Korean for Complete Beginners | Jay | Skillshare

Playback Speed

  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x

Korean for Complete Beginners

teacher avatar Jay

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      SECTION 1: Introduction to Hangul


    • 3.

      Simple Vowels 1


    • 4.

      Simple Vowels 2


    • 5.

      Simple Consonants


    • 6.

      Double Consonants


    • 7.

      Aspirated Consonants


    • 8.

      Compound Vowels


    • 9.

      Final Consonants 1


    • 10.

      Final Consonants 2


    • 11.

      SECTION 2: Technical Terms


    • 12.

      Sentence Structure


    • 13.

      First Conjugation


    • 14.

      First Particle 1


    • 15.

      Application Lesson


    • 16.

      "I'm not..."


    • 17.

      "I watch television."


    • 18.

      "I like fruits and vegetable."


    • 19.

      Particle Party


    • 20.

      Moving Forward


  • --
  • Beginner level
  • Intermediate level
  • Advanced level
  • All levels

Community Generated

The level is determined by a majority opinion of students who have reviewed this class. The teacher's recommendation is shown until at least 5 student responses are collected.





About This Class

If you have been wanting to learn Korean but have no idea where to start, then this course is the PERFECT place to begin with.

This course is for COMPLETE BEGINNERS of Korean so if you haven't learnt how to read 한글 and want to start learning how to form your own Korean sentences, then this course is for you!

During this course, you will start learning Korean FROM SCRATCH.

1. You will first learn the Korean alphabets called Hangul.
2. After that, you will learn Korean sentence structure and grammar.
3. Along the way, you will be exposed to new Korean words too.
4. At the end of the course, I will even teach you some tips and tricks and give you MORE resources so you can continue learning on your own!

Also, students will be taught Korean the PROPER way. Many Korean language courses focus too much on getting results fast but ignore the importance of getting the fundamentals right. They use too many English-centric tricks to help students remember Korean concepts, which can seriously mess up the students' fundamental understanding of the subject. Expect to learn the real fundamentals of Korean so that these skills can help you continue learning Korean on your own in the future. No hippie style teaching or English-centric tricks here; just genuine and professional Korean education.

If you are ready to learn, go ahead and enroll now!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image


Level: Beginner

Class Ratings

Expectations Met?
  • 0%
  • Yes
  • 0%
  • Somewhat
  • 0%
  • Not really
  • 0%

Why Join Skillshare?

Take award-winning Skillshare Original Classes

Each class has short lessons, hands-on projects

Your membership supports Skillshare teachers

Learn From Anywhere

Take classes on the go with the Skillshare app. Stream or download to watch on the plane, the subway, or wherever you learn best.


