Interior Design for Beginners: Elements & Principles | Vanna Albertini | Skillshare

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Interior Design for Beginners: Elements & Principles

teacher avatar Vanna Albertini, Interior Designer | Social Media

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction to Elements & Principles


    • 2.

      Elements of Design:Line


    • 3.

      Elements of Design:Texture


    • 4.

      Elements of Design:Pattern


    • 5.

      Elements of Design:Scale


    • 6.

      Elements of Design:Color


    • 7.

      Elements of Design:Light


    • 8.

      Principles of Design:Proportion


    • 9.

      Principles of Design: Balance


    • 10.

      Principles of Design:Rhythm


    • 11.

      Principles of Design:Contrast


    • 12.

      Principles of Design:Emphasis


    • 13.

      Principles of Design:Harmony


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About This Class

In this class, you will learn how to use the elements and principles of design to create a well-balanced interior. The elements and principles of design are the building blocks of your design. You will learn how to identify and apply them to your own space, and will also acquire the knowledge to make informed decisions regarding color palettes, paints, or lighting.

We will focus on the following :

  • 6 Elements: Line, Pattern, Texture, Scale, Color, and Light

  • 6 Principles: Proportion, Balance, Rhythm, Contrast, Emphasis, Harmony

You are a step away of designing a beautiful, cohesive, and modern home that looks done by a professional designer.

Come on and join in!


Meet Your Teacher

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Vanna Albertini

Interior Designer | Social Media



HI! I’m Vanna, Psychologist, Interior Designer, and social media Strategist... Not necessarily in that order. I am head of design @AbitareStudio, editor in chief of the blog ABITARE and curator of @abitare_Studio, @interiordesign_addict, and @design_addict Instagram accounts.

 Welcome to my class!

