Lush Green Forest Waterfalls - A Watercolor Exercise | Sukrutha Jagirdhar | Skillshare

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Lush Green Forest Waterfalls - A Watercolor Exercise

teacher avatar Sukrutha Jagirdhar, Watercolor Artist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Hello , Welcome !


    • 2.

      Art Supplies


    • 3.

      Color Palette


    • 4.

      Techniques - Wet On Wet


    • 5.

      Techniques - Rocks


    • 6.

      Techniques - Rocks & Waterfall


    • 7.

      Class Project - Part 1 - Sketching


    • 8.

      Class Project - Part 2 - Background & Rocks


    • 9.

      Class Project - Part 3 - Detailed Rocks


    • 10.

      Class Project - Part 4 - Background Forest


    • 11.

      Class Project - Part 5 - Waterfalls


    • 12.

      Class Project - Part 6 - Final Details


    • 13.

      Final Thoughts


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About This Class

About The Class

Hey, I am back with a new class..the theme of this class is waterfalls surrounded by lush green forest..a few interesting things you will learn in this class are, 

1) This class is somewhere between beginner and intermediate level..

2) In this class,  techniques like wet on wet, painting rocks, water all will be discussed..

3) If you are a beginner and want to explore and learn a new subject, this class will be a good start..if you are at intermediate level, having clearly familiar with wet on wet techniques..this class has a new subject for you too, rocks..if you are an advanced level artist, isn’t this a perfect way to spend an evening..Immersed in some watercolor therapy?

Materials You Need

Paper – Fabriano artistco 100% cotton paper

Colors – Whitenights Watercolor Pans

Brushes – Silverblack velvet no 14 & 6

Tissues, A clean water jar, a masking tape

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Sukrutha Jagirdhar

Watercolor Artist


Hello Everyone !!

Hello, Everyone

I'm Sukrutha, the artist behind @watercolors_by_sukrutha on instagram..

Paints & Papers have always fascinated me.. I have tried various different mediums over the years but none of them are as better an option as watercolor medium..the magical flow of paint on wet paper, the thrill of unpredictability, the magical soft end results were my final answer..!!!

I always challenge myself to explore and experiment different themes and subjects.. I share my thoughts on failures and successes equally on instagram..its all such an interesting process and my life with watercolors is always an adventure..:)

I teach watercolors privately, on my instagram profile as well as here on skills... See full profile