1. Introduction: Hello everyone, welcome to my course. I'm your instructor, Jay. Now before I dive into the main content of this course, there are certain things that I want to address or to introduce to you with regards to this course, I'm sure you guys have heard of this thing before. I don't give a man a fish, teach him how to fish instead. And this is really the essence and the heartbeat of this course. I want to teach all of you the right skills so that in the future, if you decide to continue learning Korean, you guys will be able to find the right materials and picking up new vocabulary words or grammar will be easy as well. So, whom is this course for? Number 1? This course is for beginner learners of Korean. Now, when I talk about beginner learners of Korean and talking about people who don't know Korean at all. And of course, this is also a cause for learners who want to learn Korean, the systematic way, the real fundamental way, no nonsense. We'll Korean teaching. All that being said, I hope that all of you are ready to go on this journey with me. It's not going to be easy. It's not going to be short. But I can tell you it's going to be worth it at any point of time. If you have any questions during the course, please feel free to drop me a message through the website and I will do my best to answer all your questions if you're ready, I'll see you in the next lecture. 2. SECTION 1: Introduction to Hangul: Hello everyone, My name is Jay. For this lecture, I'll be giving you a brief introduction of what a hunger is. Now, Hangul is basically the Korean alphabet, just like when we learn English, we learned ABC. If we want to learn Korean, it is very important to get your hunger and write your ABC's right. Hunger was created by king's head on in 1443. Before hunger was even invented, Korean was actually written in Chinese characters, which were extremely difficult for people to learn. So therefore King said and created a hunger. So they Koreans will be able to learn and write down their thoughts easily. Now look at these query words over here. You can read them as hunger. These English represent the actions of each coin character is called Romanization. Do take note that for this course, there will be very minimal Romanization. That is because there are certain sounds and hunger that difficult to represent using English words or letters. In fact, this is the only slight in the whole course that will contain Romanization. So just bear that in mind. In Hangul, they are 21 vowels and consonants. I've designed this course in such a way that learning will be progressive. We will start learning the easier characters first, and then we'll move on to learn the harder characters. Once you've gone through the whole course, you should be able to read, right? Listen, and say Korean characters per efficiently and accurately. In fact, they are writing exercises for you to do during this course. I highly recommend all of you to do these writing exercises diligently, because these exercises will help you to remember these characters better. With that being said, let me teach you the first about hunger in Korean, each Korean character is a syllabic block, meaning to say, if I have three Korean characters over here, each character will produce one sound, just like how English words have syllables in this example over here, since there are three Korean characters, you should expect to hear three distinct sounds. In fact, this example here is read as banana. Banana par. Now, now, three syllables to start off, our learning of Hangul is important to know how to write a character. In order to write a Korean character, each character should have at least a consonant and a vowel. Here are two examples of two chlorine characters, but I'm sure you can see a difference in both characters. In example one, you notice that the continent is on the left side, while the vowel is under right side. In example number 2, you notice that a continent is on top and the vowel is at the bottom. I need all of you to know that in order to write a Korean character, you can either write it in a left-right orientation or a top-down orientation. In fact, in order to determine whether a character should be in left, right orientation or a top-down orientation, we need to look at the vowel. Notice that in example 1, the vowel is this symbol over here. Notice that there is a main stem to the symbol over here. And the main stem over here is a vertical mean stem. And since the main stem is vertical, it should be written in the left, right orientation. In fact, I'm going to show you other vowels with a vertical mean stem. These are other vowels that you'll get to learn in the next few lectures. But I want you to notice that for all of these vowels, they all have a vertical main stem. Vertical means stem. Vertical mean stem, vertical main stem, and another vertical mean stem. So since these vowels have vertical means stamps, I should write characters containing these vowels in left, right orientation. However, if you take a look at example 2, you'll notice that the vowel has a horizontal mean stem. And since the vowel has a horizontal means, then you will have to write the character in a top-down orientation. In fact, I'm going to show you the other vowels with horizontal mean stamps. Take a look at all these vowels here. All these valves, they have one main stroke or one main stem, that is Horizontal, Horizontal, Horizontal, horizontal, horizontal, and horizontal. And because these vowels are horizontal, you have to write in a top-down orientation. Now I've also mentioned just now that each Korean character must have a consonant and eval. Take a look at examples 1 and 2. The symbols in the red area are vowels, but I'm sure you can see the circle in the blue areas, right? A circle in hunger is N empty continent, meaning to say that this continent has no sound at all. In fact, the empty consonant is silent. I want you to keep this empty continent in mind because we will use this very much in the next lecture. I hope all of you, I'm excited to go on this journey with me from the next lecture onwards, you will be learning all the vowels and all the continents of the Korean language. I will see you in the next lecture. 3. Simple Vowels 1: Hello everyone, Welcome to simple vowels, one. In this lecture, you will be learning six different simple vowels. And of course, you guys will also get a chance to learn how to write a simple carried character and which I will teach you how. Okay, so let's start. As you can see from these six files, you can see a main stem. Let me just highlight that means that this is like the main stem. It's a vertical mean stamp. This is a vertical main stem as well. All right, three vowels with vertigo mean stamps, and 3. Balls with horizontal means stems. Now why is this important? Now if you remember from the previous lecture, I mentioned that for a Korean character to be valid, it has to have a consonant no matter what they are over here. These are just vowels without consonants. Okay, So based on the orientation of the main stem, you guys will have to learn how or where to draw the continent. Now, to start off, we're going to learn one simple continent. In this continent is what we call the empty continent. Basically it has no sound at all. That's why it's called empty continent. So if you were to put this continent together with a vowel, you'll be able to hear the real sound of the vowel. Okay, So remember this empty continent, this circle is a consonant with those sounds, it's completely silent. Okay, so right here we have a simple vowel. And if we write together with an empty continent, we should get something like this. Now if you remember from the previous lecture, I introduced to you two ways of writing Korean characters. It's either left or right or top-down. And in this case, if you take a look at your vowel, the main step is a vertical step. And since it is a vertical stamp, you will have to write a left-right orientation. So you can see over here, left side, we have your empty consonant. It on your right side. You have your simple vowel. And since, once again, you're empty continent, it's silent. You do not have to read the empty console and let's move on to introduce the different supervisors to you. So this is our first simple vowel. Let's add our empty consonant to this simple vowel and you get something like this. Once again, left side is your consonant, right side is your bowel. This character is pronounced S. Are very simple. It's just like, you know, somebody hurt you are I mean, yeah, that's usually not how people react, but yes. Now I encourage all of you to remember the character's SDR. Try it up to relieve any English words or English letters to each character of each vowel consonant because it may confuse you even more and it affects your pronunciation. So just remember each character, each vowel, consonant, SDR, according to the sounds. This character, once again, it's K. Let me just show you how to write it. First. You have to draw the sled. And this is how you write this character. Already start from the left to the right or more time. Left. Empty carbs in it. And your bow. All right, Let's move on. Now we'll take a look at your vowel, okay, to determine whether it's left-right, top-down, always look at your vowel if it's vertical, mean stamp, you have to write it left, right, k. So your left side is going to be empty consonant, followed by your vow. 8. Let me just review it for you. There it is. And d consonant, vowel a, and this character has pronounced S, E, E, E, right? Like, you know, famous Running Man actor Guangzhou. We usually call him league on su, right? But actually it's name is just e. E, e, e il me. Show you how to write this character. Who left side. Then your VOD. This character here, together with your empty called SMED, analyze the vowel. This file has vertigo mean step, so it's going to be a left, right configuration. Left side. You can draw your multi-Cloud scenario. And then you will have to prove all. This is how you draw this character. Let's see, looks like this. Upside of decarboxylate. Right side, your fall. This vowel is pronounced as or. Are. All. Okay, Now, later on you're going to hear another simple wow, that sounds really similar to this one, but I do not want you to be confused, but just know to pronounce this character, you have to open your mouth a little bigger, or, or, or, or. Let's learn how to write this character over here. Left to right to left to right. By vertical stroke. Notice here we're going to move on to another set of simple vowels. And this set of simple vowels, s, a horizontal main stem, as you can see here, this is a horizontal means stem. Now how are you going to write this together with your empty continent? Since this is a horizontal mean stem, you will have to write it top-down, Top-down. But the top is going to be your hands so that always remember consonants. First. Consonants come first. To your empty continent. You gotta write it on top. All right, top-down, left to right. And this character has pronounced deaths, or, or, or. Now, how is this character that we're learning right now different from the previous character that we will learn in this character when we pronounce or the opening of your mouth S to be slightly smaller compared to when you pronounce this character. Or. And you tend to open up your jaw a little bit more for this character or, or Our or a. So remember for this one, it mouth cavity, you have to shrink your mouth cavity a little bit, reduce the space and second mouth. And at the same time also the opening of your mouth should be slightly smaller, or Vs, or open up a little bit for this character over here or the right. Now let's learn how to write, or they'll start with your empty consonant, top-down, a top, left to right. That's how you write this character. Or let's move on. Now over here, very simple, single stroke, but this is a horizontal stroke. The horizontal means stamp. When you write together with your empty continent, and it's horizontal, it's going to be top-down. Up being your first empty consonant. That's going to look something like this. Top-down first thing that you see should be your continent. This vowel is pronounced S, Ooh. Ooh, ooh. Thank you, discussed it. Notice that it's kind of difficult to relate this to a combination of English letters, right? That's the reason why I asked all of you to go through this course without any Romanization. That's why I'm not providing any English letters or or equivalents for you guys so that you guys were not pronounce it wrongly or tried to relate already. Think about each character. You will not think about the English Romanization first, the first thing you think of this, the cell. All right, let's learn how to draw this character. So top-down, same thing, top-down. And the consonant first, left to right. So same thing. Main stem is your horizontal main stem together with your empty consonant, top-down. So this character will look something like this. Empty cards and on the top and the bottom with a mainstem, your horizontal main stem. Simple. This character is pronounced des. Ooh, ooh, ooh. Let's let our director character over here. Okay, the consonant top-down, horizontal stroke. That's below this, your final stroke. Top-down. Right? Once again, this character is ooh. Okay, so I hope you guys can remember the six simple vowels that we have learned that we're going to show you a Korean character in the middle discrete unit. All you need to do is try to pronounce that character at home wherever you are. If it's inconvenient, just strata recited the head. Or if you're at home, I encourage you to recite it out loud. Let's look at the first character. What is this character? This character is pronounced, there's hope you got the right mix character. What is this character? This character is pronounced des. Ooh. Ooh. Okay, let's move on about this one. Alright, this character is pronounced S, R, R. R. Remember for this character you have to open your mouth a little bit more, open up your mouth cavity, a bit more space. And also the opening of the mouth has to be lightly because well, are, are. Okay, Let's move on. How about this one? This character is pronounced S, E, E, E. Because that right, Let's move on about this one. This character is pronounced des, are moving on. The last one. Finally, this last row, or last character that we see here. It's pronounced S or, or, or. All right, I hope you guys got everything correct. So let's do a quick review. The, all these six simple vowels. I hope you guys will get familiar with each and everyone of them are 0s, are all. Uw. Now I also encourage all of you to do some writing practice for each character. Pick a piece of paper. Let's just see it as a piece of paper over here and just write each character a few times, you know, like scholarly few times like the K and E while you're writing it. Sounded out to yourself like this character is e, e, e, or, or, or like this. And hopefully by doing such practice, you guys will be familiar with how it looks like, how you write it. Of course, how it sounds like. This is a very important exercise for all of you to do if you really, really want to be familiar with Hangul. When I was learning how to build this was what I did. I'll be uploading some PDF materials for you guys to print out. And you guys can use these PDF materials to practice and to do some writing as well. Okay, I encourage all of you to print those out. And yeah, I'll see you in the next lecture. 4. Simple Vowels 2: All right, So welcome to simple vowels. To welcome to this lecture. For this lecture we'll be learning force and blue vowels. And in fact, these fossil vowels are very simple because they will be based on some of the simple vowels that we have learned in the previous lecture. Okay, so let me just move it in Nick's like Let's put the empty continents together with these forcible files and let's take a look how they look like. Now let me show you four of the simple vowels that we've learned before. Okay, let's go through the four simple vowels that we've learned before. Are. Or. Now why am I bringing these four simple vowels? Because these four simple vowels, as you can see, the only difference between this row and this row over here is that d of n extra line compared to the bottom row over here. Right? So how do you read the simple vowels? Very simple. All you need to do is to add a y sound to the original four simple vowels that you've learned before. It Let's go through one by one. Okay, So this is a vertical stem together empty continent or left, right orientation with your empty continent and left and then your simple vowel. This is pronounce this, ja. Ja. Compare this with your previous simple violin before. This is pronounced S sub k. This is also good refrigerant. Yet a y sound. Yeah. You know, when sometimes you watch dramas and people get angry. Yeah. They shot a fever like that though and it is something Yeah. That's right. It okay. So starting from the left, you're empty continent that your vertical stroke. Top down, left, right, up, down. Sorry, write it a few times if you can. Blank piece of paper as practice. Let's move on. Okay, So this one, but it can mean stem together with your empty continents or left right orientation since it's a vertical means stamp, it, put your empty continent first. It compare this with this previous character development before. We had a y sound to it with the extra stroke comes ya, ya. Taylor's linear right, it left to right, top-down. And then your stroke like this. Ya moving on. All right, how about this one? So main stem is horizontal mean stem together with your empty continent. So since it's horizontal, top-down, it up, down with the top being your empty continent like this. Now, compare this with your previous character they've learned before. There's pronounce S or y sound to it becomes your, your ear. Whenever we say annyeonghaseyo, there's the year that we add B8, annyeonghaseyo. Here, let's write it down. Versus your empty continent. Then left to right. Okay, Just remember, I had a top-down first, then left, right or left, right first and top-down it always goes into sequence k. Let's move on. Okay, horizontal mean stem with your empty continent. So since it's horizontal, top-down, with the top being your empty cards, and then it should look something like this. Now, compare this with your previous character they've learned before. This character here is pronounced S. Ooh. I hope can't remember it. Who does is very good revision for your previous lecture. Ooh. And the y sound to this everyday extra stroke becomes u. U. And I'm sure you know who you are as obvious, right? Yep. This is his surname. You Let's learn right it top-down versus empty continental left to right. Okay, daughter strongly after a stroke, I write first the one on the right and one on the left, of course is left, right now, so this one, then this one, you write, it's dead simple device. Let's see if you can remember. How do you pronounce this? But this one, you're you're moving on. How well this one is this pronounce S, ER. Er, hear the sound difference between the previous one and this one. Previous one was and this is ya. Okay. Moving on. Well, this one over this one. You, you, and you pronounce this character here. All are doing well. With this one. I love this character. E, e, e, k. How do you pronounce this character then? Yeah. And how about this one? How do you pronounce this character over here? Notice that this character here is simply just the previous one without the y sound. This is yeah. And this is all right, so we have learned all this involves k if let all the simple vowels that we are supposed to learn and we're gonna move on to more advanced characters. They'll be guys can remember these four characters. Yeah, yo, yo, u. And I tried to make it simpler for you guys by relating it to the previous simple vowels that you've learned before. And I hope it was useful. I hope you guys are progressing well and I'll see you guys in the next lecture. 5. Simple Consonants: Okay, Hello everyone. Welcome to symbol consonants. So we are done with simple vowels and we're going to move on to simple consonants and continents. They give the starting sound to each syllable. I want you to be very familiar with these continents because later on we're going to learn even more consonants. But these continents are actually based on the simple continents. When we reach those lectures, you'll get what I mean. Okay, let's do a recap on how you write Korean characters. As I've mentioned before, when we write Korean characters, it's either left or right or top-down. Okay, these two orientations are the most basic orientations they need to know. But as we move on, you'll learn other orientations as well. But we will leave that to later lectures. All right, let's look at this diagram over here. So your blue area is where you put a consonant and you red area is where you put your vowel, right? In the same way for the top-down orientation, the blue area is where you put your continent and your red areas where you put your vowel. And since we are going to learn consonants, let me just flash all the consonants that we're going to learn today. Now, all these continents, where do they belong? They belong in your blue section, basically here, a here, and here. So later on when I introduce each continent to you all, you guys will learn how to write each character, both in the left-right orientation and also in the top-down orientation. As a very quick example, I'm just going to remove the empty continent here. I'm going to just put this consonant into its respective places. If you are the right, this consonant here, for a left, right orientation, you have to draw it like this. Okay? And for this one, you have to write it like this. It is a slight curvature to it. I'm going to leave the details later on. But for each continent, Just remember, I'm going to teach you how to write each character in the left-right orientation and also the top-down orientation. Okay, so we're gonna start with our first simple consonant. But before I introduce how it sounds like, Let's add a vowel to it. So this continent, together with your simple vowel over here, mainstem, vertical mean stemmer. So it's going to be left-right orientation. It's going to look something like this. Okay? So how do you pronounce this character? This character is pronounced as car. Car. Car. Always remember when reading Korean characters, you should start reading the continents first, then after the vowel. Okay, let's learn how to write it. Now. He left to right, you're right, the continent first. And then after that top down, left to right. Okay, let's try that again. Okay? Like this. Now, what if I were to put a simple vowel or but this time around, instead of putting a simple file with a vertical means, then I'm gonna put as simple vowel with a horizontal means them. So as you can see here, this is a horizontal means stem. So what we get when we put both together is a top-down, top-down orientation. So on top is going to be your consonant. Below is going to be our vowel. It's going to look something like this. See, top consonant. Bottom is your vowel. If this is pronounced as car, this is pronounced as core. Core. Go. Try to recall how this simple vowel sounds like if I were to add an empty continent on top, this is pronounced S. Or together with your continent, it would pronounce S, corps. Go. All right, let's learn how to write it. So top down, left to right. All right, this is how you write it. Okay, so same thing. Let's add the SipProfile