See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction to Elements & Principles: Hi. Have you ever tried to redecorated space in your home, but you don't know where to start. Some people seem to have a natural ability to put together fabrics, colors, textures to create an attractive interior. Others, on the other hand, just find the challenge in, no matter which type you are, you will learn the foundations to achieve a well-balanced interior in this course. And Vine that interior designer and social media strategies. I am Head of Design at Habitat is studio and editor-in-chief of the blog of Italian. I'm also very active in Instagram where I have over 300,400 words. In my career, I have worked on different projects from interiors too, graphic and web design, whether in Milan, New York, and now immigrate. This elements and principles have always been at the basis of every design. Throughout the course, you will acquire the knowledge and vocabulary necessary to understand what makes a winning team design seem interesting. We will cover six of the elements such as line, pattern, texture, scale, color, and light. And then we will move on to six of the basic principles. Proportion, balance, rhythm, contrast, emphasis on harmony. I'm so happy news site, a tunable Welcome to my class. 2. Elements of Design:Line: Hi, welcome to the first class of the course. Today we're going to start the elements of design section. Specifically, we're going to see how essential lines are design, whether foreign interiors, graphics, finance, or textiles, to name a few, have several key features. There is no secret to the front page of AD. You need to understand uncombined the components of a composition. So they work seamlessly together, is that although we all have different tastes and individual preferences, second, sensors of what is pleasing to the eye and what's considered a positive experience. The elements of design are the basic building blocks. And today we are starting with line. So let's dive in. Understanding the fundamentals of design is the first step to creating a cohesive interior by knowing what they are and how to use the elements and principles you're on your way to creating a beauty perform. Lines are classified as horizontal. Diagonal, vertical occurred, depending on how the bureau of perceived still, this categories imply that line habit they reaction in Camp Project emphasis by Japan at the tapes use horizontal lines to enhances stability, diagonal for dynamic motion, verticals for strength, and choose curb diets to evoke gender outlines. Horizontal lines consumed to Elon gave a plane or a space, while vertical lines can give an impression of height, like in this kitchen. Diagonalize suggests movement, energy, inaction. Human interests is generally maintained longer with diagonal lines, however, be careful because too many diagonalized, particularly on a wall, can be overstimulated. Curved or circular lions provide relief, softness and balance. They can give another, again human quality to interiors as series of curved length like in this example, make Ybor rhythm cabins to the room. Here you can see an example of an elliptical curve lamb that gives great movement and drama to the design. Remember that every teacher uses dials and combination. I hope you enjoyed this first lesson. See you in the next one where we will see pattern. We've seen how to use every type of line in our interior projects. Remember that every well-designed interior uses lines in combination. Vertical and horizontal lines usually dominate as they make up the architectural space. While dynamic and PR plans are incorporated for interest in movement, the most pleasing result will be a balanced mix top lines with the dominant one. In the next chapter, we will see what it is and how to apply pattern to our designs. 3. Elements of Design:Texture: Hi everyone and welcome back to this third lesson of this beginners course of elements and principles of interior design. Now that you've learned everything about line and pattern, we're moving to the next element in today's lessons, we are going to focus in texture. So let's go for him. Hi everyone and welcome back. In today's lesson, we're going to focus in texture. Texture refers to the visual and tactile characteristic of natural and manmade object materials. They added in a mental visual way to your design, X3 can be found in many materials from paints to furniture, textiles, or tiles. The strong relationship exists between the sense of touching and the sense of seeing people respond to seen something. I want him to fill it in. A variety in tax should serve to prevent monotony and mix of rough and smooth, warm and cold textures maintain a great visual interests than surfaces that have uniform ones. Smooth textures, generally the seam coal when they dominated space where disrupt textures can create a sense of warmth. Because very rough textures tend to absorb light. They can create interesting contrast of light and dark shadows. Perception of texture can be influenced by the quality of light in how the form or surface with texts or absorbs the light. Notice how the light behaves differently in a different textures of this image. On the other hand, a very shiny smooth surface will create design interests with the amount of light it reflects. Pattern of texture can be produced by repetitive forms, such a wood fluorine works night in floor tiles, bricks. These are even woven fabrics. It is important also to think how the texture we select is going to reflect like, for example, the Dozier, the shin debit obtained, the more visible in professional would be using a matte finish will help highly imperfections. The scale of texture is also an important factor in feeds used inappropriately. It would result in the mutual investment space. And we're moving forward. In the next lesson, we will examine another essential element of design scaled. So incompletion tax for it might be visual, tactile or both. It is a tool that you can use to create interest. Specifically, if you're choosing a muted color palette. Also bear in mind that no matter how aesthetically pleasing, exciting a particular texture might be, it must be appropriate to the use of this page. Maintenance