Master the Usage of Drones in Construction sector! Part 1 | Vikshut Mundkur | Skillshare
Drawer
Search

Playback Speed


  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x

Master the Usage of Drones in Construction sector! Part 1

teacher avatar Vikshut Mundkur, Drone Survey Expert

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Part 1 intro with slides

      3:39

    • 2.

      Topics covered

      1:53

    • 3.

      Drones and the construction industry

      5:31

    • 4.

      Drone platform and sensor considerations for the construction industry (final)

      4:45

    • 5.

      Recommended drone

      1:20

    • 6.

      Safety

      3:52

    • 7.

      Regulations

      4:08

    • 8.

      Introduction to site purchase

      1:43

    • 9.

      Workflow of using drones for site purchase decisions

      7:11

    • 10.

      Introduction to land survey with drones

      0:58

    • 11.

      Using drone survey outputs for site layout and architecture design

      9:43

    • 12.

      Using Drone Survey Outputs for Earthwork Estimation

      17:49

    • 13.

      Workflow of using drone survey outputs for earthwork estimation

      11:55

    • 14.

      Intro to site inspection

      1:12

    • 15.

      Litchi Features Demo

      4:23

    • 16.

      Planning a site inspection mission

      6:38

    • 17.

      Conclusion

      1:12

  • --
  • Beginner level
  • Intermediate level
  • Advanced level
  • All levels

Community Generated

The level is determined by a majority opinion of students who have reviewed this class. The teacher's recommendation is shown until at least 5 student responses are collected.

410

Students

--

Projects

About This Class

Master all the techniques and software to use drone data and enhance productivity in each stage of Construction!

We go  into complete detail into how you, as an employee or employer of a construction company, project management company, real estate company or a drone service providing company can use drones to increase accuracy, maximize your efficiency and cost savings in all the stages of a construction project.

We also explain how you can use drones to increase accuracy, maximize efficiency and cost savings once construction work begins. Further, we have sections dedicated to construction companies and drone service companies to help them mobilize drones as a part of their businesses!

We have explained how you can use drones to collect data and use it for the following purposes -

  • Using drones to make site purchase decisions
  • Using drones to conduct land survey
  • Using drone survey outputs for site layout and architecture design
  • Using drone survey outputs for earthwork estimation
  • Using drones to inspect site activities
  • Using drone survey outputs to detect construction deviations
  • Using drone survey outputs to track construction progress
  • Presenting drone generated outputs to decision makers
  • Equipment purchase and HR hiring strategies for the construction industry to adopt drones
  • Strategies for drone service companies
  • Using drones to market the site

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Vikshut Mundkur

Drone Survey Expert

Teacher
Level: Beginner

Class Ratings

Expectations Met?
    Exceeded!
  • 0%
  • Yes
  • 0%
  • Somewhat
  • 0%
  • Not really
  • 0%

Why Join Skillshare?

Take award-winning Skillshare Original Classes

Each class has short lessons, hands-on projects

Your membership supports Skillshare teachers

Learn From Anywhere

Take classes on the go with the Skillshare app. Stream or download to watch on the plane, the subway, or wherever you learn best.

