Learn To Draw Animals By Doodling | Phil Emerson | Skillshare

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Learn To Draw Animals By Doodling

teacher avatar Phil Emerson, Pen & Ink Artist & Photographer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Doodling Animals Intro


    • 2.

      Making Marks With A Ballpoint Pen


    • 3.

      Breaking The Elephant Down Into Simple Shapes


    • 4.

      Sketching The Outline Of The Elephant


    • 5.

      Shading In The Elephant


    • 6.

      Adding The Background


    • 7.

      Wrapping up & Project


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About This Class

I've been a lifelong doodler - whenever I get the chance I'm doodling on my meeting notes, spare envelopes or any other suitable surface just for the joy of creating something fun.

If you're one of the many people that's been put off the idea of drawing because you don't think you can - think again! Anybody can doodle and the beauty of doodling is that there is no right and wrong way to do it. As long as you enjoy making marks on paper, you're doing fine. :)

Doodling is the gateway to creation.

In this class I will show you how I go about creating something completely randomly with just a ballpoint pen and some paper. Because this is a class, I'll show you, step by step, how to draw a doodle of an elephant from the initial mark on the paper to the final stroke of the background.

Here's what you'll learn:

  1. Making marks - Using nothing but a ballpoint pen and some paper, I'll show you some of the wonderful marks you can make that are the creative force behind a finished doodle.
  2. Start with simple shapes - I'll show you how I'll look at a photograph of an elephant and turn that into simple shapes to form the doodle. Thinking in simple shapes will be your inspiration for creation! Most of my doodles aren't planned like this but I need you to see how an idea in your mind can be turned into the basis for a doodle. If you can think it, you can doodle it!
  3. Sketch it out - I'll show you how I take the simple shapes form the last lesson and turn it into the outline of my elephant doodle.
  4. Shade it in - I'll show you how to use simple shading to turn the outline into a solid elephant without it looking like a mess of scribbles.
  5. Adding a background - I'll show you to give the elephant a home by adding background features.

If you've always wanted to draw but you've feared the result, join me on this short doodling adventure that will hopefully inspire your confidence to start a lifelong habit of fun!

All you'll need is a pen, some paper and the desire to get creative for the rest of your life!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Phil Emerson

Pen & Ink Artist & Photographer



I'm a little bit obsessed with drawing in ink - I love the surprisingly detailed drawings that can be produced with just a ballpoint pen but I'm happy to use any other pen at hand, especially fountain pens.

Ballpoints are awesome because different amounts of pressure can change a line so much but I love the strong lines a fountain pen creates and fountain pens can be so fun to use!

Finding time to draw can often be a challenge - I look after two little people as well as working from home so I often find that I have to manage my time if I want to be able to put pen to paper. 

I also love black & white photography, largely for the same reasons I love drawing in ink. I like exploring texture and tone rather than relying on colour to convey an... See full profile