first. Let start with your possible vowel, okay? And so left, right orientation. Your left side is going to be your consonant here, right? So it's going to be o vowel. Okay, So this is your continent over here. And this is your vowel, and this is how it will look like. Okay? And this character is pronounced as na, na, na, euro, like when a guy calls an older sister, Lucia. Yeah, this is done now behind new now. Now. Okay. Now, let's learn how to write it. Okay, so left, right. Top down, left, right. Now. Okay, moving on. Now let's go for the top-down orientation. We're going to add the simple vow or it's going to look something like this. Okay, How do you pronounce this? Pronounce S? No, no, no. All right. Basically it's like saying no. In fact, in many Koreans, when the type in messaging apps and the disagree with something, they will usually type this. And by typing these two simple continents into a messaging app. It just means no, no. I disagree. So it's pretty cool how they use acronyms as well. Just like how we use LLL a laugh out loud, the US, no, no, like this. Good, Let's learn how to write it. So top-down, left to right for your horizontal stroke. Wonderful. Let's move on. Okay, so same thing. Let's speed up the process a little bit more. So if you need more time, you can slow down the video or you can rewind back to any parts of the video that you're not sure off. Okay, I'm going to add your vowel and it's going to look something like this. Character here is pronounced es, ta, ta, ta. In fact, you can hear this character quite often whenever people say comes on IDA or come up some leader today. So I'm Eda. The target here behind is this one over here. Okay? And this is how you're going to write it. Left to right, top to bottom. Like this. Let's move on. How about having an all simple vowel to it? It's gonna look something like this. This character is process TO though, TO write it top-down, left to right. Okay? Okay, moving on to the next character. Let's add your acid. So left-right orientation. All right, It's gonna look something like this. This character is pronounced as ta. Ta. Ta. In fact, you can hear this whenever people say good night to each other. And when we say tiles IO, it means good night. Tyler means good. Psi o means sleep. And you put them together. Good sleep or sleep well, or good night. This is the target. We hear entire XY. Oh, let's learn how to write it. Now I'm going to write this character n is going to look slightly different from this one. And it's actually much easier to write it like that because you don't have to break a stroke with one stroke. We're going to write the consonants left side. Then one more stroke on the right side. Then you complete it with your simple vow like this. Okay? Next one, we're going to put an O vowel. And it's going to look something like this to two. Okay, Let's write it. Same thing. With one stroke. I can write the left side of the continent and the right side of the continent with another stroke. And then 12, like that. Okay, with this continent over here, let's add your simple vowel. And you're going to get this. How do you pronounce this? This character is pronounced as par. Par. Okay? Now when we say panna, this is the part that we hear, banana, which means banana, sounds exactly like English rate pinata. Or when you're angry at someone, anyone to call him a full, you can see poverty are possible means for, and apart from the word bubble is actually this part. Okay, let's learn how to write it. Left to right. Like this. Top to bottom. Okay. Now let's finish the word pub. Together, we're going to add a simple vowel, all which gives you bore and bold words. When you add them together, it gives you par parable. So yeah, Basically you have just learned a new vocabulary word, although not a very nice one. But still it's a new vocabulary word data can use. Clear, let's learn how to write ball. Get left to right, top to bottom. Then your or this character is pronounced as poor. Poor, poor. Let's move on. Okay, So with this continent, let's add the simple vowel and you get this character here. And this character here is pronounced as ah, ah, ah. Some of those were to go to the supermarket. Maybe you can hear a kid back, his mom goes out, juseyo, Please buy this for me. So in fact, the word sada means by k. By k, Let's let our write it. Okay, left to right. That's it. Okay, moving on. Let's add an OH, simple vowel to it. It should look something like this. This character here is pronounced S. So, so, so that's how I read it. Top and the bottom. Easy. Let's move on. Okay, this is the next consonant. Together with your simple vowel r. It looks like this. And this character is pronounced as ha. Ha. Ha. Can you hear that subtle difference in front? Let me just write this on top. How do you pronounce this? This is our right. And how about this one? Ha ha ha ha ha, The Running Man actor? Yes. So this is his name, just that. It's repeated twice. Ha ha ha, write it on small stroke on top, horizontal line with a circle. And then your simple ball. Okay, let's try that one more time. A short stroke. Horizontal line, circle followed by a simple vowel. Okay, let's add the simple vowel or to it. And this is what you get. This character is pronounced S, ho, ho, ho, Ho, ho, ho, Merry Christmas Hall. Let's now write it. The same thing. A short stroke, horizontal line, circle, and then your simple vowel. Okay, with this simple consonant, we can add our simple vowel. And this is how it's gonna look like. Okay, listen carefully to how this is being pronounced. This is pronounced es, la, la, la. Just like when I say la, la Mia. Yes, It's very delicious Korean instant noodles. I love LA. So how can you ensure that you're pronouncing this simple consonant correctly? To start off, you have to use the tip of your tongue to touch the area just behind the top row teeth. And when you start to pronounce the word, you can release the contact and pronounce law. La. La. Okay, let's learn how to write this character. 1, 2, 3, k. You can put a little curvature here. And then your simple file. Okay, let's move on. Let's add as a vowel. All. It's going to look something like this. Or this character is pronounced as law. Law. Law. Okay, let's learn how to write it. Same thing, 1, 2, 3, and your simple flower. Let's try that again. 1, 2, 3, and your simple vowel. Okay? Okay, moving on to our last simple consonant. Let's put this continent with our simple vowel r. You will get this character. This character is pronounced as ma. Ma, ma. If you want to call your mom in Korean, you can actually see OMA. The muddied here at the back of this word is actually bar. Okay, let's learn how to write it. To write this simple consonant, which looks very much like a square, you will have to write it in three strokes, not one, starting with your top-down stroke on the left, 123, and then your simple consonant. All right, let's move on and combine your simple consonant with the simple vowel, or to get this character here. This character is pronounced. There's more, more. More. If you are a fan of the gold group twice, I'm sure you will know who. This is, how you write her name. Let's learn how to write it. All right, remember three strokes to complete your simple consonant, 1, 2, 3, and then your simple consonant. Okay, we are done learning all the simple consonants. Let's do a quick revision. I'm going to flash a character in the middle of the screen. I'm not gonna say anything and will need to pronounce that character that appears in front of a screen. Na, na, na, ha, ha, ha, go. So we have just learned all nine simple continents reading from the left. Ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, la, la. Okay, at this stage, it's very important for all of you to be very familiar with each and every simple consonant. Because from the next lecture onwards, so the newer consonants they're going to learn, they're going to be based off all these simple continents that you have just learned. Do some writing practice, right? Each character a few times while sounding out their pronunciations. I'm excited to see you in the next lecture. 6. Double Consonants: Okay, everyone, welcome to double consonants. And here in front of you there are five double consonants that we're going to learn. And I believe some of you may find these double consonants Very, very familiar. If you remember in my previous lecture, I said that you guys should be very familiar with the symbol continents that I've taught you. Because some of the newer continents they're going to learn from this lecture onwards are based off the simple consonants they've learned before. So if you're not familiar with the simple continents yet, I encourage you to go back to the previous lecture and get yourself familiar. Okay, let's start learning some double consonants. Now I'm going to flesh out five simple continents they have learned before. I'm going to write it just below the double consonants. Now what can you tell me about the continents on top? And the continents below? The continents on top are basically the double of your simple consonants. You write the continents twice. And let's just recap very, very quickly. The symbol consonants below. This is pronounced as Ta, ta, ta, ta, ta. So how are we going to pronounce the top rule of double consonants? To put it simply, all you need to do is to make the simple consonants sound peds. Okay, very quickly, I'm going to give you an example. This is pronounced as par. But if I were to write the double consonant together with your simple vowel r, This will be pronounced S, bar. Kid, a difference. This is bar, and this is pi. It's like you have to purse your lips slightly tighter and release the air quickly. Bar, bar, bar, bar. All right, Let's go into the details for each double consonant. So this is the first consonant which we have covered earlier. So let's revise. This is pronounced as par. So if you'd write this together with your asset bubble, is going to be written like this. And it's pronounced S bar. Bar, bar. That's an hour right? It left to right, top to bottom, left to right, top to bottom. And your simple vol, let's write this together with all. And you get po, po, po. Let's learn how to write this. Top to bottom, left to right, top to bottom. And your simple vowel, bowl. Let's move on. Okay, before we add the symbol of art together with this double consonant, let's just recap what this character is pronounced as. This character is pronounced S, TA. Let's add the simple vault together. That's going to look something like this. And this character is pronounced as. Can you get a tensed sound itself? It's like you to tense up your tongue muscles just to recite this width. All right, let's learn how to write it. K double consonants. First, single stroke, 123456. All right, let's move on. Let's add simple vowel. All it is, what do you get? These pronounce S, jaw. So let's now write it. 123456. Okay, Let's move on. Same thing. Let's revise the symbol continent version. How do you pronounce this character over here? Okay, right now we're going to add a simple vowel, r. And this is how it's going to look like. Now, this character is pronounced S bar. Let's learn how to write it. Left to right. And your simple far. Okay, let's move on. Let's add the all vowel, or does pronounce S, door, door, door. In fact, this character alone means again door, door, again, again or again. Sometimes changing the tone can mean asking a question or saying a statement. Let's now write it. K left to right, and yo, simple vowel. Okay, let's look at the character of the simple consonant plus this character is pronounced S. All right, with a double consonant, let's add the vol. You get. Can be a difference. It's like tensing up your tongue muscles just to pronounce all the double consonants. That's an hour, right? It left to right. And your simple vol, simple. Now let's add the or simple vowel. And you're gonna get goal. Goal. Go kill us, learn how to write it. Okay, let's start from left to right, top to bottom, starting from a double consonant. Wonderful. Let's move on. Let's look at the character with the simple continent first. How do you pronounce this character? Ah, ah, ah, let's add your symbol vowel r, and you get this character. And this character is pronounced S, SAR, SAR, SAR versus ta. Ta. This is like your gentler version of this character over here. All right, let's learn how to write this character. 123456, left to right. Okay, so let's add up all simple vowel. This is how it looks like. It is pronounced des, Seoul. Seoul. So let's write it. Top to bottom, left to right. So let's start from the double consonant. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, six. Good. Let's do a test right now. Our character is going to appear in the middle and all you need to do is to recite it out loud. Let's start. Bar psi. Psi. Psi. Alright, so this is a rather simple lecture because all of these double consonants, I actually based off the simple consonants. But still, it's a challenge for new learners because it's not easy to pronounce. So get the pronunciation right. In fact, Still not familiar with a simple continents. I encourage you to get familiar with all of them. Because in the next lecture you're going to see different versions of your simple continents again. So once you get this simple continents down, the rest should be quite simple, just like a double consonants. Okay, I hope you're excited because we are going to learn even more consonants. Keep practicing. Remember it's always good to rewrite all these characters are few times n sound out their pronunciation while you're writing them. I hope this course has been useful for you so far, and I'll see you in the next video. 7. Aspirated Consonants: Hi everyone, welcome to ECE spirit that consonants. Now we're only going to learn for consonants for this lecture. And like what I've said before, these four continents are going to be quite similar to some of your simple consonants they've learned before. I'm going to pull for office simple consonants out and you guys can take a look. Now, don't they look similar? I hope you guys can remember the simple continents. I'm going to put a symbol vowel together with a simple consonants right now, let's revise these simple consonants. Long time, car, ta, ta. Now how about the S3, that consonants, how are they similar to your simple continents? Simply put, your SQL that consonants are airy. As an example, I'm going to use this esprit, that continent over here. I'm going to write it together with your simple vowel, r. Okay? Now how are you going to pronounce this estuary, that consonant together with our knowing that this character at the bottom is pronounced as if the bottom character is the top character is going to be pronounced S. Can you hear the extra Ed I'm trying to release as I'm pronouncing this character over here, car versus Carr. This is what it means by air. Resound these aspirated consonants. They have airy sounds. Let's go into the details of each aspirated consonant. Okay, first of all, let's look at the character with a simple consonant, k, like we have said before. This is pronounced this. Together with your symbol vowel R and your S three, the consonant, you will get something like this. And it's pronounced des, car, car. Car. Very airy sound is again here. Let's learn how to write it. One stroke, second stroke, and your simple vowel. Okay, let's move on together with your symbol, or you get this character. And it's pronounced S. Coal. Coal. Coal. And in fact this word means nose. Cool. Let's write it. Top down, left to right. Right. Yeah, Esri, the continent first. And then your simple vowel. Core. Core, core. Let's move on. How do you pronounce this character over here? Alright, let's add your simple vowel together with the S phase. That continent, it should look something like this. And this is pronounced des, Ta, ta. Can you get an extra air that's coming out from the mouth? All right. Let's learn how to read it. Left to right, top down. Let's start with your SBA, the consonant 1, 2, 3, and your simple vowel. That's move on. Let's add your S3, the continent together with your simple vowel. All should get this. And this is pronounced as tall. Tall, tall. Let's learn how to write it. Let's write it top-down. Same thing. 2345. Tall, airy sound k. Remember, every, Let's move on. Let's look at the character with the symbol continent k. This is pronounced as Ta, Ta Di or sleep well, good night. All right, and with the greater continent, we're going to add the simple vowel. And this is what you get. And how do you make your team more airy by saying it like this? Ta, ta, ta. In fact, this character alone means car. Like automobile, car. All ti ta octa means green tea. Doctor. All right, let's learn how to write it. Left to right. A short stroke, single stroke and one smaller stroke here. And your simple vol, ta, ta. Let's move on. Let's add your simple vowel, or it is what you get. This character is pronounced des, chore. Chore. Tool. Let's learn how to write it. Same thing, top-down, small stroke, and then a single stroke too, three. And then your simple file tool. Chore. True. Okay, Last one. Let's look at a character with a simple continent, like banana. How you're going to make it airy? How is the estuary that consonant going to sound together with your symbol of our? First of all, it's going to look something like this. And this is pronounced S par. Par. Can you get an extra air coming up from a mouth? All right, let's learn how to write it. Okay, left to right, top to bottom. Let's start with your S3, the continent. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Always remember left to right, top to bottom or top down, left to right. Okay, let's move on. Let's add your or simple vowel. And desire is going to look like this. Pronounced S. Paul. Paul. Paul as law, right it top-down, left, right, left to right. And your simple vowel. Okay, let's do a simple test. A character is going to appear in the middle screen. So recite it as we go along. Let's go. Ta, ta, ta, ta, ta, car, car, ta, ta, ta. Alright, so here are your four S3 that consonants that we have just learned today, and we are almost reaching the end. After two more lectures, you should be able to read every single character that is available. Most importantly, I hope that all of you are enjoying this course and you're enjoying the process of learning something new. This is it for this lecture, and I'll see you in the next one. 8. Compound Vowels: Hello everyone, Welcome to compound vowels. And in this lecture we're going to learn all about combination of vowels. So if at this point you're still not familiar with your simple vowels, I recommend you to go back to the lecture on simple vowels and do a quick revision on all the simple vowels that you've learned before. So as the name of this lecture suggests, compound vowels are basically a combination of simple vowels. It's just like in English, we combined vowels as well. For example, this would bet. I can add an a to make it into beat. And we can do the same in Korean. We can add simple vowels together to make a compound vowel. And that is what we're going to learn today. To help you to learn better, I've grouped a similar compound vowels together. And the first four carbon vowels we're going to learn, I found here. Let's dive straight into the lecture. Now here are four rather similar compound vowels, but first, I'll talk about the first two on the left. Now, as you can see in the two red boxes over here, I have some simple vows written in these boxes. Let's look at the first one on the left. If you look at this character, you will notice that it is a combination of two simple vowels as indicated here. Now of course, you have to remember that this circle over here is your empty consonant. Don't forget, in order for a Korean character to be valid, it has to have at least a consonant and vowel. So we always write your empty continent here. Now you can see that this copper vowel is made up of the simple vowels are in E. Now, so then how do you pronounce this compound vowel? Since this compound vowel is made of I and II, we're going to combine both together. It's like saying R and E consecutively, but quickly, I'm going to start to pronounce I and II slowly consecutively, but after that, I'm going to speed up. Let's hear how it's going to sound like. Aye. Aye. Aye. Aye. Aye. Aye aye. A, a, a. Do you get that? As I read IEEE very quickly, it tends to converge to its this sound, a, a, e, i, i, ae. When pronouncing compound vowels, we do not want to hit two sounds are 0s in statement on here, a single sound. All right, So therefore, this compound vowel here is pronounced. There's air, air, air. Okay, I hope you got that. Now we're going to learn how to write it. So left to right, starting with your empty continent, top-down, left to right, and up down. Okay, let's move on to this one. Now. Same thing over here. You can see that it's made up of two different simple vowels are in your E. Lambda combine both together. Same thing, our Reto of these simple vowels consecutively, slowly. And after that, I'll go progressively faster. R, e, e, e i, i, i, ae, air. You notice that as the two sounds converged, they started to sound very much like air, which has the same sound as the combo that you have just learned. And it's why I grouped these two compound vowels in the dislike because they sound similar. Let me demonstrate it one more time. Our e, e, e i, i, i, i, i ae. So this character over here is pronounced as air. Air. Air, which has the same pronunciation as the compound vowed that we have just learned. So remember is pronounced as a. Let's learn how to write it. Okay, left to right, your empty continent first. Left to right, top-down, Top-down air. Okay, let's move on. Now. Why are these two characters in this slide as well? I said that they're all similar, right? If you notice this character, It's very similar to the one that we've just learned on the far left. And I hope you guys can remember what happens when we add another minus stroke like this. And let me just refresh your memory. If this is r, What is this? This character on the left is pronounced es, ja, ja. You'll notice that I've just added a UI sound to the r for the character on the left. So in the same way, because of this minus stroke over here, if this character on the far left is pronounced S, air, fed with a minor stroke. You add a wise out. Yay, yay, yay. Okay. Let me just explain one more time if we didn't catch it. So previously we learned this character over here, which is pronounced as a, but with an extra minus stroke. It becomes yea, yea, yea. From an air. It becomes yea. Alright, I hope you got that. So let's learn how to write it properly. Left to right. Empty continent, top-down, left to right, starting with the minor stroke on top first. Second and your last trip like that. Now how about this character over here? Same thing. We have learned. This character over here. There's pronounced erst, air. With a minus stroke. We add a y sound to it and becomes year. Air becomes year. So one more time, this character is pronounced as yay, yay, yay. Let's learn how to write it. Empty continent, top down, left to right, and then your vertical stem. Okay, let's move on to slightly more complicated compound vowels. Now for all the characteristic we have learned so far, we have only learned two kinds of orientation, right? You're left to right orientation with a consonant on the left-hand side and your vowel on the right-hand side. And your top-down, right? With your continent on top in your vowel below. Like