Mac Pages: Mastering the Word Processing and Publishing App | Fran Solo | Skillshare

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Mac Pages: Mastering the Word Processing and Publishing App

teacher avatar Fran Solo, Apple Certified Instructor

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction to Pages


    • 2.

      What you'll need


    • 3.

      Using the exercise files


    • 4.

      Basics: Get familiar with the layout


    • 5.

      File Extensions


    • 6.

      Open, edit, save and closing documents


    • 7.

      Different views


    • 8.

      Customising the toolbar


    • 9.

      Understanding Document setup


    • 10.

      Understanding Document setup 2


    • 11.

      Adding and rearranging pages


    • 12.

      Document Metadata


    • 13.

      Two pages View


    • 14.

      Paragraph and Character formatting


    • 15.

      Creating character styles


    • 16.

      Special characters


    • 17.

      Hidden characters in your keyboard


    • 18.

      Ligatures and Hyphenation


    • 19.

      Using indents


    • 20.

      Indents and Tab stops


    • 21.

      Bullets and Lists


    • 22.

      Spelling and grammar checker


    • 23.

      Find and Replace words


    • 24.

      Autocorrection and substitutions


    • 25.

      Writing fractions


    • 26.

      Overview of Styles


    • 27.

      Overriding and saving styles


    • 28.

      Creating styles


    • 29.

      Rename, delete and Share styles


    • 30.

      Assigning Shortcut to styles


    • 31.

      Pagination and Brakes


    • 32.

      Headers and Footers


    • 33.

      Using Columns


    • 34.

      Auto updated fields


    • 35.

      Using Section and Page Breaks


    • 36.

      Creating Footnotes


    • 37.

      Table of Content


    • 38.

      Inserting Column breaks


    • 39.

      Navigate quickly across pages


    • 40.

      A Brief look at templates


    • 41.

      Changing images


    • 42.

      Replacing text


    • 43.

      Moving and editing text boxes


    • 44.

      Creating templates


    • 45.

      Manage custom templates


    • 46.

      Adding and removing elements


    • 47.

      Adding images


    • 48.

      Set transparency to images


    • 49.

      Adjust images


    • 50.

      Change Image Styles


    • 51.

      Adding and combine shapes


    • 52.

      Make shapes editable


    • 53.

      Saving custom shapes


    • 54.

      Use the pen tool


    • 55.

      Add photos directly from your phone


    • 56.

      Add text boxes


    • 57.

      Image gallery


    • 58.

      Linking text boxes


    • 59.

      Working in Page Layout mode


    • 60.

      Adding text and images Part 1


    • 61.

      Adding text and images Part 2


    • 62.

      Adding text and images Part 3


    • 63.

      Adding text and images Part 4


    • 64.

      Using Master pages


    • 65.

      Saving as Template


    • 66.

      Reapply Master pages


    • 67.

      Add alignment guides


    • 68.

      Adding colours and images in backgrounds


    • 69.

      New ways to style text


    • 70.

      New ways to style text Part 2


    • 71.

      Record audio directly in the page


    • 72.

      Text to audio speech


    • 73.

      Adding Videos


    • 74.

      Adding hyperlinks


    • 75.

      Class Project - Home Assignment


    • 76.

      Adding tables


    • 77.

      Changing Rows and columns size


    • 78.

      Rearranging rows and columns


    • 79.

      Formating data


    • 80.

      Adding calculations


    • 81.

      Adding a chart


    • 82.

      Enter chart data


    • 83.

      Using more data in charts


    • 84.

      Copy, Paste Pages and Sections


    • 85.

      Export as PDF


    • 86.

      Printing your document


    • 87.

      Exporting as Word


    • 88.

      Exporting as ePub


    • 89.

      Offer your book to download or Purchase


    • 90.

      Reducing size of documents


    • 91.

      Collaborating with Track changes


    • 92.

      Improve Pages Performance


    • 93.



    • 94.

      Wrapping up and What's Next?


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About This Class

Pages is simply the perfect word-processing tool for Mac users

Learn everything that you need to know about word-processing and publishing with Pages.
This Master course in Pages will guide you through step-by-step from creating a document from scratch to a gorgeous looking document you can be proud of.

You have access to 100 lectures spread in a little over 6-hour content that will take you from zero to hero!
This course is designed for beginners and intermediate users in mind. And yes, there are advanced features that we will cover as well.

We will update the course, especially with custom video requests from our students, so you are never left alone in your journey to master Pages.

Create professionally looking documents in minutes.
You can start from one of the beautiful templates or start from a blank document and design it yourself.

• Format your document with gorgeous styles, fonts and enhance it with over 700 editable shapes

• Add easily images, videos and audios to make your documents more interactive

• Create interactive ePub books to share or sell to Apple Books

• Get access to shapes, tables, charts and other media directly into your pages

• Choose from over 70 pre-designed templates to create beautiful reports, digital books CV’s, brochures, Cards, Posters and more

• Import and edit Microsoft Word directly once opened.

Pages isn't just a simple word processing's why:
• Turn on change tracking to mark up a document as you edit it
• Add bookmarks to easily link from one part of your document to another
• View pages side by side as you work
• Create master pages to keep the design consistent across your page layout document
• Add linked text boxes so text easily flows from one place to another
• Create footnotes and endnotes and view word counts
• Use the table of contents view to easily navigate your document or book
• Add comments and join threaded conversations
• Turn on facing pages to format your document as two-page spreads
• Use powerful graphics tools including Instant Alpha and masking
• Add elegant mathematical equations using LaTeX or MathML notation
• Seamless integration with MathType* and EndNote* for inserting equations and citations

Share your documents in a breeze.
• iCloud allows you to keep your documents always up to date across all your devices and with the new Collaboration tool you and your team will be able to work on a document at the same time… whether they have a Mac, iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch or a PC.

• When you Turn on iCloud your documents are automatically available on your Mac, iPad, iPhone, iPod touch and iCloud dot com
You can access and edit your documents from a Mac or PC browser at iCloud dot com with Pages for iCloud

• Pages automatically saves your documents as you make changes

• Quickly send a link to your document via Mail, Messenger, Twitter and Facebook

• Export your work as Microsoft Word, PDF, ePub and more

• Print wirelessly with AirPrint, including page range selection, number of copies and two-sided printing

Enrol today!

I cant wait to see you inside!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Fran Solo

Apple Certified Instructor


I've been using Mac computers since 1999; before that, I used Windows operating systems.

I am passionate about teaching and sharing my skills and discoveries with people willing to learn and share. Having started with Windows systems in the early '90s, I understand the transition challenges for Windows users exploring the Mac ecosystem for the first time.

I firmly believe that Macs can revolutionize how you work and create, freeing you from technical hassles that waste your time.

