So if you see this with a vowel on the right or below, then you're just going to read the vowel. So, yeah, yeah. The fourth syllable has a J CH sound once again in between, so to say. And it's written this way. You put on the right and it's pronounced thought St. John. Okay. There's no drug. You're rounding your lips. Okay. Then the last letter over someone's head with a hat on top and it's pronounced like, like the English h. And when you write it like this, from top to bottom. So now we're going to combine all of these consonants with the second vowel, which is pronounced Yo. Yo, yo. Remember AT add one extra line below. The basic vowels we've seen in set one. And you're basically adding the y sound in front of it. So, yeah. So now let's combine it with the first consonant. How do we say this? Pl, p, o, this one. Show, show. Yo, yo, like as an Yahoo CEO, Hello, Y'all. Then. So, so now moving on to the third firewall, which is pronounced Yo, and this one is horizontal, so you want to put it at the bottom of your continent. So here you go. Pure, pure. Show. Show. Yo Yo Shaw. Shaw. Ho, ho. Next we have you. You go ahead. Pew. Pew, shu, shu. U, u to two, HW, HW. Right? Our last consonant is, don't forget to stretch your mouth. Here. Per per. Sir. Sir. Her to her, her Reagan. Now let's practice a little bit using these consonants and vowels. So the first word we have is bus. How do we read this? Next we have choose, choose, choose. And then huge Z, which means tissue. Then new, new news. Yo Yo Ma. Woman. Lastly, your body. Your body. That is cooking. So far so good. Then this is the end of set two, and I'll see you in set three, comes out. 6. Hangul Set 3: Now as a Welcome to the Jungle class, set three. Here we are going to go over for aspirated consonants in five composite follows, meaning vowels that are combinations of two the profiles. So let's get started. Here. On top we have the four aspirated consonants, which are the causes that are pronounced with more air. Okay? At the bottom we have five composite vowels. It's not too difficult. There is nothing to be worried about. So let's get started with the first consonant. So when you write this, you first write the very first consonant. We learned the, you're going to write this line underneath. It's pronounced. It's not the same as the first one, which is good. It's a little bit higher pitch than the first consonant we learned, okay? And if I were to combine this with a first Bible, which is basically a combination of r and then e u prime together becomes a a. So if I were to write it on the right, how do you see this? K. K, K. Pretty easy, right? Let's move on to our second syllable. It's pronounced to K. When you write this letter first you're going to write the letter to and then you're going to write the little line in the middle. Then once again, if I were to combine this with the first vowel a, then how do you say this? K, K, right? Next we have letter p. Kind of looks similar to this one that's pronounced right? Without the lines on top. So this one is pronounced pay. Pay, pay. The last one is the CH sound, but it's not the same as the English CH. It's not pronounced that way. It's sin, sin. I would say it's closer to the T s. So when you say cats, it's almost the same set. So you put n next to it, becomes TE ten. Very good. Now let's look at our vowels. So the first one was a, the second follow-wall is pronounced a, a. Essentially they're pronounced almost the same, you know, how language changes over time. So back then in Korea, people used to differentiate these two sounds, but nowadays people don't. So these two characters are pronounced the same. They're both a k. And then when you write this character on the left, you're going to read all. And then e on the right. And then you put them together. It makes the sound a, a So let's combine the second row with the first consonant, k. K. Next. Pay, pay, pay. A. Lastly, ten, tech. Right? Now, the third firewall is pronounced yea. It's a combination of JAR with E. So when you write it, you write from left to right. So JAR, they write E next to it. Yea, yea. So put it with the first consonant, J. J. Second one. K, k, k, k, k. K. Very good. We have two more to go. So the fourth firewall here we have is Yolanda left. And the rate print together makes yea, you know how the first two are pronounced the same. These two are also pronounce the same. Okay? So combine it with the first consonant, k, k, k, k, k, k, k, k. All right, let's look at our last fall. Here. We have on the left, e, on the right. Whenever you see this, you're just going to read from left to right. So we say alert about vassar. We, we, and the if you say it as if it's one sound, it's, we, we, pretty easy, right? So combine it with the first consonant. Tree. Tree. Tree t, three, P ci, ci. Very good. Alright, now let's practice by reading some words together. Once again, try to pause the video and try to read these words on your own first. And then when you come back, I'll read these words with you. So here's the first word. Poo. Poo puts. Okay, make sure you're repeating after me. The second word, blood is P. P next to ride. Now this word has both. And if you put them together because the tough is an aspirated sound, which means it has more air, it's higher pitched. That's going to store up pyre, pada. Okay, next world is say k, say k back rear. So one the left, e on the right. So you put them together, becomes we, we, we combine it with the letter D, t, So E, g. Lastly, costly is call P. Call p. There's no F in Korean. So all of these letter F's are going to be like a P sound, so called peak copy. Alright, that's the end of set three, and I'll see you in set four comes out. 7. Hangul Set 4: I say, here we're going to go over set for reaches the made up above five consonants and vowels. Then let's get started. So here we have five consonants, but they look a little bit different, right? So these are called double consonants because you see double of each consonant. And at the bottom we have six composite vowels. They look quite complicated, but they're not. Trust me, you'll be just fine. So in Step four, we're not going to combine these five consonants with the vowels. We're going to read them separately. So