Smooth Circles Earrings | Joanne Tinley | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Smooth Circles Earrings


    • 2.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - materials


    • 3.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - equipment


    • 4.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering equipment


    • 5.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - cutting the discs


    • 6.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - doming the discs


    • 7.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - melting the silver balls


    • 8.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the studs 1


    • 9.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the drops 1


    • 10.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering troubleshooting


    • 11.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - filing and sanding


    • 12.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the studs 2


    • 13.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - preparing the earwires


    • 14.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the drops 2


    • 15.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - finishing the earwires


    • 16.

      Smooth Circles Earrings - final thoughts


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About This Class

A class with not one but two equally lovely pairs of earrings for you to make!

The Smooth Circles Earrings class teaches you how to create a pair of drop earrings and a daintier pair of studs starting with a simple circle. I'll show you a simple way of recycling some of your scrap silver into silver balls and then share some tips on how to soldered them securely into the middle of the discs. I've included some troubleshooting as well to help with those times when the soldering doesn't quite go according to plan!

This is one of a series of video classes, each one showing you how to quickly and easily make a lovely pair of earrings - sometimes two pairs - as part of my #52earrings challenge. I have challenged myself to design and film tutorials for 52 pairs of earrings in 2017, and I'd love you to join me. In each video I will show you the materials you will need, explain the tools and equipment and go through all the steps needed to create your own lovely pair of earrings. Along the way I will share with you the same hints and tips that I teach in my jewelry making classes and private tuition so that you become more confident with your techniques and design skills with each class that you watch.

This class is an intermediate class as previous experience of soldering is useful.

The equipment needed for the project is explained in the videos and also listed on a downloadable document that covers most of the tools that I will use in future earrings video classes as well so you can plan ahead! All the equipment listed can be used for a variety of other jewellery making projects.

Earrings #46 and #47 in the #52earrings challenge.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Joanne Tinley

Jewellery Designer, Tutor and Writer


I have been making jewellery for as long as I can remember, and have been passing these wonderful (and addctive!) skills on through my classes for nearly 20 years. I am self-taught and like many people I started with wire and beads. Learning how to solder, however, opened up a whole new world of jewellery making! There is something so magical about watching solder flow through a seam, joining two pieces of metal together smoothly.

My studio is in Southampton, on the South Coast of the UK. I design and make jewellery for galleries across the UK, teach regular and popular jewellery design workshops, and also offer private tuition. My jewellery design projects have been published in both UK and US magazines and books.