My journey with Macs began in my early music career, composing soundtracks for theatre and writing my music. I've extensively used Garageband, Logic Pro, Pro Tools, Final Cut, iMovie, and After Effects. Alongside my music career, I've delved into various Adobe tools like Photoshop, Lightroo... See full profile

Level: All Levels

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1. Introduction to Pages: Hi, I'm so excited for you here in this course, you're going to learn everything and you need to know about pages, which is the very powerful, yet easy to use word processing and publishing software. It gives you all the tools you need to create stunning documents for un-solo. And I've been using pages since its inception, and I've been teaching people how to use pages to write and design visually stunning documents, brochures, posters, and books for over 10 years. I guide you through the creation process, starting from getting comfortable with the interface and domain areas we're going to access throughout the course. We'll be working with styles and how the layout of the essentials, as well as headers and footers and tables of contents and more to make sure our document is functional and looking professional at the same time. Then we will explore the different templates available, how to edit them and create our own. We're going to dive into the publishing aspect of pages using the Page Layout mode and working with images, shapes, tables, charts, all your files, and even movie clips. Finally, we're going to explore all different ways to share and collaborate with others using the many options available in pages. Read all of these and more. Let's get cracking and pages. I can't wait to see you insight. 2. What you'll need: So let's find out what you need to follow along with this course. First, we need to have macOS 10, point 13 or higher. So if you have high Sierra or higher Mojave, in this case, there will be a deal, of course, make sure that your pages is up to date, is going to ask you to update any way if you are in High Sierra or higher, make sure you have at least pages seven or higher. I'm going to be using page 8.1, but you might have a higher version that you might see something different than mine. But this is the version I'm using and I'm going to keep on updating this course as well. So make sure you have that version. Next, this is optional. You need to have a basic knowledge or word processing software, perhaps if you have used Microsoft Word or similar BADL. Because if we're gonna go through some concept that perhaps go a little bit beyond the basics. But if you start from scratch, then don't worry, you can still follow along. Then if you use the exercise files provided in this course, make sure you're free up at least 700 megabyte or more of storage space. And also some of the exercise files may have different fonts. So pages might ask you to replace them to your font in your Mac. So just replace them to the one that pages suggests. Otherwise, choose the one you like and you can follow along with the course. Now in the next video, I'm gonna show you how to use the exercise files so you can follow along lesson by lesson. 3. Using the exercise files: If you have downloaded the exercise files or you need to do is simply double-click on the zip file. That will unzip the file into a folder called Exercise Files. And I suggest to move this file into an easy to access locations such as your desktop. So once he's unzipped, you can double-click on it. And you should be able to see all the modules available. You just click on the module you're in and you'll be able to see all the documents that I'm working on. So you'll be able to follow through. Some of the modules, have also subfolder, such as images and videos. So you can access to those materials as well. So you can follow easily along the project that I'm working on as well. If you're gonna have the exercise files and you want to follow without perhaps you want to use yours. Please feel free to do that and just carry on watching. 4. Basics: Get familiar with the layout: Let's now get comfortable with the layout of pages, finding out where all the buttons and functions are, and how to really move around our document. Now I'm going to go down into my doc and there are a couple of ways you can open pages. You can go to doc if is there. You can go to your spotlight on top right-hand corner. Or you can go into the menu bar on top on the go. And you can search your applications from here. You can also go into your launchpad and you'll find pages here. If you installed it. It's there. Perfect. So I'm going to just click on my doc to open it up. Now if it's the first time you open pages, you might have a welcome page where you have to just press continue, and just follow the instructions. And then you will prompt you to a template user. If you're already open pages before, you might see a window that looks like this. So you may actually have the option to choose from previous documents you were working on. At the moment, the documents that ACR or the files that are compatible with pages will come up with dot pages extinction. As you see, I've got here a couple of documents, pages document that will appear. There were let me actually select if the rest are grayed out means you cannot open them with pages. You can also change the view of your find it by clicking on this button on top. And that allows me to change that to from ListView to Icon View and 2 Column view as well. We can also search for files directly here on the search bar at the top right hand corner of this window. Now I'm going to open a new document. I'm going to click on new document. So when you do that, you should be able to see your Windows looks like this with all these templates. So these are preset templates that are all sorts of by categories, as you can see I've got here on the left-hand side, the sidebar with all the different categories I can navigate, just pick the one I want. So for instance, if I want to go into my basic is is just a standard portrait, blank document. I've got landscape as well, some notetaking templates as well. I can go to something like reports, which you find some content here. These are just placeholder text and images where you can actually put your own content. Now I've got books as well. This is a new feature in pages. You can create books and beautiful covers as well. And you have also portrait and landscape as well. Then you still have letters. They also have a section for curricular, VTA now, which is completely separate. We have flyers and posters, and also you have newsletters, stationary, certificates, and miscellaneous. So I'm going to go to one of these newsletter, doesn't matter which one you choose. We just wanna make sure we are comfortable. We the layout. So I'm going to double-click on Serif newsletter so you can double-click and compress chooses well, so as you notice, we got the letter with all these placeholder tax does is just xy you can replace by clicking on it and just type your own text. You also notice we have a bar on the right-hand side. So this is our inspector and this is content sensitive. So if I click on an item on my document, it will reflect in my inspector. Now let's have a look first of all, at the top. So we have our menu bar on top here with pages, files, edit, insert, all the way to share, window and help. Down below we have our toolbar now some other functions you have in the menu bar, you also find in the toolbar. I'm going to show you later on in this class how to customize this toolbar with a button that you use to most, you can actually just right-click and customize it. I'm going to show you this later anyway. But let's have a look at what we have at the moment. So we have here the view and the top left-hand corner that allows us to see the document in different ways. We also have Zoom and we have an optional tool to add pages. If we want to add additional pages. The top middle we have all these bunch of buttons that let us add elements such as tables, charts, textboxes, shapes. We have more than 700 shapes here, you can choose from a completely customizable and editable as well. And you can also use media. You can add photos, videos, and audio as well. We also have an option to insert, insert page break, line breaks, section breaks, page number, page count, etc. I'm going to show you these later on. Do not worry, but this is one way to insert things into your document rather than going to your menu bar on top. Click on Insert and do the same things. Some, some of these function might only be available in the menu bar. We're gonna make sure we have a nice toolbar with all our favorite buttons. Then on the right-hand side here we have collaborate. This allows us to share our document into iCloud and collaborate with multiple people with a team or your coworkers, et cetera. And then we have the format and document section, which is our inspector. So this is content sensitive. So whatever I click in my document, it will reflect in my inspector. So for instance, if I want to change the text down below here, if I click on it, it's going to tell me here at these taxes, uh, Georgia font is regular. So I'll give me the points is gonna give me size, the color, et cetera, et cetera. I can do all this changes here in the inspectors or they make very, very easy. If I don't click anywhere in my document, I'll click somewhere in the background. Let's have a look. If I click somewhere here in the background and now you'll see the inspector shows me nothing because nothing is selected. Coming back to the view button here, you also have a view on the menu bar. So if I click on View, you have quite a few options here to view or hide certain things such as, for instance, rulers. Say if I want to show as a ruler in my document, I can do it from here, or I can go to my view and show the rulers here as well. Show ruler. Also have the option to see the page thumbnail. Some people likes to see Page Thumbnails and I like that too. So if I click on that, this gives us the option to quickly navigate for other pages and also gives you an idea of the proportion of your images, especially if you work with graphics and shapes and images, other things we have, yes sure, ruler. If I click on that, it's going to show me the ruler here up on top. If I want to hide it. Again, do it there as well. And I can do other things, Show Comments, pain. I can also hide word count, which is actually down below here. We're going to talk about this later on. Now as you notice on top it says Untitled 2. So the name of the document, we haven't named it yet. Especially when you open a new document, you would have to rename it and save it. I'm going to show you that later on, but you see this little arrow next to it. If I click on it, it's going to now give me an option to rename the document and to save it to whatever folder I desire. Now in this case here we're going to just close this document. To close a document, you can actually click on the red button in the top left-hand corner here on the traffic light. Or I can go to the file on top and just press Close. Now if we either make any modification or any editing is not going to ask us to save anything. I'm going to click ON clause or I can also use the shortcut Command W. When you do that, it's going to close the document is not going to ask us to save, of course. But now at the top we still have pages open. So you can see the menu bars to show me that. So pages still running, even do it. I don't have any document open and now I can go to pages and the very top, and I can quit it if I wanted to, also with the shortcut Command Q. So this is just a brief overview of the layout, but it will make more sense when we're going to work with real document in the next videos. 