Transcripts

1. Part 1 intro with slides: Hi there. I'm pictured on a merger. We have the CEO and CTO respectively. Off here. Technologies the leading drone technology start up in India Drone technology has developed rapidly over the past few years and have found commercial usage in many enterprises. More than 100,000 drone pilots have been certified across the world in 2017 across industries. Bronze provided US data on visualization that you cannot get from any other means. They also improve safety, increase efficiency, improved tracking and cut costs At room here, we have been working extensively with multiple grown applications with many enterprises. After working with clients from various industries such as renewable energy, construction, infrastructure, energy and agriculture, recreated the four cities. The ultimate Guide for Lance selling drugs. At the time of making this video, we have more than 2000 enrollments from across 87 countries and it has become a bestseller on unity. Now we have been receiving requests from students across the world to share our knowledge on industrial applications of drones. With the extensive knowledge we have gained while working on numerous construction projects , we have created this course cities that details are all aspects of using drones in the value chain off the construction industry. We have seen that the use of drones as a technology doing is much talked about but is yet to be exploited to its full partnership when the construction industry has recognized the potential to be a game changer. The adoption has been slow, mainly because off the lack of understanding on the different capabilities, as well as absence off common knowledge to integrate roads into their operations and in the legacy processes. This course. Abe's bridging the gap. A commercial drone costing nothing more than $1500 coupled with appropriate sensors, software applications for flight automation, data capture, processing and analysis can bring in a sea change, inefficiencies and reduction in costs across all phases. Off a construction project. Sigh procurement decisions, site service site inspections, stockpile analysis, a set lacking progress, monitoring, all of which which took days to complete on now possible to be completed in a matter of us and much less a past and at a higher security absolutely in this course were provided in the beat it on using drones for enhancing the efficiency off each of these processes were provided complete world flows, where the data pain from drones can be integrated with the existing industry software tools and where much off the drone related work can be automated. This course cities will be very useful for those of you. Associate it with the construction industry, whether you are a construction company owner, a project manager, supervisor, engineer, contractor or an architect. This is also useful for those off youthful provide aerial mapping services and are looking toe. Enter the construction industry. You can use this course to build a knowledge on experience to provide end to end drone technology sources to your plans at the end of this course series. We're sure you will become experts in the use of drone technology for the construction industry. So welcome to our course and feel free to ask any questions and participate in the decision for make sure the leg will be extremely happy to answer them. Do make sure answer the quizzes and do the assessments. We have said the assignments have the actual data sets that we have used in the boats to demonstrate the process. You can work with these data sets and practice a downside as the course progresses. This will help you hone your skills and make you market rating to know more about the topics that we've covered in the scores do check out because curriculum, we wish you all the very best. 2. Topics covered: first, let's go over the topics people be governing in the scores, drones and the construction industry. In this section, we will discuss the issues off productivity on Lord acknowledging adoption in the construction industry on how drones can help reverse the strain in its applications across various stages off a construction project. We will then discuss the blown platform and censor considerations for the construction industry safety and regulations. Here we will cover the safety considerations on regulations you need to be aware off when conducting drone operations in a construction site, using drones to make site parties decisions. In this section, we will get into the details on the process off how drone captured aerial visuals can enable site parties decisions that are more inform and less risky, using drones to conduct land Soviet. In this section, people briefly cover how drones can be used for land serving, a topic that we've covered in complete detail in argued any bestseller Groceries. The Ultimate Guide for land serving withdrawals using drones, survey outwards for site layout on architecture design here, people discuss how architects can use drawn survey on video and image, opens toe, take their designs to the next level using drones of a outputs for artwork estimations. Here we will get into details off. How Braun Survey opens can be used to generate highly accurate earthwork estimations using drones to inspect site activities. In this final section, we will cover how to use drones toe plan, automate on execute site inspection activities. 3. Drones and the construction industry: the use of drones has emerged as a technology tools that is much talked about, but it's yet to be exploited to its full potential by the construction industry. The construction sector, whether it's residential, commercial or infrastructure, can enhance its productivity tremendously by integrating drones into the value chain you optimize. The process is on enhance the efficiency off construction work flows. First, let's take a look at the current state off the construction industry across the world. It is a well known fact that the construction industry perhaps has the lowest efficiency amongst all industrial sectors. According to Mackenzie, a world renowned consultancy form the construction industry has the Louis productivity gains over the years. In comparison, do any other industry. Though the lack off use of technology at various points in the construction process has been a major cause in many developing countries, the story is not very different in developed countries as well. While Germany and Japan have seen no growth in productivity, the USA is productivity has plunged by half since the late 19 sixties. As noted by Mackenzie, one of the major reasons for the drop in productivity is the lower level off new technology adoption. Mackenzie compared US industries in how much they spend on technology and how extensively they use computers in their operations. Using our digitization index off 1 200 with 100 being the most digitized here, we see that the construction industry is clearly at the bottom of the list. Another alarming statistic from McGinty is this. 98% of construction megaprojects go over budget. Amongst the measures that McKinsey suggests for solving these problems. The number one solution is using higher definition and extremely fast serving and your location, and this can be achieved very well by drones by in the construction industry has recognized the potential of drones. The adoption has been slow, mainly because of the lack of understanding on the different things it can do, as well as the reluctance to bring in changes in legacy processes to accommodate drones into their operations. At who here we have worked with several construction industry clients on have helped them integrate bronze into their operations. The commercial drone, costing nothing more than $1500 coupled with appropriate software applications for flight automation, data capture, data processing and data analysis, can bring in a sea change in efficiencies and reduction in costs across all phases. Off a construction project. Various aspects off construction such as Sykes Service inspections while you magic analysis and progress tracking, all of which took days to complete, are now possible to complete in a matter of us at a lesser cost and at a higher accuracy. Bronze can play a huge role in generating organs that help in the following. Robert de Bush's decision making aerial images and videos off the properties and surroundings. Cut short the time and provide comprehensive information to help in deciding on for chasing off property. Land serving overlapping aerial images processed with protoplanetary software. Provide a lot more or puts than traditional land survey techniques at a fraction of the time and cost earthwork estimations and stockpiling volumetric analysis for the gram. Italy, or puts like point clouds enable precise volume calculations off earthwork estimations on stockpile calculations, which helped with better project management. Property. Leo Designing for the grammatically oak words like autumn mosaics, three D models on digital service models, along with aerial videos and images, help architects were taking their designs to the next level. Construction inspection and problems tracking drones enable quick site inspections. Comparing autumn mosaics across various dates enable precise progress, tracking on reporting, construction deviation and issue tracking. Overlays off the autumn attack with Syed drawings. Help with detecting deviations and taking over the corrective action Construction site. Asset and inventory Management. Counting off various site assets using autumn sex helps with speed tracking the imminently management process and last but not the least property marketing. Beautifully captured aerial videos and images off completed projects are great material to use in the property marketing process. This course goes into complete detail into how you as a construction company, project management company, real estate company order drone service provider can use drones to maximize your efficiencies and savings in all these stages off construction project. 