Level: All Levels

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1. Hello , Welcome !: Hello, Welcome. I'm so Krita, watercolor artist and teacher. I'm back with a new class. The team is waterfalls surrounded by a lush green forest. We will begin by discussing all the art supplies we will need and the techniques as well. Of course, how each of those techniques will be applied to paint each part of the class project. This watercolor exercise is perfect for artist who wanted to flex their creative muscles. I already, so I might come without delay. Let's get started. 2. Art Supplies: Art supplies. I will first talk about the papers. Of course, you guys know if you had seen any of my previous classes, I always use Fabriano, a 100% cotton, 300 GSM papers. I buy them in bulk in roles, and I cut them up. Using this as cutter. You can easily purchase the Qatar in any stationary shop. Coming to the brushes, these are the two brushes I mostly use silver backward wet, number 14 and number six for painting the, you know, the washes, I use my silver hockey brush in order initial washes. And for everything else, I use the rest of the two brushes. Coming to the paint. I have used these bands instead of tubes, and all of these pants are from White Nights watercolor set. In the next video, we will discuss the color palette, where we'll talk about the shape and the color names as well. So don't miss that. For a palette, I use this ceramic palette that I bought recently. And of course a water jar and a masking tape to cover up the edges. These are all the art supplies that I've used to paint this class project. Let's move on to the next video where we'll see the color palette. 3. Color Palette: So welcome to color palette video. In this video we're going to discuss all the shapes that we're going to need to paint the forest waterfall. The first one is Indian yellow, the second is olive green, dark green, and indigo. One other color, which we will discuss at the end of this video. Let's start with a light shade of the color and move on to the darker shade. And this is Indian yellow from the brand White Nights. I have already showed you guys the watercolor set from White Nights. And of course, since I'm using pans, I have to add a little bit of water in order to activate the paint for the tubes. You don't have to do that. The first two color is a beautiful Indian yellow color. And if you don't have this shared, you can use Naples, yellow or yellow ocher. This is olive green. This is a bit of a red color, but you can use sap green instead, which is more common. And I have used it to paint the rocks both colors, as well as the background we're going to discuss in the coming videos. Now, this is dark shade of green. You can use forest green if you don't have this color. If you don't have forest green, then you take the sap green and mix it with a bit of indigo and you get this color. And the final shade is indigo. Of course, everyone will have indigo color with them. Used all the four colors to paint the background as well as the rocks. But for the waterfall, I have used a bit of white color as well. That's the color I told you guys to. The lookout for at the end of the video. This is brushstroke, white quash color. I have used a separate palette for it as well because I don't want to mix it with other colors. There you go. These five colors are our today's color palette. And let's move on to the next video where we will discuss the techniques. 4. Techniques - Wet On Wet: Let's discuss first the technique wet-on-wet. In today's class project, we use wet-on-wet only ones. That's when to paint the background for us. Now I'm going to explain you how it's done step-by-step. So it'll be easier when you guys paint the main class project. First step, of course, is to wet the paper with clean water. Now, if you observe the class project, you see light color in the middle and around the corner of the paper it gets darker. So let's start with the light color in our color palette. That is a local law. The next two dark color is olive green. You have to walk faster because this is wet-on-wet technique. And once the paper gets dried, it's impossible to blend the colors together. And now this is a dark green color. And I'm applying it around the olive green. I'll clean the brush, remove all the extra water from the brush using the tissue paper. And now your brush has become damp. With the damp brush to blend all the colors together until all three colors looks like a single color. And of course, I have filled that white spot in the middle with some paint, but still at the end, it looks really pale compared to the surrounding area. Well, I'm also using indigo color now. There are final dark color in our today's color palette. Now, I'm going to repeat the same process of using a damp brush to blend all of these colors properly. This blend looks decent enough, so I'm going to stop it right here. If you observe the class project, there are two types of trees. One is wet on wet and wet on dry. Well, you have to look more carefully to see that. Wet on wet trees in the background, in background off the wet on dry trees. I hope I'm making sense here. It's me, you will get it at the end of this video. And now I'm taking indigo color. And while my paper is still wet, I'm adding those wet on wet trees. And I don't think there is any specific technique to paint these trees. They are just, you know, dried-up trees with dried-up branches. You just have to paint a few vertical lines with your brush while the paper is still wet. I'm gonna keep this for drawing. And I will come back once the paper is completely dried up so we can paint wet on dry to use, which is the final layer. Now that my paper has dried up, I'm going to take indigo again. And