5. File Extensions: Another important note and I want to make before we carry on with the class is by talking about extension. If you click on your exercise files document here on top, and we just open the module 1. You'll notice the files here. I have an extension dot pages. Now if you then see this on yours, you have to go into your finder and the top left-hand corner of your screen and the preferences. And in here you'll find four tabs. The tab is advanced. You click on that and make sure that the first option, sure, all filename extinctions is ticked. If I untick that, you'll notice now my document, it will not have the extension pages. Now the reason why we use extinction is, is because we want to differentiate which documents are four pages, which are the documents are four numbers and for word, if in case you have office, you want to see at the first glance Word documents come from and what software has been used. So that's what I suggested you use for the rest of the class and for the future as well. 6. Open, edit, save and closing documents: Let's look about how to open a document, how to add it, save it, and close it as well. So we're going to open our exercise files here on the desktop and double-click on that. And let's go to our Module 1. So if I just extend this column for a second, we're going to open the document called thoughts of Marcus Aurelius 001. If you're following through. So double-click on that. You notice I've got some texts, some images as well. If I scroll through here down below, you'll see you have also other pages. We'd other images and text. I can actually click on any of this to reveal the inspector here on the right-hand side, as you see, is context-sensitive. So I can click on text and I can see the text options here as well. So I'm going to make some modification here on my heading by highlighting book too. So you'll notice under the inspects I've got format, text and the style. Here. I can change the font style, I can change the bold, italic, underline, et cetera, but I want to change just the size. So I'm going to just go there and make it for instance. Notice you noticed as soon as I change this, the documents name on top stays the same, but next to it I've got the word edited. So we actually added to the document. So now we would have to actually save this document. So what we can do, we can actually hover the cursor over the name that click on the little arrow next to edited. And now we can rename our document and we can also choose the location where to save it. And other traditional way to do this is by going to file at the very top on the menu bar and use something called Save. Now if I do that, this will update our existing document. So many people got accustomed to the word Save As which we don't find here on file. So Apple change that terminology with duplicates. So that will essentially duplicate this document and then we'll be able to rename it. But if you want to reveal Save As or you need to do simply hold down the option key or the Alt key on your keyboard. And when you do that, the duplicate will become Save As. So now I can click on Save As. And now I've got my finder on top here. There's gonna give me an option to rename that document and save it somewhere else as well. So let's save it into our desktop. So I'm going to just click on the desktop on my finder on the left-hand side. So now is selected. How do I know is selected? Well, I can see here up on top that says desktop. So always make sure that this bar on top highlights the folder where you want to save the document. So now I can actually give it a name. And this case I'm going to call it. And I'm going to give it a dash with two. I'm going to save it in the desktop. And by the way, before you press Save, you also have an option down below to keep changes in original document. So if I want to also change my original document, I can just tick that box. If I don't want to, just leave it unchecked and then press Save and then click on Save. And now my document has been saved into desktop and the original will stay untouched. So I'm going to close this by clicking on the red button on top. And I can also go into File and click Close. The document is saved, and now I can carry on with my work. I can even open my second document on the desktop to find out if there's been saved and indeed actually been saved. If I open my original document again, you'll notice that my heading there is 18, so it will be untouched. So let's close this document and let's dive deep into pages now. 7. Different views: Before we carry on with our class, I just want to make sure that everyone is happy with the view of the document because you may want to change the way it looks. I'm just going to open the previous documents that we opened in the previous class. So I'm going to go into file on top of my pages. Make sure you have pages here on the menu bar. And you can go to Open Recent. Now you notice I've got my recent document and they wind up on top is our latest document. There'll be opened. You can also open the documents by going into pages down to the talk and right-clicking on it will show you all the previous documents or you were working on, including the last one down here below. So I'm going to click on that. And there we go. We have the same document that we have before. Now, there are couple of ways you can view your document. I'm quite happy to have the thumbnails here on the left-hand side. Of course, if you want to remove that, you're going to go to the top left-hand corner under view. And you can actually go back to document only if you'd like. Some people would like to show you to see the document very large. So what you can do, you can actually click on the green button here on the top left hand corner of your window, which is our full screen. By the way, you can also enable full screen by going to View here in your menu bar, and you have an option down below for entering the full screen. The shortcut is Control Command F, if you'd like to use that to escape the full screen is the same shortcut Control Command F or write it down if you want to use that in a future. In this case, yeah, I'm going to click on the green button. So when I do that, the screen fills up with pages. So one of the things that I don't like about this, and many people don't like to, is the fact that you lose the menu bar up on top. And also the dock is not available anymore. Now, if you want to retrieve the menu bar and the name of the document, which I don't see at the moment, is by going all the way to the top with a cursor and you'll notice the menu bar, it will reappear with buttons here at the top left with a nameless document right in the middle. And as soon as I remove it, it will disappear. So I can actually have Regions with one stone by just removing the full screen. So I can actually go to the green button again to close it. And I can resize the window by just dragging the border of my document. And you're normally when you hover the cursor over the border, the cursor becomes a two arrows. I can actually drag that all the way to one end. And on the other side I can do the same thing in drag it to cover the entire screen. And now my menu bar is always present up on top. Some people like to see your page thumbnail so you can actually go into the view top left and you can click on Page Thumbnails are quite like to have that. Another view that I like and the Zoom. This is also new in pages where there isn't updates. You can have two pages rather than one. So if I wanted to do that, I can actually see two pages in one screen. Or I can actually go back in one page. And perhaps I want to have fit width. So I quite like that when I have to work with words and I want to have the screen quite big. So this is one way you can actually work without squeezing your eyes and stand where you are in your document, especially if you work in a document on laptop, like 12 inch laptop or small laptops or even an iPad. You could do this as well. In this case, yeah, I'm working with texts and images, so I'd like to have it as a fifth page, so I can have that as well. Well, I can actually have a middle ground which could be something like a 150%. So you can actually change the view by just playing around with the Zoom. You could also go on top here and the view. You might want to use this menu to go to Zoom. You can use zoom in and zoom out actual size. And you can also use fit width and page the same thing and you saw under view as well. Other things you've got here, you can also show, for instance, colors. Or you perhaps want to see shore layout. So this is something that many people use when they want to see where the margins are and how the document is formatted. So if I click on shore layout, you'll notice now I've got all these lines around my document. If I scroll down my document, you'll see I've got and these big box here, which include all my text and images. And I also have my headers on top here, my footer, the number