Intermediate Guitar: Memorize, Master and Melodize the Major Scale | Wes Singerman | Skillshare
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Intermediate Guitar: Memorize, Master and Melodize the Major Scale

teacher avatar Wes Singerman, Music Producer, Guitarist

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction

      1:05

    • 2.

      Getting Started

      0:19

    • 3.

      Exploring The Major Scale

      1:43

    • 4.

      Discovering The CAGED System

      10:25

    • 5.

      Practicing The CAGED System

      7:19

    • 6.

      Testing an Alternative to CAGED

      6:57

    • 7.

      Creating Melodies

      2:14

    • 8.

      Finding Chords Within the Scale

      2:09

    • 9.

      Expanding Your Chord Vocabulary

      12:53

    • 10.

      Writing Music in Major Scale

      2:53

    • 11.

      Final Thoughts

      0:53

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About This Class

Grab your guitar and get ready to explore some catchy chord progressions through the major scale.

Guitarist and music producer, Wesley Singerman, has made a name for himself in the music industry with his versatile and creative beats. As an expert at transforming simple melodies and chords into rich, reimagined sounds, Wesley’s talent has brought him the opportunity to work with musical superstars like Travis Barker, Kehlani, Kendrick Lamar, and many others. After years of fine tuning his own sound, Wesley is ready to reveal how you can take your guitar skills to the next level by mastering the major scale.

Scales are the building blocks of music and are key in creating your own melodies and music. From diving into playing the major scale up and down the neck of your guitar to finding and playing chords within the scale, you’ll leave this class with a deeper understanding of the major scale and creative ways to use it in any style of music. 

With Wesley playing along with you, you’ll: 

  • Dive into the major scale and discover its uses for developing chords and creating melodies
  • Explore the CAGED system to help you to strengthen your memory of the major scale
  • Add advanced chords with a sophisticated and colorful feel to your guitar repertoire
  • Learn how to find chords within the scale and how to play your own chord progression

Plus, you’ll get access to Wesley’s own downloadable melody loop so that you can riff off of it using the major scale.

Whether you’re looking to write your own music one day or want to be able to learn music from others with ease, understanding the major scale, the chords within it, and how to develop chords into melodies will get you one step closer to unleashing your inner guitarist.   

You don’t need to be an expert guitarist to take this class, but previous guitar playing experience and knowledge such as how to hold a guitar and basic strumming will be helpful. In this class, the only thing you’re going to need is a guitar and a pick, but if you want to use an amp or any effects such as reverb or delay that’s great too. To continue your journey learning the guitar, explore Wesley’s full Guitar Learning Path.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Wes Singerman

Music Producer, Guitarist

Teacher

Get ready to rock and roll with Wes Singerman. With a passion for music, Wesley has produced and written hits for some of the biggest names in the game, from Joji, Kehlani, Anderson .Paak, Kendrick Lamar to Ty Dolla $ign and more!! And that's not all – as a guitar player extraordinaire, Wesley can shred with the best of them!

But that's not all Wesley is famous for – he's also a seasoned voice actor, having lent his talents to iconic characters like Wilbur Robinson in Meet the Robinsons and Charlie Brown in several beloved specials. With his boundless energy and endless creativity, Wesley is a true force to be reckoned with. 

 