I'm going to paint the dried-up trees and dried-up branches again. But this time it's wet on dry. I just wanted to let you know, guys, that when the paper is wet and your brush is also what it's called wet-on-wet technique. And when the paper is dry, but your brushes still wet with paint. It's called wet on dry technique. And for my class project today, I'm using both techniques, wet-on-wet and wet-on-dry to paint this background forest. So if you guys are painting these kinds of techniques for the first time, please practice before you move on to our main class project. It really helps. Trust me. We got familiar with one of the techniques that is wet-on-wet to paint the background forest for our main class project. Now, in the next video we're going to discuss about how to paint the rocks. So I'm very excited about that. And yeah, let's move on to the next video. 5. Techniques - Rocks: Technique in today's class project is rocks. Rocks are done by wet on dry technique. Two types of rocks I'm going to explain you today. One is simple rock and other two are more rocks combined together, as you can see in this class project. I'm now going to make the sketches of those two types of rocks that were done alone. Tip I can give about sketching the rocks is to never paint them in a clear round shape or in a clear oval shape. They don't look realistic enough. Paint them in sort of like an amorphous form like I'm doing right here with a more rough edges and things like that. That all happens in four steps. Starting from light color yellow later adding olive green. After that, adding dark green and indigo. I said before, you're supposed to paint all four colors in four steps. So first goes a lot, later goes olive green. And after that, dark green. After dark green, the darkest color of the indigo. Wash the brush, remove all the excess water using a tissue paper with a damp brush to blend the colors together, but make sure you keep the light color that is on the top. Okay, Now for the practice, Let's paint another one like this and get perfect at painting these little rocks. And after that one to the next days, that is painting the rocks. I mean, two rocks together. I'm going to paint a couple of our more rocks together now. But first I'm going to paint the main drug that had already sketched using the same technique before. I'm using four colors. You're better understanding. I'm going to divide the rock into four parts. So it will be easier for you to identify where to paint watercolors. So while I was painting the second rock, there was a little disturbance on my side that had taken indigo color instead of green. And I messed up a little. I'm painting this rock same as the one I have painted before. Only thing you need to remember is to paint the second row. Once the one above is completely dried up. It is important because if you see closely double rocks, indigo part is right below the yellow part of the rock. Below. They should never get mixed up because that is the only thing that differentiates to rocks. I hope I'm making sense here. The shadow part of tarball dark and the light part of the below rock is the only thing that is differentiating two rocks. I hope you're actually seeing the difference between the two rocks here. Finish up painting. That small rock on the top and the rock below is completely dried up. So like I said, it's important. This is how you paint rocks. And this is one of the main interesting feature of our class project that and waterfall. So in the next video, we're going to discuss about waterfall and how we paint the waterfall with rocks in the middle. Yeah. See you guys in the next video. 6. Techniques - Rocks & Waterfall: Guys see any difference between these two paintings? Of course you do. One looks all realistic, but the other one looks quite childish. I suppose. Because that is my fast dry. And you can clearly see the difference and where the difference is. That is, in the first painting, I did not paint the flow Iraq's. And in the second painting, I definitely did. It's tricky to paint waterfall value. Don't really paint the waterfall because it's white in color. But to indicate that there is a waterfall there, you had to paint the things around it. So in this case, it's rocks. Clearly, this is one of the most important things you have to learn before you move on to the main class project. So I'm going to teach step-by-step on how to paint this flow. Iraq's you paint the rock as usual like we have painted in previous video. And make sure you have white color ready with you. The time done with the rock, I'm going to wash off the paint from my brush and I'm going to remove the excess water by dabbing it onto the tissue paper. After that, we're going to have to take the **** brush and hold it at an angle. Slightly, drag the paint down. As you can see, that arc is still wet. I'm not adding any extra paint. I'm just dragging the paint that is already at the bottom of this rock. So make sure you rock is still wet. While you perform the step. At some places, the paint is darker. At some places it is lighter. And it's quite intentional. You don't have to paint an uniform shade of the color. As you can see, I have taken just a little amount of paint. I'm adding a few brush strokes. Once you are done with the brush strokes, It's time to take a white color. And again, repeat the same process of adding this white color at random places. Just me, it may not look like a waterfall because there is only one drug here. But this is the exact technique I have used to paint the main class project as well as my practices. Breaststroke, I'm going to add a little darker shade of indigo. I said, this is the technique that I've used to paint the waterfall in my main class project. I think we have covered all the techniques that we're going to have to paint in the main class project. I do suggest a bit of practice if you guys are new to this technique. With this new knowledge, I think we are ready now to take on the main class project. So see you guys in the next video where we will start with the sketching first. 