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Learn Complete Hindi - Bestseller Language Course 2024

teacher avatar Shachi Chotia

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Course Overview

      2:50

    • 2.

      Hello - Saying Namaste

      12:52

    • 3.

      Lesson 2 - Thank you

      6:20

    • 4.

      Lesson 3 - Rules to Hindi

      6:44

    • 5.

      Lesson 4 - Nouns

      9:17

    • 6.

      Lesson 5 - Pronouns (I, You, He/She)

      3:14

    • 7.

      Lesson 6 - Verb To Be

      4:02

    • 8.

      Lesson 7 - Possessive Adjectives (My, Your, His)

      5:19

    • 9.

      Lesson 8 - Sentence With Possessive Adjective

      6:02

    • 10.

      Lesson 9 - Verb 'To Have'

      9:40

    • 11.

      Lesson 10 - Present Tense

      8:13

    • 12.

      Lesson 13 - Post Position (of, to, on)

      16:21

    • 13.

      Lesson 14 - Pronouns with Simple Postpositions

      7:47

    • 14.

      Lesson 15 - Pronouns with Compound Postposition

      4:15

    • 15.

      Lesson 11 - Future Tense

      4:52

    • 16.

      Lesson 12 - Past Tense

      10:30

    • 17.

      Lesson 16 - Modal Verbs ( Can, Should, Must, Want)

      9:50

    • 18.

      Lesson 17 - Verb To Like

      5:15

    • 19.

      Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 1

      4:04

    • 20.

      Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 2

      3:26

    • 21.

      Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 3

      3:31

    • 22.

      Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 4

      3:46

    • 23.

      Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 5

      3:55

    • 24.

      Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 6

      3:45

    • 25.

      Lesson 19 - Question words and how to ask questions

      1:09

    • 26.

      Lesson 20 - Important Adjectives and how to use them

      2:16

    • 27.

      Numbers

      1:51

    • 28.

      Colors

      0:43

    • 29.

      Everyday Vocabulary - House

      3:33

    • 30.

      Everyday Vocabulary - Garden

      1:47

    • 31.

      Everyday Vocabulary - Fruits

      1:20

    • 32.

      Everyday Vocabulary - Clothes

      1:33

    • 33.

      Everyday Vocabulary - Nature

      1:53

    • 34.

      Time

      5:11

    • 35.

      Weekdays and asking about dates

      4:44

    • 36.

      Weather & Seasons

      7:52

    • 37.

      Hindi Script 1 - Vowels

      7:38

    • 38.

      Hindi Script 2 - Consonants

      36:35

    • 39.

      Hindi Script 3 - Making 2 & 3 Letter Words

      7:05

    • 40.

      Hindi Script 4 - Matras (Vowel Symbols)

      20:08

    • 41.

      Practice Speaking 2 Letter Words

      3:23

    • 42.

      Practice Speaking 3 Letter Words

      5:06

    • 43.

      Practice Matra (Vowel Symbol)

      5:09

    • 44.

      Hindi Script 5 - Conjunct Letters Rules & Practice

      3:03

    • 45.

      Conversation Scenarios - Placing Order at Restaurant

      1:56

    • 46.

      Conversation Scenarios - At a Store

      1:24

    • 47.

      Conversation Scenarios - Doctor & Patient

      1:23

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About This Class

This is a comprehensive course in Hindi language for beginners/ advance beginners level. The lessons are designed to explain basics of Hindi grammar with suitable examples and worksheets with solutions. Material for supporting self practice is also provided in the form of short stories and scenario conversations (text and audio). The author of the course Ms. Shachi Chotia is the co-founder of Hindi Hour Language school in Jaipur India and has developed this course out of her experience teaching Hindi to foreigners over the years.

The medium of instruction is English with Romanised Hindi is used for those who are not versed with Hindi Devanagri script.

The course also includes a detailed section for learning Hindi script 'Devanagri', starting from pronunciation and strokes of Hindi alphabets to making 2/3 letter words.

Meet Your Teacher

Shachi Chotia is the Co-founder and Lead faculty at Hindi Hour, a leading Hindi language school for foreigners in Jaipur, India. She started her career as a language teacher for French & English and later got intrigued into Hindi training. She developed her own pedagogy of teaching Hindi to foreigners. Shachi has credible track record of delivering over 5000 online lessons in about last 5 years. She also conducts an immersion program at Jaipur, which is ranked among top 10 language courses with activity holidays around the world by Guardian, UK.