See full profile

Level: Intermediate

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Many of you may have heard of the major scale. But what is it and how do we use it? [MUSIC] I'm Wes Singerman, I'm a music producer and guitarist, and my career has led me to work and play alongside artists such Kehlani, Travis Barker, Kendrick Lamar, Anderson.Paak, Carly Rae Jepsen, and many others. In this class, we'll be diving into the major scale and figuring out its uses for developing chords and creating melodies. First, we'll learn the scale in different positions up and down the neck, then we will discuss how to find chords within the scale, and finally, use the major scale to come up with some catchy chord progressions. Grab your guitar and any app or effects that you'd like such as reverb or delay. [MUSIC] By the end of this class, you should have a much deeper understanding of what the major scale is and how we use it in modern-day music. Let's dive in. [MUSIC] 2. Getting Started: [MUSIC] In this class, we're going to take a look at the major scale, learn how to play it up and down the neck, and figure out some really cool ways to use it in any style of music. You need your guitar, a pick, a quarter-inch cable, and an app if you'd like. Let's jump in. 3. Exploring The Major Scale: [MUSIC] Scales are the building blocks of music. We use them to create melodies and also chord progressions. There are many scales and music, but the major scale is something that's used in almost every modern style of music. How do we create a scale? A scale is made from a set of intervals. Intervals are the distance between two notes. The major scale has seven notes before it cycles back to the octave, and it consists of a pattern of whole steps and half steps. For guitar, a whole step is two frets and a half step is one fret. The pattern for the major scale, starting from the first note is whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step. I'm going to demonstrate this for you in the key of C. Starting with the C, we're going to go whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step and now we're back to our C. This will stay the same with other keys. If you start on an F and you do that same pattern starting from F, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step. The sound of the major scale is inherently happy. But as we dig in, we're going to find a ton of sounds and chords that you might not expect. [MUSIC] In the next lesson, we're going to learn a system known as the caged system to play our scales across the neck. Let's check it out. 4. Discovering The CAGED System: [MUSIC] Playing scales can get a little tricky. The caged system is a way that we can organize the fret board to make it easier to play scales up and down the neck. To start, we're going to use our open chords, C, A, G, E, and D, otherwise known as caged. [MUSIC] Here's C, A, G, E, and D. We're not actually going to play these chords. Mainly we're going to use the shapes of these chords to play in the key of C going up the neck, so almost as if you put a capo on the guitar. We're going to start [MUSIC] with an actual C chord. Then continuing with C, [MUSIC] from here, this is our A shape. It's almost as if I put a capo on the neck and played an A chord right here on the fifth fret. Our [MUSIC] A shape leads to our G shape, which looks like this. You don't actually have to play this, [MUSIC] but this is our G shape. My finger is essentially a capo and the G shape is what I'm doing here, but it's mainly just [MUSIC] for the positions that we're trying to develop. Then it becomes E, so right here. [MUSIC] As you can see, this looks like our E shape, but I'm still playing a C note. Then our D shape, same thing up here. [MUSIC] With these chords, these are going to be the building blocks for our scales. With each of these chord shapes, there's a corresponding shape for the major scale. [MUSIC] I have major scale that can fit in here. The best way to do this is to start from an open C position [MUSIC] and learn the scale from here first. Starting on C, [MUSIC] this is our root note, and then from here, I'm going to go up the scale. We're going to have [MUSIC] open D, then we're a whole step up to E, half step to F, an open G, A, B, back to C. We're going to continue up, open E string, F, G. From here, we're going to take it back down. [MUSIC] Then we're going to go down from here to the A, G, F, all the way down to the low E, back up and we're going to finish on our C. If I start and end that again real quick, I'm going to do it a little faster than I did before. Starting on the C note. We are going to go all the way down, come back up, and try and land on this C, which is our root note. You don't actually have to play the chord, but it helps us with the sound. When we get more comfortable playing this, we're going to move on to the A position, which is going to look like this. [MUSIC] This is our A chord or it's our A shape rather, but still a C chord. We're going to take this, I'm going to start with my middle finger here. [MUSIC] We're going to start moving up the scale, so we have from C whole step up to D, then I'm going to move to the next string. Let's do a little shift here with my first finger so that it goes on the third fret. We're going to keep going up all the way to this C and then we're going to slide back down. From this C, we're going to keep going down to this G and come back up, and here is where we end. I'm going to do that