7. Class Project - Part 1 - Sketching: Usual, we're going to start our class with the sketch. And I have to say the sketches a little bit complicated. And I have my thumbnail sketch with me. I have painted it as a practice that you are seeing here is called perspective Iraq, as I would like to call it. And this rock clearly decides the rest of the sketch. Make sure this rock is bottom-left to the paper or not in the middle. And I'm sketching the rock on the far left. And from now on, we can build up the rocks as we go. So make sure you're not leaving any empty spaces between two rocks. Say this now that the thumbnail sketch is just that, it's a practice piece. And I have a few things I want to change from the thumbnail sketch to class project. I'm going to explain them in a few minutes. Also, when you are sketching the rocks, make sure they're not in a round shape or in an oval shape. Give them the sharp edges and uneven shapes so that they look natural. Ox here, the small ones are one of the few changes that I want to make in the main class project, the rocks that are in the thumbnail sketch or not visible properly. And here it's completely different. I want them to be highlighted. Small rocks. I mean, these two rocks that I'm sketching also dictate the perspective of this painting. Place these rocks carefully because the whole of the left side is completely dependent on it. Once those two rocks are sketched, is completely easy to paint. The rest of the rocks. Put me. Only two rocks are remaining now. My nun rock. Now these small rocks that you see here are actually very important because they dictate the water float the direction of the waterflow. The light sketch, I am gently laying down the direction of the waterfall. Do not sketch this part in dark shade. Like I said before, a light sketch would do perfectly well. Sketching a few more small rocks under this big one. And the background forest will be directly painted. We will not need a sketch. With this. Our first video is completed. Please move on to the next video to start with the first layer that is painting the rocks. 8. Class Project - Part 2 - Background & Rocks: Welcome to the second part of the landscape. First thing is to paint the background, but not in detail. We're going to just touch up with required colors and then we're gonna move on to painting the rocks. I will start by wetting the background area with clean water. And for this, I'm gonna be using my silver black velvet hockey brush. As you can see, I'm not wetting the rocks at just the background. We have already discussed how to paint the background in techniques video. Always start from light color to dark. That's what I'm doing here. I'm taking my local, followed by the olive green and then dark green. And later I'm going to be using the darkest color of all indigo. You see is a darker green color. And I'm gonna be quickly adding indigo as well. And later with a damp brush, I'm going to blend all of these colors together. Just wanted to let you guys know that this is only first layer of the background. Once this layer dries up, we're going to have to come back. I add one more layer, adding one more layer of indigo. After this, I will clean all the paint from my brush, remove the excess water by dabbing on the tissue. And now my brush is damp, which is perfect for blending all the colors in the background. I have to be quick here because this is wet-on-wet technique. And like we discussed in techniques, video, blending is impossible if your paper dries up. I'll come stay interesting pad. Whatever the color is left on top of the paper, gently drag it down towards the rocks. Not add any extra water or any extra color. You're seeing what I'm doing here, right? I'm taking full advantage of the wet brush and with that, letting all the rocks in one go. Now, in previous techniques video, we have clearly discussed on how to paint. Draw. A quick recap. Start with the light color on top and slowly add darker shades as we reach the bottom of the rock. The logic here is the light falls on top of the rock, while at the bottom, the shadow remains. What I want to mention here about drugs is that we're going to paint the rocks in two layers, sometimes even more until it looks realistic. So don't worry, if you didn't get it right the first time. We can always come back and corrected. As a second layer. Since the background is still wet, you can see a bit of color seeping into the background from the rocks. That's okay. Nothing a damp brush can fix, right? With light and dark shade. I'm going to continue painting the rest of the rocks. They might look light in shade here, but trust me, once we have gone over with the second layer, they look quite realistic. This is the point in a painting. I would like to call it as in-between pair. Get. You see we are right in the middle. And it could go anywhere. We might painted successfully are, we might draw it completely. Between periods is filled with a low confidence and our own insecurities. I would say more ahead. We can always try again if this one's ruin. This mindset really helped me in going for bold experiments. So I thought I would share with you. We have discussed in techniques video on how to soften hard edges of Iraq to paint the water, right? That's exactly what I'm doing here. My brushes somewhere between damp and dry. And with whatever the color that is on the rock, I'm dragging the paint down. It indicates the