4. Drone platform and sensor considerations for the construction industry (final): Now, Whether you are from the construction industry ordered room service provider to the industry, you need to understand the technical specifications to consider to choose the right drone platform on onboard sensors. First, let's talk about the drone platform considerations you need to keep in mind. The drone should be sufficiently light and easily transportable so that it can be moved around the site on the cross Sipes. Here's an example of her drone, which fits into a case and can be easily carried around. It should have a please 25 minutes off flight time for battery when it is being flown manually. This is needed so that each drone flight covers sufficient distance and area and is able to gather enough data so that we can make on the flight Decisions based on the data capture. Do know that automated flights tend to give you more flight time than manual operations. We will cover how you can go about automating your drone flights in a later section. The Braun should be compact enough to be able to fly comfortably in an urban are construction setting. Open settings often have buildings, trees and hours very close to each other. You need a drone that can maneuver around such obstacles easily. The Brown should have ah, high precision gimble to ensure that videos and still short captured perfectly without any jokes. A gimbal is a free access, camera stabilization and anti vibration device. It uses brush less motors to adjust the position off the camera and stabilizes its orientation, irrespective off any vibration or movement off the ball. The drone should have first person view capability and should be able to transmit live HD video feed over long distances. First person view enables the drone pilot to see what the drone is seen in the all time. This allows pilots to get a sense off where the drone and camera are oriented on enables them to make adjustments using the remote controller easily. The drone should have a collision avoidance system to a white crashes. The system should ideally be able to detect obstructions in all possible directions. On onboard commercial grade. GPS slash glonass system is a must God. Copters work best for construction. Sex fixed wings cannot hold on. That can be an issue, especially for inspections, video capture and still shots. Heck, supporters are opera copters will make the drone platform to large and unnecessarily expensive. You will need sufficient number of batteries to ensure that you can carry on your drone operations immediately after calling it back for battery replacement. Most drones come with 2 to 3 batteries as part of the package. Do coaches more, depending on your day to day operations withdrawn. For example, if your total flight time is, say, 90 minutes with a flight time for backing off 20 minutes, you may want to consider by five batteries in total and easy to use and highly responsive remote controller is a must. Some drones can even be controlled with just a smartphone over WiFi. You may want to consider this feature as well to simplify bone operations. Now let's talk about the drone sensor requirements. You definitely need an RGB sensor aboard the room. An RGB sensor is exactly what any high end commercially available camera is. It captures data in the visual spectrum in the form off photos or videos. You will also need Roman sensor. If crack or leak detection is off importance for your products, let's talk a bark sensor specifications needed for both of these types of senses RGB image sensor to get the best outputs from a construction site, the following specs should be considered as a minimum a wide angle lens, a camera sensor that is greater than or equal to 12 megapixel with chipping or puts four K video recording capability with MP four or a movie or books. Tom A. Nimitz sensor. The spectral banks should be in the range or 7.5 to 13.5 micrometers. The resolution can be either 3 36 by 2 56 What six party by five fixes measurement, accuracy and range should be blessed on minus five degree centuries or 5% off the reading in minus 25 degree Celsius the 1 35 degrees Celsius drink. 5. Recommended drone: Now let's look at the best drone and censor combination that fulfills these requirements. What we recommend is to use a DJ I Phantom for pro Now. The Phantom four crew is a court Cocteau with a 20 megapixel camera. Four K video capability. Collision avoidance system They don't do home Feature. Elektronik Gimble for super stable shorts. 30 minutes of flight time for battery on onboard GPS system. Essentially, it satisfies honor requirements. Factum four Pro has the best integrations with most third party flight planning EPS on drone data processing software. The software development get off media is compatible with many third party software applications that help you plan your flights seamlessly and analyze the collected data faster. They're the best value for money drones for the construction industry. No wonder DJ I has more than 70% market share amongst commercial drones in the market. Lastly, for best results, do consider going in for an iPad with a Sanford toe. Better view the drone FTV streaming the phone will do fine. The results off the iPad off possibility 6. Safety: Now, before you start off with using drones on the construction site, there are certain safety considerations that you should be aware off. Let's start with some safety teams always flying in good weather conditions on a good sunlight. Avoid greens and flying at night. Also, a white flying during high savings are reduced. Visibility you're drawn may still fly well in these conditions, but you will be put in your equipment assets on people around you at risk. It is always better. You have good lighting with minimal shadows at the site while you conduct your drone operations. This gives you far better image quality, which enhance your or puts its very highly recommended that you and your team practice drone operations a few times in a field far away from people, cars, houses and structures like buildings and bridges. Since a construction site has many dollars structures like buildings and cranes, you do run a risk off crashing into them, so practicing well beforehand helps you avoid this from happening. We're safety gear and reflective safety jackets. While you conduct the operations on operate away from men and machinery, inform the site in charge about your daily shed Ulanoff drone operations so that all the workers at the site can be made aware of it. Ensure that cranes are not moving during the data capture. This ensures that you're mapping outputs. Do not have any artifacts. This also prevents possible collisions off the cranes with the room. Make sure you wear you. We protected sunglasses to spot the brawn while flying in bright, sunny conditions. Do observe visual line of sight. Keep your drone within your eyesight at all times. Remember, drone serving is a two man job on the site. Haven't observable or spotter along with you To keep the brawn within visual line of sight at our banks as you, the pilot will be focused on the rim ORT, the F B V on drone mission Tracking. You will need another person to keep the drone in his over sight at all times. This is especially helpful in construction sites with lots off structures around. Also, as you will be conducting the drone mission in your construction site, please award flying over nearby houses are properties as they might object to drones being thrown over them. Stay away from airports. Usually the flight planning and drone APS like DJ, I go, we'll have defined your reference boundaries in which you cannot fly the drone. This is usually a five mile or an eight kilometer radius from airports. Don't fly too high. Most off the drone survey and videos come out best when you fly The broad below 120 meters between 75 220 meters is optimum for serving. You can further the dome in how high you want to fly, based on the height, off trains and buildings in your side. In a construction site, there will be a lot off metal structures, and we have seen that they can cause interference in your drone and demort connections. So, as much as possible, you should stop your flight away from such structures. In fact, if there is a place you can start your drone mission even from outside the site, the drone will take off from that point, complete the mission over the site and we'll come back to you 7. Regulations: Now, before you go ahead with conducting drone operations even inside your site or private property, you should keep in mind that most countries have laid down regulations for flying your babies. Please make sure that you understand your local regulations and comply with them at all times. Here are some aspects of regulations that you need to keep in mind. Check and follow all local laws and ordinances before flying the drone in your area and country, for example, in the U. S. F. A. Defines the regulations for flying drones. One of the rules specified by them is that you should not