one more time for you a little faster. We're going to start here again on the C with our middle finger [MUSIC] and we're moving up in this A shape, back down. Then we're going to go all the way down and come back up to the C. This is going to take a little bit of practice to get used to. Again, I want you to focus your right hand on alternate picking the entire time. We're going to go down, up, down, up. Never lose the alternate picking. Once you get comfortable using this first C position and the A position, try messing around with connecting the two. If I'm here [MUSIC] starting in the C position, I can come up all the way here and I'm going to continue up this string until I get to the new position, and I'm going to come back down the A position. When I go down, I'm going to go all the way down now to the open string, come back up, and land on the C again. We're going to continue this all the way up the neck. The next position that we're going to do is our G position, [MUSIC] which is going to be right here in the middle of the neck. Our C this time is going to be on the sixth string, starting on the eighth fret. This is our root note. Here I'm going to play this with my pinky because we're going to go like this. [MUSIC] Here's our C, we're moving up the scale. Then from here we come back down. Want to go all the way down to A and then come back to our C. I want to play that one more time for you a little quicker, so starting again with your pinky on the eighth fret of the low E string. [MUSIC] Remember to always alternate pick. Here's our root note. We're going to keep going down and come back up to the root again. We're almost done with the whole neck. We're going to move on to our E position, our E shape, which looks [MUSIC] like this again. This time I'm going to start same fret, eighth fret of the low E, but this time it's with my middle finger [MUSIC] and I'm going to play up the scale. Here I'm going to move up just a little higher, come back down. Then from here, I'm going to come back to the root note again. I'm going to do that one more time a little faster for you. [MUSIC] We're here, going up the scale. We only have one position left and then it recycles. We're going to start with our D shape, [MUSIC] which is up here. I'm going to start with my [MUSIC] middle finger on the 10th fret of the D string and we're going to go all the way up then all the way down and come back. We're here, we're going to go [MUSIC] then back down. Then here we're going to keep going down and then go all the way to the root and we're going to come back up and finish on this C note again. After we get to that last D position, everything past the 12th fret recycles again. We have this C position again [MUSIC] and we can continue playing that all the way up and down, but it's the exact same position that we had and the same finger pattern as when have the open strings down here and it continues going all the way up the neck. Effectively, we've now mapped out the entire neck with the major scale and I would recommend doing one position at a time. As you get comfortable, we can start to mix and match the positions, we can start to move in-between them. Like I said, [MUSIC] try out starting from here and then as we get up, we can move to this next position, and then maybe when we're down here, we'll move on to the next position here. I can continue the E shape and again here. [LAUGHTER] If we want, we can just keep going all the way up the neck. By taking the time to explore all these positions, we end up mapping out the entire guitar neck with the major scale. This takes some time and a lot of practice, so make sure that you're practicing at home. 5. Practicing The CAGED System: [MUSIC] When we practice the scale, it's important to practice with a metronome at a slow pace first and then gradually move our way up. Make sure that you're playing all the way up and down the position that you're in. So I have a metronome app on my phone, any metronome app will do, any real metronome will do. I'm going to run it at about 100 beats per minute. I'm going to play one note every time the quarter note comes in, every time the click comes in. So let me try that with a position real quick. Right here it's like 1,2,3, and I'm just going to play up and down the scale, making sure that you're alternate picking, go all the way up, come all the way back down. Then here I'm going to try the second position. Do the same thing. All the way back down. Come back up. Now we can continue this with each position. But if you're wanting to take a step up in a difficulty, obviously you can increase the tempo of the metronome. But another fun thing that we can do is we can play the scale in thirds. Doing this is where we start on the first note and we actually skip the second note, go straight to the third note. So in this case, instead of playing the D next, we're going to go to the E. We're going to go C, straight to this note, and then we go down to the D and then skip a note, go down, skip a note, go down, skip a note, down, skip a note, and continue. So I'll do that again a little faster for you. It's going to sound like this. Then when we get to the top, we're going to reverse that. So we're going to start from here, skip a note backwards down to this open string, then up, skip a note down, up, skip a note down, and so on. All the way back down and then we go back up and end again on the C. So let's try this again. I'm going to put the metronome back