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1. Doodling Animals Intro: Hi. Welcome to this class about doodling and elephants. Doodling is a really great way to unwind, to relax. And recent researches actually shown that doodling is also a great way to watch the folks in meetings in classes and so on. Further proven that people who do it'll actually retain more of the information that taking in at the time. This is something I wish I teaches it understood when I was at school, because that's where I started doodling. I doodled all over the back of exercise books inside exercise books anywhere, basically that I could put him. What I'm going to show you in this class is how to make those marks on paper using different Patton's and how you can build an image using those those marks. I'll show you how to. In the example of this class, look a picture of an elephant to break it down into simple shake, so you can then create something it's recognizable on, then will shade the elephant together so that you can see how toe deaf to a simple line drawings finally will have a background to it to give your elephant a bit of context. Now the thing about doodling is it's not really about planning a drawing. I'm using an elephant in this case because, obviously for the purpose of the class, I have to use something specific. You can create something that that's unique to you, using your own unique style. And it's just start with a simple Marcal paper. The rial important thing here is that you have fun while you do it. It's just something that allows you to just focus on being creative, even if you can't draw. 2. Making Marks With A Ballpoint Pen: I'm gonna be using a standard cheap ballpoint pen for this. Nothing fancy. Andi. The first mark we're gonna look at is a straight line, this quite boring line. It's uniform. It's, there's, there's nothing really going on here. Broken line can suggest texture. It can suggest a surface that's not necessarily just one straight line but might have in dense along it on. It might be useful when you're actually wanting to indicate that the surface that you're drawing isn't actually uniform in shape or texture. So, for example, a tree trunk of a tree trunk certainly aren't just very, very smooth cylinders. They actually have texture to them. So where is that is just one solid line. In this case, it's No, it's enabled me to create this idea of a tree trunk. This actually got character to it, Um, and then when I actually start to put in parallel lines there to shade that in than the actual character of the truth becomes even more parents. For example, you can now see this trunk is actually made up off lumpy, curvy sort of structures that aren't just straight, so I'm just gonna take us down here and then finally this one. Okay, so you can see that we started to get this idea of this tree trunk that is not just a smooth surface. It's actually got these knots and these kind of ropey looking surfaces there. And to further emphasize this, we can then start Teoh, add what's called cross hatching. So you see here I've done very light hatching, which is basically where you've got these parallel lines all next to each other. And you can see that I made sure these lines weren't just all neatly in a row. There's variation between the spaces between them, slight variations in the curves and so on. Okay, And that's to basically again emphasize the fact that this is not just one smooth cylinder going up the tree trunk. It's a natural organic form. What I will do is I'm just gonna add some extra lines. Just dark, and they're on is that I'm going to do what's called cross hatching, which where I'm drawing hatching. Crossing over the previous hatch I want you to see here, though, is how these simple marks on the paper have now given the illusion off a tree trunk tree. Trump texture rather than just being just to smooth cylinder one that we didn't have before . And then, with just a few additional marks, we can start add areas of interest within their such a tree would have. And this is a wonderful thing about doodling. It gives you the opportunity just to experiment, just to play around with these marks and see what happens. Um, if I was gonna make an eye for something, for example, now that's pretty messy. So instead, I might just draw around like that and follow it around. So I'm just gonna put ah highlight there, which is reflected light on going to draw a circle inside that circle. And then I'm gonna very carefully block the end because, of course, the pupil of the eye is going to be the darkest area. And then I'm just going to draw a parallel lines on the outside, the iris of the eye, if you like. Okay. And then just at some extra incidental lines just to make that I look a bit more interesting. OK, that's a very simple one to do. It's just a very small circle. But what about bigger curves? Well, you can risk it by trying to droid, for example, like that. Or if you want to have much more control, do it a bit at a time. You can also draw the same line much later, because how hard you press with your pen will make all the difference to the lightness of the line, which is ideal if you're trying to sketch the outline of what you're going to draw. So if I was going to draw something that was made up of those shapes, then I have now got an outline of something that I could basically work on. And then I can start blocking in with much darker lines. Okay, which would eventually cover up these lines, especially at texture ring. And remember what I said that lines don't always have to be solid. You can see even these thes broken lines here, starting to erase my sketch line here. I wouldn't suggest really pushing down on the pen. I think it's much better to actually draw a line drawn line, draw a line, draw a line, draw a line to get a darker line rather than really trying to count your paper because you don't damage your paper when you're actually shading this of what Japan is gonna start catching in those Galaxies when you're trying to make smooth strokes over its and you don't really want that to happen? 