fly your drone higher than 400 feet or 1 20 meters and that you should not fly at night in complete darkness. I'm for commercial drone operators. You would need to have a right certification or license for drone operations now in the U. S. A. This can also include clearing any applicable TSA reading for you. The certified pilot must conduct a preflight check before every flight. If you are conducting drone operations on your side, it's better you have met all these requirements. Oh, you can also choose to appoint someone as a drone specialist for your site and give them the resources to meet the steps. You can get all these details on their website. This is the website for F. A s regulation for unmanned aircraft systems. You will find various aspects covered, such as getting started beyond the basics and where you are a lot of flight. They have their frequently asked questions, programs, partnerships, opportunities ardently and so on. So there are a lot of links out there that you can check up even if you're not from the US We strongly recommend you go through this website in detail as it comprehensively covers all regulatory aspects off, um means also a lot of other countries have modeled their regulations are planning to do so . Based on FAA is regulations. We also recommend that you check out the F A Q page off. A. It is quite comprehensive and covers most off the questions people have. If you are not from the U. S. Do a Google search on laws related to bronze in your respective countries. For example, let's search for regulations in India. You have a lot of links like this draft regulation that India has come out with or let's try out, say, Medalists, you will find a lot of links here as well. Australia, for that matter again, so many links, which you can take out and keep yourself updated. Also, check local laws, though FAA or your country specific regulations are important to know every village or city in the country may have specific laws regarding the use of blows. Now bronze for the construction industry. Need to fly above or around buildings on people to get the right data. If you stick with your property on the site you're working on, you don't really need any official Vabres. But for big projects covering lots off areas, including public places on other properties, you would need to get a waiver from the FAA or an equivalent in your country. Similar laws will be existing in your countries as well 8. Introduction to site purchase: Now you've bought your drone, have acquired the drone pilot license in your country and have got the permissions to flight in your area of interest. Great. Let's start with the first application of drones to make site porches decisions. Some political factors that need to be considered in making site put his decisions are site feature. Need IDs? What's on the property? How many trees at any rocks? Is that a stream running through second? What's around the property? I did any obstructions. How far away are the roads and drainage systems and tour views? What's the view like from the fifth story are 10 story. Having such data helps construction companies visualize how the views would be from various floors, and this helps them pitch more effectively to buy us even before the construction has begun . Traditionally, these questions have been answered by visiting the site, going around on foot wherever possible and physically inspecting the site and its features . In recent times, Google Alert is also being used to get an idea off the features on the property and what surrounds it. Here's an example off a Google Earth view off a site. However, views from various Heights about Graham cannot be captured using manned aerial vehicles like helicopters as they're too expensive to hire on, not impractical to use for many types of sites. 9. Workflow of using drones for site purchase decisions: now using your grown, you can get all these questions answered in a short amount of time on with great accuracy, along with visuals captured on ground. You can also have Adrian visual documentation off all features that you have seen at the site. Ariel Visuals reveal a lot more about the site than on ground visuals. With these, the site needles can be presented in an effective and useful way to the senior management so that porches decisions are more inform and less risky. So how would you go about it? Let's take a look at the steps. Dig the Brune and its accessories to the site. First, you can select the safe takeoff point with police five meters distance from any obstruction around. Make sure that your drone camera settings are optimum. For your requirement, we have attached a pdf document as a resource. With this lecture, do refer to it to get complete details off ideal image and video settings for a phantom four Proof. Before taking off the prune, capture an image at the takeoff point so that you have a record off the mean sea level off the take off. This will be useful later on, and I will explain why take the drone up, Do a fly to off the entire site in video. More. You can do this using the city up with a preset flight plan or fly the drone. Manu, in case you want to program your flight using the city up at this stage, we have covered the use off bility app. Later. In this course cities do check it up. Make sure that you are able to view the life stream on your phone or tablet. This will give you an idea off the lay off the leg. Take the drone outside of the property as well to capture the details that surrounded. Here's an example off a video shoot we did for a client site. Click images as you fly along. Get good oblique shorts that capture important features of the site and its surroundings. You can also click certain knighted images. That is, when the cameras facing vertically downwards off some important site features. You can use the deal that coordinates off such images to mark them on Google alert. This is a good way to mark locations off various important features on the site. You can also think north off how far the Bruun is from you when it is statically overhead, the features off interest take the brunt. Various heights off interest depending on the heights you are interested in and how high your buildings are going to be on. Do a 3 60 degree scan off the surroundings with the camera at an appropriate oblique angle . Make sure you have video capture more on on capture images off important views as well. Here's an example off how we did this for a site here, we have taken 3 60 degrees cans off the surrounding areas from 40 meters, 60 meters on 100 meters above ground level. If you want accurate topography, needles and site level measurements, you can also capture 19 images off the site using drone deploy. We will cover this in more detail in the next section. After getting all this video and image data, you can create a visual presentation off the site for the release stakeholders involved in the site Coach's decision making. Here are some of the things you can do. Create unedited video off the site, include appropriate videos, images, tags on subtitles to highlight the various details of the site you want to communicate. There are various video editing applications out there that you can use Windows Movie makeup is a fairly simple and straightforward one. Mac users can use my movie or any other video editing software in the market. You have Google Earth to mark various features and mark their distances in the site. You can save the details in a Cayman fine and share it with your team. Let's look at this example. I have captured a knighted image off this tower in this site right above it. Now I will right click on the image and go to properties in the details star. You will get the latitude longitude off the camera position. When this image was captured, I make a north off these coordinates. Now let's open Google Earth Pro here. I already have marked the site boundaries, so I double click on it and it takes me to the site location. Now let's click on Add place. Mark, put in the LAT long values here. Let's name this as tower location. Click OK, so now this is a great way to show where exactly the power lies in the site. You can also attached an image to the place mark for this right click on the place Mark. Go to properties now click on Add local image on Attach the image. Click OK now. If you click on the place mark, the associative image comes up as well. You can then use Google Earth measuring tools who see what the distances are. Let's see what the distance is from the tower through the men. Get off the site. This is 3 56 meters. This measurement gets saved as well. Now you can save these fighters or the fordo that contains them as a came and fire right. Click on the folder and click on safe place as save it as a camel fight. If you want to create mapping outwards like auto mosaics and digital surface models off the site, you can go ahead and generate these as well. We will go into these details in the next section 10. Introduction to land survey with drones: once the decision to purchase the property has been done. The first step is to get boundary topography, contour and feature surveys done and generate the needed drawings and maps. This traditionally is done by hiring land surveyors who used torture stations and be GPS equipment. However, if you have a drone at your disposal or no off drone service provider near you, you can speak through this process and get a lot more off the serving than you have got before. We have explained the complete process off land serving with drones in Are You Demi bestseller course series The item It guide for land serving with drums to get you introduced. The next lecture encapsulates the entire process indoor nine minute video for you to get an idea off the deep End works. 