Visit my Etsy shop, Jewellers Bench Shop, for jewellery ma... See full profile

Level: Intermediate

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1. Smooth Circles Earrings: I'm a jewelry designer, South UK and welcome to smooth circles in this class and learn how to make not one but two different pairs of earrings, one pair of jobs going past us. They both use the same basic technique, but they do have a rather different look. They both start with a base of a circle that's bean domed or cupped. The stud earrings, however, just have one silver ball. Quite a large one sold it into the middle whilst the job hearings has a selection of different size Super Bowls steak. So they both have, as I said, the same basic idea, but they end up with a very different appearances. However, the study ring would work just as well for this whole appearance. My favorite part of this class is melting silver balls. It's a great way of using up scraps silver, however, the part that maybe isn't so much my favorite is the filing, but that is the part of the class that is going to get to the look that we're aiming for. We're going to be using files to smooth off the name of the car suggests to smooth off the top of self bulls on the edges of the disk to create a very different look from just silver balls soldiers into the middle of a cup. The amount of fun we're going to be doing doesn't mean that you're going to be producing a fair bit of silver dust, so we don't want that to go to waste. So do make sure that you work over a printed collect dust or have a school box underneath where you're working. So you can sweet silver dust out of that financial scrap part and make sure that you wasted little silver. Also can to help speed up for filing. I'm going to be using a coarser files Normal cups, a zero file because its course, so it's going to remove more metal quickly. And if you're looking to aunt, another file to your collection, then a cut zero heart friend file would be rather nice. This Charles has passed the 52 hearings chance I set myself 2017 design and film to rules for 52 different passive earrings. Have a look out for the hash tag. 52 hearings on Instagram and Facebook to see some behind the scenes photos For now, though, let's have a look at the equipment materials that we're going to need to make the drop understudy hearings. 2. Smooth Circles Earrings - materials: These are the materials that we're going to need to make both such. Under the drop earrings, I've got two pieces off sterling silver sheet. The smaller square apiece is a cut off forming of the project piece left over on its 20.5 millimeters thick. That's 24 gauge. The larger, more misshapen piece was originally a peace of no 0.7 millimeter that sit closer to a 20 gauge on that again was left over from another project. I sent it to the rolling mill to thin it, and it is just over 0.5 millimeters thick. The stud earrings. You could go as low as 0.4 millimeters thick because you're going to be cutting out very small disks. I will be domingo them, which is going to give extra strength, of course, for solving something in the middle that's going to add some extra strength as well for the larger discs. For the drops, I wouldn't really go below 0.5, maybe go as thick as 0.6 millimeters. I've got a pair of stud fittings and butterflies for the studs, and I'm going to be forming the ear wires for the drop hearings for 0.8 or 20 days. Stunning silver around wire. I've also got a little pile off leftover pieces, small scrap pieces of north 0.8 millimeter wire in most of my classes. Suddenly, the airing one's, you'll hear me say that nothing goes to waste or the small pieces of off cuts they or get saved. A lot of them. I recycle on the pieces I can't recycle because maybe they're too small or it's still with dust that contaminated with wood, dust or other things. The Sioux Once it's too small, they get end up in my scrap pot and get sent back to the body and supply to recycle. For me, however, these little pieces are off cuts from, Well, I've cut short rivets that I've used in projects or when I've shortened ear wise from some of the other 52 hearing projects. So in this cast I'm going to be using them to melt into little silver balls. Is it going to decorate the inside of the earrings? I thought it be nice to show you just how I do recycle so much of my silver. You may not have such a pile off cancer piece awar left over from other projects, but have a look out for whatever scrap you do have to melt into the little silver balls or cut small pieces off the sheets that were going to be cutting discs from. 3. Smooth Circles Earrings - equipment: These are the hand tools that we're going to need to make both e smooth circles, stud and drop earrings. The base of both pairs of earrings are disks of silver, so I'm going to be cutting out using my disk. Attar, Andi, I'm going to hammer the punches through the discussion with this old hammer. He doesn't matter if this hammer picks up marks from the punches because I never use it directly on silver. I reserve it for jobs like this, while some cutting discs out, I'm going to support this cutter on the leather cushion to keep the noise down. I'm then going to use the domain block on the metal punches to cup the disks. I can use the natural punches rather my wooden ones of this project, because I haven't got a texture on the disks. If there was a texture, then I'd want to use the wooden punches so that the texture wasn't affected. It wasn't smoothed out again. I'm going to support domain block on the cushion on. I'm going to use the old hammer to hit punches. Once the decorations sold it into the middle off the desks. I'm going to do a lot of filing to make the firing a little bit quicker. I've got a coarser file here that I haven't shown you before. Farce degraded by number on the higher the number, the finer the file. Most of the files I use are cut to, which is a medium cut, but I've got here. The far without a handle is a zero. It is a course, a cut, so it's going to help me to do the filing a little bit quicker. I am still going to use a cut to file the files here that you can see with a handle, and that's going to finish off the firing on helped to remove some of the marks that have been left by the course of file. You could, of course, use flat files, but I've only got one cut too far. 1/2 round. I decided to buy 1/2 round because then I've got the best of both worlds. I've got a flat section and around his sections. I really can use it for a wide variety of jobs to help smooth circles a little bit more and remove dwarf the marks left by the filing. I've got a piece off 240 grit emery paper. I'm going to support the Emery paper on the metal section off my bench. Paige. So it's got a really nice firm surface behind it during that just helps a speed. The sanding up. I'm also going to use the bench pages support The files are some working expense pace aren't useful just for support your work with the story. They useful supporting a work for a whole variety of jobs. The next job will be preparing the air wise. I'm going to use a Sharpie, the ruler on the wire cutters to measure Mark and cut off the lengths off. Study Civil White. I'm going to use the air wise. I'm going to prepare the air wires by hammering them slightly with planting hammer. I'm going to do that on top off the bench, book again with the leather cushion underneath to support everything and keep the noise down. The rest of tools you can see here are for finishing off the ear wives. I'm going to use a step to Mandrell to form the U shape in the air wires. I'm going to use the needle file to smooth and round off. The end of you are so comfortable to go for your ears. I'm going to use the nylon. Your plan to make sure the wires are straight before I bend them. I'm going to use the flat nose applies to flick out the end. They're wise to give them a nice, neat professional finish. As you know, this is a soldering project. So we also need have a look at a soldier equipment. We're going to need to complete the earrings. 4. Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering equipment: I think this is the soldier equipment that I use for all of my small projects, such as earrings and pendants, everything sitting on a couple of slate tiles, a heatproof surface to help protect my desk on my work sits on a couple of soldering bricks , soldering blocks, while some heating it up. One of these soldering bricks is made of a softer material than the others. Because it's softer, it's picked up some dips and some cracks in it. It's being used over the years, and these could be very useful for supporting work that isn't completely flat. The charcoal block is there because I melt small piece of scrap on top of that on. Do they form nice of my balls as I am used to decorate my projects when I need to pick up my work or to support it whilst I'm soldering? I used reverse action tweezers that you can see here and have also got a pair on a stand through 1/3 hand, and it's there when I need 12 on extra hands to help me out. The blue handled stick is a soldier pick on and that I used to push soldier move it about to make sure it it's exactly what I wanted to be. Soldier usually comes in strips or sticks. Andi, I've got three different melting temperatures here that I using combination for different projects. The soldier gets cut into small pieces or Palin's you ting. The red handles snips as I keep those little pieces in the labeled boxes that you can see do. Make sure that you label your boxes because once a soldier is cut up, you won't be hard to tell which is which. Melting temperature. My curl over the ends off the sticks of solder so that I can tell which melting temperature they are, the more cold over they are, they're higher. The mounting temperature, bright yellow liquid is a flux. Solder won't actually flow out through the joining unless you use a flux with it. Andi, the paintbrushes. What I used to apply the flux to the joints in my work. Small projects like hearings only need a small blowtorch, and I've got two different makes of those here. Both of them are easy to refill with the gas that comes in aerosol cans. Since the same type of gas, butane gas that you use to refill cigarette lighter at the back of a picture, you can see a slow cooker that Scots a very mild acid solution go to safety pickle in it. When you heat silver up, the surface becomes not darker and dirtier looking that some of the capo in the study silver reacting with the heat and auction flames before cause copper oxides on the safety pickle cleans that Caprock sides up before you put your work in the safety pickle, it needs to be cooled down or quenched in a pot of water. Andi, you need to put your work in and out of the safety pickle with brass or plastic tweezers. Not the stainless steel ones that I showed you before and thus, but definitely not least our have safety glasses. You've only got one pair of eyes. Look after them carefully. 5. Smooth Circles Earrings - cutting the discs: The first step in making both for drop hearings and stud earrings is to cut the discs out. No, but my lovely discussion, the two parts of which fit closely together. So silver sandwiches between the two, if it closely together, so that as you hammer the cutter through the sheets, state Pushy doesn't move about a tour as it can do in some cheaper versions discusses. I've also got nice sharp edges on the punches themselves that slope so lightly, so they're trying to punch the whole disk out at the same time. They started one section, and then the cuts spreads around. So what are, like good quality one here? Which does mean so I've got less time to spend cleaning up discs afterwards. The cutters I'm going to use for the drop earrings is 15.9 millimeters or 587 inch in diameter. On the smaller one for the stud earrings is 9.5 millimeters or 3/8 of an inch. Let's do the big one first. Is that clear? To see that fits in this whole here, Um, time and today I'm going to use the bigger piece of sheet for the the drop hearings because I could get two discs of this size out of here. I don't want to cut one out of this piece on one out of here because they do have ever see such slight difference in their thickness. It's fun at some 10.1 of a millimeter, but that is a slight difference. And that would mean that as I don't terms, I dished, um, that just the difference in them would become a little bit more obvious. So if you are using scrap pieces of sheet, use a piece that is big enough to cut both disks from, so this bit goes in here. So your comment openly discussed the top with Hama that encourages it. Come open on. And what I do is you can see I'm put the sheeting so that I can still see the edges slightly, see the difference there and then moved them pouches away so that I can get so as far down as possible. So I make sure that I do get to disks in disks cut from this piece on because it's such a nice cutter, I can go really close up to the edge so that through my old hammer because if I used this as it picks up the marks from hitting the steal, it doesn't matter because I don't use this start young silver. I wouldn't want to use one of my nice textural hammers that get damaged. Okay, it's the first cut and see how nice and close I'm going to the edge so I can then go and did the same up in this course scrap. Only by going so close to the edge would I was able to get to this of this size from that piece of scrap. If it was even such slightly smaller, I've had to go down sides of disk. So we've ended up with very nice prior bearings for someone to bigger. I don't see how much is is left over, just a tiny bit of so for there, it's still on the edge. So to larger discs for the drops, it's the same for the smaller discs. The study rings. One silver up. Let's say it does come apart. - So that is what has come back here to disses the studs. Two discs for the drops. The next thing I want to do is dome them 6. Smooth Circles Earrings - doming the discs: I got my domain block out on a range of different sizes of doing punches, going down from 19 millimeters down to 10 millimeters on my old hammer again because we will use this to hits the steel because I don't want to use one of my nice texture hammers . It's time to dome these four discs to move on to the next part of making the earrings couple of points for you to remember before yet started. Firstly, you don't want to use a dish that is too small to quickly. So, for example, though that dish fits in there quite nicely, there is true greater distance between the bottom of the dish on the bottom of the disc relative to the size of the disk. And it would mean basically, that would be moving a silver too far, too quickly, and you'll be more likely to put creases in it. And we don't want creases. We want a nice, smooth curve, so going to do is start off in a much make a dish that put a very gentle curve in with a bigger dome unconscious. That's a little bit too big. Go there, start with that. We will be fine on then. You who finish in a much smaller one. But you have to go through some stages first. So and to use why the biggest punches I got out. 19 millimeter Andi. Quite a big deal here. The other point to remember is that we do want a nice even shaping. So I'm going to hold the damning punch. Nice and straight and upright onto the disk is in the middle of the bottom of the dish was Well, Now, if you've sent your piece of sheets for the role email to recycle it to get its thinner and your basic you were using scrap that you've recycled for this project that you