of the page as well. So this is something perhaps you want to consider. If you want to realign images and objects and shapes throughout your document. I'm gonna go back to View and click on Hide layout and other important tool that we have here is showing visibles. Now in visibles allows you to actually see where the Enter keys have been hit. For instance, after I type the title, I pressed enter and then enter again, and then added the subtitle or the heading, and they hit the Enter three times, yeah, 123 to go back here to my title. So you'll notice all the blank spaces some people use invisible to count the empty spaces around that document. If I scroll down here, you'll notice I typed this paragraph here and then I went down 56, 7 times with Antar, you know exactly how many returns you hit, how many spaces you hit. And also, um, any blank spaces you have in your document. So you may want to have that enabled. So I'm going to go back to View and I'm going to click on Hide invisible. I also have an option, the view to show comments pain to also hide smarter notations to show arrange tools, et cetera. So if I click on, for instance, shore arranged tools, this is part of what I have in my inspector. This little floating windows and says arrange at the top is actually appearing here on my inspector when I click on one of my items, yeah, I'm going to show you now. So if I click, for instance, in this image here, and I'm going to my inspector, you'll notice I've got format, style. These are arranged that you see here is actually behind arrange here. So if I click on a range, I've got the same options. Or you see here in the floating window, some people likes to have this floating around, so they always have it available, especially if they need to deal with lots of images and lots of graphics. They might want to have this always available. In this case here I'm going to close this, can actually hide it by clicking on the red button, or I can go to View and then hide it from here as well. I also have the option to show colors are just images and media browser. These are all functions that you find and the toolbar on top as well. So I would rather actually use the tool Barbara is up to you. Now you know that they're here if you need to do any adjustment, for instance, if you need to adjust an image on your document, make sure you select the image. And then you can go to View and do show, adjust image. And then you can do your modification. You can announce the image. You can do all sorts of editing here if you'd like. I'm going to close this for now. We're going to cover these graphics aspect of pages later on anyway. Now you know all the different ways you can view your document in Pages. So you'll feel more confident to move around and do your modifications and editing and do your work more efficiently. 8. Customising the toolbar: While you're working on your documents, you might need to access to certain functions more often than others. And one of the way to personalize pages is by customizing our toolbar here on top. So you notice as a default you got four different areas in your toolbar. Up on a top left-hand corner, you have your view, zoom and add page. You also have here up in the middle, all these graphics buttons. And also you have collaborate. And here on the top right-hand corner you have your format and document which are part of your Inspector. Now I can actually customize this and add more buttons or remove buttons I don't need. So if I want to do that, I can right-click anywhere here on the toolbar with my mouse and I can access my customize toolbar. I can also go into my view here on my menu bar. And down at the bottom here you find customize toolbar as well. So it's up to you which one you use, but I'm going to right-click here on the toolbar and click on customize toolbar. And now you see you've got plethora of different kinds of buttons you can add. Now if you work with tax and graphics, you may want to add something that related to graphics. For instance, you may want to have something like Adjust image. This will give you the option to click on an image and adjust the colors, the sharpness and other things. So I'm, I'm, I want to have that on top. So you introduce simply drag it, you click and hold and drag it up into your toolbar down on top. You can also add something like mask. Mask is like cropping and image. You might want to have that as well. You might want to, for instance, add Eastern alpha. Is an alpha gives you the ability to remove a background, a plain background from a follow. Very, very useful. You might want to have that as well. So as you can see, I'm just dragging and dropping these buttons on top. Now you'll also notice that you have three flexible spaces here. And these keep all my buttons even throughout my toolbar. I also have the option to add them here as well. Flexible spaces or just a standard hard space. So if I want to keep this middle buttons close to each other, but just separate a few from others. I can just use the heart space. If I drag the heart space in-between, comment and adjust is going to create a little space there. Of course, when I click on Done, down below here, is going to save that. And I've got these adjust button separated from the rest. If I want to customize that or right-click, click on customize toolbar again. So you also notice when you're in edit the button see on top star to wobble. So if yours don't wobble means you have a previous overwritten system and a previous version of pages, but do not worry, does not affect the functionality of pages. Now if I want to drag a hard space out, I can just drag it out and let it go. And see if I can use comment because I don't collaborate with others. I don't need to have comments there. I can just drag it out as well. Is still bringing that back by dragging it up. If I want to use a flexible space between, for instance, these graphic tools from the rest of the buttons, I can just drag a flexible space in between. And that will give me a bigger gap. So I can actually have a more separation. And it also graphically pleasing for my ice as well. And I can easily find the buttons are without having to read all the descriptions. And by the way, if you want to change the view of your toolbar, if you don't want to see the text down below the buttons. At the bottom here you've got Show says icon and text. I can click on icon only and you only see the icons. Now I'd like to have them both. I'm going to click on icon and text again. And also if you change your mind and you want to go back to the previous view of your toolbar where you can do, you can drag this default toolbar just down below and you drag it all the way up until you see a green plus icon there. And as soon as I let go of my mouse, it goes back to the default view. So feel free to spend some time here to drag some of the buttons on top and remove the one you, the news. And we're going to come back here anyway throughout the class. So do not worry if you don't do anything. Now, we still going to come back here because some of you might not want to access the menu bar necessarily. They may want to just use the toolbar instead. And this is one of the alternative to add your little shortcuts functions up in the toolbar. 9. Understanding Document setup: Before we start to create our own document, we need to understand the margins and measurements of our page and really understand the document setup before we even get started. So I'm using the file thoughts of markers or radius 0, 0, 3. If you following up. Now when you have these document open and you click on the inspector on the document here on top right hand corner. You'll notice you have three tabs. We have document section and bookmarks, and a document, you'll see your printer and paper size at the moment I'm using my Canon MF 4100. You might have a different printer down below you have the document format. In this case I'm using an A4. So if I click on the pop-up menu that I've got all these other formats. You might have US letter you, you might have a different format. Choose the format you want. The one that I uses, a four, which is the standard A4 page for any standard printer. And down below here I can actually change the page orientation. Now at the moment, I've got a vertical portrait. I can also use a landscape. So if I click on landscape, is going to change all my pages. Landscape. So I can change that back and forward as a lake, of course, things will change and items will move around accordingly. I'm going to just go back to my portrait view. And it also gives me the size down below 8.26 inches by 11.69 inches. Now, now you can change the units of pages by going two pages at the top left-hand corner under menu bar, under Preferences. Here you'll find a three tabs. You've got general rulers and auto correction. Now under rulers, you'll see I've got a royal units is on the inches. If you want to change that to points or centimeters, is really up to you. As soon as I do that, you'll notice my inspector changed as well in centimeter. So I'm going to stick with inches for now. And I'm going to come back into the rulers to just in a second and I'm going to close it now with the red button. Now let's go back here and I'll be held to have headers and footers. As you notice, these document does not have a header by if I want to add that, I tick that box. And if I hover the cursor all the way on top of my document, you'll see my header will appear right on top. If I want to get rid of it in hover the cursor over there again. It disappears when I hover the cursor over that area. Now the footer, we're going to keep it because we have our page number. As you notice, I've got the page number here down at the bottom. Then I've got also the measurement here is 0.59 inches from the border documents by the, so this allows me to actually disable the word processing format in my document. I may want to work on a combust, just a blank, unformatted canvas to play, for instance, with graphics, images and text boxes as well, without having to deal with margins. In that case, I would actually had to untick that. And if I do that now, it would get rid of my formatting and my text as well, which I don't want. I'm going to stick with word processing for now. I'm going to leave that ticked when have to work on lipid graphics with just a little bit of text. And I want to have the freedom to move around without dealing with margins. Then I would then tick that box and all of my document will be affected. Now in this case, we're going to work with words and letters and anything else that has to do with texts. So we're going to keep that document body ticked down below here we have document margins. Of course, these are the distances between the borders. As you notice, I've got here 0.75 inches from the top. So from the top there all the way down here is 0.75. Bottom the same thing. 