11. Using drone survey outputs for site layout and architecture design: once you have all the old puts from the survey, the next step is for architects to do a layout on building architecture design based on the requirement off the project. Amongst other things, a critical factor that is taken into consideration in the design is the topography on the features off the terrain and its surroundings. Architects use these details to go about their designs. Traditionally, these details are presented in three layers in a cat growing condors features and bombings . Architects often have to walk around the site for themselves and take multiple ground shorts to get an idea off what the site really looks like. Well, with the Opens we have got from the drone so far, we're looking at four additional or ports that will make architecture design that much more precise and interactive. Autumn is X three D models, point loads, digital surface models on aerial images and videos. All of these put together will certainly help architect stake their design ideas to the next level. Let's take a look at the work floor off how an architect would use these upwards to design a site layout, and it's believes first the architect can have a look at the 18 videos and pictures of the site to get a good idea off what the site looks like. The surrounding areas, the neighborhood and so on. Here's an example off video that can be useful for architects. Looking at this flight through video, the architect can easily understand what the site looks like. The various features it has in different locations and what the surrounding areas look like as well. No. Then they can have a look at the treaty. Modern. This can be open with sketch for sketch. For is an online three D model viewing on Innovation Stool, which also has virtual reality visual capabilities. Let's have a look at sketch for go to www dot sketch map dot com. I've logged into my sketch Fabrikant. Let's upload the three D mesh that we have generated from picks 40. Now you can upload various file formats as individual files or a zip file with various other information files. Now I have the treaty Mecir in the form off a zip fight. Let's see what we have in it. I have the dot Mobi define, which is a geometry definition file format that represents three d geometry alone, namely the position off each word. X the UV position off each texture. Coordinate what X vortex normals on the faces that make each polygons define as a list of texture witnesses. Next, you have an empty and fight and MDL file is a material setting file used by pretty object editing applications. It distorts with the door open, define and describes how textures are applied to the object it includes. The name off texture depict files as well as the three D positioning off the fixtures. And finally, you have the texture. Jay Peak fight textures are images. Map through the surface off your modern. Let's look at this text your fight. You see that it has samples off various images, which will be used to map through the surface off the TV mesh. Now I can simply that I can drop the file into this window. It's sketch for click on the new You can change the mortar name. Let me call it example. Model. I defined the category as architecture. If I want to help with modern discovery on the Web, I can I have more taxes well to help with Discovery or to give more people an idea off what the modern represents. You can choose to make it a private model, allowed texture inspection and let them know if its agents ticket. Once it's uploaded, click on Continue, and it starts processing the model. I'll skip to the end of the processing so the mortal is finally ready. Let's try to not get through it. It's a bit difficult to navigate because the model is not oriented properly. Let's fix that, shall we? Also, I want to do further edits on the look and feel of the modern. So I go into three D settings Now there are many, many options. You I could double off and on the background I can change the ended up if I want. Oh, I'll keep it on classic. I'll make the shading shameless. I put it for this morning. Now let's orient the model. Nobody on at once tradition. Now you get the view off the tradition controls in all three access as well as the horizontal Great. The idea is to align the model against the hardest on computed. So let's get to it. Are just the controls in all three access. Tell you happy with the alignment. Now let's briefly look at the other controls. This is the Environment Patrol. You can change the environment, orientation and brightness. You can toggle on and off the environment as well. I like the environment, so I'm gonna keep it. Then you have a texture city. I don't change anything. Here. Here is a post process. Fill it up. Let's zoom into the model and see what each of these fighters do. The s s l ags ambient occlusion. I like it. So I'm going to keep it. The grain element doesn't do much to this model, but I keep it on anyway. More the miliary. The depth off field filter keeps only a certain part off the model in focus while the focusing the other bits. I don't like it all that much. So let's leave it off. Sharpness makes the model look really crisp. So I'm going to go Chromatic aberrations. No, thank you. No vignette, No Bloom. Yes. Don't mapping and yes, color balance. Now you can add annotations as well to indicate different parts of the modern. So let's start with this. It's the nd good. So double click on name it enter gate. You can add a description as well if you want to. This one is my not facing bumbling, so I'm going to name it back in India. The directions off a property are very important to many people who follow the ancient form off the architectural design principle called Waas, too. This is similar to factual off China. This property owners particular about West. Oh, so I'm going to tell him where Notice and I noted a few more important features, and I'm not. Now if you click on an innovation, the modern audience itself, to showcase that feature now that is a very upsetting stabbers. But here you can indicate the size and level at which the we are visualize er is going to be at with respect to the modern. So I'm going to make the character small so that the property looks life size and I'm going to bring him to the ground level off the property. I can add some to the model as well, but I couldn't be too bothered about it, so I'm just going to skip right through it. I'll save the Fort View off the modern and then publish this is the link you can use to share the model with others. Let's exit out of this. No, there are various viewing Mourners. This is the Fiat More. You can wear VR goggles, video phone attached and get a watchable door off the site like this you condone nor the sketch for up. To do this, you can use any commercially available VR headset with the sketch for up. We have a Google cardboard VR set. This is a relatively cheap modern costs, about five or $6 on line. You can also view it on your desktop in full screen. More. Next, you can open the contours and Ortho music in auto get. These two layers can be used in conjunction with the aerial videos pictures on the three D model to design the layout. Finally, the CAG design is important into a building information modeling software application to convert the to delay or design into a three D architecture moderne. Now that the architecture designed faces over, the next task in the workflow is to use drone survey outputs for artwork, estimations 12. Using Drone Survey Outputs for Earthwork Estimation : once the layout designs and architectural models are in place on the group, the next step is to estimate the working world bill of quantities on assigned the budget before the work starts. One major part off this estimation is to estimate the quantity off earthwork needed to be done to level the property. As for the architectural plan presently, this is done using three metres cross section matter, great mentor and triangular present method. Let's understand each of these methods in leader In the cross section method, the block cross sections off the existing on proposed levels at regular intervals across the site. Then the cut area and the Philly area are determined for each off the cross sections. The one you between each pair of cross sections is then determined by multiplying the average cut our fill area. Finally, the total cut and fill volumes are obtaining by adding them all together. Now let us look at an example here we're considering two sections off the site. We have the cut and fill areas off each section, using traditional methods, either by plotting on graph paper or it can. Now we will calculate the average cut area and fill area. We know the distance between the two sections. It's 50 meters, so we might apply the distance by the cut and fill areas to get the cut and fill values. Finally, we get the next cut and fill while you by subtracting these violence. The accuracy off the cross section metal mainly depends on the distance you choose to set between the sections. Flows of sections improve the accuracy off the calculations, one off the disadvantages off. This method is that it can be extremely laborious to extract cross sections from the going on to determine the areas off the sections. In the great matter, we draw a uniform great onto a plan off the artwork project. We