may before this stage need to a Neil your silver if you find we start this stage and you find out she's not moving very far, saying more of an effort to get over dome shapes, and I thought it would. That's indication that you need to kneel it. And if you have a look through my other classes, you'll find plenty of occasions where are kneeled silver to help you with that coming before, so make sure everything's nicely on the, um that a question to support it on and just gonna work on the to biggest discs. At the moment, you can see that's no putsch, much of a curve in there and put back in the next one. But it starts it off. Start it. Often I see which is a lot who we need groups. So we put the 2nd 1 in there as well, which have right due to one I'm going to do to the other side end up with a matching pair. So I'm going to do is start off with this. One of them progressively go through smaller dishes on bond. My US might stop sooner mouthing been going in there, but some might stop before I end up in that one. But I think that's probably the furthest, tight guys you can see. That's gotta realize curve to it, but I still want to go on a little bit further. That's the next smallest. Now I'm going to have to change the domain punched I'm using now. Although the sites aren't actually touching size of the dish on touching the domain punch, they could do so with a hammer and things get knocked. A little bit on that would damage the punch here. So we put that one on one side. I moved on to the next one. This is the one I said I'd probably finish in. So I think I will. Again. I'm going to just about fits in. - That's a really pleasing shape. So that's insofar as I'm going to go with the because there's after the same with smaller discs on. We start in this one and then go through. Some of the smallest size is I speak the film up a little bit this time. - That's the basis of the earrings. Done no nicely. Don't really lovely shape. Tooth. Um, so now I need to show you how to mounts the silver balls to go in the middle and then solder the little balls in the middle 7. Smooth Circles Earrings - melting the silver balls: this sets station cars is really fun. Despite spending most of my solving time making sure that I'm not voting silver in this part of class, I'm going to deliberately melt the silver. So got the little pieces of wires. I showed you the material section of class for a minute. Little pots. I don't lose thumb, Andi. I'm going to melt some about. She mounts them into balls that use three or four of the pieces at a time. Because there was just one of these pieces of why we to make a very small ball. So going to get a couple out, put them in little piles just to fairly long pieces there. I'm going to melt more troubles than I think I need so that I could choose the one signed like the best. Andi, the ones that are left over, won't to go to waste, so use them for other projects. I've got enough for five balls. They don't want to put too much on their make the top of the charcoal block, which is what this is too busy. Otherwise I melt the balls. They're going to run into each other. I just need the sort blowtorch. This job on all I'm really going to do is just keep the flame on the part of Silver. As it melts, it will ball up all on its own capillary action. The bonds between the molecules will get it to ball up, all on its own. It's lots of fun, as I said so. Silver slash intro. Shiny starting to mount, Fusing together way Lovely groups say they do. Wrote about spinning Boris Silver Hopes that wouldn't have it. Well, a couple of them had never mind about what was happening that went and rolled about and stole another piece of why that's fine. These two separated out on that one. Try to escape. So what I'm going to do is certainly melt those. You see them flow together, and I'm going to be about that one as well. Because it felt Chuck public brick. It was lost. Its and I surrounded Shake so with melted back. So I've got to my quench putsch. I'm just here with plastic sieve there, Andi. So I'm going to do is pick up each into pops inside of plastic sieve inside the water. I don't want to melt a hole in the bottom of my plastic sieve. That's called doubts of those are now put in the pickle to clean up last. I melt some more balls, serves nice collection. It'll silver balls have mounted. These now need to go in the pickle to clean up on that, I'm going to choose the ones I like the best to soldier into the middle off the couch disks . 8. Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the studs 1: all the balls that I melted have not been cleaned up in the pickle. Andi, I've chosen two of the biggest ones, the best match out of the biggest ones to soldier in the middle of the cops that they're going to former start earrings and you can see him in place. At the moment, I'm going to be using solid, sold Italians on a separate flux to sold them in place. But you could if you wanted to use solder paste. Instead. I'm going to be using medium Soldier because that leaves me free to use Easy soldier to put the stud fittings on the back the first time parents do just to make it a little bit easier to place. The the soldier in the middle is take a balls out, just seen on flux, just out of view of the camera. It's going to put in a little bit flux in the middle of each. Then who's you can hear me just brushing the excess flux off the brush, says I can then use to dump paint brush to pick up some pieces of soldier and to use the soldier pictures. Tell me, brush those in place I may have had me said before in other classes that I like to, um, cut my soldier very small. So putting three very small over some pieces. Oh, uh, social. The middle, By the way, I'm soldering on top of my older, softer brick that's got lots of dips and dips it. Andi, that's allowing me to have these cups on here inside little dip. So that supported a little bit better. And now that I've put the solder flux in place, can't use trees is to put the bulls back in the middle, use a couple of tools to help me move those back into the middle of much as possible. What, you're going too far the other way. That would to as I'm solving, I might move about a little bit anyway, So I stand ready with solving pick to move things back if they need to. At the moment, thesis older is underneath, and if I was using solder paste, I just would applied a little medium, soldiers the back with the ball and put it in place in the middle of the cup because the walls are sitting a bit proud of cup. I might be a little bit of movements, I said, As a soldier melts and flows of, it settles down. Um, so I might have to move it back into place, but to minimize the amount of movement when everything is heating up, I'm not going to do it. You put flamed straight away on the silver. I'm going to heat around the outside of each theory. In turn, let the heat build up gradually. The reason going to do that is that if I dry the flux off too quickly, then it can bubble up quite a bit on pop off any the World War Z. What, sitting there or any bits of solder. I'd rather the stage where I put them as much as possible. So I'm gonna take the time to heat things up slowly. Second, you this one first, what's always will count for usable color change and silver go. Maybe a little bit darker is your civilization appears, but I do remember that this silver has already being heated up. It is formed from scrap silver says, not going to be much oxygen ization as there would be if it was fresh. New sheet which house you going to help for is the suffering down the boards were set is it settles out the moment it propped up by the solder and maybe a little bit of for the bright silver flashes a soldier mounting out flowing. There's some color changes talking about, so because you like reddish