Plant Propagation 101: Air Layering or Marcotting | Kristine TS | Skillshare
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Plant Propagation 101: Air Layering or Marcotting

teacher avatar Kristine TS, Jill of All Trades

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction

      1:15

    • 2.

      How it Works

      1:27

    • 3.

      Materials

      0:17

    • 4.

      Procedure: Air Layering

      2:11

    • 5.

      Procedure: Growing the roots

      3:06

    • 6.

      Procedure: Transplanting the propagation

      3:02

    • 7.

      Air Layering Actual Videos

      0:48

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About This Class

In this short class, you will learn how to propagate plants using air layering.

Air layering is a method of propagating a plant by girdling or cutting part way into a stem or branch and packing the area with a moist medium, such as sphagnum moss, stimulating root formation so that the stem or branch can be removed and grown as an independent plant.

The procedure was to wound the stem or branch of a plant and enclose the wounded stem with moist sphagnum moss or similar rooting medium until roots develop from the wounded area. Success was dependent upon the ability of the propagator to keep the rooting medium moist until the roots were formed and large enough to support the new plant. Only since the development of polyethylene film has air layering become a practical method of propagation for the home gardener and amateur horticulturist.

Air layering seldom is used on plants that root easily by other less complicated methods, but it is useful for rooting ornamental plants such as ornamental figs, dieffenbachia, croton and others of a herbaceous nature. Woody plants frequently propagated in this manner include magnolia, holly, camellia, azalea and many of the fruit and nut-bearing plants such as citrus, apple, pears and pecans.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kristine TS

Jill of All Trades

Teacher

Hello, I'm Kristine.

Come and join me as I share my passion for arts, crafting, home farming, baking and healthy cooking :)

 