didn't get the average depth off cut our fill required in eat sell off the Great then the volume off itself is obtained by multiplying the depth by the cell area. The volumes off its cell then added together, and the total cut and fill volumes for the project is calculated. Let's look at an example for this is well, this is one sell off the grid. It is a 50 meters by 50 meters set the existing and proposed levels off each word X off this cell is listed, then the average existing on proposed levels are low pay. The average depth is then calculated by subtracting the values on this is multiplied by the cell area to get the same one you on such sell millions then added together to get the net cut minus for value. Again. The accuracy off the grid method depends upon the size off the grid cell, which is used. The triangular prism matter is the most technically complex method, but is also the most accurate. This method starts with triangulating the existing today. Here, the points in the day are joined together to create a continuous surface off connected blankets. This step is repeated for the proposed did it as well. This is known as a triangulated irregular network or then for short. Then the two regulations are much together to create 1/3 triangulation, which contains all the edges off the truth Strangulations. Hence, every detail off both existing on the proposed surfaces will be included in the calculations. This is the basis off this method's accuracy. Finally, we calculate the cut and fill off each cortex in the final day this week, we get the cut and fill off each triangle on the total volume is obtained by adding all the triangles together. There are several great advantages. Do the triangular prism method. First and foremost, this matter is the most mathematically complete off all the three since every known detail off the existing and proposed Terrence is reading in the March strangulation. Nothing is lost in these calculations. Now, with the digital terrain models open off the broad Soviet but the great mentor on the triangulation method become extremely accurate compared to using point elevation data from existing Soviet methods such as total stations are GPS equipment. These traditional methods may not provide accurate estimates because they're in variations between survey station positions are ignored. This issue is overcome because withdrawn Soviets we get elevation values at very high resolutions on accuracy's. Each pixel in the medium can be upto 10 centimeters, depending on the resolution chosen during the processing. This makes the calculation off the volume off each green cube. Our triangle extremely precise, which results in the overall estimation to become near 100% accurate. Let's run through how the medium can be used for earthwork estimations. We will start with opening Cugini s. I have the Quds test or 2.18 point 11 with grass 7.2 point one. We have a whole section on working with huge areas in part to off our groceries. The ultimate guide for land surveying the drums. So I'm going to assume that you are familiar with the software. Open a new project. Now let's find my DD in. This is a project we have processed with picks for me. So I get into the GSM on the score orto fordo. I opened extras medium and that it is so let's drag and drop this in refugee Iess Here you can see the elevation variations represented in a black to white. Brilliant. The GSD off this DDM is about 11.5 centimeters. Now let's assume that the entire piece of land needs to be level 21 elevation value. First, we need to generate an ex wives that fire off each point in the DDM. So let's get to it. So go to processing toolbox and type in Jeda do X y z double click on that. The input layer is obviously the needy mdot file. The bank number is one, because that's where the values are stored. Now let's choose a location to save the fight. I'm going to type in DDM underscored X y Z. I'm just got original. It gets saved as the CIA's we fight And like that huge eyes, does it think? And finally it's done. You see, the file has been created. I'm going to describe the project. So here's the CSP Fi. I'm going to save the file Type two x y Z, because that is the accepted former for my next step. Also, I want to manipulate this file in a text back. So the X rays that former works perfectly. For that, I open it with next bag Now. Now you may notice many rows that have the elevation Valium as minus 10,000. This is basically points outside off the detail Bumbry that have been created by the conversion tool to make the output points in the shape off a rectangle encompassing the media. Bothering these rules make no sense to us. So we're going to delete that if you go further down, you will find the actual elevation values. Remember these coordinate values are in the w GS 84 slash upm Zone 43 system or otherwise known as E P S t. 3 to 6 for three. Now back to deleting these minus 10,000 rows. Good News Village and click on Fine Night. In My Misstep 1000 click on Mark Oil, you will see a blue triangle mark against each of these rows. No goto in it. Delete and click on bookmarks, items and the gun. Awesome. Now let's convert this into a file that represents the level service that we need. What does that mean? Well, it simply means that each elevation value in define has to have the same man. So let's assume the required level surface is at elevation 819 meters above sea level. Right? Click anywhere on the editor on Click on Block. Select more now, Simply select all the values in the Elevation column. Go to the end of the fine breast ship on click on the elevation value in the last room and now press delete. Now this is going to take away. We're talking about the leading 250,000 value zero. That's quite a huge database combined we're talking about, I'm going to skip through to the end now. Now we need to put in the value 819 for each row. So bored of such and click on replace Now what do we want to find? Well, we need to find the end off each life. This is represented by slash end in expert, and I want to replace it with 819. But I also want to tell Expert that we have to end it with the end of the line command. Otherwise, you're going to get all the rules in a single line. So let's click on the place all again. This is going to take away. Let's skip to the end. Now let's see if this fight as DDM underscored, X y Z underscored 819 dot exercise it. Now let's open autocrat Civil treaty again. The basics off using the software have been covered in part due off our coast sees the ultimate guide for land serving with drones. Let's start a new Troy Now. Let's first create a surface from the medium that we have so go to surface here under Prospector in the cool space by right. Click and click on Create Surface from the Choose the Fight Night as motive. Select the DTM fire on open it. Auto cad will lead it in. Click on the zoom extents Icon on the surface appears in the court or former. If you have ah on each contour, you will get its elevation value and it goes on to a 24.14 meters. Now let's flick on the surface and click on Object Viewer. You will now be able to view the object as a three D service. You can orbit it at all. You can clearly see the surface irregularities here. Now let's bring in the required level surface into the mix. So right click on surface and click on Create service. Let this be or 10 or triangulated irregular network surface on. I'll explain why later on, Let's name it required. I'm the score excavated, underscore surface. Leave all the other rose as it is and click OK, now you have bought the surfaces. The surface from the E. M. Is a great service because the DTM is in the form off a great now, the reason why we need the excavated surface to be a 10 service is because that's the only way you can import the ex wives that file we just created. You cannot do this with a great service. Now let's expand the required excavated surface on and expand the definitions right click on point files and click on Let's Select the X Prize, that fire that we just created here, you can see that AutoCAD has recognized it on has created three collars East ing, nothing on point elevation. Leave the rest of the options as they are and click OK, and it starts leading the points and adding them to the surface. Now let's select the new surface on. Go to the object. You. You can see that this is a plane surface with absolutely no undulations. Now let's see both the surfaces in object Viewer. Click on the boundary and click on Object Viewer. You can clearly see that there are two surfaces here, while the original surface where is in its elevations on a cross. The required surface is at 819 meters elevation. There you can see the difference and kill you. Most of the work involves cutting through the existing surface to create the required one. You can also try to view it in different formats. Let's close the object viewer. Now it's time to calculate the cut and fill excavation one you needed to get from the existing through the new surface, right wing on surface, on click on create service. This time, the surface type has to be a warning service. Now it can either be a great warning surface or it. In William's office, the big One Tim surface with generate more accurate results than grip one in surface, but by a very small margin. If the great is off a small value, I prefer the grid warning surface because it's a lot less The Lord on the computer. The din volume calculation for such large surfaces with such high resolution data can cause you're bound to get exhausted residing in a border operation. But give it a try if you want. Oh, maybe you have a better system than I do, so I select great Wall him service. Let's name it got minus fill one you. Now the great spacing I want for this volume calculation is 10 centimeters, so 0.1 meters in both the X and Y Spacey. The base office is your existing surface. The combat isn't service is the surface he require after excavation, The cut and fill factors are one. I click OK on that. It is the cut minus filled warning service. Let's take a look at it, right click on it and click Select. Here you can see this contour is 0.54 meters. That represents the level off feeling to be done here. This one is minus 1.953 meters. That's the level off cut to be done here. Now go to the analyzed AB on Glick on volumes dashboard, click on big volume surface on Choose the one we have just created on. Here you go. The cut volume estimated is 102,220 0.8 cubic meters and the Phil is 6791.8 cubic meters. The net adjusted cut minus Phil is 92,548 0.99 cubic meters off. Cut. Now that's a huge volume of God. So now you know how to do earthwork estimations withdrawn. Tell the outputs once this face of work is completed, it's time to put your drone to use for site inspections once construction work begins. 