3. Breaking The Elephant Down Into Simple Shapes: in this lesson, we're going to look at how to break a complex picture down into a series of shapes that you can then draw more easily. Now, I do apologize about the reflections here. I'm actually recording my tablet, which, which makes it easier for me to to draw those shapes out on top of a photograph for you. So I hope you can focus on what we have here, which is an Ellison's. What we want to do is we want to draw this elephants on. To do that, we want to break it down into a series of shapes to begin with. We look at the body and see the body is pretty much this large, kind off teardrop shape here. So if we just drill that in that so we've got like that, you know, you could call it a squash deck if you like, and then the head is basically a parallelogram that's attached to that handily. The eye sits on that line there and then got the trunk, which is basically a triangle. Okay, it comes out like that. And then, of course, you got the legs. So I got that, like, there. Okay, on. It's quite a big chap. In fact, on a second I went a bit, Father. Okay, so you couldn't really see it very well because the shadow but that leg actually comes out like that. And then they left behind. It is the okay. And this front leg comes down like that on a plight that Onda again. We got that back leg there. Now, of course, the back legs are going to be darker. So that's the back leg. That's my back leg. Okay. And then the other defining feature, of course, about this elephant is the year, which is basically again, pretty much just a rectangle. So what we're doing is we're just simplifying this into the component forms. 4. Sketching The Outline Of The Elephant: to begin with, you might recall that we had that great big pear drop or teardrop sort of shape. So I'm gonna draw that in first. Okay, so here we go. Next up. Remember, we had the parallelogram shape for the head, so that was basically just here like that. Okay. And then we have the okay, I'm just going to rest up. Can we also have that year, which is quite important, So that's just draw that year in, Uh Okay, So I got the shape of the other. I'm gonna draw that trunk in than out. Okay, there we go. I want my elephant. Try a nice big smile because it's a friendly elephant. Okay, right. No, I'm gonna do is I'm just gonna emphasize the parts of the body. That's I need to make it look a bit more body like and obviously give the bulk of the elephants. So, for example, the big, strong shoulders. So that end? Of course. The back there. Okay. And it is it can increase as the belly basically means that like that. However, the front leg actually extends up into the body, so I want to make sure that that is there too. So, uh, rates. I'm gonna drove toes in that because this elephant is going to be obscured by grass. Anyway, just like the picture I use daily awas. Okay, um, now I'm just gonna have my leg and my elephants standing there rather than half walking, So I'm just gonna draw the back leg in the again. I'm not Were too much about sticking too much to the original photograph. Okay, You ever notice that the back legs set further back? Because, of course, you got the width of the elephant. Which means basically, when you're looking on this, this the actual back leg will appear to be higher than the level off the front, like, because perspective. So I'm just gonna likely shape that back leg in that I'm gonna do the same again for that one, okay? And I'm going to Yes, draw. Awesome cross in. Ah, because I'm not gonna be drawing the toes. Okay, so this elephant sounds nice. Grassy place to stand. Okay, now, the only here's the thing that's missing, it's particularly important That shows two things that is missing the tail as well. Um, is the I now the I is here where this parallelogram meets the trunk. So I'm gonna draw my eye somewhat larger in reality because you might recall that elephants have very small eyes. And I want this to be a fun friendly elephants rather than obviously a photo realistic elephant. Okay, on, Let's stroll the tailing. Okay, so there's the outline of the elephant I'm going to create. Okay, so in the next lesson, we're going to to share this to make it look more elephant like, So I'll see you that 5. Shading In The Elephant: before we can even consider shading out picture. We need to figure out where the light is coming from. Because although it's flat on the paper, are pictures really representing a three dimensional form, even if it's a cartoon, the elephant like this one. So to do that, I'm going to basically have the light coming from this direction here. You could say I just use a spare piece of paper to draw this this arrow on there so that it doesn't end up on my final picture. So know what I can do is I can actually start looking at the drawing I've created with a view to shooting the areas that are not hit by the light because forms of three dimensional certainly firearm case of this cylinder here. If my light is coming from this direction, then it means that that area is going to be very well late. But this side, you're gonna be in shadow. So as I shared the elephants, this is what I'm going to be doing. My shading lines, my hutchenes, he's going to be following the curve of the cylinder to try and show the actual shape that's being shaded. Okay, And of course, the close of the lines are together and the more of the lines there are, the darker shading is going to bay. You can see that there's more distance between the lines here, so therefore it's lighter. And then, of course, I can add extra depth to that shadow by cross hatching, which is where I basically draw more lines so they cross over. The lines have already drawn. So in this case I have drawn lines going around this way. So my lines going diagonally up that way, as you can see as a result, I've now got the doctor edge there on. I can also cross Hutch in a different direction, in this case, vertically to strengthen that shadow even more so you can see now the cylinder here has a more three dimensional form. The side closest to the light is being well lit beside on the opposite side, the side on the opposite side to the light is in shadow. Andi is darker, has the results and of course, because the light is bean cast this direction. We also would have a shadow from the cylinder as well. Okay, so I know that my life is coming down from this direction. So I'm going to bear that in mind as I'm shading it. So to begin with, I'm just going to start here on the shoulder. You can see that I'm shading the area of the shoulder that's away from the light. Okay, I stop there because, of course, my ear is here, and I don't want to be drawing over my ear. Okay, Right. So already you can see that that start tick on a three dimensional sort of Ah, appearance there I could. Odd. A bit of shadow there as well. To give emphasis to this home. Put the back