75 and left and right is one inch. Now, you can really tell if these are correct. If you have the ruler enabled, at the moment, I've got my ruler now enable visible. But if you go to View, you can actually show the ruler by going to hide here. Show ruler now might says hide ruler, but if I click on it, it's going to disappear. For one to re-enable that line, go to View and click on shore ruler. The shortcut for that is command R. So I can click on that and see the ruler on top. Now these also an option to see the ruler vertically as well. And that is by going two pages, the top-left than corner and the preferences. And under ruler, you have an option down below here, which is the last option says Show vertical ruler whenever rulers are shown. So I'm going to click on that. And as I do that, I've got my ruler vertically as well. You notice I've got also a couple of other options. One is placed origin at center of ruler. At the moment my ruler is in inches, so it's from 0 to 8.5 inches. So if I now click on Place origin at the center ruler is going to place the 0 at the center. You might want to have that if you work with graphics power-ups and vertically as well, is really up to you how you want to use it and display a ruler units as percentage. You can do that as well. You can have it presented rather than inches. No. Any other unit? I'm going to disable Dang, going to keep it like this. I'm going to now close my settings and I'm back here now I can actually really tell if these distances are accurate by just going here. So that one is the top 0, 75 inches from the top is probably around about that because that one is one inch, the other one is the bottom. The same thing. I can actually measure that from the bottom up and is right about there. Same thing, left and right. I've got one inch or one side, one inch on the other side. It's pretty accurate. The other way also to measure him visually better is by also enabling the layout for ongoing to View and click on Show layout. The shortcut is Shift Command L. I can actually see the border around my document as well. And other option that we have available is facing pages. So this is S2. When we have a double view, we have actually two pages in front of us. But we got to talk about this later. And also I, Phoenicians and ligatures is something we're going to talk about later on. 10. Understanding Document setup 2: So now that we know about the document setup, we can actually create these document from scratch by going to File New and open a blank document by double-clicking on that. Click and choose will open a new document. And now we need to resize this. I'm going to just over impose the other one behind. And as you notice, I've got untitled on top. We haven't saved it yet. If you go into documents on the inspector here on the top right-hand corner under document. We're going to change these settings as well. Let's look at the top here. We have printer and paper size. Again, the printer's going to be the same. And the paper size, I'm going to click on a pop-up menu is a four. So I'm going to stick with a four. The page orientation. We're going to also leave it as portrait. They had to. We don't have the header, we're going to untick the header. The footer is 0.59 inches. Let's have a look at the other one. And by the way, to move between pages, you can actually drag the top toolbar with your mouse and you can move it on the side if you want to see the other documents open. And as you can see, I've got the other 1.590, which is the same documents body is ticked. We also have document migrants 75 inches and is 79. So I'm going to just click here. If you click on the little arrow next to them, it will jump quarter inches. And if I double-click, I can type my own value there. This case we'll 75 and that is fine. We're going to do the same thing here, 75. Otherwise, if you look for a specific number, you can double-click and type your own number. Here is one inch and one inch as well. And everything else is the same. Now if I want to start a type, I could do that. Again. Start to type the title here. I can click anywhere there and start to type the letter. Or you can actually use the exercise files. You're gonna have to type these in. You can actually go to File, go to Open and on the exercise files. You'll find in module two, thoughts of Marcus Aurelius O4. And we're going to click on that. So you're gonna have to type anything down. Everything is here already with all the margins and all the measurements you need. Before we jumped to the other class, Let's close the other documents we have behind. So let's close this for now for a second. Let's close this document as well. We're not going to use this. We're going to press Delete. And we're going to also close these as well. And our thoughts of Marcus Aurelius 0 or 4 is the document we're going to use in the following classes. 11. Adding and rearranging pages: Let's talk about now the difference between page breaks and section breaks. So this is a concept that can be very confusing for some of us that use documents everyday is especially weird word processing software. And if you actually transitioning from Microsoft Word two pages. So we got to understand that. And basically, what you see here is the document that we're using at the moment is thoughts of Marcus Aurelius, double or four if you following up and we have three pages as you notice here, my thumbnails got three pages. And again, I can resize the thumbnails viewer by just hovering the cursor over the line. When you see two arrows popping up, you can just simply drag that to make the thumbnails smaller or bigger. And if I keep on dragging it to the left, is going to disappear half I drag it the other side, a will reappear. Now, I'm going to leave it as large as possible for now and use you notice, now I've got these three pages. And if I tried to move one of these page around and say I want to have page 3 instead of page 1. If I tried to drag it a one, let me do it because it's part of the same section. So that is a page break. There is kinda locked within the same section. I'll show you an example. Let's say if I want to add a new page, what you would do, you would either carry on typing and pages will automatically create the next page. But what about I want to just finish two right here. I want to live this empty space and I want to create another page break that I want to keep in the same section. All I have to do is simply go to Insert here in my toolbar. I can also go into the menu bar on top and create actually a page break by using the first option on top. So if I click on that, it's going to create a blank page down below. But if I click on it in my thumbnail view here, you'll notice everything is kind of highlighted together. Shadow, blue shadow you see in the background highlights the entire section. So if I now want to move these Page Break up on top and 1, let me because again, page breaks are locked within a section. I would have to do something else instead. So I'm going to just go into Edit at the top. I'm going to undo that. And by the way, to undo his commands that instead of creating a page break, I'm going to create a section break. Section breaks are independent between each other. So I'm going to go into Insert and I'm going to create a section break. Another advantage of section breaks is that you can create different headers and footers within a section. And you also notice here on the right-hand side here, my inspector and the document under this section tab, we have the option to change headers and footers. We can hide on first page on section, you can match previous section. What that means is when you create a new section, it will match the settings of the previous one you created. And also page numbering can be affected as well. It can make page numbering different for different sections. And we got to talk about these section area here AND inspect to later on in the class. So do not worry about that. But for now we created our section break here. And I'm going to drag now Page 4 all the way to page one. And as soon as I do that, it will group all the other sections automatically, which I quite like it, one of the new feature and pages. And now I've got my first page blank. So I can use these as my cover page, as my table of contents per ups. So it's really up to you how you want to use it. But following up through this class, I'm going to show you step-by-step how to do that. So this is the difference between section breaks and page breaks. 