See full profile

Level: All Levels

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Transcripts

1. Course Overview: The consonants NPV is the pure sound house, macaron, middle mechanic, window, media company, MY IQ body, corporate, grass, cas, costs, Zookeeper. So when we say What is your name, we start with your name. So we say up MAF Cagian, MAF TGA. That's excuse me. And it can be said as an English. So if someone sneezes, he could say mouth cage-free. If there's a group of people standing and you want to cross them, true, you could say math qij, uncoupled, amine, non-leaky, gone Jana, China. Non-leaky buggy, jimmy. It. Barren sound, uncoupled. Hey, whisper bots. Each area at the end. 2. Hello - Saying Namaste: See, hello. Today in our lesson, we are going to talk about the salutations and greetings in Hindi. So then we start with the salutation. The first thing that we say to somebody when they meet a person is to say no musty. And when we seen a musty, we always take both our hands together and bow a little and then say Namaste. Namaste day. This is a greeting that can be said at anytime of the day. So when you meet a person, whether at eight in the morning or in the evening, you can see the musty. It is a greeting that can be said at the time of meeting and also at the time of the boating. So namaste is a greeting that we always say to each other. The first question when we meet a person is, if you want to know what is your name. So you remember we said up means you for someone older or formula. So when we say What is your name, we start with your name. So we say up, hay, up your nom name. Kao, The first question word, what hair, which stands for is so you ask the person up, go numb. Hey, what is your name? And to answer this, you would say Maeda Schottky. Hey, So my name is Schottky. So I said made out, which is my name, schottky. That's My name is four, that is, I said, Hey, so Maeda, nom Schottky. Hey, I repeat here. Up go numb, cow, hey, meta num Schottky. Hey, when you want to ask the same question to the person, you need not repeat the whole question. Rather, you could just say, all up gang or up gang or meaning and up gum, which is yours or yours. So all upcoming means and yours. And so the person says, made our nom, Ramesh, Hey, so diminishes a name of a boy in India. So the person can see meta, meta nom, guy Lee, Hey, whatever the name is. So that's the first question. Hey, hey, hey, hey, odd outcome. All up, made up, made are now coming to the next question. When you ask a person, how are you the question word for how is? So you would say, guess saying, Hey. You can see how our guessing, Hey, how are you? When you answer to this, You could say may tik. Tik, meaning I 80K, which is fine. That is, you say, I am fine. Mei Ti Qu. And again to repeat the question, you would say Up, which is up? So this question was up, gas say Hey, made up. And so the person will answer, may be t. P here stands for also. So main P, T CU, I also find m p TQM. Guessing. Guessing. May tq. The next question, which is a very common question when you traveled in India, is. When people ask you where are you from? So when you have the question word, where then the question word here is. So the question is going to be up. Say Hey up. Say Hey up. You can see from our galaxy, Hey, where are you from? And the person would answer by saying, may India say, Hmm, ME, India, see whom I India from. That is what the sentence structure in Hindi is. So the question was up, say, hey, may India say whom or up, the same question and you sue the person would say, Make America say whom or anything may UK say. So this is how the third question was up. Say, Hey, america. So if I want to ask you, where do you live, then I would say aha recta hay. Or if you're talking to a girl, then the verb changes and you say, Aha. So you have haha, haha. Where up is you? That's the question word, where D stands for Live. And hey, it's an auxiliary verb here. So you say aha, recta hang. And the person answers by saying, may, Jaipur, may. If it's a good thing, good. Or a boy says it, may, Jaipur Mei Dao. Mei Jaipur may rate D, which is main I. Jaipur city may meaning in live for a female seeing it, which is an auxiliary. So may Jaipur may up, Guha ME, Jaipur may rate. And the last question is to ask the person, what do you do for which we say up Qiang. If you're speaking to a meal or Qiang De Hei speaking to a female. You've done this question word before Qiang, which means what? So you said hang up, which is you want to do hey, that's auxiliary. Or up. Hey, which is again the same you want to do. And the Poisson here answers by seeing ME teacher who may, doctor, whose main engineer. So you see that when we are talking about professions, we generally in spoken Hindi, use professions in English. So we always say make, interior designer, who may driver, who may architect tool. So we always use them as it is. So I will repeat the question. So you ask the person up or up. And the person answers by saying, may teacher whom. And then to ask the other person you would say all up. So the person can answer. May professor who? May designer who volleyball up. Qiang De Mei, teacher who or up may designer who. So these will all your common questions and answers to talk about when you're meeting somebody for the first time. This was all for now. No mistake. 3. Lesson 2 - Thank you: finish talking when we have had a conversation with someone on. We want to say to the person, See you tomorrow we would say Colored Malindi. Colin Malinga, where talent stands for tomorrow. Milling gay. That's the world to meet in the future. Tense. So you say called Malinga. See you tomorrow. If you're not sure whether you'll meet the person the next day, then you could always say For Malinga, sir means again or later milling in the same will meet So you would say film relinking. So if you're meeting the person later in the afternoon later, any time in the day or another day, you could always say film willing, even if you're never going to meet the person. So just like in English, you say See you so in the same manner you could just say Phil malingering for polite expressions like Thank you. Sorry. Excuse me and please generally in spoken in in spoken Hindi people use them as it is. We don't use the exact Hindi words for them, but only if you want to know them. Donavon, that is. Thank you. So you could say that and move on. Some people may also say Shukria, so the never or should clear. So when we talk about some expressions like thank you. Sorry. Excuse me or please, which we always use in English when we're talking in Hindi, but to know these words. So if you're saying thank you to somebody, you could always say Daniel bod the new bond, which is the Hindi word for thank you for Excuse me, we see Mosk E g maf Keagy. That's excuse me, and it can be said, as in English. So if someone sneezes, he could say Math Keagy. If there's a group of people standing and you want to cross them through, you could say mask e g. Or if there's a person standing with his back towards you and you want his attention, you could say math Keagy. So maf k G stands for Excuse me to say to somebody, Please repeat, for example, if you've said all these questions to someone, a person might feel that you know a lot of Hindi and he starts speaking more Hindi to you. If you do not understand, or if the person goes very fast and you want to say please repeat, you could say Vah Pa's Bully Pappas Bully boppers. Meaning again, Bonior, that's Please speak. Walk us bully. If the person speaks very fast and you want him to slow down, you could say they did a bully d d d day bullying. He did. He stands for slowly bullying. Please speak. So the raid here, a ball here. This would this expression he did he pay? You could also use if you were in a took, took or in a camp on the person was driving very fast so you could tell to the driver they did hit a, which means go slow slowly. So you would say he did hit a bullet here and to say to the person I speak a little Hindi, you would say May Tory Hindi Balta who? Or met Tory. Hindi. Balti whom? Which is I speak a little Hindi. May Tory Hindi Balta who? This has been a boy seasoned on May Tory, Hindi Balti, who, when a girl says it. So maybe which is I totally that means little Hindi as it is Balta or Balti, depending on whether it's a male speaking or female. Speaking on who that's the auxiliary. When you're saying yes to somebody you see? Huh? Huh? If you said no, you could say no. He no home, huh? No hay. Another expression that we use is TK Take meaning fine head. Which stands for is so teak hair Meaning it's OK or it's fine, which can be used as a question. So if you have an Internation, have If you use it as an interrogation, then you say TK Is it OK or you could say TK, which means it's fine. It's OK, so t k on t. K. So just the change of torn on the last expression, which is very important when you meet somebody and you want to say pleasure to meet you Then you would say upsy milker, cushy hooey op, say milk away Cushy hooey. Upsy meaning with you men comes from the same minute now to meet milker meaning after meeting cushy is happiness on who he that's happened. So you're actually telling the person happiness happened after meeting with you? Upset milker, cushy hooey on To respond to this, the person would say Moochie, baby, you need not say the whole expression again. You would rather just say moo J b mouche meaning to me be means also. So you would say moo JB, which means to me as well. Upset Milka, Cushy hooey. More JB. That's all for now. No, Misty. 4. Lesson 3 - Rules to Hindi: Hello, friends. No must see. Today we're going to look at some rules in Hindi to make our understanding off hilly language much easier. So the first rule in Hindi is that every noun in Hindi is either masculine or feminine. So unlike English, where we have a newt agenda for non living things in Hindi there is no neuter gender. So even when we speak about the non living things like book, table, chair, house, they all have to be either masculine or feminine. So when we speak about the now owns, we have to understand which now, on some aspirin on which are feminine, that is the biggest challenge for a loner. So generally the masculine singular announced in Hindi and in our sound. So it's a long are sound that we have in most masculine, singular knowns on these mountains. When the change to the blue room they changed to the sound a an example here. So if I say a boy in Hindi, it is going to be a large car which ends in a are a lot of car, which is a boy. When I change it to polluter, it becomes no que as I said the rule are for political changes to a So Let Erica changes to let a key when we speak about other masculine single announce which do not end in the r sound, those in the plural stayed the same. So if I was saying a man in Hindi that is odd to me, which stays the same. You see that ad me does not end in a are so it stays the same for both singular on brutal. There is no change over there. So we say are me, which is man as well as men. When we speak about feminine single announce, they end in a e sound so generally feminine, single, announced and in a e sound on those mountains in the family that end in a e will always take year in the plural, which means that if I have a would a girl learn key, it changes to know Ki young in the polluter. So we have oh, goal that we sailor key on in the plural. It becomes larky on which is goals. But we also have some feminine rounds which do not end in a e. So those noun in the plural would change to the sound A where if I was seeing a woman which is order this in the polluter changes to order a d. Let me repeat that. So when I say a woman it is or up does not end in a e. So it takes a in the plural and becomes or a T. So this is our first rule understanding about the noun in Hindi. The second rule when we talk about in Hindi languages, that is about the pronounce that we use in Indy. So here we're talking about the pronoun you in Hindi in English. When you're talking to somebody, you always just use the pronoun you whether you're speaking to someone younger or someone older. But in Hindi you have two different pronounce, depending on whether you're speaking to someone younger or informer or if you're speaking to someone older or formal. So when we speak to someone younger, we say dumb. Um, but when you speak to someone older, we use up. So if I'm speaking to my son, I would say tomb. If I'm speaking to a friend, I would say tomb. But when I speak to my father, I will say up. If I'm speaking to my teacher, I will say up there is one more pronoun that we use in Hindi, which is to which is used in a very familiar or sometimes in a rude situation. So in our lessons we would not be talking about this form because if you use it at the wrong place till it may sound a little route, so we will not use that to is a very familiar or very street form off using you in Hindi. The total in Hindi is talking about the sentence structure in Hindi. So let's look at it as with an example from an English sentence. So if I say I go to school in the same tents, we have, I, which is the subject, go, That's the war on school. This is the object. So in English, you always see that the sentence structure is subject verb an object. But in Hindi, when we talk about the sentence structure, we always have the subject first. Then the object on Dev orb in Hindi is always at the end. So if I was saying I go to school in Hindi, my sentence would be May school Jutta who? If it's a male saying the sentence and if it's a female thing, it, then the verb changes into the feminine form on. You would say May school jockey whom you remember the rule, the first rule when we said our stance or masculine singular on e stands for feminine singular. We see the same thing when we're talking about the Forbes as well, which we're going to talk about further in our lessons. But just to understand it here that when you talk about the sentence structure in Hindi Dev orb in Hindi is always at the end. So no matter whether your sentence is an affirmative and negative and interrogative present , past or future, the verb will always be at the end. So these are the three rules to understand the language better. No musty. 5. Lesson 4 - Nouns: in this lesson, we will be speaking about some now owns in Hindi. So we understand that announce in Hindi are either masculine or feminine. Andi, generally the masculine ounce and in our like you have No two car, which is boy on most feminine ounce ending R E, which is low key. That's a goal. But there is no rule in Hindi, which means that not always would you see something like this happen. So there would be sometimes now is coming to you, which do not end in our or which ended in a e but are masculine, so to learn, denounce as whether they're masculine or feminine. However most, most of the times you can make out that are ending our masculine on e ending her feminine. When we speak about denounce, the most important now is that we need to know after our possessive objectives is talking about our family members. So we will talk about the mounds that we have for family members. So when we speak about Father, we say pitta Pitta. That's father for mother. We say ma or Mata ma or Mata, that's mother Brother is by just pay attention here. There's an aspiration when you use the bull. So that's by on for sister. We say Ba hen ba hen, that sister son, That's beta son Beta for daughter. We say Beatty, Beatty. That's daughter husband, we would say, But the but the that's husband and survive the wood is but me but me. That's why so, Pittle Father Ma or Mata Mother Bye, brother Ba hen sister, Beta son Beatty daughter but the husband but me wife, if you remember, we had spoken about the masculine ounce on feminine downs, changing into the plural, so we had seen some rules about it. But when we're talking about masculine, announce that end, inner are sound. They change in a as polluter. If the announce of the masculine ounce do not end in a are they stay the same, which means that the singular and plural does not change. It stays the same for feminine. We said that if a noun ends in the sound e like we said Beatty, then it changes to EEA in the plural. So this would be Beatty are. And if there is a feminine noun that does not end in a e sound, then it takes a nasal a sound so it doesn't a along with the nasal that becomes a Now, let us have a look at these knowns in their singular on DPI little form. The first word that we learned is an exception. It does not change for singular or plural soap. It stays the same for both singular and plural. Mom is a feminine word, ma. That's a feminine vote, but it does not end in a E, so it takes the A sound. So therefore, Ma Imperial changes to my all. As we said, Mata that becomes Matai by is a masculine noun does not end in a are so does not take a a sound there, so that just is by So by singular and plural brother or brothers, the wood is the same. The hen again does not end in a e sound as