on. I'm going to still be at 100 beats per minute, but I'm going to try it with the thirds. So we have 1,2,3,4 and backwards, all the way down. Coming back up and ending on the C. If you want to try this with other positions, I could try this with the second position here, this A shape. I'll start the same thing again. We're going to do thirds, all the way down, and back, let's go all the way down, and then come back up, go back to the C. I would recommend practicing thirds in all the positions. As you get comfortable with practicing just the scales and also the scales with the thirds and all the positions, you can increase the metronome and that's going to make it harder and more challenging. This is really helpful for getting yourself out of the habit of just going up and down the scale all the time. It actually sounds very musical. Another fun challenge is to play four notes, then start on the second note and do the same thing, I'm going to demonstrate for you. So starting on this, C, I'm going to go up four notes, so 1,2,3,4. Then I'm going to start on the second note, and I'm going to do the same thing, 1,2,3,4, and start on the third note, do the same thing. We're going to continue this pattern, and then coming back down, we're going to go down four notes. Then start on the next note down and then go down four notes again. So we're starting here, and then coming here and then doing another four notes, and here, another four notes, and go all the way down and come back up. When you're back to C, that's done. So I'm going to do a different position. I'm going to go up to the E position that we have here, starting on the eighth fret, middle finger on C, and I'm going to do that same thing. So we have here 1,2,3,4, and then we're going to start in the second node , and then keep going. As you start to get comfortable, you can build some speed out of this. Then the same thing going backwards. This is something you hear a lot of metal and rock guitars doing in their solos. But it's also a great way to practice. Doing this will help strengthen your memory of the scales and allow you to view the scales in a different way. In our next lesson, we're going to look at an alternative to The CAGED System. I'll see you there. 6. Testing an Alternative to CAGED: [MUSIC] Although the caged system is a great way to organize the guitar neck, it's not the only way. One of my favorite alternatives is to learn the major scale on one string at a time. We'll start in the key of C, and we're going to begin on the high E string. My root note C is going to be on the eighth fret here. Now as I move up, I'm going to do that whole step, whole step, so we have whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step. And by the time we're done with the scale, we're all the way at the top of the neck. I'm going to come back down. [MUSIC] Here's my C again, and I'm going to go back all the way down to the open string and come back up, and on C. Now as you can see, the seven notes that we have in the scale are taking up a much larger area of the neck. And what's interesting about this is it changes our mindset when we're soloing or playing melodies. We can no longer shred up and down the scale as fast as we want. Instead, we have to be more thoughtful and careful about our note choices. Normally when I'm using my cage system, it's really easy to just go up and down the scale. But with here, if I try to do that, it's very hard. [LAUGHTER] We have to be a lot more mindful of the guitar neck, the position of the scale. I would encourage you to just try that a little bit. Try that with this one string. Go up and down the scale, play some melodies, get a feel for it. When you feel like you're pretty comfortable, we can move on to the B string. On the B string, the C is going be on the first fret of the B string here. We're going do the same thing that we did on the high E string. We have our scale. Now I'm all the way at the 13th fret, I'm going to keep going. [MUSIC] That's the highest my guitar let me go, so I'm going to come back down. All the way down to the C and then the B and C again. Take some time, practice this a little bit. [MUSIC] Now we're going do one more. We're going to do the G string. On the G string, our fifth fret is our C note. I'm going to start here and I'm going to work my way up again, the scale, same pattern. I'm going to keep going all the way up. That's as high as my guitar is going let me go. I'm going to come back down. Now I'm going to go all the way down to the open G string, come back to C. Take some time, practice each one of these strings individually. As we start to get comfortable with a couple of these strings, let's try combining them. I'm only going to do the high E and the B strings right now, and I'm only going to play notes from the C major scale. See what happens. [MUSIC] Now I'm only going to use the G string and the high E string together. We're going to skip the B string, try not to play it. [MUSIC] This allows us to start seeing the guitar in ways that we haven't really ever seen. It allows you to stretch out the guitar neck instead of just thinking about the box of your positions of the cage system. There's only three strings left to go, let's try out the D string. On the D, our C note is going to be the 10th fret. We can continue with this same pattern that we've been doing. Going all the way up, and then all the way up at the top of the neck is my C again, coming back down. Then all the way down and