waterflow. What you see in waterfalls water is not always white. You can still see a bit of color, the background color. So in this case, the background is green color because this is a forest. And that's the paint you see as well. When it comes to adding this waterflow in a lot of what fall. Not all painted to, not just cupboard is whitespace into green color. Know when to stop. And just adding a few strokes of green color is enough. In my opinion. We are officially on painting the rocks in a detailed way. So I'm going to get started with this perspective rockier. I'm going to add one more layer of indigo and one more layer of a light green color. Task is to make these rocks look realistic labs, like I've said before, we're going to have to add a few more layers, the rocks so that they look more realistic with the natural shadows. So we are going to do just that thing. Rocks in a detailed way will be continued in the next video. So I hope you enjoyed painting the background as well as the first layers of the rock. Now quickly, let's move on to the next video. 9. Class Project - Part 3 - Detailed Rocks: Whatever we have done here in painting rocks in previous video, all you have to do now is to repeat it. Like I mentioned before in previous video, we're going to have to paint the rocks in layers. So this is the second layer in this video, we're going to paint the rocks in a detailed manner by painting over them. Again. You had made any mistakes in past layer. You can cover them up now. So what I have done here is leaving a few white spaces between the rocks, so I'm covering them up. Let the thing I want to correct in painting the second layer of rocks is adding a lot of indigo than before. They, indigo really shows the shadows, which in turn highlights the light shades in the painting. The light shades in our painting, or Dylos. The main hero, the waterfall itself. The main point here to remember is that this is not wet on wet technique. This is wet on dry technique. That's why we are painting the rocks in so many layers. And currently I'm at second layer. Since our time is so limited today, I'm going to ignore complete painting the rocks in two layers itself. But if you have, if you want to experiment, you can go with as many layers you want. Process of painting. The second layer of the rock is same as the first layer. Start with the light shade that is yellow. And later you go for olive green. After that, dark green. And finally indigo. Make sure your indigo is more prominent and more darker than the rest of the rock. Like I said before, the shadows should be highlighted. And as you can clearly see here, I'm covering up the whitespace. You guys noticing that the rocks on the top are looking so realistic right now. And the second layer is so worth it. Now I'm going to paint the small rocks that you see in the middle. There's only first layer. But I will see if the shadows look prominent enough. I'm not going to go for a second layer. If the shadows were looking lighter, I might have to paint the second layer for these rocks as well. There are still a few rocks that a hand painted. The second layer. I'm waiting for the rest of the rocks too dry. So I can go for the second layer without disturbing the colors. For now though, I'm ending this video. In the next video, I'm going to paint the background in all one more layer of the background, like I have discussed before. So let's move on. 10. Class Project - Part 4 - Background Forest: I have said background, but the surrounding rocks here who are wet and I was waiting for them to dry so I can paint this rock right over here. That is done. I'm going to wet the background area with clean water and my hockey brush. Let the water touch the rocks. Just with the background area. Plan here is to darken the background area a bit because the rocks are looking darker in shade. And I want to balance this out. I'm using dark green at around the edges while making sure the light color stays as it is in the middle. Sheared off the green should not be touching the rocks because they should remain light in color. Remember in techniques video, wet-on-wet and background forest video. We have painted these trees in two layers. One layer is when the paper is still wet. And after that, we're going to paint wet on dry trees. So for now, I'm painting wet on wet trees. Since this is wet-on-wet. And also we're going to be painting one more layer of the trees. This layer of the tree should not have to be very detailed. You can go with a very loose approach. With all my best efforts, I still managed to let the green paint onto those light-colored rocks. It's okay. We can dab out text to paint with a tissue paper. Once we are done with the background trees, gonna take my white gouache color. And I'm going to paint the first layer of the waterfalls, you know, not very detailed. Just a few restaurants with white-collar. This video is part four of the class project. And in the next video, that is bad. Why we're going to be painting a very detailed waterfall. And this is just a general idea. I'm going to take indigo color and I'm going to paint a few more small rocks under dislodge perspective Iraq. Not that technique where we were going to show the direction of waterfall using the rocks. So I'm going to use that technique here for these smaller rocks. Again, do not paint the darker shade here. Just paint or just go with a very light shade of the color of green or indigo doesn't matter. But the color should be very light. It should not dominate the waterfalls. I mean, what false will be in white color, so it should not dominate that. I'm going to paint these two small rocks as well, the same we are hoping to those smaller rocks before. Now I'm going to take a bit of white color