unfeminine, so it changes to the A. So that becomes the Henny. When we speak about beta, it's a masculine noun ending in R are so in the period it changes to a so bait on Is Osan on Bait A is Sons Beatty. That's daughter. Pure changes to Beatty Young. As for the room but the is not ending in our It's a masculine noun, which does not end in our our sound, so it stays the same. So whether I'm talking about one husband or many husbands, then I have the same word. But he never changes but me. It's a feminine word ends in a e sound changes to EEA, so the word becomes but Mia in the same manner. Speaking about other now owns. For example, if you're saying House Room book so common now is that we need in Hindi. So when we talk about the word house that is a masculine known God again. Does not end in A are so it stays car for house or houses. But when you're talking about a book, which is a feminine Khatab book is a feminine noun, Khatab changes to get our being in the plural. So God house or houses Khatab Book Guitar Bay books, Ramadan Camera. That means room one room antenna are so in the Purell becomes come Really Kamuda one room. Comely many rooms. If you talk about the feminine here, we say Coursey Coursey. That's chair. So when we talk about little, it becomes Garcia chairs Coursey Young Coursey Garcia when we talk about another mascot unknown but it down. But the dow that's curtain but a doll antenna are in. The plural becomes, but they while the for feminine we take the word table table is a feminine noun in Hindi, so table is maze MEES on many changes to prudently becomes me Z because it does not end in a E. So it takes a second rule off the feminine in the pure, so it takes a a sound. The nasal so maze, one table maisie many tables. Andi, if you talk about some English knowns, also, then English knowns are also put as masculine or feminine. So, for example, if I say a mobile or a phone that's considered to be a masculine and if I talk about car that's considered to be a feminine. So this is how we have knowns in Hindi every now in Hindi is either masculine or feminine. So even if you're talking about English words, they are also considered either masculine or feminine. Unfortunately, you just need to none how you have to make out whether which known is a masculine or feminine. That's it. Thank you 6. Lesson 5 - Pronouns (I, You, He/She): Let us look at the pronouns in Hindi. When we talk about the pronouns, starting with I, which is May. For you, we have two different pronouns, Tom and up. When we speak about he or she or it, which is the third person. We have three different programs again, which is Yahoo or the hay. These are all the singular pronouns that we did. Now let us have a look at the plural pronouns. V changes to hmm. You all, if you're talking to a group of younger people, you say Tom sub, talking to older people or formal people, you will say AP sub and four day. You again have to pronounce yea and v. So this does seem to be too many. So let us have a look at how we can make them seem better or understand them better. So when you talk about he or she, or it, we said there is, there are three different pronouns. Yeah, hey, hey. So the question is, which one is whi, which is x0 and which has it? So here when you talk about the third person, it does not depend on the gender of the person. Rather, it depends on the physical proximity. Which means that if I'm talking about a person near, I would say, yeah, hey, if I have a book in my hand and I'm talking about this book, I will still use, yeah, hey, but if I were speaking about a person far away, I would use vote or behave in the same manner. If I'm speaking about a book far away, I will use HVO overhead. So yeah, hey, is used for a person or thing Near and VOR or is used for a person or an object far away. Looking at the third person plural, again, when we say yea and way, Yj is for a group of people or objects near. And when we talk about a group of people or objects far, we use V. So let us revise it once. May I younger you up? Older you yeah. Hey, he she it for near or he or she or it far. Hm. V dome. Some, a group of younger people up, some a group of older people to a group of people or objects near VAE for a group of people or objects far. So these were all our pronouns in Hindi. 7. Lesson 6 - Verb To Be: let us have a look at the verb, Jonah. So when we speak about the war bona, we will congregate this war with the pronounce that we have just learned. This is the first war. Been Hindi on the most important war Been Hindi because whenever you will use your sentence whenever you will make your sentence in the present tense, you will always have Horna at the end of the sentence along with the main verb in the sentence. If you remember the rules when we spoke about we said May school. Jutta who? We had the sentence for our sentence structure where we said may school. Jutta who I go to school. You remember their Gionta was the verb. Jonah, that's to go on whom That's the auxiliary or the helping verb here. So let us look at the war bona and then I'll explain this to you once again. So Horna, which is the verb to be May who I am Some hole you are to someone younger up. Hey, you are to someone older. Yeah. Hey, Vaux hair all very Hey, which is he is or she is or it is. Hm. Hey, that means we are some some hole or up sub Hey, which is you all are Yeah. Hey Andi, They Hey which is they are Let me to beat this Horna divorce to be May who I am some hole you are Oh hey you are Yeah Hey he is she is or it is Vaux Hey! Or very hey he is she is or it is hum Hey the are some sub hole You all are up Sub Hey you all are Hey hey They are Z Hey they are near and far So this is all about the first world Horna to be on This is the first word in Hindi that we're talking about on the most important work in Hindi Because whenever we make our sentences in the present tense whether the sentence is in the simple present ends or in the present continues we will always have Horna exit as an auxiliary verb at the end along with the main verb we look at this when we talk about the topics off the simple present tense and the present continuous So this was all about the war Bona must 8. Lesson 7 - Possessive Adjectives (My, Your, His): this'll listen, We are going to talk about possessive objectives in Hindi. You know that possessive objectives in English is my your his her. So what happens to them in Hindi? So when we speak about the possesses the possessive objectives in Hindi we have a table that we follow on. This stable will help you a lot in understanding how to use the possessive injectors with different mountains. So when we speak about the possessive objectives we have the masculine singular, the masculine Pluta on for feminine, singular and plural. The table is the same. The column is the same. Masculine, singular will always end in a are sound, masculine plural will always end in the sound A on feminine, singular and plural will always end in the sound e So when I may changes to my the three forms are made off me the maybe I repeat me wrong. Me the maybe That all means My you must remember you must be familiar with when we talked about My name is shaky on we said Maeda, Numb Nam. There was a masculine known. So we used Mira for that. If I was talking about something which was brutal then I would use me. They, for example, if I said my bags let me take bags as it is, Bag is a masculine plural, so I would say merely bags. But if I'm talking about a water bottle and I say my bottle because bottomless feminine, I would say maybe the bottle. So the possessive changes according to the now that we're talking about. So the noun is a masculine singular. We say, Mira, if a now is a masculine people, we use May Day. And if the now is a feminine singular or people we use, maybe it does not matter on the gender off the person who's speaking it, but on the gender on the number off the now we're talking about. So for some or the you that we said for informal tomb, it changes to Tamara Tom Hari Hari Tahara from Hari from Harvey Up the former U Changes to Opta up Gay up key up, God up! G up key. When we talk about the third person Singular Yeah! Hey, which is this one? He she it near? Then we have Iscar Ske Ske It's call SK is key. When we talk about he she or it far away Vote or ahead The possessive objectives become Oska sk Waske ahskahr sk Waske hum which is v becomes hamara. Hm Ali Mohammadi Hamara Hammadi Hammadi Tom Sub changes to Tom sub car Tom sub k from sub key op sub becomes up sub got up Sub gay up sub g yea and way the plural forms off the code person changes to the year which is day Fournier becomes in car in K in key in car in K in key And they which is the third person fusion for far away becomes NCA. Okay, one key unca okay on key. These are all the possessive injectors. We're going to see how these possessive objectives are used with nuns. Thank you. 9. Lesson 8 - Sentence With Possessive Adjective: today. Let us talk about how we will use our possessive injectors with announce that we know. So you know that the possessive objectives always work with the next. Now that we are talking about. So if I'm saying my son, it does not matter. It does not work on the gender off the person who is speaking. So it does not work on my gender. But it always works on the gender off the now I'm talking about. So when I say my son because sun is masculine, I will use the masculine, singular, possessive objective which was made off on son, that is beta. So when I say my son, the word for that is Maeda Beta. Even if a man say's my daughter, he would say maybe Beatty. So it is not working on the gender of the speaker, but on the gender of the object or the not now that we're talking about. So if I am making a sentence and I say this is my son, then I would say Yeah. Hey, for this media, My beta son. Hey, is Yeah. Hey, Media Betta. Hey, this is my son. If I'm saying that is my daughter. I would say vole, which is for somebody far away. Vole, Maybe Bt. Hey, I repeat, Vu, maybe Beatty. Hey, that is my daughter. Now both this intense is whether spoken by a maid in order female stay the same in the same manner If I am changing the sentences to the negative. And if I say this is not my son or that is not my daughter, you know that the would know he can be used both for no on. Also for not we had spoken about this before that now he means no now he can also mean not so when you make a sentence in the negative and say this is not my daughter, you still use. Now he and you use it before the war. Bob, Nike always comes before the verb. So when I say yeah, maybe Beatty. Hey, this is my daughter. If I'm saying this is not my daughter, I would say Yeah. Hey, maybe Beatty. Now he Hey! Yeah. Hey, maybe Betty Now he Hey, this is not my daughter or yeah, Mitya Betta know he had This is not my son. Yeah. Hey, Maeda Betta know he Hey, if I was to ask this as a question if it was an interrogation. And if I said Is this your son, for example? So can you tell me what would be your son? So you know, for your you would have to Mahara or up car and son is masculine singular. So if I'm speaking to someone younger, If I'm speaking to my younger brother, I would say to Mahara Beta But if I was speaking to my older sister, then I would say up car beta, Right? So the storm or up changes according to the person I'm talking to. So if I'm speaking to someone younger, I would say to Mahara Beta, if I'm speaking to someone Oil, I say Opta beta. Now, if I'm talking to somebody as a question if I'm putting, is that your son? Then you know what is the what is the same tens? If I say that is your son that we always use war for far away. So we would say vote Tamara Beta. Hey, but if I change it as a question as an interrogation and this is a closed question post question, meaning that when the person answers, he would always say yes. This is my son or No, this is not my son. So when I have a closed question, I always bring my car in the beginning. So for this, if I'm saying, is that your son? I would say Cannavo Tamara better. Hey, I repeat que vote, Tamara Beta. Hey, on the kill, when it comes in the beginning of the sentence it changes to Is that your son? So it becomes a closed question. If I want to answer by saying yes, that is my son, I would say, Huh? Vote made a better hair. But if I was to say no, that is not my son. I would say no. He vote made a beta. Now he had now he vote made a beta. Now he had no, That is not my son. So these are simple sentences where you can see how we are using the possessive objectives with the knowns 10. Lesson 9 - Verb 'To Have': thing in this lesson, we're going to speak about the verb to have. We have already seen the verb to be before and today's lesson we're going to see the orb. To have the work to have is used with the possessive objectives. Because in Hindi language there is no verb as tohave. So we have to use the possessive objectives on Dev Orb to be to frame the verb to have let me see. Let me explain it to you how we're going to do that. So when we're talking about when we make us intense here and we see I have a brother if I look it Oh brother, When I say I have a brother, it is way similar to saying my brother. So when I say my brother, we say Maeda by media by which is my brother when I make a sentence and I say I have a brother, we've used the same possessive made off ache which stands for all Hi, the vote brother on Hey, coming from the verb to be so we say Maeda ache by Hey which if you literally translate means my one brother is so we use the possessive objective. According to the noun that we're talking about here, we're talking about High, which is brother. It is a masculine singular. Now, therefore, we use the possessive objective also in the masculine, singular in the same manner in the sentence we used of orb Hey, which is the singular because the now that we're talking about is singular. I just understand this more with some examples. So if I was to say I have two brothers, you know that the word brother or brothers is the same by as for the rule where they saw that masculine ounce. If they do not end in our are, they stay the same for both singular and plural. So behind stays the same when I say I have two brothers for the word to we say dough. So two brothers is going to be dough by now. I'm talking about two brothers, which is masculine Curiel. Do you remember what was the masculine, plural, possessive objective for I You're right. There it is me. The media was masculine. Singular. Me, they that was mascot inclusion. So you're saying tens would start with maybe door by. Hey, now you will use the nasal form off. Fiona. Hey, because you're talking not about one person, but about two brothers. So you would say may they dough. Hi. Hey. So you see that the possessive changes to the masculine plural. And so the Vorpal also changes from Hey singular too. Hey, pewter, the knees aligns So I have two brothers, maybe dough by. Hey, if I was to say I do not have a brother in Hindi, you will always have to keep your sentence or your noun singular when you say that. So when you say I don't have a brother, I would say Maeda Gui by now he Hey, you know he always has to come before the war Going here is being used with the wood. Now he on When I say Queen ahi, it means none, not any So I would say made up going by now He hey and I used the hay for singular because high here is also singular. Maeda is also singular since we just said that when we're making it in the negative, we even have to use it in the singular form. So we would always say I don't have a brother Maeda going by now he Hey, So this is when we're talking about people. If I was to say she has a sister, I would say, Well, ski ache Ba hen Hey, Behenna is a feminine. So we say, Well, ski ache Ba hen. Hey, whether desert she has a sister or he has a sister. The sentence will stay the same because this Bruschi is refering to the sister, not to the gender of the person who possesses this now. So you would oversee was ski ache behind. Hey, if I'm saying he has two sisters or she has two sisters, I would say whiskey dough behind me. Hey, Wolski Doe Benny Hey! Which means he has two sisters or she has two sisters. If I say he does not have a sister or she does not have a sister, I will say Wolski going ba hen. No, he Hey, I keep my noun in the singular and so the possessive on the world. And I would say whiskey Cohiba, Henn Na Hey, Hey, This is on a boat using your possessive on Div orb to frame the world to have But here we've used it only with people. Let us have a look what we do when we're talking about the world to have not for people but for objects. So, for example, if my sentence say's I have a room, you remember whom was camera. It's a masculine. It's a masculine, singular known comida here when I say I have a room when we talk not about people. This is a very important thing. When they are not talking about people, then we will always use our possessive in the masculine plural form which is me re on along with this word, maybe I will combine another word