coming back up to the C. If I move down to the A string, my C note starts on the third fret. We're going to do the same thing here. I keep going all the way up, coming back down, all the way to this open A and back to the C. And then our last string we have is the low E string. That's going to be starting on the eighth fret, here is our C. We're going to go up, all the way up here and come back down, all the way down and then back up to the C. Now that we have all six strings covered, take some time and think of different string combinations that you can do. The more you limit yourself, the more you're going to learn. Let's try just using our D string and our B string only. We're not going to play any of the other strings, just the C major scale on those two. [MUSIC] You get these nice wide interval combinations where you can stretch out big things like that as opposed to running up and down the scale again. Get creative with this, try some different string combinations. Combinations of 2, 3, 4 until you get comfortable enough to where all six strings feel natural going all the way up and down the neck in this direction. Next, we're going to take a step further and learn how to create some melodies. 7. Creating Melodies: So even though shredding up and down the neck is super fun, one of the best things that players can do is play melodies, rather than just going up and down the scale. I'm going to play this nice little chord vamp in the key of C. Let's just take some time to play melodies from the scale. Use your ear and think about what sounds musical to you. I'm going to be using a combination, of the cage system positions that we learned, as well as the single string approach that we did. [MUSIC] Sometimes the singing along and trying to match what your voice is doing is actually a great way to get ideas straight from your brain to the guitar neck. This is something that takes time and the more you do it, the better and more natural it will be for you. The loop that I just played is available for download in the class resources. It's in the key of C. So try your hand at the single string scales, the cage system, and using your voice to help create melodies. Let's see what you got. 8. Finding Chords Within the Scale: [MUSIC] There are seven basic chords that we can find in the major scale, one chord for every note of the scale. To find these chords, we start on the root node and we start moving up in thirds, which essentially is skipping every other node. If we start on C, [MUSIC] we skipped D, we end up with E and then we skip F and we end up on E. What we have here is a nice little C major chord, which makes sense since we're in the key of C major. These specific chords are called triads because they are composed of only three notes. We can do this with every single note of the scale. Starting on D, [MUSIC] if we skip a note we get D, F, and then another note and we get A. Now, this is a D minor chord, which is interesting. It sounds very sad. Doesn't sound like it really belongs in the key of C major, but it actually is. If we keep going, we have E. Skip a note. We got G and then B, and that is an E minor chord. For the major scale, the chords in order are going to be starting on the first note, we have one major. [MUSIC] The two chord is going to be minor. The three chord is going to be minor. The four chord is going to be major. The five chord is major. The sixth chord is minor. Then our very last seventh chord is a weird one. It's diminished chord. Little spooky sounding, and then we're back to C. Notice how you can still hear the scale as we move up and down these chords. [MUSIC] We can use open chords or any other voicings that we know to play the chords in the scale. Practice up and will continue to develop the chord voicings in our next lesson. 9. Expanding Your Chord Vocabulary : [MUSIC] Now that we know the chords of the major scale, let's look at some ways that we can develop chord voicings and expand our chord vocabulary. The same way we skipped every other note to get our triads going, we can continue that pattern and add one more note to get seventh chords. In the key of C major our first chord, C major becomes a C major 7. So we had [MUSIC] C major at first, and now we add one more of the skip notes. We're skipping A and adding a B. That sounds like this. A more common way that guitarists like to play this chord is starting [NOISE] with your first finger on the route and instead we're going to rearrange the notes. Instead of going directly up like this, we're going to actually play the same notes, but just a little bit rearranged. We have first finger here, [MUSIC] then we're going to play our G, B, and E there. As we continue this pattern, starting on the second note, we're going to get a D minor 7, which looks like this. We're going to bar our first finger across the fifth fret, we're going to add our third finger to the seventh fret of the D string, and our middle finger to the sixth fret of the B string. We're going to strum, starting from the A string down all five strings here. [MUSIC] That's a D minor 7. As we keep going up the scale, we're going to move and we're going to get an E minor 7 instead of an E minor. Same chord voicing that we played before. Now we're going to move up to the F, and instead of an F major, we're going to do an F major 7, which is the same chord that we played down here for the C, but now it's up at the eighth fret instead. [MUSIC] Moving on, our fifth chord is a