of the finish can be a problem. Mostly was please don't forget, well balanced design interior which you'd have a balance of restful list and interests. There should be plenty of variety of materials, motives, and treatments for the eye to taken, but also for the eye to rest. We're moving forward to the next lesson where we will examine another essential element of design. One aspect that is particularly important for interior design, which is kx. 4. Elements of Design:Pattern: Hi, welcome back to the second lesson of the Beginners Course of elements and principles of interior design. In today's lesson, we're talking about pattern. The repetition and pass specific motive is known as bathroom. Use pattern to improve the visual interests of the space and to evoke different modes. Similar to texture patterns applied to an interior design and work in conjunction with color. Patterns tell a story of their own. They come in all shapes, sizes, and colors, mostly composed of attractive and repetitive designs. Password is exciting to use and can lead to skin from the ordinary to the spectacular. Imagine this bathroom with playing tails. It wouldn't be the same, right? It can also be as simple as this chaperon type, which is perfectly combined with the geometric pattern floor and then divided by a line of colored provided by the cabinets. You can add some frontier interiors, take some risks, pillows or other small furnishes. Our idea to test out ideas. As a general rule of thumb that are to the space, that are to the print. And the smarter this space, this martyr of the print. But as always, if you want to make an impact, you can play with the dimensions of the molecule. Complex patterns that you, several colorant diagonals, crisscrossing lines can be busy. So I'm in a small room. They can, however, look great in larger spaces. And now look at this pattern, how it changes completely the mood of his vanity or clever use of pattern may serve to correct defect, for example, to cover up trapped wall. And hope you like this chapter. See you in the next lesson where we will focus and texture. I hope you enjoyed this chapter and pattern. And now that we're clear in how to use the different int datatypes and pattern to improve our designs will continue to delve into the design elements or next top texture. See you in the next lesson. 5. Elements of Design:Scale: Hello everyone and welcome back to this fourth class of the Beginners Course of elements and principles of interior design. In today's lesson, we are going forward with the elements of interior design and we're going to learn everything you need to know about k. Let's dive in. Hi everyone and welcome back to the fourth class of this beginners course of elemental principles of interior design. In today's lesson, we're going to learn everything about scale. Scale is closely related to proportion when comparing the relative size of two or more objects, we speak upskill. While its proportion this with internal relationships. As a rule of thumb, scale, furnishings to the size of the room and rooms to the human body. Scale might be judged by i based on common knowledge. If you're used to windows that range from three foot six inches to ten foot six inches. A window like this will be automatically describe as huge in scare. Think also about the scale of furnishings, doorways and windows that may be used to alter our perception of the space. Often we use human-scale to compare, and we all normally agree in what we expect the range of human size to be. For example, in this image, the sense of space is not on the human scale. Here you can see the relation between the seats and the table. We have added a human figure to better understand if this furniture is in the byte scale. Sometimes it's not easy to distinguish scale from proportion as they are intimately related. In this image, we can clearly see that although this table and Chairman train their proportion, they are completely out of scale. See you in the next lesson where we will see one of the most complex elements of design, Connor higher. So we have already seen more than half of the elements. I hope you're learning a lot. In the case of scale, fainted while interior designers half an eye for it, it might not be easy for you at the beginning that don't worry, you will get there. You just need to train your eye. And there's always see you in the next lesson, one of the most complex elements of design, colour. 6. Elements of Design:Color: Hi everyone, and welcome back to this fifth lesson of the Beginners Course of elements and principles of interior designer. In today's class, we're going to dive into color. As we go further, you will see that color and light are really complex subjects, and therefore we will dedicate a whole course to them. Until then, we're going to see in this session and introduction and how to improve our interior spaces using color. Hi everyone, and welcome back. In today's class, we're going to dive into color. Consider one of the most recognizable design elements. Connor is a powerful tool that projects a space personality. It is one of the most challenging and important aspects of interior design. Let's start with the basic. This is simple way of creating a balance color palette. The secret lies in the color wheel, which has taught colors in three categories. Primary colors are yellow, red, and blue. Between each primary color are the secondary ones, orange, green, and purple, which are created by mixing two primaries and tertiary colors are formed by mixing a primary color with the secondary color and next to it. Before we start keeping mind, blues, greens and purples tend to be quarter tones and are more calming while oranges, yellows, and reds are warmer tones that are more excited. There are four basic chorus skins, monochromatic, analogous, complimentary, and Triad. Going monochromatic with tonal tone can result in a really sophisticated look. Start with the color you really love. Think about what color you were the most. Then have mixing different shades or classic based taken to one pair, two colors from opposite sides of the color wheel, such as purple with yellow, blue with orange, or red with green. Choosing two complimentary colors creates an