which is passed Pass The word means nearer Mary Pass means I have when we're talking not people. So if I say I have a room, I will say made a pass A camera Hey, made a pass A camera Hey, if I'm talking about a feminine noun either I would still use the same made a pass. So if I have to say I have a book, I will still say made a pass a Khatab Hey, so this may be pass does not change according toe the gender off the noun that we're talking about so made a pass a camera. Hey! Or made a pass a job? Hey, it stays the same. If I'm changing it to plural, I say made a pass though. Camera. Hey, I change a to dough The number I changed camera toe Camry. I have changed award from head toe. Hey, but made a pass. Stays the same. So when I say I have two rooms, I will say made a pass. Bo camera. Hey, if I'm saying I have two books I'm saying made a pass dough Guitar bay Hey, So you see that made a pass does not change. It stays the same Whether I'm talking about a masculine noun or a feminine noun. If I change this to the negative, I would say made a pass going camera on the he head or made a pass going Khatab Now Hey! Which means I don't have a book or I don't have a So you see better. We're talking about the tangible object or the intangible object we would always use made a pass. But Maeda Mary or maybe was used only when we were talking about people. So when we speak about people depending on their gender or number, we will change our possessive objective. But if they're not talking people, we will always stick to made a pass. That's all for now. Thank you. 11. Lesson 10 - Present Tense: In Hindi, all the words in the infinitive form and in a null. Just like in English, all the verbs begin with the two. In Hindi, when you're talking about the verb to eat, it is Canal. What you're supposed to do is you'd remove the PNL from the ending. Then you conjugate the verb with the endings or T. I'll just repeat this. When we are conjugating the verb in the simple present tense, we remove the now from the infinitive form and use tar or t, or t in the ending. Along with the verb Hunan. We have already seen how the verb Horner works with all the different pronouns. Just to go ahead when we say, may whom to hold up. Your hair, hair. Hmm, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey. We're going to add these endings to our verb, to the main verb, which here is canal. So when I say I eat, it is going to be May Qatar is for masculine, or may cut the who. That is for feminine. For the feminine, all the verbs in the conjugated form will be ending in. The feminine form is always the ending. Whereas when we talk about the masculine, it changes, being it in the singular or in the plural. We say may Qatar may cut the whom to cut a hole or tomb cut up, cut up, cut the hair. Or HVO Carta. Hey, if it's a feminine, your hair or HVO cut the hair. Hm. Hm, cut the sub cut the whole term. Sub cut the hole up, sub, cut up, sub cut the hair. Cut a hair, cut the hay or v Carta, hey, V cut the hay. We are always going to use the Tau or tea or tea after removing the now from the infinitive form. In the same manner, if you're talking about the verb, be now be removed from the ending and say, May peta whom or PT, whom to compete the whole compete the hole up, beat up, beat the hang your hat, beta hair, your hair, volt, PTA, hump, eat they hang or hum, BT, Hey, Tom sub b, the whole sub BT, whole AP sub B to a, hang up sub p t, hey, yea or VP, or yay or V, p, t, k. This is the conjugation of the verb or the tens in the simple present tense when we are talking about something that happens every day, It's something which is a habit. So we're always going to remove the PNL from the infinitive. Use tau or T or T in the ending of the stem of the worm along with Hunan in it's conjugated form. Now we're going to talk about the present continuous tense, which is talking about something that we are doing now in the present. When we speak about the present continuous. Again, the same thing we are supposed to remove the now first of all, from the infinitive form, takeaway the null. And you will have Rohit Rahim or added to the worm, but not as one word. It comes as two different words. I'll give you an example here. So if I'm saying, I am speaking, the verb to speak is bowling ball. Now, that's the verb to speak. When I remove the now from there, the stem is born. And I would say May Hindi bowl, right? He whom? Because it's me again speaking it, if it was a mean speaking, then he would say, May Hindi ball, whom? The verb comes in three different words. So you have bone which is one word, that comes as another word, and who, which is the third word. So we say may Hindi bold, making the bowl refugee whom? We say Tom Hindi bold, right? Hey ** tomb, Hindi bold Rahim up. Hindi bold Rahim up. Hindi bold raw. Vo Hindi bold. Hindi, Boulder. Hmm. Hindi bold raw. Hey, Hey, HM, Hindi, bold Ray. He had some sub Hindi bolder, hey whole sub Hindi, bold Rahim, up sub Hindi, boulder up sub Hindi bold Rahim. Or Hindi bolder or yay, or way Hindi bold Raheem, hey, when we speak about the continuous, the tau is replaced by aha or Rahim, or which comes as a different word. It does not get attached to the stem of the verb, the main verb, which is Boehner over here. And we always keep it as made the subject, the object, which is Hindi in the sentence, bowl, which is the whole verb in the present continuous form. You can do any other words in the same form. So if I was seeing RAM is reading a book. So we would say RAM GitHub part, where partner is the verb, we remove the now from there and add ROA, which is the next word there because RAM is a male. If it was not RAM, but if you said Rita is reading a book, then we say Rita GitHub part right here. This is all about the continuous mistake. 12. Lesson 13 - Post Position (of, to, on): no mistake. Today we're going to look into the topic propositions which in Hindi recall as the post positions. When we speak about the topic post positions, it is a very rule based or a very logical topic. So if you understand it with the rules, it becomes very easy. So if I was to say the book is on the table, the book here is the subject is the verb on proposition. The table is an object. When I do the same sentence in Hindi, we call the topic post positions on. The reason for that is when I say the sentence in Hindi, we would say Get a job, Mees. But hey, get job subject Mies object Fun, Most position. Hey verb. So do you see that when we were speaking the sentence in English on the proposition was before the object where is in Hindi when we're doing it? By which is the post position is always after the object and that is the reason why we call it the post position on in English. You call it proposition, which means preposition. So when we speak about the post positions, there are three rules which explained the post positions better in Hindi. So our first rule is that if there is a masculine, singular noun that ends in a are sound with a post position, it always changes to the sound A make me to beat this. Whenever we have a masculine singular known that ends in our sound with a post position, it changes to the sound A Let us have a look at it with an example. So if I have to say, the boy is in the room, Boy Lyrica room coming down in me is Hey, so here. If you look at it, the sentence should be Lyrica Camera me. Hey, But as we just said that because if there is a masculine, singular noun which antenna are it changes because of the post position toe? A. So therefore, when we say Lorca, Kameron may Hey, camera changes to come re So the sentence goes as Lorca Camry May. Hey, one very important thing. Your friends, please do not change their con to lower key because it will only be the word camera which changes to come bray due to the post position being next to it so influencing only the noun before it. It would not go on influencing denounce before it. So no matter how many announce are there which ended are they would not get influenced? It is only the noun just next to just before the post position that gets influenced. So your sentence would be Lyrica comely me. Hey, so that was our fourth strewn If you use some possessive objectives or objectives before it . So if I say the boy is in the big room or the boy is in my big room. So we changed the room toe, come away with the post position. But now here, when we say my big room, which is made a barra camera that also changes using the post position, having the post position at the back. So the major changes to Mayday Barra will change to birthday on the camera, as we've seen already. Changes to come pray because the possessive and the objective here does not stand on its own. But it is related to the noun camera, which is a masculine, singular noun ending in our So you say Lorca body come very may. Hey, Or Lorca, Maybe Barry come Remy hair. So we see that the post position not only influences not only effects the now, but also changes the possessive, the possessive objective and the objective before the now which end in our are so the maid are changes to merely on the Barra changes to body. So this was talking about the first rule. When we go to the second rule, the second rule talks about the other singular announce because if you remember, the first rule spoke only about masculine singular announce that ended in our our sound. So the second rule here talks about other singular noun, which means that we're talking about those masculine, singular knowns that you do not end in a are. We're speaking about the feminine single announce which end in a e. On. We're talking about the feminine single announce that do not end in a e. So all other singular noun with a post position do not change. I repeat. So when we're talking about other singular knowns, they with the post position stay the same. There is no influence off the post position on these mountains. Let me give you an example for this. So if I'm seeing the boy is in the house house you know is a masculine, singular now God, but it does not end in a are therefore in the sentence. When you say the boy is in the house, you will say Lorca, God may Hey, which means that God is a masculine, not ending in A are therefore it does not change, However, if we use the possessive objective or in ejected before it. Since it's a masculine noun, the possessive and the objective would be ending in a are. Therefore those would change due to the post position. So if I say the boy is in my big house, then it would change To lurk. Are I'm easy body God may hey, which means that the post position cannot influence the now since it's not in ignore our but Barra and made our antenna are therefore that that gets affected. That would change. Similarly, when we're talking about feminine single announce, as we said so, if I change, the example to the boy is on the chair. Do you remember the word for chair Corsi, which is a feminine now ending in E. So when I say the boy is on the chair, the sentence would be lead car Coursey Bar. Hey, Coursey is a feminine noun and Cina e. So the power does not make any change to the Now it stays the same here. If I also add my possessive on the objective, it would make no difference because it's a feminine now. So the possessive objective on also the objective. They are both in the feminine form, so nothing changes. So if I was if I was to say the boy is on my big chair, I would say Lorca, maybe body Coursey Bar. Hey, so you see that the post position cannot make any change neither to the now nor to the possessive, nor to the objective. Let us have another example with another feminine noun which does not end in a E. So if I say the boy is on the table table in Hindi is maze. It's a feminine known which does not end in a e. It ends in a continent. However, when you make the sentence CIA it still goes Lorca Maze. But hey, Or if I'm adding the possessive and the objective, it still goes. Lorca, Maybe body maze far ahead. So you see, nothing changes over here, right? So it was only in the first case when we saw the masculine singular announce like car. Only there, the possessive and the objective was changing because it ended in our So that is our second rule. When we speak about the toad room to the post positions, it is related to all plural pronouns because we haven't seen about the pure announce until now. So when we're talking about your announce when the rule here say's all pure announce plus a post position changes to the sound I did detail all pure announce whether they're masculine or feminine, no matter what the ending, maybe, or if you're announced with a post position, will always have the sound o at the end. So I'm going to give you all the examples that I gave you in the previous rules. So if I was to say the boy is or I'll have to realize it so if I say the boys are in the rooms, then I would say like Okay, that's what the boys being plural So ler que come room me. Hey, are to beat my sentence. The boys are in the rooms. Lo que come room me. Hey, look at the next example. If I was to say the boys are in the houses, then I say letter K guru me. Hey, one very important thing is to understand what happens to the objectives and the possesses in that case. So let us re look. It are examples here. So if I was to say the boys are in my big rooms, come very ruse does change toe combo with the post position. But when you say my big rooms, then the possessive and the objective here does not change. It's a little tricky, but if you look at the example, you would see that nothing changes. It's always like this, so you need not get confused. If you just learned this example, or if you just keep this in mind, it would be much easier for you to understand it. So I'm going to repeat this. So if I was to say the boys are in the rooms or in my big rooms as we were talking about so I would see Lucky me Z buddy communal may. Hey, so the mayday stays as it is for pure body stays the same. It's just come. Ray changes to come room. So we notice that it's only the noun that is changing to the old sound. Not the possessive, not the objective. So they just look at the other example very said The boys are in the house. If I say it, the boys are in my big houses. Then still, it would be like a maze. A body Coro May Hey, you notice again? It's just a noun that changes to the old sound merely on body. Still stay in the plural form. Now let us have a look at the feminine examples. So if I was to say the boys are in or sorry, the boys are on, um, the chairs. So I would say lurk a course EEO bar. Hey, the modified sentence. If I say the boys are on my big chairs because it's a feminine, you know that the feminine, singular and plural is the same. So no change at all. So you would have ler que maybe burry course EEO part. Hey Lupita Lara k. Maybe buddy course EEO part. Hey Garcia, the now on changes to core seal but maybe and body stay unchanged. Let's look at the other one. If I said, The boys are on the tables and I said Ler que mais o part Hey, I can maze changes to May's A in the plural with the post position. It changes to May's Oh, so you sailor k maison part Hey, And if I see the boys are on my big tables that goes larky, maybe body meso part hair. So in the third rule you see that denounce with a post position the polluter announce with the post position changed to the sound or the objectives and he possesses do not change. They stay in their original form. So that is all about the post positions. Keep the rules in mind and it will be much easier for you to remember them. No mistake. 