little bit unique, it's a G dominant chord. Now we covered dominant chords a little bit in our blues class, and the voicing that I taught you is going to remain the same here. We have our G note here on the tenth fret. [NOISE] Third finger is going to be playing the 12th fret of the D string, and the pinky is going to be playing the 12th fret of the B string. We're going to be barring our 10th fret here, and we're going to play [MUSIC] from eighth string now. Now as we continue, A minor becomes A minor 7 and we're going to use that same chord voicing [MUSIC] for the minor 7, and our last chord, B diminished, becomes something unique. It's called a B minor 7 flat 5, sometimes also known as a half-diminished chord. Now when it's a little zigzaggy of a shape, we're going to be playing starting from the B that's on the 14th fret here. Third finger is playing on the 15th fret of the D string. Middle finger is right underneath here on the 14th fret of the G string, and then the pinky 15th fret of the B string. [MUSIC] Has a little bit of tension, but it's a beautiful chord, and then we get back to our root note, which is C. If I go all the way from the bottom of the scale to the top, you can hear this with the seventh chords. [MUSIC] That's our one chord, the two, three chord, four chord, five chord, which is that nice dominant. The sixth chord, the seven chord, and back to our root. The sound and feel of these chords are much more sophisticated and colorful than just our basic triads. This is the starting chord vocabulary for most jazz musicians. Let's learn some of these voicings on the lower strings. I'm going to start with my first finger on the eighth fret of the low E string. Now here I'm going to skip the A string, and instead I'm going to play my third finger on the ninth fret of the D string. My pinky on the ninth fret of the G string, and my middle finger is going to go on the eighth fret of the B string. We're going to use the pad part of our first finger to mute [MUSIC] the A string so that even when you're strumming, you don't really hear it. It should sound something like this. This is the same C major chord that we were playing down here, just with a slightly different voicing. That nice high note in there sounds beautiful. If we continue moving this up, we're going to get a D minor 7, which on the sixth string, we're starting on the 10th fret here. We're going to bar all the way across the 10th fret and add our third finger to the 12th fret of the A string, and just strum all the strings here. That's a nice D-minor. We're going to take this up to an E minor 7, which is the same exact chord voicing. We just play the D minor 7 and we're going to move it up to the 12th fret. You could even do this down here at the low strings with just a bunch of open strings and your third finger on the second fret here. If we continue, our next chord is going to be an F major 7, and I'm going to play that down here at the beginning part of the neck. First fret is going to be my F note, and then my third and fourth finger are going to be playing the second fret of the D and the G string. My middle finger is going to play the first fret of the B string, and again, we're going to try and use that finger pad just lightly to mute this A string so that if we strum really hard, we're not hearing it. It's really nice sound. Then we go to our G dominant chord, which again, this voicing should look familiar from our blues class. [MUSIC] So we have that nice big bar on fret 3, and then we're going to move to an A minor chord. It's going to look the same as both the D minor 7, and the E minor 7 that we did. This time it's A minor 7 because I'm holding onto the A here. [MUSIC] Now for this last chord, the B minor 7 flat 5, we're going to start with our middle finger on the B. We're going to again use the pad of the middle finger to mute that A string, [NOISE] and then we're going to use our third and fourth finger to also play the seventh fret [MUSIC] of the D and the G string. Our first finger is going to get tucked right back here on the sixth fret. We're going to just play those notes, and then from here we are back to our root note. The whole thing together is going to sound like this. We have our one-chord, our two minor, our three. I'm going to take it down here for the fourth chord. The five dominant, our six chord is a minor 7, and then our seventh chord is that B minor 7 flat 5, and back to C major. [MUSIC] Now let's learn the same chords on the higher set of strings. So instead of the C down here at the eighth fret, I'm actually going to move way up here to the D string on the 10th fret. [MUSIC] This is my C, and what we're going to do for our C major chord is just bar our third finger across the 12th fret of the G, the B, and the A string. It should sound something like this. It's got a nice delicate sound to it. Really beautiful. If we move this up to our D minor 7, it's going to start here. We have the 12th fret, and I like to play it like this. I'm going to do with my first finger here, and my pinky is going to play the 14th fret of the G string, and then these two fingers are going to sit here on the 13th fret of the B and the E string. It's a little bit of a tricky position to get used to. [MUSIC] But when you get it down, it sounds great. You can also play the same chord down here on the low strings, so it'd be open D string. There's my D minor 7. We're going to move this to an E minor 7, so now, same chord voicing is gonna