for example, over here we can write there. Okay, over here we can write or as an example. But over here you notice that these characters have a combination of both top down and left to right. Now I'm going to teach you how to write these characters. As look at this one over here. As you can see, this compound vowel is made up of all in your a. And I've written it down right here in the red box or in a, we're gonna repeat these two sounds consecutively and quickly. And you should be able to get the sound of this compound vol over here, or where, or when, or where, where, where, where. So therefore, this compound vowel is pronounced as where, where, where. And this is the way that they see when you want to ask why, like where, why, what's the reason where? All right, Okay, let's learn how to write it. Okay, Your empty continent has to first pair up with your horizontal stem, simple Val, which is you're all like this. Okay? And last but not least, your air on the right. Where, where, where. Simple isn't it? Compound vowels. If you're familiar with simple vowels, this shouldn't be a problem for you. Moving on, let's look at a character in the middle. And let's take a look at a box below. The boxplot shows you the two vowels. They're combined together. It is combined by an OU and E. Air. Wu, wu, wu Wei. Wu Wei. Where? Where? Where Where do you hear that? As it converges, it sounds more and more like where, which is also the same sound as the character that we've learned over here. So that's why all these characteristic either because they have similar sounds. Okay, so this character in the middle is pronounced des, where, where, where, gelatin or write it. So same thing. Start with your consonant first, okay? And you pair it up with your horizontal main stem, simple vowel, oo, left to right, Top-down. Okay, Notice the minus 2k is just below the horizontal stem of your supervisor and is how you write where. Okay, let's move on. Our this character on the right. I'm going to pronounce the combination of supervisors as shown in this red box. It is a combination of all N, E or E or E. We weigh way, way, way, way, way. Where do you hear that? As the sounds converge, it converges towards the sowed way. And that's why this character is it this way. Because all three characters, they actually have the same sound. Even for Koreans, it is difficult for them to distinguish the differences between these three characters. So therefore they're considered to have the same sound way. Okay, Let's learn how to write this character. Empty consonant paired with your supervisor, with your horizontal mean stem. Or last but not least, your ie. Where these three characters are pronounced S. Where? Okay, let's move on to the next slide. This character here, it's made up of two simple vowels, or in R. And we're gonna pronounce these two sounds quickly, consecutively. Or la, la, la, la, la, la. And that's the sound of this character. This character is pronounced es, la, la. La. Sometimes this character is used in speech or even in writing when someone is a price like war. Another, write it. Empty continent first, followed by your horizontal main stem vowel. And then last but not least, yo. Simple vowel. Okay, let's move on. Now this time I'm gonna give you some time to try to figure out how to read this compound vol, take a look at this red box over here to give yourself a clue. Did you get, well, if you've got a wall, you're right. I'm gonna guide you through the sounds. Who are, who are, who are. War, war, war. And that's the sound of this character over here. This character is pronounced as war. War. Remember for your all, you have to open up your oral cavity and also the opening of your mouth to pronounce our war. War. Alright, let's let her read it. Empty consonant with your horizontal means stem, simple vowel. Left to right, with your minus stroke just below the horizontal main stem and top-down to finish your simple vowel r. This compound vowel is pronounced as law. Wall. Let's move on. Now, this character is made up of UX and E at them both together. We, we, we, we, we ve. So the idea that this compound vowel here is pronounced as we, we. Well, I'm not sure if you heard the song by XID up and down. We had a we had a, we had it. Yep, this is the way that they used. Okay, let's learn how to write it. And the continent with your horizontal means stem, simple vowel and your E. Let's move on. Okay, last one, it is made off. And E, Let's combine these sounds together. Louie, Louie, Louie, Louie, Louie, Louie, Louie, Louie. Okay. Do you hear that? So this character over here is pronounced S, Louie, Louie. Louie. Start. K is Lee. Take note of this simple flower over here on the left side, the superpowers, pronounces. Not all. Let's learn how to write it. And the consonant with your and your u0, u0, u0, u0. Okay, let's do a quick revision of what we've just learned. I'm going to show you a character in the middle of the screen, tried to recite it in your head or out loud and are pronounced the character after some time. Let's start. Where? Where? Where We, we, we the, the the where. Where, where? Air, air, air. Yea, yea, yea. Where? Where? Where? War, war, law. Yea, yea, yea a ere la, la, la. Now we have come to the end of this rather long lecture on compound vowels that I believe that you would agree that this is a rather simple lecture because it's simply combines all the different vowels they learned before to make compound vowels. I hope the way that I've presented this lecture has been useful for you. I recommend all of you to write out these characters repeatedly so that you guys can get familiar with the writing and also how it looks and how it sounds like. We're almost towards the end of this course. And I'll see you in the next one. 9. Final Consonants 1: Hi everyone, Welcome to final consonants lecture. This lecture is going to be the last hadn't gotten lecture. Yes, we have come a very long way to this point in time. And in fact, after watching this lecture, you guys should be able to read all the Korean characters in the Korean language. Now let me explain what final consonants are. And Korean part team means final consonants. And you can see these two characters here. These two characters are pronounced des, pad. And you can notice something about these two characters which are different from what we have learned before. You will notice that at the bottom, for each character, there are consonants, one here, and one over here. Previously, we have learned that in writing Korean characters it so the left, right, right, you've gotten in the fall, top-down consonant and vowel. And also a combination orientation. The one with your top-down and left to right with the continent on top, fall below, and on the right you have your vowel over here. Now where should the team be pleased when writing occurring characters? Your final consonants should always replace at the bottom of every Korean character, which is here right at the bottom. Now we have expanded that the way we write Korean characters previously, it was just a left-right top-down. Now we have different types of orientations they need to remember, and we need to write out Korean characters properly. So as you can see here, these two characters, they have particular, which means they have final consonants. And in fact, these two characters conform to this orientation. At the top you see your left-right orientation, and at the bottom you can see your final consonant over there. Now what do final consonants do? Final consonants, they help to close the sound of each Korean character. Now, I'm going to write bar and t. Now if I were to read tea, you notice that there are no endings to my pronunciation. But when I put final consonants, I will close up the sound instead of par. It becomes pad. Pad. And in fact, most of the time, I won't say all the time. The sound of the final consonants coincide with the sound of your simple consonants. By, for example, this continent over here, if we put it together with a simple vowel, is. All right. And we know that is the, the, the sound. So when we put it as a final consonant, we will replicate that sound as well. Pap, pap. Okay? And over here, instead of t, we put a final consonant like this, and it becomes Tim. Tim. You notice that at the end, it ends with them. And let's revise your simple consonant together with a simple vowel. This is ma, ma over. Good. Remember this. Ma in this simple consonant sounds to seem, even if you put it as a final consonant, but just a disclaimer, not all final consonants are like that. Later on I'll touch on the details, but just take note that final consonants provide an ending to open sounding characters. Bar, plot, t, CIM. Okay, So in short, final consonants are consonants placed at the bottom of the character. And I've also just explained to you the function of final consonants. Let's look at some examples of different final consonants in different orientations. Okay, here two examples. Let's look at the character on the left first. Now if you take a look on the left, specifically at the top, you notice that it is made up of your consonant vowel, left-right orientation, consonant, a vowel. And if you need to put a final consonant in this example, where would you put it? You put it at the bottom. Okay? Same thing over here. You notice on top consonant on top of vowel below. And if you were to put your final consonant, you should place it at the bottom of the character. So one more consonant at the bottom like that. K. Now I'm gonna go through all the final consonants they need to know. So let's jump straight in. Now we have learned before that this is your m t consonant. And when placed in front, especially your left for orientation or your top-down R and D should they do not have any sound. But when you put it as a final consonant, it will produce a sound. It's a bit nasal is like a nasal sound that you need to produce them. All right, let's look at this example over here. Now if I were to just read the top part over here, it's pronounced as JAR. But with your final empty consonant itself, Your, it becomes young. Young. Do you hear that? Young is a sound? And this word here is young Hua. Yong Chua, which means movie. Let's watch a movie. Young Pope Sida. Let's watch a movie. Young ha, okay, so remember your empty consonant only when placed as a final consonant, then it will produce a sound. Young. Young. Okay? This one, if we were to put it with a simple vowel, it's pronounced this ma, ma, ma. This fighter continent has a sound. And when to put it as a final consonant to top part here is pronounced as pour. Pour. Together with your final consonant. It becomes pom. Pom. Pom. Pom means spring, the spring season. Okay, let's move on. Now, this continent over here and put together with a simple vowel r, it becomes law. Law. In the same way. If you put it as a final consonant, it should have a sound k. Let's look at this character over here. Okay, this character over here at the top, you see e, Empty consonant with E. But together with a final consonant, it becomes ill. Ill. Do you hear that sound at the end? It will call your tongue at the end and mixture the tongue touches the area just behind the top teeth. Now this word here, these two characters here. Qua il, which means fruit. You. Okay, I hope you got that. Let's move on. Now this continent, you put it together with your simple vowel. R, becomes now, banana now. So it has to sound right? Okay, let's look at the character over here. The top, you see a toe. Together with your final consonant. It becomes tone. Tone, porn. Okay, Let's move on. Now in this slide, you will notice that there are three consonants and D are grouped together because they sound the same. Now, these three continents, when put as a final consonant, they don't really sound like when you put it in a character like this, like a car. Or they don't really sound like that when put as a final consonant like the sound. In fact, I want you guys to listen for yourself. I'm going to read this character over here. Hey, listen carefully. In fact, let me just revise for you that top is pronounced as J. J. But with your final consonant, sounds like this. Tick, tick. Check. Now towards the end of our pronunciation, you noticed that air stops coming out my mouth. There's because I used a bag on my tongue to block the air from coming out. And this is how you produce the sound of this final consonant. Tick. Tick. Tick is the back of the tongue to block the air from coming out. Check. All right, Now we're going to read the top of this character, doesn't. So now remember they all sound the same. These three sounds the same. So adding your final consonant, this character is pronounced as not, not, not k. And the whole word here, the whole word over here is pronounced, says that xi, which means fishing Nazi. Okay, hope you got that. How about this one? I'm going to read the top. All together with your final consonant is pronounced S. O. O. The a that the air is being blocked by the back of my tongue. So this word is pronounced as poor. Poor, which means kitchen. In fact, let me just draw like the, let's just say this is your mouth, this is your tongue. Okay? Your tongue should look something like this. At the end. Keisha block the air from coming out. Does your teeth check? Not see it blocks the air from coming out. Okay, I hope you got that. Let's move on. Now here are 7500 continents grouped together because they have the same final consonant sound under certain circumstances. In fact, all of these final consonants, the end sounding like this continent. And very quickly let me go through all these words over here to give you an idea on how these final consonant sound like. The first word is pronounced. This two to this word is pronounced as Meet. The third word is pronounced this, or this word is pronounced as. This word is pronounced des, not this word is pronounced this pad. And the last word is pronounced this should. Now how can you make sure that you are producing the sound correctly? I'm going to use this word as an example. I'm going to pronounce this character slowly. This character is pronounced as. Me, me know if you noticed at the very end of the pronunciation, the sun actually stops. I'm going to show you how your mouth and your tongue should look like in order to stop the sound correctly. Me. Okay. At the very end, when the sound stops, you should have your tongue in between your two rows of teeth. If this is a mouth, and this is your top and your bottom row of teeth, your tongue should be right here. Stopping the air from coming out. Meat or not. So technically speaking, all these final consonants you see here should not produce any sound at all. You're basically just stopping the sound of your character. Meat or not. Type, like that. However, these final consonants are only pronounced like how I just did under these circumstances. When the character is on its own like this, just one character like there ought not. Tat are when they are placed together with another character. But the other character starts with a proper continent, meaning to say, it doesn't start with an empty continent. In the next slide, I'll be teaching you some reading rules with regards to final consonants. And maybe after learning those reading rules, you get a better understanding of what I'm talking about right now. Now here are some reading rules that you need to remember. And the first one is found here. If the character after starts with an empty continent, bring over the final constant. Now what do I mean by this? Let's look at these three characters over here. Egn, palm. I'm going to bring up another three examples over here. What is the difference between this situation here? In this situation over here? Now let's identify the character with the final constant. This is the character with the final continent, and this is the character over here with the final consonant. But the only difference is if you take a look at the character after, they do have one difference. And that is, over here, there is a proper consonant. But yet over here, you notice that it starts with an empty continent. So for this situation over here, in order to bring over the final consonant, this face over here on the right-hand side should be pronounced as Esau. Do you notice that the final consonant has moved from here all the way to the next character over here. Esau. Now what is the soil? Is soil means to say that I have something, but in a proper sentence form to say it is wrong because it is just the word half. But if you want to put it into a sentence form, you have to say the soil instead of it. Okay, I want you to try to get the differences between the left-hand side and the right-hand side. So in short, if the character after starts with an empty consonant, you can bring over the final consonant to the next character and read the sound of their continent. Esau. No longer are, you know, it's not eat, oil is a soil. On the left-hand side. It remains as it, right? You can't bring it over and say ESA, Right? You can't do that because there is a proper consonant in the character. After that, you just pronounce S. It, it. Looking at a second example. So now same thing to say, took a loan is wrong because it's just a word, good gift to transform it and change it into a sentence form. And it will look something like this. This phrase here, it's not pronounced as i o. But in fact, according to the reading rule, if the second character, the character after, starts with an empty continent, you can bring over the final consonant. And it should look something like this, right? To hire. But it doesn't sound smooth, true? High, you show higher. So actually instead of pronouncing as Ohio, you can just pronounce it as. Show. You. All right, Remember this continent. If this continent is found as a final consonant and it's brought over, the sound of it is usually very, very weak, sometimes even silent. Just like in this situation over here, I brought over the final consonant. But when reading it, it is actually very, very siloed, true while, true while like this. Okay, So just erase this from a memory and remember that this phase is pronounced as Chuo. Good, trial. Okay. Now spring, How about spring? Spring on its own, it just doesn't have character here for us to bring the final consonant over. But if we were to say, spring is good, and how are you going to pronounce this phrase over here? Same thing. Look at as a character with a final consonant and look at the character after. If the character after starts with an empty consonant, you can bring over the final consonant. And if you want to pronounce this phrase, it should be pronounced. There's poor me trial. Poor me trial. Okay. So just to test you, how are you going to read this word over here? Fishing? You're going to pronounce this word phishing. This is the character with the final consonant, and they should look at the second character. However, the second character actually starts with a proper continent. So you don't have to do anything or bring any of your final constants over. Just read it as an oxy. Nazi fishing Nazi radio final consonant in this character. 10. Final Consonants 2: Now we're going to move on to double final consonants. Earlier, we only learned final consonant in which the character only has one final consonant. But there are certain characters with double final consonants, meaning to say def, to find a continent. As you can see in this example over here, There's a one vital continent over here. One final continent over here. For Korean characters with a single final consonant, they are easier to read because all they need to do is to produce the sound of that single final consonant in that particular character. So the real question here right now is how we're going to read characters with double final consonants, just like four characters with a single final consonants, double final consonants, they do have reading rules as well. I'm going to use the next few slides to explain these reading rules to all of you. The first they need to understand about double final consonants is that just like single final consonants, they will take up the space below the character. In this example, you see on top, if I were to write another character with a single final consonant, it looks something like this. And that final consonant will take up the space of the character below. However, if you need to write double final consonants, the space below will be equally divided between the two final consonants, like this. Also, there's another point that I need all of you to remember is that there are only 11 combinations of double final consonants. And they're all shown in this slide. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. Any other combinations outside these 11 combinations do not exist in the Korean language, so do not make a double final consonants on your own. As a word of advice, I do not recommend for you to memorize these 11 combinations right now. In fact, there is no need to remember all these combinations because when you start memorizing vocabulary words, you will naturally remember that double final consonant that is unique to that vocabulary word. So please don't memorize all these 11 combinations. In fact, let me spend a few seconds talking about the word they can see in the middle, this word over here means sit in Korean. Now, how do you think I should pronounce this word? To a person who has just started learning Korean. I believe he or she will find it very, very difficult to forget how to read this word without the knowledge of some reading rules. In fact, this word is pronounced as an NBA. And once I've taught you all the rigging rules with regards to double final consonants, all of you should be able to read characters with double final consonants are with 0s to help you understand better and for me to teach better as well. I've grouped these 11 combinations into two main groups. The two groups are going to be separated by this red box over here. Let me just remove all the markings on the slide so you can see the two groups better. So the group on the left is this group over here is group 1 and group 2. As you can see, GLUT-2 is smaller group, which consists of only three double final consonants. Leto introduce a simple way to differentiate between these two groups. All right, we'll jump straight in into learning the reading rules. I'm going to deal with the first group on the left first, and for the next few slides, I want all of you to also take note that the acronym DFC stands for double final consonant. Okay, now let's look at a sentence they see on top. Over here. It says if the character after the DFC character starts with a simple consonant, or if the DFC character is on its own, you are supposed to read the first consonant. Hey, what do I mean by first consonant? As you can see, there are two consonants in the double final consonant. Right end up please next to each other. If the one on the left is a first and the one on the rightness, the second is supposed to read the first consonant like this. Now let me explain using an example. This word was used as an example in the previous slide. And I said that this word is pronounced des. And now let's break down a reading rule slowly. Let's read the sentence one more time. If the character after the DFC character, which is this character over here. If this character, which is after the DFC character, starts with a simple consonant, Can you see the simple consonant here? All if the DFC character is on its own. This is an example of a word on its own. You read the first consonant and the first consonant. For this example, example 1, which is the first consonant. This is the first consonant. And it's this continent that we've learned before, the continent that makes it sound right? So that is why the word in example 1 is pronounced S. And he noticed that I pronounce, and I ignored this continent over here. And straight away I pronounced S and R. And then your next question might be, but this character over here is not bar. This is your tensed sound. Was it under and not under? And the answer to the question is because we need to be able to differentiate between characters with double final consonants and characters with only a single consonant. In fact, if I were to write on par, this word here means embrace. So therefore, if I were to say to a person listening, he will know that I'm talking about the undock in example one and not this. And bow, which means to embrace. Okay, now let's look at example number two. Since this character is on its own, I want all of you to guess, how should I be reading this character? This character is pronounced des, not. Now, do notice that I actually chose this consonant to read, and I ignored the second consonant over here. And this is how you should be applying your reading rules to characters with double final consonants. If you see characters with these combinations and the character after these characters either start with a simple consonant all there on its own. Then you should just read the first consonant. In fact, the word in example 2 means a soul. Once again, this character is pronounced as not. You pronounce the top and then the bottom, but you only read the first consonant according to this reading rule. Let's move on to the next reading rule. Now we can talk about the second group, the coupon, the right. Same thing. I will need to take a moment to read the sentence in the middle. Okay, I hope you understood the sentence. The sentence says, if the character after the DFC character starts with a simple consonant, or if the DFC character is on its own, then you should read the second consonant. Now I'm going to explain this reading rule in the same way as I did before with examples. This word over here means to read. And this character is pronounced des. Notice that for the pronunciation, I chose the constant on the right side and ignore the consonant on the left side. Why is that so? Because according to the reading rule, if the character after the DFC character, which is this character over here, starts with a simple consonant. I need to read the second consonant, which is this one over here. Now what if the character is on its own? I want all of you to try to read this character over here. How would you read this character after knowing the reading room? I hope all of you read this character S. Tap, tap. Once again, since this DFC character is on its own, all I need to do is to read the character while reading only the second final consonant, which is this continent over here, ignoring the constant on the left. So therefore, it is pronounced as that. In fact this word means Hen. Okay, I hope that the explanations were clear so far. Now, earlier I mentioned, I'm going to help you to differentiate between these two groups easily. So here's what I figured out. All you need to memorize are these. Three combinations of double final consonants. I want all of you to remember three words, Lego, Romeo and riba. In fact, this repairs the grim reaper VBA. How are these three words? Can I help you Lego, if you write it in Korean? Diego, Romeo, leap. You'll notice that for each combination that double final consonants coincide with each wet. They go row meal in the PAR, like this. So next time when you come across a Korean character with a double final continent, look at the double final consonants first. Then think of the three words that I've just taught you. Lego, Romeo. And they've got two continents. Turn out to be an acronym of any of the three words that you have just learned, then you will need to read the second character. If the character comes after a simple consonant or if it's on its own. And if you come across other Korean characters with double final consonants that do not coincide with these three words that you have just learned, then these combinations actually belong to the first group on the left. And following the reading rule that you have just learned in the previous slide, if you come across a character with combinations of the first group on the left, you are supposed to read the first consonant, the character after that starts with a simple consonant. Or if it's on its own. I hope that this small little tip can help you in the long run as you continue learning Korean nowadays, just one more reading rule they need to learn, such as bear with me for awhile. Now in the previous two slides, we dealt with situations when the DFC character is either on its own or when the character after that starts with a simple continent. This last reading rule were addressed the situation when the character, after the DFC character actually starts with an empty continent. Reading this sentence over here, if the character after the DFC character's stats with an empty continent, you are supposed to read both continents. Now you must be wondering how the heck am I supposed to read both continents? Am I supposed to combine both sounds together and start a tongue twister on my own? No, that is not what it means to read both continents. In fact, let me just explain this reading rule using examples. Over here, we have a phrase and in fact, this phrase means to sit. In fact, this is the same what we have learned before. And that I hope became member the word. And we have seen two slides before when we say undock an, that this word is just a vocabulary word. It is not put into a sentence. But the more when we transform into something like this, we have successfully changed the wet under, which is just a single word into a sentence. Now my next question is, how are you going to read this example over here? Let's call this example number one. How are you going to read this phrase here? Take a moment to read the reading room and guess the pronunciation for this freeze. This phrase is pronounced death and die. Oh, let me just erase that marking over there so you can see it clearly. And so then to demonstrate what it means to read both consonants is very easy. Start by reading the top on. And just like what we have learned in single final consonant, if the wet after the character starts with an empty constant, you can actually bring over the final consonant. And yo. Do you see that undying 0, which means to sit. So let's go back in time and remove all these markings. And imagine you're looking at a word like this. Straight away. I want you to zoom in on this character over here and realize that this character starts with an empty continent. Then recall this reading rule over here. As long as it starts with an empty continent, read both consonants. It doesn't matter whether it belongs to this group over here. Or if it belongs to this combination of double final continent over here. Just like in this example, I've chosen these two examples because they're words from the two different groups that we've been talking about. Now I'm going to erase all the markings on the screen. Let's look at the example on the right and let's call this example two. Notice that this combination coincides with the three words Devlin, right? And legal. Romeo. And what's the last one rebar. And because of that, if this character is alone or if the character after Starts with a simple continent, you should read the second continent. However, the character after that actually starts with an empty continent. So straight away, forget about the first two rules they've learned about double final consonants. And read both consonants, you can bring this final continent over to take up the space of the empty consonant in the character after. So how would you read this freeze? Over here? This phrase is pronounced as in Goryeo. All right, I'm going to demonstrate how I read it. Start from the top. It will go down this way. It will bring the second consonant over. It will call you oh, one more time. Go. He'll. Do you see that? I read both the consonants. This is what it means by reading both continents, not combining both together and combining the sounds together, like what I've said before. This is a phrase put into a sentence. If I were to break down this wet too, It's really basic form and change it back into a vocabulary word. The word is actually just noticed that I chose to read this continent over here. Because remember, this is a simple consonant. And since this is a combination of double final consonants that coincide with my Lego, remember lego. The goal. I will read my second consonant like that. Now at this point I have to congratulate all of you because we have officially finished everything we're supposed to lend for hunger. So give yourself a pat on the back if you managed to survive all the way till now. But before we end this lecture, like what I always do in other lectures, Let's do a quick review. I'm going to flash a character in the middle, and I want you to read the character out loud. And after that, I'll tell you how the character is pronounced. And your undyed. And die or 0, 0, 0, eq. Quiet. Quiet. All right, congratulations on officially learning everything you need to know about hunger. From this point onwards, you should be able to read every single currentCharacter that you've come across. Now at this point, if you're still not very familiar with hunger, I encourage you to practice more. Make sure that hunger comes to you very, very naturally, the woman you see occurring character, you're able to read and recognize that character. The next step from here is for all of you to start building up your vocabulary and also pick up some grammar skills. I will see you in the next lecture. 11. SECTION 2: Technical Terms: Hi everyone, Welcome to this lecture. Before we move into the main content, I think there are some technical terms that some of you know, I cannot assume that all of you know, these technical terms that you see on the screen. But as much as possible, I want to make sure that everyone is on the same page. So that's why I think this lecture is necessary. If you are familiar with language structure in older technical terms day being used. When you learn a language. You may skip this lecture. But if not, I suggest that you sit through this lecture and get familiar with all the terms that you see on the screen. Okay, so the first word we're going to talk about is nouns. Okay? Let me explain what are nouns. Nouns are words that mean people, animals, objects, or places, etc. Basically they're just names, okay. Words that are names. What are some examples? A teacher as a noun, okay, The what teachers are noun like, cat is a noun as well because you know that it is the name of the animal. Cat. Ball is a noun and career as a noun as well. All right, so all these are considered nouns. Words that mean people, animals, objects, or places. Okay, moving on, pronouns. Now, for pronouns, you guys can see that it's very similar to the what now we have just a pro in front, which indicates that the word pronoun is somehow related to notes. So how are they related? Pronouns are words that substitute the place of nouns. It's almost like instead of saying Emily, Alright, I replaced a with Emily with x0. All right, so those words like she, HE, them all, these are pronouns. She, HE, it, they, these are pronouns. Verbs. What are verbs? Verbs are simply action words. What are some examples? Go, okay, I go to the store, go to what? Go is an action. So therefore it is an action. Verb. Eat, eating is an action. So therefore, it is also a verb. Buying, buying is also an action. Therefore, verb, last but not least, sleep that different kinds of actions. And as long as it is a word that is an action, that is a verb. How about adjectives? Adjectives are descriptive words that give more information on nouns. Earlier we've learned that nouns are basically and memes of objects, people, and stuff like that. Right? Now, an adjective will describe what that name or that noun is like. For example, let's think of a noun. Boy, All right, this is a noun, okay, if you see n, I'm saying that it's a noun. An adjective describes your noun. So how can you describe this boy? You can describe him in many ways. You can see that he's a tall boy and tall here becomes your adjective. So some examples of adjectives, clear as an adjective, clear, sky, the sky. So now you're clear, is your adjective. Smart? Smart is also an adjective. You can see a smart boy, Good, Good boy, right? And bad, Bad Boy. So you can see from these examples that usually we put adjectives in front of the noun, okay? Now what are adverbs? From the name advert? You can spot the word verb. So it is related to action words to verb. But how are they related? If verbs are action words, adverbs are words that describe your action. Let me give you some examples quickly. Earlier, this verb that we mentioned, right? Go, go quickly or move quickly. Noticed that this would quickly describes action. Let's see another example. Slowly. What do you do slowly? You can walk slowly. So if we say walk, your walk is your verb, k, v to show that it is a verb. And then when we see slowly, we are actually adding your adverb. Walk slowly, loudly. What can we do? Lolly, we can talk loudly or softly. We can talk softly. All right, Very simple. If you see ad in front, it usually describes just now we also learn entities, right? Adjectives. Describe, pardon my handwriting. Adjectives describe your nouns, adverbs describe your verbs. Moving on. Now, besides learning technical terms of like different words, we also need to learn the structure of a basic sentence, okay, but even before we move onto Korean sentence, let me show you a basic English sentence right here. This sentence reads, j teaches Korean. This is a very Complete and basic English sentence, but we can actually label each part of this sentence accordingly. Earlier we learned technical terms of different types of words. Right now we're going to learn technical terms of different parts of sentences. In this sentence, you know that j is your subject of your sentence, meaning to say, he's the main person of this particular sentence. And what does g do? He teaches, write. The word, teaches is your verb and that is your action. Okay, usually in a sentence you will need a person doing something. To finish up the sentence. Your subject being G, needs to be teaching something, right? He teaches Korean. And your Korean in this particular sentence is your object. Now, you must be asking. Earlier, you said that Korean is, now, why is it an object? Now, the previous slides that I talked about, all those are technical terms of different words, different types of words. This part here, we're talking about different parts of sentences of basically a sentence, okay? So you need to see the difference. All right, So in the sentence, you have to have a subject. Of course, you need to have the action which is the verb and unique, the person doing that thing. Basically you need an object. Of course you can teach nothing, right? He needs to teach Korean. So that's why a complete sentence needs these three paths. Now why is this important? Because later on, maybe learn Korean sentence structure. The sequence in which subject and your verb and object appears in a sentence is important. So a very short lecture, but a very important one for those who are not familiar with these terms. Nouns are basically the names of people, places, etc. Your pronouns are words that you substitute your nouns with. For example, she, it, he, etcetera. Verbs are action words. How big can remember that? Adjectives are words that describe white. Describe nouns. Adjectives describe nouns. Adverbs are your words that describe what your actions. And also, we learned the different parts of a sentence, right? We learn a subject in your sentence, the main person doing the action. And of course, in the sentence we have your verb as well. And that subject must be doing something, right to an object. And that's why we have an object in the object usually is a noun. Okay, all these terms, please be familiar. So when we move on to the next few lectures, when I mentioned all these technical terms, at least you guys will not be confused. Okay, let's move on to the next lecture. 12. Sentence Structure: Okay, Welcome to this lecture. In this lecture we are going to learn more about sentence structure, okay, not English sentence structure. We are going to go deeper into the Korean sentence structure now we're going to learn some real content now. So I hope you're ready. In a previous lecture, we have seen the sentence already. Jay teaches Korean. And in a sentence usually there'll be a subject, a verb, and an object. And because we are going to learn about Korean sentence structure, I need to tell you guys what each word is in Korean. Now j, of course, in Korean is just j. There's no way to translate J to something else. Teaches in Korean is the word cutter, cheetah, and Korean is Han Google. All right, so now just take maybe five seconds to remember each one. Just three words, very easy. J is j. Teachers is carded, cheetah, Korean S hand gluco. Okay, now I'm going to translate this English sentence to Korean. Okay, I'm going to read the sentence for u. J Omega has 2k order, colored Tunisia or more time to Hanwu Goddard, colored chimney EDA, which basically means JT, just Korean. But at this point I want to ask you, Do you see any difference between the sentence structure of the sentence above and the one below. Now some of you may be able to point out that your subject is in front, yes, same as your English sentence. But in your Korean sentence, your object is in the middle while you verb is behind. Let me show you the labels. You see is subjected to sear, same as your English sentence, but somehow your verb position and your object position, they are switched. And that is one of the main difference between your English sentence structure in your Korean sentence structure, which incidentally is one of your Korean sentence structure rules. A Korean sentence should end with a verb or an adjective. Unlike your English sentence, which ends usually with an object, a Korean sentence should end with a verb or adjective. In this case, this sentence ends with a verb. Okay, cut a cheetah is teach. As I am saying that I'm pretty sure that some of you may have questions in your head already. I said colored cheetah is teach y in this case is this kind of team leader. Which brings me to my next point. Earlier I said, teach is called a cheetah. But when you put a verb or an adjective behind, rabbi said that all sentences need to end with a verb or an adjective, right? You cannot put card a cheetah because carded Sita is your basic form of the word teach. Basically, what it means is that if you were to flip your dictionary, you will see carded Cheetah the moment you put it in a sentence, you cannot use colored CDA because that is what you find in a dictionary. You need to change this color cheaper to a form that you want it to be used in a sentence. Now, why do we need to transform or change it from a dictionary form into another form so they can fit into a sentence. It's the same as English. We have the word teach, teach. We can find it in the dictionary. But what if I want to say, Oh, I used to teach Korean, so I taught Korean, I cannot say I teach Korean. I have to change from Teach too taut. And in Korean is the same thing. You have your dictionary form, but when you want to use it in a sentence according to how you want to express that message, you have to conjugate it. Okay, this is a mouthful, but a conjugated form is a form of a word that basically means that you have actually changed the basic form of a word to a form that you can actually use in a sentence, okay, so remember, in Korean, you cannot use your basic form in a Korean sentence. You have to conjugate it. Now, let me talk a little bit more of your basic dictionary form, carded Sita. You notice that I agree that power behind. Why? If you were to take a Korean dictionary right now and flip through it, you'll notice that verbs and adjectives that you can find in your Korean dictionary usually end with Ah, and within this world, there are also different parts. Your TA, in any verb or an adjective is your word ending and anything before that is your word stem. Okay? Usually we throw the ends away, all right? When we prepare vegetables, usually we throw the roots away. We won the beam stem in Korean and informing Korean conjugations and said that this most of the time, we throw away a lot of the word endings speeds, throw away the task a lot, and we keep the stem. So that's just one thing that you need to take note. Now going back to the sentence, you may have another question. Those two characters over their car. And what are these two characters for? Now you have to understand that the Korean language is very intuitive. And what are these two characters? These two characters are what we call particles and particles. The indicate the different parts of a sentence. Doesn't that make things so much easier? The car over here tells me that j is the subject. The view over here tells me that hung Google is my object. All right, and then we end it with a verb or an adjective. You can see that these particles actually play a very important role in labeling. I have to put it very simply, these particles label different parts of your sentence. And in this case, your car indicates that J is a subject. You order indicates that a 100 God is your object. And in this course we will learn different particles that serve different functions in a sentence. So a summary of what we've just learned from the top, a Korean sentence should end with a verb or adjective. We also learned your basic form. Basically your cutter, Sita is your basic form. And we also lend it, cut it cheetah, you know, the ending, the tar behind we usually don't want it. We throw it away like the roots of a vegetable versus your conjugated form. Your conjugate form is basically the word they defined in a dictionary. And then you change it to fit the meaning that you want it to show in a sentence. And last but not least, we also learned in a Korean sentence, there will be particles, and these particles act as labels in a sentence. They tell you which word is your subject, which is your object. All right, so I hope that you guys can internalize this. I know that some of these points may not really make sense at this point, but as we move on, you guys will start to understand more and you guys will start to appreciate how easy Korean S. So that's all for this lecture. I will see you in the next one. 13. First Conjugation: Hi everyone, Welcome to this lecture. And in this lecture we are going to learn our first conjugation. I hope you still remember what is your conjugation? Conjugation is basically taking your basic form and changing it into your conjugate, that form so that your verb or adjective can be put into a sentence also, from this point onwards, if you see a red box over here, these are vocabulary words that will be used in that particular slide. If you need some time to memorize these words, you can pause the video and try to remember these words. In this case, for this slide, there'll be two vocabulary words that you need to know. The first one is teacher, okay, in Korean, son saying name. Again, your son's name as your teacher. And if you want to say yes, you say