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Level: Beginner

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Marketing, or commonly known as air layering, is a method of propagation that doesn't require a horticultural degree. Fancy meeting hormone. So tools, even an obvious Gordon, we can gather a few tips and the process and have a successful outcome. Though this takes longer than propagating from coatings, it is relatively easy from the home gardener. The layer section continues to receive critical water from the mother plant. Cuttings that are severely from the parent plant and can easily draw it out and feel. Air layering produces a good size plant within one year depending on the plant. This method can be used on woody plants like Amelia's, but nonetheless, Japanese marbles as the layers and losses. It can also be used a house plants that have lost their lower limbs. And I've taken on a bare stem appearance. 2. How it Works: How does it work? The formation of groups during marketing is induced by various stem treatment. Generally involves the wounding or small part of the stem, resolving to the interruption, the downward movement of organic materials such as carbohydrates, oxygen, and other growth factors from the leafs and shoot. These materials accumulate, goes to the treated area and everything follows. Continuous moisture, sufficient aviation and moderate temperatures in the rooting zone affect the formation. Layers for mouthparts. These conditions can be provided by using a loose routing is your movies the high water-holding capacity, such as most workaholic doest. It doesn't mean observed also that the rainy season fevers written rather than the hot and dry season. The application of rooting hormone to the injured stem is sometimes effective. This can be applied in powder form or the mutation. We think success likewise depends on the plant species. In general. Flags can be property that using stem cuttings will also work to earn your stems of sampling. So which naturally group at the point of the contact with the soil indicates that these plants can be easily do that using this method. As we have with us, ten copies. 3. Materials: Materials needed, clean sharp knife, admin loss, plastic sheet or film di inches wide and six inches long. Tie wires. 1.5 inch long. Rooting hormones may improve reading success, but not necessarily. 4. Procedure: Air Layering: Procedure. Remove the folly agent weeks three inches around the leaf node located point where nice connect to the branch that's about one foot from the end of the girls. Pull the leaves off of the branch by hand. So there's about two inches on either side of the node. If there are tweaks or other branches in that area. Got them off in gardening knife or pruning shears. Don't remove all the foliage from the branch or else it won't grow as well when you remove it from the tree. Next, make two parallel cuts to the bark so they go around the branch, push the blade of a gardening knife into the bark just below the leaf node until you feel it makes contact with the solid would die the knife around the branch to cut away into the bark. Move the blade one to 1.5 inches lower down the brush and tap another ring around the branches in conference. Don't apply too much pressure on the knife. Blade or LLC could cut to the branch completely, Put the knife against the top card and push the blade down toward the bottom card to start building the bark off. Pinch the piece of bark by hand and slowly period away from the branch, continually moving the bark from the mean until you see green or white wood underneath. You may need to make a vertical cut from the top to the bottom to help you get a better grip on the board. You get skin irritation from this G SOP. Put on gardening gloves before you peel off the bark. Scrape the exposed wood with a knife blade. Pulled a knife. The blade is parallel against the top of their game, randomly down to the bottom of the screen to remove the protective blank layer, Underwood. Scrape the word up and down as you work your way around the branch. Rubbing the word removes a layer of cells called cambium tissue, which would cause the body to grow back if you left it on. Disinfected knife, blade with rubbing alcohol after cutting each branch, if you plan on air layering multiple crease, that way you prevent spreading diseases and material between plants. 5. Procedure: Growing the roots: Apply a rooting hormone to the ex-post, would DPP brush in the rooting hormone and left any excess VIP off of the bristles. Spread rooting hormone on the Winnicott around the branch to help increase the chances of goods for me. You can buy rooting hormone from your local gardening store or online store. Rooting hormone is required to a layer G is, but it may speed up growth. Most than a handful of sphagnum moss in clean water. Frightening Moss is a common routing medium that retains moisture well, pick a large handful of the mouth and soak it in a container with water for 1.5 minutes. Pull the most out of the container and squeeze out any water so it isn't GP where you can buy or sphagnum moss from your local gardening center as well. Bring out the most as much as possible or else the excess moisture could prevent routes from farming and costs wrapped. Next, rob this fattening malls around the exposed would split the ball of mass into halves and hold one in each one of your hands. Press the mos onto the top and bottom of the branch, so extends one inch past the edges of the ring. Squeeze the most tightly so it has film contact with the wood and stays in place. Let go off the more slowly to make sure it doesn't fall off the branch. If it starts to sleep, keeping holding it or as a helper to hold it while you continue working. But we're the most with the plastic wrapper for you. We push it enough to cover the most off from the role. Briskly rub or foil tightly against the mouth and the brown so it has firm contact. Make sure to wrap the entire of the mass so you drop in moisture and promote healthy root growth. Plastic wrap allows you to see when moods firm, easier than foil, but either will work the same. If the part of the branch with the moss gets direct sunlight throughout the day, use dark colored plastic wrap to prevent the most from drying out. For a useful tip. If the plastic wrap or aluminum foil doesn't stay upright against the most, tie the ends to the branch with wine or to give the branch on the tree until the most fields with roots, look through the ROP or pill doctor foil once per week to check for roots growing throughout the month. If you don't see any, live there up on the branch and take care of the key as you normally would. If you do see routes around the outside of the mouth, then you can remove the air layer from the gene. Typically it will take around six to eight weeks for healthy roots to fill in the mouth. But it may vary based on the climate entry species. The sphagnum moss should stay moist as long as it's wrapped tightly, but rewet it if it feels rice when you check for the root. 6. Procedure: Transplanting the propagation: Transplanting the propagation, fill half of a part, we drainage holes with parking soil. Choose a path that has a diameter and height at least twice the size of the roots growing on the earlier. Make sure the pipe as drainage holes on the bottom so the soil doesn't waterlogged. Choose a potting mix meant for cheese and poet loosely into the pot. You can buy potting mix from a local garden center and you can use clear plastic pass-fail propagation. Just a reminder, avoid planting the propagation directly in the ground since it could stress the key and prevent it from growing health. And that the branch off just below the new roots hold the branch with their non-dominant hand just above the mass to keep it steady. The branch with a pair of blemishes right underneath the moss and squeeze the handles together, lift the cat branch away from the T, being careful not to heat or damaged the roots. If you have trouble cutting through the branch with a pernicious, use a t. So instead, remove the plastic wrapper for alpha and the roots. Bulkier gardening knife carefully through the plastic rubber foil to make a starting whole. Carefully pull her up apart by hand so you don't damage. And if the roots inside pulled off as much of the rap or foil as possible, but cleaves the most around the roots so you don't trust them. If you remove the most from the roots, the CIMI gets stressed and prevent them from growing well. Set the roots in the soil and backfill the pot holder, glad, branch vertical uj, non-dominant hand and keep it steady in the center of the pot. Use a shovel, scoop more potting mix around the mall so it's completely covered. Continue filling in the soil until there is one to two inches of space between the lip of the part and the cell surface. Ship the soil around the t to small amount to help prevent you from getting waterlogged or developing brought water the soil so it's moist two inches below the surface. Use of watering plan to wet the soil and little starts paddling on the surface, allow the soil to absorb the water and let it rain for the holes in the bottom of the pot. Pull water in the bath until it puddles again and let it soak deeper towards the roots. Check if this all feels about two inches below the surface and if it does stop watering, whenever this will feel stripe one inch below the surface. The gene is shaded area out of direct sunlight. Please, the team, you're a nurse or a south-facing window, so it's still light without being directly in the sun. Make sure there aren't any jobs nearly since it can cause the soil to dry out or damaged it to keep the plants in each spot while the root systems adapt to the new growing medium. If you want to keep the pack outside, make sure it doesn't get sunlight or else it will use most of its energy to make new leaves are blooms instead of groups.