energizing high contrast color scheme. If you like the simplicity of the monochromatic color scheme that want to add a little interests, then choose the analogous color scheme by selecting colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. If you want to create MeV conscious, then go for the triad color at try color scheme is made up of only three colors evenly spaced on the wheel. Let one colored dominate an accident with the other tool. Use saturated versions of all the colours for a boat result or soften the colors unincorporated plenty of neutrons. As a rule of thumb, 60% dominant color, 30%, secondary clutter, and 10% and accent color. Research shows that corner effects mood. You can choose a boat dark colored to convey a mood feeling. Also to make a piece pop up. The opposite will also work to using any thorough background and a pop of color for the furniture. In interior design, a monochromatic space like this. And my lovely, even livable. When we go for monochromatic palette, which is one color and use stones, shades in teens are the same color. You can also use a colour to alter the perception of the space, like tuning the height. And remember to be always aware of the global design. The pellet is made also with the materials in textiles, not only with the paint. So don't focus only on the walls, but also furniture, fabrics, fluorines, and so on. I hope that this introduction to cholera has been enough. See you in the next chapter. We'll, we'll dive into light. I hope that this introduction to color has been enough to begin to understand how vital this element is. We will dedicate a successive course to color theory and application, where we will see the signs of colors system. We will also delve into the use of color theory, the language of color, and reviewed the evolution of talents throughout history. Next comes another key element, intrinsically linked, color, light. 7. Elements of Design:Light: Hi everyone, and welcome back to a sixth chapter, concluding or elements of design CPUs, we explore the importance of life in our home decor. Leg is an essential part of putting to your design. After all, it cannot appreciate our intuitive because there's not one. What's the purpose of spending time and money? So in today's class, we are going to see everything about let Hi, welcome back. Today we end the elements section with lacked. Without that there would be no visible form, color, or texture. That's how important, like Ace, life provides, visibility, creates drama, and conveys different modes. It can emphasize or reduce surface features and highlight or hide structural elements. There are two main sources of light in a space, nostril and occupational, and there are three different layers of lightning, ambient, task and acts. Indictment. I'm Bin Laden is the most basic of the three types of lighting. It is natural light from your windows and the light that substitutes natural light among the fixtures that provide ambient lighting are silane fixture, trapped lights, or recess sin in lights. Task lighting illuminate certain areas of the space to make tasks easier. Thus, dining fixtures in the table, desk, swing arm under countertops to name a few. In addition to provide an atmosphere and influence new absent Lyle is used to pilot architectural features and important objects and to draw attention away from the things that are in placing some examples of facts and light are candlelight and updates, Pictures, directed traps, and so on. When considering lighten, remembered that one purpose of life is to guide the eye around the room. This is achieved by placing light at low, medium, and high levels. Such perturbation creates visual interests and enhances the architectural office space lightly and tools can be used in very creative ways. Leg fishers can become enough and are a three-dimensional piece apart. And it's common to use them as way of creating a more stimulating environment. The counter temperature of light greatly affects the human body. Warm nights make the environment feel more welcome. In Android, have sin while cooler lights make the environment more stimulating, they'd make us feel more energized and focused and can increase productivity levels. As mentioned previously, with color, library requires a whole chapter apart. So we'll go deeper in the next course. And with light, we conclude the elements chapter and inserted the principles of design. We will start with proportion. See you in the next lesson. High. By now, you should have a better understanding of how to make any interior look more balanced. Heap training your eye, looking critically at photos and your surroundings, try to identify why do you like us face your house, the coffee shop at the t, see them all with new different ice and with like wiggle to the elements chapter in until the principles of design was taught for proportion. See you in the next chapter. 8. Principles of Design:Proportion: Hi everyone and welcome back to the second part of the course. In this section, we're going to look at the six most Essential Design Principles. Proportion, balance, rhythm, conquest, emphasis on harmony. Design principles are thought of as being more complex than elements which are the single components of a design compositions. Principles. Are there rules that cover the use of this elements? We are starting this new journey with proportion. Hi everyone. Welcome back to the second part of the course. We will start this journey. She web-scale concerns that relationship of one thing to another. For example, the persons who were wrong. Proportion is the relationship of parts to the whole. Proportion can be expressed as matters of width in relation to lend. The Greeks sit down. Some of the basic principles are proportional with a device, the cold section, the system sought to set down, please, and proportion in architecture and sculpture, the ice and develop the golden rectangle with its size as a ratio of two parts to three. The golden rectangle represents the division form or line in which the relation of the side of this monitor portion to the larger is identical to that of the sight of the larger parts of the hole. In the center is sensory Fibonacci and Italian mathematician, the bass and other