tinge being close to solving temperature go, they told me. It was most obvious down here that there was a flow off that bright liquid silver of the sort of flowing out so that one is now not moving. Everything's moving in place of the one piece rather the borders and living out of a place so that no needs to go in the pickle to clean up to that moment. You can see it's very dirty on the back of Well, so Steph going to need cleaning up with the 2nd 1 and the heating on the outside. First, don't put the heat directly on the silver, but that flux dry out quite slowly and in control and change. You have the ball moves, so I settle down a bit slightly. Andi soldiers rode out quite sold out further on this side. I'm going to go to a little bit more heat. So the so well, the dirty at the moment they are soldier together. They're going to go on which particle down before popping the pickle to clean up on Britain by firing to do to get the look of design that I want. Before I solder the sudden fittings on the back whilst there cleaning up, I'm going to show you how to solder more than one ball. The cluster balls in the middle of a dish to continue making the drop hearings. It's the same basic theory, but it takes a little bit more patients setting up. 9. Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the drops 1: think through the other silver bullets I melted. Andi. I've tried my best to put some of them in matching pairs. Probably not going to need all of these, But I want to be good to show you that you can get quite a few pounds out there that offer Seymour with little silver walls. You make somewhat likely you are to get matching pairs gotten here. Different varieties. Size isn't either. Probably the largest done to some teeny tiny ones here Sees about Rina half millimeter in diameter. He's about millimeter and 1/2. So I'm going to do is very much like the SUT hearings. I'm going to put so flux in the middle you can see here flux in the middle of the dishes that I don't for the drop hearings. Andi, I'm going to add some medium soldier into that. I'm going to be quite generous with the soldier on birth. They are very, very small pieces. But I'm going to put quite a few in there because they're going to be holding quite a few different size bores in the middle of the dish. Well, the reasons I like using small pieces of soldiers. It means it. On a project like this, I can spread the soldier out across the project when I'm solving a wider area, Rather have the same amount of soldier concentrated in a small area. Go now. It might be that after I've actually done the soldier in one or two of the walls might still be a bit loose because I'm going to change still quite a few time. It's not unusual to put what you think the finished piece like this into the quench part in one of the war's pop off. If that happens and it might happen to me, we have to do is that it? Clean up in the pickle, Put some more silver influx in place. Put the ball back and we heat it. So OK, cheese which balls to go inside. Since you can see I'm choosing both pass, turn that around and remove this little bit further. Incident C, the dishes and the bulls here, mother balls over here. Most important thing now that you're to see I'm trying to so that is upside down, trying to use both pairs exposed for a pair brother. That's better. Onda trying to It's like hand this symmetrical pattern. And he says the big one biggest one separate in there. The biggest one is bashing hair over on that side. Just trying to get some kind of from passion going here. Oops. Come upside down as well. Well, there, this is oppression. So this is a project that you're not going to end up with? A complete so much hope. Pair of earrings, Just the nature of this kind of design. Okay, I like that pressure. Turn that one over. You'll find that if you have sold it, So if you've melted the silver rather own, um, Choco Brick, you'll find that the bulls have got a state back to say flatter back. So I made sure that that is at the bottom. Just gonna pop these extra ones away back in we approach and now get used for other projects. That and again in the same ways hearings. I'm going to do one hearing and then the other heat up around it. Obviously more wars here or more. Soldier. There's more chance of things jumping off if that happens. I just turned short. You put it down on you. Soldier picked out with tweezers to move everything back in place so I can see a bit of white powdery looking material just inside. Dealing, especially were appointed with Biggie soda pick. And that's the drive flux. So that tells me that she's now safe to go with the way across what I'm going to account for. Now he's watch out for any movements the bulls on door. So watch out for melting solder. Look for so going out, which I can see just now believe that one that move on to the second. Yeah, I can see some powdery flux in fear. Most options pointing there, that section show It's Dr Second, now moved flame across the whole thing. I have to pick close by, just in case I t needs moving back in place. All right, You could test these things so nothing appears to be moving. So a record sign you see the light to areas where the flux and sold had flown out a little bit. So again, I'm going to put those in the quench pot, put them in the paper part to clean up and keep my fingers crossed that another. Those walls have popped off 10. Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering troubleshooting: Well, it's not completely unexpected because there were 14. The ball was in total to soldier into the middle. The ones on here, that one. Absolutely fine. But my finger across, um, try and move them out place. They will stay in place. They're fine. But on here, as you can see, 12 of the troubles came off. A zai cleaned him up in the pickle. Now the reason they came off, as you can see, Okay, here and here was, Well, what you can't see is and he sold it. That's flown out to see a little bit, just there, that so come out of underneath this war here. But there's no soldier where a new city to put those two in place. Now that might be that there purely wasn't enough solder. It might have bean that the soldier wasn't in the right place for those aboard or it might have bean the way that I was holding the torch. Maybe I wasn't heating as evenly as I could have done on the beach. Wasn't coming over to where it was needed to draw the soldier over to those two wars because, remember, sold off blows to the hottest part of your metal. But that's fine, because it gives me the opportunity to show you how to predict. Right. So we're gonna put some more flux in place, and you see, it just flows around. The board is ready in place there. I'm going to pop a couple of extra pieces off, soldier in place that in place underneath where the ball was going to go There a couple? Mm. Go. Probably get away with just using one piece of solder. But I don't want to have to re sold this again. I'd rather overdue one repair job because each time I reheat the silver and association the soldier, the soldier full flower ship a bit further, so don't want to carry on reheating and then reheating again on end up with not enough so little left to hold these balls in place as well. So I'd rather I was any excess soldier on this design is going to be hidden underneath the balls. I'd rather put a little bit too much. A little bit too little. Not the best use of English there, but I hope you understand what I mean. The same as before going to heat up around. So that's the flux. Move are solely and under control and then start brushing across. - Just give the silver, but chance cool down so that solidly soldiers more right to be solid again. Now those really desperately trying to move them, I can't see to push most place. So that's a really good sign. So that's going to go back in French pot, back in the pickle, Andi. Then I've got to move on to the next stage, which is starting to file the tops off these earrings. 