13. Workflow of using drone survey outputs for earthwork estimation: We will start with opening Cugini s. I have the Quds test or 2.18 point 11 with grass 7.2 point one. We have a whole section on working with you, Genius Impacto off our coast cities the item it guide for land survey bedrooms. So I'm going to assume that you are familiar with the software. Open a new project. Now let's find my DD in. This is a project we have processed with picks 40. So I get into the GSM on the score orto fordo. I opened extras medium and that it is so let's drag and drop this in Tokyo genius. Here you can see the elevation variations represented in a black to white Brilliant the GSD off this ddn is about 11.5 centimeters. Now let's assume that the entire piece of land needs to be levelled to one elevation while first we need to generate an ex wives that fire off each point in the DPM. So let's get to it. So go to processing toolbox and type in Jeanne, I'll do X y z double click on that. The input layer is obviously the needy. Mgr to fight. The bank number is one, because that's where the values are stored. Now let's choose a location to save the fight. I'm going to type in DDM underscored. X Y Z underscore original. It gets saved as the CIA's we fight and like them huge eyes, does it think? And finally it's done. You see, the file has been created. I'm going to describe the project. So here's the CSP five. I'm going to save the final night two x y said, because that is the accepted former for my next step. Also, I want to manipulate this file in a text back. So the X rays that former works perfectly. For that, I open it with next Wagner. Now you may notice many rows that have the elevation Valium as minus 10,000. This is basically points outside off the detail Bumbry that have been created by the conversion tool to make the output points in the shape off a rectangle encompassing the DD . Bothering these rules make no sense to us, so we're going to delete them. If you go further down, you will find the actual elevation values. Remember these coordinate values on in the W GS 84 slash upm Zone 43 system or otherwise known else. E P s t. 3 to 6 for three. Now back to deleting these minus 10,000 rows. Good News Village and click on Fine Night in minus 10,000 and click on Mark All. You will see a blue triangle mark against each off these routes. No goto in it. Delete and click on bookmarks, items and the gun. Also. Now let's convert this into a file that represents the level service that we need. What does that mean? Well, it simply means that each elevation value in the fine has to have the same man. So let's assume the required level surface is at elevation 890 meters above sea level. Right? Click anywhere on the editor on Click on Block. Select more now, Simply select all the values in the Elevation column. Go to the end of the fine breast ship on click on the elevation value in the last room and now press delete. Now this is going to take away. We're talking about believing 250,000 value zero. That's quite a huge database combined. We're talking about. I'm going to skip through to the end now. Now we need to put it the value. 890 for each row. So bored of such and click on replace now what do we want to find? Well, we need to find the end off each line. This is represented by slash end in expert, and I want to replace it with 819. But I also want to tell Expert that we have to end it with the end of the line command. Otherwise, you're going to get all the rules in a single line. So let's click on the place all again. This is going to take away. Let's skip to the end. Now let's see if this fight as DPM underscored. X y Z underscored 819 dot exercise it. Now let's open autocrat Civil treaty again. The basics off using the software have been covered in part due off our coast sees the ultimate guide for land serving withdrawn. Let's start a new Troy Now let's first create a surface from the medium that we have so go to surface here under Prospector in the cool space by right click and click on Create surface from the Choose the Fight Night as you tiff. Select the DDM file on open it. Auto CAD will read it in. Click on the zoom extents Icon on the surface appears in the court or former. If you have ah on each contour, you will get its elevation value and it goes on to a 24.14 meters. Now let's flick on the surface and click on Object Viewer. You will now be able to view the object as a three D surface. You can orbit it on. You can clearly see the surface irregularities here. Now let's bring in the required level surface into the mix. So right click on surface and click on Create service. Let this be or 10 or triangulated irregular network surface on. I'll explain why later on, Let's name it required. I'm the score excavated, underscore surface. Leave all the other rose as it is and click OK. Now you have bought the surfaces. The surface from the E. M. Is a great service because the DDM is in the form off a great now, the reason why we need the excavated surface, Toby a 10 service is because that's the only way you can import the ex wives that file we just created. You cannot do this with a great service. Now let's expand the required excavated surface on Expand the definitions right click on point files and click on Let's Select the X Prize, that fire that we just created here, you can see that autocrat has recognized it on has created three collars east ing, nothing on point elevation. Leave the rest of the options as they are and click OK and it starts leading the points and adding them to the surface. Now let's select the new surface on. Go to the object you up. You can see that this is a plane surface with absolutely no undulations. Now let's see both the surfaces in object Viewer, Click on the boundary and click on Object Viewer. You can clearly see that there are two surfaces here, while the original surface where is in its elevations on a cross. The required surface is at 890 meters elevation. There you can see the difference and kill you. Most of the work involves cutting through the existing surface to create the required one. You can also try to view it in different formats. Let's close the object viewer. Now it's time to calculate the cut and fill excavation one you needed to get from the existing through the new surface, right click on surface on click on Create service. This time, the surface type has to be a warning service. Now it can either be a great warning surface or it in one of service. The didn't want him surface with generate more accurate results than great warning surface , but by a very small margin. If the great is off a small value, I prefer the grid William Surface because it's a lot less than Lord on the computer. The din volume calculation for such large surfaces with such high resolution data can cause you're bound to get exhausted residing in a border operation. But give it a try if you want. Oh, maybe you have a better system than I do, so I select great Wall him service. Let's name it got minus Phil value. Now, The great spacing I want for this volume calculation is 10 centimeters, so 0.1 meters in both the X and Y Spacey the base office is your existing surface. The combat isn't service is the surface he require after excavation. The cut and fill factors are one. I click OK on that. It is the cut minus filled warning service. Let's take a look at it, right click on it and click select. Here you can see this contour is 0.54 meters. That represents the level off feeling to be done here. This one is minus 1.953 meters. That's the level of cut to be done here. Now go to the analyzed AB and click on volumes dashboard. Click on big volume surface and choose the one we have just created on. Here you go. The cut volume estimated is 102,000, 220.8 cubic meters, and the Phil is 6791.8 cubic meters. The net adjusted cut minus Phil is 92,548 0.99 cubic meters off. Cut. Now that's a huge volume of God. So now you know how to do earthwork estimations withdrawn. Tell the outputs. Once this face of work is completed, it's time to put your drone to use for site inspections. Once construction work begins 14. Intro to site inspection: once construction work begins, very important component off monitoring progress off site activities is to conduct site inspections. Inspection reports give the site project