Shading and Textures with a Pen | Margarita Bourkova | Skillshare

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Shading and Textures with a Pen

teacher avatar Margarita Bourkova, artist | dreamer | infp

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.



    • 3.

      Lines - Variations


    • 4.

      Math Symbols


    • 5.

      Math Symbols - Variations


    • 6.



    • 7.

      Shapes - Variations


    • 8.

      Let's Practice


    • 9.



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About This Class

Hi everyone! In this class i'll show you how I add shading and interesting textures to my drawings using a simple fountain pen. 

Level : Beginner, no prerequisites. 


Meet Your Teacher

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Margarita Bourkova

artist | dreamer | infp


I'm margaw, a freelance artist based in rainy Belgium. I'm self-taught, and i really believe anyone can draw if they really want to! I created this channel to share my drawing techniques, my personal tips and tricks, and to support others on their creative journey. Don't hesitate to reach out if you have any questions or if there's a particular technique you'd like me to teach -- i'm always interested in your feedback!

Ballpoint pens are one of my all time favorite art supplies, i really enjoy using them for almost anything : rough sketches, stylized drawings or even photorealistic illustrations. They are easy to find, cheap and, once you've got the hang of it, really fun to use. Sadly, most people aren't familiar with them... that's why i teach several... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Intro: Hello and welcome to my class about shading and pictures with have been I'm super excited to share some tips and techniques with you. You've probably heard of hatching and cross hatching. But did you know that there are so many more different ways to shade with a pen? I really enjoy working with pens, and I've realized that there are a lot of abstract patterns that are really easy to remember and that I great both for shading fo, quickly adding textures through your sketches suffer death glass. I wanted to focus on easy freehand dodos and patterns. No symmetry, no perfect lines required just a few short goods that will save us in time and will also help you get comfortable with the pen. Here's how this glass is structured. I'll introduce you to three different techniques. Exploring lines come on symbols and shapes. Each technique will be followed by a quick lesson showing different variations for your inspiration. I'll also show you how you use these techniques for my own drawings and does and how some of them are great for suggesting particular textures like fabric, true bog grass scales and many more to grab a pen, some paper and let's get started 2. Lines: you've probably heard of hatching and cross hatching, which are the two most commonly used techniques for creating shading and texture with a pen in this glass. I want to show you that there so many more different ways of doing just that. In this first lesson, I'd like to focus on lines, and I'll show you some of my favorite patterns. The first example that comes to mind is the hedging technique with a small twist instead of straight lines. Audra curved ones that look like they're part of a series of concentric circles so larger and larger circles this technique is very easy to use. It will help you create the illusion of volume. Since we're talking about curved lines, let's try something different. So this time I draw more random lines. They're still curved, but I don't have to be all the same like in the previous example, and you can make them more s shaped, more serpentine. I'll talk some more about practical ways of using these techniques in a later video, but for now I just like to mention that discipline timelines are a great way of rendering movement in a drawing so you can use them to draw running water or clouds in the sky. Of course, I cannot teach a class on shading and textures without mentioning the cross hatching technique. It simply means superimposing vertical and horizontal lines to create a texture that looks like a grid. A series of small lions in rose, isn't it a way of creating an interesting texture? And it's probably the one I used the most for my sketches and drawings. It's also my go to shading technique for buildings and landscapes. The basket weave pattern is also really easy to draw by combining horizontal and vertical sets of small lines. Speaking of smaller lines, you can also arrange them like this, dude it to one side or the other. But this one and the basket weave pattern are techniques I often used to draw clothes and textiles. Finally, there's a continues random line simply but your pen on the paper and draw a random scribbles until you're gone. 3. Lines - Variations: now that we've tried a few different line patterns, let's have a look at some interesting variations that will help you improvise and come up with your own patterns so that start with density or the amount of lines we draw on a given surface. Of course, the more lines you draw, the darker the pattern will be. So in addition to adding some texture, this is also an easy way to at shading to a Ben drawing. Simply start with a surgeon, amount of lines or any symbol the surgeon density, and then gradually increase or decrease this amount. Creating a Grady INT varying the size of the alliance and patterns is another way of creating variations in your drawings. You can also change