name. Alright, now let's go to the middle of this slide over here to teach you guys your first conjugation. I'm going to put you into a situation in which you are probably asking someone, what are you, what do you do? Okay, You can ask, are you a teacher in this picture over here, this lady looks like teacher. So you can ask, in Korean, sons in Nim, in the cup. And then she replies, name something, Nim him Nida. When you ask something may mean Leica. And you reply with ne, something namely that you're actually saying in a very formal way. So usually we will use such conjugations or forms of sentences when we are in business. So the IM Nika conjugation is for you to form a formal, polite question. While in EDA is a formal statement they are trying to make. Alright, so remember this first conjugation they are going to learn is your formal polite form. Okay, one more time. A asks something Nim Leica, be replies there. Something namely Meta. It loosely translated. You're basically asking your teacher and she replies, Yes, I'm a teacher. Now, let me just show you something over here. Earlier, I said a Korean sentence should end with a verb or adjective. In this case, why does this sentence end with something new? Now, we know that there is a conjugation behind, right? But let me not talk about this. First. Let me talk about this. I sit there. Sentence needs to end with a verb or an adjective, but why is this ending with announce something new teacher is a noun. In this case, yes, something nim, It may look like a noun if I were to highlight it like this. But in actual fact, the noun son saying NIM, can actually be converted to a verb. Now your next question is like, how do I actually change a noun to an adjective? Korean, it's actually possible. Let me show you how something Nim on its own is a noun, but in Korean, iga is actually a verb. This is an actual word, right? You can actually find it in a dictionary. Remember the previous lecture, I also said that verbs and adjectives and with HA. So you can see that this e tau over here is a verb. You become someone or something. And in this case, if I were to add your noun, something nice together with your lover, it actually becomes, I'm saying name IDA. And because I did this first step over here, I combined my noun with your ITA, my new word over here, something becomes a verb to be in English when you put it in a sentence is basically your is, am, are, was all these are your conjugated form of to be I am a teacher, she is a teacher, you are teacher. And when we say something, the meter, this is actually a form we can loosely translated to, is a teacher. He there is this verb element to it. Your to-be for over. Yeah. All right, So technically we didn't bring any Korean said that rules the word something, the Meta is still a and a was conjugated and put into a sentence. All right. Okay, going back to the sentence, something seemingly data, let's learn how to conjugate the sentence right now. Okay, remember something, the meta, you still have your word ending here. We don't want your word ending grounder, throw it away, we put it in a sentence. We have to conjugate your sensing the Meta, which is your verb, okay, your basic form to your conjugated form. And this is how you do it. If you want to ask a question, are you something? Again, you can ask, are you a teacher? Are you a driver? Basic anything only need to do is to first take out your tar. And you see this part over here. You want to take this continent over here and combine it with your e. And when you do that, you'll be able to conjugate your verb to something Nim in Asia. Now, over here you are asking a question. So when you say it, you have to follow this Indonesian, something Nim in the gut. Hello, going upwards, towards the end. Okay? Something Nim. Alright. And also notice that my pronunciation over here is slightly different from what is written. If I were to read this sentence as it is written, I will say something Nim it, Nika, but I didn't say that. I said something in it. Now, why is that so nasal assimilation? Now it sounds very complicated, right? In simple words, nasal assimilation is to just simply make your reading or you're speaking smoother. Doesn't it sound a bit strange if you say something new, if Nika is very choppy again, but with nasal assimilation, you're able to read through the sentence very smoothly and very easily. Sons in Nim in the gut. One more time. Something nym, meaning basically reading the last three characters according to this pronunciation over here, you see that it's much smoother, right? That is nasal simulation in Korean. There are some details in that if you were to Google it, but I'm not going to cover it in this course because is quite a big topic. But if you are interested, you can go in, take a look at that. Okay, so now let's learn how to reply. We say there something Nim in Nida. So the conjugation for this is actually very similar to the one before, right? One is in Nika. This is ini. To do that, take out the what ending. You combine your heel with your e and the conjugate it to get something Nim, he need the same thing over here. There's nasal assimilation, so we pronounce it as he Nida, something Nim in Nida. All right. Just a hot tip for all of you. Earlier I said, you have to change a noun. You have to combine with the IDA to get your VR. And then after that, to change it to sentence form, the conjugated form, you have to change from something neat article, the word ending at this part to E and U conjugate to get something. Nim Nika has a very long process. Now, instead of going through this whole process in your head, where you have to change your noun to verb and then conjugate it. All you need to do is to remember this. You can just remember him, Nika, and leader. If you want to ask, if someone's a teacher, you can ask something new. And then you add in DKA, something naming Leica. And you reply with ne, something new in Nida, the one behind over here. It's way easier that way. In this case we're trying to do is to be able to form the sentence very quickly. All right? But at least you know that we didn't break any of the Korean sentence structure rules. We are not essentially ending with a noun. We learned before that we actually change something Nim, do something new, Meta, which is a verb, and then be conjugated. So this is one of the tips that you should know so that you can form sentences in your head very, very quickly. All right, now let's do a practice exercise. Earlier I gave you a hot tip, right? All you need to do is to add the immune behind your noun. And then you say something mean in neither, you put the noun where your characters are. In this practice, I will be a and you will be B. I will ask you a question and you answer me with this. Of course, you will need to replace the red characters with whatever is being flashed on the screen. Now, all your vocabulary words can be found here. So if you want to memorize them before this practice starts, you can pause the video at this point of time. Okay, Let me give you an example. Okay, this is a bank, I'll ask you, is this a bag? In Korean? Carbon in DKA? You apply the carbon in Nida. Alright, one more time, I'm going to ask you, carbon him Nika. And you will say carbanion meta. In English. Basically I'm asking, is this a bag? And then you're saying, yes, this is a bag. Very simple. I'm going to help me for one more. This is your chair. Leads. I'm Nika. And you will see the EDA. Eda. All right. For the subsequent ones, I want you to be saying it out loud. Ticks hang him Leica. You should have said chicks Zang him Nida. You should have said, Come take him Nida. You should have said a ton. Why Meta PDM makeup? You should have said you're impeding Leda. I know this doesn't look like a dictionary array, but just imagine this dictionary. Southern America. He should have said they certainly Nida. Okay, So we have come to the end of this lecture. Overall, we have learned our first conjugation. And you use this first conjugation when we want to ask a question in a formal and a polite way, you may want to ask about the person's job, something in me, Mika, teacher. And then you can say name, sons in Nim, him, Nida. You can actually replace the noun over here with different types of nouns. Alright? Learning vocabulary words can be very, very daunting. So that's why for this course, I don't really want to concentrate on a vocab because there are just too many vocabulary words out there and we may not need to use all those of capillary words. So according to your situation or according to what kind of question or a sentence that you want to form. I suggest that you understand the grammar concepts and when you want to use them in your daily life, find the right words from the dictionary and change the sentence accordingly. You can see how flexible the Korean language is. The moment we've mastered the grammar concepts, you'll find out that Korean is actually a very huge puzzle piece in which the different parts are interchangeable. And that is one reason why I feel that Korean is actually a very easy language. So now with this knowledge in mind, I suggest for you to just go back and restart and rewatch this particular lecture so that you can understand the essence of how the Korean language works. Because in the next few lectures, how we conjugate and how we move things around, especially what's in a Korean sentence is going to be very similar to what I've just taught you in this lecture. If you're still confused, it's okay. I was also very confused at a very beginning when I started learning a new language. But as you progress, you start to unlock different secrets and have a deeper understanding of their language. So don't worry. All right, so that's all for this lecture. I will see you in the next one. 14. First Particle 1: Hi guys, Welcome to this lecture. So in the previous lecture, we learned our first conjugation. In this lecture we are going to learn our first particle. Now I hope you can remember what a particle is in Korean. Remember particles are like labels in Korean sentence. I'm not sure if you guys realized, but in a previous lecture, we did not learn our particle because there was no need to. Now imagine in a situation where we have a third person, me, you, and a third person. And this person is, this goal over here. Name is CBD, nationality, hunger, Saddam. Now, if you're wondering what is a hungry or Sartre referred to this red box over here. Pause this video and take a moment to memorize these words. Hangzhou basically means career. It's Harlem means person. And when you put them together, handbooks, IRA, it basically means a person from Korea. All right? And occupation. Soybean is a student Axin. Now in a previous lecture, we didn't learn a particle because there was no need to. But in this case, we will need a particle. Why? Because there's a third person that we're talking about. Let's look at the sentence in the middle of the screen. We see that Sabine is a Korean, should be none. Handbooks Haram mean Nida. Now you compare this with our previous lecture. In the previous lecture, when I ask something Nim Nika, there's an assumption that I'm talking to you directly. But in this particular instance, there is a third person. So that's why we need a particle. This is particle which are explained data. But just read the sentence once through first, right? Superman handbooks Haram in Leda soybean is a Korean. To add on to that information, I will say Huck singing Nida. We know that housing is student. But what happened to spin are explained in the next line. Over here, I've color coded the different parts of the sentence. I put subbing in front of the sentence and then I say that soybean is a Korean, should be none. Handbooks her on the monitor. And when I want to add information about Serbian, there is actually no need to say Sue Benin for a second time. Because the moment I say boxing and Nida, here, there is a hidden assumption that we are talking about soon. But for the sake of translation, I just left the English word should be here. But in actual fact, we are just simply saying, students. Keep that in mind. Okay, And here comes our been questioned. What is this particle over here for? We know that Susan is your noun, right? Soybean is the name of this column over here. So what is this particle trying to label Shubin S? Your MAN particle is also what we call your topic particle. Your topic particle indicates the topic of the sentence. Let me give you an example to help you understand the importance of a topic particle. Imagine this. We are all in a group of maybe five to six people. And I come up to you and say, taxing leader. And you look at me very confused. And that is when your topic particle is important, you want to tell me the topic of this sentence. Then I add Sabina. Sabina hacks singing Nida. And now this sentence suddenly becomes very clear. You are telling me that swooping with your topic particle, she is a taxing students and then you conjugate, okay? Always remember, conjugate your verb or you're editing in this case, remember from the previous lecture, your formal polite conjugation. All right, so which also brings me to another point, your topic particle is usually paired together with unknown. And then you may ask, why is there an end? I will take the next few slides are explaining it to you. But just know that the usage of an all or none will depend on the character right before it. In this case over here, beam actually determines whether I used an ordinary. Let me explain. So if the nouns last character has a team, we use them in the example that I gave earlier through being then hexane in EDA. Going through this rule or more time, if the nouns last character, which is this character over here, it has a team. You see over here, this Nin, your final consonant. Since it has a final consonant, we have to use. And when we read it, we read S. So B, if you have an empty continent over here, does an empty continent, right? And you have a final consonant in the previous character, and you have to bring your final consonant over and read it as Sue B. That's why there is an end. It really depends on your final character. So in the same way, if the nouns last character has no pattern at all, you use none. In this case, we're not talking about soybean. We're talking about another person. Okay. This person's name is Min Zu. All right. We are saying that mean shoe is a student, mean Chanel Huck singing Meta, means x2, is a student. Notice that the last character, kid announced last character has no part Tim. Therefore we use MIN means none. Huck singing, Meta. Very straightforward. So this particle is actually very, very easy particle to use. The rules are also rather simple. So with that, let's practice what we've learned in the example that I had given should be none. Handbook Saddam in Nida, soybean is the name. And then we put our particle. And remember, depending on the last character, whether there is a seam or not, we either use an all or none. Over here I have a new person, k This guy's name is Michael. He's all right. If you don't know what that is, come over here. Negro. Negro is America. Saddam we have learned before, it's just person. So a person from America, Miu, Miu, sorrow. There's a list of new words they will appear. So you can pause this video and memorize these words first. Okay, So now let me explain the information. Over here they see on top and below pictures. Okay. On top of the picture is the name of the person that you see. Below. On the left is the nationality. On the right is his occupation. All right. Michael is Zara. My code is also ways R1. R1 is your office worker. All right. So let's describe Michael using career. Let's put focus on Michael Phelps, Michael Jordan, me, Adam in Nida. I want to add on to that by saying that he is also an office worker. But do I need to repeat my couldn't do I need to save my couldn't again? No, we don't need it. Just like in this example, right? I mentioned before, if you want to add information about Shubin, you don't have to say swooping them anymore. Just start straight away. Huck singing leader. So once again, let's start from milk Sarum again. My couldn't be books had I'm in Nida ways on one amnesia. That's it. One more time. My couldn't. Let me give you one more example. Names your code. It'll burn Tara, Japanese, and hang one bank employee. Let's describe your core right now. Your core. Do I say unordered? Look at the last character over here. Is there a particular, there's no partnership, right? So therefore, your Conan, Yvonne, sodomy Meta learning one emitter. That's it. Now you will try for the next few examples. Can you describe so P to me? You should have said. So p None. Put answer. Sarah, Young, La, Nina. Can you describe Natasha to me? You should have said Natasha and then Russia, Asara millimeter. You resign. Linda. Can you describe Mary to me? You should have said Mary then tingly pins are millimeter resigned, neither. Can you describe to me. You should have said the mainland, Chugach sodomy meter. Meter. And for the sake of practice, can you describe Michael to me one more time? You should have said my couldn't Bukhara mean Nita. Weights are one meter. All right, so that is all that you need to know for your first particle, your unknown particle. Remember when to use an and when to use them. It really depends on the nouns final character. Also remember the point that if we are adding information about CBD in this case, all right, moving on to the next sentence. There is no need to say, Sue been done anymore. We can straight away say, sing he Meta. So far we have learned our first particle and our first conjugation. I'm sure you're starting to feel like, Oh, you're getting the hang of Korean, right? Because most of the words can be replaced with your own words and you can start forming your own sentence. As we move down the lectures, you will start to feel a little bit more flexible and more confident. And it is one of the purpose of this course to help you to unlock your potential, to be able to see that you know, the Korean language is just a big piece of puzzle that you can interchange and into switched the different parts all around. I hope this course has been helpful to you so far, we're going to move on into deeper topics for the next few lectures. I will see you in the next one. 15. Application Lesson: Hi guys. This lesson is going to be quite interesting, is this can be considered an application lesson. I'm going to demonstrate to all of you that you can actually start a mini conversation with someone with whatever they have just learned. Of course, I'll be teaching you guys some new words to make this conversation between Sabine. I'm sure you can remember Sabina on the left and Michael. Now before I proceed with a conversation between Serbian and Michael, you might want to look at the bottom right corner. There are some new words there'll be introducing in this conversation. And if you know these words by heart, you might be able to understand the composition better. So take a moment, maybe a minute or two to memorize these words over here. All right, let's start soup in both. First, I know IS here tonight, Sabina MDA. And I say, Oh, Cheonan, my cutting Nita on the not Asara mean daka, daka, daka, knee, hock seen in Nida, total Huxley meter. All right, so I've just gone through this conversation once. Now I want you to read from the top to the bottom. You can pause this video right here and take a moment to dissect each sentence and the parts within it and see if you can understand what is happening. At this point of time, you should be able to understand at least 70, 80% of what both of them were talking about. After this, I'll explain each sentence in detail. Alright, are you ready? Let's focus on the first sentence on top. Annyeonghaseyo, tunnel, soybean emitter. Now, I'm sure all of you should know what annyeonghaseyo, right? It is the basic greeting in Korean. Hello, tolerant, soybean emitter, you are putting the focus on you first by putting tau i. And then you are labeling yourself with your topic particle. That one we have learned before. I M SUV. Now, one thing I want to point out, we can remember annyeonghaseyo because it is a very common greeting, right? But what if I were to break down this work for you into its component parts, meaning to say I can break it down for you so that you'll be able to see the basic form and also the conjugation. All right, We're almost like reverse engineering. What we've learned. If you noticed there is an additive here and young Harper. And if you were to check good dictionary, and young hyper means peaceful or calm. So this is your basic form. While on the other hand, this basic form was conjugate that by adding CEO behind. I hope you're understanding what I'm saying. Your basic form was actually conjugate that with an honorific ending, meaning to say, you are actually talking to this person with respect. So therefore, you say your behind. Now in this course I'm not going to teach you the honorific ending conjugation, but I am going to tell you how this is actually formed, okay, how you conjugate a basic form work with SEO, all you need to do is to take away the ending no one wants or what ND, and you just combine your CEO over to get a non ha, CEO. And also notice one more thing. At the end of agnosia, what do you see? There's actually a question, but many people do not know this. But we usually put a question mark behind our new CEO, not a full stop. Why? Because we are literally asking a question right here, since we know the unknown hada means peaceful or come, and we are asking a question With respect, right? Honorific ending. We are literally asking this person, are you at peace? Annyeonghaseyo is they need like large turbulence in your life. This is literally what we're asking when we are saying annyeonghaseyo. So I hope this is an interesting fact for you to know and that even such a basic phrase like annyeonghaseyo can be broken down into its component parts. Your basic form, together with your conjugation, you can see that there is a system to the Korean language. It's the same for any language in fact. So keep this in mind when you're saying annyeonghaseyo, you're asking the person, Hey, are you at peace? And if you're one, you can impress your friends with this new factor you have LED. Alright, moving on. Tau means me or I, very easy. And myco replace same thing and yard sale, ton then my cutting NDA. So my cause reply is really like a mirror reply to sue been statement. Okay. Nothing much to add here. And then swooping asks on the NACADA, sodomy Monica. Now if you were to look at these three words separately, or no means which means country. Saddam means person, loosely translated, which country person are you? A Korean person. Sounds weird, right? Are you Singapore person? Are you an American person? Now, in the previous lecture, we learned that if you have a country and then BCS hybrid behind, it usually means and other personal the country. So in order to reply to this question on another Santa Monica, all you need to do is to just replace this blue highlighted characters over here with a country they are from. Okay, So since Michael is from America, vehicle, only need to do to reply to this question is to replace on another with me. And this is why Korean is so easy, right? All you need to do is just replace different parts of a sentence and you will be able to reply or carry on with the conversation. In this case, on the data, you're asking Which country and you reply with a specific country, you're from? Me, gu okay. Moving