manager a snapshot off all the different nights off activities happening at site and thus a crucial for managing all the operations off the site. Site inspections are usually time consuming, labor intensive and costly process. Project supervisors, engineers and managers are better off spending time analyzing site inspection outwards from one place rather than having to go on foot. Site inspections can also be highly dangerous on often proved to be ineffective, particularly for larger, more complex sites, which have many inaccessible areas. This is where drones can prove to be effective by setting pre programmed flight parts on capturing video and images. Along this part, bronze can pretty much do all the world autonomously on the life. Feed on the tablet or phone can be analysed in real time 15. Litchi Features Demo: the best actor used to automate your drone flight and data capture for inspections is litchi. The cost to download the app on your phone is about $25. Lady has some fantastic flight morts that you can use to automate your site inspections. Let's take a look at what these flight Moore's up. Often more in orbit more. The drone will orbit around an object or point off interest in a preset radius and speed threat. More, in fact, more. You can tell the drone to track a certain moving object. While the bronze position remains constant, Funnel more informed award. The drone will follow the object that it is tracking and finally, the waypoint more in Bay Point more. You can select points in the map where the drone has to fly toe. The broad will go to these points in order, stay at those points for a set period of time and perform certain defined functions like capture images or videos. While at that point on, these Moors can be used in combination as well. Let us demonstrate these features with this life demo. Here we have a colleague who said he's going to show us how it's not. First, let's look at the track more and some words within it. The open the city up. First, you need to take off the throne and bring it to a desired height above the ground level. Switch the drone to F more, using the remote, then to Strack more and choose the object opposite toe. Back on screen here, who said is choosing tohave, the drone black him. The drone orient itself to keep him at the send off the screen, and he starts moving the drones days in its position on Brexit, keeping him in the middle off the camera. Focus wolves. It loses him for a short while, but finds him again. Now, within the track, you can talk along the follow. You can see the photo. I can't Don't break on the left Now, as he walks the don't tracks as well as follows him. Now let's look at the overt more within the back more. Who said it takes the bone higher this time so as to avoid any possible collision and the audience the drone in his direction again, he chooses himself as the object Off interest makes the orbits be five meters per second. The orbit icon don't today, and it begins. It orbits around him. If he moves, it, really adjust its open economy and continues its flight. Now let's look at the overall war. It brings you to the Matthew. Here you can choose a point of interest on the map, and then it takes you into orbit cities. Here, you can adjust the attitude radius and speed off the orbit. Let's take off first. And then that stuck. You could happen this view to expand it if you want to. The drone takes off to the set. Attitude goes to its starting point, brings the point of interest into the cameras. Focus on begins the mission. After completing the mission, it comes back home and finally, the way my more. Now I've used the waypoint more in the next section, planning a site inspection mission. So I'm going to explain that indeed, A or the do download the DJ app and practice using all the aforementioned features in an open field before trying it out at your site. 16. Planning a site inspection mission: Now let's look at how you can go about planning your site inspection mission before you start the planning douche annual meeting with the site Project Manager and understand the project in its entirety. Here are some details you can ask for and ship latest site drawings. Do ask them for a PdF or image off the latest side throwing and asked them to take you through all the features. Get a sense off the placement off the different features off the site layout, the buildings, roads and the landscaping. This will help you with designing your flight plans so as to capture the right details. Construction. Chill. You get a complete idea off the construction. Change you Oh, what media off time Is the construction going to happen? What is the Daily show soon? What are the different phases of construction? What is being taken up in each face? This will help you plan your day to day flight. Children's over the different phases of construction. Give details off how grown inspection works. Let the project manager know how are drone inspection works. The fact that drones can capture high resolution videos, images and flying in different Moore's show them some examples off previous drawn inspections. If you have any, or if you can find something on life, this will help the project manager give you details of exactly what they want out off the drone inspection. Once you understand exactly what is needed, start with designing your first drone inspection mission. You can understand this with the following example. Here is a 26 eagle construction site. This site has $4 that are coming up at this phase of construction. The project manager needed a daily video capture off the problems off construction for the DIA site. So let's start with the design. I'm going to use Ligety's desktop mission, huh? Andre points to plan the flight go to fly litchi dot com. Click on Mission, huh? Click on the log in button on the top right corner and log into city using the same user name and passport you use on your more My lap. Now I take the map to the site of interest. This is the site for which construction is going on, and this is the moment now I am aware of the position off the different under construction buildings at the site There's one here, one you one more year and another here. This is where I like to start flying because there isn't much construction activity going on their first. Let's set up the different points of interest for the flight. Right. Clicking on a point makes it a point of interest. Now you can set the altitude off the point of interest. That is the attitude above ground that the camera will be focusing on. This building is about 8 to 10 meters high as off now. So I'm going to set the altitude as five meters so that I get the complete structure in the frame. I continue to set radius points of interest. Some points are for the construction manager to see how work is being carried out by his contractors. So each point is not necessarily the buildings themselves on its done. Now let's set up the way, boys. So I set up my 1st 3 point here, close to where I'm going to take the drone off and I want an altitude off 40 meters for the flight. I prefer a speed off 18 kilometers. I would like to focus on feel I want now. Let's create 3.2 the altitude on the speed of the same. This time, the point off interest is to, and that's how I create each of the waypoints till the last one. Now it's a good practice to run through all the way points to make sure that you haven't missed out anything there. I missed making the gimbal, which focus on the right, so I run through all of them to do that. The sabre is where the Kimbell pitch control will be. Manual focused B Y is where laity will automatically control the gimbal bitch to keep the selected P oy in the sector of the frame and interpolate is where you can specify the gimbal, which angle at its way point for interpolated work. The previous Our next great point needs to be said to interpolate as well. Laity will then automatically adjust the gimbal pitch angle to start and end at the specific angles and smoothly transition while traveling between any two waypoints. Here I missed the speed. Cruising is basically a difference be that you have put in the upsetting once I run through and correct the settings. I saved the mission as example of mission. Now I can load this mission in my app and started up. Now let's see what the flight video looks like after I've shortened it in the rest of time . 17. Conclusion: congratulations on completing the sports. In this course, we have learned how drones can transform the construction industry progress from choosing the best run for the job, along with the license and safety considerations Bill and how you can make in front sight purchase decisions on conduct. Lance of it. You know how architects can use one survey upwards to take their designs to the next. We then learn how to conduct accurate estimations with growing and finally, how drones can be automated who conducts site inspection activities. We encourage you to practice on the assignments, get proficient sample data that you have elevated practice back off this Coast series. We've learned how to use drones to detect deviations issues in sight and further out to black construction progress. Then we cover what best child hiding and orientation strategies would work best for your foot and also how you can train your employees for this. We also cover the best strategies for growing service, providing companies to provide custom made Selves, the issue all the very best for your business. And there was and look forward to seeing you too. Thank you. And good luck