mathematical way of describing proper proportions, Houston numerical calculation is presented as a series of consecutive numbers. Each number is the sum of the two preceding numbers, 011235813 and so on. In more modern times are the designers and architects have developed their own theories of proportion for design or UCA created proportion space on the human bodies can mention such as hide on our marriage, he developed his proportional theory in 1948 and name it modular. He used his theory in the design of a number of his buildings at that time. You see the golden ratio applied to rooms layout designer software divide the room in two sections. One that takes up two thirds of the space, and a smaller section consisting of the last third. The larger section contains the room main furniture, which makes it primary function clear. Or this smaller section accounts for a secondary use such as maternity, city may react or storage. Proportion is also used when silence monitored IR BS. And so far, this was the lecture on proportion. See you in the next chapter where we'll, we'll focus and battles. Hi, so far, this was the lecture for proportion. Once again, it is necessary to underline the importance of this principle and its difference with scale. Although as we already said, they go hand in hand, proportion refers to how well your pieces fit together in terms of side. Wise, K refers to how well your pieces fit in your space. In our next lesson, we will see how we can make our designs look well-balanced. See you then. 9. Principles of Design: Balance: Hi and welcome back. After seeing all of the elements of design and the first principle Today we're going to analyze the second of the design principles, which is fast. I hope you're enjoying the class so far. Let's dive into it. Welcome back. Today, we're going to talk about balance. Balance is often related to the apparent weight of objects and architectural interiors. This relation is determined by the psychological impact they'd made on us. There are three types of balanced that we use in interiors. Symmetrical, asymmetrical, and MVVM. Symmetrical balance refers to the arrangement of objects that seemed to have an imaginary mirror placed along the central axis. This type of balance is the one we use the most, perhaps because it appears naturally in an environment like in the human body, plants or animals, it looks tables static and therefore balanced. A sense of visual equilibrium often established through symmetry. Just remember that when using symmetrical balance, any change made to one side must be also tonne to the mirror part. Symmetry can be achieved through the use of pattern arrangement of furniture, fixtures Millward and through the application of color. We do like symmetry in our environments. However, too much formal cemetery can result in former static arrangements that can be perfect for an office but not for a kid's room. So just use it with intention. Balance can also derive from assymetry through equal visual weight of nonidentical elements around an axis. The result is a composition that is flexible, dynamic, and informal. In design, brightly colored objects can visually balanced the use of adult coloring and larger objects can be balanced by grouping of smaller objects. Often, asymmetrical balance is perceived to be more active and exciting. Radial balance is similar to symmetrical piles, but it has a central point from which elements extend outward, although it's less used in interiors, then symmetrical or asymmetrical, It is very pleasing to the eye and is often used in larger public spaces such as the parliament theaters or college classrooms. I hope you enjoyed this introduction to balance. Next stop will be written. See you in the next lesson. Hi. I hope you enjoyed the second best and about principles of design. Just a quick tip. Remember that one way to master balance is to think as each of your elements as having weight behind it. A proper technique is to imagine if you design what will be printed out as a 3D model wouldn't stand, or what are the tip to one side? We keep moving forward. Next, stop, rhythm. 10. Principles of Design:Rhythm: Hi, welcome back to our third chapter of the second part of this beginners course of elements and principles of interior design. Photo with the principles of design. Today, we're going to review how to apply a rhythm in our designs on why you need to mastery. Hi, welcome. Today we're learning the basics of rhythm. With them is created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement. You need to design with them. It's all about visual pattern repetition. And rhythm is defined as continued to Referenced or organized movement. By arranging the frames on the wall in this regular spacing, the frames are irregular but not distance. You can create a very dynamic interior. Rhythm can also be achieved through the use of linear components such as architectural elements, that progression of rhythm suggests movement and draw VI into directional sequences leading towards the back of the space. It also makes the composition field well-balanced. Look at this photo. Can you see how the repetition of the square pads or not the window makes the space loophole. What about using Furniture? Furniture is also key to create a dynamic, pleasant ambience. The repetition of bank fixtures and chairs is would give this space it's written. But also look at the pattern on the floor and the ties. As we already said, harmony in interiors is achieved by carefully combining the elements and principles of design. We've reached the end of the lesson. See you in the next one where we will talk about contrast high. So we've reached the end of the lesson. I hope you continue to educate your eyes and applied everything we're seeing in your day to day basis. See you in the next chapter where we will see how contrast is key to a successful interior design. 