Photography: Frame a Beautiful Photo | 17 Composition Principles | Film in Flame | Skillshare

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Photography: Frame a Beautiful Photo | 17 Composition Principles

teacher avatar Film in Flame, Filmmaking Teacher

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Visually Appealing Compositions


    • 3.

      Direct Viewer's Attention


    • 4.

      Make It Exciting


    • 5.

      Last Words


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About This Class

When you find a scene to photograph, You should arrange the elements of that scene within the frame as beautiful as you can. That is called composition.

A bad composition can ruin the photo with a great subject, But a Good composition can save a photograph with a mediocre subject. And turns a photo with a great subject into a masterpiece.

In this short class, you’re gonna' learn 17 essential composition techniques, so you can use them as guidelines to take a better photograph.

I divided these techniques into 3 categories:

  1. Compositions that make your photo visually more appealing.
  2. Compositions techniques that help you direct the viewer’s attention; and make them look at what you want them to look at.
  3. Composition techniques that make your photo more exciting

And you’re gonna learn all these fast and easily with lots of examples.

There are no unbreakable rules when it comes to composing a photograph. Who likes rules when it comes to creative activity? So think of them as guidelines that can help improve the composition of your photos.

They have been used in art for so many years and they really do help achieve more attractive compositions. When I'm setting up a shot, usually I have one or more of these guidelines in the back of my mind. They’ve been very helpful to me, I wish they’ll be helpful to you too.

Wish you the best, Good Luck.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Film in Flame

Filmmaking Teacher


Film in Flame is an online film magazine which is interested in films that are in flames.

We have such great passion for filmmaking that it makes us smile as large as the half-moon. We love great editings, big emotions, and the moments when you can feel the heat of genius in a film.

We study great masters; and here, we are to share what we’ve learned from them with you. We are willing to teach you all the aspects of filmmaking. Of course, that isn’t possible! Cause many things can’t be learned on a phone or in front of a computer. You gotta get your hands dirty in the work. But we’re gonna try our best to give you the primary knowledge so you can do the rest.

I hope you like our contents, and I wish you good luck.