13. Lesson 14 - Pronouns with Simple Postpositions: When you attach the post position with the pronoun, you come across the oblique form off the pronounce. There's a table which is there. So when you have may with coal, it changes too much coal or Muji. These are these two different forms that we have. We call it the long form on the short form, so may with co changes too much co which is the longer form. Or you could say moo J, which is the shorter fall. Don't go becomes Sumco or to me, optical is just one form, which is both for long and short the same when you have a headed goal. It changes toe isco in the longer on its say in the shorter vote or behaving goal becomes school in long and you say in short hum with go changes to hum ko or homie Tom Sub go or up Sabco that's just one form. And when we talk about the third person plural pronounce you with coal changes to Inco or in hey on way with go becomes uncle or on hey here have even see what happens when b ad the pronounce with other simple post positions. So they all go very alike. There's not much problem toe understand this. So as we just saw that if you have cool as a post position with May, it changes too much Cool If I do not have the post position call and if I take the post position in So if I have to make a sentencing in me, for example there are many bad habits in me. If I said what happens when I have I with in the proposition the post position so may with me now changes too much me. So I'm going to show you all the pronounce with the pressure of the post position May now. So it goes much me so me up me ihsmay What's me Hum me? Don't sub may up sub me in me on May One thing that is very important to understand here is when I say in me and I said much may it comes as one word, which means that the may get attached to the much and the frame or the form one word over there. However, when we come to some sub all up sub, there it comes as three different words. So you have some sub may up sub me So they're three different words. Let me repeat that. We said much me One word Tomei Another one word up may again another world word. So when you're saying all these become is one word But when we say Tom sub May or ups of May there different now I change the me and I take say, for example on you know sake and stand for from with on Done on over here when I'm saying say which is with it means the means to do something. So when I'm saying I write with a pen so I would say May Ben say Lichty whom So the say over there stands for the means to do something. I go to school by bus. So by bus that is the means of transport. So I would say May bus say, school Jackie whom? So whenever I'm speaking about, say, that is always with for the means to do something. So here, if I'm using my pronouns with, say it goes as much see, don't say upsy if c Let's see hum si don't sub say three different words up sub sea. Another three different words in Si one C. Now let us have a look at other simple post positions which are not one continent words. So we just saw cool me say they only have one constant. Let us have a look at those simple post positions that do not have one word or sorry one continent So butter, for example. But these are two continents. So if I'm seeing May with part, which is on me. So if I was to say this color looks good on me, then it could still be because it's a simple post position. I still have the much form, but now they come as two different words. Always So may with part will be much are two different words. So some fire up, but it's money hum, but don't sub pile up sub in money one by. So this is for but on. But if I was talking about talk, which is until or up to then I would say much talk again. Two different words because talk again has to constant sounds there. So you say much talk duck up tuck. It's stuck Well stuck hum duck some sub duck up sub duck in talk or don't talk. So this is how we have the simple post positions attached to our pronounce 14. Lesson 15 - Pronouns with Compound Postposition: Now we're going to look at how the post positions influence the pronounce when we're talking about the compound post position. So looking at the May along with a compound post position, Caylee, which is four. So we see that Caylee is two words on this case we have already seen. When we spoke about our possessive pronounce, possessive objectives. So we did car K key, which means off or the apostrophe years. So the pronouns when they get attached to the compound post positions you always have Kaley k sop. So when the may get attached with K, it changes to May the possessive table off the masculine plural form on it becomes May daily so dumb with Caylee becomes too hard. Really up plus Kalia up Caylee Yahtzee with Caylee Changes to Scalea vote plus, Kalia becomes Scalea a hum with Caylee changes to Hamadeh earlier Tom sub Kalia becomes from Sub Kalia No change up Sub Kalia It stays the same but when you have yet with Caylee, it changes to in Kalia on way with Caylee becomes on Kelly on. This is something that happens with all compound post positions because as we talked before that all the compound post positions will either have Kate Li Ke sot, Kay Hooper K. Bade me. Or, as we said, that to post positions to compound post positions, have a keep with them, which was, keep that off towards or Kitahara, which is like. So when we look at those post positions, then we take the the feminine, singular, possessive objective table where May, with keep that off changes to maybe that off come with Kitayev becomes Tom Hardy that off up, keep that off remains the same. Yahtzee plus Kate off changes to escape that off vote plus keep it off changes to escape that off hum plus, Kitayev becomes Hammadi that off some sub. Keep that off up sub. Keep it off in kita off for yea plus Kitayev Onda wave would keep that off. Changes to one. Keep that off. So whenever you have the compound post positions attached to the pronouns, you will always have the possessive objective table, the masculine pewter or the feminine. Singular, as we said, made a or maybe depending on what the post position starts with, whether it's a Kalia or a key tough so according to that, your possessive objective table comes in and then you use the post position 15. Lesson 11 - Future Tense: no must see. Let us talk about future tense today. Future tense in Hindi is very easy because when we look at the future tense, we get rid off the homeowner ending at the end which we were always putting when we were talking about the present and sentences. So in present ends, if you remember, you were using the power they d vidana or if he spoke about the continuous present continuous. We always used Raha behavior. He along with the verb Jonah. But now, when we speak about the future tens, we do not need hola anymore. We only work with the main Werbe that we're talking about. So let us see how the endings are in the future tense when we talk about the future tense with may it cause as Gunga or wiggy with the stem off the orb. So, for example, if the stem is Kana, I remove the now from the infinitive form. Take the stem car on add unga for masculine and G for feminine. So I would say may conga if it's a boy, make Honggi if it's a girl, which means I will eat with whom the ending is OK or Yogi. So if it's a boy, sing it, he would say Dumb cowl gay for the feminine, it becomes some Kagy for up. The ending is angry on Engie, which is going to be the same for all the polluters. Also, we'll talk about it later, but let's see what happens with up itself. So up kind gay If it's a masculine up chi Engie, if it's feminine, when we do it with your hair or vote, which is he or she or it? You have a go on a G, so you will have Yahtzee chigga for a meal or Yahtzee caya G for a female the same way. If the person is far, then you, Savo Chigga or vocal Aggie. Whatever is just talking about in the up form wars that what is therefore up is the same for all the pure rules. So when I said for up, the ending is going to be angry or in G, it is the same that we see for hum, which is V yea way, which is again the pupil for the so when I say hum Skying gay or hum chi Engie, which is we will eat depending masculine or feminine on if you're saying yea kind, gay or yea kaindi or vacating gay or vacant G, which is David eat masculine or feminine? So this is all about the future tens. 16. Lesson 12 - Past Tense: I must say, Let us look at the past tense today in the Palestinians, we have to see whether our world is a transitive verb or intransitive verb. So the first thing to notice is whether the verb asked us the question. What or not? If the verb asks the question, What then? It is a transitive verb. If it does not, if it asks questions like when? Where? How? These are intransitive verbs, like we give an example. So if I say I ate an apple, then I ate it asked me the question I ate What? Therefore it is a transitive form. Whenever the vote is a transitive in the past tense, we always add on me to the subject, Which means that may well change too many. Tom becomes to me up op Me? Yeah! Changes to hisley vote becomes closely hum changes to how many Tom sub me on up Sub me that stays the same. Yeah, changes to in horny on way changes to one horny. So whenever we have a transitive verb which asked the question what we will always have the subject added with the post Position me if you have an intransitive verb then the subject does not change. It has no addition there. Which means that if I have award which say's I slipped then I slept. Does not ask me the question. I slept. What it may ask me. I slept when, at what time I slept aware I slept How? But never would I have the question I slept. What? So there is no direct object in that sentence. Therefore, you will always have the May tomb up stay the same. So this was all about the subject, which adds a NATO it if it's a transitive on stays without any, If it's an intransitive all now, let us have a look at what happens to our past participle. So what would be the verb ending in the past? It's so if I have masculine singular, it could be our masculine clue will be a feminine singular would be e on in the past tense . We have a feminine pluta as well, which is the nasal eyes form and it goes E. So if I have the verb kill now, which is to play, the first thing that I'm supposed to do is remove the now. So my stem now is Kale to the world. Kale. I'm going to add all the endings. So it would be Kayla. If it's one major thing Kayleigh. If it's pewter Kayleigh, if it's feminine, singular on Caylee with a Naser, if it's family included, so the past participle will always have our A E on E as the endings. If we have of orb, that does not end in a continent. Which means, for example, if I take the orb Khanna if I remove the now from the ending from the infinitive, then the stem stays car where ah is available sound. Whenever you have a bobble sound there you will. Always I add a young sound to it, which means the past participle is going to be Kaaya for masculine, singular chi for masculine pewter, kaii for feminine, singular on Kaine for feminine pewter. In the intransitive verb, the subject is the one that deter mines, the gender and the number off the verb, which means that if I have a sentence when I say I slept at 10 0 clock, then whatever the eye over here is whether it's a masculine or feminine according toe that the gender and the number off the verbal also change. So for this intense I sleep at or I slept at 10 o'clock, I would say may Desperate J So we because this may is me a female. If it was a boy, sing it, then he would say may thus be J so, yeah, therefore, the gender and the number off Div orb is influenced by the subject and not by the object of sentence. This is the basic difference between the transitive orbs on intransitive verbs in the past states. So if I have a sentence when I say jam gave a book, then the sentence would be It's a transitive or Haram gave rum. Gave what? So we would always put Ramli as two different words. Jam is one word. Knee comes as the second word, Khatab, which is the direct object. It is a feminine would. Therefore the barb is going to be the in the feminine singular because the object was feminine, singular. So we say Rahm may job be if I look at the same sentence. Same example with rum has given a book which in English is called the present perfect tense in Hindi. We would still put it as Romney get a job the But at the end we will have Horna in the present ends dependent on the object which is a feminine singular. Therefore, becomes Romney. Khatab be Hey, so if it is a present perfect sentence, then we just add Horna in the present tense. If it's a transitive verb, the whole DNA is influenced by the object. If it is an intransitive verb, then the whole DNA is going to be influenced by the subject. So let me give you an example, often intransitive verb as well. So as I said, Drum slept at 10 0 clock, I would say John thus BJ Soya. That's a simple pass. Intense. If I say drum has slept at 10 o'clock because Rahm is a boy, we would say jam thus BJ Soya. Hey, let's look at these two sentences in the past. Perfect. So in the past, perfect again, we have the whole DNA, but this time the homeowner goes in the past form, which means the past form of Horna would be pa Hey p or T. So if I said John gave Oram had given a book, then it would be Gene may take a tab. The tea because Qatar is feminine. But if I said Rahm slept or rum had slept at 10 0 clock, then I would say John thus BJ soya tar Because Rahm is a boy. Therefore we have part, which is the masculine singular No must. 17. Lesson 16 - Modal Verbs ( Can, Should, Must, Want): let us know. Have a look at a few mortal words in English, which we see as can, may want Should must. So when we talk about them in Hindi, they are Forbes, Sagna, John O on charki signal, which means can, which shows the ability of a person to do something. Chana, which is warned, which we always use toe, want to do an activity on an action. So only when we're talking about Forbes, we use China cha he which means must or should. When you're talking about Forbes in the infinitive form or cha, he can also be used as need or want. When you're talking or when you're taking them with a noun, let me give you an example for each signal, as we said means can, which is an ability to do something. So if I say I can speak the verb speak is the main warp here can is the auxiliary or a motive orb. In this case, when I use it in the sentence with Sagna, I will only take the stem off the warm, which means I will say, may border suck the whom suck tea over here because it's me a female saying it Had it been a male saying it he would say, May bull Saqba whom? So the word that is conjugated here is circular. Also, if you notice that Suttner always takes the subject pronoun when I say subject pronoun, I mean it only takes the form may come up. It does not take the oblique form. So with Buckner, the first thing is that it always takes the subject pronoun. Secondly, it takes the stem off the main verb. You remove the now from the main war on just the stem on you congregate Suttner according to the gender or the number off the subject. So if I say Gene can run, we would say John Door, See Octa Hey, because Rahm is a boy. If I say Kate can swim so we would say gate, they're suck T Hey, because of orb to swim is there. Now we remove the now from there. Just take the stem. Kate is a female. Therefore, we change Suttner into the feminine form on we say Kate, there suck T Hey, so this was all about second. Now let us look at the war by China, which means to want As I previously said, China toe want is only used when we're talking about wanting to do an action or a verb, just like in English when I say I want to read. The verb to read is in the infinitive form. So when we are using it in Hindi, we also use the infinitive form of the verb meaning. I do not have to remove the now from the main verb. Also, this world also takes just the subject pronoun. It does not change to the oblique form. So when I say I want to read, I would say may, but not which is to read choppy because it's me, a female saying it. Whom how to beat may Cardinal Joppy, who if I was seeing John, wants to run. Then he would say jam Dorina Chatah Hey, because Rahm is a boy. Therefore Chatah was also in the masculine form in the same manner. If I say Kate wants to swim, then I would say Kate, tell now choppy. Hey, let us look at Div orb cha he which means must or should when we're using it with a warm then I will still use the infinitive form off the warm, which is I will not remove the now from the mean war. But now, in this case, I will not use the subject pronoun My subject will change to the oblique form of the pronoun, which means that the may will always be used with you. Jay, when we're talking about the war by Jackie so cha he never changes, it stays the same. So if I'm saying I must read, then I would say Muji, but no chai here. If I have to say you must read I would say to May or Tom co partner Shah here If I say he should read, it would be a C Caronna cha he You see the cha? He never changes. It always stays in the same form. But the subject, the pronoun that you're using the subject that you're using has to be in the public form. You cannot use the subject. You know you can't use May. In that case, the other thing that I just said waas that when we're using cha he it can also mean to need or toe warned when we're using it with a noun there again, we're going to use my subject will always be in the oblique form. So if I say I want d, I would still see Moochie Chuy cha he which hate being the subject. China being the object cha he which is the verb that never changes. So if I want to ask somebody, do you want tea? Then I would say kya aap ko chi cha he so this always stays in the same form. There is no difference off cha he Ah he always goes the same for one very important thing here that we should remember is if I am making a sentence where I say I must read Hindi to read is a verb which is a transitive verb, which means it works according toe the object The direct object in the sentence is I must read Hindi Hindi being my direct object in the sentence. Andi, as you know, in Hindi all languages are feminine. In that case, my vore Bob changes to the feminine form. So if my sentences I must read Hindi. I will say moo j him be Barney cha he Do you notice here, Paranal, The infinitive changes to the feminine form on it becomes part of me. So you say Moochie him be Barney cha here because Hindi is the feminine direct object. Let's change it a little and