12. Document Metadata: When we save a document in Pages, we also save its metadata or information about a document such as the layout lines or you see here this little gray border around line. We save the page count. We may want to see that on our document all the time. So all these little things that we save and page numbering as well, and anything else that has to do with formatting is going to be saved within that document. And this is something we can enable and disable by going to View. Now, I'm using the documents, thoughts of Marcus Aurelius, 0, 5, a few following up. And I'm underpaid too. Now if I want to, for instance, see the word counts, this can be very useful for students or for someone who's actually writing their own essay. And they want to know the word count, the paragraph count, et cetera. They can go to view on a menu bar on top here. And it can actually go into show word count. Or you can go to the view on the toolbar here on top, which I prefer eon top left-hand corner, you click on View and you go into show. Wordcount does the same thing. Now with word count. A new page is now going to show us the word count here right in the middle. And now I can click here to find out other information. It says I've got one hundred, five hundred and forty four words so far. By, if I click on little chevron here on the side, I can actually see more information. I can see how many characters are in the document without spacing or how many characters I've got width spacing. And of course are many paragraphs and how many pages. So you can choose whichever view you want from these word count and is going to be saved within the document. Other thing we have is our layout at the moment you see this gray line around the document. If you're not using these documents specifically, you may want to use your own document and if you want to see where the margins are, where the board desire and wet the really the lines are to kinda find out the measurement and also the proportion of your document comparing perhaps with your images as well. You can go to view on top and you can actually show the layout. Now in my case, it says Hide layout. But if you don't have them is going to say show, if I click on Hide is going to hide them out. If I go back to View and click on Show layout, and by the way, they're shortcuts for those of you who wants to know what the shortcut is, Shift Command L for layout. So I can do that as well to re-enable it. So all of this will be saved within your document and perhaps you want to know how to enable and disable it. Another useful feature you have here in pages, visible if you go to view on the top and you go to Show in visibles, this is where you're going to see where you actually hit the return key in your keyboard. The dots between words represent the spacebar hits. And you can actually see how many times I hit. Return here to go to the next page. So you don't have to necessarily do that. In an ideal world, you want to have a document perhaps between paragraphs without any hard hunters. And to do that, you need to basically work with paragraph styles and paragraph spacing as well, which you want to cover later on in this class. But this is how you can actually see where the space bar heats and enters hits are, and also where the section breaks are, as you notice is if I go in the very top of my documents, I've got these blue line which basically represent might section break. So everything that a type below is going to be part of the section. So all of these information can be very useful for those of you who wants to just view them in the document, but they don't necessarily print. So you're not going to see this in your print if you print this document out. So the invisible, the layout, the word count, I'm not going to be printed out. And this information can be customized and saved. On each individual documents you have. 13. Two pages View: Now in pages we have the option to view our document, our pages side-by-side so we can go to the Zoom at the very top left-hand corner here, and we can actually choose two pages. Now I can actually see two pages side-by-side. And That's it. This is one of the way to actually view your document. Perhaps you're writing a book, a novel, or anything else, or you might want to have that sort of view. But the other option that we also have available is to change the binding here, change the distance of the margins perhaps between the left and the right page. So in that case, if I change the margins here is going to change also on my left. So now I've gone up from the Inspector and the document and the document tab at the bottom here, I've got under Document margins and option to enable facing pages. And if I do that now, I can see now the cover of my book or my documents here is on its own. And if I scroll down, I've got, again the same side-by-side pages. The only difference is that now I've got also the thumbnails view changed two side-by-side. But also if I want to now change the margins here, left and right, I can do that. And the document margins now I see inside and outside before I used to have left and right. So frantic that look what happened. Now I've got left and right. If I tick that box, it will enable inside and outside. So if I want to, for instance, leave some margins here for my binding, again, go to the inside and make that a little bit wider. So now I've got a wider binding here. So for my book, everything will be affected of course. And I can also change the headers and footers for the left side and the right side as well. By going into the section tab here on top. Now you'll notice I've got an extra option. It just says left and right pages are different, so I can tick on that. And now I can actually change the headers and footers for the left side and for the right side as well. So there's going to be a very good feature for those of you who write books, novels. And they need to have this sort of controls on their pages to change the headers and footers and also the binding distance as well in the inside of that book. 14. Paragraph and Character formatting: As we're moving along creating our document, we also want to make sure they looks great. And one of the way to change the look of your document is by using character styles and paragraph styles. At the moment here we have these really plain document. And by the way, if you're following along, this is called thoughts of Marcus Aurelius double 06. We're going to start by changing the paragraph styles. Paragraph is defined by the heart returns. So basically when you type something and you hit the return key on your keyboard, that one is actually a paragraph, even if it's a title. For instance, here, I've got a title that I've got subtitle and another subtitle, Numbulelo. These are actually three paragraphs. They're considered three paragraphs because actually hit the return key, how do I know that? We can actually use the invisible to find out where are actually used to attain keys. So we'll go to View here on top on the menu bar, and we're going to go into show invisible. So now this symbol that you see here at the end of a line or a paragraph is actually the return key. So I hit the return key after I tied to my document and I hit the return key a couple times here as well. This is a kind of one of the mistake that we do when we create a document. When you write something, we tend to hit the return key each time we want to go to the next line, which can actually make a lot of problems when we have to export this to a different format. Perhaps were publisher or somewhere else. So we need to perhaps add more paragraphs, Raul, books if we're writing a book or a quite long article. So we want to make sure that our formatting is correct. And one of the things we need to do is basically get rid of these hard returns. So for instance here, I want to get rid of these hard return by clicking on it and then just press backspace. And we're going to basically getting rid of all this blank heat return keys that we didn't need, you're going to basically create paragraph style with those spaces. And now I'm just getting rid of a sum. So you can actually do the same thing up to point number five. And now we can actually hide them visible by going back to view and go into Hyde invisible. We don't need them anymore. And now we can start to change our paragraph styles by clicking on them. And you don't have to highlight the paragraph or the whole line. If he's a title, you just need to click anywhere within that line and that will affect the entire paragraph in this case here, the title. So the paragraph styles is under our Inspector and the format text. And then where it says body is where we're going to change paragraph styles. So if I click on that, I've got a list of different styles and let's say that one is our title. So I'm going to click on title here on top. And that will change that automatically. So I can go to the subtitles as well, and I can go to my paragraph styles and use, for instance, subtitle, and so on and so forth. I can go to the third one as well. I can go back here and say I want to have a heading 2 to make it slightly bigger. Now one of the issue though is that all of these paragraph styles of go here don't have any spacing distances as you notice on the spacing down below here, my inspector before paragraph after paragraph, it zero-point. So I would have to basically make sure that all of these a little bit of spacing automatically without me hitting the Return key because it's almost anything for us. Tap on the return key now to go to the next line, took him to leave some space, but we're not going to do that. We're going to use before and after paragraphs here, the formatting. Now we're gonna go to the second subtitle. Then I'm going to click anywhere that little slash and breath. And we're going to click on the inspector on top. And we're gonna change that to Heading 2 as well. We're going to do the same thing for Providence, and we're going to change that to heading two. And the last one here, clouds from thy mind, and that also is going to be a heading 2. Now, I want to also change the distance in between the paragraph and the titles. So you're going to have to do this one by one. So long as you change one, it will affect the rest. I'm going to show you how to do that now. So let's say I want to apply that to the first one here. I'm going to click anywhere that it doesn't matter where. And then we're going to go into the inspector, make sure you are under Format, under taxed and down below under spacing. We're going to use a little bit of spacing before the paragraph after paragraph. So I'm going to increase that point. And as you can see, as soon as I do that and you notice that distance will change in between the titles and subtitles. So I'm going to just leave it at 14 points. And the same thing for after paragraph as well. I'm going to leave that say 12. So as you notice, as I change that, of course it will change live on my document. But also something happened to my paragraph styles menu on top, which has this little button, update button. So if I click on it is going to apply that to the entire document. And let's see if it works. If I click on Update now. So all my titles now have the same formatting. Well done. So if you actually change the formatting after writing and very long letter or a very long chapter 4, your book. And you want and then change the formatting of your subtitles. Well, go ahead, you can do that as well. So bear in mind, you need to have at least subtitles, titles, and some sort of formatting pre formatting at least. Okay, So we've done that from our paragraph. What about changing the paragraph styles of the entire paragraph here? So I'm going to just click anywhere