11. Principles of Design:Contrast: Hello, welcome back. We have already seen all of the elements on our list and more than half of the principles. I hope you're learning a lot and you're starting to apply your new knowledge and vocabulary to your daily for teams. Today, we will see how to incorporate contrast into our designs. High. In today's lesson, we're going to talk about contrast. When two elements with a Poisson properties are placed together, that is called contrast. Contrast is up in the magical key ingredient to make your design pop. Contours will make this face come together, play with the different types of plants mix vertical and Kurt. Contrast is an essential means to create tension. Also by contrasts in light shade and coloring your interiors, it will make a pleasure to spend time on them. Creating contrast using color is probably the most obvious and easiest. As we saw in the color chapter, using a complimentary color scheme will have the most influential visual impacts in your space. So grab your color wheel and have fun. Although unity is an important design and humans contrast is equally important to avoid dome or interiors. Again, play with the lies, the shade in different types of land. Use, complimentary colors in mixed different textures and pattern is also interesting to contrast one, fabrics with coater surfaces. Be aware the US that would be given to the room and always take into account everything learned so far to achieve harmony in geodesign. Black and white, for example, is one of the simplest ways top bunk trust. And that's where reality is also key to contrast, not only the colors and contrast in, in this image, to look at how gracefully the wood and stone enhancing each other. When mastered, contents can create the most suggestive interiors. I know I've repeated this 1000 times, but always keep in mind that no element or principle is applied individually. This is the end of today's lesson. In the next lesson, we will see how emphasis works and why is important. So to summarize, contrast might be expressed in the difference between light and darkness, curvilinear in strayed, near, far, all new and so on. We suggest that just tie with more sets of contrast. And once your eyes more educated, go for more striking result. If that's what you're looking for. All the elements and principles are just the building blocks of meatless diet. It's up to you how to apply them in your interiors. We only have to lessen Slack to finish the course. I hope you're learning and above all, you are having some fun. In the penultimate chapter, we will see how to use emphasis. 12. Principles of Design:Emphasis: Hi, welcome back. We're almost at the end of the course, tumor principles, and you will be ready to design your dream interior. In today's lesson, we will learn about the emphasis importance to achieve harmonic imbalanced interiors. Hi, welcome back. Today we're learning the basics of emphasis when we create a relation of dominance and subordination by accentuated one element over the others would talk about emphasis is old, is the composition in what's one feature demands all the attention. But this gorgeous chandelier is the focal point of the design. And feature can dominate because of its size in relation to the space or to the other objects on the scene. A focal point maybe also established rates architectural interest. Dominant forms have the greatest impact or importance. The subordinates are secondary and complementary the former, but each should be visually strong, unexciting in itself. Keep in mind the emphasis adamant should be carefully selected and balanced by or contrasted with the other elements of the scene. And as always, don't forget to have fun. Remember that there is no emphasis without contrast. However, the contrary does not apply. Your design can have contrast and knowledge you'd emphasis. So let's go for the last principle, which is actually the sum of everything we've seen so far. Harmony. See you in the next lesson. So, in a nutshell, emphasis is used as a design principle when certain elements are stressed than others, creating a relationship of dominance and subordination. Emphasis provides variety in character to interiors by creating focal points and centers of interests throughout dominant and subordinate use of forums, colors, textures, and lattice. So this was a, let's go for the last element, which is the sum of everything we've seen so far, harmony. See you in the next lesson. 13. Principles of Design:Harmony: Hello everybody and welcome back to this last session of the course. Thank you for joining me on this journey through the elements and principles of design. I hope you've had fun and learned a lot. Today we're going to see the last of the principles, which is the sum of everything we have learned so far. Harmony. Hi, and welcome to the last lesson. Today, we're going to see great examples of harmony. The culmination, attempting to combine various part include placing Hall is what we call harmony. Harmony is this sense that all you design elements fit together perfectly. Best designers compared to leverage, Have a great sense of harmony. Doing this right will elevate Just basis to the next level. When all elements of Greek a room is considered harmonious and not one part is seen as more important than the entire design. The important thing to remember is that every piece belongs together somehow, even if you'd sound like everything else. The form, shapes, textures, and colors that express the mood, silent theme of your interior. When R1 combine, they create harmony. The viewer will experience a feeling of satisfaction and agreement when harmonies achieved. Thank you very much for joining this course. See you in the next one. High. So this is say, we have reached the end of the course. To summarize everything we have learned, let's remember that we can divide the design fundamentals into six elements which are lying, patterns, scale, texture, and light, and six principles, proportion, balanced, rhythm, ponchos, emphasis on harmony. Remember that good design is a word balanced combination of them all. And I've learned a lot and had fun. Be sure that you can educate your eye at any age, whether you're entering design school or coming to in 2D design later in life. The most important thing to develop King design sensibility is to be aware of your surroundings. Pay attention to graphic design and both in architecture and landscape design. Everything around you look, everything with new fresh eyes, applying, everything you have learned. I can't wait to see your projects.