let's get started with the first double consonant. So the first couple consonant is the double g or GK, The very first constant we learned. So that's pronounced car. Car. Now, these double consonant are not aspirated sounds, meaning you're not gonna feel any air coming out of your mouth when you make decent. So let me write this first and combine it with the letter R. And this is pronounced, God. It's not esperanto, It's not car. It's not, there's no sound. It's got if you feel if you put your hand in front of your mouth back, you don't really feel any air. It's different from cut and got, got, got. The sound comes from the bottom of your throne. God. Now, the second consonant is the double d. So once again, this is not tar. Its data. Back. That next one is now in Korean. Do you know how to call on older brother? So all right. So all it's this one. We don't say. All right, it's all back. And the next character is PSAT SAT. Now, if you see one as its ha, ha, This one is saf, saf, sof, suf. The 1S is a little bit lower and lower pitched than this one. And this one, when you pronounce this SAR, your upper teeth and bottom teeth are almost closed together. Okay. The last one. So I thought say Chao. Have you ever dyads? That's the Korean name for black bean noodles? Some, yeah. Okay. And this is all the causes you have covered all the constants that we have in Korean. Now let's move on to the vowels. Once again, whenever you see composite vowels, You're going to read from left to right. So the first one, you write it this way and you say All, and then E is supposed to be we. But this is an exception. It's not pronounced way, it's pronounced way, way. Let's look at the second vowel we have on the left, on the right. So way, way. Try to make it sound like it's one sound. Way, way, way, way in Korean means why way. So the first two balls have the exact same pronunciation. Moving on to the third one, we have on the left. On the right, try to say them together. Way, way, way, way. This is also pronounced way. In Romanization, I've written a little bit differently, but these first three vowels are pronounced exactly the same way, way, way. Right? Next we have E. So print together early, early, early. Next. Or Wow, wow, wow, bit faster. Walk 11, the last one. All walk. Walk, walk. Okay, so this is it. Now it's time to practice. So let's move on. Here we have six words, uranium or to do some pause the video, practice on your own and come back and let's read them together. The first word we have here is pig. So pronounced 2-AG. Next we have trash. Suit ag. Next, the word for what in Korean is more war. Well, then meaning is me. Me. Very good to be salty. Da-da, da-da. These double consonants are the highest pitched. Last word, brain. It's not knowing that this was an exception. May name. Alright, this is it, and we only have one set left. So I'll see you in our next lesson. Comes from needle a by 8. Hangul Set 5: In this lesson we're going to go over it. Set five, which is our last set in our hunger. So inset five, we're going to go over what's called final consonant. So if I were to write this word Sun, which means mountain, first, we would write the letter S. On the right. I would write r. Then after that we would need the letter n, right. But where do I put that dough, put it next to it. Nope, because when you write humble rewrite in chunks like in blocks, right? So we're going to write this final consonant at the bottom of side. So here's this syllable, sun. Sun. So whatever we write at the bottom, recall that final consonant. Does that make sense? Okay, now there are a few rules to follow when you read the words with final consonants. So if you see any of these three characters as final consonant, go cook, and they're all pronounced like the letter cane English minus the trailing at the end. So let's read these three words. They're exactly the same. If someone just comes up to me and ask me, how do you write up, I wouldn't know which one of these three would be. Okay, so now let's look at the second column. We've got the letter ends. So if you put it at the bottom, it's pronounced. And, and pretty straightforward right? Now, if you look at this column, now we have to sue, sue to, to. Now they are all pronounced like the letter T in English. So if I were to read them at, at, at, at, at all the same. And once again, there's no at the end. So this is something that you would have to memorise. Then here we've got the letter LA, LA. And if it's used as a final consonant, it's pronounced more like an L rather than an r. So i, i. Next we have m. So this is and then, but they're both pronounced like the letter p. So up, up, it's not up. There's no at the end, up. And you stop right there. And then lastly, this circle consonant. If it's on top, it's silent. If it's a bottom, it creates this N-G sound. So this is pronounced. Right? So let's practice using these six words. How do we say South Korea? Han Qu. Han. Good. Book. Take take money. Torn. Torn. Taxi. Take C. C. Do you think it sounds pretty close to the English pronunciation? And then friend, single, skin, cool. Lastly, love. Well, this is the end of hunger or class. Now you should be able to read all the Korean texts that you see at a Korean restaurant or korean supermarket, currying books, Korean TV shows. So remember the practice. And in our next lesson, we're going to go over how to type in Korean. So be sure to go watch that as well. And I'll come some Nidal. 9. How to Type in Korean: In this lesson, we're going to go over how to type in Korean. So typing in Korean is pretty easy. You're first going to start with a consonant followed by a vowel. So here's what the Korean keyboard looks like. If you divide it in half like this. On the left we have all the consonants. On the right we have all the vowels. So start typing with the consonant first and then type your Bible. If you want to type your double consonants or yea, yea, these two vowels, you hit this upper arrow key or the shift key, and then these buttons will appear. So for example, if you were to type Kuhn, she would press this and the vowel All. And then the letter m here. And that's it. So have fun typing in Korean. And I'll see you in another course. Comes only pi.