on. Soybean asks Michael if he's a student. Now, notice that she didn't add my current Huxley, him Nika, She didn't add that front part, right? The topic of the sentence. Is there a need to add a topic in this case? No, she Sabine is talking directly to Michael. There is no third person in this scenario, so there is no need to put focus on anyone else. And Michael naturally knows that she's asking him no need for my current housing. Ricardo just asked straightaway, Huck singing Nika. And Michael replies with the vaccine and neither. Is there a need to put tunnel. No, there's no need to put tonight and friend because over here, we are implying that we're asking this question to Michael and this sentence over here, naturally, when he replies SUV nose and he knows that he's talking about himself, there's no need for autonomy anymore. Okay, moving on. Total Huck singing Nida. Now, what is the difference between this over here, total and torn? Now, this is in reply or in response to this statement over here, Michael is saying he is a student. Serbian wants to add to the information, alright, by saying that she herself is a student too. So she would say TO 20 Huxley Meta, meaning me. I too am a student. In this case, if you want to use POE, there's no need for you to add your topic particle anymore. It replaces the unknown. We don't say turn and DOE, hexene, we don't we don't say that. We just say total hypoxemia, that there's no need to add the unknown anymore. All right, so without the translations, without the English assistance, Let's try to read the whole conversation again and recap what I've just taught you. Annyeonghaseyo, turn them soybean and Meta. Annyeonghaseyo. And then my colleague Leda. On the data, suramin, Leica, me, Huxley America. They hexene leader, total Huxley meter. All right, So after just a few lessons, you can see that we can actually make a very simple conversation already, and this is how easy Korean is. I hope that through this application lesson, I have taught you certain skills about interchanging parts of a sentence to help fit your situation so that in the future when you are on your own, you'll be able to form your own sentence according to what you want to say. And this is the beauty of the Korean language. It is that easy. I hope you're enjoying this course so far. We're going to learn more grammar concepts in the next few lectures. I'll see you then. 16. "I'm not...": Hello guys and welcome to this lecture. Now in this lecture we are going to learn another conjugation. This conjugation means I'm not, all right, Basically you're trying to say I'm not something or someone. For a start, Let's look at a conversation between Seville and Michael. I'm going to read it for you. Michael, She, Chugach, sad, I'm Nika. Michael replies are neo. To look sodomy are the Meta. And for your information, are neo means no. Once again, likely to see two books are I mean Leica. What I've been saying here, Michael C Well, is she she is a form of saying Mister or Miss. Right. So when someone says Michael, She she's actually saying Mr. Michael, something like that. She asks choke suramin Leica, are you Chinese to-go? Is China. Saddam is person. Michael replies are Neo, no, Zara, me and him neither. Chugach is China, Saddam is person. And in Nida, I'm not. Instead, he says, I am American. So if you were ever asked a question and you want to reply with a no, okay. Basically, you're telling this person that you're not that person or you're not from the country. So we then my Michael is actually placed in this situation where he wants to say no to CBD. Again, he's trying to tell superman He's not to start up. He's not Chinese, right? He says are Neo. And to say that he is not Chinese, we will need this conjugation over here. And what is this conjugation? Your ICA and amnesia is a conjugation that negates effect or a statement. Negates basically means cancel out. So in this case, Sue been asks if Michael is a true bookseller, right? I highlighted in red mycoses are neo tune books had army and in LDA. Let me show it to you clearly. Here is your conjugation. And this was the word that was taken from who? Stupid. So you see there's this interchangeability between words and parts of a sentence, especially when you want to reply to someone. Okay, so translating this the English took Sarah Chinese. And with the conjugation behind, what you're saying is that you're not Chinese. She looks at me and him Nida. And if you take a look one more time at the conjugation, you can see E. And again, depending on the character, the last character of your now, it will determine whether you're going to use e or car. Let's learn the rule right now. If the nouns last character has a PR team or final consonants, you use e. Just like in the previous example. Zara, me and him, Nida. This last character over here that I've bolded. There is a particular because there is a PR team, you use e. And how do you see this whole sentence to me, right? Remember to bring your final continent over me and him Nida. There is a nasal assimilation over here. You are pronounced this S. Nim. Need. One more time. Xiang Gu, me. Nim DBA for car. If the nouns last character has no pats him, we use her. Louisa him neither. Esi is actually Dr. You're trying to say you're not a doctor. So ISACA and him neither. Notice that the last character of your now has no potassium over here. So therefore we use car. Okay? So this is your conjugation for when you want to negate a fact or a statement that someone has just set towards you. We are going to practice what we've learned right now. In this practice, you are going to take on different identities. As an example, let's just say you are Michael lochia, this guy over here. And our ask you this question, Chugach suramin Leica, right? And just below the picture you can see red words and green words, right? The red ones are what you are not. Okay, So this is where you're going to apply your I'm not conjugation. So our ask. Django Oksana, when RCA and you reply amino K annual remember means no. And then you look at information here. What are you not? Me and amnesia. I am not Chinese, but I am American. So you'll see me go one more time to Bukhara when RCA. And you reply on yo me an emulator, I am not Chinese legal diva. I am American. Let me show you another example. Now, I want you to take on the identity of this goal over here. I'm going to ask you the question. Okay? Sorry, replica. I just ask if you are Chinese. And what do you say? Are neo? To me and him Nida. Do we say to Luke's had lambda? No, right? Because there is a potassium here. So therefore, we use E for what is she or what you mean leader, I am Korean. Now it's time for you to practice. Before we proceed, you might want to pause this video and try to memorize all the words that you see over here. Okay, are you ready? Let's start. You should have said SMS on hand. You should have answered our new Samsung hand, the pony, and you should have answered something N0, M0 and M1. You should have answered on your camera Zika and EBITDA. Ebitda. Alright, so that is all for this lesson. It is not a very long one, but it is still essential. Sometimes you may face a situation where you need to negate effect. Maybe one day you might travel to Korea and a Korean approaches to you and starts speaking Korean. And you want to tell this person, you know, I'm not Korean. If you talk to me in Korean, I wouldn't understand, right? So what can you say? You can say hunger, taxonomy and amnesia. I am not Korea. So you can see that you can actually change the words or the phrases within parts of the sentence to fit the situation. Once again, I have to say almost every single lecture that Korean is very much like a big jigsaw puzzle and you can't switch different parts around, be flexible. And I'm sure at this point of time you are already getting the hang of the Korean language and the rules within it. I hope that this course has been serving you well. I will see you in the next one. 17. "I watch television.": Hello everyone, welcome back. In this lecture we're going to form sentences which will involve a verb, All right, basically in action and also an object. And keep in mind that this conjugation is considered the formal polite form. So use this kind of conjugation when you want to talk to formally and politely to someone. Before I start the lecture, take a moment to just memorize all these words over here on the left. Okay, so to start off, I'm just going to read through this conversation. I'm not going to explain too much. All right, This listen to me, read the sentences. More cell handicap, TB from Nida, worser, boxing, the panel moccasin leader. Now, to loosely translate each sentence, more cell has only got, remember your harder to do and what is what? So what do, what are you doing? Tb, I'm sure you know what's TB? Tb liter per meter. K. I'm watching television. Your palm leader actually comes from the word powder. Conjugate that to your formal polite form. Subsequently, we asked another question, was boxing DKA. All right. What, what Mazda Miata means to eat? But some Nika, what are you eating? Bang, bang is your bread, banner box, some Nida. Same thing to eat. Now, looking at the first two sentences in detail, you notice that there is your object, right? Your television is here, and in this case, the object is not there. But instead it is replaced with a question like, What, What are you doing? Your object is, your verb, is there, but where is the subject? Now in this case, there is actually no need to put the subject because we're assuming, we're assuming that this is a conversation between two people. And as you know in Korean, when you're talking to someone directly and there is no third person. There's this hidden assumption that when you're talking to a person, you are actually making that person the subject of the sentence. So with that, we are going to start learning our first particle. Earlier I said that this your object, right? So which means your end you'll do that comes after your object is your object particle. So your rule indicates the object of the sentence. Very simple. Just like other particles, there are rules to follow too, and very simply, it all boils down to whether the last character has a chimera. Here you can start to see a pattern here, right? Reading this rule over here, if the nouns last character has a Patreon, we use more cell from Nika. You notice this last character over here. It has a Patreon, Right? Because he has him, we use boo, boo or serve. Okay, we bring the seed over here. More, say publica, as you can see over here. More third, publica. In the same way. If the nouns last character has no patching, then we should use letter over here, TBD, poem Leda k, the last character of your noun, putting him on Apache, no particular case. So therefore we use do very, very simple, okay? But of course, this rule does not apply to all the particles in the Korean language. There are certain exceptions, so you have to learn along the way. But in general, this is the most followed rule in Korean language. They usually have to see whether the final character has Apache manner. So along the way, once you get used to it, some of these things actually come very naturally to you. And when you speak, sometimes, it's quite amazing how you will just naturally know what the roots are even without learning them. This is how natural Korean language can be. Now, after talking about the object particle, let's talk about the backpack, right? The verb. Over here, we know that the basic form of the verbs are Harappa, but you conjugate to your formal polite form. You get harmonica. If you ask a question, Porta, if you want to conjugate to your formal polite form to make a statement, it becomes pomonella. And I hope you can remember what we learned in the first few lectures. This conjugation is actually the exact same conjugation in which we have learned earlier. Even notice Nika and meter. And you can see over here, the continent over here is actually the same thing. It's just that in the earlier lectures, we saw nouns. But then again, teacher JU said that we shouldn't put nouns. That's why I said you had to change to a verb. That's why we had ITA behind. Over here. It is naturally a verb already. There's a car behind as a towel over here. And since we have already learned a conjugation in the past, this should be very easy. I hope you can remember how to do it. If you don't, you're going to revise it right now. So previously I said, if you want to conjugate to your formal polite form, all you need to do is to remove the tar and you bring your peer over to here, right, and becomes harmonica. And just to show it to you on the screen, yet you conjugate that to get America. But now there is one extra part that you need to learn in this lecture compared to the one that we've learned before. And that is in the previous lecture, all your nouns will always be followed with EDA. So in the sense conjugation in the first few lectures were very, very easy because if you notice the character before, your TA will always be with a PO2 below. And when that happens, all you need to do is to move your peer over to the bottom, take away your word ending. That's it, immediate or Unica. But for verbs, there are certain verbs that may have a potted. For example, Mata, knockdown means to eat. If you were to take away your TA and bring over the year. It's impossible because there's a person here. So what do we do? We will learn that in the next slide. But know that for the PM Nika and the conjugation, if there's no person in the last character of the adjective or a verb, you can simply bring the Pip over and conjugate to get a harmonica. So that is when the last character has no part chimp. What if the last character has a party? Then the conjugation will look slightly different. Instead of PM Nika, you need to remember this in step. Submit. So conjugating adjectives and verbs with last characters, having a party movie here, all you need to do is to take away your tough and combine both together to get some Nika. Boxing Leica came to pronounce it, properly. Pronounce it like that. Box. Got nasal assimilation, okay, to make it as smooth as possible. So at this point I can safely say that all of you already know the full story, okay? It's either PIM Nika or some Nika. And these two are your two ways of conjugating a verb or an adjective depending on whether there is a Patreon or not. Now, this conjugation is to make formal and polite questions. How about statements then? It is very, very similar right? Now in this case, you want to say that you watch TV, TV, palm, neither. It is a statement, a sentence. How do you conjugate it? Very simple. If your adjective or your verbs last character has no part, seem like in this example here there's no party movie here. All you need to do is take out the tar. You bring the overt, combine them to get from Nida, as simple as that. And to ask the same question. What if your verb has Apache, like this one over here? What do you do? Same thing as you did for the question conjugation. If you take away the top, you bring it over and combine them together, you get box and Nida. Now do you see a very clear pattern here? I'm sure you do, right? And when you see such a system, you realize that actually chorion is a very easy language to pick up. Now let's go and explore a little bit more and let's talk about other verbs that we can think about. You can ask more, harmonica, what do you do? And let's say, I am playing soccer, right? You can say gluteal amnesia. So in this case, your good is your object and your honeydew is your harmonica. To have neither you are doing soccer. The action is to do. And what is the object? The activity soccer. Next verb. More, Sir, hm, Nika. What does this game, right? So in Korean, What do you think? Can say? Yes, you're right. You can see. Okay with how Nida I do game, I'm doing the action of gaming. How about this girl over here? Was Harmonica music. This is slightly interesting. Do you do music? Or is there a certain word that you can use? What do you think? Now if you said that you can't do music and there's a certain verb that you can use for music, then you are right. Now in this case, if you say Amanda, 100 meter sounds very awkward, especially when you're talking about a girl who is listening to music. If you want to talk about a person like making music and musician, you can say a mother, how many die? But in this case, it's a bit awkward. And there's an actual verb that you can use in this scenario, and that is very obviously to listen to. So therefore, the point that I'm trying to make is that you don't have any doubt everything, alright, that's not the way to do career. There are certain verbs that you need to use for certain objects. So in this case, we see a mother to some Nida. Okay? Remember, if your last character has a PR team, you will need to add some Nida. All right, this one's the rules that we've just learned. All right, so now let's practice. For question on top was a harmonica. Obviously, this lady is eating a cake, right? So what are the two key words here? They want to look out for? Number one is cake, right? So, you know, Korean word for K is cake. And the next key word is to eat. Now, with that being said, we can form a sentence saying, cake, box1 need to answer the question on top. But is there a better way to ask this question instead of saying, you know, what are you doing? Was there Hebraica? You can actually ask More third, box in the gut. What are you eating? Right? This makes the question even more specific and that is good. And in this case, you can see that in order to answer this question, all you need to do is to replace, replace this written down over here. What changed what to cake? Cake, walk, some Nida and of course you have to conjugate it back to your statement, your formal polite statement. One smoke more. So box1, Leica, cake, box. Neither. Next one. I'm going to ask the same questions. More. Harmonica. She's obviously drinking something. All right, so what are the key words here to look out for? Number 1, t, I know you can't tell this t, but I'm telling you she's drinking tea. And that's your object right now, what do you think the action is? To drink and drink in Korean by Sita? So to form your sentence, how can you answer this question more so, harmonica. You will see tartar Massimo Nida. Now, let's practice making the question a bit more specific. How can we ask it? If I were to ask in English, I can ask, what are you drinking? So in the same way, we can change the question to more cellular machinery. Nika, what are you drinking? Moving on. Now, what do you think the key words in this situation are? Now if you think about it, there's really no objective. You can pair with this action that she's doing. She's obviously sleeping. Since there is no object that we can think of. And the action is to sleep. Tba, okay, TBA is to sleep. How can we form a response below? To ask the question again, more, harmonica, you can say, Tom nepa, I'm sleeping. In this context. This verb in itself does not require an object. Not everything requires an object. Yes, you can sleep on the bed, but that is not the action working on the object. The action is just to sleep and that's it. That's the end of the story. Now, let me ask you then, is there a way to make this question more specific? There's no way you cannot ask more. Tamika, sounds very strange. What are you sleeping? So that's why there's no need to change this question to be more specific. More cell harmonica. Very obviously, the two keywords they can think of when you look at this picture book and you read the object. More cell harmonica. So the phone sentence taker. Zuniga, right? Why is it eat and not ill. That is a question that I have answered in my other course, learning hunger. So if you want to revise that, you can go back to that cause, right? Asking a question more, Sir. Hm. Obviously this person is exercising. So what are the two key words you think would fit this situation or this picture? Exercise here, you know, the act of exercising. How about the verb? Is a verb for exercise, and that is known harder. More cell harmonica. When you try to form your sentence, should you form it like this? Well known hmm, Nida? Or should you form it like this? Normally 100 meter? Which one should be? Now in this case, this will sound more natural. Okay, you don't need to say no longer has amnesia, although that is not wrong. Okay. I have to tell you that it is not wrong to say to normal how amnesia, but just to be more natural. Remember that it's just, we don't have Nida. Also. One more thing before I end this lecture is that In Korean, in a lot of verbs, you usually see a lot of Hodeidah, right? Because hot are means to do this verb over here. We don't have to exercise on its own is a verb. But if I were to remove hotter, What are you left with? You're left with window. And window is actually exercise, the act of exercising meaning to say this word, London becomes a noun. Now, you see it on top. If there's a hotter, hotter to exercise, if I remove harder, it becomes a noun, would know. It is the same for many different verbs, but let me just show you some examples. Kombucha means to study. If I were to remove hada, it becomes studies the noun. Next example, we're done hubba. Hubba is to drive, good action of driving. But when I remove Harbor, we are talking about the drive itself, that being a noun. So keep that in mind when you see certain verbs if harder, okay, there is a high possibility that if you remove the harder, the characters will become the noun form. And that is very important to understand that when you memorize nouns or verbs, you'll start to see this relationship and you won't start to memorize things for no reason. As a conclusion, in this lecture, we learned the object particle. You're older and your rule indicates the object of the sentence. And we also lead the formal polite conjugation of asking a question and also seeing a statement, Okay, pin Leica or some Nika. Anita Zuniga. I hope that this lecture has been useful to you. We are going to dive a little bit deeper in the next one. See you there. 