11. Smooth Circles Earrings - filing and sanding: way troubleshooting has done its job. All of those of silver balls are now securely family soldiers in place. I've checked them all on DSO in this section of class we're going to be filing now. I've already filed one of thes drop earrings and one of the stud earrings, so you should be able to see here so that you can see a contrast right? It starts. You can see what we're aiming for because with this start, I haven't done a firing on that patrol. Another turn it seeking. See it from the side. You can still see the silver boards I sold in the middle is don't around on the top, and it's sticking up past the dish. Where is on this one? I turn this one to excite. There's no extra silver sticking up out of the dish as I moved around in the light Sheikhoun seats so nice and sloughs and flat. What you see some file marks on the silver ball actually looks a little bit bigger. It's not actually any wider than it waas when it was sold in place. It's an optical illusion. Where's on this one? Your eye West curves round the shape the light draws it around and it doesn't look quite as wide as it does when you basically cut the top off it, what we are going to be cutting it with. So we're going to be cutting it with a file I'm going to be using for So start gonna be using a coarser file. This is a zero cut file on, and this is the equivalent cut to so cut to is a medium cut. So it's a really good general file toe. Have your revenge, my 16 inch file. Then I would recommend that you get a cut to half round 6.5 inch follow, and that would do you for virtually any job. He's a flat side of finally end Bangles and rings and for jobs like this, and you can file the inside of rings and other curves shapes with the half round. So this is a very, very useful shape. I cut to a medium grade file is the one that you really going to get the most out off. But if you want to be able to remove a lot of metal once that it's worth going to a zero, which is a lot coarser. And so it went through Get the job done a bit quicker, as we want so much silver to remove here. Going to be using this now, I haven't got a flat, uh, cut zero file because six inch files that probably that serve all with different hand tools . Even by that, they're not the cheapest, but because I've got flat side around inside buying 1/2 round does all the jobs that I needed to do. So Anything I do have to do is support it on something so it doesn't wobble about too much . Sun has supported on here. Now, if you remember back to other classes we've done filing in, I keep saying file and he works in one direction. So if you've got your piece of silver and your file, the file should be moving that way across that seeking the movie file forward. Four. You pull the piece of silver back down towards the handle, and that's what we're going to be doing here with the smaller stud because it fits on the wits. What, is she going to pull it down towards her? This is going to take a bit of filing. I'm not going to make you watch all of it. I'm going to get started on day. Then I will show you the end result. So I show you two different stages. But you could be out to see it. I moved about in the light. It's a trifle shiny dot Just in the middle, I think. I mean, maybe three, maybe four file strokes. There is research to make a difference. Now it is going to be I feel very awkward at first fighting the, uh study with that silver sticking up out of it because the silver doesn't allow the hearing to sit nicely, signal how to persevere with it for a little bit and just turn hearing around every now and again. It is going to get easier if you start that. We got started already started food a lot easier, but you start to get a wide of flatter area in the middle of the disc. I can certainly see it there clean. It's French. Get easier to do this, he says, are trying to hold it. See, still see the silver. But actually it's a lot easier for me to hold it with two fingers. Some like that. So afraid of what? You can see, what is served. It is in their promise. Now you can do this with a cut to fire. It's just going to take a bit longer. It was still only filing the disc, but also the the dot in the middle There, bull, you can see it is still making a difference. Like okay, you might find that the hearing starts to get very warm as your filing. If it does, just leave it to cool down a bit on bond because that should never get so hot that it's never allowed to get so hot. It's really hurting your fingers. If you ever want to cool down a piece of silver very quickly, then just put it on something. Steel with steel will duel with heat away from it really quickly. They see it. It's working. Look quick. It's not catching, you know. So seal the silver dusts accumulating. On that file, we'll see a wider area that I can see. Also, it's starting to catch at the edges a little bit to the edges of the disc for starting Shinya. - You know why the area. Now, this stage the edges of the disc, they're definitely being caught a lot more that started Get bit shiny. Er so what we started to head to now if I show you the one that I've finished is that we're aiming to get a nice frame rim of silver so that the disc that we don't has got its h is filed as well. So that is what we're going to end up with. So in a moment, I will continue with that second stud and getting both the same stage and show you those at the end. But I want to do now is show you how I'm going to file the drop hearings. And again, we're heading for a nice rim of silver around the edge for the edge of the disk to be filed for a frame on door. So the disks and so the dot soil, the balls in the middle to be filed as well. But this one is actually but too wide to sit on. Here's what I'm going to do instead, his hold. It's like So So the disc is going to stay still going to move the file This time what I'm doing again to help make sure that I'm firing straight across as I'm not filing the distributor wonky angle. Is this on turning groups? Turning the hearing round against you can see the difference at this cut. Zero. While it's making, you can see that the larger of the silver balls it's starting to get shining in the top, the ones that still dull. I haven't filed down as far as those yet, but you see you will get there on. And I just wanted to show you the difference in the size of the discs. Remember, I said that the earrings would look quite large, especially the stud. Earrings were quite large when you cut discs out, but you're going to reduce the diameter of the discs by finding them after we don't, which is officer this stage, so you can see the finding that oops again. That's why you have a hate for 100 niece about your pick. You can see that the size has been reduced, so I'm going to continue filing those two earrings so that they might shop with those two on, then show you the next stage. That's the main bitter. The filing done the bulk of the firing, the's, the sudden hearings. They didn't take too long to finish off. In fact, I'd almost finished the study hearing by the time I I moved on to this one and stopped the stock video. Just eat a little bit more filing to finish getting the frame around the outside that nice rim and also just needs to make sure that the to study rings the discs matched up nicely. Street a matching pair. You took a little bit longer, and the main reason for that is said The ball that was in the middle of this hearing took her quite a bit of finding to get down to that bear, to get a flat section that by the time I had got to that stage of having a nice, flat section, this hearing