see what happens when the direct object is not feminine but a masculine. So if I was to say I must read newspaper, newspaper in Hindi is akhbar, which is a masculine singular now. So if I say I must read newspaper, I would say Moo J, aka Bar Barna Jackie. Nothing changes there because partner stays the same since it's in the masculine foam. But if I was to say I must read sentences, sentences is a plural now, which is masculine on in Hindi, we call it a vacuum. So then if I say I must read sentences, I would say much a vacuum. Barney cha he So Parana changes to the plural form on becomes Partney. But if I had ah feminine, plural direct object, nothing would have changed. If I said I must read books, I would still say Moo J Khattabi. Pardon me, Jackie, There's nothing days in this case. So this was all about Sagna, Jonah and Shah here. I hope you enjoyed the lesson. I must 18. Lesson 17 - Verb To Like: we have spoken about the pronounce being used with post positions, especially when we spoke about may being used with core the post position on changing toe. Muji, let us see how we're going to use them in a sentence. I like books, for example. Then the I in Hindi will not be may but it changes to Muji. So this is the first word in Hindi, which is to like pus and Hana, which always uses the form Muji, which we call the oblique form off the pronoun. So if I use the sentence, I like books. Then I would say moo J for I get a hobby which is books person which stays static. It does not change. It always stays percent. Hey, at the end the vore bona in the pupil which is actually related to the object Khattabi, which is provable. So irrespective of the fact whether your object is a masculine or feminine, it only depends whether it is a singular or reputed with another example here. If I said I like this book, then my sentence would be Moochie. Yeah, take a top Which is this book Mu J Yeah. Khatab person. Hey, the head over here is in the singular without the nasal. Because the object, Khatab, is a singular object. If I take it with any plural object, it stays the same. So if I say we like food, we over here becomes huh? Me or him? Co whichever you want to use food is Kana Connor is masculine Singular. So we would say more. Ajay Khanna Basan! Hey again, person That does not change. Hey is in the singular Because Khanna, the object is masculine Singular! If I was to say I don't like food, then I would say more Ajay Khanna Now he person Hey! Or I could also say Moo j Khanna pass And now he Hey, both are fine because the verb is person who wanna you know that now He should always come before the verb So you may say no he person Hey! Or because hey is the conjugated warm So you could also say person the now he Hey So I may say Boo J Khanna Now he person Hey or move J Khanna! Hey, Both are equally good If I ask you a sentencing Do you like tea? So you over here If I'm taking it formal and I use up and it's a question which is a close question, meaning that I will have to have chaos in the beginning. So I would ask you kya aap ko chai pasando hay Because chai feminine singular object is a singular object, as I say. Therefore hey is without nasal So I would just say Kia up Coach I percent Hey! And if you were to answer Yes, I like t you would say huh Mu J j I person Hey, because China is feminine So this is all about the verb pass and Hana which will always take the oblique form of pronounce Moochie No, mostly. 19. Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 1: Ooh. Today's would, now would taboo OTT whom? Men? Men who to10? Men who do. Corona May make a Roomba, make room. Many, many. Goody. You say, Karina May make a hunger. Mekongi. Monica, who eat, may cut down. Man. May count. May County. Many, many. C90. We sing. Donna may make gati whom may go longer. Gandhi, many Gaia, many guy who come are now hot. Di Yi Fu rise, will get up to now. O to d or Tunga. Dongyi. Bu t. You will do karuna. Karuna. Karuna, karuna. Goody. Who say K Now, K hit UGA girl, he who eat Carnap, cut, cut the county, county. Kaia, C90, who sing, Ghana got got the Ganga down De Di Yi. 20. Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 2: Jelly. Jelly. Who warned Johanna, may, Java Dang, may jihadi whom? Jiao hua mei John whom? Many, many Jiao He will shout to Lana. May. Men, to Lottie. Mentioned longer major lounging, matching, matching, lying. Put Dutch, tuna. May 2D who May tune. Many too, many too, we will know Gianna may journey down, may join a demon. Man, django may, GI Ngugi, many, Gianna, many, Johnny. Walk. Julianna, cellae. Cellae. Cellae. Cellae. Cellae. Warned. Johanna, Java, Jar, Jar, Jar, Jar, Jar. Who shout to lambda two, lambda two layer. Jin Lai Yi Bu. Tuna to 2T, Tunga to10, to truly know Jana John. John, John UNGA, John Ngugi, Jana, Johnny. 21. Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 3: John, man, man, Joan. Joan. We'll swim. Dead. Man, Man, Man, Man, Man, Man. De Zhi. We see they cannot. Man, they could, they could do whom? They cool. Man. Many, many De Qi will give the man, the man, the man. Many. Many De Wu duns. Notch enough. Man, not shutdown. May not today. Man, man. Man. May not. G will go. Gianna jot, jot De Jiao, Jiang De Yi, Bu swim dead and now they're there to D, Dead Mongo. Data. Daddy. Who see they cannot. They could, they could be the cooler, the Coogee, the car. The key will give the, the, the, the, the, the, the, the who dance. Not to know, not to, not to D. Now Tunga Nao Zhong De Na Ge Ci. 22. Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 4: Boda, boda, boda. Boda. Boda. Who drink B, may be, may be, may be, may be many. Many be flu-like person, the garden man. Man by CEN, the credit the man by Send the bus and the garden. Many, many ascended Curry who make banana, banana. Banana, banana. But noun the name Bai Nian Wo Men Yi. Who speak? Malvina. Man, man, morality. Whom? Man? Man, Man, Man, boldly. We read, we'll study Ferdinand party. Further d, by doing bird munging. Bird. Birdie will drink. B. Now, the Tao Te Bie De Biao. B will present the gird now. Percent, percent royalty. Present the Roomba percent, percent Girl by sending 30 ohmic banana, banana, banana D. By now. By noun, the Vinaya. By now III. We speak boolean. Boolean, morality. Malanga, Berlucchi, bola, Morley. 23. Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 5: May her head down to the room that are that are hungry. Man. How he to take, to receive Lena. May lay lady who may lose, lose many, many Lee to clean, soft. Man, south down. South credit Dee who may saf, sof Burundi. Many South Korea. May ne South Cody. To Open Coil MNA may pull, May call loony. Many many coli to close when the current now may bind Corita who may have been the Curtin. May go wrong. Man. Rongji may name bundle. Many Bund curry. We stay to live the day now. They had tea, hidden hunger that are hanging around. There. He to take to receive Lena, de, Luanda, loony, Lia Lee to clean south south, south te. So go to longer south, south, south Curry to Open Coil called T Columba, Coca Cola, choline. To close when the corona, banana, banana, banana, banana, banana Garage Band curry. 24. Mastering Verbs in Hindi - 6: To say it, back to now, May bear to D who made, made tomorrow. May Key. Who sleep. So now Mac, so down may. So D who? May? Sony. Sony. So yeah. So we would rest around Corona. Man. Man. I got a D whom May go through. Many. Good. Will meet melanin, melatonin. Man, military who May Longhi, Mad. Men, Mei Li, who love, has Cinna may Herceptin. Herceptin who may have zoomed. Meck High. Tsugi. Man saw her, see, we'll say bare. Bare to make pretty bare Tunga, bear to10, bare, bare key to sleep. So now, so so the Sony. Sony. So yeah, so he got a good a D. Go to UNGA. Rmb will meet million now. Military, military 100000010000001000000 million. Who love? Has Sedna, has Sita, has d, has soon. Her suny has c. 25. Lesson 19 - Question words and how to ask questions: What? Yeah, up Cocker thinking how kissy Vole school. Kasich! Hey! Well go, Huh? Maybe Khatab Kaha. Hey, we'll go on Voke on. Hey! When gob vocab ajga Why? Que don't kill House Trejo. How many? How much it now, Tom Hardy girl, make it me. Come re him! Who's his skull? You guys go by here. What time? Whitney Borje Dukhan Kidney Budget Kulti here which on some come hot on one person Muslim on Suhay. 26. Lesson 20 - Important Adjectives and how to use them: big, but, uh but Barry Body small chota torta got a 40 long number Lumber. Lamby. Lamby. Sad more done. Monta Moti Moti Pin. But now but now. But Lee But Lee new now now. Nay. Nay Old? We don't know. We don't know. But I need what I mean. Ord Boot. Huh? Buddha Bowl. Hey! What? He good? A chunk a char a Chee Chee that Buddha Buddha Bourey body Beautiful sunder intelligent. Okay, month. Foolish, silly. They've proof. Easy. A son. Difficult Musk You interesting, Funny Maziya. 27. Numbers: fun Ik first to go second doosra 3 18 Hood P. Siddle four John Fort, You're tall Signs March fifth actual six Okay, sixth top seven stop, seventh Southvall. It, uh you at one nine No, nine Nova. Then thus thank this fall 20 bees Pootie these 40 jollies 50 but just 60 something 70 said it d a c 90 nebe 100. So 1000 has are 28. Colors: color junk Blue. Neela Read None. You know green. Hm? Back. Carla Orange. Not on G Brown Gouda Opa bang me white. So feed think gonna be light Hello? Come dunk, Gato. 29. Everyday Vocabulary - House: How's McConn Meetem Akane Board? But I Whom God Men Cursi, come Carta. Who? Video keep made it. Come bring me. Take body kill key Here, Vole divide You put on any device here is chap, would you chat about Bet Napa Sunday stairs CD silly. Make coffee. Roshi door There. Vozza, Vozza. Sadeq, make all day. Your whole Come now. Ybarra. Camera! Hey, closet Ahmadi! Meaty Ahmadi party. Hey, debut. Mais waas May School Cooney Miroku, Floor fresh. You likely call for shit Cheer or C? We're seeing bought G. Hey, Garden Birgitta. Well, Scott Begich, assume that Hey, God! Gardy! Meeting night, Gardi. So fade. Hey, bed! My lung men Or made up high. It's following bar. So sucked a hair carpet. Colleen Colin Person under hot cop. Come here, Gordon. Where the But the Bond guru look, But I know Yea, Pittle! Khatallah Hey, he job Be many job Cody Son! Uncle Eubank rd Rachel! Hey, mattress Good though. Mucci Adam Diack. Gotcha. He sheikh gender. You're up there Quit because I You got hundreds. I hit. You know Akio Media Takia bought a chai blanket. Come but make 2 may take Neha Campbell Dissector 30. Everyday Vocabulary - Garden: tree beard? Um ca Pierre Barbara Sand Mitty meeting the teaching mean Metical? Wrong. LOL Land Board, huh? You bought on Sunday. Grass cuss costs Ochiai lower holding America pool Money may die. I won't Clinton you concept Hey, Leaf. What the? Yeah, but the gila leave. Okey but he's a mean org frequents. Push through jump pocket Pulled me a cheeky push through here Lanta Gumelar Yangon Lakota Seed Beach That butch cabbage Kalakota Hey, function So Avara for Varro Buggy. Cheeky beach. Me Hey! 31. Everyday Vocabulary - Fruits: fruit pun Fruits, huh? Apple. Same grapes on good orange. Narong g watermelon Their booze, but not know Gila mango. Um Lemon knee boo, but bio but pita by now. Unknown us vegetable subsidy Potato. I do honey in Diaz, do my door. The mark does garlic lesson Ginger A drug bees model. Got it. God, just Julie mooch cabbage. But the Gobi 32. Everyday Vocabulary - Clothes: goods company should gummies. Yeah, maybe Commies. Hey, Shoes Judeh Moon Jae Halik Agent a person Saudi Saudi Matt Acne! Sorry, Carrie. Donkey cap! Don't be you. Toby merely borrowed Berry. Hey, Socks! Mosey! Romo's a bajo trang barangay Hey, Stole toe Peta Mary Bus a Gresham Kado Barta Sleepers Chapel You double CST! Hey, Gloves. That's Danny. The Standing Committee gave me and good Chief Ramal. Yeah, maybe Marco Ramal. Hey. 33. Everyday Vocabulary - Nature: nature property Sky last month. Cloud bottle three. Bear planned border fly pool Son Shortage Moon John Star Data lease, which is big in size, is but leave. Which is small is but the mountain Bihar hill. Buhari Insect Kita animal John Was ground so mean grass Gauss soil mitty Bush Tarting water Barney Board. Julia or dirty forest, Jungle River Nutty. See some of the lake gene human in son. 34. Time: done, Comey. Morning, Suba. Good morning. Superb hot afternoon dopa evening some night Jaar Good night show productively. Now let's see how we say time in Hindi When we asked What time is it? We say get name by J Hey, but China is the world which means to strike So being by J hey means that the clock has struck three. We use these forms off the world. But now the 1st 1 which is by Jarhead, is the singular form of budget er on Does is only used for one grudge ahead is used for all the other earth as it is the purest form of budget No budge cars is then is the number of minutes that have passed after the fire has shocked on bludgeoning me is the minute bag left for that particular are to strike. Example here 35 is five minutes past three Soviets 18 budge for patch minute budget 3 10 is 10 minutes past Lee. So we sateen. But last minute budget head 3 55 is also five minutes before so we say char budget Namie punch minute budget here? No, The quarters have two names. Quarter past is Sava on quarter remaining is for me. So 3 15 is quarter past three and it said Sabatine budget 3 45 It's quarter to four. So we say Corny child. But J head the house are called Sardy except 1 30 which is dead on 2 30 which is tight all the other half Ours are salty like 4 30 is sorry child buggy Him 12 30 is sad Head Byron Budget 1 30 is dead Budgie hit again to 30 is dying budget hit 10 clock is a badge ahead. No, we haven't used am and PM anywhere with the time So in place off in And Bien We mentioned the time off the day, for example. Morning, afternoon, evening or night. Let's see how we do this. So 2:10 p.m. Is the pancake dough Budge card Dust minute Budget head 6:10 a.m. is super monkey chair. Budge ca That's minute by J Head 8 15 Beer is Lackey Sava Art buggy. Hey, 5:45 p.m. Is Shangcai Bonnie chair. But you here now when we tell the time durations, uh, is Gonta in singular on gun t included. Minute is minute on taken is also second. So when we say three are 10 minutes, then we say Dean Kulti, dust minute. Two hours, 30 minutes Is Tiger County one R is a condo. 35. Weekdays and asking about dates: days a week? Just a kid. Monday. Silva used a I'm Good Wednesday, Casady. Good. You are Friday. Shoot crib on Saturday. Shani Va. Sunday, Aviva. Okay, then. Week. Hostile month. My, He No, you sod Today, AJ. Tomorrow gun Yesterday gun day before yesterday. Parcel day after tomorrow. Purcell Some questions announces about days. Which day is today? AJ Konstantin. Hey, Today is Monday. AJ su number. Hey, which Dave was yesterday? Gun gone something. How Gun Genevieve on how yesterday was Sunday. Which day will be tomorrow? Good gone, son. Then Hogle, Tomorrow will be Tuesday. Mongol bar logo Talking about dates. Did Dat ik which did is today AJ Kansi Darik. Today is 7th June AJ Sop June pay Which date is your birthday on our country? Somethin gone? See Talarico? Hey, my birthday is on fourth me made on gentlemen John my go Hey, He is used for specific date or day like on fifth me much Mayko on Monday Some Barco but is used for occasions which are broad point in time on Christmas Christmas But on weekend SEPTA on 36. Weather & Seasons: season video more some heat Got me which is feminine school turned sunny Do wind hover Kareen Bodies snow, birth, humidity almost fog Gorda cloud Budel stall So fun Unlike in English the weather terms like heart which is gonna me and cold which is ton are used as an ounce in Hindi Let's make a few sentences today it is hot So when in English we say it is hot in Hindi we do not have it So we say AJ garni head Yesterday it was hot girl got me t going Meus feminine So we used t for Waas Yesterday it was fog Gora Good eyes masking and so views Top day after tomorrow will be hot but it's so good to me Hold going Meus feminine. So again, the use hoagie day after tomorrow will be gold Purcell Ton hoagie tongue this feminine. That's why home for defining objects hot and cool are used as adjectives. Hot girl. So we see that we have two kinds of objectives as you have learned in the chapter on our objectives which are variable and invariable adjectives. So girl is an invaluable objective and that's it will not change with the gender off. The known T is hard giant Got him him. Food is hot. Can a goddamn head cool turned up? Honda is available objective so it will change with gender and number of the gnome. Tonda is used for masculine singular. Tunde is used for feminine, singular, as Vela's feminine plural on Sunday is used for masculine prudent. The food is gold cannot turned ahead. So we have tundra because Connor is masculine. The deal school giant can be here again. Tunde, because child's feminine, the apples are cooled. Same Hyundai head. So here we used Tunde because Davis Clue, Let's talk about seasons. Which season is it? No. So we