there. Okay. No one to the more obvious areas of shutter the legs. Okay, So notice again that my lines of following the shape of the leg So there, where it folds into the crease of the belly, I follow the line of the belly. Okay, so that's not like again lines up towards the chest. And then around the leg, Of course, the entire belly region is going to be in shadow. So already you can see that my elephants now taking on a more three dimensional look just with the addition off a few lines. Okay? I'm going to darken the lines here on the leg by cross hatching. I'm also going to darken these back legs because I'm not really giving them much attention just yet. I'm just gonna rotate my picture to make this easier. You just can't increase. This idea is a big, strong leg for supporting a big, heavy elephant. Okay, Okay. I'm pretty pleased with that. It's looking pretty elephant e. - Something else you need to watch out for is after a while, you might start to get blobs of ink building up on the tip of your ballpoint pen. So give it a wipe so that it doesn't drop a great big block of ink on your your paper. You really don't want not trust me now. Right now, this is start to look like a bit of a spooky, haunted elefant because we don't have an eye. So I'm itching to get on with the I, but I'm gonna leave it for now because I want to do the ear first. Okay, So, this year, just I need a bit of shading there just to give, not hear some debts. What? I'm also gonna do is I'm also gonna just do some flood light shading just across the front part of that here just to give it a bit of cola. Well, shading wait here because it's covering up. Partner Face is going to be casting a bit of a shadow with that face, so just make it look as other year is actually doing something to the light. Okay, you could see the air now. Looks like it's hanging down the side of the head. Okay, years continuing those thicker lines. Now, Now, right now, we've got this big area of the elephant that's not at all covered by anything. So we want to obviously bring some shading there just to make it look like this three dimensional. So basically, just some loose lines just to give that barrel shaped the some form. And, of course, because the tummy isn't shadow, we can give them a bit more. So I'm pretty happy with the elephant. I'm gonna dark and some of the lines along the top here, Andi. Then I'm going to work on the I. Okay, so I've I did some more shading to these back legs to make the much darker, uh, shaded lips somewhat to make them more to stand out a bit from the face. Now, what I need to do is I need to work on this. I so because I know the light is coming from this direction. The first thing I do before I do anything else is I had a highlight to the I so that I don't forget. So and the purpose of that is so that when I'm shaving it, I don't forget to leave that part white, because that's what shows is that it's shiny and glossy. Okay, Next, I had the pupil basically that big black circle in the middle of the I. Andi, No, I just block that in. Okay, Andi, Now, I'm also gonna add some Irish line. So he's a dead easy to do, is basically just radiating lines from the center. Okay. And then I drew a ring around the pupil just to give the iris and more interesting look to it. It looks more like an eye rather than some kind of sunshine. Okay. And again, I've left the top of the Irish there when shaded because again, that's where a lot of the light is hitting so we don't want to. Obviously not too dark. So to all intents and purposes are elephant is more or less finished that you can see this elephant doesn't have tusks. So I'm going to add a device here to indicate that it's ah Gail Elefant. Just give it some English is you don't have to but I chose to do that. Just just a SAGES to indicate that it's more female. Okay? And that's it for our elephant. Unless you wanted to add any other embellishments, for example, you might want Teoh give it some her. 6. Adding The Background: first, we need a horizon line, which should just be straight across Okay, on some kind of visual indication off worthy elephant actually is. So in this case, I'm going to use the, uh, iconic tree often see on the Serengeti. Okay, on this tree is characterized by having these very flats growths on them. Okay, Now, because this is a background tree, I'm not going to do lots of heavy shading on it. Um, for obvious reasons. Okay. For something away is in our picture, the less detail we're going to see on it. So I'm literally just doing light hatching on it. And, of course, we know the light source is coming from this direction, So a swell just draw that. Okay, great big son. Okay, now we need the idea of this plane, So just some horizontal lines that so you can see we got our son. Uh, got are trees in the background on. And, of course, we've already got some grass around the elephants feet, but it would make sense to, especially as we get more towards the foreground. Toe ad. Um, more distinct Tufts of grass. Uh huh. One final thing that's missing. Okay, just moved out either way of actually some still there. But if our son is coming down like this than one thing that's going to underneath our elephants, the shadow looking at it, that horizon line does not look quite right. But then, that's probably quite natural. You might have some degree of hillside if you kind of wanted to have distant hills. There's no reason you couldn't just sketched them in very lightly. There's a 7. Wrapping up & Project: we've drawn our elephant Onda. Along the way, you have learned how to make those basic marks on the paper. You've learned how to use different weight, said lines. How to use broken lines, very light shading. You've learned how toe hatching crosshatch. You've learned how to break a complex picture off an elephant down into simple shapes to make it easier to draw. And you've learned how to shade it by recognizing where the light is coming from and then hatching and cross hatching on the other side, where the shadows would be so that your picture looks more three dimensional. Finally, you've learned to create a simple background to show where your creature lives. Speaking of creatures for your class project, I'd like you to choose creature full of the steps that we did Alia to break the creature down into simple shapes to enable you to draw it. Use shading out of background on. I look forward to seeing your finished pictures in the class projects area. Take care and I hope you've enjoyed this class