the direction of your patterns, make them more curvy or steep, which is an easy way to add volume through his catches to create the illusion of depth. Finally, you can switch between continues and discontinues lines and patterns, or even combined multiple patterns. I'll show you how combining different patterns can help you add texture to his catches. In a later video 4. Math Symbols: Let's go back to school for a few minutes. Did you struggle with math as a child? I know I did, but I also used to do to all the time in my schoolbooks, and I really liked mathematical symbols. For some reason and a short lesson, I'll show you the most common symbols. I use both for interesting pictures and add shading to my sketches. First, we have the multiplication sign as across, or you can use the plus sign. Of course, this mathematical symbol is perfect for both textures and shading. The battle looks a little bit like a fishing net. Then we have the equal sign. This one looks better as texture. In my opinion, I often use it to suggest vegetation. The minus sign. It's a simple dash, but it's perfect for shading, especially if you use it with different degrees of density to create shadows, for example, and finally, the multiplication sign. As a simple dot. This one is also used both for textures and shading and is actually part of a beautiful art movement from the 19th century called pointillism. It was used by Vincent Bankoff, among many others 5. Math Symbols - Variations: varying different aspect of your math symbols and patterns is an excellent way of adding texture and shading to drawing. That is especially true if you use dots. The more docks who draw the darker the effect will be. So don't hesitate to use the shading technique if you're not fond of lines and Hutchings, varying the size and direction of your symbols, who also have recreate organized or more random patterns. 6. Shapes: In my experience, shapes are the best way to create interesting textures in your drawings bid for landscapes , textiles, animals or cityscapes. I usually pick a shape at your medical shape or something random, and I just draw it many times again and again, and do it creates a baton. And then it's all about creating variations like stick all the shapes together or leave some space in between them. Experiment with your shapes. That's the fun part. Increase the density of your pattern or decrease the size of your shapes and see how it changes how your pattern looks. - Let's have a look at some examples in the next video. 7. Shapes - Variations: once again, let's have a look at different variations. Varying the density of your shapes will not only create different visual results. It's also on easy way to add shading to his catches. You can also vary, decides and the direction of your shapes and, of course, combined several shapes for interesting results. 8. Let's Practice: in this video, I'd like to show you a little bit of my sketching process and how you use the Parton's from the previous lessons toe at shading and textures to my sketch. When possible. I try to include my references so you can sketch along with me. Or you can download the document of Created with all my references. The first example I'd like to present to you. This is brick wall with the window, once a finished drawing, the general composition. So just a rough sketch of the outline of the window. I can start working on the details. I add the bars on the window and you the Siris of small lines in rows for some depth. I didn't decide to use Hutchings for the rest of the window. Now on to the brick wall, instead of drawing each brick one by one, always a combination of different textures, so random shapes and lines to give the illusion of a wall texture. Now for a landscape sketch, I usually go with lines for the tree bark, but he could also use different shapes for it. I had some shading by increasing the density of the lines for the pine. I use random scribbles to give it a more natural look. - And for the rest of the forest, I alternate between small lines, equal signs and scribbled shapes to make it look alive. - The third example will be about textiles. It's one of my favorite subjects for Bannon in drawings, because they had dozens of patterns that looked really great on clothes. So here, just a few of them. The basket weave pattern works really well for needed fabric. Same goes for the equal sign that I sometimes use, even on my outlines to get a slightly more worn and scruffy look. You can also use any type of line pattern simply because a lot of them already look like needing patterns. The multiplication sign pattern or even simple lines also work really well. Finally, let's have a look at this kid little turtle for animal sketches, especially for mammals, you can simply use a few different line patterns for the for. But for reptiles like this one, for example, using shapes for the skin will give it a cool scale texture. For this tornado, I used random shapes for the body and for the shell I combined shapes and running lines. All this gives the viewer the illusion of texture without me having to draw every last detail from the shell. 9. Outro: Thank you so much for watching this class. It's time to get busy and start sketching and drawing with a pen. I'd love to see what you're working on, so don't hesitate to share your drawings. And don't forget to have a look at the exercises for this class. Feel free to follow me. So you want Miss my next classes. And you can also follow me on Twitter and Instagram. See you soon.