and I'm going to just paint a few more lines with white color because I haven't done this year before. Let's move on to the next video, which is my favorite. That is, we're going to paint the waterfalls. So come on, let's go. 11. Class Project - Part 5 - Waterfalls: To paint most interesting part of the class project, waterfalls. But we're going to have to paint a few tiny rocks before I'm using indigo color to paint those. With the rock still wet, just drag a tiny bit of paint down so we know the direction of the water. Before we move on to painting the waterfalls, I'm going to take the white color and I'm going to paint over the rocks. It clearly shows the movement of the water. I've said before, waterfalls will not be completely white. A little bit of background color will always be visible. So with a little bit of indigo color, I'm going to paint a few strokes. And this simple step looks like a beautiful running slowly waterfalls, isn't it? I'm gonna take indigo color directly. And I'm going to paint this rock that is remaining here. As you can see with the damp brush, I am removing the heart edges and making themselves. Gonna add a little bit of light shade of green color. Here at the right spot. The rest platters on white paint. But in the next part, that is part six, I'm going to splatter once more. So this is again, just like a trial run reason because I did not consider this splattering as final detail here is because the white did not splatter. Like I would want it to. So that was too too much paint. So i'm I'm gonna remove it and I'm going to try it later. Now, can you guess what is the last step in this part of the video? I will tell you these two rocks. So I'm going to quickly add one more layer of the paint to these folks. Out of all the rocks that are here on the paper. These two are looking Ready light. It was intentional because I wanted the surrounding rocks to dry up so I can walk on this. The painting, these two rocks. We're going to move on to the next video where we're going to paint the details of this class project. I hope you guys are excited to finish up the class project. I might sell. Let's move on. 12. Class Project - Part 6 - Final Details: We are finally at the end of the class project. We're going to go over a few last minute details in this video. That includes painting wet on dry trees in the background. I'm using indigo color for this. History should be painted. Well, I mean, they are the first thing you see when you're looking at the background area of this painting? Again, you don't have to spend an hour on them going through every detail. As simple approach is good enough. I'm just painting trees and branches here. Without reuse. Always use a brush that has a good pointed tip so that the branches that we are painting here look realistic. Wet on dry technique. I was talking about in techniques video. Remember, this is also the final step in finishing up the background trees. This is wet on dry. Take as much time as you want to finish up the trees. So make sure to leave at least a little bit of space in the middle. That's where the light is. That's our main focus in the background. Being very careful not to cover up the middle part with dark paint. Moving on. The last two trees that we're going to paint now doesn't have to be very detailed. They're so far behind in the background. Unless you look carefully, your vision will not go there. So you can paint them without branches, just a few brush or a brush lines that you're indicating their arteries, they're putting up the waterfall area. I'm going to splatter some indigo paint in those background trees. This is the final step. I'm going to splatter a lot of white paint on those rocks surrounding the waterfall. It indicates the force of the water. Not miss this step. And once you are satisfied with the splatter of the white paint, you can remove the excess paint wherever it is using tissue paper. With this, we are done with the class project. I hope you enjoyed painting this with me. Do not miss the next video where I will talk and give you a few tips about painting these forest waterfalls on your own. Let's move on to the next video very quickly. 13. Final Thoughts : Hey guys, I'm here to give you a quick recap of what we have learned in this class so far. So we have first discussed about wet-on-wet technique and we have painted background forest using that technique. And I have showed how to paint those wet-on-wet background and wet on wet trees, wet on dry trees in techniques as well as in the class project. And the second part of the video is to paint the rocks. We have learned how to paint rocks using all of these colors. We have learned the importance of the shadows that we have discussed how to paint the waterfall using the URL as a subject. We have concluded the video with a bit of a splattering technique, which is also very important, especially when painting a waterfall. Main takeaway of this class is learning to paint rocks. Use of the right colors to get that lush green effect on the rocks. And of course, the importance of the shadows. Favorite of all is manipulating the rocks to paint waterfalls, which actually made a lot of difference. You can see one of my failures, failed experiments with my thumbnail sketch. Clearly, the only difference you can spot is that rocks and the waterfall. So the last technique that we have talked about is clearly very important. Not only for this class project, you can paint a lake or ocean filled with rocks using these techniques that we have learned today. If you guys have any doubts regarding this class, you can leave them down below in the discussion section. And, um, really looking forward to see all of your class projects. And thank you so much for joining me today.