say, Ah, be Gonza more some hair. When we're talking about seasons, they say Season off summer or season off. Vento, for example. It is summer season now. A big ohmy God more some. Here it is. When does season now a B tundra? More some hair. It is rainy season now. Ah Bebe. Irish car more, some hair For fall and spring. However, we have to specific words. So we do not have to say season off, fall or season off. Spring now is full. Ah, be buttered head now is spring Ah B bus and hair, which is your favorite season up. Come on, percent more Some concert here. My favorite season is summer season. May Diamond wasn't Muslim. Got me Got Muslim here. My favorite season is spring made, um Anderson More Somebody sent here which all seasons are in your city Optician held May going going Seymour some what they have here we was gon Kansi for which all hotel hair is a form off the world. Toby and his use drop perpetual things. The closest it comes to English is our There are somewhere and window seasons in my city made Isha head bigger me or turned Kim Or some hope they here from when? Till Rennes the summer season goarmy com or some cups Take up Dakota here. Hotel Het is a form off to be which is used for perpetual things. And the closes it comes to English is is the summer season is from April to June. There may come or some April C, June Dakota Here Is it really hard there Java Humbard got me ot head No, it is little hard. Their behavior Hattori got me ot here 37. Hindi Script 1 - Vowels: talking about the volatiles. We will see a pattern in the bottles. The pattern is that we will always have a shot sound First on then the second bubble is always going to be the longer sound off the same bottom. So the first wall that we see is the sound Oh, do you write this volatile? We will have a semi circle. Then we will make another semi circle. Ah, horizontal line on then overtook a line on. Then there would be a top. So this is the volatile Oh, the next level, as he said, is going to be the longer sound off the same which is, uh, to make this, we will again start with a semi circa and make another seven seconds have ah horizontal nine One word in line on this time another word Nikolai and then the top. So this becomes Oh, the next Weber is the shot e sound. And for this e sound, we will make a short vertical line Then make s I looked down on the top. This is E to make the longer sound e The structure is very similar to the previous one. So make a shot. Were ticker, Bigger ISS loop it down. But to make it different from the previous one, we will have Ah, hook on top and then the top. So this is E. The next level is the shot who solved. It's a sound who and for this we will have a semi circa. And I heard the semi circle on the door. This is who on for the longer sound It is no Big One semi circle another semi circle like a three. Make a horizontal nine and then take it down on the top. This makes it who the next letter is. Unless I used bottled This sound is called re. To draw this, we will start with a vertical line at the center off the vertical nine make a V I'm from the tip or from the center off the V make up on the top. This is Ri. This is used in very pure Hindi words. The next letter is going to be the sound e for the sound A. They even have a shot Vertical line slanted to dawn. Take another water choline and called it little on the top. This makes it a The next letter would be the longer sound of the same. So the previous sound was a So the next one is going to be, uh and for the A it is going to be again the same shot Whitaker slanted to down make a semi circle on to distinguish it to change it from the previous make a balloon string. So you see, I made a circle first and then attached it to the line on the talk that makes it a next letter is oh on to make a wall. We will start again with a semi circle Another semi sucker. Ah, horizontal nine One would tickle eyeing another word to Conine Andi again a balloon string on top on then the dog This becomes all the next sound would be the longer sound off the previous, which is all So it's a sound Oh, on to draw this week will again have a semi circle Another semi sucka. Ah, horizontal nine one would decline another word. Nikolai, On this time there are going to be to balloon strings on the top on the door. Just remember, when you make these balloons trends always put it on the last line off the letter. So this comes as all the last two sounds that we have the second to the last is the sound a nasal sound which is another I'm but this again we start with the semi cecka Another semi circa Ah, horizontal nine One word alkaline The top on on top We have a dot which makes it the nasal sound. So this becomes fun. I'm at the end If it the last letter is a breath sound. I didn't It sounds like Oh, so when we draw the it is going to be the same seven circa another semi Sekem Ah horizontal one would could the top on then they're going to be two dots on the side. So this is Oh, I read out all of them wants to you. Oh, uh e e Oh, you re okay. Okay. Oh Oh, I'm 38. Hindi Script 2 - Consonants: even know do with the continents in Hindi while doing the continent's weevil against see a pattern in Indy. I'm the pattern here is that the first consul int is always a pure sound. On the next continent is always the aspirated sound off the pure constant. So starting with the first rule, the first letter here is the sound. Go on to draw Go. We will start with a logical line from the center of the vertical line. We will start making an eight. We will not touch the nine on then have a stop a nine at the door. This is going to be go when we do continents in Hindi We always have full letters on also half letters. These hands letters are shot sounds off the continent. So when we're talking about the letter girl, then the house later off it is going to be a shot. Go sound So it's ah shot. Go on to draw this level again Have a vertical line from the center We will start making the eight but this time we will not covet. But we will only leave it as a water choline cemetery Horizontal line on the top So that's 1/2 ago. The aspirated sound off girl is going to be the next letter. Come. Come on for come. We will start with a semi circle. Make a loop down. That depends. Go down, Take the line up. Don't lift a pencil yet Get it back again as a water choline. Now with two pencil and making over on then the top line This is come to make a shot cup without in without sound There so half letter It's a shot concerned And for this cup we will only have the city circle Look down on the over in Hindi most of the times If you have a letter that has a word taken lying to make it half letter You always remove the vertical line from there So you can see that when we're doing the car. The full current letter we had overtaken lying there But when we drew the house letter we took out the water choline from there. Similarly, the turn letter is the pure sound. Go, Go! And for this we will start with a vertical line Make a circle at the bottom Another word Tick align Almost double the first on the talk. This is Go on when we do the half letter. Quick girl sound. This is going to be just a what? Taken nine on the loop at the bottom on the door. So no second vertical line. The next letter is the aspirated sound off girl which makes it huh? For making her We will start with a semi circle Another semi circle. It's like an unwatered three. Take the line up on down on the top. This is good on the shot Caller Sound This is 17 sucker. Another semi circle. No vertical line on the top. So this is the short con sound. The last letter off this rule is Were you really used in Hindi? It comes from the Sanskrit letters but not very frequently seen in Hindi. This is the sound I'm go on. When we draw the hunger, it's a shot Vertical line. Mika s make the top line on a little dot but decide for younger We generally don't have ah half letter so we don't need to know the half letter of it. So this is the first rule that we have that goes, Come Cool. Go, go, go I had the bottom. You see the half letters off these, which is the short sound that is called Go go. So very short sounds. The next starts with the letter. Chill, Andi, for chill Vivid. Start with a short horizontal line. You on then awarding line on the top. This is sure for half chill. We were just draw a horizontal on. You know what a good guy The next letter would be the aspirated sound off this that becomes Chart Onda. We start with a short vertical line. Make a semi sucker. Another semi. So cool Lying up a little bit down on the talk. This is Choe when we draw char for the shock little or the half letter since there is no vertical line that we can remove Therefore we're going to draw the whole Netto once again. So a shot What? Chicken line Big. A semi circa another seven circle. Take the line up New pit down the top on this time. Have a slant line at the bottom. So that's Chou half Chuck. The next letter is Joe. Start with a vertical line at the center of the vertical line. Make a horizontal line on a hook, then the top. This is Joe. After Joe. The full letter when we make this shot or the house letter, which is a quick job. But this sweetie, just have a short horizontal find a hook. No more to good night to do the next one, which is the aspirated sound of this. It is going to be Joe on to draw her. This would be a short what occur maker s new put down, then a short horizontal line on a vertical line. And then the talk. This is Joe on for the shot. Chuck, we do not remove just the vertical line from there. We need to re do the whole letter, so we draw it once again. So a shot Vertical maker s get the loop down a short horizontal. What could the top line and now this time a slanting lying at the bottom. So that's half chub. The last letter here is you on this. Like the previous rule, we saw the last letter which is not very frequently used. Very, very, really used, as he said it is. This letter is also the same. But we will see how we draw this. So there's a vertical line here. Make a short horizontal line and then make a semi circle. That's you. We need not learn the half letter off it. So this road goes as Joe True, Joe. Uh, you and the shot sounds would be Jo Jo. The third jewel is called the retro flecks of room. This means that when they speak these sons, then the tip off the tongue touches the upper palate. These sounds are also called the hard Sons. So when we do the first letter here, this is the sound. Don't no for making this. We will start with a short vertical line on a semi suck. So this is still for the half. Don't we will draw the same. Some forbid funds again because there's no way ticket line there. So it's going to be a short vertical line on the semi circle the top on this time a slanting lying at the bottom. So that's a quick one. The next aspiration here is going to be, huh? Andi tuh, We start with a short vertical and this time make a complete circle on the top. That's tongue for the quick letter, we will meet the little once again Short vertical line A complete circa the top on a slanting line at the bottom. The turn letter here is go to start dough We will have a shot would occur on the ISS. Then the top go for short. Good sound Droit Once again, a short Whitaker made the s job. I'm just a slanting nine. The next one is duh on for Dom start with a short vertical line Onda six. Then the talk for the shot sound or the half sound. Tom, this is going to be a short Whitaker. Make the six on the top And then there's a slanting lying at the bottom. So that's tough. A quick one. The next one is No. It's like I know the simple no sound. But when you speak it, then the tongue has to go up. It has to touch the upper side of the Mount. So that's a no on to make this, We could have Ah, you and then a logical line on the top on for the house. You know, this is just to you that you make with the dog. Know what tonight? So the letters here are go, Tom doh. Uh huh. You know, for half we see don't tough dough dough? No, the full true in Hindi is called the dental room. When I would be writing the Roman letters, you will see that the third row on the fourth row look wearing alike. But while I speak them, they're very different because, as I said, the turd row is the hard sounds. Whereas the full true the dental are very soft sounds. When we speak the dental rule, the letters in the dental, the tip off the tongue will always be touching the upper teeth at the back. So it they're going to be pushing the upper teeth at the back. Andi, they make away soft sound. So the first letter here is so no, make a would take a line. I had the center make a horizontal and Covic down on the top. This is so and for the house, it is just a horizontal and covert down on the tall no article line. So that's no the next one. The aspirated off it is, huh? No, this is huh? We start with a small circle. We can in worded s take the line up and bring it down. And it all So this looks like a coiled snake on the later is, huh? For the shot concerned, we will only have the small soca on the inverted s on the door. Oh, the next letter. This is the make a shot. What a good line. Make the six once again. But this time get the loop dumb on the top. That's the on the shot the we will Jordan and forbid once again. So there's going to be a shot. Whitaker six Look down the top on a slanting line. So this was the half the The next letter here is no no on for, huh? We against art with a small circle. Make one semi soca Another semi soca lying up I don't and then the talk. But see the top this time is not continuous, but it's a little broken. So that's your No on the house Does sound is going to be just a small circle once in the circle another seven seconds on the top. No political life. The next letter is no the simple no. Start with a small circle and make a horizontal line and then lift a pencil on make a vertical I on the door. This is no. And for a shot, no sound. They will only have the small circle on the horizontal line. Know what to do. Like again. So the letters here, the dental sound letters are the huh? The, uh no. On the half letters are Uh huh. The, uh No, this is the lance. True off five letters each. So if you notice that all the previous rose that we did all hand find letters in them. So in Hindi, when we do the continents, there are the 1st 5 rows with find letters each. So we're doing the last row with the five meters. The first letter here is both. Oh, start with you. Andi, Don't live the pencil. Get the line down on the top. This is well for the shot or the half. But sound. There is only a city sucker Onda at all Know what a good night that is. Half book. The next letter is the aspirated sound that is, huh? Poem make a would take a line. Another word. Alkaline. Ah, horizontal nine. Get it down on the top. That's huh? The shot whole sound is just a water, Kaline, Another shot. Vertical line on the horizontal line. We don't go over and get down on the door. This is half, huh? So that's a shot. Hunt Sound that is there. The next letter is but well, make a vertical line on I descend. Toe, make a sucker. Andi got the sucker from the top, left to the right, Water on the top There this is the house. But sound is just acerca with the cut there. That's but the shot sound for the next letter. Which is the aspirated sound off the previous one bull he's huh? Huh? Start with a small circle. A shot horizontal line. Make a would decline Another little soaker. Another horizontal nine. Lift your pencil and make a water. Kaline, I'm then the talk. The top here is not a continuous toe. There is a little gap here. And this is what is for the shot. Well summed. We will not have the vertical line that we drew at the end. So it is a small circum shot. Horizontal. What did you do? Another small circle. A short horizontal on. Know what a good line. That's half the next letter is Mom. Mom, start with a little water. Kaline, make a little circle on a horizontal line. Lift the pencil on. Make a war tickle line on the top. This is Mom. Mom, I'm for the shot. More sound. We will start with the word killer line. Make a little circle on the horizontal line on the talk. No vertical line and on the end. So that's a short mom. So the letters in the last rule or fine letters is Bob, huh? Uh huh. Mom And the half sounds are well, but, uh, Mom, After the 1st 5 rules off fine letters each, the next two wars have four letters in them. The first letter off this rule is the sound. Yeah, yeah. Stop with on in wooded ISS. Take the nine up on. Bring it down on the door. This is you for the house letter? Yep. Just make the invited s on the top. No water line. The next letter is Joe. Start with a semi soca, make a loop on bring lying down. It looks way similar to a to So this is well, the shot rural letter. We even have to draw the complete, literal, with a semi circle Luke down and the tall And then there's going to be a slanting line at the bottom. So this is the half. The next letter is No, no. Make a logical line at the center of the vertical line. Make once in the circle upside down Another