go up two frets. We have E. Here's our minor 7 chord. Now it's F major 7 is our four chord, we're going to do F in that same chord that we did for the C major 7. We have hear our F major 7. Moving on to a G dominant chord, we have our G, and here's the shape. I'm going to use my third finger to play the seventh fret of the G string. Middle finger plays the sixth fret of the B string, and my pinky plays the seventh fret of the high E string. Now this chord voicing should look a little familiar. It's the same chord voicing that I taught in the blues class for that D dominant chord down here. Except we no longer have the open string that we have to use, so instead, we're covering that with our first finger, and that's on the G. [MUSIC] Now we're going to play an A minor 7, that's our six chord. We're moving up, same weird shape for that minor 7. Then the very last chord is a B minor 7 flat 5, which is actually pretty easy on these strings. We play the B here, and then I'm going to use my third finger, and I'm just going to bar the 10th fret right here. It's a little squishy looking, but [LAUGHTER] these were nice little beautiful voicing, and then that leads us back to C major 7. If I play all of those together, we have C, D minor, E minor 7, F major 7, G dominant 7, A minor 7. A minors 7 flat 5, and back to our C. Another thing that we can do is start with only one chord voicing. Let's try this C major 9. We call this a C major 9 because this note here is the ninth note in our series of notes in the scale. We have [MUSIC] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. We're adding that note in there. It's a really beautiful colorful note that's also in the key. We'll take this chord and move every note up one in the scale. Starting from this C, think about your one-string scales. We're going to go from C to D. This E note that we we're playing is going to go to an F. This B note that we we're playing is going to go to a C, and this D note that we're playing is going to go up to an E. We have this, and if we move everything up one, the chord that you should end up with looks like this. Now, this is a D minor 9. Again, because we're playing the ninth note in the scale. Now if we keep pushing this up one at a time, we're going to get more chords. We have this E minor, and this time, this note is a little bit rubbing. Doesn't sound too great, but that's what it is. If we continue again, we're moving this up to an F, and the F becomes an F major 9. The same voicing that we had down for the C. If we move up, the G dominant that we had becomes a G dominant nine, which is the same voicing that I taught you guys in the blues class. [MUSIC] If we move that up again in the scale, that's going to become an A minor 9 here. Then if we go down one more to our last chord voicing, I'm going to play it down here at the low part of the neck. We have a B minor 9 with a flat 5. Very spooky, weird-sounding chord, and then we're back to the top. If we take any major chord, or major seventh chord and move it up the scale as a group will find all the chords in the key, but with matching voicings. Keep expanding your chord vocabulary and catch me in the next lesson. 10. Writing Music in Major Scale: [MUSIC] When writing music or learning songs from others, knowing the chords in a single key is extremely helpful. We use the numbers to describe the chords, like one major two minor, three minor, four major, five major, six minor, and seven diminished. Once you have the chords memorized, you'll be able to refer to just the numbers as shorthand. If I say 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, you'll know that since it's in the major key 2, 3 and 6 are minor without having to say it. In pop and rock music, it's very common to make chord progressions using the one chord, the four chord, five chord, and six chord. Let me give you a demonstration. Here's one, here's four, here's five and here's six. If we come up with a couple of little variations, we can go 1-5, 6-4 [MUSIC] Maybe that sounds familiar to you. We could also do the same thing with our seventh chords, so C major seven [MUSIC] Let's try another variation of those chords, maybe starting on the six [MUSIC] Let's try it with some other chord progressions. Even simple ones like 4, 3, 2, 1 can sound really good. Let's try it with some seventh chords, starting on the fourth [MUSIC] Why don't we try instead of going to the one, instead, we'll go 4, 3, 2 and then 6. See how that sounds [MUSIC] As you can see, I'm using different chord voicings, some of the lower ones, some of the higher ones and you can use any of the ones that we've gone over or any ones that you know, as long as they're in the same key. Now that I've shown you the various chord progressions, try and use some of these chords to write your own progression. For your class assignment record yourself playing your chord progression and upload it to the project gallery for others to hear. I'd love to see you get creative with your rhythm or your strumming patterns. Really make it your own. I can't wait to hear it. 11. Final Thoughts: [MUSIC] You've made it so far. We've learned to play scales up and down the neck, how to find chords within the scale, and how to create your own chord progressions. Remember to record yourself playing your own progression and upload it to the project gallery and as always, keep studying, keep practicing, and join me in the next class where we'll learn the modes of the major scale.