inside. And I'm going to go into my paragraph styles there. Now I've got these body, but I can actually change that to, for instance, at a smaller and smaller formatting, perhaps I want to have footnotes for matting and then will change with footnote. If I want to go back to body, you can go back to body. So you're not noticing a lot of differences because it's probably the same, exactly the same I forgot to caption. You'll notice the entire paragraph now change the caption and I'm not going to leave to go back into the body. So the document, we'll come back to the right format. Biking change for instance, the font style to a different style. Perhaps I want to have Georgia or I want to have something like Helvetica or Montero, anything else? So you can choose your own format from that. And as you notice, as soon as I changed the format, my body at the top comes up with a little asterix. And that means that are actually amending the original body, which is actually this one here, which is a very plain text. If I wanted to, I can go back to where I was. I can actually go to Edit Undo if I wanted to. I can do undo a few times to go back where I was or, you know, that we started with alphabetic Anu and irregular. So you can actually go back to Vatican. So this is our paragraph styles. And the way you can change is by just going into the inspector and change the spacing, the formatting, the alignment, et cetera. What about we want to change the character style so the character styles applied to each individual characters. So for instance, if I wanted to also highlight a word, I can do that or a sentence I can do just that. I'm going to highlight, for instance, we'll do a full stop. So instead of going to the paragraph styles, I'm going to go into the character styles and blow. So be careful because if I change now the paragraph styles is not going to change. Just the highlighted area is going to change the whole paragraph. So I'm gonna go down to Character Styles. I'm going to click on this pop-up menu and choose any of these styles. Let's say I want to have that slightly bolded and I've got this one. She's called emphasis. So I can click on that and that now become bold and also change the size as well. I think it's 11 also for the rest. So now the size is the same, but it just apply the bold style of my sentence that perfect. I can also change the color if I wanted to do something else, I want to have read, I could do that. So I can change that for that specific area. And again, I've got my body on top with the asterix as well because it's just LME you amending the original body of the letter. Okay, that's fine. I can click anywhere that to go back to the normal view. But this is a quicker way for you to change character style and paragraph styles in your documents to make them look good. And we're going to dive deep into character styles, paragraph styles later on in this class as well. 15. Creating character styles: So let's dive a little bit deeper into our character styles by selecting a sentence on our document here, by the way, I'm using thoughts of Marcus Aurelius double 07. If you're following up and I'm going to just select a sentence. Say I want to change the sentence here. And I want to change the style and now go into the inspector, make sure you are on the format here on top right-hand corner. You inspect to under taxed. So under font we have the font families by clicking on this little pop-up menu, the first one, you'll see a lot of different kinds, a font style. Now your list might look different than mine because depends while you installed by, if I click on any of this at say I'll go into something that you might have as well, which is Ariel. And I want to go into the subcategories here. I want to have that perhaps italic as well. So it changes slightly. I can have bold as well. And it kinda stands out from the rest of the paragraph, which is cool. I also have the option to use underlined. And by the way, the shortcuts for bold, italic and underline is command B for bold, command I for italic, and Command U for underlined. So you can try those as well. Now we also have strikethrough as well. If you want to do like Corrections and you want to strike through some words, you can do that as well. And another option you also have, of course, the size, you can change the size of fonts. And now we also have the option to go into advanced options. If I click on that, now I've got more options that I can change our manned into my words. So I can actually go into character spacing and change that to make a little bit larger, for instance, to make a stand out more. Or perhaps I want to use baselines, shift. Perhaps you want to have a bigger letter before the sentence and have that slightly higher or slightly lower and then increase the size. I want to have to something like bigger. So you might have seen this in two tails. And are there is three books, et cetera. Let me just undo that for a sec and just going to go back into undo. You can actually do Command Z a few times, still go back to the previous stage, the baseline, you essentially use this for single words, perhaps not necessarily for a sentence. Perhaps if I want to just highlight a single word and I can go to the Inspector under the advanced options, I can use baseline to be superscript for instance, and that will make it smaller. So this can be good for math assignments or something like this that you need to change the script to something like that, or subscript as well. So you can change the position of it as well. So I'm going to just go back to default. Also have the option to change capitalization directly. Yeah, can make that all cup. Or if I wanted to make the whole sentence garp, I can actually highlight it again. And I can go into the Advanced Options on the capitalization and make that old cup do it as well. I'm going to just call back in now. I can also change the ligatures here. I'm going to leave it as it is, and I talk about ligatures later on. Now we have outline. If I want to have an outline now with a new pages, you can have an outline around the words, which is pretty amazing. You can actually change that they're actually here. This works very well for titles, so I'm just uncheck that for a second. For instance, if I want to change that title, they're going to highlight the title. I can go to the Advanced Options here and use outline. Perhaps I want to have a nice blue outline in that, that could work very well for certain documents. So let me just go back when I wasn't when I go back in there and remove the outline. And let's go back to our sentence here. I'm going to highlight it again. We'll go back to our advanced options that we also have shadows. I might want to have a shadow. And when you do that, you also can change the blurred, the offset, the opacity. So for instance, the blur can be changed, you can make a less blurry. You can also change the distance in between the letters and also opacity. That is the opacity of your shadow as well. And you can also change the color of the shadow. You might want to have something like slightly gray, or you want to change the angle of the shadow as well. That can be changed by just moving this little knob here. Or you can actually change the value by double-clicking on it and using your own value. You can also change it background as well. If you want to have something behind the entire sentence, if I click away now you'll see you have these very subtle shadow behind our text, which is quite cool. So let's say you want to save these for future reference. So I can go here to Character Styles down below. And if I click on a pop-up menu, I've got some preset styles. And I can actually create my own style by clicking on the Plus button so I can click on that. And now that character has been saved, and I can call it, for instance, gray shadow, and hit the Return key to save it. So if I want to now apply that somewhere else, willing to do simply highlight a sentence or a word. When I highlight the word principles, I can go here. I can also double-click, by the way, to highlight a word, you can double-click. And then you can go into character styles and use the one you saved before great shadow. And we'll apply the same style that as well. Character styles can be very useful, especially when you have to repeat and apply the same style, two different chapters throughout your document. 16. Special characters: When you write your document, you might need to access to certain characters that are not in your keyboard. In this video, I'm going to show you where to access to these special characters and other symbols and how to save them as your favorites as well. Now I'm going to just zoom my document because it looks very small here, so I'm going to just make it a little bit bigger. So I'm gonna go to my Zoom. I'm going to use under than 50 to make a slightly bigger, actually, I'm going to go to with to make it a little bit bigger. Perfect. Now let's say I wanted to add a special character right after this word, for instance. And I want to have, for instance, a symbol after that, Let's say I want to have a trademark symbol or a copyright symbol or anything that you might require after that letter or after that word. So I'm going to go into my system preferences down below, you can go to System Preferences. We're still cogwheel here. Or you can go to the top left-hand corner of your screen on the Apple sign at the very top left hand corner. And you can go to System Preferences. Now here you can access your keyboard by going to keyboard. Now we go, He's here. I'm going to click on that. And now the first option on top is your keyword. And you can tick the box next to short keyboard and emoji viewer in menu bar, mine is already enabled. So make sure you tick yours and you should be able to see a symbol that looks like this, next to your spotlight or somewhere here in your status bar. So mine looks like this. You might have a flag of the language you use beak. And he had the US setup. And you can set up other languages here and the keyboard, you can go to input sources if you speak more languages and if you want to write, of course, in different languages, so you can just stop here the plus button and choose another language. Perfect, then we're gonna go into keyboard here, make sure that when he sticked. And then we're going to close this window coming back into