semi circle Upside down on the door. This is no for the shot. No, just have one semi circle Another semi circle upside down. Know what line this is? The huff. No, the next letter is two. Drove all We will start with a what? Alkaline and from the center making over. I'm the door. This is the on for the half letter. We just have the over without the vertical line. So the letters in this rogo as year Asia No, the on behalf letters are Yeah, je ne in the next room. The first letter is sure Sure. We will start with a little circle, make a semi circle on get to look down, Onda Elliptical lying over there on the top. This is sure for half show. This is going to be just a small circle. A semi circle Look down on the top but nowhere to Kaline. The next letter is also sure, but this sure is very rarely used in very pure in the woods. On To draw this, we will make you lying up on dumb. Then leave again. Have a slanting nine. So the top left to the right bottom on the horizontal line, this is sure were making the house. Sure, they only have a same circle on. And the cut off this long line on the top. So there is no what a good line the next letter is. So start with a se circle on the loop down make a horizontal nine. Find a logical line on the top. This is so with 1/2. So this is going to be a serie circa Luke down on a short horizontal line on the top. So this is house. So the last letter here is huh? Who? Start with a shot. Vertical line. Make a semi soca little look down. Don't lift the pencil. Make another semi second on the talk. This is huh? On when we have to draw the house letter, we will again have to have the full letter. Huh? Because there's no vertical line there. So we will start with a shot. What occur? Semi sucka. Loop it a little down. Make another semi soca the top here on then the slanting line at the bottom. So the letters here are so sure So huh? And the shot sounds or half sounds are show shirts, huh? This here is the last roll off the confidence. Andi, In this rule, we have three continents which are compound letters. When I say compound letters, I mean that these letters have to sounds in them. So the first letter that we have is the sound. Sure, sure, there's a little key on the show. So that's a compound little. Sure. Start with a logical line from one. Sort off the line. Make a little horizontal nine and then make a circle. Then make a semi circle on. Get the loop down on the top. This is sure when you do the half She this year would not have the vertical line. So just start with a little horizontal Nine sucker semi circle on Blue Dome. Know what you can line there? The next one is so so. It has a NATO the on road together. So it becomes. Start with a word ticket line on at the center. Just make a V on the job. This is, uh, for the house Through sound. This is just going to be the V. No article. I This was half through on the lance later. Here is give. Yeah, make a logical line from the center. Ah, Horizon's two. Make a hook and then get the loop down on the talk. This is Gil on for the house. Thank you. Just make ah, horizontal nine. Look and look down. There is no what? Conine there. So the letters here are show Joe Gil on behalf. Letters are sure give 39. Hindi Script 3 - Making 2 & 3 Letter Words: Now let's have a look at the two letter three letter and four letter words in India to begin bid the two letter words the first would here is so when you read it, the first letter is a go The 2nd 1 that so le on. When you speak it together, then we always drop the oh, from the last letter on Gwen speaking. We would not say color, but we would always say go. So we dropped the last and it becomes gun. So though last letter is a very short sound So we say on Come in Hindi. This is tomorrow. If you remember when we said Carl Malinga which is see you tomorrow. Our next letter is so the first letter here is available, which is the long wall of sound. Uh, I'm the second letter that so sure I'm again when we speak this We removed the last all sound. So when spoken together this letter cause as this would goes us AJ on AJ, this is did he for our next later it is going to be on the foot. The next would here is going to be so. The first letter here is a go on the next letter. That's Ah, Joe. Once again, we move the Oh, sound there, Andi. Together, this vote is spoken as cut, which is a masculine now meaning house. So the woods, you are done, AJ Cuddy. Next, He'll me see some three letter words. So our first word is the first letter here is a mom. The next is a still on the last. Later is a joke on again. Then we are going to speak it the last sound. Oh, we're not going to speak that very emphatically. So it is not going to be my terror. But we will think Will's skip this sound so together when we say this would it is going to be mustache McDonough or much. That's a masculine bird. Which means he's the green beast, the vegetable. Our next letter here, or our next word. Here is the first letter. Bingo. Well, the next one that's a huh On the last one is a no. Again, we have to remove this last sound. But here one more thing that we need to remember is that when you have the letter home come in a good, then this, huh? If the letter before it does not have a volatile with it. I'm not talking with the other sound or here is not concert as a wobble. I mean, when there's an extra what will attached so like a long are sound or e sound or als sound. So when you don't have any off these sounds extra sounds, then the huh becomes a longer sound. So when you're going to speak this, you will not say it as behind. But this comes as behind him on being this wood is a feminine noun. That means sister. So when we pronounce it, it goes as Behanan, which is sister. Another example here that you would see is the next would where our first letter. That's ah sure. The second letter again is a home. The time letter is a drill off course we skip or we pick out this last up. But since we do have the heart sound again therefore this board will be spoken as she here We do not say it as sure though it is written as sure but we will always speak it as share on. That's a muscular No, which means city. So the woods here are my dad. Begin. She 40. Hindi Script 4 - Matras (Vowel Symbols): Let's see how we attach the volatiles to the continents in Hindi When we attach these volatiles to the continent's These in Hindi are called mantra mantra. When we speak about the Matra, this is nothing else but the continent's last violence. So what happens to the continent sounds when it has a wobble attached to it? Just look at the first volume sound So the first warmer that he had waas the volatile Oh on you know, when you drew this it was a semi circle Another semi so cool A shot horizontal on one vertical line with the top This oh does not have a Matara to it. Matra is nothing else but just a short hand sign to the varmints So does not have a shot hand sign because we saw that in all our full letters we already have the o attached So oh does not have a Matra. So if I take my false later Cool. This already has a sound to it, so it does not have a shorthand sign there. So when we talk about the would go the wood here that we have is no gun ID God, you know that means tomorrow so it does not have a month to it. The next Babu is the long are sound on For this all we make once any sucker Another semi so coo Ah, horizontal nine one vertical on another word on for this the shorthand sign is a what? A good line after the continent Which means that if my constant is a girl I'm going to draw a logical line after the continent which makes it a long are sound that becomes calm. So if I have the wood go on a mom along with night which is com it's a masculine noun. Come, that means work. The next one here is a shot e on a We start this with short What line? Mika iss loop it down on the top on When we do this, we will have a water line on an arch before the continent. So if I have the continent girl, I'm going to have a vertical line before the continent and making arch on top. This becomes the sound key. So with this key, we have the wood Keep job, get a job which is a feminine gnome. Get Tom meaning book on the next one is a long sound which was a shot Vertical s Luke down Onda who control on for this? There's going to be an arch on new article line after the confident. So if I have the girl on the arch analytical line afterwards, this makes it a long you. That's key on. This key is a proposition in Hindi, which means off with the ski. Here is a proposition off. So you see that Oh does not have a Matra or a shorthand. So this is just a gun. Ah has a vertical line after the continent, which makes it sound like a car. The wood is come that's a vertical line and an arch before the continent. It's a key shot sound, which is used for the would get ob book on the Long E Sound. It's an arch and a vertical line after the continent, so you have key, which means off our next water. Here is the sound who, which is a semi soca on another semi circle on the top. When we draw it as a shorthand, it is always going to be a little circle on a semi so cool to the left side after the continent, which is under the continent. Sorry, not after under the continent. So if I have the same continent go, I make a little soka on the semi circle to the left side, and this is going to sound like a who I'm when I make a vote with it. It is good. Ah, Hostile. Ah, flu. Oh, with a vertical line which makes it our So this becomes good though. Good on. This is a masculine known, Which means dog. The next one is a long, volatile sound. Mm, which is a go long who sound even make a semi circle Another semi circle. Have a horizontal line. Loop it down on the top. This is like a whom sound on again under the continent. We're going to have a little circle. I'm get the line to the right side. This is whom. So if I have, the better go under it. I'm going to have a little circle on the line down. This makes it disowned. Who? Andi. For this, my would is the no who now it's of orb in Indy, which is cool. Now that means jump. Well, you know the nest bone is really on re is a very, very pure Hindi volatile. We do not see it wearing commonly. It is used in very pure in the woods. When he drew this, it is going to be awarded nine at the center of the line. Make me then from the center of that off the point makeup e kind of structure on the top This is re on. This three also comes under the continent on It's like a Siniscalco or a C which comes under this continent. So the little girl I'm under it make a little sea That makes it the sound clean clean on the road here that we have is CPL clip here grippy are in Hindi is used for the good Please clip here. Our next volatile sound is a E. It's a sound e which we can also draw as we can also use it as e. On. When we draw this, it is going to be awarded line, slanted down, make a little semi circle on the top. This is a and for the shorthand, it is going to be a little circle on a string on top off the continent. So when I have the continent, girl. I'm going to have a little circle on the string on top off the constant That makes it the sound. So this is key on the wood that we can use with that is the law. Okay, love, which is a masculine known That means banana. The fruit I'm next bottle is going to be the sound A on this is again a what? Slant down. Make us a circle on a this time on the A. We will have a little circle on the string. And this is a when we do it as a short hand, there are going to be two off these circled strings on top off the letter or the continent . So if my constant just go on top of it, I'm going to have to off these trees on this is the sound A which makes it. Okay, so I have Ah, go. Two strings on top. Okay, then it It's so on a vertical line after that, which makes it the wood. Here's some which is how our question would help, I guess Some So here we have the first vulva. Some, which is who that makes it makes the confident cool. And the word is good. The next one is long. The constant changes to who on the word is good now to jump. The next 12 is Marie. We have a little see under the continent, which makes it till creep. So the word is clip your please. My next phone is a There's a string on top off the continent, which gives it a sound. Okay. The wood is Kayla, but not know on the next one is a A with two strings on top off the continent, giving it the sound. Okay, so the wood is Guess some Oh, our next one is the sound. Oh, which is one semi circle. Another semi circle horizontal nine. One would come. Another water good on a string on top. This is all for the shot hand. We will only have the vertical line on the street, Montel. So when we do it with the continent, we will first fried the continent. Go After that, we would make the water line with the stream. Long tall. That makes it toe Who? Andi, The wood that we have with cool is we? That means somebody or someone going the next one. Here is the song Oh, a semi so cool Another semi circle holy song too one would go Another word occurred on a shoestring Santo for the shorthand make a water Conine on two strings up there This is the sound all So when we attach it to the go, it's a logical line on two strings up which gives it the sound. Oh, the whole foot. This is on horn, which is the question would my next one is the knees a sound on make a semi circle Another semi soca Ah, horizontal nine one would taken nine on. But don't on top. This is a new for the shot hand. It is just going to be a dot on top off the continent. So if I have the word if I have the letter go on top of the girl that is going to be a don't which is going to sound like oh gun. It's a nasal sound gun sound. So the would heal that we will have is a come she going he on he It's a feminine known which means go come give that means school on our last volume is a sound Oh, it's a breath sound, huh? For which we will again have a semi circle. Another semi circle. Ah, horizontal nine. One word occur on the top and they're going to be two dots at the sign. When you draw it as a short time, it is again going to be two dots at the site of the continent. So if I have the letter girl, I will have two dots on decided vehicle which gives it the sound. Go on. This is used in very, very pure Hindi woods, generally arriving from sounds script. So we generally don't have words like these which are used in common Hindi. So I just repeat the ones here. So the 1st 1 was all sound which made our continent sounds like a cool. And the word that he had is we someone The next one is a all with two strings on top off a vertical line. So we draw the continent on, have a vertical line and two streets on top that gives it the sound. Oh, and the wood is corn. Who the next one is amazing sound on with a girl a dot on top off it gets it needs a sound come and the wood is gunky home And the last is the aspirated, volatile sound which is a o sound when it comes with the girl. There are two dots at the side on this becomes go. 41. Practice Speaking 2 Letter Words: So decile. Decile. No. Good. Jordan. Gender. 42. Practice Speaking 3 Letter Words: Now, you know, you've got then God, then Shechem. No. By ten. By ten. So the first thing no. So by luck, my dad my dad. So Saturday. Saturday. 43. Practice Matra (Vowel Symbol): Ah, awesome. John. Gone. 44. Hindi Script 5 - Conjunct Letters Rules & Practice: But no mistake. Not get an in a nutshell. That D has done good. 45. Conversation Scenarios - Placing Order at Restaurant: I must stay up Catcher here, would you mean you did you g elegy? May apco parchment it, Bob Bullock A job by your orderly. Do you better, you Eggo? It might happen here. Or rooty Don't get me palaces. Doughty panic is had been equally quisling. Eight Lissy or some seeming Mitch comes here. Lisi LSE or a PCA Khanna? Yeah, okay. Yes, a lot or a John. Hey, Muji Nature here! Yes, three Here, T k or you have keep on et bottle Shukria upgrades or linking. Gina, He busy? Go lead you rubella g. You cannot get Szeliga. I chose to. Here you go. Zero shukria. 46. Conversation Scenarios - At a Store: What? You're good teacher here, you led. Yeah, but, hey, which each were catcher? Take a year. Did you get make ahead. So, Brubaker, yet Omega Hey, which is a such I hear Boo Patasse. Rebecca head. Yeah, I get jihad. Yeah. Bill Dundee. Bob? Yeah, a panicky bootle. Deduct a, huh? Licking bunnies. Other turned down here. We brought me here. Don't go tell DJ ck or good. Yeah, keep us peanut butter. Gina. He Yeah, admittedly among us. Oh, Michael the septum. Shukria, make a long shukria. 47. Conversation Scenarios - Doctor & Patient: But you have cooperation Media, the crab or Tora Abukar. Hey, Glenn Didn't see Don't Didn't say Yeah, I'm bearish. Maybe goody jihad. Yeah, up Proton P Le Greggy G champ UCLA grow here. No, he Buchner! He lived here. Yeah, up K Hot Medard, huh? Hot permit or comical? Be still. Maybe there t k yet the Indian kid. Dev, I need you. Exubera, Orrick Sham cook I or Doctor Sahab be neighborly Deva you got me or thinned and bade Papa sticky They never doctors are Didn't you want?