See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Trailer: When you find a scene to photograph, you should arrange the elements of that scene within the frame as beautiful as you can. That's called composition. At that composition can ruin a photo with a great subject, but a good composition can save a photograph with an ordinary subjects and tears affordability grade subjects into masterpiece. In this class, you're going to have all the essential compositions. In the first lecture, you will learn the composition techniques that make you furrow visually more appealing. Then you will learn the compositions that helped me direct the viewers attention and make them look at what you want them to look at. And finally, you will learn the composition techniques that make your photo more exciting. And you're going to learn all these fastenings elite with lots of examples. There are no unbreakable rules when it comes to how you should compose your photographs. After all, who likes rules when it comes to creative activity? So think of them as guidelines that can help improve the composition of your photos. Many of them have been used in Art for thousands of years and they really do have achieved more attractive compositions. I find that I usually have one or more of these gardens in the back of my head as I said, another shot. So that's it. Now without further ado, let's begin. 2. Visually Appealing Compositions: Rule of thirds. We have a natural tendency to place the main subject in the middle, but usually that can feel a little bit harsh. So the rule of thirds suggests to do the opposite. You divide the frame into nine equal rectangles, three across, and three down. The idea is to place the important element or elements of the scene along one or more of the lines, or where the lines intersect. Placing the subject off-center, using the rule of thirds will often lead to a more attractive composition. And it's more confident for the viewer to look at. Balancing the elements. Sometimes when you use the rule of thirds, you place the main subject of the photo to the side of the frame along one of the vertical grid lines. Sometimes this can lead to a lack of balance in the scene. It can make the rest of the frame field to empty. To overcome this, you can compose your shot to include a secondary object of lesser importance or size on the other side of the frame. This balances out decomposition without taking too much focus off the main subject of the photograph. Perfect balance. A perfect balance allows the viewer xij to be drawn throughout the image equally without addressing too heavily on one certain aspect of the image. There are two essential types of perfect balance, symmetry and asymmetry. Symmetry is when both sides of the image or almost or completely the same and hold equal weight. Architecture. Roads, and scenes containing reflections often make great subjects for symmetrical compositions. And as you may noticed, symmetrical scenes are perfect for a centered composition. So when you have symmetry, don't worry about the rule of thirds anymore. Asymmetry is when instead of mirror images, the image is balanced by the creative use of size, tone, color, and form of the subjects within the composition. For example, in this photograph, the viewers eyes first drawn to the stones in the foreground, but he soon drag to the mountains in the background. It's because the Stones being darker hold a lot of weight and the brightness of the mountain in combination with the area it covers an equal weight. Many professional photographers prefer asymmetrical balance due to the complexity of the image. Odd numbers. There's a theory that says an even number of elements in a scene are distracting because the viewer is not sure which one to focus on. For an odd number of elements are not distracting. Because the brain can find the middle one. That was an image is more visually appealing if there are an odd number of subjects in it. But as I said, these are not rules is our guidelines. So if you have an even number of subjects, don't worry. You can always use other composition techniques to make that photo visually appealing. Rule of space. The rule of space relates to the direction that the subject or the subjects in your photo or facing or moving towards. There should be more space left in the frame in front of them, then behind them. This implies that there is a space in the frame for them to move into, or there's enough space in the frame for them to look. Motion direction. We read an image in the same direction we would read text. So assuming you're from a country where takes his read from left to right, then this theory says that any motion portrait in your photograph should flow from left to right. Because it's going to be easier to be read and therefore more appealing. But to be honest, I've seen plenty of fantastic photographs that flow in the opposite direction. Particular colour combinations. If you photograph in color, color theory is something you should definitely get familiar with. Cursors and color combinations complement each other really well. And can we visually very striking? Also, the repetition of a specific color in a scene creates a kind of rhythm and often leads to very compelling image. Textures and patterns. Human beings are naturally attracted to patterns. They are visually attractive and suggest harmony. So incorporating patterns into your photographs is always a good way to create a pleasing composition. 3. Direct Viewer's Attention: Leading lines. Leading lines can help to lead the viewer through the image and focus attention on important elements. And they don't necessarily have to be straight lines. Curved lines can also be very attractive compositional features. Frame within the frame. Use your surroundings to be creative in your compositions. Look for elements such as Windows, arches, or overhanging branches to frame the scenery. The frame doesn't necessarily have to surround the entire scene to be effective, including a frame within the frame is an effective way of portraying depth in a scene and also forces the viewer to focus on the subject. Filled the frame. Filling the frame of your subject, leaving little or no space around it can be very effective in certain situations. It helps focus the viewer completely on the main subject without any distractions. It also allows the viewer to explore the details of the subject that wouldn't be possible if photographed from further away. Filling the frame often involves getting in so close that you may actually crop out some elements of your subject. In many cases, this can lead to a very original and interesting composition. On complicated background. I told you that fill in the frame works well as a compositional tool. And now I'm going to tell you that doing the exact opposite works well to leaving a lot of empty space around your subject can be very attractive. It creates a sense of simplicity and minimalist luck filling the frame. It helps the viewer to focus on the main subject without distractions. You can also do this by isolating the subject using a shallow depth of field. By using a wide aperture, you can blur the background that might otherwise distract from your main subject. This is a particularly useful technique for shooting portraits. Contrast. The brain immediately notices the element that is different from all the other elements. So making contrast is a great way to lead the viewer's attention for making conscious work in an image. First should have harmony nor the other elements. So most of the image should have a similar quality and then a small part of it should have a different quality. The difference can mean anything like color, tone, shape, concept, and et cetera. 4. Make It Exciting: Change your point of view. Most photos are taken from IEEE level. Getting higher up or low down can be a way of creating a more interesting and original composition of a familiar subject. So get creative, change your position, angle, height, and move around to discover new compositions and get the perfect shot. Foreground interests and depth. Including some foreground interests in a scene is a great way of adding a sense of depth to the scene. Photographs or 2D by nature. And this technique hubs to give the scene and more 3D field. Juxtaposition. Juxtaposition is a very powerful compositional tool in photography. It refers to the inclusion of two or more elements in a scene that can either contrast with each other or compliments each other. Both approaches can work very well and play an important part in enabling the photo to tell a story. Diagonals and triangles. Horizontal and vertical lines suggests the stability, but diagonals and triangles are the opposite. If you see a person standing on a level horizontal surface, you will appear to be pretty stable. But put this man on a sloping surface and ill seem less stable. This creates a certain level of tension visually, we are not so used to diagonals in our everyday life. So these subconsciously suggests instability. Incorporating triangles into a scene is a particularly good effective way of adding dynamic tension to photo triangles can be actual triangle shaped objects or implied triangles. 5. Last Words: Congratulations on finishing your class. Now that you know the rules, you can read them wherever you thought is necessary or you wanted a specific emotional impact. Don't forget to leave a review. It helps others to make a better choice about this class. And please follow filming flame for more classes on art and film making. Thank you for watching and goodbye for now.