18. "I like fruits and vegetable.": Hi everyone, welcome back. And in this lecture we are going to learn a new particle. And this particle can help us to be a bit more flexible. What do I mean by that? We can see that we like something, right? But so far the skills that we have learned, it doesn't allow us to like more than one thing. We can say that, you know, I like foods, Cheonan, quite eater toward amnesia. Now in this lecture we are going to do some application and we're also going to stretch you a little bit more. Now we have learned how to see things in a polite way, formal polite way, right? So if I were to give you a verb, in this case chihuahua, but I'm sure you can conjugate it to a formal polite form, right? Conjugate to chihuahua. How Nida, and why if I wanted to say, I like fruits, I can see why eager to have nepa. However, what if I wanted to say, unlike fruits and vegetables? That is when we will come in, learn our new particle during this lecture. And again, I'm going to read the sentence in the middle once through 20 and then either Gua Yang tailored to what, how nepa, let me give you the English translations. I taught quite Elijah fruits and vegetables into amnesia. Your formal polite conjugate the form of twaddle to light. And guess what the particle over here means. And so i, your objects are fruits and vegetables, and you like them. I like fruits and vegetables and revising even more, your Linden, your subject particle. Yoder is your object particle. And your Chihuahua amnesia is your conjugation between your two are harder and your formal polite form K. Remember you take out the tar and because there's no protein, you bring your peer over here. And of course, not forgetting particle, which we'll learn in this lecture of course. All right, very quickly. What is your N particle? What does it do? It links several nouns within a single sentence, and it is equivalent to the word end. As you can see over here. It joins your fruits, which is you're now and your Jati as well, which is also a noun with the law. And there is a rule to this key, either to use quad or one. And guess what is the rule related to? Yes, it is related to seem as well, but it's slightly different this time. Okay, let me show you how is it different? If the nouns last character has a potting, we use qua, quite tailored to have Nida. You'll notice there is a particular year. And because there is a Patreon, you use qua. Now this is slightly different from what we used to write previously. If there's a potting, the mixed character that we will choose usually would have an empty continent are given. In this case, we have to use the one with an actual continent. Remember previously I said, you know, in general, the potting rules are usually the same except for some exceptions. This is one of them. Okay. Why is Gua? Gua meter? It is the same for opposite. Again, if the nouns last character has no party middle, do we use one? Copy, one boundary to have neither one is copy. I'm sure you know what's copy? A coffee and bang, bang is bread. I like coffee and bread. P1 boundary. Ah, how Nida? So since there is no potassium over here, we use the one with empty consonant 1. Okay, now let's do a challenge. Let's say, I like all these things over here. Is it possible for me to use your choir and your wife consecutively until I've used all the nouns. Yes, it is. Okay. So starting from the front, the topic, tonight, right eye. So therefore turn then. Let's talk about the first picture, first, Kuai, okay, and because you're quiet ear, your ear has a protein. So do we use COI or one? We use. Okay. So then what snakes? Your vegetables, right? Yeah. Okay. Yeah. Same over here. No vaccine. So do we use COI or one? Use one. Something different again, turn in. Your next one is your bread. You're bang, bang. Now your bank has a Patreon below. So COI or one. Very good. Okay. And then yeah. How about this copy? And since the last character has no protein, do we use Law of graph? If you said why you are wrong now y is 0. It's not because you got your rural, but because we are done putting all four nouns into the sentence, right? So we will end this whole section over here with a particle, but not your N particle, not your car or your why. What all these, all these objects, right? So what is your object particle that you put here? If there is no Patreon, we put okay. So starting from the front again, tunnel. Gua gua been Gua cop Peter was the action. Yes. Twa has amnesia. Now is this easy? It is a very long sentence indeed, but see, step-by-step, we managed to get every single thing out. And this is the resulting sentence. And now you're able to express yourself even more freely. You can tell everyone walked away like foods, like vegetables, I like bread or a coffee. You don't have to break them up into like four different sentence. Turn then you do to our Nida told them to do to do that. Everything is in one long sentence. I hope you kind of felt the achievement behind that. Now very quickly I'm going to teach you one new conjugation. What if Superman doesn't like all these things? What can we say? How can we conjugate the back part to say, I don't like something instead of like, okay, Starting from your friend, Sue Benin, little Gua gua cop, Peter, Chihuahua, and some Nida. Okay, So this is your conjugation for you to use when you want to negate the action, basically the opposite of the action. So once again, the T and some Nida negates the verb or adjective. It doesn't have to be twaddle. It can be any other verb. But the moment you add z and submit, that is almost like adding a not in front. Instead of like, you don't like, instead of listen, you don't listen to him negates the verb or adjective. So the rule to conjugate this very simple, it is just one rule to rule them all. But anyway, to use your TI and so many die your formal polite negative sentence conjugation. I know it's a mouthful, but just understand the concept behind. You're just trying to see something to negate the verb. Only need to do is take away the top and put the data together. And that's it. Good as no potassium rule anything, just take away the tie and put it behind you, conjugate it and you get schwa hearty, and neither are right. Now let's do a little practice, shall we? Now there are four food objects here and Four Seasons here. Okay. There's your winter, spring, summer, your order, and your fall. Okay. If you want to take some time to memorize them, please do. Now it's time for you guys to express what you like. Something or something while to amnesia. Out of these four things on top, I want you to choose two things or more that you like. And I want you to form a sentence. Okay. For me, I would say, yeah. Been Gua cop Peter to have amnesia. I do like these three things. Okay. So what do you like? Tell me. All right, Very good. Now, let's move on to season's okay. Four Seasons. I only like two of them, like winter and pull. So how do I make them into a sentence? Or two? How Nida, K, slowly, Gua, palm, EDA. So which seasons do you like? Good. Now let's talk about what you don't like. I don't like foods. So what would I see? But since this is the only thing that I don't like this for on top. I can say qua e du Bois had tea and some Nida. I do not like fruits. Remember the negation, conjugation? You negate the verb. How about you? Which are the things that you don't like? Good. Well then, now for me, the seasons, I hate summer and fall. Alright? So I can say Gua, your morale, schwa d, and some leader. I don't like fall and summer. All right. So which season do you not like? Good, Well done. All right, so in conclusion, in this lecture we have learned the end particle, your car and your car. And it is equivalent to the West End. And it links several nouns together. And also we learned a new conjugation, see and some leader. This is your formal, polite way of saying a negative sentence. Basically, you're putting the word not in front of the verb. The negative sentence conjugation. It negates the verb or adjective. As we approach the last few lectures, things are going to get a bit faster because I know that you guys are getting used to this page already. And when that happens, don't be flustered or anything. Just go with the flow and our mixture that you guys follow after me, alright, don't worry about it. So I hope you have enjoyed this one. I'll see you in the next one. 19. Particle Party : Hi there, Welcome to this lecture. Okay, This lecture is going to be a bit more fast-paced, okay? Because not much content, but I'm trying to cover as much ground as possible. And more specifically, this is the particle party lecture. Our teacher, as many particles as I can during this lecture. In this lecture, you start to realize and see the beauty of Korean language being a puzzle piece. Coming together, you realize that, you know, you can put things anyway you want, as long as you have to write what, you put them in the right positions, the sentence will be complete. Alright, let's start by just reading the sentence in the middle. I though it doesn't make sense to you right now, but I'll give you the translations liter, tunnel. Tanya, sick down here. So Kimball box Zuniga, images give you the English meanings to the words that you might not know. Okay, so looking at each section slowly, I evening restaurant came up is your seaweed rice world, the one over here in the picture. And maximum EDA is to eat. Now, without me giving you the English translation in the form of a full English sentence. Can you guess what am I trying to say over here? Just based on the keywords alone. Okay, some of you may say, this is a sentence that is telling me, I eat seaweed rice roll in a restaurant in the evening. And you're absolutely correct. Okay, So there is the rough meaning of this sentence Gai, you're telling me that you or I, the time evening. Okay, the location, restaurant, the object and the verb to eat. And in this lecture, we are going to look at these two particles over here. And as our tunnel, tunnel. Good evening. Sigdang saw at the restaurant, Kim bubble your object, particle box and Nida to eat. Now, just by looking at the sentence alone, you already know the particles function here, but I'll go into details. You're a indicates time Tony again in the evening. So your a is your time particle. Now, what if I wanted to ask a question, Okay? I want to ask, when do you eat the bread? I can ask on the boundary box some Nika on there is when. And this is the time that you use your air particle because you are telling the person when you can say tunnel, our team, our team as morning on the box Sunni, right one more time tunnel at CMA, boundary of Zuniga. So remember you're, as you're tying particle. Now I've another sentence, okay? But it is slightly more specific. Why do I say so? Let's reverse. Turn. Yada. Yada them is summer. So during summer we don't have amnesia. I exercise, but there's this blue adverb over here. What does it say? He told you means often. Reading the whole sentence once through without interruption. Turn in your resume. Taizu, who don't have neither. I exercise often during summer. All right, so now you can actually add adverbs into your sentence. These are adverbs that tell you frequency how often something happens. In this case, I exercise a lot during summer. What are some other adverbs of frequency that you can learn? That over here means sometimes. So maybe during summer you are slightly lazy. You can say Tom Then yadda may not have Nida, or you can say always, always exercise every sum. It happens without fail. All right, so you can actually interchange all these adverbs of frequency into your sentence. Now revisiting what the previous lectures, when I talked about, you know, when there is a verb. For example, this verbal here and there's a hub behind. If I remove hotter and just take a loan, it becomes a noun. I hope you can still remember that lecture in the same way. If I have another verb, non ABA and remove the harder, I'm left with London, and that is the noun form. I have a new verb here by h2, k2, top. And if I were to take away harder, it becomes just like that. Dr or speech. And I also told you that there are exceptions. There is true aha. Throughout our means to like, you can't just remove hotter behind NC Chihuahua. I've been to wind itself is a sentence. Okay. But Chihuahua is not a noun, okay, remember that you cannot remove hada from the back. She Doha data actually means to hate. In the same way, you cannot remove harder and hope that chiral means the noun form of heat. Again, No, it doesn't happen like that. She Doha has to remain as pseudo hyper. These two are some exceptions And of course there are more. Then you may ask, so how do I know when to remove hotter and when not to remove Harper? Very simple. You need your dictionary. Let's say I have these two words, my hopper, which means to talk and to Wahaha, which means to like, I don't know if removing harder is appropriate or not. So what do I do? I do it anyway. And then I go to the dictionary and online dictionary and I search just mine without the harder. I see that mile is a noun and that's when, you know, it is. Okay to remove the Huldah. What if I were to remove hotter from Chihuahua? If I were to go online to an online dictionary to why is it a noun? No. But it is an interjection. It is almost like an expression, okay, but it is not a noun, so therefore, you cannot take out harbor from a hotter. This is one way that you can actually find out whether it is appropriate to remove her down naught. This is just a tip for all of you. Now learning mixed particle, remember in the first sentence, we are saying Tony and Tanya gay, sick tongue. So Kim bubble box amnesia. We're going to talk about sigdang as our uno restaurant is a location, right? So SR is actually your location particle. Very straightforward. How can I ask a question then if I'm asking where you're going to eat this Kimball up, you can ask or the SR came Bobby box1, Nika. Hey, Audi means way. And to answer this question, what do you do? Clues here? Yes, you need to replace this with your location. It's just that simple. And what do I replace it with AI, replace it with sigma. So, so remember it indicates your location or your place and only need to do is to put your location or your place in front of your location particle, basic, Dane-zaa, Kim, bubble, box, and Nida. Now then you might have one question in your mind right now. What if I have a new sentence over here tonight and she saw me, Kim bubble, my oximeter CPS home. Okay. I ship SR. Sr is what location? So at home as your time particle, right. Our team a morning in the morning, What do I eat? Tunnel CSO. He met him bubble box1 leader. Can I switch these two around like this? Actually, you can just search around, tunnel, a teammate, CBSA, Kim bubble, box, and Nida. Now, how do you determine the sequence then? Sometimes it really depends on the purpose of your answer. Maybe you want to emphasize that you eat in the morning more. So you tend to put the important information and friend tunneled artsy me. All right. Can you see when I say turn on our teammates, I'm kind of emphasizing the morning part of this entrance tunnel at Summit CBSA. Kim bubble oximeter. While the sequence doesn't make it grammatically wrong, the sequence in which you put your hair or your ASR, or any other particles that you may learn in the future can alter the emphasis of the sentence. All right, so just keep that in mind. One more particle for you to learn during his political party lecture. Again, it is the same as your time particle a, but now we're talking about direction. So now this a has two functions. Number 1, we learned earlier that it is a tiny particle, right? It tells us the time in which the action is then. But at the same time, it can tell us directions. Now, it is very different from your location particle. Let me show you the difference here. Over here, I have a sentence, turn you away. Come nepa, to break down the difficult words for you. Hug GEO is school. Come, neither comes from the verb Carta, which means to go. If I would say tunnel half, Q ASR, come neither. It sounds like I'm doing the action at the school, but direction is different. Okay. It tells you the direction which the action is happening. So I am walking, I'm going to words the school, tunnel, hotkey away. Come Nida. You need to see the difference between the direction particle and your location particle. The location particle tells you where the action is happening. The direction particle tells you in which direction that action is happening. Two words. So why if I want to ask a question in the same way, I'll just replace the noun and our ASC or the communica, where are you going? And you can say tunnel, hacky way, come neither. I am going to words school. So in summary, we have learned three different particles. Time particle in this context, tunnel, tunnel gay during the evening, sigdang. So, SO your location particle, Kim bubble box Zuniga. We have also learned our direction particle. It tells you to which direction the action is happening. Half QA come neither. I'm going towards school. All right, So we're actually nearing the end of this course. This just one last lecture I need to teach all of you. And that is probably one of the most important lectures. During the lecture I'm going to teach you moving forward after this course, how you can proceed. Continue learning Korean. If you guys really are interested to continue learning, these tips will really help all of you a long, long way. And I hope that you guys were not skip this very important lecture. I hope you guys have enjoyed this course thus far. We're coming towards the end. I'll see you guys in the last lecture. 20. Moving Forward: Hi guys, welcome to our very last lecture. Thank you so much for joining with me until this point. And this will probably be one of the more important lectures because you know, I'm gonna give you some practical tips. And whether you choose to continue or not. Of course, that is your choice. But by listening to this lecture, I can guarantee you, if you were to follow these tips, I'm pretty sure you guys will be great Korean learners in the future. So moving forward, where do I go from here? I've taught you different skills, the different particles, different grammar structures. The way that I've taught you has been in such a way that even if you were to continue learning from today onwards, you guys will find out that picking a new grammar skills or learning new particles will be very, very easy because I've taught in such a way that it's structured enough. I've taught you the real fundamentals. I didn't take the shortcut to tell you guys to memorize this and then not tell you why is it like that? And that is one advantage of going through this course diligently. So I have two things for you to do from here on. Number one is to keep learning. If you want to improve, you have to keep learning. You cannot stop. Number two, you have to maintain by applying. So basically, all you need to do is to, number one, learn new things. And number 2, for the things that you have learned already, you cannot forget them. It is very, very easy to forget things or concepts, especially languages. I've learned Japanese before, but I've completely forgotten every single thing that I've learned and I find it a waste. So therefore, the moment you learn new things, you have to maintain it by applying meaning to say you have to keep using them. So tackling the first, what are the different ways to learn? You can learn progressively meaning to say, you can start from the easy content and you learn towards the harder content. And I would recommend this site to all of you, www dot, how to study korean.com. You can start from unit one, unit 0. Is there a hunger course so you don't have to go through that. I've already told you tangled in one of the causes. Start from unit one and keep learning from one to two, so on and so forth. This is one way to learn progressively meaning to say you have a plan, you cover one lesson every day in you keep doing it. The other way is to learn on the fly. And what do I mean by on the fly? Meaning to say, as you live your life, maybe you don't want to be active learners of Korean, but yet, on the day-to-day basis, you do watch Korean dramas or maybe you just listened to K-pop as you consume these Korean content, learn from them, okay, and how can you do that? You might ask, let me give you this as an example. Again, I'm sure you know, when you watch Korean variety shows, there are subtitles. In this case, I'm not using a variety show, I'm just using a very simple book, MI small trigger tonight. Oh, how can you learn from this? You know, there's a lot of things you can learn from this, from the fundamentals that we have learned from this course. I know that they're particles, right? Looking at the sentence tonight, I know that somehow this sentence can be broken into parts. There should be particles some way, and remember, the end should usually end with verb, adjective right in the front usually is your subject. So you know that already with that, with the help of resources, you can use a Korean English Dictionary. Use this to search for vocabulary words that you may not be sure. You use Google to search on grammar. In this case, if our two search the Korean English Dictionary to get I, if I were to go to Google and search car grammar are realized that car is actually my subject particle. I go on further. I know that this is a conjugation. If I were to put NYU into Google, I said NIH, your grammar, I will find out that 90 is actually used to be a question. Sounds gentler ticket tonight, DO MI small. Now over here, How's 10 days small, right? Today actually comes from the word TBA. Remember all verbs and adjectives and with HA. So you see, I'm actually reverse engineering and also just applying some of the things that I've learned about the basic structure of a Korean sentence into learning a very simple sentence like this. This is how you learn on the fly. You purposefully find something or content and you take out certain words, sentences that you want to learn about. And you use these resources on top to help you in your learning. Tackling the second maintained by applying. Now this is probably difficult to some people because you guys don't live in Korea. But I still can recommend some ways for you to keep using Korean. Number one of course is to use it. You can read, you can write, can speak and listen. But you need an avenue to do that, right? So I recommend for you to find a Korean friend, finally, Korean friends online on a language exchange. Usually such apps they pay you with a native Koreans. And from there you just make friends. You can chat about everyday life and chat about anything. All right, and I actually recommend this app called Hello talk or any other language exchange FDA can find on the App Store, use such apps. Because remember, we use language to communicate. There's no point in learning a language. If we don't intend to use this language, to talk to someone or to send a message to an audience. So use this method to keep using Korean. Make a friend, talk to them, talk about everyday life, and guess what? Over time, while you are talking to these people, you are applying what you've learned. And at the same time, you're also learning new things every day from these friends. So with this newfound skill, what can I do? Maybe after some time you have really gotten good at chorion. Here are some things that you can do with your new found Korean skills. Number one can make more friends. Now you have a whole nation of creative ways to make friends with. All right, number two, you can travel to Korea solo. I think there's one of the things I really, really enjoy. Imagine you can go to a cafe yourself, can look at a menu and you can actually understand what's written on a menu and you can order it on your own. Number three, you have a deeper understanding of Korean culture. Sometimes you know the culture is embedded within the language itself. You can see a lot of Chinese influence in Korean language. And number 4, you can actually find job opportunities as well. You might be surprised if you are really, really good at it. One day you might be a translator. So don't give up. So congratulations, you have come to the end of this course. Remember, keep learning, learn, and apply, and after that, keep using Korean until you get to the point that you can actually use your Korean skills usefully, I would like to take this chance to thank all of you for giving me this chance to teach all of you. It's been a joy for me to make this course, to teach this course. And I really, really hope to be doing more of such clauses in the future. And if you have recommendations, please feel free to drop me a message. You can recommend certain topics that you want me to teach. And I will make such content just for all of you. Thank you so much. Once again, I hope to see all of you very soon. I wish all of you all the best. Goodbye.