pages. We're going to go into the character viewer right on top. And you'll find an option to show emoji and symbols. So this is kind of the standard way to have that available wherever you are in your Mac, regardless if you're using pages or not. But if you are in pages and you want to enable it directly from here, you can go into edit, the very top and a menu bar. And you can go all the way down and the emoji and symbols, the shortcut is Control Command Space if you want to use that in the future. So I'm going to click on that. And it's going to show me this little window popping up here on top. And now the beauty of the new pages is we'll pop exactly where my cursor was blinking. So if I click on another part, for instance, I click on this at the end of this word here. Now the cursor is blinking there. If I now go into Edit and click on emoji and symbols control command space. It will open directly there. So I can choose now between these characters. And you notice down below here, I've got a list of different symbols. If I click on the little chevron on the side, it's going to show me all the MOG. Of course I can add any of these emoji file like I could double-click on that. It will add an emoji in my document if I want to delete that, of course you're going to backspace. I can use the shortcut Control Command and backspace to bring that back. And I can go down here and choose different symbols and different emoji. And again, the Chevron will access to the other one. So I've got copyright, have got trademark, and I've got others as well for math as well, Math, symbols, fractions, et cetera. So you can also scroll up here at the top in this little window, and it's going to show you the frequently used. But also you have a little symbol next to the search. I can click on that symbol to reveal the standard view of my character viewer. So I can go into frequently use here, on the left-hand side, I can even search for whatever I want. So I want to go for copyright. It's going to search for copyright symbols. Again, dress, remove that searching. Go into emoji, into arrows, into bullets, and anything, currency, symbols and latin, et cetera, et cetera. You've got lots of math symbols as well. So I can go here and simply double-click to add it into my, into my document. Now if I wanted to save one of these symbols as my favorite, I just need to click on this button, Add to Favorites. So let's say I want to go into my arrows. Perhaps I want to use one of these arrows and I want to save it as my favorite. I can click on it, click on Add to Favorites. And now the favorites section will appear on the left-hand side in the sidebar. I can also go into frequently use and perhaps I want to use old saw that copyright sign as my favorite. I'm going to click on that and I'm going to add it. And you can pretty much just search for other symbols and save them as your favorites, so it's easy for you to find them later on. So now if I want to add that symbol, I double-click on it and it will add it to my document. There we go. He's on eyelids here. Now for each symbols, you also see some variations as well. Here on the side, I can scroll down and find the variation that I want. And I can actually save that as well. Same thing, Add to Favorites. So I can do that as well. I quite like the way the cock, the viewer now is integrated in pages. And I'm going to click on that little symbol again and the top right-hand corner, because I quite like the fact that you can access by having these floating window here. And it will automatically added for you when you double-click on it, it's kind of slick and actually as Mall inside so you actually easier for you to access while you're working on your document. So I'm going to close this. You might have noticed that some symbols such as the copyright here in this case are not in superscript mode. So superscript is essentially a symbol smaller than the rest of the characters. For instance, here, if I highlight copyright, and then I'm going to my inspector. And the advanced section here, options. And the baseline I can make that character is a. So if I do that now it's gonna make it smaller. And probably some people would like to see it on that size. So you can change that to subscript. Or superscript is up to you how you want to see it. Otherwise, you just leave it as default. But this is the way you actually look for a mortgagee by using the shortcut, the Control Command Spacebar. Or you can go to Edit and access to your margin symbols directly here. 17. Hidden characters in your keyboard: Now that we know how to access to special characters, we also want to know how to access to the characters that we have built in in our keyboard. So to find out that we can go to the special character view and on the very top here. So and you have again your show emoji and symbols. But we also have another option down below, which is keyboard viewer. If I click on it, it's going to show me the keyboard here down below. Very small. I can drag one of the corner to make it bigger. And, and now if I hold down one of the special keys on my keyboard would say, hold down the old key is going to reveal all the special characters that are hidden behind the keyboard. And I can use those as well. And I can also use old and control or open command to have other symbols. And as you notice, I also have the apple symbol, which is under the K key. So I can also do and find our other math symbols here. The copyright is actually under the G. So if I do, old Angie is going to give me their copyright option as well. Do alt N G is going to give me the copyright as well. So this is kinda the other way to access to other special characters that are built-in in your keyboard. And again, it depends what keyboards kind you have. You might have a different language than English, and you might have different characters down there. So go in there, experiment and find out which symbols you go available. And you might find these way much easier than going to corrective us. 18. Ligatures and Hyphenation: When working with long document, we need to consider a few factors. Some of these factors are readability, fluidity, and spacing. And this can be improved by using ligatures and a Phoenicians. So let's look about ligatures first, I'm using the file thoughts of Marcus Aurelius double 07. If you following up and EMI inspector on the right-hand side, I'm going to click on document. As you can see down below, I've got Ay Phoenicians and ligatures and my ligatures now, architecting ligatures combined characters together. We're going to show you an example now. In this case here, this also depends on the type of font you have in your document. Now at these case, I'm using something called helvetica new here in my format. I've got a vetting and you and I, if I want to change this to a different font just to show you what these ligatures do, I'm going to highlight the first paragraph. I'm gonna go to my font style here, and I'm going to choose Lucy dad, grander. You may be able to have that font in your font book as well. So I'm going to click on that. And as you notice, if I zoom in, now, we're going to make a Zoom or a top left-hand corner here I'm going to go all the way to 400%. Scroll down, you should be able to see the word fix here. So the letter F and I are glued together, even though I can actually click in between them and I can separate them who wanted to. Now if I bring them together, they glue together. They actually been combined together. And this is because I've got the ligatures function on. Now bear in mind this only works with certain kind of font. So sometimes you might not see this. So if I'm going to my documents or getting my inspector my ligature design, if I turn that off, I want to turn it off from here. It won't affect the existing ligatures I already have in my document, but it will affect anything else that I type from, uh, from now one. Now I'm going to just stick with that. I'm going to leave it on if I want to see the difference between taxed with ligatures and without, I'm going to go into my format in mind specks on the top right hand corner. And I'm going to go into my advanced options. Here I will find an option for enabling or disabling ligatures to the existing text. So in this case, I'm going to double-click here to highlight the word fix. And then I'm going to go into my advanced options. I'm going to go to ligatures. I'm going to change that default to none. And as you notice now the three letters are separated. So it's up to you if you want to turn these on and off. Sometimes having ligatures on can make your reading much better and much more fluid. Again, this is depends on the font style you have. In terms of iPhone nations though, let's go back into our Zoom. Let's go into a 125 so we see a little bit better. Actually a 150 were probably do. So the definition is something that we can enable and disable again in under the documents inspector. And as you can see now, my definitions here is off. If I turn that on, you'll notice my paragraph here started to have these definitions here at the end on the right-hand side. So I've actually breaks my words in order to kind of make the edges a little bit smoother. So for instance, if I turn that off, you'll notice now I've got more spacing here in my paragraphs. If I scroll down as well, I think I've got one paragraph, number ten, which is quite broken here is quite gives me a lot of gaps. So if I use hyphenation on and I scroll down again into the paragraph number 10. It looks much smoother. So these can actually shorten my text and I can make my readability much, much better. So it's really up to you if you want to enable and disable it. So now you know that they're here and you can also enable and disable ligatures under the format in your advanced options as well for existing texts. 19. Using indents: To make our documents even better, we can also use indents, or perhaps you want to indent the first line of a paragraph or in dense, perhaps a quote or a specific phrase or a sentence. And that's what we're gonna do in this video. I'm going to show you how you can actually do that. But before we get started, I want to make sure we have the ruler appearing on our screen. So we're going to use the shortcut Command R to bring up the ruler. And again we have the horizontal ruler and the vertical ruler as well. I'm using the document thoughts