was a fair bit bigger. When I held the two of them together, this hearing that I thought I finished the firing on with a fair bit bigger, so I had to file this a little bit more. I decided it was more important to get The two discs are matching size than it Waas to get the insights completely matching because after I'm using melted walls made from scrap silver, they're not identical. The inside of these hearings are not going to be her completely identical. They're gonna be really nice match. But they're not. Whether they make my hands no bait by machines, they're not only complete identical, it's far more important to get the discs the same size. Then it is to try and keep flying down, down, down until you get these are close. So much. So I'm happy with those, but I'm going to do now. Is it because I've been using a, um, cut zero file that she can see the dust that, sir? Silver dust? Yeah, just by looking there, you could see the silver just it came off their accumulated there were on here quite still with dust that I've brushed into the apron. But that coarser file is that quite course, far marks on here I'm going to do now is use They cut to file the site smoother file just to recuse some of these file MOCs. Just gonna go over that reworking. Choose, remove Cheers. Going over just a little bit just to start to remove those coarser file locks, the same official Stutts as, well, most fun. And I think I use, um, Emery paper. But before that I'm just going to He's a brush, just sweep that just turn into the apron, but they eventually get swept into a scrap Parche. I get sent off recycling, just brushing it down there now, So that's I convey a piece of every paper roses. So to 40 grit emery paper. Remember, the lower the number, the course, which is this is, towards course, surrender the papers I usually use I'm going to do. I was just putting its own. They're still part of my bench block. You put it onto a bun. Eso by Ben Opaque You could put on a bench block. And so if you wanted to fame that hard, really house the hard piece of wood because having a hard, flat surface underneath the emery paper when you're pressing down on it helps to speed the process up a little bit. So I'm going to do that. Your brother round circles turn this round if orbit hold on to it in a different place here , shaking on the tables. I'm doing this again that just helps just smooth out some of those marks left by the files . I'm actually going to leave. Some of the marks on their are not going to keep standing until I've got it. Really, really beautifully smooth. Of all of the marks, I'm actually going to leave some marks on there. A bit of a contrast to the smooth unf filed Silver one, I go One last scene. So I'm going to do Is it may notice if you're being filing has been sending that there are a few burgers around the edge of the discs and that this is actually become the edges being come quite sharps being filing. So I'm just going to use the emery paper just to get rid of those burgers. Just like the edges. A little bit smoother. Just turning hearings round access to from heart, the edge that feels a lot nicer. Big ones. No, He expects the brothers was not more obvious from the larger, larger disks going to be turned into the drop hearings. Okay, so did your parents on and stud earrings. The next thing to do is soldiers fittings on Duthie, ear wise onto the back 12. Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the studs 2: I bought the earrings over to be sold it. You can see the stud earrings here and the discs it appearing. Zara, just as focus at the back over here. I've also got, um, two pieces off. Easy soldier. Is he sort of Palin's? Because, remember, use medium solder to solve the balls into the middle of this in the first place. So by using easy soldier on this stage, it means that the medium soldier doesn't re melt and flow on. The boards become a bit loose. I've got the such fittings. Here's well, it's the 1st 1 held in a pair of reverse action tweezers. Source I'm going to do as you may have seen me do in other classes, is to melt a piece of soldier onto the bottom office, start fitting and then put it over on the hearing, re melt the solder by applying more heat to get in the soldier to melt from flow, rather form fitting onto the hearing itself. So the two pieces of silver become one. I've got right yellow liquid at the back here flux, because without the flux, the soldier was just ball up. It won't flow out so good dick that into the flux. Don't you push on the back of the hearings? Well, so's it's on one piece. That's fine. Hold it against that piece of soldier. It's traces up a little bit. That white powder is just the flux. Trying silver I should seen so a little bit more rounded at the Boston That's a soldier's now in place. Interesting Now, by the way, puts a little docked with a Sharpie on the back of each hearing, just to remind me where I'm aiming for that sharp you Mark will burn off before the soldier melts and flows so it won't inhibit the flow. Other soldier Good despite flush of the liquid soldier they're seeking. So that's flown out. It was just trapping everything to make sure it's in place so that one is done. You hear? It will be for Hiss as I drop it in the quench pot to cool down, and I do exactly the same the 2nd 1 So that's your stuff fitting. Dip it in looks. That's the other piece of soldier. Okay, remember to hold everything still until the soldier has lost its very bright to liquid appearance into its one dull because and its site and everything is, if only put together. Okay, by the way, a. The reason why I started heating up the study hearing before I actually touched fitting onto the back is that although the study isn't that big now, we found so much off. It's still a bigger piece of silver suffrage ing is that need a little bit more heat? So to help, to avoid melting the stud fitting a little bit of heat into this first, Then touch the two together and carry on heating so that, you know, So go in the quench pot. Question hearings in the quench parched helps cool them down, which means I can put them into the pickle to clean up on what's there cleaning up. I'm going to move on to the drop hearings. 13. Smooth Circles Earrings - preparing the earwires: cut to six centimeter links of no 60.8 millimeters only silver around wire. But this is what I'm going to use to create the hook. See here wires that will be soldered onto the back of the larger cups. I like to create a flatter area on one end of each wire on that flatter area, then gets soldered onto the back on the other end. It's a bit the stars gets ready through your ear. The flush area allows for a stronger soldier join. It's stronger because it's a little bit wider. It also gives a much nicer finished appearance. So show you how to do that. Now it's going to use my passion. Hammer will be hammering on top off the bench block, just going to hammer the last 45 millimeters. Why all it takes? She had to see a slight difference in the two. This is still rounded. This is catching the light a little bit differently. Do the same to this one just by having the same number from abroad. It's this ones that you are a little bit wider, so I'm just going to I think I like to date I was using the, uh, flat needle file. It's just Simaeys that end, so it's he hasn't got any sharp bits on it. There's been over a rounded end of a paddle on the bottom, so those are now ready to be soldered onto the back of the earrings on, and that's a bit weird when she next. 14. Smooth Circles Earrings - soldering the drops 2: I think it's time to soldier the ear wires onto the back of the drop hearings. So I put the drop hearings on the fire breaker soldering brick. Here on, you can see a put a sharp line where I want the wise soldiers. I had a good look at the airings, decided which way up I wanted them to go on. That line just reminds me which way up they need to pay, but the two here wasa so I just prepared here on 12 small pieces of easy soldier. Same as with the stud earrings, I used medium soldier to put the silver balls into the middle of desks. So you see, easy sold. This time round means that those sore joints will say nice and strong's. Remove one of these out of the way we don't need it on and problema techniques At the moment. Let's put one of the here waas into recession tweezers. Put them in such a way that the flat cuddle is orientated that way, so I could just hold it like that on the back of the the earrings Samos with Easton fittings. I'm going to dip this in flux in C about here on and then melt a piece of soldier on the bottom. So move tweezers. So who could not? I could actually get to home to level off the flux. Soldiers now melted onto that piece of live. She was gonna turn this Charlie a talk show so that I can That's better. I can hold everything positions I'm more comfortable with against your left eye chanced away so I can put heat into the hearing itself before going down. The Why the why It's a sore. A piece of silver doesn't use much heat, so I moved the heat. As soon as I could see the soldier flown out nicely, but then kept everything still until the soldier loss. It's brighter. Look at you and solid again. So that's nicely attached. Go which pot? Andi prepared Second Greece, stepping that into the flux and then boarding the wire with section tweets is second pieces . So she was just there. So which one sold with melted onto that everything up and start beating, and then we go again. So I put it back into position. Go back to you So that Sir, both toothy drop hearings sewed it this one early. So we quench us well and they both go Need to go in, pick apart to clean up on. Then I will show you have to finish off the air Waas. 15. Smooth Circles Earrings - finishing the earwires: Theo safety pickles cleaned up or the dirty cop rock besides off the silver. So they're ready for the next stage, which is making these wrong pieces off no 0.8 millimeter wire into the air wires. So you use pap nine on your pliers to make sure that there are still kinks in my record. Nice and straight. It's also have a good way of testing the soldier join. Go on and see how much do it's double check that they are the same length because although they started out, it's the same length. Sometimes hammering at the back lengthen is one for bit more than the other. Or I might sold a one down a little bit further towards the centre off the discs in the other. Actually, this one on the right is only two bit bigger. What about with a meter and 1/2? I'm just sneaking that extra it often. Even that tiny rescript silver will end up being recycled. Let's say I'm going to do so. Custer's out the way. You don't need the money. More now is used the flat file again. Flat needle file. Just smooth round off the ends of the wire, turning the earrings around so it might look as if Frank Well, I am keeping the needle far going in the same direction. Which time? But I'm actually turning tiny. Hearing round the wire is getting filed from all directions. Feels like she's through that way, but catchy that way. Still, that's a better one. And service. Is it done actually. So there's slight bent bend, but I've actually spent here was a little bass. I was doing that because they are quite long ones. The longer they are, these here they are spend just put him straight again before I use Step Man George to turn a u shape. Hey, Waas, As usual, I'm going to use the middle step only on the mantle. Andi, about that far down would do nicely. First from remembers quite quick to do. I picked friend around. So what I did once I had the wire in the positions I wanted to just bent around this back section my finger and thumb to bend its around the Mandrell. The 2nd 1 though, I'm going to stop spend round and then hotel two earrings together to see how they met shop . Actually, this is a tiny bit to know this piece of wire here the benders Torbit higher on the searing . So I think she's on this one. So this piece of wiser too long, if we're going to do so, I put it back on the mound. Your I just use my finger in some to bend this front section back a little bit, uses up some of that wire shortened searing, but actually, well, would you look at that, have shortened it. Too much does happen, and it means I can show you how easy test put right not only applies again, just priced right, the wise actually very forgiving. Until you actually do the next stage of of hammering the wire, she's changing its shape. You can put it back straight together if you need to. So let's try again. Again. That was definitely too long. People not going the way it was originally granted. This bit, that's a much better much so now that the front section is the right length, I can put it back on the mantle. I just use my finger to push the back section round. It's starting to look a lot more like a pair of earrings. The next stage hint. It is a bit of hammering just going to hammer that front section. The wire there, and doing that will strengthen the shape. Help the year y to stay in shape a lot better. So it's going to usurp. Lashing hammer on the bench block with the rest of the year in hanging off the sides doesn't get damaged. Yes, I did have much the other end of the year wise gonna Shea. I put toothy together and hammered one. What hasn't been hammered yet? You can see it. I'm moving about in the light. This one's catching likely differently because it's been flattened. So what do the same with this? Just having that front section. There we go. So that shape is going to be a lot stronger now, but I can make the shape of the hearing, but the bank gives us a little bit more coffee. Every professional finished. Look by. Using a pair of flat nose pliers I'm going to do is hold the wire in the pliers. Sudden plea, which supplies were guide as to how much wire I'm holding at the end. I just pull back slightly and what Social Kinkel flicks out to the end. That's the why it is much more professional fish. Look, I think so. The repair of drop earrings, the ear waas finished. I'm going to put those on and study hearings in the tumble college should get really nice, clean and shine, and then show you finished results. 16. Smooth Circles Earrings - final thoughts: That's another two pairs of earrings to at your jewelry box, but don't keep him and never too old to keep wearing them. Or they could be perfect present for someone. You may have noticed that on the drop hearings a couple off the feild balls of little dimples in them Andi. They would have being caused by not heating up this Silver Bull for long enough, not allowing silver to take on that spinning appearance for long enough after the silver had appeared to melt in together. So it's a bit of a time void in the middle of those goals, but I'm not to pause about it. I think it's a little bit of extra interests, shows that this is something that's his hand crafted, is not made by a machine. The discs that we started with ah, lot smaller. Now that the firings taken place, they reduced in diameter quite a bit. Cut to zero file definitely does make the job easier, but if you've got cut to you will get there. I promise. You might just want to take a bit of a break and do something else half way through, and they come back to it, but I think you'll agree the results are definitely worth it. We're great to see the earrings that you make. So do you remember to upload photos to the project section class on, but also love it? If you could leave a review to help students as well, Thank you for watching on, and I look forward to seeing you in another clubs.